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Top 10 Conversation Questions in Hindi & How to Answer Them

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“What’s up?”

“May I know your name?”

“Oh, how are you?”

These are simple questions that carry the potential to bond two people, and they serve as great conversation starters. Today, you’ll learn and practice similar English-to-Hindi question-answer patterns that are popular in Indian society. These on-the-spot questions to ask in Hindi will help you break the ice and, on some occasions, save you from unnecessary challenges.

Before we start, you may want to get familiar with the most common Hindi question words. We have relevant lessons on our website that you can check out for the question words  “what,” “where,” and “when.” 

Now, there may be a ton of survival interrogative phrases. But let’s be honest: we can’t cram everything into just one lesson. So, here’s the deal. We’ll bring you the ten best conversation questions in Hindi and teach you different ways to answer them.

You’ll also learn the English meaning of each and every Hindi word while practicing the various sentence structures.

Quick Note: As this lesson mainly focuses on the top Hindi questions, we’ll only be explaining each word from the questions, instead of covering both Q&A.

Let’s begin the adventure and check out the ten most popular question sentences in Hindi!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. What’s in a name, after all?
  2. How do you do?
  3. Where are you from?
  4. What do you do for a living?
  5. Do you speak Hindi?
  6. How is everyone in the family?
  7. Time, please?
  8. Would you like to have something?
  9. What’s wrong?
  10. How much is it?
  11. Ice-Breaking with HindiPod101.com

1. What’s in a name, after all?

Well, a lot. The first personal thing we get to know about someone is his/her name. If it’s your first conversation with this person, then this is certainly one of the good questions to ask a Hindi native.

You’ll not only sweep them off their feet, but you’ll also enjoy the credit of breaking the ice! 

In a nutshell, asking somebody’s name is one of the top Hindi questions you need to know in India. Luckily, doing so isn’t that hard.

So, here we go!

Q.आपका नाम क्या है?
aap kaa Naam kyaa hai?
“What’s your name?”
A.मेरा नाम मनीषा है।
meraa Naam maNiisaa hai.
“My name is Manisha.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1आपका“your”aap kaa
Word 2नाम“name”Naam
Word 3क्या“what”kyaa
Word 4है“is”hai

Q.आपका शुभ नाम क्या है?
aap kaa subh Naam kyaa hai?
“What’s your good name?”
A.मेरा नाम अदित है।
meraa Naam aDiT hai.
“My name is Adit.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1आपका“your”aap kaa
Word 2शुभ“good”subh
Word 3नाम“name”Naam
Word 4क्या“what”kyaa
Word 5है“is”hai

Voila! You’ve just mastered the very first conversation questions in Hindi! Wasn’t that easy? Based on the patterns of these basic Hindi questions and answers, you can see how your answer should be constructed. All you need to do is insert your name in place of the example name.

First Encounter

2. How do you do?

Okay, how do you show your care and concern for somebody? By asking how they are. This etiquette rule applies all over the world, and India is no exception. Because this is so important for strengthening any relationship, we’ll show you some simple Hindi questions and answers you can expect.

These may be easy questions to ask in Hindi, but they’re also a sureshot way to touch someone’s heart. One simple question, and they may pour out their pain, sadness, joy, or happiness to you in a moment. And an experience like that can make you feel so precious and strengthen your bond with that person.

Q.कैसे हैं आप?
kaiSe hain aap?
“How are you?”
A.मैं ठीक हूँ।
main thiik huun.
“I’m good/okay.”
A.मैं परेशान हूँ।
main paresaaN huun.
“I’m worried.”
A. मैं ख़ुश हूँ।
main khus huun.
“I’m happy.”
A. मैं नाराज़ / उदास हूँ।
main Naaraaz / uDaaS huun.
“I’m upset/sad.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1कैसे“how”kaiSe
Word 2हैं“are”hain
Word 3आप“you”aap

Above, we outlined the Hindi questions with answers for a variety of circumstances. This will allow you to become more fluent when using conversational Hindi questions, as you’ll be able to understand (or give) different answers. 

Q.क्या हाल-चाल हैं?
kyaa haaL-caaL hain?
“How do you do?”
A.बिल्कुल बढ़िया!
biLkuL badhiyaa!
“Great!” / “Absolutely fine!”
A.बकवास!
bakavaaS!
“Terrible!”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1क्या “what”kyaa
Word 2हाल-चाल “well-being”haaL-caaL
Word 3हैं“are”hain

Here are some of the best Hindi adjectives to help you express the various shades of your moods.

3. Where are you from?

Now, what are some general Hindi questions and answers that you can expect as a foreigner in India? 

Well, our third question is for asking where someone is from.

In this day and age, when the whole world has become a global village, people from all cultures and places can meet each other. In such circumstances, asking about someone’s hometown/country is inevitable.

And given India’s warm and social culture, you’ll find yourself either asking or answering Hindi questions like these often. So, check out these questions and impress the natives with your fluent Hindi.

Q.आप कहाँ से हैं?
aap kahaan Se hain?
“Where are you from?”
A.मैं भारत से हूँ।
main bhaaraT Se huun.
“I’m from India.”
A.मैं जापान से हूँ।
main jaapaaN Se huun.
“I’m from Japan.”
A.मैं रूस से हूँ।
main ruuS Se huun.
“I’m from Russia.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1आप“you”aap
Word 2कहाँ“where”kahaan
Word 3से“from”Se
Word 4हैं“are”hain

If you’re located in India or currently living there, people may ask you the same thing, but in a slightly different way.

Q.आपका घर कहाँ हैं?
aap kaa ghar kahaan hai?
“Where do you live?”
A.मेरा घर लाजपत नगर में है।
meraa ghar LaajapaT Nagar men hai.
“I live in Lajpat Nagar.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1आपका “your”aap kaa 
Word 2घर“home”ghar
Word 3कहाँ“where”kahaan
Word 4है“is”hai

4. What do you do for a living?

Indians are quite upfront and casual when it comes to asking about others’ source of living. What you do and how you explain your work may have a wonderful impression on the locals. So why waste the chance to leave them speechless with your amazing Hindi vocab? 

And while we’re at it, it won’t take long to check out these straight-to-business questions and answers in Hindi!

Q.आप क्या करते हैं?
aap kyaa karaTe hain?
“What do you do?”
A.मैं टीचर हूँ।
main tiicar huun.
“I’m a teacher.”
A.मैं वक़ील हूँ।
main vaqiiL huun.
“I’m a lawyer.”
A.मैं कलाकार हूँ।
main kaLaakaar huun.
“I’m an artist.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1आप“you”aap
Word 2क्या“what”kyaa
Word 3करते“do”karaTe
Word 4हैं“are”hain

Q.आप क्या काम करते हैं?
aap kyaa kaam karaTe hain?
“What’s your profession?”
A.मैं तैराकी सिखाती हूँ।
main Tairaakii SikhaaTii huun.
“I teach swimming.”
A.मैं होटल में मैनेजर हूँ।
main hotaL men maiNejar huun.
“I’m a hotel manager.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1आप“you”aap
Word 2क्या“what”kyaa
Word 3काम“work”kaam
Word 4करते“do”karaTe
Word 5हैं“are”hain

Yes, having your own business or being in a job does make a difference in Indian society. In fact, if you could grab a government job, you’d be treated as nothing less than a king/queen. However, things are changing and people are becoming more open-minded (though there’s still a long way to go for us Indians).

In your first few meetings, talking about each other’s professions falls under the category of good questions to ask a Hindi speaker. So, if you’re out of ideas, feel free to use such questions for a friendly chat.

Q.आप व्यापार करते हैं या नौकरी?
aap vyaapaar karaTe hain yaa Naukarii?
“Are you in a business or job?”
A.मेरा ख़ुद का ब्यूटी पार्लर (व्यापार) है।
meraa khuD kaa byuutii paarLar (vyaapaar) hai.
“I run my own beauty parlor (business).”
A.मैं जिम में काम करता हूँ।
main jim men kaam karaTaa huun.
“I work at a gym.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1आप“you”aap
Word 2व्यापार“business”vyaapaar
Word 3करते“do”karaTe
Word 4हैं“are”hain
Word 5या “or”yaa 
Word 6नौकरी“job”Naukarii

5. Do you speak Hindi?

Some of you may be surprised to know that not all Indians speak Hindi. In fact, there are more than twenty local Indian languages spoken in different parts of the country.

The bottom line is that whenever you meet an Indian, it’s better not to assume that they speak Hindi.

Two People Looking at a Map

Can you speak Hindi?

Here are the basic Hindi questions and answers you can use to ask about someone’s Hindi-speaking abilities or answer about your own. 

Q.क्या आप हिंदी समझते / बोलते हैं?
kyaa aap hiNDii SamajhaTe / boLaTe hain?
“Do you understand/speak Hindi?”
A.हाँ, मुझे ठीक-ठाक हिंदी आती है।
haan, mujhe thiik-thaak hinDii aaTii hai.
“Yeah, my Hindi is alright.”
A.हाँ, मुझे बहुत अच्छी हिंदी आती है।
haan, mujhe bahuT acchii hinDii aaTii hai.
“Yeah, I am quite fluent in Hindi.”
A.नहीं, मुझे ज़्यादा हिंदी नहीं आती।
Nahiin, mujhe zyaaDaa hinDii Nahiin aaTii.
“No, I don’t know much Hindi.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1क्या“do”kyaa
Word 2आप“you”aap
Word 3हिंदी“Hindi”hinDii
Word 4समझते“understand”SamajhaTe
Word 5बोलते“speak”boLaTe
Word 6हैं“are”hain

6. How is everyone in the family?

Family holds a special place in every part of the world, and this may be even more true for Indians than for most other people.

A Family Enjoying a Meal Outside Together

How’s your family?

So whenever you bump into a local friend, remember that family is definitely a topic of choice if you need some good questions to ask a Hindi native and melt his or her heart.

Q.घर में सब कैसे हैं?
ghar men Sab kaiSe hain?
“How’s everyone in the family?”
A.घर में सब ठीक हैं।
ghar men Sab thiik hain.
“Everything’s great at home.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1घर “home” / “family”ghar    
Word 2में“in”men
Word 3सब“everyone”Sab
Word 4कैसे“how”kaiSe
Word 5हैं“are”hain

Q.और सब ठीक-ठाक है?
aur Sab thiik-thaak hai?
“Everything’s well in the family?”
A.जी, सब अच्छा है।
jii, Sab acchaa hai.
“Yeah, everything’s going great!”

Do you know what we call family members in Hindi? Here’s our quick list for family members in India. Have a look!


HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1और “and”aur   
Word 2सब“everything”Sab
Word 3ठीक-ठाक“okay”thiik-thaak
Word 4है“is”hai

7. Time, please?

Isn’t it remarkable to learn so many Hindi question words in just one lesson? Well, don’t worry. We still have plenty of material for you in this guide.

This section is about asking for the time, which is another really important and practical question in Hindi. Before we teach you how to ask a Hindi question about time, you might like to take a sneak-peek at our Tell the Time in Hindi lesson for a more thorough knowledge.

Q.कितने बज रहे हैं?
kiTaNe baj rahe hain?
“What’s the time?”
A.सुबह के सात बज रहे हैं।
Subah ke SaaT baj rahe hain.
“It’s seven in the morning.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1कितने “what”kiTaNe 
Word 2बज“time” / “o’clock”baj
Word 3रहे“happening”rahe
Word 4हैं“are”hain

Q.वक़्त क्या हो रहा है?
vaqT kyaa ho rahaa hai?
“What’s the time?”
A.दो बज रहे हैं।
Do baj rahe hain.
“It’s two o’clock.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1वक़्त “time”vaqT 
Word 2क्या“what”kyaa
Word 3हो रहा“happening”ho rahaa
Word 4है“is”hai

8. Would you like to have something?

We all like to treat our guests in the best possible way. Suppose you’re on a date or having lunch with a colleague/friend. Wouldn’t it be marvelous to welcome them with some Hindi greetings?

Someone Picking Up a Slice of Pizza

Hey, would you like to eat with us?

Fortunately, there are many ways to impress people, and you can choose whichever sounds easiest and more apt to you.

Without further ado, here are the most popular Hindi questions and answers when welcoming your guests.

Q.क्या लेना पसंद करेंगे?
kyaa LeNaa paSaND karenge?
“What would you like to have?”
A.मैं एक कप चाय ले लूँगी।
main ek kap caay Le Luungii.
“I’ll have a cup of tea.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1क्या “what”kyaa 
Word 2लेना“take”LeNaa
Word 3पसंद“like”paSaND
Word 4करेंगे“do”karenge

Q.कुछ चाहिए?
kuch caahiye?
“Do you want something?”
A.जी, मुझे पानी पीना है।
jii, mujhe paaNii piiNaa hai.
“Yeah, I’d like to have some water.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1कुछ “something”kuch 
Word 2चाहिए“want” / “need”caahiye

Q.चाय पिएंगे या ठंडा?
caay piyenge yaa thandaa?
“Would you have something hot or cold?”
A.जी, मैं शरबत लूँगा।
jii, main sarbaT Luungaa.
“Yeah, I’ll have sherbet.”
Juices, Smoothies, and Fruits & Veggies Arranged on a White Background

Some fresh juice, please?


HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1चाय “tea”caay 
Word 2पिएंगे“will drink” / “have drink”piyenge
Word 3या“or”yaa
Word 4ठंडा“cold drink”thandaa

9. What’s wrong?

Now, you don’t want to miss out on the Hindi phrases you’ll need when something goes wrong!

After all, when sad, all one wants is someone to show that they care. So, if you see that your friend’s feeling low, just asking these simple things may lighten their mood, and they may just share their feelings with you.

Q.क्या हुआ?
kyaa huaa?
“What happened?”
A.मेरी तबियत ठीक नहीं है।
merii TabiyaT thiik Nahiin hai.
“I’m not feeling well.”
A.नहीं, कुछ नहीं हुआ।
Nahiin, kuch Nahiin huaa.
“No, everything’s alright.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1क्या “what”kyaa 
Word 2हुआ“happened”huaa

A Girl Lying on the Couch, Holding a Stuffed Animal

Is something wrong?

Q.कोई बात है क्या?
koi baaT hai kyaa?
“Is something wrong?”
A.मेरा झगड़ा हुआ है।
meraa jhagadaa huaa hai.
“I’ve had a fight.”
A.नहीं, कुछ नहीं हुआ।
Nahiin, kuch Nahiin huaa.
“No, everything’s alright.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1कोई “something”koi 
Word 2बात“wrong”baaT
Word 3है“is”hai
Word 4क्या“what”kyaa

10. How much is it?

Our final section is related to shopping, bargaining, asking prices, and so on. Practice these phrases and grab yourself the best deal in the market by proving your Hindi knowledge.

Q.इसका दाम क्या है?
iS kaa Daam kyaa hai?
“What’s the price of this?”
A.इसका दाम पचास रुपये है।
 iS kaa Daam pacaaS rupaye hai.
“It’s fifty bucks.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1इसका“its”iS kaa 
Word 2दाम“price”Daam
Word 3क्या“what”kyaa
Word 4है“is”hai

A Little Kid Pointing at Something in the Sky

Oh, what’s that?

Q.ये कितने का है?
ye kiTaNe kaa hai?
“How much is this?”
A.ये सात सौ बीस रुपये का है।
ye SaaT Sau biiS rupaye kaa hai.
“It’s seven hundred and twenty rupees.”

HindiEnglishRomanization
Word 1ये “this”ye 
Word 2कितने“how much”kiTaNe
Word 3का“of”kaa
Word 4है“is”hai

11. Ice-Breaking with HindiPod101.com

Finally, we’re at the end of this lesson. By now, you must have become familiar with many different questions in Hindi, the process of asking these questions, and even their proper responses.

But no matter how much you read, it’s just not worth it without regular practice. At HindiPod101.com, we make it possible for you to stay in touch 24/7, even when you’re on the go. All you have to do is download our mobile app and go through the lesson materials whenever possible.

Meanwhile, we’d love to hear from you! Let us know which of these Hindi questions and answers seem easiest to you. You can also make up some new questions on your own and flaunt your Hindi skills to the world!

Got any questions? Feel free to ask us through our Premium PLUS feature MyTeacher, and we’ll get back to you with an answer. Happy learning, guys!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Passing the ILTS Hindi Proficiency Test with Flying Colors!

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Learning the Hindi language can bring a bundle of benefits into one’s life:

  • A more fulfilling social life among native Indians
  • A better chance of landing your dream job in India
  • Admission into a reputed Indian college or place of higher education

However, in order to attain these benefits, you may have to pass a Hindi proficiency test to show your stuff! 

Not sure where to start? In this article, HindiPod101.com will introduce you to the most widely accepted Hindi language proficiency test: the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061). We’ll explain what this exam is, what you can expect while taking it, and how to make the most of your study time and practice sessions.

Let’s get started.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Study Strategies in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Why Should You Study for the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061)?
  2. An Overview of the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061)
  3. Introduction to ILTS Content for Each Section
  4. Scoring Scale for the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061)
  5. Tips on Preparing for the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061)
  6. Cracking the ILTS-Hindi Test with HindiPod101.com

1. Why Should You Study for the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061)?

You can’t use one recipe to cook every meal. Recipes use varying ingredients, require different preparation and cooking methods, and some take far longer to make than others. Well, the same is true of exams: you can’t study the same way for every exam. The more exam-specific your preparation is, the better your odds are of passing it.

How Does a Hindi Proficiency Test Help?

The ILTS TLP (Hindi-061) is a proficiency test in Hindi, and it’s pretty serious business!

For those who are already familiar with the name, this article will provide thorough information about the test. And if you’re reading this article, chances are you’ve already made up your mind and plan on taking the test.

So, don’t wait any longer! Let’s check out how to prepare well and pass the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061).

2. An Overview of the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061)

Although there are several exams out there, each Hindi language proficiency test is unique in its own way.

The ILTS TLP (Hindi-061) is a reputed language proficiency test in Hindi, conducted by the Illinois State Board of Education. ILTS TLP stands for the Illinois Certification Testing System – Target Language Proficiency.

  • There are three sections in the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061) test. These are Reading, Writing, and Oral.
  • Each section consists of Four Constructed-Response Assignments. There are no MCQs (multiple-choice questions) in the test! For a better idea of where to start, check out their official Study Guide for Hindi.
  • The ILTS TLP (Hindi-061) is mainly for those who are looking for a job; it serves as a professional certification that can help someone get an entry-level teaching job at Illinois, for example. Your possibilities of being hired or promoted shoot up once you’ve passed the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061) Hindi proficiency test.
  • You can register either online (by visiting the Illinois website) or offline, and confirm the schedule for the test. Candidates can also choose test centers in Illinois from the list (the test can only be taken at specific Illinois test centers).
Total Duration4 Hours
Tutorial Time15 Minutes
Test Time3 Hours 45 Minutes
Type of TestOnline
Number of Sub-areas3
Sub-areasReading, Writing, Oral
Types of QuestionsConstructed-Response Assignments
Passing Score240
Test Fee$122
  • As you can see, the ILTS target language proficiency test (Hindi) has a total duration of four hours.
  • The first 15 minutes are given for signing the non-disclosure and going through the Tutorial Materials.
  • You have to take this Hindi proficiency test online, and in order to pass, you have to get a score of at least 240.
Language Skills

3. Introduction to ILTS Content for Each Section

What can you expect to see in each part of this Hindi language examination? Take a look!

1- Reading Proficiency Section  

The first section tests your Hindi reading proficiency. We’ve broken down this section in the chart below.

Evaluation Criteria (3)Comprehension, Inference, Analysis
LanguageYou can give your written response in English, Hindi, or a combination of both.
Types of Topics / MaterialsHindi reading material from a newspaper clip; excerpts from a literary book, magazine, etc.
TaskWrite a summary or draw a conclusion based on the reading material.
  • The reading material could be picked up from anywhere, including a recent newspaper, any Hindi magazine, a book, etc.
  • Your response will be evaluated on three basic criteria.
  • Comprehension means that the candidate understands the main idea of the provided Hindi content. The candidate may also be asked the meaning of any specific word from it. All in all, you should be well-versed enough to know the literal meaning of the content.
  • Next, you may also be asked to draw a conclusion and analyze your inference.

In this part of the language proficiency test, Hindi and English responses are permitted. Please note that this section focuses on testing your reading skills. Your preferred language doesn’t really matter when it comes to showing your understanding of the context. What matters is whether you’ve got the full meaning correct or not!

Pick Your Favorite Method

2- Writing Proficiency Section

The second section of this Hindi language proficiency exam checks your writing skills. Let’s go through the chart to get an idea of how this is evaluated.

Evaluation Criteria (4)Purpose, Organization, Vocabulary, Grammar
LanguageYou must give your written response only in Hindi.
Types of Topics / MaterialsAn imaginary situation in the English language.
TaskPresent your thoughts in a constructive, error-free, and effective manner.
  • First of all, unlike the reading section, the writing proficiency test requires that you answer in the Hindi language only.
  • In the question sheet, they may give you an imaginary situation—for instance, a social issue—written down in English.
  • You have to pay serious attention to everything that you’re about to do in the written section of this Hindi language proficiency test. The purpose of this part is to check if you were able to properly address the specific idea and appropriate audience or not.
  • The organization criteria looks at the flow of your writing; your work should be well-sequenced and make sense. 
  • The vocabulary will cover colloquial Hindi expressions and test your overall command of them.
  • In the end, the Hindi grammar evaluation examines your grammatical errors, such as spelling mistakes, diacritic errors, punctuation mistakes, etc.
Learn the Names of Everyday Items

3- Oral Proficiency Section

The last section in this ILTS exam is the oral one.

Evaluation Criteria (5)Purpose, Fluency, Pronunciation, Vocabulary, Grammar
LanguageYou must give your oral response only in Hindi.
Types of Topics / MaterialsAn imaginary situation in the English language.
TaskRead the written assignment. You’ll be given two minutes to think about your response. Then, speak for two minutes on tape.
  • The question sheet will contain an imaginary situation written in English.
  • You have to read all of it carefully. Once you’ve finished reading it, you’ll be given two minutes to think it through, gather your thoughts, and construct your answer. You may also use the provided rough sheet to jot down the key points.
  • In the end, two more minutes are provided to record your response on tape. Please remember to start recording only after you’ve been told to do so.
  • The purpose is to check your ability to address the exact topic in an accurate manner. This section of the Hindi language proficiency test will evaluate your sense of understanding.
  • In addition, the oral section also tests your fluency in the Hindi language and the clarity of your Hindi pronunciation. Candidates need to be articulate and show their rich vocabulary while speaking.
Getting Familiar with the Native Style!

4. Scoring Scale for the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061)

The ILTS language proficiency test for Hindi contains four constructed-response assignments. So, based on your response, the scoring is done on four different levels. What are these score points and what does each one indicate? Let’s find out!

ScoreMeaning
4Excellent knowledge
3Adequate command
2Limited command
1Lack of command
UUnscorable for various possible reasons
BNo response to the assignment

4 – If a candidate shows an excellent command over the language, then he/she gets 4 points for each assignment, which is the highest score.

3 – 3 points are given when a candidate exhibits adequate knowledge, but there are a few mistakes in comprehension.

2 – A limited knowledge of Hindi, such as using only simple words, not understanding the objective of the assignments, and making frequent grammatical errors leads to a score of 2 points.

1 – 1 is the lowest score. It indicates poor language command and lots of errors in the assignments.

U – Here, “U” means that, for some reason, your assignment is unscorable. ILTS-Hindi is a descriptive test. If you’re not well-prepared, chances are that you’ll miss the exact context of the assignment and respond with an answer completely unrelated to the topic. Moreover, responding in a language other than Hindi results in getting a “U.”

B – In case no response has been given to an assignment, the candidate will get a “B.”

5. Tips on Preparing for the ILTS TLP (Hindi-061)

Before you attempt this Hindi language proficiency test online, how about we take your prep up a notch with these practical tips?

How to Prepare without Stress!
  • Read as many books, newspapers, or magazines in Hindi as possible. It’s even better if you read them aloud to practice speaking like a native.
  • Fluency comes when you start thinking in your target language. We’d recommend that you not only speak or write, but also think, in Hindi. This language-learning strategy will make your reflexes faster and flawless.
  • Practice with a native friend. If that’s not possible, though, don’t worry. You can count on us, as our MyTeacher  program will help you in more ways than you can imagine.
  • The ILTS website also provides sample papers to give you an idea about the sort of questions they’ll be asking. You can also check out official ILTS Preparation Materials.
  • While practicing at home, make sure to set a timer and finish your mock exam within the assigned duration.
  • The more sample tests you successfully complete, the better your performance on the real test will be. This will also boost your confidence! 
  • Read the test guidelines thoroughly. Before attempting the exam, skim through all the questions as fast as possible. 

Remember that you only have the choice of using English in the reading section; you must use Hindi for the other sections. More-detailed info on the do’s and don’ts for this exam is available on this Testing Policies link.

6. Cracking the ILTS-Hindi Test with HindiPod101.com

Nothing is impossible once you’ve set your mind to it. Download the Hindi Learning App and get a head start toward your goals with our brilliant and comprehensive vocabulary section.

Breaking Barriers with Hindi Language-Learning

At HindiPod101.com, we always do our best to provide you with everything you need. Our always-accessible Hindi-English online dictionary can sharpen your language skills and provide you with endless preparation resources.

If you follow our tips and practice thoroughly, passing the ILTS Hindi language proficiency test online will be a piece of cake! 🙂

Is there anything you still want to know about this test? If so, drop us a comment below and we’ll do our best to help you out.

We wish you all the best for your success!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Study Strategies in Hindi

Basic Rules for Mastering the Top 10 Hindi Sentence Patterns


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Today’s lesson is about the ten most popular Hindi sentence patterns that Indians use on a daily basis. For each sentence category, we’ll provide both simple and more complex Hindi sentence structure examples.

Learning these basic Hindi sentence patterns will not only give you an edge over others, but also help you craft many more useful sentences so you can talk like a pro!

The best thing about this lesson is that even if you’re a beginner, you can understand the examples without much trouble, and gradually use every Hindi sentence pattern to practice your day-to-day conversational skills.

So, what are you waiting for? Let’s get started. 🙂

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Sentences Linking Two Nouns
  2. Sentences with Adjectives
  3. Sentences to Express Desire
  4. Sentences to Express Needs
  5. Sentences to Express Your Likes
  6. Sentences to Express Requests
  7. Sentences for Seeking Permission
  8. Asking the “What” Questions
  9. Asking About the Time
  10. Asking About the Location
  11. How to Get the Most Out of HindiPod101.com

1. Sentences Linking Two Nouns

Our first Hindi sentence pattern is used to link two nouns together. For instance, who is what, what is whose, who gave you what, and so on! 

How do you do that? Well, as far as the subjects are concerned, this simple Hindi sentence pattern is very similar to its English counterpart. In simpler words, the main subject is always at the beginning of the sentence.

A Little Toddler Holding a Straw Basket

If you’re completely new to the concept of Hindi sentence structure and sentence patterns, then you can start to figure it all out with our lesson on Hindi Conjugations. 

दीपक मेरा भाई है।Diipak meraa bhaaii hai.Deepak is my brother.”
मेरी बहन एक रंगमंच कलाकार है।merii bahaN ek rangamaNc kaLaakaar hai.“My sister is a theater artist.”
यह लैपटॉप मेरे दोस्त का है।yah Laipataup mere DoST kaa hai.“This is my friend‘s laptop.”

Let’s make it even better and try out some complex Hindi sentence patterns with three nouns. 

मेरी टीचर और मेरी बहन दोनों बचपन की सहेलियां हैं।merii tiicar aur merii bahaN DoNon bacapaN kii SaheLiiyaan hain.“Both my teacher and my sister are childhood friends.”
यह कार और बाइक मुझे तोहफ़े में मिली हैं।yah kaar aur baaik mujhe Tohafe men miLii hain.“I got this car and bike as gifts.”

2. Sentences with Adjectives

No matter what languages we speak, it’s hard to imagine our conversations without adjectives. Have you found someone beautiful, tasted delicious Indian food, or wished to buy that blue shirt? Hindi adjectives are the best way to express exactly what you’re talking about.

Feel free to check out our comprehensive article on the Top 100 Hindi Adjectives, and polish your Hindi language sentences!

Red Roses and Other Flowers on a Golden Cloth

One useful tip is that the adjective always comes after the related noun. However, if there happens to be an adverb in the sentence, it may disrupt this noun and adjective placement in a few cases.

Here are some examples of how to make a Hindi sentence using adjectives:

तुम बहुत सुंदर हो।Tum bahuT SunDar ho.“You are beautiful.”
ये सब्ज़ी स्वादिष्ट है।yah Sabzii SvaaDist hai.“This curry is delicious.”
जूस बहुत ठंडा है।juuS bahuT thaNdaa hai.“The juice is quite chilled.”
मेरे कमरे की दीवार नीली है और दरवाज़ा भूरे रंग का है। mere kamare kii Diivaar NiiLii hai aur Daravaazaa bhuure rang kaa hai.“The walls in my room are blue and the door is brown.”
यह उपन्यास डरावना भी है और दिलचस्प भी।yah upaNyaaS daraavaNaa bhii hai aur DiLacaSp bhii.“This novel is scary and interesting at the same time.”

3. Sentences to Express Desire

Sentence Patterns

Desires are like water bubbles in the human heart. Each moment brings a new wish. Well, not every wish can be fulfilled, but with the right Hindi sentences, there’s no stopping us from expressing them.

Whether you’re craving a cup of coffee or dying to have that chat over the phone with your friends, the examples below will give you a fair idea of how to let someone know.

मुझे एक कप चाय चाहिएmujhe ek kap caay caahiye.“I want a cup of tea.”
मेरा आराम करने का मन हैmeraa aaraam karaNe kaa maN hai.“I want to get some rest.”
ललिता आपसे कुछ पूछना चाहती हैLaLiTaa aap Se kuch puuchaNaa caahaTii hai.“Lalita wants to ask you something.”

It’s time to up your game and practice these complicated Hindi sentence patterns now.

मैं चाहती हूँ कि तुम ख़ूब मेहनत करो और जीवन में तरक़्क़ी करो।main caahaTii huun ki Tum khuub mehaNaT karo aur jiivaN men Taraqqii karo.“I want you to work really hard and progress in life.”
सरिता सिर्फ़ यह जानना चाहती है कि क्या उसे यहाँ नौकरी मिल सकती है?SariTaa Sirf yah jaaNaNaa caahaTii hai ki kyaa uSe yahaan Naukrii miL SakaTii hai?“Sarita just wants to know if she could get a job here?”

4. Sentences to Express Needs

Sometimes, things are urgent and you really have to get them done. In these situations, you may need to let others know about these necessities or top-priority tasks! 

A Notebook Filled with Sentences

Most of these Hindi sentence patterns use infinitive verb forms at the end of the sentence. Here are some relevant Hindi sentence structure examples:

मुझे घर जाना हैmujhe ghar jaaNaa hai.“I have to go home.”
मुझे दवा खानी हैmujhe Davaa khaaNii hai.“I have to take medicine.”
मुझे एक छाता चाहिएmujhe ek chaaTaa caahiye.“I need an umbrella.”

In addition to the basic Hindi sentence patterns, it’s also important to practice the more complex sentences. Because, let’s face it, you’ll need them at one point or another.

मुझे कल सुबह चार बजे किसी भी हाल में हवाई अड्डे पहुँचना होगाmujhe kaL Subah caar baje kiSii bhii haaL men havaaii adde pahuncaNaa hogaa.“I need to reach the airport tomorrow by four a.m.”
आपको दिन में दो बार खुली हवा में सैर करना चाहिएaap ko DiN men Do baar khuLii havaa men Sair karaNaa caaahiye.“You should go for a walk in the fresh air twice a day.”

5. Sentences to Express Your Likes

Next in our list of Hindi sentence patterns are the phrases you can use to talk about your likes and preferences. These may include your hobbies, favorite movies, or way of living.

We’ve included a few Hindi sentence examples to make it really simple and easy to understand. As you can see, even beginners can practice them and learn how to form sentences in Hindi.

मुझे खाना बनाना पसंद हैmujhe khaaNaa baNaaNaa paSaND hai.“I like to cook.”
तुम्हें किताबें पढ़ने का शौक़ हैTumhen kiTaaben padhaNe kaa sauq hai.“You like to read books.”
मुझे शतरंज खेलना पसंद हैmujhe saTaraNj kheLaNaa paSaND hai.“I like to play chess.”
सीमा को सर्दी के मौसम में जल्दी उठ कर दौड़ लगाना अच्छा लगता हैSiimaa ko SarDii ke mauSam men jaLDii uth kar Daud LagaaNaa acchaa LagaTaa hai.“In the winter season, Seema likes to get up early and go running.”
फ़ैज़ को शाम में दोस्तों के साथ समय बिताना बेहद पसंद हैfaiz ko saam men DoSTon ke SaaTH Samay biTaaNaa behaD paSaND hai.“Faiz loves to spend some time in the evening with his friends.”

6. Sentences to Express Requests

Another essential Hindi sentence pattern is that for expressing requests. Whether in the office, or another public place like a restaurant or hospital, a gentle request can take you a long way.

Let’s see the most common Hindi sentence pattern for making requests in Hindi and winning people’s hearts.

कृपया बैठ जाइये।kripayaa baith jaaiye.Please, take your seat.”
कृपया शांति बनाये रखें।kripayaa saaNTi baNaaye rakhen.Please, maintain silence.”
कृपया ध्यान से सुनें।kripayaa DHyaaN Se SuNen.Please, listen carefully.”
कृपया लाइन में खड़े होकर शांतिपूर्वक अपनी बारी का इंतज़ार करें।kripayaa LaaiN men khade hokar saaNTipuurvak apaNii baarii kaa iNTazaar karen.Kindly, stand in line and wait for your turn.”
कृपया मुझे मेज़ पर रखी वो काले रंग की किताब उठाकर दें। kripayaa mujhe mez par rakhii vo kaaLe rang kii kiTaab uthaakar Den.Please, pass me that black book kept on the table.”
A Family Ordering Food

As you can see, the magic word “please,” or कृपया (kripayaa) in Hindi, gets the job done in each example. Moreover, grammatically, these basic Hindi sentence patterns for making requests also use plural verb forms, regardless of whether the noun is singular or plural. 

7. Sentences for Seeking Permission

Sentence Components

Courtesy is an inseparable aspect of humankind; the last thing we wish to do is offend someone. To avoid any such situations, it’s important that you learn an appropriate way to ask for permission!

The most commonly used Hindi phrases for “can” or “may” are: सकता हूँ (SakaTaa huun), सकती हूँ (SakaTii huun), and सकते हैं (SakaTe hain).

Here are some examples of useful Hindi sentence constructions for asking permission:

क्या मैं अंदर आ सकता हूँ / सकती हूँ?kyaa main aNDar aa SakaTaa huun / SakaTii huun?May I come in?”
क्या मुझे पीने का पानी मिल सकता है?kyaa mujhe piiNe kaa paaNii miL SakaTaa hai?Can I get some water?”
क्या मैं आपका शुभ नाम जान सकता / सकती हूँ?kyaa main aapakaa subh Naam jaaN SakaTaa / SakaTii huun?May I know your good name, please?”
क्या मैं भी आपके साथ लखनऊ में होने वाला पुस्तक मेला देखने चल सकता / सकती हूँ?kyaa main bhii aapake SaaTH LakhaNauu men hoNe vaaLaa puSTak meLaa DekhaNe caL SakaTaa / SakaTii huun?Can I come with you to the book fair going on in Lucknow?”
क्या हम सब स्कूल की तरफ़ से बैडमिंटन प्रतियोगिता में भाग ले सकते हैं?kyaa ham Sab SkuuL kii Taraf Se baidamiNtaN praTiyogiTaa men bhaag Le SakaTe hain?Can we participate in the badminton tournament from the school side?”

8. Asking the “What” Questions

There are many types of questions people ask each other on a daily basis. We’ll start with the Hindi sentence pattern for asking simple “what” questions.

A Woman Studying on a Bus

In Hindi, “what” is क्या (kyaa). When we’re asking about a thing or for information, क्या (kyaa) comes right before the helping verb or the main verb. But of course, there can be exceptions.

यह क्या है?yah kyaa hai?What is this?”
आपका नाम क्या है?aapakaa Naam kyaa hai?What is your name?”
बॉस ने क्या कहा?baauS Ne kyaa kahaa?What did the boss say?”
इस लिपस्टिक का दाम क्या है?iS LipaStik kaa Daam kyaa hai?What is the price of this lipstick?”
हमने कल जो बिरयानी खायी थी उसका नाम क्या था? hamaNe kaL jo birayaaNii khaayii THii uSakaa Naam kyaa THaa?What was the name of that biryani we had yesterday?”
A Birthday Cake with a Question Mark Candle

9. Asking About the Time

After “what” comes “when” (i.e. asking about when a particular event, arrival, or departure will happen). In Hindi, “when” is कब (kab) or कितने बजे (kiTaNe baje).

Just like “what” in the Hindi sentences above, the interrogative word “when” comes at the beginning in English, but is placed just before the verb or helping verb in Hindi.

आप कब फ़्री हैं?aap kab frii hain?When are you free?”
मीटिंग कब है?miiting kab hai?When is the meeting?”
बस कब आएगी?baS kab aayegii?When will the bus arrive?”
कंपनी को जो प्रॉजेक्ट मिला है वो कब शुरू होगा?kampaNii ko jo praujekt miLaa hai vo kab suruu hogaa?When will the project that our company grabbed start?”
दिवाली की पूजा कितने बजे शुरू होगी?DivaaLii kii puujaa kiTaNe baje suruu hogii?“At what time will the Diwali puja begin?”

10. Asking About the Location

The last type of Hindi sentence pattern we’ll look at is used to ask “where” things are happening. In Hindi, “where” can be loosely translated in many ways. Some of the common phrases are कहाँ (kahaan), किस तरफ़ (kiS Taraf), and किधर (kiDHar).

तुम अभी कहाँ हो?Tum abhii kahaan ho?Where are you right now?”
ये होटल किस तरफ़ है?ye hotaL kiS Taraf hai?Where is this hotel?”
लिफ़्ट किधर है?Lift kiDHar hai?Where is the elevator?”
आप जो दुकान बता रहे थे वो किधर है?aap jo DukaaN baTaa rahe THe vo kiDHar hai?Where is that shop you were talking about?”
दिल्ली में थोक बाज़ार कहाँ पर है?DiLLii men THok baazaar kahaan par hai?Where is the wholesale market in Delhi?”

11. How to Get the Most Out of HindiPod101.com

So, with this, we come to the end of our lesson on ten of the most useful Hindi sentence structures and sentence patterns. It wasn’t that difficult after all, right?

The key strategy is to take one step at a time. For instance, if you want to learn how to make a request in Hindi, just focus on those particular Hindi sentence patterns and master them. Once you’re confident with those, move on to the next category.

HindiPod101 Image

This lesson is designed for beginners. So, if you have any doubts or issues, now is the time to get rid of them. Share your issues with us in the comments below at HindiPod101.com, and we’ll do our best to resolve them for you. Meanwhile, you may also find our Hindi-English online dictionary to be quite helpful as you start your Hindi learning journey.

Even intermediate-level learners can enjoy and learn so much more from our world-class learning materials. So, have fun and keep learning!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Learn About Adverbs in Hindi with 100+ Examples

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Do you like to read daily or occasionally? Sit quietly or sing loudly! Oh! Did we just use an adverb of frequency in the first sentence? 

Okay, enough dancing around the trees. You guessed it right! Today, we’ll be introducing you to the concept and meaning of the adverb in Hindi.

In the English language, adjectives are known to specify the quality of nouns and pronouns, while adverbs may describe the quality of a verb, adjective, or another adverb.

But there’s a slight difference for adverbs in Hindi. While adjectives tell us the quality of nouns and pronouns, an adverb in Hindi grammar modifies only the verb regardless of its placement in the sentence.

Before we continue, we recommend that you check out our amazing article on “Hindi Adjectives.” Not only will this polish your vocabulary, but it will also empower you with a greater understanding of grammatical concepts and many practical example sentences.

Coming back to our current topic, spotting an adverb is easy. More often than not, in Hindi grammar, adverbs come right before the verb. That means the adverb is immediately followed by the related verb. However, this doesn’t hold true in all cases.To be honest, there’s no specific pattern for forming adverbs in Hindi, such as adding a prefix or suffix. Each adverb in Hindi is completely different from each other adverb. So, basically, you’ll have to learn and memorize them. And what could give you a better head start than our rich and versatile vocabulary list?

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. What are Adverbs in Hindi?
  2. Types of Adverbs in Hindi
  3. Adverbs of Time
  4. Adverbs of Frequency
  5. Adverbs of Place
  6. Adverbs of Manner
  7. Adverbs of Degree
  8. Interrogative Adverbs
  9. What are Adverb Clauses?
  10. Placement of Adverbs in a Sentence
  11. Conclusion

1. What are Adverbs in Hindi?

So, the first thing we’ll look at is what an adverb is in Hindi. In literal terms, the meaning of “adverb” in Hindi is क्रिया विशेषण (kriyaa visesan).

क्रिया (kriyaa) refers to a verb. Hence, a word which tell us the quality of verbs is known as क्रिया विशेषण (kriyaa visesan), or “adverb.”

Mind you that Indians are really expressive folks and love to paint their conversations with all sorts of adverbs. Being fluent in your use of the adverb in Hindi will give you a native feel and bring you closer to the local people. Thus, with this article, we’ll give you 100+ adverb examples in Hindi.

Top Verbs

2. Types of Adverbs in Hindi

Now that you know the meaning of adverbs and the basic difference between adjectives and adverbs in Hindi, let’s look at the main types of adverb in Hindi.

  • Adverbs of Time
  • Adverbs of Frequency
  • Adverbs of Place
  • Adverbs of Manner
  • Adverbs of Degree
  • Interrogative Adverbs

These are the most fundamental types of adverb in Hindi, and we’ll be discussing each of them in the respective sub-headings below.

3. Adverbs of Time

To begin our Hindi adverbs list, let’s look at the adverb of time in Hindi. As the name indicates, these adverb words in Hindi tell us about when an action happened or happens. In the chart below, we’ve covered some of the most popular adverbs of time in Hindi and will show you how to use them in sentences.

1.आज
(aaj)
“Today”कुनाल आज वापस जा रहा है।
kuNaaL aaj vaapaS jaa rahaa hai.
“Kunal is going back today.”
2.हमेशा के लिए
(hamesaa ke Liye)
“Forever”मैं हमेशा के लिए तुम्हारे साथ रहना चाहती हूँ। 
main hamesaa ke Liye Tumhaare SaaTH rahaNaa caahaTii huun.
“I want to live with you forever.”
3.समय के साथ
(Samay ke SaaTH)
“Gradually” (Over time)समय के साथ दोनों अच्छे दोस्त बन गए। 
Samay ke SaaTH DoNon acche DoST baN gaye.
“Gradually, they became good friends.”
4.एक बार
(ek baar)
“Once”मैं एक बार लखनऊ गयी हूँ। 
main ek baar LakhaNauu gayii huun.
“I have been to Lucknow once.”
5.दो बार
(Do baar)
“Twice”दादी को ये दवा दिन में दो बार लेनी है। 
DaaDii ko ye Davaa DiN men Do baar LeNii hai.
“Grandma has to take this medicine twice a day.”
6.तीन बार
(TiiN baar)
“Thrice”उसने तीन बार मेरा फ़ोन काटा था। 
uS Ne TiiN baar meraa foN kaataa THaa.
“He hung up my call thrice.”
7.कल / पिछले दिन
(kaL) / (pichaLe DiN)
“Yesterday”हमें वहाँ कल पहुंचना था।
hamen vahaan kaL pahuncNaa THaa.
“We had to reach there yesterday.”
8.कल / अगले दिन
(kaL) / (agaLe DiN)
“Tomorrow”दीपा कल नहीं आएगी।
Diipaa kaL Nahiin aayegii.
“Deepa will not come tomorrow.”
9.परसों
(paraSon)
“A day before / after yesterday”सबने परसों मिलने का प्लान बनाया है।
Sab Ne paraSon miLaNe ka pLaaN baNaayaa hai.
“Everyone has planned to meet the day after tomorrow.”
10.पिछले साल
(pichaLe SaaL)
“Last year”वो हादसा पिछले साल हुआ था।
vo haaDaSaa pichaLe SaaL huaa THaa.
“That terrible accident happened last year.”
11.पिछले हफ़्ते
(pichaLe hafTe)
“Last week”उमा पिछले हफ़्ते से बीमार है।
umaa pichaLe hafTe Se biimaar hai.
“Uma has been ill since last week.”
12.जल्दी
(jaLDii)
“Soon”हम जल्दी कोई रास्ता निकाल लेंगे।
ham jaLDii koii raaSTaa NikaaL Lenge.
“We would soon find a way.”
13.देर से
(Der Se)
“Late”देर से आने के लिए माफ़ी चाहता हूँ।
Der Se aaNe ke Liye maafii caahaTaa huun.
“I apologize for coming late.”
14.सबसे पहले (Sab Se pehLe)“Firstly”हमने सबसे पहले चाय पी।
hamaNe Sab Se pahaLe caay pii.
“Firstly, we had tea.”
15.शुरुआत में
(suruaaT men)
“Initially”शुरुआत में तो सब कुछ ठीक चल रहा था। 
suruaaT men To Sab kuch thiik caL rahaa THaa.
“Initially, everything was going fine.”
16.अभी
(abhii)
“Right now”शिवम अभी कहाँ मिलेगा ?
sivam abhii kahaan miLegaa.
“Where can I find Shivam right now?”
17.अगली बार 
(agaLii baar)
“Next time”मैं आपको अगली बार लेने ज़रूर आऊंगा। 
main aapako agaLii baar LeNe zaruur aauungaa.
“I will surely come to pick you up next time.”
18.तुरंत
(TuranT)
“Immediately”डॉक्टर ने दादाजी को तुरंत अस्पताल में भर्ती कर लिया।
dauktar Ne DaaDaajii ko TuranT aSpaTaaL men bharTii kar Liyaa.
“The doctor immediately admitted Grandpa into the hospital.”
19.अभी तक
(abhii Tak)
“Yet”मेहमान अभी तक नहीं आये हैं।
mehamaaN abhii Tak Nahiin aaye hain.
“The guests have not yet arrived.”
20.आज रात
(aaj raaT)
“Tonight”हम सब आज रात शादी में जा रहे हैं।
ham Sab aaj raaT saaDii men jaa rahe hain.
“We are going to a wedding tonight.”
21.कल रात
(kaL raaT)
“Last night”मैं कल रात पढ़ रहा था।
main kaL raaT padh rahaa THaa.
“I was studying last night.”
22.कल सुबह
(kaL Subah)
“Tomorrow morning”लीला कल सुबह लौटेगी।
LiiLaa kaL Subah Lautegii.
“Leela will return tomorrow morning.”
23.पहले ही
(pahaLe hii)
“Already”बच्चे पहले ही सो चुके हैं।
bacce pahaLe hii So cuke hain.
“The kids are already asleep.”
24.आजकल (aajakaL)“Currently” / “Nowadays”रोहन आजकल काफ़ी चुप रहता है।
rohaN aajakaL kaafii cup rahaTaa hai.
“Rohan is really quiet nowadays.”
25.बिलकुल अभी
(biLkuL abhii)
“Just now”मैच बिलकुल अभी शुरू हुआ है।
maic biLkuL abhii suru huaa hai.
“The match has just now started.”
Swimmers Diving into the Pool Simultaneously

4. Adverbs of Frequency

After time adverbs, another significant type is the adverb of frequency in Hindi. The term is self-explanatory. These adverbs tell us the frequency with which an action takes place, whether that be daily, weekly, or never.

