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The 20+ Best Compliments in Hindi with Basic Do’s & Don’ts

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The best gift you can give someone is to make them smile. And in India, Hindi compliments are the sure-shot way to do that. So brace yourself and get ready to wow your friends! Today you’ll learn how to praise someone in Hindi as well as the do’s and don’ts in the context of Indian culture.

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Table of Contents

  1. The Do’s and Don’ts of Giving Compliments in Indian Culture
  2. General Compliments
  3. On Someone’s Looks
  4. On Someone’s Work
  5. On Someone’s Skills
  6. How to Make Your Compliments Sound More Sincere
  7. How Do Indians Respond to a Compliment?
  8. Conclusion

1. The Do’s and Don’ts of Giving Compliments in Indian Culture

Compliments

1 – Praising Someone of the Same Age Group

When it comes to friends and colleagues of the same age group, Indians mostly keep the best compliments in Hindi for people who are also the same gender. Complimenting someone of the opposite gender is seen as romantic interest or flirting (especially when complimenting on looks!).

For instance, an Indian male would be frank in complimenting his male friend’s dressing sense, fitness, or even hairstyle, but wouldn’t do the same for a female friend. Why? Because that would be seen as flirting or romantic interest.

That being said, things aren’t too strict when praising someone (of the same or opposite gender) on their skills, hard work, or achievements. In fact, it’s normal to compliment people on things like this. So, if you want to learn how to praise someone in Hindi, always be mindful of these cultural points in India.

2 – Being More Vocal on Social Media

In the age of the internet, we see a peculiar trend in the social behavior of Indians: It looks like they’re pretty open and frank while complimenting each other on social media. Whether it’s a picture, selfie, or whatever else, native Indians don’t really hold back on the compliments. Nonetheless, choosing a respectful tone and following social etiquette in India is highly recommended!

3 – Don’t Compliment During the First Meeting. It’s Awkward.

In other cultures, people may find it alluring. But here, in India, we wouldn’t advise you to use Hindi compliments for a girl you’ve just met—or anyone you’ve just met, really—during the first meeting. There are several reasons to back up this suggestion.

First of all, you may come off as someone who wants to familiarize yourself rather quickly. Indians like to take it slow and maintain a formal space until they get to know each other well. Thus, save the praises for the second or third meeting.

2. General Compliments

Now that you’ve learned a great deal about the rules Indians follow to praise someone in Hindi, let’s check out the day-to-day Hindi compliment words for general situations.

1.

वाह!

(vaah!)

“Wow!” You can say this in any ordinary situation, such as having a delicious meal, listening to great poetry, etc.

2.

शानदार!

(saaNaDaar!)

“Superb!” The word itself is synonymous with the word for “praise” in Hindi. If a friend asks you how his / her outfit looks, you can use this phrase without a worry!

3.

क्या बात है!

(kyaa baaT hai!)

“Fantastic!” Suppose you see someone’s picture on social media and want to compliment them in a simple way; this is your go-to formula.

3. On Someone’s Looks

4.

तुम बहुत अच्छे / अच्छी लग रहे हो / रही हो!

(Tum bahuT acche / acchiii Lag rahe ho / rahii ho!)

“You look amazing!” Although it’s only a simple gesture of letting someone know they look nice, please only say this to friends who are the same gender as you.

If you’re a male, say this to a female only if you wish to express your romantic inclination toward her. In that case, it’s one of the most regular Hindi compliments for a girl.

A Woman Taking a Selfie

Cool Look!

5.

आज तो बहुत जम रहे हो / रही हो!

(aaj To bahuT jam rahe ho / rahii ho!)

“You’re killing it today!” Here’s another light-hearted way of complimenting someone’s appearance.

6.

ये शर्ट / साड़ी तो तुम पर बहुत अच्छी लग रही है।

(ye sart / saadii To Tum par bahuT acchii Lag rahii hai.)

“This shirt / saree looks so beautiful on you.” Impressed by a person’s dressing sense? Don’t hold back, and flatter your friends with this popular Hindi phrase.

7.

तुम जब मुस्कुराती हो तो कितनी ख़ूबसूरत लगती हो।

(Tum jab muSkuraaTii ho To kiTaNii khuubaSuuraT LagaTii ho.)

“You look so pretty when you smile.” A smile tells a lot about you. It brings out the innocence within us, and such beautiful compliments in Hindi never go out of style.

8.

आपकी आँखें कितनी सुंदर हैं।

(aapakii aankhen kiTaNii SunDar hain.)

“You have such beautiful eyes.” Eyes are the window to the soul. Mesmerized with those deep eyes and don’t know how to say so? Use this phrase and see the person blush in the blink of an eye.

9.

तुम दुनिया की सबसे हंसीन औरत हो।

(Tum DuNiyaa kii SabaSe hanSiiN auraT ho.)

“You’re the most beautiful woman I’ve ever seen.” Well, trust me, no matter what part of the world you live in, this phrase is sure to melt any woman’s heart. So, why not charm your dream girl in Hindi?

A Girl with a Pretty Smile

10.

आप वाक़ई बेहद ख़ूबसूरत हैं।

(aap vaaqaii behaD khuubaSuuraT hain.)

“You are really extremely gorgeous.” Another simple yet elegant way of praising a man or woman in a romantic way. Honestly, it’s still considered one of the best compliments in Hindi.

4. On Someone’s Work

11.

बहुत बढ़िया!

(bahuT badhiyaa!)

“Well done!” This is a popular phrase that can be used in any situation.

12.

शाबाश, बहुत अच्छा काम किया!

(saabaas! bahuT acchaa kaam kiyaa!)

“Bravo! You did great!” People who have completed their tasks perfectly would love to hear this from others.

13.

ये काफ़ी अच्छा आईडिया है।

(ye kaafii acchaa aaiidiyaa hai.)

“That’s an amazing idea.” This is generally said when a person gives us a great idea to tackle a tricky situation.

14.

तुमने वाक़ई बहुत अच्छी स्पीच दी।

(TumaNe vaaqaii bahuT achhii Spiic Dii.)

“It was a really good speech.” Maybe you have a friend saying a few words onstage to motivate the whole team. Boost their confidence with this compliment in Hindi.

15.

वाह, आपने तो मीटिंग में कमाल कर दिया!

(vaah, aapaNe To miiting men kamaaL kar Diyaa!)

“You literally stole the show at the meeting!” This is a great way to acknowledge your colleague’s efforts and skills during an office meeting or conference.

A Bunch of People Applauding a Speech

Praising Someone’s Efforts

16.

तुम हर रोज़ दफ़्तर वक़्त पर कैसे पहुंच जाती हो!

(Tum har roz DafTar vaqT par kaiSe pahunc jaaTii ho!)

“How do you manage to reach the office right on time every day?” We always have that one person in our office who, no matter what, arrives on time. Well, this and similar Hindi compliments can make the other person feel good about themselves and deepen your friendship.

17.

मैंने तुम्हें कभी देर से आते नहीं देखा।

(main Ne Tumhen kabhii Der Se aaTe Nahiin Dekhaa)

“I’ve never seen you coming late to work.” Here’s a different way of appreciating someone’s punctuality. Go for it and see the magic for yourself.

5. On Someone’s Skills

A Man Slicing a Tomato while a Woman Watches Lovingly

He is an Excellent Cook

18.

तुम तो ज़बरदस्त खाना बनाते हो!

(Tum To zabaraDaST khaaNaa baNaaTe ho!)

“Your cooking is mindblowing!” At a colleague’s house for dinner? Well, make their day by appreciating their efforts and cooking skills with this phrase. Traditionally, what would’ve been considered the best compliment for a woman in Hindi is now widely used for men, too.

19.

आपकी लिखावट का जवाब नहीं।

(aapakii Likhaavat kaa javaab Nahiiin.)

“Your handwriting is remarkable.” In today’s era of typing and chat rooms, good handwriting is becoming a rarity. This phrase is a simple and beautiful way to express your appreciation for someone’s good handwriting.

20.

आपने इतनी अच्छी पेंटिंग बनाना कहाँ से सीखा?

(aapaNe iTaNii achhii peNting baNaaNaa kahaan Se Siikhaa?)

“Where did you learn to paint so well?” What might look like a question is merely an expression of wonderment. It’s just a way of saying how speechless you are!

21.

तुम कितना सुरीला गाती हो।

(Tum kiTaNaa SuriiLaa gaaTii ho.)

“You sing so melodiously.” You’re at a party with your friends and one of them happens to sing there. In that case, you can pamper him / her with this compliment in Hindi.

22.

तुम फ़ोटोज़ बहुत अच्छी खींचती हो।

(Tum fotoz bahuT acchii khiincaTii ho.)

“You’re really good at taking pictures.” We all have that one friend taking amazing pictures for us at small gatherings, ceremonies, picnics, and office parties. It’s time to return the favor and spoil them with Hindi compliments.

23..

तुम तो एकदम बढ़िया हिंदी बोल लेते हो।

(Tum To ekaDam badhiyaa hiNDii boL LeTe ho.)

“You speak Hindi so fluently!” In India, Hindi is spoken only in a few states. So, if you catch a non-Hindi native speaking like a pro, then this would be a well-deserved compliment for them.

6. How to Make Your Compliments Sound More Sincere

Genuine praise can give anyone butterflies in the stomach, while a fake compliment does just the opposite. It wrecks the whole mood. And believe us, people can easily sense if you really mean it or not!

Compliments open the doors to those tender corners of the heart, but learning the best Hindi compliments isn’t enough. Thus, it becomes quite important to make your praises sound authentic and heartfelt. After all, you don’t want to leave any stone unturned, do you?

To be honest, the best compliments in Hindi, or any language for that matter, are those which are felt from within. So, what are the things that instantly add life to a compliment and make someone blush and giggle?

Amazing Voice and Singing

Let’s check out these simple yet magical tips to take the game up a notch with the best compliment lines in Hindi.

1 – Confidence

Great dressing sense and looks are all in vain if your tone, body language, and conviction aren’t doing you justice. Now that you’ve learned the best Hindi compliments, make sure that whenever you’re initiating a conversation or complimenting someone, you’re giving off an energetic vibe full of confidence.

2 – Eye Contact

Avoiding eye contact not only makes us look timid, but it can also make a person question our honesty. As much as possible, maintain a healthy amount of eye contact and infuse your praises with that self-confidence.

3 – Keep it Simple

Simplicity is the key to winning someone’s heart, so putting too much effort into a compliment isn’t necessary. When feelings are pure, words are just a means to communicate those feelings.

4 – The Little Things Matter

Stating the obvious has worked for no one. Do you really wanna make them feel the magic of your words? Pay attention to the details. Bring up something that maybe no one else has noticed, and put it in the most beautiful way possible.

5 – Say it as You Mean it!

You know what? Vibes and senses can’t be measured, but they never lie to us. So, if your words are empty, it’s better to save your time and drop the idea of going forward. A compliment can only work wonders when it comes right from the bottom of your heart!

This is just one aspect to learn about giving compliments in Hindi culture. Now, we’ll see what to expect after offering your praise in Hindi.

7. How Do Indians Respond to a Compliment?

Before we begin, how many of you remember the word for “compliment” in Hindi? Try to think! Okay, okay, it’s not that easy, we agree. It’s तारीफ़ (Taariif) or प्रशंसा (prasaNSaa).

Well, there are all kinds of reactions. Some people will blush, some will be quite thrilled, and some may just respond with a simple “Thank you.” To save you the time and all the confusion (thanks to the cultural differences!), we’ll show you what you can expect in response after giving compliments in India.

1 – Blush, Blush, Blush!

Sometimes, words can’t do justice to our emotions. That being said, from aunties to the pretty girls, and not to forget the uncles and little kiddos, the first and most natural response to a compliment will definitely show on their cheeks! 🙂

That’s right. That pink glow and blushing all over their face is enough to tell you how pleased they are.

2 – They Feel it!

Did you see the person shying away and trying to hide their smile? Pat yourself on the back and know that you’ve done your job well. Remember, Indians may not be quite vocal about it, but compliments do make them happy. To top it off, if a non-native goes to the length of praising them in Hindi, they’ll be over the moon. Really.

3 – Be Ready to Get a Compliment Back!

Have you just been praised right after giving a compliment? You might wonder if it was real or out of sheer courtesy! Well, there’s a 50-50 chance that either scenario is true. Moreover, it’s not so black-and-white, either. Sometimes, people don’t know how to respond and they compliment you back. Often, they really have been impressed and didn’t know when to say it until you took the lead. All in all, it’s not that big a deal.

4 – What if Nothing Happens?

In India, people may shy away and blush. It’s just a gesture that happens in response to feeling appreciated. Some may even be frank and say “Thank you.” While lots of folks will clearly express their joy, don’t be disheartened if things don’t turn out as you imagined.

8. Conclusion

That was all from our side on how to compliment people in Hindi. For more content and better access, sign up for an account on HindiPod101.com.

Did you enjoy this lesson? Which complimenting phrase is your favorite? If you feel stuck because you can’t remember a word, you can jump in and use our free online dictionary.

Cultural differences play a vital role in the way we interact with each other. Indian culture is unique in its own way. Which of the Indian do’s and don’ts look appealing to you? Let us know in the comment box below.

If there’s anything else that you’d like us to cover, don’t hesitate to get in touch, because we love to hear from you!

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The Top 20+ Phrases to Help You Express Anger in Hindi

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Life comes up with all sorts of surprises. Sometimes, things may not go as planned, and that’s bound to upset you. But no matter what, we must always refrain from using offensive curse words in Hindi.

Having said that, there are plenty of ways to vent your frustration and anger in Hindi, and you can do so without hurting someone’s feelings.

We’ll show you how to share your emotions in Hindi in a manner that’s appropriate and acceptable even in public places.

So, what are the common angry phrases in Hindi that native people use to let others know they’re angry? Keep reading to find out.

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Table of Contents

  1. Hindi Words for Anger
  2. Simple Ways to Express Anger
  3. Angry Warnings
  4. Angry Blames
  5. Bonus: Calming Tips to Cool Off Your Anger
  6. Bonus: Calming Tips to Cool Off Your Anger
  7. Speak Like a Native with HindiPod101.com

1. Hindi Words for Anger

Complaints

When someone tests your patience, the first natural response to express anger in Hindi is often to slay them with your fuming words.

Let’s begin with a few common negative words in Hindi that are harmless and still quite effective in dealing with undesirable situations. Here’s how to say “angry” in Hindi a few different ways:

  • ग़ुस्सा (ġuSSaa) or नाराज़गी (Naaraazagii) — “Anger” — [Noun]
  • ग़ुस्सा होना (ġuSSaa hoNaa) or नाराज़ होना (Naaraaz hoNaa) — “Angry” — [Verb]
  • ग़ुस्सैल (ġuSSaiL) — “Angry” — [Adjective]

Here’s an example for each Hindi translation of “angry”:

  • इतना ग़ुस्सा अच्छा नहीं होता।
    iTaNaa ġuSSaa acchaa Nahiin hoTaa.
    “Too much anger is not good.”
  • अब तुम नाराज़ मत होना।
    ab Tum Naaraaz maT hoNaa.
    “Please, don’t get angry now.”
  • मेरा बॉस बहुत ग़ुस्सैल इंसान है।
    meraa baauS bahuT ġuSSaiL iNSaaN hai.
    “My boss is a really angry person.”

There’s a whole list of Hindi phrases natives say to each other when they’re upset, including some typical angry expressions in Hindi that can be used anywhere and by people of any age group. These sentences can be used both in serious situations and in less-serious situations, like during an innocent mood swing.

Little Girl Pouting

A great example is the phrase “I am angry” in Hindi, which translates as मैं ग़ुस्सा हूँ (main guSSaa huun) or मैं नाराज़ हूँ (main Naaraaz huun).

If somebody wants to be a little more specific with their phrases, like in “I am angry with you,” the translation in Hindi would be मैं तुमसे नाराज़ हूँ (main Tum Se Naaraaz huun).

Now that we’ve covered the basics, we present to you a huge list of angry Hindi messages and phrases that you can use when you’re angry.

2. Simple Ways to Express Anger

Oh! So, you have young ones who just won’t keep their mouths shut? Or friends nagging you and making you uncomfortable with their not-so-funny remarks? Maybe you happen to be a teacher and you just can’t take the nonsense of your quarreling students anymore!

Woman Holding Out Hand for Someone to Stop

Well, whatever it is that’s bringing you to the edge of exploding, here are a few ways to instantly show that you’re angry in Hindi!

1. “Shut up.” चुप हो जाओ।
(cup ho jaao.)
Example Situation
Someone is lying to your face, but you already know the truth; you ask them to just keep quiet.

2. “Stop it.” बंद करो ये सब।
(banD karo ye Sab.)
Example Situation
When kids are fighting and don’t look like they’re going to stop, a loud warning may do the job.

3. “Cut it out.” बकवास बंद करो।
(bakavaaS banD karo.)
Example Situation
A friend is making excuses or exaggerating the situation in order to get away from his own actions.

4. “Leave me alone.” मुझे अकेला छोड़ दो।
(mujhe akeLaa chod Do.)
Example Situation
You’re in a lot of emotional pain or frustration and just want to be alone for a while.

5. “Get lost.” दफ़ा हो जाओ।
(Dafaa ho jaao.)
Example Situation
This phrase is occasionally said between friends in a mild way. However, people do use it when situations get really tense and serious.

6. “Get out of here.” चले जाओ यहाँ से।
(caLe jaao yahaan Se.)
Example Situation
Like the previous phrase, this one is occasionally said between friends in a mild way. However, people do use it when situations get really tense and serious.

7. “Don’t eat my head.” मेरा दिमाग़ मत खाओ।
(meraa Dimaag maT khaao.)
Example Situation
This is a common phrase people use when somebody is irritating them or asking them something stupid.

3. Angry Warnings

Negative Verbs

Showing anger in Hindi may, at times, involve a bit of warning! In the charts below, you’ll learn a handful of phrases that say “I am getting angry” in Hindi.

8. “Don’t mess with me.” मुझसे भिड़ो मत।
(mujh Se bhido maT.)
Example Situation
It’s a warning you can use when someone is badly provoking you.

9. “Don’t mess with me.” मुझसे पंगे मत लो।
(mujh Se pange maT Lo.)
Example Situation
It’s a warning you can use when someone is badly provoking you.

Actually, phrases eight and nine above are the same. There’s just a small difference between them. While मुझसे भिड़ो मत (mujh Se bhido maT) means something more like “Don’t irritate me,” the phrase मुझसे पंगे मत लो (mujh Se pange maT Lo) contains a local Mumbaiya slang word, which is पंगे लेना (pange LeNaa).

10. “You’re asking for trouble.” तुम बहुत बुरा फंसोगे।
(Tum bahuT buraa phanSoge.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used for threatening someone due to their actions and the implications of those actions. It’s commonly used during street fights.

11. “Don’t make me say it again.” मुझे दुबारा ना कहना पड़े।
(mujhe Dubaaraa Naa kahaNaa pade.)
Example Situation
This is usually said by a person who has more authority over the other, like a boss to an employee.

12. “I’m warning you for the last time.” मैं तुम्हें आख़िरी बार समझा रहा हूँ।
(main Tumhen aakhirii baar Samajhaa rahaa huun.)
Example Situation
This is usually said by a person who has more authority over the other, like a parent to a child.

13. “This is my last warning.” ये मेरी तुम्हें आख़िरी चेतावनी है।
(ye merii Tumhen aakhirii ceTaavaNii hai.)
Example Situation
This is usually said by a person who has more authority over the other. For example, a person who has a strong network and connections to someone with comparatively lower power.

Sometimes, trying to let someone know that you’re feeling angry in Hindi can lead to even stronger, and more varied, negative emotions. This can cause you to use stronger language or a sharper tone.

14. “I don’t want to see your face again.” मुझे तुम्हारी शक़्ल भी नहीं देखनी।
(mujhe Tumhaarii saqL bhii Nahiin DekhaNii.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used when anger is accompanied by loathing and hatred. These feelings may be short-lived or permanent.

15. “I will not tolerate that.” मैं ये बर्दाश्त नहीं करूँगा।
(main ye barDaasT Nahiin karuungaa.)
Example Situation
When a student or employee has broken the rules, the principal or employer may say this.

