HindiPod101.com Blog
Learn Hindi with Free Daily
Audio and Video Lessons!
Start Your Free Trial 6 FREE Features

Archive for the 'Hindi Grammar' Category

Learn About Adverbs in Hindi with 100+ Examples

Thumbnail

Do you like to read daily or occasionally? Sit quietly or sing loudly! Oh! Did we just use an adverb of frequency in the first sentence? 

Okay, enough dancing around the trees. You guessed it right! Today, we’ll be introducing you to the concept and meaning of the adverb in Hindi.

In the English language, adjectives are known to specify the quality of nouns and pronouns, while adverbs may describe the quality of a verb, adjective, or another adverb.

But there’s a slight difference for adverbs in Hindi. While adjectives tell us the quality of nouns and pronouns, an adverb in Hindi grammar modifies only the verb regardless of its placement in the sentence.

Before we continue, we recommend that you check out our amazing article on “Hindi Adjectives.” Not only will this polish your vocabulary, but it will also empower you with a greater understanding of grammatical concepts and many practical example sentences.

Coming back to our current topic, spotting an adverb is easy. More often than not, in Hindi grammar, adverbs come right before the verb. That means the adverb is immediately followed by the related verb. However, this doesn’t hold true in all cases.To be honest, there’s no specific pattern for forming adverbs in Hindi, such as adding a prefix or suffix. Each adverb in Hindi is completely different from each other adverb. So, basically, you’ll have to learn and memorize them. And what could give you a better head start than our rich and versatile vocabulary list?

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. What are Adverbs in Hindi?
  2. Types of Adverbs in Hindi
  3. Adverbs of Time
  4. Adverbs of Frequency
  5. Adverbs of Place
  6. Adverbs of Manner
  7. Adverbs of Degree
  8. Interrogative Adverbs
  9. What are Adverb Clauses?
  10. Placement of Adverbs in a Sentence
  11. Conclusion

1. What are Adverbs in Hindi?

So, the first thing we’ll look at is what an adverb is in Hindi. In literal terms, the meaning of “adverb” in Hindi is क्रिया विशेषण (kriyaa visesan).

क्रिया (kriyaa) refers to a verb. Hence, a word which tell us the quality of verbs is known as क्रिया विशेषण (kriyaa visesan), or “adverb.”

Mind you that Indians are really expressive folks and love to paint their conversations with all sorts of adverbs. Being fluent in your use of the adverb in Hindi will give you a native feel and bring you closer to the local people. Thus, with this article, we’ll give you 100+ adverb examples in Hindi.

Top Verbs

2. Types of Adverbs in Hindi

Now that you know the meaning of adverbs and the basic difference between adjectives and adverbs in Hindi, let’s look at the main types of adverb in Hindi.

  • Adverbs of Time
  • Adverbs of Frequency
  • Adverbs of Place
  • Adverbs of Manner
  • Adverbs of Degree
  • Interrogative Adverbs

These are the most fundamental types of adverb in Hindi, and we’ll be discussing each of them in the respective sub-headings below.

3. Adverbs of Time

To begin our Hindi adverbs list, let’s look at the adverb of time in Hindi. As the name indicates, these adverb words in Hindi tell us about when an action happened or happens. In the chart below, we’ve covered some of the most popular adverbs of time in Hindi and will show you how to use them in sentences.

1.आज
(aaj)
“Today”कुनाल आज वापस जा रहा है।
kuNaaL aaj vaapaS jaa rahaa hai.
“Kunal is going back today.”
2.हमेशा के लिए
(hamesaa ke Liye)
“Forever”मैं हमेशा के लिए तुम्हारे साथ रहना चाहती हूँ। 
main hamesaa ke Liye Tumhaare SaaTH rahaNaa caahaTii huun.
“I want to live with you forever.”
3.समय के साथ
(Samay ke SaaTH)
“Gradually” (Over time)समय के साथ दोनों अच्छे दोस्त बन गए। 
Samay ke SaaTH DoNon acche DoST baN gaye.
“Gradually, they became good friends.”
4.एक बार
(ek baar)
“Once”मैं एक बार लखनऊ गयी हूँ। 
main ek baar LakhaNauu gayii huun.
“I have been to Lucknow once.”
5.दो बार
(Do baar)
“Twice”दादी को ये दवा दिन में दो बार लेनी है। 
DaaDii ko ye Davaa DiN men Do baar LeNii hai.
“Grandma has to take this medicine twice a day.”
6.तीन बार
(TiiN baar)
“Thrice”उसने तीन बार मेरा फ़ोन काटा था। 
uS Ne TiiN baar meraa foN kaataa THaa.
“He hung up my call thrice.”
7.कल / पिछले दिन
(kaL) / (pichaLe DiN)
“Yesterday”हमें वहाँ कल पहुंचना था।
hamen vahaan kaL pahuncNaa THaa.
“We had to reach there yesterday.”
8.कल / अगले दिन
(kaL) / (agaLe DiN)
“Tomorrow”दीपा कल नहीं आएगी।
Diipaa kaL Nahiin aayegii.
“Deepa will not come tomorrow.”
9.परसों
(paraSon)
“A day before / after yesterday”सबने परसों मिलने का प्लान बनाया है।
Sab Ne paraSon miLaNe ka pLaaN baNaayaa hai.
“Everyone has planned to meet the day after tomorrow.”
10.पिछले साल
(pichaLe SaaL)
“Last year”वो हादसा पिछले साल हुआ था।
vo haaDaSaa pichaLe SaaL huaa THaa.
“That terrible accident happened last year.”
11.पिछले हफ़्ते
(pichaLe hafTe)
“Last week”उमा पिछले हफ़्ते से बीमार है।
umaa pichaLe hafTe Se biimaar hai.
“Uma has been ill since last week.”
12.जल्दी
(jaLDii)
“Soon”हम जल्दी कोई रास्ता निकाल लेंगे।
ham jaLDii koii raaSTaa NikaaL Lenge.
“We would soon find a way.”
13.देर से
(Der Se)
“Late”देर से आने के लिए माफ़ी चाहता हूँ।
Der Se aaNe ke Liye maafii caahaTaa huun.
“I apologize for coming late.”
14.सबसे पहले (Sab Se pehLe)“Firstly”हमने सबसे पहले चाय पी।
hamaNe Sab Se pahaLe caay pii.
“Firstly, we had tea.”
15.शुरुआत में
(suruaaT men)
“Initially”शुरुआत में तो सब कुछ ठीक चल रहा था। 
suruaaT men To Sab kuch thiik caL rahaa THaa.
“Initially, everything was going fine.”
16.अभी
(abhii)
“Right now”शिवम अभी कहाँ मिलेगा ?
sivam abhii kahaan miLegaa.
“Where can I find Shivam right now?”
17.अगली बार 
(agaLii baar)
“Next time”मैं आपको अगली बार लेने ज़रूर आऊंगा। 
main aapako agaLii baar LeNe zaruur aauungaa.
“I will surely come to pick you up next time.”
18.तुरंत
(TuranT)
“Immediately”डॉक्टर ने दादाजी को तुरंत अस्पताल में भर्ती कर लिया।
dauktar Ne DaaDaajii ko TuranT aSpaTaaL men bharTii kar Liyaa.
“The doctor immediately admitted Grandpa into the hospital.”
19.अभी तक
(abhii Tak)
“Yet”मेहमान अभी तक नहीं आये हैं।
mehamaaN abhii Tak Nahiin aaye hain.
“The guests have not yet arrived.”
20.आज रात
(aaj raaT)
“Tonight”हम सब आज रात शादी में जा रहे हैं।
ham Sab aaj raaT saaDii men jaa rahe hain.
“We are going to a wedding tonight.”
21.कल रात
(kaL raaT)
“Last night”मैं कल रात पढ़ रहा था।
main kaL raaT padh rahaa THaa.
“I was studying last night.”
22.कल सुबह
(kaL Subah)
“Tomorrow morning”लीला कल सुबह लौटेगी।
LiiLaa kaL Subah Lautegii.
“Leela will return tomorrow morning.”
23.पहले ही
(pahaLe hii)
“Already”बच्चे पहले ही सो चुके हैं।
bacce pahaLe hii So cuke hain.
“The kids are already asleep.”
24.आजकल (aajakaL)“Currently” / “Nowadays”रोहन आजकल काफ़ी चुप रहता है।
rohaN aajakaL kaafii cup rahaTaa hai.
“Rohan is really quiet nowadays.”
25.बिलकुल अभी
(biLkuL abhii)
“Just now”मैच बिलकुल अभी शुरू हुआ है।
maic biLkuL abhii suru huaa hai.
“The match has just now started.”
Swimmers Diving into the Pool Simultaneously

4. Adverbs of Frequency

After time adverbs, another significant type is the adverb of frequency in Hindi. The term is self-explanatory. These adverbs tell us the frequency with which an action takes place, whether that be daily, weekly, or never.

26.कभी नहीं
(kabhii Nahiin)
“Never”मैं ये बात कभी नहीं भूलूंगा।
main ye baaT kabhii Nahiin bhuuLuungaa.
“I will never forget this.”
27.कभी-कभी (kabhii-kabhii)“Sometimes”तुम कभी-कभी मिलने भी आ जाया करो।
Tum kabhii-kabhii miLaNe bhii aa jaayaa karo.
“You should come and visit us sometimes.”
28.बहुत कम (bahuT kam)“Rarely”यहाँ बारिश बहुत कम होती है।
yahaan baaris bahuT kam hoTii hai.
“It rarely rains here.”
29.आमतौर पर / अमूमन
(aamaTaur par) / (amuumaN)
“Usually”मैं आमतौर पर शाकाहारी भोजन खाना पसंद करता हूँ।
main aamaTaur par saakaahaarii bhojaN khaaNaa paSanD karaTaa huun.
“I usually like to have vegetarian meals.”
30.अक़्सर
(aqSar)
“Often”सुनील अक़्सर बीमार हो जाता है।
SuNiiL aqSar biimaar ho jaaTaa hai.
“Sunil often falls ill.”
31.लगातार
(LagaaTaar)
“Consistently”भारतीय टीम लगातार अच्छा प्रदर्शन कर रही है।
bhaaraTiy tiim LagaaTaar acchaa praDarsaN kar rahii hai.
“The Indian team is consistently performing well.”
32.हमेशा (hamesaa)“Always”ये लिफ़्ट हमेशा ख़राब रहती है।
ye Lift hamesaa kharaab rahaTii hai.
“This lift is always out of order.”
33.हर वक़्त / हर समय
(har vaqT) / (har Samay)
“All the time”बच्चे हर वक़्त शोर करते रहते हैं। 
bacce har vaqT sor karaTe rahaTe hain.
“The kids make noise all the time.”
34.हर दिन
(har DiN)
“Every day”टीचर हर दिन स्कूल आती हैं।
tiicar har DiN SkuuL aaTii hain.
“The teacher comes to school every day.”
35.हर हफ़्ते
(har hafTe)
“Every week”हम हर हफ़्ते सब्ज़ी ख़रीदते हैं।
ham har hafTe Sabzii khariiDaTe hain.
“We buy vegetables every week.”
36.हर महीने
(har mahiiNe)
“Every month”मैं हर महीने पुस्तकालय जाती हूँ।
main har mahiiNe puSTakaaLay jaaTii huun.
“I go to the library every month.”
37.हर साल
(har SaaL)
“Every year”हम हर साल घूमने जाते हैं।
ham har SaaL ghuumaNe jaaTe hain.
“We go on a trip every year.”

5. Adverbs of Place

You know, it’s not just enough to know the difference between adjectives and adverbs in Hindi. When it comes to adverbs of place, it’s natural to get confused between adverbs and prepositions, too!

So, what’s the mantra? Well, it all boils down to this. A preposition will always need an object to count on, whereas this is not the case with adverbs of place. The adverbs do not depend on an object to form a complete sentence.

Let’s check out the most useful adverbs of place and learn their usage in a sentence.

38.यहाँ / इधर
(yahaan) / (iDHar)
“Here”कृपया, यहाँ आइये।
kripayaa, yahaan aaiye.
“Please, come here.”
39.वहां / उधर
(vahaan) / (uDHar)
“There”सभी प्रतियोगी उधर बैठे हैं।
Sabhii praTiyogii uDHar baithe hain.
“All the contestants are sitting there.”
40.इस तरफ़
(iS Taraf)
“This side”तुम इस तरफ़ आ सकते हो।
Tum iS Taraf aa SakaTe ho.
“You can come to this side.”
41.उस तरफ़
(uS Taraf)
“That side”उस तरफ़ मत देखो।
uS Taraf maT Dekho.
“Don’t look to that side.”
42.हर जगह
(har jagah)
“Everywhere”तुम्हें शाहरुख़ के प्रशंसक हर जगह मिल जायेंगे।
Tumhen saaharukh ke prasaNSak har jagah miL jaayenge.
“You can find the Shahrukh fans everywhere.”
43.अंदर
(anDar)
“Inside”मरीज़ को अंदर भेजिए।
mariiz ko aNDar bhejiye.
“Send the patient inside.”
44.बाहर
(baahar)
“Outside”डाकिया बाहर इंतज़ार कर रहा है।
daakiyaa baahar iNTazaar kar rahaa hai.
“The postman is waiting outside.”
45.ऊपर
(uupar)
“Up”आप सब कृपया ऊपर देखिये।
aap Sab kripayaa uupar Dekhiye.
“All of you, please look up.”
46.नीचे
(Niice)
“Down”कैलेंडर नीचे गिर गया।
kaiLendar Niice gir gayaa.
“The calendar fell down.”
47.दूर
(Duur)
“Away”मैं यहाँ से दूर जाना चाहती हूँ।
main yahaan Se Duur jaaNaa caahaTii hunn.
“I want to go away from here.”
48.पास
(paaS)
“Near”आग के पास मत जाना।
aag ke paaS maT jaaNaa.
“Don’t go near the fire.”
49.ऊपरी मंज़िल
(uuparii maNziL)
“Upstairs”दादाजी ऊपरी मंज़िल पर आराम कर रहे हैं।
DaaDaajii uuparii manziL par aaraam kar rahe hain.
“Grandpa is resting upstairs.”
50.निचली मंज़िल 
(NicaLii maNziL)
“Downstairs”पिताजी निचली मंज़िल पर खाना बना रहे हैं।
piTaajii NicaLii manziL par khaaNaa baNaa rahe hain.
“Father is cooking downstairs.”
51.विदेश
(viDes)
“Abroad”क्या आप विदेश जाना चाहेंगे?
kyaa aap viDes jaaNaa caahenge?
“Would you like to go abroad?”
52.शहर के बाहर
(sehar ke baahar)
“Out of station”माँ किसी काम से शहर के बाहर गयी हैं।
maan kiSii kaam Se sahar ke baahar gayii hain.
“Mom is out of station (on vacation) from work.”
53.आस-पास
(aaS-paaS)
“Around”हमें दुकान के आस-पास ही रुकना है।
hamen DukaaN ke aaS-paaS hii rukaNaa hai.
“We have to stay around the shop.”
54.कहीं भी
(kahiin bhii)
“Anywhere”आप मुझसे कहीं भी मिल सकते हैं। 
aap mujh Se kahiin bhii miL SakaTe hain.
“You can meet me anywhere.”
55.दायें
(Daayen)
“Right”कार दाएं घूम गयी।
kaar Daayen ghuum gayii.
“The car turned right.”
56.बाएं
(baayen)
“Left”सड़क पर बाएं चलो।
Sadak par baayen caLo.
“Walk left on the road.”
57.सामने
(SaamaNe)
“In front of”वो मेरे सामने झगड़ रहे थे।
vo mere SaamaNe jhagad rahe THe.
“They were fighting in front of me.”
58.पीछे
(piiche)
“Behind”सीमा रेस में पीछे रह गयी।
Siimaa reS men piiche rah gayii.
“Seema was left behind in the race.”
59.आगे की ओर
(aage kii or)
“Forward”दो क़दम आगे की ओर आओ। 
Do kaDam aage kii or aao.
“Take two steps forward.”
60.पीछे की ओर
(piiche kii or)
“Backward”तुम्हें पीछे की ओर जाना था।
Tumhen piiche kii or jaaNaa THaa.
“You had to go backward.”
Passengers Waiting for Their Turn Patiently

6. Adverbs of Manner

Adverbs of manner are the words which show us how an action happened. Whether you touched the flower gently or entered the house haphazardly! Such types of clarity are brought to us by the adverb of manner in Hindi. So, are you ready to dive in? Let’s get going, because this is yet another very useful type of adverb in Hindi.

61.धीरे
(DHiire)
“Slowly”पंखा धीरे चल रहा था।
pankhaa DHiire caL rahaa THaa.
“The fan was moving slowly.”
62.जल्दी से
(jaLDii Se)
“Quickly”जली हुई जगह पे जल्दी से बर्फ़ रख दो।
jaLii huii jagah pe jaLDii Se barf rakh Do.
“Put some ice quickly on the burned area.”
63.चालाकी से
(caaLaakii Se)
“Cleverly”दिनेश चालाकी से आगे की सीट पर बैठ गया।
DiNes caaLaakii Se aage kii Siit par baith gayaa.
“Dinesh cleverly took the front seat.”
64.जानबूझ कर
(jaaN buujh kar)
“Willfully”रोहन ने जानबूझ कर ये बात छिपाई।
rohaN Ne jaaN buujh kar ye baaT chipaayii.
“Rohan willfully kept it a secret.”
65.कुशलता से
(kusaLTaa Se)
“Skillfully”पायलट ने बड़ी कुशलता से हवाई जहाज़ को ज़मीन पर उतारा।
paayaLat Ne badii kusaLaTaa Se havaai jahaaz ko zamiiN par uTaaraa.
“The pilot landed the plane skillfully.”
A Variety of Thanksgiving Foods
66.दो टूक
(Do tuuk)
“Bluntly”इंटरव्यू में अधिकारी ने दो टूक तरीक़े से बात की।
iNtarvyuu men aDHikaari Ne Do tuuk Tariiqe Se baaT ki.
“The officer talked bluntly during the interview.”
67.मुख्यतः
(mukhyaTah)
“Mainly”मीटिंग मुख्यतः अगले महीने के सेल्स टारगेट के बारे में रहेगी। 
miiting mukhyaTah agaLe mahiiNe ke SeLS taaraget ke baare men rahegii.
“The meeting will be mainly about next month’s sales target.”
68.अचानक
(acaaNak)
“Suddenly”बच्चा अचानक से रोने लगा। 
baccaa acaaNak Se roNe Lagaa.
“The child started crying suddenly.”
69.ऊँची आवाज़ में
(uuNcii aavaaz men)
“Loudly”कल रात पड़ोसियों ने बहुत ही ऊँची आवाज़ में गाने बजाये थे। 
kaL raat padoSiyon Ne bahuT hii uuncii aavaaz men gaaNe bajaaye THe.
“Last night, the neighbors played music loudly.”
70.आलस में
(aaLaS men)
“Lazily”मुझे रविवार का दिन आलस में बिताना पसंद है। 
mujhe ravivaar kaa DiN aaLaS men biTaaNaa paSanD hai.
“I like to spend my Sunday lazily.”
71.किसी भी तरह
(kiSii bhii Tarah)
“Anyhow”आप लोगों को किसी भी तरह ये प्रोजेक्ट पूरा करना है। 
aap Logon ko kiSii bhii Tarah ye projekt puuraa karaNaa hai.
“You have to complete this project anyhow.”
72.किसी तरह
(kiSii Tarah)
“Somehow”सुमित ने किसी तरह अपने पिता को मना लिया।
SumiT Ne kiSii Tarah apaNe piTaa ko maNaa Liyaa.
“Sumit somehow convinced his father.”
73.बिना ही
(biNaa hii)
“Without”राज कुछ खाये बिना ही मूवी देखने चला गया। 
raaj kuch khaaye biNaa hii muuvii DekhaNe caLaa gayaa.
“Raj went to the movie without eating anything.”
74.धीमे से
(DHiime Se)
“Gently”कृपया, इस पौधे को धीमे से वहां रख देना। 
kripayaa, iS pauDHe ko DHiime Se vahaan rakh DeNaa.
“Please, put this plant there gently.”
75.ख़ूबसूरती से
(khuubaSuuraTi Se)
“Beautifully”रेखा ने बहुत ही ख़ूबसूरती से उस बात को कहा। 
rekhaa Ne bahuT hii khuubaSuuraTii Se uS baaT ko kahaa.
“Rekha expressed her thoughts so beautifully.”
76.नियम से
(Niyam Se)
“Regularly”स्वस्थ रहने के लिए, रोज़ नियम से कसरत करो। 
SvaSTH rahaNe ke Liye, roz Niyam Se kaSaraT karo.
“Exercise regularly to keep yourself healthy.”
77.सफ़ाई से
(Safaaii Se)
“Neatly”उन क़ालीनों को सफ़ाई से रख दो। 
uN kaaLiiNon ko Safaai Se rakh Do.
“Place those mats neatly.”
78.प्यार से
(pyaar Se)
“Lovingly”टीचर ने बच्ची के चेहरे पर प्यार से हाथ फिराया। 
tiicar Ne baccii ke cehare par pyaar Se haaTH phiraayaa.
“The teacher caressed the child lovingly.”
79.बेसब्री से
(beSabrii Se)
“Eagerly”हम सभी बेसब्री से मूवी शुरू होने का इंतज़ार कर रहे थे। 
ham Sabhii beSabrii Se muuvii suru hoNe kaa inTazaar kar rahe THe.
“We were all waiting eagerly for the movie to start.”
80.धैर्य से
(DHairy Se)
“Patiently”कृपया, धैर्य से अपनी बारी का इंतज़ार करें।
kripayaa, DHairy Se apaNii baarii kaa inTazaar karen.
“Please, wait for your turn patiently.”
81.आराम से
(aaraam Se)
“Comfortably”आराम से बैठ जाइये।
aaraam Se baith jaaiye.
“Please, sit comfortably.”
82.अपने आप ही
(apaNe aap hii)
“Automatically”रेडियो अपने आप ही बंद हो गया। 
radio apaNe aap hii baND ho gayaa.
“The radio stopped working automatically.”
83.बीच में ही
(biic men hii)
“In the middle”हेमा बातचीत के बीच में ही उठ कर चली गयी। 
hemaa baaTaciiT ke biic men hii uth kar caLii gayii.
“Hema left in the middle of the conversation.”
84.समझदारी से
(SamajhaDaarii Se)
“Wisely”कोई भी फ़ैसला लेने से पहले समझदारी से सोच लेना।
koii bhii faiSaLaa LeNe Se pahaLe SamajhaDaarii Se Soc LeNaa.
“Think wisely before making any decision.”
85.ध्यान से
(DHyaaN Se)
“Carefully”प्रश्नों को ध्यान से पढ़ें।
prasNon ko DHyaaN Se padhen.
“Read the questions carefully.”
86.शांतिपूर्वक
(saaNTipuurvak)
“Quietly”सभी लोग मंदिर में शांतिपूर्वक बैठे थे।
Sabhii Log maNDir men saaNTipuurvak baithe THe.
“Everyone was sitting quietly in the temple.”
87.ख़ुशी-ख़ुशी
(khusii-khusii)
“Happily”और फिर वे ख़ुशी ख़ुशी रहने लगे।
aur phir ve khusii khusii rahaNe Lage.
“And they lived happily ever after.”
88.आसानी से
(aaSaaNii Se)
“Easily”तुम्हें इंजीनियरिंग कॉलेज में आसानी से दाख़िला मिल जायेगा।
Tumhen iNjiiNiyaring kauLej men aaSaaNii Se DaakhiLaa miL jaayegaa.
“You can easily get an admission into that engineering college.”
89.सच में
(Sac men)
“Really”“क्या सीमा सच में शादी कर रही है?”
kyaa Siimaa Sac men saaDii kar rahii hai?
“Is Seema really getting married?”
90.वाक़ई में
(vaaqaii men)
“Literally”पुनीत वाक़ई में बेहोश हो गया था।
puNiiT vaaqaii men behos ho gayaa THaa.
“Punit literally fainted there.”
91.बुरी तरह से
(burii Tarah Se)
“Badly”यात्री बुरी तरह से घायल थे।
yaaTrii burii Tarah Se ghaayaL THe.
“The passengers were badly injured.”
92.अच्छी तरह से 
(acchii Tarah Se)
“Well”सभी सामग्रियों को अच्छी तरह से मिलाएं।
Sabhii Saamagriyon ko acchii Tarah Se miLaayen.
“Mix all the ingredients well.”
93.ढंग से
(dhang Se)
“Properly”अपनी लाइनें ढंग से याद करो।
apaNii LaaiNen dhang Se yaaD karo.
“Rehearse your lines properly.”
94.साफ़ तौर पर
(Saaf Taur par)
“Clearly”अधिकारियों ने साफ़ तौर पर कुछ नहीं कहा।
aDHikaariyon Ne Saaf Taur par kuch Nahiin kahaa.
“The officers didn’t say anything clearly.”
95.एक साथ
(ek SaaTH)
“Together”सभी रिश्तेदार एक साथ खड़े थे। 
Sabhii risTeDaar ek SaaTH khade THe.
“All the relatives were standing together.”
96.साथ
(SaaTH)
“With”कल रात फ़िरोज़ दोस्तों के साथ घूम रहा था।
kaL raaT firoz DoSTon ke SaaTH ghuum rahaa THaa.
“Last night, Firoz was wandering around with his friends.”
97.अकेले / अकेली 
(akeLe / akeLii)
“Alone”गीता पार्क में अकेली बैठी है।
giiTaa paark men akeLii baithii hai.
“Geeta is sitting alone in the park.”
Racing Cars Running Fast

7. Adverbs of Degree

Earlier in this article, we covered the adverb of frequency in Hindi. A bit similar to that is another category: adverbs of degree in Hindi. So what’s the difference between the two?

Well, the adverb of degree specifies the extent or amount of the action which is being talked about. The best way to understand this is with the help of our simple and useful Hindi adverbs examples below.

98.केवल / सिर्फ़
(kevaL) / (Sirf)
“Only”ये बच्चे सिर्फ़ गाना सुनना चाहते हैं।
ye bacce Sirf gaaNaa SuNaNaa caahaTe hain.
“These kids only want to listen to music.”
99.बहुत
(bahuT)
“A lot”तुम अपनी बहन के बारे में बहुत बातें करते हो।
Tum apaNii bahaN ke baare men bahuT baaTen karaTe ho.
“You talk a lot about your sister.”
100.कम
(kam)
“Little” / “A bit”जूली भारत के बारे में कम जानती है।
juuLii bhaaraT ke baare men kam jaaNaTii hai.
“Julie knows little about India.”
101.ना के बराबर
(Naa ke baraabar)
“Barely”विजय क्लास में ना के बराबर आता है। 
vijay kLaaS men Naa ke baraabar aaTaa hai.
“Vijay barely comes to the class.”
102.एक-एक करके
(ek-ek karake)
“One by one”अपनी समस्याओं को एक-एक करके सुलझाओ।
apaNii SamaSyaaon ko ek-ek karake SuLajhaao.
“Solve your problems one by one.”
103.थोड़ा-थोड़ा करके
(THodaa-THodaa karake)
“Little by little”मिश्रण में थोड़ा-थोड़ा करके पानी डालो।
misran men THodaa-THodaa karake paaNii daaLo.
“Add the water little by little in the mixture.”
104.की बजाय
(kii bajaaye)
“Rather” / “Instead of”तुम अपना वक़्त बर्बाद करने की बजाय पढ़ाई क्यों नहीं कर लेते?
Tum apaNaa vaqT barbaaD karaNe kii bajaay padhaaii kyon Nahiin kar LeTe?
“Why don’t you study instead of just wasting your time?”
105.इतना 
(iTaNaa)
“So”देव को अपनी टीचर से इतना लगाव है।
Dev ko apaNii tiicar Se iTaNaa Lagaav hai.
“Dev is so attached to his teacher.”
106.काफ़ी 
(kaafii)
“Fairly”प्रश्न पत्र काफ़ी आसान था।
prasN paTr kaafii aaSaaN THaa.
“The question paper was fairly easy.”
107.लगभग
(Lagabhag)
“Almost”खाना लगभग तैयार है।
khaaNaa Lagabhag Taiyaar hai.
“The meal is almost ready!”
108.ज़रूर
(zaruur)
मेरे दोस्त आपसे मिलने ज़रूर आएंगे।
mere DoST aap Se miLaNe zaruur aayenge.
“My friends will certainly come and meet you.”
मेरे दोस्त आपसे मिलने ज़रूर आएंगे।
mere DoST aap Se miLaNe zaruur aayenge.
“My friends will certainly come and meet you.”
109.शायद
(saayaD)
“Probably”आप शायद ग़लत जगह पर बैठ गए हैं। 
aap saayaD gaLaT jagah par baith gaye hain.
“You are probably sitting in the wrong place.”
110.बेहद
(behaD)
“Quite”बच्चे सैंटा क्लॉज़ से मिलकर बेहद ख़ुश थे।
bacce SaiNtaa kLauz Se miLakar behaD khus THe.
“The kids were quite happy to meet Santa Claus.”
111.बुरी तरह से
(burii Tarah Se)
“Terribly”मैं बुरी तरह से नाराज़ थी।
main burii Tarah Se Naaraaz THii.
“I was terribly upset.”
112.“Not at all”मुझे बुरा बिलकुल भी नहीं लगा।
mujhe buraa biLkuL bhii Nahiin Lagaa.
“I am not at all angry.”
मुझे बुरा बिलकुल भी नहीं लगा।
mujhe buraa biLkuL bhii Nahiin Lagaa.
“I am not at all angry.”
113.पूरी तरह से
(puurii Tarah Se)
“Completely” ये मशीन पूरी तरह से बेकार हो चुकी है।
ye masiiN puurii Tarah Se bekaar ho cukii hai.
“This machine is completely out of order.”
114.अंत में / आख़िरकार
(aNT men) / (aakhirakaar)
“Finally”आख़िरकार हमें वो बिल्ली मिल ही गयी। 
aakhirakaar hamen vo biLLii miL hii gayii.
“We finally found the cat.”

8. Interrogative Adverbs

The human mind is full of reasoning and curiosity. After all, this is what gives rise to the multitude of questions that surround us. When something happens, we naturally want to know why, how, where, and when it happened. Interrogative adverbs are those words which give us the power to pose questions and ask these things about an action.

115.क्यों
(kyon)
“Why”कुसुम पार्टी में क्यों नहीं आयी थी ? 
kuSum paartii men kyon Nahiin aayii THii?
“Why did Kusum not come to the party?”
116.कैसे
(kaiSe)
“How”ये सवाल तुमने कैसे हल किया ? 
ye SavaaL Tum Ne kaiSe haL kiyaa?
“How did you solve this question?”
117.कब
(kab)
“When”पिताजी कब उठेंगे ?
piTaajii kab uthenge?
“When will Father wake up?”
118.कहाँ
(kahaan)
“Where”चाबियाँ कहाँ रखी हैं ?
caabiyaan kahaan rakhii hain?
“Where are the keys?”
119.कितनी देर से
(kiTaNii Der Se)
“How long”यश कितनी देर से सो रहा है?
yas kiTaNii Der Se So rahaa hai?
“How long has Yash been sleeping?”
120.कितनी बार
(kiTaNii baar)
“How many times”तुम ने ये मूवी कितनी बार देखी है? 
Tum Ne ye muuvii kiTaNii baar Dekhii hai?
“How many times have you watched this movie?”

9. What are Adverb Clauses?

More Essential Verbs

Another important term that you may have heard is “adverb clause” in Hindi. In order to become more familiar with it, let’s observe the concept more closely.

Adverb clauses are actually a group of words which specify the answers of interrogative adverbs. In short, this could be an adverb clause of condition in Hindi, an adverb clause of manner in Hindi, and so on.

But how do you recognize an adverb clause in Hindi? Here are some quick tips!

  • An adverb clause will never be without a subject and verb.
  • Adverb clauses alone can’t give complete meaning to the sentence.
  • An adverb clause will always provide a potential answer to an interrogative adverb.

Yeah, this concept sounds a bit tiresome and confusing. But once we go through a few examples, you’ll be amazed at how easy it actually is.

Examples:

  • बारिश रुकने के बाद घर जाना। (baaris rukaNe ke baaD ghar jaaNaa.)
    “Go home when the rain stops.”
  • जब तुम्हें भूख लगे, तो मुझे बता देना। (jab Tumhen bhuukh Lage, To mujhe baTaa DeNaa.)
    “Let me know whenever you feel hungry.”
  • मैं तभी सोऊंगी जब ये फ़िल्म ख़त्म हो जाएगी। (main Tabhii Souungii jab ye fiLm khaTm ho jaayegii.)
    “I will sleep only when this movie is finished.”
  • ख़ूब मेहनत करो ताकि तुम ज़िंदगी में आगे बढ़ सको (khuub mehaNaT karo Taaki Tum zinDagii men aage badh Sako.)
    “Work hard so that you can progress in life.”
  • मैं ये कार ख़रीद लूंगी अगर तुम मुझे कुछ पैसे दे दो तो (main ye kaar khariiD Luungii agar Tum mujhe kuch paiSe De Do To.)
    “I will buy this car if you can lend me some money.”

Wasn’t that simple! Now, let’s move on to another crucial aspect of adverbs in Hindi grammar: the placement of adverbs in a sentence.

10. Placement of Adverbs in a Sentence

In Hindi sentences, adverbs come between the subject and verb. Usually, the adverb comes before the verb; however, sometimes, an object may be put between the adverb and verb. 

Reading Your Favorite Book Quietly

We would also like to bring to your attention that, similar to the English language, an adverb clause in Hindi may also come at the beginning or end of a sentence.

Below are a few example sentences to show the different placements of adverbs in Hindi sentences.

1 – Adverb Before Verb

  • तुमने मुझे एक बार में पहचान लिया। (Tum Ne mujhe ek baar men pahacaaN Liyaa.)
    “You recognized me at once.”

Here, the adverb is “at once,” or एक बार में (ek baar men), which comes just before the verb “recognized,” or पहचान लिया (pah caaN Liyaa).

2 – Adverb -> Object -> Verb

  • मुझे जल्दी घर पहुंचना है। (mujhe jaLDii ghar pahuncNaa hai.)
    “I have to reach home early.”

Here, the sequence is: 

1. The adverb “early,” or जल्दी (jaLDii)

2. The object “home,” or घर (ghar)

3. The verb “have to reach,” or पहुंचना है (pahuncNaa hai)

3 – Adverb at the Beginning

  • आख़िरकार, हमें वो बिल्ली मिल ही गयी। (aakhirakaar, hamen vo biLLii miL hii gayii.)
    “We finally found the cat.”

Here, the adverb is “finally,” or आख़िरकार (aakhirkaar), which is the first word in the Hindi sentence.

11. Conclusion

Whoa! We must say that Hindi adverbs are nothing less than a wonderful rollercoaster ride. Don’t you feel the same? Well, from learning what adverbs are to covering all the main types of adverbs, we thoroughly enjoyed sharing each and every concept with you.

So, which one was your favorite? Did you like adverbs of manner better, or did the adverbs of frequency interest you more? We’d love to hear you out in the comment box below. You can also let us know if there’s still an adverb in Hindi you want to learn!  

We want you to learn without limits, and that’s why our free online Hindi-English dictionary is sure to steal your heart! Having you with us on this Hindi learning journey is the best thing that could happen. Show your love by signing up on HindiPod101.com. You can always reach out to us at our help center if there’s a glitch or issue.

Happy Hindi learning!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Hindi

Your Basic Guide to Hindi Verb Conjugation: Rules & Tips

Thumbnail

As a beginner, you must have realized by now how important the topic of Hindi verb conjugation is! Yet this is a topic that leaves many people scratching their heads. The million-dollar question is “Why is it so essential to learn about conjugations in the Hindi language?” Well, here’s the answer. Hindi verb conjugation is a fundamental part of the Hindi language. After all, Hindi conjugation is unique compared to conjugation in other languages, and expresses the different verb forms based on various factors. Without Hindi verb conjugation, it would be difficult to make sense of any sentence structure or even the context of a conversation.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Factors that Affect Hindi Conjugation
  2. What is Conjugation in Hindi?
  3. The Infinitive Verb Form in Hindi
  4. Hindi Personal Pronouns
  5. Regular and Irregular Verb Groups
  6. Gender-Based Conjugations
  7. Auxiliary Verbs
  8. Tenses
  9. It’s Quiz Time!
  10. Reach the Next Level with HindiPod101.com

1. Factors that Affect Hindi Conjugation

Top Verbs

There are a handful of factors that are responsible for the modifications that take place in Hindi conjugations:

  • Gender
  • Subject / Person
  • Number of people
  • Tone
  • Tense

Below, we’ll be covering all of these factors in a variety of ways, and see how the inflected verb form changes accordingly.

2. What is Conjugation in Hindi?

More Essential Verbs

Conjugation is the inflection of the verb forms due to different essential factors. In Hindi, “conjugation” is called संयोजन (SanyojaN). The phrase “verb conjugation” is translated as क्रिया संयुग्मन (kriyaa SanyugmaN).

Now, in the conjugation of Hindi verbs, there are several elements to keep in mind. These include person (I, she, you, we, etc.), number of subjects, tenses, gender, and politeness level. 

Factors Affecting Verb Conjugation

3. The Infinitive Verb Form in Hindi

Before we can understand the more detailed Hindi verb conjugation rules, we must delve into the most fundamental infinitive verb form.

To begin, let’s look at the Hindi “to be” conjugation, which is basically known as the Hindi -na verb conjugation. This is because, to conjugate this verb, you need to add ना (Naa) to the end. What does this mean?

Well, for any infinitive verb, the structure would be:

  • Verb stem + ना (Naa)

So every verb stem would have ना (Naa) as a suffix.

Here are a few examples to help you grasp this conjugation in Hindi:

Verb Stem + Infinitive SuffixInfinitive Verb FormEnglish Meaning
बोल (boL) + ना (Naa)बोलना (boLaNaa)“To speak”
सो (So) + ना (Naa)सोना (SoNaa)“To sleep”
जा (jaa) + ना (Naa)जाना (jaaNaa)“To go”

Easy, isn’t it? Now, let’s try the same process with a couple of other common verbs.

Verb Stem + Infinitive SuffixInfinitive Verb FormEnglish Meaning
खा (khaa) + ना (Naa)खाना (khaaNaa)“To eat”
रो (ro) + ना (Naa)रोना (roNaa)“To cry”
पी (pii) + ना (Naa)पीना (piiNaa)“To drink”

Changing the verb stem into the infinitive verb form is the first step to take when learning how to conjugate in Hindi. Now that we’re thoroughly familiar with the infinitive verbs, let’s learn about the various personal pronouns used by native Hindi speakers.

With the examples below, we’ll be able to comprehend and observe how verb conjugation works.

4. Hindi Personal Pronouns

SubjectSingularPlural
1st Person“I” = मैं (main)“We” = हम लोग (ham Log)
2nd Person (Casual)“You” = तुम (Tum) / तू (Tuu)“You” = तुम लोग (Tum Log)
2nd Person (Formal) “You” = आप (aap)“You” = आप लोग (aap Log)
3rd Person“He” / “She” = वह (vah) / वो (vo)“They” = ये / वे लोग (ye / ve Log)
Conjugation According to Gender and Pronouns

Quick Note 1: In the plural pronouns “we,” “you,” and “they,” the word लोग (Log) can be replaced with सब (Sab). As a result, you can also say हम सब (ham Sab), तुम सब (Tum Sab), आप सब (aap Sab), and वे सब (ve Sab).

Quick Note 2: Proximity plays an important role in the usage of pronouns.

  • The persons near us are referred to as “They” = ये लोग (ye Log).
  • The pronoun for people who are physically far away from us is “They” = वे लोग (ve Log).

Quick Note 3: The formal second person pronouns are also used to denote respect toward the other person. This respect may be based on age difference, level of familiarity, or even personal preference.

5. Regular and Irregular Verb Groups

Compared to English, the Hindi verb conjugation system  has more >regular verbs. That’s not to say there are no irregular verbs in Hindi. But because of their low number (maybe five or six), we mainly focus on the regular verbs.

In this lesson, you’ll see how the Hindi verb conjugations change from one gender to another, and one person to another, based on the tone and tenses.

6. Gender-Based Conjugations

Are you new to the gender-based grammatical know-hows? Then you must check out our latest blog post on Hindi Gender Rules. It’s a great way to refresh yourself on all of the gender rules and concepts that are followed in the Hindi language.

As far as the Hindi verb conjugations are concerned, we’ve narrowed it down to some really simple and practical hints that can take you a long way!

1 – Masculine Conjugations 

  • For singular masculine gender, the Hindi verb conjugation usually ends with the -aa sound.

    Example:
    बच्चा फल खाता
    baccaa phaL khaaTaa hai.
    “The kid eats the fruit.”
  • On the other hand, the conjugated Hindi verbs for plural masculine gender ends with the -e sound.

    Example:
    बच्चे फल खाते हैं। 
    bacce phaL khaaTe hain.
    “The kids eat fruit.”
  • However, when it comes to paying respect and using a formal tone, natives tend to treat the singular person just like the plural person (i.e. with the -e sound).

    Examples:
    आप फल खाते हैं। 
    aap phaL khaaTe hain.
    “You eat fruit.”

    पिताजी फल खाते हैं। 
    piTaajii phaL khaaTe hain.
    “Father eats fruit.”

2 – Feminine Conjugations 

  • For singular feminine gender, the Hindi conjugation for verbs usually ends with the -ii sound.

    Example:
    औरत बाज़ार गयी है। 
    auraT baazaar gayii hai.
    “The woman has gone to the market.”
  • On the other hand, the conjugation in Hindi  for plural feminine gender ends with the -iin sound.

    Example:
    औरतें बाज़ार गयीं हैं। 
    auraTen baazaar gayiin hain.
    “The women have gone to the market.”
  • Similar to what happens with the masculine gender, when it comes to paying respect and using a formal tone, natives tend to treat the singular female person just like the plural (i.e. with the -iin sound).

    Example:
    माँ बाज़ार गयीं हैं। 
    maan baazaar gayiin hain.
    “Mother has gone to the market.”

By now, you must have gained a fair amount of confidence in differentiating between the masculine and feminine Hindi verb conjugations. Let’s move forward to another important part of this lesson.

7. Auxiliary Verbs

If you wish to learn about verb conjugations in Hindi grammar, auxiliary verbs are the right step in that direction. Hindi is a language where we happen to use a lot of auxiliary verbs. Unlike in English, tones and the feelings of respect have a lot to do with auxiliary verbs in Hindi. Thus, it’s crucial to first pay attention to auxiliary verbs before trying to learn Hindi conjugation.

To make it more structured and interesting for you, we’ve divided various helping verbs according to the three Hindi tenses.

Let’s start with our first Hindi verb conjugation chart!

1 – Hindi Present Tense Conjugation

MasculineFeminine
SingularCasual / Formal
(I)
Casual / Formal
(I)
“Am”हूँ 
(huun)
हूँ
(huun)
हूँ 
(huun)
हूँ
(huun)
“Am doing”कर रहा हूँ
(kar rahaa huun)
कर रहा हूँ
(kar rahaa huun)
कर रही हूँ
(kar rahii huun)
कर रही हूँ
(kar rahii huun)
SingularCasual
(He)
Formal
(He)
Casual
(She)
Formal
(She)
“Is”है
(hai)
हैं
(hain)
है
(hai)
हैं
(hain)
“Is doing”कर रहा है
(kar rahaa hai)
कर रहे हैं
(kar rahe hain)
कर रही है
(kar rahii hai)
कर रही हैं
(kar rahii hain)
“Has done”कर चुका है
(kar cukaa hai)
कर चुके हैं
(kar cuke hain)
कर चुकी है
(kar cukii hai)
कर चुकी हैं
(kar cukii hain)
PluralCasual
(We / They)
Formal
(We / They)
Casual
(We / They)
Formal
(We / They)
“Are”हैं
(hain)
हैं
(hain)
हैं
(hain)
हैं
(hain)
“Are doing”कर रहे हैं
(kar rahe hain)
कर रहे हैं
(kar rahe hain)
कर रही हैं
(kar rahii hain)
कर रही हैं
(kar rahii hain)
“Have done”कर चुके हैं
(kar cuke hain)
कर चुके हैं
(kar cuke hain)
कर चुकी हैं
(kar cukii hain)
कर चुकी हैं
(kar cukii hain)

2 – Hindi Past Tense Conjugation

MasculineFeminine
SingularCasual
(I / He)
Formal
(He)
Casual
(I / She)
Formal
(She)
“Was”था 
(THaa)
थे
(THe)
थी 
(THii)
थीं
(THiin)
“Was doing”कर रहा था 
(kar rahaa THaa)
कर रहे थे
(kar rahe THe)
कर रही थी
(kar rahii THii)
कर रही थीं
(kar rahii THiin)
“Had done”कर चुका था 
(kar cukaa THaa)
कर चुके थे 
(kar cuke THe)
कर चुकी थी 
(kar cukii THii)
कर चुकी थीं 
(kar cukii THiin)
PluralCasual
(We / They)
Formal
(We / They)
Casual
(We / They)
Formal
(We / They)
“Were”थे
(THe)
थे
(THe)
थीं
(THiin)
थीं
(THiin)
“Were doing”कर रहे थे
(kar rahe THe)
कर रहे थे
(kar rahe THe)
कर रही थीं
(kar rahii THiin)
कर रही थीं
(kar rahii THiin)
“Had done”कर चुके थे 
(kar cuke THe)
कर चुके थे 
(kar cuke THe)
कर चुकी थीं 
(kar cukii THiin)
कर चुकी थीं 
(kar cukii THiin)

3 – Hindi Future Tense Conjugation

MasculineFeminine
SingularCasual / Formal
(I)
Casual
(He)
Formal
(He)
Casual / Formal
(I)
Casual
(She)
Formal
(She)
“Will” / “Shall”हूँगा 
(huungaa)
होगा
(hogaa)
होंगे
(honge)
हूँगी
(huungii)
होगी
(hogii)
होंगी
(hongii)
“Will have done”कर चुका हूँगा
(kar cukaa huungaa)
कर चुका होगा 
(kar cukaa hogaa)
कर चुके होंगे 
(kar cuke honge)
कर चुकी हूँगी 
(kar cukii huungii)
कर चुकी होगी 
(kar cukii hogii)
कर चुकी होंगी 
(kar cukii hongii)
PluralCasual / Formal
(We / They)
Casual / Formal
(We / They)
“Will” / “Shall”होंगे 
(honge)
होंगी 
(hongii)
“Will have done”कर चुके होंगे
(kar cuke honge)
कर चुकी होंगी
(kar cukii hongii)

8. Tenses

Negative Verbs

Although tenses are subdivided into many categories, in Hindi it comes down to the three most important forms. These are simple, continuous,  and perfect forms for each of the three tenses.

Are you ready to explore the Hindi conjugation in different tenses? Study the Hindi verb conjugation tables below to see how it works.

Here we go!

1 – Present Tense

1) “To eat”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent PerfectSimple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent Perfect
SINGULAR“Eat(s)”“Is / Am / Are Eating”“Has / Have Eaten”“Eat(s)”“Is / Am / Are Eating”“Has / Have Eaten”
मैं (main)
“I”
खाता हूँ 
(khaaTaa huun)
खा रहा हूँ
(khaa rahaa huun)
खा चुका हूँ
(khaa cukaa huun)
खाती हूँ
(khaaTii huun)
खा रही हूँ
(khaa rahii huun)
खा चुकी हूँ
(khaa cukii huun)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
खाते हो 
(khaaTe ho)
खा रहे हो 
(khaa rahe ho)
खा चुके हो 
(khaa cuke ho)
खाती हो 
(khaaTii ho)
खा रही हो
(khaa rahii ho)
खा चुकी हो
(khaa cukii ho)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
खाता है 
(khaaTaa hai)
खा रहा है 
(khaa rahaa hai)
खा चुका है 
(khaa cukaa hai)
खाती है 
(khaaTii hai)
खा रही है
(khaa rahii hai)
खा चुकी है
(khaa cukii hai)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
खाता है
(khaaTaa hai)
खा रहा है 
(khaa rahaa hai)
खा चुका है 
(khaa cukaa hai)
खाती है 
(khaaTii hai)
खा रही है 
(khaa rahii hai)
खा चुकी है 
(khaa cukii hai)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)
PLURAL“Eat”“Are Eating”“Have Eaten”“Eat”“Are Eating”“Have Eaten”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
खाते हो 
(khaaTe ho)
खा रहे हो 
(khaa rahe ho)
खा चुके हो 
(khaa cuke ho)
खाती हो 
(khaaTii ho)
खा रही हो 
(khaa rahii ho)
खा चुकी हो 
(khaa cukii ho)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
खाते हैं
(khaaTe hain)
खा रहे हैं 
(khaa rahe hain)
खा चुके हैं 
(khaa cuke hain)
खाती हैं 
(khaaTii hain)
खा रही हैं 
(khaa rahii hain)
खा चुकी हैं 
(khaa cukii hain)

Quick Tip:

Look closely and you’ll find a pattern for Hindi verb conjugations in the present tense.

  • The simple present tense ends with हूँ / -ता है / – ती है / – ते हैं / ती हैं (huun / -Taa hai / -Tii hai / -Te hain / Tii hain).


  • The present continuous tense ends with रहा हूँ / रही हूँ / रहा है / रही है / रहे हैं / रही हैं (rahaa huun / rahii huun / rahaa hai / rahii hai / rahe hain / rahii hain).


  • The present perfect tense ends with चुका हूँ / चुकी हूँ / चुका है / चुकी है / चुके हैं / चुकी हैं (cukaa huun / cukii huun / cukaa hai / cukii hai / cuke hain / cukii hain).
Reading (Present Continuous Tense)

This rule is true for each verb form. Here’s another example for present tense.

2) “To sleep”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent PerfectSimple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent Perfect
SINGULAR“Sleep(s)”“Is / Am / Are Sleeping”“Has / Have Slept”“Sleep(s)”“Is / Am / Are Sleeping”“Has / Have Slept”
मैं (main)
“I”
सोता हूँ 
(SoTaa huun)
सो रहा हूँ
(So rahaa huun)
सो चुका हूँ
(So cukaa huun)
सोती हूँ
(SoTii huun)
सो रही हूँ
(So rahii huun)
सो चुकी हूँ
(So cukii huun)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
सोते हो 
(SoTe ho)
सो रहे हो 
(So rahe ho)
सो चुके हो 
(So cuke ho)
सोती हो 
(SoTii ho)
सो रही हो
(So rahii ho
सो चुकी हो
(So cukii ho)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
सोता है 
(SoTaa hai)
सो रहा है 
(So rahaa hai)
सो चुका है 
(So cukaa hai)
सोती है 
(SoTii hai)
सो रही है
(So rahii hai
सो रही है
(So rahii hai
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)
सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)
सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
सोता है
(SoTaa hai)
सो रहा है 
(So rahaa hai)
सो चुका है 
(So cukaa hai)
सोती है 
(SoTii hai)
सो रही है 
(So rahii hai)
सो चुकी है 
(So cukii hai)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)

सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)

सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)

PLURAL“Sleep”“Are Sleeping”“Have Slept”“Sleep”“Are Sleeping”“Have Slept”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)
सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)
सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
सोते हो 
(SoTe ho)
सो रहे हो 
(So rahe ho)
सो चुके हो 
(So cuke ho)
सोती हो 
(SoTii ho)
सो रही हो 
(So rahii ho)
सो चुकी हो 
(So cukii ho)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)
सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)
सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)
सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)
सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
सोते हैं
(SoTe hain)
सो रहे हैं 
(So rahe hain)
सो चुके हैं 
(So cuke hain)
सोती हैं 
(SoTii hain)
सो रही हैं 
(So rahii hain)
सो चुकी हैं 
(So cukii hain)

3) “To go”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent PerfectSimple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent Perfect
SINGULAR“Go(es)”“Is / Am / Are Going”“Has / Have Gone”“Go(es)”“Is / Am / Are Going”“Has / Have Gone”
मैं (main)
“I”
जाता हूँ 
(jaaTaa huun)
जा रहा हूँ
(jaa rahaa huun)
जा चुका हूँ
(jaa cukaa huun)
जाती हूँ
(jaaTii huun)
जा रही हूँ
(jaa rahii huun)
जा चुकी हूँ
(jaa cukii huun)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
जाते हो 
(jaaTe ho)
जा रहे हो 
(jaa rahe ho)
जा चुके हो 
(jaa cuke ho)
जाती हो 
(jaaTii ho)
जा रही हो
(jaa rahii ho)
जा चुकी हो
(jaa cukii ho)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
जाता है 
(jaaTaa hai)
जा रहा है 
(jaa rahaa hai)
जा चुका है 
(jaa cukaa hai)
जाती है 
(jaaTii hai)
जा रही है
(jaa rahii hai)
जा चुकी है
(jaa cukii hai)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
जाता है
(jaaTaa hai)
जा रहा है 
(jaa rahaa hai)
जा चुका है 
(jaa cukaa hai)
जाती है 
(jaaTii hai)
जा रही है 
(jaa rahii hai)
जा चुकी है 
(jaa cukii hai)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)
PLURAL“Go”“Are Going”“Have Gone”“Go”“Are Going”“Have Gone”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
जाते हो 
(jaaTe ho)
जा रहे हो 
(jaa rahe ho)
जा चुके हो 
(jaa cuke ho)
जाती हो 
(jaaTii ho)
जा रही हो 
(jaa rahii ho)
जा चुकी हो 
(jaa cukii ho)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
जाते हैं
(jaaTe hain)
जा रहे हैं 
(jaa rahe hain)
जा चुके हैं 
(jaa cuke hain)
जाती हैं 
(jaaTii hain)
जा रही हैं 
(jaa rahii hain)
जा चुकी हैं 
(jaa cukii hain)

As you can see, the same pattern continues throughout the chart. Now, let’s learn how to conjugate in Hindi for  the past tense.

2 – Past Tense

1) “To eat”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PastPast ContinuousPast PerfectSimple PastPast ContinuousPast Perfect
SINGULAR“Ate”“Was / Were Eating”“Had Eaten”“Ate”“Was / Were Eating”“Had Eaten”
मैं (main)
“I”
खाता था 
(khaaTaa THaa)
खा रहा था
(khaa rahaa THaa)
खा चुका था
(khaa cukaa THaa)
खाती थी
(khaaTii THii)
खा रही थी
(khaa rahii THii)
खा चुकी थी
(khaa cukii THii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थी 
(khaaTii THii)
खा रही थी
(khaa rahii THii)
खा चुकी थी
(khaa cukii THii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
खाता था 
(khaaTaa THaa)
खा रहा था 
(khaa rahaa THaa)
खा चुका था 
(khaa cukaa THaa)
खाती थी 
(khaaTii THii)
खा रही थी
(khaa rahii THii)
खा चुकी थी
(khaa cukii THii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
खाता था
(khaaTaa THaa)
खा रहा था 
(khaa rahaa THaa)
खा चुका था 
(khaa cukaa THaa)
खाती थी 
(khaaTii THii)
खा रही थी 
(khaa rahii THii)
खा चुकी थी 
(khaa cukii THii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
PLURAL“Ate”“Were Eating”“Had Eaten”“Ate”“Were Eating”“Had Eaten”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
खाते थे  
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे 
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
खाते थे 
(khaaTe THe)
खा रहे थे  
(khaa rahe THe)
खा चुके थे  
(khaa cuke THe)
खाती थीं 
(khaaTii THiin)
खा रही थीं 
(khaa rahii THiin)
खा चुकी थीं 
(khaa cukii THiin)

Quick Tip:

For past tense, the conjugation in Hindi is quite similar to what we saw in the present tense above. If you can memorize a few basic rules, solving the past tense riddle will be child’s play for you!

  • The simple past tense ends with ता था / – ती थी / – ते थे / ती थीं (-Taa THaa / -Tii THii / -Te THe / Tii THiin).


  • The past continuous tense ends with रहा था / रही थी / रहे थे / रही थीं (rahaa THaa / rahii THii / rahe THe / rahii THiin).


  • The past perfect tense ends with चुका था / चुकी थी / चुके थे / चुकी थीं (cukaa THaa / cukii THii / cuke THe / cukii THiin).

2) “To sleep”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PastPast ContinuousPast PerfectSimple PastPast ContinuousPast Perfect
SINGULAR“Slept”“Was / Were Sleeping”“Had Slept”“Slept”“Was / Were Sleeping”“Had Slept”
मैं (main)
“I”
सोता था 
(SoTaa THaa)
सो रहा था
(So rahaa THaa)
सो चुका था
(So cukaa THaa)
सोती थी
(So THii)
सो रही थी
(So rahii THii)
सो चुकी थी
(So cukii THii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थी 
(SoTii THii)
सो चुकी थी
(So cukii THii)
सो चुकी थी
(So cukii THii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
सोता था 
(SoTaa THaa)
सो रहा था 
(So rahaa THaa)
सो चुका था 
(So cukaa THaa)
सोती थी 
(SoTii THii)
सो रही थी
(So rahii THii)
सो चुकी थी
(So cukii THii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
सोता था
(SoTaa THaa)
सो रहा था 
(So rahaa THaa)
सो चुका था 
(So cukaa THaa)
सोती थी 
(SoTii THii)
सो रही थी 
(So rahii THii)
सो चुकी थी 
(So cukii THii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
PLURAL“Slept”“Were Sleeping”“Had Slept”“Slept”“Were Sleeping”“Had Slept”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
सोते थे  
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे 
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
सोते थे 
(SoTe THe)
सो रहे थे  
(So rahe THe)
सो चुके थे  
(So cuke THe)
सोती थीं 
(SoTii THiin)
सो रही थीं 
(So rahii THiin)
सो चुकी थीं 
(So cukii THiin)

3) “To go”

MasculineFeminine
Simple PastPast ContinuousPast PerfectSimple PastPast ContinuousPast Perfect
SINGULAR“Went”“Was / Were Going”“Had Gone”“Went”“Was / Were Going”“Had Gone”
मैं (main)
“I”
जाता था 
(jaaTaa THaa)
जा रहा था
(jaa rahaa THaa)
जा चुका था
(jaa cukaa THaa)
जाती थी
(jaaTii THii)
जा रही थी
(jaa rahii THii)
जा चुकी थी
(jaa cukii THii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थी 
(jaaTii THii)
जा रही थी
(jaa rahii THii)
जा चुकी थी
(jaa cukii THii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
जाता था 
(jaaTaa THaa)
जा रहा था 
(jaa rahaa THaa)
जा चुका था 
(jaa cukaa THaa)
जाती थी 
(jaaTii THii)
जा रही थी
(jaa rahii THii)
जा चुकी थी
(jaa cukii THii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
जाता था
(jaaTaa THaa)
जा रहा था 
(jaa rahaa THaa)
जा चुका था 
(jaa cukaa THaa)
जाती थी 
(jaaTii THii)
जा रही थी 
(jaa rahii THii)
जा चुकी थी 
(jaa cukii THii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
PLURAL“Went”“Were Going”“Had Gone”“Went”“Were Going”“Had Gone”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
जाते थे  
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे 
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
जाते थे 
(jaaTe THe)
जा रहे थे  
(jaa rahe THe)
जा चुके थे  
(jaa cuke THe)
जाती थीं 
(jaaTii THiin)
जा रही थीं 
(jaa rahii THiin)
जा चुकी थीं 
(jaa cukii THiin)

3 – Future Tense

1) “To eat”

MasculineFeminine
Simple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture Perfect
SINGULAR“Will Eat”“Will Be Eating”“Will Have Eaten”“Will Eat”“Will Be Eating”“Will Have Eaten”
मैं (main)
“I”
खाऊंगा
(khaauungaa)
खा रहा होऊंगा
(khaa rahaa houungaa)
खा चुका होऊंगा
(khaa cukaa houungaa)
खाऊंगा
(khaauungii)
खा रही होऊंगी
(khaa rahii houungii)
खा चुकी होऊंगी
(khaa cukii houungii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
खाओगे 
(khaaoge)
खा रहे होगे 
(khaa rahe hoge)
खा चुके होगे 
(khaa cuke hoge)
खाओगी 
(khaaogii)
खा रही होगी
(khaa rahii hogii)
खा चुकी होगी
(khaa cukii hogii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
खाएगा 
(khaayegaa)
खा रहा होगा 
(khaa rahaa hogaa)
खा चुका होगा
(khaa cukaa hogaa)
खाएगी 
(khaayegii)
खा रही होगी
(khaa rahii hogii)
खा चुकी होगी
(khaa cukii hogii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
खाएगा
(khaayegaa)
खा रहा होगा 
(khaa rahaa hogaa)
खा चुका होगा 
(khaa cukaa hogaa)
खाएगी 
(khaayegii)
खा रही होगी
(khaa rahii hogii)
खा चुकी होगी
(khaa cukii hogii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे 
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)
PLURAL“Will Eat”“Will Be Eating”“Will Have Eaten”“Will Eat”“Will Be Eating”“Will Have Eaten”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे 
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
खाओगे 
(khaaoge)
खा रहे होगे 
(khaa rahe hoge)
खा चुके होगे 
(khaa cuke hoge)
खाओगी 
(khaaogii)
खा रही होगी
(khaa rahii hogii)
खा चुकी होगी
(khaa cukii hogii)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे 
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे 
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
खाएंगे
(khaayenge)
खा रहे होंगे
(khaa rahe honge)
खा चुके होंगे 
(khaa cuke honge)
खायेंगी 
(khaayengii)
खा रही होंगी
(khaa rahii hongii)
खा चुकी होंगी
(khaa cukii hongii)

Quick Tip:

In future tense, conjugation isn’t affected too much by the person. However, it’s worth looking at the minor inflection changes in the verb forms.

  • The simple future tense ends with हूँगा / हूँगी / होगा / होगी / होंगे / होंगी (huungaa / huungii / hogaa / hogii / honge / hongii).

  • The future continuous tense ends with रहा हूँगा / रही हूँगी / रहा होगा / रही होगी / रहे होंगे / रही होंगी (raha huungaa / rahii huungii / rahaa hogaa / rahii hogii / rahe honge / rahii hongii).

  • The future perfect tense ends with चुका हूँगा / चुकी हूँगी / चुका होगा / चुकी होगी / चुके होंगे / चुकी होंगी (cukaa huunga / cukii huungi / cukaa hogaa / cukii hogii / cuke honge / cukii hongii).

Now, here’s two more Hindi conjugation charts for you! 

2) “To sleep”

MasculineFeminine
Simple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture Perfect
SINGULAR“Will Sleep”“Will Be Sleeping”“Will Have Slept”“Will Sleep”“Will Be Sleeping”“Will Have Slept”
मैं (main)
“I”
सोऊंगा
(Souungaa)
सो रहा होऊंगा
(So rahaa houungaa)
सो चुका होऊंगा
(So cukaa houungaa)
सोऊंगी
(Souungii)
सो रही होऊंगी
(So rahii houungii)
सो चुकी होऊंगी
(So cukii houungii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
सोओगे 
(So-oge)
सो रहे होगे 
(So rahe hoge)
सो चुके होगे 
(So cuke hoge)
सोओगी 
(So-ogii)
सो रही होगी
(So rahii hogii)
सो चुकी होगी
(So cukii hogii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
सोएगा 
(Soyegaa)
सो रहा होगा 
(So rahaa hogaa)
सो चुका होगा
(So cukaa hogaa)
सोएगी 
(Soyegii)
सो रही होगी
(So rahii hogii)
सो चुकी होगी
(So cukii hogii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
सोएगा
(Soyegaa)
सो रहा होगा 
(So rahaa hogaa)
सो चुका होगा 
(So cukaa hogaa)
सोएगी 
(Soyegii)
सो रही होगी
(So rahii hogii)
सो चुकी होगी
(So cukii hogii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे 
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)
PLURAL“Will Sleep”“Will Be Sleeping”“Will Have Slept”“Will Sleep”“Will Be Sleeping”“Will Have Slept”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे 
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
सोओगे 
(So-oge)
सो रहे होगे 
(So rahe hoge)
सो चुके होगे 
(So cuke hoge)
सोओगी 
(So-ogii)
सो रही होगी
(So rahii hogii)
सो चुकी होगी
(So cukii hogii)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You” (Formal)
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे 
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे 
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
सोएंगे
(Soyenge)
सो रहे होंगे
(So rahe honge)
सो चुके होंगे 
(So cuke honge)
सोयेंगी 
(Soyengii)
सो रही होंगी
(So rahii hongii)
सो चुकी होंगी
(So cukii hongii)

3) “To go”

MasculineFeminine
Simple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture Perfect
SINGULAR“Will Go”“Will Be Going”“Will Have Gone”“Will Go”“Will Be Going”“Will Have Gone”
मैं (main)
“I”
जाऊंगा
(jaauungaa)
जा रहा होऊंगा
(jaa rahaa houungaa)
जा चुका होऊंगा
(jaa cukaa houungaa)
जाऊंगी
(jaauungii)
जा रही होऊंगी
(jaa rahii houungii)
जा चुकी होऊंगी
(jaa cukii houungii)
तुम (Tum)
“You”
(Casual)
जाओगे 
(jaaoge)
जा रहे होगे 
(jaa rahe hoge)
जा चुके होगे 
(jaa cuke hoge)
जाओगी 
(jaaogii)
जा रही होगी
(jaa rahii hogii)
जा चुकी होगी
(jaa cukii hogii)
तू (Tuu)
“You”
(Casual)
जाएगा 
(jaayegaa)
जा रहा होगा 
(jaa rahaa hogaa)
जा चुका होगा
(jaa cukaa hogaa)
जाएगी 
(jaayegii)
जा रही होगी
(jaa rahii hogii)
जा चुकी होगी
(jaa cukii hogii)
आप (aap)
“You”
(Formal)
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
वह (vah)
“He” / “She”
(Casual)
जाएगा
(jaayegaa)
जा रहा होगा 
(jaa rahaa hogaa)
जा चुका होगा 
(jaa cukaa hogaa)
जाएगी 
(jaayegii)
जा रही होगी
(jaa rahii hogii)
जा चुकी होगी
(jaa cukii hogii)
वो (vo)
“He” / “She”
(Formal)
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे 
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
PLURAL“Will Go”“Will Be Going”“Will Have Gone”“Will Go”“Will Be Going”“Will Have Gone”
हम सब (ham Sab)
“We”
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे 
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
तुम सब (Tum Sab)
“You” 
(Casual)
जाओगे 
(jaaoge)
जा रहे होगे 
(jaa rahe hoge)
जा चुके होगे 
(jaa cuke hoge)
जाओगी 
(jaaogii)
जा रही होगी
(jaa rahii hogii)
जा चुकी होगी
(jaa cukii hogii)
आप सब (aap Sab)
“You”
(Formal)
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे 
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
ये सब (ye Sab)
“They”
(Near)
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे 
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
वे सब (ve Sab)
“They”
(Far)
जाएंगे
(jaayenge)
जा रहे होंगे
(jaa rahe honge)
जा चुके होंगे 
(jaa cuke honge)
जायेंगी 
(jaayengii)
जा रही होंगी
(jaa rahii hongii)
जा चुकी होंगी
(jaa cukii hongii)
Practicing Verb Conjugation

9. It’s Quiz Time!

Did you learn and understand how Hindi conjugations work with all of the examples above? How about we put our neurons to work and try to solve these easy-breezy verb conjugation questions!

Read these five simple statements and figure out the appropriate verb conjugation for each. The infinitive form for the required verb is already given.

  1. बच्चे (कूदना ) _______. [ bacce (kuuDaNaa) __________ ]
    “The kids are jumping.”

    a. कूदते हैं (kuuDaTe hain)
    b. कूद रहे हैं (kuuD rahe hain)
    c. कूद चुके हैं (kuuD cuke hain)

  2. वह रोज़ पत्र (लिखना ) ____________. [ vah roz paTr (LikhaNaa) _________ ]
    “She will write a letter everyday.”

    a. लिखेगा (Likhegaa)
    b. लिखेंगे (Likhenge)
    c. लिखेगी (Likhegii)

  3. पिताजी फल (खाना ) ____________. [ piTaajii phaL (khaaNaa) _________ ]

    a./खा चुके थे (khaa cuke THe)
    b./खा चुका था (khaa cukaa THaa)
    c./खा रहे थे (khaa rahe THe)

  4. जॉन कल स्कूल (जाना ) ______. [ jauN kaL SkuuL (jaaNaa) __________ ]
    (“John was going to school yesterday.”)

    a. जाता होगा (jaaTaa hogaa)
    b. जा रहा था (jaa rahaa THaa)
    c. जा रहा है (jaa rahaa hai)

  5. मैं जूस नहीं (पीना ) ______. [ maiN juuS Nahiin (piiNaa) __________ ]
    (“I don’t drink juices.”)

    a.पीता था (piiTaa THaa)
    b.पीता हूँगा (piiTaa huungaa)
    c.पीता हूँ (piiTaa huun)

Solutions

1. Correct Answer: (b) कूद रहे हैं (kuuD rahe hain).

Reason: The statement “The kids are jumping,” is in the present continuous tense. In Hindi, the plural forms in present continuous end with रहे हैं (rahe hain). Thus, the option (b).

2. Correct Answer: (a) लिखेगी (Likhegii).

Reason: The sentence “She will write a letter everyday,” is in the simple future tense. The feminine pronouns in simple future end with गी (gii). Thus, option (a).

3. Correct Answer: (a) खा चुके थे (khaa cuke THe).

Reason: “Father had eaten the fruits.” Although “father” is a singular noun, he is a respectable figure. When we use the respectful tone, the plural verb conjugation is applied for singular nouns / pronouns. Moreover, this sentence is in the past perfect tense, which usually ends with -चुके थे (cuke THe). Thus, option (a).

4. Correct Answer: (b) जा रहा था (jaa rahaa THaa).

Reason: “John was going to school yesterday.” It’s a plain case of the past continuous tense, which typically ends with रहा था (rahaa THaa). Thus, option (b).

5. Correct Answer: (c) पीता हूँ (piiTaa huun).

Reason: “I don’t drink juices,” is a simple present tense sentence. In Hindi, such statements end with ता हूँ (Taa huun). Thus, option (c).

10. Reach the Next Level with HindiPod101.com

So, how many of them did you get correct? Let us know your score in the comment box below. What are the most difficult (and easiest) things for you in this lesson? We would love to hear your thoughts!

Meanwhile, check out our Hindi verb conjugation PDF lesson and practice. The more you read and speak, the better your vocab will be. And while we’re on that topic, don’t forget to visit us and sign up on HindiPod101.com.

If you’re already a member, we have plenty of new lesson materials for you. Enrich your word lists with our free English-Hindi online dictionary! If you encounter any issues, we’re just a click away at our help center. So, keep practicing and stay tuned for our upcoming lessons!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Hindi

The Verb in Hindi: 100+ Hindi Verbs & Conjugations

Thumbnail

People are never without action! If nothing else, we’re breathing ceaselessly. The bottom line: There’s always something happening around us. And a verb in Hindi is the only part of speech that helps us express those actions in the most meaningful way.

Therefore, it’s quite essential to study the most common verbs in Hindi with examples.

But before moving on to our Hindi verbs list, we thought you’d definitely like to check out our amazing and highly useful Hindi lessons on the Best 100 Adjectives, Top 100 Nouns, and The Most Common Pronouns in Hindi.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Introduction to Hindi Verbs
  2. Sentence Pattern in Hindi
  3. Transitive & Intransitive Verbs
  4. Regular & Irregular Verbs
  5. Auxiliary Verbs or Helping Verbs
  6. Hindi Modal Verbs
  7. Causative Verbs in Hindi
  8. Hindi Action Verbs
  9. Hindi Mental Verbs
  10. Hindi Phrasal Verbs
  11. Exploring the World of the Hindi Language with HindiPod101.com

1. Introduction to Hindi Verbs

Top Verbs

The first question we’re going to answer is “What is the word for ‘verb’ in Hindi?”

The word for verb in Hindi is known as क्रिया (kriyaa).

  • In Hindi, the “to be” verbs end with -ना  (-Naa).

For example, “to go” =  जाना (jaaNaa); “to eat” =  खाना (khaaNaa).

Just like in any other language, there are certain rules to be followed in order to correctly use the following list of verbs in Hindi.

Those who wish to dig into all the grammar essentials, this is your go-to basic Hindi verbs list. So, let’s begin.

2. Sentence Pattern in Hindi

More Essential Verbs

In a Hindi sentence, the verb always comes last. The usual sentence structure is S (Subject) + O (Object) + V (Verb).

1. खाना (khaaNaa)
“to eat”
सोहन ने आम खाया। 
SohaN Ne aam khaayaa.
“Sohan ate a mango.”

Here, सोहन (SohaN) = Subject, आम (aam) = Object, and खाया (khaayaa) = Verb.

2. पढ़ना (padhaNaa)
“to read”
रीमा किताब पढ़ रही है। 
riimaa kiTaab padh rahii hai.
“Reema is reading a book.”

Here, रीमा (riimaa) = Subject, किताब (kiTaab) = Object, and पढ़ रही है (padh rahii hai) = Verb.

Now that we’ve looked at the ways verbs work in Hindi, it’s time to study the different types of verbs in Hindi.

3. Transitive & Intransitive Verbs

On the basis of presence / absence of the object, there are two Hindi verb types.

  • One is a “transitive verb” in Hindi, or सकर्मक क्रिया (Sakarmak kriyaa). Using Hindi transitive verbs means that the sentence has an object.
3. जाना (jaaNaa)
“to go”
मैं स्कूल जाता हूँ। 
main SkuuL jaaTaa huun.
“I go to school.”
  • The other type is the “intransitive verb” in Hindi, or अकर्मक क्रिया (akarmak kriyaa). Using an intransitive verb means that the sentence has no object.

Example: मैं जाता हूँ (main jaaTaa huun.) =  “I go.”

Thinking about Something

4. Regular & Irregular Verbs

This is not a strict division, but in terms of Hindi verb conjugation, there are two types of Hindi verbs. 

  • Regular verbs in Hindi

When conjugating Hindi regular verbs, the verb form remains the same.

Example: Here, the infinitive verb is “to watch,” or देखना (DekhaNaa).

4. देखना (DekhaNaa)
“to watch”
राज फ़िल्म देखता है 
raaj fiLm DekhaTaa hai.
“Raj watches a movie.”

Now, as the example shows a singular subject, “Raj,” and the present tense verb form, the infinitive form “to watch” changes into present tense and becomes “watches.”

Similarly: राज ने फ़िल्म देखी (raaj Ne fiLm Dekhii.) “Raj watched a movie.”

राज फ़िल्म देखेगा (raaj fiLm Dekhegaa.) “Raj will watch a movie.”

  • Irregular verbs in Hindi

Hindi irregular verbs may change their forms according to the tense that’s used.

Example: Here, the infinitive verb is “to go,” or जाना (jaaNaa).

राज अस्पताल जाता है (raaj aSpaTaaL jaaTaa hai.) “Raj goes to the hospital.”

राज अस्पताल गया (raaj aSpaTaaL gayaa.) “Raj went to the hospital.”

राज अस्पताल जायेगा (raaj aSpaTaaL jaayegaa.) “Raj will go to the hospital.”

  • In addition to these two types of verbs, Hindi verbs conjugation also changes with various other factors, such as gender, mood, intention, etc. Wish to read about this in detail? Stay tuned for our upcoming guide on Conjugation in Hindi!

5. Auxiliary Verbs or Helping Verbs

Negative Verbs

Do you know that Hindi auxiliary verbs, or helping verbs, are known as सहायक क्रिया (Sahaayak kriyaa). The helping verbs support the main verb and make the sentence grammatically correct.

In our simple Hindi verb tenses charts below, you’ll find some Hindi helping verbs with examples of how to use them.

1- Present Tense

5. है (hai)
“is”
Used for singular nouns and pronounsआम मीठा है 
aam miithaa hai.
“The mango is sweet.”
6. हूँ (huun)
“am”
Used for “I”मैं एक लड़की हूँ 
main ek Ladakii huun.
“I am a girl.”
7. हैं (hain)
“are”
Used for plural nouns and pronounsवे लोग भूखे हैं 
ve Log bhuukhe hain.
“Those people are hungry.”

2- Past Tense

Here are the main Hindi past tense auxiliary verbs.

8. था (THaa)
“was”
Used for singular masculine nouns and pronounsसूरज कल दफ़्तर जा रहा था 
Suuraj kaL DafTar jaa rahaa THaa.
“Suraj was going to the office yesterday.”
9. थी  (THii)
“was”
Used for singular feminine nouns and pronounsपूजा सो रही थी 
puujaa So rahii THii.
“Pooja was sleeping.”
10. थे (THe)
“were”
Used for plural nouns and pronounsसभी बच्चे पार्क में खेल रहे थे 
Sabhii bacce paark men kheL rahe THe.
“All the kids were playing in the park.”

3- Future Tense

And lastly, here’s how to conjugate Hindi verbs in the future tense.

11. -गा (-gaa)
“will” / “shall”
Used for singular masculine nouns and pronounsसूरज कल दफ़्तर जाएगा। 
Suuraj kaL DafTar jaayegaa.
“Suraj will go to the office tomorrow.”
12. -गी (-gii)
“will” / “shall”
Used for singular feminine nouns and pronounsपूजा दो घंटे तक सोएगी। 
puujaa Do ghante Tak Soyegii.
“Pooja will sleep for two hours.”
13. -गे (-ge)
“will” / “shall”
Used for plural nouns and pronounsसभी बच्चे पार्क में खेलेंगे 
Sabhii bacce paark men kheLenge.
“All the kids will play in the park.”

Getting familiar with the different kinds of verbs? Well, there’s a lot more to come! Soon, we’ll be expanding your Hindi verbs vocabulary by checking out our list of Hindi phrasal verbs. We’ll also find out what on earth Hindi causative verbs are! 

But first, we present you with some of the most commonly used modal verbs in Hindi.

6. Hindi Modal Verbs

Modal verbs help us express the capacity, intention, or urgency of an action. Just like Hindi auxiliary verbs, modal verbs are not the main verbs, but are helpful in emphasizing a particular context.

14. चाहिए (caahiye)
“Should”
तुम्हें अब आराम करना चाहिए 
Tumhen ab aaraam karaNaa caahiye.
“You should rest now.”
15. ज़रूर (zaruur)
“Must”
हमें अपना वादा ज़रूर पूरा करना चाहिए। 
hamen apaNaa vaaDaa zaruur puuraa karaNaa caahiye.
“We must fulfill our promise.”
16. सकना (SakaNaa)
“Can” / “Could”
ऋतु कार चला सकती है। 
riTu kaar caLaa SakaTii hai.
“Ritu can drive the car.”

We also use the verb “would” in Hindi. But instead of translating it into a particular word, “would” generally works as a suffix in Hindi verbs.

  • Suffixes for “would” = गा (gaa) / गी (gii) / गें (ge)

For example:

  • क्या आप चाय लेंगे? 

kyaa aap caay Lenge?

“Would you have some tea?”

  • हम आपके आभारी रहेंगे. 

ham aapke aabhaarii rahenge.

“We would really appreciate that.”

7. Causative Verbs in Hindi

Our list of basic Hindi verbs for beginners would be incomplete without causative verbs. Any idea what they are?

Well, the causative verbs in Hindi represent an action which isn’t being done directly by the subject.

Usually, such verbs end with the suffix -वाना (-vaaNaa).

Let’s read some examples to understand how they are applied in a sentence.

17. -वाना (-vaaNaa)
“Get”
मुझे बाल कटवाना है 
mujhe baaL katavaaNaa hai.
“I have to get a haircut.”
18. -वाना (-vaaNaa)
“Make”
दादाजी मुझसे रोज़ पौधों में पानी डलवाते हैं। 
DaaDaajii mujh Se roz pauDHon men paaNii daLavaaTe hain.
“Grandpa makes me water the plants every day.”

8. Hindi Action Verbs

Now we present to you the most popular and common type of verb in Hindi: the action verb.

Action verbs are the main verbs which revolve around the subject. In this Hindi verbs list, we’ve tried to cover as many action verbs for you as possible.

19. लाना (LaaNaa)
“to bring”
क्या तुम वो सब्ज़ी की टोकरी यहां ला सकते हो? 
kyaa Tum vo Sabzii kii tokarii yahaan Laa SakaTe ho?
“Can you bring that vegetable basket over here?”
20. पकाना (pakaaNaa)
“to cook”
विनीता को खाना पकाना बहुत पसंद है। 
viNiTaa ko khaaNaa pakaaNaa bahuT paSanD hai.
“Vinita loves to cook.”
Man Snowboarding Down Mountain
21. बनाना (baNaaNaa)
“to make”
सुनील काफ़ी सुंदर तस्वीरें बनाता है। 
SuNiiL kaafii SuNDar TaSviiren baNaaTaa hai.
“Sunil makes amazing pictures.”
22. देखना (DekhaNaa)
“to look”
रोहन घाटी की ओर देख रहा था। 
rohaN ghaatii kii or Dekh rahaa THaa.
“Rohan was looking at the valley.”
23. कहना (kahaNaa)
“to say”
बच्चा अपनी माँ से कुछ कह रहा है। 
baccaa apaNii maan Se kuch kah rahaa hai.
“The child is saying something to his mom.”
24. बताना (baTaaNaa)
“to tell”
रीमा ने मुझे कुछ नहीं बताया। 
riimaa Ne mujhe kuch Nahiin baTaayaa.
“Reema did not tell me anything.”
25. पूछना (puuchaNaa)
“to ask”
मुझे तुमसे कुछ पूछना है। 
mujhe TumaSe kuch puuchaNaa hai.
“I need to ask you something.”
26. रुकना (rukaNaa)
“to stop”
हमें अगले मोड़ पर रुकना है। 
hamen agaLe mod par rukaNaa hai.
“We have to stop at the next turn.”
27. खड़ा होना (khaadaa hoNaa)
“to stand”
खिलाड़ी मैदान में खड़े हैं। 
khiLaadii maiDaaN men khade hain.
“The players are standing on the ground.”
28. चखना (cakhaNaa)
“to taste”
मैंने वो चॉकलेट आइसक्रीम चखी थी। 
main Ne vo caukaLet aaiS kriim cakhii THii.
“I had tasted that chocolate ice cream.”
29. लगना (LagaNaa)
“to feel”
इस घर में वापस आकर कितना अच्छा लग रहा है। 
iS ghar men vaapaS aakar kiTaNaa acchaa Lag rahaa hai.
“It feels so nice to be here again in this house.”
30. कोशिश करना (kosis karaNaa)
“to try”
सोहन ने कई बार कोशिश करके देख लिया। 
SohaN Ne kaii baar kosis karake Dekh Liyaa.
“Sohan tried it so many times.”
31. दौड़ना (DaudaNaa)
“to run”
घोड़े बहुत तेज़ दौड़ते हैं। 
ghode bahuT Tez DaudaTe hain.
“The horses run very fast.”
32. घूमना (ghuumaNaa)
“to wander” / “to go out”
चलो थोड़ी देर बाहर घूमते हैं। 
caLo THodii Der baahar ghuumaTe hain.
“Let’s go out for a while.”
33. रोना (roNaa)
“to cry”
सुमित कल रो रहा था। 
SumiT kaL ro rahaa THaa.
“Sumit was crying yesterday.”
34. हंसना (hanSaNaa)
“to laugh”
चुटकुले पर सभी हंसने लगे। 
cutakuLe par Sabhii hanSaNe Lage.
“Everybody laughed at the joke.”
35. मुस्कुराना (muSkuraaNaa)
“to smile”
तुम क्यों मुस्कुरा रही थीं? 
Tum kyon muSkuraa rahii THiin.
“Why were you smiling?”
36. छूना (chuuNaa)
“to touch”
सुनीता की किताबें मत छुओ। 
SuNiiTaa kii kiTaaben maT chuo.
“Don’t touch Sunita’s books.”
37. सोना (SoNaa)
“to sleep”
देव दूसरे कमरे में सोता है। 
Dev DuuSare kamare men SoTaa hai.
“Dev sleeps in the other room.”
38. चिल्लाना (ciLLaaNaa)
“to shout”
बच्चे क्यों चिल्ला रहे थे ?
bacce kyon ciLLaa rahe THe?
“Why were the kids shouting?”
39. लिखना (LikhaNaa)
“to write”
मैं कविता और कहानी लिखती हूँ। 
main kaviTaa aur kahaaNi LikhaTii huun.
“I write poems and stories.”
40. समझाना (SamajhaaNaa)
“to explain”
ये सवाल समझाना काफ़ी मुश्किल है। 
ye savaaL SamajhaaNaa kaafii muskiL hai.
“It is really hard to explain this sum.”
Cooking a Meal
41. होना (hoNaa)
“to become”
हितेश कितना चिड़चिड़ा हो गया है। 
hiTes kiTaNaa cidacidaa ho gayaa hai.
“Hitesh has become so irritable.”
42. लेना (LeNaa)
“to take”
दुकानदार ने रोहन से पैसे लिए। 
DukaaNaDaar Ne rohaN Se paiSe Liye.
“The shopkeeper took the money from Rohan.”
43. देना (DeNaa)
“to give”
पिताजी को ये छाता दे दो। 
piTaajii ko ye chaaTaa De Do.
“Give this umbrella to Father.”
44. छीनना (chiiNaNaa)
“to snatch”
किसी ने उस आदमी का बटुआ छीन लिया।  
kiSii Ne uS aaDamii kaa batuaa chiiN Liyaa.
“Somebody snatched that man’s wallet.”
45. ढूँढना (dhuundhaNaa)
“to find”
क्या तुमने कार की चाभी ढूंढ ली? 
kyaa TumaNe kaar kii caabhii dhuundh Lii?
“Did you find the car keys?”
46. इस्तेमाल करना (iSTemaaL karaNaa)
“to use”
मेरे चाचा माइक्रोवेव ओवन का इस्तेमाल नहीं करते हैं। 
mere caacaa maaikrovev ovaN kaa iSTemaaL Nahiin karaTe hain.
“My uncle doesn’t use the microwave oven.”
47. पहुँचना (pahuncaNaa)
“to arrive”
हम अभी-अभी रेलवे स्टेशन पहुँचे हैं। 
ham abhii-abhii reLave StesaN pahunce hain.
“We have just arrived at the railway station.”
48. निकलना (nikaLaNaa)
“to leave”
मैं चार बजे दफ़्तर से निकलूंगा। 
main caar baje DafTar Se NikaLuungaa.
“I will leave the office at four.”
49. रखना (rakhaNaa)
“to keep”
अपने ज़ेवर संभाल कर रखना। 
apaNe zevar SambhaaL kar rakhaNaa.
“Keep your jewelry safely.”
50. बुलाना (buLaaNaa)
“to call”
माँ तुम्हें बुला रही हैं। 
maan Tumhen buLaa rahii hain.
“Mother is calling you.”
51. पीना (piiNaa)
“to drink”
बिल्ली ने सारा दूध पी लिया। 
biLLii Ne Saaraa DuuDH pii Liyaa.
“The cat drank all the milk.”
52. खेलना (kheLaNaa)
“to play”
ललित रोज़ बैडमिंटन खेलता है। 
LaLiT roz baidamiNtaN kheLaTaa hai.
“Lalit plays badminton everyday.”
53. शुरू करना (suruu karaNaa)
“to start”
मैं कल से इस किताब पर काम शुरू कर दूंगा। 
main kaL Se iS kiTaab par kaam suruu kar Duungaa.
“Tomorrow, I will start working on this book.”
54. परोसना (paroSaNaa)
“to serve food”
कृपया, मेहमानों को खाना परोस दीजिये। 
kripayaa mehmaaNon ko khaaNaa paroS Diijiye.
“Please, serve the food to the guests.”
55. धुलना (DHuLaNaa)
“to wash”
रमन हर महीने अपनी कार धुलता है। 
ramaN har mahiiNe apaNii kaar DHuLaTaa hai.
“Raman washes his car every month.”
56. दबाना (DabaaNaa)
“to press”
स्विच को और ज़ोर से दबाओ। 
Svic ko aur zor Se Dabaao.
“Press the switch a little harder.”
Ice Skating!
57. कूदना (kuuDaNaa)
“to jump”
मेरा बेटा सोफ़े पर कूद रहा है। 
meraa betaa Sofe par kuuD rahaa hai.
“My son is jumping on the sofa.”
58. मना करना (maNaa karaNaa)
“to refuse”
बॉस ने आज छुट्टी देने से मना कर दिया है। 
baauS ne aaj chuttii DeNe Se maNaa kar Diyaa hai.
“The boss refused to leave today.”
59. मिलना (miLaNaa)
“to meet”
सारे दोस्त पांच बजे पार्क में मिलेंगे। 
Saare DoST paanc baje paark men miLenge.
“All the friends will meet in the park at five.”
60. ताली बजाना (TaaLii bajaaNaa)
“to clap”
दर्शकों ने जादूगर के लिए ख़ूब ताली बजाई। 
Darsakon Ne jaaDugar ke Liye khuub TaaLii bajaayii.
“The audience clapped for the magician.”
61. छींकना (chiinkaNaa)
“to sneeze”
वो पूरा वक़्त छींकता रहता है। 
vo puuraa vaqT chiinkaTaa rahaTaa hai.
“He sneezes all the time.”
62. खाँसना (khaanSaNaa)
“to cough”
बच्चा बहुत बुरी तरह से खाँस रहा है। 
baccaa bahuT burii Tarah Se khaanS rahaa hai.
“The child is coughing so badly.”
63. काटना (kaaTaNaa)
“to cut”
सीमा ने फलों को छोटे-छोटे टुकड़ों में  काट दिया। 
Siimaa Ne phaLon ko chote-chote tukadon men kaat Diyaa.
“Seema cut the fruits into small pieces.”
64. चबाना (cabaaNaa)
“to chew”
हर निवाले को अच्छी तरह से चबाओ। 
har NivaaLe ko acchii Tarah Se cabaao.
“Chew every morsel properly.”
65. निगलना (NigaLaNaa)
“to swallow”
तुम्हें इस गोली को निगलना है। 
Tumhen iS goLii ko NigaLaNaa hai.
“You have to swallow this pill.”
66. सजाना (SajaaNaa)
“to decorate”
दिवाली पर हम अपने घरों को सजाते हैं। 
DivaaLii par ham apaNe gharon ko SajaaTe hain.
“On Diwali, we decorate our houses.”
67. घुसना / अंदर आना
(ghuSaNaa) / (anDar aaNaa)
“to enter”
आप पीछे के दरवाज़े से घर के अंदर आ सकते हैं। 
aap piiche ke Daravaaze Se ghar ke anDar aa SakaTe hain.
“You can enter the house from the back door.”
68. चुस्की लेना (cuSkii LeNaa)
“to sip”
ज़ुकाम ठीक करने के लिए गर्म चाय की चुस्कियाँ लो। 
zukaam thiik karaNe ke Liye garm caaye kii cuSkiyaan Lo.
“To get rid of the cold, sip some hot tea.”
69. तैयार करना (Taiyaar karaNaa)
“to prepare”
माँ ने रवि के लिए कमरा तैयार कर दिया है। 
maan Ne ravi ke Liye kamaraa Taiyaar kar Diyaa hai.
“Mother has prepared the room for Ravi.”
70. छिपाना / छुपाना (chipaaNaa) / (chupaaNaa)
“to hide”
लोकेश ज़रूर हमसे कोई बात छुपा रहा है। 
Lokes zaruur ham Se koii baaT chupaa rahaa hai.
“Lokesh is surely hiding something from us.”
71. चुराना (curaaNaa) 
“to steal”
किसी ने मेरी अंगूठी चुरा ली है। 
kiSii Ne merii anguuthii curaa Lii hai.
“Somebody has stolen my ring.”
72. नाचना (NaacaNaa)
“to dance”
पार्टी में सब लोग नाच रहे थे।  
paartii men Sab Log Naac rahe THe.
“Everybody was dancing at the party.”
Gardening
73. गाना (gaaNaa)
“to sing”
मेरी बहन बहुत अच्छा गाती है। 
merii bahaN bahuT acchaa gaaTii hai.
“My sister sings really well.”
74. डाँटना (daantaNaa)
“to scold”
अध्यापक ने विद्यार्थियों को डाँटा। 
aDHyaapak Ne viDyaarTHiyon ko daantaa.
“The teacher scolded the students.”
75. फेंकना (phenkaNaa)
“to throw”
शीला ने गेंद मेरी तरफ़ फेंक दी। 
siiLaa Ne geND merii Taraf phenk Dii.
“Sheela threw the ball to me.”
76. बैठना (baithaNaa)
“to sit”
मेहमान ड्रॉइंग रूम में बैठे हैं। 
mehmaaN draauing ruum men baithe hain.
“The guests are sitting in the drawing room.”
77. बेचना (becaNaa)
“to sell”
सब्ज़ीवाला सब्ज़ी बेच रहा है। 
SabziivaaLaa Sabzii bec rahaa hai.
“The greengrocer is selling the vegetables.”
78. ख़रीदना (khariiDaNaa)
“to buy”
मुझे अपने पिता के लिए कुछ फल ख़रीदने हैं। 
mujhe apaNe piTaa ke Liye kuch phaL khariiiDaNe hain.
“I have to buy some fruit for my father.”
79. जीतना (jiiTaNaa)
“to win”
हमारी टीम टूर्नामेंट जीत गयी। 
hamaarii tiim tuurNaameNt jiiT gayii.
“Our team won the tournament.”
Buying the Toys
80. हारना (haaraNaa)
“to lose”
ऑस्ट्रेलिया क्रिकेट मैच हार गयी। 
auStreLiyaa kriket maic haar gayii.
“Australia lost the cricket match.”
81. उड़ना (udaNaa)
“to fly”
पतंग कितनी ऊँची उड़ रही है। 
paTang kiTaNii uuncii ud rahii hai.
“The kite is flying so high!”
82. तैरना (TairaNaa)
“to swim”
ज्योति नदी में तैरेगी। 
jyoTi NaDii men Tairegii.
“Jyoti will swim in the river.”

8. Hindi Mental Verbs

For your convenience, we’ve created a separate list for mental verbs. These useful Hindi verbs are essential for any new Hindi learner to master!

83. जानना (jaaNaNaa)
“to know”
मैं कल की पिकनिक के बारे में कुछ नहीं जानती हूँ। 
main kaL kii pikaNik ke baare men kuch Nahiin jaaNaTii huun.
“I don’t know anything about tomorrow’s picnic.”
84. सोचना (SocaNaa)
“to think”
सीमा दूसरी नौकरी के बारे में सोच रही है। 
Siimaa DuuSarii Naukarii ke baare men Soc rahii hai.
“Seema is thinking about another job.”
Wondering!
85. अहसास होना (caahaNaa)
“to realize”
बच्चे को अपनी ग़लती का एहसास हो गया है। 
bacce ko apaNii gaLaTii kaa ehaSaaS ho gayaa hai.
“The child has realized his mistake.”
86. विश्वास करना (visvaaS karaNaa)
“to believe”
मैं तुम पर विश्वास करती हूँ। 
main Tum par visvaaS karaTii huun.
“I believe you.”
87. उम्मीद करना (ummiiD karaNaa)
“to hope”
हम सब एक बेहतर भविष्य की उम्मीद करते हैं। 
ham Sab ek behaTar bhavisy kii ummiiD karaTe hain.
“We all hope for a better future.”
88. समझना (SamajhaNaa)
“to understand”
रोहन मेरी दिक़्क़त समझता है। 
RohaN merii DikkaT SamajhaTaa hai.
“Rohan understands my problem.”
89. पसंद करना (paSanD karaNaa)
“to like”
जॉन को मसालेदार खाना पसंद है। 
jauN ko maSaaLeDaar khaaNaa paSanD hai.
“John likes spicy foods.”
90. प्यार करना (pyaar karaNaa)
“to love”
मैं अपने बच्चों से बहुत प्यार करता हूँ। 
main apaNe baccon Se bahuT pyaar karaTaa huun.
“I really love my kids.”
91. याद करना (yaaD karaNaa)
“to remember”
मुझे अभी तक वो रात याद है। 
mujhe abhii Tak vo raaT yaaD hai.
“I still remember that night.”
92. भूलना (bhuuLaNaa)
“to forget”
सुमित कोर्ट की तारीख़ फिर से भूल गया। 
SumiT kort kii Taariikh phir Se bhuuL gayaa.
“Sumit forgot about the court date again.”
93. नफ़रत करना (NafaraT karaNaa)
“to hate”
सुमन इस शहर से नफ़रत करती है। 
SumaN iS sahar Se NafaraT karaTii hai.
“Suman just hates this town.”
94. सपने  देखना (SapaNe DekhaNaa)
“to dream”
कल रात मैं तुम्हें सपने में देख रहा था। 
kaL raaT main Tumhen SapaNe men Dekh rahaa THaa.
“Last night I was dreaming about you.”

9. Hindi Phrasal Verbs

By now, you’ve learned many useful Hindi verbs. We will now explore another sub-topic: phrasal verbs.

Phrasal verbs are those verbs in which two phrases come together, and they both collectively act as the main verbs in that sentence.

Talking and Discussing with Each Other

Sound tricky?Well, because this concept can be a little confusing to learners, we’ve included a quick Hindi phrasal verbs list here.

95. आना – जाना (aaNaa – jaaNaa)
“to visit”
सर्दियों के मौसम में बहुत सी हस्तियाँ इस होटल में आती-जाती रहती हैं। 
SarDiyon ke mauSam men bahuT Sii haSTiyaan iS hotaL men aaTii-jaaTii rahTii hain.
“Many celebrities visit this hotel in the winter season.”
96. पढ़ना – लिखना (padhaNaa – LikhaNaa)
“to study”
उज्जवल भविष्य के लिए पढ़ना – लिखना ज़रूरी है। 
ujjavaL bhavisy ke Liye padhaNaa – LikhaNaa zaruurii hai.
“For a bright future, it’s really important to study hard.”
97. माफ़ी माँगना (maafii maangaNaa)
“to apologize”
मेरे सहकर्मी ने अपनी ग़लती पर माफ़ी मांग ली। 
mere Sahakarmii Ne apaNii gaLaTii par maafii maang Lii.
“My colleague apologized for his mistake.”
98. खो जाना (kho jaaNaa)
“to get lost”
दो विदेशी होटल का रास्ता भूल गए। 
Do viDesii hotaL kaa raaSTaa bhuuL gaye.
“Two foreigners got lost on their way to the hotel.”
99. हार मान लेना (haar maaN LeNaa)
“to give up”
कनिका इतनी जल्दी हार नहीं मानेगी। 
kaNikaa iTaNii jaLDii haar Nahiin maaNegii.
“Kanika would not give up so easily.”
100. चुप हो जाना (cup ho jaaNaa)
“to become silent”
प्रार्थना के वक़्त हर कोई चुप हो गया। 
praarTHaNaa ke vaqT har koii cup ho gayaa.
“During the prayer, everybody became silent.”

10. Exploring the World of the Hindi Language with HindiPod101.com

With this, we successfully close another big chapter. In this lesson, you learned all types of verbs. How many types do you remember?

If asked, would you be able to give us a few examples of causative verbs in Hindi? Our comment box is right below, waiting for you to showcase all you’ve got.

We would be delighted to have you on our HindiPod101.com homepage. Join a completely new world of learning and access our top-class learning materials anytime, anywhere in the world.

In case you experience any problems, don’t hesitate to reach out to us on the help center page that offers a solution to any problem.

Happy Hindi learning!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Hindi

The Pronoun in Hindi: Types of Pronouns in Hindi & Examples

Thumbnail

A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. Everybody knows this definition. But what is a pronoun in Hindi—or rather, what is the meaning of “pronoun” in Hindi?

“Pronoun” in Hindi is known as सर्वनाम (SarvaNaam).Imagine a conversation where you had to repeat the name of a person or thing all the time? Exactly! It would be so dull, so monotonous, and where’s the fun in that? This is where the different kinds of pronouns in Hindi come into play.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. The Importance of a Pronoun in Hindi
  2. Pronoun Definition and Examples in Hindi
  3. Types of Pronouns in Hindi
  4. Hindi Personal Pronouns
  5. Hindi Demonstrative Pronouns
  6. Hindi Interrogative Pronouns
  7. Hindi Indefinite Pronouns
  8. Hindi Relative Pronouns
  9. Hindi Distributive Pronouns
  10. Getting the Best Out of HindiPod101

1. The Importance of a Pronoun in Hindi

The primary purpose of all kinds of pronouns in Hindi is to make the communication clean and clutter-free. Pronouns eliminate redundancy in conversations, at the same time adding more clarity and flow to the talk.

On the other hand, all pronoun words in Hindi play a significant role in enhancing colloquialism in the language. It’s the collection of these pronoun words in Hindi that allows the native language to remain so effortlessly unique and vibrant.

How to Pronounce Hindi Pronoun Words

Apart from that, after going through this guide, you’ll also be able to easily differentiate between a noun and pronoun in Hindi. If you haven’t yet, kindly check our super-informative article on “100 Hindi Nouns.”

Talking about nouns, we can’t just skip adjectives, can we? Well, accentuate your communication with these Top 100 Adjectives in Hindi and wow Hindi native speakers with a flawless and smooth Hindi vocabulary!

Now, without further ado, let’s embark on our exciting topic for today.

2. Pronoun Definition and Examples in Hindi

The various parts of speech include, but are not limited to, the: noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, and adverb in Hindi. Needless to say, having at least a surface-level knowledge of each part’s definition and usage can take you a long way toward refining your language skills.

You’ve already learned the meaning of “pronoun” in Hindi, which is सर्वनाम (SarvaNaam). Now it’s time to quickly glance through some examples of Hindi sentences using pronouns.

Let’s make this one easy before heading into more examples. Here’s how you would tell someone what a pronoun is in Hindi:

  • संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयोग किये जाने वाले शब्द सर्वनाम कहलाते हैं। 

Sangyaa ke STHaaN par prayog kiye jaaNe vaaLe sabD SarvaNaam kahaLaaTe hain.

“Words used in place of a noun are called pronouns.”

3. Types of Pronouns in Hindi

There are so many types of pronouns in Hindi. These include:

  • “Personal Pronoun” = पुरुषवाचक सर्वनाम (purusavaacak SarvaNaam
  • “Possessive Pronoun” = अधिकारवाचक सर्वनाम (aDHikaaravaacak SarvaNaam) 
  • “Reflexive Pronoun” = निजवाचक सर्वनाम (Nijavaacak SarvaNaam)
  • “Demonstrative Pronoun” = संकेतवाचक सर्वनाम (SankeTavaacak SarvaNaam) 
  • “Interrogative Pronoun” = प्रश्नवाचक सर्वनाम (prasNavaacak SarvaNaam
  • “Indefinite Pronoun” = अनिश्चयवाचक सर्वनाम (aNiscayavaacak SarvaNaam) 
  • “Relative Pronoun” = संबंधवाचक सर्वनाम (SambaNDHavaacak SarvaNaam) 
  • “Distributive Pronoun” = वितरणवाचक सर्वनाम (viTaranavaacak SarvaNaam) 

Each kind of pronoun in Hindi will be explained with the help of simple and useful examples.

An interesting and easy way to learn about Hindi language pronouns is to use them abundantly in both spoken and written forms.

A List of Various Words in English

To warm up, here are some pronoun examples in Hindi:

  • मैं (main) = “I”
  • आप (aap) = “You”
  • उसको (uSako) = “Him” / “Her”
  • कहाँ (kahaan) = “Where”

Let’s see a few pronoun sentences in Hindi using these example words.

  • मैं घर जा रही हूँ। 

main ghar jaa rahii huun.

“I am going home.”

  • आप से मिलकर अच्छा लगा। 

aap Se miLakar acchaa Lagaa.

“It was nice meeting you.”

  • उसको कल आने के लिए बोल दो। 

uSako kaL aaNe ke Liye boL Do.

“Ask him/her to come tomorrow.”

  • सुमन कहाँ है? 

SumaN kahaan hai?

“Where is Suman?”

By now, you must have gotten a fair idea about what pronouns in Hindi are and how to use them.

In this lesson about pronouns in Hindi, we’ve introduced all the main kinds of pronouns in Hindi. 

Are you ready to dig deeper now, and really start learning Hindi pronouns? Let’s go!

4. Hindi Personal Pronouns

Introducing Yourself

The first type of pronoun we’ll be discussing in this Hindi pronouns list is the personal pronoun. Personal pronouns in Hindi are known as पुरुषवाचक सर्वनाम (purusavaacak SarvaNaam). This type of pronoun in Hindi refers to words that replace nouns that are used for a particular person, place, or thing.

To make personal pronouns in Hindi crystal-clear for you, we’ll break it down into sub-categories that are described below.

1- Singular Forms

Almost all Hindi pronouns exercises revolve around the correct use of pronouns in Hindi. This also includes knowing how to form and use the singular and plural forms of pronouns. Let’s go over the concept of the “singular form”, or एकवचन (ekavacaN), of personal pronouns in Hindi.

Personal Pronouns: Singular Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
1st Personमैं (main)“I”मैं सोना चाहता हूँ। 
main SoNaa caahaTaa huun.
“I want to sleep.”
2nd Personतुम (Tum)“You”तुम अच्छी लग रही हो। 
Tum acchii Lag rahii ho.
“You look nice.”
आप (aap)“You”आप चाय लेना पसंद करेंगे? 
aap caaye LeNaa paSanD karenge.
“Would you like to have tea?”
3rd Personवह (vah)“He”वह रोज़ विद्यालय जाता है। 
vah roz viDyaaLay jaaTaa hai.
“He goes to school every day.”
वह (vah)“She”वह बहुत उदास थी। 
vah bahauT uDaaS THii.
“She was quite sad.”
यह (yeh)“It”यह एक उपन्यास है। 
yah ek upaNyaaS hai.
“It is a novel.”

2- Plural Forms

The plural forms are known as बहुवचन (bahuvacaN) in Hindi. Below is a Hindi pronoun chart which showcases some of the most frequently used plural forms of personal pronouns in Hindi.

Personal Pronouns: Plural Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
1st Personहम (ham)
Or
हम सब (ham Sab)
Or
हम लोग (ham Log)
“We”हम सब बाज़ार जा रहे हैं।
ham Sab baazaar jaa rahe hain.
“We are going to the market.”
2nd Personतुम सब (Tum Sab)“You”तुम सब को हिंदी में चार वाक्य बनाने हैं।
Tum Sab ko hinDii men caar vaakya baNaaNe hain.
“You have to make four sentences in Hindi.”
आप सब (aap Sab)“You”आप सब अब जा सकते हैं।
aap Sab ab jaa SakaTe hain.
“You may go now.”
3rd Personवे (ve)“They”वे लोग मेरे रिश्तेदार हैं।
ve Log mere risTeDaar hain.
“They are my relatives.”

3- Hindi Object Pronouns

This kind of pronoun in Hindi consists of words that are used to replace the object (on which the action is being done) in that sentence. In such sentences, the subject or doer is someone else. 

Common Pronoun Words

Let’s check out all pronouns in Hindi which are in the object forms.

Personal Pronouns: Object Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
1st Personमुझे (mujhe)“Me”शीला मुझे प्यार करती है। 
siiLaa mujhe pyaar karaTii hai.
“Sheila loves me.”
हमें (hamen)“Us”दादाजी हमें मिठाई दिलाएंगे। 
DaaDaajii hamen mithaaii DiLaayenge.
“Grandpa will buy us sweets.”
2nd Personतुम्हें (Tumhen)“You”सूरज तुम्हें अपना दोस्त समझता है। 
Suuraj Tumhen apaNaa DoST SamajhaTaa hai.
“Suraj considers you his friend.”
आपको (aapako)“You”प्रिंसिपल आपको बुला रहे हैं। 
priNSipaL aapako buLaa rahe hain.
“The principal is asking for you.”
3rd Personउसे (uSe)“Him”राधा उसे फ़ोन नहीं करेगी। 
raaDHaa uSe foN Nahiin karegii.
“Radha will not call him.”
उसे (uSe)“Her”माँ ने उसे सब्ज़ी लाने भेजा था। 
maan Ne uSe Sabzii LaaNe bhejaa THaa.
“Mother has sent her to buy some vegetables.”
उन्हें (uNhen)“Them”पुलिस ने उन्हें रंगे-हाथों पकड़ लिया। 
puLiS Ne uNhen range-haaTHon pakad Liyaa.
“The police caught them red-handed.”

4- Casual Forms

No language would be complete without its casual or informal words for chitchats. So, how could we let you miss these hardcore native pronoun words in Hindi?

Here’s our list of Hindi pronouns in their casual forms.

Make sure to use them only with your close friends. Avoid using them with colleagues and those who are older than you as it may leave a bad impression on them!

Personal Pronouns: Informal / Casual Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
तू (Tuu)“You”तू पहले कुछ खा ले। 
Tuu pahaLe kuch khaa Le.
“You eat something first.”
तुझे (Tujhe)“You”तुझे अब आराम करना चाहिए। 
Tujhe ab aaraam karaNaa caahiye.
“You should get some rest now.”
तेरा (Teraa) / तेरी“Your”तेरी तबियत कैसी है ? 
Terii TabiyaT kaiSii hai?
“How is your health?”

5- Possessive Forms

The fifth type of personal pronoun is Hindi possessive pronouns/forms, which in Hindi are called अधिकारवाचक सर्वनाम (aDHikaaravaacak SarvaNaam).As the definition of possessive pronouns in Hindi indicates, the Hindi possessive pronouns are those words which show possession or ownership of a noun.

Personal Pronouns: Possessive Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
1st Personमेरा (meraa) / मेरी (merii)“My” / “Mine”मेरा बैग गीला है। 
meraa baig giiLaa hai.
“My bag is wet.”
हमारा (hamaaraa) / हमारी (hamaarii)“Our”हमारा फ़्रिज ख़राब हो गया है। 
hamaaraa frij kharaab ho gayaa hai.
“Our fridge is not working.”
2nd Personतुम्हारा (Tumhaaraa) / तुम्हारी (Tumhaarii)“Your”तुम्हारी दवा का वक़्त हो गया। 
Tumhaarii Davaa kaa vaqT ho gayaa hai.
“It’s time for your medicine.”
आपका (aapakaa) / आपकी (aapakii)“Your”आपका काम हमें बहुत अच्छा लगा। 
aapakaa kaam hamen bahuT acchaa Lagaa.
“We really liked your work.”
3rd Personउसका (uSkaa) / उसकी (uSkii)“His” / “Her”सीमा अपने परिवार से प्यार करती है और हर सप्ताहांत उनसे मिलने जाती है। 
Siimaa apNe parivaar Se pyaar karTii hai aur har SapTaahaanT uNSe miLNe jaaTii hai.
“Seema loves her family and meets them every weekend.”
उनका (uNakaa) / उनकी (uNakii)“Their”मुझे उनका फ़ोन नंबर मालूम है। 
mujhe uNakaa foN Nambar maaLuum hai.
“I know their phone numbers.”

Now that you’re familiar with Hindi possessive pronouns, it’s time to study another significant sub-topic: the reflexive pronoun in Hindi.

6- Reflexive Forms

Before we look at the Hindi pronouns table below, we’ll first go over the meaning of reflexive pronouns in Hindi.

Pronouns Make Conversations Easier

The reflexive forms, or emphatic pronouns, are known as निजवाचक सर्वनाम (Nijavaacak SarvaNaam). While there are several words that qualify as reflexive pronouns in English, they’re reduced to two common phrases in Hindi that are used for all first-, second-, and third-person personal pronouns.

Which ones are these? Find out for yourself!

Personal Pronouns: Reflexive Forms
HindiEnglishSentences
  • अपने-आप (apaNe-aap)




  • ख़ुद-ही (khuD-hii)
“Myself”मैं ख़ुद वहाँ जाना चाहती हूँ। 
main khuD vahaan jaaNaa caahaTii huun.
“I want to go there myself.”
“Yourself”तुम ख़ुद ये नौकरी करना चाहते थे। 
Tum khuD hii ye Naukarii karaNaa caahaTe THe.
“You yourself wanted this job.”
“Themselves”उन्होंने ख़ुद ही सामान का भुगतान किया था। 
uNhoNe khuD hii SaamaaN kaa bhugaTaaN kiyaa THaa.
“They, themselves, paid for the stuff.”
“Himself”बच्चा अपने आप ही चलने लगा। 
baccaa apaNe aap hi caLaNe Lagaa.
“The toddler himself started walking.”
“Herself”इसके लिए सीमा ख़ुद ज़िम्मेदार है। 
iSake Liye Siimaa khuD zimmeDaar hai.
“Seema herself is responsible for this.”
“Ourselves”हम ख़ुद इस मुश्किल में पड़ गए। 
ham khuD iS muskiL men pad gaye.
“We got into this problem ourselves.”

As you can see, we have just two Hindi phrases for so many English reflexive pronouns. Actually, both the phrases अपने-आप (apaNe-aap) and ख़ुद-ही (khuD-hii) can be used to replace any of the English reflexive pronouns, be it “himself,” “herself,” “themselves,” and so on.

Hence, regardless of the English reflexive pronouns, the clarity of the context mostly depends on the Hindi personal pronouns in that sentence, and not on the Hindi reflexive pronouns.

5. Hindi Demonstrative Pronouns

Now, we’ll talk about the demonstrative pronoun in Hindi. These pronouns are quite important, and we’ll look at them in more depth in the following Hindi pronouns chart.

Express Yourself Better Using Hindi Pronouns

The demonstrative pronoun meaning in Hindi is संकेतवाचक सर्वनाम (SankeTavaacak SarvaNaam). It’s also known as a definite pronoun in Hindi, or निश्चयवाचक सर्वनाम (Niscayavaacak SarvaNaam).

These are words which indicate a specific noun.

Demonstrative Pronouns
HindiEnglishSentences
यह (yeh)“This”यह चादर मुझे तोहफ़े में मिली थी। 
yah caaDar mujhe Tohafe men miLii THii.
“I got this bedsheet as a present.”
ह (vah)“That”वह लड़का बीमार है। 
vah Ladakaa biimaar hai.
“That boy is sick.”
ये (ye)“These”ये मकान बहुत पुराने हैं। 
ye makaaN bahuT puraaNe hain.
“These houses are quite old.”
वे (ve)“Those”वे किताबें साधना की हैं। 
ve kiTaaben SaaDHaNaa kii hain.
“Those are Sadhana’s books.”
यहाँ (yahaan)“Here”तुम यहाँ कैसे आये ? 
Tum yahaan kaiSe aaye?
“How did you get here?”
वहाँ (vahaan)“There”जाओ और वहाँ सोफ़े पर बैठ जाओ। 
jaao aur vahaan Sofe par baith jaao.
“Go and sit on the sofa there.”
ऐसा / ऐसी (aiSaa / aiSii)“Such”मुझे ऐसी फ़िल्में पसंद नहीं हैं। 
mujhe aiSii fiLmen paSanD Nahiin hain.
“I don’t like such movies.”
वही“The same”ये वही बच्ची है जिसके बारे में मैंने तुम्हें बताया था। 
ye vahii baccii hai jiSake baare men maine Tumhen baTaayaa THaa.
“It’s the same girl I told you about.”

6. Hindi Interrogative Pronouns

Basic Questions

Interrogative pronouns in Hindi help us ask questions about any noun. In Hindi, these are known as प्रश्नवाचक सर्वनाम (prasNavaacak SarvaNaam).

Interrogative Pronouns
HindiEnglishSentences
क्या (kyaa)“What”तुम दोपहर में क्या खाओगे ? 
Tum Dopahar men kyaa khaaoge?
“What will you have for lunch?”
क्यों (kyon)“Why”अर्जुन क्यों रो रहा है ? 
arjuN kyon ro rahaa hai?
“Why is Arjun crying?”
कौन सा (kauN Saa) / सी (Sii)“Which”उसको कौन सा रंग पसंद है? 
uSako kauN Saa rang paSanD hai?
“Which is her favorite color?”
कौन (kauN)“Who”दरवाज़े पर कौन था ? 
Darvaaze par kauN THaa?
“Who was on the door?”
किसे (kiSe) / किसको (kiSako)“Whom”तुम किसे ज़्यादा प्यार करते हो ?
Tum kiSe zyaaDaa pyaar karaTe ho?
“Whom do you love more?”
किसका (kiSkaa) / किसकी (kiSkii)“Whose”यह कलम किसकी है ? 
yah kaLam kiSakii hai?
“Whose pen is this?”
कहाँ (kahaan)किधर (kiDHar)“Where”बाक़ी लोग कहाँ हैं ? 
baaqii Log kahaan hain?
“Where is everybody else?”
कब (kab)“When”बस कब आएगी ? 
baS kab aayegii?
“When will the bus be here?”

7. Hindi Indefinite Pronouns

The next sub-topic in our Hindi pronouns list is the indefinite pronoun. Indefinite pronouns in Hindi are called अनिश्चयवाचक सर्वनाम (aNiscayavaacak SarvaNaam).

These pronoun words are useful when we’re referring to a noun, but not something in particular.

Indefinite Pronouns
HindiEnglishSentences
कुछ (kuch) / थोड़ा (THodaa)“Some” / “Few”मुझे कुछ वक़्त चाहिए। 
mujhe kuch vaqT caahiye.
“I need some time.”
कोई (koii)“Any”उसके पास कोई और ड्रेस नहीं है। 
uSake paaS koii aur dreS Nahiin hai.
“She doesn’t have any other dress.”
सभी (Sabhii) / सारे (Saare)“All”मेरे भतीजे को सारे गुब्बारे चाहिए थे। 
mere bhaTiije ko Saare gubbaare caahiye THe.
“My nephew wanted all the balloons.”
कई (kaii)“Many”रवि को उसके जन्मदिन पर कई तोहफ़े मिले। 
ravi ko uSake jaNmaDiN par kaii Tohafe miLe.
“Ravi got so many presents on his birthday.”
हर कोई (har koii)“Everybody”हर कोई ख़ुश रहना चाहता है। 
har koii khus rahaNaa caahaTaa hai.
“Everybody wants to be happy.”
हर किसी (har kiSii)“Everyone”हर किसी ने उसके गाने की तारीफ़ की। 
har kiSii Ne uSake gaaNe kii Taariif kii.
“Everyone praised her singing.”
सब जगह (Sab jagah)
Or 
हर तरफ़ (har Taraf)
“Everywhere”आजकल सब जगह प्रदूषण बढ़ रहा है। 
aaj kaL Sab jagah praDuusan badh rahaa hai.
“Nowadays, the pollution levels are rising everywhere.”
कोई (koii)“Someone” /
“Somebody”
बाहर कोई तुम्हारा इंतज़ार कर रहा है। 
baahar koii Tumhaaraa inTazaar kar rahaa hai.
“Someone is waiting for you outside.”
किसी ने (kiSii Ne)“Somebody”क्या किसी ने तुम्हें कुछ कहा ? 
kyaa kiSii Ne Tumhen kuch kahaa?
“Did somebody say something to you?”
किसी को (kiSii ko)“Someone”चलो, किसी को रात के खाने पर बुलाते हैं। 
caLo, kiSii ko raaT ke khaaNe par buLaaTe hain.
“Come on, let’s invite someone for dinner.”
किसी का (kiSii kaa)“Someone’s”हॉल में किसी का सूटकेस रखा है। 
haauL men kiSii kaa Suut keS rakhaa hai.
“Someone’s suitcase is there in the hall.”
कहीं (kahiin)“Somewhere”कविता आज कहीं जाने का प्लान बना रही थी। 
kaviTaa aaj kahiin jaaNe kaa pLaaN baNaa rahii THii.
“Kavita was planning to go somewhere today.”
कुछ (kuch)“Something”कहीं तुम कुछ भूल तो नहीं रहे ? 
kahiin Tum kuch bhuuL To Nahiin rahe?
“Aren’t you forgetting something?”
सब कुछ (Sab kuch)“Everything”मैं सब कुछ जानना चाहता हूँ। 
main Sab kuch jaaNaNaa caahaTaa huun.
“I want to know everything.”
कोई नहीं (koii Nahiin)“No-one” / “Nobody”यहाँ पर तो कोई नहीं है। 
yahaan par To koii Nahiin hai.
“There’s no-one here.”
कुछ नहीं (kuch Nahiin)“Nothing”एक्सीडेंट भयानक था लेकिन मुझे कुछ नहीं हुआ। 
ekSiident bhayaaNak THaa LekiN mujhe kuch Nahiin huaa.
“It was a terrible accident, but nothing happened to me.”
कहीं नहीं (kahiin Nahiin)“Nowhere”आइसक्रीम बेचने वाला कहीं नहीं दिख रहा था। 
aaiS kriim becNe vaaLaa kahiin Nahiin Dikh rahaa THaa.
“The ice-cream vendor was nowhere in sight.”
कोई भी (koii bhii)“Anyone” /
“Anybody”
कोई भी इस प्रतियोगिता में भाग ले सकता है। 
koii bhii iS praTiyogiTaa men bhaag Le SakaTaa hai.
“Anyone can participate in this competition.”
किसी को भी (kiSii ko bhii)“Anyone”पूजा ने किसी को भी ये बात नहीं बताई। 
puujaa Ne kiSii ko bhii ye baaT Nahiin baTaayii.
“Pooja didn’t tell anyone about it.”
जिस किसी को भी (jiS kiSii ko bhii)“Whomever”तुम जिस किसी को भी चाहो उसे घर पर बुला सकती हो। 
Tum jiS kiSii ko bhii caaho uSe ghar par buLaa SakaTii ho.
“You can invite whomever you like.”
जो कोई भी (jo koii bhii)“Whoever”जो कोई भी पहले उस लाइन को पार करेगा विजेता बनेगा। 
jo koii bhii pahaLe uS LaaiN ko paar karegaa vijeTaa baNegaa.
“Whoever touches that line first is the winner.”
कहीं भी (kahiin bhii)“Anywhere”तुम कहीं भी मत जाना। 
Tum kahiin bhii maT jaaNaa.
“Don’t go anywhere.”
कुछ भी (kuch bhii)“Anything”मैं कुछ भी नहीं सुनना चाहती। 
main kuch bhii Nahiin SuNaNaa caahaTii.
“I don’t want to hear anything.”
Simple Ways to Learn Hindi Pronouns

8. Hindi Relative Pronouns

We’ve covered nearly all the different types of pronouns in Hindi. But let us remind you of another really significant one: the relative pronoun in Hindi.Relative pronouns in Hindi are called संबंधवाचक सर्वनाम (SambaNDHavaacak SarvaNaam). They show the relationship or connection that helps describe the noun that’s being talked about.

Relative Pronouns
HindiEnglishSentences
जो (jo)“That”वो किताब कहाँ रखी है जो आप ने कल ख़रीदी थी?
vo kiTaab kahaan rakhii hai jo aap Ne kaL khariiDii THii?
“Where is that book you bought yesterday?”
जो (jo)“Which”श्याम ने पार्टी में जो शर्ट पहनी थी वो काफ़ी सुंदर थी।
syaam Ne paartii men jo sart pahaNii THii vo kaafii SuNDar THii.
“The shirt which Shyam was wearing at the party was quite nice.”
जो (jo)“Who”जो लड़का मुझसे मिलने आया था वह मेरा सहपाठी है।
jo Ladakaa mujh Se miLaNe aayaa THaa vah meraa Sahapaathii hai.
“The boy who came to meet me is my classmate.”
जिसने (jiSaNe)“Who”ये वही लड़की है जिसने कल मेरी मदद की थी।
ye vahii Ladakii hai jiSaNe kaL merii maDaD kii THii.
“This is the girl who helped me yesterday.”
जिसे (jiSe)
Or
जिसको (jiSko)
“Whom”मैं जिसे पसंद करता था वह प्रत्याशी चुनाव में जीत गया है।
main jiSe paSanD karTaa THaa vah praTyaasiii cuNaav men jiiT gayaa hai.
“The candidate who* I was supporting has won the election.”
(*Quick Note: Please, note that the English translation isn’t exactly the same as the Hindi, so the Hindi “whom” became “who”.)
जिसका (jiSakaa)“Whose”यह जिसका पर्स है उसी को लौटा देते हैं।
yah jiSakaa parS hai uSii ko Lautaa DeTe hain.
“Let’s return this to the person whose purse this is.”
जहाँ (jahaan)जिधर (jiDHar)“Where”वहीं चलो जहाँ कल खाना खाया था।
vahiin caLo jahaan kaL khaaNaa khaayaa THaa.
“Let’s go to the same place where we ate yesterday.”
जब (jab)“When”जब तुम सो रहे थे मैं काम कर रहा था।
jab Tum So rahe THe main kaam kar rahaa THaa.
“I was working when you were sleeping.”

9. Hindi Distributive Pronouns

Our last type of pronoun is the distributive pronoun. In Hindi, the distributive pronoun is known as वितरणवाचक सर्वनाम (viTaranavaacak SarvaNaam).

Let’s look at the chart below and find out which Hindi pronouns qualify as the distributive pronouns.

Distributive Pronouns
HindiEnglishSentences
हर एक (har ek) / प्रत्येक (praTyek)“Each”प्रत्येक खिलाड़ी को एक नयी टी-शर्ट मिलेगी। 
praTyek khiLaadii ko ek Nayii tii-sart miLegii.
“Each player will get a new t-shirt.”
या तो (yaa To) / या फिर (ya phir)“Either-or”या तो तुम हिंदी पढ़ सकती हो या फिर फ़्रेंच। 
yaa To Tum hiNDii padh SakaTii ho yaa phir freNc.
“You can either study Hindi or French.”
ना तो (Naa To)“Neither-nor”मेरी बीमारी के वक़्त न तो मेरी माँ पास थी न ही मेरे पिता। 
merii biimaarii ke vaqT Na To merii maan paaS THii Na hii mere piTaa.
“Neither my mother nor father were around when I was sick.”
कोई नहीं (koii Nahiin)“None”सभी कमरों में कोई साफ़ नहीं था। 
Sabhii kamaron men koii Saaf Nahiin THaa.
“None of the rooms were clean.”

10. Getting the Best Out of HindiPod101

Improve Listening

To get the most out of what you read today, you can treat this whole pronoun list in Hindi as an awesome Hindi pronoun exercise. Just pick one word and try making different sentences with it.

With this, we come to the end of this comprehensive guide on pronouns in Hindi. But we have so much more to offer.

You can join us by signing up on HindiPod101.com. By doing that, you’ll be able to access all the top-class Hindi learning resources, including our free Hindi-English dictionary.

If you’re on the go most of the time, worry not. Our user-friendly mobile app is easy to download and helps you learn anywhere, anytime, as per your convenience.

So, what are you waiting for? Explore a unique and informative world of Hindi learning and take your first step toward talking like a native!

And before you go, be sure to let us know in the comments how you feel about pronouns in Hindi now! Is there anything you still have questions about? We look forward to hearing from you!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Telling the Time in Hindi: Learn How to Tell Time in Hindi

Thumbnail

Time is such an indispensable element of our life. So, if you’re planning to stay in India for a while, learning about time in Hindi and being able to say Hindi phrases such “at what time” will undoubtedly keep you ahead in life.However, living in India gives you breathing space in that regard, and a delay of a few minutes isn’t something to worry about! In other words, India is more of an easy-going place when it comes to being present right on time. Nonetheless, to many, punctuality is just another way of showing respect to others.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Importance of Time in Hindi Language-Learning
  2. Learn Hindi Time
  3. General Time Reference of the Day
  4. Learn How to Tell Time in Hindi
  5. Asking for the Time in Hindi
  6. Time Adverbs
  7. Time Proverbs and Sayings
  8. Get Ahead of Time with HindiPod101.com

1. Importance of Time in Hindi Language-Learning

Time

As we all know, doing things on time brings success in professional life and fulfillment in personal life. Apparently, from tending to the most mundane tasks of daily life to being present for the more significant events, the role of time can’t be underestimated. Hence, it’s essential for you to learn how to tell time in Hindi and become familiar with a variety of Hindi time expressions.

Thus we’ve brought you a complete guide in telling time in Hindi. This guide will teach you how to tell time in Hindi, how to ask “What time is it?” in Hindi, and even about the time zone in India.

Before you dive into this excellent read on telling the time in the Hindi language, we strongly recommend that you follow these engaging learning strategies to get the most out of this article!

2. Learn Hindi Time

Improve Listening

Speaking of the mundane activities in our daily routines—such as waking up on time, catching a flight, going to a movie with friends, or rushing to that important interview—in India, nothing can be done properly if you don’t know how to tell time in Hindi or, further, talk about the time in Hindi.

1- Meaning of Time in Hindi

Let’s begin with the first step and learn how to say “time” in India. The two most common words that native speakers use for “time” are समय (Samay) and वक़्त (vaqT).

For example:

  • समय पर सो जाना। 

Samay par So jaaNaa.

“Go to bed on time.”

  • दवा लेने का वक़्त हो गया है। 

Davaa LeNe kaa vaqT ho gayaa hai.

“It’s time for your medicine.”

2- A.M. and P.M. in Hindi

You must have heard of the Latin terms “a.m.” and “p.m.” A.M. stands for “Ante Meridiem” and P.M. stands for “Post Meridiem,” but do you know that Indians also like to use a different set of words for “a.m.” and “p.m.” in Hindi?

Well, a.m. in Hindi is known as पूर्वाह्न (puurvaahN).

And p.m. in Hindi is known as अपराह्न (apraahN).

3- Time Zones in Hindi

Quite often when people from two different time zones talk to each other online or over the phone, they keep asking “What time is it there?”

When comparing times in two distinct parts of the world, the concept of time zones is the greatest tool for preventing any confusion!

Sundial

Different Time Zones in the World

In order to learn Hindi time in its entirety, it’s certainly important to know how to talk about time zones in Hindi! 

“Time zone” in Hindi is known as समय क्षेत्र (Samay kseTr).

  • भारत के समय क्षेत्र को भारतीय मानक समय के नाम से जाना जाता है।

bhaaraT ke Samay kseTr ko bhaarTiiy maaNak Samay ke Naam Se jaaNaa jaaTaa hai.

“The time zone in India is known as Indian Standard Time (IST).”

Date and time in Hindi go hand-in-hand. While in the sections below, we’ll keenly discuss and learn Hindi time expressions, you can also check out our comprehensive lesson on How to Read Dates as well.

3. General Time Reference of the Day

Telling the time in Hindi would be so boring if all we did was use digits. Moreover, if you really wish to learn how to tell time in Hindi, using these general time references will make telling time in Hindi like a native speaker a dream come true!In the table below, we’ve hand-picked for you the best time expressions in Hindi.

Hindi PhrasesEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
सुबह तड़के (Subah Tadake)“Early morning”क्या तुम सुबह तड़के सैर पर चलोगी ?
(kyaa Tum Subah Tadake Sair par caLogii?)

“Would you like to go for a walk early in the morning?”
सुबह (Subah)“Morning”सुबह जल्दी उठना स्वास्थ्य के लिए लाभदायक होता है।
(Subah jaLDii uthaNaa SvaaSTHy ke Liye LaabhaDaayak hoTaa hai.)
“Getting up early in the morning is good for health.”
सूर्योदय (SuryoDay)“Sunrise”कल सूर्योदय का समय 4 बजे का है।
(kaL SuuryoDay kaa Samay caar baje kaa hai.)
“The sunrise time for tomorrow is four a.m.”
सूर्यास्त (SuryaaST)“Sunset”सूर्यास्त के बाद फल नहीं खाना चाहिए।
(SuuryaaST ke baaD phaL nahiin khaaNaa caahiye.)
“Fruits should be avoided after sunset.”
दोपहर (Dopahar)“Afternoon”हम सब दोपहर में पिकनिक पर चलेंगे।
(ham Sab Dopahar men piksNik par caLenge.)
“We will all go to the picnic in the afternoon.”
शाम (saam)“Evening”मुझे शाम में चाय पीना पसंद है।
(mujhe saam men caay piiNaa paSanD hai.)
“I like to have tea in the evening.”
रात (raaT)“Night”कल रात मूवी देखने में बहुत मज़ा आया।
(kaL raaT muuvii DekhaNe men bahuT mazaa aayaa.)
“It was a lot of fun watching the movie last night.”
दिन (DiN)“Day”आज का दिन काफ़ी थकान भरा था।
(aaj kaa DiN kaafii THakaaN bharaa THaa.)
“It was a tiring day today.”
गोधूलि (goDHuuLi)“Twilight”गोधूलि बेला में पंछी अपने घरों को लौटने लगते हैं।
(goDHuuLi beLaa men paNchii apaNe gharon ko LautaNe LagaTe hain.)
“At twilight, birds start returning to their homes.”
आधी रात (aaDHii raaT)“Midnight”हम आधी रात तक हवाई अड्डे पर ही थे।
(ham aaDHii raaT Tak havaaii adde par hii THe.)
“We were at the airport until midnight.”

By now, you must understand that just like in English, telling the time in Hindi doesn’t necessarily mean mentioning the clock hours. The phrases listed above are also frequently used by natives to give just a general reference to the time of the day.

What phrase / sentence would you use to describe your day in Hindi?

4. Learn How to Tell Time in Hindi

Clock Overlaid on a Calendar

Reading the Date and Time in Hindi

We’ve finally arrived at the most significant and practical part of this article. Telling time in Hindi isn’t possible without learning the units of time in Hindi. 

In this segment, you’ll learn how to say hours in Hindi, minutes in Hindi, and seconds in Hindi. You’ll also find out the meaning of “o’clock” in Hindi.

1- Hour

“Hour” in Hindi is known as घंटा (ghantaa). The plural form, “hours,” can be translated as घंटे (ghante).

Moreover, for the term “o’clock,” the common Hindi word is बजे (baje).

One important thing to remember is that in Hindi, “hours” and “o’clock” are not interchangeable. They actually mean two different things.

Let’s learn the difference with the help of some example sentences.

  • ट्रेन चार घंटे देर से आएगी। 

treN caar ghante Der Se aayegii.

“The train is four hours late.”

  • ट्रेन चार बजे आएगी। 

treN caar baje aayegii.

“The train will arrive at four o’clock.”

As you can see, the word घंटे (ghante), or “hours,” stands for the duration; the word बजे (baje), or “o’clock,” refers to the time on the clock.

2- The Twelve-Hour Clock

The twelve-hour clock is more common in India than the twenty-four-hour clock. Once you get the drift of it, you’ll realize how easy it is to answer or ask “What time is it?” in Hindi.

Time in EnglishTime in HindiTime in Hindi
1 o’clockएक बजे
(ek baje)
एक बजे हैं। (ek baje hain.)

“It’s 1 o’clock.”
2 o’clockदो बजे
(Do baje)
दो बजे हैं। (Do baje hain.)

“It’s 2 o’clock.”
3 o’clockतीन बजे
(TiiN baje)
तीन बजे हैं। (TiiN baje hain.)

“It’s 3 o’clock.”
4 o’clockचार बजे
(caar baje)
चार बजे हैं। (caar baje hain.)

“It’s 4 o’clock.”
5 o’clockपाँच बजे
(paanc  baje)
पाँच बजे हैं। (paanc baje hain.)

“It’s 5 o’clock.”
6 o’clockछह बजे
(chah  baje)
छह बजे हैं। (chah baje hain.)

“It’s 6 o’clock.”
7 o’clockसात बजे
(SaaT baje)
सात बजे हैं। (SaaT baje hain.)

“It’s 7 o’clock.”
8 o’clockआठ बजे
(aath baje)
आठ बजे हैं। (aath baje hain.)

“It’s 8 o’clock.”
9 o’clockनौ बजे
(Nau baje)
नौ बजे हैं। (Nau baje hain.)

“It’s 9 o’clock.”
10 o’clockदस बजे
(DaS baje)
दस बजे हैं। (DaS baje hain.)

“It’s 10 o’clock.”
11 o’clockग्यारह बजे
(gyaarah baje)
ग्यारह बजे हैं। (gyaarah baje hain.)

“It’s 11 o’clock.”
12 o’clockबारह बजे
(baarah baje)
बारह बजे हैं। (baarah baje hain.)

“It’s 12 o’clock.”

Adding to that, Indians don’t typically use terms like a.m. and p.m. all the time. So, to avoid all the confusion, the hours are usually described depending on the phase of the day.

For instance:

  • 4 p.m. would be expressed as शाम के चार बजे (saam ke caar baje).
  • 7 a.m. would be expressed as सुबह के सात बजे (Subah ke SaaT baje).
  • 2 p.m. would be expressed as दोपहर के दो बजे (Dopahar ke Do baje).
Woman Pointing at a Clock

Telling the Time

3- Minutes and Seconds

The above examples were just about the hours. So how can you give the exact time in Hindi using both hours and minutes?

  • “Minute” in Hindi is pronounced as मिनट (miNat).
  • “Second” in Hindi is pronounced as सेकेंड (Sekend).

We can better understand these concepts with the help of a simple example.

When someone says to you “Tell me the time in Hindi,” how do you respond?

Suppose the current time is 3:18. In Hindi, it would simply be said as 3 बज के 18 मिनट (TiiN bajakar/bajake athaarah miNat).

1. If the time is in the first half of the hour, the rule is:

(hour) + बजकर (bajakar) + (minutes) + मिनट हुए हैं (miNat huye hain).

For example:

  • तीन बज कर अठारह मिनट हुए हैं।

TiiN bajakar athaarah miNat huye hain.

“It is 3:18.”

2. If the time is in the second half of the hour, the rule is:

(the coming hour) + बजने में (bajaNe men) + (minutes remaining until the next hour) + हैं (hain).

For example:

  • चार बजने में दो मिनट हैं।

caar bajaNe men Do miNat hain.

“It is 3:58.”

Does Hindi counting confuse you? Worry not! We also have a blog article on Hindi numbers; time in Hindi really can’t be studied without going through and understanding this important subject!

So, why don’t you check out our lesson on Hindi numbers and flaunt your Hindi counting knowledge in the comment box? Let’s see if you can tell us what 5 o’clock in Hindi is!

4- Hours Divided into Minutes

Hours and MinutesEnglishHindiUsage in a Sentence
1:30*“Half past one”डेढ़ (dedh)विद्यालय की छुट्टी डेढ़ बजे होती है।
(viDyaaLay kii chuttii dedh baje hoTii hai.)

“The school closes at half past one.”
2:30**“Half past two”ढाई (dhaaii)हम लोग ढाई बजे शॉपिंग के लिए चलेंगे।
(ham Log dhaaii baje sauping ke Liye caLenge.)

“We will go shopping at half past two.”
–:15“Quarter past”सवा (Savaa)फ़्लाइट सवा चार बजे की है।
(fLaait Savaa caar baje kii hai.)

“The flight is at a quarter past four.”
–:30“Half past”साढ़े (Saadhe)सुधा सुबह साढ़े छह बजे उठ जाती है।
(SuDHaa Subah Saadhe chah baje uth jaaTii hai.)

“Sudha gets up at half past six in the morning.”
–:45“Quarter to”पौने (pauNe)मैच पौने बारह पर शुरू होगा।
(maic pauNe baarah par suru hogaa.)

“The match will begin at a quarter to twelve.”

As you can see in the table above, there are exceptions for saying the 1:30 and 2:30 time in Hindi.

* डेढ़ (dedh) is used for “1:30.”

** ढाई (dhaaii) is used for “2:30.”

For the rest of the hours and minutes, the pattern is uniform. For instance, 11:45 in Hindi is known as पौने बारह (pauNe baarah).

We hope you’re enjoying our lesson on how to tell the time in the Hindi language.

Allow us to introduce you to these powerful memory-enhancing strategies to help you learn how to tell time in Hindi effectively.

5. Asking for the Time in Hindi

When setting up the time for a plan, it’s pretty common for us to ask each other “at what time.” Translate in Hindi and it becomes कितने बजे (kiTaNe baje).

Needless to say, it’s one of the most frequently used phrases when talking about time.

Man with Many Arms Multitasking

Managing the Day on Time

Do you want to amaze native speakers with your command over Hindi? Of course you do. So, here’s a tip for you! Practice these common phrases used to ask for time.

For instance, the “What time is it there?” meaning in Hindi would be:

  • वहाँ पर कितने बज रहे हैं ? Or वहाँ पर क्या वक़्त हो रहा है ?

(vahaan par kiTaNe baj rahe hain?) or (vahaan par kyaa vaqT ho rahaa hai?)

Both of these sentences qualify as “What time is it there?” in Hindi.

  • कितने बजे हैं ? 

kiTaNe baje hain?

“What’s the time?”

  • टाइम क्या हो रहा है ? 

taaim kyaa ho rahaa hai?

“What time is it?”

  • कितना समय हुआ ? 

kiTaNaa Samay huaa?

“What’s the time?”

  • मूवी / मीटिंग कितने बजे की है ? 

muuvii / miiting kiTaNe baje kii hai?

“What time is the movie/meeting?”

  • क्या आप बता सकते हैं समय कितना हुआ है ? 

kyaa aap baTaa SakaTe hain Samay kiTaNaa huaa hai?

“Do you have the time please?”

In short, if you want to ask “What time is it?”, say कितने बजे हैं ? (kiTaNe baje hain), and if you wish to ask “at what time,” translate in Hindi as कितने बजे (kiTaNe baje) and you’ll be good to go!

6. Time Adverbs

Once you learn how to tell time in Hindi, there’s absolutely no stopping you! In fact, you’ll enjoy it so much and wonder why you didn’t learn this all sooner. 

Let’s look at some time adverbs that Hindi speakers use quite frequently in their day-to-day lives, and practice using them in sentences.

1- Right now

अभी तुरंत (abhii TuranT)

  • मैं अभी तुरंत आपको पैसे वापस करता हूँ। 

main abhii TuranT aapako paiSe vaapaS karaTaa huun.

“I will return you the money right now.”

फ़ौरन (fauraN)

  • इन्हें फ़ौरन अस्पताल ले चलो। 

inhen fauraN aSpaTaaL Le caLo.

“Take her to the hospital right now.”

2- Currently

अभी (abhii)

  • मैं अभी जर्मनी में रह रही हूँ। 

main abhii jarmaNii men rah rahii huun.

“Currently, I’m in Germany.”

इस समय (iS Samay)

  • इस समय शिमला में बर्फ़बारी हो रही है। 

iS Samay simaLaa men barfabaarii ho rahii hai.

“Currently, there’s a snowfall happening in Shimla.”

3- Meanwhile

इस दौरान (iS DauraaN)

  • इस दौरान, बिल्ली गेंद से खेल रही थी। 

iS DauraaN, biLLii genD Se kheL rahii THii.

“Meanwhile, the cat was playing with the ball.”

4- Before

पहले (pahaLe)

  • खाने से पहले हाथ धोने चाहिए। 

khaaNe Se pahaLe haaTH DHoNe caahiye.

“You should wash your hands before eating.”

5- After

बाद में (baaD men)

  • ऋतु अपना काम ख़त्म करने के बाद सोयेगी। 

riTu apaNaa kaam khaTm karaNe ke baaD Soyegii.

“Ritu will sleep after finishing her work.”

6- Soon

जल्द ही (jaLD hii)

  • हम जल्द ही मिलेंगे। 

ham jaLD hii miLenge.

“We will meet soon.”

Woman Checking Her Watch

Meeting Someone on Time

7- Almost

लगभग (Lagabhag)

  • खाना लगभग तैयार हो चुका है। 

khaaNaa Lagabhag Taiyaar ho cukaa hai.

“The food is almost ready.”

8- In a little while

कुछ ही देर में (kuch hii Der men)

  • कुछ ही देर में मूवी शुरू होने वाली है। 

kuch hii Der men muuvii suru hoNe vaaLii hai.

“The movie will begin in a little while.”

थोड़ी देर में (THodii Der men)

  • मैं थोड़ी देर में वापस आ जाऊंगी। 

main THodii Der men vaapaS aa jaauungii.

“I will be back in a little while.”

9- For a long time

कई दिनों तक (kaii DiNon Tak)

  • पुस्तकालय कई दिनों तक बंद रहेगा। 

puSTakaaLay kaii DiNon Tak banD rahegaa.

“The library will remain closed for a long time.” 

लंबे समय तक (Lambe Samay Tak)

  • राजेश लंबे समय तक जापान में था। 

raajes Lambe Samay Tak jaapaaN men THaa.

“Rajesh was in Japan for a long time.”

एक अरसे तक (Ek araSe Tak)

  • एक अरसे तक सीमा भारत नहीं आ पायी। 

ek araSe Tak Siimaa bhaaraT Nahiin aa paayii.

“Seema couldn’t come to India for a long time.”

10- Anytime

कभी भी (kabhii bhii)

  • तुम मेरे घर कभी भी आ सकते हो। 

Tum mere ghar kabhii bhii aa SakaTe ho.

“You can come to my house anytime.”

किसी भी वक़्त (kiSii bhii vaqT)

  • बारिश किसी भी वक़्त हो सकती है। 

baaris kiSii bhii vaqT ho SakTii hai.

“It may start raining anytime now.”

11- As soon as possible

जितनी जल्दी हो सके (jiTaNii jaLDii ho Sake)

  • जितनी जल्दी हो सके वापस आ जाओ। 

jiTaNii jaLDii ho Sake vaapaS aa jaao.

“Come back as soon as possible.”

जल्द से जल्द (jaLD Se jaLD)

  • मुझे जल्द से जल्द ये किताब ख़त्म करनी है। 

mujhe jaLD se jaLD ye kiTaab khaTm karaNii hai.

“I have to finish this book as soon as possible.”

12- Just now

अभी – अभी (abhii – abhii)

  • मुझे  अभी – अभी यह ख़बर मिली है। 

mujhe abhii abhii yah khabar miLii hai.

“I heard the news just now.”

7. Time Proverbs and Sayings

Hindi is a rich language. Knowing Hindi helps you taste the depth and diverse range of so many Hindi proverbs and sayings related to time.

Man in Bed Reaching for an Alarm Clock

Waking Up on Time

So, here’s our bonus section with the most popular proverbs and quotes on time in Hindi.

  • समय ही सबसे बड़ा धन है। 

Samay hii SabaSe badaa DHaN hai.

“Time is money.”

  • समय किसी के लिए नहीं रुकता।

Samay kiSii ke Liye nahiin rukaTaa.

“Time waits for none.”

  • समय बहुत बलवान है।

Samay bahuT baLavaaN hai.

“Time is powerful.”

  • गुज़रा वक़्त कभी वापस नहीं आता।

guzaraa vaqT kabhii vaapaS Nahiin aaTaa.

“Once the time has passed, it never comes back.”

  • समय हर घाव भर देता है।

Samay har ghaav bhar DeTaa hai.

“Time heals every wound.”

What’s your favorite time-related proverb? Try translating it in Hindi and share it with us in the comment box!

8. Get Ahead of Time with HindiPod101.com

Basic Questions

Whoa! This certainly has been quite a comprehensive lesson, but wasn’t it totally worth it? By now, you should have a much better idea of how to ask and give the time in Hindi. Why not practice giving the current time in Hindi where you are by dropping us a comment?

HindiPod101.com makes learning such a fun thing that learners just can’t get enough of it. So why wait, when all these amazing free Hindi resources are waiting to be explored?

If you haven’t signed up yet, join our platform by clicking here and get instant access to the best Hindi lessons. You can also explore the top 100 Hindi words and try out our Hindi-English online dictionary for free!For more information, don’t hesitate to visit our “MyTeacher” section. Have a happy Hindi learning time!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Hindi

100+ Nouns in Hindi:Learn Hindi Nouns with Examples



Thumbnail

If you want to speak fluent Hindi like a native, the best stepping stone is to learn and memorize as many noun example sentences in Hindi as possible. Whether you’re traveling to a Hindi-speaking country, talking to a native friend, sharing about your family, or planning to eat somewhere in India, knowing the most common list of nouns in Hindi is a must.

Below, we’ll share with you the concrete noun definition in Hindi, followed by the types of nouns in Hindi with pictures. Not only that, but our Hindi nouns list also has different categories that consist of more than 100 examples.

After going through this lesson on nouns in Hindi, you’ll be an expert. In addition to that, you’ll also be able to flawlessly use most of these useful nouns in basic Hindi conversations.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Table of Contents
  1. The Hindi Noun: Definition and Types
  2. List of 100+ Nouns in Hindi
  3. How to Use HindiPod101 for a Better Hindi Learning Experience!


1. The Hindi Noun: Definition and Types


Nouns 1

Now, it’s time to study the main definition of the noun and its types in Hindi. While discussing this, you’ll learn the Hindi noun definition and types, the meaning of nouns in Hindi, and see some noun examples/sentences in Hindi.

Nouns in Hindi vocabulary are an inseparable part of the language. A “noun” in Hindi is known as संज्ञा (Sangyaa).

There can be no better way of learning about Hindi nouns than by introducing ourselves to the most basic Hindi definition of noun, which goes as follows:

  • किसी भी व्यक्ति, वस्तु, अथवा स्थान के नाम को संज्ञा कहते हैं।
    kiSii bhii vyakTi, vaSTu, aTHavaa STHaaN ke NaaM ko Sangyaa kahaTe hain.
    The name of a person, place, or thing is called a noun.

As we move forward in this lesson, you’ll notice that almost all nouns in the Hindi language are divided into masculine and feminine nouns in Hindi, whereas in English, this doesn’t apply.

So, how many types of nouns are there in Hindi? Well, there is a total of five types. In this section, we’ll discuss all five types of nouns in Hindi with examples.

1- Common Nouns in Hindi


A common noun in Hindi is known as जातिवाचक संज्ञा (jaaTivaacak Sangyaa). These are words that are used to name a person or place in a general sense.

Actually, all nouns in Hindi are either common or proper. The rest of the types described below fall under the category of common nouns. Even the uncountable and countable nouns in Hindi are examples of common nouns.

Common noun examples/sentences in Hindi are:

  • बच्चा फल खा रहा है।
    baccaa phaL khaa rahaa hai.
    The kid is eating the fruit.

  • लड़की खेल रही है।
    Ladakii kheL rahii hai.
    The girl is playing.

2- Proper Nouns in Hindi


Next is the proper noun. The word for proper noun in Hindi is व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा (vyakTi vaacak Sangyaa). Proper nouns in Hindi grammar are the words which specify a special name of any person or place.

A few well-known proper nouns are:

  • महात्मा गाँधी (mahaaTmaa gaaNDHii)      Mahatma Gandhi (name of an Indian leader)

  • क़ुतुब मीनार (quTub miiNaar)      Qutub Minar (name of a historical place)

  • दिल्ली (DiLLii)           Delhi (name of capital)

  • गंगा (gangaa)           Ganga (name of river)

3- Abstract Nouns in Hindi


The third type of noun are the abstract nouns.

Abstract nouns in Hindi are known as भाववाचक संज्ञा (bhaav vaacak Sangyaa). As the name suggests, abstract nouns stand for words that depict a particular state, emotion, or condition of any person or thing.

Some of the abstract noun examples are:

  • ख़ुशी (khusii)           Happiness

  • ग़रीबी (ġariibii)           Poverty

  • कोमलता (komaLaTaa)           Softness

  • मिठास (mithaaS)           Sweetness

  • अनुशासन (aNusaaSaN)           Discipline

4- Material Nouns in Hindi


The fourth category is the material noun, which is also one of the most common types of nouns in Hindi.

The translation of material noun in Hindi is वस्तु वाचक (vaSTu vaacak) / द्रव्य वाचक संज्ञा (Dravya vaacak Sangyaa). Some examples of material nouns that are in the Hindi vocabulary are mentioned below.

  • लकड़ी (Lakadii)           Wood

  • लोहा (Lohaa)           Iron

  • ऊन (uuN)           Wool

  • पानी (paaNii)           Water

5- Collective Nouns in Hindi


In Hindi, collective nouns are समूहवाचक संज्ञा (Samuuh vaacak Sangyaa).

They basically refer to any group of people, places, or things. Some of the collective nouns that are in the Hindi vocabulary are given below.

  • गुच्छा (gucchaa)           Bunch

  • सेना (SeNaa)           Army

  • बंडल (baNdaL)           Bundle

  • भीड़ (bhiid)           Crowd

6- Concrete Nouns in Hindi


Concrete nouns are any nouns which can be felt through any of our five sensory organs. These five sensations are touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing.

General examples of concrete nouns used in basic Hindi conversations are:

  • कमरा (kamaraa)           Room

  • मेज़ (mez)           Table

  • सब्ज़ी (Sabzii)           Vegetables

  • घास (ghaaS)           Grass

  • आसमान (aaSamaaN)           Sky

With this, we’ve got you covered with the basic definitions of nouns and their types in Hindi. Now you can confidently identify various proper nouns, abstract nouns, and common nouns in Hindi.

So, after reading this short lesson, you’re officially ready to check out these top 100+ nouns in the Hindi language and learn how to use these words in day-to-day conversations.

  • In the tables below, we’ve included both Hindi nouns and their gender. The gender of each noun has been mentioned in a small bracket alongside the noun. You can see it in the format of (m) or (f). Here, (m) stands for masculine and (f) stands for feminine.

  • For words that qualify as both masculine and feminine, the symbol (m/f) has been used.

  • The second column of every table contains the meaning of Hindi nouns in English. And in the last column, we’ve given examples on how to use the nouns in sentences.

2. List of 100+ Nouns in Hindi


Nouns 2

1- Home Appliances


The first category is that of common home appliances that people use on an everyday basis.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
1.माइक्रोवेव ओवन (m)
Maaikrovev ovaN
Microwave ovenपिज़्ज़ा माइक्रोवेव ओवन में रखा है।
pizzaa maaikrovev ovaN men rakhaa hai.
The pizza is in the microwave oven.
2.रेफ़्रिजरेटर (m)
Refrijaretar
Refrigeratorरेफ़्रिजरेटर ख़राब हो गया है।
refrijaretar kharaab ho gayaa hai.
The refrigerator is not working.
3.वैक्यूम क्लीनर (m)
Vaikyuum kLiiNar
Vacuum cleanerवैक्यूम क्लीनर दूसरे कमरे में रखा है। 
vaikyuum kLiiNar DuuSare kamre men rakhaa hai.
The vacuum cleaner is kept in the other room.
4.वॉशिंग मशीन (f)
Vausing masiiN
Washing machineयह वॉशिंग मशीन काफ़ी महँगी है।
yeh vausing masiiN kaafii mahangii hai.
This washing machine is quite expensive.
5.डी वी डी प्लेयर (m)
Dii vii dii pLeyar
DVD playerमेरा डीवीडी प्लेयर बहुत पुराना है।
meraa dii vii dii pLeyar bahuT puraaNaa hai.
My DVD player is really old.
6.टेलीविज़न (m)
TeLiivizaN
TVचलो, टेलीविज़न पर कुछ देखा जाये। 
caLo, teLiivizaN par kuch Dekhaa jaaye.
Come on, let’s watch something on the television.
7.पंखा (m)
Pankhaa
Fanपंखा धीमे चल रहा है।
pankhaa DHiime caL rahaa hai.
The fan is moving slow.
8.एयर कंडीशनर (m)
Eyar kaNdiisaNar
Air conditionerएयर कंडीशनर काम नहीं कर रहा।
eyar kaNdiisaNar kaam Nahiin kar rahaa.
The air conditioner is not working.
9.
लैपटॉप (m)
Laipataup
Laptopतुमने ये लैपटॉप कितने में ख़रीदा?
TumaNe ye Laipataup kiTaNe men khariiDaa?
How much did you pay for this laptop?
10.स्टोव (m)
Stov
Stoveकृपया, स्टोव ऑन कर दो।
kripayaa, Stov auN kar Do.
Please, turn on the stove.


2- Technology



In today’s world, we hardly go a minute without technology. So, it should be obvious why we’re covering the technology category on our list of nouns!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
11.वाई फ़ाई (m)
vaaii faaii
Wi-Fiक्या यहाँ वाई फ़ाई चल रहा है?
kyaa yahan vaaii faaii caL rahaa hai?
Is the Wi-Fi working here?
12.ब्लॉग (m)
bLaug
Blogतुम्हारा ब्लॉग तो बेहतरीन है!
Tumhaaraa bLaug To behaTriiN hai.
Your blog looks amazing!
13.इंटरनेट (m)
iNtaraNet
Internetमुझे इंटरनेट इस्तेमाल करना अच्छा लगता है।
mujhe iNtaraNet iSTemaaL karaNaa acchaa LagaTaa hai.
I love browsing on the internet.
14.पासवर्ड (m)
paaSavard
Passwordमैंने अपने अकाउंट का पासवर्ड बदल दिया है।
mainNe apaNe akaauNt kaa paaSavard baDal Diyaa hai.
I have changed the password for my account.
15.फ़ोटो (f)
foto
Photoसारी फ़ोटो अपलोड कर दो।
Saarii foto apaLod kar Do.
Upload all the photos.
16.वेब पेज (m)
veb pej
Webpageयह वेब पेज नए तरीक़े से बनाना पड़ेगा।
yah veb pej Naye Tariiqe Se baNaaNaa padegaa.
This webpage will have to be made in a new style.
17.वेबसाइट (f)
vebaSaait
Websiteमेरी वेबसाइट सबको पसंद आयी।
merii vebaSaait Sabako paSaND aayii.
Everybody liked my website.
18.सोशल मीडिया (f)
SosaL miidiyaa
Social mediaसोशल मीडिया पर सिर्फ़ वक़्त बर्बाद होता है।
SosaL miidiyaa par Sirf vaqT barbaaD hoTaa hai.
Social media is just a waste of time.
19.ट्विटर (m)
tvitar
Twitterमैंने अपना ट्विटर अकाउंट बंद कर दिया है।
mainNe apaNaa tvitar akaauNt baND kar Diyaa hai.
I have closed my Twitter account.
20.इंस्टाग्राम (m)
iNStaagraam
Instagramक्या तुम इंस्टाग्राम पर हो?
kyaa Tum iNStaagraam par ho?
Are you on Instagram?
21.गूगल (m)
guugaL
Googleगूगल जानकारियों का ख़ज़ाना है।
guugaL jaaNakaariyon kaa khazaaNaa hai.
Google is a treasure trove of information.
22.लिंक (m)
Link
Linkयह लिंक काम नहीं कर रहा।
yah Link kaam Nahiin kar rahaa.
This link is not working.
23.फेसबुक (m)
feSabuk
Facebookक्या हम दोनों फेसबुक पर दोस्त बन सकते हैं?
kyaa ham DoNon feSabuk par DoST baN SakaTe hain.
Can we be friends on Facebook?


Did you find these tech words in Hindi helpful? Why don’t you share your thoughts in the comment section and we’ll help you out with any questions you have!

3- Transportation


Do you know that India has the largest network of railways in the world? Well, it’s true! Being a heavily populated country, one would be amazed to see all sorts of transportation.

There are cycle rickshaws that native people love to have a ride on. They’re pulled manually and can comfortably carry two people at a time. The cycle rickshaws are more appropriate for shorter distances, and provide an eco-friendly method of traveling in the city.

Public Transport

Check out the table below to find out the other popular transportation methods and related Hindi nouns!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
24.मेट्रो रेल (f)
metro reL
Metro railमेट्रो रेल भारत की बेहतरीन रेलों में से एक है।
metro reL bhaaraT kii behaTriiN reLon men Se ek hai.
Metro rail is one of the most excellent railway systems in India.
25.सीट (f)
Siit
Seatबस में केवल चार ही सीट ख़ाली थीं।
baS men kevaL caar hii Siit khaaLii THiin.
There were only four empty seats on the bus.
26.हवाई जहाज़ (m)
havaaii jahaaz
Planeमेरे बेटे को हवाई जहाज़ से यात्रा करना पसंद है।
mere bete ko havaaii jahaaz Se yaaTraa karaNaa paSaND hai.
My son loves to travel by plane.
27.बोर्डिंग गेट (m)
bording get
Boarding gateबोर्डिंग गेट दाईं तरफ़ है।
bording get Daayiin Taraf hai.
The boarding gate is to the right.
28.सामान (m)
SaamaaN
Luggageअपना सामान सुरक्षित जगह पर रखें।
apaNaa SaamaaN SuraksiT jagah par rakhen.
Keep your luggage in a safe place.
29.प्रस्थान (m)
praSTHaaN
Departureरेलगाड़ी का प्रस्थान समय क्या है।
reLagaadii ka praSTHaaN Samay kyaa hai.
What’s the departure time for the train?
30.आगमन (m)
aagamaN
Arrivalयात्रियों के आगमन के लिए अलग द्वार है।
yaaTriyon ke aagamaN ke Liye aLag Dvaar hai.
There is a separate gate for the arrival of the passengers.
31.साईकिल रिक्शा (m)
SaaikiL riksaa
Cycle rickshawसाइकिल रिक्शा में सिर्फ़ दो लोग बैठ सकते हैं।
SaaikiL riksaa men Sirf Do Log baith SakTe hain.
A cycle rickshaw has space for only two people.
32.ऑटो रिक्शा (m)
auto riksaa
Auto rickshawऑटो रिक्शा छोटे शहरों में भी प्रचलित हैं।
auto riksaa chote saharon men bhii pracaLiT hain.
Auto rickshaws are popular in small towns as well.
33.टैक्सी (f)
taikSii
Taxiटैक्सी बहुत तेज़ी से भाग रही थी।
taikSii bahuT Tezii Se bhaag rahii THii.
The taxi was running at a high speed.
34.बस (f)
baS
Bus
हम कल बस से लखनऊ जायेंगे।
ham kaL baS Se LakhaNauu jaayenge.
We will go to Lucknow tomorrow by bus.
35.रेलगाड़ी  (f)
reLagaadii
Trainदिल्ली जाने के लिए रेलगाड़ी परसों मिलेगी।
DiLLii jaaNe ke Liye reLagaadii parSon miLegii.
The train to Delhi is available the day after tomorrow.


4- Food and Cutlery


Indian food stands out for its aromatic flavors and spices. Once you taste the Indian curries, Naans, and sweets, it’s hard to get over the taste and sumptuousness.

Cutlery Sets

If you happen to visit India anytime soon, don’t miss out on the finest Indian cuisines. That being said, while dining with your friends and colleagues, how great would it be if you also knew the Hindi names for the common cutlery and cooking utensils?

Here’s a perfect list of Hindi nouns to get you going!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
36.भोजनालय (m)
bhojaNaaLay
Restaurantघर के पास में ही एक शुद्ध शाकाहारी भोजनालय है।
ghar ke paaS men hii ek suDDH saakaahaarii bhojaNaaLay hai.
There is a pure vegetarian restaurant near the house.
37.वेटर (m)
vetar
Waiterवेटर को कितनी टिप देनी है?
vetar ko kiTaNii tip DeNii hai?
How much tip does the waiter get?
38.वेट्रेस (f) 
vetreS
Waitressवेट्रेस से कहो बिल ले आये।
vetreS Se kaho biL Le aaye.
Ask the waitress to bring the bill.
39.रात का खाना (m)
raat kaa khaaNaa
Dinnerरात का खाना हमारे ही साथ करियेगा।
raaT kaa khaaNaa  hamaare hii SaaTH kariyegaa.
Please, have dinner with us.
40.अल्पाहार (m)
aLpaahaar
Snackहम भोजन के बजाय सिर्फ़ अल्पाहार लेंगे।
ham bhojaN ke bajaay Sirf aLpaahaar Lenge.
We’d like to have just some snacks instead of a full meal.
41.नाश्ता (m)
Nashtaa
Breakfastमुझे नाश्ते में अंडे और कॉफ़ी पसंद हैं।
mujhe NaasTe men aNde aur kauffii paSaND hain.
I love to have eggs and coffee for breakfast.
42.चाइनीज़ खाना (m)
caaiNiiz khaaNaa
Chinese foodचाइनीज़ खाना बेहद लज़ीज़ होता है।
caaiNiiz khaaNaa behaD Laziiz hoTaa hai.
Chinese food is quite delicious.
43.फ़ास्ट फ़ूड (m)
faaSt  fuud
Fast foodरोज़ाना फ़ास्ट फ़ूड खाना सेहत के लिए हानिकारक है।
rozaaNaa faaSt  fuud khaaNaa SehaT ke Liye haaNikaarak hai.
Consuming fast food every day is harmful to our health.
44.हेड वेटर (m)
hed vetar
Head waiterमुझे हेड वेटर से बात करनी है।
mujhe hed vetar Se baaT karaNii hai.
I would like to talk to the head waiter.
45.
मेनू (m)
meNuu
Menu
यहाँ का मेनू लाजवाब है।
yahaan kaa meNuu Laajavaab hai.
The menu here is amazing.
46.पाश्चात्य भोजन (m)
paaScaaTya bhojaN
Western food
मुझे सभी तरीक़े के पाश्चात्य भोजन खाना अच्छा लगता है।
mujhe Sabhii Tariiqe ke paaScaaTya bhojaN khaaNaa acchaa LagaTaa hai.
I love to eat all kinds of western food.

