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Archive for the 'Indian Holidays' Category

Lord Jagannath Chariot Festival: To Dwarka & Beyond

Lord Jagannath Chariot Festival

Every year a massive festival is celebrated in the middle of summer, or in Hindi Grishm Ritu in eastern India, where the Lord Jagannath is taken on a chariot ride to Dwarka and more pilgrimage sites. In this lesson, we’re talking about the special festival of the Chariot Ride, celebrated for nine days during the Hindu month of Aashad, and the significance of Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra.

Since the Jagannath Festival is one of the most celebrated in India, learning about it will allow you to better understand Hindu culture and religion as a whole. And as any successful language-learner can tell you, this is a vital step in mastering any language!

At HindiPod101.com, we hope to make this learning journey both fun and informative, as you delve into the Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri.

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1. What is the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath?

The Chariot Festival involves a journey comprised of three chariots carrying the statues of Lord Jagannath, Subhadra, and Balram, respectively. Lord Jagannath is a human incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

In his life story, when he killed the evil king Kansa and rid the people of his tyranny, the entire city came out to greet Lord Vishnu as he paraded victoriously through town.

This event is commemorated every year with his idol, in Hindi called a Moorti. Each year, three new chariots are made and decorated out of sandalwood for the occasion.

2. When is the Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra?

The date of the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath varies each year on the Gregorian calendar, but always takes place in June or July. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2019: July 4
  • 2020: June 23
  • 2021: July 11
  • 2022: June 30
  • 2023: June 19
  • 2024: July 7
  • 2025: June 26
  • 2026: July 16
  • 2027: July 5
  • 2028: June 24

3. How is the Chariot Festival Celebrated?

Fireworks Going Off

1- The Chariots & The Char Dham

The biggest celebrations are held in Odisha, where this is considered a huge occasion. In the city of Puri, three chariots leave the Jagannath Temple each year, and devotees pull them to the Gundicha Temple two miles away. The chariots are as follows:

  • The first chariot of Lord Balram is called Taldhwaj, and is decorated in red and blue drapes.
  • The second chariot of Subhadra is called Dwarpdalan and is decorated in red and black fabric.
  • The third one, of Lord Jagannath, is forty-four feet high, stands on sixteen wheels, and is called Nandi Ghosha.

After nine days, the chariots are taken back to the Jagannath Temple via the Mausi Ma Temple. At the Mausi Ma Temple, people eat special Poda Pitha sweets. People play conch shells, temple bells, and the flute along the Yatra, and millions of devotees throng the route to view the idols, yelling Jai Jagannath! meaning “Praising Lord Jagannath!” This tradition was started by King Indradyumna of the Kaling Kingdom, who commissioned construction for the three idols and Lord Jagannath’s temple.

Do you know what the four sites of the Char Dham pilgrimage are? They are as follows:

  • Badrinath
  • Dwarka
  • Puri
  • Rameswaram

2- Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra Story

The arms of the three idols are noticeably incomplete, yet an old legend related to King Indradyumna and his sculptor explains why this is so.

Through divine guidance, the King was guided to employ a certain sculptor. However, the sculptor’s only condition for creating the idols was that no one should come to him, or even knock on his door for twenty-one days. The King agreed, but after hearing no noise coming from the room after fourteen days, the King grew restless and opened the door. Inside, he found the three uncompleted idols, but the sculptor was gone. Taking this as the gods’ will, the King installed the idols in their incomplete form.

4. The Puri Jagannath Temple

What is the Puri Jagannath temple, the starting point of the Chariot Festival, famous for?

Lord Vishnu is a major deity in Hinduism. There are four temples in India in the four directions dedicated to four major deities. The Lord Jagannath temple at Puri is the eastern temple of Lord Vishnu. This is the only temple where Lord Jagannath shares space with Balram and Subhadra.

5. Useful Vocabulary for the Chariot Festival

Food for Deity

Here’s some vocabulary you should know for the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath!

  • पर्यटक (paryatak) — tourist
  • मंदिर (maNDir) — temple
  • घोड़ा (ghoDaa) — horse
  • रथ यात्रा (rath yaatraa) — Festival of Lord Jagannath
  • सड़क पर जुलूस निकालना (sadak par juloos nikaalna) — street procession
  • पवित्र स्नान (paviTra snaan) — holy bath
  • देव (Dev) — deity
  • रथ (rath) — chariot
  • लकड़ी (iakdi) — wood
  • चार धाम (Char Dham) — Char Dham
  • पुरी (Puri) — Puri
  • बद्रीनाथ (Badrinath) — Badrinath
  • द्वारका (Dwarka) — Dwarka, India
  • चंदन की लकड़ी (chandan ki lakdi) — sandalwood
  • भगवान ब्रह्मा (Bhagwan Brahma) — Lord Brahma (Lord Brahma sometimes referred to as Vishnu’s “creative aspect̶ ;)
  • संसार (sansar) — world
  • त्यौहार (tyohar) — festival
  • ब्रह्माण्ड (brhamaand) — universe
  • यात्रा (yatra) — journey
  • मूर्ति (murti) — idol
  • प्रसाद (prasad) — food offered to a deity

To hear each vocabulary word pronounced, check out our Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath vocabulary list!

Conclusion

We hope you enjoyed learning about the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath with us, and that you took away something valuable from this lesson! Do you remember the answer to the question: “Lord Jagannath is a form of which Hindu god?” Let us know in the comments!