4. Angry Blames

People tend to indulge in the blame game when showing their anger in Hindi, especially when someone else is the reason for failure.

A Conflict Situation

Imagine you’re about to win the badminton match, but your partner lost that one point. Maybe you were about to grab that project, but a tiny careless comment from your colleague ruined your chances?

What kind of vibes and thoughts do these scenarios generate within you? Well, let’s give the right words to your fuming emotions in Hindi.

16. “What were you thinking?”

तुम सोच क्या रहे थे?
(Tum Soc kyaa rahe THe?)

Example Situation
Usually, this is said when someone has done something really stupid, like forgetting their wallet somewhere.

17. “What were you thinking?” तुम्हारा ध्यान कहाँ था?
(Tumhaaraa DHyaaN kahaan THaa?)
Example Situation
This phrase is used when a person has acted irresponsibly. For instance, not driving carefully or losing the car keys.

18. “Who do you think you are?” तुम ख़ुद को समझते क्या हो?
(Tum khuD ko SamajhaTe kyaa ho?)
Example Situation
This phrase is used when a person has crossed someone’s line too many times. For instance, breaking office rules and not caring about it.

19. “Are you out of your mind?” तुम्हारा दिमाग ख़राब है क्या?
(Tumhaaraa Dimaag kharaab hai kyaa?)
Example Situation
This one is said in situations where someone is ready to take, or has already taken, some reckless steps with negative or dangerous implications. For example, getting into a fight with older students.

20. “What’s wrong with you?”
Or
“What’s your problem?”
तुम्हारी दिक्कत क्या है?
(Tumhaarii DikkaT kyaa hai?)
Example Situation
This is said in situations where someone is ready to take, or has already taken, some reckless steps with negative or dangerous implications. For example, getting into a fight with a colleague or a person with authority.

Some synonyms of “angry” in Hindi could also hint toward disappointment, regret, unwanted interference, or irritation.

Couple After an Argument

Check out the charts below and learn about anger in Hindi phrases.

21. “You never listen to me.” तुम कभी मेरी बात नहीं सुनते।
(Tum kabhii merii baaT Nahiin SuNaTe.)
Example Situation
People sometimes say this in a lighthearted way, though it can be serious.
A parent or sibling may say this when you haven’t listened to their instructions, and as a result burned the food or messed up an electronic appliance.

22. “It’s all your fault.” ये सारी ग़लती तुम्हारी है।
(ye Saarii gaLaTii Tumhaarii hai.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used to put the entire blame on just one person. For instance, if a project was unsuccessful or a meeting failed.

23. “You messed it up.” तुमने सब गड़बड़ कर दिया।
(TumaNe Sab gadabad kar Diyaa.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used to put the entire blame on just one person. For instance, if you missed the train because your brother couldn’t finish his packing on time.

24. “You’re impossible.”
Or
“There is no point in saying anything to you.”
तुमसे तो कुछ भी कहना बेकार है।
(Tum Se To kuch bhii kahaNaa bekaar hai.)
Example Situation
Use this when someone acts stubborn and doesn’t pay heed to your advice, or if they try to cover up their mistakes with petty excuses.

25. “You’re weird.” तुम एकदम अजीब हो।
(Tum ekaDam ajiib ho.)
Example Situation
Use this when someone’s behavior is really weird. For example, if your friend greets your sibling, and your sibling doesn’t respond.

26. “It’s none of your business.” इस बात से तुम्हारा कोई लेना-देना नहीं है।
(iS baaT Se Tumhaaraa koii LeNaa DeNaa Nahiin hai.)
Example Situation
This is another way of asking someone to back off and not interfere in your matters.

27. “Keep your nose out of it.”
Or
“Stay out of it.”
तुम इसमें अपनी नाक मत घुसाओ।
(Tum iS men apaNii Naak maT ghuSaao.)
Example Situation
This is another way to ask someone to back off and not interfere in your matters.

5. Phrases to Describe How You Feel

It’s essential to use and learn about angry idioms in Hindi. But you know what? The thought process of the human mind is so complex and subtle.

More often than not, it may seem like anger on the surface level, but deep down it’s something entirely different.

For instance, when someone says “I am angry” in Hindi, it may be just a part of what they’re feeling. It may be the result of boredom, feeling stuck in life, disappointment, or really any number of things.

Feeling Low and Disappointed

Why don’t you look at these various angry Hindi lines and see what scenarios to use them in!

28. “I’m very upset.” मेरा दिमाग अभी बहुत ख़राब हो रहा है।
(meraa Dimaag abhi bahuT kharaab ho rahaa hai.)
Example Situation
Use this phrase when you’re trying to warn someone about your bad mood.

29. “I’m fed up with it.” मैं तंग आ गया हूं।
(main Tang aa gayaa huun.)
Example Situation
Say this when something has tested your patience and your will, making it difficult to adjust to that situation or person.

30. “I just can’t stand it.” ये मेरे बर्दाश्त के बाहर है।
(ye mere barDaasT ke baahar hai.)
Example Situation
You can say this when you dislike something very strongly, such as lies, another person’s company, etc.

31. “I hate it.”
Or
“I don’t like it at all.”
मुझे ये बिल्कुल पसंद नहीं है।
(mujhe ye biLkuL paSaND Nahiin hai.)
Example Situation
Say this phrase when you dislike something very strongly, such as lies, another person’s company, etc.

32. “I have never been so disappointed.”
Or
“I have never felt so bad.”
मुझे इतना बुरा पहले कभी नहीं लगा।
(mujhe iTaNaa buraa pahaLe kabhii Nahiin Lagaa.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used in extreme situations, such as during public humiliation or betrayal by a close friend.

33. “I’m not feeling okay.” मेरा मन ठीक नहीं है।
(meraa maN thiik Nahiin hai.)
Example Situation
You can use this phrase when you’re sad and want to avoid any kind of conversation about it.

34. “I don’t feel good.” मुझे अच्छा नहीं लग रहा।
(mujhe acchaa Nahiin Lag rahaa.)
Example Situation
It may be your gut instinct, mood, or some strange feeling that says you’re not feeling alright.

Whoa! That was a pretty extensive look at all those temper-testing types of emotions in Hindi. Need something positive and calming to infuse your mind with?

If so, you’ll be delighted to read our next section, which carries some pretty simple but effective tips and techniques to soothe yourself and feel better again!

6. Bonus: Calming Tips to Cool Off Your Anger

As long as you’re not getting out of control, it’s actually a healthy thing to express anger once in a while. Doing so gives that toxic emotional build-up a release and prevents us from turning into a volcano! However, make sure to not become a victim of that anger.

Luckily, there are some things you can do to quickly lift your mood and overcome stress rather easily.

Music Makes Us Feel Better

So, the next time you or your pal lose your temper, put some of these ideas to practice and wait for the magic to happen!

  • “Take a deep breath.”
    गहरी साँस लो। (gaharii SaanS Lo.)
  • “Take a walk or run.”
    खुली हवा में टहलो या दौड़ लगाओ। (khuLii havaa men tahaLo yaa Daud Lagaao.)
  • “Listen to soothing music.”
    अच्छे गाने सुन लो। (acche gaaNe SuN Lo.)
  • “Write it down.”
    अपने मन की बात को लिखकर ज़ाहिर करो। (apaNe maN kii baaT ko Likhakar zaahir karo.)
  • “Reframe your thinking, change your point of view.”
    अपने सोचने का तरीक़ा बदलो। (apaNe SocaNe kaa Tariiqaa baDaLo.)
  • “Look at the positive things in life.”
    अच्छी बातों पर ध्यान दो। (acchii baaTon par DHyaaN Do.)

7. Speak Like a Native with HindiPod101.com

With that, we come to the end of this lesson. By now, you must have learned how to say “anger” in Hindi and how to express that emotion effectively! Do you know any other phrases that we forgot to share?

To practice what you’ve learned today, why not write out some different anger-related words and phrases in Hindi? We’d love to see them in the comment box below.

Journaling Negative Emotions

Meanwhile, you can also sign up on HindiPod101.com and get a free lifetime account by downloading our InnovativeLanguage101 mobile app. Not only does it sound cool, but the membership plan also gives you free access to PDF cheat sheets, a brand-new vocabulary list, and a free online dictionary.

So, don’t stay behind. Pull your socks up and experience a completely advanced way of learning Hindi at your own pace. Our Help Center is ready to help you with any issues, anytime.

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Master Best Wishes in Hindi: Happy Birthday in Hindi & More

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Life would be so dull without celebrations. This is why people in India never miss a chance to cherish every opportunity and share their warm wishes and heartfelt messages. It’s fairly common to see everyone wishing Happy Birthday in Hindi and sending other popular life event messages in Hindi to one another.

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Table of Contents

  1. Importance of Life Event Messages in Hindi
  2. Wishing a Happy Birthday in Hindi
  3. Holiday Wishes in Hindi
  4. Baby Shower Messages in Hindi & Baby Birth Wishes
  5. Getting a Graduation Degree
  6. On Grabbing a New Job / Promotion
  7. For the Retirement Party
  8. The Occasion of Marriage
  9. Condolences in Hindi: Someone’s Death / Funeral
  10. Dealing with Bad News
  11. On an Injury / Illness
  12. Experience an Endless Journey of Learning with Us

1. Importance of Life Event Messages in Hindi

Whether it’s a pleasant occasion or a sad moment, the little yet meaningful words of Hindi congratulations messages or condolences allow people to express their solidarity with each other. Expressing best wishes in Hindi and passing along your condolences in Hindi are just some simple ways of saying “We’ll be together in everything, come rain or shine.”

Isn’t it amazing to realize that when shared with others, happiness increases manifold, and sadness diminishes like a dream! At some point, you too will become a part of someone’s crucial moment. In those times, knowing how to speak or write Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi and other holiday messages in Hindi really brings two people closer.

Moreover, special moments in the form of significant life events in India offers us a great chance to improve Hindi language skills and discover a warm way of communicating with native Hindi speakers. You can grab these opportunities to share expressions like “Wish you a very happy birthday,” in Hindi or “Happy anniversary,” and win people’s hearts with your best wishes in Hindi.

Engagement Ceremony

Apart from these cheerful holiday greetings in Hindi, learning the Hindi language also enables you to send sad life event messages, such as funeral messages. That’s why it’s essential to read about these special situations and learn what to say on such occasions.

2. Wishing a Happy Birthday in Hindi

Happy Birthday

There’s nothing more precious than the day you were born. So, we’ll begin our lesson with Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi. In India, milestones such as the first birthday of a child, or the fiftieth birthday of an adult, are celebrated in a grand way.

But those instances are rare. More often than not, birthdays are either a private event with just family members and close friends, though they can be quite large and impressive.

Indians are emotional and sensitive when it comes to their birthdays. And honestly, who isn’t! If you have a few native friends and know how to wish them Happy Birthday in Hindi, it would mean a lot to them.

There are various ways to say “Wish you a happy birthday,” in Hindi. If we want to break it down, “birthday” is जन्मदिन (jaNmaDiN) and “anniversary” is सालगिरह (SaaLagirah). The English words “happy” and “best wishes” are interchangeable phrases with the same meaning in Hindi: शुभ कामनाएं (subh kaamaNaayen).

Below, we’ve covered the most common styles of sharing Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi.

  • जन्मदिन की बहुत सारी बधाई। (jaNmaDiN kii bahuT Saarii baDHaaii.)
    “Many many happy returns of the day.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • सालगिरह मुबारक हो। (SaaLagirah mubaarak ho.)
    “Happy birthday.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

There may be some instances when personal engagements keep you busy and you forget to wish the person on time. In such cases, here’s a way to send your good wishes:

  • देर से बधाई के लिए माफ़ करना। जन्मदिन मुबारक हो। (Der Se baDHaaii ke Liye maaf karaNaa. jaNmaDiN mubaarak ho.)
    “Sorry for the late congratulations. Belated happy birthday.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

3. Holiday Wishes in Hindi

Basic Questions

Every country has its own unique set of festivals and local celebrations. These may be religious, social, or national occasions. Being in a country like India, you’ll hardly have a dull moment because there are several kinds of Indian festivities happening all year long.

Now that you’ve already mastered how to send Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi, we’ll help you explore the traditional holiday greetings in Hindi.

1- Happy New Year Greetings in Hindi

The culture of wishing a happy new year to your loved ones is as popular in India as anywhere else in the world. To quench your curiosity, let’s begin this chunk about holiday greetings in Hindi with learning how to wish a Happy New Year in Hindi.

Happy New Year Wishes

Sending Happy New Year best wishes in Hindi is quite simple. And honestly, there’s no single way to say it.

  • The most widespread fashion to wish a Happy New Year in Hindi is नया साल मुबारक हो (Nayaa SaaL mubaarak ho), which translates to “Wish you a happy new year.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • People also send Happy New Year greetings by saying and writing नए साल की शुभ कामनाएँ (Naye SaaL kii subh kaamaNaayen), which translates to “Best wishes on the new year!”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • Many folks prefer to send happy New Year wishes by saying नवीन हिन्दू वर्ष की बधाई (NaviiN hiNDuu vars kii baDHaaii), or “Greetings of the Hindu New Year.”
    Written in a formal manner.

2- How to Say Merry Christmas in Hindi

Christmas is called बड़ा दिन (badaa DiN) in Hindi, though it’s also known by its English name, that is क्रिसमस (kriSamaS). There are two common ways to say Merry Christmas in Hindi.

  • क्रिसमस की ढेर सारी बधाई। (kriSamaS kii dher Saarii baDHaaii.)
    “Merry Christmas”.
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

This is also one of the most popular and simplest styles of sending Merry Christmas wishes in Hindi SMS.

Christmas Celebrations

  • बड़ा दिन मुबारक हो। (badaa DiN mubaarak ho.)
    “Merry Christmas.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

Now that you’ve learned how to say Merry Christmas in Hindi, let’s switch to some other special occasions.

3- Happy Valentine’s Day in Hindi

Before we explore the Hindi phrase for Valentine’s Day, do you know about Friendship Day?

The term “friendship” can be translated into many forms in the language. Some of the appropriate words are दोस्ती (DoSTii) and मित्रता (miTraTaa).

And to say Happy Friendship Day in Hindi, that would be मित्रता दिवस (miTraTaa DivaS).

For writing in a formal manner, the phrase would be:

  • मित्रता दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं। (miTraTaa DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    “Happy Friendship Day.”

As far as Valentine’s Day is concerned, there’s no colloquial word for that. Even in Hindi, the name is written and spoken as वैलेंटाइन्स डे (vaiLeNtaaiNS de).

4- Happy Independence Day in Hindi

India got its independence from British rule on August 15, 1947. Thus, this date is known as Independence Day. The national holiday is celebrated every year on August 15, and all schools, colleges, and offices remain closed on this day.

Indians pay their tribute to freedom fighters and remind each other of their sacrifices by generously sharing Happy Independence Day messages in Hindi.

The literal translation of “Independence Day” is स्वतंत्रता दिवस (SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS), while “independence” or “freedom” is colloquially known as आज़ादी (aazaaDii).

So, if you’re in India and wish to be a part of this patriotic feeling that Indians share, there’s no better way to do it than by sending them Happy Independence Day messages in Hindi.

India's Independence Day

Here’s a great one you can use:

  • आप सभी को स्वतंत्रता दिवस की हार्दिक शुभ कामनाएं। (aap Sabhii ko SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS kii haarDik subh kaamNaayen.)
    “Wish you all a Happy Independence Day.”
    Spoken and written formally.

So, next time you’re in India, how would you like to share the Happy Independence messages in Hindi?

It’s time to check out some other major festival messages in Hindi!

5- Mother’s and Father’s Day in Hindi

The closest people in your family are your mother and father. And this is a deep enough reason to celebrate Mother’s Day and Father’s Day once a year.

  • “Happy Mother’s Day” in Hindi is मातृ दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं (maaTri DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    Written in a formal manner.
  • “Happy Father’s Day” in Hindi is पितृ दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं (piTri DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    Written in a formal manner.

6- Indian Festival Holiday Wishes in Hindi

As we mentioned above, in this cultural land of countless festivities, a heavy exchange of holiday messages in Hindi is bound to happen. There are many local festivals that you just can’t miss!

Below, you’ll find a few examples of how to share best wishes during festivals like Eid, Holi, and Diwali. Let’s check these top holiday wishes in Hindi.

Eid Wishes

  • ईद मुबारक! (iiD mubaarak)
    “Happy Eid”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

Eid is a religious festival of Muslims which is celebrated after following a strict month-long fast known as Ramzan.

  • बुरा न मानो होली है! (buraa Na maaNo hoLii hai!)
    “Don’t mind, it’s Holi!”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

Holi is a festival of colors. Although it’s mainly a Hindu festival, on this day, people of all religions come together and throw colors on each other.

  • शुभ दीपावली (subh DiipaavaLii)
    “Happy Diwali”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

Another Hindu festival, Diwali is better known as the Festival of Lights. Lighting diyaa, candles, and fire crackers is the most prominent characteristic of the celebration.

4. Baby Shower Messages in Hindi & Baby Birth Wishes

Pregnancy and birth are not only considered magical, but are also auspicious events in India. By this, one can only imagine the extent of excitement and countless rituals to welcome the baby while appreciating the whole experience of motherhood.

Mother Holding a Baby

You, too, may have colleagues and friends who are about to start their family and have a baby. Don’t fall behind in sending the couple your baby shower messages and other apt best wishes in Hindi.

  • हमारे बीच एक नन्हा मेहमान आने वाला है। (hamaare biic ek NaNhaa mehamaaN aaNe vaaLaa hai.)
    “We’re going to have a baby soon.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • गोद भराई की ख़ूब सारी बधाइयां। (goD bharaaii kii khuub Saarii baDHaaiyaan.)
    “Congratulations on the baby shower ceremony.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • नयी संतान को ढेर सारा प्यार और आशीर्वाद। (Nayii SaNTaaN ko dher Saaraa pyaar aur aasirvaaD.)
    “Lots of love and blessings to the newborn baby.”
    Spoken in a formal manner; usually used by elders.

What’s more? Once the loved ones become parents, you can also wish them “Happy Mother’s Day” in Hindi as described in the above section!

5. Getting a Graduation Degree

Talking about Age

Everyone knows the ups and downs one must go through to finally hold that graduation degree in their hands. Undoubtedly, it’s one of the most crucial phases in a student’s life. A simple congratulations message in Hindi can go a long way toward showing the graduate how proud you are!

Whether it’s your friend, neighbor, or a friend’s kid, take pleasure and pride in their achievements while encouraging them with your best graduation messages in Hindi.

  • ख़ूब मेहनत करो और ऐसे ही उन्नति करो। (khuub mehaNaT karo aur aiSe hii uNNaTi karo.)
    “Work hard and keep accomplishing in life.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • सफलता तुम्हारे क़दम चूमे। (SaphaLTaa Tumhaare qaDam cuume.)
    “May success always be on your side.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • भगवान करे तुम ख़ूब नाम कमाओ। (bhagavaaN kare Tum khuub Naam kamaao.)
    “May God help you achieve success and fame.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

6. On Grabbing a New Job / Promotion

In this age of cut-throat competition, finding a job or getting a promotion are not light events. Pamper your loved ones and colleagues with these amazing messages on their career milestones.

Congratulating on a New Job

  • आपकी सफलता पर हम सब को नाज़ है। (aapakii SaphaLTaa par ham Sab ko Naaz hai.)
    “We’re all so proud of your success.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • नयी नौकरी पर हमारी तहे-दिल से मुबारकबाद। (Nayii Naukrii par hamaarii Tahe-DiL Se mubaarakabaaD.)
    “Our best wishes on your new job.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • आपको उज्जवल भविष्य की शुभ कामनाएं। (aapko ujjavaL bhavisya kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    “We wish you the best for a bright future.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

7. For the Retirement Party

Retirement doesn’t go down well with all of us. It’s a turn of events that seems relieving at the surface, but somehow can make people feel helpless and depressed.

In these moments, a beautiful message, powerful words filled with love and empathy, can transform someone’s transition phase into something less painful and more exciting.

So, next time you come across a friend, or their parents, who are retiring soon, boost their morale with these simple yet rejuvenating phrases!

  • आपके जीवन की दूसरी पारी की धमाकेदार शुरुआत हो! (aapake jiivaN kii DuuSarii paarii kii DHamaakeDaar suruaaT ho!)
    “Have a blasting second inning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
    *Here the phrase “blasting second inning” means the second fresh phase of life after retirement. In this case, the first inning refers to the professional work life of the person.
  • अब ज़िन्दगी को और खुल के जियें। (ab ziNDagii ko aur khuL ke jiyen.)
    “May you have an even fuller and better life now.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • आनंदमयी और चिंतामुक्त जीवन मुबारक हो। (aaNaNDamayii aur ciNTaamukT jiivaN mubaarak ho.)
    “Congratulations on a pleasant and carefree beginning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

8. The Occasion of Marriage

Marriage Proposal

Enough has already been said about the grand event marriage is. But Indians take it to a higher level. To them, it’s a bonding of souls, a pious relationship that just can’t be defied.

Whenever you’re invited to an Indian wedding ceremony or marriage anniversary, sweep the couple off their feet with your heartfelt and lovely Hindi wedding congratulations!

  • आपके दांपत्य जीवन में खुशियां बनी रहें। (aapake DaampaTya jiivaN men khusiyaan baNii rahen.)
    “Wish you a happy married life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • शुभ विवाह। आपकी जोड़ी सलामत रहे। (subh vivaah. aapakii jodii SaLaamaT rahe.)
    “Happy wedding. May you always be together.”
    Written in a formal manner.

There are many other ways to wish the couple well, such as the one below.

  • आपके शादीशुदा जीवन की शुरुआत पर हमारी शुभ कामनाएं। (aapake saaDii-suDaa jiivaN kii suruaaT par hamaarii subh kaamaNaayen.)
    “Our best wishes on the new beginning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • आप दोनों का प्यार सदा ऐसे ही बना रहे। (aap DoNon kaa pyaar SaDaa aiSe hii baNaa rahe.)
    “May you forever remain in love with each other.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

This is another cute and subtle style of passing on your Happy Wedding Anniversary message in Hindi.

9. Condolences in Hindi: Someone’s Death / Funeral

Just like any other part of the world, India too has its own share of rituals and rites performed on the death of a person. If you happen to be present at any such tragic occasion, show your empathy and support for someone’s loss with these kind Hindi condolence messages.

  • भगवान उनकी आत्मा को शांति दे। (bhagavaaN uNakii aaTmaa ko saaNTi De.)
    “May God rest his soul.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • तुम्हारी याद हमेशा हमारे दिल में रहेगी। (Tumhaarii yaaD hamesaa hamaare DiL men rahegii.)
    “You’ll always be in our hearts.”
    Written in a formal manner.

Death Rituals

  • हम सब की तरफ़ से अश्रुपूरित श्रद्धांजलि। (ham Sab kii Taraf Se asru-puuriT sraDDHaaNjaLi.)
    “A heartfelt tribute from our side.”
    Written in a formal manner.

10. Dealing with Bad News

Life is so unpredictable. We never know what’s gonna happen tomorrow. Thus, going through any kind of emotional or physical loss is unavoidable. Here are a few phrases to help you express your grief when someone you know is going through a bad phase in life.

  • मुझे अफ़सोस है। (mujhe afaSoS hai.)
    “I’m sorry.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • सुनकर बहुत दुख हुआ। (SuNakar bahuT dukh huaa.)
    “So sorry to hear this.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • यह तो बहुत बुरा हुआ। (yah To bahuT buraa huaa.)
    “That’s really sad.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

11. On an Injury / Illness

When we fall sick, or have an accident that leaves us with an injury, all we want is a bit of care and affection. Whether it’s our colleague or a friend, every person deserves to hear something positive and feel cared for. A small gesture of concern can deepen your bond with the person and make him/her feel instantly better.

  • अपना ख़्याल रखना। (apaNaa khayaaL rakhaNaa.)
    “Take care.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • तबियत का ध्यान रखना। (TabiyaT kaa DHyaaN rakhaNaa.)
    “Take care of yourself / your health.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • जल्दी से ठीक हो जाओ। (jaLDii Se thiik ho jaao.)
    “Get well soon.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

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12. Experience an Endless Journey of Learning with Us

Enjoyed our article on life events and holiday messages in Hindi? Are there any messages or occasions you’re still having trouble with? Let us know in the comments!

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The Adjective in Hindi Grammar: 100 Adjectives in Hindi

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Storytelling is something Indians are best at. And that applies to the mundane day-to-day conversations as well. Once you get the sense of how Indian folks talk, you’ll notice that they abundantly use descriptive words in Hindi. The reason being, it adds lots of drama and spice to their chitchats. Thanks to the adjective description in Hindi, even the simplest of tittle-tattle is never dull. By learning adjectives in Hindi grammar, you can become a part of this too!

On a similar note, the local people are generously expressive, too. That’s why, if you wish to gel with them, a basic knowledge of common Hindi adjectives can transform your speech and make you sound like a native. Learning the proper use of Hindi adjectives is easier than you may imagine, and HindiPod101 aims to make its Hindi adjectives lessons fun and simple! So, let’s get going.

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  1. Definition of Adjective & Meaning in Hindi
  2. Examples of Adjective Sentences in Hindi
  3. Types of Adjective in Hindi Grammar
  4. How to Use Masculine and Feminine Adjectives
  5. Adjective Words List in Hindi
  6. Widen Your Hindi Learning Scope with HindiPod101

1. Definition of Adjective & Meaning in Hindi

Most Common Adjectives

First things first. Let’s start with the adjective definition, and examples in Hindi.

An adjective is a word that describes the quality of a noun. In Hindi, it is known as विशेषण (visesan).

Before we set out to learn Hindi adjectives & their examples, it’s important to study the correct process of using these common Hindi adjectives.

2. Examples of Adjective Sentences in Hindi

Improve Pronunciation

In English, we place the adjective first, which is then followed by the noun in a sentence. For instance, “tasty fruit” (adjective + noun).

But when this same phrase is put into a proper sentence, the noun and adjective change their positions while the helping verb comes in between: “The fruit is tasty,” (noun + be verb + adjective).

However, in the following Hindi adjectives examples, this process is a little different than how it is in English.

In Hindi grammar, adjectives precede the noun in phrases.

For instance,

  • नीला आकाश (NiiLaa aakaas) = “blue sky” [adjective + noun]
  • And छोटा कमरा (chotaa kamaraa) = “small room” [adjective + noun]

In case of a complete sentence though, the adjective and noun change places but there’s no helping verb in the middle. Instead, the “be” verb comes at the end of the sentence.

For instance:

  • खाना (noun) गरम (adjective) है। (khaaNaa garam hai.) = “The food is warm.”
  • And यह बग़ीचा (noun) सुन्दर (adjective) है। (yah bagiicaa SuNDar hai.) = “This garden is beautiful.”

The difference between adjectives and adverbs is that an adjective tells the quality of a noun, whereas an adverb describes the quality of the verb. Understanding this crucial difference between adjectives and adverbs will save you from so much potential confusion and also sharpen your language skills.

3. Types of Adjective in Hindi Grammar

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In order to learn Hindi adjectives more effectively, one must study and thoroughly explore the four types of adjectives in Hindi.

1- Qualitative Adjectives

As the name suggests, this group of words comprises of the adjective of quality in Hindi. These qualitative adjectives can describe the following:

Example:

    ऊपर (uupar) vs. नीचे (Niice) = “up vs. down”

    अमीर (amiir) vs. ग़रीब (ġariib) = “rich vs. poor”

2- Quantitative Adjectives

These tells us about the definite and indefinite quantity of nouns.

Example:

    दो दर्जन केले (Do DarjaN keLe) = “Two dozen bananas”

    कई तारे (kaii Taare) = “Many stars”

3- Numeral Adjectives

It will be much quicker to learn Hindi adjectives in this category if you’ve already gone through our article on Hindi Counting. Basically, these types of adjectives point to the specific number of nouns.

Example:

    चार कमरे (caar kamare) = “Four rooms”

    पचास फूल (pacaaS phuuL) = “Fifty flowers”

4- Demonstrative Adjectives

These descriptive words in Hindi stand for pronouns that show their relationship with a particular noun.

Example:

    मेरी कलम (merii kaLam) = “My pen”

    उसकी किताब (uSakii kiTaab) = “His / her book”

4. How to Use Masculine and Feminine Adjectives

Now that you’re well aware of the adjective definition and examples in Hindi, there’s another significant point that’s worth mentioning.

Hindi is a language in which nouns are basically divided into masculine and feminine genders. So, when the need arises to convert a noun to an adjective in Hindi, it has to be done gender-wise too. And we’re going to share with you the best and most useful tip here.

1- Masculine Adjectives

For adjectives referring to masculine nouns, the adjective description in Hindi usually ends with the sound aa.

Such as:

    लंबा आदमी (Lambaa aaDamii) = “A tall man”

    स्ता फल (SaSTaa phaL) = “Cheap fruit”

    नीला आसमान (NiiLaa aaSamaaN) = “Blue sky”

2- Feminine Adjectives

For adjectives referring to feminine nouns, the adjective description in Hindi usually ends with the sound ii.

Such as:

    लंबी औरत (Lambii auraT) = “A tall woman”

    स्ती सब्ज़ी (SaSTii Sabzii) = “Cheap vegetable”

    नीली किताब (NiiLii kiTaab) = “Blue book”

3- Gender-neutral Adjectives

For adjectives referring to gender-neutral nouns, the descriptive words in Hindi usually end with the sound “-a”. Nonetheless, there can be exceptions.

Examples:

    ईमानदा (iimaaNaDaar) आदमी (aaDamii) / औरत (auraT) = “An honest man / woman”

    सुंद (SuNDar) लड़की (Ladkii) / लड़का (Ladkaa) = “A beautiful boy / girl”

5. Adjective Words List in Hindi

1- Describing Dimensions, Distance, and Frequency

We’ve brought you the most commonly used adjectives in Hindi to make learning a piece of cake for you. Let’s start with these adjectives, which tells us about the shape, size, and frequency of a noun.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
छोटा (chotaa)
vs
बड़ा (badaa)
“Small”
vs
“Big”
एक छोटा कमरा (ek chotaa kamaraa)
vs
एक बड़ा हाथी (ek badaa haaTHii)
“One small room”
vs
“One big elephant”
पतला (paTaLaa)
vs
चौड़ा (caudaa)
“Narrow”
vs
“Wide”
पतली गली (paTaLii gaLii)
vs
चौड़ी सड़क (caudii Sadak)
“A narrow lane”
vs
“A wide road”
लंबा (Lambaa)
vs
नाटा (Naataa)
“Tall”
vs
“Short”
लंबा लड़का (Lambaa Ladakaa)
vs
नाटा आदमी (Naataa aaDamii)
“A tall boy”
vs
“A short man”
भारी (bhaarii)
vs
हल्का (haLkaa)
“Heavy”
vs
“Light”
भारी पत्थर (bhaarii paTTHar)
vs
हल्का झोला (haLkaa jhoLaa)
“A heavy stone”
vs
“A light bag”
ऊँचा (uuncaa)
vs
नीचा (Niicaa)
“High”
vs
“Low”
ऊँचा पहाड़ (uuncaa pahaad)
vs
नीची पहाड़ी (Niicii pahaadii)
“A high mountain”
vs
“A low hill”
दूर (Duur)
vs
पास (paaS)
“Far”
vs
“Near”
दूर का मंदिर (Duur kaa maNDir)
vs
पास का ढाबा (paaS kaa dhaabaa)
“Far away temple”
vs
“Nearby eatery”
कम (kam) / थोड़ा (THodaa)
vs
ज़्यादा (zyaaDaa)
“Little”
vs
“More”
कम / थोड़ा भोजन (kam / THodaa bhojaN)
vs
ज़्यादा पानी (zyaaDaa paaNii)
“Little food”
vs
“More water”
कुछ (kuch)
vs
कई (kaii)
“Few”
vs
“Many”
कुछ सिक्के (kuch Sikke)
vs
कई किताबें (kaii kiTaaben)
“A few coins”
vs
“Many books”

2- Describing Values

Below you’ll find a list of basic Hindi adjectives to express the value of a noun.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
अच्छा (acchaa)
vs
बुरा (buraa)
“Good”
vs
“Bad”
अच्छा दोस्त (acchaa DoST)
vs
बुरी आदत (burii aaDaT)
“A good friend”
vs
“A bad habit”
बेहतरीन (behaTariiN)
vs
ख़राब (kharaab)
“Exceptional”
vs
“Awful”
बेहतरीन संगीत (behaTariiN SangiiT)
vs
ख़राब लिखावट (kharaab Likhaavat)
“Exceptional music”
vs
“Awful handwriting”
सस्ता (SaSTaa)
vs
महँगा (mahangaa)
“Cheap”
vs
“Expensive”
सस्ता खिलौना
(SaSTaa khiLauNaa)
vs
महँगा मकान (mahangaa makaaN)
“Cheap toy”
vs
“Expensive house”
असली (aSaLii)
vs
नक़ली (NaqaLii)
“Original”
vs
“Fake”
असली हीरा (aSaLii hiiraa)
vs
नक़ली चित्र (NaqaLii ciTr)
“Original diamond”
vs
“Fake painting”

3- Describing Feeling & Sense

This sub-category consists of adjective words in Hindi that tell us about the different feelings and sensations related to, but not confined to, physical touch.

Chilled Lemonade

For more comprehensive learning, you can also check out our adjective list with Hindi meanings here.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ठंडा (thaNdaa)
vs
गरम (garam)
“Chilled”
vs
“Hot”
ठंडी शिकंजी (thaNdii sikaNjii)
vs
गरम सूप (garam Suup)
“Chilled lemonade”
vs
“Hot soup”
गुनगुना (guNaguNaa)
vs
जमी हुई (jamii huyii)
“Lukewarm”
vs
“Frozen”
गुनगुना पानी (guNaguNaa paaNii)
vs
जमी हुई कुल्फ़ी (jamii huyii kuLfii)
“Lukewarm water”
vs
“Frozen ice cream”
कोमल (komaL)
vs
कठोर (kathor)
“Delicate”
vs
“Tough”
कोमल पंख (komaL pankh)
vs
कठोर स्वभाव
(kathor Svabhaav)
“Delicate feather”
vs
“Tough nature”
दर्दनाक (DarDaNaak) “Painful” दर्दनाक हादसा
(DarDaNaak haaDaSaa)
“Painful incident”

Delicate Flower

4- Describing Human Behaviors and Feelings

This subheading covers the Hindi adjectives that describe people’s behaviors and emotions. These basic Hindi adjectives can help you talk about anyone and everyone!

Adjectives for Expressions

1) Positive Personality Traits in Hindi

First we’ll begin with words for positive personality traits in Hindi. Do you know any Hindi adjectives for “beautiful?” The adjectives for “beautiful” in Hindi are ख़ूबसूरत (khuubaSuuraT) and सुंदर (SuNDar).

Check out this amazing Hindi adjectives list and find out the most suitable personality word for yourself!

Positive Adjectives English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
दयालु (DayaaLu) “Kind” दयालु राजा (DayaaLu raajaa) “Kind ruler”
ख़ुशमिज़ाज (khusamizaaj) “Jolly” ख़ुशमिज़ाज दोस्त (khusamizaaj DoST) “Jolly friend”
शांत (saaNT) “Quiet” शांत लड़की (saaNT Ladakii) “Quiet girl”
उदार (uDaar) “Generous” उदार व्यक्ति (uDaar vyakTi) “Generous person”
ईमानदार (iimaaNaDaar) “Honest” ईमानदार दुकानदार (iimaaNaDaar DukaaNaDaar) “Honest shopkeeper”
भरोसेमंद (bharoSemaND) “Trustworthy” भरोसेमंद नौकर
(bharoSemaND Naukar)
“Trustworthy servant”

2) Negative Adjective Words List in Hindi

Below is a collection of some negative adjective words in Hindi. Feel free to explore our special lesson material on personality adjectives, too!

Negative Adjectives English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ग़ुस्सैल (ġuSSaiL) “Angry” ग़ुस्सैल अध्यापक (ġuSSaiL aDHyaapak) “Angry teacher”
बातूनी (baaTuuNii) “Talkative” बातूनी विद्यार्थी (baaTuuNii viDyaarTHii) “Talkative student”
उदास (uDaaS) “Sad” उदास बच्चा (uDaaS baccaa) “Sad kid”
शैतान (saiTaaN) “Naughty” शैतान लड़के (saiTaaN Ladake) “Naughty boys”
चालाक (caaLaak) “Clever” चालाक लोमड़ी (caaLaak Lomadii) “Clever fox”
मूर्ख (muurkh) “Dumb” मूर्ख अधिकारी (muurkh aDHikaarii) “Dumb officer”
चुग़लख़ोर (cuġaLakhor) “Sneaky” चुग़लख़ोर पड़ोसी (cuġaLakhor padoSii) “Sneaky neighbor”
निर्दयी (NirDayii) “Cruel” निर्दयी राजा (NirDayii raajaa) “Cruel king”
कंजूस (kaNjuuS) “Miserly” कंजूस आदमी
(kaNjuuS aaDamii)
“Miserly man”

5- Describing Levels of Pace & Importance

The difference between adjectives and adverbs in Hindi is tricky. To avoid getting confused with the adverbs, you must pay close attention to these Hindi adjectives examples, which describe the speed and other qualities of nouns.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
तेज़ (Tez)
vs
धीमा (DHiimaa)
“Fast”
vs
“Slow”
तेज़ ख़रगोश
(Tez kharagos)
vs
धीमा कछुआ
(DHiimaa kachuaa)
“Fast rabbit”
vs
“Slow tortoise”
आसान (aaSaaN)
vs
मुश्किल (muskiL)
“Easy”
vs
“Difficult”
आसान सवाल (aaSaaN SavaaL)
vs
मुश्किल पहेली (muskiL paheLii)
“Easy question”
vs
“Difficult riddle”
ज़रूरी (zaruurii)
vs
मामूली (maamuuLii)

“Important”
vs
“Ordinary”
ज़रूरी बैठक (zaruurii baithak)
vs
मामूली काम (maamuuLii kaam)
“Important meeting”
vs
“Ordinary task”

6- Describing Appearance

1) Shades and Colors

Do you love to talk about colors? Learn the color names and pour your heart out with these mind blowing describing words in Hindi.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
गहरा (gaharaa)
vs
हल्का (haLkaa)
“Deep” / “Dark”
vs
“Light”
गहरी पीली दीवार (gaharii piiLii Diivaar)
vs
हल्का बैंगनी फूल (haLkaa baingaNii phuuL)
“Deep yellow wall”
vs
“Light purple flower”
चटख़ (catakh)
vs
फ़ीका (fiikaa)
“Bright”
vs
“Dull”
चटख़ लाल साड़ी (catakh LaaL Saadii)
vs
फ़ीका लाल कपड़ा (fiikaa LaaL kapadaa)
“Bright red saree”
vs
“Dull red cloth”
काला (kaaLaa)
vs
सफ़ेद (SafeD)
“Black”
vs
“White”
काला मोती (kaLaa moTii)
vs
सफ़ेद बादल (SafeD baaDaL)
“Black pearl”
vs
“White clouds”
लाल (LaaL) “Red” लाल टमाटर (LaaL tamaatar) “Red tomato”
गुलाबी (guLaabii) “Pink” गुलाबी कमल (guLaabii kamaL) “Pink lotus”
हरा (haraa) “Green” हरी धनिया पत्ती (harii DHaNiyaa paTTii) “Green coriander leaves”
नीला (NiiLaa) “Blue” नीला आसमान (NiiLaa aaSamaaN) “Blue sky”
नारंगी (Naarangii) “Orange” नारंगी क़मीज़ (Naarangii qamiiz) “Orange shirt”
पीला (piiLaa) “Yellow” पीला धागा (piiLaa DHaagaa) “Yellow thread”
भूरा (bhuuraa) “Brown” भूरी बिल्ली (bhuurii biLLii) “Brown cat”

Bright Red Saree

2) Describing Various Shapes & Textures

This list of adjectives in Hindi will give you a greater edge while describing specific shapes or textures. Have a look and practice using them in sentences.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
गोल (goL) “Round” गोल तश्तरी (goL TasTarii) “One round saucer”
चौकोर (caukor) “Square” चौकोर मेज़ (caukor mez) “Square table”
तिकोना (TikoNaa) “Triangular” तिकोना पिरामिड (TikoNaa piraamid) “Triangular pyramid”
नुकीला (NukiiLaa) “Pointed” नुकीला सामान (NukiiLaa SaamaaN) “Pointed thing”
धारदार (DHaaraDaar) “Sharp” धारदार चाकू (DHaaraDaar caakuu) “Sharp knife”
चिकना (cikaNaa) “Smooth” चिकना पत्थर (cikaNaa paTTHar) “Smooth stone”

7- Describing Weather Conditions

Do you often struggle to find that perfect weather adjective in Hindi? Look no further! Not only have we got you covered on the adjectives, but we’ve also got a whole new lesson for you on the Indian weather.

High Mountain

Adjective English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
चिलचिलाती (ciLaciLaaTii) “Scorching” चिलचिलाती गर्मी (ciLaciLaaTii garmii) “Scorching heat”
बर्फ़ीली (barfiiLii) “Freezing” बर्फ़ीली ठंडक (barfiiLii thaNdak) “Freezing cold”
उमस (umaS) “Humid” उमस भरी हवा (umaS bharii havaa) “Humid air”
सुहाना (SuhaaNaa) “Pleasant” सुहाना मौसम (SuhaaNaa mauSam) “Pleasant weather”

8- Describing Flavors and Taste

Honestly, this section is going to be every food-lover’s favorite. In this section, we’ll introduce you to the Hindi adjectives for food. And while you’re at it, wouldn’t it be fun to find out your favorite Indian food and spell it out in Hindi?

Hot Spices

Adjective English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
मीठा (miithaa) “Sweet” मीठा हलवा (miithaa haLavaa) “Sweet Halva”
नमकीन (NamakiiN) “Salted” नमकीन पराठा (NamakiiN paraathaa) “Salted flatbread”
तीखा (tiikhaa) “Hot” तीखी मिर्च (tiikhii mirc) “Hot pepper”
खट्टा (khattaa) “Sour” खट्टा नींबू (khattaa Niimbuu) “Sour lemon”
कड़वा (kadavaa) “Bitter” कड़वा करेला (kadavaa kareLaa) “Bitter gourd”
चटपटा (catapataa) “Spicy” चटपटी सब्ज़ी (catapatii Sabzii) “Spicy curry”
उबला (ubaLaa) “Boiled” उबली दाल (ubaLii DaaL) “Boiled pulses”
सादा (SaaDaa) “Bland” सादा खाना (SaaDaa khaaNaa) “Bland food”
स्वादिष्ट (SvaaDist) “Delicious” स्वादिष्ट मक्खन (SvaaDist makkhaN) “Delicious butter”

9- Describing a Situation

Whether you’re looking for any funny Hindi adjectives or serious ones, here are some of the key phrases that may come in handy when you have to describe a situation.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ख़तरनाक (khaTaraNaak)
vs
सुरक्षित (SuraksiT)
“Dangerous”
vs
“Safe”
ख़तरनाक खेल (khaTaraNaak kheL)
vs
सुरक्षित रास्ता (SuraksiT raaSTaa)
“Dangerous game”
vs
“Safe path”
मज़ेदार (mazeDaar)
vs
उबाऊ (ubaauu)
“Interesting”
vs
“Boring”
मज़ेदार कहानी (mazeDaar kahaaNii)
vs
उबाऊ नाटक (ubaauu Naatak)
“Interesting story”
vs
“Boring play”

10- Describing Physical Traits & Conditions

Sick Child

Now let’s move forward and start learning Hindi adjectives for physical traits and conditions.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
जवान (javaaN)
vs
बूढ़ा (buudhaa)
“Young”
vs
“Old”
जवान विद्यार्थी (javaaN viDyaarTHii)
vs
बूढ़ा मज़दूर (buudhaa mazaDuur)
“Young student”
vs
“Old laborer”
मज़बूत (mazabuuT)
vs
कमज़ोर (kamazor)
“Strong”
vs
“Weak”
मज़बूत शरीर (mazabuuT sariir)
vs
कमज़ोर बच्चा (kamazor baccaa)
“Strong body”
vs
“Weak child”
बीमार (biimaar)
vs
स्वस्थ (SvaSTH)
“Sick”
vs
“Healthy”
बीमार औरत (biimaar auraT)
vs
स्वस्थ बेटी (SvaSTH betii)
“Sick woman”
vs
“Healthy daughter”

11- Describing Appearances & Conditions

Here are more specific words for describing appearance and condition. The more you practice using them in daily conversations, the better your Hindi language skills will become.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ख़ूबसूरत (khuubaSuuraT)
vs
बदसूरत (baDaSuuraT)
“Pretty”
vs
“Ugly”
ख़ूबसूरत चेहरा (khuubaSuuraT caharaa)
vs
बदसूरत तस्वीर (baDaSuuraT TaSviir)
“Pretty face”
vs
“Ugly painting”
अमीर (amiir)
vs
ग़रीब (ġariib)
“Rich”
vs
“Poor”
अमीर परिवार (amiir parivaar)
vs
ग़रीब किसान (ġariib kiSaaN)
“Rich family”
vs
“Poor farmer”
मोटा (motaa)
vs
दुबला-पतला (DubaLaa-paTaLaa)
“Fat”
vs
“Thin”
मोटा आदमी (motaa aaDamii)
vs
दुबला लड़का (DubaLaa Ladakaa)
“Fat man”
vs
“Thin boy”

6. Widen Your Hindi Learning Scope with HindiPod101

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Conjunction Words in Hindi: List and Conjunction Grammar Rules

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Hindi conjunctions are quite significant to the whole framework of the Hindi language. Just like in English, conjunction words in Hindi do the job of cementing two correlated sentences or phrases together.

One can easily find a conjunction in Hindi PDF online. But as a beginner, if you don’t understand the concept first, the meaning of conjunctions in Hindi and conjunction grammar rules in Hindi would be difficult to comprehend. This makes it imperative to learn Hindi conjunctions from the ground up, and becoming familiar with the most common Hindi conjunction words.

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Table of Contents

  1. Importance of the Conjunction in Hindi
  2. Hindi Conjunctions: Definition and Concept
  3. Hindi Conjunctions: Types & Exercises
  4. About the Hindi Conjunction List
  5. Conjunctions to Correlate Similar Thoughts
  6. Conjunctions to Express Condition
  7. Conjunctions to Express Cause
  8. Conjunctions to Express Opposition
  9. Conjunctions to Express Purpose
  10. Conjunctions to Express Alternatives
  11. Grow Your Hindi Knowledge with HindiPod101.com

1. Importance of the Conjunction in Hindi

Sentence Patterns

In Hindi grammar, conjunctions are vital. Without the use of conjunctions in Hindi, even a proper sentence structure would lose its meaning and create enormous confusion!

It’s the conjunction in Hindi that specifies whether two joined sentences contain similar thoughts, reflect two completely unrelated thoughts, or express a condition or underlying cause.

The bottom line is that the conjunction in Hindi grammar is something you just can’t afford to miss! Hindi sentences with conjunctions are just so much more sensical and fluid.

So, why don’t we start with the conjunction definition in Hindi before covering our complete conjunction list with Hindi words!

2. Hindi Conjunctions: Definition and Concept

What is a conjunction? A conjunction is a word or phrase that connects two or more words or phrases in a sentence. There! You’ve got the simplest definition for it.

Conjunctions

In literal terms, the conjunction meaning in Hindi is संयोजन (SanyojaN), whereas for the word “conjunctive,” the meaning in Hindi would be संयोजक (Sanyojak) or जोड़ने वाला (jodaNe vaaLaa).

Adding to that, the natural translation and meaning of “all conjunctions” in Hindi would be सभी संयोजक (Sabhii Sanyojak).

And while we’re at it, let’s quickly check out how to say “connectors” in English with the Hindi word. The connectors are called योजक (yojak) in Hindi.

3. Hindi Conjunctions: Types & Exercises

The conjunction in Hindi is divided and then subdivided into many categories. The two main classes are Coordinating Conjunctions and Subordinating Conjunctions.

1- Coordinating Conjunctions in Hindi

The coordinating conjunctions in Hindi are also known as the cumulative conjunction in Hindi. These are the words or phrases which are used to join two similar clauses or phrases of equal importance. For example: “and,” “but,” “so,” “for,” etc.

2- Subordinating Conjunctions in Hindi

The function of the subordinate conjunction in Hindi is to connect a dependent clause with an independent clause in a sentence. For example: “because,” “although,” “until,” etc.

Now that we have a basic idea about the two main types of conjunctions, it will be easier to understand the English conjunction in Hindi in more detail.

In the section below, we’ll study a comprehensive Hindi conjunction examples list with Hindi conjunctions in English as well as Hindi, to not only help you learn Hindi connecting words, but also craft Hindi conjunction sentences.

4. About the Hindi Conjunction List

Improve Listening

Finally, it’s time to go through the list of connectors. This conjunction list (English to Hindi) is a great way to practice and improve spoken and written Hindi in daily life.

We would also like to draw your attention to the fact that there can be multiple conjunctions with a similar meaning. So, while translating a conjunction, don’t be surprised if you come across conjunction with more than one word for it.

Without further ado, our comprehensive Hindi conjunctions list and several Hindi conjunctions examples!

5. Conjunctions to Correlate Similar Thoughts

Improve Listening Part 2

The most common English conjunction words to express two similar thoughts together are “and” and “also.” But how do you say them in Hindi? Find out in this full list of conjunctions in Hindi for correlating similar thoughts.

1- And

Normally, in everyday conversations, Indians opt for और (aur) in place of “and.” In most cases, it comes between two clauses or words. But sometimes, और (aur) can be placed at the beginning of the sentence. This happens when the person has finished talking but needs to add something important (probably because he or she forgot to do so in the first place).

Example:

  • मुझे आम पसंद है। मुझे सेब पसंद है।
    (mujhe aam paSaND hai. mujhe Seb paSaND hai.)
    “I like mangoes. I like apples.”
  • मुझे आम और सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam aur Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”

The other substitutes for और (aur) are (va), तथा (TaTHaa), and एवं (evam). Keep in mind that they’re rarely spoken in day-to-day Hindi conversations and are merely confined to official uses. However, these can be used in the same way as the above example.

For instance, here are these conjunctions in Hindi with examples:

  • मुझे आम तथा सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam TaTHaa Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”
  • मुझे आम सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam va Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”

6. Conjunctions to Express Condition

Talking about a particular (necessary) condition requires the speaker to use certain other kinds of conjunctions.

2- If/Then

In situations where people like to express a peculiar condition, the Hindi phrases अगर (agar) / तो (To) are used. The examples below will help you understand how to use it in a sentence.

Example:

  • अगर तुम थक गयी हो, तो सो जाओ।
    (agar Tum THak gayii ho, To So jaao.)
    “If you’re tired, then get some rest.”

अगर (agar) / तो (To) can easily be replaced with यदि (yaDi). Although यदि (yaDi) is more formal and less frequently used in daily Hindi talks and chats, Indians still prefer to use it in official documents.

Example:

  • यदि आज बारिश हुई, तो दफ़्तर बंद रहेगा।
    (yaDi aaj baaris huyii, To DafTar baND rahegaa.)
    “If it rains today, the office will remain closed.”

As you can see, having a voluminous vocab in Hindi is great, but it’s not a substitute for learning parts of speech, such as prepositions and conjunctions in Hindi.

Man with an A+ Assignment

3- Since

Another terrific conjunction in Hindi is “since.” In Hindi, it’s translated as चूंकि (cuunki). The unique thing about this word is that more often than not, it’s placed at the beginning of a sentence. In Hindi conjunction sentences, it may look something like the example below.

Example:

  • चूँकि तुम मेरे दोस्त हो, मैं तुम्हारी मदद करूंगी।
    (cuunki Tum mere DoST ho, main Tumhaarii maDaD karuungii.)
    “Since you are my friend, I’d like to help you out.”

7. Conjunctions to Express Cause

There are times when things go wrong, or at least they don’t really happen the way we expected. In such cases, we need to express causes and reasons using conjunctions in Hindi grammar. In this section of the Hindi conjunctions list, we’ll shed some light on these similar conjunctions.

4- So

You’ll hear Indians using this word quite frequently. In Hindi sentences, “so” means इसलिए (iSLiye). Let’s see how it connects two similar clauses below.

Example:

  • सीमा की बस छूट गयी थी, इसलिए उसे देर हो गयी।
    (Siimaa kii baS chuut gayi THii, iSaLiye uSe Der ho gayii.)
    “Seema missed her bus, so she was late.”

5- Before

The conjunction “before” translates as पहले (pehLe). पहले (pehLe) is placed in between two clauses, but at times it may also be placed at the beginning of the sentence.

Example:

  • फ़ल और सब्ज़ियों को खाने से पहले हमेशा धो लेना चाहिए.
    (faL aur Sabziyon ko khaaNe Se pehLe hamesaa DHo LeNaa caahiye.)
    “You should always wash vegetables and fruits before eating them.”

6- Because

Sometimes, it becomes necessary to give valid reasons for why things didn’t go as you planned! In such cases, the conjunction “because” comes to your rescue. In Hindi, it’s known as क्योंकि (kyonki) and is an inseparable part of daily Hindi chitchats.

Example:

  • बाज़ार बंद है क्योंकि आज रविवार है।
    (baazaar baND hai kyonki aaj ravivaar hai.)
    “The market is closed because it’s Sunday today!”

8. Conjunctions to Express Opposition

But what about when we have to express contradiction? Whoa! Did you notice the conjunction we used so seamlessly? Yes, you’ve guessed it right. Our next word is “but.”

Notes with Plants

7- But

The conjunction “but” can be translated into multiple words in Hindi. And we’ll share at least four of them with you.

We’ll start with the most popular one, which is लेकिन (LekiN). लेकिन (LekiN) is rightfully visible everywhere, in daily talks, in books, on the news, etc. So, let’s see how to put it in a sentence.

Example:

  • मेरी तबियत ख़राब है लेकिन मुझे विद्यालय जाना होगा।
    (merii TabiyaT kharaab hai LekiN mujhe viDyaaLay jaaNaa hogaa.)
    “I am not well but I must go to school.”

The other regularly used translations for “but” are परन्तु (paraNTu), मगर (magar), and पर (par). They work in the same way as लेकिन (LekiN).

Example:

  • दिल्ली अच्छा शहर है पर वहाँ प्रदूषण बहुत है।
    (DiLLii acchaa sahar hai par vahaan praDuusan bahuT hai.)
    “Delhi is a great city, but it’s highly polluted.”

8- And yet

The Hindi phrase for “and yet” is फिर भी (phir bhii). It serves the same purpose, indicating contradiction or opposition. You can understand this better with the example below.

Example:

  • राज ने इतनी मेहनत की, फिर भी वह परीक्षा में पास नहीं हो पाया।
    (raaj Ne iTaNii mehaNaT kii, phir bhii vah pariiksaa men paaS nahiin ho paayaa.)
    “Raj worked so hard, and yet he couldn’t clear the exams.”

9. Conjunctions to Express Purpose

How do you convince people? Well, whatever skills you use for that, it can’t be done without conjunctions for expressing purpose. And our first one in the conjunction words list is “so that.”

9- So that

In Hindi, saying ताकि (Taaki) is a great way to persuade people and bring more conviction to your speech.

Example:

  • रोज़ कसरत करो, ताकि स्वस्थ रह सको।.
    (roz kaSaraT karo, Taaki SvaSTH rah Sako.)
    “Exercise daily, so that you stay healthy.”

10- That’s why

When you’re in a position to give reasons and explanations, इसलिए (iSLiye) is the perfect Hindi word you’re looking for.

Example:

  • आज क्रिसमस है इसलिए हम सबने नए कपड़े पहने हैं।
    (aaj Christmas hai iSaLiye ham SabaNe Naye kapade pahaNe hain.)
    “It’s Christmas today, and that’s why we have all put on new clothes.”

Boy on Bed Listening to Something

10. Conjunctions to Express Alternatives

11- Or

“Or” is heavily used in Hindi conversation, maybe while requesting food preferences, choice of beverage, clothing, or anything like that. In Hindi, it can be translated as अथवा (aTHavaa) or या (yaa).

Example:

  • तुम्हें भारत ज़्यादा पसंद है या जापान?
    (Tumhen bhaaraT zyaaDaa paSaND hai yaa JaapaaN?)
    “Do you like India better, or Japan?”

12- Either … Or

“Either … or” is just an extended version of “or.” Its Hindi translation is या तो (yaa To) … या फिर (yaa phir). No matter how much we try to put the concept into words, it’s much better to learn it through sentence usage.

Example:

  • या तो मैं फ़िल्म देखूँगा या फिर ख़रीदारी करूँगा।
    (yaa To main fiLm Dekhuungaa yaa phir khariiDaarii karuungaa.)
    “Either I’ll watch a movie or I’ll go shopping.”

13- Otherwise

Another common and widely used term to indicate contradictions is वरना (varNaa). It’s a popular word and worth learning if you’re going to be staying in India for a while.

Example:

  • जल्दी करो वरना हमें देर हो जाएगी।
    (jaLDii karo varaNaa hamen Der ho jaayegii.)
    “Hurry up, otherwise we’ll be late.”

14- Instead of

The last conjunction in our all conjunction list with Hindi words is “instead of,” which simply means के बजाय (ke bajaay) in Hindi.

Example:

  • सुमित को घूमने के बजाय पढ़ना ज़्यादा पसंद है।
    (SumiT ho ghuumaNe ke bajaay padhaNaa zyaaDaa paSaND hai.)
    “Instead of going out, Sumit prefers reading.”

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Indian Etiquette: Social and Business Etiquette in India

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Practically, Indian etiquette is a fairly extensive term. It’s the amalgamation of Indian manners, as well as Indian culture, customs, and etiquette that blesses India with its uniqueness in the world.

Being a foreigner, you’ll clearly observe a distinctness in everything: cultural etiquette in India (such as Indian wedding etiquette), business etiquette in India, etc.

Honestly, one may compare India to a sponge, absorbing the richness from everywhere. And when you try to squelch its aura, it gives the same profuseness of hospitality and welcomeness.

This article focuses on existing Indian manners and customs that are popular in various aspects of life. You’ll learn some basic, but profoundly important and helpful, day-to-day practices of India: Language, culture, customs, and etiquette, such as business etiquette tips, dress etiquette, table etiquette in India, and much more.

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Table of Contents

  1. But Why is Practicing Etiquette in India so Important?
  2. Etiquette in Hindi
  3. Basic Do’s and Don’ts for Addressing to Someone in India
  4. Dining Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Dining
  5. Tourist Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Sightseeing
  6. Do’s and Don’ts for Greetings
  7. Do’s and Don’ts for Visiting a House
  8. Travel Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Public Transport
  9. Office Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for the Workplace
  10. Do’s and Don’ts for Celebrations
  11. Learning Indian Etiquette and Much More with HindiPod101

1. But Why is Practicing Etiquette in India so Important?

Why on earth should you be learning Indian cultural norms, or business and social etiquette in India? As a foreigner, this question may pop up in your mind. After all, you’re not a native!

Well, the answer is as plain as the question itself, which is: You don’t have to follow anything. In India, you’ll never see a foreigner pressured to acquire or respect Indian behavior and etiquette. Because no matter how conservative the society may be, Indians don’t like to impose things on others.

That being said, we’re quite sure that after spending just a few days in this colorful land, you’ll fall in love with its culture all by yourself. Most of the Indian etiquette (dining, greeting, meeting) are so fascinating that foreigners actually look forward to adapting and savoring them during their stay in India.

Lastly, visiting a country like India, and respecting its traditions and manners, such as Indian greeting customs or meeting etiquette in India, will really take you a long way. Indians are quite conservative and traditional, and they like to keep it that way.

However, when it comes to foreigners, common folks are quite forgiving. In fact, you can get away with many innocent cultural slips and nobody will mind. But then, that’s not the point, is it? To tell you the truth regarding Indian culture, showing simple gestures of manners and etiquette in India will help you earn more affection and bond with the natives in a deeper way. And what could be a better way to respond to the warmth of a country than by loving it back in the same way!

