Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 11, Telling the Time in Hindi, Part 1.
Maya "Namaste," I'm Maya.
Neha: In this lesson you'll learn how to read time in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place at Rita's house.
Neha: This conversation is between Rita and Bhawana.
Maya: They are friends and so they will be speaking informal Hindi.
Neha: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

रीता: कितने बजे हैं?
भावना: एक बजा है।
रीता: हमारा टीवी कार्यक्रम कितने बजे शुरू होता है?
भावना: साढ़े तीन बजे।
Maya: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Reetaa: Kitne baje hain?
Bhaavanaa: Ek baja hai.
Reetaa: Hamaara teewee kaaryakram kitme baje shuru hotaa hai?
Bhaavanaa: Saarhe teen baje.
Neha: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
रीता: कितने बजे हैं?
Neha: " What time is it?"
भावना: एक बजा है।
Maya: "It's one o'clock."
रीता: हमारे टीवी कार्यक्रम कितने बजे शुरू होता है?
Neha: "What time does our TV program start?"
भावना: साढ़े तीन बजे।
Maya: "Half past three."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: In this conversation, you know Rita is eagerly waiting for a TV program.
Maya: Yeah, what is she waiting for?
Neha: Well, you know Indian movies and TV programs are very popular.
Maya: I know and it probably wouldn't be an exaggeration to say that they are part of Indian culture.
Neha: I agree. Anyway, there are these TV series on family dramas that are a big hit among Indian house wives.
Maya: Really?
Neha: Yes, they are aired in the afternoons so that the house wives can enjoy the many different but similar programs for a couple of hours every day.
Maya: Sounds like they may be the Indian versions of British and American soap operas.
Neha: You're exactly right!
Maya: And what are they usually about?
Neha: Well, they're mostly centered around the drama of joint families, the relationship between the newly-wed wife and her in-laws, you know, things like that.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: I see. Well moving on, let's talk about the words that were used in the conversation.
Neha: We'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Maya: Our first word is…
Neha: कितने " kitne," "kit-ne," "kitne…"
Maya: Which means "how many" or "how much."
Neha: Next, we have बजे "baje," "be-je," "baje…"
Maya: Which means "time" or "o'clock."
Neha: Then is बजा "bajaa," "ba-jaa," "bajaa…"
Maya: Which also means "time" or "o'clock."
Neha: Next is हमारे " hamaara," "ha-maara," "hamaara…"
Maya: Which means "our."
Neha: Then is टीवी कार्यक्रम "teewee kaaryakram," "tee-wee kaaryakram," "teewee kaaryakram…"
Maya: Which means "TV program."
Neha: Next is शुरू "shuru," "shu-ru," "shuru…"
Maya: Which means "start."
Neha: Next we have साढ़े "saarhe," "saar-he," "saarhe…"
Maya: Which means "half."
Neha: Finally, we have तीन " teen," "tee-n," "teen…"
Maya: Which means "three."
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha: Now, let's look at at some of these words.
Maya: The word for "how many" or "how much" in Hindi is…
Neha: कितना, कितने, or कितनी.
Maya: They all mean the same but are used differently for different genders and for different numbers.
Neha: So कितना is used for asking the number of a singular masculine subject, . कितने is used for asking the number of plural masculine subjects, and finally, कितनी "(kitnee") is used for asking the number of both singular and plural feminine subjects.
Maya: Okay, so कितना for single male, कितने for many males, and कितनी for one or many females.
Neha: Yes. Since all Hindi nouns have genders, whether they are objects or people, you need to know be aware of them if you want to speak correctly.
Maya: Don't worry though. There are ways to recognize which words are masculine and which are feminine.
Neha: Yes. So for the most part, words that end with आ "(aa") are usually mMasculine and words that end with ई "(ee") are usually feminine.
Maya: But this is not always the case because all Hindi nouns do not always end in either आ "(aa") or ई "(ee") and even if they do, they might not fit the rule.
Neha: So the best thing is to learn as you go.
Maya: Anyway, the next word we'll look at is…
Neha: बजा, which means "time" or "o'clock."
Maya: Can you guess what gender बजा is?
Neha: Well, since बजा ends with an आ, it is masculine.
Maya: Now, बजा is used only with a singular noun, or to be more specific, only with one o'clock.
Neha: The plural form of बजा is बजे and is used with plural nouns, or to be more specific, for all other times except for one1 o'clock.
Maya: Actually, there is a formula to change singular masculine nouns into plural.
Neha: Yes. So, if the word ends with आ "(aa,") then change it into ए "(e),." like we did, बजा to बजे.
Maya: And for any other masculine words that don't end with an "aa," their plural forms remain the same. No change!

