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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: Hi everyone, I am Maya and welcome to hindipod101.com. Hindi pronunciation series, lesson 1. Getting Around with Your Hindi Pronunciation.
Manasi: [Namaste] Hi this is Manasi here.
Maya: In this lesson, we are going to start with the basics and slowly work our way up.
Manasi: That’s right. First we will talk about what Hindi sounds are made of.
Maya: Well Hindi has a wide variety of sounds compared with other languages.
Manasi: Yes there are 36 consonants in Hindi.
Maya: And there are about 13 vowels. In Hindi, there are no such words as the English word strength which has clusters of 3 or more consonants. A Hindi syllable is made up of a consonant and a vowel. Manasi, can we hear some examples of what typical Hindi words sound like?
Manasi: Sure. For example, Daal Chawal which means curry rice.
Maya: In these words Daal and Chawal, each one is made up of simple consonants and vowels. Can we have another example?
Manasi: Sure. Another would be [San-gi-ta]. It means music.
Maya: So this one again is made from simple consonants and vowels.

Lesson focus

Manasi: Let’s get back to the consonants. There are many consonants with the same English pronunciation while many differences also exist.
Maya: So as mentioned before, Hindi has 36 consonants.
Manasi: Some of these consonants come from older languages like Sanskrit.
Maya: I think 36 consonants is a lot. So why don’t we do half and half. Let’s start with the first 19 consonants within this lesson.
Manasi: Sure. That sounds like a great idea.
Maya: Let’s start with the first consonant, which is...
Manasi: [Ka- Kalam. Kalam] which means a pen.
Maya: So this is the sound ka?
Manasi: Yeah that’s correct, Maya. So the next one is [Kha] as in [khet], which means a farm, [khet].
Maya: Next is
Manasi: Next is [Ga] as in [Gay] which means a cow. [Gay]
Maya: And next we have
Manasi: [Gha] as in [Ghar] which means a house. [Ghar]
Maya: This is the sound of G and H, [Gha].
Manasi: Great, Maya! So the next one is [no] but it’s not commonly used.
Maya: Next is
Manasi: [Cha] as in [Chand]
Maya: Which means moon; and next is
Manasi: [chha] as in [chhat]
Maya: Which means roof. And next we have,
Manasi: [Ja] as in [Jag]
Maya: Which means world. Now, the next one is quite difficult. It is
Manasi: [Jh-] as in [jhanda]. [Jhanda.]
Maya: It means flag. The next,
Manasi: The next one is [nya] but it’s not used very commonly.
Maya: Next is
Manasi: [Ta – Tamatar].[Tamatar].
Maya: And that means Tomato?
Manasi: Yeah that’s correct.
Maya: So next is
Manasi: [Tha] as in [Thandi]
Maya: And it means cold.
Manasi: Well, Maya, you sound a little tired but we are already half way through this lesson.
Maya: Woohoo! That’s great. Well let’s move on.
Manasi: Yeah the next one is [Da] as in [Damru]
Maya: Which means drum.
Manasi: Yeah, that’s correct.
Maya: And next is
Manasi: [Dha] as in [Dhol]
Maya: And this means a big drum. So you make this sound using D and H, [dha].
Manasi: That’s correct and next is [Na]. This is a nasal sound of [N]
Maya: One interesting thing about this sound is that it’s almost never the first letter of the word.
Manasi: Yeah that’s correct. This sound is used more in Indian regional languages and the use in Hindi is much less common.
Maya: Okay. Now next we have
Manasi: [Ta] as in [Talawar]
Maya: Which means sword. And next we have
Manasi: [Tha] as in [Thali]
Maya: Which means plate.
Manasi: Next is [Da] as in [Davat]
Maya: This means inkpot and finally the last one for today is
Manasi: [Dha] as in [Dharma]
Maya: Which means religion.
Manasi: This sound is mix of D and H but softer than DH which we saw earlier for the word big drum.
Maya: So what’s the word for big drum again?
Manasi: [Dha] as in [Dhol]
Maya: And religion.
Manasi: It’s [Dha] as in [Dharma]
Maya: All right. So we’ve covered the first 19 Hindi consonants.

