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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: Hi everyone, I am Maya and welcome to hindipod101.com, pronunciation series, lesson 3. Guiding Your Way through Hindi.
Manasi: [Namaste dosto] Hi, this is Manasi here.
Maya: Now, we’ve already gone over how to pronounce all the 36 Hindi consonants. In this lesson, we will explore the vowels.

Lesson focus

Manasi: There are 14 vowels. Most of them are pairs of short and long syllables.
Maya: Right, very simple in a way. So let’s get started.
Manasi: The first pair is [A] and [Aa]
Maya: The first one is short and the second one is long. Could you repeat them so our listeners can hear one more time?
Manasi: Sure. The first one is [A] and the second one is [Aa]
Maya: This sounds similar but listeners, please be careful as the difference in sounds can really change the words.
Manasi: Yes [A] and [Aa]. For example, for the sound [A] we have Amar which means immortal and for [Aa] we have [Aam] which means Mango. This pair of vowels is pronounced using the throat. Try saying each of them one by one. [A] Amar [Aa - Aam]
Maya: So please be careful with this kind of sound. Even though people will understand what you are trying to say, it will of course be easier if you pronounce them correctly.
Manasi: That’s right. Now the next pair is E/I and Ee/Ii…For example for I, we have [Imli] which means tamarind and for Ee…, we have [Eet] which means brick. This is also a pair made of short and long sounds I and Ee…I for [Imli] and Ee…for [eet].
Maya: Yes. The E/I sound is the same as the sound of E and pin. And the E…sound is the same as Ee sound in teen or machine in English.
Manasi: The next pair is [u] and [ou]. For example [upar] which means up starts with the short [u] and the [oun] which means wool starts with the long [ou] upar for [u] and [oun] for the long [ou]
Maya: So the short sound [u] is the same as [upar] in pull and the long sound [ou] is the same as in cool. Let’s go to the next pair.
Manasi: Well, the next is not actually a pair but a single letter [Ri] which is mostly used for Sanskrit or classical Hindi words.
Maya: But wait, isn’t [Ri] a consonant sound?
Manasi: Well in English, certainly the letter R is a consonant but this is slightly different in Hindi. In Hindi, it’s more like a vowel.
Maya: That’s very interesting. So could you give us an example?
Manasi: An example of the short sound is [Rishi] which means a saint.
Maya: Okay so there is a longer version as well?
Manasi: No there is no long version. We just have only the short form of this letter.
Maya: Okay so what’s the next one?
Manasi: The next is the pair A and I.
Maya: Can you give us an example?
Manasi: Sure. A, we have [Ek] which means one. And for I, we have [ainak] which means spectacles.
Maya: Wow, they kind of sound very similar but the meaning is just so different.
Manasi: Yes that’s true.
Maya: So what’s the next pair?
Manasi: The next one is O and [Au]
Maya: Can you give us some examples for this sound?
Manasi: Sure. For the short O we have [Or] which means towards and for [Au] we have [Aurat] which means a lady or a woman.
Maya: And finally, the last pair is
Manasi: The last pair is [Am] and [Ah]
Maya: Can you give an example?
Manasi: Sure. For [an] we have [Angur] which means grapes and [ah] which is mostly used in old literature like in Sanskrit.
Maya: Okay this seems pretty simple.
Manasi: But there is one other thing. Do you remember what we said about matra in Hindi?
Maya: Ah yes, when you are reading, they tell you which vowel to attach to a consonant in a word.
Manasi: Yes Hindi letters are formed with consonants plus matra which tells you which vowel to pronounce.
Maya: We will try to give you an idea about how to pronounce matra by using one consonant. Then you try different matras with other consonants and check your pronunciation.
Manasi: Yeah let’s take the first letter of Hindi ka. All the consonants have the default vowel [A] with them but we can modify it by using matra.
Maya: Right. If you look at the PDF now, it will be very helpful. Read the corresponding letter with matra to identify and pronounce them correctly.
Manasi: Right.
Maya: So let’s do it with the [K] sound.
Manasi: First we have [Ka]. This is the same as the vowel [Aa]
Maya: Second is [Ke] with the vowel E.
Manasi: The next is with the long vowel Ee. So we have [Kee]
Maya: Next is [Ku] with the vowel [U].
Manasi: Next is [Kou] with the vowel [ou]
Maya: And next is [Ke] with the vowel A.
Manasi: Next we have [Kai] with the vowel I.
Maya: And next is [Ko] with the vowel O.
Manasi: And next we have [Kau] with the vowel [au]
Maya: The next one is [kam] or come with an vowel [am]. It can be [am] or come depending on the word.
Manasi: Yeah and last we have [kahan] with the vowel [ah]. This matra is usually found with Sanskrit words.
Maya: The concept of Matra might be new for native English learners but they are not that difficult.
Manasi: Well Maya, this might sound interesting but we used to sing a song by using consonants and all the Matras to remember pronunciation when we were in school.
Maya: Really? That sounds like fun. You should definitely sing it to me sometime.
Manasi: Sure.
Maya: Now you can all try placing matra with the next consonant and check how you pronounce them.
Manasi: Right. So read as many Hindi words as you can and identify the matras.
Maya: Try to pronounce them correctly remembering to keep the short vowels separate from the long ones and don’t forget to keep practicing.

