HindiPod101.com Blog
Learn Hindi with Free Daily
Audio and Video Lessons!
Start Your Free Trial 6 FREE Features

Archive for the 'Hindi Lessons' Category

Conjunction Words in Hindi: List and Conjunction Grammar Rules

Thumbnail

Hindi conjunctions are quite significant to the whole framework of the Hindi language. Just like in English, conjunction words in Hindi do the job of cementing two correlated sentences or phrases together.

One can easily find a conjunction in Hindi PDF online. But as a beginner, if you don’t understand the concept first, the meaning of conjunctions in Hindi and conjunction grammar rules in Hindi would be difficult to comprehend. This makes it imperative to learn Hindi conjunctions from the ground up, and becoming familiar with the most common Hindi conjunction words.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Table of Contents

  1. Importance of the Conjunction in Hindi
  2. Hindi Conjunctions: Definition and Concept
  3. Hindi Conjunctions: Types & Exercises
  4. About the Hindi Conjunction List
  5. Conjunctions to Correlate Similar Thoughts
  6. Conjunctions to Express Condition
  7. Conjunctions to Express Cause
  8. Conjunctions to Express Opposition
  9. Conjunctions to Express Purpose
  10. Conjunctions to Express Alternatives
  11. Grow Your Hindi Knowledge with HindiPod101.com


1. Importance of the Conjunction in Hindi

Sentence Patterns

In Hindi grammar, conjunctions are vital. Without the use of conjunctions in Hindi, even a proper sentence structure would lose its meaning and create enormous confusion!

It’s the conjunction in Hindi that specifies whether two joined sentences contain similar thoughts, reflect two completely unrelated thoughts, or express a condition or underlying cause.

The bottom line is that the conjunction in Hindi grammar is something you just can’t afford to miss! Hindi sentences with conjunctions are just so much more sensical and fluid.

So, why don’t we start with the conjunction definition in Hindi before covering our complete conjunction list with Hindi words!


2. Hindi Conjunctions: Definition and Concept

What is a conjunction? A conjunction is a word or phrase that connects two or more words or phrases in a sentence. There! You’ve got the simplest definition for it.

Conjunctions

In literal terms, the conjunction meaning in Hindi is संयोजन (SanyojaN), whereas for the word “conjunctive,” the meaning in Hindi would be संयोजक (Sanyojak) or जोड़ने वाला (jodaNe vaaLaa).

Adding to that, the natural translation and meaning of “all conjunctions” in Hindi would be सभी संयोजक (Sabhii Sanyojak).

And while we’re at it, let’s quickly check out how to say “connectors” in English with the Hindi word. The connectors are called योजक (yojak) in Hindi.


3. Hindi Conjunctions: Types & Exercises

The conjunction in Hindi is divided and then subdivided into many categories. The two main classes are Coordinating Conjunctions and Subordinating Conjunctions.

1- Coordinating Conjunctions in Hindi

The coordinating conjunctions in Hindi are also known as the cumulative conjunction in Hindi. These are the words or phrases which are used to join two similar clauses or phrases of equal importance. For example: “and,” “but,” “so,” “for,” etc.

2- Subordinating Conjunctions in Hindi

The function of the subordinate conjunction in Hindi is to connect a dependent clause with an independent clause in a sentence. For example: “because,” “although,” “until,” etc.

Now that we have a basic idea about the two main types of conjunctions, it will be easier to understand the English conjunction in Hindi in more detail.

In the section below, we’ll study a comprehensive Hindi conjunction examples list with Hindi conjunctions in English as well as Hindi, to not only help you learn Hindi connecting words, but also craft Hindi conjunction sentences.


4. About the Hindi Conjunction List

Improve Listening

Finally, it’s time to go through the list of connectors. This conjunction list (English to Hindi) is a great way to practice and improve spoken and written Hindi in daily life.

We would also like to draw your attention to the fact that there can be multiple conjunctions with a similar meaning. So, while translating a conjunction, don’t be surprised if you come across conjunction with more than one word for it.

Without further ado, our comprehensive Hindi conjunctions list and several Hindi conjunctions examples!


5. Conjunctions to Correlate Similar Thoughts

Improve Listening Part 2

The most common English conjunction words to express two similar thoughts together are “and” and “also.” But how do you say them in Hindi? Find out in this full list of conjunctions in Hindi for correlating similar thoughts.

1- And

Normally, in everyday conversations, Indians opt for और (aur) in place of “and.” In most cases, it comes between two clauses or words. But sometimes, और (aur) can be placed at the beginning of the sentence. This happens when the person has finished talking but needs to add something important (probably because he or she forgot to do so in the first place).

Example:

  • मुझे आम पसंद है। मुझे सेब पसंद है।
    (mujhe aam paSaND hai. mujhe Seb paSaND hai.)
    “I like mangoes. I like apples.”
  • मुझे आम और सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam aur Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”

The other substitutes for और (aur) are (va), तथा (TaTHaa), and एवं (evam). Keep in mind that they’re rarely spoken in day-to-day Hindi conversations and are merely confined to official uses. However, these can be used in the same way as the above example.

For instance, here are these conjunctions in Hindi with examples:

  • मुझे आम तथा सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam TaTHaa Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”
  • मुझे आम सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam va Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”


6. Conjunctions to Express Condition

Talking about a particular (necessary) condition requires the speaker to use certain other kinds of conjunctions.

2- If/Then

In situations where people like to express a peculiar condition, the Hindi phrases अगर (agar) / तो (To) are used. The examples below will help you understand how to use it in a sentence.

Example:

  • अगर तुम थक गयी हो, तो सो जाओ।
    (agar Tum THak gayii ho, To So jaao.)
    “If you’re tired, then get some rest.”

अगर (agar) / तो (To) can easily be replaced with यदि (yaDi). Although यदि (yaDi) is more formal and less frequently used in daily Hindi talks and chats, Indians still prefer to use it in official documents.

Example:

  • यदि आज बारिश हुई, तो दफ़्तर बंद रहेगा।
    (yaDi aaj baaris huyii, To DafTar baND rahegaa.)
    “If it rains today, the office will remain closed.”

As you can see, having a voluminous vocab in Hindi is great, but it’s not a substitute for learning parts of speech, such as prepositions and conjunctions in Hindi.

Man with an A+ Assignment

3- Since

Another terrific conjunction in Hindi is “since.” In Hindi, it’s translated as चूंकि (cuunki). The unique thing about this word is that more often than not, it’s placed at the beginning of a sentence. In Hindi conjunction sentences, it may look something like the example below.

Example:

  • चूँकि तुम मेरे दोस्त हो, मैं तुम्हारी मदद करूंगी।
    (cuunki Tum mere DoST ho, main Tumhaarii maDaD karuungii.)
    “Since you are my friend, I’d like to help you out.”


7. Conjunctions to Express Cause

There are times when things go wrong, or at least they don’t really happen the way we expected. In such cases, we need to express causes and reasons using conjunctions in Hindi grammar. In this section of the Hindi conjunctions list, we’ll shed some light on these similar conjunctions.

4- So

You’ll hear Indians using this word quite frequently. In Hindi sentences, “so” means इसलिए (iSLiye). Let’s see how it connects two similar clauses below.

Example:

  • सीमा की बस छूट गयी थी, इसलिए उसे देर हो गयी।
    (Siimaa kii baS chuut gayi THii, iSaLiye uSe Der ho gayii.)
    “Seema missed her bus, so she was late.”

5- Before

The conjunction “before” translates as पहले (pehLe). पहले (pehLe) is placed in between two clauses, but at times it may also be placed at the beginning of the sentence.

Example:

  • फ़ल और सब्ज़ियों को खाने से पहले हमेशा धो लेना चाहिए.
    (faL aur Sabziyon ko khaaNe Se pehLe hamesaa DHo LeNaa caahiye.)
    “You should always wash vegetables and fruits before eating them.”

6- Because

Sometimes, it becomes necessary to give valid reasons for why things didn’t go as you planned! In such cases, the conjunction “because” comes to your rescue. In Hindi, it’s known as क्योंकि (kyonki) and is an inseparable part of daily Hindi chitchats.

Example:

  • बाज़ार बंद है क्योंकि आज रविवार है।
    (baazaar baND hai kyonki aaj ravivaar hai.)
    “The market is closed because it’s Sunday today!”


8. Conjunctions to Express Opposition

But what about when we have to express contradiction? Whoa! Did you notice the conjunction we used so seamlessly? Yes, you’ve guessed it right. Our next word is “but.”

Notes with Plants

7- But

The conjunction “but” can be translated into multiple words in Hindi. And we’ll share at least four of them with you.

We’ll start with the most popular one, which is लेकिन (LekiN). लेकिन (LekiN) is rightfully visible everywhere, in daily talks, in books, on the news, etc. So, let’s see how to put it in a sentence.

Example:

  • मेरी तबियत ख़राब है लेकिन मुझे विद्यालय जाना होगा।
    (merii TabiyaT kharaab hai LekiN mujhe viDyaaLay jaaNaa hogaa.)
    “I am not well but I must go to school.”

The other regularly used translations for “but” are परन्तु (paraNTu), मगर (magar), and पर (par). They work in the same way as लेकिन (LekiN).

Example:

  • दिल्ली अच्छा शहर है पर वहाँ प्रदूषण बहुत है।
    (DiLLii acchaa sahar hai par vahaan praDuusan bahuT hai.)
    “Delhi is a great city, but it’s highly polluted.”

8- And yet

The Hindi phrase for “and yet” is फिर भी (phir bhii). It serves the same purpose, indicating contradiction or opposition. You can understand this better with the example below.

Example:

  • राज ने इतनी मेहनत की, फिर भी वह परीक्षा में पास नहीं हो पाया।
    (raaj Ne iTaNii mehaNaT kii, phir bhii vah pariiksaa men paaS nahiin ho paayaa.)
    “Raj worked so hard, and yet he couldn’t clear the exams.”


9. Conjunctions to Express Purpose

How do you convince people? Well, whatever skills you use for that, it can’t be done without conjunctions for expressing purpose. And our first one in the conjunction words list is “so that.”

9- So that

In Hindi, saying ताकि (Taaki) is a great way to persuade people and bring more conviction to your speech.

Example:

  • रोज़ कसरत करो, ताकि स्वस्थ रह सको।.
    (roz kaSaraT karo, Taaki SvaSTH rah Sako.)
    “Exercise daily, so that you stay healthy.”

10- That’s why

When you’re in a position to give reasons and explanations, इसलिए (iSLiye) is the perfect Hindi word you’re looking for.

Example:

  • आज क्रिसमस है इसलिए हम सबने नए कपड़े पहने हैं।
    (aaj Christmas hai iSaLiye ham SabaNe Naye kapade pahaNe hain.)
    “It’s Christmas today, and that’s why we have all put on new clothes.”

Boy on Bed Listening to Something


10. Conjunctions to Express Alternatives

11- Or

“Or” is heavily used in Hindi conversation, maybe while requesting food preferences, choice of beverage, clothing, or anything like that. In Hindi, it can be translated as अथवा (aTHavaa) or या (yaa).

Example:

  • तुम्हें भारत ज़्यादा पसंद है या जापान?
    (Tumhen bhaaraT zyaaDaa paSaND hai yaa JaapaaN?)
    “Do you like India better, or Japan?”

12- Either … Or

“Either … or” is just an extended version of “or.” Its Hindi translation is या तो (yaa To) … या फिर (yaa phir). No matter how much we try to put the concept into words, it’s much better to learn it through sentence usage.

Example:

  • या तो मैं फ़िल्म देखूँगा या फिर ख़रीदारी करूँगा।
    (yaa To main fiLm Dekhuungaa yaa phir khariiDaarii karuungaa.)
    “Either I’ll watch a movie or I’ll go shopping.”

13- Otherwise

Another common and widely used term to indicate contradictions is वरना (varNaa). It’s a popular word and worth learning if you’re going to be staying in India for a while.

Example:

  • जल्दी करो वरना हमें देर हो जाएगी।
    (jaLDii karo varaNaa hamen Der ho jaayegii.)
    “Hurry up, otherwise we’ll be late.”

14- Instead of

The last conjunction in our all conjunction list with Hindi words is “instead of,” which simply means के बजाय (ke bajaay) in Hindi.

Example:

  • सुमित को घूमने के बजाय पढ़ना ज़्यादा पसंद है।
    (SumiT ho ghuumaNe ke bajaay padhaNaa zyaaDaa paSaND hai.)
    “Instead of going out, Sumit prefers reading.”


11. Grow Your Hindi Knowledge with HindiPod101.com

We hope you’ve loved and enjoyed this piece of ours on Hindi linking words & exercises! For amazing learners like you, we have so much more to offer and share on HindiPod101.com.

Learning has no end, and neither does our Hindi resources section! We bet our word bank and vocab lists, enjoyable lesson materials, interesting blog articles, and enriching grammar bank will be worth your time.

Simply download our mobile application and let us help make your learning experience even better and more fun. Just sign up on our homepage and get started already!

And before you go, let us know how you feel about conjunction words in Hindi now. Do you feel more confident using them, or are there still some things you’re having a hard time grasping? Let us know in the comments; we look forward to hearing from you!
Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Indian Etiquette: Social and Business Etiquette in India

Thumbnail

Practically, Indian etiquette is a fairly extensive term. It’s the amalgamation of Indian manners, as well as Indian culture, customs, and etiquette that blesses India with its uniqueness in the world.

Being a foreigner, you’ll clearly observe a distinctness in everything: cultural etiquette in India (such as Indian wedding etiquette), business etiquette in India, etc.

Honestly, one may compare India to a sponge, absorbing the richness from everywhere. And when you try to squelch its aura, it gives the same profuseness of hospitality and welcomeness.

This article focuses on existing Indian manners and customs that are popular in various aspects of life. You’ll learn some basic, but profoundly important and helpful, day-to-day practices of India: Language, culture, customs, and etiquette, such as business etiquette tips, dress etiquette, table etiquette in India, and much more.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Table of Contents

  1. But Why is Practicing Etiquette in India so Important?
  2. Etiquette in Hindi
  3. Basic Do’s and Don’ts for Addressing to Someone in India
  4. Dining Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Dining
  5. Tourist Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Sightseeing
  6. Do’s and Don’ts for Greetings
  7. Do’s and Don’ts for Visiting a House
  8. Travel Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Public Transport
  9. Office Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for the Workplace
  10. Do’s and Don’ts for Celebrations
  11. Learning Indian Etiquette and Much More with HindiPod101


1. But Why is Practicing Etiquette in India so Important?

Why on earth should you be learning Indian cultural norms, or business and social etiquette in India? As a foreigner, this question may pop up in your mind. After all, you’re not a native!

Well, the answer is as plain as the question itself, which is: You don’t have to follow anything. In India, you’ll never see a foreigner pressured to acquire or respect Indian behavior and etiquette. Because no matter how conservative the society may be, Indians don’t like to impose things on others.

That being said, we’re quite sure that after spending just a few days in this colorful land, you’ll fall in love with its culture all by yourself. Most of the Indian etiquette (dining, greeting, meeting) are so fascinating that foreigners actually look forward to adapting and savoring them during their stay in India.

Lastly, visiting a country like India, and respecting its traditions and manners, such as Indian greeting customs or meeting etiquette in India, will really take you a long way. Indians are quite conservative and traditional, and they like to keep it that way.

However, when it comes to foreigners, common folks are quite forgiving. In fact, you can get away with many innocent cultural slips and nobody will mind. But then, that’s not the point, is it? To tell you the truth regarding Indian culture, showing simple gestures of manners and etiquette in India will help you earn more affection and bond with the natives in a deeper way. And what could be a better way to respond to the warmth of a country than by loving it back in the same way!

Indians are so particular about, and sensitive toward, social etiquette that kids in schools are taught about it from quite an early age. Thus, learning the etiquette of India yourself is a great show of respect.

Through this article, we’ll guide you through the most important etiquette rules in India. This will transform your visit into a sweet and unforgettable experience for both host and guest.


2. Etiquette in Hindi

But first, a quick challenge! What is the word for “etiquette” in Hindi?

The most common word for “etiquette” in Hindi is शिष्टाचार (sistaacaar). Another “etiquette” word in Hindi is तमीज़ (Tamiiz).

When it comes to culture appropriateness, Indians often emphasize similar words, such as संस्कार (SanSkaar) and तहज़ीब (Tehaziib). These words stand for “good manners” in the Hindi language.

The proper Hindi word for “manners” is तरीक़ा (Tariiqaa). And the Hindi word आदत (aaDaT), although it’s more suitable for the English word “habit,” it’s often used for “manners” too.

So, the word for “good manners” in Hindi is अच्छी आदत (acchii aaDaT) or अच्छा तरीक़ा (acchaa Tariiqaa). Whoa! Wasn’t that simple enough?

Now that you’ve learned the words for good manners in Hindi and English both, let’s move on to bad manners in Hindi. The Hindi words for “bad manners” are बुरी आदत (burii aaDaT) or खऱाब तरीक़ा (kharaab Tariiqaa).

Quick Tip: In Hindi, “habit” is a feminine word and “manner” is a masculine word.

Finally, it’s time to explore the most important section of this lesson and get familiar with real do’s and don’ts in Indian culture!


3. Basic Do’s and Don’ts for Addressing to Someone in India

Bad Phrases

First, let’s go over the essential greeting etiquette in India. After all, the first meeting is the most important.

1- Do: Address People as आप (aap)

Unlike English, Hindi has two different words for “you.” One is तुम (Tum) and the other is आप (aap). While तुम (Tum) is used for friends and younger ones, it carries a tinge of informality and frankness.

On the other hand, you’ll often hear Indians saying आप (aap) to each other. It’s the most suitable Hindi pronoun when addressing someone who is elderly or of the opposite gender. Indians also prefer using the word आप (aap) in formal situations or when meeting someone for the first time.

So, to be on the safer side, whenever you’re trying to have a conversation with people, address them as आप (aap). As described in the paragraph above, exceptions can be made in case of very close friends or when speaking to children.

2- Do Greet People with a नमस्ते (NamaSTe)

When it comes to meeting etiquette in India, there’s no better ice breaker than a नमस्ते (NamaSTe). In India, greeting etiquette says a lot about you. Fold your hands, bow your head, and say नमस्ते (NamaSTe) for a proper greeting gesture among the native people.