Lesson focus

Neha: Okay, next in our lesson is how to read time in Hindi.
Maya: But before we get into that, let's learn how to ask for time. So in Hindi, to say "What time is it?" you say…,
Neha: कितने बजे हैं?
Maya: Here कितने means "how much" or "how many,", हैं means "are," and बजे means "time." ?
Neha: Actually, बजे comes from the verb बज्ना, which means "to ring.". Sso literally, कितने बजे हैं means "How many rings are."
Maya: Unlike in English where we use the singular form "is" when asking the question "What time is it?", in Hindi we use the plural "are," which is हैं, but it still means the same thing.
Neha: Let's practice this. First I'll say it at natural speed and then slowly.
कितने बजे हैं, "kitne baje hain," "kit-ne bahe hain," "kitne baje hain?"
Maya: Great! So let's now focus on reading time in Hindi.
Neha: For this, you'll of course need to know numbers from 1 to 12. So, let's recap those numbers.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Maya: Telling time in Hindi is pretty straightforward and therefore easy! There is a formula you can use which works for all except one1 o'clock.
Neha: Let's start with the exception.
Maya: Okay. So "It is is 1 o'clock" in Hindi is…
Neha: एक बजा है.
Maya: Where एक is "one,", बजा is "o'clock," and है is "is.".
Neha: For the rest, the verb turns into plural. So instead of है, which is the singular "is," we need to use हैं, which is the plural "are."
Maya: In addition, बजा turns into its plural form बजे।. So, let's hear it. "It is two o'clock" in Hindi is…
Neha: दो बजे हैं
Maya: Great! And for the rest, you just substitute दो with other numbers.
Neha: Like चार बजे हैं for "It is four4 o'clock," or आठ बजे हैं for "It is eight o'clock.".
Maya: Okay, now let's learn how to say "It is half past...." So how do you say "It is half past three" in Hindi?
Neha: साढ़े तीन बजे हैं।
Maya: Basically everything is the same as before, - you just add साढ़े in front of the time.
Neha: The catch though is that, this works for all except half past one1 and half past two2.
Maya: Half past one in Hindi is…
Neha: डेढ़ बजा है। "(Derh bajaa hai.")
Maya: And half past two is…
Neha: ढाई बजे हैं। "(Dhaee baje hain.")
Maya: And one more before we finish this lesson.
Neha: Okay, so ..."It is half past five" in Hindi is ... साढ़े पाँच बजे हैं।.
Maya: Excellent. Well, make sure you read the lesson notes for more examples on this topic.
Neha: Thanks for listening!
Maya: "Shukriya aur fir milenge!"

24 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello HindiPod101.com listeners!

Can you tell me in Hindi what time is it right now?

HindiPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 8:44 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Judy,


Thanks for writing in. Yes you are right. The sentence should be "Ham teen baje jaenge."

Feel free to ask any further queries.


Cheers!

Manali

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 8:41 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Beatriz,


Thanks for writing in. Your response is correct! :)


Cheers!

Manali

Team HindiPod101.com

Beatriz
Thursday at 6:22 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Saarhe sáat baje hain

Judy
Thursday at 7:09 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Namaste!


In the expansion part, the last sentence-Ham do teen baje jaaenge. The audio only read-Ham teen baje jaaenge.

I'd like to know if the correct one should be only -Ham teen baje jaaenge.


Thanks


Judy

HindiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 5:06 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Amber,


That sounds like a very effective way of learning, and sounds like you're on the right track. We're glad you find out materials helpful!


Cheers,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Amber
Tuesday at 10:16 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I really like listening to the podcast and reading along with the lesson materials (and the line-by-line audio and vocab section is really useful too.) With this method, I not only start learning words and phrases instantly, but I'm also learning to recognize the script! Listening and reading along to a new language, I sort of feel like a kid again. It's exciting. :smile:

Of course, I did a bit of outside reading about Devanagari script, but I only skimmed most of it, because I'm still new to the language and I didn't want to stress myself with information overload.

I find that one of the best ways to start learning a language is to not overthink it. Just active attention and consistent repetition is enough to start with. The rest is hardwired. :thumbsup: नमस्ते|

Ian
Thursday at 10:32 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

0:54! एक बजने में छै सिनट हैं। यह बिस्तर में जाने का समय है। (It is time to go to bed:-))

Ian
Thursday at 10:23 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

0:54! एक बजने मे छै सिनट हैं।

Ian
Thursday at 10:17 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

नहीं. (No - it is 00.54!) Now, it's 1:10: एक बजकर दस सिनट हो गए।

HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 8:31 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Thorsten,


'hoTaa hai' is the changed form of the word 'hona' which means 'to happen/to take place'.

hoTaa hai is generally used to state a recurring occurance of an event. So in our sentence it means what time does the TV program occur/start.

Hope you got it now!


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com