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Tenses in Hindi Made Easy

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Today, you’ll learn about tenses in the Hindi language—a crucial topic for any beginner.

Imagine talking about your future plans in the past tense! How puzzling would that be? And that’s just the tip of the iceberg. Without using the correct tenses, it would be difficult for you to express or understand when a given event took place. This would lead to much confusion, not to mention the exchange of incorrect information. 

To avoid such embarrassment, you really ought to understand how the grammatical tenses work in Hindi. In our lesson today, we’ll talk about how to form tenses in Hindi and when each one should be used. 

It may seem difficult now, but with time, you’ll become familiar with the proper usage of each tense and its subcategories.

A Signpost with Signs for Now, Tomorrow, and Yesterday

What are the Hindi tenses?

Important Note: For more clarity, we’ll be using the same three verbs in Hindi as examples throughout the article. The infinitive forms of these verbs are:

  • खाना (khaaNaa) = “to eat”
  • जाना (jaaNaa) = “to go”
  • सोना (SoNaa) = “to sleep”

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. The Different Hindi Verb Tenses
  2. Present Tense = वर्तमान काल (varTamaaN kaaL)
  3. Past Tense = भूतकाल (bhuuTakaaL)
  4. Future Tense = भविष्य काल (bhavisy kaaL)
  5. Verb Conjugation in Hindi
  6. Break Through with HindiPod101.com

1. The Different Hindi Verb Tenses

In Hindi grammar, there are three main types of tenses. These are the present tense, past tense, and future tense. Each tense is again divided into three subcategories.

1. Present Tense = वर्तमान काल (varTamaaN kaaL)
    a. Simple present
    b. Present continuous
    c. Present perfect
2. Past Tense = भूतकाल (bhuuTakaaL)
    a. Simple past
    b. Past continuous
    c. Past perfect
3. Future Tense = भविष्य काल (bhavisy kaaL)
    a. Simple future
    b. Future continuous
    c. Future perfect

In the following sections, we’ll be discussing these in the same order. Here we go!

An Image Depicting Evolution of Man

The journey through time

2. Present Tense = वर्तमान काल (varTamaaN kaaL)

The present tense is used when the action is happening at the current moment. The basic types of present tense are simple present, present continuous, and present perfect tense. 

A- Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense in Hindi is normally used with indefinite verbs, which are verbs that indicate a fixed pattern, such as a routine or habit.

To help you better understand this concept, here are a few examples. 

Simple Present Tense 
अमर सुबह सेब खाता है। 

amar Subah Seb khaaTaa hai.
“Amar eats an apple in the morning.”
पारुल रोज़ स्कूल जाती है। 

paaruL roz SkuuL jaaTii hai.
“Parul goes to school daily.”
बच्चे दोपहर में सोते हैं। 

bacce Dopahar men SoTe hain.
“The kids sleep in the afternoon.”

As you can see, each verb form gives us a hint that the said action is taking place on a regular basis. 

B- Present Continuous Tense

The present continuous tense in Hindi expresses an action that is happening now, in the exact moment. 

In English, this tense is formed by using a conjugated form of the verb “to be” and then adding “-ing” to the end of the root form of the main verb: 

  • [“to be” verb] + “eat” + “ing” = to be eating

In Hindi, these two steps are replaced by simply using one of these terms: 

  • रहा है (rahaa hai)
  • रही है (rahii hai
  • रहे हैं (rahe hain)

Here are a few examples of how this works:

Present Continuous Tense
अमर सेब खा रहा है

amar Seb khaa rahaa hai.
“Amar is eating an apple.”
पारुल स्कूल जा रही है

paaruL SkuuL jaa rahii hai.
“Parul is going to school.”
बच्चे सो रहे हैं

bacce So rahe hain.
“The kids are sleeping.”

A Crowd of People Raising Their Arms

Being in the present moment

C- Present Perfect Tense

We use the present perfect tense to indicate that an action was completed not long ago.

In English, you would form this tense by using the auxiliary “has” or “have,” followed by the third form of the main verb. For example:

  • has / have + eaten 

In Hindi, you would replace the “has” or “have” with one of these terms:

  • चुका है (cukaa hai)
  • चुकी है (cukii hai)
  • चुके हैं (cuke hain)

Let’s take a look:

Present Perfect Tense
अमर सेब खा चुका है

amar Seb khaa cukaa hai.
“Amar has eaten an apple.”
पारुल स्कूल जा चुकी है

paaruL SkuuL jaa cukii hai.
“Parul has gone to school.”
बच्चे सो चुके हैं

bacce So cuke hain.
“The kids have gone to sleep.”

3. Past Tense = भूतकाल (bhuuTakaaL)

The past tense in Hindi is used to talk about events that have already taken place. The most commonly used subcategories of this tense are the simple past, past continuous, and past perfect.

A- Simple Past Tense

In Hindi, we use either indefinite verbs or the second form of verbs to make the simple past tense. This tense can be used to indicate a past habit or the completion of an action in the past.

A Dinner with Ham, Sausages, Fruit, and More

I loved the dinner last night!

Here are some examples of what the simple past tense in Hindi looks like:

Simple Past Tense 
अमर ने सेब खाया। 

amar Ne Seb khaayaa.

Or

अमर सेब खाता था। 

amar Seb khaaTaa THaa.
“Amar ate an apple.”
पारुल स्कूल गयी। 

paaruL SkuuL gayii.

Or

पारुल स्कूल जाती थी। 

paaruL SkuuL jaaTii THii.
“Parul went to school.”
बच्चे सोये। 

bacce Soye.

Or

बच्चे सोते थे

bacce SoTe THe.
“The kids slept.”

B- Past Continuous Tense

We use the past continuous tense to describe a continuous action that was taking place at a specific time in the past. 

In English, this tense is formed by using the auxiliary “was” or “were,” followed by the root form of the main verb + “-ing.” For example: 

  • [was / were] + eat + ing = was/were eating

In Hindi, you would replace these two elements with one of these terms: 

  • रहा था (rahaa THaa)
  • रही थी (rahii THii)
  • रहे थे (rahe THe)

Here are some examples for you:

Past Continuous Tense
अमर सेब खा रहा था

amar Seb khaa rahaa THaa.
“Amar was eating an apple.” 
पारुल स्कूल जा रही थी

paaruL SkuuL jaa rahii THii.
“Parul was going to school.”
बच्चे सो रहे थे

bacce So rahe THe.
“The kids were sleeping.”

C- Past Perfect Tense

The past perfect tense is used to express actions that were performed and completed in the past.

In English, you would form this tense by using the auxiliary “had,” followed by the third form of the main verb: 

  • [had] + eaten = had eaten

In Hindi, the auxiliary “had” is replaced by one of these terms: 

  • चुका था (cukaa THaa)
  • चुकी थी (cukii THii)
  • चुके थे (cuke THe)

For example: 

Past Perfect Tense
अमर सेब खा चुका था

amar Seb khaa cukaa THaa.
“Amar had eaten an apple.”
पारुल स्कूल जा चुकी थी

paaruL SkuuL jaa cukii THii.
“Parul had gone to school.”
बच्चे सो चुके थे

bacce So cuke THe.
“The kids had slept.”

4. Future Tense = भविष्य काल (bhavisy kaaL)

We’ve finally arrived at the future tense! 

The future tense in Hindi is used to talk about events that are yet to take place. The most commonly used future tenses are the simple future, future continuous, and future perfect.

A Clock

Will you meet me tomorrow?

A- Simple Future Tense

As the name suggests, the simple future tense indicates activities that are certain to happen in the future.

Note in the examples below that all three sentences end with either गा (gaa), गी (gii), or गे (ge). This is the trademark of the future tense in Hindi.

Simple Future Tense 
अमर सेब खाएगा। 

amar Seb khaayegaa.
“Amar will eat an apple.”
पारुल स्कूल जाएगी। 

paaruL SkuuL jaayegii.
“Parul will go to school.”
बच्चे सोएंगे। 

bacce Soyenge.
“The kids will sleep.”

B- Future Continuous Tense

Similarly to the present and past continuous, the future continuous tense also contains the term रहा (rahaa). The only difference is that, in the future continuous tense, it’s followed by either होगा (hogaa), होगी (hogii), or होंगे (honge).

In English, this tense is formed by using the auxiliary “will be,” followed by the first form of the main verb + “-ing.” For example: 

  • [will be] + “eat” + “ing” = will be eating

In Hindi, however, you replace these elements with one of these terms: 

  • रहा होगा (rahaa hogaa)
  • रही होगी (rahii hogii)
  • रहे होंगे (rahe honge)

Here are some examples for you: 

Future Continuous Tense
अमर सेब खा रहा होगा

amar Seb khaa rahaa hogaa.
“Amar will be eating an apple.”
पारुल स्कूल जा रही होगी

paaruL SkuuL jaa rahii hogii.
“Parul will be going to school.”
बच्चे सो रहे होंगे

bacce So rahe honge.
“The kids will be sleeping.”

C- Future Perfect Tense

To form the future perfect tense in English, you would use the auxiliary “will have” or “shall have,” followed by the third form of the main verb:

  • [will have / shall have] + eaten = will/shall have eaten 

In Hindi, you would replace the auxiliary with one of these terms: 

  • चुका होगा (cukaa hogaa)
  • चुकी होगी (cukii hogii)
  • चुके होंगे (cuke honge)

Future Perfect Tense
अमर सेब खा चुका होगा

amar Seb khaa cukaa hogaa.
“Amar will have eaten an apple.”
पारुल स्कूल जा चुकी होगी

paaruL SkuuL jaa cukii hogii.
“Parul will have gone to school.”
बच्चे सो चुके होंगे

bacce So cuke honge.
“The kids will have gone to sleep.”

Now that we’ve covered several of the common Hindi tenses with examples, it’s time to learn a little bit about verb conjugation in sentences. 

5. Verb Conjugation in Hindi

Did you know that the Hindi language is quite peculiar when it comes to verb conjugation

There are three factors that influence the conjugation of Hindi verbs: 

  • Tense
  • Gender
  • Number 

You’ve already seen a glimpse of verb conjugation in the examples above, but how about we break it down a little more using all three factors? 

Tenses and Verb Conjugation
TenseMasculine GenderFeminine Gender
SingularPluralSingularPlural
Simple Present– ता है (Taa hai)– ते हैं (Te hain)– ती है (Tii hai)– ती हैं (Tii hain)
Present Continuous– रहा है (rahaa hai)– रहे हैं (rahe hain)– रही है (rahii hai)– रही हैं (rahii hain)
Present Perfect– चुका है (cukaa hai)– चुके हैं (cuke hain)– चुकी है (cukii hai)– चुकी हैं (cukii hain)
Simple Past– ता था (Taa THaa)– ते थे (Te THe)– ती थी (Tii THii)– ती थीं (Tii THiin)
Past Continuous– रहा था (rahaa THaa)– रहे थे (rahe THe)– रही थी (rahii THii)– रही थीं (rahii THiin)
Past Perfect– चुका था (cukaa THaa)– चुके थे (cuke THe)– चुकी थी (cukii THii)– चुकी थीं (cukii THiin)
Simple Future– गा (gaa)– गे (ge)– गी (gii)– गीं (giin)
Future Continuous– रहा होगा (rahaa hogaa)– रहे होंगे (rahe honge)– रही होगी (rahii hogii)– रही होंगी (rahii hongii)
Future Perfect– चुका होगा (cukaa hogaa)– चुके होंगे (cuke honge)– चुकी होगी (cukii hogii)– चुकी होंगी (cukii hongii)

6. Break Through with HindiPod101.com

Tenses in Hindi might appear a bit confusing in the beginning. But just like in English, there are fixed patterns of main and auxiliary verbs in Hindi; learning them will make this aspect of the language so much easier for you! We hope you found this lesson useful and interesting.

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Let’s work toward a better future.

What things do you find the easiest and most difficult about Hindi tenses so far? Could you add some more examples for each category? Well, we’re all ears! 

Remember that no matter your current Hindi level, we’re here to help you learn every step of the way. Polish your Hindi skills by studying with our world-class vocabulary resources and practicing with flashcards. For even more accessibility, download our mobile app and get going. 

Keep learning, keep shining!

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Our 2021 Guide on How to Learn Hindi Fast!

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Many aspiring students long to know the estimated duration of their Hindi learning—and this makes perfect sense! Without a well-defined deadline, one could easily derail from the language learning path. It would be like traveling to an undisclosed destination with no idea of when you would reach it. 

If you’re like most aspiring Hindi language learners, you probably have this important question on your mind: How long does it take to learn Hindi? 

In this article, we will… 

  • …give you an outline of how long it takes to reach each level of Hindi. 
  • …offer you some tips on how to learn Hindi fast.
  • …provide you with some motivational facts to keep you going strong. 

It’s natural to be curious, and you might also be wondering how difficult it is to learn the Hindi language. You can check out the following article to discover the hardest (and easiest) parts of the language: Is Hindi Hard to Learn? Our Verdict. 

Now, are you ready to unpack the topic at hand?

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Cracking the Hindi Learning Code

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Why Should You Know How Long it Takes to Learn Hindi?
  2. How Long Does it Take to Achieve Beginner Level?
  3. How Long Does it Take to Achieve Intermediate Level?
  4. How Long Does it Take to Achieve Advanced Level?
  5. Motivational Facts
  6. How to Use HindiPod101.com to the Fullest

1. Why Should You Know How Long it Takes to Learn Hindi?

It’s important to get a fair idea of how long it will take to learn Hindi because this will help you set a realistic language learning goal and develop a suitable strategy. Once you have an approximate duration in mind, you’re ready to assign the required time and energy in a balanced manner. This way, you can work toward your goals without feeling crushed

Before moving forward, we’d like to remind you that, according to the ILTS TLP Hindi proficiency test, there are three levels of Hindi proficiency: beginner, intermediate, and advanced. Each level requires a different time commitment from the student. Read on to learn more about what each level looks like and how to reach them effectively. 

2. How Long Does it Take to Achieve Beginner Level?

The answer to this question depends on a number of factors, such as your study methods and how much time you spend actively learning.

If you’re consistently in touch with native speakers, watch Hindi movies and shows, and listen to Hindi podcasts every day, then you’ll be able to pick up the basics within 3-4 months

Clueless where to begin? Our blog is a great place to get ideas! See our posts on: 

As a beginner, it’s a good idea to start by learning the Devanagari script used for reading and writing, some popular Hindi greetings, and common Hindi words that are used on a daily basis. Once you have a solid foundation in those areas, slowly begin to focus on the pronunciation, diacritics, and conjugations, as these are quite unique and crucial to the Hindi language.

A Group of Two Men and Two Women Chatting with Drinks

Practicing with the Native Friends

Here are a few simple Hindi words and phrases for beginners:

  • नमस्ते। (NamaSTe.) = “Hello.”
  • कैसी हैं आप? (kaiSii hain aap?) = “How are you?” [to a female]
  • कैसे हैं आप? (kaiSe hain aap?) = “How are you?” [to a male]
  • मैं ठीक हूँ। (main thiik huun.) = “I am fine.”
  • धन्यवाद। (DHaNyavaaD.) = “Thank you.”
  • आपका नाम क्या है? (aapakaa Naam kyaa hai?) = “What is your name?”
  • मेरा नाम ___ है। (meraa Naam ___ hai.) = “My name is ____.”

Although it normally takes one a few months to master the key Hindi phrases, you don’t have to wait that long! How, you ask? By working on your reading skills and listening skills right away, you can increase your pace and pick up the basics faster than other people.

Someone Moving a Chess Piece

Having the Right Strategy is Important!

Helpful Links

There’s a lot of ground to cover at this stage of your Hindi learning! To give you a headstart on the basic phrases you should know, HindiPod101.com has comprehensive lessons on the following topics:

We also provide our students with spaced repetition flashcards. Reviewing them once in a while is a wonderful way to easily memorize new words and retain them for longer.

In addition to picking up new vocabulary, you should focus on learning the basic rules of Hindi grammar and syntax. For example, did you know that Hindi uses a different sentence structure than English does? Hindi is an SOV language, while English is an SVO language.  

Each of our beginner lessons features a dialogue by native speakers, a vocabulary list of relevant words and phrases, and lesson notes to summarize the main points. You can also download a PDF of the lesson transcript to keep it handy! We recommend you start with our Absolute Beginner Pathway, which covers everything you should know before pressing onward toward the intermediate level. 

3. How Long Does it Take to Achieve Intermediate Level?

According to the U.S. Foreign Service Institute (FSI), English speakers can reach an intermediate level of Hindi in 3 months, given that they study consistently for an hour each day. But if you wish to take your Hindi learning more lightly and at a slower pace, 6-8 months could do the job!

Once you achieve this level, you’ll be able to…

  • …have fluent informal conversations. 
  • …pronounce unfamiliar sounds correctly. 
  • …follow Hindi conjugation rules in a flawless manner.
A Weekly Timesheet with Some Cells Filled In

Daily Speaking is the Key!

Helpful Links

The journey from beginner to intermediate is long, with lots of progress made along the way. Wondering how to learn Hindi effectively at this point? HindiPod101.com has you covered! 

As mentioned, you should be able to hold informal conversations at this level. This includes things like… 

Pronunciation is another huge factor at this point. Did you know that many of the sounds in Hindi are completely new to English speakers? The good news is that, within 6 months, most students are ready to flaunt their improved pronunciation skills

Before you reach the intermediate level, you should also be quite familiar with the different parts of speech in Hindi:


4. How Long Does it Take to Achieve Advanced Level?

You’ve made a ton of progress by now, but there’s still a ways to go. How long does it take to learn Hindi fluently? For most learners, this process takes about 1100 hours (or about 3 years) of consistent study—but the payoff is worth it! 

Once you reach the advanced level, you’ll be able to make formal conversation and understand many different colloquial expressions. You’ll be more than capable of using Hindi in a variety of day-to-day situations! 

Helpful Links

Reaching the advanced level means that you not only know the language, but that you understand how to apply it in the context of Indian culture. This means having a good working knowledge of…

A Man Studying in a Library

Think Beyond the Books

5. Motivational Facts

Learning the Hindi language isn’t easy, but there are plenty of reasons to stick with it anyway. Here are some motivational facts to keep you going strong! 

  • Not everyone in India speaks Hindi correctly. India is a land of several languages and countless dialects. It’s possible to meet Indian people who know not a single word of Hindi.

    At the same time, there are those who speak (or are trying to learn) Hindi as a second or third language. Their mother tongue is likely an Indian regional language such as Telugu, Tamil, or Kannada, and English is their second language.

    So, chillax if you’re still a beginner at Hindi; you can find many Indians who have less command over Hindi than you do!
  • Having an accent is acceptable. Indian people are quite supportive when it comes to foreigners having an accent or struggling with the right pronunciation. If it’s any consolation, there are some local folks who have an accent in English as well as in Hindi. And we’re totally okay with that!

  • It gets better and easier with time. The more time you spend learning and practicing Hindi, the more fluent you’ll get at it. If you enjoy watching movies and listening to songs, use those hobbies to learn Hindi. Pick any artist or movie genre of your choice in Hindi and focus on the words and pronunciation.

    Running out of time? Plug in your earphones while you work out, do the dishes, or walk to that nearby park. Daily activities like these are golden opportunities to learn Hindi. You can use the time to listen to simple Hindi podcasts, songs, or the daily news.
  • How quickly you learn depends a lot on your background and mother tongue. What if you’re not a native English speaker? Hindi shares a lot of sounds with and has loanwords from languages like Russian, Arabic, Persian, and even French. Language learners from those particular countries have an edge when it comes to unfamiliar sounds in Hindi.

  • We use lots of English words in daily spoken Hindi. To give you just a sample, you’ll find the following words used in the Hindi language: “bus” / “train” / “hospital” / “nurse” / “doctor” / “time” / “bread” / “coffee” / “computer.” This is quite helpful because you can easily bank upon these English words to communicate, even if you don’t know the Hindi words for them.

  • We speak as we write. There’s no hidden pronunciation rules or guesswork. Unlike English, where the pronunciation of a given letter or letter combination varies greatly from one word to another, Hindi is predictable and straightforward. You can’t explain why “rough” cannot be spoken as “plough,” or “cut” as “put”? Well, you don’t have to struggle with these inexplicable rules in Hindi. The phonetics-based Devanagari script used in Hindi makes sure that each word is spoken exactly as it’s written.

6. How to Use HindiPod101.com to the Fullest

If you’ve decided to learn Hindi, HindiPod101.com is ready to offer you the best online study materials to make your journey that much smoother.