To continue learning about Hindi culture and the Hindi language, visit us at HindiPod101.com! We provide an array of fun and practical learning tools for every learner, including free Hindi vocabulary lists, more insightful blog posts like this one, and an online community where you can chat with fellow Hindi learners or ask for help. By upgrading to Premium Plus, you can also take advantage of our MyTeacher program, and learn Hindi one-on-one with your own personal teacher!

Know that your hard work in learning Hindi will pay off, and before you know it, you’ll be speaking, reading, and writing Hindi like a native!

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Saraswati Puja: How to Celebrate Vasant Panchami in India

How to Celebrate Saraswati Puja in India

Vasant Panchami, or Saraswati Puja, is the Hindu celebration of the Goddess Saraswati—the Goddess of Arts and Wisdom. Celebrated each year, Hindus take seriously the importance of Vasant Panchami and the worship of the Goddess Saraswati.

Vasant Panchami’s significance to the Hindus can’t be overstated. By learning about Vasant Panchami, you’re gaining wisdom and knowledge regarding the Hindu religion as well as the country of India as a whole.

In this article, we at HindiPod101.com hope to answer the question, “Why is Vasant Panchami celebrated?” along with more information on Vasant Panchami. We’ll even give you some insight into Vasant Panchami in the Hindi language through our vocabulary section.

Let’s get started!

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1. What is Vasant Panchami?

Vasant Panchami, also commonly referred to as Saraswati Puja, is the Festival of the Goddess of Arts and Wisdom.

Basant Panchami takes place at the beginning of spring. In eastern India, especially Bengal, this day marks the occasion of Saraswati Puja. Depicted holding a musical instrument called the Veena in her arms, Saraswati is the goddess of “education,” or Vidya, “music,” or Sangeet, “arts,” or Kala, and “knowledge,” or Gyan. Essentially, the Goddess Saraswati is the deity of music, dance, and every other form of learning and science.

On Vasant Panchami, Hindus worship Saraswati and celebrate these gifts to mankind.

2. When is Vasant Panchami?

Green Field in Spring

Vasant Panchami takes place each year, though its date varies. It’s usually celebrated the last week in January or the first week in February.

For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years:

  • 2019: February 10
  • 2020: January 29
  • 2021: February 16
  • 2022: February 5
  • 2023: January 26
  • 2024: February 14
  • 2025: February 2
  • 2026: January 23
  • 2027: February 11
  • 2028: January 31

3. How is it Celebrated?

Woman Bowing Head in Worship

1- Worship of the Goddess

Learning is worshipped in this divine form in Hinduism.

Homes are decorated with art and several art competitions are organised for the occasion. Religious rites are conducted in schools and homes, and Prasad, meaning “food offerings,” of spring fruits are offered to the Goddess.

During this time, students pray for excellence in the arts and in learning by touching flowers to the feet of idols of the Goddess and preserving those flowers in their books for blessings. Then they visit each household and distribute blessed food.

2- The Color Yellow

The verdant and colorful spring, along with the Puja of the Goddess Saraswati, create a festive atmosphere. The color yellow has especially great significance in the festival, and “yellow flowers of mustard,” or Sarson, are used in decorations. In Bengal, girls of all ages wear yellow sarees.

It’s interesting to note that while yellow is a vitally significant color during Vasant Panchami, it’s not the only color that Hindus find deep meaning in. In fact, India is known for its colorful nature and its people are known to attach great value and various meanings to colors in general.

3- Northern Indian Celebrations

In the northern Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, and in Punjab, this festival is also celebrated as the festival of spring, called Basant.

People wear yellow clothes and cook yellow dishes, such as saffron rice, and a kite flying competition is organized in the Ferozepur district during this time. Don’t be surprised to find music and dancing during this festival, either—this is, after all, the celebration of arts!

In northern India, there’s a tradition among Sufi saints in which special floral wreaths are placed on the graves of passed saints in celebration of the Basant festival.

On this day, people may also give cards to others with good Vasant Panchami wishes on them!

4. Additional Information

In the Hindu religion, the gods and goddesses have “vehicles” or Vahanas, on which they travel to various places (including to receive offerings and sacrifices). These vehicles are essentially spiritual animals, creatures in animal form which possess power and wisdom. It’s also thought that these magical creatures are used in wars.

The vehicle used by the Goddess Saraswati is a white swan. This bird is a symbol of purity and beauty. Considering the purity, delicacy, and importance of the arts and sciences this Goddess is associated with, this should come as no surprise.

5. Must-know Vocab

Vasant Panchami

Check out this list of must-know vocabulary for Vasant Panchami so that you can celebrate this holiday to its full extent! Study this list as much as you need to, and gain more knowledge about Vasant Panchami in Hindi.

  • खेत (kheT) — field
  • विद्यार्थी (viDyaarTHii) — student
  • मोर (mor) — peacock
  • केसर (Kesar) — saffron
  • वसंत पंचमी (Vasant Panchami) — Vasant Panchami
  • माँ सरस्वती (Maa Saraswati) — Maa Saraswati
  • हलवा (Halwa) — halva
  • गैंदा (Gainda) — marigold
  • पूजा करना (pooja karna) — worship
  • पीले कपड़े (Peele kapde) — yellow dress
  • वसंत ऋतु (vasant ritu) — spring season
  • देवी देवता (devi devta) — gods and goddesses

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, be sure to check out our Vasant Panchami vocabulary list page. Here, you’ll find an audio alongside each word with its pronunciation.

Conclusion

Now you know more about Vasant Panchami in India. What do you think of this holiday? Is there a holiday celebrating the arts or sciences in your own country? Let us know in the comments!

