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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya, and welcome back to HindiPod101.com’s Beginner Series. This is Season 1, Lesson 14 - Taking the Train in India
Udita: "Namaste, I’m Udita in Hindi". In this lesson, you’ll learn how to inquire about train arrival times at the station and about the future tense.
Maya: The conversation takes place on the platform at the train station.
Udita: It’s between A and B, who are strangers. B is a railway employee.
Maya: Since they are strangers, the speakers will be using Polite Hindi.
Udita: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
A:दिल्ली से पटना की ट्रेन कब आएगी? (DiLLii Se patNaa kii treN kab aaegii?)
B:अभी आने में आधा घंटा है. (abhii aaNe mein aaDHaa ghaNtaa hai.)
A:इस ही प्लेटफार्म पे आएगी ना? (iS hii plaitfaurm pe aaegii Naa?)
B:हाँजी आप यहीं इंतज़ार कीजिए. (haanjii aap yahiin iNTazaar kiijie.)
A:वैसे उस बीच एक फ़ोन करके आना था बूथ से, लेकिन जल्दी आ गयी तो छूटनी नहीं चाहिए. (vaiSe uS biich ek foN karke aaNaa THaa buuTH Se, lekiN jaLDii aa gayii To chuutNii Nahiin caahie.)
B:जल्दी नहीं आती, और थोड़ी देर तो रुकेगी. आप शान्ति से फ़ोन कर आइए. (jaLDii Nahiin aaTii, aur THodii Der To ruukegii. aap saaNTi Se foN kar aaie.)
Maya: Now, let’s listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
A:दिल्ली से पटना की ट्रेन कब आएगी? (DiLLii Se patNaa kii treN kab aaegii?)
B:अभी आने में आधा घंटा है. (abhii aaNe mein aaDHaa ghaNtaa hai.)
A:इस ही प्लेटफार्म पे आएगी ना? (iS hii plaitfaurm pe aaegii Naa?)
B:हाँजी आप यहीं इंतज़ार कीजिए. (haanjii aap yahiin iNTazaar kiijie.)
A:वैसे उस बीच एक फ़ोन करके आना था बूथ से, लेकिन जल्दी आ गयी तो छूटनी नहीं चाहिए. (vaiSe uS biich ek foN karke aaNaa THaa buuTH Se, lekiN jaLDii aa gayii To chuutNii Nahiin caahie.)
B:जल्दी नहीं आती, और थोड़ी देर तो रुकेगी. आप शान्ति से फ़ोन कर आइए. (jaLDii Nahiin aaTii, aur THodii Der To ruukegii. aap saaNTi Se foN kar aaie.)
Maya: Let’s now listen to the conversation with the English translation.
A:दिल्ली से पटना की ट्रेन कब आएगी? (DiLLii Se patNaa kii treN kab aaegii?)
A: When will the train for Delhi to Patna arrive?
B:अभी आने में आधा घंटा है. (abhii aaNe mein aaDHaa ghaNtaa hai.)
B: There's a half hour to go before it gets here.
A:इस ही प्लेटफार्म पे आएगी ना? (iS hii plaitfaurm pe aaegii Naa?)
A: It will arrive on this platform, right?
B:हाँजी आप यहीं इंतज़ार कीजिए. (haanjii aap yahiin iNTazaar kiijie.)
B: Yes, you can wait here for it.
A:वैसे उस बीच एक फ़ोन करके आना था बूथ से, लेकिन जल्दी आ गयी तो छूटनी नहीं चाहिए. (vaiSe uS biich ek foN karke aaNaa THaa buuTH Se, lekiN jaLDii aa gayii To chuutNii Nahiin caahie.)
A: Well, I need to go make a phone call at the booth, but if it's early I don't want to miss the train.
B:जल्दी नहीं आती, और थोड़ी देर तो रुकेगी. आप शान्ति से फ़ोन कर आइए. (jaLDii Nahiin aaTii, aur THodii Der To ruukegii. aap saaNTi Se foN kar aaie.)
B: It won't be early, and even so, it will wait for a while at least. So you can go and make your call with ease.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: It’s a lot of fun travelling by trains in India, isn’t it?
Udita: Yes, especially if you’re travelling in a big group. People seem to have so much fun on the long train rides, playing games and singing songs to pass the time!
Maya: Even if you’re travelling alone, it’s always an interesting ride. The train lines connect cities and towns across the country, and cut through the rural areas, so the view can be quite an experience.
Udita: Yes, the trains go from metropolitan cities, through remote villages, to small towns. They often pass right by farmlands, through mountains, and as you go along, you get to see very different scenes and views out the window.
Maya: The Indian train system is one of the most extensive domestic train networks.
Udita: Unfortunately, sometimes the trains can be stuck between stations for a while, and there can be long delays in arrivals or departures.
Maya: Yes, they are infamous for delays, and don’t always stick to the schedule. So the long train ride can get longer sometimes.
Udita: I guess it’s good that the city metros are not the same. They follow a schedule and work quite efficiently.
Maya: That’s true, many people use the metro system in cities like Delhi and Kolkata for the daily commute.
Udita: Well, in Mumbai the local trains substitute for the metro, and fortunately these are on time as well. People travel from localities outside Mumbai on these trains every day to go to work, or to college.
Maya: Ok, now let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Udita: बीच (biic) [natural native speed]
Maya: in the middle, in between
Udita: बीच (biic) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: बीच (biic) [natural native speed]
Udita: छूटना (chuutNaa) [natural native speed]
Maya: to miss (transportation)
Udita: छूटना (chuutNaa) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: छूटना (chuutNaa) [natural native speed]
Udita: इंतज़ार (iNTazaar) [natural native speed]
Maya: wait
Udita: इंतज़ार (iNTazaar) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: इंतज़ार (iNTazaar) [natural native speed]
Udita: शान्ती (saaNTii) [natural native speed]
Maya: peace
Udita: शान्ती (saaNTii) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: शान्ती (saaNTii) [natural native speed]
Udita: रुकना (ruukNaa) [natural native speed]
Maya: to stop, to wait
Udita: रुकना (ruukNaa) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: रुकना (ruukNaa) [natural native speed]
Udita: वैसे (vaiSe) [natural native speed]
Maya: like that, by the way
Udita: वैसे (vaiSe) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: वैसे (vaiSe) [natural native speed]
Udita: घंटा (ghaNtaa) [natural native speed]
Maya: hour
Udita: घंटा (ghaNtaa) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: घंटा (ghaNtaa) [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Maya: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Udita: The first word is ‘वैसे vaiSe’ which literally means ‘like that’. The singular masculine form is ‘वैसा vaiSaa’ and the singular feminine form is “वैसी vaiSii”, and ‘vaiSe’ is used for plural.
Maya: ‘वैसे vaiSe’ is also used in different ways in regular speech. People often say “वैसे vaiSe” to mean ‘by the way’.
Udita: For example you could say ‘वैसे अगली क्रिकेट मैच कहाँ है? vaiSe agLii krikat maic kahaan hai?’
Maya: This means “Where is the next cricket match, by the way?”
Udita: There is another usage in regular speech as well. People often say “वैसे तो vaiSe To” followed by ‘लेकिन LekiN’ to mean “although”. Let’s try an example.‘वैसे तो मैं गाती नहीं लेकिन आपके लिए गाना गाऊँगी vaiSe To main gaaTii Nahiin LekiN aapke Lie ek gaaNaa gaaungii’.
Maya: This means “Although I don’t really sing much, I will sing one song for you.”
Udita: Next is ‘ बीच biic’, which means “between” or “middle”. This is used for both time and place.
Maya: The particles ‘ka/ki/ke’ come before the word ‘biic’, and ‘mein’ follows it, in most cases. Since the order in Hindi is opposite to that of English, to say “in the middle of” in Hindi we would say “के बीच में ke biic mein” which literally is “of middle in”. This can also mean “in between”.
Udita: Yes, this is true except when using pronouns where ‘ka/ki/ke’ is not needed, as we learned earlier.
Maya: Another usage of ‘biic’ is to mean “during”. For example ‘नाटक के बीच में Naatak ke biic mein’ could mean “in the middle of the play” or “during the play”.
Udita: The next is a verb that means “to stop”. This is “रुकना rukNaa”, which is a verb used only for subjects stopping themselves.
Maya: It is not used for a subject stopping an object. So you can use it in the case of “the bus stopped” but not for “the driver stopped the bus”.
Udita: Yes this would be “बस रुक गयी baS ruk gayii”. Also when used in present perfect or past perfect tenses, it can both mean ‘to stop’ and ‘to be parked’ or ‘standing still’.
Maya: Ok, now let’s take a look at the grammar.

