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Lesson Transcript

Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 16 - Hindi Time Expressions
Udita: "Namaste," I'm Udita. In this lesson, you’ll learn some common time expressions.
Maya: The conversation takes place at a jogger’s park.
Udita: It's between Kate and her neighbor Kanika.
Maya: Since they are friends, they will be using informal Hindi.
Udita: Let's listen to their conversation.
Udita: Okay Maya, since they’re talking about going walking, let’s talk about exercise!
Maya: Sure thing. Indians are becoming increasingly aware about health and fitness, which means a lot of fitness clubs and gyms have opened up recently.
Udita: Gyms have gained popularity more and more over the past decade, as people become more health-conscious.
Maya: Cities have even started to maintain parks and jogging tracks to encourage this.
Udita: You see people from different age groups exercising early in the morning doing yoga, walking, and going for jogs.
Maya Also, activities like aerobics, swimming, Power Taekwondo, and Kickboxing are becoming popular.
Udita: Good to know! Okay, let’s go on to the vocab.
Maya Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Udita: First we have यहाँ which means “here”. Another very common word for “here” is इधर.
Maya: So instead of saying tum yahan? to ask someone “you here?”, we could also say tum idhar?
Udita: Next we have आना which means “to come”. आती हूँ means “I come” or “I’m coming” when said by a female. It becomes आता हूँ, which means “I come” or “I’m coming” when said by a male, and आते हैं when said by a group of people.
Maya: What’s next?
Udita: चलो which means “let’s go” or “let’s”. It is a very useful word and can be used to invite someone to do something. For example, we could say चलो खाते हैं to say “let’s eat”.
Maya: Similarly we could say चलो पढ़ते हैं which means “let’s study”.
Udita: We could also say एक साथ before a verb to put stress on doing something together.
Maya: So we could say चलो एक साथ खाते हैं which means “let’s eat together”.
Udita: चलो एक साथ पढ़ते हैं which means “let’s study together”
Maya: So it means we simply say चलो + एक साथ + root verb+ te+ hain
Udita: That’s right! So can you guess what we could say for, “let’s sing together”?
Maya: चलो एक साथ गाते हैं
Udita: Okay - one more! What could we say for “let’s go together”?
Maya: चलो एक साथ चलते हैं ं
Udita: Bingo! The word for “walk” is chalna. The root of the verb is chal. So applying the rule we just talked about, it becomes चलो एक साथ चलते है ं
Maya Okay, now on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Maya: In this lesson we’re going to learn common time expressions in Hindi. First, let’s look at how to express the concept of “every”.
Udita: We can either double certain nouns, or add the prefixes prati or har before a time expression to mean “every”. For example we could add the prefix हर which means “every” before रोज़, which means days . So together it becomes हर रोज़ which means “every day.”
Maya: We could also say रोज़ रोज़ to mean the same thing.
Udita: Similarly, we could add the prefix प्रति before दिन | प्रति meaning every. दिन is the most common word for “day”. So it becomes prati din, which means “every day”.
Maya: So what would we say for “every hour”?
Udita: Simple! Just replace “day” with “hour”. So har roz becomes har ghante. The noun after ‘har’ is in the oblique form. घंटा means “hour”, and the oblique form for घंटा is घंटे. So “har ghante” is “every hour”
Maya: That’s easy. So could we use the same prefix with “moment” to mean “every moment”?
Udita: Absolutely! “moment” is पल . So it becomes हर पल to mean “every moment”.
Maya: Let’s look at some examples. What could we say for “I study every night”.
Udita: “I” is main. “every night” is roz raat. “study” is padhaai karna. So it becomes मैं रोज़ रात को पढ़ाई करती हूँ when said by a female, and मैं रोज़ रात को पढ़ाई करता हूँ। when said by a male.
Maya: Let’s try another one! “he takes money every month”.
Udita: वह हर महीने पैसे लेता है . vah means “he”, har mahine is “every month” , paise is “money”, letaa hai is “takes”. So it becomes “he every month money takes” and translates as “he takes money every month”.
Maya: Let's see how this grammar point was used in the dialogue.
Udita: Kanika uses the time expression har roz which means “everyday”. She says: हाँ मैं हर रोज यहाँ सैर करने आती हूँ haan main har roz yahaan sair karne aaTi hoon which means “yes, I come here for a walk every day”.


Maya Well, that's all for our lesson. Be sure to read the lesson notes for more examples!
Udita: Listeners, can you say “I drink milk every night” in Hindi? If you can, please leave us a comment saying it at HindiPod101.com.
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Udita: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"


Please to leave a comment.
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HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi everyone!

How often do you study Hindi?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 01:44 PM
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Hi Julia,

Thanks for your question!

"paTaa" (पता) means "to know" and it is always "paTaa" irrespective of who is speaking the sentence - female, male, or group.

It is always treated as masculine, so it will always be था (THaa) and not थी (THii) or थे (THe).

I hope this helps!


Team HindiPod101.com

Julia Gordon
Sunday at 03:47 PM
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One question about the line "मुझे पता नहीं था": why doesn't the speaker, who seems to be female, use the feminine form of the verbs here? (i.e. why not "ti"at the end? and would "pata" still remain "pata" or would it become "pati" as well?)

Thank you!

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:46 PM
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Hi Kakembo,

You are always welcome!

If you have any questions, feel free to let us know.

All the best!


Team HindiPod101.com

Friday at 03:13 PM
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Thanks for the correction

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 02:11 PM
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Hi Kakembo,

Thanks for posting!

I think you meant to say "मैं रोज़ रात दूध पीता / पीती हूँ।" (main roz raaT DuuDH piiTaa / piiTii huun.) or "I drink milk every night."

I hope this helps!


Team HindiPod101.com

Wednesday at 03:04 PM
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मैं रोज़ रात दुद पिने हुँ

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:44 PM
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Hi Alice,

Thanks for posting!

Excellent work.

Keep learning and let us know if you have any questions!


Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:43 PM
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Hi Bill,

Thanks for your post!

If you want to say "to study", both "padhaNaa" (पढ़ना) and "padhaaii karaNaa" (पढ़ाई करना) are almost the same. But if you want to say "to read", you can only use "padhaNaa" and not "padhaaii karaNaa".

You can also say "main roz raat padhaaii karaTaa huun." (मैं रोज़ रात पढ़ाई करता हूँ।) or "I study every night".

I hope this helps!


Team HindiPod101.com

Tuesday at 09:59 PM
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मैं हर रोज थोड़ा पढ़ाई करती हूँ।

Wednesday at 06:21 PM
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This exercise uses both पढ़ना and पढ़ाई करना for 'to study'. Is there a difference? When should one use one or the other?

Also, the example मैं रोज़ रात को पढ़ाई करती हूँ uses को but वह हर महीने पैसे लेता है does not. Please can you explain? Thanks!