To learn even more about Indian culture and the language, visit us at HindiPod101.com. We offer an array of insightful blog posts, free vocabulary lists, and an online community to chat with fellow Hindi learners about lessons. For a one-on-one learning experience, you can also download our MyTeacher app and gain your very own personal Hindi teacher!

Until next time, we wish you well in your Hindi-learning endeavors. Keep up the good work and continue practicing, and you’ll be a Hindi-speaking master in no time!

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How to Celebrate India Republic Day - Hindi Holiday Guide

Of all the Indian holidays, the India Republic Day holiday may just be the most significant. This is a national holiday in India, and is a day for great celebration over the adoption of its new constitution in 1950—making it a republic at last!

Find out all about India Republic Day with HindiPod101.com, from the India Republic Day parade to this Hindu holiday’s origins.

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1. What is Republic Day in India?

In India, गणतंत्र-दिवस (ganTaNTra-DivaS) or “Republic Day” is the celebration of January 26, 1950 when its constitution (or Samvidhaan) was implemented at last. This allowed India to officially become a republic (or gantantra) at last.

Prior to this, up until 1947, much of India was under British rule. While India technically gained its independence in 1947, it wasn’t until the constitution was adopted that it actually became a republic.

At the time, it was a state with fifteen official languages, twenty-six accepted languages, and a conglomeration of five religious communities and myriad cultural communities. The celebration of Republic Day is also a celebration of India’s huge cultural diversity.

2. India Republic Day Date

India celebrates its Republic Day each year on January 26.

3. How is it Celebrated?

Rose Petals

As far as India holidays and celebrations go, Republic Day is one of the most significant.

The celebrations begin each year with the President saluting the Amar Jawan Jyoti, meaning “The flame of the immortal soldier,” which is below the ramparts of the India Gate located in the capital.

Amar Jawan Jyoti, as its name indicates, is an eternal flame burning in memory of the soldiers who gave all in order to help establish a sovereign India. The President salutes these sacrifices, and then awards those people who have made outstanding contributions in their respective fields of work. The Bharat Ratna award is the nation’s highest civilian honor.

This is followed by a festive parade on New Delhi’s famous Raj Path, which means “Royal Road.” The first showcase of the parade is a magnificent display by the regiments of the Indian army, navy, and air force.

This is followed by tableaus of all the states of the union. Each tableau offers a display of the state’s wealth of people, music, culture, dance, and dress as it proceeds down the parade route. Thousands of people gather at the Royal Road to witness this ornate display, also called the India Republic Day parade, while millions of others catch it on television in Hindi.

Sometimes, there are also India Republic Day guests. For example, U.S. President Barack Obama visited India for Republic Day in 2015 as an honored guest.

4. Additional Information

India’s Constitution is longer than that of any other state in the world. It has 448 articles and 118 amendments. The constitution declares India to be an independent, democratic, secular, and socialist republic.

Today, this new constitution is still seen as the strongest word of law in India; even the Indian Parliament is unable to supercede it.

5. Must-Know Vocab for India’s Republic Day

Medal of Honor

  • हेलिकोप्टर (helikoptar) — helicopter
  • नई दिल्ली (Naii DiLLii) — New Delhi
  • गणतंत्र-दिवस (ganTaNTra-DivaS) — Republic Day
  • परेड (pared) — parade
  • राष्ट्रीय छुट्टी (raastriya chuttii) — national holiday
  • राष्ट्रगान (raashtragaan) — national anthem
  • बहादुरी के पदक और पुरस्कार (bahaaDuri ke paDak aur puraskaar) — awards and medals of bravery
  • भारगुलाब की पंखुड़ियांत का संविधान (bhaaraT ka sanvidhaan) — Constitution of India
  • राष्ट्रीय झंडा (raashtriya jhandaa) — national flag
  • गुलाब की पंखुड़ियां (gulaab ki pankhudiyaan) — rose petal

If you want to hear each word pronounced, be sure to check out our Republic Day vocabulary list, which includes an audio with each word.

Conclusion

Representation of Republic Day

Now that you’ve learned about India’s Republic Day, you’ve gained another layer of knowledge regarding India’s culture and its people. What do you think of this important national holiday? Is there a similar holiday in your country?

To learn even more about India and its culture, be sure to visit us at HindiPod101.com! Alongside insightful blog posts and a variety of vocabulary lists, we also host an online community so that you can discuss your lessons with fellow students. And if you prefer a one-on-one learning approach, you can even download our MyTeacher app.

We wish you success in learning Hindi and discovering the depth of India’s history. You’ll be speaking Hindi like a native before you know it!

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How to Say Happy New Year in Hindi & New Year Wishes

Learn all the Hindi New Year wishes online, in your own time, on any device! Join HindiPod101 for a special Hindi New Year celebration!

How to Say Happy New Year in Hindi

Can you relate to the year passing something like this: “January, February, March - December!”? Many people do! Quantum physics teaches us that time is relative, and few experiences illustrate this principle as perfectly as when we reach the end of a year. To most of us, it feels like the old one has passed in the blink of an eye, while the new year lies ahead like a very long journey! However, New Year is also a time to celebrate beginnings, and to say goodbye to what has passed. This is true in every culture, no matter when New Year is celebrated.

So, how do you say Happy New Year in Hindi? Let a native teach you! At HindiPod101, you will learn how to correctly greet your friends over New Year, and wish them well with these Hindi New Year wishes!

