Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

namasTe meraa naam preranaa hai. aap se milkar khushi hui.
Hi, My name is Prerana. Nice to meet you.
Welcome to HindiPod101.com’s “Hindi in three minutes”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hindi.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the verb aanaa.
In this lesson, we will jump into our series dedicated to question words in Hindi. Our first word is not only the most common question word, but sometimes it is also used as an interjection. The word we are talking about is “what” in English. You’ll see that there are many ways to translate it in Hindi.
So imagine you want to ask your friend "What is you doing?" How will you do it?
You will ask: Tum kyaa kar rahe ho?
[slowly] Tum kyaa kar rahe ho?
So let’s break down this answer:
Tum is the informal word for "you"
kyaa is the question word "What" in Hindi.
kar rahe is the present tense of “do”, “doing” which comes from the verb karna
ho is the verb “to be” which is used with Tum
What are you doing?
Tum kyaa kar rahe ho?
In English if you want to ask a question, you have to change the verb order. For
example, if you wanted to turn the statement, "This is your house" into a
question, you'd arrange it such that the verb comes at the beginning, "Is this your house?"
Well, we have some good news. None of this
is necessary in Hindi! In Hindi, sentences can be changed to questions just by adjusting the tone of your speech.
Here’s an example of this question tone as said by a male speaker.
main aapkii maDaD kar sakTaa hoon?
And here is an example as said by a female speaker:
main aapkii maDaD kar sakTii hoon?
this means
"Can I help you?"
Instead of turning statements into questions with the change of tone, you
can also add the word क्या, kyaa ("what") for emphasis. It always goes at the
beginning of the question.
For example:
kyaa main aapkii maDaD kar sakTaa hoon?
"Can I help you?" for a male speaker.
Kyaa main aapkii maDaD kar sakTaa hoon? for a female.
Simple yes-no questions can be formed by the optional placement of the question word kyaa in the initial position of a declarative sentence.
Let’s look at another example. If we were to ask someone if the house belongs to him. We could say Yah aapkaa ghar hai?
"Is this your house?"
But to emphasize the question, we add the question word kyaa at the beginning of the sentence and it becomes kyaa yah aapkaa ghar hai?
"Is this your house?"
Now it’s time for Prerana’s points.
The question word kya is also used in exclamations.
For example, when you look at a beautiful garden, you could say
kyaa sunDar bagichaa hai!
What a beautiful garden!
In this lesson, we learned how to use the Hindi word "What" in different kinds of sentences.
I know it is not always simple but I am sure you will remember these short rules!
In the next lesson, we will talk about the Hindi equivalent for the word "Where".
Do you know it already? I can promise it’s easier than "what"!
I'll be waiting for you with the answer in the next lesson.
Phir milenge. See you then!

5 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi listeners! So, what's your favorite food?

HindiPod101.com
Saturday at 08:26 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Manzi,


Thanks for your post.


Please do let us know what you are trying to say. You can just write the Hindi words in Latin letters or just post the sentence in English and we will help you out.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Manzi
Tuesday at 02:10 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

कारी स्वदश है

HindiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:33 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Noora,


Good attempt - that's almost right, but instead of "main", here we would use "mujhe", to say "mujhe pizzaa bahut pasand hai" (I like pizza).


Hope that helps!


Cheers,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Noora Ali
Monday at 01:06 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Main pizza bahut pasand hai:heart::thumbsup: