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100+ Nouns in Hindi:Learn Hindi Nouns with Examples



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If you want to speak fluent Hindi like a native, the best stepping stone is to learn and memorize as many noun example sentences in Hindi as possible. Whether you’re traveling to a Hindi-speaking country, talking to a native friend, sharing about your family, or planning to eat somewhere in India, knowing the most common list of nouns in Hindi is a must.

Below, we’ll share with you the concrete noun definition in Hindi, followed by the types of nouns in Hindi with pictures. Not only that, but our Hindi nouns list also has different categories that consist of more than 100 examples.

After going through this lesson on nouns in Hindi, you’ll be an expert. In addition to that, you’ll also be able to flawlessly use most of these useful nouns in basic Hindi conversations.

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Table of Contents
  1. The Hindi Noun: Definition and Types
  2. List of 100+ Nouns in Hindi
  3. How to Use HindiPod101 for a Better Hindi Learning Experience!


1. The Hindi Noun: Definition and Types


Nouns 1

Now, it’s time to study the main definition of the noun and its types in Hindi. While discussing this, you’ll learn the Hindi noun definition and types, the meaning of nouns in Hindi, and see some noun examples/sentences in Hindi.

Nouns in Hindi vocabulary are an inseparable part of the language. A “noun” in Hindi is known as संज्ञा (Sangyaa).

There can be no better way of learning about Hindi nouns than by introducing ourselves to the most basic Hindi definition of noun, which goes as follows:

  • किसी भी व्यक्ति, वस्तु, अथवा स्थान के नाम को संज्ञा कहते हैं।
    kiSii bhii vyakTi, vaSTu, aTHavaa STHaaN ke NaaM ko Sangyaa kahaTe hain.
    The name of a person, place, or thing is called a noun.

As we move forward in this lesson, you’ll notice that almost all nouns in the Hindi language are divided into masculine and feminine nouns in Hindi, whereas in English, this doesn’t apply.

So, how many types of nouns are there in Hindi? Well, there is a total of five types. In this section, we’ll discuss all five types of nouns in Hindi with examples.

1- Common Nouns in Hindi


A common noun in Hindi is known as जातिवाचक संज्ञा (jaaTivaacak Sangyaa). These are words that are used to name a person or place in a general sense.

Actually, all nouns in Hindi are either common or proper. The rest of the types described below fall under the category of common nouns. Even the uncountable and countable nouns in Hindi are examples of common nouns.

Common noun examples/sentences in Hindi are:

  • बच्चा फल खा रहा है।
    baccaa phaL khaa rahaa hai.
    The kid is eating the fruit.

  • लड़की खेल रही है।
    Ladakii kheL rahii hai.
    The girl is playing.

2- Proper Nouns in Hindi


Next is the proper noun. The word for proper noun in Hindi is व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा (vyakTi vaacak Sangyaa). Proper nouns in Hindi grammar are the words which specify a special name of any person or place.

A few well-known proper nouns are:

  • महात्मा गाँधी (mahaaTmaa gaaNDHii)      Mahatma Gandhi (name of an Indian leader)

  • क़ुतुब मीनार (quTub miiNaar)      Qutub Minar (name of a historical place)

  • दिल्ली (DiLLii)           Delhi (name of capital)

  • गंगा (gangaa)           Ganga (name of river)

3- Abstract Nouns in Hindi


The third type of noun are the abstract nouns.

Abstract nouns in Hindi are known as भाववाचक संज्ञा (bhaav vaacak Sangyaa). As the name suggests, abstract nouns stand for words that depict a particular state, emotion, or condition of any person or thing.

Some of the abstract noun examples are:

  • ख़ुशी (khusii)           Happiness

  • ग़रीबी (ġariibii)           Poverty

  • कोमलता (komaLaTaa)           Softness

  • मिठास (mithaaS)           Sweetness

  • अनुशासन (aNusaaSaN)           Discipline

4- Material Nouns in Hindi


The fourth category is the material noun, which is also one of the most common types of nouns in Hindi.

The translation of material noun in Hindi is वस्तु वाचक (vaSTu vaacak) / द्रव्य वाचक संज्ञा (Dravya vaacak Sangyaa). Some examples of material nouns that are in the Hindi vocabulary are mentioned below.

  • लकड़ी (Lakadii)           Wood

  • लोहा (Lohaa)           Iron

  • ऊन (uuN)           Wool

  • पानी (paaNii)           Water

5- Collective Nouns in Hindi


In Hindi, collective nouns are समूहवाचक संज्ञा (Samuuh vaacak Sangyaa).

They basically refer to any group of people, places, or things. Some of the collective nouns that are in the Hindi vocabulary are given below.

  • गुच्छा (gucchaa)           Bunch

  • सेना (SeNaa)           Army

  • बंडल (baNdaL)           Bundle

  • भीड़ (bhiid)           Crowd

6- Concrete Nouns in Hindi


Concrete nouns are any nouns which can be felt through any of our five sensory organs. These five sensations are touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing.

General examples of concrete nouns used in basic Hindi conversations are:

  • कमरा (kamaraa)           Room

  • मेज़ (mez)           Table

  • सब्ज़ी (Sabzii)           Vegetables

  • घास (ghaaS)           Grass

  • आसमान (aaSamaaN)           Sky

With this, we’ve got you covered with the basic definitions of nouns and their types in Hindi. Now you can confidently identify various proper nouns, abstract nouns, and common nouns in Hindi.

So, after reading this short lesson, you’re officially ready to check out these top 100+ nouns in the Hindi language and learn how to use these words in day-to-day conversations.

  • In the tables below, we’ve included both Hindi nouns and their gender. The gender of each noun has been mentioned in a small bracket alongside the noun. You can see it in the format of (m) or (f). Here, (m) stands for masculine and (f) stands for feminine.

  • For words that qualify as both masculine and feminine, the symbol (m/f) has been used.

  • The second column of every table contains the meaning of Hindi nouns in English. And in the last column, we’ve given examples on how to use the nouns in sentences.

2. List of 100+ Nouns in Hindi


Nouns 2

1- Home Appliances


The first category is that of common home appliances that people use on an everyday basis.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
1.माइक्रोवेव ओवन (m)
Maaikrovev ovaN
Microwave ovenपिज़्ज़ा माइक्रोवेव ओवन में रखा है।
pizzaa maaikrovev ovaN men rakhaa hai.
The pizza is in the microwave oven.
2.रेफ़्रिजरेटर (m)
Refrijaretar
Refrigeratorरेफ़्रिजरेटर ख़राब हो गया है।
refrijaretar kharaab ho gayaa hai.
The refrigerator is not working.
3.वैक्यूम क्लीनर (m)
Vaikyuum kLiiNar
Vacuum cleanerवैक्यूम क्लीनर दूसरे कमरे में रखा है। 
vaikyuum kLiiNar DuuSare kamre men rakhaa hai.
The vacuum cleaner is kept in the other room.
4.वॉशिंग मशीन (f)
Vausing masiiN
Washing machineयह वॉशिंग मशीन काफ़ी महँगी है।
yeh vausing masiiN kaafii mahangii hai.
This washing machine is quite expensive.
5.डी वी डी प्लेयर (m)
Dii vii dii pLeyar
DVD playerमेरा डीवीडी प्लेयर बहुत पुराना है।
meraa dii vii dii pLeyar bahuT puraaNaa hai.
My DVD player is really old.
6.टेलीविज़न (m)
TeLiivizaN
TVचलो, टेलीविज़न पर कुछ देखा जाये। 
caLo, teLiivizaN par kuch Dekhaa jaaye.
Come on, let’s watch something on the television.
7.पंखा (m)
Pankhaa
Fanपंखा धीमे चल रहा है।
pankhaa DHiime caL rahaa hai.
The fan is moving slow.
8.एयर कंडीशनर (m)
Eyar kaNdiisaNar
Air conditionerएयर कंडीशनर काम नहीं कर रहा।
eyar kaNdiisaNar kaam Nahiin kar rahaa.
The air conditioner is not working.
9.
लैपटॉप (m)
Laipataup
Laptopतुमने ये लैपटॉप कितने में ख़रीदा?
TumaNe ye Laipataup kiTaNe men khariiDaa?
How much did you pay for this laptop?
10.स्टोव (m)
Stov
Stoveकृपया, स्टोव ऑन कर दो।
kripayaa, Stov auN kar Do.
Please, turn on the stove.


2- Technology



In today’s world, we hardly go a minute without technology. So, it should be obvious why we’re covering the technology category on our list of nouns!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
11.वाई फ़ाई (m)
vaaii faaii
Wi-Fiक्या यहाँ वाई फ़ाई चल रहा है?
kyaa yahan vaaii faaii caL rahaa hai?
Is the Wi-Fi working here?
12.ब्लॉग (m)
bLaug
Blogतुम्हारा ब्लॉग तो बेहतरीन है!
Tumhaaraa bLaug To behaTriiN hai.
Your blog looks amazing!
13.इंटरनेट (m)
iNtaraNet
Internetमुझे इंटरनेट इस्तेमाल करना अच्छा लगता है।
mujhe iNtaraNet iSTemaaL karaNaa acchaa LagaTaa hai.
I love browsing on the internet.
14.पासवर्ड (m)
paaSavard
Passwordमैंने अपने अकाउंट का पासवर्ड बदल दिया है।
mainNe apaNe akaauNt kaa paaSavard baDal Diyaa hai.
I have changed the password for my account.
15.फ़ोटो (f)
foto
Photoसारी फ़ोटो अपलोड कर दो।
Saarii foto apaLod kar Do.
Upload all the photos.
16.वेब पेज (m)
veb pej
Webpageयह वेब पेज नए तरीक़े से बनाना पड़ेगा।
yah veb pej Naye Tariiqe Se baNaaNaa padegaa.
This webpage will have to be made in a new style.
17.वेबसाइट (f)
vebaSaait
Websiteमेरी वेबसाइट सबको पसंद आयी।
merii vebaSaait Sabako paSaND aayii.
Everybody liked my website.
18.सोशल मीडिया (f)
SosaL miidiyaa
Social mediaसोशल मीडिया पर सिर्फ़ वक़्त बर्बाद होता है।
SosaL miidiyaa par Sirf vaqT barbaaD hoTaa hai.
Social media is just a waste of time.
19.ट्विटर (m)
tvitar
Twitterमैंने अपना ट्विटर अकाउंट बंद कर दिया है।
mainNe apaNaa tvitar akaauNt baND kar Diyaa hai.
I have closed my Twitter account.
20.इंस्टाग्राम (m)
iNStaagraam
Instagramक्या तुम इंस्टाग्राम पर हो?
kyaa Tum iNStaagraam par ho?
Are you on Instagram?
21.गूगल (m)
guugaL
Googleगूगल जानकारियों का ख़ज़ाना है।
guugaL jaaNakaariyon kaa khazaaNaa hai.
Google is a treasure trove of information.
22.लिंक (m)
Link
Linkयह लिंक काम नहीं कर रहा।
yah Link kaam Nahiin kar rahaa.
This link is not working.
23.फेसबुक (m)
feSabuk
Facebookक्या हम दोनों फेसबुक पर दोस्त बन सकते हैं?
kyaa ham DoNon feSabuk par DoST baN SakaTe hain.
Can we be friends on Facebook?


Did you find these tech words in Hindi helpful? Why don’t you share your thoughts in the comment section and we’ll help you out with any questions you have!

3- Transportation


Do you know that India has the largest network of railways in the world? Well, it’s true! Being a heavily populated country, one would be amazed to see all sorts of transportation.

There are cycle rickshaws that native people love to have a ride on. They’re pulled manually and can comfortably carry two people at a time. The cycle rickshaws are more appropriate for shorter distances, and provide an eco-friendly method of traveling in the city.

Public Transport

Check out the table below to find out the other popular transportation methods and related Hindi nouns!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
24.मेट्रो रेल (f)
metro reL
Metro railमेट्रो रेल भारत की बेहतरीन रेलों में से एक है।
metro reL bhaaraT kii behaTriiN reLon men Se ek hai.
Metro rail is one of the most excellent railway systems in India.
25.सीट (f)
Siit
Seatबस में केवल चार ही सीट ख़ाली थीं।
baS men kevaL caar hii Siit khaaLii THiin.
There were only four empty seats on the bus.
26.हवाई जहाज़ (m)
havaaii jahaaz
Planeमेरे बेटे को हवाई जहाज़ से यात्रा करना पसंद है।
mere bete ko havaaii jahaaz Se yaaTraa karaNaa paSaND hai.
My son loves to travel by plane.
27.बोर्डिंग गेट (m)
bording get
Boarding gateबोर्डिंग गेट दाईं तरफ़ है।
bording get Daayiin Taraf hai.
The boarding gate is to the right.
28.सामान (m)
SaamaaN
Luggageअपना सामान सुरक्षित जगह पर रखें।
apaNaa SaamaaN SuraksiT jagah par rakhen.
Keep your luggage in a safe place.
29.प्रस्थान (m)
praSTHaaN
Departureरेलगाड़ी का प्रस्थान समय क्या है।
reLagaadii ka praSTHaaN Samay kyaa hai.
What’s the departure time for the train?
30.आगमन (m)
aagamaN
Arrivalयात्रियों के आगमन के लिए अलग द्वार है।
yaaTriyon ke aagamaN ke Liye aLag Dvaar hai.
There is a separate gate for the arrival of the passengers.
31.साईकिल रिक्शा (m)
SaaikiL riksaa
Cycle rickshawसाइकिल रिक्शा में सिर्फ़ दो लोग बैठ सकते हैं।
SaaikiL riksaa men Sirf Do Log baith SakTe hain.
A cycle rickshaw has space for only two people.
32.ऑटो रिक्शा (m)
auto riksaa
Auto rickshawऑटो रिक्शा छोटे शहरों में भी प्रचलित हैं।
auto riksaa chote saharon men bhii pracaLiT hain.
Auto rickshaws are popular in small towns as well.
33.टैक्सी (f)
taikSii
Taxiटैक्सी बहुत तेज़ी से भाग रही थी।
taikSii bahuT Tezii Se bhaag rahii THii.
The taxi was running at a high speed.
34.बस (f)
baS
Bus
हम कल बस से लखनऊ जायेंगे।
ham kaL baS Se LakhaNauu jaayenge.
We will go to Lucknow tomorrow by bus.
35.रेलगाड़ी  (f)
reLagaadii
Trainदिल्ली जाने के लिए रेलगाड़ी परसों मिलेगी।
DiLLii jaaNe ke Liye reLagaadii parSon miLegii.
The train to Delhi is available the day after tomorrow.


4- Food and Cutlery


Indian food stands out for its aromatic flavors and spices. Once you taste the Indian curries, Naans, and sweets, it’s hard to get over the taste and sumptuousness.

Cutlery Sets

If you happen to visit India anytime soon, don’t miss out on the finest Indian cuisines. That being said, while dining with your friends and colleagues, how great would it be if you also knew the Hindi names for the common cutlery and cooking utensils?

Here’s a perfect list of Hindi nouns to get you going!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
36.भोजनालय (m)
bhojaNaaLay
Restaurantघर के पास में ही एक शुद्ध शाकाहारी भोजनालय है।
ghar ke paaS men hii ek suDDH saakaahaarii bhojaNaaLay hai.
There is a pure vegetarian restaurant near the house.
37.वेटर (m)
vetar
Waiterवेटर को कितनी टिप देनी है?
vetar ko kiTaNii tip DeNii hai?
How much tip does the waiter get?
38.वेट्रेस (f) 
vetreS
Waitressवेट्रेस से कहो बिल ले आये।
vetreS Se kaho biL Le aaye.
Ask the waitress to bring the bill.
39.रात का खाना (m)
raat kaa khaaNaa
Dinnerरात का खाना हमारे ही साथ करियेगा।
raaT kaa khaaNaa  hamaare hii SaaTH kariyegaa.
Please, have dinner with us.
40.अल्पाहार (m)
aLpaahaar
Snackहम भोजन के बजाय सिर्फ़ अल्पाहार लेंगे।
ham bhojaN ke bajaay Sirf aLpaahaar Lenge.
We’d like to have just some snacks instead of a full meal.
41.नाश्ता (m)
Nashtaa
Breakfastमुझे नाश्ते में अंडे और कॉफ़ी पसंद हैं।
mujhe NaasTe men aNde aur kauffii paSaND hain.
I love to have eggs and coffee for breakfast.
42.चाइनीज़ खाना (m)
caaiNiiz khaaNaa
Chinese foodचाइनीज़ खाना बेहद लज़ीज़ होता है।
caaiNiiz khaaNaa behaD Laziiz hoTaa hai.
Chinese food is quite delicious.
43.फ़ास्ट फ़ूड (m)
faaSt  fuud
Fast foodरोज़ाना फ़ास्ट फ़ूड खाना सेहत के लिए हानिकारक है।
rozaaNaa faaSt  fuud khaaNaa SehaT ke Liye haaNikaarak hai.
Consuming fast food every day is harmful to our health.
44.हेड वेटर (m)
hed vetar
Head waiterमुझे हेड वेटर से बात करनी है।
mujhe hed vetar Se baaT karaNii hai.
I would like to talk to the head waiter.
45.
मेनू (m)
meNuu
Menu
यहाँ का मेनू लाजवाब है।
yahaan kaa meNuu Laajavaab hai.
The menu here is amazing.
46.पाश्चात्य भोजन (m)
paaScaaTya bhojaN
Western food
मुझे सभी तरीक़े के पाश्चात्य भोजन खाना अच्छा लगता है।
mujhe Sabhii Tariiqe ke paaScaaTya bhojaN khaaNaa acchaa LagaTaa hai.
I love to eat all kinds of western food.

47.
धूम्रपान (m)
DHuumrapaaN
Smokingधूम्रपान फेफड़ों को कमज़ोर बनाता है।
DHuumrapaaN phephadon ko kamzor baNaaTaa hai.
Smoking makes the lungs weak.
48.पानी (m)
paaNii
Waterपीने के लिए ठंडा पानी मिलेगा क्या?
piiNe ke Liye thaNdaa paaNii miLegaa kyaa?
Can I have some chilled water to drink?
49.क्रेडिट कार्ड (m)
kredit kaard
Credit cardमेरा क्रेडिट कार्ड घर पर छूट गया है।
meraa kredit kaard ghar par chuut gayaa hai.
I’ve left my credit card at home.
50.रसोइया (m)
raSoiyaa
Chefयह रसोइया भारत के बाहर से बुलाया गया है।
yah raSoiyaa bhaaraT ke baahar Se buLaayaa gayaa hai.
This chef has been invited from outside India.
51.बिल (m)
biL
Billकृपया, बिल ले आइये।
kripayaa, biL Le aaiye.
Please, bring the bill.
52.काँटा (m) 
kaanta
Forkकाँटा और चम्मच मेज़ पर ही रखे हैं।
kaanta aur cammac mez par hii rakhe hain.
The forks and spoons are on the table.
53.दन्तखुदनी (f) 
DaNTakhuDaNii
Toothpickखाने के बाद मुझे दन्तखुदनी इस्तेमाल करने की आदत है।
khaaNe ke baaD mujhe DaNTakhuDaNii iSTemaaL karaNe kii aaDaT hai.
I have a habit of using the toothpick after meals.
54.
जग (m)
jag
Jug
जग में जूस भर कर ले आओ।
jag men juuS bhar kar Le aao.
Please, bring some juice in the jug.
55.कलछी (f) 
kaLachii
Ladleदाल और सूप परोसने के लिए हम कलछी का उपयोग करते हैं।
DaaL aur Suup paroSaNe ke Liye ham kaLachii kaa upayog karaTe hain.
We use the ladle for serving the lentils and soups.
56.चम्मच (m) 
cammac
Spoonयह चम्मच साफ़ नहीं है।
yah cammac Saaf Nahiin hai.
This spoon is not clean.
57.चाय का प्याला (m)
Caay kaa pyaaLaa
Teacupसारे चाय के प्याले अलमारी में रखे हैं।
Saare caay ke pyaaLe aLamaarii men rakhe hain.
All the teacups are stored in the cupboard.
58.चाय की केतली (f)
caay kii keTaLii
Teapotचाय की केतली अभी गरम है।
caay kii keTaLii abhii garam hai.
The teapot is still hot.
59.चाकू (m)
caakuu
Knifeमुझे सेब काटने के लिए चाकू चाहिए।
mujhe Seb kaataNe ke Liye caakuu caahiye.
I need a knife to cut the apple.
60.थाली (f)
THaaLii
Plateमेरी थाली में और सब्ज़ी दे दो।
merii THaaLii men aur Sabzii De Do.
Please, give me some more vegetables on my plate.