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Table of Contents

  1. How to Celebrate New Year in India
  2. Must-Know Hindi Words & Phrases for the New Year!
  3. Top 10 New Year’s Resolutions in Hindi
  4. Inspirational New Year Quotes
  5. Inspirational Language Learning Quotes
  6. How To Say Happy New Year in 31 Languages
  7. How HindiPod101 Can Help You Learn Hindi

But let’s start with some vocabulary for Hindi New Year celebrations, very handy for conversations.

1. How to Celebrate New Year in India

Do you know how New Year’s is celebrated in India? Are you familiar with festivals like Pongal, Ugadi, or Gudi Padwa? These, of course, are all traditional Indian New Year festivals, but in this lesson we will be focusing on the Western New Year, which is celebrated on December 31.

Now, before we get into more detail, do you know the answer to this question-

Where is India’s most popular New Year’s celebration held?

If you don’t already know, you’ll find out a bit later. Keep reading.

In India, each religious and linguistic community welcomes in the new year with its own distinct festival, or Utsav. While the Marwaris consider the Diwali festival during Autumn to be the beginning of the New Year, other communities celebrate it at the advent of Spring, in April. Different communities refer to these celebrations by different names as well. They are called Bihu in Assam, Lusong in Sikkim, Poila Boisakh in Bengal, Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra, Ugadi in Andhra, Vishu in Kerala and so on. All of these are traditional Indian New Year festivals.

The Western New Year on December 31 is also celebrated with equal fervor in India, which in Hindi is Bharat. The new year is so well received in India because of the 200 years of British rule, and the heritage that was left behind. Like other countries, Indians also welcome the New Year with good food, drink, and merriment in the company of friends and family.

People gather together with their family, or Parivar and friends, or Dosto on the evening of the 31st of December. There are countdowns to midnight on TV, and people gather to celebrate in places like clubs, homes, shops, and restaurants. Big Bollywood stars take part in massive concerts that perform for huge crowds. It is common for people to make resolutions and buy and distribute sweets, and when the clock strikes twelve, people wish each other ‘Happy New Year’ or ‘Naya Saal Mubarak Ho’.

In Mumbai, lots of people gather at the major spots of the city to welcome in the New Year. Popular spots in the city include Gateway of India, Bandra Bandstand, and Juhu Beach.

Now it’s time to answer our quiz question-

Where is India’s most popular New Year’s celebration held?

This place is India’s most popular tourist destination – Goa!

Happy New Year!
नया साल मुबारक हो
nayaa saal mubarak ho

2. Must-Know Hindi Words & Phrases for the New Year!

Hindi Words & Phrases for the New Year

1- Year

साल
SaaL

This is pretty self-explanatory. Most countries follow a Gregorian calendar, which has approximately 365 days in a year, while in some cultures, other year designations are also honored. Therefore, New Year’s day in India could fall on a different day than in your country. When do you celebrate New Year?

2- Midnight

मध्यरात्री
maDHyaraaTrii

The point in time when a day ends and a new one starts. Many New Year celebrants prefer to stay awake till midnight, and greet the new annum as it breaks with fanfare and fireworks!

3- New Year’s Day

नव वर्ष दिवस
Nava varṣ DivaS

In most countries, the new year is celebrated for one whole day. On the Gregorian calendar, this falls on January 1st. On this day, different cultures engage in festive activities, like parties, parades, big meals with families and many more.

You can do it!

4- Party

समारोह
samāroh

A party is most people’s favorite way to end the old year, and charge festively into the new one! We celebrate all we accomplished in the old year, and joyfully anticipate what lies ahead.

5-Dancing

नृत्य
NriTya

Usually, when the clock strikes midnight and the New Year officially begins, people break out in dance! It is a jolly way to express a celebratory mood with good expectations for the year ahead. Also, perhaps, that the old year with its problems has finally passed! Dance parties are also a popular way to spend New Year’s Eve in many places.

6- Champagne

शैम्पेन
saimpeN

Originating in France, champagne is a bubbly, alcoholic drink that is often used to toast something or someone during celebrations.

7- Fireworks

आतिशबाज़ी
aaTisbaazii

These are explosives that cause spectacular effects when ignited. They are popular for announcing the start of the new year with loud noises and colorful displays! In some countries, fireworks are set off to scare away evil spirits. In others, the use of fireworks is forbidden in urban areas due to their harmful effect on pets. Most animals’ hearing is much more sensitive than humans’, so this noisy display can be very frightful and traumatising to them.

Happy Near Year!

8- Countdown

उलटी गिनती
ulṭī giNtī

This countdown refers to New Year celebrants counting the seconds, usually backward, till midnight, when New Year starts - a great group activity that doesn’t scare animals, and involves a lot of joyful shouting when the clock strikes midnight!

9- New Year’s Holiday

नए साल की छुट्टी
Na’ē sāl kī chuṭṭī

In many countries, New Year’s Day is a public holiday - to recuperate from the party the previous night, perhaps! Families also like to meet on this day to enjoy a meal and spend time together.

10- Confetti

कॉन्फ़ेट्टी
KauNfēttī

In most Western countries, confetti is traditionally associated with weddings, but often it is used as a party decoration. Some prefer to throw it in the air at the strike of midnight on New Year’s Eve.

11- New Year’s Eve

नए साल की शाम
Na’ē Sāl kī śām

This is the evening before New Year breaks at midnight! Often, friends and family meet for a party or meal the evening before, sometimes engaging in year-end rituals. How are you planning to give your New Year greetings in 2018?