Outro

Manasi: Make sure to practice these over and over until you really get the hang of them. The best way to improve pronunciation is through practice.
Maya: So keep practicing and see you next time at our pronunciation series.
Manasi: Attention, iPhone, iPod or iPad users.
Maya: Listen, tap and swipe your way to fluency with our Hindi language apps.
Manasi: Grow your vocabulary and practice on the go with our Hindi language applications.
Maya: Fun and easy to use, Hindi apps are available on iTunes.
Manasi: Visit our iPhone page on hindipod101.com/iPhone now to learn more. Goodbye, [phir milate hain]!
Maya: Goodbye.

12 Comments

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HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Namaste! Do you have problem in pronouncing a certain word ? Let me know, maybe there is a technique I can share!

HindiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 10:50 am
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Hi Lynn,


Thanks for sharing your progress and your questions here!


You have typed the words quite accurately in Hindi.


To answer you question about the word used for "world". The word used in the audio is "jag" and not "jug". It is written like this जग. Try this in your preferred Hindi dictionary and you will get "world".


All the best!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com




Lynn Gwyneth
Saturday at 1:06 am
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I believe that there is a mistake in the lesson. For the letter ja, the word "jug" is used, and is defined as "world." This is incorrect. The correct spelling is युग (YUG) and it means ERA. विश्व "vishv" is the right word for world.


In the comments, please provide 1) an alternative word for the letter ja, along with 2) the Hindi spelling and 3) Romanization.


Bahut Dhanyavaad!

Lynn Gwyneth
Friday at 10:47 am
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In the example for ja - jug - world - जुग, please comment if this is the correct word and if it is spelled correctly.


The Google Translate Hindi dictionary does not recognize "jug" as Hindi for "world," it only give us: जुग = "gog." For "world" it gives, विश्व = "vishv."


Please provide the correct Hindi spelling of "jug" for "world." Dhanyavaad!

Lynn Gwyneth
Friday at 10:03 am
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Here are the first few:

ka - kalum - कलम - pen

kha - khet - खेत - farm

ga - gaay - गाय - cow

gha - ghar - घर - house, home

nga - ungh - ङ - not commonly used in Hindi

cha - chaand - चांद - moon

I am continuing with this exercise and will post as I complete each letter.

HindiPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 8:43 pm
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Hi Julia,


Thank you so much for your comment and suggestion. We are always working on improving our materials, and your opinion is highly valuable!


Please also access our Hindi Dictionary. It includes audio for the vocabulary so that you can check out the pronunciation as well:

https://www.hindipod101.com/hindi-dictionary/


If you have any questions, please let us know!


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team HindiPod101.com

Julia Loncar
Thursday at 6:43 am
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I agree with Oliver that it would be good to include the words mentioned to demonstrate the sound of the letters. 👍

HindiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 3:14 pm
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Hello Oliver,


I got it! Thank you for your feedback. It really helps. We will try and update this lesson with the Romanization so that it becomes easier for the listeners.

Hope you are enjoying our other lessons :)


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Oliver
Saturday at 2:25 am
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Neha, thank you for your reply. No, I mean in the lesson the Hindi letters are pronounced and Hindi words are used (house, cow, etc.) to demonstrate the sound of the letter. I think it would be helpful for the user to see the Hindi word for house, cow, etc along with the transliteration of that word using the Roman alphabet. Otherwise, it is hard to know exactly which letter is being demonstrated; it is too easy to become lost after a few letters are pronounced. Just MHO. Thanks.

HindiPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 9:27 pm
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Hello Oliver,


Do you mean Romanization (how each word needs to be pronounced)? Romanization is included in all the lessons which have conversation between A and B. You are right, it helps listeners understand how the words need to be pronounced.

Since this lesson did not have an example conversation, the romanization was not there. However, the romanization for each letter is giving in the lesson notes.

Please feel free if you have anymore questions.


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Oliver
Monday at 11:43 am
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I think it would be good if the Hindi words used to illustrate a consonant sound were written in the lesson notes.


It would also help to indicate in the spoken lesson that it is best to follow along by using the lesson notes. Otherwise, the student hears only sounds but has no correlation to the written letter.