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Lesson Transcript

namasTe meraa naam preranaa hai. Hi everybody! My name is Prerana. Welcome to HindiPod101.com’s “Tiin minat mein hinDi siikhiye. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hindi.
In the last lesson, we learned the phrase kyaa aap angrezii bolTe hain? "Do you speak English?"
In this lesson we’re going to learn how to apologize in Hindi.
There are a number of ways to apologize, but in a formal situation, you should use
maaf kiijiye
(slow) maaf kiijiye.
The first word, maaf, literally means "forgive," and kiijiye is a polite form of the verb meaning "please do"; thus, this expression actually means something like "Forgive me, please!" Now let's hear it again: maaf kiijiye.
You use maaf kiijiye when you might have said or done something
offensive, wrong, or embarrassing.
Sometimes you will also hear people say kshama kiijiye
(slow) kshama kiijiye
This means “Please excuse me” or “I am Sorry”
In Hindi we have many synonyms for a single expression, usually a more colloquial Urdu form and a Sanskrit form, which is used in more formal situations.This is the case with "I'm sorry" as well.
maaf kiijiye is the Urdu form and the corresponding Sanskrit form in
Hindi is kshamaa kiijiye.
The informal way to say "I’m Sorry" is maaf karo
[slowly] maaf karo
Similarly we could also say kshama karo
(slow) kshama karo
Let’s review
maaf kiijiye or kshama kiijiye which is the formal “I’m sorry” or “Excuse me”
maaf karo or kshama karo which is the informal I’m sorry or Excuse me.
These are all versatile phrases with a few different meanings depending on the
situation.
Whether you are trying to get someone's attention for a question, or making your way through a crowded area, or apologizing for
stepping on someone’s foot, these are all phrases you could use.
Now, what if someone says maaf kiijiye or kshamaa kiijiye to you after having done
something wrong. How would you respond?
In this case, the proper phrase is koii baaT nahii.
(slow) koii baaT nahii.
This means something like “it doesn’t matter”
koii baaT nahii.
Now it’s time for Prerana’s Points.
If someone bumps into you on the streets in India, don't expect an "Excuse me,"
especially in the big cities. Indians are usually very friendly people but just do not consider excusing themselves for bumping into someone as time well spent. Big crowds are very common in big cities. Unless someone pushes you over so hard you fall on the ground, keep walking.
Are you are able to count in Hindi? In the next lesson we will learn the numbers in Hindi from one to ten!
I'll be waiting for you in our next lesson.
shukriyaa aur phir milenge

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