12- Toast

टोस्ट
ṭōsṭ

A toast is a type of group-salutation that involves raising your glass to drink with others in honor of something or someone. A toast to the new year is definitely in order!

13- Resolution

संकल्प
SaNkaLp

Those goals or intentions you hope to, but seldom keep in the new year! Many people consider the start of a new year to be the opportune time for making changes or plans. Resolutions are those intentions to change, or the plans. It’s best to keep your resolutions realistic so as not to disappoint yourself!

14- Parade

परेड
Parēḍa

New Year celebrations are a huge deal in some countries! Parades are held in the streets, often to celebratory music, with colorful costumes and lots of dancing. Parades are like marches, only less formal and way more fun. At HindiPod101, you can engage in forums with natives who can tell you what Hindi New Year celebrations are like!

3. Top 10 New Year’s Resolutions

New Year’s Resolutions List

So, you learned the Hindi word for ‘resolution’. Fabulous! Resolutions are those goals and intentions that we hope to manifest in the year that lies ahead. The beginning of a new year serves as a good marker in time to formalise these. Some like to do it in writing, others only hold these resolutions in their hearts. Here are our Top 10 New Year’s resolutions at HindiPod101 - what are yours?

Learn these phrases and impress your Hindi friends with your vocabulary.

New Year's Resolutions

1- Read more

ज़्यादा पढ़ना
zyaaDa padhnaa

Reading is a fantastic skill that everyone can benefit from. You’re a business person? Apparently, successful business men and women read up to 60 books a year. This probably excludes fiction, so better scan your library or Amazon for the top business reads if you plan to follow in the footsteps of the successful! Otherwise, why not make it your resolution to read more Hindi in the new year? You will be surprised by how much this will improve your Hindi language skills!

2- Spend more time with family

परिवार के साथ ज़्यादा समय बिताना
parivaar ke saath zyaaDa samay biTaana

Former US President George Bush’s wife, Barbara Bush, was quoted as having said this: “At the end of your life, you will never regret not having passed one more test, not winning one more verdict, or not closing one more deal. You will regret time not spent with a husband, a friend, a child, a parent.” This is very true! Relationships are often what gives life meaning, so this is a worthy resolution for any year.

3- Lose weight

वज़न कम करना
vazan kam karnaa

Hands up, how many of you made this new year’s resolution last year too…?! This is a notoriously difficult goal to keep, as it takes a lot of self discipline not to eat unhealthily. Good luck with this one, and avoid unhealthy fad diets!

4- Save money

पैसे बचाना
paise bachaana

Another common and difficult resolution! However, no one has ever been sorry when they saved towards reaching a goal. Make it your resolution to save money to upgrade your subscription to HindiPod101’s Premium PLUS option in the new year - it will be money well spent!

5- Quit smoking

धूम्रपान छोड़ देना
dhumrapaan chodhh Dena

This is a resolution that you should definitely keep, or your body could punish you severely later! Smoking is a harmful habit with many hazardous effects on your health. Do everything in your power to make this resolution come true in the new year, as your health is your most precious asset.

6- Learn something new

कुछ नया सीखना
kuchh nayaa seekhnaa

Science has proven that learning new skills can help keep brain diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s at bay! It can even slow down the progression of the disease. So, keep your brain healthy by learning to speak a new language, studying towards a qualification, learning how to sew, or how to play chess - no matter how old you are, the possibilities are infinite!

7- Drink less

शराब कम पीना
sharaab kam peenaa

This is another health resolution that is good to heed any time of the year. Excessive drinking is associated with many diseases, and its effect can be very detrimental to good relationships too. Alcohol is a poison and harmful for the body in large quantities!

8- Exercise regularly

नियमित रूप से कस्रत करना
niyamiT roop se kasraT karnaa

This resolution goes hand-in-hand with ‘Lose weight’! An inactive body is an unhealthy and often overweight one, so give this resolution priority in the new year.

9- Eat healthy

स्वास्थ्य के लिये अच्छा खाना खाना
svasthya ke liye achha khaanaa khaanaa

If you stick with this resolution, you will lose weight and feel better in general. It is a very worthy goal to have!

10- Study Hindi with HindiPod101

हिंदिपॉड101.कॉम के साथ हिन्दी सीखिये
Hindī pŏḍa101.Kŏma kē sātha hindī sīkhiyē

Of course! You can only benefit from learning Hindi, especially with us! Learning how to speak Hindi can keep your brain healthy, it can widen your circle of friends, and improve your chances to land a dream job anywhere in the world. HindiPod101 makes it easy and enjoyable for you to stick to this resolution.

4. Inspirational New Year Quotes

Inspirational Quotes

Everyone knows that it is sometimes very hard to stick to resolutions, and not only over New Year. The reasons for this vary from person to person, but all of us need inspiration every now and then! A good way to remain motivated is to keep inspirational quotes near as reminders that it’s up to us to reach our goals.

Click here for quotes that will also work well in a card for a special Hindi new year greeting!

Make decorative notes of these in Hindi, and keep them close! Perhaps you could stick them above your bathroom mirror, or on your study’s wall. This way you not only get to read Hindi incidentally, but also remain inspired to reach your goals! Imagine feeling like giving up on a goal, but reading this quote when you go to the bathroom: “It does not matter how slowly you go, as long as you do not stop.” What a positive affirmation!

5. Inspirational Language Learning Quotes

Language Learning Quotes

Still undecided whether you should enroll with HindiPod101 to learn a new language? There’s no time like the present to decide! Let the following Language Learning Quotes inspire you with their wisdom.

Click here to read the most inspirational Language Learning Quotes!

As legendary President Nelson Mandela once said: “If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart.” So, learning how to say Happy New Year in Hindi could well be a way into someone special’s heart for you! Let this year be the one where you to learn how to say Happy New Year, and much more, in Hindi - it could open many and unexpected doors for you.

6. How To Say Happy New Year in 31 Languages

Here’s a lovely bonus for you! Why stop with Hindi - learn how to say Happy New Year in 31 other languages too! Watch this video and learn how to pronounce these New Year’s wishes like a native in under two minutes.

7. Why Enrolling with HindiPod101 Would Be the Perfect New Year’s Gift to Yourself!

If you are unsure how to celebrate the New Year, why not give yourself a huge gift, and enroll to learn Hindi! With more than 12 years of experience behind us, we know that HindiPod101 would be the perfect fit for you. There are so many reasons for this!

Learning Paths

  • Custom-tailored Learning Paths: Start learning Hindi at the level that you are. We have numerous Learning Pathways, and we tailor them just for you based on your goals and interests! What a boon!
  • Marked Progress and Fresh Learning Material Every Week: We make new lessons available every week, with an option to track your progress. Topics are culturally appropriate and useful, such as “Learning how to deliver negative answers politely to a business partner.” Our aim is to equip you with Hindi that makes sense!
  • Multiple Learning Tools: Learn in fun, easy ways with resources such 1,000+ video and audio lessons, flashcards, detailed PDF downloads, and mobile apps suitable for multiple devices!
  • Fast Track Learning Option: If you’re serious about fast-tracking your learning, Premium Plus would be the perfect way to go! Enjoy perks such as personalised lessons with ongoing guidance from your own, native-speaking teacher, and one-on-one learning on your mobile app! You will not be alone in your learning. Weekly assignments with non-stop feedback, answers and corrections will ensure speedy progress.
  • Fun and Easy: Keeping the lessons fun and easy-to-learn is our aim, so you will stay motivated by your progress!

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There’s no reason not to go big in 2018 by learning Hindi with HindiPod101. Just imagine how the world can open up for you!

How to Say ‘Merry Christmas’ in Hindi

How to Say Merry Christmas in Hindi

Do you know any ways to wish someone a ‘Merry Christmas’ in Hindi? HindiPod101 brings you easy-to-learn translations and the correct pronunciation of Hindi Christmas phrases!

Christmas is the annual commemorative festival of Christ’s birth in the Western Christian Church. It takes place on December 25th and is usually celebrated with much food and fanfare! However, not all cultures celebrate Christmas. In some countries, Christmas is not even a public holiday! However, many countries have adapted Christmas and its religious meaning to tally with their own beliefs, or simply in acknowledgment of the festival’s importance to other cultures. If you want to impress native Hindi speakers with culturally-appropriate Christmas phrases and vocabulary, HindiPod101 will teach you the most important ways to wish someone a ‘Merry Christmas’ in Hindi!

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Table of Contents

  1. How to Celebrate Christmas in India
  2. Holiday Greetings and Wishes
  3. Must-Know Christmas Day Vocabulary
  4. Twelve Days of Christmas
  5. Top 10 Christmas Characters
  6. How HindiPod101 Can Help You

1. How to Celebrate Christmas in India

Christmas Words in Hindi

In Hindi, Christmas is called Badda Din which means ‘Big Day’. Christmas celebrations in India are held every year on December 25. This is the most important day of the year for Indian Christians, but is celebrated by non-Christian Indians as well.

Now, before we get into more detail, do you know the answer to this question-

Which tree is used in traditional Christmas decorations in India?

If you don’t already know, you’ll find out a bit later. Keep reading.

Christmas is a surprisingly big holiday in India. Most students participate in nativity plays based on the story of Christ’s birth, sing Christmas Carols, which in Hindi are called Issai Bhajan, and decorate Christmas trees. Like in other countries, it’s common to hang Christmas stars, decorate Christmas trees, and put up Christmas lights and decorations. The practice of exchanging gifts, or Uphaar, is only for children. Even non-Christian children all over the country participate in and enjoy this festival the most.

Most of the Indian Christian community is Catholic, so there are many Catholic churches, especially in places like Kerala, Manipur, Nagaland, and Goa. Christmas festivities are celebrated with particular fervor in the ornate Portuguese churches of Goa. Because Jesus was born at midnight, celebrations are started with prayers in churches on the night of the 24th. The prayers continue during the daytime on the 25th, at which time people exchange their Christmas greetings.

Santa Claus or Christmas ka Baba is quite popular in India. Although most Indian homes don’t have chimneys, children still await his gift-baring arrival with anticipation on the night of the 24th. Christmas time in India is filled with excitement and joy. In urban areas, even those who are not Christian will pray for the arrival of Lord Jesus, just as they pray to their own gods and saints.

In India, statues of baby Jesus and the Virgin Mary are dressed in Indian-style garments. In southern India, you can even find Mary dressed in the famous South Indian Kanjivaram silk saree.

Now it’s time to answer our quiz question-

Which tree is used in traditional Christmas decorations in India?

In India, the Poinsettia plant or Chir tree branch is commonly used as the Christmas tree, and is popularly known as the “Christmas Plant”.

2. Holiday Greetings and Wishes for the Holiday Season

Holiday Greetings and Wishes

1- Merry Christmas!

मेरी क्रिसमस!
meri krismas!

Do you know how to say ‘Merry Christmas’ in Hindi? Learn here how to pronounce it perfectly! ‘Merry’ means to be joyful, to celebrate and generally be in good spirits. So, with this phrase you are wishing someone a joyful, celebratory remembrance of Christ’s birth!