Woman Making a Traditional Greeting

Traditional Indian Greeting

3- Don’t Call Elderly People by Their Names

Another important tip for social etiquette in India: Calling elderly people by their names is highly offensive to Indian folks. It’s something they would never dream of doing! So, follow this etiquette rule strictly or you may dishearten them to the core.

Instead of saying names, native people go for general terms like “uncle” and “aunty” to address the elder ones.


4. Dining Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Dining

Indians are some of the biggest food-lovers in the world. Food is literally worshipped here. And being a foreigner, you wouldn’t want to upset the natives at the table, right!

So, without wasting a moment, let’s explore the must-know rules for table manners and etiquette in India.

1- Do Use Your Right Hand to Eat

Hygiene

Whenever you’re dining with Indians, this should be your forever mantra. Consuming meals with your right hand is considered the proper eating etiquette in India, whereas eating with the left hand in India is viewed as improper and unhygienic.

2- Do Consider the Comforts of Your Vegetarian Companions

For the most part, people in India are vegetarians. So, try to confirm before ordering any non-veg meals at the same table, as many of your vegetarian friends may not be comfortable with that. You can understand the level of discomfort when considering that the majority of restaurants here serve only vegetarian foods.

And even at places where both veg and non-veg dishes are cooked, both are served in different kinds of tableware, to assure the distinction.

It’s always good table etiquette in India to look after the comfort of those you’re dining with.

A Collection of Indian Dishes

Indian Dining Etiquette

3- Don’t Use Forks or Knives for Traditional Indian Food

As for fine dining etiquette in India, be sure not to use forks or knives for traditional food. It’s not only disrespectful, but also inconvenient (and almost impossible!) to cut the Indian flat bread, known as रोटी (rotii) or चपाती (capaaTii) with a knife. So, why not save yourself some time and use your hands instead? This way, you’ll be able to relish the food with more ease.

4- Don’t Start Before the Host

Whether you’re invited to someone’s home or are having meals at a restaurant, there are certain dining etiquette and table manners Indians always follow.

Firstly, proper etiquette in Indian culture demands that you never start eating before the host. At least wait until they request the guests to begin eating. The same rule applies to the elder ones if they’re around at the same party.

Secondly, after you’ve eaten the meals (at a restaurant), don’t leave the table just yet. Instead, wait for the elderly people to finish their food as well.


5. Tourist Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Sightseeing

Thanks

1- Do Remove Your Footwear

When you’re in India, you’ll come across countless religious places, including temples, mosques, and gurudwaras. In addition to that, native people may also invite you to their homes. In all such situations, remember to take off your shoes before entering that place.

2- Do Wear Decent Clothes

Although there’s no strict definition of what decent clothes are, it’s best to put something on that’s loose-fitting and covers the whole body. Indian dresses like salwar kameez, and Kurtas/Kurtis, maintain the conservative dressing styles of the Indian society. Even if you’re opting for something western, make sure it’s not revealing or tight-fitting!

People Visiting a Temple

Visiting a Temple in India

3- Don’t Exhibit PDA

We can’t emphasize enough on the vast traditional nature of the country. In no way should you exhibit public displays of affection, as this could make the common public extremely uncomfortable (and upset them, too). Holding hands is okay, but hugging in Indian culture is only considered acceptable between the same gender.


6. Do’s and Don’ts for Greetings

If you’re a beginner and wish to learn how to greet in India, explore our comprehensive article on Indian greetings. Knowing the etiquette and customs in India for greeting may also help you with learning proper business etiquette in India.

1- Do Use First Names

Greet people and address them by their first names. Last names are hardly popular in the Indian culture. Although using last names is common in government offices, the same is mostly attributed to encouraging the evil of casteism in the country, as every last name is associated with a particular class in the society.

2- Do Add जी (jii) to the Names

Skip this in case of friends and younger ones. But when talking to or about elders or senior colleagues, or in some cases people of the opposite gender, add जी (jii) to their names. According to the culture and etiquette in India, it’s a sign of sheer respect.

Example:

  • मीरा जी दफ़्तर में हैं।
    (miiraa jii DafTar men hain.)
    “Meera jii is in the office.”

3- Don’t Touch the Opposite Gender

Again, this is a needless rule of cultural etiquette in India to mention, but touching the opposite gender is looked down upon. The other person, as well as onlookers, may feel offended by this gesture. So, kindly avoid it at all costs.


7. Do’s and Don’ts for Visiting a House

1- Do Bring Some Gifts

When invited to a house, bring along some gifts as a warm gesture. When it comes to gift etiquette in India, your gift could be anything, but fruits and sweets are particularly well-received. Gift giving etiquette in India is quite common and is a sign of your affection toward the host.

Collection of Sweets

Indian Sweets as Gifts

2- Don’t Buy Liquor as a Gift

Unless you’re close friends with the host, strictly avoid bringing along any alcohol or smoking items. And as much as possible, try not to consume alcohol in the presence of children, females, or elderly people around you. This is considered quite rude and condescending.


8. Travel Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Public Transport

1- Do Prepare for a Huge Crowd

It’s a worldwide-known fact that India is one of the most heavily populated countries in the world. So, naturally, when riding any public transport, be ready for a lot of rush on the local buses and trains. Also, take care of your luggage so that it doesn’t get lost!

2- Do Stay on the Left Side

As part of walking and driving etiquette in India, always stay on the left side of the road. It will save you from minor and major accidents, such as running into other people by mistake.

3- Don’t Sit in Reserved Seats

In every bus, train, and even metro, you’ll find some seats exclusively reserved for the handicapped, elderly, and pregnant women. Don’t occupy these special seats when such people are around; just help them sit there comfortably.


9. Office Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for the Workplace

In India, business etiquette tips are the perfect way to break the ice and help you gel up with others much faster! For those who are wondering, business etiquette in Hindi is translated as व्यावसायिक शिष्टाचार (vyaavaSaayik sistaacaar).

So, let’s find out the practices that qualify as proper business etiquette and protocol in India.

1- Do Use First Names

We’ve already mentioned this an ample number of times. In India, business culture etiquette involves addressing people by their first names. This holds true in most situations, and also counts as personal and business email etiquette in India.

Even on business cards, you’ll always see the first name first. And while we’re at it, when a colleague or business prospect shares his or her business card with you, take a moment to look at it and show your appreciation for it with a smile. A few simple words of compliment are more than enough when it comes to business card etiquette in India.

People Toasting at a Large Dinner

Business Dining Etiquette

2- Do Wear Proper Dress

Wearing proper formal dress to the office is one of the many unsaid rules of business etiquette in India. You may opt for something traditional or western, while keeping in mind that the dress should in no way be revealing! This is one of the most important tips for business etiquette in India, so do be mindful!

3- Don’t Make Unnecessary Physical Contact

When it comes to workplace etiquette in India, Indians are okay with handshakes and a pat on the back. But anything further isn’t quite welcome in the society. So, restrict physical contact to a minimum, especially with the opposite gender, to avoid any discrepancy in the workplace.

4- Don’t Point Your Finger

When learning about etiquette in India businesses, keep in mind that we all experience conflicts, differences of opinion, and other uncomfortable situations in the office. But during the heat of an argument or a tense moment, it’s still better to keep away from certain things.

For instance, talking about business meeting etiquette in India, don’t point your finger at anyone when in the middle of an argument. Doing so is considered a rude hand gesture in India.


10. Do’s and Don’ts for Celebrations

1- Do Opt for Dress Colors According to the Occasion

Who hasn’t heard of the phrase “Big Fat Indian Wedding!” By default, Indian celebrations and marriages are all about shimmers and show off. So, if you happen to attend an Indian wedding, you can experiment and play with all sorts of colors: bright, pastels, and so on. Be sure to enjoy yourself and don’t worry too much about wedding etiquette in India.

Person Getting Mehndi Art

Mehndi in Indian Weddings

2- Don’t Wear Red to a Funeral

The dress for a funeral is an essential aspect of etiquette in Indian culture. In short, avoid wearing any bright or dark shades to an Indian funeral. This includes black. As much as possible, keep the colors dull, pastel, or white. When attending a funeral, wearing loud and cheerful prints is something that you should avoid completely.


11. Learning Indian Etiquette and Much More with HindiPod101

We hope you’ve enjoyed this article on Indian etiquette. By now, you should have a good grasp of conversational etiquette in India, and other rules for business and social events.

Does your country have similar etiquette rules or cultural standards about manners? Let us know!

At HindiPod101, we have many other high-quality articles and lesson materials on various topics about India that might interest you.

Hindi learners can also indulge in our collections of Hindi resources, improve their Hindi pronunciation skills, and enjoy Hindi learning with our free and handy online dictionary.

All you need to do is download our mobile application and sign up at HindiPod101.com to access an unlimited source for language-learning and cultural knowledge.

With enough studying and practice, you’ll master the language and culture of India in no time. Let us help you get there!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Learn How to Say Dates in Hindi and the Months in Hindi

Thumbnail

Referring to dates in Hindi is a common aspect of life in India. Booking tickets, making an appointment, confirming the date of an event, remembering birthdays, keeping up with national festivals of India and holidays…almost everything is done using the days and months in Hindi.

Thus, learning the proper methods for saying dates, years, and even weekdays in Hindi becomes so essential. It would be impossible to understand this whole article without first gaining basic knowledge about the common words related to days, months, and weeks in Hindi. Basically, all the information about dates in Hindi you’ll need to get started!

Here at HindiPod101.com, before showing you how to use dates in Hindi, we would like to begin with a quick glossary for these words. On a different note, we’d also like to remind you that almost all the nouns in Hindi are gender-specific. The same rule applies to the words described below.

Table of Contents

  1. A Quick Glossary
  2. Dates in Hindi
  3. Today, Tomorrow, and Yesterday in Hindi
  4. Day in Hindi
  5. Talking about Weeks in Hindi
  6. The Months in Hindi
  7. Talking about Years in Hindi
  8. Fixing the Date of an Appointment in Hindi
  9. Must-Know Phrases to Talk about Dates
  10. Read the Hindi Dates Fluently with HindiPod101.com

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Hindi


1. A Quick Glossary

Common English Words           Hindi Meanings
Daily           दैनिक (DaiNik); रोज़ाना (rozaaNaa)
Weekly           साप्ताहिक (SaapTaahik)
Weekend           सप्ताहांत (SaapTaahaaNT)
Monthly           मासिक (maaSik)
Yearly/Annually           वार्षिक (vaarsik); सालाना (SaaLaaNaa)

Although we’ll cover all these words in detail later, this is just a quick introduction to some important words. As you can see, “weekend” in Hindi is known as सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) or सप्ताह का अंत (SapTaah kaa aNT), but there are no particular words for “weekdays” in Hindi. Nonetheless, the literal weekday meaning in Hindi could be translated as काम करने के दिन (kaam karaNe ke DiN).


2. Dates in Hindi

Numbers

1- Hindi Words for “Date”

The word “date” in Hindi is considered feminine, so the verb form changes accordingly. But what are dates called in Hindi?

तारीख़ (Taariikh)

The first and most common term for dates in Hindi is तारीख़ (Taariikh). Here’s an example of how to use this word in a sentence:

  • आज क्या तारीख़ है?
    (aaj kyaa Taariikh hai ?)
    “What’s the date today?”
  • कल की तारीख़ में ये काम हो जाना चाहिए।
    (kaL kii Taariikh men ye kaam ho jaaNaa caahiye.)
    “This work should be done by tomorrow’s date.”

दिनांक (DiNaank) and तिथि (TiTHi)

The other two words for dates in Hindi are दिनांक (DiNaank) and तिथि (TiTHi). However, they’re only used in official documents, religious calendars, etc. In order to use them, just replace तारीख़ (Taariikh) with either of these more formal words in the sentence.

Based on the same vocabulary, the due date meaning in Hindi can be expressed as:

अंतिम तिथि (aNTim TiTHi)               “Last Date”
आख़िरी तारीख़ (aakhirii Taariikh)      ”Due Date”
     

2- Reading and Writing Dates in Hindi

In India, dates written in Hindi follow the [day] [month] [year] format.

  • महात्मा गाँधी का जन्म 2अक्टूबर 1869 में हुआ था।
  • (mahaaTmaa gaaNDHii kaa jaNm Do aktuubar 1969 men huaa THaa.)
  • “Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1969.”

Reading the Dates in Hindi

1) How to Write Dates in Hindi Using Cardinal Numbers

Most of the time, we use cardinal numbers to mention dates in schools and for other business-related purposes.
For example, if you wish to write the Hindi month & date today, it would be in DD/MM/YYYY format.

2) How to Write Dates in Hindi Using Ordinal Numbers

On the other hand, Indians also opt for the ordinal number date formats in newspapers, other official papers, wedding invitations, etc.
Suppose the date today is February 14, 2019. A Hindi newspaper would mention the same date, and translate it in Hindi as १४ फ़रवरी २०१९.


3. Today, Tomorrow, and Yesterday in Hindi

Before we move on to the next section about the days’ name in Hindi, let’s take a step back for a moment. In the previous section, we mentioned some essential words, but what about “today” and “tomorrow?” Well, here’s how to say these in Hindi.

Words           Hindi Meaning           Verb Form Used
Today           आज (aaj)           (-है / -हूँ / -हैं)
Tomorrow           कल (kaL)           (-गा / -गी / -गें)
Yesterday           कल (kaL)           (-था / -थी / -थे)

Interestingly, we have the same Hindi word for both “tomorrow” and “yesterday.” How do Indians differentiate between both the tenses? They recognize the tenses by the verb form used with them.
But in situations where the tense form isn’t used—for example, when you want to just say “yesterday’s date” or “tomorrow’s date,”—you can differentiate by using these phrases:

बीता हुआ कल (biiTaa huaa kaL)    — Yesterday
आने वाला कल (aaNe vaaLaa kaL) — Tomorrow

Below, we’ve explained the same concept with the help of a few examples. You can also see specific Hindi words and letters in bold to emphasize which tense is used.

  • सीमा आज रात पार्टी में आ रही है
    (SiiMaa aaj raaT paartii men aa rahii hai.)
    “Seema is coming to the party tonight.”
  • मैं आज सोना चाहता हूँ
    (main aaj SoNaa caahaTaa huun.)
    “I want to sleep today.”
  • रोहन कल घर आएगा
    (rohaN kaL ghar aayegaa.)
    “Rohan will come home tomorrow.”
  • प्रिया कल बाज़ार गयी थी
    (priyaa kaL baazaar gayii THii.)
    “Priya went to the market yesterday.”


4. Day in Hindi

Weekdays

1- Hindi Words for “Day”

Here are the common terms for the word “day” in Hindi:
दिन (DiN)                  ”Day”
दिवस (DivaS)            ”Day”
दैनिक (DaiNik)          ”Daily”

Here are some examples to help you better understand how to use the days and dates in Hindi conversations:

  • मैं चार दिन के लिए शहर से बाहर जा रही हूँ।
    (main caar DiN ke Liye sahar Se baahar jaa rahii huun.)
    “I am going out of town for four days.”
  • भारत में स्वतंत्रता दिवस हर साल १५ अगस्त को मनाया जाता है।
    (bhaaraT men SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS har SaaL 15 agaST ko maNaayaa jaaTaa hai.)
    “India celebrates its Independence Day every year on August 15.”

As compared to English, we have a different native pronunciation for August in Hindi. That’s why 15 August in Hindi is written and read as १५ अगस्त (15 agaST).

Here’s how to use the word “daily” in Hindi.

  • ‘हिंदुस्तान टाइम्स’ एक दैनिक समाचार पत्र है।
    (hiNDuSTaaN taaimS ek DaiNik Samaacaar paTr hai.)
    “Hindustan Times is a daily newspaper.”

2- How to Say the Days in Hindi

We’ve already mentioned that there are so many gender-specific words in the Hindustani language. In this case, days are masculine gender nouns. Hence, all the ordinal words for days end with the -aa sound. For example, पहला दिन (pahaLaa DiN). But if we express the ordinal words for dates, the same words would end with the -ii sound as “dates” is a feminine noun. For example, पहली तारीख़ (pahaLii Taariikh). To access the complete list of Hindi cardinal numbers, check out our full-fledged article on Hindi Numbers.

Ordinal Numbers in English Ordinal Numbers in Hindi Ordinal Numbers in English Ordinal Numbers in Hindi
First (1st) पहला (pahaLaa) Seventeenth (17th) सत्रहवां (SaTrahavaan)
Second (2nd) दूसरा (DuuSaraa) Eighteenth (18th) अठारवां (athaarahavaan)
Third (3rd) तीसरा (TiiSaraa) Nineteenth (19th) उन्नीसवां (uNNiiSavaan)
Fourth (4th) चौथा (cauTHaa) Twentieth (20th) बीसवां (biiSavaan)
Fifth (5th) पांचवां (paancavaan) Twenty-first (21st) इक्कीसवाँ (ikkiiSavaan)
Sixth (6th) छठा (chathaa) Twenty-second (22nd) बाईसवाँ (baaiiSavaan)
Seventh (7th) सातवां (SaaTavaan) Twenty-third (23rd) तेईसवां (TeiiSsvaan)
Eighth (8th) आठवाँ (aathavaan) Twenty-fourth (24th) चौबीसवाँ (caubiiSavaan)
Ninth (9th) नौवां (Nauvaan) Twenty-fifth (25th) पच्चीसवां (pacciiSavaan)
Tenth (10th) दसवां (DaSavaan) Twenty-sixth (26th) छब्बीसवाँ (chabbiiSavaan)
Eleventh (11th) ग्यारहवां (gyaarahavaan) Twenty-seventh (27th) सत्ताईसवाँ (SaTTaaiiSavaan)
Twelfth (12th) बारहवां (baarahavaan) Twenty-eighth (28th) अठाईसवाँ (athaaiiSavaan)
Thirteenth (13th) तेरहवां (Terahavaan) Twenty-ninth (29th) उन्तीसवां (uNTiiSavaan)
Fourteenth (14th) चौदहवां (cauDahavaan) Thirtieth (30th) तीसवाँ (TiiSavaan)
Fifteenth (15th) पन्द्रहवां (paNDrahavaan) Thirty-first (31st) इक्तीसवाँ (ikTiiSavaan)
Sixteenth (16th) सोलहवां (SoLahavaan)

Translating the Months and Days in Hindi

Example:

  • इस दफ़्तर में आज मेरा चौथा दिन है।
    (iS DafTar men aaj meraa cauTHaa DiN hai.)
    “It’s my fourth day today in this office.”