47.
धूम्रपान (m)
DHuumrapaaN
Smokingधूम्रपान फेफड़ों को कमज़ोर बनाता है।
DHuumrapaaN phephadon ko kamzor baNaaTaa hai.
Smoking makes the lungs weak.
48.पानी (m)
paaNii
Waterपीने के लिए ठंडा पानी मिलेगा क्या?
piiNe ke Liye thaNdaa paaNii miLegaa kyaa?
Can I have some chilled water to drink?
49.क्रेडिट कार्ड (m)
kredit kaard
Credit cardमेरा क्रेडिट कार्ड घर पर छूट गया है।
meraa kredit kaard ghar par chuut gayaa hai.
I’ve left my credit card at home.
50.रसोइया (m)
raSoiyaa
Chefयह रसोइया भारत के बाहर से बुलाया गया है।
yah raSoiyaa bhaaraT ke baahar Se buLaayaa gayaa hai.
This chef has been invited from outside India.
51.बिल (m)
biL
Billकृपया, बिल ले आइये।
kripayaa, biL Le aaiye.
Please, bring the bill.
52.काँटा (m) 
kaanta
Forkकाँटा और चम्मच मेज़ पर ही रखे हैं।
kaanta aur cammac mez par hii rakhe hain.
The forks and spoons are on the table.
53.दन्तखुदनी (f) 
DaNTakhuDaNii
Toothpickखाने के बाद मुझे दन्तखुदनी इस्तेमाल करने की आदत है।
khaaNe ke baaD mujhe DaNTakhuDaNii iSTemaaL karaNe kii aaDaT hai.
I have a habit of using the toothpick after meals.
54.
जग (m)
jag
Jug
जग में जूस भर कर ले आओ।
jag men juuS bhar kar Le aao.
Please, bring some juice in the jug.
55.कलछी (f) 
kaLachii
Ladleदाल और सूप परोसने के लिए हम कलछी का उपयोग करते हैं।
DaaL aur Suup paroSaNe ke Liye ham kaLachii kaa upayog karaTe hain.
We use the ladle for serving the lentils and soups.
56.चम्मच (m) 
cammac
Spoonयह चम्मच साफ़ नहीं है।
yah cammac Saaf Nahiin hai.
This spoon is not clean.
57.चाय का प्याला (m)
Caay kaa pyaaLaa
Teacupसारे चाय के प्याले अलमारी में रखे हैं।
Saare caay ke pyaaLe aLamaarii men rakhe hain.
All the teacups are stored in the cupboard.
58.चाय की केतली (f)
caay kii keTaLii
Teapotचाय की केतली अभी गरम है।
caay kii keTaLii abhii garam hai.
The teapot is still hot.
59.चाकू (m)
caakuu
Knifeमुझे सेब काटने के लिए चाकू चाहिए।
mujhe Seb kaataNe ke Liye caakuu caahiye.
I need a knife to cut the apple.
60.थाली (f)
THaaLii
Plateमेरी थाली में और सब्ज़ी दे दो।
merii THaaLii men aur Sabzii De Do.
Please, give me some more vegetables on my plate.

61.पीने का गिलास (m)
piiNe kaa giLaaS
Drinking glassहमारे पास वाइन पीने का गिलास भी है।
hamaare paaS vaaiN piiNe kaa giLaaS bhii hai.
We also have wine drinking glasses.
62.बर्तन (m)
bartaN
Utensilखाना पकाने के बर्तन रसोई में हैं।
khaaNaa pakaaNe ke barTaN raSoii men hain.
The cooking utensils are in the kitchen.


5- School Essentials


Nouns 3

Who doesn’t remember their school days? And once you gather with your old friends, it’s hard to resist the conversations that bring back the sweet and sour memories of our childhood.

So you don’t feel left out when sitting with your Indian friends, enjoy these nouns about school essentials.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
63.परीक्षा (f) 
pariiksaa
Examinationपरीक्षा में ५०० विद्यार्थी आये थे।
pariiksaa men paanc Sau viDyaarTHii aaye THe.
There were 500 students appearing for the examination.
64.नोटबुक (f)
Notabuk
Notebookमुझे बाज़ार से तीन नोटबुक ख़रीदनी है।
mujhe baazaar Se TiiN Notabuk khariiDaNii hai.
I have to buy three notebooks from the market.
65.सहपाठी (m)
Sahapaathii

Classmate

तुम्हारे सभी सहपाठी बहुत अच्छे हैं।
Tumhaare Sabhii Sahapaathii bahuT acche hain.
All your classmates are really good.
66.विश्वविद्यालय (m) visvaviDyaaLayUniversityजून के महीने में दिल्ली विश्विद्यालय में प्रवेश प्रारंभ हो जायेगा।
juuN ke mahiiNe men DiLLii visvaviDyaaLay men praves praarambh ho jaayegaa.
The admissions in Delhi University will begin in the month of June.
67.बैकपैक (m)
baikapaik
Backpackराजू का बैकपैक बहुत भारी है।
raajuu kaa baikapaik bahuT bhaarii hai.
Raju’s backpack is quite heavy.
68.पेंसिल (f) 
peNSiL
Pencilप्रश्न पत्र में सिर्फ़ पेंसिल से ही लिखना है।
prasN paTr men Sirf peNSiL Se hii LikhaNaa hai.
Only pencils can be used to write on the question paper.
69.पेन (m)
peN
Penक्या तुम्हारे पास नीले रंग का पेन है?
kyaa Tumhaare paaS NiiLe rang kaa peN hai?
Do you have a blue pen?
70.गणित (m) 
ganiT
Mathगणित विषय मुझे पसंद है।
ganiT visay mujhe paSaND hai.
I like math subjects.
71.छात्र (m)
chaatr
Studentसभी छात्र असेंबली में प्रार्थना कर रहे थे।
Sabhii chaaTr aSembaLii men praarTHaNaa kar rahe THe.
All the students were praying during the assembly.
72.गर्मी की छुट्टी (f)
garmii kii chuttii
Summer breakसीमा इस गर्मी की छुट्टी में जापान घूमने जाएगी।
Siimaa iS garmii kii chuttii men jaapaaN ghuumaNe jaayegii.
Seema will go to Japan during this summer break.
73.किताब (f)
kiTaab
Bookकिताब पढ़ना एक अच्छी आदत है।
kiTaab padhaNaa ek acchii aaDaT hai.
Reading books is a great habit.
74.विज्ञान (f) 
vigyaaN
Scienceविज्ञान ने बहुत तरक़्क़ी कर ली है।
vigyaaN Ne bahuT Taraqqii kar Lii hai.
Science has made tremendous progress.
75.विद्यालय (m)
viDyaaLay
Schoolक्या तुम कल विद्यालय जाओगे?
kyaa Tum kaL viDyaaLay jaaoge?
Will you go to school tomorrow?
76.गृहकार्य (m)
grihakaarya
Homeworkगृहकार्य में सबको चार सवाल करने हैं।
grihakaarya men Sabako caar SavaaL karaNe hain.
Everybody has to do four questions as homework.


6- Occupation


Are you looking for a job in India? We understand how mind-wrenching a task it can be to find a dream career in a foreign land. But worry not! With our amazing blog post on the top ways to quickly find a job in India, your task will become easy as pie.

Names of Various Professions

Furthermore, help yourself with these common professions in the land of India and learn their Hindi meanings, too!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
77.नर्स (f)
NarS
Nurseनर्स ने मरीज़ को सुई लगा दी है।
NarS Ne mariiz ko Suii Lagaa Di hai.
The nurse has given an injection to the patient.
78.पुलिस अधिकारी (m/f)पुलिस अधिकारी (m/f)
puLiS aDHikaarii
Police officerमुझे बड़े होकर पुलिस अधिकारी बनना है।
mujhe bade hokar puLiS aDHikaarii baNaNaa hai.
I want to become a police officer when I grow up.
79.कर्मचारी (m)
karmacaarii
Employeeबैंक के कर्मचारी छुट्टी पर गए हैं।
baink ke karmacaarii chuttii par gaye hain.
The bank employees are on leave.
80.इंजीनियर (m/f)
iNjiiNiyar
Engineerऋचा एक कंपनी में इंजीनियर के पद पर है।
ricaa ek kampaNii men iNjiiNiyar ke paD par hai.
Richa is working as an engineer in a company.
81.डॉक्टर (m/f)
dauktar
Doctorडॉक्टर ने सुरेश को एक हफ़्ते बाद बुलाया है।
dauktar Ne Sures ko ek hafTe baaD buLaayaa hai.
The doctor has asked Suresh to come back after a week.
82.मैनेजर (m/f)
maiNejar
Managerमेरे ऑफ़िस के मैनेजर बहुत दयालु हैं।
mere aufiS ke maiNejar bahuT DayaaLu hain.
My office manager is very kind.
83.शिक्षिका (f)
siksikaa
Female teacherशिक्षिका ने कक्षा में भूगोल का पाठ पढ़ाया।
siksikaa Ne kaksaa men bhuugoL kaa paath padhaayaa.
The teacher taught a geography lesson to the class.
84.व्यापारी (m)
vyaapaarii
Businessmanमेरे पिता व्यापारी हैं।
mere piTaa vyaapaarii hain.
My father is a businessman.
85.दुकानदार (m)
DukaaNadaar
Shopkeeperवह दुकानदार बहुत ईमानदार है।
vah DukaaNaDaar bahuT iimaaNaDaar hai.
That shopkeeper is quite honest.
86.प्रोग्रामर (m/f)
prograamar
Programmerक्या तुम किसी अच्छे प्रोग्रामर को जानते हो?
kyaa Tum kiSii acche prograamar ko jaaNaTe ho?
Do you know any good programmers?
87.Seller / DealerSeller / Dealer मेरी एक थोक विक्रेता से बात हुई है।
merii ek THok vikreTaa Se baaT huii hai.
I have had a conversation with a wholesale dealer.


7- Family Members


Our life begins with our family. To have loving parents and siblings around us is a bliss that can’t be compared with any other thing in the world.

Do you know what phrases people in India use to call their parents, elders, and other loved ones? Well, we’ve got it all for you in the table below! However, the list of relatives in India is almost endless, and so covering them all here would be really difficult.

Family Members

But we don’t want you to miss out on anything, so we’ve prepared a collection of more family words in Hindi for you. Check out our blog post about family members, as well!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
88.परिवार (m) 
parivaar
Familyपरिवार के सभी सदस्य शादी में शामिल होने गए हैं।
parivaar ke Sabhii SaDaSya saaDii men saamiL hoNe gaye hain.
All the family members have gone to attend a wedding.
89.माँ (f)
maan
Motherमेरी माँ एक अभिनेत्री हैं।
merii maan ek abhiNeTrii hain.
My mother is an actress.
90.पिता (m) 
piTaa
Fatherपिताजी बाज़ार से सब्ज़ी लेने गए हैं।
piTaajii baazaar Se Sabzii Lene gaye hain.
Father has gone to the market to buy some vegetables.
91.पत्नी (f) 
paTNii 
Wifeमेरी पत्नी खाना बना रही थी।
merii paTNii khaaNaa baNaa rahii THii.
My wife was cooking the food.
92.पति (m) 
paTi
Husbandउसके पति पायलट हैं।
uSake paTi paayaLat hain.
Her husband is a pilot.
93.माता-पिता (m)
maaTaa-piTaa
Parentsआपके माता-पिता का क्या नाम है?
aapake maaTaa-piTaa kaa kyaa Naam hai?
What are your parents’ names?
94.बहन (f) 
bahaN
Sisterसुमन की एक बहन है।
SumaN kii ek bahaN hai.
Suman has one sister.
95.भाई (m) 
bhaaii
Brotherमेरा छोटा भाई १० साल का है।
meraa chotaa bhaaii DaS SaaL kaa hai.
My younger brother is ten years old.


8- Body Parts


Learning about body parts takes us back to a time when we were just children! Rekindle those innocent moments while empowering your Hindi vocabulary on various body parts.

Body Parts in Hindi

It will also help you to better express physical conditions in case of any trouble.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
96.पैर (m) 
pair
Legदादी के पैर में दर्द है।
DaaDii ke pair men DarD hai.
Grandmother has pain in her legs.
97.सर (m) 
Sar
Headधूप में सर ढक कर रखो।
DHuup men Sar dhak kar rakho.
Cover your head in the sun.
98.हाथ (m) 
haaTH
Handतुम्हारे हाथ में क्या हुआ है?
Tumhaare haaTH men kyaa huaa hai?
What has happened to your hand?
99.उंगली (f) 
ungaLii
Fingerशिशिर की उंगली में चोट लग गयी है।
sisir kii ungaLii men cot Lag gayii hai.
Shishir has a bruise on his finger.
100.शरीर (m) 
sariir
Bodyलक्षित का शरीर बहुत मज़बूत है।
LaksiT kaa sarir bahuT mazabuuT hai.
Lakshit has a robust body.
101.पेट (m) 
pet
Stomachमेरा पेट दुख रहा है।
meraa pet Dukh rahaa hai.
My stomach hurts.
102.पीठ (f) 
piith
Backयह बस्ता अपनी पीठ पर टांग लो।
yah baSTaa apaNii piith par taang Lo.
Hang this bag on your back.
103.सीना (m) 
SiiNaa
Chestबच्चे के सीने में जकड़न है।
bacce ke SiiNe men jakadaN hai.
The child has congestion in the chest.


9- Time


You must have heard the phrase, “Time and tide wait for none.” But, here on HindiPod101.com, you can take all the time you need to absorb and practice these splendid Hindi nouns.

Time and Days

Talking about time is inevitable. In fact, in this competitive world, every minute has become precious. So, don’t lose a minute. Start learning these useful words related to time and improve your Hindi vocabulary.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
104.हफ़्ता (m) 
hafTaa
Weekविद्यालय खुलने में सिर्फ़ एक हफ़्ता बचा है।
viDyaaLay khuLane men Sirf ek hafTaa bacaa hai.
The school will reopen in one week.
105.साल (m) 
SaaL
Yearतुम कितने साल के हो?
Tum kiTaNe SaaL ke ho?
How old are you?
106.दिन (m)
DiN
Dayबुधवार के दिन सब लखनऊ जायेंगे।
buDHavaar ke DiN Sab LakhaNauu jaayenge.
We will all go to Lucknow on Wednesday.

Or

गुरुवार, शुक्रवार , शनिवार, और रविवार के दिन, ऋतु राजस्थान में  थी। 
guruvaar, sukravaar, saNivaar, aur ravivaar ke DiN, riTu rajaSTHaaN men THii.
On Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, Ritu was in Rajasthan.
107.महीना (m)
mahiiNaa
Monthमंगलवार से अगला महीना शुरू हो जायेगा।
mangaLavaar Se agaLaa mahiiNaa suru ho jaayegaa.
The next month will begin on Tuesday.
108.आज (m) 
aaj
Todayमुझे आज मूवी देखने जाना है।
mujhe aaj muuvii DekhaNe jaaNaa hai.
I have to go to a movie today.
109.कल (m) 
kaL
क्रिकेट मैच कल सोमवार को होगा।
kriket maic kaL Somavaar ko hogaa.
The cricket match will be tomorrow, on Monday.
क्रिकेट मैच कल सोमवार को होगा।
kriket maic kaL Somavaar ko hogaa.
The cricket match will be tomorrow, on Monday.
110.कल (m) 
kaL
Yesterdayशीला कल दफ़्तर नहीं आयी थी।
siiLaa kaL DafTar nahiin aayii THii.
Sheela didn’t come to the office yesterday.
111.कैलेंडर (m) 
kaiLeNdar
Calendarयह पिछले वर्ष का कैलेंडर है।
yah pichaLe vars kaa kaiLeNdar hai.
This is last year’s calendar.
112.सेकंड (m) 
Sekãṅd
Secondएक मिनट में ६० सेकंड होते हैं।
ek miNat men Saath SekaNd hoTe hain.
There are sixty seconds in a minute.
113.घंटा (m) 
ghaNtaa
Hour४ बजने में दो घंटा बाक़ी है।
caar baajNe men Do ghaNtaa baaqii hai.
It’s two hours to four o’clock.
114.MinuteMinuteयह गाना ३ मिनट का है।
yah gaaNaa TiiN miNat kaa hai.
This song plays for three minutes.
115.घड़ी (f) 
ghadii
Clockघड़ी दीवार पर टंगी है।
ghadii Diivaar par tangii hai.
The clock hangs on the wall.
116.एक घंटे (m) 
ek ghaNte
One hourक्या हम एक घंटे में मुंबई पहुँच जायेंगे?
kyaa ham ek ghaNte men mumbaii pahunc jaayenge?
Shall we reach Mumbai in one hour?


3. How to Use HindiPod101 for a Better Hindi Learning Experience!


Nouns 4

Providing you with the best content and an easy learning experience at HindiPod101.com is our topmost priority. You must have felt the same while going through this article on nouns in Hindi.

This is just one of the many useful Hindi lessons HindiPod101 offers to its readers. Once you sign up on our homepage, we promise you tons of resources and exceptional quality of reading and practice materials that you can access.

Download our user-friendly app on your phone and start right away. While you’re at it, do remember to try out our Hindi-English dictionary and enjoy it for free.

Before you go, let us know if you learned any new Hindi nouns today! We look forward to hearing from you!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Top Hindi Gender List & Complete Guide to Hindi Gender Rules

Thumbnail

Since our childhood, the natives in India learn to associate Hindi nouns with gender. It comes as no surprise that being a widely spoken and versatile language, gender in Hindi grammar plays a significant role and is reflected in almost every aspect of the Indian culture.

It might blow your mind, but there are only two grammatical genders in Hindi. Yes, you read that right. Drop all the other grammatical gender types that you’ve been taught when learning other languages! As far as the Hindi language is concerned, from the tiniest thing to the biggest possible noun, we’ve got everything covered with just two main categories of gender in Hindi grammar. But what are they?

Read on and find out for yourself!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Table of Contents

  1. “Gender” in Hindi
  2. Masculine & Feminine Grammatical Gender in Hindi
  3. Application of Gender in Speech
  4. Characteristics of Masculine and Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi
  5. List of Masculine and Derived Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi
  6. Exceptions to Gender Rules in Hindi
  7. How to Memorize the Gender of a Word
  8. Gender Variations for Verbs and Adjectives
  9. Quiz
  10. Takeaway from HindiPod101.com

1. “Gender” in Hindi

So, are you ready to start?

The first question that pops into our mind is “What is the meaning of gender in Hindi?”

“Gender” in grammar is that which helps us recognize and differentiate between various nouns on the basis of their gender. Do you know how to say “gender” in Hindi?

Gender in Hindi grammar is known as लिंग (Ling).

To the fierce, passionate fighters for gender equality, the Hindi gender rules and the gender of nouns in Hindi vocabulary may be a tad bit disappointing!

Gender Inequality in Workplace

Unfortunately, for a large portion of the Hindi gender list, the male gender in Hindi takes precedence. All in all, gender equality in the Hindi language still has a long way to go. And this also explains the rising presence of gender equality speech in Hindi in all the social institutions, such as schools and offices.

As we move forward in this lesson, you’ll be able to see how this bias affects the various genders of nouns in the Hindi language.

Do keep in mind, though, that while we use the word “gender” here, this has little to do with the actual sex of the noun in most cases. In a grammatical sense, the “gender” is simply a category under which a given noun falls.

2. Masculine & Feminine Grammatical Gender in Hindi

There are two main kinds of gender in Hindi: masculine and feminine.

The “masculine” gender of nouns in the Hindi language is known as पुल्लिंग (puLLing), whereas the “feminine” gender in Hindi is known as स्त्रीलिंग (STriiLing).

Unlike in English and other languages, there’s no neuter, or common, gender in Hindi.

3. Application of Gender in Speech

In Hindi, gender rules are quite peculiar. However, once you learn to recognize the gender of nouns in the Hindi language, the rest of the grammar application will come naturally to you.

We’ve already shared above that there’s no neuter or common gender in Hindi. For this reason, the articles we use remain the same regardless of the noun’s gender.

You may experiment with this while going through a Hindi vocabulary list. Another great way to practice and get used to this is to follow or listen to any gender equality speech in Hindi and look for hints there!

When you do that, a unique pattern becomes visible. What is this pattern, you ask?

Well, basically, it’s the verb ending that you should be focusing on. From the ancient to the most modern gender words in Hindi, following the subtle thread of a verb ending qualifies as one of the golden Hindi gender rules for any learner.

If you find yourself a little lost, we have some quick and highly valuable tips to help you crack the code. Just follow us to the end of this lesson!

4. Characteristics of Masculine and Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi

You must be wondering why we combined the two genders together in one sub-section? The thing is that most of the feminine words are derived from masculine words in Hindi. It’s just a minor change of adding some suffixes, and viola! You’ve got the feminine version of that masculine word.

Talk about distorted gender equality in the Hindi language!

Vaguely, the characteristic of masculine words in Hindi is that they mostly end with an –a sound, as in कमल (kamaL).

If we break it down:

  • कमल = क् + अ + म् + अ + ल् + अ      “Lotus”

Similar words include मोर (mor) meaning “peacock” and बादल (baaDaL) meaning “clouds.”

So, basically, any word that usually ends with an -a sound is masculine. But it would be unfair to say that this is the only case. Exceptions prevail in every language, and we’ll be dealing with them later.

And what about the patterns in feminine gender nouns? Well, as they’re derived from masculine nouns, there are a handful of patterns that change sharply.

Breaking Stereotypes and Changing Gender Roles

5. List of Masculine and Derived Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi

  • One important thing we would like to mention here is that we’ve shared the English meaning of only the masculine gender in the charts below. This has been done to keep things simple.
  • However, we’ve used a variety of example sentences for both of them to give you an idea of the separate verb forms used for both genders.
  • For now, you can simply skip the concept of verb forms as we’ll be dealing with this in a separate reading guide.

It’s best to start with our main list of nouns and see for yourself how Hindi grammar gender rules work.

1- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -ी (-ii) to the End

For beginners, jumping directly to the masculine-to-feminine conversion may be a bit confusing. So why don’t we warm up a bit with some simple examples?

Example sentences for singular nouns:

  • एक आदमी पेड़ के नीचे बैठा है.
    ek aaDmii per ke Niice baithaa hai
    “A man is sitting under the tree.”
  • एक औरत पेड़ के नीचे बैठी है.
    ek auraT per ke Niice baithii hai
    “A woman is sitting under the tree.”

As you can see, we’ve replaced the masculine noun with a feminine one. We can do the same with plural nouns as shown in the example sentences below.

Example sentences for plural nouns:

  • दो आदमी पेड़ के नीचे बैठे हैं.
    Do aaDmii per ke Niice baithe hain
    “Two men are sitting under the tree.”
  • दो औरतें पेड़ के नीचे बैठी हैं.
    Do auraTen per ke Niice baithii hain
    “Two women are sitting under the tree.”
Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word Sentences
लड़का (Ladakaa)
“Boy”
लड़की (Ladakii)
“Girl”
लड़का खेल रहा है। (Ladakaa kheL rahaa hai.)
“The boy is playing.”
बच्चा (baccaa)
“Baby boy”
बच्ची (baccii)
“Baby girl”
बच्ची सो रही है।. (baccii So rahii hai.)
“The baby girl is sleeping.”
नाना (NaaNaa)
“Maternal grandpa”
नानी (NaaNii)
“Maternal grandma”
मेरे नाना कल आएंगे। (mere NaaNaa kaL aayenge.)
“My grandpa will come tomorrow.”
मामा (maamaa)
“Maternal uncle”
मामी (maamii)
“Maternal aunt”
मामी मुझे प्यार करती हैं। (maamii mujhe pyaar karaTii hain.)
“My aunt loves me.”
चाचा (caacaa)
“Paternal uncle”
चाची (caacii)
“Paternal aunt”
सूरज के चाचा बाज़ार गए हैं। (Suuraj ke caacaa baazaar gaye hain.)
“Suraj’s uncle has gone to the market.”
पुत्र (puTra)
“Son”
पुत्री (puTrii)
“Daughter”
सीमा की पुत्री 6 साल की है। (Siimaa kii puTrii chah SaaL kii hai.)
“Seema’s daughter is six years old.”
पोता (poTaa)
“Grandson”
पोती (poTii)
“Grand-daughter”
मेरा पोता दिल्ली में रहता है। (meraa poTaa DiLLii men rahaTaa hai.)
“My grandson lives in Delhi.”
मुर्गा (murgaa)
“Cock / Rooster”
मुर्गी (murgii)
“Hen”
मुर्गा बांग दे रहा है। (murgaa baang De rahaa hai.)
“The rooster is crowing.”
बकरा (bakaraa)
“Goat”
बकरी (bakarii)
“Doe”
यह बकरा बूढ़ा हो गया है। (yah bakaraa buudhaa ho gayaa hai.)
“This goat has grown old.”

2- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -ा (-aa) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
छात्र (chaaTr) छात्रा (chaaTraa) “Student” दो छात्र आज कक्षा में नहीं आये हैं।
(Do chaaTra aaj kaksaa men nahiin aaye hain.)
“Two students didn’t come to class today.”
महोदय (mahoDay) महोदया (mahoDayaa) “Sir” महोदया सबकी मदद कर रही हैं। (mahoDayaa Sabakii maDaD kar rahii hain.)
“Ma’m is helping everyone.”
प्रधानाचार्य (praDHaaNaacaary) प्रधानाचार्या
(praDHaaNaacaaryaa)
“Principal” प्रधानाचार्य बच्चों को समझा रहे थे। (praDHaaNaacaary baccon ko Samajhaa rahe THe.)
“The principal was explaining to the children.”
शिष्य (sisya) शिष्या (sisyaa) “Pupil” ये सभी मेरे शिष्य हैं। (ye Sabhii mere sisy hain.)
“All of them are my pupils.”
सदस्य (SaDaSy) सदस्या (SaDaSyaa) “Member” क्या तुम यहाँ की सदस्या हो? (kyaa Tum yahaan kii SaDaSyaa ho?)
“Are you a member here?”

3- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -नी (-Nii) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning (For Male) Sentences
मोर (mor) मोरनी (moraNii) “Peacock” मोर नाच रहा है। (mor Naac rahaa hai.)
“The peacock is dancing.”
शेर (ser) शेरनी (seraNii) “Lion” शेरनी अब शिकार पर जाएगी। (seraNii ab sikaar par jaayegii.)
“The lioness will now go hunting.”
ऊँट (uunt) ऊँटनी (uuntaNii) “Camel” ऊँट बुरी तरह से प्यासा है। (uunt burii Tarah Se pyaaSaa hai.)
“The camel is terribly thirsty.”

4- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -िन (-iN) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
माली (maaLii) मालिन (maaLiN) “Gardener” माली बग़ीचे में पौधे लगा रहा है। (maaLii bagiice men pauDHe Lagaa rahaa hai.)
“The gardener is planting the saplings in the garden.”
नाती (NaaTii) नातिन (NaaTiN) “Daughter’s son” मेरा नाती जापान में रहता है। (meraa NaaTii jaapaaN men rahaTaa hai.)
“My grandson lives in Japan.”
पड़ोसी (padoSii) पड़ोसिन (padoSiN) “Neighbor” ईशा की पड़ोसिन हमेशा उसकी मदद करती है। (iisaa kii padoSiN hamesaa uSakii maDaD karaTii hai.)
“Eishaa’s neighbor always helps her out.”
धोबी (DHobii) धोबिन (DHobiN) “Washerman” धोबी आज फिर नहीं आया। (DHobii aaj phir Nahiin aayaa.)
“The washerman has again not come today.”

5- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -िया (-iyaa) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
बंदर (baNDar) बंदरिया (baNDariyaa) “Monkey” बंदर पेड़ पर झूल रहा है। (baNDar ped par jhuuL rahaa hai.)
“The monkey is swinging in the tree.”
बूढ़ा (buudhaa) बुढ़िया (budhiyaa) “Old man” पार्क में एक बुढ़िया बैठी है। (paark men ek budhiyaa baithii hai.)
“There is an old woman sitting in the park.”
बेटा (betaa) बिटिया (bitiyaa) “Son” मेरे दोस्त का बेटा मुझसे मिलने आ रहा है। (mere DoST kaa betaa mujh Se miLaNe aa rahaa hai.)
“My friend’s son is coming to meet me.”

6- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -िका (-ikaa) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning (For Male) Sentences
गायक (gaayak) गायिका (gaayikaa) “Singer” मैं गायिका बनना चाहती हूँ। (main gaayikaa baNaNaa caahaTii huun.)
“I want to become a singer.”
लेखक (Lekhak) लेखिका (Lekhikaa) “Writer” क्या आपके दादाजी लेखक हैं ? (kyaa aapake DaaDaajii Lekhak hain?)
“Is your grandfather a writer?”
शिक्षक (siksak) शिक्षिका (siksikaa) “Teacher” हमारी शिक्षिका हमें प्यार करती हैं। (hamaarii siksikaa hamen pyaar karaTii hain.)
“Our teacher loves us.”
सहायक (Sahaayak) सहायिका (Sahaayikaa) “Assistant” सुमन सहायिका के तौर पर काम करना चाहती है। (SumaN Sahaayikaa ke Taur par kaam karaNaa caahaTii hai.)
“Suman wants to work as an assistant.”

7- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -आनी (-aaNii) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
देवर (Devar) देवरानी (DevaraaNii) “Husband’s younger brother’s wife”
“Husband’s younger brother”
मेरा देवर मुझसे दो साल छोटा है। (meraa Devar mujh Se Do SaaL chotaa hai.)
“My brother-in-law is two years younger than me.”
जेठ (jeth) जेठानी (jethaaNii)
“Husband’s elder brother’s wife”
“Husband’s elder brother” कविता की जेठानी खाना बना चुकी हैं। (kaviTaa kii jethaaNii khaaNaa baNaa cukii hain.)
“Kavita’s sister-in-law has prepared the meal.”
नौकर (Naukar) नौकरानी (NaukaraaNii)
“Maid”
“Servant” आपका नौकर कितने बजे आता है? (aapakaa Naukar kiTaNe baje aaTaa hai.)
“At what time does your servant come?”

8- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Replacing -वान (-vaaN) with -वती (-vaTii) at the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
गुणवान (gunavaaN) गुणवती (gunavaTii) “Talented” तुम्हारी बहू कितनी गुणवती है ! (Tumhaarii bahuu kiTaNii gunavaTii hai!)
“Your daughter-in-law is so talented!”
दयावान (DayaavaaN) दयावती (DayaavaTii) “Kind” मेरे बॉस दयावान हैं। (mere bauS DayaavaaN hain.)
“My boss is kind.”
भाग्यवान (bhaagyavaaN) भाग्यवती (bhaagyavaTii) “Lucky” सुनील बड़ा ही भाग्यवान है। (SuNiiL badaa hii bhaagyavaaN hai.)
“Sunil is really lucky.”

6. Exceptions to Gender Rules in Hindi

In some cases, the words for the masculine and feminine forms of nouns are completely unrelated and sound totally different. For words like this, there’s no regular pattern for prefixes or suffixes.

Brother and Sister

Let’s find out which words these are!

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
राजा (raajaa) रानी (raaNii) “King” इस राज्य का राजा बहुत उदार था। (iS raajya kaa raajaa bahuT uDaar THaa.)
“The king of this state was quite generous.”
भाई (bhaaii) बहन (bahaN) “Brother” तुम्हारी बहन कहाँ गयी ? (Tumhaari bahaN kahaan gayii?)
“Where did your sister go?”
ससुर (SaSur) सास (SaaS) “Father-in-law” मेरी सास बहुत अच्छी हैं। (merii SaaS bahuT acchii hain.)
“My mother-in-law is really nice.”
दूल्हा (DuLhaa) दुल्हन (DuLhaN) “Bridegroom” शादी में दूल्हा देर से आया। (saaDii men DuLhaa Der Se aayaa.)
“The groom arrived late at the wedding.”
आदमी (aaDamii) औरत (auraT) “Man” एक औरत सब्ज़ी ख़रीद रही थी. (ek auraT Sabzii khariiD rahii THii.)
“A woman was buying some vegetables.”
पिता (piTaa) माता (maaTaa) “Father” मेरे पिताजी दो दिन के लिए शहर से बाहर गए हैं। (mere piTaajii Do DiN ke Liye sahar Se baahar gaye hain.)
“My father is away for two days.”
पुरुष (purus) स्त्री (STrii) “Male” पुरुष का व्यवहार स्त्री से अलग होता है। (purus kaa vyavahaar STrii Se alag hoTaa hai.)
“The nature of a man is different from that of a woman.”

Whoa! That was a lot to take in, wasn’t it? Don’t worry. You don’t have to mug up everything at once. There are plenty of ways to study in a smart way, and this is what the next section is about.

