Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha:"Namaste," I'm Neha and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 14, Shopping.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya. In this lesson you'll learn how to shop in Hindi.
Neha:The conversation takes place in a clothing store.
Maya:It is between Pallawi and the shopkeeper.
Neha:Since they are strangers, they will be using formal Hindi.
Maya:Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

पल्लवी दीदी, मैं एक जोड़ी मोज़े चाहती हूँ।
दुकानवाली आप कौनसा रंग चाहते हैं?
पल्लवी काले। इसका दाम क्या है?
दुकानवाली पचास रुपये।
पल्लवी बहुत महँगा है। कया आप ये तीस रुपये में देंगे?
दुकानवाली ठीक है।
Let's listen to the conversation one time slowly.
पल्लवी दीदी, मैं एक जोड़ी मोज़े चाहती हूँ।
दुकानवाली आप कौनसा रंग चाहते हैं?
पल्लवी काले। इसका दाम क्या है?
दुकानवाली पचास रुपये।
पल्लवी बहुत महँगा है। कया आप ये तीस रुपये में देंगे?
दुकानवाली ठीक है।
Let's listen to the conversation with English translation.
पल्लवी दीदी, मैं एक जोड़ी मोज़े चाहती हूँ।
Maya:Sister, I would like a pair of socks.
दुकानवाली आप कौनसा रंग चाहते हैं?
Maya:Which color would you like?
पल्लवी काले। इसका दाम क्या है?
Maya:Black. How much is it?
दुकानवाली पचास रुपये।
Maya:50 rupees
पल्लवी बहुत महँगा है। कया आप ये तीस रुपये में देंगे?
Maya:That's very expensive. Will you give it for 30 rupees?
दुकानवाली ठीक है।
Maya:ok.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha:You know, in India, many things can be bought cheaply, if you know how to bargain.
Maya:Yes, in fact, everyone should have a healthy suspicion of all the shopkeepers, especially if you are a tourist.
Neha:And unless you're sure about the prices you should suspect that the prices have been hiked up.
Maya:It's not only about the shopkeepers trying to rip off tourists but even the locals have to bargain to get the price down.
Neha:Of course, this is not true for all things but you will find that this is often the case when you go shopping for clothes.
Maya:Okay then, now that you've been warned, I'm sure you'll be a smart buyer!
VOCAB LIST
Maya:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we have is:
Neha:दीदी [natural native speed]
Maya:big sister
Neha:दीदी [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:दीदी [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:जोड़ी [natural native speed]
Maya:pair
Neha:जोड़ी [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:जोड़ी [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:मोज़े [natural native speed]
Maya:socks
Neha:मोज़े [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:मोज़े [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:चाहती [natural native speed]
Maya:want (female)
Neha:चाहती [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:चाहती [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:हूँ [natural native speed]
Maya:am (infinitive- to be)
Neha:हूँ [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:हूँ [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:कौनसा [natural native speed]
Maya:which
Neha:कौनसा [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:कौनसा [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:रंग [natural native speed]
Maya:color
Neha:रंग [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:रंग [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha:काले [natural native speed]
Maya:black
Neha:काले [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:काले [natural native speed]
The last is:
Neha:महंगा [natural native speed]
Maya:expensive
Neha:महंगा [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:महंगा [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Maya:Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson So, in our last chapter, Talking about Family, we discussed what the words for brother and sister are in Hindi.
Neha:Yes, do you remember ?
बहन for "sister" and बहनें for "sisters," while भाई for both "brother" and "brothers."
Maya:And just as you say in English, "older brother," "younger brother," "older sister," and "younger sister" In Hindi you’ll say.
Neha:"Older brother" for बड़े भाई, "younger brother" छोटा भाई, "older sister" is बड़ी बहन and "younger sister" is छोटी बहन.
Maya:But there are also single words that can mean "big" or "elder sister" in Hindi.
Neha:Just as you heard in the conversation, दीदी, or "big sister," can be used to address female strangers. You can also use बहनजी to address female strangers in a respectful manner.
Maya:For males, you can address them as भैया or भाईजी।.
Neha:Next let's talk about the verb "want" or "like." It comes from the verb चाहना, which means "to want," and changes according to the gender and count of the subject.
Maya:Which means that if you are a single female speaker or many female speakers or are talking about a single or many females then you use…
Neha:चाहती.
Maya:If you are a single male speaker or are talking about a single male, you use…
Neha:चाहता.
Maya:And if you are many male speakers or are talking about many males, you use…
Neha:चाहते.
Maya:And if you are a group of people with mixed genders or are talking about them, then you use the same verb as that of the group of males, which is…
Neha:चाहते.