2- Happy Kwanzaa!

हैप्पी क्वान्ज़ा!
haepii kvaanzaa!

Surprise your African-American, or West African native friends with this phrase over the Christmas holidays! Kwanzaa is a seven-day, non-religious celebration, starting on Dec 26th each year. It has its roots in African American modern history, and many people celebrate both Kwanzaa and Christmas!

3- Have a happy New Year!

नया साल मुबारक हो
nayaa saal mubarak ho

In countries where Christmas is not officially celebrated, but a Gregorian calendar is observed, this would be a friendly festive-season wish over New Year.

4- Happy Hanukkah!

हन्नुकाह मुबारक हो|
hannukaah mubaarak ho

Hanukkah is the beautiful Hebrew festival over November or December each year. It is also called the ‘Festival of Lights’ and is celebrated to commemorate the Jewish freedom of religion.

5- Have a great winter vacation!

सर्दीयों कि छुट्टियाँ मुबारक हो
sarDiyon ki chhuttiyaan mubarak ho

This is a good phrase to keep handy if someone doesn’t observe any religious festival over the Christmas holidays! However, this will only be applicable in the Northern hemisphere, where it is winter over Christmas.

6- See you next year!

अगले साल फिर मिलेंगे!
agle saal fir milenge

Going away on holiday over Christmas season, or saying goodbye to someone about to leave on vacation? This would be a good way to say goodbye to your friends and family.

7- Warm wishes!

शुभकामनाऍ
shubhkaamnaayen

An informal, friendly phrase to write in Hindi Christmas cards, especially for secular friends who prefer to observe Christmas celebrations without the religious symbolism. It conveys the warmth of friendship and friendly wishes associated with this time of year.

8- Happy holidays!

छुट्टियाँ मुबारक हों
chhuttiyaan mubaarak ho

If you forget how to say ‘Merry Christmas!’ in Hindi, this is a safe, generic phrase to use instead.

9- Enjoy the holidays!

छुट्टियों का आनंद लो|
chhuttiyon kaa ananD lo

After saying ‘Merry Christmas’ in Hindi, this would be a good phrase with which to wish Christmas holiday-goers well! It is also good to use for secular friends who don’t celebrate Christmas but take a holiday at this time of the year.

10- Best wishes for the New Year!

नव वर्ष की शुभकामनाएं!
nav varsh ki shubhkaamnaayen

This is another way of wishing someone well in the New Year if they observe a Gregorian calendar. New Year’s day would then fall on January 1st.

3. Must-Know Christmas Day Vocabulary

Must-Know Christmas Day Vocabulary

Christmas is associated with many traditions and religious symbols in multiple countries across the world. It originated centuries ago in the West with the birth of Christianity, and the celebrations are often embedded with rich cultural significance. So, by now you know how to say Merry Christmas in Hindi! Next, learn pertinent vocabulary and phrases pertaining to Christmas, as well as how to pronounce them correctly. At HindiPod101, we make sure you sound like a native speaker!

1- Christmas

क्रिसमस
krismas

This is the Hindi word for ‘Christmas’. Most happy Christmas wishes in Hindi will include this word!

2- Snow

बर्फ
barf

In most Northern-hemisphere countries, Christmas is synonymous with snow, and for Christmas, the snowman is often dressed as Santa Claus.

3- Snowflake

हिमकण
himkan

Snowflakes collectively make up snow. A single snowflake is small, white, light like a feather and icy cold! When put under a microscope, the snowflake reveals itself to have the most beautiful, symmetrical patterns. These patterns have become popular Christmas decorations, especially in Western countries.

4- Snowman

हिममानव
him maanav

As you guessed - a snowman is only possible to build if it is snowing! What a fun way to spend Christmas day outside.

5- Turkey

टर्की
tarkii

Roast turkey is the traditional main dish on thousands of lunch tables on Christmas day, mainly in Western countries. What is your favorite Christmas dish?

6- Wreath

फूलों का हार
foolon ka haar

Another traditional Western decoration for Christmas, the wreath is an arrangement of flowers, leaves, or stems fastened in a ring. Many families like to hang a Christmas wreath outside on their houses’ front doors.

7- Reindeer

बारहसिंहा
baarahsingha

Reindeer are the animals commonly fabled to pull Santa Claus’ sled across the sky! Western Christmas folklore tells of Father Christmas or Santa Claus doing the rounds with his sled, carrying Christmas presents for children, and dropping them into houses through the chimney. But who is Santa Claus?

8- Santa Claus

सांता क्लॉस
sanTaa claus

Santa Claus is a legendary and jolly figure originating in the Western Christian culture. He is known by many names, but is traditionally depicted as a rotund man wearing a red costume with a pointy hat, and sporting a long, snow-white beard!

9- Elf

जादुई बौना
jaaDui bona

An elf is a supernatural creature of folklore with pointy ears, a dainty, humanoid body and a capricious nature. Elves are said to help Santa Claus distribute presents to children over Christmas!

10- Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer

लाल नाक वाला बारहसिंघा
laal naak waala baarahsingha

‘Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer’ is a Christmas song based on an American children’s story book with the same name. Rudolph is one of Santa’s reindeer. The song became more famous than the book, and can still be heard playing in many shopping malls over Christmas time across the globe!

11- North Pole

उत्तरी ध्रुव
uTTari dhruv

The cold North Pole is where Santa Claus is reputed to live with his reindeer!