Indians are so particular about, and sensitive toward, social etiquette that kids in schools are taught about it from quite an early age. Thus, learning the etiquette of India yourself is a great show of respect.

Through this article, we’ll guide you through the most important etiquette rules in India. This will transform your visit into a sweet and unforgettable experience for both host and guest.

2. Etiquette in Hindi

But first, a quick challenge! What is the word for “etiquette” in Hindi?

The most common word for “etiquette” in Hindi is शिष्टाचार (sistaacaar). Another “etiquette” word in Hindi is तमीज़ (Tamiiz).

When it comes to culture appropriateness, Indians often emphasize similar words, such as संस्कार (SanSkaar) and तहज़ीब (Tehaziib). These words stand for “good manners” in the Hindi language.

The proper Hindi word for “manners” is तरीक़ा (Tariiqaa). And the Hindi word आदत (aaDaT), although it’s more suitable for the English word “habit,” it’s often used for “manners” too.

So, the word for “good manners” in Hindi is अच्छी आदत (acchii aaDaT) or अच्छा तरीक़ा (acchaa Tariiqaa). Whoa! Wasn’t that simple enough?

Now that you’ve learned the words for good manners in Hindi and English both, let’s move on to bad manners in Hindi. The Hindi words for “bad manners” are बुरी आदत (burii aaDaT) or खऱाब तरीक़ा (kharaab Tariiqaa).

Quick Tip: In Hindi, “habit” is a feminine word and “manner” is a masculine word.

Finally, it’s time to explore the most important section of this lesson and get familiar with real do’s and don’ts in Indian culture!

3. Basic Do’s and Don’ts for Addressing to Someone in India

Bad Phrases

First, let’s go over the essential greeting etiquette in India. After all, the first meeting is the most important.

1- Do: Address People as आप (aap)

Unlike English, Hindi has two different words for “you.” One is तुम (Tum) and the other is आप (aap). While तुम (Tum) is used for friends and younger ones, it carries a tinge of informality and frankness.

On the other hand, you’ll often hear Indians saying आप (aap) to each other. It’s the most suitable Hindi pronoun when addressing someone who is elderly or of the opposite gender. Indians also prefer using the word आप (aap) in formal situations or when meeting someone for the first time.

So, to be on the safer side, whenever you’re trying to have a conversation with people, address them as आप (aap). As described in the paragraph above, exceptions can be made in case of very close friends or when speaking to children.

2- Do Greet People with a नमस्ते (NamaSTe)

When it comes to meeting etiquette in India, there’s no better ice breaker than a नमस्ते (NamaSTe). In India, greeting etiquette says a lot about you. Fold your hands, bow your head, and say नमस्ते (NamaSTe) for a proper greeting gesture among the native people.

Woman Making a Traditional Greeting

Traditional Indian Greeting

3- Don’t Call Elderly People by Their Names

Another important tip for social etiquette in India: Calling elderly people by their names is highly offensive to Indian folks. It’s something they would never dream of doing! So, follow this etiquette rule strictly or you may dishearten them to the core.

Instead of saying names, native people go for general terms like “uncle” and “aunty” to address the elder ones.

4. Dining Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Dining

Indians are some of the biggest food-lovers in the world. Food is literally worshipped here. And being a foreigner, you wouldn’t want to upset the natives at the table, right!

So, without wasting a moment, let’s explore the must-know rules for table manners and etiquette in India.

1- Do Use Your Right Hand to Eat

Hygiene

Whenever you’re dining with Indians, this should be your forever mantra. Consuming meals with your right hand is considered the proper eating etiquette in India, whereas eating with the left hand in India is viewed as improper and unhygienic.

2- Do Consider the Comforts of Your Vegetarian Companions

For the most part, people in India are vegetarians. So, try to confirm before ordering any non-veg meals at the same table, as many of your vegetarian friends may not be comfortable with that. You can understand the level of discomfort when considering that the majority of restaurants here serve only vegetarian foods.

And even at places where both veg and non-veg dishes are cooked, both are served in different kinds of tableware, to assure the distinction.

It’s always good table etiquette in India to look after the comfort of those you’re dining with.

A Collection of Indian Dishes

Indian Dining Etiquette

3- Don’t Use Forks or Knives for Traditional Indian Food

As for fine dining etiquette in India, be sure not to use forks or knives for traditional food. It’s not only disrespectful, but also inconvenient (and almost impossible!) to cut the Indian flat bread, known as रोटी (rotii) or चपाती (capaaTii) with a knife. So, why not save yourself some time and use your hands instead? This way, you’ll be able to relish the food with more ease.

4- Don’t Start Before the Host

Whether you’re invited to someone’s home or are having meals at a restaurant, there are certain dining etiquette and table manners Indians always follow.

Firstly, proper etiquette in Indian culture demands that you never start eating before the host. At least wait until they request the guests to begin eating. The same rule applies to the elder ones if they’re around at the same party.

Secondly, after you’ve eaten the meals (at a restaurant), don’t leave the table just yet. Instead, wait for the elderly people to finish their food as well.

5. Tourist Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Sightseeing

Thanks

1- Do Remove Your Footwear

When you’re in India, you’ll come across countless religious places, including temples, mosques, and gurudwaras. In addition to that, native people may also invite you to their homes. In all such situations, remember to take off your shoes before entering that place.

2- Do Wear Decent Clothes

Although there’s no strict definition of what decent clothes are, it’s best to put something on that’s loose-fitting and covers the whole body. Indian dresses like salwar kameez, and Kurtas/Kurtis, maintain the conservative dressing styles of the Indian society. Even if you’re opting for something western, make sure it’s not revealing or tight-fitting!

People Visiting a Temple

Visiting a Temple in India

3- Don’t Exhibit PDA

We can’t emphasize enough on the vast traditional nature of the country. In no way should you exhibit public displays of affection, as this could make the common public extremely uncomfortable (and upset them, too). Holding hands is okay, but hugging in Indian culture is only considered acceptable between the same gender.

6. Do’s and Don’ts for Greetings

If you’re a beginner and wish to learn how to greet in India, explore our comprehensive article on Indian greetings. Knowing the etiquette and customs in India for greeting may also help you with learning proper business etiquette in India.

1- Do Use First Names

Greet people and address them by their first names. Last names are hardly popular in the Indian culture. Although using last names is common in government offices, the same is mostly attributed to encouraging the evil of casteism in the country, as every last name is associated with a particular class in the society.

2- Do Add जी (jii) to the Names

Skip this in case of friends and younger ones. But when talking to or about elders or senior colleagues, or in some cases people of the opposite gender, add जी (jii) to their names. According to the culture and etiquette in India, it’s a sign of sheer respect.

Example:

  • मीरा जी दफ़्तर में हैं।
    (miiraa jii DafTar men hain.)
    “Meera jii is in the office.”

3- Don’t Touch the Opposite Gender

Again, this is a needless rule of cultural etiquette in India to mention, but touching the opposite gender is looked down upon. The other person, as well as onlookers, may feel offended by this gesture. So, kindly avoid it at all costs.

7. Do’s and Don’ts for Visiting a House

1- Do Bring Some Gifts

When invited to a house, bring along some gifts as a warm gesture. When it comes to gift etiquette in India, your gift could be anything, but fruits and sweets are particularly well-received. Gift giving etiquette in India is quite common and is a sign of your affection toward the host.

Collection of Sweets

Indian Sweets as Gifts

2- Don’t Buy Liquor as a Gift

Unless you’re close friends with the host, strictly avoid bringing along any alcohol or smoking items. And as much as possible, try not to consume alcohol in the presence of children, females, or elderly people around you. This is considered quite rude and condescending.

8. Travel Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Public Transport

1- Do Prepare for a Huge Crowd

It’s a worldwide-known fact that India is one of the most heavily populated countries in the world. So, naturally, when riding any public transport, be ready for a lot of rush on the local buses and trains. Also, take care of your luggage so that it doesn’t get lost!

2- Do Stay on the Left Side

As part of walking and driving etiquette in India, always stay on the left side of the road. It will save you from minor and major accidents, such as running into other people by mistake.

3- Don’t Sit in Reserved Seats

In every bus, train, and even metro, you’ll find some seats exclusively reserved for the handicapped, elderly, and pregnant women. Don’t occupy these special seats when such people are around; just help them sit there comfortably.

9. Office Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for the Workplace

In India, business etiquette tips are the perfect way to break the ice and help you gel up with others much faster! For those who are wondering, business etiquette in Hindi is translated as व्यावसायिक शिष्टाचार (vyaavaSaayik sistaacaar).

So, let’s find out the practices that qualify as proper business etiquette and protocol in India.

1- Do Use First Names

We’ve already mentioned this an ample number of times. In India, business culture etiquette involves addressing people by their first names. This holds true in most situations, and also counts as personal and business email etiquette in India.

Even on business cards, you’ll always see the first name first. And while we’re at it, when a colleague or business prospect shares his or her business card with you, take a moment to look at it and show your appreciation for it with a smile. A few simple words of compliment are more than enough when it comes to business card etiquette in India.

People Toasting at a Large Dinner

Business Dining Etiquette

2- Do Wear Proper Dress

Wearing proper formal dress to the office is one of the many unsaid rules of business etiquette in India. You may opt for something traditional or western, while keeping in mind that the dress should in no way be revealing! This is one of the most important tips for business etiquette in India, so do be mindful!

3- Don’t Make Unnecessary Physical Contact

When it comes to workplace etiquette in India, Indians are okay with handshakes and a pat on the back. But anything further isn’t quite welcome in the society. So, restrict physical contact to a minimum, especially with the opposite gender, to avoid any discrepancy in the workplace.

4- Don’t Point Your Finger

When learning about etiquette in India businesses, keep in mind that we all experience conflicts, differences of opinion, and other uncomfortable situations in the office. But during the heat of an argument or a tense moment, it’s still better to keep away from certain things.

For instance, talking about business meeting etiquette in India, don’t point your finger at anyone when in the middle of an argument. Doing so is considered a rude hand gesture in India.

10. Do’s and Don’ts for Celebrations

1- Do Opt for Dress Colors According to the Occasion

Who hasn’t heard of the phrase “Big Fat Indian Wedding!” By default, Indian celebrations and marriages are all about shimmers and show off. So, if you happen to attend an Indian wedding, you can experiment and play with all sorts of colors: bright, pastels, and so on. Be sure to enjoy yourself and don’t worry too much about wedding etiquette in India.

Person Getting Mehndi Art

Mehndi in Indian Weddings

2- Don’t Wear Red to a Funeral

The dress for a funeral is an essential aspect of etiquette in Indian culture. In short, avoid wearing any bright or dark shades to an Indian funeral. This includes black. As much as possible, keep the colors dull, pastel, or white. When attending a funeral, wearing loud and cheerful prints is something that you should avoid completely.

11. Learning Indian Etiquette and Much More with HindiPod101

We hope you’ve enjoyed this article on Indian etiquette. By now, you should have a good grasp of conversational etiquette in India, and other rules for business and social events.

Does your country have similar etiquette rules or cultural standards about manners? Let us know!

At HindiPod101, we have many other high-quality articles and lesson materials on various topics about India that might interest you.

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All you need to do is download our mobile application and sign up at HindiPod101.com to access an unlimited source for language-learning and cultural knowledge.

With enough studying and practice, you’ll master the language and culture of India in no time. Let us help you get there!

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Learn How to Say Dates in Hindi and the Months in Hindi

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Referring to dates in Hindi is a common aspect of life in India. Booking tickets, making an appointment, confirming the date of an event, remembering birthdays, keeping up with national festivals of India and holidays…almost everything is done using the days and months in Hindi.

Thus, learning the proper methods for saying dates, years, and even weekdays in Hindi becomes so essential. It would be impossible to understand this whole article without first gaining basic knowledge about the common words related to days, months, and weeks in Hindi. Basically, all the information about dates in Hindi you’ll need to get started!

Here at HindiPod101.com, before showing you how to use dates in Hindi, we would like to begin with a quick glossary for these words. On a different note, we’d also like to remind you that almost all the nouns in Hindi are gender-specific. The same rule applies to the words described below.

Table of Contents

  1. A Quick Glossary
  2. Dates in Hindi
  3. Today, Tomorrow, and Yesterday in Hindi
  4. Day in Hindi
  5. Talking about Weeks in Hindi
  6. The Months in Hindi
  7. Talking about Years in Hindi
  8. Fixing the Date of an Appointment in Hindi
  9. Must-Know Phrases to Talk about Dates
  10. Read the Hindi Dates Fluently with HindiPod101.com

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1. A Quick Glossary

Common English Words           Hindi Meanings
Daily           दैनिक (DaiNik); रोज़ाना (rozaaNaa)
Weekly           साप्ताहिक (SaapTaahik)
Weekend           सप्ताहांत (SaapTaahaaNT)
Monthly           मासिक (maaSik)
Yearly/Annually           वार्षिक (vaarsik); सालाना (SaaLaaNaa)

Although we’ll cover all these words in detail later, this is just a quick introduction to some important words. As you can see, “weekend” in Hindi is known as सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) or सप्ताह का अंत (SapTaah kaa aNT), but there are no particular words for “weekdays” in Hindi. Nonetheless, the literal weekday meaning in Hindi could be translated as काम करने के दिन (kaam karaNe ke DiN).

2. Dates in Hindi

Numbers

1- Hindi Words for “Date”

The word “date” in Hindi is considered feminine, so the verb form changes accordingly. But what are dates called in Hindi?

तारीख़ (Taariikh)

The first and most common term for dates in Hindi is तारीख़ (Taariikh). Here’s an example of how to use this word in a sentence:

  • आज क्या तारीख़ है?
    (aaj kyaa Taariikh hai ?)
    “What’s the date today?”
  • कल की तारीख़ में ये काम हो जाना चाहिए।
    (kaL kii Taariikh men ye kaam ho jaaNaa caahiye.)
    “This work should be done by tomorrow’s date.”

दिनांक (DiNaank) and तिथि (TiTHi)

The other two words for dates in Hindi are दिनांक (DiNaank) and तिथि (TiTHi). However, they’re only used in official documents, religious calendars, etc. In order to use them, just replace तारीख़ (Taariikh) with either of these more formal words in the sentence.

Based on the same vocabulary, the due date meaning in Hindi can be expressed as:

अंतिम तिथि (aNTim TiTHi)               “Last Date”
आख़िरी तारीख़ (aakhirii Taariikh)      “Due Date”
     

2- Reading and Writing Dates in Hindi

In India, dates written in Hindi follow the [day] [month] [year] format.

  • महात्मा गाँधी का जन्म 2अक्टूबर 1869 में हुआ था।
  • (mahaaTmaa gaaNDHii kaa jaNm Do aktuubar 1969 men huaa THaa.)
  • “Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1969.”

Reading the Dates in Hindi

1) How to Write Dates in Hindi Using Cardinal Numbers

Most of the time, we use cardinal numbers to mention dates in schools and for other business-related purposes.
For example, if you wish to write the Hindi month & date today, it would be in DD/MM/YYYY format.

2) How to Write Dates in Hindi Using Ordinal Numbers

On the other hand, Indians also opt for the ordinal number date formats in newspapers, other official papers, wedding invitations, etc.
Suppose the date today is February 14, 2019. A Hindi newspaper would mention the same date, and translate it in Hindi as १४ फ़रवरी २०१९.

3. Today, Tomorrow, and Yesterday in Hindi

Before we move on to the next section about the days’ name in Hindi, let’s take a step back for a moment. In the previous section, we mentioned some essential words, but what about “today” and “tomorrow?” Well, here’s how to say these in Hindi.

Words           Hindi Meaning           Verb Form Used
Today           आज (aaj)           (-है / -हूँ / -हैं)
Tomorrow           कल (kaL)           (-गा / -गी / -गें)
Yesterday           कल (kaL)           (-था / -थी / -थे)

Interestingly, we have the same Hindi word for both “tomorrow” and “yesterday.” How do Indians differentiate between both the tenses? They recognize the tenses by the verb form used with them.
But in situations where the tense form isn’t used—for example, when you want to just say “yesterday’s date” or “tomorrow’s date,”—you can differentiate by using these phrases:

बीता हुआ कल (biiTaa huaa kaL)    — Yesterday
आने वाला कल (aaNe vaaLaa kaL) — Tomorrow

Below, we’ve explained the same concept with the help of a few examples. You can also see specific Hindi words and letters in bold to emphasize which tense is used.

  • सीमा आज रात पार्टी में आ रही है
    (SiiMaa aaj raaT paartii men aa rahii hai.)
    “Seema is coming to the party tonight.”
  • मैं आज सोना चाहता हूँ
    (main aaj SoNaa caahaTaa huun.)
    “I want to sleep today.”
  • रोहन कल घर आएगा
    (rohaN kaL ghar aayegaa.)
    “Rohan will come home tomorrow.”
  • प्रिया कल बाज़ार गयी थी
    (priyaa kaL baazaar gayii THii.)
    “Priya went to the market yesterday.”

4. Day in Hindi

Weekdays

1- Hindi Words for “Day”

Here are the common terms for the word “day” in Hindi:
दिन (DiN)                  “Day”
दिवस (DivaS)            “Day”
दैनिक (DaiNik)          “Daily”

Here are some examples to help you better understand how to use the days and dates in Hindi conversations:

  • मैं चार दिन के लिए शहर से बाहर जा रही हूँ।
    (main caar DiN ke Liye sahar Se baahar jaa rahii huun.)
    “I am going out of town for four days.”
  • भारत में स्वतंत्रता दिवस हर साल १५ अगस्त को मनाया जाता है।
    (bhaaraT men SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS har SaaL 15 agaST ko maNaayaa jaaTaa hai.)
    “India celebrates its Independence Day every year on August 15.”

As compared to English, we have a different native pronunciation for August in Hindi. That’s why 15 August in Hindi is written and read as १५ अगस्त (15 agaST).

Here’s how to use the word “daily” in Hindi.

  • ‘हिंदुस्तान टाइम्स’ एक दैनिक समाचार पत्र है।
    (hiNDuSTaaN taaimS ek DaiNik Samaacaar paTr hai.)
    “Hindustan Times is a daily newspaper.”

2- How to Say the Days in Hindi

We’ve already mentioned that there are so many gender-specific words in the Hindustani language. In this case, days are masculine gender nouns. Hence, all the ordinal words for days end with the -aa sound. For example, पहला दिन (pahaLaa DiN). But if we express the ordinal words for dates, the same words would end with the -ii sound as “dates” is a feminine noun. For example, पहली तारीख़ (pahaLii Taariikh). To access the complete list of Hindi cardinal numbers, check out our full-fledged article on Hindi Numbers.

Ordinal Numbers in English Ordinal Numbers in Hindi Ordinal Numbers in English Ordinal Numbers in Hindi
First (1st) पहला (pahaLaa) Seventeenth (17th) सत्रहवां (SaTrahavaan)
Second (2nd) दूसरा (DuuSaraa) Eighteenth (18th) अठारवां (athaarahavaan)
Third (3rd) तीसरा (TiiSaraa) Nineteenth (19th) उन्नीसवां (uNNiiSavaan)
Fourth (4th) चौथा (cauTHaa) Twentieth (20th) बीसवां (biiSavaan)
Fifth (5th) पांचवां (paancavaan) Twenty-first (21st) इक्कीसवाँ (ikkiiSavaan)
Sixth (6th) छठा (chathaa) Twenty-second (22nd) बाईसवाँ (baaiiSavaan)
Seventh (7th) सातवां (SaaTavaan) Twenty-third (23rd) तेईसवां (TeiiSsvaan)
Eighth (8th) आठवाँ (aathavaan) Twenty-fourth (24th) चौबीसवाँ (caubiiSavaan)
Ninth (9th) नौवां (Nauvaan) Twenty-fifth (25th) पच्चीसवां (pacciiSavaan)
Tenth (10th) दसवां (DaSavaan) Twenty-sixth (26th) छब्बीसवाँ (chabbiiSavaan)
Eleventh (11th) ग्यारहवां (gyaarahavaan) Twenty-seventh (27th) सत्ताईसवाँ (SaTTaaiiSavaan)
Twelfth (12th) बारहवां (baarahavaan) Twenty-eighth (28th) अठाईसवाँ (athaaiiSavaan)
Thirteenth (13th) तेरहवां (Terahavaan) Twenty-ninth (29th) उन्तीसवां (uNTiiSavaan)
Fourteenth (14th) चौदहवां (cauDahavaan) Thirtieth (30th) तीसवाँ (TiiSavaan)
Fifteenth (15th) पन्द्रहवां (paNDrahavaan) Thirty-first (31st) इक्तीसवाँ (ikTiiSavaan)
Sixteenth (16th) सोलहवां (SoLahavaan)

Translating the Months and Days in Hindi

Example:

  • इस दफ़्तर में आज मेरा चौथा दिन है।
    (iS DafTar men aaj meraa cauTHaa DiN hai.)
    “It’s my fourth day today in this office.”

5. Talking about Weeks in Hindi

Now, we’ll discuss the “week” meaning in Hindi and the days of the week in Hindi.

1- Hindi Words for the Week

The typical terms for saying “week” and related words in Hindi are:

सप्ताह (SapTaah) “Week”
हफ़्ता (hafTaa) “Week”
सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) “Weekend”
साप्ताहिक (SaapTaahik) “Weekly”

As you can see, the weekend in Hindi is known as सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) or सप्ताह का अंत (SapTaah kaa aNT).

But there are no particular words for weekdays in Hindi. Nonetheless, the literal weekday meaning in Hindi could be translated as काम करने के दिन (kaam karaNe ke DiN).

Coming back to the word “week,” here are some Hindi phrases to help you learn these. For “one week,” the meaning in Hindi is एक हफ़्ता (ek hafTaa). Similarly, in Hindi, “six weeks” would be written as छः हफ़्ते (chaḥ hafTe).

2- How to Say the Days of the Week

Learning about the days of the week in Hindi is really fun! In India, the first day of the week is Sunday. Sunday in Hindi is इतवार (iTavaar). Another popular word for Sunday in Hindi is रविवार (ravivaar).
Have a look at the chart below to learn the names of other days of the week.

Name in English           Name in Hindi
Sunday           इतवार (iTavaar) / रविवार (ravivaar)
Monday           सोमवार (Somavaar)
Tuesday           मंगलवार (mangaLavaar)
Wednesday           बुधवार (buDHavaar)
Thursday           बृहस्पतिवार (brihaSpaTivaar) / गुरुवार (guruvaar)
Friday           शुक्रवार (sukravaar)
Saturday           शनिवार (saNivaar) / शनिचर (saNicar)

6. The Months in Hindi

Months

In this section, you’ll first learn the basic Hindi terms for the word “month.” Then, we’ll teach you the names of the months of the year in the Hindi language (e.g. how to say January to December in Hindi). You’ll also learn the unique Indian months’ name in Hindi.
So, first, we’ll start with the basic Hindi words for “month.”

1- Hindi Words for “Month”

माह (maah)                     “Month”
मास (maaS)                     “Month”
महीना (mahiiNaa)             “Month”
मासिक (maaSik)              “Monthly”
अधिवर्ष (aDHivars)          “Leap year”
अधिमास (aDHimaaS)      “Leap month”

Examples:

  • दिसंबर साल का आख़िरी महीना होता है।
    (DiSambar SaaL kaa aakhirii mahiiNaa hoTaa hai.)
    “December is the last month of the year.”
  • यह एक मासिक पत्रिका है।
    (yah ek maaSik paTrikaa hai.)
    “This is a monthly magazine.”

Learning the Months and Dates

2- How to Say the Months in Hindi

Now it’s time to learn the names of the 12 months in Hindi, from January to December in Hindi.

English Months           Hindi Pronunciation of English Months
January           जनवरी (jaNavarii)
February           फ़रवरी (faravarii)
March           मार्च (maarc)
April           अप्रैल (apraiL)
May           मई (maii)
June           जून (juuN)
July           जुलाई (juLaaii)
August           अगस्त (agaST)
September           सितम्बर (SiTambar)
October           अक्टूबर (aktuubar)
November           नवंबर (Navambar)
December           दिसंबर (DiSambar)

Many non-native speakers may wonder how to say months like January/February in Hindi. Well, learning the name of any month is quite easy. There’s only a difference in sounds; but you may have noticed that overall, even the Hindi names sound very similar to how they’re spoken in English.

3- Hindi Month Name List

That was about speaking the English months’ name in an Indian accent. But do you know even today, each month in Hindi calendars follows a completely different pattern and has a different name in India? As surprising as it seems, Hindus still follow an ancient style of creating their religious calendar, with quite contrasting Hindi month names.

Months in English           Indian Months in Hindu Calendar
March – April           चैत्र (caiTra)
April – May           वैशाख (vaisaakh)
May – June           ज्येष्ठ (jyesth)
June – July           आषाढ़ (aasaadh)
July- August           श्रावण (sraavan)
August – September           भाद्रपद (bhaaDrapaD)
September – October           आश्विन (aasviN)
October – November           कार्तिक (kaarTik)
November – December           मार्गशीर्ष (maargasiirs)
December – January           पौष (paus)
January – February           माघ (maagh)
February – March           फाल्गुन (phaaLguN)

Names of Hindu Months

Example:

  • होली फाल्गुन माह में आती है।
    (hoLii phaaLguN maah men aaTii hai.)
    “Holi falls in the month of March.”

By the way, if you want to learn even more about dates in Hindi, particularly the most important ones, be sure to check out our relevant lesson.

7. Talking about Years in Hindi

Finally, it’s time to learn everything about different Hindi words for “year,” and how to read them in Hindi.

1- Hindi Words for “Year”

The typical Hindi terms for “year” and other related words are:

साल (SaaL)      “Year”
वर्ष (vars)      “Year”
सालाना (SaaLaaNaa)      “Yearly/Annual”
वार्षिक (vaarsik)      “Yearly/Annual”

Examples:

  • मैं २० वर्ष का हूँ।
    (main biiS vars kaa huun.)
    “I am twenty years old.”
  • मेरी सालाना आय ४ लाख है।
    (merii SaaLaaNaa aay caar Laakh hai.)
    “My annual income is INR 4 lakhs.”

2- How to Say the Years

Of course, learning the Hindi numbers is an important prerequisite to being able to read the years. But once you get the drift of it, reading years in Hindi becomes easy as pie.
We’ll teach you how to do so with a few examples.

  • 1990 – When talking about the 17th, 18th, 19th, or 20th century, we break the four digits into pairs of two. For instance, in 1990, we break it into 19 & 90. So, technically in Hindi, it would sound similar to saying 19-hundred 90, except the words would be in Hindi. Hence, 1990 becomes उन्नीस सौ नब्बे (uNNiiS Sau Nabbe).
  • 1850 – Break it into 18-hundred 50. In Hindi, we would say, अठारह सौ पचास (athaarah Sau pacaaS).
  • 2008 – But the rule changes for the 21st century. In this example, we would break it into 2-thousand 8. In Hindi, we say it as 2 हज़ार 8 or दो हज़ार आठ (Do hazaar aath).
  • 2019 – It would be called 2-thousand 19. In Hindi: 2 हज़ार 19 (दो हज़ार उन्नीस) (Do hazaar uNNiiS).
  • 2212 – And yet, as soon as we have digits in all four places, we go back to the same pattern. In this case, it would be 22-hundred 12. 22 सौ 12 (बाइस सौ बारह) (baaiS Sau baarah).
  • 2109 – 21-hundred 9. 21 सौ 9. (इक्कीस सौ नौ) (ikkiiS Sau Nau).

8. Fixing the Date of an Appointment in Hindi

If you wish to make some simple inquiries or book an appointment, here are some simple Hindi phrases to do it with ease and confidence.

How to Book an Appointment in Hindi

Q. तुम्हारा स्कूल कब से खुल रहा है?
(Tumhaaraa SkuuL kab Se khuL rahaa hai?)
“When does your school reopen?”

A. मेरा स्कूल १० जुलाई से खुल रहा है।
(meraa SkuuL DaS juLaaii Se khuL rahaa hai.)
“My school reopens on July 10.”

Q. दफ़्तर किस दिन बंद रहेगा?
(DafTar kiS DiN baND rahegaa?)
“On which day would the offices be closed?”

A. दफ़्तर शनिवार और रविवार को बंद रहेगा।
(DafTar saNivaar aur ravivaar ko baND rahegaa.)
“The office would remain closed on Saturday and Sunday.”

Q. दिवाली की छुट्टियाँ कब ख़त्म होंगी?
(DivaaLii kii chuttiyaan kab khaTm hongii?)
“When would the Diwali vacations be over?”

A. दिवाली की छुट्टियाँ ३० अक्टूबर को ख़त्म होंगी।
(DivaaLii kii chuttiyaan TiiS aktuubar ko khaTm hongii.)
“The Diwali vacations would be over on October 30.”

Q. क्या 14 फ़रवरी के लिए आपका कोई प्लान है?
(kyaa cauDah faravarii ke Liye aapakaa koii pLaaN hai?)
“Do you have any plans for February 14?”

A. हाँ, १४ फ़रवरी को मुझे बाहर जाना है।
(Haan, cauDah faravarii ko mujhe baahar jaaNaa hai.)
“Yes, I have to go out on the 14th of February.”

Q. आप का जन्मदिन कब होता है?
(aap kaa jaNmaDiN kab hoTaa hai?)
“When is your birthday?”

A. मेरा जन्मदिन २३ अगस्त को होता है।
(meraa jaNmaDiN TeiiS agaST ko hoTaa hai.)
“My birthday is on August 23.”

9. Must-Know Phrases to Talk about Dates

Below are some more helpful phrases to ask about dates and days in Hindi.

Q. कल कौन सा दिन है ?
(kaL kauN Saa DiN hai?)
“Tomorrow is which day?”

A. कल सोमवार है।
(kaL Somavaar hai.)
“Tomorrow is Monday.”

Q. बुधवार को क्या तारीख़ है ?
(buDHavaar ko kyaa Taariikh hai?)
“What’s the date on Wednesday?”

A. बुधवार को १२ तारीख़ है.
(buDHavaar ko baarah Taariikh hai.)
“It’s the 12th on Wednesday.”

Q. 10 मार्च को कौन सा दिन है ?
(DaS maarc ko kauN Saa DiN hai?)
“Which day is March 10?”

A. १० मार्च को गुरुवार है।
(DaS maarc ko guruvaar hai.)
“March 10 is on Thursday.”

Q. क्या आप इस हफ़्ते कहीं घूमने चलेंगे ?
(kyaa aap iS hafTe kahiin ghuumaNe caLenge?)
“Would you like to go on a trip this week?”

A. नहीं, इस हफ़्ते मैं व्यस्त हूँ।
(Nahiin, iS hafTe main vyaST huun.)
“No, I am busy this week.”

10. Read the Hindi Dates Fluently with HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com is undoubtedly the most convenient and interesting platform for any Hindi learner. Whether you’re a beginner or an intermediate-level Hindi learner, HindiPod101 always has something new in store for everyone.

Our lesson materials are thoroughly researched and well-structured. We enhance the richness of our content with the help of multiple flash cards, an online English-Hindi dictionary, and amazing Hindi vocabulary lists.

We also keep user-friendliness in mind. As a result, we’ve made sure that you can easily download our mobile application and start learning anytime, anywhere.

We hope you’ll let HindiPod101 be your guide on your language-learning journey!

Before you go, let us know in the comments if you now have a better idea of how to say dates in Hindi, or if there’s still something about dates in Hindi you’re struggling with. To practice, be sure to include today’s date in Hindi with your comment. 😉 We look forward to hearing from you!

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Common Useful Hindi Phrases for Travel Destinations in India

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Planning to spend your vacation in India? Well, learning Hindi should be your top-most priority before visiting the land of diversity. In case you’ve been wondering where to begin, allow us to introduce you to HindiPod101.com, the biggest platform for mastering Hindi. HindiPod101 is the best language travel guide in Hindi even for beginners, and today we’ll be teaching you some useful Hindi phrases for travel!

Traveling to a foreign land is one of the most remarkable things in life. And yet, the thought of it makes us all a little nervous. The biggest hurdle that gives us cold feet is the language problem. For instance, if India is on your tour list, communicating with the natives will be challenging if you don’t speak or understand Hindi.

And although Hindi is spoken mainly in the northern part of the country, other states are also well-versed with the language. Whether you’re about to travel in Hindi-speaking areas or explore the southern region, knowing some essential Hindi travel phrases is a sure-shot way to have a safe and gratifying journey.

So, brace yourself for a quick language ride and let’s make this trip more enjoyable with some useful Hindi phrases for travel in India. You’ll be so glad that you learned the most common Hindi travel phrases!

Table of Contents

  1. Perks of Knowing Hindi in India
  2. Essential Hindi Phrases for Traveling in India
  3. How to Use HindiPod101 and Learn Hindi Travel Phrases!

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1. Perks of Knowing Hindi in India

Preparing to Travel

Being a foreigner, it’s not necessary for you to be well-versed in Hindi language travel phrases. However, the knowledge of basic Hindi conversation for tourists has several advantages.

  • General Needs: Spending a few weeks in another country, you just can’t avoid the day-to-day needs. In India, greeting the local people like a native is the best way to solve that problem. Thus, basic greeting Hindi phrases when travelling to India are essential.
  • Eateries and Shopping Spots: By learning some simple travel phrases in Hindi, food lovers and shopaholics can easily track all the hot spots in the market. Knowing the right Hindi words for traveling purposes is an easy and economical way to gorge on your favorite Indian cuisine or shop to your heart’s content.
  • Bargaining: Yes, in India, when it comes to foreign travelers, the vendors try all their might to get the maximum profit from sales. If you know the basic Indian phrases for tourists, you’ll gain the upper hand in the general bargaining process.
  • Finding Locations: No Google search is good enough to provide you with as fine and accurate suggestions as the local people. Understanding directions and routes in Hindi becomes an effortless task as you learn useful Indian phrases when traveling.
  • Bonding with the Locals: Hindi words related to travel and staying in the country aren’t just about surviving the trip. Speaking the local language is an effective gesture to impress and bond with the natives. It shows your warmth and respect toward their culture. Check out these amazing Hindi pronunciation tips for speaking like a native.
  • Emergency: In case of emergencies, such as a health issue, accident, theft, etc., knowledge of Hindi travel common phrases goes a long way. In urgent situations, it can get you help in as little time as possible.

2. Essential Hindi Phrases for Traveling in India

Honestly, listing the relevant Hindi phrases for a tourist in India can be an endless task. Nonetheless, we’ve collected the best Hindi travel phrases for you to make your trip smooth and hassle-free.

Check out the following sets of situations and learn the related Hindi language travel phrases for each of them. Once you’ve spent some time practicing, you’ll be able to speak Hindi travel words and phrases like a native!

1- Greetings and Other Basic Expressions

India is a country where people love to socialize. Even strangers may smile to each other. In such a vibrant culture as India, a seemingly ordinary gesture of greeting is enough to break the ice. Here are some of the most popular words and phrases in Hindi to help you gel with the locals! For easier learning, refer to our section on Hindi alphabets.

1.) Greetings

  • नमस्ते (NamaSTe)
    Hello
  • नमस्कार (NamaSkaar)
    Hello
  • आप कैसे हैं / कैसी हैं? (aap kaiSe hain / kaiSii hain?)
    How are you?

In India, people follow a particular set of body language and hand gestures while saying “hello” in Hindi. Visit our Indian greetings and body language page on HindiPod101.com and find out the proper way to introduce yourself and start a friendly conversation.

2.) Basic Manners

  • शुक्रिया (sukriyaa)
    Thank you
  • धन्यवाद (DHaNyavaaD)
    Thank you
  • माफ़ कीजिये (maaf kiijiye)
    Excuse me / Sorry
  • कृपया (kripayaa)
    Please

3.) Common Sentences

  • मेरा नाम मोनिका है। (meraa Naam moNikaa hai.)
    My name is Monica.
  • आपका क्या नाम है? (aapakaa kyaa Naam hai?)
    What’s your name?
  • मैं ठीक हूँ। (main thiik huun.)
    I am good.
  • आप कैसे /कैसी हैं? (aap kaiSe hain / kaiSii hain?)
    How are you?
  • कोई बात नहीं। (koii baaT Nahiin.)
    It’s okay. / No problem.
  • आप से मिलकर ख़ुशी हुई। (aap Se miLakar khusii huii.)
    A pleasure to meet you.

Useful Related Words

  • नाम (Naam) Name
  • मैं (main) I
  • आप (aap) You
  • हाँ (hā̃) Yes
  • नहीं (Nahiin) No
  • ठीक है (thiik hai) Okay

2- Using a Public Transport

In small cities, where everything is within a range of a few kilometers, the common public transports include auto rickshaws and rickshaws. Whereas in metropolitan cities, metros, local buses, autos, cabs, and taxis keep the towns running! To help you navigate these transportation systems, check out these Hindi words and phrases for travelers to India.

Taking a Train in India

  • मेट्रो स्टेशन ले चलो। (metro StesaN Le caLo.)
    Take me to the metro station, please.
  • रेलवे स्टेशन / बस स्टेशन जाना है। (reLave StesaN / baS StesaN jaaNaa hai.)
    Railway station, please.
  • अगला स्टॉप कितना दूर है? (agaLaa Staup kiTaNaa Duur hai?)
    How far is the next stop?
  • टिकट किधर मिलेगा? (tikat kiDHar miLegaa?)
    Where can I get the ticket?
  • मेरी सुबह की ट्रेन है। (merii Subah kii treN hai.)
    I have an early morning train.
  • कितना वक़्त लगेगा? (kiTaNaa vaqT Lagegaa?)
    How long will it take?
  • मुंबई का टिकट चाहिए। (mumbaii kaa tikat caahiye.)
    A ticket to Mumbai, please.
  • मुझे कहाँ उतरना चाहिए? (mujhe kahaan uTaraNaa caahiye?)
    Where should I get off?

Now for a tip from our India travel guide: India is a heavily populated country. So, be prepared for the rush and traffic to slow you down. Keep sufficient time in hand to reach the airport / bus station / railway station. On average, leaving thirty to forty-five minutes earlier than the usual time will save you a lot of hassle.

Useful Related Words

  • सुबह (Subah) Morning
  • रात (raaT) Night
  • दोपहर (Dopahar) Afternoon
  • कब (kab) When
  • समय (Samay) Time

3- Shopping and Bargaining

Bargaining is the heartbeat of typical Indian markets. It goes on all the time. Unless you’re in a mall or a branded store with fixed prices, the local shops can really test your spending limits.

More often than not, vendors and shopkeepers try to get as much as they can from foreigners. Sometimes, the quoted price may be double or triple the original rate.

Your bargaining capacity becomes manifold just by uttering some common shopping phrases in Hindi. Using these basic Hindi words for travelers to India is an effective way to tell the sellers that you understand how things work in the local market and they better stop trying to fool you!

Shopping and Bargaining in Hindi

  • कितना हुआ? (kiTaNaa huaa?)
    How much?
  • क्या दाम है? (kyaa Daam hai?)
    What’s the price?
  • इसका दाम कम कीजिए। (iSakaa Daam kam kiijiye.)
    Please, lower the price.
  • सही दाम लगाओ। (Sahii Daam Lagaao.)
    Tell me the correct price.
  • मुझे यह चाहिए। (mujhe yah caahiye.)
    I want this.
  • मुझे यह नहीं चाहिए। (mujhe yah Nahiin caahiye.)
    I don’t want this.
  • ये सामान ख़राब है। (ye SaamaaN kharaab hai.)
    This stuff has defects.
  • इसे बदल दीजिये। (iSe baDaL Dijiiye.)
    Please, change this.
  • छोटा / बड़ा नाप चाहिए। (chotaa / badaa Naap caahiye.)
    Give me a smaller / larger size.
  • क्रेडिट कार्ड चलेगा? (kredit kaard caLega?)
    Can I use a credit card?