61.पीने का गिलास (m)
piiNe kaa giLaaS
Drinking glassहमारे पास वाइन पीने का गिलास भी है।
hamaare paaS vaaiN piiNe kaa giLaaS bhii hai.
We also have wine drinking glasses.
62.बर्तन (m)
bartaN
Utensilखाना पकाने के बर्तन रसोई में हैं।
khaaNaa pakaaNe ke barTaN raSoii men hain.
The cooking utensils are in the kitchen.


5- School Essentials


Nouns 3

Who doesn’t remember their school days? And once you gather with your old friends, it’s hard to resist the conversations that bring back the sweet and sour memories of our childhood.

So you don’t feel left out when sitting with your Indian friends, enjoy these nouns about school essentials.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
63.परीक्षा (f) 
pariiksaa
Examinationपरीक्षा में ५०० विद्यार्थी आये थे।
pariiksaa men paanc Sau viDyaarTHii aaye THe.
There were 500 students appearing for the examination.
64.नोटबुक (f)
Notabuk
Notebookमुझे बाज़ार से तीन नोटबुक ख़रीदनी है।
mujhe baazaar Se TiiN Notabuk khariiDaNii hai.
I have to buy three notebooks from the market.
65.सहपाठी (m)
Sahapaathii

Classmate

तुम्हारे सभी सहपाठी बहुत अच्छे हैं।
Tumhaare Sabhii Sahapaathii bahuT acche hain.
All your classmates are really good.
66.विश्वविद्यालय (m) visvaviDyaaLayUniversityजून के महीने में दिल्ली विश्विद्यालय में प्रवेश प्रारंभ हो जायेगा।
juuN ke mahiiNe men DiLLii visvaviDyaaLay men praves praarambh ho jaayegaa.
The admissions in Delhi University will begin in the month of June.
67.बैकपैक (m)
baikapaik
Backpackराजू का बैकपैक बहुत भारी है।
raajuu kaa baikapaik bahuT bhaarii hai.
Raju’s backpack is quite heavy.
68.पेंसिल (f) 
peNSiL
Pencilप्रश्न पत्र में सिर्फ़ पेंसिल से ही लिखना है।
prasN paTr men Sirf peNSiL Se hii LikhaNaa hai.
Only pencils can be used to write on the question paper.
69.पेन (m)
peN
Penक्या तुम्हारे पास नीले रंग का पेन है?
kyaa Tumhaare paaS NiiLe rang kaa peN hai?
Do you have a blue pen?
70.गणित (m) 
ganiT
Mathगणित विषय मुझे पसंद है।
ganiT visay mujhe paSaND hai.
I like math subjects.
71.छात्र (m)
chaatr
Studentसभी छात्र असेंबली में प्रार्थना कर रहे थे।
Sabhii chaaTr aSembaLii men praarTHaNaa kar rahe THe.
All the students were praying during the assembly.
72.गर्मी की छुट्टी (f)
garmii kii chuttii
Summer breakसीमा इस गर्मी की छुट्टी में जापान घूमने जाएगी।
Siimaa iS garmii kii chuttii men jaapaaN ghuumaNe jaayegii.
Seema will go to Japan during this summer break.
73.किताब (f)
kiTaab
Bookकिताब पढ़ना एक अच्छी आदत है।
kiTaab padhaNaa ek acchii aaDaT hai.
Reading books is a great habit.
74.विज्ञान (f) 
vigyaaN
Scienceविज्ञान ने बहुत तरक़्क़ी कर ली है।
vigyaaN Ne bahuT Taraqqii kar Lii hai.
Science has made tremendous progress.
75.विद्यालय (m)
viDyaaLay
Schoolक्या तुम कल विद्यालय जाओगे?
kyaa Tum kaL viDyaaLay jaaoge?
Will you go to school tomorrow?
76.गृहकार्य (m)
grihakaarya
Homeworkगृहकार्य में सबको चार सवाल करने हैं।
grihakaarya men Sabako caar SavaaL karaNe hain.
Everybody has to do four questions as homework.


6- Occupation


Are you looking for a job in India? We understand how mind-wrenching a task it can be to find a dream career in a foreign land. But worry not! With our amazing blog post on the top ways to quickly find a job in India, your task will become easy as pie.

Names of Various Professions

Furthermore, help yourself with these common professions in the land of India and learn their Hindi meanings, too!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
77.नर्स (f)
NarS
Nurseनर्स ने मरीज़ को सुई लगा दी है।
NarS Ne mariiz ko Suii Lagaa Di hai.
The nurse has given an injection to the patient.
78.पुलिस अधिकारी (m/f)पुलिस अधिकारी (m/f)
puLiS aDHikaarii
Police officerमुझे बड़े होकर पुलिस अधिकारी बनना है।
mujhe bade hokar puLiS aDHikaarii baNaNaa hai.
I want to become a police officer when I grow up.
79.कर्मचारी (m)
karmacaarii
Employeeबैंक के कर्मचारी छुट्टी पर गए हैं।
baink ke karmacaarii chuttii par gaye hain.
The bank employees are on leave.
80.इंजीनियर (m/f)
iNjiiNiyar
Engineerऋचा एक कंपनी में इंजीनियर के पद पर है।
ricaa ek kampaNii men iNjiiNiyar ke paD par hai.
Richa is working as an engineer in a company.
81.डॉक्टर (m/f)
dauktar
Doctorडॉक्टर ने सुरेश को एक हफ़्ते बाद बुलाया है।
dauktar Ne Sures ko ek hafTe baaD buLaayaa hai.
The doctor has asked Suresh to come back after a week.
82.मैनेजर (m/f)
maiNejar
Managerमेरे ऑफ़िस के मैनेजर बहुत दयालु हैं।
mere aufiS ke maiNejar bahuT DayaaLu hain.
My office manager is very kind.
83.शिक्षिका (f)
siksikaa
Female teacherशिक्षिका ने कक्षा में भूगोल का पाठ पढ़ाया।
siksikaa Ne kaksaa men bhuugoL kaa paath padhaayaa.
The teacher taught a geography lesson to the class.
84.व्यापारी (m)
vyaapaarii
Businessmanमेरे पिता व्यापारी हैं।
mere piTaa vyaapaarii hain.
My father is a businessman.
85.दुकानदार (m)
DukaaNadaar
Shopkeeperवह दुकानदार बहुत ईमानदार है।
vah DukaaNaDaar bahuT iimaaNaDaar hai.
That shopkeeper is quite honest.
86.प्रोग्रामर (m/f)
prograamar
Programmerक्या तुम किसी अच्छे प्रोग्रामर को जानते हो?
kyaa Tum kiSii acche prograamar ko jaaNaTe ho?
Do you know any good programmers?
87.Seller / DealerSeller / Dealer मेरी एक थोक विक्रेता से बात हुई है।
merii ek THok vikreTaa Se baaT huii hai.
I have had a conversation with a wholesale dealer.


7- Family Members


Our life begins with our family. To have loving parents and siblings around us is a bliss that can’t be compared with any other thing in the world.

Do you know what phrases people in India use to call their parents, elders, and other loved ones? Well, we’ve got it all for you in the table below! However, the list of relatives in India is almost endless, and so covering them all here would be really difficult.

Family Members

But we don’t want you to miss out on anything, so we’ve prepared a collection of more family words in Hindi for you. Check out our blog post about family members, as well!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
88.परिवार (m) 
parivaar
Familyपरिवार के सभी सदस्य शादी में शामिल होने गए हैं।
parivaar ke Sabhii SaDaSya saaDii men saamiL hoNe gaye hain.
All the family members have gone to attend a wedding.
89.माँ (f)
maan
Motherमेरी माँ एक अभिनेत्री हैं।
merii maan ek abhiNeTrii hain.
My mother is an actress.
90.पिता (m) 
piTaa
Fatherपिताजी बाज़ार से सब्ज़ी लेने गए हैं।
piTaajii baazaar Se Sabzii Lene gaye hain.
Father has gone to the market to buy some vegetables.
91.पत्नी (f) 
paTNii 
Wifeमेरी पत्नी खाना बना रही थी।
merii paTNii khaaNaa baNaa rahii THii.
My wife was cooking the food.
92.पति (m) 
paTi
Husbandउसके पति पायलट हैं।
uSake paTi paayaLat hain.
Her husband is a pilot.
93.माता-पिता (m)
maaTaa-piTaa
Parentsआपके माता-पिता का क्या नाम है?
aapake maaTaa-piTaa kaa kyaa Naam hai?
What are your parents’ names?
94.बहन (f) 
bahaN
Sisterसुमन की एक बहन है।
SumaN kii ek bahaN hai.
Suman has one sister.
95.भाई (m) 
bhaaii
Brotherमेरा छोटा भाई १० साल का है।
meraa chotaa bhaaii DaS SaaL kaa hai.
My younger brother is ten years old.


8- Body Parts


Learning about body parts takes us back to a time when we were just children! Rekindle those innocent moments while empowering your Hindi vocabulary on various body parts.

Body Parts in Hindi

It will also help you to better express physical conditions in case of any trouble.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
96.पैर (m) 
pair
Legदादी के पैर में दर्द है।
DaaDii ke pair men DarD hai.
Grandmother has pain in her legs.
97.सर (m) 
Sar
Headधूप में सर ढक कर रखो।
DHuup men Sar dhak kar rakho.
Cover your head in the sun.
98.हाथ (m) 
haaTH
Handतुम्हारे हाथ में क्या हुआ है?
Tumhaare haaTH men kyaa huaa hai?
What has happened to your hand?
99.उंगली (f) 
ungaLii
Fingerशिशिर की उंगली में चोट लग गयी है।
sisir kii ungaLii men cot Lag gayii hai.
Shishir has a bruise on his finger.
100.शरीर (m) 
sariir
Bodyलक्षित का शरीर बहुत मज़बूत है।
LaksiT kaa sarir bahuT mazabuuT hai.
Lakshit has a robust body.
101.पेट (m) 
pet
Stomachमेरा पेट दुख रहा है।
meraa pet Dukh rahaa hai.
My stomach hurts.
102.पीठ (f) 
piith
Backयह बस्ता अपनी पीठ पर टांग लो।
yah baSTaa apaNii piith par taang Lo.
Hang this bag on your back.
103.सीना (m) 
SiiNaa
Chestबच्चे के सीने में जकड़न है।
bacce ke SiiNe men jakadaN hai.
The child has congestion in the chest.


9- Time


You must have heard the phrase, “Time and tide wait for none.” But, here on HindiPod101.com, you can take all the time you need to absorb and practice these splendid Hindi nouns.

Time and Days

Talking about time is inevitable. In fact, in this competitive world, every minute has become precious. So, don’t lose a minute. Start learning these useful words related to time and improve your Hindi vocabulary.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
104.हफ़्ता (m) 
hafTaa
Weekविद्यालय खुलने में सिर्फ़ एक हफ़्ता बचा है।
viDyaaLay khuLane men Sirf ek hafTaa bacaa hai.
The school will reopen in one week.
105.साल (m) 
SaaL
Yearतुम कितने साल के हो?
Tum kiTaNe SaaL ke ho?
How old are you?
106.दिन (m)
DiN
Dayबुधवार के दिन सब लखनऊ जायेंगे।
buDHavaar ke DiN Sab LakhaNauu jaayenge.
We will all go to Lucknow on Wednesday.

Or

गुरुवार, शुक्रवार , शनिवार, और रविवार के दिन, ऋतु राजस्थान में  थी। 
guruvaar, sukravaar, saNivaar, aur ravivaar ke DiN, riTu rajaSTHaaN men THii.
On Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, Ritu was in Rajasthan.
107.महीना (m)
mahiiNaa
Monthमंगलवार से अगला महीना शुरू हो जायेगा।
mangaLavaar Se agaLaa mahiiNaa suru ho jaayegaa.
The next month will begin on Tuesday.
108.आज (m) 
aaj
Todayमुझे आज मूवी देखने जाना है।
mujhe aaj muuvii DekhaNe jaaNaa hai.
I have to go to a movie today.
109.कल (m) 
kaL
क्रिकेट मैच कल सोमवार को होगा।
kriket maic kaL Somavaar ko hogaa.
The cricket match will be tomorrow, on Monday.
क्रिकेट मैच कल सोमवार को होगा।
kriket maic kaL Somavaar ko hogaa.
The cricket match will be tomorrow, on Monday.
110.कल (m) 
kaL
Yesterdayशीला कल दफ़्तर नहीं आयी थी।
siiLaa kaL DafTar nahiin aayii THii.
Sheela didn’t come to the office yesterday.
111.कैलेंडर (m) 
kaiLeNdar
Calendarयह पिछले वर्ष का कैलेंडर है।
yah pichaLe vars kaa kaiLeNdar hai.
This is last year’s calendar.
112.सेकंड (m) 
Sekãṅd
Secondएक मिनट में ६० सेकंड होते हैं।
ek miNat men Saath SekaNd hoTe hain.
There are sixty seconds in a minute.
113.घंटा (m) 
ghaNtaa
Hour४ बजने में दो घंटा बाक़ी है।
caar baajNe men Do ghaNtaa baaqii hai.
It’s two hours to four o’clock.
114.MinuteMinuteयह गाना ३ मिनट का है।
yah gaaNaa TiiN miNat kaa hai.
This song plays for three minutes.
115.घड़ी (f) 
ghadii
Clockघड़ी दीवार पर टंगी है।
ghadii Diivaar par tangii hai.
The clock hangs on the wall.
116.एक घंटे (m) 
ek ghaNte
One hourक्या हम एक घंटे में मुंबई पहुँच जायेंगे?
kyaa ham ek ghaNte men mumbaii pahunc jaayenge?
Shall we reach Mumbai in one hour?


3. How to Use HindiPod101 for a Better Hindi Learning Experience!


Nouns 4

Providing you with the best content and an easy learning experience at HindiPod101.com is our topmost priority. You must have felt the same while going through this article on nouns in Hindi.

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Download our user-friendly app on your phone and start right away. While you’re at it, do remember to try out our Hindi-English dictionary and enjoy it for free.

Before you go, let us know if you learned any new Hindi nouns today! We look forward to hearing from you!

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The 20+ Best Compliments in Hindi with Basic Do’s & Don’ts

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The best gift you can give someone is to make them smile. And in India, Hindi compliments are the sure-shot way to do that. So brace yourself and get ready to wow your friends! Today you’ll learn how to praise someone in Hindi as well as the do’s and don’ts in the context of Indian culture.

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Table of Contents

  1. The Do’s and Don’ts of Giving Compliments in Indian Culture
  2. General Compliments
  3. On Someone’s Looks
  4. On Someone’s Work
  5. On Someone’s Skills
  6. How to Make Your Compliments Sound More Sincere
  7. How Do Indians Respond to a Compliment?
  8. Conclusion

1. The Do’s and Don’ts of Giving Compliments in Indian Culture

Compliments

1 – Praising Someone of the Same Age Group

When it comes to friends and colleagues of the same age group, Indians mostly keep the best compliments in Hindi for people who are also the same gender. Complimenting someone of the opposite gender is seen as romantic interest or flirting (especially when complimenting on looks!).

For instance, an Indian male would be frank in complimenting his male friend’s dressing sense, fitness, or even hairstyle, but wouldn’t do the same for a female friend. Why? Because that would be seen as flirting or romantic interest.

That being said, things aren’t too strict when praising someone (of the same or opposite gender) on their skills, hard work, or achievements. In fact, it’s normal to compliment people on things like this. So, if you want to learn how to praise someone in Hindi, always be mindful of these cultural points in India.

2 – Being More Vocal on Social Media

In the age of the internet, we see a peculiar trend in the social behavior of Indians: It looks like they’re pretty open and frank while complimenting each other on social media. Whether it’s a picture, selfie, or whatever else, native Indians don’t really hold back on the compliments. Nonetheless, choosing a respectful tone and following social etiquette in India is highly recommended!

3 – Don’t Compliment During the First Meeting. It’s Awkward.

In other cultures, people may find it alluring. But here, in India, we wouldn’t advise you to use Hindi compliments for a girl you’ve just met—or anyone you’ve just met, really—during the first meeting. There are several reasons to back up this suggestion.

First of all, you may come off as someone who wants to familiarize yourself rather quickly. Indians like to take it slow and maintain a formal space until they get to know each other well. Thus, save the praises for the second or third meeting.

2. General Compliments

Now that you’ve learned a great deal about the rules Indians follow to praise someone in Hindi, let’s check out the day-to-day Hindi compliment words for general situations.

1.

वाह!

(vaah!)

“Wow!” You can say this in any ordinary situation, such as having a delicious meal, listening to great poetry, etc.

2.

शानदार!

(saaNaDaar!)

“Superb!” The word itself is synonymous with the word for “praise” in Hindi. If a friend asks you how his / her outfit looks, you can use this phrase without a worry!

3.

क्या बात है!

(kyaa baaT hai!)

“Fantastic!” Suppose you see someone’s picture on social media and want to compliment them in a simple way; this is your go-to formula.

3. On Someone’s Looks

4.

तुम बहुत अच्छे / अच्छी लग रहे हो / रही हो!

(Tum bahuT acche / acchiii Lag rahe ho / rahii ho!)

“You look amazing!” Although it’s only a simple gesture of letting someone know they look nice, please only say this to friends who are the same gender as you.

If you’re a male, say this to a female only if you wish to express your romantic inclination toward her. In that case, it’s one of the most regular Hindi compliments for a girl.

A Woman Taking a Selfie

Cool Look!

5.

आज तो बहुत जम रहे हो / रही हो!

(aaj To bahuT jam rahe ho / rahii ho!)

“You’re killing it today!” Here’s another light-hearted way of complimenting someone’s appearance.

6.

ये शर्ट / साड़ी तो तुम पर बहुत अच्छी लग रही है।

(ye sart / saadii To Tum par bahuT acchii Lag rahii hai.)

“This shirt / saree looks so beautiful on you.” Impressed by a person’s dressing sense? Don’t hold back, and flatter your friends with this popular Hindi phrase.

7.

तुम जब मुस्कुराती हो तो कितनी ख़ूबसूरत लगती हो।

(Tum jab muSkuraaTii ho To kiTaNii khuubaSuuraT LagaTii ho.)

“You look so pretty when you smile.” A smile tells a lot about you. It brings out the innocence within us, and such beautiful compliments in Hindi never go out of style.

8.

आपकी आँखें कितनी सुंदर हैं।

(aapakii aankhen kiTaNii SunDar hain.)

“You have such beautiful eyes.” Eyes are the window to the soul. Mesmerized with those deep eyes and don’t know how to say so? Use this phrase and see the person blush in the blink of an eye.

9.

तुम दुनिया की सबसे हंसीन औरत हो।

(Tum DuNiyaa kii SabaSe hanSiiN auraT ho.)

“You’re the most beautiful woman I’ve ever seen.” Well, trust me, no matter what part of the world you live in, this phrase is sure to melt any woman’s heart. So, why not charm your dream girl in Hindi?

A Girl with a Pretty Smile

10.

आप वाक़ई बेहद ख़ूबसूरत हैं।

(aap vaaqaii behaD khuubaSuuraT hain.)

“You are really extremely gorgeous.” Another simple yet elegant way of praising a man or woman in a romantic way. Honestly, it’s still considered one of the best compliments in Hindi.

4. On Someone’s Work

11.

बहुत बढ़िया!

(bahuT badhiyaa!)

“Well done!” This is a popular phrase that can be used in any situation.

12.

शाबाश, बहुत अच्छा काम किया!

(saabaas! bahuT acchaa kaam kiyaa!)

“Bravo! You did great!” People who have completed their tasks perfectly would love to hear this from others.

13.

ये काफ़ी अच्छा आईडिया है।

(ye kaafii acchaa aaiidiyaa hai.)

“That’s an amazing idea.” This is generally said when a person gives us a great idea to tackle a tricky situation.

14.

तुमने वाक़ई बहुत अच्छी स्पीच दी।

(TumaNe vaaqaii bahuT achhii Spiic Dii.)

“It was a really good speech.” Maybe you have a friend saying a few words onstage to motivate the whole team. Boost their confidence with this compliment in Hindi.

15.

वाह, आपने तो मीटिंग में कमाल कर दिया!

(vaah, aapaNe To miiting men kamaaL kar Diyaa!)

“You literally stole the show at the meeting!” This is a great way to acknowledge your colleague’s efforts and skills during an office meeting or conference.

A Bunch of People Applauding a Speech

Praising Someone’s Efforts

16.

तुम हर रोज़ दफ़्तर वक़्त पर कैसे पहुंच जाती हो!

(Tum har roz DafTar vaqT par kaiSe pahunc jaaTii ho!)

“How do you manage to reach the office right on time every day?” We always have that one person in our office who, no matter what, arrives on time. Well, this and similar Hindi compliments can make the other person feel good about themselves and deepen your friendship.

17.

मैंने तुम्हें कभी देर से आते नहीं देखा।

(main Ne Tumhen kabhii Der Se aaTe Nahiin Dekhaa)

“I’ve never seen you coming late to work.” Here’s a different way of appreciating someone’s punctuality. Go for it and see the magic for yourself.

5. On Someone’s Skills

A Man Slicing a Tomato while a Woman Watches Lovingly

He is an Excellent Cook

18.

तुम तो ज़बरदस्त खाना बनाते हो!

(Tum To zabaraDaST khaaNaa baNaaTe ho!)

“Your cooking is mindblowing!” At a colleague’s house for dinner? Well, make their day by appreciating their efforts and cooking skills with this phrase. Traditionally, what would’ve been considered the best compliment for a woman in Hindi is now widely used for men, too.

19.

आपकी लिखावट का जवाब नहीं।

(aapakii Likhaavat kaa javaab Nahiiin.)

“Your handwriting is remarkable.” In today’s era of typing and chat rooms, good handwriting is becoming a rarity. This phrase is a simple and beautiful way to express your appreciation for someone’s good handwriting.

20.

आपने इतनी अच्छी पेंटिंग बनाना कहाँ से सीखा?

(aapaNe iTaNii achhii peNting baNaaNaa kahaan Se Siikhaa?)

“Where did you learn to paint so well?” What might look like a question is merely an expression of wonderment. It’s just a way of saying how speechless you are!

21.

तुम कितना सुरीला गाती हो।

(Tum kiTaNaa SuriiLaa gaaTii ho.)

“You sing so melodiously.” You’re at a party with your friends and one of them happens to sing there. In that case, you can pamper him / her with this compliment in Hindi.

22.

तुम फ़ोटोज़ बहुत अच्छी खींचती हो।

(Tum fotoz bahuT acchii khiincaTii ho.)

“You’re really good at taking pictures.” We all have that one friend taking amazing pictures for us at small gatherings, ceremonies, picnics, and office parties. It’s time to return the favor and spoil them with Hindi compliments.

23..

तुम तो एकदम बढ़िया हिंदी बोल लेते हो।

(Tum To ekaDam badhiyaa hiNDii boL LeTe ho.)

“You speak Hindi so fluently!” In India, Hindi is spoken only in a few states. So, if you catch a non-Hindi native speaking like a pro, then this would be a well-deserved compliment for them.

6. How to Make Your Compliments Sound More Sincere

Genuine praise can give anyone butterflies in the stomach, while a fake compliment does just the opposite. It wrecks the whole mood. And believe us, people can easily sense if you really mean it or not!

Compliments open the doors to those tender corners of the heart, but learning the best Hindi compliments isn’t enough. Thus, it becomes quite important to make your praises sound authentic and heartfelt. After all, you don’t want to leave any stone unturned, do you?

To be honest, the best compliments in Hindi, or any language for that matter, are those which are felt from within. So, what are the things that instantly add life to a compliment and make someone blush and giggle?

Amazing Voice and Singing

Let’s check out these simple yet magical tips to take the game up a notch with the best compliment lines in Hindi.

1 – Confidence

Great dressing sense and looks are all in vain if your tone, body language, and conviction aren’t doing you justice. Now that you’ve learned the best Hindi compliments, make sure that whenever you’re initiating a conversation or complimenting someone, you’re giving off an energetic vibe full of confidence.

2 – Eye Contact

Avoiding eye contact not only makes us look timid, but it can also make a person question our honesty. As much as possible, maintain a healthy amount of eye contact and infuse your praises with that self-confidence.

3 – Keep it Simple

Simplicity is the key to winning someone’s heart, so putting too much effort into a compliment isn’t necessary. When feelings are pure, words are just a means to communicate those feelings.

4 – The Little Things Matter

Stating the obvious has worked for no one. Do you really wanna make them feel the magic of your words? Pay attention to the details. Bring up something that maybe no one else has noticed, and put it in the most beautiful way possible.

5 – Say it as You Mean it!

You know what? Vibes and senses can’t be measured, but they never lie to us. So, if your words are empty, it’s better to save your time and drop the idea of going forward. A compliment can only work wonders when it comes right from the bottom of your heart!

This is just one aspect to learn about giving compliments in Hindi culture. Now, we’ll see what to expect after offering your praise in Hindi.

7. How Do Indians Respond to a Compliment?

Before we begin, how many of you remember the word for “compliment” in Hindi? Try to think! Okay, okay, it’s not that easy, we agree. It’s तारीफ़ (Taariif) or प्रशंसा (prasaNSaa).

Well, there are all kinds of reactions. Some people will blush, some will be quite thrilled, and some may just respond with a simple “Thank you.” To save you the time and all the confusion (thanks to the cultural differences!), we’ll show you what you can expect in response after giving compliments in India.

1 – Blush, Blush, Blush!

Sometimes, words can’t do justice to our emotions. That being said, from aunties to the pretty girls, and not to forget the uncles and little kiddos, the first and most natural response to a compliment will definitely show on their cheeks! 🙂

That’s right. That pink glow and blushing all over their face is enough to tell you how pleased they are.

2 – They Feel it!

Did you see the person shying away and trying to hide their smile? Pat yourself on the back and know that you’ve done your job well. Remember, Indians may not be quite vocal about it, but compliments do make them happy. To top it off, if a non-native goes to the length of praising them in Hindi, they’ll be over the moon. Really.

3 – Be Ready to Get a Compliment Back!

Have you just been praised right after giving a compliment? You might wonder if it was real or out of sheer courtesy! Well, there’s a 50-50 chance that either scenario is true. Moreover, it’s not so black-and-white, either. Sometimes, people don’t know how to respond and they compliment you back. Often, they really have been impressed and didn’t know when to say it until you took the lead. All in all, it’s not that big a deal.

4 – What if Nothing Happens?

In India, people may shy away and blush. It’s just a gesture that happens in response to feeling appreciated. Some may even be frank and say “Thank you.” While lots of folks will clearly express their joy, don’t be disheartened if things don’t turn out as you imagined.

8. Conclusion

That was all from our side on how to compliment people in Hindi. For more content and better access, sign up for an account on HindiPod101.com.

Did you enjoy this lesson? Which complimenting phrase is your favorite? If you feel stuck because you can’t remember a word, you can jump in and use our free online dictionary.

Cultural differences play a vital role in the way we interact with each other. Indian culture is unique in its own way. Which of the Indian do’s and don’ts look appealing to you? Let us know in the comment box below.

If there’s anything else that you’d like us to cover, don’t hesitate to get in touch, because we love to hear from you!

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Top Hindi Gender List & Complete Guide to Hindi Gender Rules

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Since our childhood, the natives in India learn to associate Hindi nouns with gender. It comes as no surprise that being a widely spoken and versatile language, gender in Hindi grammar plays a significant role and is reflected in almost every aspect of the Indian culture.

It might blow your mind, but there are only two grammatical genders in Hindi. Yes, you read that right. Drop all the other grammatical gender types that you’ve been taught when learning other languages! As far as the Hindi language is concerned, from the tiniest thing to the biggest possible noun, we’ve got everything covered with just two main categories of gender in Hindi grammar. But what are they?

Read on and find out for yourself!

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Table of Contents

  1. “Gender” in Hindi
  2. Masculine & Feminine Grammatical Gender in Hindi
  3. Application of Gender in Speech
  4. Characteristics of Masculine and Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi
  5. List of Masculine and Derived Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi
  6. Exceptions to Gender Rules in Hindi
  7. How to Memorize the Gender of a Word
  8. Gender Variations for Verbs and Adjectives
  9. Quiz
  10. Takeaway from HindiPod101.com

1. “Gender” in Hindi

So, are you ready to start?

The first question that pops into our mind is “What is the meaning of gender in Hindi?”

“Gender” in grammar is that which helps us recognize and differentiate between various nouns on the basis of their gender. Do you know how to say “gender” in Hindi?

Gender in Hindi grammar is known as लिंग (Ling).

To the fierce, passionate fighters for gender equality, the Hindi gender rules and the gender of nouns in Hindi vocabulary may be a tad bit disappointing!

Gender Inequality in Workplace

Unfortunately, for a large portion of the Hindi gender list, the male gender in Hindi takes precedence. All in all, gender equality in the Hindi language still has a long way to go. And this also explains the rising presence of gender equality speech in Hindi in all the social institutions, such as schools and offices.

As we move forward in this lesson, you’ll be able to see how this bias affects the various genders of nouns in the Hindi language.

Do keep in mind, though, that while we use the word “gender” here, this has little to do with the actual sex of the noun in most cases. In a grammatical sense, the “gender” is simply a category under which a given noun falls.

2. Masculine & Feminine Grammatical Gender in Hindi

There are two main kinds of gender in Hindi: masculine and feminine.

The “masculine” gender of nouns in the Hindi language is known as पुल्लिंग (puLLing), whereas the “feminine” gender in Hindi is known as स्त्रीलिंग (STriiLing).

Unlike in English and other languages, there’s no neuter, or common, gender in Hindi.

3. Application of Gender in Speech

In Hindi, gender rules are quite peculiar. However, once you learn to recognize the gender of nouns in the Hindi language, the rest of the grammar application will come naturally to you.

We’ve already shared above that there’s no neuter or common gender in Hindi. For this reason, the articles we use remain the same regardless of the noun’s gender.

You may experiment with this while going through a Hindi vocabulary list. Another great way to practice and get used to this is to follow or listen to any gender equality speech in Hindi and look for hints there!

When you do that, a unique pattern becomes visible. What is this pattern, you ask?

Well, basically, it’s the verb ending that you should be focusing on. From the ancient to the most modern gender words in Hindi, following the subtle thread of a verb ending qualifies as one of the golden Hindi gender rules for any learner.

If you find yourself a little lost, we have some quick and highly valuable tips to help you crack the code. Just follow us to the end of this lesson!

4. Characteristics of Masculine and Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi

You must be wondering why we combined the two genders together in one sub-section? The thing is that most of the feminine words are derived from masculine words in Hindi. It’s just a minor change of adding some suffixes, and viola! You’ve got the feminine version of that masculine word.

Talk about distorted gender equality in the Hindi language!

Vaguely, the characteristic of masculine words in Hindi is that they mostly end with an –a sound, as in कमल (kamaL).

If we break it down:

  • कमल = क् + अ + म् + अ + ल् + अ      “Lotus”

Similar words include मोर (mor) meaning “peacock” and बादल (baaDaL) meaning “clouds.”

So, basically, any word that usually ends with an -a sound is masculine. But it would be unfair to say that this is the only case. Exceptions prevail in every language, and we’ll be dealing with them later.

And what about the patterns in feminine gender nouns? Well, as they’re derived from masculine nouns, there are a handful of patterns that change sharply.

Breaking Stereotypes and Changing Gender Roles

5. List of Masculine and Derived Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi

  • One important thing we would like to mention here is that we’ve shared the English meaning of only the masculine gender in the charts below. This has been done to keep things simple.
  • However, we’ve used a variety of example sentences for both of them to give you an idea of the separate verb forms used for both genders.
  • For now, you can simply skip the concept of verb forms as we’ll be dealing with this in a separate reading guide.

It’s best to start with our main list of nouns and see for yourself how Hindi grammar gender rules work.

1- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -ी (-ii) to the End

For beginners, jumping directly to the masculine-to-feminine conversion may be a bit confusing. So why don’t we warm up a bit with some simple examples?

Example sentences for singular nouns:

  • एक आदमी पेड़ के नीचे बैठा है.
    ek aaDmii per ke Niice baithaa hai
    “A man is sitting under the tree.”
  • एक औरत पेड़ के नीचे बैठी है.
    ek auraT per ke Niice baithii hai
    “A woman is sitting under the tree.”

As you can see, we’ve replaced the masculine noun with a feminine one. We can do the same with plural nouns as shown in the example sentences below.

Example sentences for plural nouns:

  • दो आदमी पेड़ के नीचे बैठे हैं.
    Do aaDmii per ke Niice baithe hain
    “Two men are sitting under the tree.”
  • दो औरतें पेड़ के नीचे बैठी हैं.
    Do auraTen per ke Niice baithii hain
    “Two women are sitting under the tree.”
Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word Sentences
लड़का (Ladakaa)
“Boy”
लड़की (Ladakii)
“Girl”
लड़का खेल रहा है। (Ladakaa kheL rahaa hai.)
“The boy is playing.”
बच्चा (baccaa)
“Baby boy”
बच्ची (baccii)
“Baby girl”
बच्ची सो रही है।. (baccii So rahii hai.)
“The baby girl is sleeping.”
नाना (NaaNaa)
“Maternal grandpa”
नानी (NaaNii)
“Maternal grandma”
मेरे नाना कल आएंगे। (mere NaaNaa kaL aayenge.)
“My grandpa will come tomorrow.”
मामा (maamaa)
“Maternal uncle”
मामी (maamii)
“Maternal aunt”
मामी मुझे प्यार करती हैं। (maamii mujhe pyaar karaTii hain.)
“My aunt loves me.”
चाचा (caacaa)
“Paternal uncle”
चाची (caacii)
“Paternal aunt”
सूरज के चाचा बाज़ार गए हैं। (Suuraj ke caacaa baazaar gaye hain.)
“Suraj’s uncle has gone to the market.”
पुत्र (puTra)
“Son”
पुत्री (puTrii)
“Daughter”
सीमा की पुत्री 6 साल की है। (Siimaa kii puTrii chah SaaL kii hai.)
“Seema’s daughter is six years old.”
पोता (poTaa)
“Grandson”
पोती (poTii)
“Grand-daughter”
मेरा पोता दिल्ली में रहता है। (meraa poTaa DiLLii men rahaTaa hai.)
“My grandson lives in Delhi.”
मुर्गा (murgaa)
“Cock / Rooster”
मुर्गी (murgii)
“Hen”
मुर्गा बांग दे रहा है। (murgaa baang De rahaa hai.)
“The rooster is crowing.”
बकरा (bakaraa)
“Goat”
बकरी (bakarii)
“Doe”
यह बकरा बूढ़ा हो गया है। (yah bakaraa buudhaa ho gayaa hai.)
“This goat has grown old.”

2- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -ा (-aa) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
छात्र (chaaTr) छात्रा (chaaTraa) “Student” दो छात्र आज कक्षा में नहीं आये हैं।
(Do chaaTra aaj kaksaa men nahiin aaye hain.)
“Two students didn’t come to class today.”
महोदय (mahoDay) महोदया (mahoDayaa) “Sir” महोदया सबकी मदद कर रही हैं। (mahoDayaa Sabakii maDaD kar rahii hain.)
“Ma’m is helping everyone.”
प्रधानाचार्य (praDHaaNaacaary) प्रधानाचार्या
(praDHaaNaacaaryaa)
“Principal” प्रधानाचार्य बच्चों को समझा रहे थे। (praDHaaNaacaary baccon ko Samajhaa rahe THe.)
“The principal was explaining to the children.”
शिष्य (sisya) शिष्या (sisyaa) “Pupil” ये सभी मेरे शिष्य हैं। (ye Sabhii mere sisy hain.)
“All of them are my pupils.”
सदस्य (SaDaSy) सदस्या (SaDaSyaa) “Member” क्या तुम यहाँ की सदस्या हो? (kyaa Tum yahaan kii SaDaSyaa ho?)
“Are you a member here?”

3- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -नी (-Nii) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning (For Male) Sentences
मोर (mor) मोरनी (moraNii) “Peacock” मोर नाच रहा है। (mor Naac rahaa hai.)
“The peacock is dancing.”
शेर (ser) शेरनी (seraNii) “Lion” शेरनी अब शिकार पर जाएगी। (seraNii ab sikaar par jaayegii.)
“The lioness will now go hunting.”
ऊँट (uunt) ऊँटनी (uuntaNii) “Camel” ऊँट बुरी तरह से प्यासा है। (uunt burii Tarah Se pyaaSaa hai.)
“The camel is terribly thirsty.”

4- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -िन (-iN) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
माली (maaLii) मालिन (maaLiN) “Gardener” माली बग़ीचे में पौधे लगा रहा है। (maaLii bagiice men pauDHe Lagaa rahaa hai.)
“The gardener is planting the saplings in the garden.”
नाती (NaaTii) नातिन (NaaTiN) “Daughter’s son” मेरा नाती जापान में रहता है। (meraa NaaTii jaapaaN men rahaTaa hai.)
“My grandson lives in Japan.”
पड़ोसी (padoSii) पड़ोसिन (padoSiN) “Neighbor” ईशा की पड़ोसिन हमेशा उसकी मदद करती है। (iisaa kii padoSiN hamesaa uSakii maDaD karaTii hai.)
“Eishaa’s neighbor always helps her out.”
धोबी (DHobii) धोबिन (DHobiN) “Washerman” धोबी आज फिर नहीं आया। (DHobii aaj phir Nahiin aayaa.)
“The washerman has again not come today.”

5- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -िया (-iyaa) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
बंदर (baNDar) बंदरिया (baNDariyaa) “Monkey” बंदर पेड़ पर झूल रहा है। (baNDar ped par jhuuL rahaa hai.)
“The monkey is swinging in the tree.”
बूढ़ा (buudhaa) बुढ़िया (budhiyaa) “Old man” पार्क में एक बुढ़िया बैठी है। (paark men ek budhiyaa baithii hai.)
“There is an old woman sitting in the park.”
बेटा (betaa) बिटिया (bitiyaa) “Son” मेरे दोस्त का बेटा मुझसे मिलने आ रहा है। (mere DoST kaa betaa mujh Se miLaNe aa rahaa hai.)
“My friend’s son is coming to meet me.”

6- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -िका (-ikaa) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning (For Male) Sentences
गायक (gaayak) गायिका (gaayikaa) “Singer” मैं गायिका बनना चाहती हूँ। (main gaayikaa baNaNaa caahaTii huun.)
“I want to become a singer.”
लेखक (Lekhak) लेखिका (Lekhikaa) “Writer” क्या आपके दादाजी लेखक हैं ? (kyaa aapake DaaDaajii Lekhak hain?)
“Is your grandfather a writer?”
शिक्षक (siksak) शिक्षिका (siksikaa) “Teacher” हमारी शिक्षिका हमें प्यार करती हैं। (hamaarii siksikaa hamen pyaar karaTii hain.)
“Our teacher loves us.”
सहायक (Sahaayak) सहायिका (Sahaayikaa) “Assistant” सुमन सहायिका के तौर पर काम करना चाहती है। (SumaN Sahaayikaa ke Taur par kaam karaNaa caahaTii hai.)
“Suman wants to work as an assistant.”

7- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -आनी (-aaNii) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
देवर (Devar) देवरानी (DevaraaNii) “Husband’s younger brother’s wife”
“Husband’s younger brother”
मेरा देवर मुझसे दो साल छोटा है। (meraa Devar mujh Se Do SaaL chotaa hai.)
“My brother-in-law is two years younger than me.”
जेठ (jeth) जेठानी (jethaaNii)
“Husband’s elder brother’s wife”
“Husband’s elder brother” कविता की जेठानी खाना बना चुकी हैं। (kaviTaa kii jethaaNii khaaNaa baNaa cukii hain.)
“Kavita’s sister-in-law has prepared the meal.”
नौकर (Naukar) नौकरानी (NaukaraaNii)
“Maid”
“Servant” आपका नौकर कितने बजे आता है? (aapakaa Naukar kiTaNe baje aaTaa hai.)
“At what time does your servant come?”

8- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Replacing -वान (-vaaN) with -वती (-vaTii) at the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
गुणवान (gunavaaN) गुणवती (gunavaTii) “Talented” तुम्हारी बहू कितनी गुणवती है ! (Tumhaarii bahuu kiTaNii gunavaTii hai!)
“Your daughter-in-law is so talented!”
दयावान (DayaavaaN) दयावती (DayaavaTii) “Kind” मेरे बॉस दयावान हैं। (mere bauS DayaavaaN hain.)
“My boss is kind.”
भाग्यवान (bhaagyavaaN) भाग्यवती (bhaagyavaTii) “Lucky” सुनील बड़ा ही भाग्यवान है। (SuNiiL badaa hii bhaagyavaaN hai.)
“Sunil is really lucky.”

6. Exceptions to Gender Rules in Hindi

In some cases, the words for the masculine and feminine forms of nouns are completely unrelated and sound totally different. For words like this, there’s no regular pattern for prefixes or suffixes.

Brother and Sister

Let’s find out which words these are!

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
Sentences
राजा (raajaa) रानी (raaNii) “King” इस राज्य का राजा बहुत उदार था। (iS raajya kaa raajaa bahuT uDaar THaa.)
“The king of this state was quite generous.”
भाई (bhaaii) बहन (bahaN) “Brother” तुम्हारी बहन कहाँ गयी ? (Tumhaari bahaN kahaan gayii?)
“Where did your sister go?”
ससुर (SaSur) सास (SaaS) “Father-in-law” मेरी सास बहुत अच्छी हैं। (merii SaaS bahuT acchii hain.)
“My mother-in-law is really nice.”
दूल्हा (DuLhaa) दुल्हन (DuLhaN) “Bridegroom” शादी में दूल्हा देर से आया। (saaDii men DuLhaa Der Se aayaa.)
“The groom arrived late at the wedding.”
आदमी (aaDamii) औरत (auraT) “Man” एक औरत सब्ज़ी ख़रीद रही थी. (ek auraT Sabzii khariiD rahii THii.)
“A woman was buying some vegetables.”
पिता (piTaa) माता (maaTaa) “Father” मेरे पिताजी दो दिन के लिए शहर से बाहर गए हैं। (mere piTaajii Do DiN ke Liye sahar Se baahar gaye hain.)
“My father is away for two days.”
पुरुष (purus) स्त्री (STrii) “Male” पुरुष का व्यवहार स्त्री से अलग होता है। (purus kaa vyavahaar STrii Se alag hoTaa hai.)
“The nature of a man is different from that of a woman.”

Whoa! That was a lot to take in, wasn’t it? Don’t worry. You don’t have to mug up everything at once. There are plenty of ways to study in a smart way, and this is what the next section is about.

7. How to Memorize the Gender of a Word

Well, let’s be honest here. Even though certain rules and tricks that we discussed above can help us guess the gender of nouns in Hindi grammar, exceptions come as part and parcel anyway.

Although the best foolproof method to memorize the gender of a word is studying the vocabulary often and using the nouns abundantly in everyday life, one needs to understand that the nature of the Hindi language and its vocabulary is so comprehensive that it’s hard to chunk everything together into fixed groups.

Nonetheless, we’ve tried our best to collect some of the most commonly used nouns, the gender of which can be guessed based on their classification.

Let’s decode the above sentence with the help of these example categories. It’s important to mention here that these categories have been created loosely, just to ease the process for our readers.

1- Common Categories for the Masculine Gender in Hindi

1) Days’ Names

Without exception, all of the days’ names are masculine. “Day” in Hindi means दिन (DiN).

Example:

  • सोमवार का दिन बहुत व्यस्त था। (Somavaar kaa DiN bahuT vyaST THaa.)
    “Monday was really busy.”
  • पिछला शनिवार एकदम बेकार गया। (pichaLaa saNivaar ekaDam bekaar gayaa.)
    “Last Saturday was just terrible.”

In this way, you can replace the day’s name while following the same gender rules in the sentence.

Interested in learning the names of all the days? You’ll be delighted to check out our lesson on days and months of the year in Hindi.

2) Month Names

Just like days, all the calendar months also fall under the masculine gender. “Month” in Hindi is महीना (mahiiNaa) or माह (maah).

Below are some examples to give you a better idea.

  • जनवरी साल का पहला महीना होता हैv (jaNavarii SaaL kaa pahaLaa mahiiNaa hoTaa hai.)
    “January is the first month of the year.”
  • इस बार जून का महीना सबसे गरम थाv (iS baar juuN kaa mahiiNaa SabaSe garam THaa.)
    “This time June was the hottest month.”

Similarly, you can treat any month or day name as masculine and apply the rules accordingly.

Genders in Nature

3) Names of Mountains

Almost all the mountains are treated as masculine nouns in the Hindi language. “Mountains” in Hindi are called पहाड़ (pahaad) or पर्वत (parvaT).

Let’s check out some examples:

  • माउंट एवरेस्ट धरती का सबसे ऊँचा पहाड़ है। (maaunt evareSt DHaraTii kaa SabaSe uuncaa pahaad hai.)
    “Mount Everest is the highest mountain on earth.”
  • माउंट फुजी जापान का पवित्र पर्वत माना जाता हैv (maaunt fuujii jaapaaN kaa paviTra parvaT maaNaa jaaTaa hai.)
    “Mountain Fuji is considered a sacred mountain in Japan.”

Exception:

Take note here that we’re not talking about “mountain ranges” but only “mountains.” Mountain ranges are considered feminine in Hindi.

Masculine Gender

4) Names of Trees, Flowers, and Fruits

Another masculine noun category in this Hindi gender chart is that of trees, flowers, and fruits. All of the trees and flowers are always referred to as masculine nouns.

However, when it comes to fruits, the two exceptions are the litchi and pear. Both “litchi” लीची (Liicii) and “pear” नाशपाती (NaasapaaTii) are feminine nouns, while the rest of the fruit names are masculine.

“Tree” in Hindi is known as पेड़ (ped).

“Flower” in Hindi is known as फूल (phuuL).

“Fruit” in Hindi is known as फल (phaL).

Examples:

  • यह बरगद का पेड़ लगभग सौ साल पुराना है। (yah baragaD kaa ped Lagabhag Sau SaaL puraaNaa hai.)
    “This banyan tree is almost a hundred years old.”
  • सभी फूलों में लाल गुलाब सबसे ख़ास होता है। (Sabhii phuuLon men LaaL guLaab SabaSe khaaS hoTaa hai.)
    “Of all the flowers, the red rose is the most special one.”
  • आम सभी फलों का राजा है। (aam Sabhii phaLon kaa raajaa hai.)
    “Mango is the king of all fruits.”

Exception:

However, if we wish to talk about a litchi or pear, the sentence would be in the feminine gender.

Such as:

  • लीची काफ़ी मीठी है। (Liicii kaafii miithii hai.)
    “Litchi is quite sweet.”

5) Names of Countries and Continents

This is the last category of nouns which you can be sure are masculine. In Hindi, the names of all the countries and continents are used as masculine nouns.

“Country” is called देश (Des) in Hindi, whereas “continent” is known as महाद्वीप (mahaaDviip).

Examples:

  • भारत देश बहुत बड़ा है। (bhaaraT Des bahuT badaa hai.)
    “India is a huge country.”
  • ऑस्ट्रेलिया दुनिया का सबसे छोटा महाद्वीप है। (auStreLiyaa DuNiyaa kaa SabaSe chotaa mahaaDviip hai.)
    “Australia is the smallest continent in the world.”

6) Names of All the Metals

By now, you’re familiar with the concept that there’s no common gender in Hindi. Henceforth, browsing through any Hindi gender list will present words in either masculine or feminine gender.

Continuing with our sub-category of metals in Hindi, all the metal names are in masculine forms.

Here are some sentences to help you understand better:

  • आजकल सोना बहुत महँगा चल रहा है। (aajakaL SoNaa bahuT mahangaa caL rahaa hai.)
    “Nowadays, gold is really expensive.”
    Or
    “Nowadays, gold prices are soaring high.”
  • लोहा पीतल से मज़बूत होता है। (Lohaa piiTaL Se mazabuuT hoTaa hai.)
    “Iron is stronger than bronze.”

Exception:

You must remember that “silver” चाँदी (caanDii) is an exception here. It’s the only metal that’s considered a feminine noun.

  • चाँदी पायल बनाने में इस्तेमाल की जाती है। (caanDii paayaL baNaaNe men iSTemaaL kii jaaTii hai.)
    “Silver is used in making anklets.”

7) Names of All the Planets

Most of the planet names are treated as masculine nouns. “Planets” are known as ग्रह (grah) in Hindi.

  • बृहस्पति सबसे बड़ा ग्रह है। (brihaSpaTi SabaSe badaa grah hai.)
    “Jupiter is the largest planet.”

Exception:

Our planet, “Earth,” is the one and only exception in the list of planets. Culturally, “earth” in India is worshipped as “mother,” without which the origin of life wouldn’t have been possible. Thus, planet Earth is a feminine noun in Hindi.

  • पृथ्वी सूरज के चारों ओर चक्कर लगाती है. (priTHavii Suuraj ke caaron or cakkar LagaaTii hai.)
    “The earth revolves around the sun.”

With this, we come to the end of all possible major categories which contain the masculine nouns. Now, let’s explore the feminine nouns.

2- Common Categories for the Feminine Gender in Hindi

The names of rivers, languages, scripts, and dates, are mostly feminine. So, if you hear the words from the categories below, more often than not, they’re feminine words.

1) Dates

The most popular word for “dates” in Hindi is तारीख़ (Taariikh). However, it can also be translated as तिथि (TiTHii). The important point is that both words should be treated as feminine.

Let’s see how we can use them in our daily conversations.

  • क्या इस काम के लिए कल की तारीख़ ठीक रहेगी? (kyaa iS kaam ke Liye kaL kii Taariikh thiik rahegi?)
    “Would tomorrow’s date be okay for this task?”
  • हमारी शादी की तिथि शुभ होनी चाहिए। (hamaarii saaDii kii TiTHii subh hoNii caahiye.)
    “The date of our wedding should be auspicious.”

2) Names of Rivers

It’s interesting to notice that all the rivers in India, and all over the world, fall into the category of feminine nouns. The same rule applies to “lakes.”

“River” in Hindi is called नदी (NaDii) and “lake” is known as झील (jhiiL).

  • भारत में गंगा नदी बहुत पवित्र मानी जाती है। (bhaaraT men gangaa NaDii bahuT paviTra maaNii jaaTii hai.)
    “Ganga is considered the most sacred river in India.”
  • नाइल नदी अफ़्रीका की सबसे लंबी नदी है। (NaaiL NaDii afriikaa kii SabaSe Lambii NaDii hai.)
    “The Nile is the longest river in Africa.”

3) Names of Languages and Scripts

This is the last sub-category of feminine words in Hindi. Another great tip you should save for yourself is that all languages and scripts are treated as feminine in Hindi.

Here are some examples.

  • हिंदी भाषा भारत के कई हिस्सों में बोली जाती है। (hiNDii bhaasaa bhaaraT ke kaii hiSSon men boLii jaaTii hai.)
    “Hindi is spoken in many parts of India.”
  • तुम्हारी अंग्रेज़ी वाक़ई बहुत अच्छी है। (Tumhaarii angrezii vaaqaii bahuT acchii hai.)
    “Your English is really impressive.”

4) Names with Certain Suffixes

If you find words that end with the following suffixes—-आहट (aahat), -आवट (aavat), -इया (iyaa), -आस (aaS)—they’re most likely feminine nouns in Hindi. But do be careful and allow the possibility for some exceptions, too.

Here are some of the feminine words that contain the suffixes we just mentioned:

Suffix Hindi Word English Meaning Sentences
-आहट (aahat) घबराहट
(ghabraahat)
“Nervousness” उसे घबराहट हो रही थी।
(uSe ghabaraahat ho rahii THii.)

“There was an atmosphere of nervousness.”

-आवट (aavat) लिखावट
(Likhaavat)
“Handwriting” जॉन की लिखावट बहुत सुन्दर है.
(jauN kii Likhaavat bahuT SuNDar hai.)

“John has such beautiful handwriting.”

-इया (iyaa) बंदरिया
(baNDariyaa)
“Female monkey” आम के पेड़ पर एक बंदरिया बैठी है।
(aam ke ped par ek baNDariyaa baithii hai.)

“There is a female monkey sitting on the mango tree.”

-आस (aaS) मिठास
(mithaaS)
“Sweetness” तुम्हारी आवाज़ में कितनी मिठास है !
(Tumhaarii aavaaz men kiTaNii mithaaS hai.)

“There is so much sweetness in your voice.”

Feminine Gender

Looking at such a short list of feminine categories, when compared to the endless masculine gender categories, easily gives an idea of the disbalance in gender equality in the Hindi language.

8. Gender Variations for Verbs and Adjectives

The gender variations for adjectives and verbs is such a vast topic that it deserves to be addressed as an article of its own, rather than being reduced to just a teeny-tiny sub-section here.

That’s why we’ve decided to explain it in a thorough and comprehensive way just for you! Shortly, we’ll present you with a brand-new article on conjugation. All you need to do is brace yourself and stay tuned!

But don’t be disappointed! For a sneak peak, check out some essential and handy tips for you from HindiPod101.

To summarize meaningfully, here are the two golden rules we can swear by when it comes to gender variations for verbs and adjectives.

For masculine gender, the verbs and adjectives end with:

  • -aa (ा ) sound or diacritic for singular nouns, and with -e (े) for plural nouns.

For the feminine gender in Hindi, the verbs and adjectives end with:

  • -ii ( ी) sound or diacritic for singular nouns, and with -iin (ीं) for plural nouns.

9. Quiz

Even the most thorough study habits yield fruit only when they’re put to test. In this Hindi grammar gender guide, we’ve shared so many popular Hindi words and their gender with you. However, it’s inevitable to miss out on some.

So, we came up with this wonderful idea. Why don’t we throw some lesser-known words at you, and based on the concepts (such as word endings) explained in the earlier sections of this lesson, you have to guess the gender of these words! Sound fun?

Here are the less-common Hindi words with their English meaning:

  • क्षण (ksan) “Moment”
  • चारपाई (caarapaaii) “Cot”
  • कुटिया (kutiyaa) “A small cottage or hut”
  • वन (vaN) “Jungle”
  • समृद्धि (SamriDDHii) “Prosperity”
  • उजाला (ujaaLaa) “Light”
  • ख़ामोशी (khaamosii) “Silence”

Well, give us your best shot. We’d love to hear you out in the comment box below!

10. Takeaway from HindiPod101.com

This was all from our side on the topic of gender words in Hindi. We hope you’re feeling far more confident in using the correct gender forms in your day-to-day conversations. But be sure to let us know in the comments section if you have any questions!

As always, practice is the ultimate key to your success. So, as much as possible, try to listen to various talks about gender’s role in Hindi, go through a gender equality speech in Hindi, or find some other good listening media like the podcasts and videos on our website.

With the help of your native friends, make it a habit to practice and guess the gender of a range of new words. You can also use our free online dictionary and expand your Hindi vocabulary.

We also have a bunch of lessons on Hindi pronunciation if that’s what’s keeping you behind. You’ll be surprised to see the mindblowing command you’ll be able to gain over your Hindi language skills. Nonetheless, if you wish to be an unstoppable achiever in this Hindi course, sign up on HindiPod101.com!

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The Top 20+ Phrases to Help You Express Anger in Hindi

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Life comes up with all sorts of surprises. Sometimes, things may not go as planned, and that’s bound to upset you. But no matter what, we must always refrain from using offensive curse words in Hindi.

Having said that, there are plenty of ways to vent your frustration and anger in Hindi, and you can do so without hurting someone’s feelings.

We’ll show you how to share your emotions in Hindi in a manner that’s appropriate and acceptable even in public places.

So, what are the common angry phrases in Hindi that native people use to let others know they’re angry? Keep reading to find out.

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Table of Contents

  1. Hindi Words for Anger
  2. Simple Ways to Express Anger
  3. Angry Warnings
  4. Angry Blames
  5. Bonus: Calming Tips to Cool Off Your Anger
  6. Bonus: Calming Tips to Cool Off Your Anger
  7. Speak Like a Native with HindiPod101.com

1. Hindi Words for Anger

Complaints

When someone tests your patience, the first natural response to express anger in Hindi is often to slay them with your fuming words.

Let’s begin with a few common negative words in Hindi that are harmless and still quite effective in dealing with undesirable situations. Here’s how to say “angry” in Hindi a few different ways:

  • ग़ुस्सा (ġuSSaa) or नाराज़गी (Naaraazagii) — “Anger” — [Noun]
  • ग़ुस्सा होना (ġuSSaa hoNaa) or नाराज़ होना (Naaraaz hoNaa) — “Angry” — [Verb]
  • ग़ुस्सैल (ġuSSaiL) — “Angry” — [Adjective]

Here’s an example for each Hindi translation of “angry”:

  • इतना ग़ुस्सा अच्छा नहीं होता।
    iTaNaa ġuSSaa acchaa Nahiin hoTaa.
    “Too much anger is not good.”
  • अब तुम नाराज़ मत होना।
    ab Tum Naaraaz maT hoNaa.
    “Please, don’t get angry now.”
  • मेरा बॉस बहुत ग़ुस्सैल इंसान है।
    meraa baauS bahuT ġuSSaiL iNSaaN hai.
    “My boss is a really angry person.”

There’s a whole list of Hindi phrases natives say to each other when they’re upset, including some typical angry expressions in Hindi that can be used anywhere and by people of any age group. These sentences can be used both in serious situations and in less-serious situations, like during an innocent mood swing.

Little Girl Pouting

A great example is the phrase “I am angry” in Hindi, which translates as मैं ग़ुस्सा हूँ (main guSSaa huun) or मैं नाराज़ हूँ (main Naaraaz huun).

If somebody wants to be a little more specific with their phrases, like in “I am angry with you,” the translation in Hindi would be मैं तुमसे नाराज़ हूँ (main Tum Se Naaraaz huun).

Now that we’ve covered the basics, we present to you a huge list of angry Hindi messages and phrases that you can use when you’re angry.

2. Simple Ways to Express Anger

Oh! So, you have young ones who just won’t keep their mouths shut? Or friends nagging you and making you uncomfortable with their not-so-funny remarks? Maybe you happen to be a teacher and you just can’t take the nonsense of your quarreling students anymore!

Woman Holding Out Hand for Someone to Stop

Well, whatever it is that’s bringing you to the edge of exploding, here are a few ways to instantly show that you’re angry in Hindi!

1. “Shut up.” चुप हो जाओ।
(cup ho jaao.)
Example Situation
Someone is lying to your face, but you already know the truth; you ask them to just keep quiet.

2. “Stop it.” बंद करो ये सब।
(banD karo ye Sab.)
Example Situation
When kids are fighting and don’t look like they’re going to stop, a loud warning may do the job.

3. “Cut it out.” बकवास बंद करो।
(bakavaaS banD karo.)
Example Situation
A friend is making excuses or exaggerating the situation in order to get away from his own actions.

4. “Leave me alone.” मुझे अकेला छोड़ दो।
(mujhe akeLaa chod Do.)
Example Situation
You’re in a lot of emotional pain or frustration and just want to be alone for a while.

5. “Get lost.” दफ़ा हो जाओ।
(Dafaa ho jaao.)
Example Situation
This phrase is occasionally said between friends in a mild way. However, people do use it when situations get really tense and serious.

6. “Get out of here.” चले जाओ यहाँ से।
(caLe jaao yahaan Se.)
Example Situation
Like the previous phrase, this one is occasionally said between friends in a mild way. However, people do use it when situations get really tense and serious.

7. “Don’t eat my head.” मेरा दिमाग़ मत खाओ।
(meraa Dimaag maT khaao.)
Example Situation
This is a common phrase people use when somebody is irritating them or asking them something stupid.

3. Angry Warnings

Negative Verbs

Showing anger in Hindi may, at times, involve a bit of warning! In the charts below, you’ll learn a handful of phrases that say “I am getting angry” in Hindi.

8. “Don’t mess with me.” मुझसे भिड़ो मत।
(mujh Se bhido maT.)
Example Situation
It’s a warning you can use when someone is badly provoking you.