26.कभी नहीं
(kabhii Nahiin)
“Never”मैं ये बात कभी नहीं भूलूंगा।
main ye baaT kabhii Nahiin bhuuLuungaa.
“I will never forget this.”
27.कभी-कभी (kabhii-kabhii)“Sometimes”तुम कभी-कभी मिलने भी आ जाया करो।
Tum kabhii-kabhii miLaNe bhii aa jaayaa karo.
“You should come and visit us sometimes.”
28.बहुत कम (bahuT kam)“Rarely”यहाँ बारिश बहुत कम होती है।
yahaan baaris bahuT kam hoTii hai.
“It rarely rains here.”
29.आमतौर पर / अमूमन
(aamaTaur par) / (amuumaN)
“Usually”मैं आमतौर पर शाकाहारी भोजन खाना पसंद करता हूँ।
main aamaTaur par saakaahaarii bhojaN khaaNaa paSanD karaTaa huun.
“I usually like to have vegetarian meals.”
30.अक़्सर
(aqSar)
“Often”सुनील अक़्सर बीमार हो जाता है।
SuNiiL aqSar biimaar ho jaaTaa hai.
“Sunil often falls ill.”
31.लगातार
(LagaaTaar)
“Consistently”भारतीय टीम लगातार अच्छा प्रदर्शन कर रही है।
bhaaraTiy tiim LagaaTaar acchaa praDarsaN kar rahii hai.
“The Indian team is consistently performing well.”
32.हमेशा (hamesaa)“Always”ये लिफ़्ट हमेशा ख़राब रहती है।
ye Lift hamesaa kharaab rahaTii hai.
“This lift is always out of order.”
33.हर वक़्त / हर समय
(har vaqT) / (har Samay)
“All the time”बच्चे हर वक़्त शोर करते रहते हैं। 
bacce har vaqT sor karaTe rahaTe hain.
“The kids make noise all the time.”
34.हर दिन
(har DiN)
“Every day”टीचर हर दिन स्कूल आती हैं।
tiicar har DiN SkuuL aaTii hain.
“The teacher comes to school every day.”
35.हर हफ़्ते
(har hafTe)
“Every week”हम हर हफ़्ते सब्ज़ी ख़रीदते हैं।
ham har hafTe Sabzii khariiDaTe hain.
“We buy vegetables every week.”
36.हर महीने
(har mahiiNe)
“Every month”मैं हर महीने पुस्तकालय जाती हूँ।
main har mahiiNe puSTakaaLay jaaTii huun.
“I go to the library every month.”
37.हर साल
(har SaaL)
“Every year”हम हर साल घूमने जाते हैं।
ham har SaaL ghuumaNe jaaTe hain.
“We go on a trip every year.”

5. Adverbs of Place

You know, it’s not just enough to know the difference between adjectives and adverbs in Hindi. When it comes to adverbs of place, it’s natural to get confused between adverbs and prepositions, too!

So, what’s the mantra? Well, it all boils down to this. A preposition will always need an object to count on, whereas this is not the case with adverbs of place. The adverbs do not depend on an object to form a complete sentence.

Let’s check out the most useful adverbs of place and learn their usage in a sentence.

38.यहाँ / इधर
(yahaan) / (iDHar)
“Here”कृपया, यहाँ आइये।
kripayaa, yahaan aaiye.
“Please, come here.”
39.वहां / उधर
(vahaan) / (uDHar)
“There”सभी प्रतियोगी उधर बैठे हैं।
Sabhii praTiyogii uDHar baithe hain.
“All the contestants are sitting there.”
40.इस तरफ़
(iS Taraf)
“This side”तुम इस तरफ़ आ सकते हो।
Tum iS Taraf aa SakaTe ho.
“You can come to this side.”
41.उस तरफ़
(uS Taraf)
“That side”उस तरफ़ मत देखो।
uS Taraf maT Dekho.
“Don’t look to that side.”
42.हर जगह
(har jagah)
“Everywhere”तुम्हें शाहरुख़ के प्रशंसक हर जगह मिल जायेंगे।
Tumhen saaharukh ke prasaNSak har jagah miL jaayenge.
“You can find the Shahrukh fans everywhere.”
43.अंदर
(anDar)
“Inside”मरीज़ को अंदर भेजिए।
mariiz ko aNDar bhejiye.
“Send the patient inside.”
44.बाहर
(baahar)
“Outside”डाकिया बाहर इंतज़ार कर रहा है।
daakiyaa baahar iNTazaar kar rahaa hai.
“The postman is waiting outside.”
45.ऊपर
(uupar)
“Up”आप सब कृपया ऊपर देखिये।
aap Sab kripayaa uupar Dekhiye.
“All of you, please look up.”
46.नीचे
(Niice)
“Down”कैलेंडर नीचे गिर गया।
kaiLendar Niice gir gayaa.
“The calendar fell down.”
47.दूर
(Duur)
“Away”मैं यहाँ से दूर जाना चाहती हूँ।
main yahaan Se Duur jaaNaa caahaTii hunn.
“I want to go away from here.”
48.पास
(paaS)
“Near”आग के पास मत जाना।
aag ke paaS maT jaaNaa.
“Don’t go near the fire.”
49.ऊपरी मंज़िल
(uuparii maNziL)
“Upstairs”दादाजी ऊपरी मंज़िल पर आराम कर रहे हैं।
DaaDaajii uuparii manziL par aaraam kar rahe hain.
“Grandpa is resting upstairs.”
50.निचली मंज़िल 
(NicaLii maNziL)
“Downstairs”पिताजी निचली मंज़िल पर खाना बना रहे हैं।
piTaajii NicaLii manziL par khaaNaa baNaa rahe hain.
“Father is cooking downstairs.”
51.विदेश
(viDes)
“Abroad”क्या आप विदेश जाना चाहेंगे?
kyaa aap viDes jaaNaa caahenge?
“Would you like to go abroad?”
52.शहर के बाहर
(sehar ke baahar)
“Out of station”माँ किसी काम से शहर के बाहर गयी हैं।
maan kiSii kaam Se sahar ke baahar gayii hain.
“Mom is out of station (on vacation) from work.”
53.आस-पास
(aaS-paaS)
“Around”हमें दुकान के आस-पास ही रुकना है।
hamen DukaaN ke aaS-paaS hii rukaNaa hai.
“We have to stay around the shop.”
54.कहीं भी
(kahiin bhii)
“Anywhere”आप मुझसे कहीं भी मिल सकते हैं। 
aap mujh Se kahiin bhii miL SakaTe hain.
“You can meet me anywhere.”
55.दायें
(Daayen)
“Right”कार दाएं घूम गयी।
kaar Daayen ghuum gayii.
“The car turned right.”
56.बाएं
(baayen)
“Left”सड़क पर बाएं चलो।
Sadak par baayen caLo.
“Walk left on the road.”
57.सामने
(SaamaNe)
“In front of”वो मेरे सामने झगड़ रहे थे।
vo mere SaamaNe jhagad rahe THe.
“They were fighting in front of me.”
58.पीछे
(piiche)
“Behind”सीमा रेस में पीछे रह गयी।
Siimaa reS men piiche rah gayii.
“Seema was left behind in the race.”
59.आगे की ओर
(aage kii or)
“Forward”दो क़दम आगे की ओर आओ। 
Do kaDam aage kii or aao.
“Take two steps forward.”
60.पीछे की ओर
(piiche kii or)
“Backward”तुम्हें पीछे की ओर जाना था।
Tumhen piiche kii or jaaNaa THaa.
“You had to go backward.”
Passengers Waiting for Their Turn Patiently

6. Adverbs of Manner

Adverbs of manner are the words which show us how an action happened. Whether you touched the flower gently or entered the house haphazardly! Such types of clarity are brought to us by the adverb of manner in Hindi. So, are you ready to dive in? Let’s get going, because this is yet another very useful type of adverb in Hindi.

61.धीरे
(DHiire)
“Slowly”पंखा धीरे चल रहा था।
pankhaa DHiire caL rahaa THaa.
“The fan was moving slowly.”
62.जल्दी से
(jaLDii Se)
“Quickly”जली हुई जगह पे जल्दी से बर्फ़ रख दो।
jaLii huii jagah pe jaLDii Se barf rakh Do.
“Put some ice quickly on the burned area.”
63.चालाकी से
(caaLaakii Se)
“Cleverly”दिनेश चालाकी से आगे की सीट पर बैठ गया।
DiNes caaLaakii Se aage kii Siit par baith gayaa.
“Dinesh cleverly took the front seat.”
64.जानबूझ कर
(jaaN buujh kar)
“Willfully”रोहन ने जानबूझ कर ये बात छिपाई।
rohaN Ne jaaN buujh kar ye baaT chipaayii.
“Rohan willfully kept it a secret.”
65.कुशलता से
(kusaLTaa Se)
“Skillfully”पायलट ने बड़ी कुशलता से हवाई जहाज़ को ज़मीन पर उतारा।
paayaLat Ne badii kusaLaTaa Se havaai jahaaz ko zamiiN par uTaaraa.
“The pilot landed the plane skillfully.”
A Variety of Thanksgiving Foods
66.दो टूक
(Do tuuk)
“Bluntly”इंटरव्यू में अधिकारी ने दो टूक तरीक़े से बात की।
iNtarvyuu men aDHikaari Ne Do tuuk Tariiqe Se baaT ki.
“The officer talked bluntly during the interview.”
67.मुख्यतः
(mukhyaTah)
“Mainly”मीटिंग मुख्यतः अगले महीने के सेल्स टारगेट के बारे में रहेगी। 
miiting mukhyaTah agaLe mahiiNe ke SeLS taaraget ke baare men rahegii.
“The meeting will be mainly about next month’s sales target.”
68.अचानक
(acaaNak)
“Suddenly”बच्चा अचानक से रोने लगा। 
baccaa acaaNak Se roNe Lagaa.
“The child started crying suddenly.”
69.ऊँची आवाज़ में
(uuNcii aavaaz men)
“Loudly”कल रात पड़ोसियों ने बहुत ही ऊँची आवाज़ में गाने बजाये थे। 
kaL raat padoSiyon Ne bahuT hii uuncii aavaaz men gaaNe bajaaye THe.
“Last night, the neighbors played music loudly.”
70.आलस में
(aaLaS men)
“Lazily”मुझे रविवार का दिन आलस में बिताना पसंद है। 
mujhe ravivaar kaa DiN aaLaS men biTaaNaa paSanD hai.
“I like to spend my Sunday lazily.”
71.किसी भी तरह
(kiSii bhii Tarah)
“Anyhow”आप लोगों को किसी भी तरह ये प्रोजेक्ट पूरा करना है। 
aap Logon ko kiSii bhii Tarah ye projekt puuraa karaNaa hai.
“You have to complete this project anyhow.”
72.किसी तरह
(kiSii Tarah)
“Somehow”सुमित ने किसी तरह अपने पिता को मना लिया।
SumiT Ne kiSii Tarah apaNe piTaa ko maNaa Liyaa.
“Sumit somehow convinced his father.”
73.बिना ही
(biNaa hii)
“Without”राज कुछ खाये बिना ही मूवी देखने चला गया। 
raaj kuch khaaye biNaa hii muuvii DekhaNe caLaa gayaa.
“Raj went to the movie without eating anything.”
74.धीमे से
(DHiime Se)
“Gently”कृपया, इस पौधे को धीमे से वहां रख देना। 
kripayaa, iS pauDHe ko DHiime Se vahaan rakh DeNaa.
“Please, put this plant there gently.”
75.ख़ूबसूरती से
(khuubaSuuraTi Se)
“Beautifully”रेखा ने बहुत ही ख़ूबसूरती से उस बात को कहा। 
rekhaa Ne bahuT hii khuubaSuuraTii Se uS baaT ko kahaa.
“Rekha expressed her thoughts so beautifully.”
76.नियम से
(Niyam Se)
“Regularly”स्वस्थ रहने के लिए, रोज़ नियम से कसरत करो। 
SvaSTH rahaNe ke Liye, roz Niyam Se kaSaraT karo.
“Exercise regularly to keep yourself healthy.”
77.सफ़ाई से
(Safaaii Se)
“Neatly”उन क़ालीनों को सफ़ाई से रख दो। 
uN kaaLiiNon ko Safaai Se rakh Do.
“Place those mats neatly.”
78.प्यार से
(pyaar Se)
“Lovingly”टीचर ने बच्ची के चेहरे पर प्यार से हाथ फिराया। 
tiicar Ne baccii ke cehare par pyaar Se haaTH phiraayaa.
“The teacher caressed the child lovingly.”
79.बेसब्री से
(beSabrii Se)
“Eagerly”हम सभी बेसब्री से मूवी शुरू होने का इंतज़ार कर रहे थे। 
ham Sabhii beSabrii Se muuvii suru hoNe kaa inTazaar kar rahe THe.
“We were all waiting eagerly for the movie to start.”
80.धैर्य से
(DHairy Se)
“Patiently”कृपया, धैर्य से अपनी बारी का इंतज़ार करें।
kripayaa, DHairy Se apaNii baarii kaa inTazaar karen.
“Please, wait for your turn patiently.”
81.आराम से
(aaraam Se)
“Comfortably”आराम से बैठ जाइये।
aaraam Se baith jaaiye.
“Please, sit comfortably.”
82.अपने आप ही
(apaNe aap hii)
“Automatically”रेडियो अपने आप ही बंद हो गया। 
radio apaNe aap hii baND ho gayaa.
“The radio stopped working automatically.”
83.बीच में ही
(biic men hii)
“In the middle”हेमा बातचीत के बीच में ही उठ कर चली गयी। 
hemaa baaTaciiT ke biic men hii uth kar caLii gayii.
“Hema left in the middle of the conversation.”
84.समझदारी से
(SamajhaDaarii Se)
“Wisely”कोई भी फ़ैसला लेने से पहले समझदारी से सोच लेना।
koii bhii faiSaLaa LeNe Se pahaLe SamajhaDaarii Se Soc LeNaa.
“Think wisely before making any decision.”
85.ध्यान से
(DHyaaN Se)
“Carefully”प्रश्नों को ध्यान से पढ़ें।
prasNon ko DHyaaN Se padhen.
“Read the questions carefully.”
86.शांतिपूर्वक
(saaNTipuurvak)
“Quietly”सभी लोग मंदिर में शांतिपूर्वक बैठे थे।
Sabhii Log maNDir men saaNTipuurvak baithe THe.
“Everyone was sitting quietly in the temple.”
87.ख़ुशी-ख़ुशी
(khusii-khusii)
“Happily”और फिर वे ख़ुशी ख़ुशी रहने लगे।
aur phir ve khusii khusii rahaNe Lage.
“And they lived happily ever after.”
88.आसानी से
(aaSaaNii Se)
“Easily”तुम्हें इंजीनियरिंग कॉलेज में आसानी से दाख़िला मिल जायेगा।
Tumhen iNjiiNiyaring kauLej men aaSaaNii Se DaakhiLaa miL jaayegaa.
“You can easily get an admission into that engineering college.”
89.सच में
(Sac men)
“Really”“क्या सीमा सच में शादी कर रही है?”
kyaa Siimaa Sac men saaDii kar rahii hai?
“Is Seema really getting married?”
90.वाक़ई में
(vaaqaii men)
“Literally”पुनीत वाक़ई में बेहोश हो गया था।
puNiiT vaaqaii men behos ho gayaa THaa.
“Punit literally fainted there.”
91.बुरी तरह से
(burii Tarah Se)
“Badly”यात्री बुरी तरह से घायल थे।
yaaTrii burii Tarah Se ghaayaL THe.
“The passengers were badly injured.”
92.अच्छी तरह से 
(acchii Tarah Se)
“Well”सभी सामग्रियों को अच्छी तरह से मिलाएं।
Sabhii Saamagriyon ko acchii Tarah Se miLaayen.
“Mix all the ingredients well.”
93.ढंग से
(dhang Se)
“Properly”अपनी लाइनें ढंग से याद करो।
apaNii LaaiNen dhang Se yaaD karo.
“Rehearse your lines properly.”
94.साफ़ तौर पर
(Saaf Taur par)
“Clearly”अधिकारियों ने साफ़ तौर पर कुछ नहीं कहा।
aDHikaariyon Ne Saaf Taur par kuch Nahiin kahaa.
“The officers didn’t say anything clearly.”
95.एक साथ
(ek SaaTH)
“Together”सभी रिश्तेदार एक साथ खड़े थे। 
Sabhii risTeDaar ek SaaTH khade THe.
“All the relatives were standing together.”
96.साथ
(SaaTH)
“With”कल रात फ़िरोज़ दोस्तों के साथ घूम रहा था।
kaL raaT firoz DoSTon ke SaaTH ghuum rahaa THaa.
“Last night, Firoz was wandering around with his friends.”
97.अकेले / अकेली 
(akeLe / akeLii)
“Alone”गीता पार्क में अकेली बैठी है।
giiTaa paark men akeLii baithii hai.
“Geeta is sitting alone in the park.”
Racing Cars Running Fast

7. Adverbs of Degree

Earlier in this article, we covered the adverb of frequency in Hindi. A bit similar to that is another category: adverbs of degree in Hindi. So what’s the difference between the two?

Well, the adverb of degree specifies the extent or amount of the action which is being talked about. The best way to understand this is with the help of our simple and useful Hindi adverbs examples below.

98.केवल / सिर्फ़
(kevaL) / (Sirf)
“Only”ये बच्चे सिर्फ़ गाना सुनना चाहते हैं।
ye bacce Sirf gaaNaa SuNaNaa caahaTe hain.
“These kids only want to listen to music.”
99.बहुत
(bahuT)
“A lot”तुम अपनी बहन के बारे में बहुत बातें करते हो।
Tum apaNii bahaN ke baare men bahuT baaTen karaTe ho.
“You talk a lot about your sister.”
100.कम
(kam)
“Little” / “A bit”जूली भारत के बारे में कम जानती है।
juuLii bhaaraT ke baare men kam jaaNaTii hai.
“Julie knows little about India.”
101.ना के बराबर
(Naa ke baraabar)
“Barely”विजय क्लास में ना के बराबर आता है। 
vijay kLaaS men Naa ke baraabar aaTaa hai.
“Vijay barely comes to the class.”
102.एक-एक करके
(ek-ek karake)
“One by one”अपनी समस्याओं को एक-एक करके सुलझाओ।
apaNii SamaSyaaon ko ek-ek karake SuLajhaao.
“Solve your problems one by one.”
103.थोड़ा-थोड़ा करके
(THodaa-THodaa karake)
“Little by little”मिश्रण में थोड़ा-थोड़ा करके पानी डालो।
misran men THodaa-THodaa karake paaNii daaLo.
“Add the water little by little in the mixture.”
104.की बजाय
(kii bajaaye)
“Rather” / “Instead of”तुम अपना वक़्त बर्बाद करने की बजाय पढ़ाई क्यों नहीं कर लेते?
Tum apaNaa vaqT barbaaD karaNe kii bajaay padhaaii kyon Nahiin kar LeTe?
“Why don’t you study instead of just wasting your time?”
105.इतना 
(iTaNaa)
“So”देव को अपनी टीचर से इतना लगाव है।
Dev ko apaNii tiicar Se iTaNaa Lagaav hai.
“Dev is so attached to his teacher.”
106.काफ़ी 
(kaafii)
“Fairly”प्रश्न पत्र काफ़ी आसान था।
prasN paTr kaafii aaSaaN THaa.
“The question paper was fairly easy.”
107.लगभग
(Lagabhag)
“Almost”खाना लगभग तैयार है।
khaaNaa Lagabhag Taiyaar hai.
“The meal is almost ready!”
108.ज़रूर
(zaruur)
मेरे दोस्त आपसे मिलने ज़रूर आएंगे।
mere DoST aap Se miLaNe zaruur aayenge.
“My friends will certainly come and meet you.”
मेरे दोस्त आपसे मिलने ज़रूर आएंगे।
mere DoST aap Se miLaNe zaruur aayenge.
“My friends will certainly come and meet you.”
109.शायद
(saayaD)
“Probably”आप शायद ग़लत जगह पर बैठ गए हैं। 
aap saayaD gaLaT jagah par baith gaye hain.
“You are probably sitting in the wrong place.”
110.बेहद
(behaD)
“Quite”बच्चे सैंटा क्लॉज़ से मिलकर बेहद ख़ुश थे।
bacce SaiNtaa kLauz Se miLakar behaD khus THe.
“The kids were quite happy to meet Santa Claus.”
111.बुरी तरह से
(burii Tarah Se)
“Terribly”मैं बुरी तरह से नाराज़ थी।
main burii Tarah Se Naaraaz THii.
“I was terribly upset.”
112.“Not at all”मुझे बुरा बिलकुल भी नहीं लगा।
mujhe buraa biLkuL bhii Nahiin Lagaa.
“I am not at all angry.”
मुझे बुरा बिलकुल भी नहीं लगा।
mujhe buraa biLkuL bhii Nahiin Lagaa.
“I am not at all angry.”
113.पूरी तरह से
(puurii Tarah Se)
“Completely” ये मशीन पूरी तरह से बेकार हो चुकी है।
ye masiiN puurii Tarah Se bekaar ho cukii hai.
“This machine is completely out of order.”
114.अंत में / आख़िरकार
(aNT men) / (aakhirakaar)
“Finally”आख़िरकार हमें वो बिल्ली मिल ही गयी। 
aakhirakaar hamen vo biLLii miL hii gayii.
“We finally found the cat.”