5. Talking about Weeks in Hindi

Now, we’ll discuss the “week” meaning in Hindi and the days of the week in Hindi.

1- Hindi Words for the Week

The typical terms for saying “week” and related words in Hindi are:

सप्ताह (SapTaah) “Week”
हफ़्ता (hafTaa) “Week”
सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) “Weekend”
साप्ताहिक (SaapTaahik) “Weekly”

As you can see, the weekend in Hindi is known as सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) or सप्ताह का अंत (SapTaah kaa aNT).

But there are no particular words for weekdays in Hindi. Nonetheless, the literal weekday meaning in Hindi could be translated as काम करने के दिन (kaam karaNe ke DiN).

Coming back to the word “week,” here are some Hindi phrases to help you learn these. For “one week,” the meaning in Hindi is एक हफ़्ता (ek hafTaa). Similarly, in Hindi, “six weeks” would be written as छः हफ़्ते (chaḥ hafTe).

2- How to Say the Days of the Week

Learning about the days of the week in Hindi is really fun! In India, the first day of the week is Sunday. Sunday in Hindi is इतवार (iTavaar). Another popular word for Sunday in Hindi is रविवार (ravivaar).
Have a look at the chart below to learn the names of other days of the week.

Name in English           Name in Hindi
Sunday           इतवार (iTavaar) / रविवार (ravivaar)
Monday           सोमवार (Somavaar)
Tuesday           मंगलवार (mangaLavaar)
Wednesday           बुधवार (buDHavaar)
Thursday           बृहस्पतिवार (brihaSpaTivaar) / गुरुवार (guruvaar)
Friday           शुक्रवार (sukravaar)
Saturday           शनिवार (saNivaar) / शनिचर (saNicar)


6. The Months in Hindi

Months

In this section, you’ll first learn the basic Hindi terms for the word “month.” Then, we’ll teach you the names of the months of the year in the Hindi language (e.g. how to say January to December in Hindi). You’ll also learn the unique Indian months’ name in Hindi.
So, first, we’ll start with the basic Hindi words for “month.”

1- Hindi Words for “Month”

माह (maah)                     ”Month”
मास (maaS)                     ”Month”
महीना (mahiiNaa)             ”Month”
मासिक (maaSik)              ”Monthly”
अधिवर्ष (aDHivars)          ”Leap year”
अधिमास (aDHimaaS)      ”Leap month”

Examples:

  • दिसंबर साल का आख़िरी महीना होता है।
    (DiSambar SaaL kaa aakhirii mahiiNaa hoTaa hai.)
    “December is the last month of the year.”
  • यह एक मासिक पत्रिका है।
    (yah ek maaSik paTrikaa hai.)
    “This is a monthly magazine.”

Learning the Months and Dates

2- How to Say the Months in Hindi

Now it’s time to learn the names of the 12 months in Hindi, from January to December in Hindi.

English Months           Hindi Pronunciation of English Months
January           जनवरी (jaNavarii)
February           फ़रवरी (faravarii)
March           मार्च (maarc)
April           अप्रैल (apraiL)
May           मई (maii)
June           जून (juuN)
July           जुलाई (juLaaii)
August           अगस्त (agaST)
September           सितम्बर (SiTambar)
October           अक्टूबर (aktuubar)
November           नवंबर (Navambar)
December           दिसंबर (DiSambar)

Many non-native speakers may wonder how to say months like January/February in Hindi. Well, learning the name of any month is quite easy. There’s only a difference in sounds; but you may have noticed that overall, even the Hindi names sound very similar to how they’re spoken in English.

3- Hindi Month Name List

That was about speaking the English months’ name in an Indian accent. But do you know even today, each month in Hindi calendars follows a completely different pattern and has a different name in India? As surprising as it seems, Hindus still follow an ancient style of creating their religious calendar, with quite contrasting Hindi month names.

Months in English           Indian Months in Hindu Calendar
March - April           चैत्र (caiTra)
April - May           वैशाख (vaisaakh)
May - June           ज्येष्ठ (jyesth)
June - July           आषाढ़ (aasaadh)
July- August           श्रावण (sraavan)
August - September           भाद्रपद (bhaaDrapaD)
September - October           आश्विन (aasviN)
October - November           कार्तिक (kaarTik)
November - December           मार्गशीर्ष (maargasiirs)
December - January           पौष (paus)
January - February           माघ (maagh)
February - March           फाल्गुन (phaaLguN)

Names of Hindu Months

Example:

  • होली फाल्गुन माह में आती है।
    (hoLii phaaLguN maah men aaTii hai.)
    “Holi falls in the month of March.”

By the way, if you want to learn even more about dates in Hindi, particularly the most important ones, be sure to check out our relevant lesson.


7. Talking about Years in Hindi

Finally, it’s time to learn everything about different Hindi words for “year,” and how to read them in Hindi.

1- Hindi Words for “Year”

The typical Hindi terms for “year” and other related words are:

साल (SaaL)      ”Year”
वर्ष (vars)      ”Year”
सालाना (SaaLaaNaa)      ”Yearly/Annual”
वार्षिक (vaarsik)      ”Yearly/Annual”

Examples:

  • मैं २० वर्ष का हूँ।
    (main biiS vars kaa huun.)
    “I am twenty years old.”
  • मेरी सालाना आय ४ लाख है।
    (merii SaaLaaNaa aay caar Laakh hai.)
    “My annual income is INR 4 lakhs.”

2- How to Say the Years

Of course, learning the Hindi numbers is an important prerequisite to being able to read the years. But once you get the drift of it, reading years in Hindi becomes easy as pie.
We’ll teach you how to do so with a few examples.

  • 1990 - When talking about the 17th, 18th, 19th, or 20th century, we break the four digits into pairs of two. For instance, in 1990, we break it into 19 & 90. So, technically in Hindi, it would sound similar to saying 19-hundred 90, except the words would be in Hindi. Hence, 1990 becomes उन्नीस सौ नब्बे (uNNiiS Sau Nabbe).
  • 1850 - Break it into 18-hundred 50. In Hindi, we would say, अठारह सौ पचास (athaarah Sau pacaaS).
  • 2008 - But the rule changes for the 21st century. In this example, we would break it into 2-thousand 8. In Hindi, we say it as 2 हज़ार 8 or दो हज़ार आठ (Do hazaar aath).
  • 2019 - It would be called 2-thousand 19. In Hindi: 2 हज़ार 19 (दो हज़ार उन्नीस) (Do hazaar uNNiiS).
  • 2212 - And yet, as soon as we have digits in all four places, we go back to the same pattern. In this case, it would be 22-hundred 12. 22 सौ 12 (बाइस सौ बारह) (baaiS Sau baarah).
  • 2109 - 21-hundred 9. 21 सौ 9. (इक्कीस सौ नौ) (ikkiiS Sau Nau).


8. Fixing the Date of an Appointment in Hindi

If you wish to make some simple inquiries or book an appointment, here are some simple Hindi phrases to do it with ease and confidence.

How to Book an Appointment in Hindi

Q. तुम्हारा स्कूल कब से खुल रहा है?
(Tumhaaraa SkuuL kab Se khuL rahaa hai?)
“When does your school reopen?”

A. मेरा स्कूल १० जुलाई से खुल रहा है।
(meraa SkuuL DaS juLaaii Se khuL rahaa hai.)
“My school reopens on July 10.”

Q. दफ़्तर किस दिन बंद रहेगा?
(DafTar kiS DiN baND rahegaa?)
“On which day would the offices be closed?”

A. दफ़्तर शनिवार और रविवार को बंद रहेगा।
(DafTar saNivaar aur ravivaar ko baND rahegaa.)
“The office would remain closed on Saturday and Sunday.”

Q. दिवाली की छुट्टियाँ कब ख़त्म होंगी?
(DivaaLii kii chuttiyaan kab khaTm hongii?)
“When would the Diwali vacations be over?”

A. दिवाली की छुट्टियाँ ३० अक्टूबर को ख़त्म होंगी।
(DivaaLii kii chuttiyaan TiiS aktuubar ko khaTm hongii.)
“The Diwali vacations would be over on October 30.”

Q. क्या 14 फ़रवरी के लिए आपका कोई प्लान है?
(kyaa cauDah faravarii ke Liye aapakaa koii pLaaN hai?)
“Do you have any plans for February 14?”

A. हाँ, १४ फ़रवरी को मुझे बाहर जाना है।
(Haan, cauDah faravarii ko mujhe baahar jaaNaa hai.)
“Yes, I have to go out on the 14th of February.”

Q. आप का जन्मदिन कब होता है?
(aap kaa jaNmaDiN kab hoTaa hai?)
“When is your birthday?”

A. मेरा जन्मदिन २३ अगस्त को होता है।
(meraa jaNmaDiN TeiiS agaST ko hoTaa hai.)
“My birthday is on August 23.”


9. Must-Know Phrases to Talk about Dates

Below are some more helpful phrases to ask about dates and days in Hindi.

Q. कल कौन सा दिन है ?
(kaL kauN Saa DiN hai?)
“Tomorrow is which day?”

A. कल सोमवार है।
(kaL Somavaar hai.)
“Tomorrow is Monday.”

Q. बुधवार को क्या तारीख़ है ?
(buDHavaar ko kyaa Taariikh hai?)
“What’s the date on Wednesday?”

A. बुधवार को १२ तारीख़ है.
(buDHavaar ko baarah Taariikh hai.)
“It’s the 12th on Wednesday.”

Q. 10 मार्च को कौन सा दिन है ?
(DaS maarc ko kauN Saa DiN hai?)
“Which day is March 10?”

A. १० मार्च को गुरुवार है।
(DaS maarc ko guruvaar hai.)
“March 10 is on Thursday.”

Q. क्या आप इस हफ़्ते कहीं घूमने चलेंगे ?
(kyaa aap iS hafTe kahiin ghuumaNe caLenge?)
“Would you like to go on a trip this week?”

A. नहीं, इस हफ़्ते मैं व्यस्त हूँ।
(Nahiin, iS hafTe main vyaST huun.)
“No, I am busy this week.”


10. Read the Hindi Dates Fluently with HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com is undoubtedly the most convenient and interesting platform for any Hindi learner. Whether you’re a beginner or an intermediate-level Hindi learner, HindiPod101 always has something new in store for everyone.

Our lesson materials are thoroughly researched and well-structured. We enhance the richness of our content with the help of multiple flash cards, an online English-Hindi dictionary, and amazing Hindi vocabulary lists.

We also keep user-friendliness in mind. As a result, we’ve made sure that you can easily download our mobile application and start learning anytime, anywhere.

We hope you’ll let HindiPod101 be your guide on your language-learning journey!

Before you go, let us know in the comments if you now have a better idea of how to say dates in Hindi, or if there’s still something about dates in Hindi you’re struggling with. To practice, be sure to include today’s date in Hindi with your comment. ;) We look forward to hearing from you!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Hindi

Common Useful Hindi Phrases for Travel Destinations in India

Thumbnail

Planning to spend your vacation in India? Well, learning Hindi should be your top-most priority before visiting the land of diversity. In case you’ve been wondering where to begin, allow us to introduce you to HindiPod101.com, the biggest platform for mastering Hindi. HindiPod101 is the best language travel guide in Hindi even for beginners, and today we’ll be teaching you some useful Hindi phrases for travel!

Traveling to a foreign land is one of the most remarkable things in life. And yet, the thought of it makes us all a little nervous. The biggest hurdle that gives us cold feet is the language problem. For instance, if India is on your tour list, communicating with the natives will be challenging if you don’t speak or understand Hindi.

And although Hindi is spoken mainly in the northern part of the country, other states are also well-versed with the language. Whether you’re about to travel in Hindi-speaking areas or explore the southern region, knowing some essential Hindi travel phrases is a sure-shot way to have a safe and gratifying journey.

So, brace yourself for a quick language ride and let’s make this trip more enjoyable with some useful Hindi phrases for travel in India. You’ll be so glad that you learned the most common Hindi travel phrases!

Table of Contents

  1. Perks of Knowing Hindi in India
  2. Essential Hindi Phrases for Traveling in India
  3. How to Use HindiPod101 and Learn Hindi Travel Phrases!

Log


1. Perks of Knowing Hindi in India

Preparing to Travel

Being a foreigner, it’s not necessary for you to be well-versed in Hindi language travel phrases. However, the knowledge of basic Hindi conversation for tourists has several advantages.

  • General Needs: Spending a few weeks in another country, you just can’t avoid the day-to-day needs. In India, greeting the local people like a native is the best way to solve that problem. Thus, basic greeting Hindi phrases when travelling to India are essential.
  • Eateries and Shopping Spots: By learning some simple travel phrases in Hindi, food lovers and shopaholics can easily track all the hot spots in the market. Knowing the right Hindi words for traveling purposes is an easy and economical way to gorge on your favorite Indian cuisine or shop to your heart’s content.
  • Bargaining: Yes, in India, when it comes to foreign travelers, the vendors try all their might to get the maximum profit from sales. If you know the basic Indian phrases for tourists, you’ll gain the upper hand in the general bargaining process.
  • Finding Locations: No Google search is good enough to provide you with as fine and accurate suggestions as the local people. Understanding directions and routes in Hindi becomes an effortless task as you learn useful Indian phrases when traveling.
  • Bonding with the Locals: Hindi words related to travel and staying in the country aren’t just about surviving the trip. Speaking the local language is an effective gesture to impress and bond with the natives. It shows your warmth and respect toward their culture. Check out these amazing Hindi pronunciation tips for speaking like a native.
  • Emergency: In case of emergencies, such as a health issue, accident, theft, etc., knowledge of Hindi travel common phrases goes a long way. In urgent situations, it can get you help in as little time as possible.


2. Essential Hindi Phrases for Traveling in India

Honestly, listing the relevant Hindi phrases for a tourist in India can be an endless task. Nonetheless, we’ve collected the best Hindi travel phrases for you to make your trip smooth and hassle-free.

Check out the following sets of situations and learn the related Hindi language travel phrases for each of them. Once you’ve spent some time practicing, you’ll be able to speak Hindi travel words and phrases like a native!

1- Greetings and Other Basic Expressions

India is a country where people love to socialize. Even strangers may smile to each other. In such a vibrant culture as India, a seemingly ordinary gesture of greeting is enough to break the ice. Here are some of the most popular words and phrases in Hindi to help you gel with the locals! For easier learning, refer to our section on Hindi alphabets.

1.) Greetings

  • नमस्ते (NamaSTe)
    Hello
  • नमस्कार (NamaSkaar)
    Hello
  • आप कैसे हैं / कैसी हैं? (aap kaiSe hain / kaiSii hain?)
    How are you?

In India, people follow a particular set of body language and hand gestures while saying “hello” in Hindi. Visit our Indian greetings and body language page on HindiPod101.com and find out the proper way to introduce yourself and start a friendly conversation.

2.) Basic Manners

  • शुक्रिया (sukriyaa)
    Thank you
  • धन्यवाद (DHaNyavaaD)
    Thank you
  • माफ़ कीजिये (maaf kiijiye)
    Excuse me / Sorry
  • कृपया (kripayaa)
    Please

3.) Common Sentences

  • मेरा नाम मोनिका है। (meraa Naam moNikaa hai.)
    My name is Monica.
  • आपका क्या नाम है? (aapakaa kyaa Naam hai?)
    What’s your name?
  • मैं ठीक हूँ। (main thiik huun.)
    I am good.
  • आप कैसे /कैसी हैं? (aap kaiSe hain / kaiSii hain?)
    How are you?
  • कोई बात नहीं। (koii baaT Nahiin.)
    It’s okay. / No problem.
  • आप से मिलकर ख़ुशी हुई। (aap Se miLakar khusii huii.)
    A pleasure to meet you.

Useful Related Words

  • नाम (Naam) Name
  • मैं (main) I
  • आप (aap) You
  • हाँ (hā̃) Yes
  • नहीं (Nahiin) No
  • ठीक है (thiik hai) Okay

2- Using a Public Transport

In small cities, where everything is within a range of a few kilometers, the common public transports include auto rickshaws and rickshaws. Whereas in metropolitan cities, metros, local buses, autos, cabs, and taxis keep the towns running! To help you navigate these transportation systems, check out these Hindi words and phrases for travelers to India.

Taking a Train in India

  • मेट्रो स्टेशन ले चलो। (metro StesaN Le caLo.)
    Take me to the metro station, please.
  • रेलवे स्टेशन / बस स्टेशन जाना है। (reLave StesaN / baS StesaN jaaNaa hai.)
    Railway station, please.
  • अगला स्टॉप कितना दूर है? (agaLaa Staup kiTaNaa Duur hai?)
    How far is the next stop?
  • टिकट किधर मिलेगा? (tikat kiDHar miLegaa?)
    Where can I get the ticket?
  • मेरी सुबह की ट्रेन है। (merii Subah kii treN hai.)
    I have an early morning train.
  • कितना वक़्त लगेगा? (kiTaNaa vaqT Lagegaa?)
    How long will it take?
  • मुंबई का टिकट चाहिए। (mumbaii kaa tikat caahiye.)
    A ticket to Mumbai, please.
  • मुझे कहाँ उतरना चाहिए? (mujhe kahaan uTaraNaa caahiye?)
    Where should I get off?

Now for a tip from our India travel guide: India is a heavily populated country. So, be prepared for the rush and traffic to slow you down. Keep sufficient time in hand to reach the airport / bus station / railway station. On average, leaving thirty to forty-five minutes earlier than the usual time will save you a lot of hassle.

Useful Related Words

  • सुबह (Subah) Morning
  • रात (raaT) Night
  • दोपहर (Dopahar) Afternoon
  • कब (kab) When
  • समय (Samay) Time

3- Shopping and Bargaining

Bargaining is the heartbeat of typical Indian markets. It goes on all the time. Unless you’re in a mall or a branded store with fixed prices, the local shops can really test your spending limits.

More often than not, vendors and shopkeepers try to get as much as they can from foreigners. Sometimes, the quoted price may be double or triple the original rate.

Your bargaining capacity becomes manifold just by uttering some common shopping phrases in Hindi. Using these basic Hindi words for travelers to India is an effective way to tell the sellers that you understand how things work in the local market and they better stop trying to fool you!

Shopping and Bargaining in Hindi

  • कितना हुआ? (kiTaNaa huaa?)
    How much?
  • क्या दाम है? (kyaa Daam hai?)
    What’s the price?
  • इसका दाम कम कीजिए। (iSakaa Daam kam kiijiye.)
    Please, lower the price.
  • सही दाम लगाओ। (Sahii Daam Lagaao.)
    Tell me the correct price.
  • मुझे यह चाहिए। (mujhe yah caahiye.)
    I want this.
  • मुझे यह नहीं चाहिए। (mujhe yah Nahiin caahiye.)
    I don’t want this.
  • ये सामान ख़राब है। (ye SaamaaN kharaab hai.)
    This stuff has defects.
  • इसे बदल दीजिये। (iSe baDaL Dijiiye.)
    Please, change this.
  • छोटा / बड़ा नाप चाहिए। (chotaa / badaa Naap caahiye.)
    Give me a smaller / larger size.
  • क्रेडिट कार्ड चलेगा? (kredit kaard caLega?)
    Can I use a credit card?

Useful Related Words

  • दाम (Daam) Rate / Price
  • पैसे (paiSe) Money / Rupees
  • बदलना (baDaLaNaa) Change
  • नया (Nayaa) New
  • पुराना (puraaNaa) Old
  • ख़राब (kharaab) Defective
  • छोटा (chotaa) Small
  • बड़ा (badaa) Large
  • नाप (Naap) Size

Indians have a habit of using Hindi numbers while counting money, telling the price, bargaining, and even asking what size fits you well. With HindiPod101.com, you can learn and memorize the Hindi Numbers and up your bargain game.

4- Dining at a Restaurant

Authentic Indian cuisine is worth every bite. From vegetarian dishes to non-veg delicacies, Indian food is a melting pot of herbs and spices, all with a touch of love.

When visiting a fine restaurant or hotel that you’re staying in, speaking Hindi is optional. Most hotel staff are fluent in English and converse in the same language. So, you may not need to worry about speaking Hindi at your hotel.

However, if you stop by a roadside eatery and wish to have a few bites there, the basic Hindi travel words with meanings below will prove to be quite helpful.

Variety of Indian Dishes

With these Hindi words, one can easily place an order at a local restaurant, ask for the bill, and more.

  • मैं शाकाहारी हूँ। (main saakaahaarii huun.)
    I am a vegetarian.
  • मैं मांसाहारी हूँ। (main maanSaahaarii huun.)
    I am a non-vegetarian.
  • एक चाय / कॉफ़ी चाहिए। (ek caay / kaufii caahiye.)
    One tea / coffee, please.
  • ये बहुत स्वादिष्ट है। (ye bahuT SvaaDist hai.)
    It’s delicious.
  • तीखा कम रखियेगा। (Tiikhaa kam rakhiyegaa.)
    Please, make it less spicy.
  • बिल ले आइये। (biL Le aaiye.)
    Bill, please.

Ordering at an Indian Restaurant

  • मुझे और रोटियाँ चाहिए। (mujhe aur rotiyaan caahiye.)
    I want more chapatis.
  • दो लोग हैं। (Do Log hain.)
    Table for two, please.
  • क्या आप क्रेडिट कार्ड लेते हैं? (kyaa aap kredit kaard LeTe hain?)
    Do you accept credit cards?

It’s common to pay in cash when eating at a small restaurant. Credit cards are usually accepted at expensive or moderately expensive eating places.

The most popular beverage in India is tea (caay). It contains tea leaves, sugar, and equal parts milk and water. Indians love to have their tea on the sweeter side. So, if you don’t have a sweet tooth, make sure to mention that while you order the tea.

Spices and chilies are the soul of every Indian food. To non-natives, Indian food may taste quite spicy and hot. To be on the safer side, it’s better to tell the waiters your preferences beforehand.

Many Herbs and Spices

Useful Related Words

  • खाना (khaaNaa) Lunch / Dinner / Meal / Food
  • पानी (paaNii) Water
  • चाय (caay) Tea
  • दूध (DuuDH) Milk
  • नाश्ता (NaasTaa) Breakfast
  • अंडा (aNdaa) Egg
  • फल (phaL) Fruits
  • सब्ज़ी (Sabzii) Vegetable
  • रोटी (rotii) Chapati / Indian flat bread
  • चावल (caavaL) Rice
  • मसाला (maSaaLaa) Spice
  • कम (kam) Less
  • ज़्यादा (zyaaDaa) More
  • मीठा (miithaa) Sweet
  • मिठाई (mithaaii) Dessert

5- For Directions and Routes

World Map

Most of the cities and towns in the country aren’t organized. So, finding the routes all by yourself can be tricky business. Nonetheless, people in India are helpful and friendly. They’ll be more than happy to help you with directions. But, how to ask for directions when a large segment of the population doesn’t speak English?

The answer is simple. Learn these basic phrases and you’re good to go! (They may be some of the most important Hindi words for tourists in India!)

  • बाथरूम कहाँ / किधर है? (baaTHaruum kahaan / kiDHar hai?)
    Where is the toilet?
  • ताज महल कितनी दूर है? (Taaj mahaL kiTaNii Duur hai?)
    How far is the Taj Mahal?
  • कनॉट प्लेस के लिए कौन-सा रास्ता है? (kaNaut pLeS ke Liye kauN-Sa raaSTaa hai?)
    What is the route to Connaught Place?
  • दाएं जाना है। (Daayen jaaNaa hai.)
    Go right.
  • बाएँ मुड़ना है। (baayen mudaNaa hai.)
    Turn left.
  • सामने / सीधे चले जाइये। (SaamaNe / SiiDHe caLe jaaiye.)
    Go straight.

Useful Related Words

  • दाएं (Daayen) Right
  • बाएं (baayen) Left
  • सामने (SaamaNe) Front
  • सीधे (SiiDHe) Straight
  • सड़क (Sadak) Road
  • मोड़ (mod) Turn
  • किधर (kiDHar) Which side
  • कहाँ (kahaan) Where
  • अंदर (aNDar) Inside
  • बाहर (baahar) Outside
  • पीछे (piiche) Back / Behind

6- In Case of Emergency

Survival Phrases

This section needs no explanation. When you’re in another part of the world, learning the local language, or at least some essential emergency phrases in Hindi, can save you from big trouble. Below is a list of some Hindi phrases to use in case of emergency.

  • मुझे मदद चाहिए। / कृपया, मेरी मदद कीजिए। (mujhe maDaD caahiye.) / (kripayaa, merii maDaD kiijiye.)
    I need help. / Please, help me.
  • मेरी तबियत ख़राब है। (merii TabiiyaT kharaab hai.)
    I am feeling sick.
  • क्या पास में कोई दवा की दुकान होगी? (kyaa paaS men koii Davaa kii DukaaN hogii?)
    Is there any medical store nearby?
  • मेरा पासपोर्ट खो गया है। (meraa paaSaport kho gayaa hai.)
    I have lost my passport.
  • पुलिस को बुलाओ। (puLiS ko buLaao.)
    Call the police.
  • पुलिस चौकी कहाँ है? (puLiS caukii kahaan hai?)
    Where is the police station?
  • अस्पताल कहाँ है? (aSpaTaaL kahaan hai?)
    Where’s the hospital?

An Emergency Situation

Useful Related Words

  • दवा (Davaa) Medicine
  • बुख़ार (bukhaar) Fever
  • चोरी (corii) Theft
  • पर्स (parS) Purse / Wallet
  • सामान (SaamaaN) Luggage

7- Giving Compliments and Making Friends

When you spend sufficient time in India, you’re probably going to make some new friends. If not, then maybe you’d still like to say “thank you” to your hosts for their warm hospitality, initiate a conversation with someone you want to be friends with, and so on!

How do you make your emotions sound special? Express yourself in Hindi and steal the locals’ hearts already! Explore these flattery phrases to flaunt your Hindi and catch everybody’s attention.

  • मुझे भारत देश पसंद है। (mujhe bhaaraT Des paSaND hai.)
    I like India.
  • मुझे भारतीय खाना काफ़ी पसंद है। (mujhe bhaaraTiiy khaana kaafii paSaND hai.)
    I love Indian cuisine.
  • आप बहुत अच्छे / अच्छी हैं। (aap bahuT acche / acchii hain.)
    You’re a nice person.
  • आपसे मिलकर ख़ुशी हुई। (aap Se miLakar khusii huyii.)
    It’s a pleasure meeting you.
  • क्या आप फ़ेसबुक पर हैं? (kyaa aap feSabuk par hain?)
    Are you on Facebook?

Useful Related Words

  • सर (Sar) Sir
  • मैडम (maidam) Madam
  • भैया (bhaiyaa) Brother
  • दीदी (DiiDii) Sister
  • अन्ना (aNNaa) Brother
  • दादा (DaaDaa) Big brother
  • आंटी (aaNtii) Aunty
  • अंकल (ankaL) Uncle

8- For Sorting out Language Troubles

Basic Questions

It’s okay if you struggle while speaking Hindi. You may want to use the phrases below to make people aware of your language troubles and to ask for their help.

  • मुझे हिंदी नहीं आती। (mujhe hiNDii nahiin aaTii.)
    I don’t speak Hindi.
  • क्या आपको अंग्रेज़ी आती है? (kyaa aapako angrezii aaTii hai?)
    Do you speak English?
  • कृपया, धीरे बोलिये। (kripayaa, DHiire boLiye.)
    Please, speak slowly.
  • इसे लिख दीजिये। (iSe Likh Diijiye.)
    Please, write it down.
  • इसे कैसे पढ़ेंगे? (iSe kaiSe padhenge?)
    How do you read this?
  • कितने बजे हैं? (kiTaNe baje hain?)
    What’s the time?
  • मुझे समझ नहीं आया। (mujhe Samajh Nahiin aayaa.)
    I don’t understand.
  • कृपया, फिर से कहिये। (kripayaa, phir Se kahiye.)
    Please, say it again.

Useful Related Words

  • कैसे (kaiSe) How
  • बोलना (boLaNaa) Speak
  • पढ़ना (padhaNaa) Read
  • फिर से (phir Se) Again


3. How to Use HindiPod101 and Learn Hindi Travel Phrases!

Now that we’ve covered all the phrases you need to know for your trip to India, we hope you can see why travel phrases in Hindi language learning are so necessary to an enjoyable (and safe) trip. After reading these Hindi travel phrases in the English language, it’s time to practice your Hindi skills!

If you’re nervous about your trip to India just because you don’t speak Hindi, HindPod101 can make your worries disappear. The wide and comprehensive study material on HindiPod101 doesn’t just teach you Hindi, but almost everything about India.

You can learn about Indian culture, common food items, greeting methods, and much more with HindiPod101.com. All you have to do is download the Hindi Mobile Application and start learning! So, what are you waiting for? Sign up on our homepage and get access to unlimited resources for Hindi learning.

Log

A Quick Guide to Learning Hindi Numbers with Names

Thumbnail

It’s hard to imagine our lives without numbers. To be frank, without digits, we’d be lost. While most of us are aware of the globally accepted English numeral system, there are many places where native words are used in their place. India is a country where using Hindi numbers is one of the many standard practices in Indian society.

Table of Contents

  1. Perks of Learning Hindi Numbers in India
  2. Some Quick Tips about Indian Currency and Number System
  3. Number Names for Multiples of 10 up to 100
  4. Learn Hindi Numbers 0 to 10
  5. Number Names for 11 to 20
  6. Number Names for 21 to 30
  7. Number Names for 31 to 40
  8. Number Names for 41 to 50
  9. Number Names for 51 to 100
  10. Number Names for Multiples of 100 up to 1000
  11. Number Names for 1000 to 10,000!
  12. How to Say the Cardinal Numbers
  13. Sharing Your Phone Number in Hindi
  14. Join Us and Listen to Our Podcasts at HindiPod101.com

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Count to One Billion in Hindi


1. Perks of Learning Hindi Numbers in India

Hindi Numbers

In India, more often than not, the Indian system of Hindi numbers is used in everyday life. This practice is commonly seen all over the country. Whether you’re going to buy groceries or take a rickshaw or bus, the native number system is what people use all the time. And adding to that, even the well-educated folks are more comfortable using the native number system.

From getting a local recharge done to paying bills for the newspapers, asking for the date and time, or sharing your flat number with your neighbors, you’ll at least need to learn Hindi numbers 1 to 10 for easy communication.

As the majority of the labor class doesn’t understand English numbers, knowing the basics like Hindi numbers 1 to 100 can help you bargain successfully whenever possible. Working with numbers in the local dialect will, overall, save you time and energy.

Using Hindi Numbers for Grocery Shopping

But don’t let these revelations make you nervous! Because we’re going to share with you some amazing tips to memorize quickly. We’ll even show you some Hindi numbers in roman English. So, just relax and have a fun time learning at HindiPod101.com with these Hindi numbers lists.


2. Some Quick Tips about Indian Currency and Number System

The Indian Currency

Rupee, the standard currency of India, is represented by the symbol ₹ and is locally known as रुपया rupayaa.

The Hindi term for “cents” is पैसे (paiSe). That means, 1 rupee has 100 paise. But paise doesn’t just mean “cents” in India. It also means “money,” so it can be used to refer to any amount of money.

Just focus on learning the names of one to hundred numbers in Hindi, and after that, the whole pattern keeps repeating itself.

For later purposes, the word “Hundred” is spoken as सौ (Sau) in Hindi and the word “Thousand” means हज़ार (hazaar).

Wish to learn more about number names? Type your favorite digit or any other word in our free online Hindi dictionary to find out how it’s spelled in Hindi!

If starting from zero sounds boring to you, let your mind hop up with these easy-breezy multiples of 10. You’ll be counting in Hindi before you know it!


3. Number Names for Multiples of 10 up to 100

English Number Hindi Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
10 १० दस DaS Ten
20 २० बीस biiS Twenty
30 ३० तीस TiiS Thirty
40 ४० चालीस caaLiiS Forty
50 ५० पचास pacaaS Fifty
60 ६० साठ Saath Sixty
70 ७० सत्तर SaTTar Seventy
80 ८० अस्सी aSSii Eighty
90 ९० नब्बे Nabbe Ninety
100 १०० सौ Sau One-hundred

Well, wasn’t that easy! In the same way, you can learn the multiples of Hindi numbers 100 to 1000.

Now that you’ve become a bit familiar with the number system of India, let’s begin with the Hindi numbers 1 to 10 in words and in numerals as well. After that, we’ll cover the Hindi numbers 1 to 20.


4. Learn Hindi Numbers 0 to 10

Indian numerals are inspired by Indian-Arabic numbers and their number names are written in the cursory Devnagari script.

Here’s a table below to help you understand how to write numbers in Hindi words. For an easy reading, check out these unique Hindi pronunciation rules.

Learn How to Read and Write Hindi Numbers

English Number Hindi Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
0 शून्य suuNya Zero
1 एक ek One
2 दो Do Two
3 तीन TiiN Three
4 चार caar Four
5 पाँच paanc Five
6 छः chah Six
7 सात SaaT Seven
8 आठ aath Eight
9 नौ Nau Nine
10 १० दस Das Ten

Practice makes perfect. Make your learning more effective with our useful language learning techniques.

1- Example 1

  • मेरे घर में चार कमरे हैं।
  • mere ghar men caar kamare hain.
  • There are four rooms in my house.

2- Example 2

  • रीटा के पास छः बिल्लियाँ हैं।
  • riitaa ke paaS chah biLLiyaan hain.
  • Reeta has six cats.


5. Number Names for 11 to 20

11 ११ ग्यारह gyaarah Eleven
12 १२ बारह baarah Twelve
13 १३ तेरह Terah Thirteen
14 १४ चौदह cauDah Fourteen
15 १५ पन्द्रह paNDrah Fifteen
16 १६ सोलह SoLah Sixteen
17 १७ सत्रह SaTrah Seventeen
18 १८ अठारह athaarah Eighteen
19 १९ उन्नीस uNNiiS Ninteen
20 २० बीस BiiS Twenty

1- Quick Tip:

Carefully notice the pattern in the Hindi numbers 1-20.

Every number is spelled in a unique way. However, the prefixes in every number name in the two-digit numbers (from 11 to 20) are inspired by the Hindi names of one-digit numbers (from 0 to 9).

For a thorough learning, download our HindiPod101 app and learn anywhere, anytime.


6. Number Names for 21 to 30

21 २१ इक्कीस ikkiiS Twenty-one
22 २२ बाईस baaiiS Twenty-two
23 २३ तेईस TeiiS Twenty-three
24 २४ चौबीस caubiiS Twenty-four
25 २५ पच्चीस pacciiS Twenty-five
26 २६ छब्बीस chabbiiS Twenty-six
27 २७ सत्ताईस SaTTaaiiS Twenty-seven
28 २८ अट्ठाईस atthaaiiS Twenty-eight
29 २९ उन्तीस uNTiiS Twenty-nine
30 ३० तीस TiiS Thirty

1- Quick Tip:

With some simple observation, you can easily become familiar with the Hindi counting. For your ease, we’ve also written the names for the Hindi numbers 1-30 in English.

Another peculiar pattern is that in English numerals, “twenty” is used as the prefix whereas the word ‘बीस’ (biiS) is used as a suffix in the Hindi digits.

For example, तीन (TiiN) + बीस (biiS) = तेईस (TeiiS). This is true for the numbers 21 to 28, but not for 29 because this uses the suffix for the 30s.

As you can see, the names of the next eight numbers depend on the preceding multiple of 10, but the name of the ninth number depends on the following multiple of 10. This works for all, except for 89 and 99, which continue to use the suffix of the preceding multiple.

Up to here, we’ve covered the Hindi numbers 1-30. The suffix in the 30s line will be ‘तीस’ (TiiS).


7. Number Names for 31 to 40

31 ३१ इकतीस IkaTiiS Thirty-one
32 ३२ बत्तीस baTTiiS Thirty-two
33 ३३ तैंतीस TainTiiS Thirty-three
34 ३४ चौंतीस caunTiiS Thirty-four
35 ३५ पैंतीस painTiiS Thirty-five
36 ३६ छत्तीस chaTTiiS Thirty-six
37 ३७ सैंतीस SainTiiS Thirty-seven
38 ३८ अढ़तीस adhaTiiS Thirty-eight
39 ३९ उनतालीस uNaTaaLiiS Thirty-nine
40 ४० चालीस caaLiiS Forty

1- Quick Tip:

In Hindi numbers names, one may not always find a uniform pattern as in English. Always remember that the names keep changing in a slight and subtle way.


8. Number Names for 41 to 50

41 ४१ इकतालीस IkaTaaLiiS Forty-one
42 ४२ बयालीस bayaaLiiS Forty-two
43 ४३ तैंतालीस TainTaaLiiS Forty-three
44 ४४ चवालीस cavaaLiiS Forty-four
45 ४५ पैंतालीस painTaaLiiS Forty-five
46 ४६ छियालीस chiyaaLiiS Forty-six
47 ४७ सैंतालीस SainTaaLiiS Forty-seven
48 ४८ अड़तालीस adhaTaaLiiS Forty-eight
49 ४९ उन्चास uNcaaS Forty-nine
50 ५० पचास pacaaS Fifty

1- Quick Tip:

The suffix used here is ‘चालीस’ (caaLiiS). So, every number name in the 40s line ends with the same suffix, except for 49.

Bravo! You’ve finished learning the number names 1 to 50 in Hindi. Before we move on to the next section, why don’t you visit our MyTeacher page and practice these Hindi 1 to 50 number names!


9. Number Names for 51 to 100

Now that you’ve got a basic idea about how to learn numbers in Hindi, our next goal is to learn Hindi numbers 1-100.

51 ५१ इक्यावन IkyaavaN Fifty-one
52 ५२ बावन baavaN Fifty-two
53 ५३ तिरपन TirapaN Fifty-three
54 ५४ चौवन cauvaN Fifty-four
55 ५५ पचपन pacapaN Fifty-five
56 ५६ छप्पन chappaN Fifty-six
57 ५७ सत्तावन SaTTaavan Fifty-seven
58 ५८ अट्ठावन atthaavaN Fifty-eight
59 ५९ उनसठ uNaSath Fifty-nine
60 ६० साठ Saath Sixty
61 ६१ इकसठ ikaSath Sixty-one
62 ६२ बासठ baaSath Sixty-two
63 ६३ तिरसठ TiraSath Sixty-three
64 ६४ चौंसठ caunSath Sixty-four
65 ६५ पैंसठ painSath Sixty-five
66 ६६ छियासठ chiyaaSath Sixty-six
67 ६७ सड़सठ SadaSath Sixty-seven
68 ६८ अड़सठ adaSath Sixty-eight
69 ६९ उनहत्तर unhaTTar Sixty-nine
70 ७० सत्तर SaTTar Seventy
71 ७१ इकहत्तर ikahaTTar Seventy-one
72 ७२ बहत्तर bahaTTar Seventy-two
73 ७३ तिहत्तर TihaTTar Seventy-three
74 ७४ चौहत्तर cauhaTTar Seventy-four
75 ७५ पचहत्तर pacahaTTar Seventy-five
76 ७६ छिहत्तर chihaTTar Seventy-six
77 ७७ सतहत्तर saTahaTTar Seventy-seven
78 ७८ अठहत्तर athahaTTar Seventy-eight
79 ७९ उन्यासी uNyaaSii Seventy-nine
80 ८० अस्सी aSSii Eighty
81 ८१ इक्यासी ikyaaSii Eighty-one
82 ८२ बयासी bayaaSii Eighty-two
83 ८३ तिरासी TiraaSii Eighty-three
84 ८४ चौरासी cauraaSii Eighty-four
85 ८५ पचासी pacaaSii Eighty-five
86 ८६ छियासी chiyaaSii Eighty-six
87 ८७ सत्तासी SaTTaaSii Eighty-seven
88 ८८ अट्ठासी atthaaSii Eighty-eight
89 ८९ नवासी NavaaSii Eighty-nine
90 ९० नब्बे Nabbe Ninety
91 ९१ इक्यानवे ikyaaNave Ninety-one
92 ९२ बानवे baaNave Ninety-two
93 ९३ तिरानवे TiraaNave Ninety-three
94 ९४ चौरानवे cauraaNave Ninety-four
95 ९५ पंचानवे paNcaaNave Ninety-five
96 ९६ छियानवे chiyaaNave Ninety-six
97 ९७ सत्तानवे SaTTaaNave Ninety-seven
98 ९८ अट्ठानवे athaaNave Ninety-eight
99 ९९ निन्यानवे NiNyaaNave Ninety-nine
100 १०० सौ Sau One-hundred

1- Quick Tip:


10. Number Names for Multiples of 100 up to 1000

Learning English to Hindi numbers 1 to 100 is a huge milestone that you have accomplished and you should pat your back for that!! And smile now because things will turn drastically easy from here.

English Number Hindi Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
100 १०० एक सौ ek Sau One-hundred
200 २०० दो सौ Do Sau Two-hundred
300 ३०० तीन सौ TiiN Sau Three-hundred
400 ४०० चार सौ caar Sau Four-hundred
500 ५०० पाँच सौ paanc Sau Five-hundred
600 ६०० छः सौ chah Sau Six-hundred
700 ७०० सात सौ SaaT Sau Seven-hundred
800 ८०० आठ सौ aath Sau Eight-hundred
900 ९०० नौ सौ Nau Sau Nine-hundred
1000 १००० एक हज़ार Ek hazaar One-thousand

If you know the number names from 0-100 by heart, it’s our promise that the rest is going to be a piece of cake for you. Not only that, you’ll be surprised to see how easy it is to learn Hindi numbers 1 to 1000 in words.

We’ll show you how it’s done. Let’s take, for instance, any digits within the range of Hindi numbers 1 to 1000.

1- Example:

In the English number 122, its number name is “One-hundred and twenty-two.” Now, you already know that the Hindi name for “one-hundred” is एक सौ (Ek Sau) and for “twenty-two” it’s बाईस (baaiiS).

Viola! You can easily make out that the Hindi number name for 122 would be एक सौ बाईस (Ek Sau baaiiS).

You can create, read, and write any multiple of 100. To download the Hindi numbers 1 to 10,000 PDF join our blog and start learning right away.

2- Quick Tip:

All you have to do is remember the name of the last two digits in Hindi and add the third digit as the hundredth number.


11. Number Names for 1000 to 10,000!

English Number Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
1000 १००० एक हज़ार ek hazaar One-thousand
2000 २००० दो हज़ार Do hazaar Two-thousand
3000 ३००० तीन हज़ार TiiN hazaar Three-thousand
4000 ४००० चार हज़ार caar hazaar Four-thousand
5000 ५००० पाँच हज़ार paanc hazaar Five-thousand
6000 ६००० छः हज़ार chah hazaar Six-thousand
7000 ७००० सात हज़ार SaaT hazaar Seven-thousand
8000 ८००० आठ हज़ार aath hazaar Eight-thousand
9000 ९००० नौ हज़ार Nau hazaar Nine-thousand
10000 १०००० दस हज़ार DaS hazaar Ten-thousand

1- Quick Tip:

When you’re dealing with Hindi numbers 1000 to 2000 or above, follow the same rule as you did in the hundreds.

Simply replace the word सौ (Sau) with हज़ार (hazaar) and you’re good to go.

2- Example:

In the English number 4120, its number name is “Four-thousand one-hundred and twenty.” Now, you already know that the Hindi name for “four-thousand” is चार हज़ार (caar hazaar), for “one-hundred” it’s एक सौ (Ek Sau), and for “twenty” it’s बीस (biiS).

There you go! You can easily figure out that the Hindi number name for 4120 would be चार हज़ार एक सौ बीस (caar hazaar ek Sau biiS).


12. How to Say the Cardinal Numbers

English Namer Hindi Name Transliteration
First पहला pehaLaa
Second दूसरा DuuSaraa
Third तीसरा TiiSaraa
Fourth चौथा cauTHaa
Fifth पाँचवा paancavaa
Sixth छठा chathaa
Seventh सातवाँ SaaTavaan
Eighth आठवाँ aathavaan
Ninth नौवाँ Nauvaan
Tenth दसवाँ DaSavaan

1- Quick Tip:

  • The cardinal numbers are mostly used to give a direction, address, or anything else that follows a sequence.
  • Depending on the gender of the person or thing, the cardinal name will end with different sounds. Masculine words will end with a sound of aa and feminine words with the sound of ii.
  • For instance:
    • Second turn.
    • दूसरा मोड़
      (DuSaraa mod)
    • Third story.
    • तीसरी मंज़िल
      (TiiSarii maNziL)


13. Sharing Your Phone Number in Hindi

Sharing Your Phone Number Using Hindi Numbers

It’s fine to use English numbers while sharing your phone number with your colleagues. But when it comes to your neighbors, newspaperman, milkman, or maid, it’s better to break the ten digits of your number into five pairs of Hindi numbers with two numbers each.

That’s how the Indians do it generally. Another way is to break it into two pairs of Indian numbers with five numbers in each pair.

For instance, your mobile number is 9457886140.

  • Going by the first method, you can tell it as 94-57-88-61-40. So, in Hindi, you’ll say it as ९४-५७-८८-६१-४० i.e. चौरानवे (cauraaNave) - सतावन (SaTaavaN) - अट्ठासी (atthaaSii) - इकसठ (IkaSath) - चालीस (caaLiiS).
  • The second way to say it is 94578-86140. So, in Hindi, it would be said as ९४५७८-८६१४०. That would be चौरानवे पाँच सौ अठहत्तर - छियासी एक सौ चालीस (cauraaNave paanc Sau atthahaTTar - chiyaaSii ek Sau caaLiiS).


14. Join Us and Listen to Our Podcasts at HindiPod101.com

Learn Hindi Numbers with Our Audio Lessons

Impressed with our teaching methods? Explore more by visiting us at HindiPod101.com. We offer guided lessons, free vocabulary collections, a dictionary, PDFs, and many more things to make your learning easy.

Simply sign up on our page and turn your Hindi learning experience into a splendid journey with us!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Count to One Billion in Hindi

Top Indian “Sorry Words” And Polite Ways to Say Sorry in Hindi

What does a true apology feel like? Well, to begin with, it should come straight from the heart, and the Hindi language is the perfect tool to express it. Whether you need to know how to say sorry to your bf in Hindi or how to say sorry to a girl in Hindi, you’ll find an array of options here!

Unlike in English, Hindi’s “sorry” doesn’t have a single literal word for it. Instead, Indians prefer a bunch of phrases when asking for an apology and to say “sorry” in Hindi.

Most commonly, “sorry” in Hindi translation means क्षमा (ksamaa) or माफ़ी (maafii), and other similar words which you’ll be learning in this article.

“To say sorry” meaning in Hindi is माफ़ी माँगना (maafii maangaNaa). But the phrase literally translates to “to seek an apology,” where माफ़ी (maafii) is “an apology” and माँगना (maangaNaa) is “to seek” or “to ask for.”

As a beginner at HindiPod101, you can count on these Indian “sorry phrases” in similar situations, if you wish to apologize in Hindi. This is going to help you in different circumstances, such as making common errors while speaking in Hindi, being late, spilling coffee by mistake, or even consoling a friend.

Saying sorry in trivial situations shows your courteous behavior. In serious matters, it may save you from heartbreak, or losing a valuable friend. This makes “sorry” in learning Hindi so important.

In this article, we’ll show you lots of ways to say “sorry,” and also give examples of how to translate “sorry” in Hindi to English. So, let’s learn how to say “I am sorry” in Hindi! Start with a bonus, and download your FREE cheat sheet - How to Improve Your Hindi Skills! (Logged-In Member Only)

  1. Preferable Body Language While Making an Apology
  2. Most Important Apologizing Words in Hindi
  3. How to Say Sorry in Hindi
  4. Admitting a Mistake in a Dignified Manner
  5. Expressing Condolences
  6. Responding to an Apology
  7. How HindiPod101.com Can Transform Your Hindi Learning!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi


1. Preferable Body Language While Making an Apology

“Sorry” in the Hindi language is about body language just as much as it is about words. Watching a tutorial on a “how to say sorry in Hindi” video, or seeing a “sorry” in Hindi image, may tell you a lot about the Indian ways of apologizing.

1- Apologizing in Formal Situations

Body Language During a Formal Apology

First, we’ll talk about how to say “I’m sorry” in Hindi in formal situations:

  • When asking for an apology from one’s boss, the person may stand with both hands in front of them.
  • The right palm rests over the left, and the head bows down very slightly.
  • And then, with a gentle tone, you say the common Indian sorry phrases that we’ve mentioned below.

2- Saying Sorry to Elders

Saying sorry to older people, relatives, or people you greatly respect, involves making a particular hand gesture:

  • Join both the palms, so that your fingertips and chest are aligned.
  • Technically, it’s the same as saying NamaSTe except that NamaSTe is a way of greeting others. But when apologizing, one doesn’t smile.
  • You can sometimes find the same hand gesture for “sorry” in Hindi quotes and “sorry” in Hindi statuses when you search online.

3- Saying Sorry to Friends and Younger People

Indian Ways of Apologizing

In informal situations, Indians say sorry to their friends by placing a hand on their friend’s shoulder. It’s not a rule, but the gesture is a symbol of empathy, showing that you understand their hurt and feel sorry for it.

Sometimes, we end up hurting the tender emotions of our young ones. In such sensitive moments, Indians like to hug their kids to express their genuine apology.

Now that you’ve got a better idea about Indian body language, let’s look at the popular keywords that are used to say “I am sorry” in the Hindi language.


2. Most Important Apologizing Words in Hindi

3 Ways to Say Sorry

The verb “apologize,”’s meaning in Hindi is माफ़ी माँगना (maafii maangaNaa). But when we talk about the noun “apology,” the right Hindi word for “sorry” is just माफ़ी (maafii), which is also a noun word in Hindi. माँगना (maangaNaa) qualifies as a verb in Hindi which translates to “asking for” in English.

1- क्षमा (ksamaa)

  • The Hindi word क्षमा (ksamaa) is a noun. Its literal meaning is “forgiveness.”
  • When pronouncing this word in Hindi, the k becomes silent and it actually sounds like samaa.
  • In a Hindi sentence, क्षमा (ksamaa) comes after a pronoun and is followed by a verb at the end.
  • It’s quite a formal apology word and people rarely use it to say sorry in the Hindi language.

2- माफ़ी (maafii)

  • The Hindi word माफ़ी (maafii) is also a noun. Its literal meaning is “forgiveness.”
  • In a Hindi sentence, माफ़ी (maafii) comes after a pronoun and is followed by a verb at the end.
  • On some occasions, माफ़ी (maafii) is replaced with माफ़ (maaf) which is a phrasal verb.
  • माफ़ (maaf) is one of the most popular Hindi words to be used not only in Hindi sorry SMS & Hindi Shayari, but is also used for Bangla sorry SMS. Don’t be surprised to hear this word when watching a boy saying sorry to his girlfriend.

3- भूल (bhuuL)

  • भूल (bhuuL) is a noun. Its literal meaning is “an unintentional mistake.”
  • Often accompanied by a verb, this word is mostly said while admitting a mistake.
  • Because of its simplicity, भूल (bhuuL) is the most favored term for “sorry” in Hindi Shayari and “sorry” in Hindi songs.

How to Say Sorry in Hindi

4- ग़लती (gaLaTii)

  • Another noun, ग़लती (gaLaTii) is more commonly used by Indians. It means a “careless mistake,” but may also stand for a “blunder.”
  • Compared to भूल (bhuuL), ग़लती (gaLaTii) is a slightly stricter term.
  • And yet, the word holds a tight place in most of the sorry quotes (Hindi) and Whatsapp “sorry” statuses in Hindi for friends.
  • Boys also opt for it when sending a “sorry” SMS in Hindi for a girlfriend.

5- शर्मिंदा (sarmiNDaa)

  • This word is actually an adjective. The literal meaning in English is “embarrassed.”
  • When changed into a noun, it’s शर्मिंदगी (sarmiNDagii), or “embarrassment.”
  • It’s another apt word to use when writing a “sorry” SMS in Hindi or other online “sorry” messages in Hindi.
  • All Bollywood fans know that the phrase is frequently used in apology love songs as a sophisticated substitute for “sorry” in Hindi lyrics.

6- अफ़सोस (afaSoS)

  • A noun, अफ़सोस (afaSoS) is a perfect choice for “hurt and sorry” quotes.
  • Indian folks also use it when trying to say, “I am sorry to say…” in Hindi.
  • You’re supposed to say it when offering condolences or expressing your regrets.
    Actually, it’s a delicate expression that one might come across while reading some of the best “sorry” SMS in Hindi and apologizy quotes in Hindi.

The following list proves that there’s no single word for “sorry” in Hindi translation. Indian society and its culture are so vivid and versatile that at times the rich Hindi vocabulary may confuse non-native speakers.

However, a little bit of practice and you’re good to go. HindiPod101 is a grand platform which makes sure that you nail this game of Hindi language.

Now, we’ll be discussing the various Indian ways to say sorry in different situations and sentence forms.


3. How to Say Sorry in Hindi

Say Sorry

These are some simple phrases and statements that will suffice for all Hindi language beginners.

1- Formal Situations

1.) मैं क्षमा चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ

Romanization: main ksamaa caahaTaa huun / caahaTii huun.
English Translation: “I apologize.”

In this sentence, मैं (main) means “I,” and क्षमा (ksamaa) is “apology.” चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ (caahaTaa hun / caahaTii huun) is “seek / ask for.”

2.) कृपया मुझे क्षमा कर दें

Romanization: kripayaa, mujhe ksamaa kar den.
English Translation: “Please, forgive me.”

In this sentence, कृपया (kripayaa) is “please,” मुझे (mujhe) means “me,” and क्षमा कर दें (ksamaa kar den) is a verb that means “forgive.”

3.) मैं क्षमा-प्रार्थी हूँ

Romanization: main ksamaa-praarTHii huun.
English Translation: “I seek an apology.”

Here, मैं (main) means “I,” क्षमा-प्रार्थी (ksamaa-praarTHii) means “a seeker of apology,” and हूँ (hun) is a helping verb for “am.”

4.) मैं माफ़ी चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ

Romanization: main maafii caahaTaa huun / caahaTii huun.
English Translation: “I am sorry.”

In this sentence, मैं (main) means “I,” माफ़ी (maafii) means “apology,” and चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ (caahaTaa huun / caahaTii huun) means “seek / ask for.”

5.) कृपया, मुझे माफ़ कर दीजिये

Romanization: kripayaa, mujhe maaf kar Diijiye.
English Translation: “Please, forgive me.”

Here, कृपया (kripayaa) means “please,” मुझे (mujhe) means “me,” and माफ़ कर दीजिये (maaf kar Diijiye) means “forgive / grant an apology.”

6.) क्या आप मुझे माफ़ कर देंगे?

Romanization: kyaa aap mujhe maaf kar denge?
English Translation: “Would you forgive me?”

In this sentence, क्या आप (kyaa aap) stands for “would you,” मुझे (mujhe) means “me,” and माफ़ कर देंगे (maaf kar Denge) means “forgive / grant an apology.”


2- Informal Situations

To your friends or strangers, you can say sorry in the following ways.

1.) माफ़ करना

Romanization: maaf karaNaa.
English Translation: “Excuse me.”

2.) मुझे माफ़ कर दो

Romanization: mujhe maaf kar Do.
English Translation: “I am sorry.”

3.) बुरा मत मानो

Romanization: buraa maT maaNo.
English Translation: “Please, don’t mind.”

4.) क्या तुम मुझे माफ़ कर दोगी / दोगे ?

Romanization: kyaa Tum mujhe maaf kar Dogii / Doge?
English Translation: “Would you forgive me?”


4. Admitting a Mistake in a Dignified Manner

Admitting mistakes is one of the first steps in showing that you’re sorry. If you’re wondering how to say sorry to your gf in Hindi, admitting your mistake will definitely help. And below you’ll find the best ways to do this.

Admitting Your Mistakes

1- मुझसे यह ग़लती हो गयी

Romanization: mujhaSe yah gaLaTii ho gayii.
English Translation: “I made this mistake.”

Here, मुझसे (mujhaSe) means “by me,” यह (yah) means “this,” ग़लती (gaLaTii) means “mistake,” and हो गयी (ho gayii) means “was done.”

2- यह मेरी ही भूल थी

Romanization: yah merii hii bhuuL THii.
English Translation: “It was my fault.”

Here, यह (yah) stands for “it,” मेरी (merii) means “my,” भूल (bhuuL) means “fault,” and थी (THii) means “was.”

3- मैं आगे से ऐसा नहीं करूँगा / करूँगी

Romanization: main aage Se aiSaa Nahiin karuungaa / karuungii.
English Translation: “I will not repeat this in the future.”

In this sentence, मैं (main) means “I,” आगे से (aage Se) means “in the future,” ऐसा (aiSaa) means “this,” and नहीं करूँगा / करूँगी (Nahiin karuungaa / karuungii) means “won’t do.”

4- मैं बहुत ज़्यादा शर्मिंदा हूँ

Romanization: main bahuT zyaaDaa sarmiNDaa huun.
English Translation: “I am very sorry / embarrassed.”

मैं (main) stands for “I,” बहुत ज़्यादा (bahuT zyaaDaa) means “really / very,” शर्मिंदा (sarmiNDaa) means “sorry / embarrassed,” and हूँ (huun) means “am.”
The “I am extremely sorry” meaning in Hindi is also the same.

5- मेरा व्यवहार ठीक नहीं था

Romanization: meraa vyavahaar thiik Nahiin THaa.
English Translation: “My behavior was not right.”

Here, मेरा (meraa) means “my,” व्यवहार (vyavahaar) means “behavior,” ठीक (thiik) means “right,” नहीं (Nahiin) is “not,” and था (THaa) means “was.”


5. Expressing Condolences

Consoling Loved Ones

1- मुझे वाक़ई अफ़सोस है

Romanization: mujhe vaaqaii afaSoS hai.
English Translation: “I am really sorry.”

Also, the “I am really very sorry,” meaning in Hindi is the same, and this can also be how to say “I’m so sorry” in Hindi.
Here, मुझे (mujhe) means “I,” वाक़ई (vaaqaii) means “really,” and अफ़सोस है (afaSoS hai) means “feel sorry.”

2- मुझे दुख है

Romanization: mujhe Dukh hai.
Translation: “My apologies.”

In this phrase, मुझे (mujhe) means “I,” and दुख है (Dukh hai) means “feel sad.”

3- मुझे खेद है

Romanization: mujhe kheD hai.
English Translation: “I am sorry.”

In this sentence, मुझे (mujhe) means “I,” and खेद है (kheD hai) means “feel sad.”


6. Responding to an Apology

Responding to an Apology

1- कोई बात नहीं

Romanization: koii baaT nahiin.
English Translation: “It’s okay” or “Never mind.”

2- माफ़ी मत मांगो

Romanization: maafii maT maango.
English Translation: “Please, don’t apologize.”

This sentence is also the same as the “Don’t be sorry” meaning in Hindi.

3- माफ़ी की कोई बात नहीं

Romanization: maafii kii koii baaT Nahiin.
English Translation: “No need to apologize.”


7. How HindiPod101.com Can Transform Your Hindi Learning!

As you can see, we’ve shared a handful of ways to say sorry in Hindi. We hope you enjoyed it, and that you now have “sorry” in your Hindi vocabulary arsenal!

For more learning materials, sign up at HindiPod101.com and download our easy-to-use mobile application to access unlimited content and become an expert in Hindi conversations. Our teaching style is entertaining with loads of interesting videos, podcasts, exercises, and easily downloadable PDFs.

Visit our Help Center for a step-by-step guide and start learning today!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

Lord Jagannath Chariot Festival: To Dwarka & Beyond

Lord Jagannath Chariot Festival

Every year a massive festival is celebrated in the middle of summer, or in Hindi Grishm Ritu in eastern India, where the Lord Jagannath is taken on a chariot ride to Dwarka and more pilgrimage sites. In this lesson, we’re talking about the special festival of the Chariot Ride, celebrated for nine days during the Hindu month of Aashad, and the significance of Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra.

Since the Jagannath Festival is one of the most celebrated in India, learning about it will allow you to better understand Hindu culture and religion as a whole. And as any successful language-learner can tell you, this is a vital step in mastering any language!

At HindiPod101.com, we hope to make this learning journey both fun and informative, as you delve into the Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

1. What is the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath?

The Chariot Festival involves a journey comprised of three chariots carrying the statues of Lord Jagannath, Subhadra, and Balram, respectively. Lord Jagannath is a human incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

In his life story, when he killed the evil king Kansa and rid the people of his tyranny, the entire city came out to greet Lord Vishnu as he paraded victoriously through town.

This event is commemorated every year with his idol, in Hindi called a Moorti. Each year, three new chariots are made and decorated out of sandalwood for the occasion.

2. When is the Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra?

The date of the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath varies each year on the Gregorian calendar, but always takes place in June or July. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2019: July 4
  • 2020: June 23
  • 2021: July 11
  • 2022: June 30
  • 2023: June 19
  • 2024: July 7
  • 2025: June 26
  • 2026: July 16
  • 2027: July 5
  • 2028: June 24

3. How is the Chariot Festival Celebrated?

Fireworks Going Off

1- The Chariots & The Char Dham

The biggest celebrations are held in Odisha, where this is considered a huge occasion. In the city of Puri, three chariots leave the Jagannath Temple each year, and devotees pull them to the Gundicha Temple two miles away. The chariots are as follows:

  • The first chariot of Lord Balram is called Taldhwaj, and is decorated in red and blue drapes.
  • The second chariot of Subhadra is called Dwarpdalan and is decorated in red and black fabric.
  • The third one, of Lord Jagannath, is forty-four feet high, stands on sixteen wheels, and is called Nandi Ghosha.

After nine days, the chariots are taken back to the Jagannath Temple via the Mausi Ma Temple. At the Mausi Ma Temple, people eat special Poda Pitha sweets. People play conch shells, temple bells, and the flute along the Yatra, and millions of devotees throng the route to view the idols, yelling Jai Jagannath! meaning “Praising Lord Jagannath!” This tradition was started by King Indradyumna of the Kaling Kingdom, who commissioned construction for the three idols and Lord Jagannath’s temple.

Do you know what the four sites of the Char Dham pilgrimage are? They are as follows:

  • Badrinath
  • Dwarka
  • Puri
  • Rameswaram

2- Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra Story

The arms of the three idols are noticeably incomplete, yet an old legend related to King Indradyumna and his sculptor explains why this is so.

Through divine guidance, the King was guided to employ a certain sculptor. However, the sculptor’s only condition for creating the idols was that no one should come to him, or even knock on his door for twenty-one days. The King agreed, but after hearing no noise coming from the room after fourteen days, the King grew restless and opened the door. Inside, he found the three uncompleted idols, but the sculptor was gone. Taking this as the gods’ will, the King installed the idols in their incomplete form.

4. The Puri Jagannath Temple

What is the Puri Jagannath temple, the starting point of the Chariot Festival, famous for?

Lord Vishnu is a major deity in Hinduism. There are four temples in India in the four directions dedicated to four major deities. The Lord Jagannath temple at Puri is the eastern temple of Lord Vishnu. This is the only temple where Lord Jagannath shares space with Balram and Subhadra.

5. Useful Vocabulary for the Chariot Festival

Food for Deity

Here’s some vocabulary you should know for the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath!

  • पर्यटक (paryatak) — tourist
  • मंदिर (maNDir) — temple
  • घोड़ा (ghoDaa) — horse
  • रथ यात्रा (rath yaatraa) — Festival of Lord Jagannath
  • सड़क पर जुलूस निकालना (sadak par juloos nikaalna) — street procession
  • पवित्र स्नान (paviTra snaan) — holy bath
  • देव (Dev) — deity
  • रथ (rath) — chariot
  • लकड़ी (iakdi) — wood
  • चार धाम (Char Dham) — Char Dham
  • पुरी (Puri) — Puri
  • बद्रीनाथ (Badrinath) — Badrinath
  • द्वारका (Dwarka) — Dwarka, India
  • चंदन की लकड़ी (chandan ki lakdi) — sandalwood
  • भगवान ब्रह्मा (Bhagwan Brahma) — Lord Brahma (Lord Brahma sometimes referred to as Vishnu’s “creative aspect̶ ;)
  • संसार (sansar) — world
  • त्यौहार (tyohar) — festival
  • ब्रह्माण्ड (brhamaand) — universe
  • यात्रा (yatra) — journey
  • मूर्ति (murti) — idol
  • प्रसाद (prasad) — food offered to a deity

To hear each vocabulary word pronounced, check out our Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath vocabulary list!

Conclusion

We hope you enjoyed learning about the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath with us, and that you took away something valuable from this lesson! Do you remember the answer to the question: “Lord Jagannath is a form of which Hindu god?” Let us know in the comments!

To continue learning about Hindi culture and the Hindi language, visit us at HindiPod101.com! We provide an array of fun and practical learning tools for every learner, including free Hindi vocabulary lists, more insightful blog posts like this one, and an online community where you can chat with fellow Hindi learners or ask for help. By upgrading to Premium Plus, you can also take advantage of our MyTeacher program, and learn Hindi one-on-one with your own personal teacher!

Know that your hard work in learning Hindi will pay off, and before you know it, you’ll be speaking, reading, and writing Hindi like a native!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi

How to Find Jobs in India & Top Cities for Job Seekers

Planning to stay in India and want to know how to find work in India? If you know how to talk in Hindi, you’re already halfway there! In a country divided into so many states, their native languages and cultures could prove tricky when you’re looking for jobs in India. With a little effort, you can find promising opportunities if you Google India jobs. Whether you wish to grab government jobs in India or plan to explore IT jobs in India, command over Hindi interaction keeps you ahead of others on many fronts, since your job is just one aspect of your life.

Start with a bonus, and download the Business Words & Phrases PDF for FREE! (Logged-In Member Only)

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Business Words and Phrases in Hindi

Finding Jobs in India

These include, but aren’t limited to:

  • Avoiding glitches in early conversation when talking to people and getting to know the neighbors
  • Ease in buying groceries and vegetables, getting a taxi or bus, or asking for directions
  • Understanding Hindi slangs which are commonly used by Hindi people, even when speaking English
  • Knowledge of Hindi will help you blend with your colleagues without missing out on the jokes!

So, if you’re new here but know the basics of Hindi, you’re good to go. However, presuming that you have zero understanding of this language, HindiPod101.com can turn you into a proficient Hindi learner with these amazing strategies.
Simply visit our My Teacher page and check out all the know-how of our versatile and easy teaching process.
Meanwhile, let’s explore the best cities in India, which are blooming with loads of career opportunities.

Table of Contents

  1. Best Cities for Jobs in India
  2. Highest-Paying Jobs in India
  3. Best Jobs for Foreigners
  4. Reputed Portals to Assist You with Job Hunting in India
  5. Health-related Jobs
  6. Handling the Paperwork for an Indian Job
  7. Popular Hindi Key Phrases Used in Interviews
  8. Improve Your Hindi with HindiPod101.com

1. Best Cities for Jobs in India

As India is a vast country, a high economic and social disparity ratio comes as a part and parcel. With significant industrial expansion and global networking, India is on the verge of becoming a developed country. These are the urban areas that offer the highest-paying jobs in India.

Best Cities in India

1- Bengaluru

Bengaluru (the Silicon Valley of India) is the pioneer of the Indian IT sector. The capital of Karnataka, Bengaluru is everyone’s favorite city for numerous reasons. As long as you wish to find a job in India, Bengaluru should be your first choice.

The town welcomes you with its safe and open culture. When compared to the other major cities, Bengaluru has the maximum growth rate and is mostly known for its impressive tech parks.

2- Delhi

Being the capital of India, Delhi needs no introduction. The city offers the best airports and restaurants, and carries a vibrant metropolitan culture. It’s also one of the hottest hubs for job opportunities.

For instance, Google/Amazon jobs India and Delhi will almost always show up among the highest-paying positions in India.

3- Pune

The Green Pune

For job seekers who wish to find a new job in India but would prefer a quieter and greener location, the serene city of Pune is your answer. Pune stands as the second-biggest city in the state of Maharashtra.
The living standards are affordable and the weather remains pleasant most of the year. In case you hold an impressive experience in the IT or education sector, there are plenty of jobs for you.

4- Hyderabad

All the big IT companies, like Microsoft, Google, and Facebook, have their offices in the royal city of Hyderabad. Given that you already know how to find IT jobs in India, this town is nothing less than a heaven.

From the mouth-watering popular Indian foods to rich cultural heritage, impressive growth rate, and great salary packages, Hyderabad is a bliss for job searchers.

5- Gurgaon

Gurgaon is the industrial nerve center of India. Its close location to Delhi makes it even more popular amongst the freshers. The top sites for jobs in India quite often present jobs located in Gurgaon.
Maruti Suzuki, General Electric, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, BMW, you name the brand and its headquarter is there in the city. With additional effort, this town can even offer you some of the best online jobs in India.

6- Mumbai

Gateway of India in Mumbai

The Capital of Maharashtra, Mumbai is the nucleus of bank jobs in India as well as government jobs in India. The largest financial banks such as RBI, SBI, and financial organizations like LIC, SEBI, NSE, and BSE are all present here.

It also has immense scope in blue collar jobs, IT, healthcare, and engineering. However, the standard of living is quite high in Mumbai and local trains are the preferred mode of conveyance.

7- Ahmedabad

Living in the industrial city Ahmedabad would be significantly easier on your pocket as the house rents are low. The city is well-known for its textile industries and many FMCG Indian brands have offices here. Further, TCS has expanded job opportunities in the IT sector.

8- Chennai

Assuming that you can deal with the hot and humid climate of the south Indian city Chennai, the metropolitan area won’t disappoint you careerwise. Surrounded by the Bay of Bengal, it’s one of the safest cities in India. Chennai shelters the grandest automobile industry players. It’s also famous for health tourism and the Tamil film industry.

2. Highest-Paying Jobs in India

Before we delve into the question of how to find a job in India, let’s explore which jobs are the most handsomely paying in the country. This will help you get a better grasp of the job market in India.

1- Chartered Accountant

This is one of the most reputed and high-paying jobs. A CA career is for anyone interested in the maintenance of balance sheets, financial reports, and documents while reviewing potential financial risks. Get more details on the Official CA website.

The CAs get a package anywhere between INR 10-25 lakhs, depending on their experience. If you have qualified on the final CA exam in one attempt, chances are you will find a job in Indian cities with an excellent salary package. Why not check out some job postings?

2- Management Professional

Every company needs a management professional. It’s one of the most versatile jobs that requires Indian companies to look for global talents. Being an MBA from abroad makes you more favorable for this position.

Freshers from reputed colleges often get paid handsomely. As you cross this painstaking level and go up, the salary package becomes even more lucrative, ranging between INR 5 lakhs to INR 1.5 crores.

3- Business Analyst

This position involves making contingency plans for the company and excelling in logical and mathematical skills. A business analyst job description in India requires you to show up with a relevant MBA degree in the related specialization.

If you have that, you’ll be sure to get a salary between INR 3 lakhs to INR 2 crores.

Finding a Business Analyst Job

4- Investment Banker

An investment banker loves playing with numbers and can give sound advice regarding money matters. Every organization and company needs an investment banker. No wonder it also qualifies as one of the top ten government jobs in India.

A degree in accounting/finances/math is a must for this position. The minimum and maximum package for an investment banker are INR 6 lakhs to INR 35 lakhs or above.

5- Software Engineer

There are lots of responsibilities for a software engineer. From designing an app to its development, testing, and maintenance. You can start the career once you get a bachelor degree in IT or computer science.

The annual salary starts at INR 2 lakhs and reaches up to INR 1 crore.

6- Government Jobs in India

While government jobs in India require an Indian citizenship, more flexible policies are being formed when it comes to non-Indians. Keeping that issue aside, one really needs guidance on how to find government jobs in India.

Most of the public sector jobs are ideally posted on some of the most reputed websites in India. Some of the best government jobs include those in the oil and natural gas sector, all agriculture jobs in India, jobs in wildlife in India, jobs in environmental science in India, or in medical fields such as neuroscience jobs in India.

The package is quite generous for higher posts and lots of securities and other perks are provided to the government officials.

Before moving on to the next section, here are the ten most difficult Hindi words we thought you’d like to practice with us! And with HindiPod101.com by your side, you may start with learning how to say “find a job” in the Indian language.

3. Best Jobs for Foreigners

As a foreigner, thinking to yourself, “I will find a job in an Indian metropolitan,” isn’t enough. Maybe you know how to find a job in India, but there are limited career options that you can pull off easily since you don’t speak Hindi or any other local language. Let’s glance through some of your best options on how to get jobs in India as a foreigner, one by one.

The Highest Paying Jobs in India

1- Commercial Pilot

To begin with, you get to travel a lot and it pays huge. Isn’t that great? You visit all kinds of places around the world, not stuck in one country. Here’s everything you need to know about what a commercial pilot job is like! Being good at English adds to your communication skills for this job. However, with us, you can also master the Hindi language and learn how to get this fun job in India.

2- Foreign Language Expert

“I need to find a job in an Indian city but don’t know which one!” Does this sound like you? Well, here’s a tip. Why not start by applying as a spoken English teacher or teach other foreign languages that you know? In India, these kinds of jobs pay well and you also get some time to learn the local dialect. You should either take a course and pass the language teaching exam or follow these steps.

Become a Language Expert

3- Medical Jobs

This is a booming sector with an infinite number of possibilities. Whether you have the qualifications of a surgeon or general physician, the lavish annual packages start at around INR 9 lakhs and there’s no upper limit to how much you can earn!

4- Software Development

Want to work abroad but don’t know how to find IT jobs in Dubai from India? The web is full of answers to your questions!

4. Part-time Jobs

Did you find a job in India but weren’t satisfied with it? No problem. Our part-time job suggestions can keep you on the run until you get a proper full-time job of your choice.

1- Freelancing

Whatever skills and qualifications you possess, based on that you can make a strong profile on the top freelancing websites. Initially, this may not provide you with a dream monthly income, but you can surely keep growing with time. Check out some of the best freelancing sites in India.

2- Volunteering or NGO

Did you find a new job in India? If not, stop wasting your time and start volunteering. There are plenty of NGOs in India. Working with them adds to your experience and also helps you make some money for your monthly expenditures.

Volunteer Work for Gaining Experience

3- Travel Blogging

We all fantasize about dreamy and majestic locations in a foreign country. To get accurate information about its beauty and other real-life experiences, people generally turn to travelogues. And who could be a better travel blogger than a native of that country like you?

So, what are you waiting for? Borrow some ideas with these top travel blogs and get started.

4- Dance Teacher

Whether you’re from France, England, Spain, or Russia, every land has its own unique dance style. If you know tango, salsa, samba, or ballet, join as a dance teacher and spread your culture in India.

5- Sports and Fitness Trainer

Academic education is not the only way to get a job. Being good at sports or fitness training opens a wide range of income sources. All you need to know is how to get a job in India, or even open your own business.

Work as a Sports Trainer

5. Reputed Portals to Assist You with Job Hunting in India

We know you’ve been waiting for this section, and the wait is over! Below, we’ll share the most popular ways to find a job in India. Let’s have a look at job portals in India!

1- Online Portals

When it comes to finding jobs that are worthwhile, you may wish to pay attention to these online sources. You can also look specifically for foreign national jobs. These are some of the best ways to find jobs in India.

The top ten online job sites in India include naukri.com, times jobs.com, monsterindia.com, indeed.com, shine.com, instahyre.com, freshersworld.com, jobsarkari.com, glassdoor.co.in, and freelancer.com.

Search Jobs Through Online Portals

2- Offline Portals

Those who are more into the conventional methods of job hunting should find the appropriate job advertisements in newspapers in India. The suggested newspapers are Employment Newspaper, The Hindu, The Times of India, and many other relevant national newspapers. Word-of-mouth and networking with the right people still stands as an effective way to hunt jobs as well.

6. Handling the Paperwork for an Indian Job

Applying for a Visa

To work in India, every foreigner needs a visa. To avoid any kind of trouble or confusion at the last moment, do a thorough research and apply for an Indian visa on time. Visit the official website of India to understand every step properly. You can also find out what documents you need and the minimum time for applying before the visiting date, but keep in mind that there’s also a place to submit urgent applications.

7. Popular Hindi Key Phrases Used in Interviews

But what about the job interview in India? There are some basic questions that are asked in all job interviews, regardless of the job description or field of work. Curious what they look like in Hindi?

Cracking Interviews in Hindi

Let’s explore a handful of them.

1- प्रश्न: आप का शुभ नाम क्या है?

  • (aap kaa subh Naam kyaa hai?)
  • Q: What’s your good name?
  • उत्तर: जी, मेरा नाम डेविड है।

  • (jii, meraa Naam David hai.)
  • A: My name is David.

2- प्रश्न: आप कहाँ के रहने वाले हैं?

  • (aap kahā̃ ke rehNe vaaLe haī̃?)
  • Q: Where are you from?
  • उत्तर: मैं जापान का रहने वाला हूँ।

  • (maī̃ Japan kaa rehNe vaaLaa hū̃.)
  • A: I am from Japan.

3- प्रश्न: आप को इस कार्य-क्षेत्र में कितने सालों का अनुभव है?

  • (aap ko iS kaarya-kseTra meĩ kiTNe SaaLõ kaa aNubhav hai?)
  • Q: How many years of experience do you have in this field?
  • उत्तर: मुझे इस कार्य-क्षेत्र में पाँच सालों का अनुभव है।

  • (mujhe iS kaarya-kseTra meĩ pā̃c SaaLõ kaa aNubhav hai.)
  • A: I have five years of experience in this field.

4- प्रश्न: क्या आप अगले हफ़्ते से हमारे साथ काम करना शुरू कर सकते हैं?

  • (kyaa aap agLe hafTe Se hamaare SaaTH kaam karNaa suru kar SakTe haī̃?)
  • Q: Would you be able to join us from the next week?
  • उत्तर: जी, हाँ। मैं अगले हफ़्ते से ही काम शुरू कर सकता हूँ।

  • (jii, hā̃. Maī̃ agLe hafTe Se hii kaam suru kar SakTaa hū̃.)
  • A: Yes. I would be able to join here from the next week itself.

5- यहाँ आने के लिए धन्यवाद।

  • (yahā̃ aaNe ke Liye DHaNyavaaD.)
  • Thank you for coming here.
  • जी, शुक्रिया।

  • (jii, sukriyaa.)
  • It’s a pleasure.

8. Improve Your Hindi with HindiPod101.com

Visit Us at HindiPod101

We hope this article helped you learn about finding jobs in India, and that you’re better equipped to get your dream job there. We wish you good luck with your job search and your stay in India. We would again like to remind you that knowing Hindi—one of the most popular languages in India—can certainly make things easier for you in your new job and in your daily life as well. Visit HindiPod101.com and get started with your first key phrases.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Business Words and Phrases in Hindi

How to Say I Love You in Hindi - Romantic Word List

Do you often feel lonely and sad? Do you long for romance and are willing to do whatever it takes to meet that special person? Speaking another language could revolutionize your love life! So, why wait? Learning how to say ‘love’ in Hindi could be just what you need to find it.

Or perhaps you were lucky, and have found your Hindi partner already. Fantastic! Yet, a cross-cultural relationship comes with unique challenges. Learning how to speak your lover’s language will greatly improve your communication and enhance the relationship. At HindiPod101, our team will teach you all the words, quotes and phrases you need to woo your Hindi lover with excellence! Our tutors provide personal assistance, with plenty of extra material available to make Hindi dating easy for you.

Table of Contents

  1. Common Phrases You’ll Need for a Date
  2. The Most Romantic Ideas for a Date
  3. Must-know Valentine’s Day Vocabulary
  4. Hindi Love Phrases for Valentine’s Day
  5. Hindi Quotes about Love
  6. Marriage Proposal Lines
  7. 15 Most Common Break-Up Lines
  8. Will Falling in Love Help You Learn Hindi Faster?

Start with a bonus, and download the ‘How To be a Good Lover Cheat Sheet’ for FREE! (Logged-In Member Only)

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to be a Good Lover in Hindi

1. Common Phrases You’ll Need for a Date

So, you have met your Hindi love interest. Congratulations! Who knows where this could take you…?! However, the two of you have just met and you’re not ready to say the Hindi word for love just yet. Great, it is better to get to know him/her first. Wow your prospective love by using these Hindi date phrases to set up a spectacular first date.

Hindi Date Phrases

Would you like to go out to dinner with me?

  • क्या तुम मेरे साथ रात को बाहर खाने चलोगी?
  • kyaa Tum mere SaaTH raaT ko baahar khaaNe calogii?

The important question! In most cultures, this phrase indicates: ‘I’m romantically interested in you’. Flirting in Hindi is no different, so don’t take your date to Mcdonald’s!

Are you free this weekend?

  • क्या तुम इस सप्ताहांत को फ्री हो?
  • kyaa Tum iS SapTaahaaNT ko frii ho?

This is a preamble to asking your love interest on a date. If you get an immediate ‘Yes’, that’s good news!

Would you like to hang out with me?

  • तुम मेरे साथ समय बिताना चाहोगी?
  • Tum mere SaaTH Samay biTaaNaa caahogii?

You like her/him, but you’re not sure if there’s chemistry. Ask them to hang out first to see if a dinner date is next.

What time shall we meet tomorrow?

  • कल हम कितने बजे मिले?
  • kal ham kiTNe baje milen?

Set a time, and be sure to arrive early! Nothing spoils a potential relationship more than a tardy date.

Where shall we meet?

  • कल हम कहाँ मिलें?
  • kal ham kahaan milen?

You can ask this, but also suggest a place.

You look great.

  • तुम बहुत अच्छी लग रही हो।
  • Tum bahuT acchii lag rahii ho.

A wonderful ice breaker! This phrase will help them relax a bit - they probably took great care to look their best just for you.

You are so cute.

  • तुम बहुत प्यारी हो|
  • Tum bahuT pyaarii ho.

If the two of you are getting on really well, this is a fun, flirtatious phrase to use.

What do you think of this place?

  • यह जगह कैसी लगती है?
  • yah jagah kaiSii lagTii hai?

This another good conversation starter. Show off your Hindi language skills!

Can I see you again?

  • क्या मैं तुमसे फिरसे मिल सकता हूँ?
  • kyaa main TumSe phirSe mil SakTaa huun?

So the date went really well - don’t waste time! Make sure you will see each other again.

Shall we go somewhere else?

  • हम कहीं और चलें?
  • ham kahiin aur calen?

If the place you meet at is not great, you can suggest going elsewhere. It is also a good question to follow the previous one. Variety is the spice of life!

I know a good place.

  • मुझे एक अच्छी जगह पता है।
  • mujhe ek acchii jagah paTaa hai.

Use this with the previous question. However, don’t say if you don’t know a good place!

I will drive you home.

  • मैं तुम्हें गाड़ी में घर छोड़ देता हूँ।
  • main Tumhe gaadii mein ghar chod DeTaa huun.

If your date doesn’t have transport, this is a polite, considerate offer. However, don’t be offended if she/he turns you down on the first date. Especially a woman might not feel comfortable letting you drive her home when the two of you are still basically strangers.

That was a great evening.

  • यह शाम बहुत अच्छी गयी।
  • yah saam bahuT acchii gayii.

This is a good phrase to end the evening with.

When can I see you again?

  • अगली मुलाकात कब होगी?
  • aglii mulaakaaT kab hogii?

If he/she replied ‘Yes’ to ‘Can I see you again?’, this is the next important question.

I’ll call you.

  • मैं तुम्हे फ़ोन करूँगा।
  • main Tumhe foN karuuNgaa.

Say this only if you really mean to do it. In many cultures, this could imply that you’re keeping the proverbial backdoor open.

Sneak Peek! Log in to Download this Cheat Sheet!Sneak Peek! Log in to Download this Cheat Sheet!

2. The Most Romantic Ideas for a Date

You learned all the Hindi phrases to make a date - congratulations! Now you have to decide where to meet, which can be tricky. Discuss these options with your lover to gauge whether you like the same things. Check out romantic date ideas in Hindi below!

Date Ideas in Hindi

museum

  • संग्रहालय
  • sangraahlay

If you’re looking for unique date ideas that are fun but won’t break the bank, museums are the perfect spot! You won’t be running out of things to say in the conversations.

candlelit dinner

  • मोमबत्ती की रोशनी में रात का खाना
  • mombaTTii kii rosNii mein raaT kaa khaaNaa

A candlelit dinner is perhaps best to reserve for when the relationship is getting serious. It’s very intimate, and says: “Romance!” It’s a fantastic choice if you’re sure you and your date are in love with each other!

go to the zoo

  • चिड़ियाघर जाना
  • cidiyaaghar jaaNaa

This is a good choice for shy lovers who want to get the conversation going. Just make sure your date likes zoos, as some people dislike them. Maybe not for the first date, but this is also a great choice if your lover has children - you’ll win his/her adoration for inviting them along!

go for a long walk

  • एक लंबी सैर के लिए जाना
  • ek lambii Sair ke le jaaNaa

Need to talk about serious stuff, or just want to relax with your date? Walking together is soothing, and a habit you can keep up together always! Just make sure it’s a beautiful walk that’s not too strenuous.

go to the opera

  • ओपेरा के लिए जाना
  • operaa ke lie jaaNaa

This type of date should only be attempted if both of you love the opera. It can be a special treat, followed by a candlelit dinner!

go to the aquarium

  • ऐक्वेरियम जाना
  • aikweriyam jaaNaa

Going to the aquarium is another good idea if you need topics for conversation, or if you need to impress your lover’s kids! Make sure your date doesn’t have a problem with aquariums.

walk on the beach

  • समुन्दर किनारे चलने जाना
  • SamuNDar kiNaare calNe jaaNaa

This can be a very romantic stroll, especially at night! The sea is often associated with romance and beauty.

have a picnic

  • पिकनिक पर जाना
  • pikNik par jaaNaa

If you and your date need to get more comfortable together, this can be a fantastic date. Spending time in nature is soothing and calms the nerves.

cook a meal together

  • एक साथ खाना पकाना
  • ek SaaTH khaaNaa pakaaNaa

If you want to get an idea of your date’s true character in one go, this is an excellent date! You will quickly see if the two of you can work together in a confined space. If it works, it will be fantastic for the relationship and create a sense of intimacy. If not, you will probably part ways!

have dinner and see a movie

  • रात का खाना खाना और एक फिल्म देखना
  • raaT kaa khaaNaa khaaNaa aur ek film DekhNaa

This is traditional date choice works perfectly well. Just make sure you and your date like the same kind of movies!

3. Must-know Valentine’s Day Vocabulary

Valentine's Day Words in Hindi

Expressing your feelings honestly is very important in any relationship all year round. Yet, on Valentine’s Day you really want to shine. Impress your lover this Valentine’s with your excellent vocabulary, and make his/her day! We teach you, in fun, effective ways, the meanings of the words and how to pronounce them. You can also copy the characters and learn how to write ‘I love you’ in Hindi - think how impressed your date will be!

4. Hindi Love Phrases for Valentine’s Day

So, you now have the basic Valentine’s Day vocabulary under your belt. Well done! But, do you know how to say ‘I love you’ in Hindi yet? Or perhaps you are still only friends. So, do you know how to say ‘I like you’ or ‘I have a crush on you’ in Hindi? No? Don’t worry, here are all the love phrases you need to bowl over your Hindi love on this special day!

Valentine's Day Words in Hindi

I love you.

  • मै तुम्हे प्यार करती हूँ
  • mai tumhe pyaar kartii hun.

Saying ‘I love you’ in Hindi carries the same weight as in all languages. Use this only if you’re sure and sincere about your feelings for your partner/friend.

You mean so much to me.

  • तुम मेरे लिए बहुत महत्व रखती हो|
  • Tum mere liye bahuT mahaTv rakhTii ho

This is a beautiful expression of gratitude that will enhance any relationship! It makes the receiver feel appreciated and their efforts recognized.

Will you be my Valentine?

  • कया तुम मेरी वैलेनटायिन बनोगी?
  • kya tum meri valentine bannogi?

With these words, you are taking your relationship to the next level! Or, if you have been a couple for a while, it shows that you still feel the romance. So, go for it!

You’re so beautiful.

  • आप बहुत खूबसूरत हैं|
  • aap bahuT khoobsooraT hain

If you don’t know how to say ‘You’re pretty’ in Hindi, this is a good substitute, gentlemen!

I think of you as more than a friend.

  • मै आपके बारे में एक दोस्त से अधिक सोचता हुँ
  • mai aapke baare mein ek Dost se adhik sochTaa hun

Say this if you are not yet sure that your romantic feelings are reciprocated. It is also a safe go-to if you’re unsure about the Hindi dating culture.

A hundred hearts would be too few to carry all my love for you.

  • सौ दिल भी कम रहेंगे तुम्हारे प्रती मेरे प्यार को दिखाने के लिये
  • sau Dil bhi kam rahenge Tumhaare praTi mere pyaar ko Dikhaane ke liye

You romantic you…! When your heart overflows with love, this would be the best phrase to use.

Love is just love. It can never be explained.

  • प्यार सिर्फ प्यार है. यह कभी समझाया नही जा सकता|
  • pyaar sirf pyaar hai| yah kabhii samjhaaya nahii ja sakTaa

If you fell in love unexpectedly or inexplicably, this one’s for you.

You’re so handsome.

  • तुम बहुत सुंदर हो|
  • Tum bahuT sunDar ho

Ladies, this phrase lets your Hindi love know how much you appreciate his looks! Don’t be shy to use it; men like compliments too.

I’ve got a crush on you.

  • मेरा तुम्हारे उपर क्रश है
  • meraa Tumhaare upar krash hai

If you like someone, but you’re unsure about starting a relationship, it would be prudent to say this. It simply means that you like someone very, very much and think they’re amazing.

You make me want to be a better man.

  • आप मुझे एक बेहतर आदमी बनाने के लिये प्रेरित करते हो|
  • aap mujhe ek behTar aaDmii banaane ke liye preriT karTe ho

Gentlemen, don’t claim this phrase as your own! It hails from the movie ‘As Good as it Gets’, but it is sure to make your Hindi girlfriend feel very special. Let her know that she inspires you!

Let all that you do be done in love.

  • तुम जो भी करो प्यार में करो
  • Tum jo bhi karo pyaar mein karo

We hope.

You are my sunshine, my love.

  • तुम मेरी रोशनी हो मेरा प्यार हो
  • Tum merii roshnii ho meraa pyaar ho

A compliment that lets your lover know they bring a special quality to your life. Really nice!

Words can’t describe my love for you.

  • शब्द आप के लिए मेरे प्यार का वर्णन नहीं कर सकते हैं।
  • shabD aapke liye mere pyaar ka vaRnan nahii kar sakTe hain

Better say this when you’re feeling serious about the relationship! It means that your feelings are very intense.

We were meant to be together.

  • हम एक दूसरे के लिए बने हैं
  • hum ek Doosre ke liye bane hain

This is a loving affirmation that shows you see a future together, and that you feel a special bond with your partner.

If you were thinking about someone while reading this, you’re definitely in love.

  • इसे पढ़ते समय अगर आप किसी के बारे में सोच रहे थे, तो निश्चित रूप से आप प्यार में हैं.
  • isay padhTe samay agar aap kissi ke baare mein soch rahe the toh nishchiT roop se aap pyaar mein hain

Here’s something fun to tease your lover with. And hope he/she was thinking of you!

5. Hindi Quotes about Love

Hindi Love Quotes

You’re a love champ! You and your Hindi lover are getting along fantastically, your dates are awesome, your Valentine’s Day together was spectacular, and you’re very much in love. Good for you! Here are some beautiful phrases of endearment in Hindi that will remind him/her who is in your thoughts all the time.

6. Marriage Proposal Lines

Hindi Marriage Proposal Lines

Wow. Your Hindi lover is indeed the love of your life - congratulations! And may only happiness follow the two of you! In most traditions, the man asks the woman to marry; this is also the Hindi custom. Here are a few sincere and romantic lines that will help you to ask your lady-love for her hand in marriage.

7. 15 Most Common Break-Up Lines

Hindi Break-Up Lines

Instead of moving towards marriage or a long-term relationship, you find that the spark is not there for you. That is a pity! But even though breaking up is never easy, continuing a bad or unfulfilling relationship would be even harder. Remember to be kind to the person you are going to say goodbye to; respect and sensitivity cost nothing. Here are some phrases to help you break up gently.

  • We need to talk.
    • हमें ज़रूरी बात करनी है
    • hamein zaruurii baaT karNii hai

    This is not really a break-up line, but it is a good conversation opener with a serious tone.

    It’s not you. It’s me.

    • यह तुम नही हो | यह में हूँ |
    • Yeh tum nahīn hoo. Yeh mein hoo.

    As long as you mean it, this can be a kind thing to say. It means that there’s nothing wrong with your Hindi lover as a person, but that you need something different from a relationship.

    I’m just not ready for this kind of relationship.

    • में इस तरह के संबंध के लिए तैयार नही हूँ |
    • mein iss tarah ke sambandh ke liye teyaar nahi hoon.

    Things moved a bit fast and got too intense, too soon? Painful as it is, honesty is often the best way to break up with somebody.

    Let’s just be friends.

    • चलिए सिर्फ दोस्त बने रहते हैं।
    • Cali’ē sirf dōst banē rehatē hai.

    If the relationship was very intense, and you have sent many ‘i love u’ texts in Hindi, this would not be a good breakup line. Feelings need to calm down before you can be friends, if ever. If the relationship has not really developed yet, a friendship would be possible.

    I think we need a break.

    • मुझे लगता है हमे एक ब्रेक की जरूरत है।
    • Mujhē lagatā hai hhme ēk brēk kī jarūrat hai.

    This is again honest, and to the point. No need to play with someone’s emotions by not letting them know how you feel. However, this could imply that you may fall in love with him/her again after a period of time, so use with discretion.

    You deserve better.

    • तुम इससे बेहतर के लायक हो ।
    • tum iss se behtar ke layak hoo.

    Yes, he/she probably deserves a better relationship if your own feelings have cooled down.

    We should start seeing other people.

    • हमे दुसरे लोगों को देखना शरू करना देना चाहिए।
    • hume doosre logo ko dekhna shuroo kar dena chaiye.

    This is probably the least gentle break-up phrase, so reserve it for a lover that doesn’t get the message!

    I need my space.

    • मुझे अपनी जगह की जरूरत है।
    • Mujhe apanī jagaha kī jarūrata hai.

    When a person is too clingy or demanding, this would be an suitable break-up phrase. It is another good go-to for that lover who doesn’t get the message!

    I think we’re moving too fast.

    • मुझे लगता है हम बहुत तेजी से बढ़ रहे हैं।
    • Mujhē lagatā hai hum bhut tējī sē badd rahē hai.

    Say this if you want to keep the relationship, but need to slow down its progress a bit. It is also good if you feel things are getting too intense for your liking. However, it is not really a break-up line, so be careful not to mislead.

    I need to focus on my career.

    • मुझे अपने कैरियर पर ध्यान केंद्रित करने की जरूरत है।
    • Mujhe apnē kariyer par dhyān kēndrit karanē kī jarūrat hai.

    If you feel that you will not be able to give 100% in a relationship due to career demands, this is the phrase to use. It’s also good if you are unwilling to give up your career for a relationship.

    I’m not good enough for you.

    • मैं तुम्हारे लिए बहुत अच्छा नहीं हूँ।
    • Mein tumhārē liyē bahut acchā nahī hoo.

    Say this only if you really believe it, or you’ll end up sounding false. Break-ups are usually hard for the receiving party, so don’t insult him/her with an insincere comment.

    I just don’t love you anymore.

    • बस अब में तुम्हे ओर प्यार नहीं करता ।
    • bus ab mein tumhe or pyar nahi karta.

    This harsh line is sometimes the best one to use if you are struggling to get through to a stubborn, clingy lover who won’t accept your break up. Use it as a last resort. Then switch your phone off and block their emails!

    We’re just not right for each other.

    • हम सिर्फ एक-दूसरे के लिए सही नहीं है ।
    • Hum sirf ēk-dūsarē kē liyē sahī nahī hai.

    If this is how you truly feel, you need to say it. Be kind, gentle and polite.

    It’s for the best.

    • यह अच्छे के लिए है।
    • Yah acche ke liye hai.

    This phrase is called for if circumstances are difficult and the relationship is not progressing well. Love should enhance one’s life, not burden it!

    We’ve grown apart.

    • हम अलग हो गए है।
    • Hum alag hō gaye hai.

    Cross-cultural relationships are often long-distance ones, and it is easy to grow apart over time.

  • 8. Will Falling in Love help you Learn Hindi faster?

    Most people will agree that the above statement is a no-brainer - of course it will! Your body will be flooded with feel-good hormones, which are superb motivators for anything. HindiPod101 is one of the best portals to help help make this a reality, so don’t hesitate to enroll now! Let’s quickly look at the reasons why falling in love will speed up your learning of the Hindi language.

    Three Reasons Why Having a Lover will Help you Learn Hindi Faster!

    null

    1- Being in a love relationship with your Hindi speaking partner will immerse you in the culture
    HindiPod101 uses immersive methods and tools to teach you Hindi, but having a relationship with a native speaker will be a very valuable addition to your learning experience! You will gain exposure to their world, realtime and vividly, which will make the language come alive even more for you. The experience is likely to expand your world-view, which should motivate you to learn Hindi even faster.

    2- Having your Hindi romantic partner will mean more opportunity to practice speaking
    Nothing beats continuous practice when learning a new language. Your partner will probably be very willing to assist you in this, as your enhanced Hindi language skills will enhance the relationship. Communication is, after all, one of the most important pillars of a good partnership. Also, you will get to impress your lover with the knowledge gained through your studies - a win/win situation!

    3- A supportive Hindi lover is likely to make a gentle, patient teacher and study aid!
    With his/her heart filled with love and goodwill for you, your Hindi partner is likely to patiently and gently correct your mistakes when you speak. This goes not only for grammar, but also for accent and meaning. With his/her help, you could sound like a native in no time!

    Three Reasons Why HindiPod101 helps you learn Hindi Even Faster when you’re In Love

    Start with a bonus, and download the ‘How To be a Good Lover Cheat Sheet’ for FREE! (Logged-In Member Only)

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to be a Good Lover in Hindi

    1- All the Resources and Materials Will Help Both of You
    Falling in love with a man or woman speaking Hindi is an opportunity for both of you to learn a new language! For this reason, every lesson, transcript, vocabulary list, and resource at HindiPod101 is translated into both English and Hindi. So, while your partner can help you learn Hindi faster, you can potentially also help him/her learn and master English!

    2- Lessons Are Designed to Help You Understand and Engage with Hindi Culture
    At HindiPod101, our focus is to help our students learn practical vocabulary and phrases used by everyday people in India. This means that, from your very first lesson, you can apply what you learn immediately! So, when your Hindi partner wants to go out to a restaurant, play Pokemon Go, or attend just about any social function, you have the vocabulary and phrases necessary to have a great time!

    3- Access to Special Resources Dedicated to Romantic Hindi Phrases
    You now have access to HindiPod101’s specially-developed sections and tools to teach you love words, phrases, and cultural insights to help you find and attract your Hindi soul mate. A personal tutor will assist you to master these brilliantly - remember to invite him/her to your wedding!

    How To Say ‘Hello’ in Hindi, and Other Hindi Greetings!

    How to Say Hello in Hindi

    So, you’re heading for India to travel or work. Awesome! You’re in for an amazing adventure! It’s a beautiful country, steeped in a rich culture that may be very unlike your own.

    However, showing respect to the locals is a big deal in every country around the world. A respectful manner and attitude could open doors for you that would otherwise remain mystifyingly closed. Aside from just knowing ‘Thank you’ in Hindi, greeting someone correctly in Hindi could incline a local to treat you more favorably than otherwise! So, the clever thing to do would be to learn Hindi greetings before you embark on your journey. Hindi greetings are different from other languages and probably not what you’d expect. But if learning how to say ‘Hello!’ in Hindi in easy and fun ways is important to you, you’ve come to the right place at HindiPod101.

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to Improve Your Language Skills!

    1. Must-Know Hindi Greetings

    Start straight away with this greeting lesson. It’s short, but it packs a punch!

    This short, but powerful lesson teaches you the basic ways to greet someone correctly in Hindi! At HindiPod101, you will be taught the correct pronunciation and intonation, as well as the correct times to greet in Hindi. And you will have fun!

    The focus of this lesson is Greetings in Hindi

    Topic 1: Greetings—”Hello”

    Sentence from the lesson:

    ‘नमस्ते’
    namasTe
    “Hello (Informal, Formal)”

    The word namasTe is so closely associated with India and Indian culture that it has become famous all over the world. We use namasTe as a formal, as well as a friendly, greeting. It’s used when people meet at any time of the day—morning, noon, or evening! A variation on namaste, which you may or may not have heard before is namaskar. In Hindi, using different greetings for each time of the day is not very common. When talking with friends, we usually just use the English phrases. But there are equivalent Hindi versions—they’re just not used that often.

    For Example:

    सुप्रभात, शुभ संध्या
    suprabhaaT, Shubh sanDHyaa
    “Good morning, Good evening”

    Topic 2: How to say “good-bye”

    Sentence from the lesson:

    ‘फिर मिलेंगे’
    phir milenge
    “Goodbye (informal, formal)”

    A parting expression that we can use for all occasions is phir milenge, which means “See you.” Namaste is also very commonly used to say “good-bye.”
    People sometimes use the Urdu word Alvida which means “Good-bye.” It is an appropriate choice when parting for a long time or forever.

    Language Tip!

    The easiest way of saying your “Good-bye” in Hindi is by using namaste! Take a slightbow with folded hands and say namaste! Namaste and namaskaar both come from Sanskrit and mean something like “I honor you.” or “I bow to you.”

    2. Common Ways to Say Hello in Hindi

    Hindi Greetings

    Standing at the airport in a foreign country for the first time can be a somewhat scary experience for anyone, especially if you need assistance. However, don’t worry - at HindiPod101 we teach you how to quickly get a local’s attention with friendly, correct Hindi greetings! You are more likely to get helped this way.

    Here is our Hindi greetings list of all the general ways to address a person upon meeting. It is tailored for formal and informal situations.

    1- Good morning.

    सुप्रभात|
    SuprabhaaT.

    ‘Good morning’ in Hindi is acceptable any time between approximately 5:30am and 12:00pm, when the day is still young. And smile - it’s the universal ice-breaker!

    2- Good evening

    शुभ संध्या|
    subh SaNDHyaa.

    This greeting is one you would use casually when night begins to fall. Address your friends, close family or close acquaintances, and those who are not your superiors, with this phrase.

    3- How are you?

    आप कैसे हैं?
    aap kaiSe hain?

    Show your friendly interest in another person’s well-being by asking this question. This is the casual greeting form that you would use with your friends and family. For the sake of the friendship, it would be good to listen carefully to the answer! It shows caring and selflessness on your part.

    4- How have you been?

    आप कैसे हैं?
    aap kaiSe hain?

    This is a good question to ask someone you have not seen for a while. The inference is that some catching-up is needed!

    5- What’s up?

    क्या हो रहा है?
    kya ho rahaa hai?

    An universally informal and energetic way to greet your friends or equals! Literally, it means ‘What’s going on in your life?’, yet often no answer is expected. It’s just a greeting! Crazy, right?!

    6- Long time no see.

    बहुत दिनों से मुलाकात नहीं हुई|
    bahuT DiNon Se muLaakaaT Nahiin huii.

    This phrase means is another greeting comment that means “I have not seen you for a while!” Often, no response is expected, except to reciprocate.

    7- Hey!

    सुनो!
    SuNo!

    This is a friendly exclamation to greet your friends or equals with. Reserve its use more for people you see regularly!

    Saying Hello

    8- Good afternoon.

    नमस्ते|
    NamaSTe.

    ‘Good afternoon’ in Hindi is an informal greeting and is used during the second part of the day. The appropriate period falls, in most cultures, from 12:00am till sunset.

    9- How’s it going?

    सब कुछ कैसा चल रहा है?
    Sab kuch kaiSaa cal rahaa hai?

    This greeting phrase basically means the same as ‘How are things progressing?’, ‘How are things going in your life?’ or even ‘What’s up?’ Depending on the friendship, a lengthy answer is not always expected.

    10- It’s nice to see you again.

    आप से फिर मिलकर खुशी हुई।
    aap Se phir milkar khusii huii.

    This friendly, welcoming phrase is best used after greeting someone you have not seen for a while. If you mean it, you will make the person feel special! This is a good thing to say to make someone feel welcome in Hindi.

    11- How’s everything?

    सब कैसा चल रहा है?
    Sab kaiSaa cal rahaa hai?

    This is a variation of ‘How’s it going?’ Use casually with your equals or close acquaintances.

    12- How’s your day?

    आपका दिन कैैसा चल रहा है?
    aapkaa DiN kaiSaa cal rahaa hai?

    Ask this when you’re speaking to your Hindi friend during the day. It’s a friendly phrase to start a conversation with.

    13- Yo!

    सुनो!
    SuNo!

    Yo! is English slang and a universal greeting popular among young men of most nationalities. Rather don’t answer the phone with this, unless you know your caller well!

    14- Hello!

    नमस्ते!
    NamaSTe

    Suitable for use in most settings, situations and persons, this is an important Hindi greeting to know. Be sure to master this word first at HindiPod101!

    15- It’s nice to meet you.

    आपसे मिलकर अच्छा लगा।
    aapSe milkar acchaa lagaa.

    When meeting someone for the first time, this is a polite and friendly way to welcome them. It means you are happy to make their acquaintance.

    3. Why Should You Choose HindiPod101 To Learn How To Greet In Hindi?

    Online learning systems abound, and it’s not easy to know which one will suit your needs best. This means you have to be careful and select a system with a good reputation, and that has proven longevity. HindiPod101, which is part of InnovativeLearning.com, ticks all the boxes! With millions of lesson downloads and over a decade of teaching, we can say with confidence that this is one of the best language learning systems on the web. Why is it such an excellent system? Let us count the ways…

    Hindi Teacher

    1- Video Presentations with Native Speakers

    Friendly native Hindi speakers guide you step-by-step through the process of learning vocabulary, phrases and much more. They demonstrate correct pronunciation and emphasis of the words, so as to ensure that you speak like a native when you’re done! Watching the enthusiastic tutors makes not only for a pleasant and more personal experience - it also allows you to copy mouth and lip movements. It’s like learning from your own Hindi friend in your own home!

    2- Superb Flexibility with 24/7 Access to Learning Material - Anywhere and on Any Device connected to the Internet!

    PC, Android, iPhone, iPad, laptop, even TV - whatever device you prefer! Go online with our FREE app to do your lessons, no matter where you are or which device you are using. All you need is a good internet connection to log on and learn to speak Hindi at your own pace, in your own place!

    3- Pronunciation Tool Ensures You Really Speak Hindi!

    In any language, correct pronunciation is often crucial. The nuances in language require this, or you could find yourself saying things you don’t mean. You will find our Pronunciation Tool invaluable to wrap your mouth around the correct way to greet in Hindi!

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to Improve Your Language Skills!

    4- Our Content is Always New and Dynamic

    Every week, new audio and video lessons are uploaded, so as to keep our promise that learning Hindi with HindiPod101 is always fun and exciting! In addition, you will get access to bonus material and basic Hindi phrases. These are a fantastic way to build your comprehension and speaking skills!

    5- Need to Fast Track your Learning? We Have the Solution!

    Most learning activities are more fun when you’re not doing them alone. For this reason we developed Premium PLUS, which gives you a personal tutor - 24/7! Also, this way you’re likely to learn to speak Hindi much faster!

    So, if our lively Hindi blog is not enough for you, just upgrade to Premium PLUS to get your very own teacher. Personalised goals and lessons based on your needs, assessment of your progress, non-stop feedback and many other super features makes this a very attractive option.

    Say ‘Hello’ to a wonderful, exciting way to learn another language, and learn how to say ‘Hello’ in Hindi in no time! You will be very happy you did!