Did you know that there are 15 ways to study Hindi free at HindiPod101.com! No? Then features like our Grammar Bank are sure to sweep you off your feet. Just type in any keyword/topic you wish to study, and the Grammar Bank will display the whole list of related lessons.

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The Top 30 Proverbs in Hindi to Impress Native Speakers

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Hindi is a rich and colorful language, so it should come as no surprise that proverbs are a huge part of daily life in India. Learning proverbs in Hindi is an excellent way to gain a deeper understanding of Indian culture while expanding your vocabulary at the same time! 

In our lesson today, we’ll introduce you to the most widely used Hindi proverbs and their meanings. We intend for this to be a useful Hindi learning tool for intermediate learners as well as beginners, so our list of proverbs in Hindi will cover only the sayings you’re most likely to hear while in India. 

Let’s get started!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. How Relevant Are Hindi Proverbs?
  2. Hindi Proverbs List
  3. Conclusion

1. How Relevant Are Hindi Proverbs?

To Indians, Hindi proverbs are more than a bunch of literary phrases or clever sayings. We’ve been hearing these words of wisdom from our grandparents and parents since childhood. It would be no exaggeration to say that using and hearing these proverbs takes us back to our childhood—and who doesn’t love that? 

As a Hindi learner, being able to use Hindi proverbs correctly will give you an edge and help you stand out from the crowd. Our Hindi proverbs list will give you the information and tips you need to sound smart, grasp the context of each proverb quickly, and contribute to any conversation that comes your way. 


2. Hindi Proverbs List

Below you’ll find thirty of the most common Hindi proverbs covering a range of topics. For your convenience, we’ve also included their literal translations, their meanings, and how to use them in the right context.

#1 जब जागो तब सवेरा (jab jaago Tab Saveraa)

Literal Translation: “Whenever you wake up, that’s your morning.”

Similar English Proverb: “Better late than never.”

Usage in Context: It’s never too late to realize your mistake. Imagine a person who’s careless and insensitive to his/her spouse. Their marriage is about to break. But before it gets to that point, the person realizes their mistake, changes their behavior, and saves the marriage.

Example Sentence: 

हेमा ने अपनी ग़लती समझकर अपनी शादी बचा ली। ये तो वही बात हुई, जब जागो तब सवेरा।
(hemaa Ne apaNii gaLaTii Samajhakar apaNii saaDii bacaa Lii. ye To vahii baaT huii, jab jaago Tab Saveraa.)
“Hema realized her mistake and saved her marriage from falling apart. This is what we call, ‘better late than never’.”


An Alarm Clock

Better late than never!

#2 अधजल गगरी छलकत जाये (aDHajaL gagarii chaLakaT jaaye)

Literal Translation: “A half-filled container spills more water.”

Similar English Proverb: “An empty vessel makes the most noise.”

Usage in Context: Imagine you’re an expert at painting while your friend is just a beginner. But when sitting around with others, he boasts a lot about painting as if he knows everything.

Example Sentence: 

सुनील पेंटिंग के बारे में ऐसे बात करता है जैसे उसे सब कुछ पता हो। अधजल गगरी छलकत जाये।
(SuNiiL peNting ke baare men aiSe baaT karaTaa hai jaiSe uSe Sab kuch paTaa ho. aDHajaL gagarii chaLakaT jaaye.)
“Sunil is just a beginner but he talks about painting as if he knows everything. It’s true, ‘an empty vessel makes the most noise’.”

#3 नाच न जाने आँगन टेढ़ा (Naac Na jaaNe aangaN tedhaa)

Literal Translation: “Not knowing how to dance but calling the courtyard crooked.”

Similar English Proverb: “A bad workman blames his tools.”

Usage in Context: A friend of yours doesn’t know how to cook, but instead of admitting so, he always gives one excuse or another for his bad cooking.

Example Sentence: 

पुनीत को खाना बनाना नहीं आता और वह हर बार कुछ गड़बड़ कर देता है। लेकिन अपनी ग़लती मानने की बजाय वो बर्तनों में नुक्स निकालता है। सच ही है, नाच न जाने आँगन टेढ़ा।
(puNiiT ko khaaNaa baNaaNaa Nahiin aaTaa aur vah har baar kuch gadabad kar DeTaa hai. LekiN apaNii gaLaTii maaNaNe kii bajaaye vo barTaNon men NukS NikaaLTaa hai. Sac hii hai, Naac Na jaaNe aangaN tedhaa.)
“Punit doesn’t know how to cook and he ruins the food all the time. But he will never admit it and always blames the cooking pots. He reminds us of the proverb, ‘a bad workman blames his tools’.”

#4 उल्टा चोर कोतवाल को डांटे (uLataa cor koTavaaL ko daante)

Literal Translation: “When caught, the thief scolds the policeman.”

Similar English Proverb: “Pot calling the kettle black.”

Usage in Context: Suppose you’re buying some items from the grocery store. The shopkeeper tries to cheat you and doesn’t give you the due change—when you point it out, he begins to argue with you.

Example Sentence: 

Customer: आपने मुझे पैसे वापस नहीं दिए। (aapaNe mujhe paiSe vaapaS Nahiin Diye.)
“You didn’t return me the balance.”

Shopkeeper: मैंने तो वापस दिए थे। आप झूठ मत बोलिये। (maiNe To vaapaS Diye THe. aap jhuuth maT boLiye.)
“I did. You are lying.”

Customer: अच्छा! उल्टा चोर कोतवाल को डांटे! (acchaa! uLataa cor koTavaaL ko daante!)
“Oh! So, the pot’s calling the kettle black!”

#5 जान है तो जहान है (jaaN hai to jahaaN hai)

Literal Translation: “If there is life, then there is the world.”

Similar English Proverb: “Health is wealth.”

Usage in Context: Some people overwork themselves and ignore their health in the process. They forget the value of a healthy body and peaceful mind.

Example Sentence: 

A: फ़रहा ने चार महीनों से एक भी छुट्टी नहीं ली है। इस वजह से वो कमज़ोर होती जा रही है।
(farahaa Ne caar mahiiNon Se ek bhii chuttii Nahiin Lii hai. iS vajah Se vo kamazor hoTii jaa rahii hai.)
“Farah has not taken any leave in four months. That’s why she is getting weaker.”

B: हाँ, उसे कुछ दिन घर पर रहकर आराम करना चाहिए। आख़िर, जान है तो जहान है।
(haan, uSe kuch DiN ghar par rahakar aaraam karaNaa caahiye. aakhir, jaaN hai To jahaaN hai.)
“Yes, she should stay at home and take rest for a few days. After all, health is wealth.”


A Woman Performing a Yoga Pose

Health is Wealth!

#6 जिस की लाठी उसकी भैंस (jiSakii Laathii uSakii bhainS)

Literal Translation: “The buffalo belongs to the person who holds a stick.”

Similar English Proverb: “Might is right.”

Usage in Context: In modern times, virtues like honesty and loyalty hardly seem to matter. Oftentimes, the wrong people get their way by using their power and money.

Example Sentence: 

A: बेईमान नेता ने उस ईमानदार अधिकारी का तबादला करवा दिया। (beiimaaN NeTaa Ne uS iimaaNaDaar aDHikaarii ka TabaaDaLaa karavaa Diyaa.)
“The corrupt minister got the honest officer transferred.”

B: हाँ, जिसकी लाठी उसकी भैंस। (haan, jiSakii Laathii uSakii bhainS)
“Yeah, might is right.”

#7 अब पछताए होत क्या जब चिड़िया चुग गई खेत (ab pachaTaaye hoT kyaa jab cidiyaa cug gayii kheT)

Literal Translation: “There’s no use repenting when the birds have already damaged the crops in the field.”

Similar English Proverb: “There’s no use crying over spilled milk.”

Usage in Context: You might use this proverb after someone neglects to finish their work and ends up regretting it.  

Example Sentence: 

A: करन उदास था। वह भर्ती परीक्षा नहीं दे पायेगा क्योंकि उसने फ़ॉर्म समय पर नहीं जमा किया था।
(karaN uDaaS THaa. vah bharTii pariiksaa Nahiin De paayegaa kyonki uSaNe form Samay par Nahiin jamaa kiyaa THaa.)
“Karan was sad as he will miss the entrance exam because he didn’t submit the form on time.”

B: अब क्या हो सकता है! अब पछताए होत क्या जब चिड़िया चुग गयी खेत।
(ab kyaa ho SakaTaa hai! ab pachaTaaye hoT kyaa jab cidiyaa cug gayii kheT.)
“What can be done now! There’s no use crying over spilled milk.”


A Woman in a Red Shirt Holding Her Hand to Her Head with Eyes Closed

Do you have regrets in life?

#8 दूध का जला छाछ भी फूंक कर पीता है (DuuDH kaa jaLaa chaach bhii phuunk kar piiTaa hai)

Literal Translation: “The person who’s burned from milk is scared of buttermilk too.”

Similar English Proverb: “Once bitten twice shy.”

Usage in Context: A person who almost drowned once while trying to get on a boat will always be scared of doing so in the future.

Example Sentence: 

A: चलो, नाव पर चलें। (caLo, Naav par caLen)
“Come on, let’s go boating.”

B: नहीं, एक बार मैं नदी में डूबते-डूबते बचा था। मुझे डर लगता है। (Nahiin, ek baar main NaDii men duubaTe-duubaTe bacaa THaa. mujhe dar LagaTaa hai.)
“No, once I was about to drown in a river. I am scared of boating.”

A: ओह! सच है कि दूध का जला छाछ भी फूंक कर पीता है। (oh! Sac hai ki DuuDH kaa jaLaa chaach bhii phuunk kar piiTaa hai.)
“Oh! It’s true. Once bitten twice shy.”

#9 चोर-चोर मौसेरे भाई (cor-cor mauSere bhaaii)

Literal Translation: “Two thieves are just like cousins.”

Similar English Proverb: “Birds of a feather flock together.”

Usage in Context: This proverb might be used when two mischievous people bond and support each other like nobody else. 

Example Sentence: 

सभी बेईमान नेता हर घोटाले में एक दूसरे की मदद करते हैं। चोर-चोर मौसेरे भाई।
(Sabhii beiimaaN NeTaa har ghotaaLe men ek DuuSare kii maDaD karaTe hain. cor-cor mauSere bhaaii.)
“All the corrupt ministers support each other in every scam. Birds of a feather flock together.”

#10 जैसी करनी वैसी भरनी (jaiSii karaNii vaiSii bharaNii)

Literal Translation: “What you receive is the consequence of your actions.”

Similar English Proverb: “As you sow, so you shall reap.”

Usage in Context: When someone does something bad to another person, karma finds its way back.

Example Sentence: 

A: सोहन ने रेस जीतने के लिए कमल को धक्का दे दिया। लेकिन जज ने उसे ही रेस से बाहर कर दिया।
(SohaN Ne reS jiiTaNe ke Liye kamaL ko Dhakkaa De Diyaa. LekiN jaj Ne uSe hii reS Se baahar kar Diyaa.)
“Sohan pushed Kamal to win the race. But the judge saw and put him out of the race.”

B: बहुत अच्छा हुआ। जैसी करनी वैसी भरनी।
(bahuT acchaa huaa. jaiSii karaNii vaiSii bharaNii.)
“Good. As you sow, so you shall reap.”

#11 ऊँट के मुंह में जीरा (uunt ke munh men jiiraa)

Literal Translation: “A pinch of cumin seeds in the camel’s mouth.”

Similar English Proverb: “A drop in the bucket.”

Usage in Context: This one depicts a situation where a person gets way less than he/she needs.

Example Sentence: 

भारत में किसानों को बाज़ार से जो पैसा मिलता है वह ऊंट के मुंह में जीरे के बराबर है।
(bhaaraT men kiSaaNon ko baazaar Se jo paiSaa miLaTaa hai vah uunt ke munh men jiire ke baraabar hai)
“In India, the profit farmers get from the market is like a drop in the bucket.”

#12 अंत भला तो सब भला (aNT bhaLaa To Sab bhaLaa)

Literal Translation: “If it’s a happy ending, then everything was worth it.”

Similar English Proverb: “All’s well that ends well.”

Usage in Context: You could use this proverb after enduring several hurdles to find that everything ended just like you wanted it to. 

Example Sentence: 

पूरी फ़िल्म में हीरो हर क़दम पर मात खाता रहा। लेकिन बाद में उसने अपनी मंज़िल पा ली। इसे कहते हैं अंत भला तो सब भला।
(puurii fiLm men hiiro har kaDam par maaT khaaTaa rahaa. LekiN baaD men uSaNe apaNii maNziL paa Lii. iSe kahaTe hain anT bhaLaa To Sab bhaLaa.)
“During the whole movie, the hero kept failing at every stage. But then, he achieved his goal. This is called ‘all’s well that ends well’.”


The Best Man at a Wedding Giving a Toast to the Couple

All’s well that ends well.

#13 दूर के ढोल सुहावने लगते हैं (Duur ke dhoL SuhaavaNe LagaTe hain)

Literal Translation: “Distant drums sound pleasant.”

Similar English Proverb: “The grass is always greener on the other side.”

Usage in Context: We always end up thinking that other people have better lives or better things than we do, which is not always true. It’s just that we’re not fully aware of the reality.

Example Sentence: 

लोग विदेश जाने के लिए पागल हैं लेकिन वो ये नहीं समझते कि वहां की अपनी अलग दिक्कतें हैं। असल में, दूर के ढोल सुहावने लगते हैं।
(Log viDes jaaNe ke Liye paagaL hain LekiN vo ye Nahiin SamajhaTe ki vahaan kii apaNii aLag DikkaTen hain. aSaL men, Duur ke dhoL SuhaaavaNe LagaTe hain.)
“People are crazy about moving to other countries. However, they don’t realize that there will be other kinds of problems. Actually, distant drums sound pleasant.”

#14 आगे कुंआ पीछे खाई (aage kunaan piiche khaaii)

Literal Translation: “A well in front and a ditch behind.”

Similar English Proverb: “Between the devil and the deep blue sea.”

Usage in Context: You might use this saying to describe a situation where you’re surrounded by troubles from all sides and feel stuck in life.

Example Sentence: 

नोटबंदी में पुराने नोट बंद हो गए और एटीएम में पैसे नहीं। यानी आगे कुआँ पीछे खाई।
(NotabanDii men puraaNe Not banD ho gaye aur e-tii-em men paiSe Nahiin. yaaNii aage kunaan piiche khaaii.)
“During demonetization, the old notes were scrapped and there was no money in the ATM machines. It was like being stuck between the devil and the deep blue sea.”

#15 डूबते को तिनके का सहारा (DuubaTe ko TiNake kaa Sahaaraa)

Literal Translation: “To a drowning person, even a grain could be a great help.”

Similar English Proverb: “Drowning man catches at a straw.”

Usage in Context: When going through a really tough time, even the smallest bit of help can mean a lot.

Example Sentence: 

जब सुमन का बिज़नेस ठप हो गया था, तो उसके दोस्तों ने पैसे जुटाकर उसकी मदद की। मुसीबत के समय में डूबते को तिनके का सहारा भी काफ़ी होता है।
(jab SumaN kaa bizaNeS thap ho gayaa THaa, To uSake DoSTon Ne paiSe jutaakar uSakii maDaD kii. muSiibaT ke Samay men DuubaTe ko TiNake kaa Sahaaraa bhii kaafii hoTaa hai.)
“When Suman’s business was in a huge loss, her friends pooled some money to help her out. And Suman was like a drowning man who catches at a straw.”

#16 बन्दर क्या जाने अदरक का स्वाद (baNDar kyaa jaaNe aDarak kaa svaaD)

Literal Translation: “How would a monkey know the taste of ginger!”

Similar English Proverb: “Casting pearls before swine.”

Usage in Context: You may give a person the most useful thing in the world, but it won’t impress them if they don’t know its value.

Example Sentence: 

हर कोई अच्छी क़िताबों का महत्व नहीं समझता। सच है, बन्दर क्या जाने अदरक का स्वाद।
(har koii acchii kiTaabon kaa mahaTva Nahiin SamajhaTaa. Sac hai, baNDar kyaa jaaNe aDarak kaa SvaaD.)
“Not everyone understands the value of good books. It’s like casting pearls before swine.”

#17 सौ सुनार की, एक लोहार की (Sau SuNaar kii, ek Lohaar kii)

Literal Translation: “Hundred blows of a goldsmith, single blow of a blacksmith.”

Similar English Proverb: “A single blow of a blacksmith is equal to a hundred blows of a goldsmith.”

Usage in Context: Some people may bother you or keep complaining about every little thing, but you can shut them up at once by drawing a bigger line.

Example Sentence: 

नेता रोज़ झूठे वादे करता था। जनता ने उसके ख़िलाफ़ वोट देकर एक ही बार में उसे हरा दिया। इसे कहते हैं, सौ सुनार की एक लोहार की।
(NeTaa roz jhuuthe vaaDe karaTaa THaa. jaNTaa Ne uSake khiLaaf vot Dekar ek hii baar men uSe haraa Diyaa. iSe kahaTe hain, Sau SuNaar kii, ek Lohaar kii.)
“The minister would always over-promise things. The public voted against him and kicked him out at once. This is called ‘a single blow of a blacksmith is equal to a hundred blows of a goldsmith’.”

#18 नेकी कर दरिया में डाल (Nekii kar Dariyaa men daaL)

Literal Translation: “Help others and drop the thought in the river.”

Similar English Proverb: “Do good and cast into the river.”

Usage in Context: Kindness loses its value when the doer tries to flaunt it. True compassion is always a secret.

Example Sentence: 

भले लोग छुप कर ग़रीबों की मदद करते हैं। वो नेकी कर दरिया में डाल देते हैं।
(BHaLe Log chup kar gariibon kii maDaD karaTe hain. Vo Nekii kar Dariyaa men daaL DeTe hain.)
“Kind-hearted people help the poor in secret. They do good and cast into the river.”


A Man Reaching Out His Hand to Help Someone Up a Ledge

Help someone and forget about it.

#19 घर का भेदी लंका ढाये (ghar kaa BHeDii Lankaa dhaaye)

Literal Translation: “The person knowing the secrets of the house can cause the fall of Lanka.”

Similar English Proverb: “A small leak will sink a great ship.”

Usage in Context: One inside person can reveal all the secrets and cause irreparable damage.

Example Sentence: 

मधुर ने अपनी कंपनी के सारे प्लान दूसरी कंपनी को बता दिए और प्रॉजेक्ट दूसरों को मिल गया। सच ही है, घर का भेदी लंका ढाये।
(maDHur Ne apaNii kampaNii ke Saare pLaaN DuuSarii kampaNii ko baTaa Diye aur projekt DuuSaron ko miL gayaa.)
“Madhur revealed all the plans of his company to others and someone else got the project. It’s true that a small leak will sink a great ship.”

#20 बोये पेड़ बबूल का तो आम कहाँ से पाए (boye ped babuuL kaa To aam kahaan Se paaye)

Literal Translation: “If you have sown the seeds of acacia, how would you get mangoes from it?”

Similar English Proverb: “You will reap what you sow.”

Usage in Context: When we do something wrong, we sometimes fail to think of its consequences. But life gives us exactly what we deserve.

Example Sentence: 

जतिन ने कभी अपने बेटे से प्यार नहीं किया और अब उसका बेटा उससे बात तक नहीं करता। वही बात है कि बोये पेड़ बबूल का तो आम कहाँ से पाए।
(jaTiN Ne kabhii apaNe bete Se pyaar Nahiin kiyaa aur ab uSakaa betaa uSaSe baaT Tak Nahiin karaTaa. Vahii baaT hai ki boye ped babuuL kaa To aam kahaan Se paaye.)
“Jatin never loved his son and now his son doesn’t even talk to Jatin. They say, you will reap what you sow.”

#21 मुंह में राम, बगल में छुरी (munh men raam, bagaL men churii)

Literal Translation: “Name of Lord Rama on the tongue and hiding a knife in the side.”

Similar English Proverb: “A honey tongue, a heart of gall.”

Usage in Context: Many people lack authentic behavior. They may say all the sweet things to your face but badmouth behind your back.

Example Sentence: 

बबिता सामने तो बहुत अच्छे से बात करती है लेकिन पीठ पीछे काजल की बुराई करती है। इसे कहते हैं मुंह में राम, बगल में छुरी।
(babiTaa SaamaNe To bahuT acche Se baaT karaTii hai LekiN piith piiche kaajaL kii buraaii karaTii hai. iSe kahaTe hain munh men raam, bagaL men churii.)
“Babita talks very sweetly to Kajal but gossips about Kajal behind her back. This is called, ‘speak praise on the face and stab him from behind’.”

