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Lesson Transcript

Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 11 - Facing the Music with Someone in India!
Udita: "Namaste," I'm Udita. In this lesson, you'll learn the usage of “someone” in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place on a balcony.
Udita: It's between Kate and Kanika, who are chatting on Kanika's balcony.
Maya: Since they are friends, they will be using informal Hindi.
Udita: Let's listen to their conversation.
Maya: Okay, let’s talk music! Music is enjoyed throughout India, be it classical or modern.
Udita: There is a wide variety of music in India, ranging from folk, pop, classical and Bollywood.
Maya: India's classical music has a long history and is still very enchanting to many people.
Udita: As we know, India is made up of several cultural groups, each speaking their own languages and having their own traditions. Similarly, Indian folk music is diverse too.
Maya: Well, the most popular music in India include songs from Indian films, especially Bollywood. Bollywood actually makes up most of the music sales in India.
Udita: Talking about music, there are a variety of musical instruments like the sitar and the tabla that are specific to India.
Maya: All in all, Indian music is varied, ranging from classical to Bollywood. Go ahead and let us know in the comments if you listen to any Indian music!
Udita: And now onto the vocab.
Maya: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Udita, what’s the first word?
Udita: First we have कहाँ meaning “where” in English. When this question word is combined with postpositions, they create adverbials like कहाँ से “in which direction” or simply “where from”?
Maya: Another example would be कहाँ पर meaning “where in”.
Udita: Similarly, we could combine it with the postposition ko. It becomes कहाँ को which means “where to”.
Maya: Next we have आ रही which means “coming.”
Udita: It comes from the verb आना which means “to come”. We learned earlier that to use a verb in the present tense we add raha, rahi or rahe depending on the gender and number of the noun.
Maya: Since आवाज़ is a feminine noun, we use आ रही.
Udita: What’s next?
Maya: Next is गाना, which is a noun meaning “song”. The verb “to sing” in Hindi is also गाना.
Udita: गा रहा means “singing.” Since the subject कोई is a masculine noun, we say गा रहा.
Maya: For a feminine noun, we'd say गा रही .
Udita: Next we have भी which means “also”.
Maya: So मुझे भी means “me too.”
Udita: To expand on the sentence, we could also say मुझे भी पसंद है
Maya: which means “I like it too”.
Udita: Okay, now on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Maya: In this lesson we’re going to learn the usage of the word “somebody” in Hindi.
Udita: कोई is an indefinite pronoun in Hindi meaning “someone”, “somebody”
Maya: कोई can also be used as an adverb in the sense of “some”, “about.”
Udita: It can refer to “something” if used with sa or si. It becomes koi sa or koi si.
Maya: Koi when used in combination with other words can mean a lot of other things.
Udita: Like sab koi means “all, everybody”.
Maya: har koi is another phrase meaning “all, everybody”
Udita: koi na koi meaning “someone or the other”
Maya: koi koi meaning “some … others” or “one … another”
Udita: aur koi meaning “someone else”
Maya: Sometimes koi dusra is also used to mean the same thing.
Maya: Let’s practise with some examples. What is “Is someone there?”
Udita: क्या कोई है?
Maya: “Someone or the other will help”
Udita: कोई ना कोई मदद करेगा।
Maya: “Everyone was there”
Udita: हर कोई वहाँ था
Maya: One important thing to note is that in the Oblique case, the word कोई is किसी. So remember that we must use the Oblique case whenever a Postposition follows the word.
Udita: Right! For example किसी ने गाना गाया which means “someone sang a song.”
Maya: How would you say “Someone opened the door”?
Udita: किसी ने दरवाज़ा खोला
Maya: We use the oblique case of koi which is kisi when used with the postposition ne.
Udita: It is used to describe something that happened in the past.
Maya: Let's see how this grammar point was used in the dialogue.
Udita: Kate says: शायद कोई गाना गा रहा है shaayaD koii gaana ga raha hai which means “maybe someone is singing a song”


Maya: Ok That’s all we have for this lesson. Please read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations on this topic.
Udita: Listeners, can you say “Someone is playing a flute” in Hindi? If you can, please leave us a comment saying it at HindiPod101.com.
Maya: Thanks for listening. Until next time!
Udita: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi everyone!

What's your favorite Hindi song?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:37 PM
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Hi MA,

You are welcome!

If you have any further questions, feel free to let us know.

All the best!


Team HindiPod101.com

Monday at 02:31 AM
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bataane ke liye bahut dhanyavaad ji

HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:52 PM
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Hi MA,

Thanks for your question!

"mujhe" and "mujh ko" are mostly used interchangeably. Generally, "mujhe" is used. Both your example sentences are correct.

I hope this helps!


Team HindiPod101.com

Monday at 03:04 PM
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Will the sentence still be correct if i say "MUJHKO ae dil hai mushkil gaana buhut pasandh" instead of "MUJHE ae dil hai "mushkil gaana buhut pasandh hai"

Thursday at 07:30 PM
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Can you differentiate between "Mujhko" and "Mujhe"? When to use Mujhe and when to use mujhko? Really confuses me.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:48 PM
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Hi M.A.,

Thanks for answering the question!

That's indeed a beautiful song.

If you have any questions, feel free to let us know.

All the best!


Team HindiPod101.com

Wednesday at 03:12 PM
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mujhe ae dil hai mushkil gaana baut pasandh hai

Friday at 06:59 AM
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Speaking of Bollywood, do any of you know where the song 'Har Taraf Tu Hi Dikhe हर तरफ़ तू ही दिखे' from Rishtey 2002 was made. I mean the video in the movie. It was at a Greek Temple site. But I cannot find the location. कहाँ यह गाना बना? वाह वाह. बहुत सुंदर गाना बहुत - करिश्मा और अनिल कपूर के साथ.


HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 11:26 AM
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Hi Akarsh,

Thanks for sharing your favorite songs!

If you have any questions, just let us know.

All the best!


Team HindiPod101.com

Akarsh Kollu
Friday at 10:46 AM
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I listen to Indian music. I am a boy of Indian Origin. I like my native Telugu Songs better, but in Hindi, I like Kala Chasma and tum hi ho.