Outro

Manasi: That’s all for this lesson. Keep practicing. Get instant access to all of our Hindi language learning lessons.
Maya: With any subscription, instantly access our entire library of audio and video lessons.
Manasi: Download these lessons or listen or watch online.
Maya: Put them on your phone or another mobile device and listen, watch and learn anywhere.
Manasi: Lessons are organized by level. So progress in order one level at a time.
Maya: Or skip around to different levels. It’s all up to you.
Manasi: Instantly access them all right now at hindipod101.com [fir milenge] Goodbye.
Maya: Goodbye.

10 Comments

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Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

HindiPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Namastey! Hows it going?

Did you notice there are so many temples in India. Almost in every second street and so beatufully carved!

Hindipod101.comVerified
Thursday at 6:12 pm
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Hello leoh,


के is actually pronounced as the sound in pEt. Whereas कै is similar to the A sound in 'and' . Try saying the word 'kaise'

Hope this helps!


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

leoh
Tuesday at 2:46 am
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In the audio you say that कै is pronounced like [KAI]. But I have learned it as [KE with an open sound] like in pEt. Which one is the right?

HindiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 4:52 pm
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Hi Elaine,


Thank you for following up.

Yes, in general, only the first 3 lessons of each series are free [main audio]. Please, for more information about subscriptions and prices check the following link: https://www.hindipod101.com/member/member_upnewapi.php

Let us know if you have questions.


Sincerely,

Laura

Team HindiPod101.com

Elaine
Monday at 7:45 pm
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Thanks Laura!

But i still cannot open it even after submitting the Feed.

Is it because this pronunciation course is not free? it has to be a basic level?

HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 2:39 pm
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Hi Elaine,


Thank you for posting.

We just verified and the audio is working properly.

Please, try again, maybe using a different browser helps (make sure it is the latest version).

If you still have trouble, send us an email to: contactus@HindiPod101.com

Including information about the issue, the device you are using to access to our site, and your username.


Thank you for your patience.

Sincerely,

Laura

Team HindiPod101.com

Elaine
Monday at 7:29 pm
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Hi there,

The pronunciation audio lesson doesn't work...cannot download, cannot listen...

Any solution?

Thanks!

HindiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 10:35 pm
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Hi Yoga Rani ji,


They sound right. However I would suggest try making a few sample words will all of them. Will make more sense to you.


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Yoga Rani
Wednesday at 9:03 am
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not 100% sure I have applied the matras correctly to the consonant 'ख' (kha) & whether or not I have applied the matra to the proper aspect of the consonant (clear enough wherer it goes placement wise in terms of before or after the consonant though)

kha

khai

khi

Khu

khoo

khe

khai

kho

khau

khan or kham

khaha


is that close to understanding it correctly?

Sandy
Tuesday at 9:27 pm
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Great Lesson! Monasi should have sang the song!


Can you please check the examples of various pronunciations on the pdf? Some of them are quite different from what was in the lesson dialog. Thanks.