7. How to Memorize the Gender of a Word

Well, let’s be honest here. Even though certain rules and tricks that we discussed above can help us guess the gender of nouns in Hindi grammar, exceptions come as part and parcel anyway.

Although the best foolproof method to memorize the gender of a word is studying the vocabulary often and using the nouns abundantly in everyday life, one needs to understand that the nature of the Hindi language and its vocabulary is so comprehensive that it’s hard to chunk everything together into fixed groups.

Nonetheless, we’ve tried our best to collect some of the most commonly used nouns, the gender of which can be guessed based on their classification.

Let’s decode the above sentence with the help of these example categories. It’s important to mention here that these categories have been created loosely, just to ease the process for our readers.

1- Common Categories for the Masculine Gender in Hindi

1) Days’ Names

Without exception, all of the days’ names are masculine. “Day” in Hindi means दिन (DiN).

Example:

  • सोमवार का दिन बहुत व्यस्त था। (Somavaar kaa DiN bahuT vyaST THaa.)
    “Monday was really busy.”
  • पिछला शनिवार एकदम बेकार गया। (pichaLaa saNivaar ekaDam bekaar gayaa.)
    “Last Saturday was just terrible.”

In this way, you can replace the day’s name while following the same gender rules in the sentence.

Interested in learning the names of all the days? You’ll be delighted to check out our lesson on days and months of the year in Hindi.

2) Month Names

Just like days, all the calendar months also fall under the masculine gender. “Month” in Hindi is महीना (mahiiNaa) or माह (maah).

Below are some examples to give you a better idea.

  • जनवरी साल का पहला महीना होता हैv (jaNavarii SaaL kaa pahaLaa mahiiNaa hoTaa hai.)
    “January is the first month of the year.”
  • इस बार जून का महीना सबसे गरम थाv (iS baar juuN kaa mahiiNaa SabaSe garam THaa.)
    “This time June was the hottest month.”

Similarly, you can treat any month or day name as masculine and apply the rules accordingly.

Genders in Nature

3) Names of Mountains

Almost all the mountains are treated as masculine nouns in the Hindi language. “Mountains” in Hindi are called पहाड़ (pahaad) or पर्वत (parvaT).

Let’s check out some examples:

  • माउंट एवरेस्ट धरती का सबसे ऊँचा पहाड़ है। (maaunt evareSt DHaraTii kaa SabaSe uuncaa pahaad hai.)
    “Mount Everest is the highest mountain on earth.”
  • माउंट फुजी जापान का पवित्र पर्वत माना जाता हैv (maaunt fuujii jaapaaN kaa paviTra parvaT maaNaa jaaTaa hai.)
    “Mountain Fuji is considered a sacred mountain in Japan.”

Exception:

Take note here that we’re not talking about “mountain ranges” but only “mountains.” Mountain ranges are considered feminine in Hindi.

Masculine Gender

4) Names of Trees, Flowers, and Fruits

Another masculine noun category in this Hindi gender chart is that of trees, flowers, and fruits. All of the trees and flowers are always referred to as masculine nouns.

However, when it comes to fruits, the two exceptions are the litchi and pear. Both “litchi” लीची (Liicii) and “pear” नाशपाती (NaasapaaTii) are feminine nouns, while the rest of the fruit names are masculine.

“Tree” in Hindi is known as पेड़ (ped).

“Flower” in Hindi is known as फूल (phuuL).

“Fruit” in Hindi is known as फल (phaL).

Examples:

  • यह बरगद का पेड़ लगभग सौ साल पुराना है। (yah baragaD kaa ped Lagabhag Sau SaaL puraaNaa hai.)
    “This banyan tree is almost a hundred years old.”
  • सभी फूलों में लाल गुलाब सबसे ख़ास होता है। (Sabhii phuuLon men LaaL guLaab SabaSe khaaS hoTaa hai.)
    “Of all the flowers, the red rose is the most special one.”
  • आम सभी फलों का राजा है। (aam Sabhii phaLon kaa raajaa hai.)
    “Mango is the king of all fruits.”

Exception:

However, if we wish to talk about a litchi or pear, the sentence would be in the feminine gender.

Such as:

  • लीची काफ़ी मीठी है। (Liicii kaafii miithii hai.)
    “Litchi is quite sweet.”

5) Names of Countries and Continents

This is the last category of nouns which you can be sure are masculine. In Hindi, the names of all the countries and continents are used as masculine nouns.

“Country” is called देश (Des) in Hindi, whereas “continent” is known as महाद्वीप (mahaaDviip).

Examples:

  • भारत देश बहुत बड़ा है। (bhaaraT Des bahuT badaa hai.)
    “India is a huge country.”
  • ऑस्ट्रेलिया दुनिया का सबसे छोटा महाद्वीप है। (auStreLiyaa DuNiyaa kaa SabaSe chotaa mahaaDviip hai.)
    “Australia is the smallest continent in the world.”

6) Names of All the Metals

By now, you’re familiar with the concept that there’s no common gender in Hindi. Henceforth, browsing through any Hindi gender list will present words in either masculine or feminine gender.

Continuing with our sub-category of metals in Hindi, all the metal names are in masculine forms.

Here are some sentences to help you understand better:

  • आजकल सोना बहुत महँगा चल रहा है। (aajakaL SoNaa bahuT mahangaa caL rahaa hai.)
    “Nowadays, gold is really expensive.”
    Or
    “Nowadays, gold prices are soaring high.”
  • लोहा पीतल से मज़बूत होता है। (Lohaa piiTaL Se mazabuuT hoTaa hai.)
    “Iron is stronger than bronze.”

Exception:

You must remember that “silver” चाँदी (caanDii) is an exception here. It’s the only metal that’s considered a feminine noun.

  • चाँदी पायल बनाने में इस्तेमाल की जाती है। (caanDii paayaL baNaaNe men iSTemaaL kii jaaTii hai.)
    “Silver is used in making anklets.”

7) Names of All the Planets

Most of the planet names are treated as masculine nouns. “Planets” are known as ग्रह (grah) in Hindi.

  • बृहस्पति सबसे बड़ा ग्रह है। (brihaSpaTi SabaSe badaa grah hai.)
    “Jupiter is the largest planet.”

Exception:

Our planet, “Earth,” is the one and only exception in the list of planets. Culturally, “earth” in India is worshipped as “mother,” without which the origin of life wouldn’t have been possible. Thus, planet Earth is a feminine noun in Hindi.

  • पृथ्वी सूरज के चारों ओर चक्कर लगाती है. (priTHavii Suuraj ke caaron or cakkar LagaaTii hai.)
    “The earth revolves around the sun.”

With this, we come to the end of all possible major categories which contain the masculine nouns. Now, let’s explore the feminine nouns.

2- Common Categories for the Feminine Gender in Hindi

The names of rivers, languages, scripts, and dates, are mostly feminine. So, if you hear the words from the categories below, more often than not, they’re feminine words.

1) Dates

The most popular word for “dates” in Hindi is तारीख़ (Taariikh). However, it can also be translated as तिथि (TiTHii). The important point is that both words should be treated as feminine.

Let’s see how we can use them in our daily conversations.

  • क्या इस काम के लिए कल की तारीख़ ठीक रहेगी? (kyaa iS kaam ke Liye kaL kii Taariikh thiik rahegi?)
    “Would tomorrow’s date be okay for this task?”
  • हमारी शादी की तिथि शुभ होनी चाहिए। (hamaarii saaDii kii TiTHii subh hoNii caahiye.)
    “The date of our wedding should be auspicious.”

2) Names of Rivers

It’s interesting to notice that all the rivers in India, and all over the world, fall into the category of feminine nouns. The same rule applies to “lakes.”

“River” in Hindi is called नदी (NaDii) and “lake” is known as झील (jhiiL).

  • भारत में गंगा नदी बहुत पवित्र मानी जाती है। (bhaaraT men gangaa NaDii bahuT paviTra maaNii jaaTii hai.)
    “Ganga is considered the most sacred river in India.”
  • नाइल नदी अफ़्रीका की सबसे लंबी नदी है। (NaaiL NaDii afriikaa kii SabaSe Lambii NaDii hai.)
    “The Nile is the longest river in Africa.”

3) Names of Languages and Scripts

This is the last sub-category of feminine words in Hindi. Another great tip you should save for yourself is that all languages and scripts are treated as feminine in Hindi.

Here are some examples.

  • हिंदी भाषा भारत के कई हिस्सों में बोली जाती है। (hiNDii bhaasaa bhaaraT ke kaii hiSSon men boLii jaaTii hai.)
    “Hindi is spoken in many parts of India.”
  • तुम्हारी अंग्रेज़ी वाक़ई बहुत अच्छी है। (Tumhaarii angrezii vaaqaii bahuT acchii hai.)
    “Your English is really impressive.”

4) Names with Certain Suffixes

If you find words that end with the following suffixes—-आहट (aahat), -आवट (aavat), -इया (iyaa), -आस (aaS)—they’re most likely feminine nouns in Hindi. But do be careful and allow the possibility for some exceptions, too.

Here are some of the feminine words that contain the suffixes we just mentioned:

Suffix Hindi Word English Meaning Sentences
-आहट (aahat) घबराहट
(ghabraahat)
“Nervousness” उसे घबराहट हो रही थी।
(uSe ghabaraahat ho rahii THii.)

“There was an atmosphere of nervousness.”

-आवट (aavat) लिखावट
(Likhaavat)
“Handwriting” जॉन की लिखावट बहुत सुन्दर है.
(jauN kii Likhaavat bahuT SuNDar hai.)

“John has such beautiful handwriting.”

-इया (iyaa) बंदरिया
(baNDariyaa)
“Female monkey” आम के पेड़ पर एक बंदरिया बैठी है।
(aam ke ped par ek baNDariyaa baithii hai.)

“There is a female monkey sitting on the mango tree.”

-आस (aaS) मिठास
(mithaaS)
“Sweetness” तुम्हारी आवाज़ में कितनी मिठास है !
(Tumhaarii aavaaz men kiTaNii mithaaS hai.)

“There is so much sweetness in your voice.”

Feminine Gender

Looking at such a short list of feminine categories, when compared to the endless masculine gender categories, easily gives an idea of the disbalance in gender equality in the Hindi language.

8. Gender Variations for Verbs and Adjectives

The gender variations for adjectives and verbs is such a vast topic that it deserves to be addressed as an article of its own, rather than being reduced to just a teeny-tiny sub-section here.

That’s why we’ve decided to explain it in a thorough and comprehensive way just for you! Shortly, we’ll present you with a brand-new article on conjugation. All you need to do is brace yourself and stay tuned!

But don’t be disappointed! For a sneak peak, check out some essential and handy tips for you from HindiPod101.

To summarize meaningfully, here are the two golden rules we can swear by when it comes to gender variations for verbs and adjectives.

For masculine gender, the verbs and adjectives end with:

  • -aa (ा ) sound or diacritic for singular nouns, and with -e (े) for plural nouns.

For the feminine gender in Hindi, the verbs and adjectives end with:

  • -ii ( ी) sound or diacritic for singular nouns, and with -iin (ीं) for plural nouns.

9. Quiz

Even the most thorough study habits yield fruit only when they’re put to test. In this Hindi grammar gender guide, we’ve shared so many popular Hindi words and their gender with you. However, it’s inevitable to miss out on some.

So, we came up with this wonderful idea. Why don’t we throw some lesser-known words at you, and based on the concepts (such as word endings) explained in the earlier sections of this lesson, you have to guess the gender of these words! Sound fun?

Here are the less-common Hindi words with their English meaning:

  • क्षण (ksan) “Moment”
  • चारपाई (caarapaaii) “Cot”
  • कुटिया (kutiyaa) “A small cottage or hut”
  • वन (vaN) “Jungle”
  • समृद्धि (SamriDDHii) “Prosperity”
  • उजाला (ujaaLaa) “Light”
  • ख़ामोशी (khaamosii) “Silence”

Well, give us your best shot. We’d love to hear you out in the comment box below!

10. Takeaway from HindiPod101.com

This was all from our side on the topic of gender words in Hindi. We hope you’re feeling far more confident in using the correct gender forms in your day-to-day conversations. But be sure to let us know in the comments section if you have any questions!

As always, practice is the ultimate key to your success. So, as much as possible, try to listen to various talks about gender’s role in Hindi, go through a gender equality speech in Hindi, or find some other good listening media like the podcasts and videos on our website.

With the help of your native friends, make it a habit to practice and guess the gender of a range of new words. You can also use our free online dictionary and expand your Hindi vocabulary.

We also have a bunch of lessons on Hindi pronunciation if that’s what’s keeping you behind. You’ll be surprised to see the mindblowing command you’ll be able to gain over your Hindi language skills. Nonetheless, if you wish to be an unstoppable achiever in this Hindi course, sign up on HindiPod101.com!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Master Best Wishes in Hindi: Happy Birthday in Hindi & More

Thumbnail

Life would be so dull without celebrations. This is why people in India never miss a chance to cherish every opportunity and share their warm wishes and heartfelt messages. It’s fairly common to see everyone wishing Happy Birthday in Hindi and sending other popular life event messages in Hindi to one another.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Table of Contents

  1. Importance of Life Event Messages in Hindi
  2. Wishing a Happy Birthday in Hindi
  3. Holiday Wishes in Hindi
  4. Baby Shower Messages in Hindi & Baby Birth Wishes
  5. Getting a Graduation Degree
  6. On Grabbing a New Job / Promotion
  7. For the Retirement Party
  8. The Occasion of Marriage
  9. Condolences in Hindi: Someone’s Death / Funeral
  10. Dealing with Bad News
  11. On an Injury / Illness
  12. Experience an Endless Journey of Learning with Us

1. Importance of Life Event Messages in Hindi

Whether it’s a pleasant occasion or a sad moment, the little yet meaningful words of Hindi congratulations messages or condolences allow people to express their solidarity with each other. Expressing best wishes in Hindi and passing along your condolences in Hindi are just some simple ways of saying “We’ll be together in everything, come rain or shine.”

Isn’t it amazing to realize that when shared with others, happiness increases manifold, and sadness diminishes like a dream! At some point, you too will become a part of someone’s crucial moment. In those times, knowing how to speak or write Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi and other holiday messages in Hindi really brings two people closer.

Moreover, special moments in the form of significant life events in India offers us a great chance to improve Hindi language skills and discover a warm way of communicating with native Hindi speakers. You can grab these opportunities to share expressions like “Wish you a very happy birthday,” in Hindi or “Happy anniversary,” and win people’s hearts with your best wishes in Hindi.

Engagement Ceremony

Apart from these cheerful holiday greetings in Hindi, learning the Hindi language also enables you to send sad life event messages, such as funeral messages. That’s why it’s essential to read about these special situations and learn what to say on such occasions.

2. Wishing a Happy Birthday in Hindi

Happy Birthday

There’s nothing more precious than the day you were born. So, we’ll begin our lesson with Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi. In India, milestones such as the first birthday of a child, or the fiftieth birthday of an adult, are celebrated in a grand way.

But those instances are rare. More often than not, birthdays are either a private event with just family members and close friends, though they can be quite large and impressive.

Indians are emotional and sensitive when it comes to their birthdays. And honestly, who isn’t! If you have a few native friends and know how to wish them Happy Birthday in Hindi, it would mean a lot to them.

There are various ways to say “Wish you a happy birthday,” in Hindi. If we want to break it down, “birthday” is जन्मदिन (jaNmaDiN) and “anniversary” is सालगिरह (SaaLagirah). The English words “happy” and “best wishes” are interchangeable phrases with the same meaning in Hindi: शुभ कामनाएं (subh kaamaNaayen).

Below, we’ve covered the most common styles of sharing Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi.

  • जन्मदिन की बहुत सारी बधाई। (jaNmaDiN kii bahuT Saarii baDHaaii.)
    “Many many happy returns of the day.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • सालगिरह मुबारक हो। (SaaLagirah mubaarak ho.)
    “Happy birthday.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

There may be some instances when personal engagements keep you busy and you forget to wish the person on time. In such cases, here’s a way to send your good wishes:

  • देर से बधाई के लिए माफ़ करना। जन्मदिन मुबारक हो। (Der Se baDHaaii ke Liye maaf karaNaa. jaNmaDiN mubaarak ho.)
    “Sorry for the late congratulations. Belated happy birthday.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

3. Holiday Wishes in Hindi

Basic Questions

Every country has its own unique set of festivals and local celebrations. These may be religious, social, or national occasions. Being in a country like India, you’ll hardly have a dull moment because there are several kinds of Indian festivities happening all year long.

Now that you’ve already mastered how to send Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi, we’ll help you explore the traditional holiday greetings in Hindi.

1- Happy New Year Greetings in Hindi

The culture of wishing a happy new year to your loved ones is as popular in India as anywhere else in the world. To quench your curiosity, let’s begin this chunk about holiday greetings in Hindi with learning how to wish a Happy New Year in Hindi.

Happy New Year Wishes

Sending Happy New Year best wishes in Hindi is quite simple. And honestly, there’s no single way to say it.

  • The most widespread fashion to wish a Happy New Year in Hindi is नया साल मुबारक हो (Nayaa SaaL mubaarak ho), which translates to “Wish you a happy new year.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • People also send Happy New Year greetings by saying and writing नए साल की शुभ कामनाएँ (Naye SaaL kii subh kaamaNaayen), which translates to “Best wishes on the new year!”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • Many folks prefer to send happy New Year wishes by saying नवीन हिन्दू वर्ष की बधाई (NaviiN hiNDuu vars kii baDHaaii), or “Greetings of the Hindu New Year.”
    Written in a formal manner.

2- How to Say Merry Christmas in Hindi

Christmas is called बड़ा दिन (badaa DiN) in Hindi, though it’s also known by its English name, that is क्रिसमस (kriSamaS). There are two common ways to say Merry Christmas in Hindi.

  • क्रिसमस की ढेर सारी बधाई। (kriSamaS kii dher Saarii baDHaaii.)
    “Merry Christmas”.
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

This is also one of the most popular and simplest styles of sending Merry Christmas wishes in Hindi SMS.

Christmas Celebrations

  • बड़ा दिन मुबारक हो। (badaa DiN mubaarak ho.)
    “Merry Christmas.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

Now that you’ve learned how to say Merry Christmas in Hindi, let’s switch to some other special occasions.

3- Happy Valentine’s Day in Hindi

Before we explore the Hindi phrase for Valentine’s Day, do you know about Friendship Day?

The term “friendship” can be translated into many forms in the language. Some of the appropriate words are दोस्ती (DoSTii) and मित्रता (miTraTaa).

And to say Happy Friendship Day in Hindi, that would be मित्रता दिवस (miTraTaa DivaS).

For writing in a formal manner, the phrase would be:

  • मित्रता दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं। (miTraTaa DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    “Happy Friendship Day.”

As far as Valentine’s Day is concerned, there’s no colloquial word for that. Even in Hindi, the name is written and spoken as वैलेंटाइन्स डे (vaiLeNtaaiNS de).

4- Happy Independence Day in Hindi

India got its independence from British rule on August 15, 1947. Thus, this date is known as Independence Day. The national holiday is celebrated every year on August 15, and all schools, colleges, and offices remain closed on this day.

Indians pay their tribute to freedom fighters and remind each other of their sacrifices by generously sharing Happy Independence Day messages in Hindi.

The literal translation of “Independence Day” is स्वतंत्रता दिवस (SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS), while “independence” or “freedom” is colloquially known as आज़ादी (aazaaDii).

So, if you’re in India and wish to be a part of this patriotic feeling that Indians share, there’s no better way to do it than by sending them Happy Independence Day messages in Hindi.

India's Independence Day

Here’s a great one you can use:

  • आप सभी को स्वतंत्रता दिवस की हार्दिक शुभ कामनाएं। (aap Sabhii ko SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS kii haarDik subh kaamNaayen.)
    “Wish you all a Happy Independence Day.”
    Spoken and written formally.

So, next time you’re in India, how would you like to share the Happy Independence messages in Hindi?

It’s time to check out some other major festival messages in Hindi!

5- Mother’s and Father’s Day in Hindi

The closest people in your family are your mother and father. And this is a deep enough reason to celebrate Mother’s Day and Father’s Day once a year.

  • “Happy Mother’s Day” in Hindi is मातृ दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं (maaTri DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    Written in a formal manner.
  • “Happy Father’s Day” in Hindi is पितृ दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं (piTri DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    Written in a formal manner.

6- Indian Festival Holiday Wishes in Hindi

As we mentioned above, in this cultural land of countless festivities, a heavy exchange of holiday messages in Hindi is bound to happen. There are many local festivals that you just can’t miss!

Below, you’ll find a few examples of how to share best wishes during festivals like Eid, Holi, and Diwali. Let’s check these top holiday wishes in Hindi.

Eid Wishes

  • ईद मुबारक! (iiD mubaarak)
    “Happy Eid”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

Eid is a religious festival of Muslims which is celebrated after following a strict month-long fast known as Ramzan.

  • बुरा न मानो होली है! (buraa Na maaNo hoLii hai!)
    “Don’t mind, it’s Holi!”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

Holi is a festival of colors. Although it’s mainly a Hindu festival, on this day, people of all religions come together and throw colors on each other.

  • शुभ दीपावली (subh DiipaavaLii)
    “Happy Diwali”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

Another Hindu festival, Diwali is better known as the Festival of Lights. Lighting diyaa, candles, and fire crackers is the most prominent characteristic of the celebration.

4. Baby Shower Messages in Hindi & Baby Birth Wishes

Pregnancy and birth are not only considered magical, but are also auspicious events in India. By this, one can only imagine the extent of excitement and countless rituals to welcome the baby while appreciating the whole experience of motherhood.

Mother Holding a Baby

You, too, may have colleagues and friends who are about to start their family and have a baby. Don’t fall behind in sending the couple your baby shower messages and other apt best wishes in Hindi.

  • हमारे बीच एक नन्हा मेहमान आने वाला है। (hamaare biic ek NaNhaa mehamaaN aaNe vaaLaa hai.)
    “We’re going to have a baby soon.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • गोद भराई की ख़ूब सारी बधाइयां। (goD bharaaii kii khuub Saarii baDHaaiyaan.)
    “Congratulations on the baby shower ceremony.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • नयी संतान को ढेर सारा प्यार और आशीर्वाद। (Nayii SaNTaaN ko dher Saaraa pyaar aur aasirvaaD.)
    “Lots of love and blessings to the newborn baby.”
    Spoken in a formal manner; usually used by elders.

What’s more? Once the loved ones become parents, you can also wish them “Happy Mother’s Day” in Hindi as described in the above section!

5. Getting a Graduation Degree

Talking about Age

Everyone knows the ups and downs one must go through to finally hold that graduation degree in their hands. Undoubtedly, it’s one of the most crucial phases in a student’s life. A simple congratulations message in Hindi can go a long way toward showing the graduate how proud you are!

Whether it’s your friend, neighbor, or a friend’s kid, take pleasure and pride in their achievements while encouraging them with your best graduation messages in Hindi.

  • ख़ूब मेहनत करो और ऐसे ही उन्नति करो। (khuub mehaNaT karo aur aiSe hii uNNaTi karo.)
    “Work hard and keep accomplishing in life.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • सफलता तुम्हारे क़दम चूमे। (SaphaLTaa Tumhaare qaDam cuume.)
    “May success always be on your side.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • भगवान करे तुम ख़ूब नाम कमाओ। (bhagavaaN kare Tum khuub Naam kamaao.)
    “May God help you achieve success and fame.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

6. On Grabbing a New Job / Promotion

In this age of cut-throat competition, finding a job or getting a promotion are not light events. Pamper your loved ones and colleagues with these amazing messages on their career milestones.

Congratulating on a New Job

  • आपकी सफलता पर हम सब को नाज़ है। (aapakii SaphaLTaa par ham Sab ko Naaz hai.)
    “We’re all so proud of your success.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • नयी नौकरी पर हमारी तहे-दिल से मुबारकबाद। (Nayii Naukrii par hamaarii Tahe-DiL Se mubaarakabaaD.)
    “Our best wishes on your new job.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • आपको उज्जवल भविष्य की शुभ कामनाएं। (aapko ujjavaL bhavisya kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    “We wish you the best for a bright future.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

7. For the Retirement Party

Retirement doesn’t go down well with all of us. It’s a turn of events that seems relieving at the surface, but somehow can make people feel helpless and depressed.

In these moments, a beautiful message, powerful words filled with love and empathy, can transform someone’s transition phase into something less painful and more exciting.

So, next time you come across a friend, or their parents, who are retiring soon, boost their morale with these simple yet rejuvenating phrases!

  • आपके जीवन की दूसरी पारी की धमाकेदार शुरुआत हो! (aapake jiivaN kii DuuSarii paarii kii DHamaakeDaar suruaaT ho!)
    “Have a blasting second inning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
    *Here the phrase “blasting second inning” means the second fresh phase of life after retirement. In this case, the first inning refers to the professional work life of the person.
  • अब ज़िन्दगी को और खुल के जियें। (ab ziNDagii ko aur khuL ke jiyen.)
    “May you have an even fuller and better life now.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • आनंदमयी और चिंतामुक्त जीवन मुबारक हो। (aaNaNDamayii aur ciNTaamukT jiivaN mubaarak ho.)
    “Congratulations on a pleasant and carefree beginning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

8. The Occasion of Marriage

Marriage Proposal

Enough has already been said about the grand event marriage is. But Indians take it to a higher level. To them, it’s a bonding of souls, a pious relationship that just can’t be defied.

Whenever you’re invited to an Indian wedding ceremony or marriage anniversary, sweep the couple off their feet with your heartfelt and lovely Hindi wedding congratulations!

  • आपके दांपत्य जीवन में खुशियां बनी रहें। (aapake DaampaTya jiivaN men khusiyaan baNii rahen.)
    “Wish you a happy married life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • शुभ विवाह। आपकी जोड़ी सलामत रहे। (subh vivaah. aapakii jodii SaLaamaT rahe.)
    “Happy wedding. May you always be together.”
    Written in a formal manner.

There are many other ways to wish the couple well, such as the one below.

  • आपके शादीशुदा जीवन की शुरुआत पर हमारी शुभ कामनाएं। (aapake saaDii-suDaa jiivaN kii suruaaT par hamaarii subh kaamaNaayen.)
    “Our best wishes on the new beginning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • आप दोनों का प्यार सदा ऐसे ही बना रहे। (aap DoNon kaa pyaar SaDaa aiSe hii baNaa rahe.)
    “May you forever remain in love with each other.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

This is another cute and subtle style of passing on your Happy Wedding Anniversary message in Hindi.

9. Condolences in Hindi: Someone’s Death / Funeral

Just like any other part of the world, India too has its own share of rituals and rites performed on the death of a person. If you happen to be present at any such tragic occasion, show your empathy and support for someone’s loss with these kind Hindi condolence messages.

  • भगवान उनकी आत्मा को शांति दे। (bhagavaaN uNakii aaTmaa ko saaNTi De.)
    “May God rest his soul.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • तुम्हारी याद हमेशा हमारे दिल में रहेगी। (Tumhaarii yaaD hamesaa hamaare DiL men rahegii.)
    “You’ll always be in our hearts.”
    Written in a formal manner.

Death Rituals

  • हम सब की तरफ़ से अश्रुपूरित श्रद्धांजलि। (ham Sab kii Taraf Se asru-puuriT sraDDHaaNjaLi.)
    “A heartfelt tribute from our side.”
    Written in a formal manner.

10. Dealing with Bad News

Life is so unpredictable. We never know what’s gonna happen tomorrow. Thus, going through any kind of emotional or physical loss is unavoidable. Here are a few phrases to help you express your grief when someone you know is going through a bad phase in life.

  • मुझे अफ़सोस है। (mujhe afaSoS hai.)
    “I’m sorry.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • सुनकर बहुत दुख हुआ। (SuNakar bahuT dukh huaa.)
    “So sorry to hear this.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • यह तो बहुत बुरा हुआ। (yah To bahuT buraa huaa.)
    “That’s really sad.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

11. On an Injury / Illness

When we fall sick, or have an accident that leaves us with an injury, all we want is a bit of care and affection. Whether it’s our colleague or a friend, every person deserves to hear something positive and feel cared for. A small gesture of concern can deepen your bond with the person and make him/her feel instantly better.

  • अपना ख़्याल रखना। (apaNaa khayaaL rakhaNaa.)
    “Take care.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • तबियत का ध्यान रखना। (TabiyaT kaa DHyaaN rakhaNaa.)
    “Take care of yourself / your health.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • जल्दी से ठीक हो जाओ। (jaLDii Se thiik ho jaao.)
    “Get well soon.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

HindiPod101.com

12. Experience an Endless Journey of Learning with Us

Enjoyed our article on life events and holiday messages in Hindi? Are there any messages or occasions you’re still having trouble with? Let us know in the comments!

This is just the tip of the iceberg, and we have so much more to share with you! Follow us at HindiPod101.com to practically experience the depth of knowledge and ceaseless learning of our latest and impeccable lesson materials.

Boost your Hindi language skills with our free Hindi-English dictionary. Learn in your own space and at your own pace. All it takes is less than a minute to download our super-smart mobile app and you’re good to go!

And while we’re at it, don’t forget to check out our amazing Hindi blog and complete Hindi vocabulary lists.

Happy Hindi learning!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

The Adjective in Hindi Grammar: 100 Adjectives in Hindi

Thumbnail

Storytelling is something Indians are best at. And that applies to the mundane day-to-day conversations as well. Once you get the sense of how Indian folks talk, you’ll notice that they abundantly use descriptive words in Hindi. The reason being, it adds lots of drama and spice to their chitchats. Thanks to the adjective description in Hindi, even the simplest of tittle-tattle is never dull. By learning adjectives in Hindi grammar, you can become a part of this too!

On a similar note, the local people are generously expressive, too. That’s why, if you wish to gel with them, a basic knowledge of common Hindi adjectives can transform your speech and make you sound like a native. Learning the proper use of Hindi adjectives is easier than you may imagine, and HindiPod101 aims to make its Hindi adjectives lessons fun and simple! So, let’s get going.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Adjectives in Hindi

  1. Definition of Adjective & Meaning in Hindi
  2. Examples of Adjective Sentences in Hindi
  3. Types of Adjective in Hindi Grammar
  4. How to Use Masculine and Feminine Adjectives
  5. Adjective Words List in Hindi
  6. Widen Your Hindi Learning Scope with HindiPod101

1. Definition of Adjective & Meaning in Hindi

Most Common Adjectives

First things first. Let’s start with the adjective definition, and examples in Hindi.

An adjective is a word that describes the quality of a noun. In Hindi, it is known as विशेषण (visesan).

Before we set out to learn Hindi adjectives & their examples, it’s important to study the correct process of using these common Hindi adjectives.

2. Examples of Adjective Sentences in Hindi

Improve Pronunciation

In English, we place the adjective first, which is then followed by the noun in a sentence. For instance, “tasty fruit” (adjective + noun).

But when this same phrase is put into a proper sentence, the noun and adjective change their positions while the helping verb comes in between: “The fruit is tasty,” (noun + be verb + adjective).

However, in the following Hindi adjectives examples, this process is a little different than how it is in English.

In Hindi grammar, adjectives precede the noun in phrases.

For instance,

  • नीला आकाश (NiiLaa aakaas) = “blue sky” [adjective + noun]
  • And छोटा कमरा (chotaa kamaraa) = “small room” [adjective + noun]

In case of a complete sentence though, the adjective and noun change places but there’s no helping verb in the middle. Instead, the “be” verb comes at the end of the sentence.

For instance:

  • खाना (noun) गरम (adjective) है। (khaaNaa garam hai.) = “The food is warm.”
  • And यह बग़ीचा (noun) सुन्दर (adjective) है। (yah bagiicaa SuNDar hai.) = “This garden is beautiful.”

The difference between adjectives and adverbs is that an adjective tells the quality of a noun, whereas an adverb describes the quality of the verb. Understanding this crucial difference between adjectives and adverbs will save you from so much potential confusion and also sharpen your language skills.

3. Types of Adjective in Hindi Grammar

Reading

In order to learn Hindi adjectives more effectively, one must study and thoroughly explore the four types of adjectives in Hindi.

1- Qualitative Adjectives

As the name suggests, this group of words comprises of the adjective of quality in Hindi. These qualitative adjectives can describe the following:

Example:

    ऊपर (uupar) vs. नीचे (Niice) = “up vs. down”

    अमीर (amiir) vs. ग़रीब (ġariib) = “rich vs. poor”

2- Quantitative Adjectives

These tells us about the definite and indefinite quantity of nouns.

Example:

    दो दर्जन केले (Do DarjaN keLe) = “Two dozen bananas”

    कई तारे (kaii Taare) = “Many stars”

3- Numeral Adjectives

It will be much quicker to learn Hindi adjectives in this category if you’ve already gone through our article on Hindi Counting. Basically, these types of adjectives point to the specific number of nouns.

