Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha:"Namaste," I'm Neha and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 14, Shopping.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya. In this lesson you'll learn how to shop in Hindi.
Neha:The conversation takes place in a clothing store.
Maya:It is between Pallawi and the shopkeeper.
Neha:Since they are strangers, they will be using formal Hindi.
Maya:Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

पल्लवी दीदी, मैं एक जोड़ी मोज़े चाहती हूँ।
दुकानवाली आप कौनसा रंग चाहते हैं?
पल्लवी काले। इसका दाम क्या है?
दुकानवाली पचास रुपये।
पल्लवी बहुत महँगा है। कया आप ये तीस रुपये में देंगे?
दुकानवाली ठीक है।
Let's listen to the conversation one time slowly.
पल्लवी दीदी, मैं एक जोड़ी मोज़े चाहती हूँ।
दुकानवाली आप कौनसा रंग चाहते हैं?
पल्लवी काले। इसका दाम क्या है?
दुकानवाली पचास रुपये।
पल्लवी बहुत महँगा है। कया आप ये तीस रुपये में देंगे?
दुकानवाली ठीक है।
Let's listen to the conversation with English translation.
पल्लवी दीदी, मैं एक जोड़ी मोज़े चाहती हूँ।
Maya:Sister, I would like a pair of socks.
दुकानवाली आप कौनसा रंग चाहते हैं?
Maya:Which color would you like?
पल्लवी काले। इसका दाम क्या है?
Maya:Black. How much is it?
दुकानवाली पचास रुपये।
Maya:50 rupees
पल्लवी बहुत महँगा है। कया आप ये तीस रुपये में देंगे?
Maya:That's very expensive. Will you give it for 30 rupees?
दुकानवाली ठीक है।
Maya:ok.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha:You know, in India, many things can be bought cheaply, if you know how to bargain.
Maya:Yes, in fact, everyone should have a healthy suspicion of all the shopkeepers, especially if you are a tourist.
Neha:And unless you're sure about the prices you should suspect that the prices have been hiked up.
Maya:It's not only about the shopkeepers trying to rip off tourists but even the locals have to bargain to get the price down.
Neha:Of course, this is not true for all things but you will find that this is often the case when you go shopping for clothes.
Maya:Okay then, now that you've been warned, I'm sure you'll be a smart buyer!
VOCAB LIST
Maya:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we have is:
Neha:दीदी [natural native speed]
Maya:big sister
Neha:दीदी [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:दीदी [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:जोड़ी [natural native speed]
Maya:pair
Neha:जोड़ी [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:जोड़ी [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:मोज़े [natural native speed]
Maya:socks
Neha:मोज़े [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:मोज़े [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:चाहती [natural native speed]
Maya:want (female)
Neha:चाहती [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:चाहती [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:हूँ [natural native speed]
Maya:am (infinitive- to be)
Neha:हूँ [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:हूँ [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:कौनसा [natural native speed]
Maya:which
Neha:कौनसा [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:कौनसा [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:रंग [natural native speed]
Maya:color
Neha:रंग [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:रंग [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:काले [natural native speed]
Maya:black
Neha:काले [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:काले [natural native speed]
The last is:
Neha:महंगा [natural native speed]
Maya:expensive
Neha:महंगा [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:महंगा [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Maya:Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson So, in our last chapter, Talking about Family, we discussed what the words for brother and sister are in Hindi.
Neha:Yes, do you remember ?
बहन for "sister" and बहनें for "sisters," while भाई for both "brother" and "brothers."
Maya:And just as you say in English, "older brother," "younger brother," "older sister," and "younger sister" In Hindi you’ll say.
Neha:"Older brother" for बड़े भाई, "younger brother" छोटा भाई, "older sister" is बड़ी बहन and "younger sister" is छोटी बहन.
Maya:But there are also single words that can mean "big" or "elder sister" in Hindi.
Neha:Just as you heard in the conversation, दीदी, or "big sister," can be used to address female strangers. You can also use बहनजी to address female strangers in a respectful manner.
Maya:For males, you can address them as भैया or भाईजी।.
Neha:Next let's talk about the verb "want" or "like." It comes from the verb चाहना, which means "to want," and changes according to the gender and count of the subject.
Maya:Which means that if you are a single female speaker or many female speakers or are talking about a single or many females then you use…
Neha:चाहती.
Maya:If you are a single male speaker or are talking about a single male, you use…
Neha:चाहता.
Maya:And if you are many male speakers or are talking about many males, you use…
Neha:चाहते.
Maya:And if you are a group of people with mixed genders or are talking about them, then you use the same verb as that of the group of males, which is…
Neha:चाहते.