8. Interrogative Adverbs

The human mind is full of reasoning and curiosity. After all, this is what gives rise to the multitude of questions that surround us. When something happens, we naturally want to know why, how, where, and when it happened. Interrogative adverbs are those words which give us the power to pose questions and ask these things about an action.

115.क्यों
(kyon)
“Why”कुसुम पार्टी में क्यों नहीं आयी थी ? 
kuSum paartii men kyon Nahiin aayii THii?
“Why did Kusum not come to the party?”
116.कैसे
(kaiSe)
“How”ये सवाल तुमने कैसे हल किया ? 
ye SavaaL Tum Ne kaiSe haL kiyaa?
“How did you solve this question?”
117.कब
(kab)
“When”पिताजी कब उठेंगे ?
piTaajii kab uthenge?
“When will Father wake up?”
118.कहाँ
(kahaan)
“Where”चाबियाँ कहाँ रखी हैं ?
caabiyaan kahaan rakhii hain?
“Where are the keys?”
119.कितनी देर से
(kiTaNii Der Se)
“How long”यश कितनी देर से सो रहा है?
yas kiTaNii Der Se So rahaa hai?
“How long has Yash been sleeping?”
120.कितनी बार
(kiTaNii baar)
“How many times”तुम ने ये मूवी कितनी बार देखी है? 
Tum Ne ye muuvii kiTaNii baar Dekhii hai?
“How many times have you watched this movie?”

9. What are Adverb Clauses?

More Essential Verbs

Another important term that you may have heard is “adverb clause” in Hindi. In order to become more familiar with it, let’s observe the concept more closely.

Adverb clauses are actually a group of words which specify the answers of interrogative adverbs. In short, this could be an adverb clause of condition in Hindi, an adverb clause of manner in Hindi, and so on.

But how do you recognize an adverb clause in Hindi? Here are some quick tips!

  • An adverb clause will never be without a subject and verb.
  • Adverb clauses alone can’t give complete meaning to the sentence.
  • An adverb clause will always provide a potential answer to an interrogative adverb.

Yeah, this concept sounds a bit tiresome and confusing. But once we go through a few examples, you’ll be amazed at how easy it actually is.

Examples:

  • बारिश रुकने के बाद घर जाना। (baaris rukaNe ke baaD ghar jaaNaa.)
    “Go home when the rain stops.”
  • जब तुम्हें भूख लगे, तो मुझे बता देना। (jab Tumhen bhuukh Lage, To mujhe baTaa DeNaa.)
    “Let me know whenever you feel hungry.”
  • मैं तभी सोऊंगी जब ये फ़िल्म ख़त्म हो जाएगी। (main Tabhii Souungii jab ye fiLm khaTm ho jaayegii.)
    “I will sleep only when this movie is finished.”
  • ख़ूब मेहनत करो ताकि तुम ज़िंदगी में आगे बढ़ सको (khuub mehaNaT karo Taaki Tum zinDagii men aage badh Sako.)
    “Work hard so that you can progress in life.”
  • मैं ये कार ख़रीद लूंगी अगर तुम मुझे कुछ पैसे दे दो तो (main ye kaar khariiD Luungii agar Tum mujhe kuch paiSe De Do To.)
    “I will buy this car if you can lend me some money.”

Wasn’t that simple! Now, let’s move on to another crucial aspect of adverbs in Hindi grammar: the placement of adverbs in a sentence.

10. Placement of Adverbs in a Sentence

In Hindi sentences, adverbs come between the subject and verb. Usually, the adverb comes before the verb; however, sometimes, an object may be put between the adverb and verb. 

Reading Your Favorite Book Quietly

We would also like to bring to your attention that, similar to the English language, an adverb clause in Hindi may also come at the beginning or end of a sentence.

Below are a few example sentences to show the different placements of adverbs in Hindi sentences.

1 – Adverb Before Verb

  • तुमने मुझे एक बार में पहचान लिया। (Tum Ne mujhe ek baar men pahacaaN Liyaa.)
    “You recognized me at once.”

Here, the adverb is “at once,” or एक बार में (ek baar men), which comes just before the verb “recognized,” or पहचान लिया (pah caaN Liyaa).

2 – Adverb -> Object -> Verb

  • मुझे जल्दी घर पहुंचना है। (mujhe jaLDii ghar pahuncNaa hai.)
    “I have to reach home early.”

Here, the sequence is: 

1. The adverb “early,” or जल्दी (jaLDii)

2. The object “home,” or घर (ghar)

3. The verb “have to reach,” or पहुंचना है (pahuncNaa hai)

3 – Adverb at the Beginning

  • आख़िरकार, हमें वो बिल्ली मिल ही गयी। (aakhirakaar, hamen vo biLLii miL hii gayii.)
    “We finally found the cat.”

Here, the adverb is “finally,” or आख़िरकार (aakhirkaar), which is the first word in the Hindi sentence.

11. Conclusion

Whoa! We must say that Hindi adverbs are nothing less than a wonderful rollercoaster ride. Don’t you feel the same? Well, from learning what adverbs are to covering all the main types of adverbs, we thoroughly enjoyed sharing each and every concept with you.

So, which one was your favorite? Did you like adverbs of manner better, or did the adverbs of frequency interest you more? We’d love to hear you out in the comment box below. You can also let us know if there’s still an adverb in Hindi you want to learn!  

We want you to learn without limits, and that’s why our free online Hindi-English dictionary is sure to steal your heart! Having you with us on this Hindi learning journey is the best thing that could happen. Show your love by signing up on HindiPod101.com. You can always reach out to us at our help center if there’s a glitch or issue.

Happy Hindi learning!

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Hindi Keyboard: How to Install and Type in Hindi

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You asked, so we provided—easy-to-follow instructions on how to set up your electronic devices to write in Hindi! We’ll also give you a few excellent tips on how to use this keyboard, as well as some online and app alternatives if you prefer not to set up a Hindi keyboard.

Log in to Download Your Free Hindi Alphabet Worksheet Table of Contents
  1. Why it’s Important to Learn to Type in Hindi
  2. Setting up Your Computer and Mobile Devices for Hindi
  3. How to Activate an Onscreen Keyboard on Your Computer
  4. How to Change the Language Settings to Hindi on Your Computer
  5. Activating the Hindi Keyboard on Your Mobile Phone and Tablet
  6. Hindi Keyboard Typing Tips
  7. How to Practice Typing Hindi

1. Why it’s Important to Learn to Type in Hindi

A keyboard

Learning a new language is made so much easier when you’re able to read and write/type it. This way, you will:

  • Get the most out of any dictionary and Hindi language apps on your devices
  • Expand your ability to find Hindi websites and use the various search engines
  • Be able to communicate much better online with your Hindi teachers and friends, and look super cool in the process! 

2. Setting up Your Computer and Mobile Devices for Hindi

A phone charging on a dock

It takes only a few steps to set up any of your devices to read and type in Hindi. It’s super-easy on your mobile phone and tablet, and a simple process on your computer.

On your computer, you’ll first activate the onscreen keyboard to work with. You’ll only be using your mouse or touchpad/pointer for this keyboard. Then, you’ll need to change the language setting to Hindi, so all text will appear in Hindi. You could also opt to use online keyboards instead. Read on for the links!

On your mobile devices, it’s even easier—you only have to change the keyboard. We also provide a few alternatives in the form of online keyboards and downloadable apps.

3. How to Activate an Onscreen Keyboard on Your Computer

1- Mac

1. Go to System Preferences > Keyboard.

2. Check the option “Show Keyboard & Character Viewers in Menu Bar.”

3. You’ll see a new icon on the right side of the main bar; click on it and select “Show Keyboard Viewer.”

A screenshot of the keyboard viewer screen

2- Windows

1. Go to Start > Settings > Easy Access > Keyboard.

2. Turn on the option for “Onscreen Keyboard.”

3- Online Keyboards

If you don’t want to activate your computer’s onscreen keyboard, you also have the option to use online keyboards. Here are some good options:

4- Add-ons of Extensions for Browsers

Instead of an online keyboard, you could also choose to download a Google extension to your browser for a language input tool. The Google Input Tools extension allows users to use input tools in Chrome web pages, for example.

4. How to Change the Language Settings to Hindi on Your Computer

Man looking at his computer

Now that you’re all set to work with an onscreen keyboard on your computer, it’s time to download the Hindi language pack for your operating system of choice:

  • Windows 8 (and higher)
  • Windows 7
  • Mac (OS X and higher)

1- Windows 8 (and higher)

  1. Go to “Settings” > “Change PC Settings” > “Time & Language” > “Region & Language.”
  2. Click on “Add a Language” and select “Greek.” This will add it to your list of languages. It will appear as हिंदी with the note “language pack available.”
  3. Click on “हिंदी” > “Options” > “Download.” It’ll take a few minutes to download and install the language pack.
  4. As a keyboard layout, you’ll only need the one marked as “Hindi – हिंदी.” You can ignore other keyboard layouts.

2- Windows 7

1. Go to Start > Control Panel > Clock, Language, and Region.

2. On the “Region and Language” option, click on “Change Keyboards or Other Input Methods.”

3. On the “Keyboards and Languages” tab, click on “Change Keyboards” > “Add” > “Hindi.”

4. Expand the option of “Hindi” and then expand the option “Keyboard.” Select the keyboard layout marked as “Hindi.” You can ignore other keyboard layouts. Click “OK” and then “Apply.”

3- Mac (OS X and higher)

If you can’t see the language listed, please make sure to select the right option from System Preferences > Language and Region

1. From the Apple Menu (top left corner of the screen) go to System Preferences > Keyboard.

2. Click the Input Sources tab and a list of available keyboards and input methods will appear.

3. Click on the plus button, select “Hindi,” and add the “Hindi – Transliteration” keyboard.

Adding a system language

5. Activating the Hindi Keyboard on Your Mobile Phone and Tablet

Texting and searching in Hindi will greatly help you master the language! Adding a Hindi keyboard on your mobile phone and/or tablet is super-easy.

You could also opt to download an app instead of adding a keyboard. Read on for our suggestions.

Below are the instructions for both iOS and Android mobile phones and tablets.

1- iOS

1. Go to Settings > General > Keyboard.

2. Tap “Keyboards” and then “Add New Keyboard.”

3. Select “Hindi” from the list.

4. When typing, you can switch between languages by tapping and holding on the icon to reveal the keyboard language menu.

2- Android

1. Go to Settings > General Management > Language and Input > On-screen Keyboard (or “Virtual Keyboard” on some devices) > Samsung Keyboard.

2. Tap “Language and Types” or “ + Select Input Languages” depending on the device and then “MANAGE INPUT LANGUAGES” if available.

3. Select “Hindi” from the list.

4. When typing, you can switch between languages by swiping the space bar.

3- Applications for Mobile Phones

If you don’t want to add a keyboard on your mobile phone or tablet, these are a few good apps to consider:

6. Hindi Keyboard Typing Tips

Typing in Hindi can be very challenging at first! Therefore, we added here a few useful tips to make it easier to use your Hindi keyboard.

A man typing on a computer
  1. For typing maatra, press the respective letter on your English keyboard. If you need the whole Hindi vowel instead, use the Shift key along with the respective English letter. For example, if you want to make the “aa ki maatra” (ा), press letter E. But if you want the letter “aa” (आ), press Shift key + letter E.
  2. When you’re typing in an Office document, and would like to correct an incorrect maatra, just go to the letter whose maatra you want to correct, and then type the correct maatra. The incorrect maatra will be automatically replaced with the correct one. You don’t have to delete and then type the correct maatra.
  3. If you’re typing on the Internet or in a Google Doc, keep in mind that Step 2 wouldn’t work. If you type the correct maatra without deleting the incorrect one, you’ll end up with both. For example, if you’re typing the word कुत्ता (kuTTaa) or “dog,” and you accidentally type the “badii uu kii maaTra” (ू), make sure to first delete it and then place the correct “chotii uu kii maaTraa” (ु). Otherwise, you’ll end up with maatras like this: कूुत्ता. For the same reason, make sure to check your typed text once again because it’s quite possible that you accidentally placed one maatra twice. Something like this: आाम. Notice that the “aa kii maaTraa” occurs twice here. So, check your maatras before finalizing your text!
  4. For typing out half-letters, that is, for example, the letter “N” in जन्म (jaNm) or the letter “k” in क्या (kyaa), use the letter D on your keyboard. Just type the letter you want, press D, and then type the next letter, and you’ll get the half-sound letter.
  5. For typing out certain conjuncts, use the number keys along with the Shift key. For example, if you want the conjuct “ज्ञ” (gya) used in the Hindi word for “knowledge” (ज्ञान or gyaaN), press Shift along with the number 5. You’ll get “ज्ञ.” Similarly, त्र (Tra) can be typed with the number 6, क्ष (ksa) can be typed with the number 7, and श्र can be typed with the number 8.
  6. For typing the “ri kii maaTraa,” like in the word कृपया (kripayaa) meaning please,” or ट्रेन (treN) meaning “train,” use Shift along with number 3 after typing the first letter. So, if you want to type कृ, type the letter क (ka) and then press Shift along with number 3. You’ll get कृ.
  7. For getting the half “ra,” when it’s placed as a maatra above the characters, like in भर्ती (bharTii), use the letter D on your keyboard. For example, for भर्ती here is the key sequence: Shift + y (भ), J (र), D, L (त), E ( ा), and you’ll get भर्ती.

7. How to Practice Typing Hindi

As you probably know by now, learning Hindi is all about practice, practice, and more practice! Strengthen your Hindi typing skills by writing comments on any of our lesson pages, and our teacher will answer. If you’re a HindiPod101 Premium PLUS member, you can directly text our teacher via the My Teacher app—use your Hindi keyboard to do this!

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Your Basic Guide to Hindi Verb Conjugation: Rules & Tips

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As a beginner, you must have realized by now how important the topic of Hindi verb conjugation is! Yet this is a topic that leaves many people scratching their heads. The million-dollar question is “Why is it so essential to learn about conjugations in the Hindi language?” Well, here’s the answer. Hindi verb conjugation is a fundamental part of the Hindi language. After all, Hindi conjugation is unique compared to conjugation in other languages, and expresses the different verb forms based on various factors. Without Hindi verb conjugation, it would be difficult to make sense of any sentence structure or even the context of a conversation.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Factors that Affect Hindi Conjugation
  2. What is Conjugation in Hindi?
  3. The Infinitive Verb Form in Hindi
  4. Hindi Personal Pronouns
  5. Regular and Irregular Verb Groups
  6. Gender-Based Conjugations
  7. Auxiliary Verbs
  8. Tenses
  9. It’s Quiz Time!
  10. Reach the Next Level with HindiPod101.com

1. Factors that Affect Hindi Conjugation

Top Verbs

There are a handful of factors that are responsible for the modifications that take place in Hindi conjugations:

  • Gender
  • Subject / Person
  • Number of people
  • Tone
  • Tense

Below, we’ll be covering all of these factors in a variety of ways, and see how the inflected verb form changes accordingly.

2. What is Conjugation in Hindi?

More Essential Verbs

Conjugation is the inflection of the verb forms due to different essential factors. In Hindi, “conjugation” is called संयोजन (SanyojaN). The phrase “verb conjugation” is translated as क्रिया संयुग्मन (kriyaa SanyugmaN).

Now, in the conjugation of Hindi verbs, there are several elements to keep in mind. These include person (I, she, you, we, etc.), number of subjects, tenses, gender, and politeness level. 

Factors Affecting Verb Conjugation

3. The Infinitive Verb Form in Hindi

Before we can understand the more detailed Hindi verb conjugation rules, we must delve into the most fundamental infinitive verb form.

To begin, let’s look at the Hindi “to be” conjugation, which is basically known as the Hindi -na verb conjugation. This is because, to conjugate this verb, you need to add ना (Naa) to the end. What does this mean?

Well, for any infinitive verb, the structure would be:

  • Verb stem + ना (Naa)

So every verb stem would have ना (Naa) as a suffix.

Here are a few examples to help you grasp this conjugation in Hindi:

Verb Stem + Infinitive SuffixInfinitive Verb FormEnglish Meaning
बोल (boL) + ना (Naa)बोलना (boLaNaa)“To speak”
सो (So) + ना (Naa)सोना (SoNaa)“To sleep”
जा (jaa) + ना (Naa)जाना (jaaNaa)“To go”

Easy, isn’t it? Now, let’s try the same process with a couple of other common verbs.

Verb Stem + Infinitive SuffixInfinitive Verb FormEnglish Meaning
खा (khaa) + ना (Naa)खाना (khaaNaa)“To eat”
रो (ro) + ना (Naa)रोना (roNaa)“To cry”
पी (pii) + ना (Naa)पीना (piiNaa)“To drink”

Changing the verb stem into the infinitive verb form is the first step to take when learning how to conjugate in Hindi. Now that we’re thoroughly familiar with the infinitive verbs, let’s learn about the various personal pronouns used by native Hindi speakers.

With the examples below, we’ll be able to comprehend and observe how verb conjugation works.

4. Hindi Personal Pronouns

SubjectSingularPlural
1st Person“I” = मैं (main)“We” = हम लोग (ham Log)
2nd Person (Casual)“You” = तुम (Tum) / तू (Tuu)“You” = तुम लोग (Tum Log)
2nd Person (Formal) “You” = आप (aap)“You” = आप लोग (aap Log)
3rd Person“He” / “She” = वह (vah) / वो (vo)“They” = ये / वे लोग (ye / ve Log)
Conjugation According to Gender and Pronouns

Quick Note 1: In the plural pronouns “we,” “you,” and “they,” the word लोग (Log) can be replaced with सब (Sab). As a result, you can also say हम सब (ham Sab), तुम सब (Tum Sab), आप सब (aap Sab), and वे सब (ve Sab).

Quick Note 2: Proximity plays an important role in the usage of pronouns.

  • The persons near us are referred to as “They” = ये लोग (ye Log).
  • The pronoun for people who are physically far away from us is “They” = वे लोग (ve Log).

Quick Note 3: The formal second person pronouns are also used to denote respect toward the other person. This respect may be based on age difference, level of familiarity, or even personal preference.

5. Regular and Irregular Verb Groups

Compared to English, the Hindi verb conjugation system  has more >regular verbs. That’s not to say there are no irregular verbs in Hindi. But because of their low number (maybe five or six), we mainly focus on the regular verbs.

In this lesson, you’ll see how the Hindi verb conjugations change from one gender to another, and one person to another, based on the tone and tenses.

6. Gender-Based Conjugations

Are you new to the gender-based grammatical know-hows? Then you must check out our latest blog post on Hindi Gender Rules. It’s a great way to refresh yourself on all of the gender rules and concepts that are followed in the Hindi language.

As far as the Hindi verb conjugations are concerned, we’ve narrowed it down to some really simple and practical hints that can take you a long way!

1 – Masculine Conjugations 

  • For singular masculine gender, the Hindi verb conjugation usually ends with the -aa sound.

    Example:
    बच्चा फल खाता
    baccaa phaL khaaTaa hai.
    “The kid eats the fruit.”
  • On the other hand, the conjugated Hindi verbs for plural masculine gender ends with the -e sound.

    Example:
    बच्चे फल खाते हैं। 
    bacce phaL khaaTe hain.
    “The kids eat fruit.”
  • However, when it comes to paying respect and using a formal tone, natives tend to treat the singular person just like the plural person (i.e. with the -e sound).

    Examples:
    आप फल खाते हैं। 
    aap phaL khaaTe hain.
    “You eat fruit.”

    पिताजी फल खाते हैं। 
    piTaajii phaL khaaTe hain.
    “Father eats fruit.”

2 – Feminine Conjugations 

  • For singular feminine gender, the Hindi conjugation for verbs usually ends with the -ii sound.

    Example:
    औरत बाज़ार गयी है। 
    auraT baazaar gayii hai.
    “The woman has gone to the market.”
  • On the other hand, the conjugation in Hindi  for plural feminine gender ends with the -iin sound.

    Example:
    औरतें बाज़ार गयीं हैं। 
    auraTen baazaar gayiin hain.
    “The women have gone to the market.”
  • Similar to what happens with the masculine gender, when it comes to paying respect and using a formal tone, natives tend to treat the singular female person just like the plural (i.e. with the -iin sound).

    Example:
    माँ बाज़ार गयीं हैं। 
    maan baazaar gayiin hain.
    “Mother has gone to the market.”

By now, you must have gained a fair amount of confidence in differentiating between the masculine and feminine Hindi verb conjugations. Let’s move forward to another important part of this lesson.

7. Auxiliary Verbs

If you wish to learn about verb conjugations in Hindi grammar, auxiliary verbs are the right step in that direction. Hindi is a language where we happen to use a lot of auxiliary verbs. Unlike in English, tones and the feelings of respect have a lot to do with auxiliary verbs in Hindi. Thus, it’s crucial to first pay attention to auxiliary verbs before trying to learn Hindi conjugation.

To make it more structured and interesting for you, we’ve divided various helping verbs according to the three Hindi tenses.

Let’s start with our first Hindi verb conjugation chart!