Lesson focus

Maya:In this lesson, we'll focus on how to say "I want [blank]," and "How much is it?" in Hindi.
Neha:Yes, both are a must if you want to do some shopping in your local Indian market.
Maya:If you are a female speaker, you use the format…
Neha:मैं [blank] चाहती हूँ। and insert the object that you want after मैं.
Maya:Let's listen to an example."I want an apple" in Hindi is…
Neha:मैं एक सेब चाहती हूँ।.
Maya:Okay, how would you say, "I want a pen"? "Pen" in Hindi is कलम.
Neha:You say, मैं एक कलम चाहती हूँ।.
Maya:Now, if you are a male speaker, the only change would be in the verb "want," which would turn into चाहता instead of चहती.
Neha:So you use the format मैं [blank] चाहता हूँ। and you insert the object that you want after the word मैं.
Maya:So, if you are a male speaker and want to say "I want an apple," you'd say…
Neha:मैं एक सेब चाहता हूँ।.
Maya:Now what if you are a group of people and wanted to say "We want an apple"? You'd say…
Neha:हम एक सेब चाहते हैं.
Maya:Now another thing you would need while shopping is to be able to ask for the price.
Neha:इसका दाम क्या है?
Maya:Means "How much is this?" Here, इसका means "this," दाम means "price," क्या means "what," and है means "is."
Neha:So literally, you're asking, "This price what is?" which translates as "How much is this?"
Maya:Please repeat after Neha. How much is this?
Neha:इसका दाम क्या है?
[pause]
Maya:To ask "How much are these?" you change "this," which is इसका, into "these," which is इनका, so it becomes…
Neha:इनका दाम क्या है?
Maya:Please repeat after Neha again. How much are these?
Neha:इनका दाम क्या है?
Maya:How would you say "How much is that?" and "How much are those"? You know when talking about things that are a bit further away?
Neha:Well, obviously everything stays the same except for the words "that" and "those."
Maya:So, "How much is that?" would be…
Neha:उसका दाम क्या है?
Maya:Please repeat. How much is that?
Neha:उसका दाम क्या है? [pause]
Maya:And "How much are those?" would be…
Neha:उनका दाम क्या है?
Maya:Please repeat. How much are those?
Neha:उनका दाम क्या है? [pause]
Maya:Well, listeners, that's all for our lesson today.
Neha:Don't forget to read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations!
Maya:Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha:"Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

36 Comments

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HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Are you good at bargaining the price?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:31 PM
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Hi Zinna,


Thanks for your question!


"yah" is "this", "ye" is "these". In spoken language, grammar is often ignored and "ye" is used for singular as well.


"mein" is "in".


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Zinna
Thursday at 09:06 AM
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Namaste I find it the lessons much better now with the choice of transliteration. What is the meaning of mein, and ye,in the sentence- bahut mahanga hai, kya aap ye tees rupaye mein denge.

Dhanyavad

HindiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:59 AM
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Hi Garcia,


Thanks for posting!


If you have any issues or questions, please let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:58 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Mia,


Thanks for posting!


If you have any questions, feel free to let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Garcia
Monday at 07:16 PM
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Hate the lesson

Mia
Monday at 07:15 PM
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I never bargain

Mia
Monday at 07:15 PM
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I’m not bargaining the price

Mia
Monday at 07:14 PM
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Danyavad

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 03:27 PM
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Hi Rose,


Thank you for your suggestion. Unfortunately, as of now that is the only type of transcript we have.

If you are still a newbie to Hindi and are struggling with the alphabet, please check out our detailed series on the alphabet!


Kind regards,

Levente

Team HindiPod101.com

Rose
Wednesday at 11:00 PM
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Hi, is there a way the lesson transcript could have the romanized version. Please. Tnx