Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 5, Hindi Numbers from 0-10.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya.
Neha: In this lesson you’ll learn how to count numbers from 1 to 10 in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place at a park.
Neha: The conversation is between Aarti and Radha who are walking their dogs at a park.
Maya: The speakers have just sat down on the same bench and since they don't know each other, they will be using formal Hindi.
Neha: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

आरती: आपकी कितनी बिल्लियाँ हैं?
राधा: मेरी एक बिल्ली है।
आरती: अौर कितने कुत्ते हैं?
राधा: दो।
Maya: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Aartee: Aapkee kitnee billiyaan hain?
Raadhaa: Meree ek billee hai.
Aartee: Aur kitne kutte hain?
Raadhaa: Do.
Neha: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
आरती: आपकी कितनी बिल्लियाँ हैं?
Neha: "How many cats do you have?"
राधा: मेरी एक बिल्ली है।
Maya: "I have one cat."
आरती: अौर कितने कुत्ते हैं?
Neha: "And how many dogs?"
राधा: दो।
Maya: "Two."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: Did you all know that India has its own number system?
Maya: It's officially called the Hindu–Arabic numeral system or the Hindu numeral system.
Neha: Besides India, it is still widely used in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
Maya: And these numbers have their own Devanagari script and closely resemble Greek and Latin numbers in their pronunciations.
Neha: Which makes sense because Sanskrit is actually an Indo-European language.
Maya: Many of you might be wondering what the difference is between Sanskrit and Devanagari...well...
Neha: Devanagari is a script whereas Sanskrit is a language. So, Devanagari is the script that is used for writing Hindi, Marathi and, Nepali languages which all have their origins in Sanskrit.
Maya: Anyway, you know that numbers are a must in any language,– while shopping, telling time, calling people...we need to know the numbers. So let's get started!
VOCAB LIST
Neha: Yes, let's first go over the words that were used in the conversation.
Maya: We'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Neha: So, are you ready? Our first word is आपकी "aapkee," "aa-p-kee," "aapkee…"
Maya: Which means "your."
Neha: Next, we have कितनी "kitnee," "kit-nee," kitnee…"
Maya: Which means "how many."
Neha: Then is बिल्लियाँ "billiyaan," "bil-li-yaan," "billiyaan…"
Maya: Which means "cats."
Neha: Next is हैं "hain," "ha-in," "hian…"
Maya: Which is the to-be verb "are."
Neha: Then is, मेरी "meree," "me-ree," "mereemere…"
Maya: Which means "my."
Neha: Next is एक "ek," "ek," "ek…"
Maya: Which is the number "one."
Neha: Next we have बिल्ली "billee," "bil-lee," "billee…"
Maya: Which means "cat."
Neha: Next is कुत्ते "kutte," "kut-te," "kutte…"
Maya: Which means "dog."
Neha: Next we have कितने " kitne," "kit-ne," "kitne…"
Maya: Which means "how many."
Neha: And lastly, we have दो "do," "do," "do…"
Maya: Which is the number "two."
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha: Let's look at some of these words in more detail.
Maya: So, in the conversation…,
Neha: आपकी कितनी बिल्लियाँ हैं?
Maya: "How many cats do you have?"
Neha: आपकी means "your," कितनी means "how many," बिल्लियाँ means "cats," and हैं means "are."?
Maya: So literally it means, "your how many cats are?" which translates as, "How many cats do you have?"
Neha: आपकी, which means "your," is a possessive pronoun that is used for both singular and plural feminine nouns.
Maya: Remember that in Hindi, all nouns have a gender,- masculine and feminine
Neha: And the possessive pronouns always depend on the gender and the number of the thing being possessed.
Maya: And not on who is doing the possessing.
Neha: So here, आपकी, which means "your," depends on the gender of the noun "cats," which in Hindi is feminine.
Maya: What about dogs?
Neha: Well, "dogs" or कुत्ते, are masculine nouns in which case, "your dogs" would be आपके कुत्ते.
Maya: So आपके instead of आपकी.
Neha: And along the same lines, the question "how many" also changes according to the number and gender of the nouns.
Maya: कितनी, which means "how many," is used for asking the number of both singular and plural feminine nouns.
Neha: कितना is used for asking the number of singular masculine nouns.
Maya: And कितने is used for asking the number of plural masculine nouns.
Neha: Since, cats or बिल्लियाँ are plural feminine nouns, we used कितनी
आपकी कितनी बिल्लियाँ हैं?
Maya: "How many cats do you have?"
Neha: How would you ask, "How many dogs do you have?"
Maya: Well, dogs are कुत्ते and they are masculine plural nouns, so we need to use कितने.
Neha: Good. So the sentence is आपके कितने कुत्ते हैं?
Maya: This might sound a bit complicated right now, but don't worry.
Neha: There's a way we can tell apart most masculine nouns from feminine nouns
Maya: But we'll talk about that in another lesson!