Lesson focus

Udita: In this lesson, you’ll learn about the simple future tense in the third person.
Maya: The future tense in the first person has the verb ending “uNgaa/uNgii/eNge”, as we’ve explained in the previous series. In the third person, the verb ending is different.
Udita: In the singular masculine form, the ending is ‘egaa’. If we take the verb “आना aaNaa” which means ‘to come’, the verb will change to “आएगा aaegaa” in this form.
Maya: In the singular feminine form, the ending is ‘egii’ so the word will be ‘आएगी
aaegii’.
Udita: In the plural form, the ending is ‘eNge’, so the word becomes “आएँगे aaeNge”.
Maya: The ‘Naa’ is removed from the infinitive form and the verb root is simply joined to the verb ending.
Udita: However, if the verb root ends in a consonant, then an ‘e’ sound is added to the verb root before the verb ending.
Maya: For example in the verb ‘गिरना girNaa’, the verb root is ‘gir’, and so in the singular masculine future tense it will become ‘गिरेगा giregaa’.
Udita: The exception to these rules are the special verbs ‘होना hoNaa’ meaning “to do”, ‘लेना LeNaa’ meaning “to take”, and ‘देना DeNaa’ meaning “to give”. For these three verbs, the future tense verb endings are ‘gaa/gii’ in the singular forms. So ‘होना hoNaa’ becomes ‘होगा hogaa’ or ‘होगी hogii’.
Maya: The plural is ‘होंगे hoNge’, for ‘लेना LeNaa’ it is ‘लेंगे LeNge’ and similarly for ‘देना DeNaa’, it is ‘देंगे DeNge’.
Udita: Ok, let’s try some examples then!
Maya: Sure thing. What’s the plural future tense of ‘जाना jaaNaa’, meaning “to go”?
Udita: ‘जाएंगे jaaeNge’.
Maya: Right! And how would you say “She will go home tomorrow”?
Udita: “Home” is ‘घर ghar’ and ‘tomorrow’ is “कल kaL”. So she’d say “वो कल घर जाएगी vo kaL ghar jaaegii”.
Maya: And the negative just places the word ‘नहीं Nahiin’, meaning “no” or “not”, before the verb in the future tense. So “He won’t dance” in Hindi is “वो नहीं नाचेगा Vo Nahiin naacegaa”.
Udita: Right! One thing to keep in mind is that in the Polite Level, the plural is used for singulars as well. Let’s try one as an example.
Maya: Yes, let’s try saying “ Will he eat?” and “Will she eat?” in all levels of formality.
Udita: In the Polite Level, it will be the same for the male and female forms - “क्या वो खाएंगे? Kya vo khaaeNge?”
Maya: Right. The Familiar and Intimate levels are both the same for the singular forms, so “Will he eat?” is “क्या वो खाएगा? kyaa vo khaaegaa?” “Will she eat?” is “क्या वो खाएगी? Kyaa vo khaaegii?”
Udita: Yes. Now for the second person. The Polite Level verb ending is the same as in the third person- eNge. Singular masculine uses the verb ending “oge” and singular feminine uses “ogii”. This is true for all verbs except ‘LeNaa’ and ‘DeNaa’.
Maya: ‘LeNaa’ has the verb root “ले Le” but it becomes “लोगे Loge” or “लोगी Logii”, and ‘DeNaa’ becomes “दोगे Doge” or दोगी Dogii”.
Udita: You can use this to say “What will you have?” in this way ‘आप क्या लेंगे? Aap kyaa Lenge?’ in the Polite Level, and ‘तुम क्या लोगे? Tum kyaa Loge?’ in the Familiar level singular masculine.
Maya: In the conversation, we heard this tense used for the train arrival. ‘Train’ is a feminine noun, which is why A asks “ट्रेन कब आएगी? Train kab aaegii?” which means “When will the train arrive?”