9. “Don’t mess with me.” मुझसे पंगे मत लो।
(mujh Se pange maT Lo.)
Example Situation
It’s a warning you can use when someone is badly provoking you.

Actually, phrases eight and nine above are the same. There’s just a small difference between them. While मुझसे भिड़ो मत (mujh Se bhido maT) means something more like “Don’t irritate me,” the phrase मुझसे पंगे मत लो (mujh Se pange maT Lo) contains a local Mumbaiya slang word, which is पंगे लेना (pange LeNaa).

10. “You’re asking for trouble.” तुम बहुत बुरा फंसोगे।
(Tum bahuT buraa phanSoge.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used for threatening someone due to their actions and the implications of those actions. It’s commonly used during street fights.

11. “Don’t make me say it again.” मुझे दुबारा ना कहना पड़े।
(mujhe Dubaaraa Naa kahaNaa pade.)
Example Situation
This is usually said by a person who has more authority over the other, like a boss to an employee.

12. “I’m warning you for the last time.” मैं तुम्हें आख़िरी बार समझा रहा हूँ।
(main Tumhen aakhirii baar Samajhaa rahaa huun.)
Example Situation
This is usually said by a person who has more authority over the other, like a parent to a child.

13. “This is my last warning.” ये मेरी तुम्हें आख़िरी चेतावनी है।
(ye merii Tumhen aakhirii ceTaavaNii hai.)
Example Situation
This is usually said by a person who has more authority over the other. For example, a person who has a strong network and connections to someone with comparatively lower power.

Sometimes, trying to let someone know that you’re feeling angry in Hindi can lead to even stronger, and more varied, negative emotions. This can cause you to use stronger language or a sharper tone.

14. “I don’t want to see your face again.” मुझे तुम्हारी शक़्ल भी नहीं देखनी।
(mujhe Tumhaarii saqL bhii Nahiin DekhaNii.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used when anger is accompanied by loathing and hatred. These feelings may be short-lived or permanent.

15. “I will not tolerate that.” मैं ये बर्दाश्त नहीं करूँगा।
(main ye barDaasT Nahiin karuungaa.)
Example Situation
When a student or employee has broken the rules, the principal or employer may say this.

4. Angry Blames

People tend to indulge in the blame game when showing their anger in Hindi, especially when someone else is the reason for failure.

A Conflict Situation

Imagine you’re about to win the badminton match, but your partner lost that one point. Maybe you were about to grab that project, but a tiny careless comment from your colleague ruined your chances?

What kind of vibes and thoughts do these scenarios generate within you? Well, let’s give the right words to your fuming emotions in Hindi.

16. “What were you thinking?”

तुम सोच क्या रहे थे?
(Tum Soc kyaa rahe THe?)

Example Situation
Usually, this is said when someone has done something really stupid, like forgetting their wallet somewhere.

17. “What were you thinking?” तुम्हारा ध्यान कहाँ था?
(Tumhaaraa DHyaaN kahaan THaa?)
Example Situation
This phrase is used when a person has acted irresponsibly. For instance, not driving carefully or losing the car keys.

18. “Who do you think you are?” तुम ख़ुद को समझते क्या हो?
(Tum khuD ko SamajhaTe kyaa ho?)
Example Situation
This phrase is used when a person has crossed someone’s line too many times. For instance, breaking office rules and not caring about it.

19. “Are you out of your mind?” तुम्हारा दिमाग ख़राब है क्या?
(Tumhaaraa Dimaag kharaab hai kyaa?)
Example Situation
This one is said in situations where someone is ready to take, or has already taken, some reckless steps with negative or dangerous implications. For example, getting into a fight with older students.

20. “What’s wrong with you?”
Or
“What’s your problem?”
तुम्हारी दिक्कत क्या है?
(Tumhaarii DikkaT kyaa hai?)
Example Situation
This is said in situations where someone is ready to take, or has already taken, some reckless steps with negative or dangerous implications. For example, getting into a fight with a colleague or a person with authority.

Some synonyms of “angry” in Hindi could also hint toward disappointment, regret, unwanted interference, or irritation.

Couple After an Argument

Check out the charts below and learn about anger in Hindi phrases.

21. “You never listen to me.” तुम कभी मेरी बात नहीं सुनते।
(Tum kabhii merii baaT Nahiin SuNaTe.)
Example Situation
People sometimes say this in a lighthearted way, though it can be serious.
A parent or sibling may say this when you haven’t listened to their instructions, and as a result burned the food or messed up an electronic appliance.

22. “It’s all your fault.” ये सारी ग़लती तुम्हारी है।
(ye Saarii gaLaTii Tumhaarii hai.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used to put the entire blame on just one person. For instance, if a project was unsuccessful or a meeting failed.

23. “You messed it up.” तुमने सब गड़बड़ कर दिया।
(TumaNe Sab gadabad kar Diyaa.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used to put the entire blame on just one person. For instance, if you missed the train because your brother couldn’t finish his packing on time.

24. “You’re impossible.”
Or
“There is no point in saying anything to you.”
तुमसे तो कुछ भी कहना बेकार है।
(Tum Se To kuch bhii kahaNaa bekaar hai.)
Example Situation
Use this when someone acts stubborn and doesn’t pay heed to your advice, or if they try to cover up their mistakes with petty excuses.

25. “You’re weird.” तुम एकदम अजीब हो।
(Tum ekaDam ajiib ho.)
Example Situation
Use this when someone’s behavior is really weird. For example, if your friend greets your sibling, and your sibling doesn’t respond.

26. “It’s none of your business.” इस बात से तुम्हारा कोई लेना-देना नहीं है।
(iS baaT Se Tumhaaraa koii LeNaa DeNaa Nahiin hai.)
Example Situation
This is another way of asking someone to back off and not interfere in your matters.

27. “Keep your nose out of it.”
Or
“Stay out of it.”
तुम इसमें अपनी नाक मत घुसाओ।
(Tum iS men apaNii Naak maT ghuSaao.)
Example Situation
This is another way to ask someone to back off and not interfere in your matters.

5. Phrases to Describe How You Feel

It’s essential to use and learn about angry idioms in Hindi. But you know what? The thought process of the human mind is so complex and subtle.

More often than not, it may seem like anger on the surface level, but deep down it’s something entirely different.

For instance, when someone says “I am angry” in Hindi, it may be just a part of what they’re feeling. It may be the result of boredom, feeling stuck in life, disappointment, or really any number of things.

Feeling Low and Disappointed

Why don’t you look at these various angry Hindi lines and see what scenarios to use them in!

28. “I’m very upset.” मेरा दिमाग अभी बहुत ख़राब हो रहा है।
(meraa Dimaag abhi bahuT kharaab ho rahaa hai.)
Example Situation
Use this phrase when you’re trying to warn someone about your bad mood.

29. “I’m fed up with it.” मैं तंग आ गया हूं।
(main Tang aa gayaa huun.)
Example Situation
Say this when something has tested your patience and your will, making it difficult to adjust to that situation or person.

30. “I just can’t stand it.” ये मेरे बर्दाश्त के बाहर है।
(ye mere barDaasT ke baahar hai.)
Example Situation
You can say this when you dislike something very strongly, such as lies, another person’s company, etc.

31. “I hate it.”
Or
“I don’t like it at all.”
मुझे ये बिल्कुल पसंद नहीं है।
(mujhe ye biLkuL paSaND Nahiin hai.)
Example Situation
Say this phrase when you dislike something very strongly, such as lies, another person’s company, etc.

32. “I have never been so disappointed.”
Or
“I have never felt so bad.”
मुझे इतना बुरा पहले कभी नहीं लगा।
(mujhe iTaNaa buraa pahaLe kabhii Nahiin Lagaa.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used in extreme situations, such as during public humiliation or betrayal by a close friend.

33. “I’m not feeling okay.” मेरा मन ठीक नहीं है।
(meraa maN thiik Nahiin hai.)
Example Situation
You can use this phrase when you’re sad and want to avoid any kind of conversation about it.

34. “I don’t feel good.” मुझे अच्छा नहीं लग रहा।
(mujhe acchaa Nahiin Lag rahaa.)
Example Situation
It may be your gut instinct, mood, or some strange feeling that says you’re not feeling alright.

Whoa! That was a pretty extensive look at all those temper-testing types of emotions in Hindi. Need something positive and calming to infuse your mind with?

If so, you’ll be delighted to read our next section, which carries some pretty simple but effective tips and techniques to soothe yourself and feel better again!

6. Bonus: Calming Tips to Cool Off Your Anger

As long as you’re not getting out of control, it’s actually a healthy thing to express anger once in a while. Doing so gives that toxic emotional build-up a release and prevents us from turning into a volcano! However, make sure to not become a victim of that anger.

Luckily, there are some things you can do to quickly lift your mood and overcome stress rather easily.

Music Makes Us Feel Better

So, the next time you or your pal lose your temper, put some of these ideas to practice and wait for the magic to happen!

  • “Take a deep breath.”
    गहरी साँस लो। (gaharii SaanS Lo.)
  • “Take a walk or run.”
    खुली हवा में टहलो या दौड़ लगाओ। (khuLii havaa men tahaLo yaa Daud Lagaao.)
  • “Listen to soothing music.”
    अच्छे गाने सुन लो। (acche gaaNe SuN Lo.)
  • “Write it down.”
    अपने मन की बात को लिखकर ज़ाहिर करो। (apaNe maN kii baaT ko Likhakar zaahir karo.)
  • “Reframe your thinking, change your point of view.”
    अपने सोचने का तरीक़ा बदलो। (apaNe SocaNe kaa Tariiqaa baDaLo.)
  • “Look at the positive things in life.”
    अच्छी बातों पर ध्यान दो। (acchii baaTon par DHyaaN Do.)

7. Speak Like a Native with HindiPod101.com

With that, we come to the end of this lesson. By now, you must have learned how to say “anger” in Hindi and how to express that emotion effectively! Do you know any other phrases that we forgot to share?

To practice what you’ve learned today, why not write out some different anger-related words and phrases in Hindi? We’d love to see them in the comment box below.

Journaling Negative Emotions

Meanwhile, you can also sign up on HindiPod101.com and get a free lifetime account by downloading our InnovativeLanguage101 mobile app. Not only does it sound cool, but the membership plan also gives you free access to PDF cheat sheets, a brand-new vocabulary list, and a free online dictionary.

So, don’t stay behind. Pull your socks up and experience a completely advanced way of learning Hindi at your own pace. Our Help Center is ready to help you with any issues, anytime.

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Master Best Wishes in Hindi: Happy Birthday in Hindi & More

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Life would be so dull without celebrations. This is why people in India never miss a chance to cherish every opportunity and share their warm wishes and heartfelt messages. It’s fairly common to see everyone wishing Happy Birthday in Hindi and sending other popular life event messages in Hindi to one another.

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Table of Contents

  1. Importance of Life Event Messages in Hindi
  2. Wishing a Happy Birthday in Hindi
  3. Holiday Wishes in Hindi
  4. Baby Shower Messages in Hindi & Baby Birth Wishes
  5. Getting a Graduation Degree
  6. On Grabbing a New Job / Promotion
  7. For the Retirement Party
  8. The Occasion of Marriage
  9. Condolences in Hindi: Someone’s Death / Funeral
  10. Dealing with Bad News
  11. On an Injury / Illness
  12. Experience an Endless Journey of Learning with Us

1. Importance of Life Event Messages in Hindi

Whether it’s a pleasant occasion or a sad moment, the little yet meaningful words of Hindi congratulations messages or condolences allow people to express their solidarity with each other. Expressing best wishes in Hindi and passing along your condolences in Hindi are just some simple ways of saying “We’ll be together in everything, come rain or shine.”

Isn’t it amazing to realize that when shared with others, happiness increases manifold, and sadness diminishes like a dream! At some point, you too will become a part of someone’s crucial moment. In those times, knowing how to speak or write Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi and other holiday messages in Hindi really brings two people closer.

Moreover, special moments in the form of significant life events in India offers us a great chance to improve Hindi language skills and discover a warm way of communicating with native Hindi speakers. You can grab these opportunities to share expressions like “Wish you a very happy birthday,” in Hindi or “Happy anniversary,” and win people’s hearts with your best wishes in Hindi.

Engagement Ceremony

Apart from these cheerful holiday greetings in Hindi, learning the Hindi language also enables you to send sad life event messages, such as funeral messages. That’s why it’s essential to read about these special situations and learn what to say on such occasions.

2. Wishing a Happy Birthday in Hindi

Happy Birthday

There’s nothing more precious than the day you were born. So, we’ll begin our lesson with Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi. In India, milestones such as the first birthday of a child, or the fiftieth birthday of an adult, are celebrated in a grand way.

But those instances are rare. More often than not, birthdays are either a private event with just family members and close friends, though they can be quite large and impressive.

Indians are emotional and sensitive when it comes to their birthdays. And honestly, who isn’t! If you have a few native friends and know how to wish them Happy Birthday in Hindi, it would mean a lot to them.

There are various ways to say “Wish you a happy birthday,” in Hindi. If we want to break it down, “birthday” is जन्मदिन (jaNmaDiN) and “anniversary” is सालगिरह (SaaLagirah). The English words “happy” and “best wishes” are interchangeable phrases with the same meaning in Hindi: शुभ कामनाएं (subh kaamaNaayen).

Below, we’ve covered the most common styles of sharing Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi.

  • जन्मदिन की बहुत सारी बधाई। (jaNmaDiN kii bahuT Saarii baDHaaii.)
    “Many many happy returns of the day.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • सालगिरह मुबारक हो। (SaaLagirah mubaarak ho.)
    “Happy birthday.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

There may be some instances when personal engagements keep you busy and you forget to wish the person on time. In such cases, here’s a way to send your good wishes:

  • देर से बधाई के लिए माफ़ करना। जन्मदिन मुबारक हो। (Der Se baDHaaii ke Liye maaf karaNaa. jaNmaDiN mubaarak ho.)
    “Sorry for the late congratulations. Belated happy birthday.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

3. Holiday Wishes in Hindi

Basic Questions

Every country has its own unique set of festivals and local celebrations. These may be religious, social, or national occasions. Being in a country like India, you’ll hardly have a dull moment because there are several kinds of Indian festivities happening all year long.

Now that you’ve already mastered how to send Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi, we’ll help you explore the traditional holiday greetings in Hindi.

1- Happy New Year Greetings in Hindi

The culture of wishing a happy new year to your loved ones is as popular in India as anywhere else in the world. To quench your curiosity, let’s begin this chunk about holiday greetings in Hindi with learning how to wish a Happy New Year in Hindi.

Happy New Year Wishes

Sending Happy New Year best wishes in Hindi is quite simple. And honestly, there’s no single way to say it.

  • The most widespread fashion to wish a Happy New Year in Hindi is नया साल मुबारक हो (Nayaa SaaL mubaarak ho), which translates to “Wish you a happy new year.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • People also send Happy New Year greetings by saying and writing नए साल की शुभ कामनाएँ (Naye SaaL kii subh kaamaNaayen), which translates to “Best wishes on the new year!”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • Many folks prefer to send happy New Year wishes by saying नवीन हिन्दू वर्ष की बधाई (NaviiN hiNDuu vars kii baDHaaii), or “Greetings of the Hindu New Year.”
    Written in a formal manner.

2- How to Say Merry Christmas in Hindi

Christmas is called बड़ा दिन (badaa DiN) in Hindi, though it’s also known by its English name, that is क्रिसमस (kriSamaS). There are two common ways to say Merry Christmas in Hindi.

  • क्रिसमस की ढेर सारी बधाई। (kriSamaS kii dher Saarii baDHaaii.)
    “Merry Christmas”.
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

This is also one of the most popular and simplest styles of sending Merry Christmas wishes in Hindi SMS.

Christmas Celebrations

  • बड़ा दिन मुबारक हो। (badaa DiN mubaarak ho.)
    “Merry Christmas.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

Now that you’ve learned how to say Merry Christmas in Hindi, let’s switch to some other special occasions.

3- Happy Valentine’s Day in Hindi

Before we explore the Hindi phrase for Valentine’s Day, do you know about Friendship Day?

The term “friendship” can be translated into many forms in the language. Some of the appropriate words are दोस्ती (DoSTii) and मित्रता (miTraTaa).

And to say Happy Friendship Day in Hindi, that would be मित्रता दिवस (miTraTaa DivaS).

For writing in a formal manner, the phrase would be:

  • मित्रता दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं। (miTraTaa DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    “Happy Friendship Day.”

As far as Valentine’s Day is concerned, there’s no colloquial word for that. Even in Hindi, the name is written and spoken as वैलेंटाइन्स डे (vaiLeNtaaiNS de).

4- Happy Independence Day in Hindi

India got its independence from British rule on August 15, 1947. Thus, this date is known as Independence Day. The national holiday is celebrated every year on August 15, and all schools, colleges, and offices remain closed on this day.

Indians pay their tribute to freedom fighters and remind each other of their sacrifices by generously sharing Happy Independence Day messages in Hindi.

The literal translation of “Independence Day” is स्वतंत्रता दिवस (SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS), while “independence” or “freedom” is colloquially known as आज़ादी (aazaaDii).

So, if you’re in India and wish to be a part of this patriotic feeling that Indians share, there’s no better way to do it than by sending them Happy Independence Day messages in Hindi.

India's Independence Day

Here’s a great one you can use:

  • आप सभी को स्वतंत्रता दिवस की हार्दिक शुभ कामनाएं। (aap Sabhii ko SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS kii haarDik subh kaamNaayen.)
    “Wish you all a Happy Independence Day.”
    Spoken and written formally.

So, next time you’re in India, how would you like to share the Happy Independence messages in Hindi?

It’s time to check out some other major festival messages in Hindi!

5- Mother’s and Father’s Day in Hindi

The closest people in your family are your mother and father. And this is a deep enough reason to celebrate Mother’s Day and Father’s Day once a year.

  • “Happy Mother’s Day” in Hindi is मातृ दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं (maaTri DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    Written in a formal manner.
  • “Happy Father’s Day” in Hindi is पितृ दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं (piTri DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    Written in a formal manner.

6- Indian Festival Holiday Wishes in Hindi

As we mentioned above, in this cultural land of countless festivities, a heavy exchange of holiday messages in Hindi is bound to happen. There are many local festivals that you just can’t miss!

Below, you’ll find a few examples of how to share best wishes during festivals like Eid, Holi, and Diwali. Let’s check these top holiday wishes in Hindi.

Eid Wishes

  • ईद मुबारक! (iiD mubaarak)
    “Happy Eid”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

Eid is a religious festival of Muslims which is celebrated after following a strict month-long fast known as Ramzan.

  • बुरा न मानो होली है! (buraa Na maaNo hoLii hai!)
    “Don’t mind, it’s Holi!”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

Holi is a festival of colors. Although it’s mainly a Hindu festival, on this day, people of all religions come together and throw colors on each other.

  • शुभ दीपावली (subh DiipaavaLii)
    “Happy Diwali”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

Another Hindu festival, Diwali is better known as the Festival of Lights. Lighting diyaa, candles, and fire crackers is the most prominent characteristic of the celebration.

4. Baby Shower Messages in Hindi & Baby Birth Wishes

Pregnancy and birth are not only considered magical, but are also auspicious events in India. By this, one can only imagine the extent of excitement and countless rituals to welcome the baby while appreciating the whole experience of motherhood.

Mother Holding a Baby

You, too, may have colleagues and friends who are about to start their family and have a baby. Don’t fall behind in sending the couple your baby shower messages and other apt best wishes in Hindi.

  • हमारे बीच एक नन्हा मेहमान आने वाला है। (hamaare biic ek NaNhaa mehamaaN aaNe vaaLaa hai.)
    “We’re going to have a baby soon.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • गोद भराई की ख़ूब सारी बधाइयां। (goD bharaaii kii khuub Saarii baDHaaiyaan.)
    “Congratulations on the baby shower ceremony.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • नयी संतान को ढेर सारा प्यार और आशीर्वाद। (Nayii SaNTaaN ko dher Saaraa pyaar aur aasirvaaD.)
    “Lots of love and blessings to the newborn baby.”
    Spoken in a formal manner; usually used by elders.

What’s more? Once the loved ones become parents, you can also wish them “Happy Mother’s Day” in Hindi as described in the above section!

5. Getting a Graduation Degree

Talking about Age

Everyone knows the ups and downs one must go through to finally hold that graduation degree in their hands. Undoubtedly, it’s one of the most crucial phases in a student’s life. A simple congratulations message in Hindi can go a long way toward showing the graduate how proud you are!

Whether it’s your friend, neighbor, or a friend’s kid, take pleasure and pride in their achievements while encouraging them with your best graduation messages in Hindi.

  • ख़ूब मेहनत करो और ऐसे ही उन्नति करो। (khuub mehaNaT karo aur aiSe hii uNNaTi karo.)
    “Work hard and keep accomplishing in life.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • सफलता तुम्हारे क़दम चूमे। (SaphaLTaa Tumhaare qaDam cuume.)
    “May success always be on your side.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • भगवान करे तुम ख़ूब नाम कमाओ। (bhagavaaN kare Tum khuub Naam kamaao.)
    “May God help you achieve success and fame.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

6. On Grabbing a New Job / Promotion

In this age of cut-throat competition, finding a job or getting a promotion are not light events. Pamper your loved ones and colleagues with these amazing messages on their career milestones.

Congratulating on a New Job

  • आपकी सफलता पर हम सब को नाज़ है। (aapakii SaphaLTaa par ham Sab ko Naaz hai.)
    “We’re all so proud of your success.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • नयी नौकरी पर हमारी तहे-दिल से मुबारकबाद। (Nayii Naukrii par hamaarii Tahe-DiL Se mubaarakabaaD.)
    “Our best wishes on your new job.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • आपको उज्जवल भविष्य की शुभ कामनाएं। (aapko ujjavaL bhavisya kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    “We wish you the best for a bright future.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

7. For the Retirement Party

Retirement doesn’t go down well with all of us. It’s a turn of events that seems relieving at the surface, but somehow can make people feel helpless and depressed.

In these moments, a beautiful message, powerful words filled with love and empathy, can transform someone’s transition phase into something less painful and more exciting.

So, next time you come across a friend, or their parents, who are retiring soon, boost their morale with these simple yet rejuvenating phrases!

  • आपके जीवन की दूसरी पारी की धमाकेदार शुरुआत हो! (aapake jiivaN kii DuuSarii paarii kii DHamaakeDaar suruaaT ho!)
    “Have a blasting second inning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
    *Here the phrase “blasting second inning” means the second fresh phase of life after retirement. In this case, the first inning refers to the professional work life of the person.
  • अब ज़िन्दगी को और खुल के जियें। (ab ziNDagii ko aur khuL ke jiyen.)
    “May you have an even fuller and better life now.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • आनंदमयी और चिंतामुक्त जीवन मुबारक हो। (aaNaNDamayii aur ciNTaamukT jiivaN mubaarak ho.)
    “Congratulations on a pleasant and carefree beginning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

8. The Occasion of Marriage

Marriage Proposal

Enough has already been said about the grand event marriage is. But Indians take it to a higher level. To them, it’s a bonding of souls, a pious relationship that just can’t be defied.

Whenever you’re invited to an Indian wedding ceremony or marriage anniversary, sweep the couple off their feet with your heartfelt and lovely Hindi wedding congratulations!

  • आपके दांपत्य जीवन में खुशियां बनी रहें। (aapake DaampaTya jiivaN men khusiyaan baNii rahen.)
    “Wish you a happy married life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • शुभ विवाह। आपकी जोड़ी सलामत रहे। (subh vivaah. aapakii jodii SaLaamaT rahe.)
    “Happy wedding. May you always be together.”
    Written in a formal manner.

There are many other ways to wish the couple well, such as the one below.

  • आपके शादीशुदा जीवन की शुरुआत पर हमारी शुभ कामनाएं। (aapake saaDii-suDaa jiivaN kii suruaaT par hamaarii subh kaamaNaayen.)
    “Our best wishes on the new beginning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • आप दोनों का प्यार सदा ऐसे ही बना रहे। (aap DoNon kaa pyaar SaDaa aiSe hii baNaa rahe.)
    “May you forever remain in love with each other.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

This is another cute and subtle style of passing on your Happy Wedding Anniversary message in Hindi.

9. Condolences in Hindi: Someone’s Death / Funeral

Just like any other part of the world, India too has its own share of rituals and rites performed on the death of a person. If you happen to be present at any such tragic occasion, show your empathy and support for someone’s loss with these kind Hindi condolence messages.

  • भगवान उनकी आत्मा को शांति दे। (bhagavaaN uNakii aaTmaa ko saaNTi De.)
    “May God rest his soul.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • तुम्हारी याद हमेशा हमारे दिल में रहेगी। (Tumhaarii yaaD hamesaa hamaare DiL men rahegii.)
    “You’ll always be in our hearts.”
    Written in a formal manner.

Death Rituals

  • हम सब की तरफ़ से अश्रुपूरित श्रद्धांजलि। (ham Sab kii Taraf Se asru-puuriT sraDDHaaNjaLi.)
    “A heartfelt tribute from our side.”
    Written in a formal manner.

10. Dealing with Bad News

Life is so unpredictable. We never know what’s gonna happen tomorrow. Thus, going through any kind of emotional or physical loss is unavoidable. Here are a few phrases to help you express your grief when someone you know is going through a bad phase in life.

  • मुझे अफ़सोस है। (mujhe afaSoS hai.)
    “I’m sorry.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • सुनकर बहुत दुख हुआ। (SuNakar bahuT dukh huaa.)
    “So sorry to hear this.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • यह तो बहुत बुरा हुआ। (yah To bahuT buraa huaa.)
    “That’s really sad.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

11. On an Injury / Illness

When we fall sick, or have an accident that leaves us with an injury, all we want is a bit of care and affection. Whether it’s our colleague or a friend, every person deserves to hear something positive and feel cared for. A small gesture of concern can deepen your bond with the person and make him/her feel instantly better.

  • अपना ख़्याल रखना। (apaNaa khayaaL rakhaNaa.)
    “Take care.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • तबियत का ध्यान रखना। (TabiyaT kaa DHyaaN rakhaNaa.)
    “Take care of yourself / your health.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • जल्दी से ठीक हो जाओ। (jaLDii Se thiik ho jaao.)
    “Get well soon.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

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12. Experience an Endless Journey of Learning with Us

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The Adjective in Hindi Grammar: 100 Adjectives in Hindi

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Storytelling is something Indians are best at. And that applies to the mundane day-to-day conversations as well. Once you get the sense of how Indian folks talk, you’ll notice that they abundantly use descriptive words in Hindi. The reason being, it adds lots of drama and spice to their chitchats. Thanks to the adjective description in Hindi, even the simplest of tittle-tattle is never dull. By learning adjectives in Hindi grammar, you can become a part of this too!

On a similar note, the local people are generously expressive, too. That’s why, if you wish to gel with them, a basic knowledge of common Hindi adjectives can transform your speech and make you sound like a native. Learning the proper use of Hindi adjectives is easier than you may imagine, and HindiPod101 aims to make its Hindi adjectives lessons fun and simple! So, let’s get going.

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  1. Definition of Adjective & Meaning in Hindi
  2. Examples of Adjective Sentences in Hindi
  3. Types of Adjective in Hindi Grammar
  4. How to Use Masculine and Feminine Adjectives
  5. Adjective Words List in Hindi
  6. Widen Your Hindi Learning Scope with HindiPod101

1. Definition of Adjective & Meaning in Hindi

Most Common Adjectives

First things first. Let’s start with the adjective definition, and examples in Hindi.

An adjective is a word that describes the quality of a noun. In Hindi, it is known as विशेषण (visesan).

Before we set out to learn Hindi adjectives & their examples, it’s important to study the correct process of using these common Hindi adjectives.

2. Examples of Adjective Sentences in Hindi

Improve Pronunciation

In English, we place the adjective first, which is then followed by the noun in a sentence. For instance, “tasty fruit” (adjective + noun).

But when this same phrase is put into a proper sentence, the noun and adjective change their positions while the helping verb comes in between: “The fruit is tasty,” (noun + be verb + adjective).

However, in the following Hindi adjectives examples, this process is a little different than how it is in English.

In Hindi grammar, adjectives precede the noun in phrases.

For instance,

  • नीला आकाश (NiiLaa aakaas) = “blue sky” [adjective + noun]
  • And छोटा कमरा (chotaa kamaraa) = “small room” [adjective + noun]

In case of a complete sentence though, the adjective and noun change places but there’s no helping verb in the middle. Instead, the “be” verb comes at the end of the sentence.

For instance:

  • खाना (noun) गरम (adjective) है। (khaaNaa garam hai.) = “The food is warm.”
  • And यह बग़ीचा (noun) सुन्दर (adjective) है। (yah bagiicaa SuNDar hai.) = “This garden is beautiful.”

The difference between adjectives and adverbs is that an adjective tells the quality of a noun, whereas an adverb describes the quality of the verb. Understanding this crucial difference between adjectives and adverbs will save you from so much potential confusion and also sharpen your language skills.

3. Types of Adjective in Hindi Grammar

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In order to learn Hindi adjectives more effectively, one must study and thoroughly explore the four types of adjectives in Hindi.

1- Qualitative Adjectives

As the name suggests, this group of words comprises of the adjective of quality in Hindi. These qualitative adjectives can describe the following:

Example:

    ऊपर (uupar) vs. नीचे (Niice) = “up vs. down”

    अमीर (amiir) vs. ग़रीब (ġariib) = “rich vs. poor”

2- Quantitative Adjectives

These tells us about the definite and indefinite quantity of nouns.

Example:

    दो दर्जन केले (Do DarjaN keLe) = “Two dozen bananas”

    कई तारे (kaii Taare) = “Many stars”

3- Numeral Adjectives

It will be much quicker to learn Hindi adjectives in this category if you’ve already gone through our article on Hindi Counting. Basically, these types of adjectives point to the specific number of nouns.

Example:

    चार कमरे (caar kamare) = “Four rooms”

    पचास फूल (pacaaS phuuL) = “Fifty flowers”

4- Demonstrative Adjectives

These descriptive words in Hindi stand for pronouns that show their relationship with a particular noun.

Example:

    मेरी कलम (merii kaLam) = “My pen”

    उसकी किताब (uSakii kiTaab) = “His / her book”

4. How to Use Masculine and Feminine Adjectives

Now that you’re well aware of the adjective definition and examples in Hindi, there’s another significant point that’s worth mentioning.

Hindi is a language in which nouns are basically divided into masculine and feminine genders. So, when the need arises to convert a noun to an adjective in Hindi, it has to be done gender-wise too. And we’re going to share with you the best and most useful tip here.

1- Masculine Adjectives

For adjectives referring to masculine nouns, the adjective description in Hindi usually ends with the sound aa.

Such as:

    लंबा आदमी (Lambaa aaDamii) = “A tall man”

    स्ता फल (SaSTaa phaL) = “Cheap fruit”

    नीला आसमान (NiiLaa aaSamaaN) = “Blue sky”

2- Feminine Adjectives

For adjectives referring to feminine nouns, the adjective description in Hindi usually ends with the sound ii.

Such as:

    लंबी औरत (Lambii auraT) = “A tall woman”

    स्ती सब्ज़ी (SaSTii Sabzii) = “Cheap vegetable”

    नीली किताब (NiiLii kiTaab) = “Blue book”

3- Gender-neutral Adjectives

For adjectives referring to gender-neutral nouns, the descriptive words in Hindi usually end with the sound “-a”. Nonetheless, there can be exceptions.

Examples:

    ईमानदा (iimaaNaDaar) आदमी (aaDamii) / औरत (auraT) = “An honest man / woman”

    सुंद (SuNDar) लड़की (Ladkii) / लड़का (Ladkaa) = “A beautiful boy / girl”

5. Adjective Words List in Hindi

1- Describing Dimensions, Distance, and Frequency

We’ve brought you the most commonly used adjectives in Hindi to make learning a piece of cake for you. Let’s start with these adjectives, which tells us about the shape, size, and frequency of a noun.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
छोटा (chotaa)
vs
बड़ा (badaa)
“Small”
vs
“Big”
एक छोटा कमरा (ek chotaa kamaraa)
vs
एक बड़ा हाथी (ek badaa haaTHii)
“One small room”
vs
“One big elephant”
पतला (paTaLaa)
vs
चौड़ा (caudaa)
“Narrow”
vs
“Wide”
पतली गली (paTaLii gaLii)
vs
चौड़ी सड़क (caudii Sadak)
“A narrow lane”
vs
“A wide road”
लंबा (Lambaa)
vs
नाटा (Naataa)
“Tall”
vs
“Short”
लंबा लड़का (Lambaa Ladakaa)
vs
नाटा आदमी (Naataa aaDamii)
“A tall boy”
vs
“A short man”
भारी (bhaarii)
vs
हल्का (haLkaa)
“Heavy”
vs
“Light”
भारी पत्थर (bhaarii paTTHar)
vs
हल्का झोला (haLkaa jhoLaa)
“A heavy stone”
vs
“A light bag”
ऊँचा (uuncaa)
vs
नीचा (Niicaa)
“High”
vs
“Low”
ऊँचा पहाड़ (uuncaa pahaad)
vs
नीची पहाड़ी (Niicii pahaadii)
“A high mountain”
vs
“A low hill”
दूर (Duur)
vs
पास (paaS)
“Far”
vs
“Near”
दूर का मंदिर (Duur kaa maNDir)
vs
पास का ढाबा (paaS kaa dhaabaa)
“Far away temple”
vs
“Nearby eatery”
कम (kam) / थोड़ा (THodaa)
vs
ज़्यादा (zyaaDaa)
“Little”
vs
“More”
कम / थोड़ा भोजन (kam / THodaa bhojaN)
vs
ज़्यादा पानी (zyaaDaa paaNii)
“Little food”
vs
“More water”
कुछ (kuch)
vs
कई (kaii)
“Few”
vs
“Many”
कुछ सिक्के (kuch Sikke)
vs
कई किताबें (kaii kiTaaben)
“A few coins”
vs
“Many books”

2- Describing Values

Below you’ll find a list of basic Hindi adjectives to express the value of a noun.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
अच्छा (acchaa)
vs
बुरा (buraa)
“Good”
vs
“Bad”
अच्छा दोस्त (acchaa DoST)
vs
बुरी आदत (burii aaDaT)
“A good friend”
vs
“A bad habit”
बेहतरीन (behaTariiN)
vs
ख़राब (kharaab)
“Exceptional”
vs
“Awful”
बेहतरीन संगीत (behaTariiN SangiiT)
vs
ख़राब लिखावट (kharaab Likhaavat)
“Exceptional music”
vs
“Awful handwriting”
सस्ता (SaSTaa)
vs
महँगा (mahangaa)
“Cheap”
vs
“Expensive”
सस्ता खिलौना
(SaSTaa khiLauNaa)
vs
महँगा मकान (mahangaa makaaN)
“Cheap toy”
vs
“Expensive house”
असली (aSaLii)
vs
नक़ली (NaqaLii)
“Original”
vs
“Fake”
असली हीरा (aSaLii hiiraa)
vs
नक़ली चित्र (NaqaLii ciTr)
“Original diamond”
vs
“Fake painting”

3- Describing Feeling & Sense

This sub-category consists of adjective words in Hindi that tell us about the different feelings and sensations related to, but not confined to, physical touch.

Chilled Lemonade

For more comprehensive learning, you can also check out our adjective list with Hindi meanings here.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ठंडा (thaNdaa)
vs
गरम (garam)
“Chilled”
vs
“Hot”
ठंडी शिकंजी (thaNdii sikaNjii)
vs
गरम सूप (garam Suup)
“Chilled lemonade”
vs
“Hot soup”
गुनगुना (guNaguNaa)
vs
जमी हुई (jamii huyii)
“Lukewarm”
vs
“Frozen”
गुनगुना पानी (guNaguNaa paaNii)
vs
जमी हुई कुल्फ़ी (jamii huyii kuLfii)
“Lukewarm water”
vs
“Frozen ice cream”
कोमल (komaL)
vs
कठोर (kathor)
“Delicate”
vs
“Tough”
कोमल पंख (komaL pankh)
vs
कठोर स्वभाव
(kathor Svabhaav)
“Delicate feather”
vs
“Tough nature”
दर्दनाक (DarDaNaak) “Painful” दर्दनाक हादसा
(DarDaNaak haaDaSaa)
“Painful incident”

Delicate Flower

4- Describing Human Behaviors and Feelings

This subheading covers the Hindi adjectives that describe people’s behaviors and emotions. These basic Hindi adjectives can help you talk about anyone and everyone!

Adjectives for Expressions

1) Positive Personality Traits in Hindi

First we’ll begin with words for positive personality traits in Hindi. Do you know any Hindi adjectives for “beautiful?” The adjectives for “beautiful” in Hindi are ख़ूबसूरत (khuubaSuuraT) and सुंदर (SuNDar).

Check out this amazing Hindi adjectives list and find out the most suitable personality word for yourself!

Positive Adjectives English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
दयालु (DayaaLu) “Kind” दयालु राजा (DayaaLu raajaa) “Kind ruler”
ख़ुशमिज़ाज (khusamizaaj) “Jolly” ख़ुशमिज़ाज दोस्त (khusamizaaj DoST) “Jolly friend”
शांत (saaNT) “Quiet” शांत लड़की (saaNT Ladakii) “Quiet girl”
उदार (uDaar) “Generous” उदार व्यक्ति (uDaar vyakTi) “Generous person”
ईमानदार (iimaaNaDaar) “Honest” ईमानदार दुकानदार (iimaaNaDaar DukaaNaDaar) “Honest shopkeeper”
भरोसेमंद (bharoSemaND) “Trustworthy” भरोसेमंद नौकर
(bharoSemaND Naukar)
“Trustworthy servant”

2) Negative Adjective Words List in Hindi

Below is a collection of some negative adjective words in Hindi. Feel free to explore our special lesson material on personality adjectives, too!