Lesson focus

Maya:In this lesson, we'll focus on how to say "I want [blank]," and "How much is it?" in Hindi.
Neha:Yes, both are a must if you want to do some shopping in your local Indian market.
Maya:If you are a female speaker, you use the format…
Neha:मैं [blank] चाहती हूँ। and insert the object that you want after मैं.
Maya:Let's listen to an example."I want an apple" in Hindi is…
Neha:मैं एक सेब चाहती हूँ।.
Maya:Okay, how would you say, "I want a pen"? "Pen" in Hindi is कलम.
Neha:You say, मैं एक कलम चाहती हूँ।.
Maya:Now, if you are a male speaker, the only change would be in the verb "want," which would turn into चाहता instead of चहती.
Neha:So you use the format मैं [blank] चाहता हूँ। and you insert the object that you want after the word मैं.
Maya:So, if you are a male speaker and want to say "I want an apple," you'd say…
Neha:मैं एक सेब चाहता हूँ।.
Maya:Now what if you are a group of people and wanted to say "We want an apple"? You'd say…
Neha:हम एक सेब चाहते हैं.
Maya:Now another thing you would need while shopping is to be able to ask for the price.
Neha:इसका दाम क्या है?
Maya:Means "How much is this?" Here, इसका means "this," दाम means "price," क्या means "what," and है means "is."
Neha:So literally, you're asking, "This price what is?" which translates as "How much is this?"
Maya:Please repeat after Neha. How much is this?
Neha:इसका दाम क्या है?
[pause]
Maya:To ask "How much are these?" you change "this," which is इसका, into "these," which is इनका, so it becomes…
Neha:इनका दाम क्या है?
Maya:Please repeat after Neha again. How much are these?
Neha:इनका दाम क्या है?
Maya:How would you say "How much is that?" and "How much are those"? You know when talking about things that are a bit further away?
Neha:Well, obviously everything stays the same except for the words "that" and "those."
Maya:So, "How much is that?" would be…
Neha:उसका दाम क्या है?
Maya:Please repeat. How much is that?
Neha:उसका दाम क्या है? [pause]
Maya:And "How much are those?" would be…
Neha:उनका दाम क्या है?
Maya:Please repeat. How much are those?
Neha:उनका दाम क्या है? [pause]
Maya:Well, listeners, that's all for our lesson today.
Neha:Don't forget to read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations!
Maya:Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha:"Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

26 Comments

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HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Are you good at bargaining the price?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 03:03 PM
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Hi Claes,


Thanks for posting and for taking the assessment test!


The example you picked uses "ko", therefore, "caahiye". If it had been "Ladakii Seb … hai", then it would be "Ladakii Seb caahaTii hai."


"caahiye" doesn't change based on gender. So, you can also replace "Ladakii" with "Ladakaa". That is, "Ladake ko Seb caahiye." or maybe this "Claes ko Seb caahiye." 😄


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

claes
Monday at 06:53 PM
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Hello. i have a question.


in the assessment:

"Ladakii ko Seb ___"


the answer here is "chaahiye" not chaahtii. why is that? thought it'd be chaahtii because its feminine. :)

HindiPod101.com
Saturday at 01:09 PM
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Hi Meghna,


Thanks for your post.


Technically, the correct way is to say "mujhe ghar caahiye". But many Hindi speakers use "mujh ko" too.

"mujhako" is basically a combination of "mujh" and "ko", that is, "me" and "to" and it means the same thing as "mujhe".


All the best!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Meghna
Wednesday at 04:59 AM
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Hey! Thanks a lot for these hindi lessons.

I have a question.


It's given "Mujhko ghar chahiye" in the grammar section of this lesson. Is it also correct to say "mujhe ghar chahiye". If so, what is the difference between " Mujhko" and "mujhe"


Thanks!

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 03:19 AM
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Hello Tobias,


Namaste!

It's perfectly fine to start the conversation with just "Didi", and especially in the context depicted in the lesson, when you go to any store. We don't usually say "Namaste" when we enter any store, unless the shopkeeper/store owner is known to you personally.


Best,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 03:16 AM
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Hello Ian,


"मैं सौदेबाजी में अच्छा कर रहा हूँ।" - इस में से आप "कर रहा" निकाल सकते हैं क्योंकि "मैं सौदेबाज़ी में अच्छा हूँ" काफ़ी है| iS mein Se aap "kar rahaa" Nikaal SakTe hain kyonki "main SauDebaazii mein acchaa huun" kaafii hai.

(You can take "kar rahaa" (am doing) out because "main Saudebaazii mein acchaa huun" (I am good at bargaining) is enough.)


बाकी बिलकुल ठीक है| लिखने के लिए शुक्रिया| baakii bilkul thiik hai. likhNe ke lie sukriyaa.

(The rest is completely fine. Thank you for writing."


Best,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Tobias
Sunday at 08:12 PM
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Namaste!


Is it ok to start the conversations with i.e "Didi" or is it better to use "Namaste Didi" or something like that?


Thanks

Tobias

Ian
Monday at 08:55 AM
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हां, मैं सौदेबाजी में अच्छा कर रहा हूँ। मैं एक अच्छा सौदेबाज हूँ। Yes, I'm good at bargaining. I'm a good negotiator.

hindipod101.com Verified
Monday at 08:11 AM
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Hello Harumi,


'jewel' in Hindi is 'zevar' or 'gehane'.


Enjoy shopping in India:thumbsup:


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Harumi
Monday at 03:41 AM
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Thanks!

exemple: I d like to buy jewel... in hindi

main jewel kharidnaa chaahaatii hoon?

hindii mein jewel ko kaise kahtee hain?