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Conjunction Words in Hindi: List and Conjunction Grammar Rules

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Hindi conjunctions are quite significant to the whole framework of the Hindi language. Just like in English, conjunction words in Hindi do the job of cementing two correlated sentences or phrases together.

One can easily find a conjunction in Hindi PDF online. But as a beginner, if you don’t understand the concept first, the meaning of conjunctions in Hindi and conjunction grammar rules in Hindi would be difficult to comprehend. This makes it imperative to learn Hindi conjunctions from the ground up, and becoming familiar with the most common Hindi conjunction words.

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Table of Contents

  1. Importance of the Conjunction in Hindi
  2. Hindi Conjunctions: Definition and Concept
  3. Hindi Conjunctions: Types & Exercises
  4. About the Hindi Conjunction List
  5. Conjunctions to Correlate Similar Thoughts
  6. Conjunctions to Express Condition
  7. Conjunctions to Express Cause
  8. Conjunctions to Express Opposition
  9. Conjunctions to Express Purpose
  10. Conjunctions to Express Alternatives
  11. Grow Your Hindi Knowledge with HindiPod101.com


1. Importance of the Conjunction in Hindi

Sentence Patterns

In Hindi grammar, conjunctions are vital. Without the use of conjunctions in Hindi, even a proper sentence structure would lose its meaning and create enormous confusion!

It’s the conjunction in Hindi that specifies whether two joined sentences contain similar thoughts, reflect two completely unrelated thoughts, or express a condition or underlying cause.

The bottom line is that the conjunction in Hindi grammar is something you just can’t afford to miss! Hindi sentences with conjunctions are just so much more sensical and fluid.

So, why don’t we start with the conjunction definition in Hindi before covering our complete conjunction list with Hindi words!


2. Hindi Conjunctions: Definition and Concept

What is a conjunction? A conjunction is a word or phrase that connects two or more words or phrases in a sentence. There! You’ve got the simplest definition for it.

Conjunctions

In literal terms, the conjunction meaning in Hindi is संयोजन (SanyojaN), whereas for the word “conjunctive,” the meaning in Hindi would be संयोजक (Sanyojak) or जोड़ने वाला (jodaNe vaaLaa).

Adding to that, the natural translation and meaning of “all conjunctions” in Hindi would be सभी संयोजक (Sabhii Sanyojak).

And while we’re at it, let’s quickly check out how to say “connectors” in English with the Hindi word. The connectors are called योजक (yojak) in Hindi.


3. Hindi Conjunctions: Types & Exercises

The conjunction in Hindi is divided and then subdivided into many categories. The two main classes are Coordinating Conjunctions and Subordinating Conjunctions.

1- Coordinating Conjunctions in Hindi

The coordinating conjunctions in Hindi are also known as the cumulative conjunction in Hindi. These are the words or phrases which are used to join two similar clauses or phrases of equal importance. For example: “and,” “but,” “so,” “for,” etc.

2- Subordinating Conjunctions in Hindi

The function of the subordinate conjunction in Hindi is to connect a dependent clause with an independent clause in a sentence. For example: “because,” “although,” “until,” etc.

Now that we have a basic idea about the two main types of conjunctions, it will be easier to understand the English conjunction in Hindi in more detail.

In the section below, we’ll study a comprehensive Hindi conjunction examples list with Hindi conjunctions in English as well as Hindi, to not only help you learn Hindi connecting words, but also craft Hindi conjunction sentences.


4. About the Hindi Conjunction List

Improve Listening

Finally, it’s time to go through the list of connectors. This conjunction list (English to Hindi) is a great way to practice and improve spoken and written Hindi in daily life.

We would also like to draw your attention to the fact that there can be multiple conjunctions with a similar meaning. So, while translating a conjunction, don’t be surprised if you come across conjunction with more than one word for it.

Without further ado, our comprehensive Hindi conjunctions list and several Hindi conjunctions examples!


5. Conjunctions to Correlate Similar Thoughts

Improve Listening Part 2

The most common English conjunction words to express two similar thoughts together are “and” and “also.” But how do you say them in Hindi? Find out in this full list of conjunctions in Hindi for correlating similar thoughts.

1- And

Normally, in everyday conversations, Indians opt for और (aur) in place of “and.” In most cases, it comes between two clauses or words. But sometimes, और (aur) can be placed at the beginning of the sentence. This happens when the person has finished talking but needs to add something important (probably because he or she forgot to do so in the first place).

Example:

  • मुझे आम पसंद है। मुझे सेब पसंद है।
    (mujhe aam paSaND hai. mujhe Seb paSaND hai.)
    “I like mangoes. I like apples.”
  • मुझे आम और सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam aur Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”

The other substitutes for और (aur) are (va), तथा (TaTHaa), and एवं (evam). Keep in mind that they’re rarely spoken in day-to-day Hindi conversations and are merely confined to official uses. However, these can be used in the same way as the above example.

For instance, here are these conjunctions in Hindi with examples:

  • मुझे आम तथा सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam TaTHaa Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”
  • मुझे आम सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam va Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”


6. Conjunctions to Express Condition

Talking about a particular (necessary) condition requires the speaker to use certain other kinds of conjunctions.

2- If/Then

In situations where people like to express a peculiar condition, the Hindi phrases अगर (agar) / तो (To) are used. The examples below will help you understand how to use it in a sentence.

Example:

  • अगर तुम थक गयी हो, तो सो जाओ।
    (agar Tum THak gayii ho, To So jaao.)
    “If you’re tired, then get some rest.”

अगर (agar) / तो (To) can easily be replaced with यदि (yaDi). Although यदि (yaDi) is more formal and less frequently used in daily Hindi talks and chats, Indians still prefer to use it in official documents.

Example:

  • यदि आज बारिश हुई, तो दफ़्तर बंद रहेगा।
    (yaDi aaj baaris huyii, To DafTar baND rahegaa.)
    “If it rains today, the office will remain closed.”

As you can see, having a voluminous vocab in Hindi is great, but it’s not a substitute for learning parts of speech, such as prepositions and conjunctions in Hindi.

Man with an A+ Assignment

3- Since

Another terrific conjunction in Hindi is “since.” In Hindi, it’s translated as चूंकि (cuunki). The unique thing about this word is that more often than not, it’s placed at the beginning of a sentence. In Hindi conjunction sentences, it may look something like the example below.

Example:

  • चूँकि तुम मेरे दोस्त हो, मैं तुम्हारी मदद करूंगी।
    (cuunki Tum mere DoST ho, main Tumhaarii maDaD karuungii.)
    “Since you are my friend, I’d like to help you out.”


7. Conjunctions to Express Cause

There are times when things go wrong, or at least they don’t really happen the way we expected. In such cases, we need to express causes and reasons using conjunctions in Hindi grammar. In this section of the Hindi conjunctions list, we’ll shed some light on these similar conjunctions.

4- So

You’ll hear Indians using this word quite frequently. In Hindi sentences, “so” means इसलिए (iSLiye). Let’s see how it connects two similar clauses below.

Example:

  • सीमा की बस छूट गयी थी, इसलिए उसे देर हो गयी।
    (Siimaa kii baS chuut gayi THii, iSaLiye uSe Der ho gayii.)
    “Seema missed her bus, so she was late.”

5- Before

The conjunction “before” translates as पहले (pehLe). पहले (pehLe) is placed in between two clauses, but at times it may also be placed at the beginning of the sentence.

Example:

  • फ़ल और सब्ज़ियों को खाने से पहले हमेशा धो लेना चाहिए.
    (faL aur Sabziyon ko khaaNe Se pehLe hamesaa DHo LeNaa caahiye.)
    “You should always wash vegetables and fruits before eating them.”

6- Because

Sometimes, it becomes necessary to give valid reasons for why things didn’t go as you planned! In such cases, the conjunction “because” comes to your rescue. In Hindi, it’s known as क्योंकि (kyonki) and is an inseparable part of daily Hindi chitchats.

Example:

  • बाज़ार बंद है क्योंकि आज रविवार है।
    (baazaar baND hai kyonki aaj ravivaar hai.)
    “The market is closed because it’s Sunday today!”


8. Conjunctions to Express Opposition

But what about when we have to express contradiction? Whoa! Did you notice the conjunction we used so seamlessly? Yes, you’ve guessed it right. Our next word is “but.”

Notes with Plants

7- But

The conjunction “but” can be translated into multiple words in Hindi. And we’ll share at least four of them with you.

We’ll start with the most popular one, which is लेकिन (LekiN). लेकिन (LekiN) is rightfully visible everywhere, in daily talks, in books, on the news, etc. So, let’s see how to put it in a sentence.

Example:

  • मेरी तबियत ख़राब है लेकिन मुझे विद्यालय जाना होगा।
    (merii TabiyaT kharaab hai LekiN mujhe viDyaaLay jaaNaa hogaa.)
    “I am not well but I must go to school.”

The other regularly used translations for “but” are परन्तु (paraNTu), मगर (magar), and पर (par). They work in the same way as लेकिन (LekiN).

Example:

  • दिल्ली अच्छा शहर है पर वहाँ प्रदूषण बहुत है।
    (DiLLii acchaa sahar hai par vahaan praDuusan bahuT hai.)
    “Delhi is a great city, but it’s highly polluted.”

8- And yet

The Hindi phrase for “and yet” is फिर भी (phir bhii). It serves the same purpose, indicating contradiction or opposition. You can understand this better with the example below.

Example:

  • राज ने इतनी मेहनत की, फिर भी वह परीक्षा में पास नहीं हो पाया।
    (raaj Ne iTaNii mehaNaT kii, phir bhii vah pariiksaa men paaS nahiin ho paayaa.)
    “Raj worked so hard, and yet he couldn’t clear the exams.”


9. Conjunctions to Express Purpose

How do you convince people? Well, whatever skills you use for that, it can’t be done without conjunctions for expressing purpose. And our first one in the conjunction words list is “so that.”

9- So that

In Hindi, saying ताकि (Taaki) is a great way to persuade people and bring more conviction to your speech.

Example:

  • रोज़ कसरत करो, ताकि स्वस्थ रह सको।.
    (roz kaSaraT karo, Taaki SvaSTH rah Sako.)
    “Exercise daily, so that you stay healthy.”

10- That’s why

When you’re in a position to give reasons and explanations, इसलिए (iSLiye) is the perfect Hindi word you’re looking for.

Example:

  • आज क्रिसमस है इसलिए हम सबने नए कपड़े पहने हैं।
    (aaj Christmas hai iSaLiye ham SabaNe Naye kapade pahaNe hain.)
    “It’s Christmas today, and that’s why we have all put on new clothes.”

Boy on Bed Listening to Something


10. Conjunctions to Express Alternatives

11- Or

“Or” is heavily used in Hindi conversation, maybe while requesting food preferences, choice of beverage, clothing, or anything like that. In Hindi, it can be translated as अथवा (aTHavaa) or या (yaa).

Example:

  • तुम्हें भारत ज़्यादा पसंद है या जापान?
    (Tumhen bhaaraT zyaaDaa paSaND hai yaa JaapaaN?)
    “Do you like India better, or Japan?”

12- Either … Or

“Either … or” is just an extended version of “or.” Its Hindi translation is या तो (yaa To) … या फिर (yaa phir). No matter how much we try to put the concept into words, it’s much better to learn it through sentence usage.

Example:

  • या तो मैं फ़िल्म देखूँगा या फिर ख़रीदारी करूँगा।
    (yaa To main fiLm Dekhuungaa yaa phir khariiDaarii karuungaa.)
    “Either I’ll watch a movie or I’ll go shopping.”

13- Otherwise

Another common and widely used term to indicate contradictions is वरना (varNaa). It’s a popular word and worth learning if you’re going to be staying in India for a while.

Example:

  • जल्दी करो वरना हमें देर हो जाएगी।
    (jaLDii karo varaNaa hamen Der ho jaayegii.)
    “Hurry up, otherwise we’ll be late.”

14- Instead of

The last conjunction in our all conjunction list with Hindi words is “instead of,” which simply means के बजाय (ke bajaay) in Hindi.

Example:

  • सुमित को घूमने के बजाय पढ़ना ज़्यादा पसंद है।
    (SumiT ho ghuumaNe ke bajaay padhaNaa zyaaDaa paSaND hai.)
    “Instead of going out, Sumit prefers reading.”


11. Grow Your Hindi Knowledge with HindiPod101.com

We hope you’ve loved and enjoyed this piece of ours on Hindi linking words & exercises! For amazing learners like you, we have so much more to offer and share on HindiPod101.com.

Learning has no end, and neither does our Hindi resources section! We bet our word bank and vocab lists, enjoyable lesson materials, interesting blog articles, and enriching grammar bank will be worth your time.

Simply download our mobile application and let us help make your learning experience even better and more fun. Just sign up on our homepage and get started already!

And before you go, let us know how you feel about conjunction words in Hindi now. Do you feel more confident using them, or are there still some things you’re having a hard time grasping? Let us know in the comments; we look forward to hearing from you!
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Indian Etiquette: Social and Business Etiquette in India

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Practically, Indian etiquette is a fairly extensive term. It’s the amalgamation of Indian manners, as well as Indian culture, customs, and etiquette that blesses India with its uniqueness in the world.

Being a foreigner, you’ll clearly observe a distinctness in everything: cultural etiquette in India (such as Indian wedding etiquette), business etiquette in India, etc.

Honestly, one may compare India to a sponge, absorbing the richness from everywhere. And when you try to squelch its aura, it gives the same profuseness of hospitality and welcomeness.

This article focuses on existing Indian manners and customs that are popular in various aspects of life. You’ll learn some basic, but profoundly important and helpful, day-to-day practices of India: Language, culture, customs, and etiquette, such as business etiquette tips, dress etiquette, table etiquette in India, and much more.

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Table of Contents

  1. But Why is Practicing Etiquette in India so Important?
  2. Etiquette in Hindi
  3. Basic Do’s and Don’ts for Addressing to Someone in India
  4. Dining Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Dining
  5. Tourist Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Sightseeing
  6. Do’s and Don’ts for Greetings
  7. Do’s and Don’ts for Visiting a House
  8. Travel Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Public Transport
  9. Office Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for the Workplace
  10. Do’s and Don’ts for Celebrations
  11. Learning Indian Etiquette and Much More with HindiPod101


1. But Why is Practicing Etiquette in India so Important?

Why on earth should you be learning Indian cultural norms, or business and social etiquette in India? As a foreigner, this question may pop up in your mind. After all, you’re not a native!

Well, the answer is as plain as the question itself, which is: You don’t have to follow anything. In India, you’ll never see a foreigner pressured to acquire or respect Indian behavior and etiquette. Because no matter how conservative the society may be, Indians don’t like to impose things on others.

That being said, we’re quite sure that after spending just a few days in this colorful land, you’ll fall in love with its culture all by yourself. Most of the Indian etiquette (dining, greeting, meeting) are so fascinating that foreigners actually look forward to adapting and savoring them during their stay in India.

Lastly, visiting a country like India, and respecting its traditions and manners, such as Indian greeting customs or meeting etiquette in India, will really take you a long way. Indians are quite conservative and traditional, and they like to keep it that way.

However, when it comes to foreigners, common folks are quite forgiving. In fact, you can get away with many innocent cultural slips and nobody will mind. But then, that’s not the point, is it? To tell you the truth regarding Indian culture, showing simple gestures of manners and etiquette in India will help you earn more affection and bond with the natives in a deeper way. And what could be a better way to respond to the warmth of a country than by loving it back in the same way!

Indians are so particular about, and sensitive toward, social etiquette that kids in schools are taught about it from quite an early age. Thus, learning the etiquette of India yourself is a great show of respect.

Through this article, we’ll guide you through the most important etiquette rules in India. This will transform your visit into a sweet and unforgettable experience for both host and guest.


2. Etiquette in Hindi

But first, a quick challenge! What is the word for “etiquette” in Hindi?

The most common word for “etiquette” in Hindi is शिष्टाचार (sistaacaar). Another “etiquette” word in Hindi is तमीज़ (Tamiiz).

When it comes to culture appropriateness, Indians often emphasize similar words, such as संस्कार (SanSkaar) and तहज़ीब (Tehaziib). These words stand for “good manners” in the Hindi language.

The proper Hindi word for “manners” is तरीक़ा (Tariiqaa). And the Hindi word आदत (aaDaT), although it’s more suitable for the English word “habit,” it’s often used for “manners” too.

So, the word for “good manners” in Hindi is अच्छी आदत (acchii aaDaT) or अच्छा तरीक़ा (acchaa Tariiqaa). Whoa! Wasn’t that simple enough?

Now that you’ve learned the words for good manners in Hindi and English both, let’s move on to bad manners in Hindi. The Hindi words for “bad manners” are बुरी आदत (burii aaDaT) or खऱाब तरीक़ा (kharaab Tariiqaa).

Quick Tip: In Hindi, “habit” is a feminine word and “manner” is a masculine word.

Finally, it’s time to explore the most important section of this lesson and get familiar with real do’s and don’ts in Indian culture!


3. Basic Do’s and Don’ts for Addressing to Someone in India

Bad Phrases

First, let’s go over the essential greeting etiquette in India. After all, the first meeting is the most important.

1- Do: Address People as आप (aap)

Unlike English, Hindi has two different words for “you.” One is तुम (Tum) and the other is आप (aap). While तुम (Tum) is used for friends and younger ones, it carries a tinge of informality and frankness.

On the other hand, you’ll often hear Indians saying आप (aap) to each other. It’s the most suitable Hindi pronoun when addressing someone who is elderly or of the opposite gender. Indians also prefer using the word आप (aap) in formal situations or when meeting someone for the first time.

So, to be on the safer side, whenever you’re trying to have a conversation with people, address them as आप (aap). As described in the paragraph above, exceptions can be made in case of very close friends or when speaking to children.

2- Do Greet People with a नमस्ते (NamaSTe)

When it comes to meeting etiquette in India, there’s no better ice breaker than a नमस्ते (NamaSTe). In India, greeting etiquette says a lot about you. Fold your hands, bow your head, and say नमस्ते (NamaSTe) for a proper greeting gesture among the native people.

Woman Making a Traditional Greeting

Traditional Indian Greeting

3- Don’t Call Elderly People by Their Names

Another important tip for social etiquette in India: Calling elderly people by their names is highly offensive to Indian folks. It’s something they would never dream of doing! So, follow this etiquette rule strictly or you may dishearten them to the core.

Instead of saying names, native people go for general terms like “uncle” and “aunty” to address the elder ones.


4. Dining Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Dining

Indians are some of the biggest food-lovers in the world. Food is literally worshipped here. And being a foreigner, you wouldn’t want to upset the natives at the table, right!

So, without wasting a moment, let’s explore the must-know rules for table manners and etiquette in India.

1- Do Use Your Right Hand to Eat

Hygiene

Whenever you’re dining with Indians, this should be your forever mantra. Consuming meals with your right hand is considered the proper eating etiquette in India, whereas eating with the left hand in India is viewed as improper and unhygienic.

2- Do Consider the Comforts of Your Vegetarian Companions

For the most part, people in India are vegetarians. So, try to confirm before ordering any non-veg meals at the same table, as many of your vegetarian friends may not be comfortable with that. You can understand the level of discomfort when considering that the majority of restaurants here serve only vegetarian foods.

And even at places where both veg and non-veg dishes are cooked, both are served in different kinds of tableware, to assure the distinction.

It’s always good table etiquette in India to look after the comfort of those you’re dining with.

A Collection of Indian Dishes

Indian Dining Etiquette

3- Don’t Use Forks or Knives for Traditional Indian Food

As for fine dining etiquette in India, be sure not to use forks or knives for traditional food. It’s not only disrespectful, but also inconvenient (and almost impossible!) to cut the Indian flat bread, known as रोटी (rotii) or चपाती (capaaTii) with a knife. So, why not save yourself some time and use your hands instead? This way, you’ll be able to relish the food with more ease.

4- Don’t Start Before the Host

Whether you’re invited to someone’s home or are having meals at a restaurant, there are certain dining etiquette and table manners Indians always follow.

Firstly, proper etiquette in Indian culture demands that you never start eating before the host. At least wait until they request the guests to begin eating. The same rule applies to the elder ones if they’re around at the same party.

Secondly, after you’ve eaten the meals (at a restaurant), don’t leave the table just yet. Instead, wait for the elderly people to finish their food as well.


5. Tourist Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Sightseeing

Thanks

1- Do Remove Your Footwear

When you’re in India, you’ll come across countless religious places, including temples, mosques, and gurudwaras. In addition to that, native people may also invite you to their homes. In all such situations, remember to take off your shoes before entering that place.

2- Do Wear Decent Clothes

Although there’s no strict definition of what decent clothes are, it’s best to put something on that’s loose-fitting and covers the whole body. Indian dresses like salwar kameez, and Kurtas/Kurtis, maintain the conservative dressing styles of the Indian society. Even if you’re opting for something western, make sure it’s not revealing or tight-fitting!

People Visiting a Temple

Visiting a Temple in India

3- Don’t Exhibit PDA

We can’t emphasize enough on the vast traditional nature of the country. In no way should you exhibit public displays of affection, as this could make the common public extremely uncomfortable (and upset them, too). Holding hands is okay, but hugging in Indian culture is only considered acceptable between the same gender.


6. Do’s and Don’ts for Greetings

If you’re a beginner and wish to learn how to greet in India, explore our comprehensive article on Indian greetings. Knowing the etiquette and customs in India for greeting may also help you with learning proper business etiquette in India.

1- Do Use First Names

Greet people and address them by their first names. Last names are hardly popular in the Indian culture. Although using last names is common in government offices, the same is mostly attributed to encouraging the evil of casteism in the country, as every last name is associated with a particular class in the society.

2- Do Add जी (jii) to the Names

Skip this in case of friends and younger ones. But when talking to or about elders or senior colleagues, or in some cases people of the opposite gender, add जी (jii) to their names. According to the culture and etiquette in India, it’s a sign of sheer respect.

Example:

  • मीरा जी दफ़्तर में हैं।
    (miiraa jii DafTar men hain.)
    “Meera jii is in the office.”

3- Don’t Touch the Opposite Gender

Again, this is a needless rule of cultural etiquette in India to mention, but touching the opposite gender is looked down upon. The other person, as well as onlookers, may feel offended by this gesture. So, kindly avoid it at all costs.


7. Do’s and Don’ts for Visiting a House

1- Do Bring Some Gifts

When invited to a house, bring along some gifts as a warm gesture. When it comes to gift etiquette in India, your gift could be anything, but fruits and sweets are particularly well-received. Gift giving etiquette in India is quite common and is a sign of your affection toward the host.

Collection of Sweets

Indian Sweets as Gifts

2- Don’t Buy Liquor as a Gift

Unless you’re close friends with the host, strictly avoid bringing along any alcohol or smoking items. And as much as possible, try not to consume alcohol in the presence of children, females, or elderly people around you. This is considered quite rude and condescending.


8. Travel Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Public Transport

1- Do Prepare for a Huge Crowd

It’s a worldwide-known fact that India is one of the most heavily populated countries in the world. So, naturally, when riding any public transport, be ready for a lot of rush on the local buses and trains. Also, take care of your luggage so that it doesn’t get lost!

2- Do Stay on the Left Side

As part of walking and driving etiquette in India, always stay on the left side of the road. It will save you from minor and major accidents, such as running into other people by mistake.

3- Don’t Sit in Reserved Seats

In every bus, train, and even metro, you’ll find some seats exclusively reserved for the handicapped, elderly, and pregnant women. Don’t occupy these special seats when such people are around; just help them sit there comfortably.


9. Office Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for the Workplace

In India, business etiquette tips are the perfect way to break the ice and help you gel up with others much faster! For those who are wondering, business etiquette in Hindi is translated as व्यावसायिक शिष्टाचार (vyaavaSaayik sistaacaar).

So, let’s find out the practices that qualify as proper business etiquette and protocol in India.

1- Do Use First Names

We’ve already mentioned this an ample number of times. In India, business culture etiquette involves addressing people by their first names. This holds true in most situations, and also counts as personal and business email etiquette in India.

Even on business cards, you’ll always see the first name first. And while we’re at it, when a colleague or business prospect shares his or her business card with you, take a moment to look at it and show your appreciation for it with a smile. A few simple words of compliment are more than enough when it comes to business card etiquette in India.

People Toasting at a Large Dinner

Business Dining Etiquette

2- Do Wear Proper Dress

Wearing proper formal dress to the office is one of the many unsaid rules of business etiquette in India. You may opt for something traditional or western, while keeping in mind that the dress should in no way be revealing! This is one of the most important tips for business etiquette in India, so do be mindful!

3- Don’t Make Unnecessary Physical Contact

When it comes to workplace etiquette in India, Indians are okay with handshakes and a pat on the back. But anything further isn’t quite welcome in the society. So, restrict physical contact to a minimum, especially with the opposite gender, to avoid any discrepancy in the workplace.

4- Don’t Point Your Finger

When learning about etiquette in India businesses, keep in mind that we all experience conflicts, differences of opinion, and other uncomfortable situations in the office. But during the heat of an argument or a tense moment, it’s still better to keep away from certain things.

For instance, talking about business meeting etiquette in India, don’t point your finger at anyone when in the middle of an argument. Doing so is considered a rude hand gesture in India.


10. Do’s and Don’ts for Celebrations

1- Do Opt for Dress Colors According to the Occasion

Who hasn’t heard of the phrase “Big Fat Indian Wedding!” By default, Indian celebrations and marriages are all about shimmers and show off. So, if you happen to attend an Indian wedding, you can experiment and play with all sorts of colors: bright, pastels, and so on. Be sure to enjoy yourself and don’t worry too much about wedding etiquette in India.

Person Getting Mehndi Art

Mehndi in Indian Weddings

2- Don’t Wear Red to a Funeral

The dress for a funeral is an essential aspect of etiquette in Indian culture. In short, avoid wearing any bright or dark shades to an Indian funeral. This includes black. As much as possible, keep the colors dull, pastel, or white. When attending a funeral, wearing loud and cheerful prints is something that you should avoid completely.


11. Learning Indian Etiquette and Much More with HindiPod101

We hope you’ve enjoyed this article on Indian etiquette. By now, you should have a good grasp of conversational etiquette in India, and other rules for business and social events.

Does your country have similar etiquette rules or cultural standards about manners? Let us know!

At HindiPod101, we have many other high-quality articles and lesson materials on various topics about India that might interest you.

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All you need to do is download our mobile application and sign up at HindiPod101.com to access an unlimited source for language-learning and cultural knowledge.

With enough studying and practice, you’ll master the language and culture of India in no time. Let us help you get there!

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Learn How to Say Dates in Hindi and the Months in Hindi

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Referring to dates in Hindi is a common aspect of life in India. Booking tickets, making an appointment, confirming the date of an event, remembering birthdays, keeping up with national festivals of India and holidays…almost everything is done using the days and months in Hindi.

Thus, learning the proper methods for saying dates, years, and even weekdays in Hindi becomes so essential. It would be impossible to understand this whole article without first gaining basic knowledge about the common words related to days, months, and weeks in Hindi. Basically, all the information about dates in Hindi you’ll need to get started!

Here at HindiPod101.com, before showing you how to use dates in Hindi, we would like to begin with a quick glossary for these words. On a different note, we’d also like to remind you that almost all the nouns in Hindi are gender-specific. The same rule applies to the words described below.

Table of Contents

  1. A Quick Glossary
  2. Dates in Hindi
  3. Today, Tomorrow, and Yesterday in Hindi
  4. Day in Hindi
  5. Talking about Weeks in Hindi
  6. The Months in Hindi
  7. Talking about Years in Hindi
  8. Fixing the Date of an Appointment in Hindi
  9. Must-Know Phrases to Talk about Dates
  10. Read the Hindi Dates Fluently with HindiPod101.com

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1. A Quick Glossary

Common English Words           Hindi Meanings
Daily           दैनिक (DaiNik); रोज़ाना (rozaaNaa)
Weekly           साप्ताहिक (SaapTaahik)
Weekend           सप्ताहांत (SaapTaahaaNT)
Monthly           मासिक (maaSik)
Yearly/Annually           वार्षिक (vaarsik); सालाना (SaaLaaNaa)

Although we’ll cover all these words in detail later, this is just a quick introduction to some important words. As you can see, “weekend” in Hindi is known as सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) or सप्ताह का अंत (SapTaah kaa aNT), but there are no particular words for “weekdays” in Hindi. Nonetheless, the literal weekday meaning in Hindi could be translated as काम करने के दिन (kaam karaNe ke DiN).


2. Dates in Hindi

Numbers

1- Hindi Words for “Date”

The word “date” in Hindi is considered feminine, so the verb form changes accordingly. But what are dates called in Hindi?

तारीख़ (Taariikh)

The first and most common term for dates in Hindi is तारीख़ (Taariikh). Here’s an example of how to use this word in a sentence:

  • आज क्या तारीख़ है?
    (aaj kyaa Taariikh hai ?)
    “What’s the date today?”
  • कल की तारीख़ में ये काम हो जाना चाहिए।
    (kaL kii Taariikh men ye kaam ho jaaNaa caahiye.)
    “This work should be done by tomorrow’s date.”

दिनांक (DiNaank) and तिथि (TiTHi)

The other two words for dates in Hindi are दिनांक (DiNaank) and तिथि (TiTHi). However, they’re only used in official documents, religious calendars, etc. In order to use them, just replace तारीख़ (Taariikh) with either of these more formal words in the sentence.

Based on the same vocabulary, the due date meaning in Hindi can be expressed as:

अंतिम तिथि (aNTim TiTHi)               “Last Date”
आख़िरी तारीख़ (aakhirii Taariikh)      ”Due Date”
     

2- Reading and Writing Dates in Hindi

In India, dates written in Hindi follow the [day] [month] [year] format.

  • महात्मा गाँधी का जन्म 2अक्टूबर 1869 में हुआ था।
  • (mahaaTmaa gaaNDHii kaa jaNm Do aktuubar 1969 men huaa THaa.)
  • “Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1969.”

Reading the Dates in Hindi

1) How to Write Dates in Hindi Using Cardinal Numbers

Most of the time, we use cardinal numbers to mention dates in schools and for other business-related purposes.
For example, if you wish to write the Hindi month & date today, it would be in DD/MM/YYYY format.

2) How to Write Dates in Hindi Using Ordinal Numbers

On the other hand, Indians also opt for the ordinal number date formats in newspapers, other official papers, wedding invitations, etc.
Suppose the date today is February 14, 2019. A Hindi newspaper would mention the same date, and translate it in Hindi as १४ फ़रवरी २०१९.


3. Today, Tomorrow, and Yesterday in Hindi

Before we move on to the next section about the days’ name in Hindi, let’s take a step back for a moment. In the previous section, we mentioned some essential words, but what about “today” and “tomorrow?” Well, here’s how to say these in Hindi.

Words           Hindi Meaning           Verb Form Used
Today           आज (aaj)           (-है / -हूँ / -हैं)
Tomorrow           कल (kaL)           (-गा / -गी / -गें)
Yesterday           कल (kaL)           (-था / -थी / -थे)

Interestingly, we have the same Hindi word for both “tomorrow” and “yesterday.” How do Indians differentiate between both the tenses? They recognize the tenses by the verb form used with them.
But in situations where the tense form isn’t used—for example, when you want to just say “yesterday’s date” or “tomorrow’s date,”—you can differentiate by using these phrases:

बीता हुआ कल (biiTaa huaa kaL)    — Yesterday
आने वाला कल (aaNe vaaLaa kaL) — Tomorrow

Below, we’ve explained the same concept with the help of a few examples. You can also see specific Hindi words and letters in bold to emphasize which tense is used.

  • सीमा आज रात पार्टी में आ रही है
    (SiiMaa aaj raaT paartii men aa rahii hai.)
    “Seema is coming to the party tonight.”
  • मैं आज सोना चाहता हूँ
    (main aaj SoNaa caahaTaa huun.)
    “I want to sleep today.”
  • रोहन कल घर आएगा
    (rohaN kaL ghar aayegaa.)
    “Rohan will come home tomorrow.”
  • प्रिया कल बाज़ार गयी थी
    (priyaa kaL baazaar gayii THii.)
    “Priya went to the market yesterday.”


4. Day in Hindi

Weekdays

1- Hindi Words for “Day”

Here are the common terms for the word “day” in Hindi:
दिन (DiN)                  ”Day”
दिवस (DivaS)            ”Day”
दैनिक (DaiNik)          ”Daily”

Here are some examples to help you better understand how to use the days and dates in Hindi conversations:

  • मैं चार दिन के लिए शहर से बाहर जा रही हूँ।
    (main caar DiN ke Liye sahar Se baahar jaa rahii huun.)
    “I am going out of town for four days.”
  • भारत में स्वतंत्रता दिवस हर साल १५ अगस्त को मनाया जाता है।
    (bhaaraT men SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS har SaaL 15 agaST ko maNaayaa jaaTaa hai.)
    “India celebrates its Independence Day every year on August 15.”

As compared to English, we have a different native pronunciation for August in Hindi. That’s why 15 August in Hindi is written and read as १५ अगस्त (15 agaST).

Here’s how to use the word “daily” in Hindi.

  • ‘हिंदुस्तान टाइम्स’ एक दैनिक समाचार पत्र है।
    (hiNDuSTaaN taaimS ek DaiNik Samaacaar paTr hai.)
    “Hindustan Times is a daily newspaper.”

2- How to Say the Days in Hindi

We’ve already mentioned that there are so many gender-specific words in the Hindustani language. In this case, days are masculine gender nouns. Hence, all the ordinal words for days end with the -aa sound. For example, पहला दिन (pahaLaa DiN). But if we express the ordinal words for dates, the same words would end with the -ii sound as “dates” is a feminine noun. For example, पहली तारीख़ (pahaLii Taariikh). To access the complete list of Hindi cardinal numbers, check out our full-fledged article on Hindi Numbers.

Ordinal Numbers in English Ordinal Numbers in Hindi Ordinal Numbers in English Ordinal Numbers in Hindi
First (1st) पहला (pahaLaa) Seventeenth (17th) सत्रहवां (SaTrahavaan)
Second (2nd) दूसरा (DuuSaraa) Eighteenth (18th) अठारवां (athaarahavaan)
Third (3rd) तीसरा (TiiSaraa) Nineteenth (19th) उन्नीसवां (uNNiiSavaan)
Fourth (4th) चौथा (cauTHaa) Twentieth (20th) बीसवां (biiSavaan)
Fifth (5th) पांचवां (paancavaan) Twenty-first (21st) इक्कीसवाँ (ikkiiSavaan)
Sixth (6th) छठा (chathaa) Twenty-second (22nd) बाईसवाँ (baaiiSavaan)
Seventh (7th) सातवां (SaaTavaan) Twenty-third (23rd) तेईसवां (TeiiSsvaan)
Eighth (8th) आठवाँ (aathavaan) Twenty-fourth (24th) चौबीसवाँ (caubiiSavaan)
Ninth (9th) नौवां (Nauvaan) Twenty-fifth (25th) पच्चीसवां (pacciiSavaan)
Tenth (10th) दसवां (DaSavaan) Twenty-sixth (26th) छब्बीसवाँ (chabbiiSavaan)
Eleventh (11th) ग्यारहवां (gyaarahavaan) Twenty-seventh (27th) सत्ताईसवाँ (SaTTaaiiSavaan)
Twelfth (12th) बारहवां (baarahavaan) Twenty-eighth (28th) अठाईसवाँ (athaaiiSavaan)
Thirteenth (13th) तेरहवां (Terahavaan) Twenty-ninth (29th) उन्तीसवां (uNTiiSavaan)
Fourteenth (14th) चौदहवां (cauDahavaan) Thirtieth (30th) तीसवाँ (TiiSavaan)
Fifteenth (15th) पन्द्रहवां (paNDrahavaan) Thirty-first (31st) इक्तीसवाँ (ikTiiSavaan)
Sixteenth (16th) सोलहवां (SoLahavaan)

Translating the Months and Days in Hindi

Example:

  • इस दफ़्तर में आज मेरा चौथा दिन है।
    (iS DafTar men aaj meraa cauTHaa DiN hai.)
    “It’s my fourth day today in this office.”


5. Talking about Weeks in Hindi

Now, we’ll discuss the “week” meaning in Hindi and the days of the week in Hindi.

1- Hindi Words for the Week

The typical terms for saying “week” and related words in Hindi are:

सप्ताह (SapTaah) “Week”
हफ़्ता (hafTaa) “Week”
सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) “Weekend”
साप्ताहिक (SaapTaahik) “Weekly”

As you can see, the weekend in Hindi is known as सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) or सप्ताह का अंत (SapTaah kaa aNT).

But there are no particular words for weekdays in Hindi. Nonetheless, the literal weekday meaning in Hindi could be translated as काम करने के दिन (kaam karaNe ke DiN).

Coming back to the word “week,” here are some Hindi phrases to help you learn these. For “one week,” the meaning in Hindi is एक हफ़्ता (ek hafTaa). Similarly, in Hindi, “six weeks” would be written as छः हफ़्ते (chaḥ hafTe).

2- How to Say the Days of the Week

Learning about the days of the week in Hindi is really fun! In India, the first day of the week is Sunday. Sunday in Hindi is इतवार (iTavaar). Another popular word for Sunday in Hindi is रविवार (ravivaar).
Have a look at the chart below to learn the names of other days of the week.

Name in English           Name in Hindi
Sunday           इतवार (iTavaar) / रविवार (ravivaar)
Monday           सोमवार (Somavaar)
Tuesday           मंगलवार (mangaLavaar)
Wednesday           बुधवार (buDHavaar)
Thursday           बृहस्पतिवार (brihaSpaTivaar) / गुरुवार (guruvaar)
Friday           शुक्रवार (sukravaar)
Saturday           शनिवार (saNivaar) / शनिचर (saNicar)


6. The Months in Hindi

Months

In this section, you’ll first learn the basic Hindi terms for the word “month.” Then, we’ll teach you the names of the months of the year in the Hindi language (e.g. how to say January to December in Hindi). You’ll also learn the unique Indian months’ name in Hindi.
So, first, we’ll start with the basic Hindi words for “month.”

1- Hindi Words for “Month”

माह (maah)                     ”Month”
मास (maaS)                     ”Month”
महीना (mahiiNaa)             ”Month”
मासिक (maaSik)              ”Monthly”
अधिवर्ष (aDHivars)          ”Leap year”
अधिमास (aDHimaaS)      ”Leap month”

Examples:

  • दिसंबर साल का आख़िरी महीना होता है।
    (DiSambar SaaL kaa aakhirii mahiiNaa hoTaa hai.)
    “December is the last month of the year.”
  • यह एक मासिक पत्रिका है।
    (yah ek maaSik paTrikaa hai.)
    “This is a monthly magazine.”

Learning the Months and Dates

2- How to Say the Months in Hindi

Now it’s time to learn the names of the 12 months in Hindi, from January to December in Hindi.

English Months           Hindi Pronunciation of English Months
January           जनवरी (jaNavarii)
February           फ़रवरी (faravarii)
March           मार्च (maarc)
April           अप्रैल (apraiL)
May           मई (maii)
June           जून (juuN)
July           जुलाई (juLaaii)
August           अगस्त (agaST)
September           सितम्बर (SiTambar)
October           अक्टूबर (aktuubar)
November           नवंबर (Navambar)
December           दिसंबर (DiSambar)

Many non-native speakers may wonder how to say months like January/February in Hindi. Well, learning the name of any month is quite easy. There’s only a difference in sounds; but you may have noticed that overall, even the Hindi names sound very similar to how they’re spoken in English.

3- Hindi Month Name List

That was about speaking the English months’ name in an Indian accent. But do you know even today, each month in Hindi calendars follows a completely different pattern and has a different name in India? As surprising as it seems, Hindus still follow an ancient style of creating their religious calendar, with quite contrasting Hindi month names.

Months in English           Indian Months in Hindu Calendar
March - April           चैत्र (caiTra)
April - May           वैशाख (vaisaakh)
May - June           ज्येष्ठ (jyesth)
June - July           आषाढ़ (aasaadh)
July- August           श्रावण (sraavan)
August - September           भाद्रपद (bhaaDrapaD)
September - October           आश्विन (aasviN)
October - November           कार्तिक (kaarTik)
November - December           मार्गशीर्ष (maargasiirs)
December - January           पौष (paus)
January - February           माघ (maagh)
February - March           फाल्गुन (phaaLguN)

Names of Hindu Months

Example:

  • होली फाल्गुन माह में आती है।
    (hoLii phaaLguN maah men aaTii hai.)
    “Holi falls in the month of March.”

By the way, if you want to learn even more about dates in Hindi, particularly the most important ones, be sure to check out our relevant lesson.


7. Talking about Years in Hindi

Finally, it’s time to learn everything about different Hindi words for “year,” and how to read them in Hindi.

1- Hindi Words for “Year”

The typical Hindi terms for “year” and other related words are:

साल (SaaL)      ”Year”
वर्ष (vars)      ”Year”
सालाना (SaaLaaNaa)      ”Yearly/Annual”
वार्षिक (vaarsik)      ”Yearly/Annual”

Examples:

  • मैं २० वर्ष का हूँ।
    (main biiS vars kaa huun.)
    “I am twenty years old.”
  • मेरी सालाना आय ४ लाख है।
    (merii SaaLaaNaa aay caar Laakh hai.)
    “My annual income is INR 4 lakhs.”

2- How to Say the Years

Of course, learning the Hindi numbers is an important prerequisite to being able to read the years. But once you get the drift of it, reading years in Hindi becomes easy as pie.
We’ll teach you how to do so with a few examples.

  • 1990 - When talking about the 17th, 18th, 19th, or 20th century, we break the four digits into pairs of two. For instance, in 1990, we break it into 19 & 90. So, technically in Hindi, it would sound similar to saying 19-hundred 90, except the words would be in Hindi. Hence, 1990 becomes उन्नीस सौ नब्बे (uNNiiS Sau Nabbe).
  • 1850 - Break it into 18-hundred 50. In Hindi, we would say, अठारह सौ पचास (athaarah Sau pacaaS).
  • 2008 - But the rule changes for the 21st century. In this example, we would break it into 2-thousand 8. In Hindi, we say it as 2 हज़ार 8 or दो हज़ार आठ (Do hazaar aath).
  • 2019 - It would be called 2-thousand 19. In Hindi: 2 हज़ार 19 (दो हज़ार उन्नीस) (Do hazaar uNNiiS).
  • 2212 - And yet, as soon as we have digits in all four places, we go back to the same pattern. In this case, it would be 22-hundred 12. 22 सौ 12 (बाइस सौ बारह) (baaiS Sau baarah).
  • 2109 - 21-hundred 9. 21 सौ 9. (इक्कीस सौ नौ) (ikkiiS Sau Nau).


8. Fixing the Date of an Appointment in Hindi

If you wish to make some simple inquiries or book an appointment, here are some simple Hindi phrases to do it with ease and confidence.

How to Book an Appointment in Hindi

Q. तुम्हारा स्कूल कब से खुल रहा है?
(Tumhaaraa SkuuL kab Se khuL rahaa hai?)
“When does your school reopen?”

A. मेरा स्कूल १० जुलाई से खुल रहा है।
(meraa SkuuL DaS juLaaii Se khuL rahaa hai.)
“My school reopens on July 10.”

Q. दफ़्तर किस दिन बंद रहेगा?
(DafTar kiS DiN baND rahegaa?)
“On which day would the offices be closed?”

A. दफ़्तर शनिवार और रविवार को बंद रहेगा।
(DafTar saNivaar aur ravivaar ko baND rahegaa.)
“The office would remain closed on Saturday and Sunday.”

Q. दिवाली की छुट्टियाँ कब ख़त्म होंगी?
(DivaaLii kii chuttiyaan kab khaTm hongii?)
“When would the Diwali vacations be over?”

A. दिवाली की छुट्टियाँ ३० अक्टूबर को ख़त्म होंगी।
(DivaaLii kii chuttiyaan TiiS aktuubar ko khaTm hongii.)
“The Diwali vacations would be over on October 30.”

Q. क्या 14 फ़रवरी के लिए आपका कोई प्लान है?
(kyaa cauDah faravarii ke Liye aapakaa koii pLaaN hai?)
“Do you have any plans for February 14?”

A. हाँ, १४ फ़रवरी को मुझे बाहर जाना है।
(Haan, cauDah faravarii ko mujhe baahar jaaNaa hai.)
“Yes, I have to go out on the 14th of February.”

Q. आप का जन्मदिन कब होता है?
(aap kaa jaNmaDiN kab hoTaa hai?)
“When is your birthday?”

A. मेरा जन्मदिन २३ अगस्त को होता है।
(meraa jaNmaDiN TeiiS agaST ko hoTaa hai.)
“My birthday is on August 23.”


9. Must-Know Phrases to Talk about Dates

Below are some more helpful phrases to ask about dates and days in Hindi.

Q. कल कौन सा दिन है ?
(kaL kauN Saa DiN hai?)
“Tomorrow is which day?”

A. कल सोमवार है।
(kaL Somavaar hai.)
“Tomorrow is Monday.”

Q. बुधवार को क्या तारीख़ है ?
(buDHavaar ko kyaa Taariikh hai?)
“What’s the date on Wednesday?”

A. बुधवार को १२ तारीख़ है.
(buDHavaar ko baarah Taariikh hai.)
“It’s the 12th on Wednesday.”

Q. 10 मार्च को कौन सा दिन है ?
(DaS maarc ko kauN Saa DiN hai?)
“Which day is March 10?”

A. १० मार्च को गुरुवार है।
(DaS maarc ko guruvaar hai.)
“March 10 is on Thursday.”

Q. क्या आप इस हफ़्ते कहीं घूमने चलेंगे ?
(kyaa aap iS hafTe kahiin ghuumaNe caLenge?)
“Would you like to go on a trip this week?”

A. नहीं, इस हफ़्ते मैं व्यस्त हूँ।
(Nahiin, iS hafTe main vyaST huun.)
“No, I am busy this week.”


10. Read the Hindi Dates Fluently with HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com is undoubtedly the most convenient and interesting platform for any Hindi learner. Whether you’re a beginner or an intermediate-level Hindi learner, HindiPod101 always has something new in store for everyone.

Our lesson materials are thoroughly researched and well-structured. We enhance the richness of our content with the help of multiple flash cards, an online English-Hindi dictionary, and amazing Hindi vocabulary lists.

We also keep user-friendliness in mind. As a result, we’ve made sure that you can easily download our mobile application and start learning anytime, anywhere.

We hope you’ll let HindiPod101 be your guide on your language-learning journey!

Before you go, let us know in the comments if you now have a better idea of how to say dates in Hindi, or if there’s still something about dates in Hindi you’re struggling with. To practice, be sure to include today’s date in Hindi with your comment. ;) We look forward to hearing from you!

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Indian Family: Learn the Hindi Meaning of Family and More

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Planning to socialize in India? Be ready for a bundle of cultural surprises! Whether you’re up for an informal meeting with friends, attending parties, having a chat with colleagues in the office, or giving interviews, chances are people would also like to know about your family in Hindi. Thus, if you’re going to try learning any conversation topic, know that talking about relatives in Hindi can get you major bonus points among the locals!

Table of Contents

  1. Why Learn About the Indian Family in Hindi?
  2. Typical Features of an Indian Family
  3. How to Say “Family” in Hindi?
  4. Types of Family Structures in Hindi
  5. Hindi Terms for Immediate Family Members
  6. Hindi Terms for Relatives
  7. Hindi Terms for Family Members as a Married Person
  8. Endearment Terms in the Indian Family
  9. Famous Hindi Proverbs for Family Members
  10. Learn the Indian Family Terms with HindiPod101.com

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1. Why Learn About the Indian Family in Hindi?

The social dynamics within any typical Indian family are far different from those of the European and American families. In fact, several elements add to the diverse range of family ties in India. For instance, if you want to say “brother” in Hindi, there are different words for older and younger brothers. Sounds fascinating, right?

The family is also a reflection of our ancestral background. After all, we’re nothing but an extended part of our family. And having enough detailed knowledge to talk about your family in Hindi will also help you connect better with the local folks when they share about their own families.

That’s why you must know the Hindi terms to describe your family members. In this article, we’ll teach you the Hindi meaning of family, ways to address the family members, and how to describe your own family in Hindi. By the time you finish, you should be able to give a proper family introduction in Hindi when the time comes!

But before that, let’s take a look at some of the most peculiar features of an Indian family, including family customs in India and the family importance in Hindi culture.

Family Walking in a Park Holding Hands


2. Typical Features of an Indian Family

What is family in Hindi culture? What is a proper family description in Hindi of the average family? Here are some family details in Hindi culture that you should be aware of before your visit, and to give you a headstart as you learn how to talk about family in Hindi words!

Family Comes First: Yes, in India, the family holds a sacred place and is considered one of the strongest institutions in society. Blood relations are paramount to Indian people, and family honor is taken quite seriously.

Arranged Marriages are Common: There’s a unique concept of arranged marriages in India. As the name suggests, these are arranged by the parents and other elders in the family. In such marriages, the history, conduct, and financial reputation of both the families play a huge role in finalizing marriage proposals.

Specific Terms to Address Every Member: There are different ways to name family members depending on your relationship to them. Unlike in English, in which “aunt” and “uncle” cover a wide range of relations, the Hindi language has a different word for every family member.

Age Difference Matters: When it comes to family and relations in Hindi, age difference plays a crucial function in deciding how you’re going to address a family member. Elders have to be addressed with special words to show the utmost respect toward them, even if they’re your older siblings.

Living Under One Roof: As old-fashioned as it may seem, the truth is what it is. It’s not uncommon to see grown-ups living with their parents and in-laws, in the same house and sharing the same kitchen. However, this culture is fading with time due to jobs in different towns, cultural conflicts, generation gaps, and privacy issues of the couples. Over time, there’s less living together of the joint and nuclear family in Hindi over generations.

Celebrating Family Relations: There are many fasts, festivals, and religious rituals for the most fundamental relationships in India. For instance, we worship girls (daughters and sisters) on Navratri. Then, there are ceremonies for babies when they eat solid food for the first time. The festival of Raksha Bandhan is believed to strengthen the bond between brother and sister. We also have a fast where the wife fasts for the long life and well-being of her husband, etc.

Small Boy and Baby Girl Looking at Each Other

Such an interesting history of Indian traditions and festivities! Not that we want to boast here, but uncovering the versatile cultural aspects of India is enough to make you fall in love with the country.


3. How to Say “Family” in Hindi?

Speaking Hindi is undeniably a great way to discover the more personal side of India and form a deeper connection with its people. We know you don’t want to miss it, and that’s where the necessity of chatting about your family in Hindi comes in! This means that you must know, first and foremost, how to say “family” in Hindi.

In the Hindi language, the word “family” can be said in many ways. We’re going to share with you some of the most commonly spoken Hindi/Urdu words for “family.”

1- घर (ghar) “Family/House/Home”

Technically, the word घर (ghar) means the house in which we live. But Indians generally use it while talking about their family.

So, the correct usage can be understood depending on the contextual basis of the ongoing conversation. Here are two different examples for both meanings.

  • उसका घर काफ़ी दूर है।
    (uSakaa ghar kaafii Duur hai.)
    “His/her house is quite far away.”

Here, घर (ghar) is used for the physical house.

  • मेरे घर में चार सदस्य हैं।
    (mere ghar men caar SaDaSya hain.)
    “There are four members in my family.”

Here, घर (ghar) is used to represent the family.

2- परिवार (parivaar) “Family”

The word परिवार (parivaar) is specifically used for “family.” It is the second most common term for “family” after घर (ghar).

Let’s see it in use with a phrase that’s popularly used in India.

  • छोटा परिवार, सुखी परिवार।
    (chotaa parivaar, Sukhii parivaar.)

It means “Small family, Happy family,” which is actually the slogan for a family planning ad. The phrase is used exclusively for the nuclear family in Hindi culture, which is advocated (advertised) to have a happy family status in Hindi regions.

Similarly, if you wish to express love for your family, here’s how to say “I love my family” in Hindi!

  • मुझे अपने परिवार से प्यार है।
    (mujhe apaNe parivaar Se pyaar hai.)
    “I love my family.”

3- ख़ानदान (khaaNaDaaN)

This is an Urdu word for “family,” but is commonly spoken by all, regardless of their religion. In addition to that, many a time, we refer to it in the context of family background, such as the wealth and character of the family.

  • वे बहुत रईस और इज़्ज़तदार ख़ानदान से हैं।
    (ve bahuT raiiS aur izzaTaDaar khaaNaDaaN Se hain.)
    “They are from a rich and highly reputed family.”

The word ख़ानदान (khaaNDaaN) can also be replaced with घराना (gharaaNaa) which has the same meaning.


4. Types of Family Structures in Hindi

Parent Phrases

Now, we’ll teach you about the different family patterns in India and ways to talk about family in Hindi.

1- The Joint Family in Hindi Culture

The family in Hindi we’ll talk about first is the joint family. As we all know, having a joint family means living with your spouse, parents, kids, and family of uncles and aunts under one roof.

The “joint family” meaning in Hindi is संयुक्त परिवार (SanyukT parivaar).

  • मैं संयुक्त परिवार में रहती हूँ।
    (main SanyukT parivaar men rahaTii huun.)
    “I live in a joint family.”

Family Making a Toast Over a Picnic Table

2- The Moderate Family in Hindi Culture

We also have moderate family structures in India, where the parents live with their son and his wife. Such families neither qualify as a joint family or a nuclear family.

The “moderate family” meaning in Hindi is मध्यम परिवार (maDHyam parivaar).

  • मैं मध्यम परिवार में रहती हूँ।
    (main maDHyam parivaar men rahaTii huun.)
    “I live in a moderate family.”

3- The Nuclear Family in Hindi Culture

Such a family structure has only the couple and their kids living with them in the same house. There are many words which can be aptly used for a nuclear family in Hindi. The most common Hindi meaning of “nuclear family” is छोटा परिवार (chotaa parivaar).

Another phrase which is regularly spoken for the “nuclear/small family” in Hindi meaning, is लघु परिवार (Laghu parivaar).

The term एकल परिवार (ekaL parivaar) also qualifies as a “nuclear family” meaning in Hindi. However, it’s only treated as a formal phrase.

  • मैं एकल परिवार में रहती हूँ।
    (main ekaL parivaar men rahaTii huun.)
    “I live in a nuclear family.”

A Family Smiling

4- The Extended Family in Hindi Culture

All the aunts, uncles, cousins, and other blood relations form the extended family. It’s subtly different from the joint family.

In a joint family, the members live in the same house, whereas this may not be the case of an extended family.

The “extended family” meaning in Hindi would be विस्तृत परिवार (viSTriT parivaar).

It’s time to move on to the most important segment in this article, which is calling/addressing your family members in Hindi.


5. Hindi Terms for Immediate Family Members

Family Words

As we mentioned above, the ways to address the Indian family members is a bit different than doing so in European and American countries. But it becomes simpler when we take it one step at a time. Here, we’re going to convert family relations in Hindi to English (and vice-versa), as well as show you a family relationship chart in Hindi and English for better comprehension when necessary.

1- Mother

What could be a more beautiful way to start than with the word “mother” in Hindi? You must already be aware of the common English terms for mother, like “mommy,” “mom,” “mamma,” etc. In the same way, Indians also use more than one expression for their loving mothers.

1) माँ (maan) / अम्मा (ammaa)

Well, both of these expressions undoubtedly symbolize the most ancient culture of India. अम्मा (ammaa) is considered to be rather warm and tender, as it’s quite close to the natural sound a baby makes. The word माँ (maan) may happen to be derived from the expression अम्मा (ammaa).

You’ll often hear this in old Hindi Bollywood movies, where the actors can be seen calling their mothers माँ (maan) / अम्मा (ammaa) with love. Nonetheless, Indians admire the word so much that even today, out of affection and respect, doctors, bus conductors, street vendors, and other people, use the word अम्मा (ammaa) for any old woman.

Let’s see how to use these words for family in Hindi sentences:

  • मेरी माँ को भारत बहुत पसंद है।
    (merii maan ko bhaaraT bahuT paSaND hai.)
    “My mother just loves India.”
  • अम्मा, आपको पानी पीना है क्या ?
    (ammaa, aapako paaNii piiNaa hai kyaa?)
    “Mother, would you like to have some water?”

2) मम्मी (mammii)

The expression मम्मी (mammii) is the most popular of all in the Indian family. It’s neither abruptly modern nor uneasily old-fashioned. Both adults and children of today’s generation fondly use the word मम्मी (mammii) while having a chat with their mothers.

  • मेरी मम्मी बहुत लज़ीज़ खाना बनाती हैं।
    (meri mammii bahuT Laziiz khaaNaa baNaaTii hain.)
    “My mother cooks really delicious food.”

3) माताजी (maaTaajii)

Just like अम्मा (ammaa), another widely known word for “mother” in Hindi is माताजी (maaTaajii). Indians are comfortable calling their mothers (or women of their mother’s age) by the name माताजी (maaTaajii).

  • माताजी, अब आपकी तबियत कैसी है?
    (maaTaajii, ab aapakii TabiyaT kaiSii hai?)
    “Mother, how is your health now?” or “Mother, how are you feeling now?”

4) अम्मी (ammii)

The word अम्मी (ammii) is specifically practiced by Muslims. Sometimes, they also add जान (jaaN) to the end of it, such as in अम्मी जान (ammii jaaN), which is done out of sheer admiration.

  • अम्मी जान, आपके लिए खाना तैयार है।
    (ammii jaaN, aapake Liye khaaNaa Taiyaar hai.)
    “Dear mother, your dinner/lunch is ready.”

2- Father

Now that we’ve learned the Hindi words for “mother,” it’s time to find out the meaning of “father” in Hindi too. Similar to “mother,” there are several names for a father in Hindi.

1) बाबू (baabuu) / बापू (baapuu) / बाबा (baabaa)

In the olden times, native Indians would admirably call their fathers by these three names, which are बाबू (baabuu) / बापू (baapuu) / बाबा (baabaa). However, the phrases are quite traditional and are sparingly used in the present time.

  • मेरे बाबा अपने कमरे में सो रहे हैं।
    (mere baabaa apaNe kamare men So rahe hain.)
    “My father is sleeping in his room.”

2) पिताजी (piTaajii)

Compared to the above names, पिताजी (piTaajii) is a little more popular.

  • पिताजी, आपकी दवा का समय हो गया है।
    (piTaajii, aapakii Davaa kaa Samay ho gayaa hai.)
    “Father, it’s time for your medicine.”

3) पापा (paapaa) / डैडी (daidii)

The whole world is familiar with the words “papa” and “daddy,” India included. Almost everyone in modern India loves to call their father पापा (paapaa) or डैडी (daidii).

  • मेरे पापा / डैडी अभी जापान में हैं।
    (mere paapaa/daidii abhii jaapaaN men hain.)
    “Currently, my father is in Japan.”

4) अब्बा (abbaa)

In the Muslim religion, kids and adults can be heard addressing their fathers by the name अब्बा (abbaa). They also happen to use other alternatives, such as अब्बा जान (abbaa jaaN) and अब्बू (abbuu).

  • मेरे अब्बा जान मुझसे बहुत प्यार करते हैं।
    (mere abbaa jaaN mujhaSe bahuT pyaar karaTe hain.)
    “My father loves me a lot.”

An Elderly Couple

3- Combined Words for Parents

Although there’s no single Hindi word for “parents,” we do have a few “pair” words to say “parents” in Hindi.

1) माँ-बाप (maan - baap)

  • उनके माँ - बाप का निधन हो चुका है।
    (uNake maan - baap kaa NiDHaN ho cukaa hai.)
    “His/her parents have passed away.”

2) माता-पिता (maaTaa-piTaa)

  • क्या आपके माता-पिता आपके साथ रहते हैं?
    kyaa aapake maaTaa-piTaa aapake SaaTH rahaTe hain?
    “Do your parents live with you?”

4- Sister

Now, we’ll learn how to say “sister” in Hindi! As previously mentioned about the cultural aspects of the Indian society, might we remind you that Indians prefer to address their elders (even siblings) differently than they would their younger ones.

Obviously, this leads to a few separate terms for older sisters, too. The basic meaning of “sister” in Hindi is बहन (bahaN).

  • मेरी बहन मुझसे दो साल छोटी है।
    (merii bahaN mujhaSe Do SaaL chotii hai.)
    “My sister is two years younger than me.”
  • मेरी दो बहनें हैं। एक मुझसे छोटी है और एक बड़ी।
    (merii Do bahaNen hain. Ek mujhaSe chotii hai aur ek badii.)
    “I have two sisters. One is younger than me and the other is older.”

Here’s a family chart Hindi people would use for sisters in various contexts.

बहन (bahaN) Sister
बड़ी बहन (badii bahaN) Elder Sister
छोटी बहन (chotii bahaN) Younger Sister
दीदी (DiiDii) Elder Sister
अप्पी (appii) Elder Sister (Urdu word used by Muslims)
आपा (aapaa) Elder Sister (Urdu word used by Muslims)

In the above examples, the Hindi word for “sister” can be replaced by any of these terms, depending on the suitability and preferences of the speaker.

Let’s take a closer look at this with another pair of examples.

  • मेरी दीदी बाज़ार गयी है।
    (merii DiiDii baazaar gayii hai.)
    “My sister is off to the market.”
  • मेरी अप्पी बाज़ार गयी है।
    (merii appii baazaar gayii hai.)
    “My sister has gone to the market.”

As you can see, we just replaced the word दीदी (DiiDii) with अप्पी (appii).

Older Man Having His Forehead Marked

5- Brother

Just like “sister,” we have separate words for “brother” in Hindi. The typical Hindi term for a brother is भैया (bhaiyyaa).

भैया (bhaiyyaa) Brother (Affectionately used for older brothers, but can
be said for males of any age)
भाई (bhaaii) Brother
छोटा भाई (chotaa bhaaii) Younger Brother
बड़ा भाई (badaa bhaaii) Elder Brother
दादा (DaaDaa) Elder Brother (Usually used by Bengali people)
भाई जान (bhaaii jaaN) Elder Brother (Urdu word used by Muslims)

Let’s see how these words are said in a sentence.

  • मेरे भैया अभी भारत से बाहर हैं।
    (mere bhaiyyaa abhii bhaaraT Se baahar hain.)
    “My brother is currently out of India.”
  • भाई जान सो रहे हैं।
    (bhaaii jaaN So rahe hain.)
    “My brother is sleeping.”

6- Combined Words for Siblings

You may also like to know if Hindi has any particular word for “sibling.” Well, as it turns out, the most common Hindi expression for “siblings” is not a word, but a phrase: भाई-बहन (bhaaii-bahaN).

  • आपके कितने भाई-बहन हैं?
    (aapake kiTaNe bhaaii-bahaN hain?)
    “How many siblings do you have?”

7- Grandparents in Hindi

Before we explore the Hindi words for grandparents, here’s a tip that will come in handy whenever you visit India: We have separate and specific names for paternal and maternal grandparents.

Relationship Paternal Maternal
Grandmother दादी (DaaDii) नानी (NaaNii)
Grandfather दादा (DaaDaa) नाना (NaaNaa)
Great-Grandmother परदादी (paraDaaDii) परनानी (paraNaaNii)
Great-Grandfather परदादा (paraDaaDaa) परनाना (paraNaaNaa)

Boy with His Grandmother

Let’s begin with the meaning of “grandmother” in Hindi.

1) Grandmother in Hindi

दादी (DaaDii) is the “grandmother” meaning in Hindi. परदादी (par DaaDii) is the correct word if you’re wondering about the “great-grandmother” meaning in Hindi.

  • आपकी दादी से मिलकर बहुत अच्छा लगा।
    (aapakii DaaDii Se miLakar bahuT acchaa Lagaa.)
    “It was a pleasure meeting your grandmother.”

But in case you want to say “my grandmother” in Hindi while referring to your maternal grandmother, then replace दादी (DaaDii) with नानी (NaaNii). Similarly, Indians call their great-grandmother (maternal) परनानी (paraNaaNii).

2) Grandfather in Hindi

When Indians happen to talk about their paternal grandfather in Hindi, they use the word दादा (DaaDaa). And परदादा (par DaaDaa) is the proper term for our great-grandfather (paternal).

When talking about one’s maternal grandfather, it would be नाना (NaaNaa), and परनाना (par NaaNaa) for the great-grandfather.

  • मेरे परनाना को संगीत में काफ़ी रूचि थी।
    (mere par NaaNaa ko SangiiT men kaafii ruci THii.)
    “My great-grandfather had quite a liking for music.”

Family Laughing Around a Table

Up to this point, we’ve covered a lot of basic Hindi terms for our immediate family members. Now is the time to explore other family relationships in the Indian family, and learn the common terms for them. This way, you’ll have no problems talking about the whole family in Hindi!


6. Hindi Terms for Relatives

When you want to tell about your family in Hindi, remember that, in general, the relatives are called रिश्तेदार (risTeDaar) in Hindi. The other popular term for relatives is ख़ानदान वाले (khaaNaDaaN vaaLe).

  • हमारे सारे रिश्तेदार दिल्ली में ही रहते हैं।
    (hamaare Saare risTeDaar DiLLii men hii rahTe hain.)
    “All of our relatives live in Delhi only.”

Below, we’ve described all the basic terminology for the paternal family as well as the maternal family. Check these out.

1- Paternal Relatives

All the terms below have been mentioned in a couple forms. That means the specific term for “uncle” has been paired with the “aunt” terms in the same relationship context.

Relationship Uncle Aunt
Father’s brother and his wife. चाचा (caacaa) चाची (caacii)
Father’s younger brother and his wife (assuming father has two younger brothers). छोटे चाचा (chote caacaa) छोटी चाची (chotii caacii)
Father’s elder brother and his wife (assuming father has two younger brothers). बड़े चाचा (bade caacaa) बड़ी चाची (badii caacii)
Father’s elder brother and his wife. ताऊ जी (Taauu jii) ताई जी (Taaii jii)
Father’s sister and her husband. फूफा जी (phuuphaa jii) बुआ जी (buaa jii)

One might notice that in Hindi, most of the terms for males end with the sound -(-aa), such as चाचा (caacaa) and फूफा (fuufaa). In the same vein, terms for females end with the sound - (-ii), such as चाची (caacii) and ताई (Taaii). These different sounds for male-female terms also change the verb form in sentences.

However, these rules aren’t true for all of the words, thus making a way for some exceptions. For instance, the word ताऊ जी (Taauu jii) is for “uncle” and बुआ जी (buaa jii) is for an aunt.

Moreover, we would also like to point out that when we talk about an elderly person or use a highly respectful tone for any person in that sense, we happen to use the plural verb form for a singular person.

For instance, if you would like to mention your younger brother, the verb form would be:

  • मेरा भाई विद्यालय जाता है।
    (meraa bhaaii viDyaaLay jaaTaa hai.)
    “My brother goes to school.”

But when you mention your father (or any other person with respect), the verb form changes.

  • मेरे पिता दफ़्तर जाते हैं।
    (mere piTaa DafTar jaaTe hain.)
    “My father goes to the office.”

The same is true in the case of females.

  • मेरी बहन गाना गाती है।
    (merii bahaN gaaNaa gaaTii hai.)
    “My sister sings a song.”
  • मेरी मम्मी खाना पकाती हैं।
    (merii mammii khaaNaa pakaaTii hain.)
    “My mother cooks food.”

2- Maternal Relatives

This is the family tree chart in Hindi for our maternal relatives.

Relationship Husband Wife
Brother and his wife. भैया (bhaiyyaa) भाभी (bhaabhii)
Sister and her husband. जीजा (jiijaa) दीदी (DiiDii)
Mother’s brother and his wife. मामा जी (maamaa jii) मामी जी (maamii jii)
Mother’s sister and her husband. मौसा जी (mauSaa jii) मौसी जी (mauSii jii)
  • मेरी दीदी और जीजा ख़रीदारी के लिए बाहर गए हैं।
    (merii DiiDii aur jiijaa khariiDaarii ke Liye baahar gaye hain.)
    “My sister and her husband have gone out shopping.”

3- Nephews and Nieces

Typically, these four words are enough to refer to your nephews and nieces in Hindi.

Relationship Nephews and Nieces
Brother’s Son. भतीजा (bhaTiijaa)
Brother’s Daughter. भतीजी (bhaTiijii)
Sister’s Son. भांजा (bhaaNjaa)
Sister’s Daughter. भांजी (bhaaNjii)
  • सीमा की भतीजी चार साल की है।
    (Siimaa kii bhaTiijii caar SaaL kii hai.)
    “Seema’s niece is four years old.”


7. Hindi Terms for Family Members as a Married Person

Now, we’ll discuss and practice some Hindi terms for relationships that grow around us when we’re married. For instance, what do Indians call their father-in-law (Hindi)? And what’s the “brother-in-law” Hindi meaning? How are they used in a sentence?

Family and In-Laws Eating Dinner

Relationship Terms
Wife. बीवी (biivii); पत्नी (paTNii); धर्मपत्नी (DHarmapaTNii)
Husband. मियाँ (miyaan); पति (paTi)
Son. बेटा (betaa); बच्चा (baccaa); लड़का (Ladakaa)
Daughter. बेटी (betii); बिटिया (bitiyaa); बच्ची (baccii); लड़की (Ladkii)
Mother-in-law. सास (SaaS)
Father-in-law. ससुर (SaSur)
Husband’s younger brother and his wife. देवर (Devar) - देवरानी (DevaraaNii)
Husband’s elder brother and his wife. जेठ (jeth) - जेठानी (jethaaNii)
Wife’s brother. साला (SaaLaa)
Wife’s sister. साली (SaaLii)
Husband’s sister and her husband. ननद (NaNaD) - नन्दोई (NaNDoii)
  • मेरी पत्नी का नाम पूजा है।
    (merii paTNii kaa Naam puujaa hai.)
    “My wife’s name is Pooja.”
  • मेरे देवर के दो बच्चे हैं।
    (mere Devar ke Do bacce hain.)
    “My brother-in-law has two kids.”
  • तुम्हारे ससुर का स्वास्थ्य कैसा है ?
    (Tumhaare SaSur kaa SvaaSTHy kaiSaa hai?)
    “How is the health of your father-in-law?”


8. Endearment Terms in the Indian Family

Every language has some affectionate words for their family members. Indians also have the habit of addressing their loved ones with these typical endearment terms.

The everyday words for daughters, sisters, or even little girls are गुड़िया (gudiyaa), बिटिया (bitiyaa), बच्ची (baccii), and मुन्नी (muNNii).

  • अरे ! आपकी बिटिया कितनी प्यारी है।
    (arey! aapaki bitiyaa kiTaNii pyaarii hai.)
    “Oh! Your daughter is so cute.”

Similarly, male children are usually called बाबू (baabuu), मुन्ना (muNNaa), and भैया (bhaiyyaa). And the elderly males can be called काका (kaakaa).


9. Famous Hindi Proverbs for Family Members

Family Quotes

Lastly, we’ve collected some famous Hindi quotations and proverbs for you to understand the emotional attachments of Indians to their parents and vice-versa. Learning these quotes about family in Hindi is a fantastic way to boost your understanding of the family culture in India.

  • जैसा बाप वैसा बेटा / वैसी बेटी
    (jaiSaa baap vaiSaa betaa/vaiSii betii.)
    “Like father, like son/daughter.”
  • उसके होठों पे कभी बद्दुआ नहीं होती, बस एक माँ है जो कभी ख़फ़ा नहीं होती।
    (uSake hothon pe kabhii baDDuaa Nahiin hotii, baS ek maan hai jo kabhii khafaa Nahiin hotii.)
    “Never is there a curse on her lips, it’s the mother who never gets upset with us.”
  • चाहे लाख करो तुम पूजा, और तीर्थ करो हज़ार,
    मगर माँ बाप को ठुकराया तो सब कुछ है बेकार।

    (caahe Laakh karo Tum puujaa, aur TiirTH karo hazaar, magar maan baap ko thukraayaa To Sab kuch hai bekaar.)
    “It doesn’t really matter how many prayers you offer and how many religious places you visit, if you have denied the care to your parents, everything is worthless.”


10. Learn the Indian Family Terms with HindiPod101.com

Loving the topic so far? Want to learn how to further define family in Hindi? Well, we have so much more to share with you on HindiPod101.com. Check out our blog and website for plenty of other useful Hindi resources and lesson materials. Enrich your Hindi language skills with our simple and effective teaching methods. You can also check out all of our free Hindi resources!

Download our free mobile app for an unstoppable journey of language-learning. Facing trouble? Feel free to connect with us through our Help Center. You can also share your queries and clear your doubts by joining the HindiPod101.com Forum. Have happy learning!

Before you go, why not practice talking about family in Hindi writing? Write about your family in Hindi for us in the comments section! Are there any words, terms, or concepts you’re struggling with? Feel free to reach out with any questions, as well. We look forward to hearing from you!

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Common Useful Hindi Phrases for Travel Destinations in India

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Planning to spend your vacation in India? Well, learning Hindi should be your top-most priority before visiting the land of diversity. In case you’ve been wondering where to begin, allow us to introduce you to HindiPod101.com, the biggest platform for mastering Hindi. HindiPod101 is the best language travel guide in Hindi even for beginners, and today we’ll be teaching you some useful Hindi phrases for travel!

Traveling to a foreign land is one of the most remarkable things in life. And yet, the thought of it makes us all a little nervous. The biggest hurdle that gives us cold feet is the language problem. For instance, if India is on your tour list, communicating with the natives will be challenging if you don’t speak or understand Hindi.

And although Hindi is spoken mainly in the northern part of the country, other states are also well-versed with the language. Whether you’re about to travel in Hindi-speaking areas or explore the southern region, knowing some essential Hindi travel phrases is a sure-shot way to have a safe and gratifying journey.

So, brace yourself for a quick language ride and let’s make this trip more enjoyable with some useful Hindi phrases for travel in India. You’ll be so glad that you learned the most common Hindi travel phrases!

Table of Contents

  1. Perks of Knowing Hindi in India
  2. Essential Hindi Phrases for Traveling in India
  3. How to Use HindiPod101 and Learn Hindi Travel Phrases!

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1. Perks of Knowing Hindi in India

Preparing to Travel

Being a foreigner, it’s not necessary for you to be well-versed in Hindi language travel phrases. However, the knowledge of basic Hindi conversation for tourists has several advantages.

  • General Needs: Spending a few weeks in another country, you just can’t avoid the day-to-day needs. In India, greeting the local people like a native is the best way to solve that problem. Thus, basic greeting Hindi phrases when travelling to India are essential.
  • Eateries and Shopping Spots: By learning some simple travel phrases in Hindi, food lovers and shopaholics can easily track all the hot spots in the market. Knowing the right Hindi words for traveling purposes is an easy and economical way to gorge on your favorite Indian cuisine or shop to your heart’s content.
  • Bargaining: Yes, in India, when it comes to foreign travelers, the vendors try all their might to get the maximum profit from sales. If you know the basic Indian phrases for tourists, you’ll gain the upper hand in the general bargaining process.
  • Finding Locations: No Google search is good enough to provide you with as fine and accurate suggestions as the local people. Understanding directions and routes in Hindi becomes an effortless task as you learn useful Indian phrases when traveling.
  • Bonding with the Locals: Hindi words related to travel and staying in the country aren’t just about surviving the trip. Speaking the local language is an effective gesture to impress and bond with the natives. It shows your warmth and respect toward their culture. Check out these amazing Hindi pronunciation tips for speaking like a native.
  • Emergency: In case of emergencies, such as a health issue, accident, theft, etc., knowledge of Hindi travel common phrases goes a long way. In urgent situations, it can get you help in as little time as possible.


2. Essential Hindi Phrases for Traveling in India

Honestly, listing the relevant Hindi phrases for a tourist in India can be an endless task. Nonetheless, we’ve collected the best Hindi travel phrases for you to make your trip smooth and hassle-free.

Check out the following sets of situations and learn the related Hindi language travel phrases for each of them. Once you’ve spent some time practicing, you’ll be able to speak Hindi travel words and phrases like a native!

1- Greetings and Other Basic Expressions

India is a country where people love to socialize. Even strangers may smile to each other. In such a vibrant culture as India, a seemingly ordinary gesture of greeting is enough to break the ice. Here are some of the most popular words and phrases in Hindi to help you gel with the locals! For easier learning, refer to our section on Hindi alphabets.

1.) Greetings

  • नमस्ते (NamaSTe)
    Hello
  • नमस्कार (NamaSkaar)
    Hello
  • आप कैसे हैं / कैसी हैं? (aap kaiSe hain / kaiSii hain?)
    How are you?

In India, people follow a particular set of body language and hand gestures while saying “hello” in Hindi. Visit our Indian greetings and body language page on HindiPod101.com and find out the proper way to introduce yourself and start a friendly conversation.

2.) Basic Manners

  • शुक्रिया (sukriyaa)
    Thank you
  • धन्यवाद (DHaNyavaaD)
    Thank you
  • माफ़ कीजिये (maaf kiijiye)
    Excuse me / Sorry
  • कृपया (kripayaa)
    Please

3.) Common Sentences

  • मेरा नाम मोनिका है। (meraa Naam moNikaa hai.)
    My name is Monica.
  • आपका क्या नाम है? (aapakaa kyaa Naam hai?)
    What’s your name?
  • मैं ठीक हूँ। (main thiik huun.)
    I am good.
  • आप कैसे /कैसी हैं? (aap kaiSe hain / kaiSii hain?)
    How are you?
  • कोई बात नहीं। (koii baaT Nahiin.)
    It’s okay. / No problem.
  • आप से मिलकर ख़ुशी हुई। (aap Se miLakar khusii huii.)
    A pleasure to meet you.

Useful Related Words

  • नाम (Naam) Name
  • मैं (main) I
  • आप (aap) You
  • हाँ (hā̃) Yes
  • नहीं (Nahiin) No
  • ठीक है (thiik hai) Okay

2- Using a Public Transport

In small cities, where everything is within a range of a few kilometers, the common public transports include auto rickshaws and rickshaws. Whereas in metropolitan cities, metros, local buses, autos, cabs, and taxis keep the towns running! To help you navigate these transportation systems, check out these Hindi words and phrases for travelers to India.

Taking a Train in India

  • मेट्रो स्टेशन ले चलो। (metro StesaN Le caLo.)
    Take me to the metro station, please.
  • रेलवे स्टेशन / बस स्टेशन जाना है। (reLave StesaN / baS StesaN jaaNaa hai.)
    Railway station, please.
  • अगला स्टॉप कितना दूर है? (agaLaa Staup kiTaNaa Duur hai?)
    How far is the next stop?
  • टिकट किधर मिलेगा? (tikat kiDHar miLegaa?)
    Where can I get the ticket?
  • मेरी सुबह की ट्रेन है। (merii Subah kii treN hai.)
    I have an early morning train.
  • कितना वक़्त लगेगा? (kiTaNaa vaqT Lagegaa?)
    How long will it take?
  • मुंबई का टिकट चाहिए। (mumbaii kaa tikat caahiye.)
    A ticket to Mumbai, please.
  • मुझे कहाँ उतरना चाहिए? (mujhe kahaan uTaraNaa caahiye?)
    Where should I get off?

Now for a tip from our India travel guide: India is a heavily populated country. So, be prepared for the rush and traffic to slow you down. Keep sufficient time in hand to reach the airport / bus station / railway station. On average, leaving thirty to forty-five minutes earlier than the usual time will save you a lot of hassle.

Useful Related Words

  • सुबह (Subah) Morning
  • रात (raaT) Night
  • दोपहर (Dopahar) Afternoon
  • कब (kab) When
  • समय (Samay) Time

3- Shopping and Bargaining

Bargaining is the heartbeat of typical Indian markets. It goes on all the time. Unless you’re in a mall or a branded store with fixed prices, the local shops can really test your spending limits.

More often than not, vendors and shopkeepers try to get as much as they can from foreigners. Sometimes, the quoted price may be double or triple the original rate.

Your bargaining capacity becomes manifold just by uttering some common shopping phrases in Hindi. Using these basic Hindi words for travelers to India is an effective way to tell the sellers that you understand how things work in the local market and they better stop trying to fool you!

Shopping and Bargaining in Hindi

  • कितना हुआ? (kiTaNaa huaa?)
    How much?
  • क्या दाम है? (kyaa Daam hai?)
    What’s the price?
  • इसका दाम कम कीजिए। (iSakaa Daam kam kiijiye.)
    Please, lower the price.
  • सही दाम लगाओ। (Sahii Daam Lagaao.)
    Tell me the correct price.
  • मुझे यह चाहिए। (mujhe yah caahiye.)
    I want this.
  • मुझे यह नहीं चाहिए। (mujhe yah Nahiin caahiye.)
    I don’t want this.
  • ये सामान ख़राब है। (ye SaamaaN kharaab hai.)
    This stuff has defects.
  • इसे बदल दीजिये। (iSe baDaL Dijiiye.)
    Please, change this.
  • छोटा / बड़ा नाप चाहिए। (chotaa / badaa Naap caahiye.)
    Give me a smaller / larger size.
  • क्रेडिट कार्ड चलेगा? (kredit kaard caLega?)
    Can I use a credit card?

Useful Related Words

  • दाम (Daam) Rate / Price
  • पैसे (paiSe) Money / Rupees
  • बदलना (baDaLaNaa) Change
  • नया (Nayaa) New
  • पुराना (puraaNaa) Old
  • ख़राब (kharaab) Defective
  • छोटा (chotaa) Small
  • बड़ा (badaa) Large
  • नाप (Naap) Size

Indians have a habit of using Hindi numbers while counting money, telling the price, bargaining, and even asking what size fits you well. With HindiPod101.com, you can learn and memorize the Hindi Numbers and up your bargain game.

4- Dining at a Restaurant

Authentic Indian cuisine is worth every bite. From vegetarian dishes to non-veg delicacies, Indian food is a melting pot of herbs and spices, all with a touch of love.

When visiting a fine restaurant or hotel that you’re staying in, speaking Hindi is optional. Most hotel staff are fluent in English and converse in the same language. So, you may not need to worry about speaking Hindi at your hotel.

However, if you stop by a roadside eatery and wish to have a few bites there, the basic Hindi travel words with meanings below will prove to be quite helpful.

Variety of Indian Dishes

With these Hindi words, one can easily place an order at a local restaurant, ask for the bill, and more.

  • मैं शाकाहारी हूँ। (main saakaahaarii huun.)
    I am a vegetarian.
  • मैं मांसाहारी हूँ। (main maanSaahaarii huun.)
    I am a non-vegetarian.
  • एक चाय / कॉफ़ी चाहिए। (ek caay / kaufii caahiye.)
    One tea / coffee, please.
  • ये बहुत स्वादिष्ट है। (ye bahuT SvaaDist hai.)
    It’s delicious.
  • तीखा कम रखियेगा। (Tiikhaa kam rakhiyegaa.)
    Please, make it less spicy.
  • बिल ले आइये। (biL Le aaiye.)
    Bill, please.

Ordering at an Indian Restaurant

  • मुझे और रोटियाँ चाहिए। (mujhe aur rotiyaan caahiye.)
    I want more chapatis.
  • दो लोग हैं। (Do Log hain.)
    Table for two, please.
  • क्या आप क्रेडिट कार्ड लेते हैं? (kyaa aap kredit kaard LeTe hain?)
    Do you accept credit cards?

It’s common to pay in cash when eating at a small restaurant. Credit cards are usually accepted at expensive or moderately expensive eating places.

The most popular beverage in India is tea (caay). It contains tea leaves, sugar, and equal parts milk and water. Indians love to have their tea on the sweeter side. So, if you don’t have a sweet tooth, make sure to mention that while you order the tea.

Spices and chilies are the soul of every Indian food. To non-natives, Indian food may taste quite spicy and hot. To be on the safer side, it’s better to tell the waiters your preferences beforehand.

Many Herbs and Spices

Useful Related Words

  • खाना (khaaNaa) Lunch / Dinner / Meal / Food
  • पानी (paaNii) Water
  • चाय (caay) Tea
  • दूध (DuuDH) Milk
  • नाश्ता (NaasTaa) Breakfast
  • अंडा (aNdaa) Egg
  • फल (phaL) Fruits
  • सब्ज़ी (Sabzii) Vegetable
  • रोटी (rotii) Chapati / Indian flat bread
  • चावल (caavaL) Rice
  • मसाला (maSaaLaa) Spice
  • कम (kam) Less
  • ज़्यादा (zyaaDaa) More
  • मीठा (miithaa) Sweet
  • मिठाई (mithaaii) Dessert

5- For Directions and Routes

World Map

Most of the cities and towns in the country aren’t organized. So, finding the routes all by yourself can be tricky business. Nonetheless, people in India are helpful and friendly. They’ll be more than happy to help you with directions. But, how to ask for directions when a large segment of the population doesn’t speak English?

The answer is simple. Learn these basic phrases and you’re good to go! (They may be some of the most important Hindi words for tourists in India!)

  • बाथरूम कहाँ / किधर है? (baaTHaruum kahaan / kiDHar hai?)
    Where is the toilet?
  • ताज महल कितनी दूर है? (Taaj mahaL kiTaNii Duur hai?)
    How far is the Taj Mahal?
  • कनॉट प्लेस के लिए कौन-सा रास्ता है? (kaNaut pLeS ke Liye kauN-Sa raaSTaa hai?)
    What is the route to Connaught Place?
  • दाएं जाना है। (Daayen jaaNaa hai.)
    Go right.
  • बाएँ मुड़ना है। (baayen mudaNaa hai.)
    Turn left.
  • सामने / सीधे चले जाइये। (SaamaNe / SiiDHe caLe jaaiye.)
    Go straight.

Useful Related Words

  • दाएं (Daayen) Right
  • बाएं (baayen) Left
  • सामने (SaamaNe) Front
  • सीधे (SiiDHe) Straight
  • सड़क (Sadak) Road
  • मोड़ (mod) Turn
  • किधर (kiDHar) Which side
  • कहाँ (kahaan) Where
  • अंदर (aNDar) Inside
  • बाहर (baahar) Outside
  • पीछे (piiche) Back / Behind

6- In Case of Emergency

Survival Phrases

This section needs no explanation. When you’re in another part of the world, learning the local language, or at least some essential emergency phrases in Hindi, can save you from big trouble. Below is a list of some Hindi phrases to use in case of emergency.

  • मुझे मदद चाहिए। / कृपया, मेरी मदद कीजिए। (mujhe maDaD caahiye.) / (kripayaa, merii maDaD kiijiye.)
    I need help. / Please, help me.
  • मेरी तबियत ख़राब है। (merii TabiiyaT kharaab hai.)
    I am feeling sick.
  • क्या पास में कोई दवा की दुकान होगी? (kyaa paaS men koii Davaa kii DukaaN hogii?)
    Is there any medical store nearby?
  • मेरा पासपोर्ट खो गया है। (meraa paaSaport kho gayaa hai.)
    I have lost my passport.
  • पुलिस को बुलाओ। (puLiS ko buLaao.)
    Call the police.
  • पुलिस चौकी कहाँ है? (puLiS caukii kahaan hai?)
    Where is the police station?
  • अस्पताल कहाँ है? (aSpaTaaL kahaan hai?)
    Where’s the hospital?

An Emergency Situation

Useful Related Words

  • दवा (Davaa) Medicine
  • बुख़ार (bukhaar) Fever
  • चोरी (corii) Theft
  • पर्स (parS) Purse / Wallet
  • सामान (SaamaaN) Luggage

7- Giving Compliments and Making Friends

When you spend sufficient time in India, you’re probably going to make some new friends. If not, then maybe you’d still like to say “thank you” to your hosts for their warm hospitality, initiate a conversation with someone you want to be friends with, and so on!

How do you make your emotions sound special? Express yourself in Hindi and steal the locals’ hearts already! Explore these flattery phrases to flaunt your Hindi and catch everybody’s attention.

  • मुझे भारत देश पसंद है। (mujhe bhaaraT Des paSaND hai.)
    I like India.
  • मुझे भारतीय खाना काफ़ी पसंद है। (mujhe bhaaraTiiy khaana kaafii paSaND hai.)
    I love Indian cuisine.
  • आप बहुत अच्छे / अच्छी हैं। (aap bahuT acche / acchii hain.)
    You’re a nice person.
  • आपसे मिलकर ख़ुशी हुई। (aap Se miLakar khusii huyii.)
    It’s a pleasure meeting you.
  • क्या आप फ़ेसबुक पर हैं? (kyaa aap feSabuk par hain?)
    Are you on Facebook?

Useful Related Words

  • सर (Sar) Sir
  • मैडम (maidam) Madam
  • भैया (bhaiyaa) Brother
  • दीदी (DiiDii) Sister
  • अन्ना (aNNaa) Brother
  • दादा (DaaDaa) Big brother
  • आंटी (aaNtii) Aunty
  • अंकल (ankaL) Uncle

8- For Sorting out Language Troubles

Basic Questions

It’s okay if you struggle while speaking Hindi. You may want to use the phrases below to make people aware of your language troubles and to ask for their help.

  • मुझे हिंदी नहीं आती। (mujhe hiNDii nahiin aaTii.)
    I don’t speak Hindi.
  • क्या आपको अंग्रेज़ी आती है? (kyaa aapako angrezii aaTii hai?)
    Do you speak English?
  • कृपया, धीरे बोलिये। (kripayaa, DHiire boLiye.)
    Please, speak slowly.
  • इसे लिख दीजिये। (iSe Likh Diijiye.)
    Please, write it down.
  • इसे कैसे पढ़ेंगे? (iSe kaiSe padhenge?)
    How do you read this?
  • कितने बजे हैं? (kiTaNe baje hain?)
    What’s the time?
  • मुझे समझ नहीं आया। (mujhe Samajh Nahiin aayaa.)
    I don’t understand.
  • कृपया, फिर से कहिये। (kripayaa, phir Se kahiye.)
    Please, say it again.

Useful Related Words

  • कैसे (kaiSe) How
  • बोलना (boLaNaa) Speak
  • पढ़ना (padhaNaa) Read
  • फिर से (phir Se) Again


3. How to Use HindiPod101 and Learn Hindi Travel Phrases!

Now that we’ve covered all the phrases you need to know for your trip to India, we hope you can see why travel phrases in Hindi language learning are so necessary to an enjoyable (and safe) trip. After reading these Hindi travel phrases in the English language, it’s time to practice your Hindi skills!

If you’re nervous about your trip to India just because you don’t speak Hindi, HindPod101 can make your worries disappear. The wide and comprehensive study material on HindiPod101 doesn’t just teach you Hindi, but almost everything about India.

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A Quick Guide to Learning Hindi Numbers with Names

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It’s hard to imagine our lives without numbers. To be frank, without digits, we’d be lost. While most of us are aware of the globally accepted English numeral system, there are many places where native words are used in their place. India is a country where using Hindi numbers is one of the many standard practices in Indian society.

Table of Contents

  1. Perks of Learning Hindi Numbers in India
  2. Some Quick Tips about Indian Currency and Number System
  3. Number Names for Multiples of 10 up to 100
  4. Learn Hindi Numbers 0 to 10
  5. Number Names for 11 to 20
  6. Number Names for 21 to 30
  7. Number Names for 31 to 40
  8. Number Names for 41 to 50
  9. Number Names for 51 to 100
  10. Number Names for Multiples of 100 up to 1000
  11. Number Names for 1000 to 10,000!
  12. How to Say the Cardinal Numbers
  13. Sharing Your Phone Number in Hindi
  14. Join Us and Listen to Our Podcasts at HindiPod101.com

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1. Perks of Learning Hindi Numbers in India

Hindi Numbers

In India, more often than not, the Indian system of Hindi numbers is used in everyday life. This practice is commonly seen all over the country. Whether you’re going to buy groceries or take a rickshaw or bus, the native number system is what people use all the time. And adding to that, even the well-educated folks are more comfortable using the native number system.

From getting a local recharge done to paying bills for the newspapers, asking for the date and time, or sharing your flat number with your neighbors, you’ll at least need to learn Hindi numbers 1 to 10 for easy communication.

As the majority of the labor class doesn’t understand English numbers, knowing the basics like Hindi numbers 1 to 100 can help you bargain successfully whenever possible. Working with numbers in the local dialect will, overall, save you time and energy.

Using Hindi Numbers for Grocery Shopping

But don’t let these revelations make you nervous! Because we’re going to share with you some amazing tips to memorize quickly. We’ll even show you some Hindi numbers in roman English. So, just relax and have a fun time learning at HindiPod101.com with these Hindi numbers lists.


2. Some Quick Tips about Indian Currency and Number System

The Indian Currency

Rupee, the standard currency of India, is represented by the symbol ₹ and is locally known as रुपया rupayaa.

The Hindi term for “cents” is पैसे (paiSe). That means, 1 rupee has 100 paise. But paise doesn’t just mean “cents” in India. It also means “money,” so it can be used to refer to any amount of money.

Just focus on learning the names of one to hundred numbers in Hindi, and after that, the whole pattern keeps repeating itself.

For later purposes, the word “Hundred” is spoken as सौ (Sau) in Hindi and the word “Thousand” means हज़ार (hazaar).

Wish to learn more about number names? Type your favorite digit or any other word in our free online Hindi dictionary to find out how it’s spelled in Hindi!

If starting from zero sounds boring to you, let your mind hop up with these easy-breezy multiples of 10. You’ll be counting in Hindi before you know it!


3. Number Names for Multiples of 10 up to 100

English Number Hindi Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
10 १० दस DaS Ten
20 २० बीस biiS Twenty
30 ३० तीस TiiS Thirty
40 ४० चालीस caaLiiS Forty
50 ५० पचास pacaaS Fifty
60 ६० साठ Saath Sixty
70 ७० सत्तर SaTTar Seventy
80 ८० अस्सी aSSii Eighty
90 ९० नब्बे Nabbe Ninety
100 १०० सौ Sau One-hundred

Well, wasn’t that easy! In the same way, you can learn the multiples of Hindi numbers 100 to 1000.

Now that you’ve become a bit familiar with the number system of India, let’s begin with the Hindi numbers 1 to 10 in words and in numerals as well. After that, we’ll cover the Hindi numbers 1 to 20.


4. Learn Hindi Numbers 0 to 10

Indian numerals are inspired by Indian-Arabic numbers and their number names are written in the cursory Devnagari script.

Here’s a table below to help you understand how to write numbers in Hindi words. For an easy reading, check out these unique Hindi pronunciation rules.

Learn How to Read and Write Hindi Numbers

English Number Hindi Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
0 शून्य suuNya Zero
1 एक ek One
2 दो Do Two
3 तीन TiiN Three
4 चार caar Four
5 पाँच paanc Five
6 छः chah Six
7 सात SaaT Seven
8 आठ aath Eight
9 नौ Nau Nine
10 १० दस Das Ten

Practice makes perfect. Make your learning more effective with our useful language learning techniques.

1- Example 1

  • मेरे घर में चार कमरे हैं।
  • mere ghar men caar kamare hain.
  • There are four rooms in my house.

2- Example 2

  • रीटा के पास छः बिल्लियाँ हैं।
  • riitaa ke paaS chah biLLiyaan hain.
  • Reeta has six cats.


5. Number Names for 11 to 20

11 ११ ग्यारह gyaarah Eleven
12 १२ बारह baarah Twelve
13 १३ तेरह Terah Thirteen
14 १४ चौदह cauDah Fourteen
15 १५ पन्द्रह paNDrah Fifteen
16 १६ सोलह SoLah Sixteen
17 १७ सत्रह SaTrah Seventeen
18 १८ अठारह athaarah Eighteen
19 १९ उन्नीस uNNiiS Ninteen
20 २० बीस BiiS Twenty

1- Quick Tip:

Carefully notice the pattern in the Hindi numbers 1-20.

Every number is spelled in a unique way. However, the prefixes in every number name in the two-digit numbers (from 11 to 20) are inspired by the Hindi names of one-digit numbers (from 0 to 9).

For a thorough learning, download our HindiPod101 app and learn anywhere, anytime.


6. Number Names for 21 to 30

21 २१ इक्कीस ikkiiS Twenty-one
22 २२ बाईस baaiiS Twenty-two
23 २३ तेईस TeiiS Twenty-three
24 २४ चौबीस caubiiS Twenty-four
25 २५ पच्चीस pacciiS Twenty-five
26 २६ छब्बीस chabbiiS Twenty-six
27 २७ सत्ताईस SaTTaaiiS Twenty-seven
28 २८ अट्ठाईस atthaaiiS Twenty-eight
29 २९ उन्तीस uNTiiS Twenty-nine
30 ३० तीस TiiS Thirty

1- Quick Tip:

With some simple observation, you can easily become familiar with the Hindi counting. For your ease, we’ve also written the names for the Hindi numbers 1-30 in English.

Another peculiar pattern is that in English numerals, “twenty” is used as the prefix whereas the word ‘बीस’ (biiS) is used as a suffix in the Hindi digits.

For example, तीन (TiiN) + बीस (biiS) = तेईस (TeiiS). This is true for the numbers 21 to 28, but not for 29 because this uses the suffix for the 30s.

As you can see, the names of the next eight numbers depend on the preceding multiple of 10, but the name of the ninth number depends on the following multiple of 10. This works for all, except for 89 and 99, which continue to use the suffix of the preceding multiple.

Up to here, we’ve covered the Hindi numbers 1-30. The suffix in the 30s line will be ‘तीस’ (TiiS).


7. Number Names for 31 to 40

31 ३१ इकतीस IkaTiiS Thirty-one
32 ३२ बत्तीस baTTiiS Thirty-two
33 ३३ तैंतीस TainTiiS Thirty-three
34 ३४ चौंतीस caunTiiS Thirty-four
35 ३५ पैंतीस painTiiS Thirty-five
36 ३६ छत्तीस chaTTiiS Thirty-six
37 ३७ सैंतीस SainTiiS Thirty-seven
38 ३८ अढ़तीस adhaTiiS Thirty-eight
39 ३९ उनतालीस uNaTaaLiiS Thirty-nine
40 ४० चालीस caaLiiS Forty

1- Quick Tip:

In Hindi numbers names, one may not always find a uniform pattern as in English. Always remember that the names keep changing in a slight and subtle way.


8. Number Names for 41 to 50

41 ४१ इकतालीस IkaTaaLiiS Forty-one
42 ४२ बयालीस bayaaLiiS Forty-two
43 ४३ तैंतालीस TainTaaLiiS Forty-three
44 ४४ चवालीस cavaaLiiS Forty-four
45 ४५ पैंतालीस painTaaLiiS Forty-five
46 ४६ छियालीस chiyaaLiiS Forty-six
47 ४७ सैंतालीस SainTaaLiiS Forty-seven
48 ४८ अड़तालीस adhaTaaLiiS Forty-eight
49 ४९ उन्चास uNcaaS Forty-nine
50 ५० पचास pacaaS Fifty

1- Quick Tip:

The suffix used here is ‘चालीस’ (caaLiiS). So, every number name in the 40s line ends with the same suffix, except for 49.

Bravo! You’ve finished learning the number names 1 to 50 in Hindi. Before we move on to the next section, why don’t you visit our MyTeacher page and practice these Hindi 1 to 50 number names!


9. Number Names for 51 to 100

Now that you’ve got a basic idea about how to learn numbers in Hindi, our next goal is to learn Hindi numbers 1-100.

51 ५१ इक्यावन IkyaavaN Fifty-one
52 ५२ बावन baavaN Fifty-two
53 ५३ तिरपन TirapaN Fifty-three
54 ५४ चौवन cauvaN Fifty-four
55 ५५ पचपन pacapaN Fifty-five
56 ५६ छप्पन chappaN Fifty-six
57 ५७ सत्तावन SaTTaavan Fifty-seven
58 ५८ अट्ठावन atthaavaN Fifty-eight
59 ५९ उनसठ uNaSath Fifty-nine
60 ६० साठ Saath Sixty
61 ६१ इकसठ ikaSath Sixty-one
62 ६२ बासठ baaSath Sixty-two
63 ६३ तिरसठ TiraSath Sixty-three
64 ६४ चौंसठ caunSath Sixty-four
65 ६५ पैंसठ painSath Sixty-five
66 ६६ छियासठ chiyaaSath Sixty-six
67 ६७ सड़सठ SadaSath Sixty-seven
68 ६८ अड़सठ adaSath Sixty-eight
69 ६९ उनहत्तर unhaTTar Sixty-nine
70 ७० सत्तर SaTTar Seventy
71 ७१ इकहत्तर ikahaTTar Seventy-one
72 ७२ बहत्तर bahaTTar Seventy-two
73 ७३ तिहत्तर TihaTTar Seventy-three
74 ७४ चौहत्तर cauhaTTar Seventy-four
75 ७५ पचहत्तर pacahaTTar Seventy-five
76 ७६ छिहत्तर chihaTTar Seventy-six
77 ७७ सतहत्तर saTahaTTar Seventy-seven
78 ७८ अठहत्तर athahaTTar Seventy-eight
79 ७९ उन्यासी uNyaaSii Seventy-nine
80 ८० अस्सी aSSii Eighty
81 ८१ इक्यासी ikyaaSii Eighty-one
82 ८२ बयासी bayaaSii Eighty-two
83 ८३ तिरासी TiraaSii Eighty-three
84 ८४ चौरासी cauraaSii Eighty-four
85 ८५ पचासी pacaaSii Eighty-five
86 ८६ छियासी chiyaaSii Eighty-six
87 ८७ सत्तासी SaTTaaSii Eighty-seven
88 ८८ अट्ठासी atthaaSii Eighty-eight
89 ८९ नवासी NavaaSii Eighty-nine
90 ९० नब्बे Nabbe Ninety
91 ९१ इक्यानवे ikyaaNave Ninety-one
92 ९२ बानवे baaNave Ninety-two
93 ९३ तिरानवे TiraaNave Ninety-three
94 ९४ चौरानवे cauraaNave Ninety-four
95 ९५ पंचानवे paNcaaNave Ninety-five
96 ९६ छियानवे chiyaaNave Ninety-six
97 ९७ सत्तानवे SaTTaaNave Ninety-seven
98 ९८ अट्ठानवे athaaNave Ninety-eight
99 ९९ निन्यानवे NiNyaaNave Ninety-nine
100 १०० सौ Sau One-hundred

1- Quick Tip:


10. Number Names for Multiples of 100 up to 1000

Learning English to Hindi numbers 1 to 100 is a huge milestone that you have accomplished and you should pat your back for that!! And smile now because things will turn drastically easy from here.

English Number Hindi Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
100 १०० एक सौ ek Sau One-hundred
200 २०० दो सौ Do Sau Two-hundred
300 ३०० तीन सौ TiiN Sau Three-hundred
400 ४०० चार सौ caar Sau Four-hundred
500 ५०० पाँच सौ paanc Sau Five-hundred
600 ६०० छः सौ chah Sau Six-hundred
700 ७०० सात सौ SaaT Sau Seven-hundred
800 ८०० आठ सौ aath Sau Eight-hundred
900 ९०० नौ सौ Nau Sau Nine-hundred
1000 १००० एक हज़ार Ek hazaar One-thousand

If you know the number names from 0-100 by heart, it’s our promise that the rest is going to be a piece of cake for you. Not only that, you’ll be surprised to see how easy it is to learn Hindi numbers 1 to 1000 in words.

We’ll show you how it’s done. Let’s take, for instance, any digits within the range of Hindi numbers 1 to 1000.

1- Example:

In the English number 122, its number name is “One-hundred and twenty-two.” Now, you already know that the Hindi name for “one-hundred” is एक सौ (Ek Sau) and for “twenty-two” it’s बाईस (baaiiS).

Viola! You can easily make out that the Hindi number name for 122 would be एक सौ बाईस (Ek Sau baaiiS).

You can create, read, and write any multiple of 100. To download the Hindi numbers 1 to 10,000 PDF join our blog and start learning right away.

2- Quick Tip:

All you have to do is remember the name of the last two digits in Hindi and add the third digit as the hundredth number.


11. Number Names for 1000 to 10,000!

English Number Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
1000 १००० एक हज़ार ek hazaar One-thousand
2000 २००० दो हज़ार Do hazaar Two-thousand
3000 ३००० तीन हज़ार TiiN hazaar Three-thousand
4000 ४००० चार हज़ार caar hazaar Four-thousand
5000 ५००० पाँच हज़ार paanc hazaar Five-thousand
6000 ६००० छः हज़ार chah hazaar Six-thousand
7000 ७००० सात हज़ार SaaT hazaar Seven-thousand
8000 ८००० आठ हज़ार aath hazaar Eight-thousand
9000 ९००० नौ हज़ार Nau hazaar Nine-thousand
10000 १०००० दस हज़ार DaS hazaar Ten-thousand

1- Quick Tip:

When you’re dealing with Hindi numbers 1000 to 2000 or above, follow the same rule as you did in the hundreds.

Simply replace the word सौ (Sau) with हज़ार (hazaar) and you’re good to go.

2- Example:

In the English number 4120, its number name is “Four-thousand one-hundred and twenty.” Now, you already know that the Hindi name for “four-thousand” is चार हज़ार (caar hazaar), for “one-hundred” it’s एक सौ (Ek Sau), and for “twenty” it’s बीस (biiS).

There you go! You can easily figure out that the Hindi number name for 4120 would be चार हज़ार एक सौ बीस (caar hazaar ek Sau biiS).


12. How to Say the Cardinal Numbers

English Namer Hindi Name Transliteration
First पहला pehaLaa
Second दूसरा DuuSaraa
Third तीसरा TiiSaraa
Fourth चौथा cauTHaa
Fifth पाँचवा paancavaa
Sixth छठा chathaa
Seventh सातवाँ SaaTavaan
Eighth आठवाँ aathavaan
Ninth नौवाँ Nauvaan
Tenth दसवाँ DaSavaan

1- Quick Tip:

  • The cardinal numbers are mostly used to give a direction, address, or anything else that follows a sequence.
  • Depending on the gender of the person or thing, the cardinal name will end with different sounds. Masculine words will end with a sound of aa and feminine words with the sound of ii.
  • For instance:
    • Second turn.
    • दूसरा मोड़
      (DuSaraa mod)
    • Third story.
    • तीसरी मंज़िल
      (TiiSarii maNziL)


13. Sharing Your Phone Number in Hindi

Sharing Your Phone Number Using Hindi Numbers

It’s fine to use English numbers while sharing your phone number with your colleagues. But when it comes to your neighbors, newspaperman, milkman, or maid, it’s better to break the ten digits of your number into five pairs of Hindi numbers with two numbers each.

That’s how the Indians do it generally. Another way is to break it into two pairs of Indian numbers with five numbers in each pair.

For instance, your mobile number is 9457886140.

  • Going by the first method, you can tell it as 94-57-88-61-40. So, in Hindi, you’ll say it as ९४-५७-८८-६१-४० i.e. चौरानवे (cauraaNave) - सतावन (SaTaavaN) - अट्ठासी (atthaaSii) - इकसठ (IkaSath) - चालीस (caaLiiS).
  • The second way to say it is 94578-86140. So, in Hindi, it would be said as ९४५७८-८६१४०. That would be चौरानवे पाँच सौ अठहत्तर - छियासी एक सौ चालीस (cauraaNave paanc Sau atthahaTTar - chiyaaSii ek Sau caaLiiS).


14. Join Us and Listen to Our Podcasts at HindiPod101.com

Learn Hindi Numbers with Our Audio Lessons

Impressed with our teaching methods? Explore more by visiting us at HindiPod101.com. We offer guided lessons, free vocabulary collections, a dictionary, PDFs, and many more things to make your learning easy.

Simply sign up on our page and turn your Hindi learning experience into a splendid journey with us!

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Top Indian “Sorry Words” And Polite Ways to Say Sorry in Hindi

What does a true apology feel like? Well, to begin with, it should come straight from the heart, and the Hindi language is the perfect tool to express it. Whether you need to know how to say sorry to your bf in Hindi or how to say sorry to a girl in Hindi, you’ll find an array of options here!

Unlike in English, Hindi’s “sorry” doesn’t have a single literal word for it. Instead, Indians prefer a bunch of phrases when asking for an apology and to say “sorry” in Hindi.

Most commonly, “sorry” in Hindi translation means क्षमा (ksamaa) or माफ़ी (maafii), and other similar words which you’ll be learning in this article.

“To say sorry” meaning in Hindi is माफ़ी माँगना (maafii maangaNaa). But the phrase literally translates to “to seek an apology,” where माफ़ी (maafii) is “an apology” and माँगना (maangaNaa) is “to seek” or “to ask for.”

As a beginner at HindiPod101, you can count on these Indian “sorry phrases” in similar situations, if you wish to apologize in Hindi. This is going to help you in different circumstances, such as making common errors while speaking in Hindi, being late, spilling coffee by mistake, or even consoling a friend.

Saying sorry in trivial situations shows your courteous behavior. In serious matters, it may save you from heartbreak, or losing a valuable friend. This makes “sorry” in learning Hindi so important.

In this article, we’ll show you lots of ways to say “sorry,” and also give examples of how to translate “sorry” in Hindi to English. So, let’s learn how to say “I am sorry” in Hindi! Start with a bonus, and download your FREE cheat sheet - How to Improve Your Hindi Skills! (Logged-In Member Only)

  1. Preferable Body Language While Making an Apology
  2. Most Important Apologizing Words in Hindi
  3. How to Say Sorry in Hindi
  4. Admitting a Mistake in a Dignified Manner
  5. Expressing Condolences
  6. Responding to an Apology
  7. How HindiPod101.com Can Transform Your Hindi Learning!

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1. Preferable Body Language While Making an Apology

“Sorry” in the Hindi language is about body language just as much as it is about words. Watching a tutorial on a “how to say sorry in Hindi” video, or seeing a “sorry” in Hindi image, may tell you a lot about the Indian ways of apologizing.

1- Apologizing in Formal Situations

Body Language During a Formal Apology

First, we’ll talk about how to say “I’m sorry” in Hindi in formal situations:

  • When asking for an apology from one’s boss, the person may stand with both hands in front of them.
  • The right palm rests over the left, and the head bows down very slightly.
  • And then, with a gentle tone, you say the common Indian sorry phrases that we’ve mentioned below.

2- Saying Sorry to Elders

Saying sorry to older people, relatives, or people you greatly respect, involves making a particular hand gesture:

  • Join both the palms, so that your fingertips and chest are aligned.
  • Technically, it’s the same as saying NamaSTe except that NamaSTe is a way of greeting others. But when apologizing, one doesn’t smile.
  • You can sometimes find the same hand gesture for “sorry” in Hindi quotes and “sorry” in Hindi statuses when you search online.

3- Saying Sorry to Friends and Younger People

Indian Ways of Apologizing

In informal situations, Indians say sorry to their friends by placing a hand on their friend’s shoulder. It’s not a rule, but the gesture is a symbol of empathy, showing that you understand their hurt and feel sorry for it.

Sometimes, we end up hurting the tender emotions of our young ones. In such sensitive moments, Indians like to hug their kids to express their genuine apology.

Now that you’ve got a better idea about Indian body language, let’s look at the popular keywords that are used to say “I am sorry” in the Hindi language.


2. Most Important Apologizing Words in Hindi

3 Ways to Say Sorry

The verb “apologize,”’s meaning in Hindi is माफ़ी माँगना (maafii maangaNaa). But when we talk about the noun “apology,” the right Hindi word for “sorry” is just माफ़ी (maafii), which is also a noun word in Hindi. माँगना (maangaNaa) qualifies as a verb in Hindi which translates to “asking for” in English.

1- क्षमा (ksamaa)

  • The Hindi word क्षमा (ksamaa) is a noun. Its literal meaning is “forgiveness.”
  • When pronouncing this word in Hindi, the k becomes silent and it actually sounds like samaa.
  • In a Hindi sentence, क्षमा (ksamaa) comes after a pronoun and is followed by a verb at the end.
  • It’s quite a formal apology word and people rarely use it to say sorry in the Hindi language.

2- माफ़ी (maafii)

  • The Hindi word माफ़ी (maafii) is also a noun. Its literal meaning is “forgiveness.”
  • In a Hindi sentence, माफ़ी (maafii) comes after a pronoun and is followed by a verb at the end.
  • On some occasions, माफ़ी (maafii) is replaced with माफ़ (maaf) which is a phrasal verb.
  • माफ़ (maaf) is one of the most popular Hindi words to be used not only in Hindi sorry SMS & Hindi Shayari, but is also used for Bangla sorry SMS. Don’t be surprised to hear this word when watching a boy saying sorry to his girlfriend.

3- भूल (bhuuL)

  • भूल (bhuuL) is a noun. Its literal meaning is “an unintentional mistake.”
  • Often accompanied by a verb, this word is mostly said while admitting a mistake.
  • Because of its simplicity, भूल (bhuuL) is the most favored term for “sorry” in Hindi Shayari and “sorry” in Hindi songs.

How to Say Sorry in Hindi

4- ग़लती (gaLaTii)

  • Another noun, ग़लती (gaLaTii) is more commonly used by Indians. It means a “careless mistake,” but may also stand for a “blunder.”
  • Compared to भूल (bhuuL), ग़लती (gaLaTii) is a slightly stricter term.
  • And yet, the word holds a tight place in most of the sorry quotes (Hindi) and Whatsapp “sorry” statuses in Hindi for friends.
  • Boys also opt for it when sending a “sorry” SMS in Hindi for a girlfriend.

5- शर्मिंदा (sarmiNDaa)

  • This word is actually an adjective. The literal meaning in English is “embarrassed.”
  • When changed into a noun, it’s शर्मिंदगी (sarmiNDagii), or “embarrassment.”
  • It’s another apt word to use when writing a “sorry” SMS in Hindi or other online “sorry” messages in Hindi.
  • All Bollywood fans know that the phrase is frequently used in apology love songs as a sophisticated substitute for “sorry” in Hindi lyrics.

6- अफ़सोस (afaSoS)

  • A noun, अफ़सोस (afaSoS) is a perfect choice for “hurt and sorry” quotes.
  • Indian folks also use it when trying to say, “I am sorry to say…” in Hindi.
  • You’re supposed to say it when offering condolences or expressing your regrets.
    Actually, it’s a delicate expression that one might come across while reading some of the best “sorry” SMS in Hindi and apologizy quotes in Hindi.

The following list proves that there’s no single word for “sorry” in Hindi translation. Indian society and its culture are so vivid and versatile that at times the rich Hindi vocabulary may confuse non-native speakers.

However, a little bit of practice and you’re good to go. HindiPod101 is a grand platform which makes sure that you nail this game of Hindi language.

Now, we’ll be discussing the various Indian ways to say sorry in different situations and sentence forms.


3. How to Say Sorry in Hindi

Say Sorry

These are some simple phrases and statements that will suffice for all Hindi language beginners.

1- Formal Situations

1.) मैं क्षमा चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ

Romanization: main ksamaa caahaTaa huun / caahaTii huun.
English Translation: “I apologize.”

In this sentence, मैं (main) means “I,” and क्षमा (ksamaa) is “apology.” चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ (caahaTaa hun / caahaTii huun) is “seek / ask for.”

2.) कृपया मुझे क्षमा कर दें

Romanization: kripayaa, mujhe ksamaa kar den.
English Translation: “Please, forgive me.”

In this sentence, कृपया (kripayaa) is “please,” मुझे (mujhe) means “me,” and क्षमा कर दें (ksamaa kar den) is a verb that means “forgive.”

3.) मैं क्षमा-प्रार्थी हूँ

Romanization: main ksamaa-praarTHii huun.
English Translation: “I seek an apology.”

Here, मैं (main) means “I,” क्षमा-प्रार्थी (ksamaa-praarTHii) means “a seeker of apology,” and हूँ (hun) is a helping verb for “am.”

4.) मैं माफ़ी चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ

Romanization: main maafii caahaTaa huun / caahaTii huun.
English Translation: “I am sorry.”

In this sentence, मैं (main) means “I,” माफ़ी (maafii) means “apology,” and चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ (caahaTaa huun / caahaTii huun) means “seek / ask for.”

5.) कृपया, मुझे माफ़ कर दीजिये

Romanization: kripayaa, mujhe maaf kar Diijiye.
English Translation: “Please, forgive me.”

Here, कृपया (kripayaa) means “please,” मुझे (mujhe) means “me,” and माफ़ कर दीजिये (maaf kar Diijiye) means “forgive / grant an apology.”

6.) क्या आप मुझे माफ़ कर देंगे?

Romanization: kyaa aap mujhe maaf kar denge?
English Translation: “Would you forgive me?”

In this sentence, क्या आप (kyaa aap) stands for “would you,” मुझे (mujhe) means “me,” and माफ़ कर देंगे (maaf kar Denge) means “forgive / grant an apology.”


2- Informal Situations

To your friends or strangers, you can say sorry in the following ways.

1.) माफ़ करना

Romanization: maaf karaNaa.
English Translation: “Excuse me.”

2.) मुझे माफ़ कर दो

Romanization: mujhe maaf kar Do.
English Translation: “I am sorry.”

3.) बुरा मत मानो

Romanization: buraa maT maaNo.
English Translation: “Please, don’t mind.”

4.) क्या तुम मुझे माफ़ कर दोगी / दोगे ?

Romanization: kyaa Tum mujhe maaf kar Dogii / Doge?
English Translation: “Would you forgive me?”


4. Admitting a Mistake in a Dignified Manner

Admitting mistakes is one of the first steps in showing that you’re sorry. If you’re wondering how to say sorry to your gf in Hindi, admitting your mistake will definitely help. And below you’ll find the best ways to do this.

Admitting Your Mistakes

1- मुझसे यह ग़लती हो गयी

Romanization: mujhaSe yah gaLaTii ho gayii.
English Translation: “I made this mistake.”

Here, मुझसे (mujhaSe) means “by me,” यह (yah) means “this,” ग़लती (gaLaTii) means “mistake,” and हो गयी (ho gayii) means “was done.”

2- यह मेरी ही भूल थी

Romanization: yah merii hii bhuuL THii.
English Translation: “It was my fault.”

Here, यह (yah) stands for “it,” मेरी (merii) means “my,” भूल (bhuuL) means “fault,” and थी (THii) means “was.”

3- मैं आगे से ऐसा नहीं करूँगा / करूँगी

Romanization: main aage Se aiSaa Nahiin karuungaa / karuungii.
English Translation: “I will not repeat this in the future.”

In this sentence, मैं (main) means “I,” आगे से (aage Se) means “in the future,” ऐसा (aiSaa) means “this,” and नहीं करूँगा / करूँगी (Nahiin karuungaa / karuungii) means “won’t do.”

4- मैं बहुत ज़्यादा शर्मिंदा हूँ

Romanization: main bahuT zyaaDaa sarmiNDaa huun.
English Translation: “I am very sorry / embarrassed.”

मैं (main) stands for “I,” बहुत ज़्यादा (bahuT zyaaDaa) means “really / very,” शर्मिंदा (sarmiNDaa) means “sorry / embarrassed,” and हूँ (huun) means “am.”
The “I am extremely sorry” meaning in Hindi is also the same.

5- मेरा व्यवहार ठीक नहीं था

Romanization: meraa vyavahaar thiik Nahiin THaa.
English Translation: “My behavior was not right.”

Here, मेरा (meraa) means “my,” व्यवहार (vyavahaar) means “behavior,” ठीक (thiik) means “right,” नहीं (Nahiin) is “not,” and था (THaa) means “was.”


5. Expressing Condolences

Consoling Loved Ones

1- मुझे वाक़ई अफ़सोस है

Romanization: mujhe vaaqaii afaSoS hai.
English Translation: “I am really sorry.”

Also, the “I am really very sorry,” meaning in Hindi is the same, and this can also be how to say “I’m so sorry” in Hindi.
Here, मुझे (mujhe) means “I,” वाक़ई (vaaqaii) means “really,” and अफ़सोस है (afaSoS hai) means “feel sorry.”

2- मुझे दुख है

Romanization: mujhe Dukh hai.
Translation: “My apologies.”

In this phrase, मुझे (mujhe) means “I,” and दुख है (Dukh hai) means “feel sad.”

3- मुझे खेद है

Romanization: mujhe kheD hai.
English Translation: “I am sorry.”

In this sentence, मुझे (mujhe) means “I,” and खेद है (kheD hai) means “feel sad.”


6. Responding to an Apology

Responding to an Apology

1- कोई बात नहीं

Romanization: koii baaT nahiin.
English Translation: “It’s okay” or “Never mind.”

2- माफ़ी मत मांगो

Romanization: maafii maT maango.
English Translation: “Please, don’t apologize.”

This sentence is also the same as the “Don’t be sorry” meaning in Hindi.

3- माफ़ी की कोई बात नहीं

Romanization: maafii kii koii baaT Nahiin.
English Translation: “No need to apologize.”


7. How HindiPod101.com Can Transform Your Hindi Learning!

As you can see, we’ve shared a handful of ways to say sorry in Hindi. We hope you enjoyed it, and that you now have “sorry” in your Hindi vocabulary arsenal!

For more learning materials, sign up at HindiPod101.com and download our easy-to-use mobile application to access unlimited content and become an expert in Hindi conversations. Our teaching style is entertaining with loads of interesting videos, podcasts, exercises, and easily downloadable PDFs.

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Language Learning Tips: How to Avoid Awkward Silences

Avoid Awkward Silences

Yes, even beginners can quickly learn conversational Hindi well enough to carry on real conversations with native speakers. Of course, beginners won’t be able to carry a conversation the same way they could in their native language. But, just knowing a few tips like which questions to ask to keep a conversation going are all you need to speak and interact with real native speakers! But before we get to specific suggestions, let’s first take a closer look at how having real Hindi conversations is so vital to your mastery of the language.

Learning to Carry a Conversation is Vital to Mastery of Any Language

Communicating with other people is the very point of language and conversation is almost second nature in our native tongue. For beginners or anyone learning a new language, conversations aren’t easy at all and even simple Hindi greetings can be intimidating and awkward.

However, there are 3 vital reasons why you should learn conversational Hindi as quickly as possible:

  • Avoid Awkward Silences: Nothing kills a conversation faster than long periods of awkward silence, so you need practice and specific strategies to avoid them.
  • Improve the Flow of Conversation to Make a Better Impression: When you know what to say to keep a conversation going, communication becomes much easier and you make a better impression on your listener.
  • Master the Language Faster: Nothing will help you learn to speak Hindi faster and truly master the language than having real conversations with native speakers. Conversations quickly expose you to slang, cultural expressions, and vocabulary that force you to absorb and assimilate information faster than any educational setting—and that’s a great thing!

But how can you possibly have real conversations with real Hindi people if you are just starting out?

3 Conversation Strategies for Beginners

Conversation

1. Ask Questions to Keep a Conversation Going

For beginners and even more advanced speakers, the key is to learn to ask questions to keep a conversation going. Of course, they can’t be just random questions or else you may confuse the listener. But, by memorizing a few key questions and the appropriate time to use them, you can easily carry a conversation with minimal vocabulary or experience. And remember, the more Hindi conversations you have, the quicker you will learn and master the language!

2. Learn Core Vocabulary Terms as Quickly as Possible

You don’t need to memorize 10,000’s of words to learn conversational Hindi. In fact, with just a couple hundred Hindi words you could have a very basic Hindi conversation. And by learning maybe 1,000-2,000 words, you could carry a conversation with a native speaker about current events, ordering in restaurants, and even getting directions.

3. Study Videos or Audio Lessons that You Can Play and Replay Again and Again

If you want to know how to carry a conversation in Hindi, then you need exposure to native speakers—and the more the better. Ideally, studying video or audio lessons is ideal because they provide contextualized learning in your native language and you can play them again and again until mastery.

HindiPod101 Makes it Easier and More Convenient Than Ever to Learn Conversational Hindi

Learning Hindi

For more than 10 years, HindiPod101 has been helping students learn to speak Hindi by creating the world’s most advanced online language learning system. Here are just a few of the specific features that will help you learn conversational Hindi fast using our proven system:

  • The Largest Collection of HD Video & Audio Lessons from Real Hindi Instructors: HindiPod101 instructors have created hundreds of video and audio lessons that you can play again and again. And the best part is: They don’t just teach you Hindi vocabulary and grammar, they are designed to help you learn to speak Hindi and teach you practical everyday topics like shopping, ordering, etc!
  • Pronunciation Tools: Use this feature to record and compare yourself with native speakers to quickly improve your pronunciation and fluency!
  • 2000 Common Hindi Words: Also known as our Core List, these 2,000 words are all you need to learn to speak fluently and carry a conversation with a native speaker!

In all, more than 20 advanced learning tools help you quickly build vocabulary and learn how to carry a conversation with native speakers—starting with your very first lesson.

Conclusion

Although it may seem intimidating for a beginner, the truth is that it is very easy to learn conversational Hindi. By learning a few core vocabulary terms and which questions to ask to keep a conversation going, just a little practice and exposure to real Hindi conversations or lessons is all it really takes. HindiPod101 has created the world’s largest online collection of video and audio lessons by real instructors plus loads of advanced tools to help you learn to speak Hindi and carry a conversation quickly.

Act now and we’ll also include a list of the most commonly used questions to keep a conversation going so you can literally get started immediately!

How to Start Thinking in Hindi

Learn 4 tools and techniques to stop translating in your head and start thinking in Hindi

Going through Hindi lessons is enough to get by and learn the basics of Hindi, but to truly become fluent you need to be able to think in Hindi. This will allow you to have conversations with ease, read smoothly, and comprehensively understand natives. To do this, you need to go beyond just completing daily or weekly lessons.

We naturally translate in our heads because it’s viewed as the easiest way to learn the definitions needed when learning a language. This way of learning can actually hinder your skills and fluency later on. If your brain has to make neural connections between the word you’re learning, what it means in your native tongue, and the physical object the connection will not be nearly as strong. When you bypass the original translation between Hindi and your native language then there is a more basic and strong connection between just the Hindi vocabulary word and the tangible object.

start thinking in Hindi

In this blog post, you will learn the 4 important techniques to easily and naturally begin to speculate about the daily occurrences in your life. The best part is all of these techniques are supported and can be achieved through HindiPod101.com.

Create Your Free Lifetime Account and Start Learning the whole Hindi Language from the Beginning!

1. Surround yourself with Hindi

Surround Yourself

By surrounding yourself with Hindi constantly you will completely immerse yourself in the language. Without realizing it you’ll be learning pronunciation, sentence structures, grammar, and new vocabulary. You can play music in the background while you’re cooking or have a Hindi radio station on while you study. Immersion is a key factor with this learning process because it is one of the easiest things to do, but very effective. Even if you are not giving the program your full attention you will be learning.

One great feature of HindiPod101.com is the endless podcasts that are available to you. You can even download and listen to them on the go. These podcasts are interesting and are perfect for the intention of immersion, they are easy to listen to as background noise and are interesting enough to give your full attention. Many of them contain stories that you follow as you go through the lessons which push you to keep going.

2. Learn through observation
learn through observation

Learning through observation is the most natural way to learn. Observation is how we all learned our native languages as infants and it’s a wonder why we stop learning this way. If you have patience and learn through observation then Hindi words will have their own meanings rather than meanings in reference to your native language. Ideally, you should skip the bilingual dictionary and just buy a dictionary in Hindi.

HindiPod101.com also offers the materials to learn this way. We have numerous video lessons which present situational usage of each word or phrase instead of just a direct translation. This holds true for many of our videos and how we teach Hindi.

3. Speak out loud to yourself
talk to yourself

Speaking to yourself in Hindi not only gets you in the mindset of Hindi, but also makes you listen to how you speak. It forces you to correct any errors with pronunciation and makes it easy to spot grammar mistakes. When you speak out loud talk about what you did that day and what you plan to do the next day. Your goal is to be the most comfortable speaking out loud and to easily create sentences. Once you feel comfortable talking to yourself start consciously thinking in your head about your daily activities and what is going on around you throughout the day.

With HindiPod101.com you start speaking right away, not only this, but they have you repeat words and conversations after a native Hindi speaker. This makes your pronunciation very accurate! With this help, you are on the fast path to making clear and complex sentences and then actively thinking about your day.

4. Practice daily

If you don’t practice daily then your progress will be greatly slowed. Many people are tempted to take the 20-30 minutes they should be practicing a day and practice 120 in one day and skip the other days. This isn’t nearly as effective because everyday you practice you are reinforcing the skills and knowledge you have learned. If you practice all in one day you don’t retain the information because the brain can realistically only focus for 30 minutes at most. If you’re studying for 120 minutes on the same subject little of the information will be absorbed. Studying everyday allows you to review material that you went over previous days and absorb a small amount of information at a time.

It’s tough to find motivation to study everyday, but HindiPod101.com can help. It’s easy to stay motivated with HindiPod101.com because we give you a set learning path, with this path we show how much progress you’ve made. This makes you stick to your goals and keep going!

Conclusion

Following the steps and having patience is the hardest part to achieving your goals, it’s not easy learning a new language. You are essentially teaching your brain to categorize the world in a completely new way. Stick with it and you can do it just remember the 4 tools I taught you today! With them, conversations, reading, and understanding will become much easier. The most important thing to remember is to use the tools that HindiPod101.com provides and you will be on your way to being fluent!

Learn Hindi With HindiPod101 Today!

5 Ways To Improve Your Hindi Speaking Skills

5 Ways To Improve Your Hindi Speaking Skills

Speaking is usually the #1 weakness for all Hindi learners. This is a common issue among language learners everywhere. The reason for this is obvious: When language learners first start learning a language, they usually start with reading. They read online articles, books, information on apps and so on. If they take a class, they spend 20% of their time repeating words, and 80% of the time reading the textbook, doing homework or just listening to a teacher. So, if you spend most of your time reading instead of speaking, you might get better at reading but your speaking skills never grow. You get better at what you focus on.

So if you want to improve you speaking skills, you need to spend more of your study time on speaking. Here are five tips to help you get started:

1. Read out loud
If you’re listening to a lesson and reading along, read out loud. Then re-read and speed up your tempo. Do this again and again until you can speak faster. Try your best to pronounce the words correctly, but don’t obsess about it. Read swiftly, emote and put some inflection on the sentences. Reading aloud helps to train the muscles of your mouth and diaphragm to produce unfamiliar words and sounds.

Read out loud!

2. Prepare things to say ahead of time.
As you may know from experience, most learners run out of things to say. But, if you prepare lines ahead of time, you won’t be at a loss for words in conversations. This will help you not only to learn how to say the words, but how to say them in the right context. A good way to prepare yourself before conversations is with our Top 25 Questions Series, which teaches you how to ask the most common conversational questions, and how to answer them, in Hindi:

Click here to learn the top 25 Hindi questions you need to know.

3. Use shadowing (repeat the dialogues as you hear them).
Shadowing is an extremely useful tool for increasing fluency as well as improving your accent and ability to be understood. Shadowing helps create all the neural connections in your brain to produce those words and sentences quickly and accurately without having to think about it. Also, as mentioned in tip #1, shadowing helps develop the muscle memory in all the physical parts responsible for the production of those sounds. Depending on what your primary and target languages are, it’s quite likely that there are a lot of sounds your mouth just isn’t used to producing. Shadowing can be done, for example, when watching TV shows or movies or listening to music.

Each one of our lessons begins with a dialogue. Try to shadow the conversation line by line, and you’ll be mastering it in no time.

Click here to for a FREE taste of our Absolute Beginner series!

4. Review again and again.
This is the key to perfection, and we can’t emphasize it enough. Most learners don’t review! If you review and repeat lines again and again, you’ll be speaking better, faster and with more confidence.

Review again and again

5. DON’T BE AFRAID TO MAKE MISTAKES!
You’d be surprised by how many people try to avoid talking! The more you speak, the faster you learn – and that is why you’re learning Hindi. Practice speaking every chance you get: whether it’s ordering coffee, shopping or asking for directions.