Negative Adjectives English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ग़ुस्सैल (ġuSSaiL) “Angry” ग़ुस्सैल अध्यापक (ġuSSaiL aDHyaapak) “Angry teacher”
बातूनी (baaTuuNii) “Talkative” बातूनी विद्यार्थी (baaTuuNii viDyaarTHii) “Talkative student”
उदास (uDaaS) “Sad” उदास बच्चा (uDaaS baccaa) “Sad kid”
शैतान (saiTaaN) “Naughty” शैतान लड़के (saiTaaN Ladake) “Naughty boys”
चालाक (caaLaak) “Clever” चालाक लोमड़ी (caaLaak Lomadii) “Clever fox”
मूर्ख (muurkh) “Dumb” मूर्ख अधिकारी (muurkh aDHikaarii) “Dumb officer”
चुग़लख़ोर (cuġaLakhor) “Sneaky” चुग़लख़ोर पड़ोसी (cuġaLakhor padoSii) “Sneaky neighbor”
निर्दयी (NirDayii) “Cruel” निर्दयी राजा (NirDayii raajaa) “Cruel king”
कंजूस (kaNjuuS) “Miserly” कंजूस आदमी
(kaNjuuS aaDamii)
“Miserly man”

5- Describing Levels of Pace & Importance

The difference between adjectives and adverbs in Hindi is tricky. To avoid getting confused with the adverbs, you must pay close attention to these Hindi adjectives examples, which describe the speed and other qualities of nouns.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
तेज़ (Tez)
vs
धीमा (DHiimaa)
“Fast”
vs
“Slow”
तेज़ ख़रगोश
(Tez kharagos)
vs
धीमा कछुआ
(DHiimaa kachuaa)
“Fast rabbit”
vs
“Slow tortoise”
आसान (aaSaaN)
vs
मुश्किल (muskiL)
“Easy”
vs
“Difficult”
आसान सवाल (aaSaaN SavaaL)
vs
मुश्किल पहेली (muskiL paheLii)
“Easy question”
vs
“Difficult riddle”
ज़रूरी (zaruurii)
vs
मामूली (maamuuLii)

“Important”
vs
“Ordinary”
ज़रूरी बैठक (zaruurii baithak)
vs
मामूली काम (maamuuLii kaam)
“Important meeting”
vs
“Ordinary task”

6- Describing Appearance

1) Shades and Colors

Do you love to talk about colors? Learn the color names and pour your heart out with these mind blowing describing words in Hindi.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
गहरा (gaharaa)
vs
हल्का (haLkaa)
“Deep” / “Dark”
vs
“Light”
गहरी पीली दीवार (gaharii piiLii Diivaar)
vs
हल्का बैंगनी फूल (haLkaa baingaNii phuuL)
“Deep yellow wall”
vs
“Light purple flower”
चटख़ (catakh)
vs
फ़ीका (fiikaa)
“Bright”
vs
“Dull”
चटख़ लाल साड़ी (catakh LaaL Saadii)
vs
फ़ीका लाल कपड़ा (fiikaa LaaL kapadaa)
“Bright red saree”
vs
“Dull red cloth”
काला (kaaLaa)
vs
सफ़ेद (SafeD)
“Black”
vs
“White”
काला मोती (kaLaa moTii)
vs
सफ़ेद बादल (SafeD baaDaL)
“Black pearl”
vs
“White clouds”
लाल (LaaL) “Red” लाल टमाटर (LaaL tamaatar) “Red tomato”
गुलाबी (guLaabii) “Pink” गुलाबी कमल (guLaabii kamaL) “Pink lotus”
हरा (haraa) “Green” हरी धनिया पत्ती (harii DHaNiyaa paTTii) “Green coriander leaves”
नीला (NiiLaa) “Blue” नीला आसमान (NiiLaa aaSamaaN) “Blue sky”
नारंगी (Naarangii) “Orange” नारंगी क़मीज़ (Naarangii qamiiz) “Orange shirt”
पीला (piiLaa) “Yellow” पीला धागा (piiLaa DHaagaa) “Yellow thread”
भूरा (bhuuraa) “Brown” भूरी बिल्ली (bhuurii biLLii) “Brown cat”

Bright Red Saree

2) Describing Various Shapes & Textures

This list of adjectives in Hindi will give you a greater edge while describing specific shapes or textures. Have a look and practice using them in sentences.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
गोल (goL) “Round” गोल तश्तरी (goL TasTarii) “One round saucer”
चौकोर (caukor) “Square” चौकोर मेज़ (caukor mez) “Square table”
तिकोना (TikoNaa) “Triangular” तिकोना पिरामिड (TikoNaa piraamid) “Triangular pyramid”
नुकीला (NukiiLaa) “Pointed” नुकीला सामान (NukiiLaa SaamaaN) “Pointed thing”
धारदार (DHaaraDaar) “Sharp” धारदार चाकू (DHaaraDaar caakuu) “Sharp knife”
चिकना (cikaNaa) “Smooth” चिकना पत्थर (cikaNaa paTTHar) “Smooth stone”

7- Describing Weather Conditions

Do you often struggle to find that perfect weather adjective in Hindi? Look no further! Not only have we got you covered on the adjectives, but we’ve also got a whole new lesson for you on the Indian weather.

High Mountain

Adjective English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
चिलचिलाती (ciLaciLaaTii) “Scorching” चिलचिलाती गर्मी (ciLaciLaaTii garmii) “Scorching heat”
बर्फ़ीली (barfiiLii) “Freezing” बर्फ़ीली ठंडक (barfiiLii thaNdak) “Freezing cold”
उमस (umaS) “Humid” उमस भरी हवा (umaS bharii havaa) “Humid air”
सुहाना (SuhaaNaa) “Pleasant” सुहाना मौसम (SuhaaNaa mauSam) “Pleasant weather”

8- Describing Flavors and Taste

Honestly, this section is going to be every food-lover’s favorite. In this section, we’ll introduce you to the Hindi adjectives for food. And while you’re at it, wouldn’t it be fun to find out your favorite Indian food and spell it out in Hindi?

Hot Spices

Adjective English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
मीठा (miithaa) “Sweet” मीठा हलवा (miithaa haLavaa) “Sweet Halva”
नमकीन (NamakiiN) “Salted” नमकीन पराठा (NamakiiN paraathaa) “Salted flatbread”
तीखा (tiikhaa) “Hot” तीखी मिर्च (tiikhii mirc) “Hot pepper”
खट्टा (khattaa) “Sour” खट्टा नींबू (khattaa Niimbuu) “Sour lemon”
कड़वा (kadavaa) “Bitter” कड़वा करेला (kadavaa kareLaa) “Bitter gourd”
चटपटा (catapataa) “Spicy” चटपटी सब्ज़ी (catapatii Sabzii) “Spicy curry”
उबला (ubaLaa) “Boiled” उबली दाल (ubaLii DaaL) “Boiled pulses”
सादा (SaaDaa) “Bland” सादा खाना (SaaDaa khaaNaa) “Bland food”
स्वादिष्ट (SvaaDist) “Delicious” स्वादिष्ट मक्खन (SvaaDist makkhaN) “Delicious butter”

9- Describing a Situation

Whether you’re looking for any funny Hindi adjectives or serious ones, here are some of the key phrases that may come in handy when you have to describe a situation.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ख़तरनाक (khaTaraNaak)
vs
सुरक्षित (SuraksiT)
“Dangerous”
vs
“Safe”
ख़तरनाक खेल (khaTaraNaak kheL)
vs
सुरक्षित रास्ता (SuraksiT raaSTaa)
“Dangerous game”
vs
“Safe path”
मज़ेदार (mazeDaar)
vs
उबाऊ (ubaauu)
“Interesting”
vs
“Boring”
मज़ेदार कहानी (mazeDaar kahaaNii)
vs
उबाऊ नाटक (ubaauu Naatak)
“Interesting story”
vs
“Boring play”

10- Describing Physical Traits & Conditions

Sick Child

Now let’s move forward and start learning Hindi adjectives for physical traits and conditions.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
जवान (javaaN)
vs
बूढ़ा (buudhaa)
“Young”
vs
“Old”
जवान विद्यार्थी (javaaN viDyaarTHii)
vs
बूढ़ा मज़दूर (buudhaa mazaDuur)
“Young student”
vs
“Old laborer”
मज़बूत (mazabuuT)
vs
कमज़ोर (kamazor)
“Strong”
vs
“Weak”
मज़बूत शरीर (mazabuuT sariir)
vs
कमज़ोर बच्चा (kamazor baccaa)
“Strong body”
vs
“Weak child”
बीमार (biimaar)
vs
स्वस्थ (SvaSTH)
“Sick”
vs
“Healthy”
बीमार औरत (biimaar auraT)
vs
स्वस्थ बेटी (SvaSTH betii)
“Sick woman”
vs
“Healthy daughter”

11- Describing Appearances & Conditions

Here are more specific words for describing appearance and condition. The more you practice using them in daily conversations, the better your Hindi language skills will become.

Adjective / Antonym English Meaning Example Phrase English Meaning
ख़ूबसूरत (khuubaSuuraT)
vs
बदसूरत (baDaSuuraT)
“Pretty”
vs
“Ugly”
ख़ूबसूरत चेहरा (khuubaSuuraT caharaa)
vs
बदसूरत तस्वीर (baDaSuuraT TaSviir)
“Pretty face”
vs
“Ugly painting”
अमीर (amiir)
vs
ग़रीब (ġariib)
“Rich”
vs
“Poor”
अमीर परिवार (amiir parivaar)
vs
ग़रीब किसान (ġariib kiSaaN)
“Rich family”
vs
“Poor farmer”
मोटा (motaa)
vs
दुबला-पतला (DubaLaa-paTaLaa)
“Fat”
vs
“Thin”
मोटा आदमी (motaa aaDamii)
vs
दुबला लड़का (DubaLaa Ladakaa)
“Fat man”
vs
“Thin boy”

6. Widen Your Hindi Learning Scope with HindiPod101

We’ve finally come to the end of this article. We hope you’ve enjoyed our lesson so far. What are some of your favorite Hindi adjectives? Did we miss any good Hindi adjectives that you still want to learn? Let us know in the comments!

When you’re with us, Hindi language-learning has no limits. All you need to do is sign up at our HindiPod101.com homepage and dive into the endless ocean of our Hindi lesson library and free Hindi vocabulary lists!

Even if you’re out most of the time, you can catch up with us on the go, thanks to our easy-to-download mobile application. And our “MyTeacher” messenger can also be there to help you out anytime, anywhere. So, what are you waiting for? Punch in your favorite word in our free Hindi dictionary and get started!

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Master Hindi with the 10 Best Hindi Shows on Netflix India

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Netflix India has been attracting viewers from all over the world. It’s safe to say that a global audience that gets to watch some of the best Hindi shows on Netflix, and at various levels, feels like a close-knit family that longs for quality entertainment.

But what on earth has Netflix India got to do with our Hindi language learning course? Well, a lot. In this article, HindPod101.com brings you the ten most elegant Netflix India shows in Hindi to binge on. We’ll also shed some light on reasons why these Netflix India shows stand out from conventional TV programs in Hindi.

Along with that, we’ll share simple and doable tips for learning Hindi on Netflix and how you can achieve the most while enjoying these Netflix shows in Hindi.

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Table of Contents

  1. Why Choose Netflix Shows in Hindi?
  2. The Stepping Stones to Netflix India
  3. How to Learn Smartly with Netflix India
  4. Netflix Hindi Shows List: Best Hindi TV Shows on Netflix
  5. Touch a New Level with HindiPod101.com

1. Why Choose Netflix Shows in Hindi?

Best Ways to Learn

To begin with, Netflix Hindi shows are imbued with entirely fresh content. Most of the Netflix shows in Hindi have unique storylines, brilliant actors, and quite a realistic appeal. Honestly, all this has been missing from recent Hindi TV shows, which more often than not revolve around typical, spineless family dramas.

Some of the best Hindi shows on Netflix are reflections of bold and beautiful creative experiments which cater to the masses as well as more specific audiences looking for meaningful and quality entertainment.

Unlike traditional Hindi movies which end in just two or three hours, a Hindi Netflix series goes on with many episodes and upcoming seasons. In this length of time, the learner can better connect with the storyline and its characters.

In the process of watching Netflix India shows in Hindi, you’ll hear some words being repeated many a time. And that’s a great way to memorize and practice Hindi words along with their meanings.

2. The Stepping Stones to Netflix India

Improve Pronunciation

Even if you’re new to it, watching a Hindi Netflix series should be a piece of cake. All you need to do is create a Hindi Netflix account. One can either enjoy Hindi Netflix India on a desktop/laptop or choose to download the Hindi Netflix app for better access.

The process of downloading the app for Netflix hardly takes a minute or two. Don’t worry about Netflix’s price yet, as it’s quite budget-friendly. On top of that, the first month comes with a free trial. That means you don’t have to spend a penny until you’re convinced about watching Netflix Hindi shows after those thirty days.

All English & Hindi series on Netflix are categorized into various genres. This especially helps the viewer to instantly pick a favorite mood and start watching the best Hindi shows on Netflix without getting lost in the vast collection of Netflix.

So, does Netflix have Hindi TV shows? Yes, enough to satiate your binging appetite. Our Netflix Hindi shows list offers some of the most prominent choices, including Hindi dramas, comedies, short films, and even cartoons.

Now that you’ve got a better idea about Netflix India, let’s study some practical ways to learn Hindi quickly while exploring a whole new world on the Hindi Netflix app!

3. How to Learn Smartly with Netflix India

Movie Genres

So, how can you actually learn Hindi watching Hindi Netflix series?

As we already shared above, the dialogue in the latest Netflix India shows are in Hindi, portraying real-life tones and dialects. That means you’ll be spared bookish vocabulary, which hardly helps you in real life and feels out of place during an informal conversation.

For a beginner, the best thing about these shows on Netflix is that you can pick the playback speed according to what you’re most comfortable with. The second fantastic factor is that the subtitles are provided in multiple languages. So, when you feel confused, refer to the subtitles in English for a better understanding of what’s going on in the scene right now!

Every Hindi Netflix series is worth your time. You’ll enjoy these Hindi TV shows on Netflix for many reasons, including language-learning. Hindi shows on Netflix can be beneficial because the conversational nature of Hindi dialogue teaches several useful everyday words. Furthermore, you’ll pick up local tones instead of the formal ones, which aren’t so helpful in day-to-day life.

Apart from that, each Hindi-speaking state in India has a unique Hindi dialect. For instance, the Hindi dialect in Mumbai is quite unlike that of Uttar Pradesh. So, you also get to learn that subtle difference based on the location picturized in the Netflix Hindi series.

4. Netflix Hindi Shows List: Best Hindi TV Shows on Netflix

Coming to the most important segment of this article, here’s the Netflix Hindi TV shows list for you!

1- Sacred Games (2018 )

The first series we recommend on our Netflix Hindi shows list is Sacred Games. It has an English title which can have multiple Hindi translations, all converging to the same meaning: “a virtuous fight.”

1. About the Show

Star-studded with promising actors such as Radhika Apte, Nawazuddin Siddiqui, and Saif Ali Khan, Sacred Games is unarguably one of the best Hindi Netflix shows.

The plot revolves around an honest police officer and a member of the mafia in Mumbai city. Somehow, their paths cross, and the story reveals the possibility of a deadly blast planned to kill several people.

What does it take for an upright cop to stop that from happening? Why would a gangster disclose such a piece of information to him? How does the Mumbai police department react to the whole scenario?

Before you find out all the answers to this spellbinding Netflix show, warm up with the trailer first!

2. Dialect and Expressions

As the storyline of this Netflix Hindi crime series is specifically around Mumbai city, the dialogue is mostly in Mumbaiya dialect. The conversations going on in the show also carry a tinge of Punjabi culture as one of our main characters is a Punjabi man.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • शहर (sahar) “City”/ “Town”
  • ईमानदार (iimaaNaDaar) “Honest”
  • अपुन (apuN) “Me”
  • खेल (kheL) “Game”
  • साब (Saab) “Sir”

2- Yeh Meri Family (2018 )

With a remarkable IMDB rating of 9.4/10, this program definitely qualifies as one of the best shows on Indian Netflix. The Hindi title translates as “This is My Family” in English. Breaking it down, we get:

  • यह (yah) “This”
  • मेरी (merii) “My”
  • फ़ैमिली (faimiLii) “Family”

1. About the Show

Mona Singh (widely known for her role as Jassi in the TV show, ‎Jassi Jaissi Koi Nahin) plays the mother, and Vishesh Bansal (Dabbu) is her middle child. This refreshingly nostalgic show takes us to the 90s era straight away. The superb script does a great job of expressing the very relatable 90s kid struggles of many viewers. Who knows? It might bring back some sweet and sour memories from your own childhood!

2. Dialect and Expressions

The family life portrayed in this series is based in Jaipur (Rajasthan), which obviously paves way for the popular North Indian tone. Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • बच्चे (bacce) “Kids”
  • हमारा (hamaaraa) “Our”
  • परिवार (parivaar) “Family”
  • भैया (bhaiyaa) “Big Brother”
  • पढ़ाई (padhaaii) “Study”
  • खेलना (kheLaNaa) “To play”

3- Ghoul (2018 )

Anyone who has a taste for horror & thriller genres must add Ghoul to their Netflix Indian web series list. Written and directed by Patrick Graham, Ghoul is a powerful Netflix series to watch that’s crafted to leave you speechless.

1. About the Show

Actors like Radhika Apte, Manav Kaul, and Mahesh Balraj, surely create magic in this web series. Based on Arabian folklore, Ghoul is packed with drama, horror, suspense, and thrill at its best.

The story of this Hindi Netflix horror show is something like this: Military people catch hold of a strange criminal who happens to know some dark secrets about them. Their fear is further intensified when the criminal begins to exhibit paranormal behavior.

Feeling excited already? Well, watch the trailer above and immerse yourself in this impeccable high-quality drama.

2. Dialect and Expressions

The conversations are a blend of Hindi and Urdu words, as the plot is inspired by an Arabian folklore character. Needless to say, the sophisticated combination of both languages adds far more beauty and richness to the dialogue than either one alone.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • अब्बू (abbuu) “Father”
  • मदद (maDaD) “Help”
  • नाम (Naam) “Name”
  • उम्र (umr) “Age”
  • गुनाह (guNaah) “Sin”
  • गुनहगार (guNahagaar) “Criminal/Sinner”

4- Raja, Rasoi, Aur Anya Kahaniyaan (2014)

Nothing beats the joy of watching the relishing colors and flavors of different traditional cuisines. If you love to cook, eat, and talk about food all the time, then, Raja, Rasoi, Aur Anya Kahaniyaan stands out as the best Hindi series on Netflix for you!

1. About the Show

Raja, Rasoi, Aur Anya Kahaniyaan can be loosely translated as “King, Kitchen, and Other Stories.” The idea of this Netflix Hindi series is to explore and share the various regional aromas and delicacies of India with everyone.

2. Dialect and Expressions

Considering the affordable Netflix India price, it wouldn’t be wrong to call the show a free ticket into the Indian kitchen! Check out the best Indian cuisines on Raja, Rasoi, Aur Anya Kahaniyaan here.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • खाना (khaaNaa) “Food” (Noun)
  • खाना (khaaNaa) “To eat” (Verb)
  • पकाना (pakaaNaa) “To cook”
  • मसाले (maSaaLe) “Spices”
  • स्वाद (SvaaD) “Taste”
  • ख़ुशबू (khusbuu) “Flavors”
  • आँच (aanc) “Flame”
  • तेल (TeL) “Oil”

5- Delhi Crime (2019)

The next title on our list is Delhi Crime, which is based on a true incident which happened in the year 2012.

1. About the Show

A rape incident labeled the Nirbhaya Rape Case triggered a wave of anger and outbursts throughout the country. It was a time when candlelight marches, protests, and demands for justice reached a peak, and the common public refused to ignore the heart-wrenching tragedy.

Delhi Crime is a serious show which sets up a gloomy atmosphere as it displays the professional struggles and emotional upheavals of a police officer. The role is played by none other than Shefali Shah, who needs no introduction in the acting industry.

2. Dialect and Expressions

Overall, the Hindi Netflix TV series uses a mixture of dialects, specifically a blend of Haryanvi along with the proper North Indian tone. The series is a must-watch for those who wish to have a glimpse into the functioning of social and political aspects of the Indian society.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • लड़की (Ladakii) “Girl”
  • रात (raaT) “Night”
  • हमला (hamaLaa) “Attack”
  • हादसा (haaDaSaa) “Incident” / “Accident”
  • मामला (maamaLaa) “Matter” / “Case”
  • परिवार (parivaar) “Family”
  • माँ (maan) “Mother”

6- Little Things (2016)

Little Things is the perfect addition to the best Hindi TV shows on Netflix list. Viewers who look forward to something realistic, practical, and with minimal drama, Little Things is an amazing treat for your eyes.

1. About the Show

The show Little Things depicts the life of a live-in couple in the Indian context. This Hindi series on Netflix cherishes the seemingly ordinary yet sweet moments that happen between the couple. It throws light on their issues, the complexities of their relationship, and the conflicts in their personalities as well.

2. Dialect and Expressions

The conversations carry a very friendly tone, and Hindi vocabulary which can be easily used in day-to-day life in India. For more information, watch the trailer above.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • मैं (main) “I”
  • तुझे (Tujhe) “To you”
  • तुम (Tum) “You”
  • दोस्त (DoST) “Friends”
  • रिश्ता (risTaa) “Relationship”
  • ख़ुश (khus) “Happy”
  • ख़ुशी (khusii) “Happiness”

7- Powder (2010)

Powder is an Indian TV series, basically a crime thriller, which is now available on the Hindi Netflix app.

1. About the Show

The plot of this Netflix Hindi thriller series is about the drug-dealing business and how two brothers get entangled in it in completely different ways. Apart from the storyline, the show has grabbed a high rating for its exceptional actors and great direction!

2. Dialect and Expressions

There are loads of Urdu words used in the script of this show as the brothers are Muslims. Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • पूछताछ (puuchaTaach) “Inquiry”
  • काम करने वाले (kaam karaNe vaaLe) “Workers”
  • वक़ील (vaqiiL) “Lawyer”
  • क़ानून (qaaNuuN) “Law”
  • जाँच (jaanc) “Investigation”

8- Stories by Rabindranath Tagore (2015)

1. About the Show

Who hasn’t heard of the Nobel Prize-winner Rabindranath Tagore? The show Stories by Rabindranath Tagore is a video compilation of his stories, which were originally written in Bengali but have been filmed in the Hindi language.

2. Dialect and Expressions

One of the best Hindi shows on Netflix, the characters and visual background in this show reflect the rich and mesmerizing Bengali culture that was way ahead of its time. As the stories were written decades ago, the picturization seamlessly takes us back to that era.