Lesson focus

Neha: Yes. Let's now focus on learning how to count numbers.
Maya: Okay, we'll first say the number in English and then in Hindi, - first at natural speed and then a bit slower.
Neha: Listeners, remember to repeat after me.
Maya: Let's get t started. First is - "zero."
Neha: शून्य "shunya," "shun-ya," "shunya."
Maya: "One."
Neha: एक" ek," "ek," "ek."
Maya: "Two."
Neha: दो "do," "do," " do."
Maya: "Three."
Neha: तीन "teen," "te-en," "teen."
Maya: "Four."
Neha: चार "caar," "ca-ar," "caar."
Maya: "Five."
Neha: पाँच " paanc," "pa-anc," "paanc."
Maya: "Six."
Neha: छः "chah," "ch-ah," "chah."
Maya: "Seven."
Neha: सात "saat," "sa-at," "saat."
Maya: "Eight."
Neha: आठ " aath," "aa-th," "aath."
Maya: "Nine."
Neha: नौ "nau," "na-u," "nau."
Maya: "Ten."
Neha: दस" das," "das," "das."
Maya: Okay, that's all the numbers we're going to cover in this lesson. Should we go over it one more time?
Neha: Sure,
शून्य एक दो तीन चार पाँच छः सात आठ नौ दस
Maya: Let's listen to some examples.
Neha: Okay. तीन लड़कियाँ
teen arkiyaan
…
Maya: Means "“three girls.""
Neha: दस घोड़े das ghore
…
Maya: Means "ten horses."
Neha: एक लड़का…
Maya: Means "one girl."
Neha: Well, that's all for our lesson. Be sure to read the lesson notes for more examples!
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

29 Comments

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HindiPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hello Hindipod101.com listeners!

Let's practice the numbers! How many siblings do you have?

Try to answer in Hindi!

कारमाेलौ? (Carmelo)
Saturday at 11:50 am
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मेरी एक बहन है। मेरी चार बिल्ली है।

HindiPod101.com
Saturday at 11:39 pm
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Hi Nivani,


Thanks for your post!


You will need to enable the Hindi keyboard. Do this while using an app that uses the keyboard.


All the best!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Nivani Sadhai
Wednesday at 6:12 pm
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How do you type in Devanagari on an iPad?

Nivani Sadhai
Wednesday at 4:06 pm
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Mere do baiyas hain.

Nivani Sadhai
Wednesday at 4:02 pm
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Suprabhaat aur Namaste Ebony, Mere ma'am Nivani hain, and all you do is go to dialogue, scroll to the bottom and they will ask you if you want to add it to fashcard deck, choose it tick it and add it there. Bye

Nivani Sadhai
Wednesday at 3:56 pm
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Namaste, muje maf kij jeye, I forgot to add ,,,,Mere das numbers hain. Lekken me theek hou aur tum.

Nivani Sadhai
Wednesday at 3:52 pm
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Ek, do, teen, chaar, paanc chah, saat, aath, nau, das.

HindiPod101.comVerified
Friday at 3:00 pm
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Hello Ebony,


Thank you for your question.

Yes, please check this list:

https://www.hindipod101.com/hindi-vocabulary-lists/numbers


We hope it helps.

Thank you for studying with us!

Cheers,

Lena

Team HindiPod101.com

Ebony
Sunday at 11:41 am
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Hi, Is there a way to add numbers 1 to 10 to the flashcards? Thank you.

HindiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 4:01 pm
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Hi Bethany,


Thank you for your post.


Usually, "शून्य बिल्लाियाँ" is not used, one would rather say, "मेरे पास बिल्लियाँ नहीं है।"


Let us know if you have any question.


Cheers!


Prabhakar

Team HindiPod101.com