#22 जहाँ चाह वहाँ राह (jahaan caah vahaan raah)

Literal Translation: “If you wish to do something, you’ll create a path for it.”

Similar English Proverb: “Where there is a will, there’s a way.”

Usage in Context: Hurdles are not an excuse to drop your goal. If you really want to achieve something, you’ll surpass all the challenges no matter what.

Example Sentence: 

मैरी कॉम ने तमाम परेशानियों के बावजूद दुनिया में अपनी पहचान बनायी क्योंकि जहाँ चाह वहाँ राह।
(mairii kaum Ne Tamaam paresaaNiyon ke baavajuuD DuNiyaa men apaNii pahacaaN baNaayii kyonki jahaan caah vahaan raah.)
“Mary Kom made her mark in the world despite all the troubles, because where there is a will, there’s a way.”


A Road with Arrows on It

Create your own path.

#23 ऊँची दुकान फीके पकवान (uuncii DukaaN phiike pakavaaN)

Literal Translation: “A grand shop serving bland food items.”

Similar English Proverb: “All that glitters is not gold.”

Usage in Context: What looks precious and beautiful from outside may not be the same on the inside.

Example Sentence: 

बॉलीवुड इंडस्ट्री बाहर से जितनी अच्छी दिखती है असल में अंदर से वैसी है नहीं। बस ऊँची दुकान फीके पकवान हैं।
(bauLiivud induStrii baahar Se jiTaNii acchii DikhaTii hai aSaL men aNDar Se vaiSii hai Nahiin. baS uuncii DukaaN phiike pakavaaN hain.)
“The Bollywood industry is not as appealing from the inside as it looks from the outside. You know, all that glitters is not gold.”

#24 अपना हाथ जगन्नाथ (apaNaa haaTH jagaNNaaTH)

Literal Translation: “Own hands are like that of God.”

Similar English Proverb: “If you want a thing done right, do it yourself.”

Usage in Context: The best person to do your work is you.

Example Sentence: 

रीमा ने किसी का इंतज़ार किये बिना ख़ुद ही कॉलेज में एडमिशन ले लिया क्योंकि अपना हाथ जगन्नाथ।
(riimaa Ne kiSii kaa iNTazaar kiye biNaa khuD hii kauLej men edamisaN Le Liyaa kyonki apaNaa haaTH jagaNNaaTH.)
“Without waiting for someone else, Reema herself got admission into the college because if you wish to do something, the best way is to do it yourself.”

#25 दाल में काला (DaaL men kaaLaa)

Literal Translation: “Something black in the lentil.”

Similar English Proverb: “To smell a rat.”

Usage in Context: This phrase is used when something doesn’t feel normal or right.

Example Sentence: 

सभी बच्चे इतने शांत क्यों हैं? मुझे तो दाल में काला नज़र आता है।
(Sabhii bacce iTaNe saaNT kyon hain? Mujhe To DaaL men kaaLaa Nazar aaTaa hai.)
“Why are all the kids so quiet? I can smell a rat here!”

#26 जो गरजते हैं वो बरसते नहीं (jo garajaTe hain vo baraSaTe Nahiin)

Literal Translation: “When there’s thunder, there is no rain.”

Similar English Proverb: “Barking dogs do not bite.”

Usage in Context: Some people talk about doing things that they don’t actually have the guts to do. It’s just empty words and fake threats.

Example Sentence: 

A: तनु ने नौकरी छोड़ने की इतनी धमकियाँ दीं लेकिन वो तो अभी तक उसी कंपनी में काम कर रही है। (TaNu Ne Naukarii chodaNe kii iTaNii DHamakiyaan Diin LekiN vo To abhii Tak uSii kampaNii men kaam kar rahii hai.)
“Tanu threatened to leave the job so many times, but she is still working for the same company.”

B: जो गरजते हैं वो बरसते नहीं। (jo garajaTe hain vo baraSaTe Nahiin)
“Barking dogs do not bite.”

#27 जल में रहकर मगर से बैर (jaL men rahakar magar Se bair)

Literal Translation: “Don’t upset a crocodile while sharing the same water.”

Similar English Proverb: “You cannot live in Rome and fight with the Pope.”

Usage in Context: When you’re dealing with a powerful person, it’s better not to get in trouble with him/her.

Example Sentence: 

A: हमारे विद्यालय के अध्यापक ने प्रधानाचार्य से ही झगड़ा कर लिया।
(hamaare viDyaaLay ke aDHyaapak Ne praDHaaNaacaary Se hii jhagadaa kar Liyaa.)
“One of the teachers in our school got into a quarrel with the principal.”

B: ये तो ठीक नहीं हुआ। जल में रहकर मगर से बैर ठीक नहीं होता।
(ye To thiik Nahiin huaa. jaL men rahakar magar Se bair thiik Nahiin hoTaa.)
“This is not good. You cannot live in Rome and fight with the Pope.”

#28 नाम लिया और शैतान हाज़िर (Naam Liyaa aur saiTaaN haazir)

Literal Translation: “Utter the name and the devil would present itself.”

Similar English Proverb: “Talk of the devil and the devil appears.”

Usage in Context: Suppose that some coworkers are gossiping about their wicked boss, and he appears in the blink of an eye. This would be the perfect time to use this saying! 

Example Sentence: 

A: बॉस हमें कभी छुट्टी नहीं देते। (bauS hamen kabhii chuttii Nahiin DeTe.)
“Boss never gives us any leaves.”

B: चुप हो जाओ। वो अभी अपने कमरे से निकले हैं। (cup ho jaao. Vo abhii apaNe kamare Se NikaLe hain.)
“Keep quiet. He has just come out of his room.”

A: ओह! नाम लिया और शैतान हाज़िर! (oh! Naam Liyaa aur saiTaaN haazir!)
“Oh! Talk of the devil and the devil appears.”


A Woman Dressed Up in a Red Devil Costume

Talk of a devil!

#29 साँच को आंच क्या (Saanc ko aanc kyaa)

Literal Translation: “Pure gold is unaffected by the flame.”

Similar English Proverb: “Truth fears none.”

Usage in Context: Those who are honest and speak the truth have no reason to fear anything.

Example Sentence: 

कभी-कभी भले लोगों पर भी झूठे आरोप लगते हैं। लेकिन वे ऐसी बातों की परवाह नहीं करते। क्योंकि साँच को आंच क्या!
(kabhii-kabhii bhaLe Logon par bhii jhuuthe aarop LagaTe hain. LekiN ve aiSii baaTon kii paravaah Nahiin karaTe. kyonki Saanc ko aanc kyaa!)
“Sometimes even the most humble people are falsely accused. But they remain unaffected by such things because truth fears none.”

#30 जैसा देश, वैसा भेष (jaiSaa Des, vaiSaa bhes)

Literal Translation: “Like country, like dress.”

Similar English Proverb: “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.”

Usage in Context: When foreigners decide to move to gulf countries like Saudi Arabia, they follow the same etiquette for dress, food, and other behaviors to fit in with the locals. 

Example Sentence: 

सऊदी अरब में विदेशी औरतों को भी बुर्क़ा पहनना पड़ता है। ज़ाहिर सी बात है, जैसा देश वैसा भेष।
(SauDii arab men viDesii auraTon ko bhii burqaa pahaNaNaa padaTaa hai. zaahir Sii baaT hai, jaiSaa Des vaiSaa bhes.)
“In Saudi Arabia, even the foreign women have to cover their heads. After all, it’s true that when in Rome, do as the Romans do.”

3. Conclusion

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Well, that’s it from our side! You now know thirty famous Hindi proverbs and sayings that you can start using right away. Which one did you find the most insightful? 

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The Best Places to Visit in New Delhi

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Today, we’re going to take you to the heart and capital of India: New Delhi. Delhi is one of the most frequently visited cities in India, by locals and foreigners alike. Today’s lesson is more of a trip planner, boasting the best places to visit in New Delhi. At the end, we’ve also included several useful phrases in Hindi that are worth remembering for your travels in India.

Are you ready to fall in love with New Delhi?


Lotus Temple to Find Peace Within

Lotus Temple to Find Peace Within


Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Why Study the Different Places to Visit in Delhi?
  2. Delhi in a Nutshell: Know Before You Go
  3. Must-See Places for a 1-3 Day Trip
  4. Highly Recommended Places for a 4-7 Day Trip (or Longer)
  5. Hindi Survival Phrases for Travelers
  6. Learning Hindi Can Be So Much Fun!

1. Why Study the Different Places to Visit in Delhi?

For starters, reading about the places you plan to visit beforehand is a smart thing to do and helps you better prepare for safe travel. It allows you to understand and become familiar with the local culture, weather, food, and language so that there are fewer surprises during your stay.

And let’s be honest: Delhi is huge. It would be impossible to see and do everything this city has to offer in just a week, let alone two or three days. The capital is known for its vast array of spicy Indian foods, fancy hotels, historical buildings, shopping centers, and amazing architecture. Because there are so many exciting experiences waiting for you, it can be a real headache choosing which places to visit and which ones to skip. 

Trying to figure everything out on your own will only add to the confusion! In this context, our New Delhi travel guide will save you a hell of a lot of time and energy. After reading this article, you won’t have to sift through an enormous list of tourist spots—the very best places will be right here, each one with a brief description to give you an idea of what to expect. 

2. Delhi in a Nutshell: Know Before You Go

Before your visit, how about looking at some amazing facts about the capital of India? In this section, we’ll tell you all about its history, describe what to expect weather-wise, offer travel tips, and more.

Brief History

For as long as four centuries, the Rajputs dominated the entire region of Delhi. It was then captured and ruled by the Delhi Sultanate, followed by the Mughal conquest, and later the British. In the late 1940s, Delhi was finally free to be ruled by its people. 

Such a long era of foreign domination shows clearly in the food preferences and architecture of Delhi, and this is why so many Mughal buildings top the list of Delhi travel spots.

A Man Watching a Schedule

How to Plan a 2-3 Day Trip

Territory

With more than thirty million people living here, Delhi is a heavily populated union territory located in the northern part of India. It has been the center of attraction since the Mughals ruled the country. Even today, people from all over the country relocate to Delhi either for better job prospects or to gain a higher education.

In official terms, Delhi is known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). New Delhi is a small part of it, functioning as the capital of India. You’ll often hear about Old Delhi, New Delhi, and the national capital regions, such as Noida. Well, they are all parts of NCT.

Weather

The weather in Delhi is mostly extreme. Here’s a breakdown of what to expect: 

  • The hottest months are May and June.
  • The humidity is at its highest from July to September.
  • The winter season is at its peak during December and January.

So, the best season to visit New Delhi is somewhere between February and April or from October to mid-December. The weather is most mild during these months. 

Languages

Before visiting the capital of India, it would be ideal to learn a few useful Hindi phrases. That said, keep in mind that immigrants from all over the country arrive in Delhi in search of employment. So although Hindi is the main language spoken here, you’ll find that quite a few Haryanvi, Punjabi, and Bhojpuri words have become incorporated into the locals’ language. 

Many locals also understand and speak English, so you won’t face any major communication problems while talking with the people here. But knowing common Hindi words and phrases will give you an edge in bargaining while shopping or taking an autorickshaw.

Important Documents

Before making your Delhi travel plans, arrange all of the essential documents you might need. A valid passport and an Indian visa will be required; one can also apply for an e-visa for tourism purposes. It’s also a good idea to carry your passport-size photographs with you. For more information, please check out this website.

Important Documents for Travelling

Buckle Up for Your Visit to New Delhi!

Daily Budget for Traveling in Delhi

INR (Indian Rupee) is the official currency of India. One USD (United States Dollar) is equal to approximately INR 70. Just so you know, the old 500 and 1000 rupee notes have become invalid since their demonetization in 2016. Instead, new 200, 500, and 2000 rupee notes are being used; new 10, 20, and 100 rupee notes have also been introduced. So, you’ll find both old and new notes in circulation. 

The daily cost of staying in Delhi hotels, including the eating and traveling expenses, may range somewhere between INR 1000 (approx. $15) to INR 7000 (approx. $100). Everything depends on your preferences. The bottom line is that Delhi has something for every budget.

Budget Tip: If you’re trying to save some money, avoid taking the AC rooms in the months when the weather is pleasant.

Popular Modes of Conveyance

The cheapest and safest public conveyance is the Delhi metro. It covers almost all of Delhi and can take you to all of the important places. For hassle-free traveling, get a metro smart card. It’s a cashless and smart way to avoid long lines at the ticket counter. Just remember that the Delhi metro closes at 11:30 p.m.

Delhi cabs can take you anywhere the metro cannot. They’re a bit expensive but more convenient. An easy way to save some money on cabs is to book one on Uber or Ola. 

Another popular option is to take an autorickshaw. However, the prices that autorickshaw drivers charge tend to vary widely. It’s better to bargain and fix a rate before getting in; also make sure that they reset the meter before starting the journey. A road map will help you check that the route followed by the cab and auto drivers is the shortest way to reach your destination.

Keeping safety in mind, please avoid traveling in autorickshaws at night, especially to secluded places. Instead, you should opt for a cab/metro or borrow a friend’s car when it’s late.

Travel Tips

Before we start talking about the best places to visit in New Delhi, here are some worthy travel tips for you.

  • It’s a good idea to keep some cash handy
  • Safety is paramount. Tourists should avoid wandering alone at night (even local people follow this rule!). Either keep some company or arrange a personal conveyance if you’re planning to stay out late at night. Female travelers may want to wear something loose-fitting that is less revealing and covers most of the body.
  • Walk like you own the place. Yes, your body language plays a huge role in India, especially if you’re a foreigner. Be confident and be sure to use some Hindi words and phrases once in a while. Doing so will save you from extravagant prices and scams.
  • When it comes to hygiene, yes, we lack it in many places. So, remember to carry some tissue papers, face wipes, menstrual cups (if you’re a female or traveling with a female partner), small hand wash bottles, and sanitizer at all times.
  • Avoid drinking tap water at all costs and opt for packaged water. 
  • Come rain or shine, having an umbrella really pays off. You can use it when the sunshine is too much to take or when the rain is about to ruin your day! 🙂

Humayun's Tomb in Delhi

Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi

3. Must-See Places for a 1-3 Day Trip

Wondering what places to visit in New Delhi on a tight schedule? To give you a hand, we’ve listed the most popular tourist spots in Delhi. Let’s take a look. 

Red Fort = लाल क़िला (LaaL QiLaa)

The Red Fort, built from 1639 to 1648 by Emperor Shah Jahan, served as the abode of the Mughal dynasty after Delhi replaced Agra as the Mughal capital. The fort has huge historic and political significance, and is considered a living testimony of brilliant Mughal architecture. UNESCO declared it a World Heritage site in 2007.

Every year on August 15—India’s Independence Day—the Indian Prime Minister hoists the flag on the fort’s main gate.

Red Fort has many qualities that visitors just love. While visiting the fort, you’ll get to experience the awe-inspiring architecture and designs of the pavilions. Since it has huge premises, you can lay back or stroll about in the beautiful gardens. In the evening, there’s a special show to entertain visitors.

The fort is surrounded by a local market full of hawkers who sell exotic little pieces of jewelry, traditional clothes, etc. at very economical prices. You’ll also find dhabas (roadside restaurants) that offer a wide variety of traditional Indian foods. 

Jama Masjid = जामा मस्जिद (jaamaa maSjiD)

Jama Masjid, fondly called “the mosque of celestial sphere,” was built by Emperor Shah Jahan between 1650 and 1656. It has a huge courtyard that can easily house around 25,000 people at a time. The mosque has four watchtowers that were used for surveillance to avoid intrusion.

If and when you visit the mosque, you’ll be shown two minarets that are 40 meters (about 131 feet) high. You can climb either one to get a view, something most visitors love to do. If you take a stroll outside the mosque, you’ll be greeted with many local restaurants offering Mughal delicacies. 

India Gate = इंडिया गेट (iNdiaa gait)

The India Gate is an archway built as a memorial to honor the chivalry of valiant soldiers. This WWI memorial is constructed of sandstone and stands 42 meters (about 138 feet) tall. As a one-of-a-kind location, India Gate attracts visitors from outside of India and locals alike. It’s surrounded by well-manicured lawns that gradually came to be a favorite picnic spot among locals.

If you visit the place in the early morning, you can take a stroll in the serene surroundings of Rajpath near India Gate. But if you’re someone who enjoys hustle and bustle, you might want to visit in the evening. This is when the place is most populated by locals, visitors, hawkers, food lorries, ice-cream stalls, you name it. Not to mention the beautiful lighting and fountains that lend ‘life’ to the area. You can even enjoy a boat ride on the lake!

A Woman Traveler Holding a Map

Best Travel Tips to Keep in Mind

Qutub Minar = क़ुतुब मीनार (quTub miiNaar)

This minaret is another UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the most elegant New Delhi sites to visit. At 72.5 meters (238 feet) heigh, it’s the world’s tallest tower made with bricks—and it has maintained this “tallest brick tower” position for eight hundred years! It has 397 steps and five different stories.

While visiting the minaret, you might want to visit the different mosques, minars, and tombs within it. This place is most recommended for its architectural brilliance. The minaret tapers up from a 47-foot diameter at the base to a 9-foot diameter at the peak. 

Akshardham Temple = अक्षरधाम मंदिर (aksaraDHaam maNDir)

Akshardham is a Hindu temple, created by Pramukha Swami Maharaj and officially inaugurated on November 6, 2005. It’s located at the center of the Akshardham complex, and surrounded by a huge campus that signifies the spiritual-cultural legacy of Hindu traditions in India.

You’ll want to visit the temple if you enjoy quietude, greenery, spaciousness, culture, heritage, and spirituality. There are many things to see and do at the Akshardham. For example, you can admire the 11-foot high gold-plated statue of Lord Swaminarayan, to whom the temple is dedicated. At the 85-foot wide and 65-foot tall giant screen theater, you can enjoy Neelkanth Darshan—a 40-minute film on a Yogi. It’s highly recommended for those who want to experience India’s rich heritage, spirituality, and culture.

Lotus Temple = लोटस टेम्पल (LotaS tempaL)

Known in Hindi as Kamal Mandir, or कमल मंदिर (kamaL maNDir), Lotus Temple gets its name from its unique lotus-like structure. It would be no exaggeration to call it an architectural marvel. Unsurprisingly, it has won many architectural awards. It’s a Baha’i house of worship and it welcomes all with no discrimination toward any religion.

The Lotus Temple is dedicated to no specific deity and it has no statue. When you visit the temple, you just sit quietly under its huge dome-like structure on one of the hundreds of chairs. You can experience the peace, serenity, and architecture.

We highly recommend visiting this location so that you can experience how the Baha’i religion, which is relatively new, puts emphasis on oneness and strives to help people drop all prejudices that might originate from race, nationality, and gender.  

Connaught Place = कनॉट प्लेस (kaNaut pLeS)

Connaught Place, one of the most happening destinations in Delhi today, was once the location of British HQ. It has two circles: the inner circle is called Rajeev Chowk and the outer one is Indira Chowk. 

Today, Connaught Place (fondly known as CP by Delhites) is Delhi’s business and finance hub. That is not to say, however, that it’s full of corporations and offices. Far from that! CP boasts art galleries, vintage cinemas, roadside eateries, upscale restaurants, streetside shops selling shoes and clothes, and showrooms of big brands. 

It’s a huge open market that has something for everyone, making it difficult for us to recommend one “best thing to do” here. Whoever you are, you’ll find something to enjoy!

A Pin Location on a Map

Staying Safe in a Foreign Land

Janpath = जनपथ (jaNapaTH)

Located near CP, Janpath is the place to go if you love streetside shopping. Janpath is a Hindi word that can be translated as “people’s path,” though the area was once known as Queensway. Janpath is one of the most well-known Delhi markets among both locals and foreigners. It’s flanked by shops on both sides, a long stream of shops one after another.

Most of these shops are boutiques that sell hard-to-find items you won’t come across in big multi-chain stores. It’s an ideal place for budget travelers and those who like buying hand-crafted items or garments. After so much shopping and walking around, you’re likely to start feeling some hunger pangs…

No need to worry, though! Janpath has got you covered with its many eateries that serve Indian-style fast food. 

This is the best place to go if you want to shop your heart out without breaking the bank. 