1 – Hindi Present Tense Conjugation

MasculineFeminine
SingularCasual / Formal
(I)
Casual / Formal
(I)
“Am”हूँ 
(huun)
हूँ
(huun)
हूँ 
(huun)
हूँ
(huun)
“Am doing”कर रहा हूँ
(kar rahaa huun)
कर रहा हूँ
(kar rahaa huun)
कर रही हूँ
(kar rahii huun)
कर रही हूँ
(kar rahii huun)
SingularCasual
(He)
Formal
(He)
Casual
(She)
Formal
(She)
“Is”है
(hai)
हैं
(hain)
है
(hai)
हैं
(hain)
“Is doing”कर रहा है
(kar rahaa hai)
कर रहे हैं
(kar rahe hain)
कर रही है
(kar rahii hai)
कर रही हैं
(kar rahii hain)
“Has done”कर चुका है
(kar cukaa hai)
कर चुके हैं
(kar cuke hain)
कर चुकी है
(kar cukii hai)
कर चुकी हैं
(kar cukii hain)
PluralCasual
(We / They)
Formal
(We / They)
Casual
(We / They)
Formal
(We / They)
“Are”हैं
(hain)
हैं
(hain)
हैं
(hain)
हैं
(hain)
“Are doing”कर रहे हैं
(kar rahe hain)
कर रहे हैं
(kar rahe hain)
कर रही हैं
(kar rahii hain)
कर रही हैं
(kar rahii hain)
“Have done”कर चुके हैं
(kar cuke hain)
कर चुके हैं
(kar cuke hain)
कर चुकी हैं
(kar cukii hain)
कर चुकी हैं
(kar cukii hain)

2 – Hindi Past Tense Conjugation

MasculineFeminine
SingularCasual
(I / He)
Formal
(He)
Casual
(I / She)
Formal
(She)
“Was”था 
(THaa)
थे
(THe)
थी 
(THii)
थीं
(THiin)
“Was doing”कर रहा था 
(kar rahaa THaa)
कर रहे थे
(kar rahe THe)
कर रही थी
(kar rahii THii)
कर रही थीं
(kar rahii THiin)
“Had done”कर चुका था 
(kar cukaa THaa)
कर चुके थे 
(kar cuke THe)
कर चुकी थी 
(kar cukii THii)
कर चुकी थीं 
(kar cukii THiin)
PluralCasual
(We / They)
Formal
(We / They)
Casual
(We / They)
Formal
(We / They)
“Were”थे
(THe)
थे
(THe)
थीं
(THiin)
थीं
(THiin)
“Were doing”कर रहे थे
(kar rahe THe)
कर रहे थे
(kar rahe THe)
कर रही थीं
(kar rahii THiin)
कर रही थीं
(kar rahii THiin)
“Had done”कर चुके थे 
(kar cuke THe)
कर चुके थे 
(kar cuke THe)
कर चुकी थीं 
(kar cukii THiin)
कर चुकी थीं 
(kar cukii THiin)

3 – Hindi Future Tense Conjugation

MasculineFeminine
SingularCasual / Formal
(I)
Casual
(He)
Formal
(He)
Casual / Formal
(I)
Casual
(She)
Formal
(She)
“Will” / “Shall”हूँगा 
(huungaa)
होगा
(hogaa)
होंगे
(honge)
हूँगी
(huungii)
होगी
(hogii)
होंगी
(hongii)
“Will have done”कर चुका हूँगा
(kar cukaa huungaa)
कर चुका होगा 
(kar cukaa hogaa)
कर चुके होंगे 
(kar cuke honge)
कर चुकी हूँगी 
(kar cukii huungii)
कर चुकी होगी 
(kar cukii hogii)
कर चुकी होंगी 
(kar cukii hongii)
PluralCasual / Formal
(We / They)
Casual / Formal
(We / They)
“Will” / “Shall”होंगे 
(honge)
होंगी 
(hongii)
“Will have done”कर चुके होंगे
(kar cuke honge)
कर चुकी होंगी
(kar cukii hongii)

8. Tenses

Negative Verbs

Although tenses are subdivided into many categories, in Hindi it comes down to the three most important forms. These are simple, continuous,  and perfect forms for each of the three tenses.

Are you ready to explore the Hindi conjugation in different tenses? Study the Hindi verb conjugation tables below to see how it works.

Here we go!

1 – Present Tense

1) “To eat”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent PerfectSimple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent Perfect
SINGULAR“Eat(s)”“Is / Am / Are Eating”“Has / Have Eaten”“Eat(s)”“Is / Am / Are Eating”“Has / Have Eaten”
मैं (main)
“I”
खाता हूँ 
(khaaTaa huun)
खा रहा हूँ
(khaa rahaa huun)
खा चुका हूँ
(khaa cukaa huun)
खाती हूँ
(khaaTii huun)
खा रही हूँ
(khaa rahii huun)
खा चुकी हूँ
(khaa cukii huun)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
खाते हो 
(khaaTe ho)
खा रहे हो 
(khaa rahe ho)
खा चुके हो 
(khaa cuke ho)
खाती हो 
(khaaTii ho)
खा रही हो
(khaa rahii ho)
खा चुकी हो
(khaa cukii ho)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
खाता है 
(khaaTaa hai)
खा रहा है 
(khaa rahaa hai)
खा चुका है 
(khaa cukaa hai)
खाती है 
(khaaTii hai)
खा रही है
(khaa rahii hai)
खा चुकी है
(khaa cukii hai)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
खाता है
(khaaTaa hai)
खा रहा है 
(khaa rahaa hai)
खा चुका है 
(khaa cukaa hai)
खाती है 
(khaaTii hai)
खा रही है 
(khaa rahii hai)
खा चुकी है 
(khaa cukii hai)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)
PLURAL“Eat”“Are Eating”“Have Eaten”“Eat”“Are Eating”“Have Eaten”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
खाते हो 
(khaaTe ho)
खा रहे हो 
(khaa rahe ho)
खा चुके हो 
(khaa cuke ho)
खाती हो 
(khaaTii ho)
खा रही हो 
(khaa rahii ho)
खा चुकी हो 
(khaa cukii ho)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)

Quick Tip:

Look closely and you’ll find a pattern for Hindi verb conjugations in the present tense.

  • The simple present tense ends with हूँ / -ता है / – ती है / – ते हैं / ती हैं (huun / -Taa hai / -Tii hai / -Te hain / Tii hain).


  • The present continuous tense ends with रहा हूँ / रही हूँ / रहा है / रही है / रहे हैं / रही हैं (rahaa huun / rahii huun / rahaa hai / rahii hai / rahe hain / rahii hain).


  • The present perfect tense ends with चुका हूँ / चुकी हूँ / चुका है / चुकी है / चुके हैं / चुकी हैं (cukaa huun / cukii huun / cukaa hai / cukii hai / cuke hain / cukii hain).
Reading (Present Continuous Tense)

This rule is true for each verb form. Here’s another example for present tense.

2) “To sleep”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent PerfectSimple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent Perfect
SINGULAR“Sleep(s)”“Is / Am / Are Sleeping”“Has / Have Slept”“Sleep(s)”“Is / Am / Are Sleeping”“Has / Have Slept”
मैं (main)
“I”
सोता हूँ 
(SoTaa huun)
सो रहा हूँ
(So rahaa huun)
सो चुका हूँ
(So cukaa huun)
सोती हूँ
(SoTii huun)
सो रही हूँ
(So rahii huun)
सो चुकी हूँ
(So cukii huun)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
सोते हो 
(SoTe ho)
सो रहे हो 
(So rahe ho)
सो चुके हो 
(So cuke ho)
सोती हो 
(SoTii ho)
सो रही हो
(So rahii ho
सो चुकी हो
(So cukii ho)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
सोता है 
(SoTaa hai)
सो रहा है 
(So rahaa hai)
सो चुका है 
(So cukaa hai)
सोती है 
(SoTii hai)
सो रही है
(So rahii hai
सो रही है
(So rahii hai
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)
सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)
सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
सोता है
(SoTaa hai)
सो रहा है 
(So rahaa hai)
सो चुका है 
(So cukaa hai)
सोती है 
(SoTii hai)
सो रही है 
(So rahii hai)
सो चुकी है 
(So cukii hai)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)

सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)

सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)

PLURAL“Sleep”“Are Sleeping”“Have Slept”“Sleep”“Are Sleeping”“Have Slept”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)
सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)
सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
सोते हो 
(SoTe ho)
सो रहे हो 
(So rahe ho)
सो चुके हो 
(So cuke ho)
सोती हो 
(SoTii ho)
सो रही हो 
(So rahii ho)
सो चुकी हो 
(So cukii ho)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)
सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)
सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)
सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)
सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)
सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)
सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)

3) “To go”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent PerfectSimple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent Perfect
SINGULAR“Go(es)”“Is / Am / Are Going”“Has / Have Gone”“Go(es)”“Is / Am / Are Going”“Has / Have Gone”
मैं (main)
“I”
जाता हूँ 
(jaaTaa huun)
जा रहा हूँ
(jaa rahaa huun)
जा चुका हूँ
(jaa cukaa huun)
जाती हूँ
(jaaTii huun)
जा रही हूँ
(jaa rahii huun)
जा चुकी हूँ
(jaa cukii huun)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
जाते हो 
(jaaTe ho)
जा रहे हो 
(jaa rahe ho)
जा चुके हो 
(jaa cuke ho)
जाती हो 
(jaaTii ho)
जा रही हो
(jaa rahii ho)
जा चुकी हो
(jaa cukii ho)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
जाता है 
(jaaTaa hai)
जा रहा है 
(jaa rahaa hai)
जा चुका है 
(jaa cukaa hai)
जाती है 
(jaaTii hai)
जा रही है
(jaa rahii hai)
जा चुकी है
(jaa cukii hai)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
जाता है
(jaaTaa hai)
जा रहा है 
(jaa rahaa hai)
जा चुका है 
(jaa cukaa hai)
जाती है 
(jaaTii hai)
जा रही है 
(jaa rahii hai)
जा चुकी है 
(jaa cukii hai)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)
PLURAL“Go”“Are Going”“Have Gone”“Go”“Are Going”“Have Gone”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
जाते हो 
(jaaTe ho)
जा रहे हो 
(jaa rahe ho)
जा चुके हो 
(jaa cuke ho)
जाती हो 
(jaaTii ho)
जा रही हो 
(jaa rahii ho)
जा चुकी हो 
(jaa cukii ho)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)

As you can see, the same pattern continues throughout the chart. Now, let’s learn how to conjugate in Hindi for  the past tense.

2 – Past Tense

1) “To eat”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PastPast ContinuousPast PerfectSimple PastPast ContinuousPast Perfect
SINGULAR“Ate”“Was / Were Eating”“Had Eaten”“Ate”“Was / Were Eating”“Had Eaten”
मैं (main)
“I”
खाता था 
(khaaTaa THaa)
खा रहा था
(khaa rahaa THaa)
खा चुका था
(khaa cukaa THaa)
खाती थी
(khaaTii THii)
खा रही थी
(khaa rahii THii)
खा चुकी थी
(khaa cukii THii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थी 
(khaaTii THii)
खा रही थी
(khaa rahii THii)
खा चुकी थी
(khaa cukii THii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
खाता था 
(khaaTaa THaa)
खा रहा था 
(khaa rahaa THaa)
खा चुका था 
(khaa cukaa THaa)
खाती थी 
(khaaTii THii)
खा रही थी
(khaa rahii THii)
खा चुकी थी
(khaa cukii THii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
खाता था
(khaaTaa THaa)
खा रहा था 
(khaa rahaa THaa)
खा चुका था 
(khaa cukaa THaa)
खाती थी 
(khaaTii THii)
खा रही थी 
(khaa rahii THii)
खा चुकी थी 
(khaa cukii THii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
PLURAL“Ate”“Were Eating”“Had Eaten”“Ate”“Were Eating”“Had Eaten”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
खाते थे  
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे 
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)

Quick Tip:

For past tense, the conjugation in Hindi is quite similar to what we saw in the present tense above. If you can memorize a few basic rules, solving the past tense riddle will be child’s play for you!

  • The simple past tense ends with ता था / – ती थी / – ते थे / ती थीं (-Taa THaa / -Tii THii / -Te THe / Tii THiin).


  • The past continuous tense ends with रहा था / रही थी / रहे थे / रही थीं (rahaa THaa / rahii THii / rahe THe / rahii THiin).


  • The past perfect tense ends with चुका था / चुकी थी / चुके थे / चुकी थीं (cukaa THaa / cukii THii / cuke THe / cukii THiin).

2) “To sleep”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PastPast ContinuousPast PerfectSimple PastPast ContinuousPast Perfect
SINGULAR“Slept”“Was / Were Sleeping”“Had Slept”“Slept”“Was / Were Sleeping”“Had Slept”
मैं (main)
“I”
सोता था 
(SoTaa THaa)
सो रहा था
(So rahaa THaa)
सो चुका था
(So cukaa THaa)
सोती थी
(So THii)
सो रही थी
(So rahii THii)
सो चुकी थी
(So cukii THii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थी 
(SoTii THii)
सो चुकी थी
(So cukii THii)
सो चुकी थी
(So cukii THii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
सोता था 
(SoTaa THaa)
सो रहा था 
(So rahaa THaa)
सो चुका था 
(So cukaa THaa)
सोती थी 
(SoTii THii)
सो रही थी
(So rahii THii)
सो चुकी थी
(So cukii THii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
सोता था
(SoTaa THaa)
सो रहा था 
(So rahaa THaa)
सो चुका था 
(So cukaa THaa)
सोती थी 
(SoTii THii)
सो रही थी 
(So rahii THii)
सो चुकी थी 
(So cukii THii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
PLURAL“Slept”“Were Sleeping”“Had Slept”“Slept”“Were Sleeping”“Had Slept”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
सोते थे  
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे 
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)

3) “To go”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PastPast ContinuousPast PerfectSimple PastPast ContinuousPast Perfect
SINGULAR“Went”“Was / Were Going”“Had Gone”“Went”“Was / Were Going”“Had Gone”
मैं (main)
“I”
जाता था 
(jaaTaa THaa)
जा रहा था
(jaa rahaa THaa)
जा चुका था
(jaa cukaa THaa)
जाती थी
(jaaTii THii)
जा रही थी
(jaa rahii THii)
जा चुकी थी
(jaa cukii THii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थी 
(jaaTii THii)
जा रही थी
(jaa rahii THii)
जा चुकी थी
(jaa cukii THii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
जाता था 
(jaaTaa THaa)
जा रहा था 
(jaa rahaa THaa)
जा चुका था 
(jaa cukaa THaa)
जाती थी 
(jaaTii THii)
जा रही थी
(jaa rahii THii)
जा चुकी थी
(jaa cukii THii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
जाता था
(jaaTaa THaa)
जा रहा था 
(jaa rahaa THaa)
जा चुका था 
(jaa cukaa THaa)
जाती थी 
(jaaTii THii)
जा रही थी 
(jaa rahii THii)
जा चुकी थी 
(jaa cukii THii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
PLURAL“Went”“Were Going”“Had Gone”“Went”“Were Going”“Had Gone”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
जाते थे  
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे 
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)

3 – Future Tense

1) “To eat”

MasculineFeminine
Simple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture Perfect
SINGULAR“Will Eat”“Will Be Eating”“Will Have Eaten”“Will Eat”“Will Be Eating”“Will Have Eaten”
मैं (main)
“I”
खाऊंगा
(khaauungaa)
खा रहा होऊंगा
(khaa rahaa houungaa)
खा चुका होऊंगा
(khaa cukaa houungaa)
खाऊंगा
(khaauungii)
खा रही होऊंगी
(khaa rahii houungii)
खा चुकी होऊंगी
(khaa cukii houungii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
खाओगे 
(khaaoge)
खा रहे होगे 
(khaa rahe hoge)
खा चुके होगे 
(khaa cuke hoge)
खाओगी 
(khaaogii)
खा रही होगी
(khaa rahii hogii)
खा चुकी होगी
(khaa cukii hogii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
खाएगा 
(khaayegaa)
खा रहा होगा 
(khaa rahaa hogaa)
खा चुका होगा
(khaa cukaa hogaa)
खाएगी 
(khaayegii)
खा रही होगी
(khaa rahii hogii)
खा चुकी होगी
(khaa cukii hogii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
खाएगा
(khaayegaa)
खा रहा होगा 
(khaa rahaa hogaa)
खा चुका होगा 
(khaa cukaa hogaa)
खाएगी 
(khaayegii)
खा रही होगी
(khaa rahii hogii)
खा चुकी होगी
(khaa cukii hogii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे 
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)
PLURAL“Will Eat”“Will Be Eating”“Will Have Eaten”“Will Eat”“Will Be Eating”“Will Have Eaten”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे 
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
खाओगे 
(khaaoge)
खा रहे होगे 
(khaa rahe hoge)
खा चुके होगे 
(khaa cuke hoge)
खाओगी 
(khaaogii)
खा रही होगी
(khaa rahii hogii)
खा चुकी होगी
(khaa cukii hogii)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे 
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे 
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे 
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)

Quick Tip:

In future tense, conjugation isn’t affected too much by the person. However, it’s worth looking at the minor inflection changes in the verb forms.

  • The simple future tense ends with हूँगा / हूँगी / होगा / होगी / होंगे / होंगी (huungaa / huungii / hogaa / hogii / honge / hongii).

  • The future continuous tense ends with रहा हूँगा / रही हूँगी / रहा होगा / रही होगी / रहे होंगे / रही होंगी (raha huungaa / rahii huungii / rahaa hogaa / rahii hogii / rahe honge / rahii hongii).

  • The future perfect tense ends with चुका हूँगा / चुकी हूँगी / चुका होगा / चुकी होगी / चुके होंगे / चुकी होंगी (cukaa huunga / cukii huungi / cukaa hogaa / cukii hogii / cuke honge / cukii hongii).

Now, here’s two more Hindi conjugation charts for you! 

2) “To sleep”

MasculineFeminine
Simple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture Perfect
SINGULAR“Will Sleep”“Will Be Sleeping”“Will Have Slept”“Will Sleep”“Will Be Sleeping”“Will Have Slept”
मैं (main)
“I”
सोऊंगा
(Souungaa)
सो रहा होऊंगा
(So rahaa houungaa)
सो चुका होऊंगा
(So cukaa houungaa)
सोऊंगी
(Souungii)
सो रही होऊंगी
(So rahii houungii)
सो चुकी होऊंगी
(So cukii houungii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
सोओगे 
(So-oge)
सो रहे होगे 
(So rahe hoge)
सो चुके होगे 
(So cuke hoge)
सोओगी 
(So-ogii)
सो रही होगी
(So rahii hogii)
सो चुकी होगी
(So cukii hogii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
सोएगा 
(Soyegaa)
सो रहा होगा 
(So rahaa hogaa)
सो चुका होगा
(So cukaa hogaa)
सोएगी 
(Soyegii)
सो रही होगी
(So rahii hogii)
सो चुकी होगी
(So cukii hogii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
सोएगा
(Soyegaa)
सो रहा होगा 
(So rahaa hogaa)
सो चुका होगा 
(So cukaa hogaa)
सोएगी 
(Soyegii)
सो रही होगी
(So rahii hogii)
सो चुकी होगी
(So cukii hogii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे 
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)
PLURAL“Will Sleep”“Will Be Sleeping”“Will Have Slept”“Will Sleep”“Will Be Sleeping”“Will Have Slept”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे 
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
सोओगे 
(So-oge)
सो रहे होगे 
(So rahe hoge)
सो चुके होगे 
(So cuke hoge)
सोओगी 
(So-ogii)
सो रही होगी
(So rahii hogii)
सो चुकी होगी
(So cukii hogii)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You” (Formal)
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे 
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे 
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे 
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)

3) “To go”

MasculineFeminine
Simple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture Perfect
SINGULAR“Will Go”“Will Be Going”“Will Have Gone”“Will Go”“Will Be Going”“Will Have Gone”
मैं (main)
“I”
जाऊंगा
(jaauungaa)
जा रहा होऊंगा
(jaa rahaa houungaa)
जा चुका होऊंगा
(jaa cukaa houungaa)
जाऊंगी
(jaauungii)
जा रही होऊंगी
(jaa rahii houungii)
जा चुकी होऊंगी
(jaa cukii houungii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
जाओगे 
(jaaoge)
जा रहे होगे 
(jaa rahe hoge)
जा चुके होगे 
(jaa cuke hoge)
जाओगी 
(jaaogii)
जा रही होगी
(jaa rahii hogii)
जा चुकी होगी
(jaa cukii hogii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
जाएगा 
(jaayegaa)
जा रहा होगा 
(jaa rahaa hogaa)
जा चुका होगा
(jaa cukaa hogaa)
जाएगी 
(jaayegii)
जा रही होगी
(jaa rahii hogii)
जा चुकी होगी
(jaa cukii hogii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
जाएगा
(jaayegaa)
जा रहा होगा 
(jaa rahaa hogaa)
जा चुका होगा 
(jaa cukaa hogaa)
जाएगी 
(jaayegii)
जा रही होगी
(jaa rahii hogii)
जा चुकी होगी
(jaa cukii hogii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे 
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
PLURAL“Will Go”“Will Be Going”“Will Have Gone”“Will Go”“Will Be Going”“Will Have Gone”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे 
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
जाओगे 
(jaaoge)
जा रहे होगे 
(jaa rahe hoge)
जा चुके होगे 
(jaa cuke hoge)
जाओगी 
(jaaogii)
जा रही होगी
(jaa rahii hogii)
जा चुकी होगी
(jaa cukii hogii)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे 
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे 
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे 
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
Practicing Verb Conjugation

9. It’s Quiz Time!

Did you learn and understand how Hindi conjugations work with all of the examples above? How about we put our neurons to work and try to solve these easy-breezy verb conjugation questions!

Read these five simple statements and figure out the appropriate verb conjugation for each. The infinitive form for the required verb is already given.

  1. बच्चे (कूदना ) _______. [ bacce (kuuDaNaa) __________ ]
    “The kids are jumping.”

    a. कूदते हैं (kuuDaTe hain)
    b. कूद रहे हैं (kuuD rahe hain)
    c. कूद चुके हैं (kuuD cuke hain)

  2. वह रोज़ पत्र (लिखना ) ____________. [ vah roz paTr (LikhaNaa) _________ ]
    “She will write a letter everyday.”

    a. लिखेगा (Likhegaa)
    b. लिखेंगे (Likhenge)
    c. लिखेगी (Likhegii)

  3. पिताजी फल (खाना ) ____________. [ piTaajii phaL (khaaNaa) _________ ]

    a./खा चुके थे (khaa cuke THe)
    b./खा चुका था (khaa cukaa THaa)
    c./खा रहे थे (khaa rahe THe)

  4. जॉन कल स्कूल (जाना ) ______. [ jauN kaL SkuuL (jaaNaa) __________ ]
    (“John was going to school yesterday.”)

    a. जाता होगा (jaaTaa hogaa)
    b. जा रहा था (jaa rahaa THaa)
    c. जा रहा है (jaa rahaa hai)

  5. मैं जूस नहीं (पीना ) ______. [ maiN juuS Nahiin (piiNaa) __________ ]
    (“I don’t drink juices.”)

    a.पीता था (piiTaa THaa)
    b.पीता हूँगा (piiTaa huungaa)
    c.पीता हूँ (piiTaa huun)

Solutions

1. Correct Answer: (b) कूद रहे हैं (kuuD rahe hain).

Reason: The statement “The kids are jumping,” is in the present continuous tense. In Hindi, the plural forms in present continuous end with रहे हैं (rahe hain). Thus, the option (b).

2. Correct Answer: (a) लिखेगी (Likhegii).

Reason: The sentence “She will write a letter everyday,” is in the simple future tense. The feminine pronouns in simple future end with गी (gii). Thus, option (a).

3. Correct Answer: (a) खा चुके थे (khaa cuke THe).

Reason: “Father had eaten the fruits.” Although “father” is a singular noun, he is a respectable figure. When we use the respectful tone, the plural verb conjugation is applied for singular nouns / pronouns. Moreover, this sentence is in the past perfect tense, which usually ends with -चुके थे (cuke THe). Thus, option (a).

4. Correct Answer: (b) जा रहा था (jaa rahaa THaa).

Reason: “John was going to school yesterday.” It’s a plain case of the past continuous tense, which typically ends with रहा था (rahaa THaa). Thus, option (b).

5. Correct Answer: (c) पीता हूँ (piiTaa huun).

Reason: “I don’t drink juices,” is a simple present tense sentence. In Hindi, such statements end with ता हूँ (Taa huun). Thus, option (c).

10. Reach the Next Level with HindiPod101.com

So, how many of them did you get correct? Let us know your score in the comment box below. What are the most difficult (and easiest) things for you in this lesson? We would love to hear your thoughts!

Meanwhile, check out our Hindi verb conjugation PDF lesson and practice. The more you read and speak, the better your vocab will be. And while we’re on that topic, don’t forget to visit us and sign up on HindiPod101.com.

If you’re already a member, we have plenty of new lesson materials for you. Enrich your word lists with our free English-Hindi online dictionary! If you encounter any issues, we’re just a click away at our help center. So, keep practicing and stay tuned for our upcoming lessons!

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The Verb in Hindi: 100+ Hindi Verbs & Conjugations

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People are never without action! If nothing else, we’re breathing ceaselessly. The bottom line: There’s always something happening around us. And a verb in Hindi is the only part of speech that helps us express those actions in the most meaningful way.

Therefore, it’s quite essential to study the most common verbs in Hindi with examples.

But before moving on to our Hindi verbs list, we thought you’d definitely like to check out our amazing and highly useful Hindi lessons on the Best 100 Adjectives, Top 100 Nouns, and The Most Common Pronouns in Hindi.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Introduction to Hindi Verbs
  2. Sentence Pattern in Hindi
  3. Transitive & Intransitive Verbs
  4. Regular & Irregular Verbs
  5. Auxiliary Verbs or Helping Verbs
  6. Hindi Modal Verbs
  7. Causative Verbs in Hindi
  8. Hindi Action Verbs
  9. Hindi Mental Verbs
  10. Hindi Phrasal Verbs
  11. Exploring the World of the Hindi Language with HindiPod101.com

1. Introduction to Hindi Verbs

Top Verbs

The first question we’re going to answer is “What is the word for ‘verb’ in Hindi?”

The word for verb in Hindi is known as क्रिया (kriyaa).

  • In Hindi, the “to be” verbs end with -ना  (-Naa).

For example, “to go” =  जाना (jaaNaa); “to eat” =  खाना (khaaNaa).

Just like in any other language, there are certain rules to be followed in order to correctly use the following list of verbs in Hindi.

Those who wish to dig into all the grammar essentials, this is your go-to basic Hindi verbs list. So, let’s begin.

2. Sentence Pattern in Hindi

More Essential Verbs

In a Hindi sentence, the verb always comes last. The usual sentence structure is S (Subject) + O (Object) + V (Verb).

1. खाना (khaaNaa)
“to eat”
सोहन ने आम खाया। 
SohaN Ne aam khaayaa.
“Sohan ate a mango.”

Here, सोहन (SohaN) = Subject, आम (aam) = Object, and खाया (khaayaa) = Verb.

2. पढ़ना (padhaNaa)
“to read”
रीमा किताब पढ़ रही है। 
riimaa kiTaab padh rahii hai.
“Reema is reading a book.”

Here, रीमा (riimaa) = Subject, किताब (kiTaab) = Object, and पढ़ रही है (padh rahii hai) = Verb.

Now that we’ve looked at the ways verbs work in Hindi, it’s time to study the different types of verbs in Hindi.

3. Transitive & Intransitive Verbs

On the basis of presence / absence of the object, there are two Hindi verb types.

  • One is a “transitive verb” in Hindi, or सकर्मक क्रिया (Sakarmak kriyaa). Using Hindi transitive verbs means that the sentence has an object.
3. जाना (jaaNaa)
“to go”
मैं स्कूल जाता हूँ। 
main SkuuL jaaTaa huun.
“I go to school.”
  • The other type is the “intransitive verb” in Hindi, or अकर्मक क्रिया (akarmak kriyaa). Using an intransitive verb means that the sentence has no object.

Example: मैं जाता हूँ (main jaaTaa huun.) =  “I go.”

Thinking about Something

4. Regular & Irregular Verbs

This is not a strict division, but in terms of Hindi verb conjugation, there are two types of Hindi verbs. 

  • Regular verbs in Hindi

When conjugating Hindi regular verbs, the verb form remains the same.

Example: Here, the infinitive verb is “to watch,” or देखना (DekhaNaa).

4. देखना (DekhaNaa)
“to watch”
राज फ़िल्म देखता है 
raaj fiLm DekhaTaa hai.
“Raj watches a movie.”

Now, as the example shows a singular subject, “Raj,” and the present tense verb form, the infinitive form “to watch” changes into present tense and becomes “watches.”

Similarly: राज ने फ़िल्म देखी (raaj Ne fiLm Dekhii.) “Raj watched a movie.”

राज फ़िल्म देखेगा (raaj fiLm Dekhegaa.) “Raj will watch a movie.”

  • Irregular verbs in Hindi

Hindi irregular verbs may change their forms according to the tense that’s used.

Example: Here, the infinitive verb is “to go,” or जाना (jaaNaa).

राज अस्पताल जाता है (raaj aSpaTaaL jaaTaa hai.) “Raj goes to the hospital.”

राज अस्पताल गया (raaj aSpaTaaL gayaa.) “Raj went to the hospital.”

राज अस्पताल जायेगा (raaj aSpaTaaL jaayegaa.) “Raj will go to the hospital.”

  • In addition to these two types of verbs, Hindi verbs conjugation also changes with various other factors, such as gender, mood, intention, etc. Wish to read about this in detail? Stay tuned for our upcoming guide on Conjugation in Hindi!

5. Auxiliary Verbs or Helping Verbs

Negative Verbs

Do you know that Hindi auxiliary verbs, or helping verbs, are known as सहायक क्रिया (Sahaayak kriyaa). The helping verbs support the main verb and make the sentence grammatically correct.

In our simple Hindi verb tenses charts below, you’ll find some Hindi helping verbs with examples of how to use them.

1- Present Tense

5. है (hai)
“is”
Used for singular nouns and pronounsआम मीठा है 
aam miithaa hai.
“The mango is sweet.”
6. हूँ (huun)
“am”
Used for “I”मैं एक लड़की हूँ 
main ek Ladakii huun.
“I am a girl.”
7. हैं (hain)
“are”
Used for plural nouns and pronounsवे लोग भूखे हैं 
ve Log bhuukhe hain.
“Those people are hungry.”

2- Past Tense

Here are the main Hindi past tense auxiliary verbs.

8. था (THaa)
“was”
Used for singular masculine nouns and pronounsसूरज कल दफ़्तर जा रहा था 
Suuraj kaL DafTar jaa rahaa THaa.
“Suraj was going to the office yesterday.”
9. थी  (THii)
“was”
Used for singular feminine nouns and pronounsपूजा सो रही थी 
puujaa So rahii THii.
“Pooja was sleeping.”
10. थे (THe)
“were”
Used for plural nouns and pronounsसभी बच्चे पार्क में खेल रहे थे 
Sabhii bacce paark men kheL rahe THe.
“All the kids were playing in the park.”

3- Future Tense

And lastly, here’s how to conjugate Hindi verbs in the future tense.

11. -गा (-gaa)
“will” / “shall”
Used for singular masculine nouns and pronounsसूरज कल दफ़्तर जाएगा। 
Suuraj kaL DafTar jaayegaa.
“Suraj will go to the office tomorrow.”
12. -गी (-gii)
“will” / “shall”
Used for singular feminine nouns and pronounsपूजा दो घंटे तक सोएगी। 
puujaa Do ghante Tak Soyegii.
“Pooja will sleep for two hours.”
13. -गे (-ge)
“will” / “shall”
Used for plural nouns and pronounsसभी बच्चे पार्क में खेलेंगे 
Sabhii bacce paark men kheLenge.
“All the kids will play in the park.”

Getting familiar with the different kinds of verbs? Well, there’s a lot more to come! Soon, we’ll be expanding your Hindi verbs vocabulary by checking out our list of Hindi phrasal verbs. We’ll also find out what on earth Hindi causative verbs are! 

But first, we present you with some of the most commonly used modal verbs in Hindi.

6. Hindi Modal Verbs

Modal verbs help us express the capacity, intention, or urgency of an action. Just like Hindi auxiliary verbs, modal verbs are not the main verbs, but are helpful in emphasizing a particular context.

14. चाहिए (caahiye)
“Should”
तुम्हें अब आराम करना चाहिए 
Tumhen ab aaraam karaNaa caahiye.
“You should rest now.”
15. ज़रूर (zaruur)
“Must”
हमें अपना वादा ज़रूर पूरा करना चाहिए। 
hamen apaNaa vaaDaa zaruur puuraa karaNaa caahiye.
“We must fulfill our promise.”
16. सकना (SakaNaa)
“Can” / “Could”
ऋतु कार चला सकती है। 
riTu kaar caLaa SakaTii hai.
“Ritu can drive the car.”

We also use the verb “would” in Hindi. But instead of translating it into a particular word, “would” generally works as a suffix in Hindi verbs.

  • Suffixes for “would” = गा (gaa) / गी (gii) / गें (ge)

For example:

  • क्या आप चाय लेंगे? 

kyaa aap caay Lenge?

“Would you have some tea?”

  • हम आपके आभारी रहेंगे. 

ham aapke aabhaarii rahenge.

“We would really appreciate that.”

7. Causative Verbs in Hindi

Our list of basic Hindi verbs for beginners would be incomplete without causative verbs. Any idea what they are?

Well, the causative verbs in Hindi represent an action which isn’t being done directly by the subject.

Usually, such verbs end with the suffix -वाना (-vaaNaa).

Let’s read some examples to understand how they are applied in a sentence.

17. -वाना (-vaaNaa)
“Get”
मुझे बाल कटवाना है 
mujhe baaL katavaaNaa hai.
“I have to get a haircut.”
18. -वाना (-vaaNaa)
“Make”
दादाजी मुझसे रोज़ पौधों में पानी डलवाते हैं। 
DaaDaajii mujh Se roz pauDHon men paaNii daLavaaTe hain.
“Grandpa makes me water the plants every day.”

8. Hindi Action Verbs

Now we present to you the most popular and common type of verb in Hindi: the action verb.

Action verbs are the main verbs which revolve around the subject. In this Hindi verbs list, we’ve tried to cover as many action verbs for you as possible.

19. लाना (LaaNaa)
“to bring”
क्या तुम वो सब्ज़ी की टोकरी यहां ला सकते हो? 
kyaa Tum vo Sabzii kii tokarii yahaan Laa SakaTe ho?
“Can you bring that vegetable basket over here?”
20. पकाना (pakaaNaa)
“to cook”
विनीता को खाना पकाना बहुत पसंद है। 
viNiTaa ko khaaNaa pakaaNaa bahuT paSanD hai.
“Vinita loves to cook.”
Man Snowboarding Down Mountain
21. बनाना (baNaaNaa)
“to make”
सुनील काफ़ी सुंदर तस्वीरें बनाता है। 
SuNiiL kaafii SuNDar TaSviiren baNaaTaa hai.
“Sunil makes amazing pictures.”
22. देखना (DekhaNaa)
“to look”
रोहन घाटी की ओर देख रहा था। 
rohaN ghaatii kii or Dekh rahaa THaa.
“Rohan was looking at the valley.”
23. कहना (kahaNaa)
“to say”
बच्चा अपनी माँ से कुछ कह रहा है। 
baccaa apaNii maan Se kuch kah rahaa hai.
“The child is saying something to his mom.”
24. बताना (baTaaNaa)
“to tell”
रीमा ने मुझे कुछ नहीं बताया। 
riimaa Ne mujhe kuch Nahiin baTaayaa.
“Reema did not tell me anything.”
25. पूछना (puuchaNaa)
“to ask”
मुझे तुमसे कुछ पूछना है। 
mujhe TumaSe kuch puuchaNaa hai.
“I need to ask you something.”
26. रुकना (rukaNaa)
“to stop”
हमें अगले मोड़ पर रुकना है। 
hamen agaLe mod par rukaNaa hai.
“We have to stop at the next turn.”
27. खड़ा होना (khaadaa hoNaa)
“to stand”
खिलाड़ी मैदान में खड़े हैं। 
khiLaadii maiDaaN men khade hain.
“The players are standing on the ground.”
28. चखना (cakhaNaa)
“to taste”
मैंने वो चॉकलेट आइसक्रीम चखी थी। 
main Ne vo caukaLet aaiS kriim cakhii THii.
“I had tasted that chocolate ice cream.”
29. लगना (LagaNaa)
“to feel”
इस घर में वापस आकर कितना अच्छा लग रहा है। 
iS ghar men vaapaS aakar kiTaNaa acchaa Lag rahaa hai.
“It feels so nice to be here again in this house.”
30. कोशिश करना (kosis karaNaa)
“to try”
सोहन ने कई बार कोशिश करके देख लिया। 
SohaN Ne kaii baar kosis karake Dekh Liyaa.
“Sohan tried it so many times.”
31. दौड़ना (DaudaNaa)
“to run”
घोड़े बहुत तेज़ दौड़ते हैं। 
ghode bahuT Tez DaudaTe hain.
“The horses run very fast.”
32. घूमना (ghuumaNaa)
“to wander” / “to go out”
चलो थोड़ी देर बाहर घूमते हैं। 
caLo THodii Der baahar ghuumaTe hain.
“Let’s go out for a while.”
33. रोना (roNaa)
“to cry”
सुमित कल रो रहा था। 
SumiT kaL ro rahaa THaa.
“Sumit was crying yesterday.”
34. हंसना (hanSaNaa)
“to laugh”
चुटकुले पर सभी हंसने लगे। 
cutakuLe par Sabhii hanSaNe Lage.
“Everybody laughed at the joke.”
35. मुस्कुराना (muSkuraaNaa)
“to smile”
तुम क्यों मुस्कुरा रही थीं? 
Tum kyon muSkuraa rahii THiin.
“Why were you smiling?”
36. छूना (chuuNaa)
“to touch”
सुनीता की किताबें मत छुओ। 
SuNiiTaa kii kiTaaben maT chuo.
“Don’t touch Sunita’s books.”
37. सोना (SoNaa)
“to sleep”
देव दूसरे कमरे में सोता है। 
Dev DuuSare kamare men SoTaa hai.
“Dev sleeps in the other room.”
38. चिल्लाना (ciLLaaNaa)
“to shout”
बच्चे क्यों चिल्ला रहे थे ?
bacce kyon ciLLaa rahe THe?
“Why were the kids shouting?”
39. लिखना (LikhaNaa)
“to write”
मैं कविता और कहानी लिखती हूँ। 
main kaviTaa aur kahaaNi LikhaTii huun.
“I write poems and stories.”
40. समझाना (SamajhaaNaa)
“to explain”
ये सवाल समझाना काफ़ी मुश्किल है। 
ye savaaL SamajhaaNaa kaafii muskiL hai.
“It is really hard to explain this sum.”
Cooking a Meal
41. होना (hoNaa)
“to become”
हितेश कितना चिड़चिड़ा हो गया है। 
hiTes kiTaNaa cidacidaa ho gayaa hai.
“Hitesh has become so irritable.”
42. लेना (LeNaa)
“to take”
दुकानदार ने रोहन से पैसे लिए। 
DukaaNaDaar Ne rohaN Se paiSe Liye.
“The shopkeeper took the money from Rohan.”
43. देना (DeNaa)
“to give”
पिताजी को ये छाता दे दो। 
piTaajii ko ye chaaTaa De Do.
“Give this umbrella to Father.”
44. छीनना (chiiNaNaa)
“to snatch”
किसी ने उस आदमी का बटुआ छीन लिया।  
kiSii Ne uS aaDamii kaa batuaa chiiN Liyaa.
“Somebody snatched that man’s wallet.”
45. ढूँढना (dhuundhaNaa)
“to find”
क्या तुमने कार की चाभी ढूंढ ली? 
kyaa TumaNe kaar kii caabhii dhuundh Lii?
“Did you find the car keys?”
46. इस्तेमाल करना (iSTemaaL karaNaa)
“to use”
मेरे चाचा माइक्रोवेव ओवन का इस्तेमाल नहीं करते हैं। 
mere caacaa maaikrovev ovaN kaa iSTemaaL Nahiin karaTe hain.
“My uncle doesn’t use the microwave oven.”
47. पहुँचना (pahuncaNaa)
“to arrive”
हम अभी-अभी रेलवे स्टेशन पहुँचे हैं। 
ham abhii-abhii reLave StesaN pahunce hain.
“We have just arrived at the railway station.”
48. निकलना (nikaLaNaa)
“to leave”
मैं चार बजे दफ़्तर से निकलूंगा। 
main caar baje DafTar Se NikaLuungaa.
“I will leave the office at four.”
49. रखना (rakhaNaa)
“to keep”
अपने ज़ेवर संभाल कर रखना। 
apaNe zevar SambhaaL kar rakhaNaa.
“Keep your jewelry safely.”
50. बुलाना (buLaaNaa)
“to call”
माँ तुम्हें बुला रही हैं। 
maan Tumhen buLaa rahii hain.
“Mother is calling you.”
51. पीना (piiNaa)
“to drink”
बिल्ली ने सारा दूध पी लिया। 
biLLii Ne Saaraa DuuDH pii Liyaa.
“The cat drank all the milk.”
52. खेलना (kheLaNaa)
“to play”
ललित रोज़ बैडमिंटन खेलता है। 
LaLiT roz baidamiNtaN kheLaTaa hai.
“Lalit plays badminton everyday.”
53. शुरू करना (suruu karaNaa)
“to start”
मैं कल से इस किताब पर काम शुरू कर दूंगा। 
main kaL Se iS kiTaab par kaam suruu kar Duungaa.
“Tomorrow, I will start working on this book.”
54. परोसना (paroSaNaa)
“to serve food”
कृपया, मेहमानों को खाना परोस दीजिये। 
kripayaa mehmaaNon ko khaaNaa paroS Diijiye.
“Please, serve the food to the guests.”
55. धुलना (DHuLaNaa)
“to wash”
रमन हर महीने अपनी कार धुलता है। 
ramaN har mahiiNe apaNii kaar DHuLaTaa hai.
“Raman washes his car every month.”
56. दबाना (DabaaNaa)
“to press”
स्विच को और ज़ोर से दबाओ। 
Svic ko aur zor Se Dabaao.
“Press the switch a little harder.”
Ice Skating!
57. कूदना (kuuDaNaa)
“to jump”
मेरा बेटा सोफ़े पर कूद रहा है। 
meraa betaa Sofe par kuuD rahaa hai.
“My son is jumping on the sofa.”
58. मना करना (maNaa karaNaa)
“to refuse”
बॉस ने आज छुट्टी देने से मना कर दिया है। 
baauS ne aaj chuttii DeNe Se maNaa kar Diyaa hai.
“The boss refused to leave today.”
59. मिलना (miLaNaa)
“to meet”
सारे दोस्त पांच बजे पार्क में मिलेंगे। 
Saare DoST paanc baje paark men miLenge.
“All the friends will meet in the park at five.”
60. ताली बजाना (TaaLii bajaaNaa)
“to clap”
दर्शकों ने जादूगर के लिए ख़ूब ताली बजाई। 
Darsakon Ne jaaDugar ke Liye khuub TaaLii bajaayii.
“The audience clapped for the magician.”
61. छींकना (chiinkaNaa)
“to sneeze”
वो पूरा वक़्त छींकता रहता है। 
vo puuraa vaqT chiinkaTaa rahaTaa hai.
“He sneezes all the time.”
62. खाँसना (khaanSaNaa)
“to cough”
बच्चा बहुत बुरी तरह से खाँस रहा है। 
baccaa bahuT burii Tarah Se khaanS rahaa hai.
“The child is coughing so badly.”
63. काटना (kaaTaNaa)
“to cut”
सीमा ने फलों को छोटे-छोटे टुकड़ों में  काट दिया। 
Siimaa Ne phaLon ko chote-chote tukadon men kaat Diyaa.
“Seema cut the fruits into small pieces.”
64. चबाना (cabaaNaa)
“to chew”
हर निवाले को अच्छी तरह से चबाओ। 
har NivaaLe ko acchii Tarah Se cabaao.
“Chew every morsel properly.”
65. निगलना (NigaLaNaa)
“to swallow”
तुम्हें इस गोली को निगलना है। 
Tumhen iS goLii ko NigaLaNaa hai.
“You have to swallow this pill.”
66. सजाना (SajaaNaa)
“to decorate”
दिवाली पर हम अपने घरों को सजाते हैं। 
DivaaLii par ham apaNe gharon ko SajaaTe hain.
“On Diwali, we decorate our houses.”
67. घुसना / अंदर आना
(ghuSaNaa) / (anDar aaNaa)
“to enter”
आप पीछे के दरवाज़े से घर के अंदर आ सकते हैं। 
aap piiche ke Daravaaze Se ghar ke anDar aa SakaTe hain.
“You can enter the house from the back door.”
68. चुस्की लेना (cuSkii LeNaa)
“to sip”
ज़ुकाम ठीक करने के लिए गर्म चाय की चुस्कियाँ लो। 
zukaam thiik karaNe ke Liye garm caaye kii cuSkiyaan Lo.
“To get rid of the cold, sip some hot tea.”
69. तैयार करना (Taiyaar karaNaa)
“to prepare”
माँ ने रवि के लिए कमरा तैयार कर दिया है। 
maan Ne ravi ke Liye kamaraa Taiyaar kar Diyaa hai.
“Mother has prepared the room for Ravi.”
70. छिपाना / छुपाना (chipaaNaa) / (chupaaNaa)
“to hide”
लोकेश ज़रूर हमसे कोई बात छुपा रहा है। 
Lokes zaruur ham Se koii baaT chupaa rahaa hai.
“Lokesh is surely hiding something from us.”
71. चुराना (curaaNaa) 
“to steal”
किसी ने मेरी अंगूठी चुरा ली है। 
kiSii Ne merii anguuthii curaa Lii hai.
“Somebody has stolen my ring.”
72. नाचना (NaacaNaa)
“to dance”
पार्टी में सब लोग नाच रहे थे।  
paartii men Sab Log Naac rahe THe.
“Everybody was dancing at the party.”
Gardening
73. गाना (gaaNaa)
“to sing”
मेरी बहन बहुत अच्छा गाती है। 
merii bahaN bahuT acchaa gaaTii hai.
“My sister sings really well.”
74. डाँटना (daantaNaa)
“to scold”
अध्यापक ने विद्यार्थियों को डाँटा। 
aDHyaapak Ne viDyaarTHiyon ko daantaa.
“The teacher scolded the students.”
75. फेंकना (phenkaNaa)
“to throw”
शीला ने गेंद मेरी तरफ़ फेंक दी। 
siiLaa Ne geND merii Taraf phenk Dii.
“Sheela threw the ball to me.”
76. बैठना (baithaNaa)
“to sit”
मेहमान ड्रॉइंग रूम में बैठे हैं। 
mehmaaN draauing ruum men baithe hain.
“The guests are sitting in the drawing room.”
77. बेचना (becaNaa)
“to sell”
सब्ज़ीवाला सब्ज़ी बेच रहा है। 
SabziivaaLaa Sabzii bec rahaa hai.
“The greengrocer is selling the vegetables.”
78. ख़रीदना (khariiDaNaa)
“to buy”
मुझे अपने पिता के लिए कुछ फल ख़रीदने हैं। 
mujhe apaNe piTaa ke Liye kuch phaL khariiiDaNe hain.
“I have to buy some fruit for my father.”
79. जीतना (jiiTaNaa)
“to win”
हमारी टीम टूर्नामेंट जीत गयी। 
hamaarii tiim tuurNaameNt jiiT gayii.
“Our team won the tournament.”
Buying the Toys
80. हारना (haaraNaa)
“to lose”
ऑस्ट्रेलिया क्रिकेट मैच हार गयी। 
auStreLiyaa kriket maic haar gayii.
“Australia lost the cricket match.”
81. उड़ना (udaNaa)
“to fly”
पतंग कितनी ऊँची उड़ रही है। 
paTang kiTaNii uuncii ud rahii hai.
“The kite is flying so high!”
82. तैरना (TairaNaa)
“to swim”
ज्योति नदी में तैरेगी। 
jyoTi NaDii men Tairegii.
“Jyoti will swim in the river.”

