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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: Hi everyone, I am Maya and welcome to hindipod101.com, pronunciation series, Lesson 2. The Hindi Pronunciation Journey Continues.
Manasi: [Namaste dosto] Hi everyone, this is Manasi here. So dear listeners, did you practice the sounds we learned in lesson 1?
Maya: Well we hope you did. We have a lot more sounds for you this time.
Manasi: So let’s do this together.

Lesson focus

Maya: Here we go. The 20th Hindi consonant is
Manasi: [Na] as in [Naam]
Maya: This means name. And this sound is dental, right?
Manasi: Yes. Remember that we have two sounds of [Na] and this one is pronounced by touching the tongue to the upper teeth [Na]
Maya: So it’s [Naam]
Manasi: Correct and next is [Pa] as in [Patang]
Maya: Which means kite. So Manasi, India has a kite festival called Patang Utsav right?
Manasi: Yes that’s true Maya. It is famous for colorful and different kites among youngsters and children.
Maya: That sounds really fun. Well the next sound is
Manasi: [Fa] as in [fal]
Maya: Which means fruit.
Manasi: It is pronounced using your lips [Fa]
Maya: So it’s [Fa] but slightly different than pa as more air comes from lips in the case of [Fa]
Manasi: That’s correct Maya. So the next sound is [Ba] as in [Baarish]
Maya: Which means rain. India has three seasons. One of them is the rainy season. Here [Ba] is said using the lips.
Manasi: Yes that’s correct. So the next sound is [Bha] as in Bharat [Bha-rut]
Maya: Which means India.
Manasi: Of course, India has many names and one of them is Bharat which is an old one. Here, [Bha] is coupled sound formed with [B] and [Ha].
Maya: So [Bha] too is pronounced with the lips?
Manasi: That’s right. So the next one is [Ma] as in [Ma-ch-li].
Maya: Which means fish. Here [Ma] too is pronounced with the lips and next we have
Manasi: [Ya] as in [Yatri]
Maya: And [Yatri] means traveler. Next is
Manasi: [Ra] as in [Rasta]
Maya: Which means road and this is just a simple sound [Ra]
Manasi: Yeah. That’s correct and next we have [La] as [lal]
Maya: Which means the color red.
Manasi: That’s correct and next is [Va] as in [Vakil]
Maya: Here [Vakil] means lawyer and next we have
Manasi: [Sh] as in [Shyam] which means evening.
Maya: Hindi has 3 S sounds. So be very careful while differentiating between them.
Manasi: Right. We’ve already seen one. So let’s take a look at the next two. The next one is [Sh] as in [Vish].
Maya: Which means poison.
Manasi: Now you might think that this is the same as the first S sound in [Sha]
Maya: Yes it is a bit difficult for me to pronounce them. Can you give us a tip on how to pronounce them?
Manasi: Sure. Practically, you may not notice much difference between the two S sounds but last [Sh] sound is pronounced more from the back of the throat as well as tongue that touches the teeth. Practice more and more listening which will help you say it correctly.
Maya: And the next sound is
Manasi: [Sa] as in [Saral]
Maya: Which means simple and the sound is [Sa].
Manasi: That’s right. So the next one is [Ha] as in [Ha-thi]. So Maya, can you guess what a [Hathi] means?
Maya: An Elephant?
Manasi: Yeah that’s correct Maya. [Ha] is pronounced different in different words. For example, [Kahan] which means where and [Hum] which means we. Both of these words have the H consonant but they are pronounced differently [Kahan] and [Hum].
Maya: Okay so the next is
Manasi: [Ksh] as in [Kshtriya]
Maya: Which means soldier and next is
Manasi: [Tr] as in [Tri-kone]
Maya: Which means triangle but remember, this is a dental sound [Tr] and next we have
Manasi: [Gy] as [Gyan]
Maya: Which means knowledge. Next is
Manasi: [D] as in [Ped]
Maya: Which means tree. And last but not the least we have
Manasi: [Dh] as in [Padhna]
Maya: Which means to read. Hindi has similar sounds classified as aspirated and non-aspirated. Let’s see some examples.
Manasi: Sure. The first pair would be [K] and [Kh] is non-aspirated sound pronounced simply from the throat while ka is aspirated sound. So don’t mix them while spelling words having [K] and Kh.
Maya: Okay.
Manasi: The next pair is [Ta] and [Th]. Again [Th] is aspirated and [Ta] is non-aspirated dental sound. The next is [Ta] and [Th]. Again [Th] is aspirated while [Ta] is non-aspirated. The next is [D] and [Dh]. Here [Dh] is aspirated while [D] is non-aspirated.
Maya: Now you know all the 36 Hindi consonants. Some are dental, some aspirated, some non-aspirated and so on but they are not that difficult to remember. Just try listening and pronouncing them and I am sure it will be a lot of fun too.

Outro

Manasi: That’s right. It’s not difficult. You just need to practice. So keep practicing. Want a free way to build your Hindi vocabulary?
Maya: Follow our Hindi word of the day at hindipod101.com
Manasi: See and hear the word of the day.
Maya: Plus sample phrases and sentences.
Manasi: Get these daily vocabulary alerts on Facebook, Twitter and the hindipod101.com blog.
Maya: And add this widget to your own website or blog. They are available in 35 languages.
Manasi: Get these easy instructions at hindipod101.com/hindi-phrases.
Maya: See you next time.
Manasi: [Fir milenge] Goodbye.

13 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hello and welcome back! Which is the most difficult word according to you?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 11:27 AM
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Hi Sharon,


Thanks for your post!


You are correct. The correct pronunciation of the Hindi consonant is "ph" and for "fruit" the word is pronounced as "phaL".


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Sharon
Sunday at 10:13 PM
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Hi,


I thought फ was a pa sound unless there is a dot under the left side curve and then it is fa.


Thanks,


Sharon

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:16 AM
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Hi Julia,


Thanks for reporting these issues.


We will fix these very soon.


Thanks for your patience!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Julia
Sunday at 05:33 AM
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Is very frustrating as on the audio स and ष are switched. There are four missing letters on text sheet and two on text sheet not pronounced. Maybe it's just me.


HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:48 PM
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Hello Rob,


Thank you for posting.

You can listen to the main audio if you click on the big play button at the top of the page.

Let us know if you have any further questions.

Cheers,

Lena

Team HindiPod101.com

rob
Tuesday at 10:50 AM
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Where are the sound files for this exercise. You describe them in written english, but let's hear them ??

HindiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:31 PM
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Hello Dee,


Thank you for posting.

Have you tried downloading the Lesson Transcript PDF file and reading it while listening to the audio?

That might help to understand the sounds better.


In addition, you can download the audio as an mp3 file and play it on your computer or any mp3 player device. Then just jump back to the part you want to repeat and practice more.


We hope it helps.

Let us know if you have any further questions.


Sincerely,

Lena

Team HindiPod101.com

Dee
Thursday at 08:36 PM
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You cay PRACTICE

how can we ?

there is no audio for the individual sounds...

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 10:57 AM
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Hi LL,


Thank you for posting.

All About and Pronunciation series don't have Lesson Material and Review, so your account is working fine.

If you have any question about the content, please feel free to leave a comment! :thumbsup:


Sincerely,

Ofelia

Team HindiPod101.com

LL
Friday at 05:39 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I don't see Lesson Material or Review for this lesson (and for lessons from All about). I am not sure whether it's not available or it's on the way or I am not able see because of my account type?


But I get a glimpse of

1. Introduction

2. Lesson material

3. Review

while the page is loading. But after the page done loading, I don't see them. Just the audio track and the description below it.