Chandni Chowk = चांदनी चौक (caanDNii couk)

Located near the Old Delhi Railway Station, Chandni Chowk is one of the oldest and busiest markets. Situated near the Red Fort and the Jama Masjid, it was designed by Emperor Shah Jahan’s daughter Jahanara. It’s a half-moon-shaped square.

The market has something for everyone: traditional food, Indian perfumes, silver jewelry, spices, nuts, and the list goes on. If you’re interested in experiencing the local flavors, we highly recommend visiting the Paranthe Wali Gali located here; it’s the perfect place to try traditional Indian Parathas. Also, because Chandni Chowk is Asia’s biggest wholesale spice market, you might want to grab some high-quality, low-cost spices.

4. Highly Recommended Places for a 4-7 Day Trip (or Longer)

Are you able to stay a little longer? Great! This will allow you to see and experience so many more amazing locations. Here are a few extra places you must visit in New Delhi if you have the time. 

Hauz Khas Village = हौज़ ख़ास विलेज (hauz khaaS viLej)

Are you looking for some of the best places to visit with your girlfriend or boyfriend in Delhi? Well, Hauz Khas is just the place to spark the joy and romance between you two! This south Delhi area flaunts the old remains from Khilji’s time, taking you back to the old Mughal period. Apart from the romantic gardens and parks, there is Hauz Khas Fort, Deer Park, a lake, and so much more. It’s an ideal location to spend an entire day with your loved one! 

Rashtrapati Bhavan = राष्ट्रपति भवन (raastrapaTi bhavaN)

Every country has an official residence that houses its head of government. The residence of the Indian President is known as Rashtrapati Bhavan. It attracts a lot of travelers because of its architecture and the lush, green gardens loaded with colorful and fragrant flowers. If you’re visiting in the month of February, don’t forget to take a trip through the Mughal Gardens and enjoy the beautiful blooming flowers of the spring. The gardens are only open to the public from early February to mid-March.

Karol Bagh = करोल बाग़ (karoL baag)

Are you a shopper at heart? Then you’d love the Karol Bagh market. It’s cheap, it’s vast, and it’s versatile. You can find everything here, from household items to clothing, electronics, and lots of food (so that hunger doesn’t come between you and shopping!).

You’ll enjoy your time spent here even more if you’re good at bargaining. If you can do that, don’t be surprised if you can get that item at half-price!

Lajpat Nagar = लाजपत नगर (LaajapaT Nagar)

This is another shopping spot with huge malls and big-brand showrooms throughout the entire market. Once you enter the area, it’s like getting inside a shopping heaven. You have so many options to choose from, and all at amazing prices if you can pull off that bargaining trick! You can also stroll around with your family or spouse and just enjoy the rush and spicy street foods.

Sarojini Nagar = सरोजिनी नगर (SarojiNi Nagar)

One of the largest markets in Delhi, Sarojini Nagar is mainly famous for offering stylish clothes at unbelievable prices. This is the go-to place for many students, bachelors, and people on a tight budget.

Ice Lounge = आइस लाउन्ज (aaiS Laaunj)

This is the best place to visit in Delhi in summer. Everything here, including the sculpture, is made of ice. Chill out with your friends or loved ones here, and enjoy the refreshing coolness!

Adventure Island = एडवेंचर आइलैंड (aidveNcar aaiLaind)

This is a great amusement park in Delhi, attracting adventure-lovers of every age. It’s especially popular among those who wish to have fun with their families. The pools, water slides, shopping areas, and delicious food make it one of the must-visit places on your New Delhi travel plan!

5. Hindi Survival Phrases for Travelers

It’s time to quickly review the most useful Hindi travel phrases for your visit to New Delhi. These phrases will come in handy whether you’re shopping, bargaining, taking public transportation, or asking for directions. Memorizing and practicing these short Hindi sentences will go a long way!

1. हेलो (heLo) / नमस्ते (NamaSTe)!

“Hello!”

2. शुक्रिया (sukriyaa) / धन्यवाद (DHaNyavaaD)!

“Thank you!”

3. चलते हैं। (caLaTe hain.)

“Okay, see you later.”

4. माफ़ कीजिए। (maaf kiijiye.)

“I am sorry.” / “Excuse me.”

5. बहुत अच्छा! (bahuT acchaa!)

“Great!” / “Okay.”

6. ठीक है। (thiik hai.)

“Okay.” / “Alright.”

7. ____ जाना है। (__ jaaNaa hai.)

In the blank, put the name of the place you want to go. For example:
  •  कनॉट प्लेस जाना है। (kaNaut pLeS jaaNaa hai.) – “I have to go to Connaught Place.” 
  • पुरानी दिल्ली जाना है। (puraaNii DiLLii jaaNaa hai.) – “Take me to Old Delhi.”

8. _____ कितनी दूर है? (__ kiTaNii Duur hai?)

This question is used to ask how far away a certain place is; simply put the name of the place in the blank. For example:
  • कनॉट प्लेस कितनी दूर है? (kaNaut pLeS kiTaNii Duur hai?) – “How far is Connaught Place?” 
  • पुरानी दिल्ली कितनी दूर है? (puraaNii DiLLii kiTaNii Duur hai?) – “How far is Old Delhi?”

9. वॉशरुम कहाँ / किधर है? (vausaruum kahaan / kiDHar hai?)

“Where is the washroom?”

10. ____ किधर पड़ेगा? (__ kiDHar padegaa?)

“Where’s _____?”

Just fill in the blank with the name of the place you’re asking about.

11. मुझे ये चाहिए। (mujhe ye caahiye.)

“I want this.”

12.  ___ है? (__ hai?)

“Do you have ____?”

This question is useful when shopping; fill in the blank with the item you’re inquiring about.

13. कितना हुआ? (kiTaNaa huaa?)

“How much?”

This is a common phrase to use when paying for something, like a restaurant bill or autorickshaw ride.

14. इसका दाम कितना है? (iSakaa Daam kiTaNaa hai?)

“What’s the price?”

You can use this phrase to ask for the price of an item you’re interested in, especially if you want to bargain a little.
A Calendar

Best Months to Be in India

15. इसका दाम बहुत ज़्यादा है। (iSakaa Daam bahuT zyaaDaa hai.)

“This is too expensive!”

This is another useful bargaining phrase.

16. मुझे समझ में नहीं आया। ज़रा फिर से बताइये। (mujhe Samajh men Nahiin aayaa. zaraa phir Se baTaaiye.)

“I can’t understand you. Could you please explain it again?”

17. क्या आप अंग्रेज़ी समझते / समझती हैं? (kyaa aap angrezii SamajhaTe / SamajhaTii hain?)

“Do you understand English?”

18. मेरी मदद कीजिए! (merii maDaD kiijiye!)

“Please, help me!”
A Beautiful Indian Woman

Learn the Most Helpful Hindi Phrases with Us

6. Learning Hindi Can Be So Much Fun!

Which of these New Delhi locations are you most excited to visit, and why? Let us know in the comments! 

Of course, before you leave for your dream destination, you’ll want to know a few key phrases and basic vocabulary. The phrases we listed above are a great place to start, but the more Hindi you know, the smoother and more fulfilling your trip will be! 

Here at HindiPod101.com, we understand how difficult and tiring language learning can be. That’s why we always aim to teach our students Hindi in the most fun and interesting way possible. 

With our high-quality lesson materials and useful study tools (such as our Grammar Bank and online dictionary), even beginners feel at ease and are more inclined to pursue their Hindi learning goals. Say goodbye to boredom and experience the new era of Hindi studies with our user-friendly app.

We’re wishing you happy Hindi learning and safe future travels! 

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Decoding the Indian ‘Hinglish’ Words with a Local Touch!

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Who would have imagined that English words like “bundle,” “time-pass,” or “boss,” could mean anything other than what they’re supposed to mean? 

In India, Hinglish—or the tendency of Hindi speakers to overuse English words while speaking—has become a thing! And it doesn’t stop there. These brain teasers often give non-natives quite a hard time, because the actual meaning of English words in Hindi is far different from the original definition.

Yeah, welcome to “Hindia“!

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English Loanwords


Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Why Learn English Words Used in Hindi?
  2. The Birth of Hinglish
  3. Hinglish Words & Example Sentences
  4. Loanwords vs. Hinglish Words
  5. Famous Names Pronounced in Hindi
  6. English Words Derived From Hindi
  7. Become a Fluent Hindi Speaker with HindiPod101.com

1. Why Learn English Words Used in Hindi?

While Hinglish words may sound familiar to you as an English speaker, it’s important to remember that these words often have different meanings or nuances from what you’re used to. 

If you don’t know the exact meaning of a Hinglish word, you’re likely to misunderstand the whole context of a conversation. And sometimes, even the seemingly simple English phrases spoken by the natives can be quite confusing for beginners.

In today’s lesson, we’ll look at the most common English words in Hindi, their literal meaning, and their actual meaning in the Indian context. But first, here’s a list of ways in which learning these popular hybrid words will benefit you!

  • They will ensure you never miss a pun. 
  • They will make it easier to speak with natives. 
  • You will be able to understand the hidden affection or taunt in a word.
  • You will feel like part of the group.
  • You won’t accidentally offend or feel offended for the wrong reasons.
  • They will eventually help you sound like a native! 😉

2. The Birth of Hinglish

So how exactly did English words become so prominent in Hindi? 

In a broad sense, Hinglish history can be traced back to the time when India was the “golden bird” (SoNe kii cidiyaa) that everybody wanted to conquer. Over the centuries, many foreign countries have attacked and ruled the subcontinent. These countries include the British, the Portuguese, the French, the Mughals, and several others.

As a result, each civilization left an impression on the Indian culture. Indian society became a sponge, absorbing all of the elements impacting it and infusing them into its own culture. These influences are visible even today in what is presently known as the Indian Republic, be it in the way people dress, the way they eat, or the way they speak. Hinglish just happens to be the latest ‘thing’ on this list.

The name itself suggests that Hinglish is a combination of the Hindi and English languages. The younger generations in India have witnessed—and reasonably accounted for—the popularity of Hinglish in online chats, texting slang, and day-to-day conversations. However, the older generation has also (voluntarily) embraced its charm.

The British Flag with the WordPower Logo

English Words with a Local Touch

3. Hinglish Words & Example Sentences

In this section, we’ll share with you several Hinglish examples so you can get a better idea of how Indians use English words in Hindi. 

1. “Filmi” – फ़िल्मी (fiLmii)
Hinglish MeaningA person who is overreacting / A dramatic incidence 
Actual English MeaningDerived from the word “film”
In a Sentenceदुल्हन की विदाई के समय बिल्कुल फ़िल्मी माहौल हो गया था।
DuLhaN kii viDaaii ke Samay biLkuL fiLmii maahauL ho gayaa THaa.
“As the bride was leaving, the whole atmosphere became dramatic.”

2. “Time-pass” – टाइम-पास (taaim-paaS)
Hinglish MeaningNot taking something seriously / Something that doesn’t interest you much
Actual English Meaning“Passing the time” / “Hobby”
In a Sentenceआज वाली मूवी बस टाइम-पास थी।
aaj vaaLii muuvii baS taaim-paaS THii.
“Today’s movie was just okay.”

3. “Number” – नंबर (Nambar)
Hinglish MeaningA multipurpose word that can mean “score,” “phone number,” “waiting number,” “chance,” etc.
Actual English Meaning“Numeral” / “Phone number”
In a Sentenceअपना नंबर बता!
apaNaa Nambar baTaa!
“Give me your phone number.”

4. “Bundle” – बंडल (baNdaL)
Hinglish MeaningA totally useless person you can’t count on
Actual English MeaningA stack of things
In a Sentenceपुनीत एकदम बंडल आदमी है।
puNiit ekaDam baNdaL aaDamii hai.
“Puneet is a useless person.”

5. “Hero” / “Heroine” – हीरो / हीरोइन (hiiro / hiiroiN)
Hinglish MeaningCan be used to praise or taunt someone (the latter when that person is trying to act smart)
Actual English MeaningThe lead actor/actress in a movie / A brave person who performs good deeds
In a Sentenceसीमा, तुम तो इस ड्रेस में एकदम हीरोइन लग रही हो!
Siimaa, Tum To iS dreS men ekaDam hiiroiN Lag rahii ho.
“Seema, you look so gorgeous in this dress.”

6. “Puncture” – पंक्चर (pankcar)
Hinglish MeaningMentally or physically exhausted
Actual English MeaningA small hole in a tire or something else that’s inflated
In a Sentenceभीड़ और गर्मी से दिमाग़ पंक्चर हो गया।
bhiid aur garmii Se Dimaag pankcar ho gayaa.
“The heat and the crowd exhausted me completely.”

A Family Asleep on the Couch After Thanksgiving Dinner

Feeling “Punctured?” Oops… “Exhausted!”

7. “Junglee” – जंगली (jangaLii)
Hinglish MeaningLacking in social manners
Actual English MeaningDerived from the word “jungle”
In a Sentenceये बच्चे तो बिल्कुल जंगली हैं।
ye bacce To biLkuL jangaLii hain.
“These kids are so mischievous.”

8. “First-class” – फ़र्स्ट-क्लास (farSt-kLaaS)
Hinglish Meaning“Everything is perfect!”
Actual English MeaningA rank / A division / A railway coach / A high-end airline class
In a SentenceA: 
तबियत कैसी है?
TabiiyaT kaiSii hai?
“How are you feeling?”

B:
एकदम फ़र्स्ट-क्लास!
ekaDam farSt-kLaaS!
Perfect!”

9. “Thug-life” – थग-लाइफ़ (THag-Laaif)
Hinglish MeaningA life somebody is enjoying a lot
Actual English MeaningA slang term for “criminal-life” or “a self-built person”
In a Sentenceकमल की तो थग-लाइफ़ चल रही है।
kamaL kii To THag-Laaif caL rahii hai.
“Kamal is enjoying his carefree life!”

10. “Boss” – बॉस (bauS)
Hinglish MeaningBuddy / Friend
Actual English MeaningA person’s direct superior in the workplace
In a Sentenceक्या हाल है, बॉस!
kyaa haaL hai, bauS!
“How are you, buddy?”

11. “Solid” – सॉलिड (SauLid)
Hinglish MeaningAwesome / Perfect
Actual English MeaningSomething strong
In a Sentenceआज तो तुम एकदम सॉलिड दिख रहे हो।
aaj To Tum ekaDam SauLid Dikh rahe ho.
“Wow! You look amazing today.”

12. “Lollipop” – लॉलीपॉप (LauLiipaup)
Hinglish MeaningSomething to please someone or calm them down temporarily instead of giving them what they want / False promise
Actual English MeaningA candy
In a Sentenceहर चुनाव से पहले नेता लोग जनता को कोई न कोई लॉलीपॉप दे देते हैं।
har cuNaav Se pahaLe NeTaa Log jaNTaa ko koii Na koii LauLiipaup De DeTe hain.
“Before every election, the political leaders try to woo the public with false promises.”

A Man Waving to Someone through a Door

“Hello, ‘boss’, how are you doing?”

13. “Picture” – पिक्चर (pikcar)
Hinglish MeaningMovie
Actual English MeaningPhotograph
In a Sentenceकल हम सब पिक्चर देखने जा रहे हैं।
kaL ham Sab pikcar DekhaNe jaa rahe hain.
“Tomorrow, we are all going to watch a movie.”

14. “Would-be” – वुड-बी (vud-bii)
Hinglish MeaningFiance
Actual English MeaningA generic term used to describe a prospective/aspiring person or relationship
In a Sentenceआइये, आपको अपनी वुड-बी से मिलाता हूँ।
aaiye, aapako apaNii vud-bii Se miLaaTaa huun.
“Come here, meet my fiance.”

15. “Heropanti” – हीरोपंती (hiiropanTii)
Hinglish MeaningActing overly smart
Actual English MeaningDerived from the English word “hero”
In a Sentenceज़्यादा हीरोपंती मत दिखाओ।
zyaaDaa hiiropanTii maT Dikhaao.
“Don’t try to be a smart aleck.”

16. “Pass out” – पास-आउट (paaS-aaut)
Hinglish MeaningHaving graduated from a school/college
Actual English MeaningTo faint
In a Sentenceतुम किस कॉलेज से पास-आउट हो?
Tum kiS kauLej Se paaS-aaut ho.
“Which college did you pass from?”

17. “Bheja-fry” – भेजा-फ़्राई (bhejaa-fraaii)
Hinglish MeaningBored / Exhausted
Actual English MeaningThere’s no such word in English
In a Sentenceइतनी गर्मी में भेजा-फ़्राई हो गया।
iTaNii garmii men bhejaa-fraaii ho gayaa.
“It’s so hot, I’m exhausted!”

18. “Good Name” – गुड-नेम (gud-Nem)
Hinglish MeaningUsed to ask someone’s name in a polite way
Actual English MeaningThe actual way to ask is “Name, please?”
In a Sentenceआपका गुड-नेम क्या है?
 aapakaa gud-Nem kyaa hai?
“What’s your name?”

Now that we’ve looked at some unique Hinglish words, it’s time to talk about a similar (but distinct) topic: loanwords. 

4. Loanwords vs. Hinglish Words

You may be wondering how loanwords are different from Hinglish words. Well, loanwords are words or phrases taken from a foreign language (English) and adapted by the target language (Hindi) while retaining their original meaning. Contrary to loanwords, Hinglish phrases are those which contain a specific meaning understood only by the local people. A Hinglish word may look like an English one, but its meaning is totally different.

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<p align=Learn Hindi with a Twist

Nowadays, we Indians use countless English words in our daily lives. These words have become such an inseparable part of our language that we often forget we’re using English words at all! 

The main reason for using English loanwords in Hindi is that the English word is often much simpler to pronounce than the Hindi word. For example, “train” in Hindi is लौहपथगामिनी (LauhapaTHagaamiNii). Imagine using this long phrase every time you wanted to say “train.” That doesn’t sound too practical, does it?

Some important English words in Hindi include:

  • “bus” = बस (baS)
  • “train” = ट्रेन (treN)
  • “time” = टाइम (taaim)
  • “copy” = कॉपी (kaupii)
  • “coffee” = कॉफ़ी (kaufii)
  • “juice” = जूस (juuS)
  • “pen” = पेन (peN)
  • “airport” = एयरपोर्ट (eyaraport)
  • “bed” = बेड (bed)
  • “inverter” = इन्वर्टर (iNvartar)
  • “sandwich” = सैंडविच (Sandavic)
  • “bread” = ब्रेड (bred)
  • “internet” = इंटरनेट (iNtaraNet)
  • “form” = फ़ॉर्म (faaurm)
  • “phone” = फ़ोन (foN)
  • “bathroom” = बाथरूम (baaTHaruum)
  • “cooler” = कूलर (kuuLar)
  • “TV” = टीवी (tiivii)
  • “dining table” = डाइनिंग टेबल (daaiNing tebaL)
  • “fridge” = फ़्रिज (frij)
  • “handwriting” = हैंडराइटिंग (haindaraaiting)
  • “station” = स्टेशन (StesaN)

Example Sentences:

  • बस कितने बजे आएगी? (baS kiTaNe baje aayegii?)
    “At what time will the bus arrive?”
  • बाथरूम दाहिनी ओर है। (baaTHaruum DaahiNi or hai.)
    “The bathroom is on the right side.”
  • हमारा टीवी दो दिन से ख़राब है। (hamaaraa tiivii Do DiN Se kharaab hai.)
    “Our TV has not been working for two days.”
  • स्टेशन यहाँ से चार किलोमीटर दूर है। (StesaN yahaan Se caar kiLomiitar Duur hai.)
    “The station is four kilometers away from here.”
  • जूस फ़्रिज में रख दो। (juuS frij men rakh Do.)
    “Keep the juice in the fridge.”

5. Famous Names Pronounced in Hindi

Pronunciation is the biggest difference between how English speakers and Hindi speakers say words. There are distinct characteristics in the way Indian people speak, especially when it comes to foreign brands, celebrity names, movie names, etc.

Poster for Mission Impossible: Rogue Nation

Pronouncing Famous Names in Hindi!

To get a better idea of the correct pronunciation of English words in Hindi, take a look at this list of famous celebrity, movie, and brand names and their Hindi equivalents. 

  • “Tom Cruise” = टॉम क्रूज़ (taum kruuz)
  • “Beyonce” = बियॉन्से (biyaunSe)
  • “Backstreet Boys” = बैकस्ट्रीट ब्वॉयज़ (baikaStriit boyz)
  • “Arnold Schwarzenegger” = अर्नोल्ड श्वार्ज़नेगर (arNauLd svaarzaNegar)
  • “YouTube” = यूट्यूब (yuutyuub)
  • “Facebook” = फ़ेसबुक (feSabuuk)
  • “LinkedIn” = लिंक्डइन (LinkdiN)
  • “Titanic” = टाइटैनिक (taaitaiNik)
  • “Mission Impossible” = मिशन इम्पॉसिबल (misaN impauSibaL)
  • “Interstellar” = इंटरस्टेलर (intaraSteLar)
  • “The Godfather” = द गॉडफ़ादर (Da gaudafaaDar)
  • “Inception” = इंसेप्शन (iNSepsaN)
  • “McDonald’s Burger” = मैक डॉनल्ड्स बर्गर (maik dauNaLdS bargar)
  • “Nivea” = निविया (Niviyaa)
  • “L’oreal” = लॉरिअल (LauriyaL)

6. English Words Derived From Hindi

You’re now familiar with the most common English words in Hindi—but it doesn’t end there! Did you know that there are several English words inspired by Hindi, too?

Two Women Waiting for the Bus

Waiting for the “bus”?

Here are some popular English words taken from the Hindi language:

  • “Yoga” = योग (yog)
  • “Mantra” = मंत्र (manTr)
  • “Guru” = गुरु (guru)
  • “Avatar” = अवतार (avaTaar)
  • “Loot” = लूट (Luut)
  • “Nirvana” = निर्वाण (Nirvaan)
  • “Coolie” = कुली (kuLii)
  • “Bungalow” = बंगला (bangLaa)
  • “Chai” = चाय (caay)

7. Become a Fluent Hindi Speaker with HindiPod101.com

If you have any native Indian friends, you may have noticed them using a lot of Hinglish and English loanwords. Which words or phrases have you heard most frequently? Share them with us in the comments below. We’d also like to encourage intermediate learners to try making sentences with some of the words we’ve covered.

Did you know that we offer the best online Hindi language learning materials, including our comprehensive lesson on Hindi Pronunciation? If you’re ever uncertain about a word’s meaning, feel free to use our online Hindi-English dictionary or browse through our vast collection of vocabulary lists.

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Happy learning, and have fun practicing your Hinglish!

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A Brief Indian Culture Overview

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Indian culture is a melting pot of several languages, countless dialects, and a multitude of beliefs and ways of living. Geographically speaking, the Hindi-speaking belt consists of North Indian states including Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, and Rajasthan.

In this lesson, we’ll take you straight to the heart of these Hindi-speaking regions. We’ll discuss the most important festivals, religious beliefs, popular foods, prevalent family structures, and much more. You’ll soon see that India has come a long way from its extremely conservative past, and is today more experimental and open-minded.

An Indian Man and Woman Performing the Giddha Dance for the Vaisakhi Festival

Exploring Indian Culture

If you look at the present Indian society, you’ll find a blend of both old-fashioned and modern ideas. The truth is, no society or country is perfect and the same holds true for India. This guide is a sincere effort to explore the different shades and faces of Indian culture in the Hindi Belt (i.e. Uttar Pradesh). So, let’s begin! 🙂

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Social Values and Beliefs
  2. Religions and the Caste System
  3. Shattering the Gender Stereotypes
  4. Family, Work, and Lifestyle
  5. Art and Architecture
  6. Listen to Your Taste Buds
  7. Traditional Holidays and Festivals
  8. Talk Like a Native With HindiPod101.com

1. Social Values and Beliefs

Can you imagine separating milk from water? Then you have a good image of how impossible it is to separate the Hindi-Urdu blend of our lingua franca, the Hindustani language. As such, it should come as no surprise that the Hindi culture is not exclusive to Hindus. In fact, some of these social values apply to Muslims, Punjabis, and Sindhis, although their rituals and ways of expression may differ.

In Indian culture, values and beliefs are markedly different between the older and younger generations. This has resulted in a wide generation gap in Indian families, with the older generation being more conservative and the younger generation becoming quite forward. This contrast can be seen in Indian marriage culture, where both arranged and love-based marriages are popular. However, orthodox families strictly opt for arranged marriages.

A Family of Four Walking in a Grassy Field Together

Changing Social Values

The older generation also believes in values like togetherness, keeping the whole family under one roof, and prioritizing relationships over success and fame. The younger generation, on the other hand, yearns for more freedom and seeks to find a life purpose.

Indians are quite social. They love to talk and be friendly toward each other. It’s common for two strangers to happen upon each other while traveling and start talking like they’ve known each other from Adam. Asking about family or personal life doesn’t usually offend people.

2. Religions and the Caste System

“Unity in Diversity.” This is how we love to portray India! 

One of the most defining characteristics of Indian culture is its diverse range of religions. The most prominent are Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism, whereas Christian, Buddhist, Jain, and Sindhi religions are comparatively less popular. 

For Hindus, going to temples is a pretty common part of their routine. They may visit the temple every day or on special occasions such as birthdays, marriages, or before a job interview. 

People in India are quite religious, but that’s not to say there are no atheists or people who don’t identify with a specific religion.

Durga: The Goddess of Hindus

Durga: the Goddess of Hindus

Despite our country’s religious diversity, India does have its share of flaws. In Indian culture, caste systems are alive and well—and its roots go deeper than one can imagine. The Hindu religion itself is divided into many castes and people put great importance on that when considering marriages, helping someone get a job, and many other aspects of daily life.

In Hindu, Brahmins hold the highest position in the religious hierarchy. They are followed by Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. There are also Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, which are the most vulnerable segment of our society, and thus, protected by many Indian laws. Despite all the claims and efforts, Indian society is still struggling with this system of untouchability.

At the same time, we are emotionally driven. This is not always a good thing, because it affects the political preferences of the common people. The political parties leave no stone unturned to exploit this weak nerve of the general public, especially when it comes to the different religious beliefs.

In reality, both Hindus and Muslims love to live in harmony and support each other in times of crisis. There are so many instances when these two groups of people have shown huge solidarity in the midst of political distress.

3. Shattering the Gender Stereotypes

People are working on gender equality, but there’s a long way to go. In Indian culture, gender roles still play a large role and this disparity shows in almost every aspect of life: upbringing, the male-female child ratio, education, and the freedom to choose one’s partners and professions. Workplaces also suffer from gender inequality when it comes to their pay scales.

While males have traditionally enjoyed the freedom to choose any field of work, females have been—and still are—seen as better-suited for teaching or medical jobs. Nonetheless, this scenario has changed a lot and both men and women are breaking the gender stereotypes.

50/50 Written on a Chalkboard to Represent Gender Equality

Achieving Gender Equality: The New Norm of India

Parents are more supportive than ever when it comes to their daughters’ dream jobs. Girls and women are exploring freedom in all aspects of life, be it their jobs, love life, or the decision to remain single. However, intercaste marriages—while slowly gaining acceptance—are no child’s play. Honor killing is still a huge blot on our faces.

In times past, household chores were solely the responsibility of women, whether they had a job or not. Today, husbands, brothers, and fathers are sharing the load at home and changing the definition of typical Indian families.

The latest approval of LGBTQ rights by the Indian Supreme Court is a grand victory for people who stand for equality and believe in the existence of true love. It just shows how much the Indian society has grown and learned to transform itself for the better!

4. Family, Work, and Lifestyle

In Indian culture, marriage is considered a sacred bond between husband and wife. And as you probably know, Indian (Hindu) weddings can be incredibly lavish! The ceremony is full of music, food, and melodrama. Alcohol is rarely served, and when it is, getting drunk is seen as a sign of poor character.

While married Hindu men may flaunt their engagement rings, women are often seen wearing a red bindi, vermillion, bangles, and saree as their traditional attire in the initial days after their marriage. In families that are more open-minded, a married female may wear a salwar suit or Western clothing.

An Indian Wearing a Saree and a Bindi

The Iconic Indian Look!

Couples are not shy in public spaces, but they’re not as expressive as those in Western countries. For example, they are comfortable holding hands but kissing and hugging in front of others is almost unheard of. It may come as a shock to you, but there is unspoken pressure on the younger generation to settle professionally and get married by their late 20s.

We have both nuclear and joint families. It’s common to see Indian couples living with their parents (usually the husband’s parents), but nowadays more and more couples are living separately from their parents. They may live in the same town or move to a different part of the country in search of high-paying jobs.

People are open to both traditional jobs and running their own businesses. However, many people are highly inclined to find government jobs, which offer more social and financial security. Those who want to earn more and are open to taking risks would naturally dive into private-sector jobs.

Chewing tobacco, smoking, and drinking alcohol are rather common in states like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. However, it’s strictly looked down upon and people are expected to do these things privately. To be honest, these habits are widely seen in the lower classes of society. The irony is that when the same things are done by the upper-class people, it’s called “being cool and classy.”

5. Art and Architecture

For the general public, the entertainment industry largely consists of Bollywood movies and Hindi music. Bollywood produces the highest number of movies in the world every year. Those who are more sophisticated love listening to ghazals and classical music. The unforgettable Umrao Jaan, Mirza Ghalib, and Begum Akhtar are all from Uttar Pradesh.

Kathak is the classical dance form of Uttar Pradesh and is quite popular. There are so many youngsters who learn Kathak and vocals, and go on to make careers with these skills. The dance forms vary from one state to another.

The Taj Mahal

Seven Wonders of the World: The Taj Mahal

When it comes to literature, Urdu and Hindi are two sides of one coin. That ‘coin’ is Hindustani, a beautiful amalgamation like that of milk and honey. This heavenly bond to the Urdu language is not limited to Muslims. So many people have fallen in love with this written language and read Shayari, nazm, revolutionary texts on social evils, as well as the classic literary works of Premchand, Mannu Bhandari, Mirza Ghalib, and Rabindranath Tagore.

Talking specifically about Uttar Pradesh, the hub of the Hindi language, there are various local handicrafts that have long gained worldwide appeal. The embroidery work on sarees and salwar suits is enormously famous. This art form is from Lucknow and is locally known as “chikankari.” In addition, we have the heavy, gorgeous Banarasi sarees with broad borders woven with real gold and silver wires. This embroidery form is known as Zardozi.

Some of the most famous examples of Indian architecture are the Mughal buildings in Lucknow, as well as numerous forts built in some cities of Uttar Pradesh. For instance, we have Bada Imambara and Chhota Imambara in Lucknow. And who hasn’t heard of the Taj Mahal, Agra, one of the Seven Wonders of the World?

Many foreigners and tourists have Mathura and Vrindavan, the birthplace of Lord Krishna, on their bucket list. Ayodhya, the birthplace and kingdom of Lord Ram, is also in Uttar Pradesh. Some of the other famous places like Sarnath (Varanasi), Sangam and Kumbh Mela (Allahabad), Jhansi Fort of Rani Laxmibai (Jhansi), and Agra Fort are also worth visiting!

For the adventurous soul in you, there is also:

  • India’s oldest national park, the Jim Corbett National Park
  • River rafting in Rishikesh
  • The hot and happening waterfalls in Mirzapur

6. Listen to Your Taste Buds

The Indian food culture is quite interesting. It’s versatile with so many different kinds of delicacies. The staple foods in the Hindi-speaking belt are wheat and rice. Chapatis made of wheat flour and rice are usually served with dal (pulses), stir-fried vegetables, gravy-curry, curd, salad, and some sweets. This is famously known as the “Thali system.”

Nepalese food

Spicy Indian Food

Uttar Pradesh has introduced many lip-smacking snacks and meals to the entire country. The guava from Allahabad is famous all over India. You can find countless mini stalls and cabin-like shops with huge crowds waiting for chaat and golgappa, a spicy Indian street food. North Indian cuisine, especially that of Uttar Pradesh, is heavily influenced by Mughal flavors. Dishes like biryani, kebabs, naan, rumali roti, and kulfi feature a blend of Indian, Persian, and Iranian flavors.

While Punjab is known for its makke ki roti and sarson ka saag, Rajasthan and Bihar serve the best litti chokha in the world. Gujarati dishes have won many hearts around the globe with their sweet and tangy flavors. Some of the most popular Gujarati items are dhokla, khandvi, and khakra.

7. Traditional Holidays and Festivals

The Festival of Colors

Holi: The Festival of Colors

There are three Indian national holidays: Independence Day (August 15), Republic Day (January 26), and Gandhi Jayanti (October 2). Apart from these, people in the Hindi Belt celebrate hundreds of other festivals, small and large. The prominent ones are: 

These are mainly Hindu festivals but are enjoyed by folks of every religion. 

Eid, Bakrid, and Moharram are the prominent festivals for Muslims. Sikhs honor their Guru Sahib by celebrating Gurunanak Jayanti.

8. Talk Like a Native With HindiPod101.com

Indian culture is wonderful, isn’t it? By now, you should be much more familiar with the different cultural aspects of India’s Hindi-speaking regions.

If you’re planning to visit soon, what Indian attire would you try and which street food is on the top of your list? Oh, and which Indian festivals would you love to take part in? We look forward to hearing from you in the comments!

An Indian Woman Wearing a Saree and Giving the Namaste Hand Gesture

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We welcome you to explore our vocabulary lists and online dictionary as you get ready to start (or continue!) your Hindi language learning journey. To learn even more about any of the topics we’ve covered here, don’t forget to create your free lifetime account on the HindiPod101.com homepage. Once you’ve done that, download our mobile app and you’re good to go.

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Sneak-Peek Into The Top 15 Lip-Smacking Indian Food Recipes!

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Have you always wanted to try ethnic food in India? It can be difficult to know where to start, especially if you want quality, authentic Indian food. 

In this article, we’ll share with you everything you need to know about the cuisine of India. From the top five dishes you must try in a restaurant to the most popular street foods and heavenly Indian desserts, you’ll get a taste of what to expect when dining in India. We’ll even give you a few simple Indian food recipes that you can try at home. 🙂

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Let's Cook in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Why is it Important to Study Indian Foods?
  2. Food-Related Vocabulary
  3. Useful Phrases Related to Food
  4. Must-Try Dishes in Indian Restaurants
  5. Unique Indian Foods
  6. Bonus: Simple Recipes to Make Authentic Indian Food at Home
  7. How to Get the Most Out of HindiPod101.com

1. Why is it Important to Study Indian Foods?

We all love food. During the course of human history, food has become more than just a means of survival—it has become a source of pleasure and a major component of culture. Just look at the variety of eating styles in different cultures, countries, and regions! 

India has always flaunted its love of spices and flavors, and has created all kinds of finger-licking recipes.

Popular Indian Dishes

For a non-native, talking about Indian cuisine is a foolproof way to bond with local Indians. And if you’re here as a traveler, you’ll need to know the names of popular food items to make sure you don’t stay hungry!

Once you have a good understanding of the different types of Indian cuisine and a solid vocabulary, mouth-watering desserts, buttery non-veg dishes, and unforgettable savoriness are just a menu away.

2. Food-Related Vocabulary

The best way to begin this guide is by learning as many Indian food names in Hindi as possible.

You can’t get your order right unless you’re familiar with Indian spices and herbs, as well as the names of other ingredients. Some ingredients may be too spicy for non-natives, whereas others may be too sweet.

We’ve categorized several essential items into different tables for you. Review them often to quickly pick up and memorize the new words.

Table 1
Spices and Condimentsमसाले (maSaaLe)
Saltनमक (Namak)
Black Saltकाला नमक (kaaLaa Namak)
Sugar चीनी (ciiNii)
Turmericहल्दी (haLDii)
Red Chili Powderलाल मिर्च पाउडर (LaaL mirc paaudar)
Coriander Powderधनिया पाउडर (DHaNiyaa paaudar)
Black Pepperकाली मिर्च (kaaLii mirc)
Cloveलौंग (Laung)
Cardamomइलायची (iLaayacii)
Fennel Seedsसौंफ़ (Saunf)
Cumin Seedsज़ीरा (ziiraa)
Mustard Seedsसरसों (SaraSon) / राई (raaii)

Common Indian Spices

Table 2
Vegetablesसब्ज़ी (Sabzii)
Potatoआलू (aaLuu)
Green Chilisहरी मिर्च (harii mirc)
Bell Pepperशिमला मिर्च (simaLaa mirc)
Gingerअदरक (aDarak)
Garlicलहसुन (LahaSuN)
Onionप्याज़ (pyaaz)
Green Corianderहरी धनिया (harii DHaNiyaa)
Cucumberखीरा (khiiraa)
Brinjal / Eggplantsबैंगन (baingaN)
Cabbageपत्ता गोभी (paTTaa gobhii)
Cauliflowerफूलगोभी (phuuL gobhii)
Spinachपालक (paaLak)
Carrotsगाजर (gaajar)

Table 3
Fruitsफल (phaL)
Appleसेब (Seb)
Orangeसंतरा (SanTaraa)
Bananaकेला (keLaa)
Grapesअंगूर (anguur)
Watermelonतरबूज़ (Tarabuuz)
Melonख़रबूज़ा (kharabuuzaa)
Lemonनींबू (Niimbuu)
Guavaअमरूद (amaruuD)
Pineappleअनानास (aNaaNaaS)
Pomegranateअनार (aNaar)
Mangoआम (aam)
Tomatoटमाटर (tamaatar)
Bottle Gourdलौकी (Laukii) / घीया (ghiiyaa)
Pumpkinकद्दू (kaDDuu)

Hindi Vocab for Indian Food Items

Table 4
Dairy Itemsदुग्ध उत्पाद (DugDH uTpaaD)
Milkदूध (DuuDH)
Curdदही (Dahii)
Buttermilkछाछ (chaach)
Butterमक्खन (makkhaN)
Clarified Butterघी (ghii)
Cottage Cheeseपनीर (paNiir)

Table 5
Staple Foodsप्रमुख भोजन (pramukh bhojaN)
Riceचावल (caavaL)
Wheatगेहूँ (gehuun)
Wheat Flour आटा (aataa)
Millets बाजरा (baajaraa)
Lentilsदाल (DaaL)
Kidney Beansराजमा (raajamaa)
Black Gramउड़द दाल (udaD DaaL)
Bengal Gramचना दाल (caNaa DaaL)

Table 6
Non-Vegetarian Items मांसाहारी भोजन (maanSaahaarii bhojaN)
Eggs अंडे (ande)
Fishमछली (machaLii)
Chickenचिकन (cikaN) / मुर्गा (murgaa)
Prawnsझींगा मछली (jhiingaa macaLii)
Muttonबकरी का गोश्त (bakarii kaa goshT)
Crabsकेकड़ा (kekadaa)

* “Vegetarian food” is known as शाकाहारी भोजन (saakaahaarii bhojaN) in Hindi.

* There’s also a special type of food that contains no garlic, onion, potato, or non-veg items. It’s called “Jain Food” = जैन भोजन (jaiN bhojaN). There are many restaurants which serve only Jain food.

Table 7
Other Essential Wordsअन्य उपयोगी शब्द(aNya upayogii sabD)
Waterपानी (paaNii)
Teaचाय (caay)
Coffeeकॉफ़ी (kaufii)
Lemonadeनींबू पानी (Niimbuu paaNii)
Dry Vegetable/ Stir-fryसूखी सब्ज़ी (Suukhii Sabzii)
Curryशोरबा (sorbaa) / करी (karii)
Saladसलाद (SaLaaD)
Hot and Spicyतीखा (Tiikhaa)
Dessert / Sweetsमीठा (miithaa) / मिठाई (mithaaii)

Table 8
Flavors and Tastesस्वाद (SvaaD)
Sweetमीठा (miithaa)
Sourखट्टा (khattaa)
Saltyनमकीन (NamakiiN)
Spicyचटपटा (catapataa)
Hot (Spicy)तीखा (Tiikhaa)
Coldठंडा (thandaa)
Hotगर्म (garm)
Blandफीका (phiikaa)
Boiledउबला (ubaLaa)
Rawकच्चा (kaccaa)
Cookedपका हुआ (pakaa huaa)

Table 9
Utensils and Tablewareबर्तनों के नाम (barTaNon ke Naam)
Spoonचम्मच (cammac)
Forkकाँटा (kaantaa)
Glassगिलास (giLaaS)
Plateथाली (THaaLii)
Bowlकटोरी (katorii)
Cupप्याला (pyaaLaa)
Knifeचाकू (caakuu)
Pitcherजग (jag)
Ladleकलछी (kaLachii)

Don’t forget to visit our complete list of tableware in Hindi to learn even more practical words!

Table 10
Breakfastसुबह का नाश्ता (Subah kaa NaasTaa)
Lunchदोपहर का खाना (Dopahar kaa khaaNaa)
Dinnerरात का खाना (raaT kaa khaaNaa) रात्रिभोज (raaTribhoj)
Snackनाश्ता (NaasTaa) / अल्पाहार (aLpaahaar)

3. Useful Phrases Related to Food

Great! You’ve already made yourself familiar with the common vocabulary related to food items. Now, it’s time to learn the most useful phrases for different scenarios, such as ordering food.

Ordering Food at an Indian Restaurant

1 – Phrases for Ordering Food

Let’s begin with the phrases you might find useful when placing an order at a restaurant.

  • खाने में क्या मिलेगा? (khaaNe men kyaa miLegaa?) / मेन्यू में क्या है? (meNyuu men kyaa hai?)
    “What’s on the menu?”
  • क्या यहाँ शाकाहारी भोजन मिलेगा? (kyaa yahaan saakaahaarii bhojaN miLegaa?)
    “Do you serve vegetarian food here?”
  • क्या यहाँ मांसाहारी भोजन मिलेगा? (kyaa yahaan maanSaahaarii bhojaN miLegaa?)
    “Do you serve non-vegetarian food here?”
  • मुझे एक गिलास ठंडा पानी चाहिए। (mujhe ek giLaaS thandaa paaNii caahiye.)
    “I need a glass of water.”
  • मुझे कम-मिर्च का / कम तीखा भोजन चाहिए। (mujhe kam-mirc kaa/ kam Tiikhaa bhojaN caahiye.)
    “I want something less spicy.”
  • मुझे दो रोटी, दाल, आलू की सूखी सब्ज़ी, दही, और सलाद चाहिए। (mujhe Do rotii, DaaL, aaLuu kii Suukhii Sabzii, Dahii, aur SaLaaD caahiye.)
    “I want two chapatis, a bowl of lentils, dry potato curry, curd, and salad.”
  • एक आइसक्रीम ले आइये। (ek aaiSakriim Le aaiye.)
    “Please get me an ice cream.”
  • क्या आप बिल ले आएंगे? (kyaa aap biL Le aayenge?)
    “Could you bring the bill, please?”

2 – How to Describe a Food Item

Isn’t it wonderful how our taste buds respond so quickly to anything we eat? Suppose you wanted to talk about the flavor of something you just ate; how would you do that? Let’s look at some example phrases for expressing the flavor of whatever we’re having.

  • यह बहुत तीखा है। (yah bahuT Tiikhaa hai.)
    “It’s really hot and spicy.”
  • इस सब्ज़ी में नमक कम है। (iS Sabzii men Namak kam hai.)
    “This curry could use more salt.”
  • मुझे एक गर्म चाय का प्याला चाहिए। (mujhe ek garm caay kaa pyaaLaa caahiye.)
    “I want a hot cup of tea.”
  • यह फलों का रस बिल्कुल ताज़ा है। (yah phaLon kaa raS biLkuL Taazaa hai.)
    “This fruit juice is so fresh.”
  • खाना बहुत स्वादिष्ट है। (khaaNaa bahuT SvaaDist hai.)
    “The food is delicious.”

3 – Phrases for When You’re Learning to Cook Indian Food

They say that those who love to eat also love to cook. Cooking is an art; it’s an expression of love served in the form of a fresh, hot meal. Of course, the foodie in all of us wants not only to relish a cuisine, but also to manifest our love of food through cooking.

Quick and Easy Indian Recipes for You!

By the time you’re done reading this guide, you’ll want to try your hand at some of these wonderful Indian cuisine dishes. God forbid you get stuck in the middle of a cooking battle! Feel free to use the Hindi phrases below to get going with your super chef skills.

  • इस सब्ज़ी को बनाने का क्या तरीक़ा है? (iS Sabzii ko baNaaNe kaa kyaa Tariiqaa hai.)
    “What’s the recipe for this curry?”
  • यह सलाद कैसे बनायें? (yah SaLaaD kaiSe baNaayen.)
    “How do you make this salad?”
  • क्या दाल पक गयी है? (kyaa DaaL pak gayii hai.)
    “Are the lentils cooked?”
  • मुझे रोटी बनाना सीखना है। (mujhe rotii baNaaNaa SiikhaNaa hai.)
    “I want to learn how to make chapatis.”

4. Must-Try Dishes in Indian Restaurants

Now for the part you’ve been waiting for! We’re about to walk you through the must-try dishes served in Indian restaurants. 

1 – Lentils = दाल (DaaL)

Let’s just say that we Indians love lentils. An authentic Indian Thali is never complete without a bowl of दाल (DaaL). The two most popular varieties are:

  • अरहर की दाल (arahar kii DaaL) / पीली दाल (piiLii DaaL)
  •  काली दाल (kaaLii DaaL)

These lentils are first washed and then pressure cooked in salted water until soft. The water contains a bit of turmeric and a pinch of chili powder for extra flavor and color.

Black Lentil

When looking at an Indian cuisine menu, you may find options like “Dal Fry” or “Dal Tadka” and “Plain Dal.” The Plain Dal is the safest option if you’re not into spicy foods, whereas Dal Tadka actually comes with “tempering.”

Tempering can be done with clarified butter and cumin seeds. The spicier “Tadka” consists of onions, chopped garlic cloves, dry red chilis, and cumin seeds all fried in ghee/clarified butter.

We recommend this dish because it’s an Indian version of comfort food. It’s hot like soup, a great source of protein, and quite filling—all while being low on the spicy meter.

2 – Different Types of Flatbreads

Flatbreads have different names in Hindi depending on how they’re made and what ingredients are used in them:

  • रोटी (rotii) / फुलका (phuLakaa) / चपाती (capaaTii)

The first and most common wheat “flatbread” is called रोटी (rotii) / फुलका (phuLakaa) / चपाती (capaaTii). The flour dough is flattened into a round shape with a rolling pin, heated on the tavaa, and then heated directly on the flame for a while.

रोटी (rotii) is quite soft. It’s commonly served with clarified butter or salted butter spread over it. However, those who don’t like it that way may skip the butter.

Chapati or Indian Flatbread
  • Naan – नान (NaaN)

Naan is made with refined flour. It’s so soft and delicious that you just can’t stop at one! Nonetheless, it’s heavy on the stomach; one or two Naan is enough to satisfy one’s hunger.

Naan has become quite popular due to its variety of flavor options. For instance, you can get butter Naan, garlic Naan, and so on.

  • Tandoori Roti – तंदूरी रोटी (TanDuurii rotii)

The name Tandoori Roti comes from the way it’s cooked: directly on the flames of a tandoor. A tandoor uses a traditional way of baking with hot charcoals. The Tandoori Roti is crispy and is best eaten with curry or dipped in hot dal.

  • Rumali Roti – रुमाली रोटी (rumaaLii rotii)

This kind of flatbread is made with refined flour, rolled as thinly as possible, and then tossed in the air using the fingertips to increase its size. Rumali Roti is one of a kind and you should definitely try it!

  • Missi Roti – मिस्सी रोटी (miSSii rotii)

Missi Roti is made with gram flour. It’s a bit crispy, filled with protein, and quite healthy for your gut. You can always have a bite with some curry or stir-fry.

  • Paratha – परांठा (paraanthaa)

Now, there is plain paratha and then there’s stuffed paratha. And believe me, when comparing their flavors and pleasure to the taste buds, there’s a difference as stark as day and night.

Plain paratha is just like chapati, except it’s thinly layered with oil or ghee. Stuffed paratha is made in the same way, but it bursts with the flavors of whatever the inside stuffing is. Indians usually love parathas stuffed with mashed potatoes, grated cauliflower, grated radish, and onions.

Biryani

3 – Rice Dishes

When it comes to rice, we have quite a long list of Indian foods to review. For instance, you could feast on simple steamed rice mixed with daal. You could also get jeera rice (cumin rice), pulav, or biryani.

The biryani is a complete meal in itself, actually. There are two versions: veg biryani and non-veg biryani. The rice is soaked, cooked, and mixed with deep-fried whole spices, such as cardamom, saffron, cashew nuts, and cloves.

Veg biryani contains a variety of chopped vegetables, whereas the non-veg kind may have chicken pieces or other types of meat in it.

4 – South Indian Recipes

South Indian cuisine is a popular choice among many Indians and foreigners. It’s low on spices and low on oil. That’s what makes it so superb! Adding to that, you can have it for breakfast, lunch, brunch, or dinner. It can make a proper meal or just a snack. 

South Indian food items such as Dosa, Idli-Sambhar, Rasam, and Uttapam are usually made with ground and steamed paste of white Urad lentil and rice. It’s best served with hot Sambhar and cool coconut chutney!

Dosa and Chutney

5 – Cottage Cheese Recipes

There are countless cheese varieties around the world. Of them all, Indians prefer fresh cottage cheese. Our love for cottage cheese, whether it be homemade or store-bought, cannot be compared to anything! Glance through any Indian menu and you’ll find “cottage cheese” or पनीर (paNiir) dishes as snacks, main courses, and starters.

Cottage Cheese

We whole-heartedly recommend these menu items: 

  • पालक पनीर (paaLak paNiir) = “Spinach and cottage cheese curry”
  • पनीर टिक्का (paNiir tikkaa) = “Skewed cheese and veggies”
  • पनीर बटर मसाला (paNiir batar maSaaLaa) = “Spicy butter cheese curry”
  • कढ़ाई पनीर (kadhaai paNiir) = “Cauldron cheese”
  • पनीर चिली (paNiir ciLii) = “Cheese chili”
  • मटर पनीर (matar paNiir) = “Cheese with green peas curry”

6 – Chicken Recipes

To cut this section short, all of the cottage cheese dishes we just mentioned have equivalent chicken dishes. Here are just a few popular chicken dishes you can expect to find in India: 

  • “chili chicken”
  • “chicken butter masala”
  • “mughlai chicken”
  • “chicken rogan josh”
  • “tawa chicken”

Chicken Curry

7 – Potatoes and Other Veggies

Don’t even get me started on the veggie list. Did you know that Indian meals never lack vegetables? Vegetarian Indian food is far more popular in India than meat-based foods are. Whether it be a succulent gravy-filled dish or a dry curry, we must have some vegetables in our thaali.

When you’re in a restaurant, order at your own risk when you get confused about which curries to eat and which to skip. Just kidding. 😉 We’re here to help you narrow down the best Indian foods so you can gorge on fresh main course vegetables.

These curries never go out of fashion: 

  • आलू मटर (aaLuu matar) = “Potato and peas dry curry”
  • गोभी मसाला (gobhii maSaaLaa) = “Spicy cauliflower”
  • मटर मशरूम (matar masaruum) = “Peas and mushroom stir fry”
  • मशरूम मसाला (masaruum maSaaLaa) = “Spicy mushroom curry” 
  • मिक्स वेज (mikS vej) = “Mix veg”

Have You Tried Any Mouthwatering Indian Sweets Yet?

5. Unique Indian Foods

This section is the most interesting of all, because we’re going to quickly explore a set of unique Indian cuisine essentials which are only popular in India. So, let’s dig in!

1 – Raita = रायता (raayaTaa)

Raita is blended curd mixed with particular spices, such as roasted and ground cumin seeds, black salt, sea salt, a pinch of chili powder, and mint leaves. The most popular type is the cucumber raita, to which peeled and grated cucumber is added to the spiced curd.

Raita is a healthy Indian food and a tasty way to cool off during the summer heat. It also helps with digestion and increases healthy gut bacteria.

2 – Buttermilk = छाछ (chaach)

When cream is blended for a long time, it separates into butter and buttermilk. The latter is another unique Indian beverage, especially loved in Northern India.

Usually, people prefer a glassful of plain buttermilk with some salt added. Another way is to temper the buttermilk with asafoetida, cumin seeds, and chili powder, and to add a few mint leaves to it.

3 – Lassi = लस्सी (LaSSii)

This is a sweet beverage. Curd is cooled and blended by adding some water and ice. Add some sugar or rose syrup, crushed almonds, and cashew nuts, and enjoy!

4 – Shikanji = शिकंजी (sikanjii) or नींबू पानी (Niimbuu paaNii)

You can always count on this drink during the summer! It’s the most widespread homemade drink, and you can also find it sold in street stalls during May and June.

The Cool Indian-Style Lemonade

नींबू पानी (Niimbuu paaNii), or “lemonade,” can be made either sweet or salted. Add some sugar, squeeze a lemon, and drop some ice cubes into chilled water. Mix until the sugar dissolves and your sweet lemonade version, called शिकंजी (sikanjii), is ready. 

For the salted version, all you have to do is replace the sugar with salt and add some mint leaves for that refreshing feeling.

5 – Street Foods 

Oh, the list is never-ending. We Indians are so much into spicy Indian street foods that it’s impossible to cover all of them. But just for you, we’ll name some of the most superb and unforgettable Indian street foods.

Don't Forget the Street Food!

They include: 

  • पाव भाजी (paav bhaajii) = “Bread and spicy curry” 
  • समोसा (SamoSaa) = “Samosa” 
  • कचौड़ी (kacaudii) = “Kachori” 
  • चाट (caat) = “Chaat” 
  • छोले भटूरे (choLe bhatuure) = “Chole bhature” 
  • आलू पूरी (aaLuu puurii) = “Aloo poori” 
  • पानी पूरी (paaNii puurii) / गोलगप्पे (goLagappe) / पुचका (puchaka) = “Panipuri” / “Golgappe” / “Puchka” 

6. Bonus: Simple Recipes to Make Authentic Indian Food at Home

As we promised you at the beginning of this article, here comes the section that you’ve long been waiting for! Enjoy a handful of quick Indian cuisine recipes that are not only authentic but also delicious. Flaunt your cooking skills and impress the natives by serving them these all-time favorite local Indian dishes. 

1 – “Yellow Lentils” (Pigeon Pea) / Arhar Dal = अरहर दाल (arahar DaaL)

Wash the yellow lentils and place them in a pressure cooker. Add some water, salt, a teaspoon of turmeric powder, and a dash of chili powder.

Yellow Daal

Pressure cook on high heat until you hear a whistle. Then, turn it down and let it whistle two more times to simmer. When the Arhar Dal is cooked nicely, heat some clarified butter in a medium-sized ladle, add some cumin seeds, asafoetida, and chili powder, and mix it in the cooked DaL.

2 – “Coriander Chutney” / Dhaniya Chatni = धनिया चटनी (DHaNiyaa cataNii)

This is the easiest one! 

To a blender, add a bunch of fresh green coriander leaves, a few mint leaves, salt to taste, cumin seeds, 2-3 green chilis (if you want it spicy), and blend it all together. If it looks dry, add some water to make a fine paste. Serve it fresh with any snacks or full meals.

3 – Cucumber Raita / Kheere ka Raita = खीरे का रायता (khiire kaa raayaTaa)

Wash, peel, and grate some fresh cucumbers. In a bowl, take a good amount of curd and blend it with a spoon. Add the grated cucumber, sea salt, black salt, chili powder, chopped coriander leaves, chopped mint leaves, and…voila! You’re done! The cucumber raita is ready. Best served when chilled, so remember to refrigerate it for a few hours.

4 – Rice Pudding / Kheer = खीर (khiir)

Wash and soak some rice. Drain it and put it aside. In another heavy-bottomed saucepan, pour a good amount of milk and bring it to a boil. Keep stirring so it doesn’t stick to the pan. When the milk amount is reduced, add the rice and let it cook. Don’t forget to stir once in a while.

When the rice looks soft and the mixture has become thick, add sugar to taste. Cook a little longer and then turn off the heat. Top it with chopped nuts (like almonds or cashews), shredded dried coconut, and raisins.

You can either serve it hot or put it in the fridge for a few hours until it’s chilled.

Rice Pudding or Indian Kheer

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And sadly, we’ve come to the end of this article. I’m sure you must have enjoyed this lesson on Indian food recipes! Which Indian dishes are your favorite so far? Are you willing to try any of these recipes (if you haven’t yet)? Let us know in the comments!

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Your Ultimate Guide to Hindi Grammar Basics

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Hindi grammar is the skeleton of our language. In Hindi, there are several grammar rules that are way different from those in English and other Romance or Latin languages. Understanding these theories will make your Hindi skills stronger and lower your chances of making an error.

It was with these factors in mind that we decided to create a brief lesson that covers all Hindi grammar topics for you! We’ll touch on a variety of concepts, from word order to tenses, and outline the most important things you need to know.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. General Rules of Hindi Grammar
  2. Word Order / Sentence Structure
  3. Punctuation and Diacritics
  4. Half-Consonants
  5. Gender
  6. Tenses
  7. Verbs
  8. Formal and Informal Tone
  9. Adjectives
  10. Conclusion

1. General Rules of Hindi Grammar

There are several Hindi grammar rules that differ greatly from those in other languages. Knowledge of these rules will give you an edge over other learners.

  • First of all, grammar in Hindi follows the SOV (Subject – Object – Verb) word order, as opposed to the SVO order English uses.

  • The second rule you need to remember is that everything has a gender in Hindi grammar. There are two grammatical genders in the Hindi language: feminine and masculine.

  • Many new Hindi learners also struggle with the concept of diacritics.

  • In Hindi, we have different pronouns and ways of addressing people depending on the level of respect and formality between them.

  • And the trickiest part of basic Hindi grammar for beginners is verb conjugation. But once we break it down for you with examples, you’ll find it quite easy. 🙂

We’d like to say that this list could go on and on—grammar is a vast aspect of any language. Nonetheless, this Hindi grammar guide will only focus on the most important rules to help you stand on your feet and get going!

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Let’s Start with the Basics

2. Word Order / Sentence Structure

There’s a reason we’re beginning our guide with word order information. I mean, what’s the first thing you do when you meet someone? You introduce yourself, ask their name, or even ask how they are. Even simple phrases like these can confuse you if you’re not confident about which word should be placed where!

While English sentences follow the SVO pattern, Hindi sentences follow the SOV word order.

Here, S = Subject, O = Object, V = Verb

Examples:

English Word OrderI read the book.
Hindi Word Orderमैं किताब पढ़ती हूँ। (main kiTaab padhaTii huun.) [FEMALE]
मैं किताब पढ़ता हूँ। (main kiTaab padhaTaa huun.) [MALE]

English Word OrderFather cooks the food.
Hindi Word Orderपिताजी खाना पकाते हैं। (piTaajii khaaNaa pakaaTe hain.)

Can you see how the sentence pattern changes when we shift from English to Hindi? Looks easy, right?

If you want to learn about this more in-depth, we recommend that you read our comprehensive guide on Hindi Word Order and practice with many more examples!

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How Grammar Helps in Translation!

3. Punctuation and Diacritics

Now it’s time to see what all the fuss on diacritics is about and in what way punctuation in Hindi differs from that in English.

1 – Punctuation

Regarding punctuation, here’s a quick tip: The Hindi ‘full stop’ is the only punctuation mark different from English or any other language. All the others, such as the comma or question mark, are the same. The ‘full stop,’ also known as the खड़ी पाई (khadii paaii) or पूर्ण विराम (puurn viraam) in Hindi, looks like the capital “।.”

Example:

  • यह मेरा घर है। (yah meraa ghar hai.) = “This is my house.” [Different Punctuation]
  • क्या तुम ठीक हो? (kyaa Tum thiik ho?) = “Are you okay?” [Same Punctuation]

2 – Diacritics

The concept of diacritics is completely new to non-native speakers, especially those who speak English or Romance languages. So, we’ll try to explain it to you in the simplest manner possible.

When a Hindi vowel and consonant are combined, the vowel dissolves by losing its separate identity and changes into a “diacritic” or मात्रा (maaTraa) attached to that particular consonant.

We know it’s easier said than done, so we’ve included a few examples for you to review.

Examples:

  • (ka) + (aa) = का (kaa)
  • (ja) + (ii)  = जी (jii)
  • (Ta) + (uu) = तू (Tuu)

Want to study more about the diacritics and how they can blend with consonants? Check out our detailed lesson on the Hindi Alphabet!

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Explore Our Grammar Bank

4. Half-Consonants

Another concept that English speakers aren’t familiar with is the “half-consonant,” also called the “schwa-less” consonant. This is where the full consonant is replaced with its half version.

Every consonant in Hindi automatically includes a short “-a” sound with it. But sometimes, we might need two consonants together without any vowels between them. That’s where the concept of the “half-consonant” comes in. All we have to do is get rid of the second half of the first consonant letter and attach the other half to the second consonant.

ConsonantHalf-Consonant
  • ब्
  • स्
  • ल्

Examples:

  • डिब्बा (dibbaa) = “Container/Box” 
    • Here, half ब (ba) is attached to the following ब (ba).
  • ल्का (haLkaa) = “Light” 
    • Here, half ल (La) is attached to the following क (ka).
  • ग़ुस्सा (ġuSSaa) = “Anger” 
    • Here, half स (Sa) is attached to the following स (Sa).

5. Gender

Did you know that English has four gender classifications for its nouns and pronouns (masculine, feminine, common, and neuter), which are based on natural gender? This is not the case in Hindi. First of all, every noun and pronoun has a specific grammatical gender category assigned to it. Secondly, there are only two types of gender in the Hindi language: feminine and masculine.

Now, you must be thinking, “Fine, but how do I find out which words are masculine and which are feminine?” That’s a natural question, so we’ve outlined the basics below.

1 – Masculine Gender

More often than not, masculine, or पुल्लिंग (puLLing), nouns and pronouns end with an अ (-a) sound. It’s not spoken separately, but just as breathing space blended into the last letter of the word.

Example:

  • “Fruit” = फ (phaL) = फ् + अ + ल् +

Similarly, we have:

  • “Cloud” = बाद (baaDaL)
  • “Utensil” = बर्तन (barTaN)

2 – Feminine Gender

Feminine nouns and pronouns are easy to spot, too. They usually end with the sounds ई / ी (-ii) and आ / ा (-aa).

  • “Youth” = जवानी (javaaNii) = ज् + अ + व् + अ + न् +
  • “Mat” = चटा (cataaii)
  • “Shadow” = छाया (chaayaa

3 – Exceptions

And here comes the list of exceptions. In Hindi, there are many masculine words that sound feminine and vice-versa; you’ll just have to memorize them. Here are just a few to get you started:

Masculine Word Exceptions

  • “Room” = कमरा (kamaraa
  • “Bungalow” = बंगला (bangLaa)
  • “Dream” = सपना (SapaNaa)

Feminine Word Exceptions

  • “Bottle” = बोत (boTaL)
  • “Evening” = शा (saam)
  • “Morning” = सुब (Subah)
  • “Book” = किता (kiTaab)

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6. Tenses

Just like any other language, Hindi has three main tenses: past, present, and future. We’ll just briefly touch on Hindi grammar tenses here, but at the end of this section you’ll find a link to a comprehensive article on the topic! 

1 – Simple Present Tense

  • Ends with ता हूँ / ती हूँ / -ता है / – ती है / – ते हैं / ती हैं (-Taa huun / -Tii huun /-Taa hai / -Tii hai / -Te hain / -Tii hain).
Example Verb Form खाना (khaaNaa) = “To eat”
For MalesFor Females
1st Personमैं खाता हूँ। (main khaaTaa huun.)
“I eat.”
मैं खाती हूँ। (main khaaTii huun.)
“I eat.”
2nd Personतुम खाते हो। (Tum khaaTe ho.)
“You eat.”
तुम खाती हो। (Tum khaaTii ho.)
“You eat.”
3rd Personवे खाते हैं। (ve khaaTe hain.)
“They eat.”
वे खाती हैं। (ve khaaTii hain.)
“They eat.”

2 – Simple Past Tense

  • Ends with ता था / – ती थी / – ते थे / ती थीं (-Taa THaa / -Tii THii / -Te THe / -Tii THiin).
Example Verb Form खाना (khaaNaa) = “To eat”
For MalesFor Females
1st Personमैं खाता था। (main khaaTaa THaa.)
“I ate.”
मैं खाती थी। (main khaaTaa THii.)
“I ate.”
2nd Personतुम खाते थे। (Tum khaaTe The.)
“You ate.”
तुम खाती थीं। (Tum khaaTii THiin.)
“You ate.”
3rd Personवे खाते थे।  (ve khaaTe The.)
“They ate.”
वे खाती थीं। (ve khaaTii THiin.)
“They ate.”

3 – Simple Future Tense

  • Ends with -ऊँगा / -ऊँगी / -एगा / -एगी / -एंगे / -एंगी (-uungaa / -uungii / -egaa / -egii / -enge / -engii).
Example Verb Form खाना (khaaNaa) = “To eat”
For MalesFor Females
1st Personमैं खाऊंगा। (main khaauungaa.)
“I will eat.”
मैं खाऊँगी। (main khaauungii.)
“I will eat.”
2nd Personतुम खाओगे। (Tum khaaoge.)
“You will eat.”
तुम खाओगी। (Tum khaaogii.)
“You will eat.”
3rd Personवे खाएंगे। (ve khaaenge.)
“They will eat.”
वे खाएंगी। (ve khaaengii.)
“They will eat.”

We all know that tenses are far more comprehensive and complicated than these examples. To help you master them, we’ve got a complete guide on Hindi Tenses for you!

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Set Your Own Hindi Learning Goals

7. Verbs

In Hindi, verbs conjugate according to gender, tense, and tone. We’ve already explained how tenses work, so now let’s look at some different characteristics of verbs in Hindi.

  • In Hindi, the infinitive verbs end with -ना (-Naa). For example, “to laugh” =  हँसना (hanSaNaa) and “to play” =  खेलना (kheLaNaa).

  • Moreover, the verbs always form the last part of the sentence; they come at the end. For example: सुमन गेंद से खेलती है। (SumaN genD Se kheLaTii hai.) = “Suman plays with a ball.”

  • Verbs conjugated for the masculine gender always end with an -aa or – e sound. Verbs conjugated for the feminine gender end with an -ii or -iin sound.

8. Formal and Informal Tone

In Indian culture, we use different tones for different people, based on factors like age, level of formality, and gender.

Let’s see how!

Talking about person of same ageविकास बाज़ार जाता है
(vikaaS baazaar jaaTaa hai.)
“Vikas goes to the market.”
Talking about an elderly personदादाजी बाज़ार जाते हैं
(DaaDaajii baazaar jaaTe hain.)
“Grandpa goes to the market.”

In a nutshell, we treat a singular noun or pronoun as plural in the following situations:

  • When talking to an elderly person
  • When trying to show respect
  • When talking to a person of a different gender (especially female)
  • When using a formal tone
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9. Adjectives

If you’re expressive like us Indians, chances are you’ll be needing a lot of adjective words in Hindi. But just knowing the words isn’t enough. You’ll also have to be aware of where to place those adjectives in a Hindi sentence. Moreover, keep in mind that Hindi adjectives also change their forms according to the gender of the noun they describe.

Example:

Let’s take the adjectives “yellow” and “straight” as examples.

Adjective 1Masculine NounFeminine Noun
“Yellow”यह कप पीला है। (yah kap piiLaa hai.)
“This cup is yellow.”
यह साड़ी पीली है। (yah Saadii piiLii hai.)
“This saree is yellow.”

Adjective 2Masculine NounFeminine Noun
“Straight”वह रास्ता सीधा है। (vah raaSTaa SiiDHaa hai.)
“That path is straight.”
वह गली सीधी है। (vah gaLii SiiDHii hai.)
“That street is straight.”

Also remember that an adjective is always placed adjacent to (before or after) the noun. For more information, please feel free to go through our wonderful article on Hindi Adjectives.

10. Conclusion

We’ve not even covered all the Hindi grammar points yet, as our goal was to give you a quick glimpse into the most important concepts. Sort of like a way to break the ice between you and Hindi grammar. 🙂

Did you enjoy our overview? If yes, let us know what you like about it. If not, we’d love to hear your suggestions on what else we could have included to make it better!

Do you want to delve even deeper into Hindi grammar and culture? We’re constantly adding new world-class lesson materials for you on our website. For beginners and intermediate learners, we also have a free online Hindi-English dictionary to help you out as you come across unfamiliar words or phrases.

So, don’t wait any longer! Get started with our Premium Membership to access an unlimited bundle of knowledge. It’s high time to talk like a native and impress your Hindi-speaking friends.

For those who are always on the go but want to continue their Hindi learning, we’ve got a treat for you. Sign up on HindiPod101.com and download our mobile-friendly app to learn anywhere, anytime.

Happy Hindi learning!

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30 Hindi Quotes To Help You Show Off & Sound Smarter

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You know those moments when using a popular quote is the best way to express what you want to say? It’s amazing to see how a simple key phrase can replace a couple of dull sentences and get the job done.

The one and only hurdle for our learners in this regard is that they don’t yet know the best Hindi quotes. And we here at HindiPod101.com can’t just sit here and watch you struggle with those words on the tip of your tongue!

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That’s why today’s guide is on the best quotes in Hindi. We’ll walk you through the best life quotes in Hindi in a variety of categories. You can start using them in your next Hindi conversation right away!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Why Should You Study Quotes?
  2. Quotes About Success
  3. Quotes About Life
  4. Quotes About Motivation
  5. Quotes About Love, Friendship, and Family
  6. Quotes About Philosophy
  7. Quotes About Food
  8. Quotes About Language Learning
  9. Master the Hindi Language with Us at HindiPod101.com

Why Should You Study Quotes?

Regardless of their original language, quotes will always have great importance in people’s lives. Why? Because they contain the rich and empowering experiences of native speakers and great personalities. Quotes are the pearls of wisdom; they help us say more with fewer words.

On a lighter note, quotes are fun and convenient to use. If you want to express an opinion without being judged, use a quote and be done with it. Hindi quotes from various saints, leaders, folklores, writers, and artists are insightful messages that have been passed on to several generations and are no less relevant today.

As a Hindi learner, understanding and practicing these quotes will bring you into the limelight and boost your self-confidence. It’s an excellent way to show your dedication toward the language and impress your Hindi-speaking friends and colleagues.

By studying these quotes, you’ll also be diving into the rich cultural history of India, its charismatic and noble people, and their essence of life.

So, let’s begin our lesson already! 

Quotes About Success

Whether you have big plans for the future or an upcoming project you’re concerned about, these inspiring quotes in Hindi will help you take heart and achieve your goals.


1. इंतज़ार करने वालों को सिर्फ़ उतना ही मिलता है जितना कोशिश करने वाले छोड़ देते हैं।


RomanizationiNTazaar karaNe vaaLon ko Sirf uTaNaa hii miLaTaa hai jiTaNaa kosis karaNe vaaLe chod DeTe hain.
English Equivalent“People who wait get only what’s left by those who try.” ~Abdul Kalam
Who doesn’t know of Dr. Abdul Kalam? In this highly inspiring quote, he shakes us with these bitter but true words of wisdom.

In simpler words, the phrase teaches us not to wait for luck. Instead, we should take solid steps toward what we want to achieve in life. After all, we don’t want to be the ones who get others’ leftovers. We want to be choosers, not beggars.

2. अगर तुम सूरज की तरह चमकना चाहते हो, तो पहले सूरज की तरह जलना सीखो।


Romanizationagar Tum Suuraj kii Tarah camakaNaa caahaTe ho, To pahaLe Suuraj kii Tarah jaLaNaa Siikho.
English Equivalent“If you want to shine like the sun, first learn to burn like the sun.” ~Abdul Kalam
Here’s another golden saying from Abdul Kalam, inspired by the nature around us. Kalam uses the sun as an example, as we’re always in awe of its magnificence and its powerful aura. Adding to that, the sun does not get this glory for free—it burns day and night. 

Similarly, if we too wish to be unstoppable and irreplaceable, then we have to work hard and push our limits every day.

This quote is popularly used on various social media platforms.

3. ख़ुद वो बदलाव बनिए जो आप दुनिया में देखना चाहते हैं।


RomanizationkhuD vo baDaLaav baNiye jo aap DuNiyaa men DekhaNaa caahaTe hain.
English Equivalent“Be the change you want to see in the world.” ~Gandhi
Gandhi was a torchbearer not only in India, but the whole world. There were many aspects of his life that impacted millions of people.

One of his greatest qualities was that he would culminate a certain behavior in himself before he expected that behavior from anyone else. There’s a story in which Gandhi refused to preach to a child about consuming less sweets until he could do it himself.

What does that tell us? It’s easy to blame others and play a victim of all the wrong things going on in the world or in our personal lives. But the real solution is to take it upon ourselves to create change and foster new beginnings.

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Quotes About Life

Are you feeling stuck in life or dissatisfied with how things are going? Read through these Hindi quotes on life and find some practical words of advice to take to heart!

4. विपत्ति से बढ़कर अनुभव सिखाने वाला विद्यालय ना तो आज तक खुला है न कभी खुलेगा।


RomanizationvipaTTi Se badhakar aNubhav SikhaaNe vaaLaa viDyaaLay Naa To aaj Tak khuLaa hai Naa kabhii khuLegaa.
English Equivalent“There’s no greater school that teaches life experience than its own challenges.” ~ Premchand
If there’s any writer who has been admired and read by every generation, it is Munshi Premchand. There could be no better way to start our list of life quotes in Hindi than by sharing his sayings.

According to him, we are all students in the journey of life, and life’s struggles are our most important teacher.

5. खाने और सोने का नाम जीवन नहीं है। जीवन नाम है सदैव आगे बढ़ते रहने का।


RomanizationkhaaNe aur SoNe ka Naam jiivaN Nahiin hai. jiivaN Naam hai SaDaiv aage badhaTe rahaNe kaa.
English Equivalent“Life is not just eating and sleeping. Life is about always moving forward.” ~Premchand
Munshi Premchand wrote an endless number of stories on the poor state of Indian farmers, especially concerning their exploitation by the landlords, peasants, and rich people. His insight on the topic led him to develop a different view of life.

He wrote a lot about how those farmers couldn’t even arrange for one meal a day and still continued to be hopeful and keep going. His stories contain two messages for all of us:

First, life is not a bed of flowers (at least not for everybody). Second, we should never quit in the face of challenges, but keep moving forward; that’s what life is about.

6. अँधेरे में परछाईं भी अपना साथ छोड़ देती है।


RomanizationaNDHere men parachaaiin bhii apaNaa SaaTH chod DeTii hai.
English Equivalent“Even our own shadow leaves us in the darkness.”
This is a local but widely spoken quote in the Hindi Belt of India. 

They say that an unfavorable season in life is the best time to find out who your true well-wishers are! Nonetheless, this quote teaches us not to depend too much on others, and to instead believe in yourself. Because if our own shadow vanishes in the darkness, don’t be disappointed if your best friends do, too.

7. ज़िंदगी लंबी नहीं बड़ी होनी चाहिए।


RomanizationziNDagii Lambii Nahiin badii hoNii caahiye.
English Equivalent“Life should be grand, not long.” ~Ambedkar
Dr. BR Ambedkar was the founding father of our Indian constitution, with many glittering stars in his accomplishment records. He fought for the rights of the underprivileged, especially for the equal rights of women.

This quote from him emphasizes that we should focus on the quality of our life rather than the number of years we live. The hidden message is that we should devote our lives to helping others instead of focusing only on our own wellbeing.

8. ख़ुद को कमज़ोर समझना सबसे बड़ा पाप है।


RomanizationkhuD ko kamazor SamajhaNaa SabaSe badaa paap hai.
English Equivalent“Underestimating your own strength is the biggest sin.” ~ Swami Vivekanand
In modern times, we are intrigued by the achievements and growth of others, which is not a healthy mindset.

Vivekanand felt that each one of us has great potential. To undermine that potential is to deprive ourselves and our society of the benefits that we could harness in being our true selves.

Quotes About Motivation

Life can be difficult and our circumstances can be disheartening at times. We hope that these motivational quotes in Hindi refresh you and put you in a better frame of mind.

9. शेर हमेशा अकेला चलता है।


Romanizationser hamesaa akeLaa caLaTaa hai.
English Equivalent“A lion always walks alone.”
Oh! This is one of the most popular Hindi quotes, and definitely something you must have on your learning list.

It’s cool. It has swag. And it’s highly motivating, too. 

Remember the time you took a stand or decided to do something new in life, only to find that not even your loved ones supported you in that? Well, this quote will make you feel confident when no one else does. Not to mention that we Indians often use it to lighten the mood in heavy situations. 🙂

10. किसी को इतना भी मत डराओ कि डर ही ख़त्म हो जाये।


RomanizationkiSii ko iTaNaa bhii maT daraao ki dar hii khaTm ho jaaye.
English Equivalent“Don’t scare someone so much that they stop feeling the fear.” ~Mary Kom
Here comes the Princess of Boxing. The Conqueror, The Fighter, and the true inspiration for many: Mary Kom.

With an unimaginably difficult childhood, a dreamy marriage with a rock-solid supportive partner, and her three kids, Mary Kom continues to amaze the world with her medals and trophies, one after another.

She has written an autobiography titled Unbreakable. But this quote is taken from the movie Mary Kom, which is based on her life. Kom is played by none other than Priyanka Chopra.

The quote is self-explanatory. We all get scared, but when that fear is pushed to the limit, it turns into courage and strength.


A Man Climbing a High Mountain

11. जहाँ भी आज़ाद रूह की झलक पड़े समझना वह मेरा घर है।


Romanizationjahaan bhii aazaaD ruuh kii jhaLak pade SamajhaNaa vah meraa ghar hai.
English Equivalent“Wherever you see a free soul, that’s where I live.” ~Amrita Pritam
Amrita Pritam, one of the most prominent writers and poets, is known for her feminist appeal. Her works portray the significance of gender equality and freedom.

She broke many orthodox rules and lived her life in her own way. Amrita Pritam set a milestone for both men and women, inspiring them to follow their hearts and stand up for themselves.

The quote here reflects how much the real freedom of choice meant to her. In her own words, every such place where people live the way they want, there her soul resides. Read more of her impeccable and deeply touching quotes here.

Quotes About Love, Friendship, and Family 

The category that you’ve long been waiting for: love quotes in Hindi. Let’s begin with some words from our beloved Gautam Buddha.


12. सच्चा प्रेम समझ से उत्पन्न होता है।


RomanizationSaccaa prem Samajh Se uTpaNN hoTaa hai.
English Equivalent“True love begins with understanding.” ~Buddha
Buddha was all for love, kindness, and generosity toward others and oneself. His quote contains the message that true love is only possible when two people empathize with each other, respect each other, and understand each other. In the absence of these factors, their love would only be superficial and short-lived.

13. दोस्ती का कोई मज़हब नहीं होता।


RomanizationDoSTii kaa koii mazahab Nahiin hoTaa.
English Equivalent“Friendship knows no religion.” ~Shootout at Wadala
One of the most popular and hard-hitting friendship quotes in Hindi, these words from the movie Shootout at Wadala shed light on the presence of tolerance and understanding in a true friendship.

The message couldn’t be put in a more simple way. The quote reminds us that the bond of friendship is above all disparities, whether from caste, creed, or religion.


a Couple Hugging Each Other

14. मित्रता सबसे शुद्ध प्रेम है।


RomanizationmiTraTaa SabaSe suDDH prem hai.
English Equivalent“Friendship is the purest form of love.” ~Osho
Talking about friendship and love, how could we miss Osho? Osho was the mystic and revolutionary who influenced the young and the elderly like nobody else. His discourses were filled with words of love, friendship, and affection.

According to this quote, he found friendship to be the greatest and purest form of love, because it contains no expectations or possessiveness.

15. पुत्र कुपुत्र हो सकता है लेकिन माता कभी कुमाता नहीं हो सकती।


RomanizationpuTr kupuTr ho SakaTaa hai LekiN maaTaa kabhii kumaaTaa Nahiin ho SakaTii.
English Equivalent“There can be a bad son, there can never be a bad mother.” ~Mahabharata
Mahabharata is an ancient epic. This quote is from one of its brilliant characters, Bhishm Pitamah, who was wise and quite inspiring.

The meaning of the quote is that a mother’s love is always pure, and as such, there is no such thing as a bad mother. A child, on the other hand, can be selfish, even while his or her mother only thinks of the child’s best.

A Horse Statue

16. मेरा परिवार मेरी ताकत और मेरी कमज़ोरी है।


Romanizationmeraa parivaar merii TaaqaT aur merii kamazorii hai.
English Equivalent“My family is my strength and my weakness.” ~Aishwarya Rai Bachchan
Although this quote is from the former Miss World and current actress Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, I imagine that we can all relate.

She meant that her love for her family is so strong and unconditional that it has come to be her greatest power, as well as her greatest weakness.

Quotes About Philosophy

If you relish in the marvels of philosophy, you’re going to love the following Hindi quotes with deep meaning and practical application to life!

17. चिंता चिता समान है।


RomanizationciNTaa ciTaa SamaaN hai.
English Equivalent“Worry is akin to death.”
This is an old Indian saying, attributed to no one in particular. However, some people believe it was said by an ancient Indian sage named Kabeer Das

The saying emphasizes that worrying about something immobilizes you. It stops you from taking any action that could alleviate or eliminate the reason behind the problem. This will likely intensify the problem, causing you to worry more. In turn, this will leave you stuck in a downward spiral that feeds on itself and eventually becomes a death loop. So, worry is compared to “death” here.