8. Hindi Mental Verbs

For your convenience, we’ve created a separate list for mental verbs. These useful Hindi verbs are essential for any new Hindi learner to master!

83. जानना (jaaNaNaa)
“to know”
मैं कल की पिकनिक के बारे में कुछ नहीं जानती हूँ। 
main kaL kii pikaNik ke baare men kuch Nahiin jaaNaTii huun.
“I don’t know anything about tomorrow’s picnic.”
84. सोचना (SocaNaa)
“to think”
सीमा दूसरी नौकरी के बारे में सोच रही है। 
Siimaa DuuSarii Naukarii ke baare men Soc rahii hai.
“Seema is thinking about another job.”
Wondering!
85. अहसास होना (caahaNaa)
“to realize”
बच्चे को अपनी ग़लती का एहसास हो गया है। 
bacce ko apaNii gaLaTii kaa ehaSaaS ho gayaa hai.
“The child has realized his mistake.”
86. विश्वास करना (visvaaS karaNaa)
“to believe”
मैं तुम पर विश्वास करती हूँ। 
main Tum par visvaaS karaTii huun.
“I believe you.”
87. उम्मीद करना (ummiiD karaNaa)
“to hope”
हम सब एक बेहतर भविष्य की उम्मीद करते हैं। 
ham Sab ek behaTar bhavisy kii ummiiD karaTe hain.
“We all hope for a better future.”
88. समझना (SamajhaNaa)
“to understand”
रोहन मेरी दिक़्क़त समझता है। 
RohaN merii DikkaT SamajhaTaa hai.
“Rohan understands my problem.”
89. पसंद करना (paSanD karaNaa)
“to like”
जॉन को मसालेदार खाना पसंद है। 
jauN ko maSaaLeDaar khaaNaa paSanD hai.
“John likes spicy foods.”
90. प्यार करना (pyaar karaNaa)
“to love”
मैं अपने बच्चों से बहुत प्यार करता हूँ। 
main apaNe baccon Se bahuT pyaar karaTaa huun.
“I really love my kids.”
91. याद करना (yaaD karaNaa)
“to remember”
मुझे अभी तक वो रात याद है। 
mujhe abhii Tak vo raaT yaaD hai.
“I still remember that night.”
92. भूलना (bhuuLaNaa)
“to forget”
सुमित कोर्ट की तारीख़ फिर से भूल गया। 
SumiT kort kii Taariikh phir Se bhuuL gayaa.
“Sumit forgot about the court date again.”
93. नफ़रत करना (NafaraT karaNaa)
“to hate”
सुमन इस शहर से नफ़रत करती है। 
SumaN iS sahar Se NafaraT karaTii hai.
“Suman just hates this town.”
94. सपने  देखना (SapaNe DekhaNaa)
“to dream”
कल रात मैं तुम्हें सपने में देख रहा था। 
kaL raaT main Tumhen SapaNe men Dekh rahaa THaa.
“Last night I was dreaming about you.”

9. Hindi Phrasal Verbs

By now, you’ve learned many useful Hindi verbs. We will now explore another sub-topic: phrasal verbs.

Phrasal verbs are those verbs in which two phrases come together, and they both collectively act as the main verbs in that sentence.

Talking and Discussing with Each Other

Sound tricky?Well, because this concept can be a little confusing to learners, we’ve included a quick Hindi phrasal verbs list here.

95. आना – जाना (aaNaa – jaaNaa)
“to visit”
सर्दियों के मौसम में बहुत सी हस्तियाँ इस होटल में आती-जाती रहती हैं। 
SarDiyon ke mauSam men bahuT Sii haSTiyaan iS hotaL men aaTii-jaaTii rahTii hain.
“Many celebrities visit this hotel in the winter season.”
96. पढ़ना – लिखना (padhaNaa – LikhaNaa)
“to study”
उज्जवल भविष्य के लिए पढ़ना – लिखना ज़रूरी है। 
ujjavaL bhavisy ke Liye padhaNaa – LikhaNaa zaruurii hai.
“For a bright future, it’s really important to study hard.”
97. माफ़ी माँगना (maafii maangaNaa)
“to apologize”
मेरे सहकर्मी ने अपनी ग़लती पर माफ़ी मांग ली। 
mere Sahakarmii Ne apaNii gaLaTii par maafii maang Lii.
“My colleague apologized for his mistake.”
98. खो जाना (kho jaaNaa)
“to get lost”
दो विदेशी होटल का रास्ता भूल गए। 
Do viDesii hotaL kaa raaSTaa bhuuL gaye.
“Two foreigners got lost on their way to the hotel.”
99. हार मान लेना (haar maaN LeNaa)
“to give up”
कनिका इतनी जल्दी हार नहीं मानेगी। 
kaNikaa iTaNii jaLDii haar Nahiin maaNegii.
“Kanika would not give up so easily.”
100. चुप हो जाना (cup ho jaaNaa)
“to become silent”
प्रार्थना के वक़्त हर कोई चुप हो गया। 
praarTHaNaa ke vaqT har koii cup ho gayaa.
“During the prayer, everybody became silent.”

10. Exploring the World of the Hindi Language with HindiPod101.com

With this, we successfully close another big chapter. In this lesson, you learned all types of verbs. How many types do you remember?

If asked, would you be able to give us a few examples of causative verbs in Hindi? Our comment box is right below, waiting for you to showcase all you’ve got.

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Happy Hindi learning!

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The Pronoun in Hindi: Types of Pronouns in Hindi & Examples

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A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. Everybody knows this definition. But what is a pronoun in Hindi—or rather, what is the meaning of “pronoun” in Hindi?

“Pronoun” in Hindi is known as सर्वनाम (SarvaNaam).Imagine a conversation where you had to repeat the name of a person or thing all the time? Exactly! It would be so dull, so monotonous, and where’s the fun in that? This is where the different kinds of pronouns in Hindi come into play.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. The Importance of a Pronoun in Hindi
  2. Pronoun Definition and Examples in Hindi
  3. Types of Pronouns in Hindi
  4. Hindi Personal Pronouns
  5. Hindi Demonstrative Pronouns
  6. Hindi Interrogative Pronouns
  7. Hindi Indefinite Pronouns
  8. Hindi Relative Pronouns
  9. Hindi Distributive Pronouns
  10. Getting the Best Out of HindiPod101

1. The Importance of a Pronoun in Hindi

The primary purpose of all kinds of pronouns in Hindi is to make the communication clean and clutter-free. Pronouns eliminate redundancy in conversations, at the same time adding more clarity and flow to the talk.

On the other hand, all pronoun words in Hindi play a significant role in enhancing colloquialism in the language. It’s the collection of these pronoun words in Hindi that allows the native language to remain so effortlessly unique and vibrant.

How to Pronounce Hindi Pronoun Words

Apart from that, after going through this guide, you’ll also be able to easily differentiate between a noun and pronoun in Hindi. If you haven’t yet, kindly check our super-informative article on “100 Hindi Nouns.”

Talking about nouns, we can’t just skip adjectives, can we? Well, accentuate your communication with these Top 100 Adjectives in Hindi and wow Hindi native speakers with a flawless and smooth Hindi vocabulary!

Now, without further ado, let’s embark on our exciting topic for today.

2. Pronoun Definition and Examples in Hindi

The various parts of speech include, but are not limited to, the: noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, and adverb in Hindi. Needless to say, having at least a surface-level knowledge of each part’s definition and usage can take you a long way toward refining your language skills.

You’ve already learned the meaning of “pronoun” in Hindi, which is सर्वनाम (SarvaNaam). Now it’s time to quickly glance through some examples of Hindi sentences using pronouns.

Let’s make this one easy before heading into more examples. Here’s how you would tell someone what a pronoun is in Hindi:

  • संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयोग किये जाने वाले शब्द सर्वनाम कहलाते हैं। 

Sangyaa ke STHaaN par prayog kiye jaaNe vaaLe sabD SarvaNaam kahaLaaTe hain.

“Words used in place of a noun are called pronouns.”

3. Types of Pronouns in Hindi

There are so many types of pronouns in Hindi. These include:

  • “Personal Pronoun” = पुरुषवाचक सर्वनाम (purusavaacak SarvaNaam
  • “Possessive Pronoun” = अधिकारवाचक सर्वनाम (aDHikaaravaacak SarvaNaam) 
  • “Reflexive Pronoun” = निजवाचक सर्वनाम (Nijavaacak SarvaNaam)
  • “Demonstrative Pronoun” = संकेतवाचक सर्वनाम (SankeTavaacak SarvaNaam) 
  • “Interrogative Pronoun” = प्रश्नवाचक सर्वनाम (prasNavaacak SarvaNaam
  • “Indefinite Pronoun” = अनिश्चयवाचक सर्वनाम (aNiscayavaacak SarvaNaam) 
  • “Relative Pronoun” = संबंधवाचक सर्वनाम (SambaNDHavaacak SarvaNaam) 
  • “Distributive Pronoun” = वितरणवाचक सर्वनाम (viTaranavaacak SarvaNaam) 

Each kind of pronoun in Hindi will be explained with the help of simple and useful examples.

An interesting and easy way to learn about Hindi language pronouns is to use them abundantly in both spoken and written forms.

A List of Various Words in English

To warm up, here are some pronoun examples in Hindi:

  • मैं (main) = “I”
  • आप (aap) = “You”
  • उसको (uSako) = “Him” / “Her”
  • कहाँ (kahaan) = “Where”

Let’s see a few pronoun sentences in Hindi using these example words.

  • मैं घर जा रही हूँ। 

main ghar jaa rahii huun.

“I am going home.”

  • आप से मिलकर अच्छा लगा। 

aap Se miLakar acchaa Lagaa.

“It was nice meeting you.”

  • उसको कल आने के लिए बोल दो। 

uSako kaL aaNe ke Liye boL Do.

“Ask him/her to come tomorrow.”

  • सुमन कहाँ है? 

SumaN kahaan hai?

“Where is Suman?”

By now, you must have gotten a fair idea about what pronouns in Hindi are and how to use them.

In this lesson about pronouns in Hindi, we’ve introduced all the main kinds of pronouns in Hindi. 

Are you ready to dig deeper now, and really start learning Hindi pronouns? Let’s go!

4. Hindi Personal Pronouns

Introducing Yourself

The first type of pronoun we’ll be discussing in this Hindi pronouns list is the personal pronoun. Personal pronouns in Hindi are known as पुरुषवाचक सर्वनाम (purusavaacak SarvaNaam). This type of pronoun in Hindi refers to words that replace nouns that are used for a particular person, place, or thing.

To make personal pronouns in Hindi crystal-clear for you, we’ll break it down into sub-categories that are described below.

1- Singular Forms

Almost all Hindi pronouns exercises revolve around the correct use of pronouns in Hindi. This also includes knowing how to form and use the singular and plural forms of pronouns. Let’s go over the concept of the “singular form”, or एकवचन (ekavacaN), of personal pronouns in Hindi.

Personal Pronouns: Singular Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
1st Personमैं (main)“I”मैं सोना चाहता हूँ। 
main SoNaa caahaTaa huun.
“I want to sleep.”
2nd Personतुम (Tum)“You”तुम अच्छी लग रही हो। 
Tum acchii Lag rahii ho.
“You look nice.”
आप (aap)“You”आप चाय लेना पसंद करेंगे? 
aap caaye LeNaa paSanD karenge.
“Would you like to have tea?”
3rd Personवह (vah)“He”वह रोज़ विद्यालय जाता है। 
vah roz viDyaaLay jaaTaa hai.
“He goes to school every day.”
वह (vah)“She”वह बहुत उदास थी। 
vah bahauT uDaaS THii.
“She was quite sad.”
यह (yeh)“It”यह एक उपन्यास है। 
yah ek upaNyaaS hai.
“It is a novel.”

2- Plural Forms

The plural forms are known as बहुवचन (bahuvacaN) in Hindi. Below is a Hindi pronoun chart which showcases some of the most frequently used plural forms of personal pronouns in Hindi.

Personal Pronouns: Plural Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
1st Personहम (ham)
Or
हम सब (ham Sab)
Or
हम लोग (ham Log)
“We”हम सब बाज़ार जा रहे हैं।
ham Sab baazaar jaa rahe hain.
“We are going to the market.”
2nd Personतुम सब (Tum Sab)“You”तुम सब को हिंदी में चार वाक्य बनाने हैं।
Tum Sab ko hinDii men caar vaakya baNaaNe hain.
“You have to make four sentences in Hindi.”
आप सब (aap Sab)“You”आप सब अब जा सकते हैं।
aap Sab ab jaa SakaTe hain.
“You may go now.”
3rd Personवे (ve)“They”वे लोग मेरे रिश्तेदार हैं।
ve Log mere risTeDaar hain.
“They are my relatives.”

3- Hindi Object Pronouns

This kind of pronoun in Hindi consists of words that are used to replace the object (on which the action is being done) in that sentence. In such sentences, the subject or doer is someone else. 

Common Pronoun Words

Let’s check out all pronouns in Hindi which are in the object forms.

Personal Pronouns: Object Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
1st Personमुझे (mujhe)“Me”शीला मुझे प्यार करती है। 
siiLaa mujhe pyaar karaTii hai.
“Sheila loves me.”
हमें (hamen)“Us”दादाजी हमें मिठाई दिलाएंगे। 
DaaDaajii hamen mithaaii DiLaayenge.
“Grandpa will buy us sweets.”
2nd Personतुम्हें (Tumhen)“You”सूरज तुम्हें अपना दोस्त समझता है। 
Suuraj Tumhen apaNaa DoST SamajhaTaa hai.
“Suraj considers you his friend.”
आपको (aapako)“You”प्रिंसिपल आपको बुला रहे हैं। 
priNSipaL aapako buLaa rahe hain.
“The principal is asking for you.”
3rd Personउसे (uSe)“Him”राधा उसे फ़ोन नहीं करेगी। 
raaDHaa uSe foN Nahiin karegii.
“Radha will not call him.”
उसे (uSe)“Her”माँ ने उसे सब्ज़ी लाने भेजा था। 
maan Ne uSe Sabzii LaaNe bhejaa THaa.
“Mother has sent her to buy some vegetables.”
उन्हें (uNhen)“Them”पुलिस ने उन्हें रंगे-हाथों पकड़ लिया। 
puLiS Ne uNhen range-haaTHon pakad Liyaa.
“The police caught them red-handed.”

4- Casual Forms

No language would be complete without its casual or informal words for chitchats. So, how could we let you miss these hardcore native pronoun words in Hindi?

Here’s our list of Hindi pronouns in their casual forms.

Make sure to use them only with your close friends. Avoid using them with colleagues and those who are older than you as it may leave a bad impression on them!

Personal Pronouns: Informal / Casual Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
तू (Tuu)“You”तू पहले कुछ खा ले। 
Tuu pahaLe kuch khaa Le.
“You eat something first.”
तुझे (Tujhe)“You”तुझे अब आराम करना चाहिए। 
Tujhe ab aaraam karaNaa caahiye.
“You should get some rest now.”
तेरा (Teraa) / तेरी“Your”तेरी तबियत कैसी है ? 
Terii TabiyaT kaiSii hai?
“How is your health?”

5- Possessive Forms

The fifth type of personal pronoun is Hindi possessive pronouns/forms, which in Hindi are called अधिकारवाचक सर्वनाम (aDHikaaravaacak SarvaNaam).As the definition of possessive pronouns in Hindi indicates, the Hindi possessive pronouns are those words which show possession or ownership of a noun.

Personal Pronouns: Possessive Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
1st Personमेरा (meraa) / मेरी (merii)“My” / “Mine”मेरा बैग गीला है। 
meraa baig giiLaa hai.
“My bag is wet.”
हमारा (hamaaraa) / हमारी (hamaarii)“Our”हमारा फ़्रिज ख़राब हो गया है। 
hamaaraa frij kharaab ho gayaa hai.
“Our fridge is not working.”
2nd Personतुम्हारा (Tumhaaraa) / तुम्हारी (Tumhaarii)“Your”तुम्हारी दवा का वक़्त हो गया। 
Tumhaarii Davaa kaa vaqT ho gayaa hai.
“It’s time for your medicine.”
आपका (aapakaa) / आपकी (aapakii)“Your”आपका काम हमें बहुत अच्छा लगा। 
aapakaa kaam hamen bahuT acchaa Lagaa.
“We really liked your work.”
3rd Personउसका (uSkaa) / उसकी (uSkii)“His” / “Her”सीमा अपने परिवार से प्यार करती है और हर सप्ताहांत उनसे मिलने जाती है। 
Siimaa apNe parivaar Se pyaar karTii hai aur har SapTaahaanT uNSe miLNe jaaTii hai.
“Seema loves her family and meets them every weekend.”
उनका (uNakaa) / उनकी (uNakii)“Their”मुझे उनका फ़ोन नंबर मालूम है। 
mujhe uNakaa foN Nambar maaLuum hai.
“I know their phone numbers.”

Now that you’re familiar with Hindi possessive pronouns, it’s time to study another significant sub-topic: the reflexive pronoun in Hindi.

6- Reflexive Forms

Before we look at the Hindi pronouns table below, we’ll first go over the meaning of reflexive pronouns in Hindi.

Pronouns Make Conversations Easier

The reflexive forms, or emphatic pronouns, are known as निजवाचक सर्वनाम (Nijavaacak SarvaNaam). While there are several words that qualify as reflexive pronouns in English, they’re reduced to two common phrases in Hindi that are used for all first-, second-, and third-person personal pronouns.

Which ones are these? Find out for yourself!

Personal Pronouns: Reflexive Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
  • अपने-आप (apaNe-aap)




  • ख़ुद-ही (khuD-hii)
“Myself”मैं ख़ुद वहाँ जाना चाहती हूँ। 
main khuD vahaan jaaNaa caahaTii huun.
“I want to go there myself.”
“Yourself”तुम ख़ुद ये नौकरी करना चाहते थे। 
Tum khuD hii ye Naukarii karaNaa caahaTe THe.
“You yourself wanted this job.”
“Themselves”उन्होंने ख़ुद ही सामान का भुगतान किया था। 
uNhoNe khuD hii SaamaaN kaa bhugaTaaN kiyaa THaa.
“They, themselves, paid for the stuff.”
“Himself”बच्चा अपने आप ही चलने लगा। 
baccaa apaNe aap hi caLaNe Lagaa.
“The toddler himself started walking.”
“Herself”इसके लिए सीमा ख़ुद ज़िम्मेदार है। 
iSake Liye Siimaa khuD zimmeDaar hai.
“Seema herself is responsible for this.”
“Ourselves”हम ख़ुद इस मुश्किल में पड़ गए। 
ham khuD iS muskiL men pad gaye.
“We got into this problem ourselves.”

As you can see, we have just two Hindi phrases for so many English reflexive pronouns. Actually, both the phrases अपने-आप (apaNe-aap) and ख़ुद-ही (khuD-hii) can be used to replace any of the English reflexive pronouns, be it “himself,” “herself,” “themselves,” and so on.

Hence, regardless of the English reflexive pronouns, the clarity of the context mostly depends on the Hindi personal pronouns in that sentence, and not on the Hindi reflexive pronouns.

5. Hindi Demonstrative Pronouns

Now, we’ll talk about the demonstrative pronoun in Hindi. These pronouns are quite important, and we’ll look at them in more depth in the following Hindi pronouns chart.

Express Yourself Better Using Hindi Pronouns

The demonstrative pronoun meaning in Hindi is संकेतवाचक सर्वनाम (SankeTavaacak SarvaNaam). It’s also known as a definite pronoun in Hindi, or निश्चयवाचक सर्वनाम (Niscayavaacak SarvaNaam).

These are words which indicate a specific noun.

Demonstrative Pronouns
HindiEnglishSentences
यह (yeh)“This”यह चादर मुझे तोहफ़े में मिली थी। 
yah caaDar mujhe Tohafe men miLii THii.
“I got this bedsheet as a present.”
ह (vah)“That”वह लड़का बीमार है। 
vah Ladakaa biimaar hai.
“That boy is sick.”
ये (ye)“These”ये मकान बहुत पुराने हैं। 
ye makaaN bahuT puraaNe hain.
“These houses are quite old.”
वे (ve)“Those”वे किताबें साधना की हैं। 
ve kiTaaben SaaDHaNaa kii hain.
“Those are Sadhana’s books.”
यहाँ (yahaan)“Here”तुम यहाँ कैसे आये ? 
Tum yahaan kaiSe aaye?
“How did you get here?”
वहाँ (vahaan)“There”जाओ और वहाँ सोफ़े पर बैठ जाओ। 
jaao aur vahaan Sofe par baith jaao.
“Go and sit on the sofa there.”
ऐसा / ऐसी (aiSaa / aiSii)“Such”मुझे ऐसी फ़िल्में पसंद नहीं हैं। 
mujhe aiSii fiLmen paSanD Nahiin hain.
“I don’t like such movies.”
वही“The same”ये वही बच्ची है जिसके बारे में मैंने तुम्हें बताया था। 
ye vahii baccii hai jiSake baare men maine Tumhen baTaayaa THaa.
“It’s the same girl I told you about.”

6. Hindi Interrogative Pronouns

Basic Questions

Interrogative pronouns in Hindi help us ask questions about any noun. In Hindi, these are known as प्रश्नवाचक सर्वनाम (prasNavaacak SarvaNaam).

