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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha:"Namaste," I'm Neha, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 13, Talking about Family in Hindi.
Maya "Namaste," I'm Maya. In this lesson you'll learn how to talk about your family members in Hindi.
Neha:The conversation takes place in a restaurant.
Maya:This conversation is between Carol and Rani.
Neha:Since they are friends, they will be speaking informal Hindi.
Maya:Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

क्यारोल:तुम्हारे कितने भाई हैं?
रानी:मेरे दो भाई हैं, किशन और प्रतिक।
क्यारोल:और तुम्हारी कितनी बहनें हैं?
रानी:केवल एक है, सोनल। तुम्हारे कितने भाई और बहनें हैं?
क्यारोल:मेरा एक भाई है लेकिन मेरी कोई बहन नहीं है।
Maya: Let's listen to the conversation one time slowly.
क्यारोल:तुम्हारे कितने भाई हैं?
रानी:मेरे दो भाई हैं, किशन और प्रतिक।
क्यारोल:और तुम्हारी कितनी बहनें हैं?
रानी:केवल एक है, सोनल। तुम्हारे कितने भाई और बहनें हैं?
क्यारोल:मेरा एक भाई है लेकिन मेरी कोई बहन नहीं है।
Maya: Let's listen to the conversation with English translation.
क्यारोल:तुम्हारे कितने भाई हैं?
Maya:How many brothers do you have?
रानी:मेरे दो भाई हैं, किशन और प्रतिक।
Maya:I have two brothers, Kishan and Pratik.
क्यारोल:और तुम्हारी कितनी बहनें हैं?
Maya:And how many sisters do you have?
रानी:केवल एक है, सोनल। तुम्हारे कितने भाई और बहनें हैं?
Maya:Just one, Sonal. How many brothers and sisters do you have?
क्यारोल:मेरा एक भाई है लेकिन मेरी कोई बहन नहीं है।
Maya:I have one brother but I don't have any sisters.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya:In this lesson you'll learn all the terms for your family members. And in India, that's very useful not only because you'll be able to talk about your family but also because you'll be able to address strangers.
Neha:What we mean is that, in India, strangers are addressed as brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts, grandmothers, and grandfathers, depending on their age.
Maya:But the standard way of addressing older males or those who are strangers to you is as "big brother," or simply "brother," which is…
Neha:भैया or भाई साहब.
Maya:And for "older females" and "strangers," you'd address them as…
Neha:दीदी or बहनजी.
Maya:These are often used in marketplaces when you're addressing the shop keepers or in taxis when you're addressing the taxi driver.
Neha:Or even on the streets if you get lost and need to ask for anything.
Maya:Basically, in any kind of scenario you can address strangers with those terms that you use for your family members.
VOCAB LIST
Maya:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
:The first word we shall see is:
Neha:तुम्हारे [natural native speed]
Maya:your
Neha:तुम्हारे [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:तुम्हारे [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:कितने [natural native speed]
Maya:how many
Neha:कितने [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:कितने [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:भाई [natural native speed]
Maya:brother
Neha:भाई [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:भाई [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:मेरे [natural native speed]
Maya:my
Neha:मेरे [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:मेरे [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:और [natural native speed]
Maya:and
Neha:और [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:और [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:तुम्हारी [natural native speed]
Maya:your
Neha:तुम्हारी [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:तुम्हारी [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:कितनी [natural native speed]
Maya:how many
Neha:कितनी [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:कितनी [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:बहनें [natural native speed]
Maya:sisters
Neha:बहनें [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:बहनें [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:केवल [natural native speed]
Maya:only/ just
Neha:केवल [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:केवल [natural native speed]
:The last is:
Neha:लेकिन [natural native speed]
Maya:but
Neha:लेकिन [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:लेकिन [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha:Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. We came across two words that mean the same thing. तुम्हारे and तुम्हारी.
Maya:They both mean "your" and are used informally. So, you cannot use them with superiors and elders.
Neha:And as with every Hindi possessive pronoun, they depend on the gender and number of the thing that is being possessed and not the subject that is doing the possessing. For singular males you use तुम्हारा.
Maya:So to say "your brother" in Hindi, you'd say…
Neha:तुम्हारा भाई.
Maya:For plural males you use तुम्हारे.
Neha:So, to say "your brothers" in Hindi, you'd say तुम्हारे भाई.
Maya:"Brother" and "brothers," for example, both singular and plural are the same in Hindi, भाई.
Neha:For singular and plural females you use तुम्हारी.
Maya:So "your sister" in Hindi is…
Neha:तुम्हारी बहन .
Maya:And "your sisters" in Hindi is…
Neha:तुम्हारी बहनें. Now, if you noticed, singular "sister" is बहन while plural sister, for example, "sisters," is बहनें.
Maya:It follows a simple rule. In the case of feminine nouns, if the word ends with ई ("-ee") then it changes it into इयाँ ("-iyaan") when it becomes plural. But if it ends with anything else, then add एँ ("-en") or एं ("-en").
Neha:In this case, बहन is the latter case so we add एं and it turns into बहनें, which is the plural "sisters."
Maya:We also have an easy rule for changing singular masculine nouns into plural masculine nouns.
Neha:If the word ends with आ ("-aa") then change it into ए ("-e"), but if the words end with anything else, there's no need to change.
Maya:That is why the word भाई, which does not end with an आ, remains the same whether you're talking about a single brother or many brothers.
Neha:On to the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Maya:The focus of this lesson is how to ask questions about family.
Neha:Let's now learn to ask the question “तुम्हारे कितने भाई हैं?”
Maya:Which means, "How many brothers do you have?"
Neha:Here, तुम्हारे means "your," कितने means "how many," भाई means "brothers," and हैं (hain) means "are." So, literally, it means "your how many brothers are," which translates as, "How many brothers do you have?"
Maya:How would you ask, "How many sisters do you have?"
Neha:Do you remember the Hindi words for "your sisters?" We just discussed this.
Maya:It is तुम्हारी बहनें.
Neha:Yes, so to ask "How many sisters do you have?" you say, तुम्हारी कितनी बहनें हैं?
Maya:Let's listen and repeat. "How many brothers do you have?" in Hindi is…
Neha:तुम्हारे कितने भाई हैं? तुम्हारे कितने भाई हैं? तुम्हारे कितने भाई हैं?
Maya:And "How many sisters do you have?" is…
Neha:तुम्हारी कितनी बहनें हैं? तुम्हारी कितनी बहनें हैं? तुम्हारी कितनी बहनें हैं?
Maya:Great! Now, how do we answer these questions?
Neha:Well, all you need to remember is that the word "my" in Hindi changes just like the word "your," which are तम्हारा/तुम्हारे and तुम्हारी. "My" also changes into मेरा/मेरे and मेरी.
Maya:मेरा for singular male, मेरे for plural male, and मेरी for singular and plural females. So, "I have one sister" in Hindi is…
Neha:मेरी एक बहन है.
Maya:How about, "I have two sisters"?
Neha:It is मेरी दो बहनें हैं।.
Maya:You can just replace the word for "two," which is दो, with any other numbers besides one. Please repeat after Neha. I have one sister.
Neha:मेरी एक बहन है.
[pause]
Maya:Great. Now, I have two sisters.
Neha:मेरी दो बहनें हैं।.
[pause]
Maya: Let's try another example. How would you say, "I have five sisters"?
Neha:The word for "five" in Hindi is पाँच so the sentence would be मेरी पाँच बहनें हैं।.
Maya:Similarly, "I have one brother" in Hindi is…
Neha:मेरा एक भाई है।.
Maya:And "I have two brothers" is…
Neha:मेरे दो भाई हैं।.
Maya:Please repeat after Neha. I have one brother.
Neha:मेरा एक भाई है।.
[pause]
Maya:I have two brothers.
Neha:A
[pause]
Maya:As we discussed earlier, भाई can mean both "one brother" or "many brothers." What changes are the verbs "is" and "are."
Neha:है for "is" and the nasal हैं for "are."
Maya:Very simple right? Now, all you need to do is practice these out loud a couple of times and you'll easily be able to talk about how many siblings you have!
Neha:Well, that's all for our lesson today. Don't forget to read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations!
Maya:Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha:"Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