18. हर चमकती हुई चीज़ सोना नहीं होती।


Romanizationhar camakaTii huii ciiz SoNaa Nahiin hoTii.
English Equivalent“Not everything that glitters is gold.”
This is a simple quote that’s often used in conversations to convey that just because something looks good, doesn’t mean it’s worthwhile. Often, what attracts us in the beginning turns out to be fake or disappointing when we scratch the surface.

19. मूर्ख दूसरों पर हँसते हैं, बुद्धिमान ख़ुद पर।


Romanizationmuurkh DuuSron par hanSaTe hain, buDDHimaan khuD par.
English Equivalent“Fools laugh at others, the wise ones laugh at themselves.” ~Osho
Usually, one mocks other people to aggrandize their ego. Osho, the controversial Indian mystic, saw this self-aggrandizement as nothing less than foolishness. A wise man wears his wisdom very lightly, as he is not ego-centric and thus has the courage to laugh at himself and improve. This makes him even wiser. 

20. जब जागो तब सवेरा।


Romanizationjab jaago Tab Saveraa.
English Equivalent“It’s never too late.” / Literally: “When awake, then dawn.”
Let’s compare this quote with a Chinese proverb that says: “The best time to plant a tree was twenty years ago, the second best time is now.” 

The Hindi version uses “waking up” and “dawn” as metaphors for realizing a mistake and taking remedial actions. “Dawn,” it says, is whenever you “wake up.”

Planting a Tree

21. ख़ाली बर्तन ज़्यादा शोर करते हैं।


RomanizationkhaaLii barTaN zyaaDaa sor karaTe hain.
English Equivalent“Empty vessels make more noise.”
A person who lacks skills, talent, self-esteem, and/or confidence usually tries to fill this gap by talking very highly of himself just to feel good. Talk about an inferiority complex.

This corresponds to the way an empty vessel makes more sound than one that’s full. A truly knowledgeable person is full of self-esteem, and hence, remains humble. His/her sense of appreciation comes from within. 

22. जो जैसा बोता है, वैसा ही काटता है।


Romanizationjo jaiSaa boTaa hai, vaiSaa hii kaataTaa hai.
English Equivalent“As you sow, so shall you reap.”
When you pick up one end of the stick, you also pick up the other. We cannot separate actions from results. This saying describes how our actions, thoughts, and words boomerang back around to us. If we do good, good echoes back to us; the same holds true for doing bad.

As noted author Stephen Covey said: “You can decide to stand in front of a fast moving train but you can’t decide what happens when the train hits you. That is governed by universal laws.”

23. दूसरों के साथ ऐसा व्यवहार ना करें, जो आपको अपने लिए पसंद नहीं।


RomanizationDuuSron ke SaaTH aiSaa vyavahaar Naa karen, jo aapako apaNe Liye paSaND Nahiin.
English Equivalent“Don’t treat others as you wouldn’t like for yourself.” ~Shantikunj, Haridwar
A very straightforward and literal quote. No metaphors or similes here. If you don’t like people treating you a certain way, it would be unfair of you to treat them that way. This saying comes from Shantikunj, a spiritual and social organization founded by Pt. Shri Ram Sharma Acharya.

Quotes About Food 

Who doesn’t enjoy sitting down for a nice meal now and then? Our Hindi quotes collection wouldn’t be complete without a few sayings related to food!

24. भूख से ज़्यादा अपमान जनक कोई और अपमान नहीं है।


Romanizationbhuukh Se zyaaDaa apamaaNajaNak koii aur apmaaN Nahiin hai.
English Equivalent“There is no greater humiliation than hunger.” ~Pranab Mukherjee
Said by the thirteenth President of India in a socio-political context, this quote means that if any person is devoid of food, then that person is subjected to the greatest humiliation. Hunger may force a person to do things they don’t want to do, such as begging or stealing.

A Happy Boy Excited for His Food

25. भूखे भजन न होय गोपाला।


Romanizationbhuukhe bhajaN Naa hoye gopaaLaa.
English Equivalent“One can’t even worship with an empty stomach.”
Food is of utmost importance; it’s the fundamental need and must be met first. 

Do note that “Gopala” is one of the names of Lord Krishna. This quote is from a dialogue in which Krishna warns God, in a tender and loving way, that no one could worship Him on an empty stomach (let alone do anything else).

26. जैसा भोजन खाइये, तैसा ही मन होये।


RomanizationjaiSaa bhojaN khaaiye, TaiSaa hii maN hoye.
English Equivalent“A man is what he eats.” ~Kabirdas
In Indian culture, food is believed to influence you on a mental, physical, and spiritual level. We kind of worship food here and treat it as a god. To give you a picture of how significant food is in Indian society, consider that it’s looked down upon to stamp any food grain with your feet. 

In addition, according to Ayurveda, eating less spicy food and opting for simple meals calms our inner selves and keeps us healthy.

27. जैसा अन्न वैसा मन।


RomanizationjaiSaa aNN vaiSaa maN.
English Equivalent“You are what you eat.”
Similar to the previous quote, this one is also quite popular. The only difference is that this version is simpler and more straightforward.

Quotes About Language Learning

You saw it coming, didn’t you? Our list would be incomplete without quotes on language learning and the importance of the Hindi language.

India is a melting pot of various cultures and languages, yet in the midst of that, Hindi has not only retained its place but has also become more popular than ever.

28. राष्ट्र भाषा के बिना राष्ट्र गूंगा है।


Romanizationraastra bhaasaa ke biNaa raastra guungaa hai.
English Equivalent“A nation is mute without its national language.” ~Mahatma Gandhi
Here, Gandhi pressed on the essential role of the national language. According to him, Hindi is the language that binds us all together. Without Hindi, India would lose its identity.

Officially, there are many national languages of India, but Hindi has its own unique place in everybody’s hearts.

A Symbol of Hinduism

29. हमारी नागरी लिपि दुनिया की सबसे वैज्ञानिक लिपि है।


Romanizationhamaarii Naagarii Lipi Duniyaa kii SabaSe vaigyaaNik Lipi hai.
English Equivalent“Our Devanagari script is the world’s most scientific script.” ~Rahul Sankrityayan
Rahul Sankrityayan is known as the Father of Indian Travelogue literature. He was one of the finest minds of India, and he spent more than forty years traveling to different places around the world.

Given his rich experiences with various cultures and languages, if a quote comes from him, it really means something to us. Hindi is written in the Devanagari script. And according to Rahul Sankrityayan, it is the most scientific script in the world.

30. हिंदी भारतीय संस्कृति की आत्मा है।


RomanizationhinDii bhaaraTiiya SaNSkriTi kii aaTmaa hai.
English Equivalent“Hindi is the soul of Indian culture.” ~Kamla Pati Tripathi
Kamla Pati Tripathi goes a step further and considers Hindi to be more than a national language. He calls Hindi the “soul of Indian culture.” It is something that resides in the hearts of Indian folks and reflects the traditions and whole persona of the native people.

A Girl Watching Something on Her Phone

9. Master the Hindi Language with Us at HindiPod101.com

Whoa! So many personalities and so many quotes of wisdom! Do you feel the same rush that we do? Well, why don’t you go ahead and share your favorite quote in the comments?

If you enjoyed this article, we do hope to see you around. At HindiPod101.com, you can learn Hindi from scratch or pick up where you left off to improve your skills!

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Have a happy learning time and remember that you can reach out anytime. We’d be happy to help you! 🙂

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40 Hindi Business Phrases to Boost Your Career

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Simplicity is the key to impressing people. No matter what the world says, using complex and incomprehensible words when they’re not needed is way overrated. It leads to confusion and ruins the possibility of crystal-clear two-way communication. And there’s no reason we’d want to do that, right?

To help you avoid this pitfall, today we’re going to introduce you to the basic (but quite useful) Hindi business phrases. We also have a thirty-minute video about common business phrases in Hindi on the HindiPod101 YouTube Channel; you can find the video embedded below.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Business Words and Phrases in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Breaking the Myth
  2. Why is it Important to Study Business Phrases?
  3. Nailing a Job Interview
  4. Interacting with Coworkers
  5. Sounding Smart in a Meeting
  6. Handling Business Phone Calls and Emails
  7. Going on a Business Trip
  8. Become a True Professional with HindiPod101.com

1. Breaking the Myth

Jobs

Many people assume that formal Hindi business phrases are long and difficult to learn. But guess what? That’s not always the case. You’ll be amazed to see how one can get away with shorter and more basic business vocabulary and phrases in the corporate culture.

Our goal is to cover all of the major categories concerning Hindi phrases for business, and to show you how simple business talk can be. Get ready to learn as many as forty Hindi sentences that you can easily use in the office to leave a stunning impression on the natives.

2. Why is it Important to Study Business Phrases?

There are plenty of advantages to learning business phrases in the local language. Here’s just a quick list of perks you can expect:

Breaking the Ice with Colleagues

By now, you should have a better idea of how learning essential business Hindi phrases can boost your career in India and make you popular, as well.

From here on out, the game is going to get serious. We’ll cover some different corporate situations and teach you the most common Hindi phrases used in each one. 

3. Nailing a Job Interview

Job Interview

Maybe you want to apply for a managerial position, a teaching job, or a flight attendant position. Whatever your chosen occupation is, there’s a set of procedures and phrases followed by the HR department.

The first step is to create a stunning resume in Hindi. Check out our vocabulary list of words and phrases used in a CV.

If you’ve been called in for an interview, here are a few things you should keep in mind:

Phrases to Make You a Rockstar in the Meeting

Now, enough chitter-chatter about the etiquette for job interviews in India. Let’s get straight to the point and start practicing the most important Hindi phrases for your interview.

1- नमस्ते, मेरा नाम ____ हैI (NamaSTe, meraa Naam ____ hai.)

“Hello, my name is ____.”

2- मुझे हिंदी बोलनी आती हैI (mujhe hiNDii boLaNii aaTii hai.)

“I can speak and understand Hindi.”

3- मैंने पिछली कंपनी में सात साल काम किया हैI (mainNe pichaLii kampaNii men SaaT SaaL kaam kiyaa hai.)

“I worked for seven years in the previous company.”

4- जी, मुझे नाईट शिफ़्ट करने में कोई दिक़्क़त नहीं हैI (jii, mujhe Naait sift karaNe men koii DikkaT Nahiin hai.)

“I have no issues with working the night shifts.”

5- [To Male Interviewer]

माफ़ कीजिये, क्या आप अपना सवाल दोहरा सकते हैं? (maaf kiijiye, kyaa aap apaNaa SavaaL Doharaa SakaTe hain?)

“Pardon me. Could you please, repeat your question?”

[To Female Interviewer]

माफ़ कीजिये, क्या आप अपना सवाल दोहरा सकती हैं? (maaf kiijiye, kyaa aap apaNaa SavaaL Doharaa SakaTii hain?)

“Pardon me. Could you please, repeat your question?”

4. Interacting with Coworkers

Once you’ve become one of their own, you and your coworkers would likely want to know each other better. Why don’t you start your interactions by impressing them with these flattering lines to win their hearts!

From greeting your colleagues and introducing yourself in Hindi, to asking for their help and saying sorry, the following Hindi business phrases will give you everything you need for smooth conversations.

Interacting with Your Coworkers in Hindi

6- मीटिंग कितने बजे है? (miiting kiTaNe baje hai?)

“What time is the meeting?”

7- वो फ़ाइल कहाँ है? (vo faaiL kahaan hai?)

“Where is that file?”

8- इतनी देर कैसे हो गई? (iTaNii Der kaiSe ho gayii?)

“How come you’re so late?”

9- बोनस के लिए बधाई हो! (boNaS ke Liye baDHaaii ho!)

“Congratulations on the bonus!”

10- [To Male Colleague]

क्या आप मेरी मदद कर सकते हैं? (kyaa aap merii maDaD kar SakaTe hain?)

“Could you please help me with this?”

[To Female Colleague]

क्या आप मेरी मदद कर सकती हैं? (kyaa aap merii maDaD kar SakaTii hain?)

“Could you please help me with this?”

Apologizing for Your Mistakes

11- क्या हम विज़िटिंग कार्ड शेयर कर सकते हैं? (kyaa ham viziting kaard seyar kar SakaTe hain?)

“Could we exchange our visiting cards?”

12- जी, मैं मार्केटिंग विभाग से हूँI (jii, main maarketing vibhaag Se huun.)

“Well, I am from the marketing department.”

13- [As a Male]

मैं ग़लती के लिए माफ़ी चाहता हूँI (main gaLaTii ke Liye maafii caahaTaa huun.)

“I apologize for my mistake.”

[As a Female]

मैं ग़लती के लिए माफ़ी चाहती हूँI (main gaLaTii ke Liye maafii caahaTii huun.)

“I apologize for my mistake.”

14- मदद के लिए शुक्रिया। (maDaD ke Liye sukriyaa.)

“Thank you for your help.”

5. Sounding Smart in a Meeting

Office meetings are tricky. They are more about the team than the individual. That’s why you need to be careful while expressing your opinions and making suggestions; you don’t want to sound too pushy. The following list of phrases for doing business in Hindi will help you express your agreement and disagreement, suggest ideas, and take initiative in the conversation in a polite way.

The key is to master your listening skills and empathize with your teammates. Up your game with our business Hindi phrases PDF cheat sheet.

Using an Assertive Tone to Achieve the Targets

15- [To Male]

आज से ये हमारे नए मैनेजर होंगे। (aaj Se ye hamaare Naye maiNejar honge.)

“From now on, he will be our new manager.”

[To Female]

आज से ये हमारी नई मैनेजर होंगीं। (aaj Se ye hamaarii Nayii maiNejar hongii.)

“From now on, she will be our new manager.”

16- आपने शानदार काम किया। (aapaNe saaNaDaar kaam kiyaa.)

“You did an amazing job!”

17- तो मीटिंग शुरू करें? (To miiting suruu karen?)

“So, should we start the meeting already?”

18- हम इतने कम वक़्त में ये प्रॉजेक्ट ख़त्म नहीं कर सकते।

(ham iTaNe kam vaqT men ye praujekt khaTm Nahiin kar SakaTe.)

“We just can’t complete this project at such short notice.”

19- इस महीने का टारगेट किसी भी हाल में पूरा होना चाहिए।

(iS mahiiNe kaa taaraget kiSii bhii haaL men pooraa hoNaa caahiye.)

“We have to achieve this month’s target anyhow.”

20- मैं बिल्कुल सहमत हूँI (main biLkuL SahamaT huun.)

“I completely agree.”

मैं बिल्कुल सहमत नहीं हूँI (main biLkuL SahamaT Nahiin huun.)

“I completely disagree.”

21- इस पर आप सब की क्या राय है? (iS par aap Sab kii kyaa raay hai?)

“What are your opinions on this?”

22- क्या किसी के पास और कोई सुझाव है? (kyaa kiSii ke paaS aur koii Sujhaav hai?)

“Does anyone else have any other suggestions?”

23- हमें इस बारे में सोच-समझकर फ़ैसला लेना चाहिए।

(hamen iS baare men Soc-Samajhakar faiSaLaa karaNaa caahiye.)

“We should think it through before making any decision.”

Business Phrases

6. Handling Business Phone Calls and Emails

In this section, we’ll be going over the proper phrases for business correspondence in Hindi. This includes everyday things such as answering a work phone, taking messages, ending a phone conversation, and addressing and greeting someone over email.

Doing Business Over the Phone

1 – Over the Phone

24- [If you’re a male]

क्या मैं ____ से बात कर सकता हूँ? (kyaa main _____ Se baaT kar SakaTaa huun?)

“Could I talk to Mr./Ms. _______?”

[If you’re a female]

क्या मैं ____ से बात कर सकती हूँ? (kyaa main _____ Se baaT kar SakaTii huun?)

“Could I talk to Mr./Ms. _______?”

25- [If you’re a male]

नमस्ते, मैं ______ कंपनी से बोल रहा हूँI (NamaSTe, main ___ kampaNii Se boL rahaa huun.)

“Hello, I’m speaking from ______ company.”

[If you’re a female]

नमस्ते, मैं ______ कंपनी से बोल रही हूँI (NamaSTe, main ___ kampaNii Se boL rahii huun.)

“Hello, I’m speaking from ______ company.”

26- [If you’re a male]

नमस्ते, क्या मैं आपका नाम जान सकता हूँ? (NamaSTe, kyaa main aapakaa Naam jaaN SakaTaa huun?)

“Hello, may I ask whom I am speaking to?”

[If you’re a female]

नमस्ते, क्या मैं आपका नाम जान सकती हूँ? (NamaSTe, kyaa main aapakaa Naam jaaN SakaTii huun?)

“Hello, may I ask whom I am speaking to?”

27- जी, आपको किससे बात करनी है? (jii, aapako kiSaSe baaT karaNii hai?)

“Hello, may I know whom you wish to talk to?”

28- हेलो, क्या ये _____ बेकरी का नंबर है? (heLo, kyaa ye ____ bekarii kaa Nambar hai?)

“Hello, is it ______ bakery’s number?”

2 – Over Email

Following the basic email etiquette rules could be a game changer. How you address the person and the clarity of your words matter a lot. So, take your time when writing an email and push the send button only when the entirety of the content looks good to go.

In Hindi, these are some of the most common phrases that we use while writing an email.

29- अति कृपा होगीI (aTi kripaa hogii.)

“It would be so kind of you.”

30- [To Males]

सेवा में, महोदय (Sevaa men, mahoDay)

“Respected Sir”

[To Females]

सेवा में, महोदया (Sevaa men, mahoDayaa)

“Respected Madam”

31- [If you’re a male]

मैं आपका आभारी रहूँगाI (main aapakaa aabhaarii rahuungaa.)

“I’d be grateful to you.”

[If you’re a female]

मैं आपकी आभारी रहूँगीI (main aapakii aabhaarii rahuungii.)

“I’d be grateful to you.”

32- [To Males]

महोदय, मुझे दो दिन की छुट्टी चाहिए। (mahoDay, mujhe Do DiN kii chuttii caahiye.)

“Dear Sir, I need a leave for two days.”

[To Females]

महोदया, मुझे दो दिन की छुट्टी चाहिए। (mahoDayaa, mujhe Do DiN kii chuttii caahiye.)

“Dear Ma’am, I need a leave for two days.”

7. Going on a Business Trip

Business trips are an inseparable part of corporate culture. Just like in any other country, in India too, you’ll need to know the local language for booking a hotel and tickets, meeting clients at the airport, thanking partners or clients for their time and hospitality, and checking in/out of a hotel.

33- तो हम लोग कब मिल सकते हैं? (To ham Log kab miL SakaTe hain?)

“So, when can we meet?”

34- [To Males]

और कैसे हैं आप? (aur kaiSe hain aap?)

“And how are you?”

[To Females]

और कैसी हैं आप? (aur kaiSii hain aap?)

“And how are you?”

35- तो अगली मीटिंग कब रखें? (To agaLii miiting kab rakhen?)

“So, when should we plan the next meeting?”

Expressing Your Ideas Confidently

36- [As a Male]

मैं चार दिन के बिज़नेस दौरे पर जा रहा हूँ I (main caar DiN ke bizaneS Daure par jaa rahaa huun.)

“I’m going on a business trip for four days.”

[As a Female]

मैं चार दिन के बिज़नेस दौरे पर जा रही हूँ I (main caar DiN ke bizaNeS Daure par jaa rahii huun.)

“I’m going on a business trip for four days.”

37- आपका सफ़र कैसा रहा? (aapakaa Safar kaiSaa rahaa?)

“How was your trip?”

38- आपसे मिलकर बहुत अच्छा लगाI (aapaSe miLakar bahuT acchaa Lagaa.)

“It was really a pleasure meeting you.”

39- फिर ये डील पक्की समझें? (phir ye diiL pakkii Samjhen?)

“So, should we consider this deal final?”

40- हमारे साथ बिज़नेस करने के लिए धन्यवाद। (hamaare SaaTH bizaNeS karaNe ke Liye DHaNyavaaD.)

“Thank you for doing business with us.”

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Now that you know the most important business Hindi vocabulary, we come to the end of our lesson. In spite of the provided romanizations for each phrase, if you have any issues reading a word or phrase in Hindi, please don’t hesitate to check out our comprehensive guide on Hindi Pronunciation to clear your doubts.

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