Example:

    चार कमरे (caar kamare) = “Four rooms”

    पचास फूल (pacaaS phuuL) = “Fifty flowers”

4- Demonstrative Adjectives

These descriptive words in Hindi stand for pronouns that show their relationship with a particular noun.

Example:

    मेरी कलम (merii kaLam) = “My pen”

    उसकी किताब (uSakii kiTaab) = “His / her book”

4. How to Use Masculine and Feminine Adjectives

Now that you’re well aware of the adjective definition and examples in Hindi, there’s another significant point that’s worth mentioning.

Hindi is a language in which nouns are basically divided into masculine and feminine genders. So, when the need arises to convert a noun to an adjective in Hindi, it has to be done gender-wise too. And we’re going to share with you the best and most useful tip here.

1- Masculine Adjectives

For adjectives referring to masculine nouns, the adjective description in Hindi usually ends with the sound aa.

Such as:

    लंबा आदमी (Lambaa aaDamii) = “A tall man”

    स्ता फल (SaSTaa phaL) = “Cheap fruit”

    नीला आसमान (NiiLaa aaSamaaN) = “Blue sky”

2- Feminine Adjectives

For adjectives referring to feminine nouns, the adjective description in Hindi usually ends with the sound ii.

Such as:

    लंबी औरत (Lambii auraT) = “A tall woman”

    स्ती सब्ज़ी (SaSTii Sabzii) = “Cheap vegetable”

    नीली किताब (NiiLii kiTaab) = “Blue book”

3- Gender-neutral Adjectives

For adjectives referring to gender-neutral nouns, the descriptive words in Hindi usually end with the sound “-a”. Nonetheless, there can be exceptions.

Examples:

    ईमानदा (iimaaNaDaar) आदमी (aaDamii) / औरत (auraT) = “An honest man / woman”

    सुंद (SuNDar) लड़की (Ladkii) / लड़का (Ladkaa) = “A beautiful boy / girl”

5. Adjective Words List in Hindi

1- Describing Dimensions, Distance, and Frequency

We’ve brought you the most commonly used adjectives in Hindi to make learning a piece of cake for you. Let’s start with these adjectives, which tells us about the shape, size, and frequency of a noun.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
छोटा (chotaa)
vs
बड़ा (badaa)
“Small”
vs
“Big”
एक छोटा कमरा (ek chotaa kamaraa)
vs
एक बड़ा हाथी (ek badaa haaTHii)
“One small room”
vs
“One big elephant”
पतला (paTaLaa)
vs
चौड़ा (caudaa)
“Narrow”
vs
“Wide”
पतली गली (paTaLii gaLii)
vs
चौड़ी सड़क (caudii Sadak)
“A narrow lane”
vs
“A wide road”
लंबा (Lambaa)
vs
नाटा (Naataa)
“Tall”
vs
“Short”
लंबा लड़का (Lambaa Ladakaa)
vs
नाटा आदमी (Naataa aaDamii)
“A tall boy”
vs
“A short man”
भारी (bhaarii)
vs
हल्का (haLkaa)
“Heavy”
vs
“Light”
भारी पत्थर (bhaarii paTTHar)
vs
हल्का झोला (haLkaa jhoLaa)
“A heavy stone”
vs
“A light bag”
ऊँचा (uuncaa)
vs
नीचा (Niicaa)
“High”
vs
“Low”
ऊँचा पहाड़ (uuncaa pahaad)
vs
नीची पहाड़ी (Niicii pahaadii)
“A high mountain”
vs
“A low hill”
दूर (Duur)
vs
पास (paaS)
“Far”
vs
“Near”
दूर का मंदिर (Duur kaa maNDir)
vs
पास का ढाबा (paaS kaa dhaabaa)
“Far away temple”
vs
“Nearby eatery”
कम (kam) / थोड़ा (THodaa)
vs
ज़्यादा (zyaaDaa)
“Little”
vs
“More”
कम / थोड़ा भोजन (kam / THodaa bhojaN)
vs
ज़्यादा पानी (zyaaDaa paaNii)
“Little food”
vs
“More water”
कुछ (kuch)
vs
कई (kaii)
“Few”
vs
“Many”
कुछ सिक्के (kuch Sikke)
vs
कई किताबें (kaii kiTaaben)
“A few coins”
vs
“Many books”

2- Describing Values

Below you’ll find a list of basic Hindi adjectives to express the value of a noun.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
अच्छा (acchaa)
vs
बुरा (buraa)
“Good”
vs
“Bad”
अच्छा दोस्त (acchaa DoST)
vs
बुरी आदत (burii aaDaT)
“A good friend”
vs
“A bad habit”
बेहतरीन (behaTariiN)
vs
ख़राब (kharaab)
“Exceptional”
vs
“Awful”
बेहतरीन संगीत (behaTariiN SangiiT)
vs
ख़राब लिखावट (kharaab Likhaavat)
“Exceptional music”
vs
“Awful handwriting”
सस्ता (SaSTaa)
vs
महँगा (mahangaa)
“Cheap”
vs
“Expensive”
सस्ता खिलौना
(SaSTaa khiLauNaa)
vs
महँगा मकान (mahangaa makaaN)
“Cheap toy”
vs
“Expensive house”
असली (aSaLii)
vs
नक़ली (NaqaLii)
“Original”
vs
“Fake”
असली हीरा (aSaLii hiiraa)
vs
नक़ली चित्र (NaqaLii ciTr)
“Original diamond”
vs
“Fake painting”

3- Describing Feeling & Sense

This sub-category consists of adjective words in Hindi that tell us about the different feelings and sensations related to, but not confined to, physical touch.

Chilled Lemonade

For more comprehensive learning, you can also check out our adjective list with Hindi meanings here.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ठंडा (thaNdaa)
vs
गरम (garam)
“Chilled”
vs
“Hot”
ठंडी शिकंजी (thaNdii sikaNjii)
vs
गरम सूप (garam Suup)
“Chilled lemonade”
vs
“Hot soup”
गुनगुना (guNaguNaa)
vs
जमी हुई (jamii huyii)
“Lukewarm”
vs
“Frozen”
गुनगुना पानी (guNaguNaa paaNii)
vs
जमी हुई कुल्फ़ी (jamii huyii kuLfii)
“Lukewarm water”
vs
“Frozen ice cream”
कोमल (komaL)
vs
कठोर (kathor)
“Delicate”
vs
“Tough”
कोमल पंख (komaL pankh)
vs
कठोर स्वभाव
(kathor Svabhaav)
“Delicate feather”
vs
“Tough nature”
दर्दनाक (DarDaNaak) “Painful” दर्दनाक हादसा
(DarDaNaak haaDaSaa)
“Painful incident”

Delicate Flower

4- Describing Human Behaviors and Feelings

This subheading covers the Hindi adjectives that describe people’s behaviors and emotions. These basic Hindi adjectives can help you talk about anyone and everyone!

Adjectives for Expressions

1) Positive Personality Traits in Hindi

First we’ll begin with words for positive personality traits in Hindi. Do you know any Hindi adjectives for “beautiful?” The adjectives for “beautiful” in Hindi are ख़ूबसूरत (khuubaSuuraT) and सुंदर (SuNDar).

Check out this amazing Hindi adjectives list and find out the most suitable personality word for yourself!

Positive Adjectives English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
दयालु (DayaaLu) “Kind” दयालु राजा (DayaaLu raajaa) “Kind ruler”
ख़ुशमिज़ाज (khusamizaaj) “Jolly” ख़ुशमिज़ाज दोस्त (khusamizaaj DoST) “Jolly friend”
शांत (saaNT) “Quiet” शांत लड़की (saaNT Ladakii) “Quiet girl”
उदार (uDaar) “Generous” उदार व्यक्ति (uDaar vyakTi) “Generous person”
ईमानदार (iimaaNaDaar) “Honest” ईमानदार दुकानदार (iimaaNaDaar DukaaNaDaar) “Honest shopkeeper”
भरोसेमंद (bharoSemaND) “Trustworthy” भरोसेमंद नौकर
(bharoSemaND Naukar)
“Trustworthy servant”

2) Negative Adjective Words List in Hindi

Below is a collection of some negative adjective words in Hindi. Feel free to explore our special lesson material on personality adjectives, too!

Negative Adjectives English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ग़ुस्सैल (ġuSSaiL) “Angry” ग़ुस्सैल अध्यापक (ġuSSaiL aDHyaapak) “Angry teacher”
बातूनी (baaTuuNii) “Talkative” बातूनी विद्यार्थी (baaTuuNii viDyaarTHii) “Talkative student”
उदास (uDaaS) “Sad” उदास बच्चा (uDaaS baccaa) “Sad kid”
शैतान (saiTaaN) “Naughty” शैतान लड़के (saiTaaN Ladake) “Naughty boys”
चालाक (caaLaak) “Clever” चालाक लोमड़ी (caaLaak Lomadii) “Clever fox”
मूर्ख (muurkh) “Dumb” मूर्ख अधिकारी (muurkh aDHikaarii) “Dumb officer”
चुग़लख़ोर (cuġaLakhor) “Sneaky” चुग़लख़ोर पड़ोसी (cuġaLakhor padoSii) “Sneaky neighbor”
निर्दयी (NirDayii) “Cruel” निर्दयी राजा (NirDayii raajaa) “Cruel king”
कंजूस (kaNjuuS) “Miserly” कंजूस आदमी
(kaNjuuS aaDamii)
“Miserly man”

5- Describing Levels of Pace & Importance

The difference between adjectives and adverbs in Hindi is tricky. To avoid getting confused with the adverbs, you must pay close attention to these Hindi adjectives examples, which describe the speed and other qualities of nouns.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
तेज़ (Tez)
vs
धीमा (DHiimaa)
“Fast”
vs
“Slow”
तेज़ ख़रगोश
(Tez kharagos)
vs
धीमा कछुआ
(DHiimaa kachuaa)
“Fast rabbit”
vs
“Slow tortoise”
आसान (aaSaaN)
vs
मुश्किल (muskiL)
“Easy”
vs
“Difficult”
आसान सवाल (aaSaaN SavaaL)
vs
मुश्किल पहेली (muskiL paheLii)
“Easy question”
vs
“Difficult riddle”
ज़रूरी (zaruurii)
vs
मामूली (maamuuLii)

“Important”
vs
“Ordinary”
ज़रूरी बैठक (zaruurii baithak)
vs
मामूली काम (maamuuLii kaam)
“Important meeting”
vs
“Ordinary task”

6- Describing Appearance

1) Shades and Colors

Do you love to talk about colors? Learn the color names and pour your heart out with these mind blowing describing words in Hindi.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
गहरा (gaharaa)
vs
हल्का (haLkaa)
“Deep” / “Dark”
vs
“Light”
गहरी पीली दीवार (gaharii piiLii Diivaar)
vs
हल्का बैंगनी फूल (haLkaa baingaNii phuuL)
“Deep yellow wall”
vs
“Light purple flower”
चटख़ (catakh)
vs
फ़ीका (fiikaa)
“Bright”
vs
“Dull”
चटख़ लाल साड़ी (catakh LaaL Saadii)
vs
फ़ीका लाल कपड़ा (fiikaa LaaL kapadaa)
“Bright red saree”
vs
“Dull red cloth”
काला (kaaLaa)
vs
सफ़ेद (SafeD)
“Black”
vs
“White”
काला मोती (kaLaa moTii)
vs
सफ़ेद बादल (SafeD baaDaL)
“Black pearl”
vs
“White clouds”
लाल (LaaL) “Red” लाल टमाटर (LaaL tamaatar) “Red tomato”
गुलाबी (guLaabii) “Pink” गुलाबी कमल (guLaabii kamaL) “Pink lotus”
हरा (haraa) “Green” हरी धनिया पत्ती (harii DHaNiyaa paTTii) “Green coriander leaves”
नीला (NiiLaa) “Blue” नीला आसमान (NiiLaa aaSamaaN) “Blue sky”
नारंगी (Naarangii) “Orange” नारंगी क़मीज़ (Naarangii qamiiz) “Orange shirt”
पीला (piiLaa) “Yellow” पीला धागा (piiLaa DHaagaa) “Yellow thread”
भूरा (bhuuraa) “Brown” भूरी बिल्ली (bhuurii biLLii) “Brown cat”

Bright Red Saree

2) Describing Various Shapes & Textures

This list of adjectives in Hindi will give you a greater edge while describing specific shapes or textures. Have a look and practice using them in sentences.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
गोल (goL) “Round” गोल तश्तरी (goL TasTarii) “One round saucer”
चौकोर (caukor) “Square” चौकोर मेज़ (caukor mez) “Square table”
तिकोना (TikoNaa) “Triangular” तिकोना पिरामिड (TikoNaa piraamid) “Triangular pyramid”
नुकीला (NukiiLaa) “Pointed” नुकीला सामान (NukiiLaa SaamaaN) “Pointed thing”
धारदार (DHaaraDaar) “Sharp” धारदार चाकू (DHaaraDaar caakuu) “Sharp knife”
चिकना (cikaNaa) “Smooth” चिकना पत्थर (cikaNaa paTTHar) “Smooth stone”

7- Describing Weather Conditions

Do you often struggle to find that perfect weather adjective in Hindi? Look no further! Not only have we got you covered on the adjectives, but we’ve also got a whole new lesson for you on the Indian weather.

High Mountain

Adjective English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
चिलचिलाती (ciLaciLaaTii) “Scorching” चिलचिलाती गर्मी (ciLaciLaaTii garmii) “Scorching heat”
बर्फ़ीली (barfiiLii) “Freezing” बर्फ़ीली ठंडक (barfiiLii thaNdak) “Freezing cold”
उमस (umaS) “Humid” उमस भरी हवा (umaS bharii havaa) “Humid air”
सुहाना (SuhaaNaa) “Pleasant” सुहाना मौसम (SuhaaNaa mauSam) “Pleasant weather”

8- Describing Flavors and Taste

Honestly, this section is going to be every food-lover’s favorite. In this section, we’ll introduce you to the Hindi adjectives for food. And while you’re at it, wouldn’t it be fun to find out your favorite Indian food and spell it out in Hindi?

Hot Spices

Adjective English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
मीठा (miithaa) “Sweet” मीठा हलवा (miithaa haLavaa) “Sweet Halva”
नमकीन (NamakiiN) “Salted” नमकीन पराठा (NamakiiN paraathaa) “Salted flatbread”
तीखा (tiikhaa) “Hot” तीखी मिर्च (tiikhii mirc) “Hot pepper”
खट्टा (khattaa) “Sour” खट्टा नींबू (khattaa Niimbuu) “Sour lemon”
कड़वा (kadavaa) “Bitter” कड़वा करेला (kadavaa kareLaa) “Bitter gourd”
चटपटा (catapataa) “Spicy” चटपटी सब्ज़ी (catapatii Sabzii) “Spicy curry”
उबला (ubaLaa) “Boiled” उबली दाल (ubaLii DaaL) “Boiled pulses”
सादा (SaaDaa) “Bland” सादा खाना (SaaDaa khaaNaa) “Bland food”
स्वादिष्ट (SvaaDist) “Delicious” स्वादिष्ट मक्खन (SvaaDist makkhaN) “Delicious butter”

9- Describing a Situation

Whether you’re looking for any funny Hindi adjectives or serious ones, here are some of the key phrases that may come in handy when you have to describe a situation.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ख़तरनाक (khaTaraNaak)
vs
सुरक्षित (SuraksiT)
“Dangerous”
vs
“Safe”
ख़तरनाक खेल (khaTaraNaak kheL)
vs
सुरक्षित रास्ता (SuraksiT raaSTaa)
“Dangerous game”
vs
“Safe path”
मज़ेदार (mazeDaar)
vs
उबाऊ (ubaauu)
“Interesting”
vs
“Boring”
मज़ेदार कहानी (mazeDaar kahaaNii)
vs
उबाऊ नाटक (ubaauu Naatak)
“Interesting story”
vs
“Boring play”

10- Describing Physical Traits & Conditions

Sick Child

Now let’s move forward and start learning Hindi adjectives for physical traits and conditions.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
जवान (javaaN)
vs
बूढ़ा (buudhaa)
“Young”
vs
“Old”
जवान विद्यार्थी (javaaN viDyaarTHii)
vs
बूढ़ा मज़दूर (buudhaa mazaDuur)
“Young student”
vs
“Old laborer”
मज़बूत (mazabuuT)
vs
कमज़ोर (kamazor)
“Strong”
vs
“Weak”
मज़बूत शरीर (mazabuuT sariir)
vs
कमज़ोर बच्चा (kamazor baccaa)
“Strong body”
vs
“Weak child”
बीमार (biimaar)
vs
स्वस्थ (SvaSTH)
“Sick”
vs
“Healthy”
बीमार औरत (biimaar auraT)
vs
स्वस्थ बेटी (SvaSTH betii)
“Sick woman”
vs
“Healthy daughter”

11- Describing Appearances & Conditions

Here are more specific words for describing appearance and condition. The more you practice using them in daily conversations, the better your Hindi language skills will become.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ख़ूबसूरत (khuubaSuuraT)
vs
बदसूरत (baDaSuuraT)
“Pretty”
vs
“Ugly”
ख़ूबसूरत चेहरा (khuubaSuuraT caharaa)
vs
बदसूरत तस्वीर (baDaSuuraT TaSviir)
“Pretty face”
vs
“Ugly painting”
अमीर (amiir)
vs
ग़रीब (ġariib)
“Rich”
vs
“Poor”
अमीर परिवार (amiir parivaar)
vs
ग़रीब किसान (ġariib kiSaaN)
“Rich family”
vs
“Poor farmer”
मोटा (motaa)
vs
दुबला-पतला (DubaLaa-paTaLaa)
“Fat”
vs
“Thin”
मोटा आदमी (motaa aaDamii)
vs
दुबला लड़का (DubaLaa Ladakaa)
“Fat man”
vs
“Thin boy”

6. Widen Your Hindi Learning Scope with HindiPod101

We’ve finally come to the end of this article. We hope you’ve enjoyed our lesson so far. What are some of your favorite Hindi adjectives? Did we miss any good Hindi adjectives that you still want to learn? Let us know in the comments!

When you’re with us, Hindi language-learning has no limits. All you need to do is sign up at our HindiPod101.com homepage and dive into the endless ocean of our Hindi lesson library and free Hindi vocabulary lists!

Even if you’re out most of the time, you can catch up with us on the go, thanks to our easy-to-download mobile application. And our “MyTeacher” messenger can also be there to help you out anytime, anywhere. So, what are you waiting for? Punch in your favorite word in our free Hindi dictionary and get started!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Adjectives in Hindi

Master Hindi with the 10 Best Hindi Shows on Netflix India

Thumbnail

Netflix India has been attracting viewers from all over the world. It’s safe to say that a global audience that gets to watch some of the best Hindi shows on Netflix, and at various levels, feels like a close-knit family that longs for quality entertainment.

But what on earth has Netflix India got to do with our Hindi language learning course? Well, a lot. In this article, HindPod101.com brings you the ten most elegant Netflix India shows in Hindi to binge on. We’ll also shed some light on reasons why these Netflix India shows stand out from conventional TV programs in Hindi.

Along with that, we’ll share simple and doable tips for learning Hindi on Netflix and how you can achieve the most while enjoying these Netflix shows in Hindi.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Table of Contents

  1. Why Choose Netflix Shows in Hindi?
  2. The Stepping Stones to Netflix India
  3. How to Learn Smartly with Netflix India
  4. Netflix Hindi Shows List: Best Hindi TV Shows on Netflix
  5. Touch a New Level with HindiPod101.com

1. Why Choose Netflix Shows in Hindi?

Best Ways to Learn

To begin with, Netflix Hindi shows are imbued with entirely fresh content. Most of the Netflix shows in Hindi have unique storylines, brilliant actors, and quite a realistic appeal. Honestly, all this has been missing from recent Hindi TV shows, which more often than not revolve around typical, spineless family dramas.

Some of the best Hindi shows on Netflix are reflections of bold and beautiful creative experiments which cater to the masses as well as more specific audiences looking for meaningful and quality entertainment.

Unlike traditional Hindi movies which end in just two or three hours, a Hindi Netflix series goes on with many episodes and upcoming seasons. In this length of time, the learner can better connect with the storyline and its characters.

In the process of watching Netflix India shows in Hindi, you’ll hear some words being repeated many a time. And that’s a great way to memorize and practice Hindi words along with their meanings.

2. The Stepping Stones to Netflix India

Improve Pronunciation

Even if you’re new to it, watching a Hindi Netflix series should be a piece of cake. All you need to do is create a Hindi Netflix account. One can either enjoy Hindi Netflix India on a desktop/laptop or choose to download the Hindi Netflix app for better access.

The process of downloading the app for Netflix hardly takes a minute or two. Don’t worry about Netflix’s price yet, as it’s quite budget-friendly. On top of that, the first month comes with a free trial. That means you don’t have to spend a penny until you’re convinced about watching Netflix Hindi shows after those thirty days.

All English & Hindi series on Netflix are categorized into various genres. This especially helps the viewer to instantly pick a favorite mood and start watching the best Hindi shows on Netflix without getting lost in the vast collection of Netflix.

So, does Netflix have Hindi TV shows? Yes, enough to satiate your binging appetite. Our Netflix Hindi shows list offers some of the most prominent choices, including Hindi dramas, comedies, short films, and even cartoons.

Now that you’ve got a better idea about Netflix India, let’s study some practical ways to learn Hindi quickly while exploring a whole new world on the Hindi Netflix app!

3. How to Learn Smartly with Netflix India

Movie Genres

So, how can you actually learn Hindi watching Hindi Netflix series?

As we already shared above, the dialogue in the latest Netflix India shows are in Hindi, portraying real-life tones and dialects. That means you’ll be spared bookish vocabulary, which hardly helps you in real life and feels out of place during an informal conversation.

For a beginner, the best thing about these shows on Netflix is that you can pick the playback speed according to what you’re most comfortable with. The second fantastic factor is that the subtitles are provided in multiple languages. So, when you feel confused, refer to the subtitles in English for a better understanding of what’s going on in the scene right now!

Every Hindi Netflix series is worth your time. You’ll enjoy these Hindi TV shows on Netflix for many reasons, including language-learning. Hindi shows on Netflix can be beneficial because the conversational nature of Hindi dialogue teaches several useful everyday words. Furthermore, you’ll pick up local tones instead of the formal ones, which aren’t so helpful in day-to-day life.

Apart from that, each Hindi-speaking state in India has a unique Hindi dialect. For instance, the Hindi dialect in Mumbai is quite unlike that of Uttar Pradesh. So, you also get to learn that subtle difference based on the location picturized in the Netflix Hindi series.

4. Netflix Hindi Shows List: Best Hindi TV Shows on Netflix

Coming to the most important segment of this article, here’s the Netflix Hindi TV shows list for you!

1- Sacred Games (2018 )

The first series we recommend on our Netflix Hindi shows list is Sacred Games. It has an English title which can have multiple Hindi translations, all converging to the same meaning: “a virtuous fight.”

1. About the Show

Star-studded with promising actors such as Radhika Apte, Nawazuddin Siddiqui, and Saif Ali Khan, Sacred Games is unarguably one of the best Hindi Netflix shows.

The plot revolves around an honest police officer and a member of the mafia in Mumbai city. Somehow, their paths cross, and the story reveals the possibility of a deadly blast planned to kill several people.

What does it take for an upright cop to stop that from happening? Why would a gangster disclose such a piece of information to him? How does the Mumbai police department react to the whole scenario?

Before you find out all the answers to this spellbinding Netflix show, warm up with the trailer first!

2. Dialect and Expressions

As the storyline of this Netflix Hindi crime series is specifically around Mumbai city, the dialogue is mostly in Mumbaiya dialect. The conversations going on in the show also carry a tinge of Punjabi culture as one of our main characters is a Punjabi man.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • शहर (sahar) “City”/ “Town”
  • ईमानदार (iimaaNaDaar) “Honest”
  • अपुन (apuN) “Me”
  • खेल (kheL) “Game”
  • साब (Saab) “Sir”

2- Yeh Meri Family (2018 )

With a remarkable IMDB rating of 9.4/10, this program definitely qualifies as one of the best shows on Indian Netflix. The Hindi title translates as “This is My Family” in English. Breaking it down, we get:

  • यह (yah) “This”
  • मेरी (merii) “My”
  • फ़ैमिली (faimiLii) “Family”

1. About the Show

Mona Singh (widely known for her role as Jassi in the TV show, ‎Jassi Jaissi Koi Nahin) plays the mother, and Vishesh Bansal (Dabbu) is her middle child. This refreshingly nostalgic show takes us to the 90s era straight away. The superb script does a great job of expressing the very relatable 90s kid struggles of many viewers. Who knows? It might bring back some sweet and sour memories from your own childhood!

2. Dialect and Expressions

The family life portrayed in this series is based in Jaipur (Rajasthan), which obviously paves way for the popular North Indian tone. Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • बच्चे (bacce) “Kids”
  • हमारा (hamaaraa) “Our”
  • परिवार (parivaar) “Family”
  • भैया (bhaiyaa) “Big Brother”
  • पढ़ाई (padhaaii) “Study”
  • खेलना (kheLaNaa) “To play”

3- Ghoul (2018 )

Anyone who has a taste for horror & thriller genres must add Ghoul to their Netflix Indian web series list. Written and directed by Patrick Graham, Ghoul is a powerful Netflix series to watch that’s crafted to leave you speechless.

1. About the Show

Actors like Radhika Apte, Manav Kaul, and Mahesh Balraj, surely create magic in this web series. Based on Arabian folklore, Ghoul is packed with drama, horror, suspense, and thrill at its best.

The story of this Hindi Netflix horror show is something like this: Military people catch hold of a strange criminal who happens to know some dark secrets about them. Their fear is further intensified when the criminal begins to exhibit paranormal behavior.

Feeling excited already? Well, watch the trailer above and immerse yourself in this impeccable high-quality drama.

2. Dialect and Expressions

The conversations are a blend of Hindi and Urdu words, as the plot is inspired by an Arabian folklore character. Needless to say, the sophisticated combination of both languages adds far more beauty and richness to the dialogue than either one alone.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • अब्बू (abbuu) “Father”
  • मदद (maDaD) “Help”
  • नाम (Naam) “Name”
  • उम्र (umr) “Age”
  • गुनाह (guNaah) “Sin”
  • गुनहगार (guNahagaar) “Criminal/Sinner”

4- Raja, Rasoi, Aur Anya Kahaniyaan (2014)

Nothing beats the joy of watching the relishing colors and flavors of different traditional cuisines. If you love to cook, eat, and talk about food all the time, then, Raja, Rasoi, Aur Anya Kahaniyaan stands out as the best Hindi series on Netflix for you!

1. About the Show

Raja, Rasoi, Aur Anya Kahaniyaan can be loosely translated as “King, Kitchen, and Other Stories.” The idea of this Netflix Hindi series is to explore and share the various regional aromas and delicacies of India with everyone.

2. Dialect and Expressions

Considering the affordable Netflix India price, it wouldn’t be wrong to call the show a free ticket into the Indian kitchen! Check out the best Indian cuisines on Raja, Rasoi, Aur Anya Kahaniyaan here.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • खाना (khaaNaa) “Food” (Noun)
  • खाना (khaaNaa) “To eat” (Verb)
  • पकाना (pakaaNaa) “To cook”
  • मसाले (maSaaLe) “Spices”
  • स्वाद (SvaaD) “Taste”
  • ख़ुशबू (khusbuu) “Flavors”
  • आँच (aanc) “Flame”
  • तेल (TeL) “Oil”

5- Delhi Crime (2019)

The next title on our list is Delhi Crime, which is based on a true incident which happened in the year 2012.

1. About the Show

A rape incident labeled the Nirbhaya Rape Case triggered a wave of anger and outbursts throughout the country. It was a time when candlelight marches, protests, and demands for justice reached a peak, and the common public refused to ignore the heart-wrenching tragedy.

Delhi Crime is a serious show which sets up a gloomy atmosphere as it displays the professional struggles and emotional upheavals of a police officer. The role is played by none other than Shefali Shah, who needs no introduction in the acting industry.

2. Dialect and Expressions

Overall, the Hindi Netflix TV series uses a mixture of dialects, specifically a blend of Haryanvi along with the proper North Indian tone. The series is a must-watch for those who wish to have a glimpse into the functioning of social and political aspects of the Indian society.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • लड़की (Ladakii) “Girl”
  • रात (raaT) “Night”
  • हमला (hamaLaa) “Attack”
  • हादसा (haaDaSaa) “Incident” / “Accident”
  • मामला (maamaLaa) “Matter” / “Case”
  • परिवार (parivaar) “Family”
  • माँ (maan) “Mother”

6- Little Things (2016)

Little Things is the perfect addition to the best Hindi TV shows on Netflix list. Viewers who look forward to something realistic, practical, and with minimal drama, Little Things is an amazing treat for your eyes.

1. About the Show

The show Little Things depicts the life of a live-in couple in the Indian context. This Hindi series on Netflix cherishes the seemingly ordinary yet sweet moments that happen between the couple. It throws light on their issues, the complexities of their relationship, and the conflicts in their personalities as well.

2. Dialect and Expressions

The conversations carry a very friendly tone, and Hindi vocabulary which can be easily used in day-to-day life in India. For more information, watch the trailer above.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • मैं (main) “I”
  • तुझे (Tujhe) “To you”
  • तुम (Tum) “You”
  • दोस्त (DoST) “Friends”
  • रिश्ता (risTaa) “Relationship”
  • ख़ुश (khus) “Happy”
  • ख़ुशी (khusii) “Happiness”

7- Powder (2010)

Powder is an Indian TV series, basically a crime thriller, which is now available on the Hindi Netflix app.

1. About the Show

The plot of this Netflix Hindi thriller series is about the drug-dealing business and how two brothers get entangled in it in completely different ways. Apart from the storyline, the show has grabbed a high rating for its exceptional actors and great direction!

2. Dialect and Expressions

There are loads of Urdu words used in the script of this show as the brothers are Muslims. Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • पूछताछ (puuchaTaach) “Inquiry”
  • काम करने वाले (kaam karaNe vaaLe) “Workers”
  • वक़ील (vaqiiL) “Lawyer”
  • क़ानून (qaaNuuN) “Law”
  • जाँच (jaanc) “Investigation”

8- Stories by Rabindranath Tagore (2015)

1. About the Show

Who hasn’t heard of the Nobel Prize-winner Rabindranath Tagore? The show Stories by Rabindranath Tagore is a video compilation of his stories, which were originally written in Bengali but have been filmed in the Hindi language.

2. Dialect and Expressions

One of the best Hindi shows on Netflix, the characters and visual background in this show reflect the rich and mesmerizing Bengali culture that was way ahead of its time. As the stories were written decades ago, the picturization seamlessly takes us back to that era.

Try by watching the trailer of Stories by Rabindranath Tagore.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • समय (Samay) “Time”
  • विवाह (vivaah) / ब्याह (byaah) “Marriage”
  • विधवा (viDHavaa) “Widow”
  • कहानी (kahaaNii) “Story”

9- Buddha (2013)

1. About the Show

Believe it or not, but with Netflix’s low prices, people get more than they can dream of! It’s time to take a quick look at another gem on Netflix India: Buddha.

As the name suggests, this good Hindi Netflix series shows the birth of Prince Gautam, his childhood and youth, and then his final journey toward enlightenment, and the origin of Buddhism.

2. Dialect and Expressions

Being a historical drama, the language used in these Hindi Netflix episodes is ancient yet magical to the ears! Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • जीवन (jiivaN) “Life”
  • मृत्यु (mriTyu) “Death”
  • जीवित (jiiviT) “Alive”
  • राजा (raajaa) “King”
  • राज्य (raajy) “Kingdom”
  • राजकुमार (raajakumaar) “Prince”
  • ज्ञान प्राप्ति (gyaaN praapTi) “Enlightenment”

10- Rishta.com (2010)

1. About the Show

Match-making seems like a sweet, cute task. Guess what! It isn’t.

Rishta.com perfectly captures the story of a matrimonial agency that begins its business of match-making. But little did they imagine the struggles which come as part and parcel of their profession.

Join Shruti Seth and Kavi Shastri in Rishta.com on their journey to set up a matchmaking business, and have a fun time with this Hindi comedy Netflix show!

2. Dialect and Expressions

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • शादी (saaDii) “Marriage”
  • रिश्ता (risTaa) “Relationship”
  • शादीशुदा (saaDiisuDaa) “Married”
  • पति (paTi) “Husband”
  • पत्नी (paTNii) “Wife”

5. Touch a New Level with HindiPod101.com

Did you enjoy reading this article on Netflix India? Which show from our Hindi Netflix series list do you want to watch most and why?

Don’t stop yet, because there’s so much more for you to explore with us at HindiPod101.com.

Look up any new word of your choice and find out its meaning on our free online dictionary. Not only that, we’ve also created numerous exciting lesson materials and a sound database to replenish your Hindi vocab.

There’s plenty of resources to keep you hooked with our easy-to-download mobile app and grammar bank! So, what are you waiting for? Sign up at HindiPod101.com and say yes to Hindi learning with fun. With enough determination, you’ll be speaking Hindi like a native in no time!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi