Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 11 - Facing the Music with Someone in India!
Udita: "Namaste," I'm Udita. In this lesson, you'll learn the usage of “someone” in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place on a balcony.
Udita: It's between Kate and Kanika, who are chatting on Kanika's balcony.
Maya: Since they are friends, they will be using informal Hindi.
Udita: Let's listen to their conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: Okay, let’s talk music! Music is enjoyed throughout India, be it classical or modern.
Udita: There is a wide variety of music in India, ranging from folk, pop, classical and Bollywood.
Maya: India's classical music has a long history and is still very enchanting to many people.
Udita: As we know, India is made up of several cultural groups, each speaking their own languages and having their own traditions. Similarly, Indian folk music is diverse too.
Maya: Well, the most popular music in India include songs from Indian films, especially Bollywood. Bollywood actually makes up most of the music sales in India.
Udita: Talking about music, there are a variety of musical instruments like the sitar and the tabla that are specific to India.
Maya: All in all, Indian music is varied, ranging from classical to Bollywood. Go ahead and let us know in the comments if you listen to any Indian music!
Udita: And now onto the vocab.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Maya: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Udita, what’s the first word?
Udita: First we have कहाँ meaning “where” in English. When this question word is combined with postpositions, they create adverbials like कहाँ से “in which direction” or simply “where from”?
Maya: Another example would be कहाँ पर meaning “where in”.
Udita: Similarly, we could combine it with the postposition ko. It becomes कहाँ को which means “where to”.
Maya: Next we have आ रही which means “coming.”
Udita: It comes from the verb आना which means “to come”. We learned earlier that to use a verb in the present tense we add raha, rahi or rahe depending on the gender and number of the noun.
Maya: Since आवाज़ is a feminine noun, we use आ रही.
Udita: What’s next?
Maya: Next is गाना, which is a noun meaning “song”. The verb “to sing” in Hindi is also गाना.
Udita: गा रहा means “singing.” Since the subject कोई is a masculine noun, we say गा रहा.
Maya: For a feminine noun, we'd say गा रही .
Udita: Next we have भी which means “also”.
Maya: So मुझे भी means “me too.”
Udita: To expand on the sentence, we could also say मुझे भी पसंद है
Maya: which means “I like it too”.
Udita: Okay, now on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Maya: In this lesson we’re going to learn the usage of the word “somebody” in Hindi.
Udita: कोई is an indefinite pronoun in Hindi meaning “someone”, “somebody”
Maya: कोई can also be used as an adverb in the sense of “some”, “about.”
Udita: It can refer to “something” if used with sa or si. It becomes koi sa or koi si.
Maya: Koi when used in combination with other words can mean a lot of other things.
Udita: Like sab koi means “all, everybody”.
Maya: har koi is another phrase meaning “all, everybody”
Udita: koi na koi meaning “someone or the other”
Maya: koi koi meaning “some … others” or “one … another”
Udita: aur koi meaning “someone else”
Maya: Sometimes koi dusra is also used to mean the same thing.
Maya: Let’s practise with some examples. What is “Is someone there?”
Udita: क्या कोई है?
Maya: “Someone or the other will help”
Udita: कोई ना कोई मदद करेगा
Maya: “Everyone was there”
Udita: हर कोई वहाँ था
Maya: One important thing to note is that in the Oblique case, the word कोई is किसी. So remember that we must use the Oblique case whenever a Postposition follows the word.
Udita: Right! For example किसी ने गाना गाया which means “someone sang a song.”
Maya: How would you say “Someone opened the door”?
Udita: किसी ने दरवाज़ा खोला
Maya: We use the oblique case of koi which is kisi when used with the postposition ne.
Udita: It is used to describe something that happened in the past.
Maya: Let's see how this grammar point was used in the dialogue.
Udita: Kate says: शायद कोई गाना गा रहा है shaayaD koii gaana ga raha hai which means “maybe someone is singing a song”

Outro

Maya: Ok That’s all we have for this lesson. Please read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations on this topic.
Udita: Listeners, can you say “Someone is playing a flute” in Hindi? If you can, please leave us a comment saying it at HindiPod101.com.
Maya: Thanks for listening. Until next time!
Udita: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

7 Comments

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HindiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi everyone!

What's your favorite Hindi song?

HindiPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 5:48 pm
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Hello Shawn!


I'm glad you could get helped by Neha! :innocent:

She is better than Google Translate :sunglasses:


If you have any questions, please let us know!

Engla

Team HindiPod101.com

Shawn
Tuesday at 10:36 am
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धन्यवाद नेहा-जि

Dhanyavad Neha-Ji!


The light bulb suddenly went on when I read your corrections which make sense to me!

I will just blame it on Google Translate....yeah.... :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 10:06 am
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Hello Shawn,


Please find a few corrections below


मेरा हिंदी गाना पसंद क्या है?

mera Hindi gaanaa pasand kyaa hai?

Correct- mera pasanDeeDa hinDi gaana kaunsa hai?

What is my favorite Hindi song?


लेकिन मैं सभी हिंदी गाने से प्यार है

lekin main sabhee Hindi gaane se pyaar hai

Correct- lekin main sabhi hinDii gaanon se pyaar karTaa hoon

but I love all Hindi songs!


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Shawn
Friday at 12:01 pm
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मेरा हिंदी गाना पसंद क्या है?

mera Hindi gaanaa pasand kyaa hai?

What is my favorite Hindi song?


यह फिल्म यह जवानी है दीवानी से यह दिल्लीवाली प्रेमिका है

yah philm "yah javaani hai deevani" se yah "dillivaali premika" hai

From the film "Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani" it is "Dilliwali Girlfriend".


लेकिन मैं सभी हिंदी गाने से प्यार है

lekin main sabhee Hindi gaane se pyaar hai

but I love all Hindi songs! :thumbsup:

HindiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 10:38 pm
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Hello Anthony ji,


Mujhe bhi yah film bahut pasanD hai:smile:


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Anthony Karan
Sunday at 1:38 pm
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Namaste,


ab mera sub se achha gaane ka naam tujhe dekhaa to hai.


is gaane kii film kaa naam dilwaale dulhania le jayenge hai


Dhanyavaad