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How to Celebrate India Republic Day - Hindi Holiday Guide

Of all the Indian holidays, the India Republic Day holiday may just be the most significant. This is a national holiday in India, and is a day for great celebration over the adoption of its new constitution in 1950—making it a republic at last!

Find out all about India Republic Day with HindiPod101.com, from the India Republic Day parade to this Hindu holiday’s origins.

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1. What is Republic Day in India?

In India, गणतंत्र-दिवस (ganTaNTra-DivaS) or “Republic Day” is the celebration of January 26, 1950 when its constitution (or Samvidhaan) was implemented at last. This allowed India to officially become a republic (or gantantra) at last.

Prior to this, up until 1947, much of India was under British rule. While India technically gained its independence in 1947, it wasn’t until the constitution was adopted that it actually became a republic.

At the time, it was a state with fifteen official languages, twenty-six accepted languages, and a conglomeration of five religious communities and myriad cultural communities. The celebration of Republic Day is also a celebration of India’s huge cultural diversity.

2. India Republic Day Date

India celebrates its Republic Day each year on January 26.

3. How is it Celebrated?

Rose Petals

As far as India holidays and celebrations go, Republic Day is one of the most significant.

The celebrations begin each year with the President saluting the Amar Jawan Jyoti, meaning “The flame of the immortal soldier,” which is below the ramparts of the India Gate located in the capital.

Amar Jawan Jyoti, as its name indicates, is an eternal flame burning in memory of the soldiers who gave all in order to help establish a sovereign India. The President salutes these sacrifices, and then awards those people who have made outstanding contributions in their respective fields of work. The Bharat Ratna award is the nation’s highest civilian honor.

This is followed by a festive parade on New Delhi’s famous Raj Path, which means “Royal Road.” The first showcase of the parade is a magnificent display by the regiments of the Indian army, navy, and air force.

This is followed by tableaus of all the states of the union. Each tableau offers a display of the state’s wealth of people, music, culture, dance, and dress as it proceeds down the parade route. Thousands of people gather at the Royal Road to witness this ornate display, also called the India Republic Day parade, while millions of others catch it on television in Hindi.

Sometimes, there are also India Republic Day guests. For example, U.S. President Barack Obama visited India for Republic Day in 2015 as an honored guest.

4. Additional Information

India’s Constitution is longer than that of any other state in the world. It has 448 articles and 118 amendments. The constitution declares India to be an independent, democratic, secular, and socialist republic.

Today, this new constitution is still seen as the strongest word of law in India; even the Indian Parliament is unable to supercede it.

5. Must-Know Vocab for India’s Republic Day

Medal of Honor

  • हेलिकोप्टर (helikoptar) — helicopter
  • नई दिल्ली (Naii DiLLii) — New Delhi
  • गणतंत्र-दिवस (ganTaNTra-DivaS) — Republic Day
  • परेड (pared) — parade
  • राष्ट्रीय छुट्टी (raastriya chuttii) — national holiday
  • राष्ट्रगान (raashtragaan) — national anthem
  • बहादुरी के पदक और पुरस्कार (bahaaDuri ke paDak aur puraskaar) — awards and medals of bravery
  • भारगुलाब की पंखुड़ियांत का संविधान (bhaaraT ka sanvidhaan) — Constitution of India
  • राष्ट्रीय झंडा (raashtriya jhandaa) — national flag
  • गुलाब की पंखुड़ियां (gulaab ki pankhudiyaan) — rose petal

If you want to hear each word pronounced, be sure to check out our Republic Day vocabulary list, which includes an audio with each word.

Conclusion

Representation of Republic Day

Now that you’ve learned about India’s Republic Day, you’ve gained another layer of knowledge regarding India’s culture and its people. What do you think of this important national holiday? Is there a similar holiday in your country?

To learn even more about India and its culture, be sure to visit us at HindiPod101.com! Alongside insightful blog posts and a variety of vocabulary lists, we also host an online community so that you can discuss your lessons with fellow students. And if you prefer a one-on-one learning approach, you can even download our MyTeacher app.

We wish you success in learning Hindi and discovering the depth of India’s history. You’ll be speaking Hindi like a native before you know it!

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