Useful Related Words

  • दाम (Daam) Rate / Price
  • पैसे (paiSe) Money / Rupees
  • बदलना (baDaLaNaa) Change
  • नया (Nayaa) New
  • पुराना (puraaNaa) Old
  • ख़राब (kharaab) Defective
  • छोटा (chotaa) Small
  • बड़ा (badaa) Large
  • नाप (Naap) Size

Indians have a habit of using Hindi numbers while counting money, telling the price, bargaining, and even asking what size fits you well. With HindiPod101.com, you can learn and memorize the Hindi Numbers and up your bargain game.

4- Dining at a Restaurant

Authentic Indian cuisine is worth every bite. From vegetarian dishes to non-veg delicacies, Indian food is a melting pot of herbs and spices, all with a touch of love.

When visiting a fine restaurant or hotel that you’re staying in, speaking Hindi is optional. Most hotel staff are fluent in English and converse in the same language. So, you may not need to worry about speaking Hindi at your hotel.

However, if you stop by a roadside eatery and wish to have a few bites there, the basic Hindi travel words with meanings below will prove to be quite helpful.

Variety of Indian Dishes

With these Hindi words, one can easily place an order at a local restaurant, ask for the bill, and more.

  • मैं शाकाहारी हूँ। (main saakaahaarii huun.)
    I am a vegetarian.
  • मैं मांसाहारी हूँ। (main maanSaahaarii huun.)
    I am a non-vegetarian.
  • एक चाय / कॉफ़ी चाहिए। (ek caay / kaufii caahiye.)
    One tea / coffee, please.
  • ये बहुत स्वादिष्ट है। (ye bahuT SvaaDist hai.)
    It’s delicious.
  • तीखा कम रखियेगा। (Tiikhaa kam rakhiyegaa.)
    Please, make it less spicy.
  • बिल ले आइये। (biL Le aaiye.)
    Bill, please.

Ordering at an Indian Restaurant

  • मुझे और रोटियाँ चाहिए। (mujhe aur rotiyaan caahiye.)
    I want more chapatis.
  • दो लोग हैं। (Do Log hain.)
    Table for two, please.
  • क्या आप क्रेडिट कार्ड लेते हैं? (kyaa aap kredit kaard LeTe hain?)
    Do you accept credit cards?

It’s common to pay in cash when eating at a small restaurant. Credit cards are usually accepted at expensive or moderately expensive eating places.

The most popular beverage in India is tea (caay). It contains tea leaves, sugar, and equal parts milk and water. Indians love to have their tea on the sweeter side. So, if you don’t have a sweet tooth, make sure to mention that while you order the tea.

Spices and chilies are the soul of every Indian food. To non-natives, Indian food may taste quite spicy and hot. To be on the safer side, it’s better to tell the waiters your preferences beforehand.

Many Herbs and Spices

Useful Related Words

  • खाना (khaaNaa) Lunch / Dinner / Meal / Food
  • पानी (paaNii) Water
  • चाय (caay) Tea
  • दूध (DuuDH) Milk
  • नाश्ता (NaasTaa) Breakfast
  • अंडा (aNdaa) Egg
  • फल (phaL) Fruits
  • सब्ज़ी (Sabzii) Vegetable
  • रोटी (rotii) Chapati / Indian flat bread
  • चावल (caavaL) Rice
  • मसाला (maSaaLaa) Spice
  • कम (kam) Less
  • ज़्यादा (zyaaDaa) More
  • मीठा (miithaa) Sweet
  • मिठाई (mithaaii) Dessert

5- For Directions and Routes

World Map

Most of the cities and towns in the country aren’t organized. So, finding the routes all by yourself can be tricky business. Nonetheless, people in India are helpful and friendly. They’ll be more than happy to help you with directions. But, how to ask for directions when a large segment of the population doesn’t speak English?

The answer is simple. Learn these basic phrases and you’re good to go! (They may be some of the most important Hindi words for tourists in India!)

  • बाथरूम कहाँ / किधर है? (baaTHaruum kahaan / kiDHar hai?)
    Where is the toilet?
  • ताज महल कितनी दूर है? (Taaj mahaL kiTaNii Duur hai?)
    How far is the Taj Mahal?
  • कनॉट प्लेस के लिए कौन-सा रास्ता है? (kaNaut pLeS ke Liye kauN-Sa raaSTaa hai?)
    What is the route to Connaught Place?
  • दाएं जाना है। (Daayen jaaNaa hai.)
    Go right.
  • बाएँ मुड़ना है। (baayen mudaNaa hai.)
    Turn left.
  • सामने / सीधे चले जाइये। (SaamaNe / SiiDHe caLe jaaiye.)
    Go straight.

Useful Related Words

  • दाएं (Daayen) Right
  • बाएं (baayen) Left
  • सामने (SaamaNe) Front
  • सीधे (SiiDHe) Straight
  • सड़क (Sadak) Road
  • मोड़ (mod) Turn
  • किधर (kiDHar) Which side
  • कहाँ (kahaan) Where
  • अंदर (aNDar) Inside
  • बाहर (baahar) Outside
  • पीछे (piiche) Back / Behind

6- In Case of Emergency

Survival Phrases

This section needs no explanation. When you’re in another part of the world, learning the local language, or at least some essential emergency phrases in Hindi, can save you from big trouble. Below is a list of some Hindi phrases to use in case of emergency.

  • मुझे मदद चाहिए। / कृपया, मेरी मदद कीजिए। (mujhe maDaD caahiye.) / (kripayaa, merii maDaD kiijiye.)
    I need help. / Please, help me.
  • मेरी तबियत ख़राब है। (merii TabiiyaT kharaab hai.)
    I am feeling sick.
  • क्या पास में कोई दवा की दुकान होगी? (kyaa paaS men koii Davaa kii DukaaN hogii?)
    Is there any medical store nearby?
  • मेरा पासपोर्ट खो गया है। (meraa paaSaport kho gayaa hai.)
    I have lost my passport.
  • पुलिस को बुलाओ। (puLiS ko buLaao.)
    Call the police.
  • पुलिस चौकी कहाँ है? (puLiS caukii kahaan hai?)
    Where is the police station?
  • अस्पताल कहाँ है? (aSpaTaaL kahaan hai?)
    Where’s the hospital?

An Emergency Situation

Useful Related Words

  • दवा (Davaa) Medicine
  • बुख़ार (bukhaar) Fever
  • चोरी (corii) Theft
  • पर्स (parS) Purse / Wallet
  • सामान (SaamaaN) Luggage

7- Giving Compliments and Making Friends

When you spend sufficient time in India, you’re probably going to make some new friends. If not, then maybe you’d still like to say “thank you” to your hosts for their warm hospitality, initiate a conversation with someone you want to be friends with, and so on!

How do you make your emotions sound special? Express yourself in Hindi and steal the locals’ hearts already! Explore these flattery phrases to flaunt your Hindi and catch everybody’s attention.

  • मुझे भारत देश पसंद है। (mujhe bhaaraT Des paSaND hai.)
    I like India.
  • मुझे भारतीय खाना काफ़ी पसंद है। (mujhe bhaaraTiiy khaana kaafii paSaND hai.)
    I love Indian cuisine.
  • आप बहुत अच्छे / अच्छी हैं। (aap bahuT acche / acchii hain.)
    You’re a nice person.
  • आपसे मिलकर ख़ुशी हुई। (aap Se miLakar khusii huyii.)
    It’s a pleasure meeting you.
  • क्या आप फ़ेसबुक पर हैं? (kyaa aap feSabuk par hain?)
    Are you on Facebook?

Useful Related Words

  • सर (Sar) Sir
  • मैडम (maidam) Madam
  • भैया (bhaiyaa) Brother
  • दीदी (DiiDii) Sister
  • अन्ना (aNNaa) Brother
  • दादा (DaaDaa) Big brother
  • आंटी (aaNtii) Aunty
  • अंकल (ankaL) Uncle

8- For Sorting out Language Troubles

Basic Questions

It’s okay if you struggle while speaking Hindi. You may want to use the phrases below to make people aware of your language troubles and to ask for their help.

  • मुझे हिंदी नहीं आती। (mujhe hiNDii nahiin aaTii.)
    I don’t speak Hindi.
  • क्या आपको अंग्रेज़ी आती है? (kyaa aapako angrezii aaTii hai?)
    Do you speak English?
  • कृपया, धीरे बोलिये। (kripayaa, DHiire boLiye.)
    Please, speak slowly.
  • इसे लिख दीजिये। (iSe Likh Diijiye.)
    Please, write it down.
  • इसे कैसे पढ़ेंगे? (iSe kaiSe padhenge?)
    How do you read this?
  • कितने बजे हैं? (kiTaNe baje hain?)
    What’s the time?
  • मुझे समझ नहीं आया। (mujhe Samajh Nahiin aayaa.)
    I don’t understand.
  • कृपया, फिर से कहिये। (kripayaa, phir Se kahiye.)
    Please, say it again.

Useful Related Words

  • कैसे (kaiSe) How
  • बोलना (boLaNaa) Speak
  • पढ़ना (padhaNaa) Read
  • फिर से (phir Se) Again

3. How to Use HindiPod101 and Learn Hindi Travel Phrases!

Now that we’ve covered all the phrases you need to know for your trip to India, we hope you can see why travel phrases in Hindi language learning are so necessary to an enjoyable (and safe) trip. After reading these Hindi travel phrases in the English language, it’s time to practice your Hindi skills!

If you’re nervous about your trip to India just because you don’t speak Hindi, HindPod101 can make your worries disappear. The wide and comprehensive study material on HindiPod101 doesn’t just teach you Hindi, but almost everything about India.

You can learn about Indian culture, common food items, greeting methods, and much more with HindiPod101.com. All you have to do is download the Hindi Mobile Application and start learning! So, what are you waiting for? Sign up on our homepage and get access to unlimited resources for Hindi learning.

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A Quick Guide to Learning Hindi Numbers with Names

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It’s hard to imagine our lives without numbers. To be frank, without digits, we’d be lost. While most of us are aware of the globally accepted English numeral system, there are many places where native words are used in their place. India is a country where using Hindi numbers is one of the many standard practices in Indian society.

Table of Contents

  1. Perks of Learning Hindi Numbers in India
  2. Some Quick Tips about Indian Currency and Number System
  3. Number Names for Multiples of 10 up to 100
  4. Learn Hindi Numbers 0 to 10
  5. Number Names for 11 to 20
  6. Number Names for 21 to 30
  7. Number Names for 31 to 40
  8. Number Names for 41 to 50
  9. Number Names for 51 to 100
  10. Number Names for Multiples of 100 up to 1000
  11. Number Names for 1000 to 10,000!
  12. How to Say the Cardinal Numbers
  13. Sharing Your Phone Number in Hindi
  14. Join Us and Listen to Our Podcasts at HindiPod101.com

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1. Perks of Learning Hindi Numbers in India

Hindi Numbers

In India, more often than not, the Indian system of Hindi numbers is used in everyday life. This practice is commonly seen all over the country. Whether you’re going to buy groceries or take a rickshaw or bus, the native number system is what people use all the time. And adding to that, even the well-educated folks are more comfortable using the native number system.

From getting a local recharge done to paying bills for the newspapers, asking for the date and time, or sharing your flat number with your neighbors, you’ll at least need to learn Hindi numbers 1 to 10 for easy communication.

As the majority of the labor class doesn’t understand English numbers, knowing the basics like Hindi numbers 1 to 100 can help you bargain successfully whenever possible. Working with numbers in the local dialect will, overall, save you time and energy.

Using Hindi Numbers for Grocery Shopping

But don’t let these revelations make you nervous! Because we’re going to share with you some amazing tips to memorize quickly. We’ll even show you some Hindi numbers in roman English. So, just relax and have a fun time learning at HindiPod101.com with these Hindi numbers lists.

2. Some Quick Tips about Indian Currency and Number System

The Indian Currency

Rupee, the standard currency of India, is represented by the symbol ₹ and is locally known as रुपया rupayaa.

The Hindi term for “cents” is पैसे (paiSe). That means, 1 rupee has 100 paise. But paise doesn’t just mean “cents” in India. It also means “money,” so it can be used to refer to any amount of money.

Just focus on learning the names of one to hundred numbers in Hindi, and after that, the whole pattern keeps repeating itself.

For later purposes, the word “Hundred” is spoken as सौ (Sau) in Hindi and the word “Thousand” means हज़ार (hazaar).

Wish to learn more about number names? Type your favorite digit or any other word in our free online Hindi dictionary to find out how it’s spelled in Hindi!

If starting from zero sounds boring to you, let your mind hop up with these easy-breezy multiples of 10. You’ll be counting in Hindi before you know it!

3. Number Names for Multiples of 10 up to 100

English Number Hindi Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
10 १० दस DaS Ten
20 २० बीस biiS Twenty
30 ३० तीस TiiS Thirty
40 ४० चालीस caaLiiS Forty
50 ५० पचास pacaaS Fifty
60 ६० साठ Saath Sixty
70 ७० सत्तर SaTTar Seventy
80 ८० अस्सी aSSii Eighty
90 ९० नब्बे Nabbe Ninety
100 १०० सौ Sau One-hundred

Well, wasn’t that easy! In the same way, you can learn the multiples of Hindi numbers 100 to 1000.

Now that you’ve become a bit familiar with the number system of India, let’s begin with the Hindi numbers 1 to 10 in words and in numerals as well. After that, we’ll cover the Hindi numbers 1 to 20.

4. Learn Hindi Numbers 0 to 10

Indian numerals are inspired by Indian-Arabic numbers and their number names are written in the cursory Devnagari script.

Here’s a table below to help you understand how to write numbers in Hindi words. For an easy reading, check out these unique Hindi pronunciation rules.

Learn How to Read and Write Hindi Numbers

English Number Hindi Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
0 शून्य suuNya Zero
1 एक ek One
2 दो Do Two
3 तीन TiiN Three
4 चार caar Four
5 पाँच paanc Five
6 छः chah Six
7 सात SaaT Seven
8 आठ aath Eight
9 नौ Nau Nine
10 १० दस Das Ten

Practice makes perfect. Make your learning more effective with our useful language learning techniques.

1- Example 1

  • मेरे घर में चार कमरे हैं।
  • mere ghar men caar kamare hain.
  • There are four rooms in my house.

2- Example 2

  • रीटा के पास छः बिल्लियाँ हैं।
  • riitaa ke paaS chah biLLiyaan hain.
  • Reeta has six cats.

5. Number Names for 11 to 20

11 ११ ग्यारह gyaarah Eleven
12 १२ बारह baarah Twelve
13 १३ तेरह Terah Thirteen
14 १४ चौदह cauDah Fourteen
15 १५ पन्द्रह paNDrah Fifteen
16 १६ सोलह SoLah Sixteen
17 १७ सत्रह SaTrah Seventeen
18 १८ अठारह athaarah Eighteen
19 १९ उन्नीस uNNiiS Ninteen
20 २० बीस BiiS Twenty

1- Quick Tip:

Carefully notice the pattern in the Hindi numbers 1-20.

Every number is spelled in a unique way. However, the prefixes in every number name in the two-digit numbers (from 11 to 20) are inspired by the Hindi names of one-digit numbers (from 0 to 9).

For a thorough learning, download our HindiPod101 app and learn anywhere, anytime.

6. Number Names for 21 to 30

21 २१ इक्कीस ikkiiS Twenty-one
22 २२ बाईस baaiiS Twenty-two
23 २३ तेईस TeiiS Twenty-three
24 २४ चौबीस caubiiS Twenty-four
25 २५ पच्चीस pacciiS Twenty-five
26 २६ छब्बीस chabbiiS Twenty-six
27 २७ सत्ताईस SaTTaaiiS Twenty-seven
28 २८ अट्ठाईस atthaaiiS Twenty-eight
29 २९ उन्तीस uNTiiS Twenty-nine
30 ३० तीस TiiS Thirty

1- Quick Tip:

With some simple observation, you can easily become familiar with the Hindi counting. For your ease, we’ve also written the names for the Hindi numbers 1-30 in English.

Another peculiar pattern is that in English numerals, “twenty” is used as the prefix whereas the word ‘बीस’ (biiS) is used as a suffix in the Hindi digits.

For example, तीन (TiiN) + बीस (biiS) = तेईस (TeiiS). This is true for the numbers 21 to 28, but not for 29 because this uses the suffix for the 30s.

As you can see, the names of the next eight numbers depend on the preceding multiple of 10, but the name of the ninth number depends on the following multiple of 10. This works for all, except for 89 and 99, which continue to use the suffix of the preceding multiple.

Up to here, we’ve covered the Hindi numbers 1-30. The suffix in the 30s line will be ‘तीस’ (TiiS).

7. Number Names for 31 to 40

31 ३१ इकतीस IkaTiiS Thirty-one
32 ३२ बत्तीस baTTiiS Thirty-two
33 ३३ तैंतीस TainTiiS Thirty-three
34 ३४ चौंतीस caunTiiS Thirty-four
35 ३५ पैंतीस painTiiS Thirty-five
36 ३६ छत्तीस chaTTiiS Thirty-six
37 ३७ सैंतीस SainTiiS Thirty-seven
38 ३८ अढ़तीस adhaTiiS Thirty-eight
39 ३९ उनतालीस uNaTaaLiiS Thirty-nine
40 ४० चालीस caaLiiS Forty

1- Quick Tip:

In Hindi numbers names, one may not always find a uniform pattern as in English. Always remember that the names keep changing in a slight and subtle way.

8. Number Names for 41 to 50

41 ४१ इकतालीस IkaTaaLiiS Forty-one
42 ४२ बयालीस bayaaLiiS Forty-two
43 ४३ तैंतालीस TainTaaLiiS Forty-three
44 ४४ चवालीस cavaaLiiS Forty-four
45 ४५ पैंतालीस painTaaLiiS Forty-five
46 ४६ छियालीस chiyaaLiiS Forty-six
47 ४७ सैंतालीस SainTaaLiiS Forty-seven
48 ४८ अड़तालीस adhaTaaLiiS Forty-eight
49 ४९ उन्चास uNcaaS Forty-nine
50 ५० पचास pacaaS Fifty

1- Quick Tip:

The suffix used here is ‘चालीस’ (caaLiiS). So, every number name in the 40s line ends with the same suffix, except for 49.

Bravo! You’ve finished learning the number names 1 to 50 in Hindi. Before we move on to the next section, why don’t you visit our MyTeacher page and practice these Hindi 1 to 50 number names!

9. Number Names for 51 to 100

Now that you’ve got a basic idea about how to learn numbers in Hindi, our next goal is to learn Hindi numbers 1-100.

51 ५१ इक्यावन IkyaavaN Fifty-one
52 ५२ बावन baavaN Fifty-two
53 ५३ तिरपन TirapaN Fifty-three
54 ५४ चौवन cauvaN Fifty-four
55 ५५ पचपन pacapaN Fifty-five
56 ५६ छप्पन chappaN Fifty-six
57 ५७ सत्तावन SaTTaavan Fifty-seven
58 ५८ अट्ठावन atthaavaN Fifty-eight
59 ५९ उनसठ uNaSath Fifty-nine
60 ६० साठ Saath Sixty
61 ६१ इकसठ ikaSath Sixty-one
62 ६२ बासठ baaSath Sixty-two
63 ६३ तिरसठ TiraSath Sixty-three
64 ६४ चौंसठ caunSath Sixty-four
65 ६५ पैंसठ painSath Sixty-five
66 ६६ छियासठ chiyaaSath Sixty-six
67 ६७ सड़सठ SadaSath Sixty-seven
68 ६८ अड़सठ adaSath Sixty-eight
69 ६९ उनहत्तर unhaTTar Sixty-nine
70 ७० सत्तर SaTTar Seventy
71 ७१ इकहत्तर ikahaTTar Seventy-one
72 ७२ बहत्तर bahaTTar Seventy-two
73 ७३ तिहत्तर TihaTTar Seventy-three
74 ७४ चौहत्तर cauhaTTar Seventy-four
75 ७५ पचहत्तर pacahaTTar Seventy-five
76 ७६ छिहत्तर chihaTTar Seventy-six
77 ७७ सतहत्तर saTahaTTar Seventy-seven
78 ७८ अठहत्तर athahaTTar Seventy-eight
79 ७९ उन्यासी uNyaaSii Seventy-nine
80 ८० अस्सी aSSii Eighty
81 ८१ इक्यासी ikyaaSii Eighty-one
82 ८२ बयासी bayaaSii Eighty-two
83 ८३ तिरासी TiraaSii Eighty-three
84 ८४ चौरासी cauraaSii Eighty-four
85 ८५ पचासी pacaaSii Eighty-five
86 ८६ छियासी chiyaaSii Eighty-six
87 ८७ सत्तासी SaTTaaSii Eighty-seven
88 ८८ अट्ठासी atthaaSii Eighty-eight
89 ८९ नवासी NavaaSii Eighty-nine
90 ९० नब्बे Nabbe Ninety
91 ९१ इक्यानवे ikyaaNave Ninety-one
92 ९२ बानवे baaNave Ninety-two
93 ९३ तिरानवे TiraaNave Ninety-three
94 ९४ चौरानवे cauraaNave Ninety-four
95 ९५ पंचानवे paNcaaNave Ninety-five
96 ९६ छियानवे chiyaaNave Ninety-six
97 ९७ सत्तानवे SaTTaaNave Ninety-seven
98 ९८ अट्ठानवे athaaNave Ninety-eight
99 ९९ निन्यानवे NiNyaaNave Ninety-nine
100 १०० सौ Sau One-hundred

1- Quick Tip:

10. Number Names for Multiples of 100 up to 1000

Learning English to Hindi numbers 1 to 100 is a huge milestone that you have accomplished and you should pat your back for that!! And smile now because things will turn drastically easy from here.