12- Sled

स्लेज
slej

A sled is a non-motorised land vehicle used to travel over snow in countries where it snows a lot, and is usually pulled by animals such as horses, dogs or reindeer. This one obviously refers to Santa’s sled! Another word for sled is sleigh or sledge.

13- Present

उपहार
uphaar

Gift or present giving is synonymous with Christmas Eve and the greatest source of joy for children over this festive time! This tradition signifies that Christ’s birth was a gift to mankind, but not all people who hand out presents over Christmas observe the religious meaning.

14- Bell

घंटी
ghantii

On Christmas Day, or Christmas Eve, many religious celebrants enjoy going to church for a special sermon and Christmas rituals. The start of the sermon is often announced with bells or a bell, if the church has one. For this reason, the sound of ringing bells is often associated with Christmas Day.

15- Chimney

चिमनी
chimnee

The chimney is the entrance Santa Claus uses to deliver children’s presents on Christmas Day, according to folklore! Wonder how the chubby man and his elves stay clean…?!

16- Fireplace

अंगीठी
angeethi

In most countries where it snows, Christmas is synonymous with a fire or burning embers in houses’ fireplaces. Families huddle around its warmth while opening Christmas presents. Also, this is where Santa Claus is reputed to pop out after his journey down the chimney!

17- Christmas Day

बड़ा दिन
badaa DiN

This is the official day of commemorative celebration of Christ’s birth, and falls each year on December 25.

18- Decoration

सजावट
sajaavat

Decorations are the colourful trinkets and posters that make their appearance in shops and homes during the Christmas holiday season in many countries! They give the places a celebratory atmosphere in anticipation of the big Christmas celebration. Typical Christmas decorations include colorful photographs and posters, strings of lights, figurines of Santa Claus and the nativity scene, poinsettia flowers, snowflakes and many more.

19- Stocking

बड़ा मोजा
badaa mojaa

According to legend, Santa Claus places children’s presents in a red stocking hanging over the fireplace. This has also become a popular decoration, signifying Christmas.

20- Holly

सदाबहार वृक्ष
saDabahaar vriksh

Holly is a shrub native to the UK, and parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. It is characterised by glossy, spiny-toothed leaves, small, whitish flowers, and red berries. Ironically, its significance for Christmas relates to Christ’s crucifixion and suffering rather than his birth. However, the leaves’ distinctive shape and image have become popular Christmas decorations.

21- Gingerbread house

जिंजरब्रेड का घर जिंजरब्रेड का घर
jinjerbred kaa ghar

According to legend, the gingerbread house synonymous with Christmas is related to Christ’s birth place, Bethlehem. Bethlehem literally means ‘House of Bread’. Over centuries, it has become a popular treat over Christmas time in many non-religious households as well.

22- Candy cane

टाफी की छड़ी
taafi ki chhadii

According to folklore, Christmas candy canes made their appearance first in Germany in the 16th century. A choir master gave children the candy canes to suck on in church in order to keep them quiet during the Christmas sermon! Apparently, the candy is shaped like a cane in remembrance of the shepherds who were the first to visit the baby Jesus. Today, like gingerbread houses, they are still a popular sweet over the festive season!

23- Mistletoe

अमर बेल
amar bel

Mistletoe is a parasitic plant that grows on certain trees. In the Middle Ages, it was believed that the mistletoe has magical powers, and could protect a household from evil if hung above a door during December. The belief didn’t last but the habit did, and the mistletoe is another popular Christmas decoration!

4. Twelve Days of Christmas

Twelve Days of Christmas

Wow, you’re doing extremely well! You know how to wish someone a Merry Christmas in Hindi, and you learned pertinent vocabulary too! The Twelve Days of Christmas is not very well known in modern times, so, you’re on your way to becoming an expert in Christmas traditions and rituals. Well done!

The Twelve Days of Christmas, also known as Twelvetide, is a traditional festive period of 12 days dedicated to celebrate the nativity of Christ. Christmas Day is, for many who observe Twelvetide, the first day of this period.

‘The Twelve Days of Christmas’ is also a popular Christmas song about a series of gifts given on each day of Twelvetide. According to experts, these gifts were created as a coded reference to important symbols in the Christian church. Here is a list of those gifts mentioned in the song! Do you recognise them?

5. Top 10 Christmas Characters in American Culture

Top 10 Christmas Characters

This is fantastic, you know how to explain almost everything about Christmas in Hindi! However, do you know the most popular Christmas characters in American culture? Your knowledge will not be complete without this list.

6. HindiPod101 Is One Of The Best Online Language Schools Available!

Visit HindiPod101!

We don’t just say this - we can prove it! Geared to your personal needs and goals, we have several learning paths from which to choose. From Hindi for Absolute Beginners to Advanced Hindi, lessons are designed to meet you where you are, and increase your language abilities in fun, easy and interactive lessons! Mastering a new language has never been this easy or enjoyable.

We have over a decade of experience and research behind us, and it shows! With thousands of audio and video lessons, detailed PDF lessons and notes, as well as friendly, knowledgeable hosts, HindiPod101 is simply unbeatable when it comes to learning correct Hindi. Plenty of tools and resources are available when you study with us. New lessons are added every week so material remains fresh and relevant. You also have the option to upgrade and enjoy even more personalised guidance and services. This is a sure way to fast-track your learning!

So, this Christmas, why don’t you give yourself a present and enroll in HindiPod101? Or give an enrollment as a present to a loved one. It will be a gift with benefits for a whole lifetime, not just over Christmas!