39 Comments

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HindiPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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How many brothers and sisters do you have?

Can you answer me in Hindi?

HindiPod101.com
Monday at 12:32 pm
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Hi Brendon,


Thanks for trying this sentence! You are quite close to being absolutely correct!


I guess you are trying to say, "You have one sister, but no brother."


If yes, here is how to write it in Hindi:


मेरी एक बहन है, लेकिन मेरा कोई भाई नहीं है।


Just the word "bhaaii" needs correction.


If you have any questions, feel free to let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Brendon
Thursday at 9:05 am
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I think I made a mistake in my last post - this is what I meant...


मेरी एक बहन है लेकिन मेरा कोई बही नहीं है I

Brendon
Tuesday at 12:55 pm
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मेरी एक बहन है लेकिन मीरा कोई बहन नहीं है I

HindiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 4:17 pm
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Hi Vijay,


Thank you for posting.

Let us know if you have any question about the lesson.


Cheers,


Prabhakar

Team HindiPod101.com

Vijay
Sunday at 9:33 am
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Mere do bahnen hai.

HindiPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 1:49 am
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Hi Dinesh,


Thank you for writing in. I'm sure you meant to write "Mere" (not "Mare), so other than that, perfect answer, thank you!


Best,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Dinesh
Sunday at 1:52 pm
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Mare tho bhaaee hain :wink:

HindiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 3:18 am
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Hi Ian,


I am very sorry to hear that. Thank you for writing in, and please let us know if you have questions!


Best,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Ian
Monday at 8:21 am
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मेरी केवल एक बहन है। इसलिये मेरा छोटा भाई मर चुका है। I have just one sister. The reason is, my younger brother is dead.

Hindipod101.comVerified
Friday at 3:22 pm
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Hello Hans,


Thank you for the smileys!!


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com