English Number Hindi Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
100 १०० एक सौ ek Sau One-hundred
200 २०० दो सौ Do Sau Two-hundred
300 ३०० तीन सौ TiiN Sau Three-hundred
400 ४०० चार सौ caar Sau Four-hundred
500 ५०० पाँच सौ paanc Sau Five-hundred
600 ६०० छः सौ chah Sau Six-hundred
700 ७०० सात सौ SaaT Sau Seven-hundred
800 ८०० आठ सौ aath Sau Eight-hundred
900 ९०० नौ सौ Nau Sau Nine-hundred
1000 १००० एक हज़ार Ek hazaar One-thousand

If you know the number names from 0-100 by heart, it’s our promise that the rest is going to be a piece of cake for you. Not only that, you’ll be surprised to see how easy it is to learn Hindi numbers 1 to 1000 in words.

We’ll show you how it’s done. Let’s take, for instance, any digits within the range of Hindi numbers 1 to 1000.

1- Example:

In the English number 122, its number name is “One-hundred and twenty-two.” Now, you already know that the Hindi name for “one-hundred” is एक सौ (Ek Sau) and for “twenty-two” it’s बाईस (baaiiS).

Viola! You can easily make out that the Hindi number name for 122 would be एक सौ बाईस (Ek Sau baaiiS).

You can create, read, and write any multiple of 100. To download the Hindi numbers 1 to 10,000 PDF join our blog and start learning right away.

2- Quick Tip:

All you have to do is remember the name of the last two digits in Hindi and add the third digit as the hundredth number.

11. Number Names for 1000 to 10,000!

English Number Numbers Hindi Name Transliteration English Name
1000 १००० एक हज़ार ek hazaar One-thousand
2000 २००० दो हज़ार Do hazaar Two-thousand
3000 ३००० तीन हज़ार TiiN hazaar Three-thousand
4000 ४००० चार हज़ार caar hazaar Four-thousand
5000 ५००० पाँच हज़ार paanc hazaar Five-thousand
6000 ६००० छः हज़ार chah hazaar Six-thousand
7000 ७००० सात हज़ार SaaT hazaar Seven-thousand
8000 ८००० आठ हज़ार aath hazaar Eight-thousand
9000 ९००० नौ हज़ार Nau hazaar Nine-thousand
10000 १०००० दस हज़ार DaS hazaar Ten-thousand

1- Quick Tip:

When you’re dealing with Hindi numbers 1000 to 2000 or above, follow the same rule as you did in the hundreds.

Simply replace the word सौ (Sau) with हज़ार (hazaar) and you’re good to go.

2- Example:

In the English number 4120, its number name is “Four-thousand one-hundred and twenty.” Now, you already know that the Hindi name for “four-thousand” is चार हज़ार (caar hazaar), for “one-hundred” it’s एक सौ (Ek Sau), and for “twenty” it’s बीस (biiS).

There you go! You can easily figure out that the Hindi number name for 4120 would be चार हज़ार एक सौ बीस (caar hazaar ek Sau biiS).

12. How to Say the Cardinal Numbers

English Namer Hindi Name Transliteration
First पहला pehaLaa
Second दूसरा DuuSaraa
Third तीसरा TiiSaraa
Fourth चौथा cauTHaa
Fifth पाँचवा paancavaa
Sixth छठा chathaa
Seventh सातवाँ SaaTavaan
Eighth आठवाँ aathavaan
Ninth नौवाँ Nauvaan
Tenth दसवाँ DaSavaan

1- Quick Tip:

  • The cardinal numbers are mostly used to give a direction, address, or anything else that follows a sequence.
  • Depending on the gender of the person or thing, the cardinal name will end with different sounds. Masculine words will end with a sound of aa and feminine words with the sound of ii.
  • For instance:
    • Second turn.
    • दूसरा मोड़
      (DuSaraa mod)
    • Third story.
    • तीसरी मंज़िल
      (TiiSarii maNziL)

13. Sharing Your Phone Number in Hindi

Sharing Your Phone Number Using Hindi Numbers

It’s fine to use English numbers while sharing your phone number with your colleagues. But when it comes to your neighbors, newspaperman, milkman, or maid, it’s better to break the ten digits of your number into five pairs of Hindi numbers with two numbers each.

That’s how the Indians do it generally. Another way is to break it into two pairs of Indian numbers with five numbers in each pair.

For instance, your mobile number is 9457886140.

  • Going by the first method, you can tell it as 94-57-88-61-40. So, in Hindi, you’ll say it as ९४-५७-८८-६१-४० i.e. चौरानवे (cauraaNave) – सतावन (SaTaavaN) – अट्ठासी (atthaaSii) – इकसठ (IkaSath) – चालीस (caaLiiS).
  • The second way to say it is 94578-86140. So, in Hindi, it would be said as ९४५७८-८६१४०. That would be चौरानवे पाँच सौ अठहत्तर – छियासी एक सौ चालीस (cauraaNave paanc Sau atthahaTTar – chiyaaSii ek Sau caaLiiS).

14. Join Us and Listen to Our Podcasts at HindiPod101.com

Learn Hindi Numbers with Our Audio Lessons

Impressed with our teaching methods? Explore more by visiting us at HindiPod101.com. We offer guided lessons, free vocabulary collections, a dictionary, PDFs, and many more things to make your learning easy.

Simply sign up on our page and turn your Hindi learning experience into a splendid journey with us!

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Top Indian “Sorry Words” And Polite Ways to Say Sorry in Hindi

What does a true apology feel like? Well, to begin with, it should come straight from the heart, and the Hindi language is the perfect tool to express it. Whether you need to know how to say sorry to your bf in Hindi or how to say sorry to a girl in Hindi, you’ll find an array of options here!

Unlike in English, Hindi’s “sorry” doesn’t have a single literal word for it. Instead, Indians prefer a bunch of phrases when asking for an apology and to say “sorry” in Hindi.

Most commonly, “sorry” in Hindi translation means क्षमा (ksamaa) or माफ़ी (maafii), and other similar words which you’ll be learning in this article.

“To say sorry” meaning in Hindi is माफ़ी माँगना (maafii maangaNaa). But the phrase literally translates to “to seek an apology,” where माफ़ी (maafii) is “an apology” and माँगना (maangaNaa) is “to seek” or “to ask for.”

As a beginner at HindiPod101, you can count on these Indian “sorry phrases” in similar situations, if you wish to apologize in Hindi. This is going to help you in different circumstances, such as making common errors while speaking in Hindi, being late, spilling coffee by mistake, or even consoling a friend.

Saying sorry in trivial situations shows your courteous behavior. In serious matters, it may save you from heartbreak, or losing a valuable friend. This makes “sorry” in learning Hindi so important.

In this article, we’ll show you lots of ways to say “sorry,” and also give examples of how to translate “sorry” in Hindi to English. So, let’s learn how to say “I am sorry” in Hindi! Start with a bonus, and download your FREE cheat sheet – How to Improve Your Hindi Skills! (Logged-In Member Only)

  1. Preferable Body Language While Making an Apology
  2. Most Important Apologizing Words in Hindi
  3. How to Say Sorry in Hindi
  4. Admitting a Mistake in a Dignified Manner
  5. Expressing Condolences
  6. Responding to an Apology
  7. How HindiPod101.com Can Transform Your Hindi Learning!

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1. Preferable Body Language While Making an Apology

“Sorry” in the Hindi language is about body language just as much as it is about words. Watching a tutorial on a “how to say sorry in Hindi” video, or seeing a “sorry” in Hindi image, may tell you a lot about the Indian ways of apologizing.

1- Apologizing in Formal Situations

Body Language During a Formal Apology

First, we’ll talk about how to say “I’m sorry” in Hindi in formal situations:

  • When asking for an apology from one’s boss, the person may stand with both hands in front of them.
  • The right palm rests over the left, and the head bows down very slightly.
  • And then, with a gentle tone, you say the common Indian sorry phrases that we’ve mentioned below.

2- Saying Sorry to Elders

Saying sorry to older people, relatives, or people you greatly respect, involves making a particular hand gesture:

  • Join both the palms, so that your fingertips and chest are aligned.
  • Technically, it’s the same as saying NamaSTe except that NamaSTe is a way of greeting others. But when apologizing, one doesn’t smile.
  • You can sometimes find the same hand gesture for “sorry” in Hindi quotes and “sorry” in Hindi statuses when you search online.

3- Saying Sorry to Friends and Younger People

Indian Ways of Apologizing

In informal situations, Indians say sorry to their friends by placing a hand on their friend’s shoulder. It’s not a rule, but the gesture is a symbol of empathy, showing that you understand their hurt and feel sorry for it.

Sometimes, we end up hurting the tender emotions of our young ones. In such sensitive moments, Indians like to hug their kids to express their genuine apology.

Now that you’ve got a better idea about Indian body language, let’s look at the popular keywords that are used to say “I am sorry” in the Hindi language.

2. Most Important Apologizing Words in Hindi

3 Ways to Say Sorry

The verb “apologize,”’s meaning in Hindi is माफ़ी माँगना (maafii maangaNaa). But when we talk about the noun “apology,” the right Hindi word for “sorry” is just माफ़ी (maafii), which is also a noun word in Hindi. माँगना (maangaNaa) qualifies as a verb in Hindi which translates to “asking for” in English.

1- क्षमा (ksamaa)

  • The Hindi word क्षमा (ksamaa) is a noun. Its literal meaning is “forgiveness.”
  • When pronouncing this word in Hindi, the k becomes silent and it actually sounds like samaa.
  • In a Hindi sentence, क्षमा (ksamaa) comes after a pronoun and is followed by a verb at the end.
  • It’s quite a formal apology word and people rarely use it to say sorry in the Hindi language.

2- माफ़ी (maafii)

  • The Hindi word माफ़ी (maafii) is also a noun. Its literal meaning is “forgiveness.”
  • In a Hindi sentence, माफ़ी (maafii) comes after a pronoun and is followed by a verb at the end.
  • On some occasions, माफ़ी (maafii) is replaced with माफ़ (maaf) which is a phrasal verb.
  • माफ़ (maaf) is one of the most popular Hindi words to be used not only in Hindi sorry SMS & Hindi Shayari, but is also used for Bangla sorry SMS. Don’t be surprised to hear this word when watching a boy saying sorry to his girlfriend.

3- भूल (bhuuL)

  • भूल (bhuuL) is a noun. Its literal meaning is “an unintentional mistake.”
  • Often accompanied by a verb, this word is mostly said while admitting a mistake.
  • Because of its simplicity, भूल (bhuuL) is the most favored term for “sorry” in Hindi Shayari and “sorry” in Hindi songs.

How to Say Sorry in Hindi

4- ग़लती (gaLaTii)

  • Another noun, ग़लती (gaLaTii) is more commonly used by Indians. It means a “careless mistake,” but may also stand for a “blunder.”
  • Compared to भूल (bhuuL), ग़लती (gaLaTii) is a slightly stricter term.
  • And yet, the word holds a tight place in most of the sorry quotes (Hindi) and Whatsapp “sorry” statuses in Hindi for friends.
  • Boys also opt for it when sending a “sorry” SMS in Hindi for a girlfriend.

5- शर्मिंदा (sarmiNDaa)

  • This word is actually an adjective. The literal meaning in English is “embarrassed.”
  • When changed into a noun, it’s शर्मिंदगी (sarmiNDagii), or “embarrassment.”
  • It’s another apt word to use when writing a “sorry” SMS in Hindi or other online “sorry” messages in Hindi.
  • All Bollywood fans know that the phrase is frequently used in apology love songs as a sophisticated substitute for “sorry” in Hindi lyrics.

6- अफ़सोस (afaSoS)

  • A noun, अफ़सोस (afaSoS) is a perfect choice for “hurt and sorry” quotes.
  • Indian folks also use it when trying to say, “I am sorry to say…” in Hindi.
  • You’re supposed to say it when offering condolences or expressing your regrets.
    Actually, it’s a delicate expression that one might come across while reading some of the best “sorry” SMS in Hindi and apologizy quotes in Hindi.

The following list proves that there’s no single word for “sorry” in Hindi translation. Indian society and its culture are so vivid and versatile that at times the rich Hindi vocabulary may confuse non-native speakers.

However, a little bit of practice and you’re good to go. HindiPod101 is a grand platform which makes sure that you nail this game of Hindi language.

Now, we’ll be discussing the various Indian ways to say sorry in different situations and sentence forms.

3. How to Say Sorry in Hindi

Say Sorry

These are some simple phrases and statements that will suffice for all Hindi language beginners.

1- Formal Situations

1.) मैं क्षमा चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ

Romanization: main ksamaa caahaTaa huun / caahaTii huun.
English Translation: “I apologize.”

In this sentence, मैं (main) means “I,” and क्षमा (ksamaa) is “apology.” चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ (caahaTaa hun / caahaTii huun) is “seek / ask for.”

2.) कृपया मुझे क्षमा कर दें

Romanization: kripayaa, mujhe ksamaa kar den.
English Translation: “Please, forgive me.”

In this sentence, कृपया (kripayaa) is “please,” मुझे (mujhe) means “me,” and क्षमा कर दें (ksamaa kar den) is a verb that means “forgive.”

3.) मैं क्षमा-प्रार्थी हूँ

Romanization: main ksamaa-praarTHii huun.
English Translation: “I seek an apology.”

Here, मैं (main) means “I,” क्षमा-प्रार्थी (ksamaa-praarTHii) means “a seeker of apology,” and हूँ (hun) is a helping verb for “am.”

4.) मैं माफ़ी चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ

Romanization: main maafii caahaTaa huun / caahaTii huun.
English Translation: “I am sorry.”

In this sentence, मैं (main) means “I,” माफ़ी (maafii) means “apology,” and चाहता हूँ / चाहती हूँ (caahaTaa huun / caahaTii huun) means “seek / ask for.”

5.) कृपया, मुझे माफ़ कर दीजिये

Romanization: kripayaa, mujhe maaf kar Diijiye.
English Translation: “Please, forgive me.”

Here, कृपया (kripayaa) means “please,” मुझे (mujhe) means “me,” and माफ़ कर दीजिये (maaf kar Diijiye) means “forgive / grant an apology.”

6.) क्या आप मुझे माफ़ कर देंगे?

Romanization: kyaa aap mujhe maaf kar denge?
English Translation: “Would you forgive me?”

In this sentence, क्या आप (kyaa aap) stands for “would you,” मुझे (mujhe) means “me,” and माफ़ कर देंगे (maaf kar Denge) means “forgive / grant an apology.”

2- Informal Situations

To your friends or strangers, you can say sorry in the following ways.

1.) माफ़ करना

Romanization: maaf karaNaa.
English Translation: “Excuse me.”

2.) मुझे माफ़ कर दो

Romanization: mujhe maaf kar Do.
English Translation: “I am sorry.”

3.) बुरा मत मानो

Romanization: buraa maT maaNo.
English Translation: “Please, don’t mind.”

4.) क्या तुम मुझे माफ़ कर दोगी / दोगे ?

Romanization: kyaa Tum mujhe maaf kar Dogii / Doge?
English Translation: “Would you forgive me?”

4. Admitting a Mistake in a Dignified Manner

Admitting mistakes is one of the first steps in showing that you’re sorry. If you’re wondering how to say sorry to your gf in Hindi, admitting your mistake will definitely help. And below you’ll find the best ways to do this.

Admitting Your Mistakes

1- मुझसे यह ग़लती हो गयी

Romanization: mujhaSe yah gaLaTii ho gayii.
English Translation: “I made this mistake.”

Here, मुझसे (mujhaSe) means “by me,” यह (yah) means “this,” ग़लती (gaLaTii) means “mistake,” and हो गयी (ho gayii) means “was done.”

2- यह मेरी ही भूल थी

Romanization: yah merii hii bhuuL THii.
English Translation: “It was my fault.”

Here, यह (yah) stands for “it,” मेरी (merii) means “my,” भूल (bhuuL) means “fault,” and थी (THii) means “was.”

3- मैं आगे से ऐसा नहीं करूँगा / करूँगी

Romanization: main aage Se aiSaa Nahiin karuungaa / karuungii.
English Translation: “I will not repeat this in the future.”

In this sentence, मैं (main) means “I,” आगे से (aage Se) means “in the future,” ऐसा (aiSaa) means “this,” and नहीं करूँगा / करूँगी (Nahiin karuungaa / karuungii) means “won’t do.”

4- मैं बहुत ज़्यादा शर्मिंदा हूँ

Romanization: main bahuT zyaaDaa sarmiNDaa huun.
English Translation: “I am very sorry / embarrassed.”

मैं (main) stands for “I,” बहुत ज़्यादा (bahuT zyaaDaa) means “really / very,” शर्मिंदा (sarmiNDaa) means “sorry / embarrassed,” and हूँ (huun) means “am.”
The “I am extremely sorry” meaning in Hindi is also the same.

5- मेरा व्यवहार ठीक नहीं था

Romanization: meraa vyavahaar thiik Nahiin THaa.
English Translation: “My behavior was not right.”

Here, मेरा (meraa) means “my,” व्यवहार (vyavahaar) means “behavior,” ठीक (thiik) means “right,” नहीं (Nahiin) is “not,” and था (THaa) means “was.”

5. Expressing Condolences

Consoling Loved Ones

1- मुझे वाक़ई अफ़सोस है

Romanization: mujhe vaaqaii afaSoS hai.
English Translation: “I am really sorry.”

Also, the “I am really very sorry,” meaning in Hindi is the same, and this can also be how to say “I’m so sorry” in Hindi.
Here, मुझे (mujhe) means “I,” वाक़ई (vaaqaii) means “really,” and अफ़सोस है (afaSoS hai) means “feel sorry.”

2- मुझे दुख है

Romanization: mujhe Dukh hai.
Translation: “My apologies.”

In this phrase, मुझे (mujhe) means “I,” and दुख है (Dukh hai) means “feel sad.”

3- मुझे खेद है

Romanization: mujhe kheD hai.
English Translation: “I am sorry.”

In this sentence, मुझे (mujhe) means “I,” and खेद है (kheD hai) means “feel sad.”

6. Responding to an Apology

Responding to an Apology

1- कोई बात नहीं

Romanization: koii baaT nahiin.
English Translation: “It’s okay” or “Never mind.”

2- माफ़ी मत मांगो

Romanization: maafii maT maango.
English Translation: “Please, don’t apologize.”

This sentence is also the same as the “Don’t be sorry” meaning in Hindi.

3- माफ़ी की कोई बात नहीं

Romanization: maafii kii koii baaT Nahiin.
English Translation: “No need to apologize.”

7. How HindiPod101.com Can Transform Your Hindi Learning!

As you can see, we’ve shared a handful of ways to say sorry in Hindi. We hope you enjoyed it, and that you now have “sorry” in your Hindi vocabulary arsenal!

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