Interrogative Pronouns
HindiEnglishSentences
क्या (kyaa)“What”तुम दोपहर में क्या खाओगे ? 
Tum Dopahar men kyaa khaaoge?
“What will you have for lunch?”
क्यों (kyon)“Why”अर्जुन क्यों रो रहा है ? 
arjuN kyon ro rahaa hai?
“Why is Arjun crying?”
कौन सा (kauN Saa) / सी (Sii)“Which”उसको कौन सा रंग पसंद है? 
uSako kauN Saa rang paSanD hai?
“Which is her favorite color?”
कौन (kauN)“Who”दरवाज़े पर कौन था ? 
Darvaaze par kauN THaa?
“Who was on the door?”
किसे (kiSe) / किसको (kiSako)“Whom”तुम किसे ज़्यादा प्यार करते हो ?
Tum kiSe zyaaDaa pyaar karaTe ho?
“Whom do you love more?”
किसका (kiSkaa) / किसकी (kiSkii)“Whose”यह कलम किसकी है ? 
yah kaLam kiSakii hai?
“Whose pen is this?”
कहाँ (kahaan)किधर (kiDHar)“Where”बाक़ी लोग कहाँ हैं ? 
baaqii Log kahaan hain?
“Where is everybody else?”
कब (kab)“When”बस कब आएगी ? 
baS kab aayegii?
“When will the bus be here?”

7. Hindi Indefinite Pronouns

The next sub-topic in our Hindi pronouns list is the indefinite pronoun. Indefinite pronouns in Hindi are called अनिश्चयवाचक सर्वनाम (aNiscayavaacak SarvaNaam).

These pronoun words are useful when we’re referring to a noun, but not something in particular.

Indefinite Pronouns
HindiEnglishSentences
कुछ (kuch) / थोड़ा (THodaa)“Some” / “Few”मुझे कुछ वक़्त चाहिए। 
mujhe kuch vaqT caahiye.
“I need some time.”
कोई (koii)“Any”उसके पास कोई और ड्रेस नहीं है। 
uSake paaS koii aur dreS Nahiin hai.
“She doesn’t have any other dress.”
सभी (Sabhii) / सारे (Saare)“All”मेरे भतीजे को सारे गुब्बारे चाहिए थे। 
mere bhaTiije ko Saare gubbaare caahiye THe.
“My nephew wanted all the balloons.”
कई (kaii)“Many”रवि को उसके जन्मदिन पर कई तोहफ़े मिले। 
ravi ko uSake jaNmaDiN par kaii Tohafe miLe.
“Ravi got so many presents on his birthday.”
हर कोई (har koii)“Everybody”हर कोई ख़ुश रहना चाहता है। 
har koii khus rahaNaa caahaTaa hai.
“Everybody wants to be happy.”
हर किसी (har kiSii)“Everyone”हर किसी ने उसके गाने की तारीफ़ की। 
har kiSii Ne uSake gaaNe kii Taariif kii.
“Everyone praised her singing.”
सब जगह (Sab jagah)
Or 
हर तरफ़ (har Taraf)
“Everywhere”आजकल सब जगह प्रदूषण बढ़ रहा है। 
aaj kaL Sab jagah praDuusan badh rahaa hai.
“Nowadays, the pollution levels are rising everywhere.”
कोई (koii)“Someone” /
“Somebody”
बाहर कोई तुम्हारा इंतज़ार कर रहा है। 
baahar koii Tumhaaraa inTazaar kar rahaa hai.
“Someone is waiting for you outside.”
किसी ने (kiSii Ne)“Somebody”क्या किसी ने तुम्हें कुछ कहा ? 
kyaa kiSii Ne Tumhen kuch kahaa?
“Did somebody say something to you?”
किसी को (kiSii ko)“Someone”चलो, किसी को रात के खाने पर बुलाते हैं। 
caLo, kiSii ko raaT ke khaaNe par buLaaTe hain.
“Come on, let’s invite someone for dinner.”
किसी का (kiSii kaa)“Someone’s”हॉल में किसी का सूटकेस रखा है। 
haauL men kiSii kaa Suut keS rakhaa hai.
“Someone’s suitcase is there in the hall.”
कहीं (kahiin)“Somewhere”कविता आज कहीं जाने का प्लान बना रही थी। 
kaviTaa aaj kahiin jaaNe kaa pLaaN baNaa rahii THii.
“Kavita was planning to go somewhere today.”
कुछ (kuch)“Something”कहीं तुम कुछ भूल तो नहीं रहे ? 
kahiin Tum kuch bhuuL To Nahiin rahe?
“Aren’t you forgetting something?”
सब कुछ (Sab kuch)“Everything”मैं सब कुछ जानना चाहता हूँ। 
main Sab kuch jaaNaNaa caahaTaa huun.
“I want to know everything.”
कोई नहीं (koii Nahiin)“No-one” / “Nobody”यहाँ पर तो कोई नहीं है। 
yahaan par To koii Nahiin hai.
“There’s no-one here.”
कुछ नहीं (kuch Nahiin)“Nothing”एक्सीडेंट भयानक था लेकिन मुझे कुछ नहीं हुआ। 
ekSiident bhayaaNak THaa LekiN mujhe kuch Nahiin huaa.
“It was a terrible accident, but nothing happened to me.”
कहीं नहीं (kahiin Nahiin)“Nowhere”आइसक्रीम बेचने वाला कहीं नहीं दिख रहा था। 
aaiS kriim becNe vaaLaa kahiin Nahiin Dikh rahaa THaa.
“The ice-cream vendor was nowhere in sight.”
कोई भी (koii bhii)“Anyone” /
“Anybody”
कोई भी इस प्रतियोगिता में भाग ले सकता है। 
koii bhii iS praTiyogiTaa men bhaag Le SakaTaa hai.
“Anyone can participate in this competition.”
किसी को भी (kiSii ko bhii)“Anyone”पूजा ने किसी को भी ये बात नहीं बताई। 
puujaa Ne kiSii ko bhii ye baaT Nahiin baTaayii.
“Pooja didn’t tell anyone about it.”
जिस किसी को भी (jiS kiSii ko bhii)“Whomever”तुम जिस किसी को भी चाहो उसे घर पर बुला सकती हो। 
Tum jiS kiSii ko bhii caaho uSe ghar par buLaa SakaTii ho.
“You can invite whomever you like.”
जो कोई भी (jo koii bhii)“Whoever”जो कोई भी पहले उस लाइन को पार करेगा विजेता बनेगा। 
jo koii bhii pahaLe uS LaaiN ko paar karegaa vijeTaa baNegaa.
“Whoever touches that line first is the winner.”
कहीं भी (kahiin bhii)“Anywhere”तुम कहीं भी मत जाना। 
Tum kahiin bhii maT jaaNaa.
“Don’t go anywhere.”
कुछ भी (kuch bhii)“Anything”मैं कुछ भी नहीं सुनना चाहती। 
main kuch bhii Nahiin SuNaNaa caahaTii.
“I don’t want to hear anything.”
Simple Ways to Learn Hindi Pronouns

8. Hindi Relative Pronouns

We’ve covered nearly all the different types of pronouns in Hindi. But let us remind you of another really significant one: the relative pronoun in Hindi.Relative pronouns in Hindi are called संबंधवाचक सर्वनाम (SambaNDHavaacak SarvaNaam). They show the relationship or connection that helps describe the noun that’s being talked about.

Relative Pronouns
HindiEnglishSentences
जो (jo)“That”वो किताब कहाँ रखी है जो आप ने कल ख़रीदी थी?
vo kiTaab kahaan rakhii hai jo aap Ne kaL khariiDii THii?
“Where is that book you bought yesterday?”
जो (jo)“Which”श्याम ने पार्टी में जो शर्ट पहनी थी वो काफ़ी सुंदर थी।
syaam Ne paartii men jo sart pahaNii THii vo kaafii SuNDar THii.
“The shirt which Shyam was wearing at the party was quite nice.”
जो (jo)“Who”जो लड़का मुझसे मिलने आया था वह मेरा सहपाठी है।
jo Ladakaa mujh Se miLaNe aayaa THaa vah meraa Sahapaathii hai.
“The boy who came to meet me is my classmate.”
जिसने (jiSaNe)“Who”ये वही लड़की है जिसने कल मेरी मदद की थी।
ye vahii Ladakii hai jiSaNe kaL merii maDaD kii THii.
“This is the girl who helped me yesterday.”
जिसे (jiSe)
Or
जिसको (jiSko)
“Whom”मैं जिसे पसंद करता था वह प्रत्याशी चुनाव में जीत गया है।
main jiSe paSanD karTaa THaa vah praTyaasiii cuNaav men jiiT gayaa hai.
“The candidate who* I was supporting has won the election.”
(*Quick Note: Please, note that the English translation isn’t exactly the same as the Hindi, so the Hindi “whom” became “who”.)
जिसका (jiSakaa)“Whose”यह जिसका पर्स है उसी को लौटा देते हैं।
yah jiSakaa parS hai uSii ko Lautaa DeTe hain.
“Let’s return this to the person whose purse this is.”
जहाँ (jahaan)जिधर (jiDHar)“Where”वहीं चलो जहाँ कल खाना खाया था।
vahiin caLo jahaan kaL khaaNaa khaayaa THaa.
“Let’s go to the same place where we ate yesterday.”
जब (jab)“When”जब तुम सो रहे थे मैं काम कर रहा था।
jab Tum So rahe THe main kaam kar rahaa THaa.
“I was working when you were sleeping.”

9. Hindi Distributive Pronouns

Our last type of pronoun is the distributive pronoun. In Hindi, the distributive pronoun is known as वितरणवाचक सर्वनाम (viTaranavaacak SarvaNaam).

Let’s look at the chart below and find out which Hindi pronouns qualify as the distributive pronouns.

Distributive Pronouns
HindiEnglishSentences
हर एक (har ek) / प्रत्येक (praTyek)“Each”प्रत्येक खिलाड़ी को एक नयी टी-शर्ट मिलेगी। 
praTyek khiLaadii ko ek Nayii tii-sart miLegii.
“Each player will get a new t-shirt.”
या तो (yaa To) / या फिर (ya phir)“Either-or”या तो तुम हिंदी पढ़ सकती हो या फिर फ़्रेंच। 
yaa To Tum hiNDii padh SakaTii ho yaa phir freNc.
“You can either study Hindi or French.”
ना तो (Naa To)“Neither-nor”मेरी बीमारी के वक़्त न तो मेरी माँ पास थी न ही मेरे पिता। 
merii biimaarii ke vaqT Na To merii maan paaS THii Na hii mere piTaa.
“Neither my mother nor father were around when I was sick.”
कोई नहीं (koii Nahiin)“None”सभी कमरों में कोई साफ़ नहीं था। 
Sabhii kamaron men koii Saaf Nahiin THaa.
“None of the rooms were clean.”

10. Getting the Best Out of HindiPod101

Improve Listening

To get the most out of what you read today, you can treat this whole pronoun list in Hindi as an awesome Hindi pronoun exercise. Just pick one word and try making different sentences with it.

With this, we come to the end of this comprehensive guide on pronouns in Hindi. But we have so much more to offer.

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So, what are you waiting for? Explore a unique and informative world of Hindi learning and take your first step toward talking like a native!

And before you go, be sure to let us know in the comments how you feel about pronouns in Hindi now! Is there anything you still have questions about? We look forward to hearing from you!

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Premium PLUS: The Golden Ticket for Language-Learning

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As an active Premium PLUS member of JapanesePod101.com and KoreanClass101.com myself, I have an enjoyable experience learning at an accelerated pace with at least thirty minutes of study daily. The following Premium PLUS features contribute to my success:

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Pronunciation is an essential ingredient in language-learning. Proper pronunciation prompts clear understanding during conversations with native speakers.

Prior to learning full Korean sentences, my online Korean language tutor assigned the “Hana Hana Hangul” pathway to me. It demonstrated the writing and pronunciation of Hangul, the Korean alphabet. Throughout this pathway, I submitted recordings of my Hangul character pronunciations to my language teacher for review.

I was given a similar task on JapanesePod101.com with the “Ultimate Japanese Pronunciation Guide” pathway. My Japanese language teacher tested my pronunciation of the Japanese characters kana. My completion of the two pathways boosted my confidence in speaking.

Speaking is one of the more challenging components of learning a language. The voice recording tool in particular was a great way for me to improve my speaking skills. Further, because the lesson dialogues are spoken by native speakers, I’m able to practice speaking naturally.

This feature is also available for vocabulary words and sample sentences. Being able to hear these recordings improves my pronunciation skills for languages like Japanese, where intonation can change the meaning of a word entirely. The voice recorder examines my speed and tone. I also follow up by sending a recording to my online language tutor for feedback.

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The host asks the following question:

어디에 살고 있습니까?

eodieseo salgo isseumnikka

“Where do you live?”

If you live in Tokyo, you would readily say the following:

도쿄에 살고 있습니다.

Tokyo-e salgo isseumnida.

“I live in Tokyo.”

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Premium PLUS offers various features to expand learners’ vocabulary, including Free Gifts of the Month. HindiPod101’s free gifts for April 2020 included an e-book with “400 Everyday Phrases for Beginners,” and the content is updated every month. When I download free resources like this, I find opportunities to use them with co-teachers, friends, or my language tutors.

An effective way to learn vocabulary is with SRS flashcards. SRS is a system designed for learning a new word and reviewing it in varying time intervals.

You can create and study flashcard decks, whether it’s your Word Bank or a certain vocabulary list. For example, if you need to visit a post office, the “Post Office” vocabulary list for your target language would be beneficial to study prior to your visit.

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With the SRS flashcards, you can change the settings to your liking. The settings range from different card types to number of new cards per deck. Personally, I give myself vocabulary tests by changing the settings.

After studying a number of flashcards, I change the card types to listening comprehension and/or production. Then I test myself by writing the translation of the word or the spoken word or phrase.

The change in settings allow me to remember vocabulary and learn how to identify the words. This is especially helpful with Japanese kanji!

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Homework assignments are advantageous to my language studies. There are homework assignments auto-generated weekly. They range from multiple-choice quizzes to writing assignments.

Language tutors are readily available for homework help. Some writing assignments, for instance, require use of unfamiliar vocabulary. In such cases, my language teachers assist me by forwarding related lessons or vocabulary lists.

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Your language tutors also provide assignments upon requests. When I wanted to review grammar, my Korean teacher sent related quizzes and assignments. Thus, you are not only limited to the auto-generated assignments.

Every weekend, I review by re-reading those written sentences. It helps me remember sentence structures, grammar points, and vocabulary to apply in real-world contexts.

Furthermore, I can track my progress with language portfolios every trimester. It’s like a midterm exam that tests my listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills.

Get Your Own Personal Language Teacher!

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My language teachers cater to my goals with personalized and achievable learning programs. The tangible support of my online language teachers makes it evident that we share common goals.

Once I share a short-term or long-term goal with my teacher, we establish a plan or pathway that will ultimately result in success. I coordinate with my teachers regularly to ensure the personalized learning programs are prosperous. For example, during my JLPT studies, my Japanese language tutor assigned me practice tests.

Your language tutor is available for outside help as well. When I bought drama CDs in Japan, I had difficulty transliterating the dialogue. My Japanese teacher forwarded me the script to read along as I listened.

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A remarkable thing happened to me in South Korea. I was stressed about opening a bank account with limited Korean. I sought help from my Korean teacher. She forwarded me a script of a bank conversation.

After two days, I visited the local bank. It all started with my opening sentence:

은행 계좌를 만들고 싶어요

eunhaeng gyejwaleul mandeulgo sip-eoyo.

I want to open a bank account.

Everything went smoothly, and I exited the bank with a new account!

The MyTeacher Messenger allows me to share visuals with my teachers for regular interaction, including videos to critique my pronunciation mechanisms. I improve my listening and speaking skills by exchanging audio with my teachers. In addition to my written homework assignments, I exchange messages with my language teachers in my target language. This connection with my teachers enables me to experience the culture as well as the language.

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Celebrating Ganesh Chaturthi in India

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Are you familiar with the most important Hindu deity, Lord Ganesha? In the Hindu faith, he’s considered the god above all other gods, and multitudes of devoted Hindus worship him and celebrate his birth each year. 

In this article, HindiPod101.com will teach you all about the Ganesh Chaturthi holiday in India and how it’s celebrated today.

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Ganesh Chaturthi? 

Festival of Lord Ganesh

Ganesh Chaturthi is the celebration of the गणेश भगवान का जन्मदिन (ganesh bhagwaan ka janmDin), or “birthday of Lord Ganesha.” He is the most important deity in Hinduism, known for having a human-like body but the head of an elephant. Lord Ganesha is revered for his role in the universe as the “Remover of Obstacles,” the “God of Success,” and the “God of New Beginnings.”

The origins of this holiday are debated, though most people agree that the celebrations began in Pune during the 1600s. Celebrations of this holiday dissipated for a time, but continued later as a way to reunite India after it had been divided by British rule. The three people most often credited with making Ganesh Chaturthi popular again are Sardar Krishnaji Khasgiwale, Lokmanya Tilak, and Bhausaheb Rangari. The latter two were freedom fighters during that time period. 

So if India is no longer under British rule, why is Ganesh Chaturthi celebrated today?

Well, like many holidays in other cultures, people grew used to the celebration over time. It simply became a way of life. That said, the सार्वजनिक समारोह (saarvajanik samaaroh), or “public celebration,” for Ganesh Chaturthi is massive and full of energy! Hindus are glad to worship Lord Ganesha for his blessings of luck and success, and they hope that in continuing to worship him, his blessings will continue to flow. 

    → Are you fascinated with religions? Check out our Religion vocabulary list to learn the names of different religions in Hindi! 

2. When is Ganesh Chaturthi This Year?

A Statue of Lord Ganesh

Each year, Ganesh Chaturthi takes place in August or September, though its exact date is determined by the moon’s cycle. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s tentative date on the Gregorian calendar for the next ten years.

  • 2020: August 22
  • 2021: September 9
  • 2022: August 30
  • 2023: September 18
  • 2024: September 7
  • 2025: August 26
  • 2026: September 14
  • 2027: September 4
  • 2028: August 23
  • 2029: September 11

The holiday then lasts for ten days. 

3. Ganesh Chaturthi Traditions 

Flower Garlands Used for Ganesh Chaturthi

Perhaps the most well-known aspect of this holiday is the Ganesh Chaturthi decorations, which are clay models of Ganesh statues called मिटटी से बनी गणेशजी की मूर्ती (mitti se bani ganeshji ki moorTii). Sculptors begin crafting these lovely clay statues weeks, or even months, before the holiday begins. Because every Hindu family will be purchasing at least one, this holiday is very profitable for the sculptors who lovingly design the Ganesh statues. 

Hindus place smaller versions of the statue inside their homes on an altar called Mandir; larger statues are placed in public areas on pandals. The Mandir and pandals are elaborately decorated for the occasion and are often placed in special lighting. 

Ganesh Chaturthi is a time of sincere worship for Hindu devotees, who flock to their nearest public Ganesh statue to pray and say a मंत्र (manTra), or “mantra.” Worshipers are marked with blood-red sandalwood paste on their foreheads as they arrive, and priests guide them in saying various mantras. 

Some Hindus opt to fast for the holiday, believing that doing so will please Lord Ganesha so that he blesses them. The Ganesha Chaturthi fasting procedure isn’t very strict, except that the devotee should avoid meat and alcohol at all costs. There’s also a so-called “waterless fast,” in which the devotee goes twenty-four hours without food or water. 

On Ganesh Chaturthi, special sweets called मोदक (moDak), or “Modak,” are prepared. These are ball-shaped dessert items made with jaggery and coconut, and they can be either deep-fried or steamed. Lord Ganesha is said to have loved Modak, hence its popularity on this holiday. Learn more about fasting and Ganesh Chaturthi recipes on the Times of India website

To end the ten-day worship period, Hindus perform the मूर्ती विसर्जित करना (moorTii visarjiT karna), or “idol immersion.” This is when the Lord Ganesha statues are plunged into the ocean or another body of water, where they will begin to dissolve. Because the statues are designed to give Hindus a more tangible presence to worship, the act of allowing them to dissolve in water represents the idea that even though Lord Ganesha’s presence is not always tangible, it’s always there. Some also believe that it’s a way of symbolically letting go of the things they value, and of realizing that all things eventually come to an end. 

    → See this list of Fruits and Vegetables in Hindi to learn more about what Hindus might eat on Ganesh Chaturthi, and learn the names of popular Drinks while you’re at it! 

4. The Birth of Lord Ganesha

Mantra

While there are numerous stories about Lord Ganesha, the most relevant one to this holiday is the Ganesh Chaturthi story, which talks about his birth and early life. 

Lord Ganesha was the शिव और पार्वती के पुत्र (shiv aur paarvaTii ke puTrr), or “son of Shiva and Parvati.” It’s said that the Goddess Parvati created Ganesha by making a statue of him and breathing life into it. Afterward, she told her son not to let anyone into their home while she went to take a bath. But Parvati’s husband Shiva arrived at their home shortly after this, only to be turned away by Ganesha. This turned into a bloody brawl, in which Ganesha’s head was taken off. 

Parvati, angry with her husband, convinced him to go and look for a new head for their son. But after having all the gods search for one, all they could come up with was the head of an elephant. Thus, Ganesha has the body of a human and the head of an elephant. 

After this event, Parvati named her son Ganesha, making him the god above all gods. 

5. Essential Vocabulary for Ganesh Chaturthi

An Indian Woman Praying to Lord Ganesh

Let’s review some of the Hindi vocabulary from this article! 

  • गणेश चतुर्थी (ganesh chaTurthii) – “Festival of Lord Ganesha”
  • भक्त (bhakT) – “Devotee”
  • मोदक (moDak) – “Modak”
  • सड़क पर जुलूस निकालना (sadak par juloos nikaalna) – “Street procession”
  • शिव और पार्वती के पुत्र (shiv aur paarvaTii ke puTrr) – “Son of Shiva and Parvati”
  • सार्वजनिक समारोह (saarvajanik samaaroh) – “Public celebration”
  • मंत्र (manTra) – “Mantra”
  • गणेश भगवान (ganesh bhagwaan) – “Lord Ganesh”
  • गणेश चतुर्थी (ganesh chaTurthii) – “Ganesha Chaturthi”
  • मूर्ती विसर्जित करना (moorTii visarjiT karna) – “Idol immersion”
  • गणेश विसर्जन (ganesh visarjan) – “Ganesh Visarjan”
  • मिटटी से बनी गणेशजी की मूर्ती (mitti se bani ganeshji ki moorTii) – “Clay models of Ganesh statues”
  • गणेश भगवान का जन्मदिन (ganesh bhagwaan ka janmDin) – “Birthday of Lord Ganesha”
  • फूलों का हार (foolon ka haar) – “Flower garland”

Remember that you can check out our Hindi Ganesh Chaturthi vocabulary list to study these words further and listen to their pronunciation. Don’t forget to add them to your flashcard deck! 

Final Thoughts

Doesn’t Ganesh Chaturthi sound like a huge event? It’s the ideal time for devoted Hindus to worship Lord Ganesha and receive his blessings for the coming year, so it’s no wonder! 

Are there any major religious holidays in your country similar to Ganesh Chaturthi? Tell us about them in the comments.

If you’re interested in learning more about Indian culture and holidays, HindiPod101.com has a special blog archive dedicated to these topics, so make sure you check it out. Also keep your eyes open for future blog posts like this one, and study up on other popular Indian holidays in the meantime.

Happy Ganesh Chaturthi from the HindiPod101.com team!

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