Outro

Maya: Well, that's all for this lesson. Be sure to read the lesson notes for many more examples!
Udita: Also, try saying this in Hindi for practice “When will your brother come here?”
Maya: Thanks for listening. Sukriyaa!
Udita: Until next time! Phir miLeNge!”

15 Comments

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HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Listeners, let's practice here the Future Tense in the 3rd person!

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 08:25 PM
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Hi Arpine,


Thanks for your post!


While your 1st two sentences are perfect, try this for the 3rd one:

यह सुनकर मेरी बहन बहुत ख़ुश होगी।


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Arpine
Tuesday at 06:29 PM
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आपका भाई यहां कब आएगा? When will your brother come here?


बारिश का मौसम कब शुरू करेगा? When will the monsoon season start?


वह सुनने से मेरी बहिन बहुत खुश होगी। My sister will be very happy to hear that.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:43 PM
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Hi Y.D.,


Thanks for your post!


That is perfect for spoken language! But if you would like to use perfect Hindi grammar here for formal, try this:

आपके भाई यहाँ कब आएंगे?

or

aapake bhaaii yahaan kab aayenge?


Keep learning and all the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Y.D.
Thursday at 11:27 PM
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Formal: आपका भाई यहाँ कब आएगा?

Informal: तुम्हारा भाई यहाँ कब आएगा?


शुक्रिया!

HindiPod101.com
Wednesday at 08:47 PM
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Hi Ian,


Nice sentence!


While the sentence is correct, here are a few suggestions to make it more true to the English.


मोदी भारत में भ्रष्टाचार को बंद कर देंगे।


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com


HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 11:11 PM
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Hi Raj,


Thanks for writing to us. You have done well. Only there are some small changes -

कल रात को तुम कहाँ जाओगे?

कल रात हम मेरे घर नहीं जा सकते, इसलिए हम तुम्हारे घर जाएँगे।

Please write to us if you have any question.


Cheers!

Prabhakar

Team HindiPod101.com

Raj Shah
Wednesday at 01:07 PM
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काल रात को तुम काहा जाआेणे


where will you go tomorrow night?


काल मैं अपना णार नाही जा साकता हैं तो अपका याहा जायेणा


we cannot go to my house tomorrow, so we will go to your house.

Ian
Sunday at 08:25 AM
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मोदी भारत में भ्रष्टाचार बंद हो जाएगा।

Modi will stop corruption in India.

hindipod101.com Verified
Monday at 08:33 AM
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Hello Ross,


Just like in English we say 'I wanted to make a call but I hope I dont miss the train." If you notice here we have used the verb 'wanted' which itself is in the past tense while the speaker wants to make a call now. Similarly in Hindi, we would say 'fone kar k aana tha'. Also the phrase 'is beech/us beech' means 'in the meanwhile' or 'during that time'. So when we put it all together it means the same sentence in English 'In the meanwhile I wanted to make a call but I hope I dont miss the train'.


I hope you got it now.


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Ross
Sunday at 05:45 AM
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I'm not understanding the sentence " वैसे उस बीच एक फ़ोन करके आना था बूथ से ".

Shouldn't it be "uske biic me.n"? And why is it in the past tense when she has to make the phone call now?