Try by watching the trailer of Stories by Rabindranath Tagore.

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • समय (Samay) “Time”
  • विवाह (vivaah) / ब्याह (byaah) “Marriage”
  • विधवा (viDHavaa) “Widow”
  • कहानी (kahaaNii) “Story”

9- Buddha (2013)

1. About the Show

Believe it or not, but with Netflix’s low prices, people get more than they can dream of! It’s time to take a quick look at another gem on Netflix India: Buddha.

As the name suggests, this good Hindi Netflix series shows the birth of Prince Gautam, his childhood and youth, and then his final journey toward enlightenment, and the origin of Buddhism.

2. Dialect and Expressions

Being a historical drama, the language used in these Hindi Netflix episodes is ancient yet magical to the ears! Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • जीवन (jiivaN) “Life”
  • मृत्यु (mriTyu) “Death”
  • जीवित (jiiviT) “Alive”
  • राजा (raajaa) “King”
  • राज्य (raajy) “Kingdom”
  • राजकुमार (raajakumaar) “Prince”
  • ज्ञान प्राप्ति (gyaaN praapTi) “Enlightenment”

10- Rishta.com (2010)

1. About the Show

Match-making seems like a sweet, cute task. Guess what! It isn’t.

Rishta.com perfectly captures the story of a matrimonial agency that begins its business of match-making. But little did they imagine the struggles which come as part and parcel of their profession.

Join Shruti Seth and Kavi Shastri in Rishta.com on their journey to set up a matchmaking business, and have a fun time with this Hindi comedy Netflix show!

2. Dialect and Expressions

Some of the common words one can learn as a beginner are:

  • शादी (saaDii) “Marriage”
  • रिश्ता (risTaa) “Relationship”
  • शादीशुदा (saaDiisuDaa) “Married”
  • पति (paTi) “Husband”
  • पत्नी (paTNii) “Wife”

5. Touch a New Level with HindiPod101.com

Did you enjoy reading this article on Netflix India? Which show from our Hindi Netflix series list do you want to watch most and why?

Don’t stop yet, because there’s so much more for you to explore with us at HindiPod101.com.

Look up any new word of your choice and find out its meaning on our free online dictionary. Not only that, we’ve also created numerous exciting lesson materials and a sound database to replenish your Hindi vocab.

There’s plenty of resources to keep you hooked with our easy-to-download mobile app and grammar bank! So, what are you waiting for? Sign up at HindiPod101.com and say yes to Hindi learning with fun. With enough determination, you’ll be speaking Hindi like a native in no time!

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Conjunction Words in Hindi: List and Conjunction Grammar Rules

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Hindi conjunctions are quite significant to the whole framework of the Hindi language. Just like in English, conjunction words in Hindi do the job of cementing two correlated sentences or phrases together.

One can easily find a conjunction in Hindi PDF online. But as a beginner, if you don’t understand the concept first, the meaning of conjunctions in Hindi and conjunction grammar rules in Hindi would be difficult to comprehend. This makes it imperative to learn Hindi conjunctions from the ground up, and becoming familiar with the most common Hindi conjunction words.

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Table of Contents

  1. Importance of the Conjunction in Hindi
  2. Hindi Conjunctions: Definition and Concept
  3. Hindi Conjunctions: Types & Exercises
  4. About the Hindi Conjunction List
  5. Conjunctions to Correlate Similar Thoughts
  6. Conjunctions to Express Condition
  7. Conjunctions to Express Cause
  8. Conjunctions to Express Opposition
  9. Conjunctions to Express Purpose
  10. Conjunctions to Express Alternatives
  11. Grow Your Hindi Knowledge with HindiPod101.com

1. Importance of the Conjunction in Hindi

Sentence Patterns

In Hindi grammar, conjunctions are vital. Without the use of conjunctions in Hindi, even a proper sentence structure would lose its meaning and create enormous confusion!

It’s the conjunction in Hindi that specifies whether two joined sentences contain similar thoughts, reflect two completely unrelated thoughts, or express a condition or underlying cause.

The bottom line is that the conjunction in Hindi grammar is something you just can’t afford to miss! Hindi sentences with conjunctions are just so much more sensical and fluid.

So, why don’t we start with the conjunction definition in Hindi before covering our complete conjunction list with Hindi words!

2. Hindi Conjunctions: Definition and Concept

What is a conjunction? A conjunction is a word or phrase that connects two or more words or phrases in a sentence. There! You’ve got the simplest definition for it.

Conjunctions

In literal terms, the conjunction meaning in Hindi is संयोजन (SanyojaN), whereas for the word “conjunctive,” the meaning in Hindi would be संयोजक (Sanyojak) or जोड़ने वाला (jodaNe vaaLaa).

Adding to that, the natural translation and meaning of “all conjunctions” in Hindi would be सभी संयोजक (Sabhii Sanyojak).

And while we’re at it, let’s quickly check out how to say “connectors” in English with the Hindi word. The connectors are called योजक (yojak) in Hindi.

3. Hindi Conjunctions: Types & Exercises

The conjunction in Hindi is divided and then subdivided into many categories. The two main classes are Coordinating Conjunctions and Subordinating Conjunctions.

1- Coordinating Conjunctions in Hindi

The coordinating conjunctions in Hindi are also known as the cumulative conjunction in Hindi. These are the words or phrases which are used to join two similar clauses or phrases of equal importance. For example: “and,” “but,” “so,” “for,” etc.

2- Subordinating Conjunctions in Hindi

The function of the subordinate conjunction in Hindi is to connect a dependent clause with an independent clause in a sentence. For example: “because,” “although,” “until,” etc.

Now that we have a basic idea about the two main types of conjunctions, it will be easier to understand the English conjunction in Hindi in more detail.

In the section below, we’ll study a comprehensive Hindi conjunction examples list with Hindi conjunctions in English as well as Hindi, to not only help you learn Hindi connecting words, but also craft Hindi conjunction sentences.

4. About the Hindi Conjunction List

Improve Listening

Finally, it’s time to go through the list of connectors. This conjunction list (English to Hindi) is a great way to practice and improve spoken and written Hindi in daily life.

We would also like to draw your attention to the fact that there can be multiple conjunctions with a similar meaning. So, while translating a conjunction, don’t be surprised if you come across conjunction with more than one word for it.

Without further ado, our comprehensive Hindi conjunctions list and several Hindi conjunctions examples!

5. Conjunctions to Correlate Similar Thoughts

Improve Listening Part 2

The most common English conjunction words to express two similar thoughts together are “and” and “also.” But how do you say them in Hindi? Find out in this full list of conjunctions in Hindi for correlating similar thoughts.

1- And

Normally, in everyday conversations, Indians opt for और (aur) in place of “and.” In most cases, it comes between two clauses or words. But sometimes, और (aur) can be placed at the beginning of the sentence. This happens when the person has finished talking but needs to add something important (probably because he or she forgot to do so in the first place).

Example:

  • मुझे आम पसंद है। मुझे सेब पसंद है।
    (mujhe aam paSaND hai. mujhe Seb paSaND hai.)
    “I like mangoes. I like apples.”
  • मुझे आम और सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam aur Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”

The other substitutes for और (aur) are (va), तथा (TaTHaa), and एवं (evam). Keep in mind that they’re rarely spoken in day-to-day Hindi conversations and are merely confined to official uses. However, these can be used in the same way as the above example.

For instance, here are these conjunctions in Hindi with examples:

  • मुझे आम तथा सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam TaTHaa Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”
  • मुझे आम सेब पसंद हैं।
    (mujhe aam va Seb paSaND hain.)
    “I like mangoes and apples.”

6. Conjunctions to Express Condition

Talking about a particular (necessary) condition requires the speaker to use certain other kinds of conjunctions.

2- If/Then

In situations where people like to express a peculiar condition, the Hindi phrases अगर (agar) / तो (To) are used. The examples below will help you understand how to use it in a sentence.

Example:

  • अगर तुम थक गयी हो, तो सो जाओ।
    (agar Tum THak gayii ho, To So jaao.)
    “If you’re tired, then get some rest.”

अगर (agar) / तो (To) can easily be replaced with यदि (yaDi). Although यदि (yaDi) is more formal and less frequently used in daily Hindi talks and chats, Indians still prefer to use it in official documents.

Example:

  • यदि आज बारिश हुई, तो दफ़्तर बंद रहेगा।
    (yaDi aaj baaris huyii, To DafTar baND rahegaa.)
    “If it rains today, the office will remain closed.”

As you can see, having a voluminous vocab in Hindi is great, but it’s not a substitute for learning parts of speech, such as prepositions and conjunctions in Hindi.

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3- Since

Another terrific conjunction in Hindi is “since.” In Hindi, it’s translated as चूंकि (cuunki). The unique thing about this word is that more often than not, it’s placed at the beginning of a sentence. In Hindi conjunction sentences, it may look something like the example below.

Example:

  • चूँकि तुम मेरे दोस्त हो, मैं तुम्हारी मदद करूंगी।
    (cuunki Tum mere DoST ho, main Tumhaarii maDaD karuungii.)
    “Since you are my friend, I’d like to help you out.”

7. Conjunctions to Express Cause

There are times when things go wrong, or at least they don’t really happen the way we expected. In such cases, we need to express causes and reasons using conjunctions in Hindi grammar. In this section of the Hindi conjunctions list, we’ll shed some light on these similar conjunctions.

4- So

You’ll hear Indians using this word quite frequently. In Hindi sentences, “so” means इसलिए (iSLiye). Let’s see how it connects two similar clauses below.

Example:

  • सीमा की बस छूट गयी थी, इसलिए उसे देर हो गयी।
    (Siimaa kii baS chuut gayi THii, iSaLiye uSe Der ho gayii.)
    “Seema missed her bus, so she was late.”

5- Before

The conjunction “before” translates as पहले (pehLe). पहले (pehLe) is placed in between two clauses, but at times it may also be placed at the beginning of the sentence.

Example:

  • फ़ल और सब्ज़ियों को खाने से पहले हमेशा धो लेना चाहिए.
    (faL aur Sabziyon ko khaaNe Se pehLe hamesaa DHo LeNaa caahiye.)
    “You should always wash vegetables and fruits before eating them.”

6- Because

Sometimes, it becomes necessary to give valid reasons for why things didn’t go as you planned! In such cases, the conjunction “because” comes to your rescue. In Hindi, it’s known as क्योंकि (kyonki) and is an inseparable part of daily Hindi chitchats.

Example:

  • बाज़ार बंद है क्योंकि आज रविवार है।
    (baazaar baND hai kyonki aaj ravivaar hai.)
    “The market is closed because it’s Sunday today!”

8. Conjunctions to Express Opposition

But what about when we have to express contradiction? Whoa! Did you notice the conjunction we used so seamlessly? Yes, you’ve guessed it right. Our next word is “but.”

Notes with Plants

7- But

The conjunction “but” can be translated into multiple words in Hindi. And we’ll share at least four of them with you.

We’ll start with the most popular one, which is लेकिन (LekiN). लेकिन (LekiN) is rightfully visible everywhere, in daily talks, in books, on the news, etc. So, let’s see how to put it in a sentence.

Example:

  • मेरी तबियत ख़राब है लेकिन मुझे विद्यालय जाना होगा।
    (merii TabiyaT kharaab hai LekiN mujhe viDyaaLay jaaNaa hogaa.)
    “I am not well but I must go to school.”

The other regularly used translations for “but” are परन्तु (paraNTu), मगर (magar), and पर (par). They work in the same way as लेकिन (LekiN).

Example:

  • दिल्ली अच्छा शहर है पर वहाँ प्रदूषण बहुत है।
    (DiLLii acchaa sahar hai par vahaan praDuusan bahuT hai.)
    “Delhi is a great city, but it’s highly polluted.”

8- And yet

The Hindi phrase for “and yet” is फिर भी (phir bhii). It serves the same purpose, indicating contradiction or opposition. You can understand this better with the example below.

Example:

  • राज ने इतनी मेहनत की, फिर भी वह परीक्षा में पास नहीं हो पाया।
    (raaj Ne iTaNii mehaNaT kii, phir bhii vah pariiksaa men paaS nahiin ho paayaa.)
    “Raj worked so hard, and yet he couldn’t clear the exams.”

9. Conjunctions to Express Purpose

How do you convince people? Well, whatever skills you use for that, it can’t be done without conjunctions for expressing purpose. And our first one in the conjunction words list is “so that.”

9- So that

In Hindi, saying ताकि (Taaki) is a great way to persuade people and bring more conviction to your speech.

Example:

  • रोज़ कसरत करो, ताकि स्वस्थ रह सको।.
    (roz kaSaraT karo, Taaki SvaSTH rah Sako.)
    “Exercise daily, so that you stay healthy.”

10- That’s why

When you’re in a position to give reasons and explanations, इसलिए (iSLiye) is the perfect Hindi word you’re looking for.

Example:

  • आज क्रिसमस है इसलिए हम सबने नए कपड़े पहने हैं।
    (aaj Christmas hai iSaLiye ham SabaNe Naye kapade pahaNe hain.)
    “It’s Christmas today, and that’s why we have all put on new clothes.”

Boy on Bed Listening to Something

10. Conjunctions to Express Alternatives

11- Or

“Or” is heavily used in Hindi conversation, maybe while requesting food preferences, choice of beverage, clothing, or anything like that. In Hindi, it can be translated as अथवा (aTHavaa) or या (yaa).

Example:

  • तुम्हें भारत ज़्यादा पसंद है या जापान?
    (Tumhen bhaaraT zyaaDaa paSaND hai yaa JaapaaN?)
    “Do you like India better, or Japan?”

12- Either … Or

“Either … or” is just an extended version of “or.” Its Hindi translation is या तो (yaa To) … या फिर (yaa phir). No matter how much we try to put the concept into words, it’s much better to learn it through sentence usage.

Example:

  • या तो मैं फ़िल्म देखूँगा या फिर ख़रीदारी करूँगा।
    (yaa To main fiLm Dekhuungaa yaa phir khariiDaarii karuungaa.)
    “Either I’ll watch a movie or I’ll go shopping.”

13- Otherwise

Another common and widely used term to indicate contradictions is वरना (varNaa). It’s a popular word and worth learning if you’re going to be staying in India for a while.

Example:

  • जल्दी करो वरना हमें देर हो जाएगी।
    (jaLDii karo varaNaa hamen Der ho jaayegii.)
    “Hurry up, otherwise we’ll be late.”

14- Instead of

The last conjunction in our all conjunction list with Hindi words is “instead of,” which simply means के बजाय (ke bajaay) in Hindi.

Example:

  • सुमित को घूमने के बजाय पढ़ना ज़्यादा पसंद है।
    (SumiT ho ghuumaNe ke bajaay padhaNaa zyaaDaa paSaND hai.)
    “Instead of going out, Sumit prefers reading.”

11. Grow Your Hindi Knowledge with HindiPod101.com

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Indian Etiquette: Social and Business Etiquette in India

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Practically, Indian etiquette is a fairly extensive term. It’s the amalgamation of Indian manners, as well as Indian culture, customs, and etiquette that blesses India with its uniqueness in the world.

Being a foreigner, you’ll clearly observe a distinctness in everything: cultural etiquette in India (such as Indian wedding etiquette), business etiquette in India, etc.

Honestly, one may compare India to a sponge, absorbing the richness from everywhere. And when you try to squelch its aura, it gives the same profuseness of hospitality and welcomeness.

This article focuses on existing Indian manners and customs that are popular in various aspects of life. You’ll learn some basic, but profoundly important and helpful, day-to-day practices of India: Language, culture, customs, and etiquette, such as business etiquette tips, dress etiquette, table etiquette in India, and much more.

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Table of Contents

  1. But Why is Practicing Etiquette in India so Important?
  2. Etiquette in Hindi
  3. Basic Do’s and Don’ts for Addressing to Someone in India
  4. Dining Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Dining
  5. Tourist Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Sightseeing
  6. Do’s and Don’ts for Greetings
  7. Do’s and Don’ts for Visiting a House
  8. Travel Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Public Transport
  9. Office Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for the Workplace
  10. Do’s and Don’ts for Celebrations
  11. Learning Indian Etiquette and Much More with HindiPod101

1. But Why is Practicing Etiquette in India so Important?

Why on earth should you be learning Indian cultural norms, or business and social etiquette in India? As a foreigner, this question may pop up in your mind. After all, you’re not a native!

Well, the answer is as plain as the question itself, which is: You don’t have to follow anything. In India, you’ll never see a foreigner pressured to acquire or respect Indian behavior and etiquette. Because no matter how conservative the society may be, Indians don’t like to impose things on others.

That being said, we’re quite sure that after spending just a few days in this colorful land, you’ll fall in love with its culture all by yourself. Most of the Indian etiquette (dining, greeting, meeting) are so fascinating that foreigners actually look forward to adapting and savoring them during their stay in India.

Lastly, visiting a country like India, and respecting its traditions and manners, such as Indian greeting customs or meeting etiquette in India, will really take you a long way. Indians are quite conservative and traditional, and they like to keep it that way.

However, when it comes to foreigners, common folks are quite forgiving. In fact, you can get away with many innocent cultural slips and nobody will mind. But then, that’s not the point, is it? To tell you the truth regarding Indian culture, showing simple gestures of manners and etiquette in India will help you earn more affection and bond with the natives in a deeper way. And what could be a better way to respond to the warmth of a country than by loving it back in the same way!

Indians are so particular about, and sensitive toward, social etiquette that kids in schools are taught about it from quite an early age. Thus, learning the etiquette of India yourself is a great show of respect.

Through this article, we’ll guide you through the most important etiquette rules in India. This will transform your visit into a sweet and unforgettable experience for both host and guest.

2. Etiquette in Hindi

But first, a quick challenge! What is the word for “etiquette” in Hindi?

The most common word for “etiquette” in Hindi is शिष्टाचार (sistaacaar). Another “etiquette” word in Hindi is तमीज़ (Tamiiz).

When it comes to culture appropriateness, Indians often emphasize similar words, such as संस्कार (SanSkaar) and तहज़ीब (Tehaziib). These words stand for “good manners” in the Hindi language.

The proper Hindi word for “manners” is तरीक़ा (Tariiqaa). And the Hindi word आदत (aaDaT), although it’s more suitable for the English word “habit,” it’s often used for “manners” too.

So, the word for “good manners” in Hindi is अच्छी आदत (acchii aaDaT) or अच्छा तरीक़ा (acchaa Tariiqaa). Whoa! Wasn’t that simple enough?

Now that you’ve learned the words for good manners in Hindi and English both, let’s move on to bad manners in Hindi. The Hindi words for “bad manners” are बुरी आदत (burii aaDaT) or खऱाब तरीक़ा (kharaab Tariiqaa).

Quick Tip: In Hindi, “habit” is a feminine word and “manner” is a masculine word.

Finally, it’s time to explore the most important section of this lesson and get familiar with real do’s and don’ts in Indian culture!

3. Basic Do’s and Don’ts for Addressing to Someone in India

Bad Phrases

First, let’s go over the essential greeting etiquette in India. After all, the first meeting is the most important.

1- Do: Address People as आप (aap)

Unlike English, Hindi has two different words for “you.” One is तुम (Tum) and the other is आप (aap). While तुम (Tum) is used for friends and younger ones, it carries a tinge of informality and frankness.

On the other hand, you’ll often hear Indians saying आप (aap) to each other. It’s the most suitable Hindi pronoun when addressing someone who is elderly or of the opposite gender. Indians also prefer using the word आप (aap) in formal situations or when meeting someone for the first time.

So, to be on the safer side, whenever you’re trying to have a conversation with people, address them as आप (aap). As described in the paragraph above, exceptions can be made in case of very close friends or when speaking to children.

2- Do Greet People with a नमस्ते (NamaSTe)

When it comes to meeting etiquette in India, there’s no better ice breaker than a नमस्ते (NamaSTe). In India, greeting etiquette says a lot about you. Fold your hands, bow your head, and say नमस्ते (NamaSTe) for a proper greeting gesture among the native people.

Woman Making a Traditional Greeting

Traditional Indian Greeting

3- Don’t Call Elderly People by Their Names

Another important tip for social etiquette in India: Calling elderly people by their names is highly offensive to Indian folks. It’s something they would never dream of doing! So, follow this etiquette rule strictly or you may dishearten them to the core.

Instead of saying names, native people go for general terms like “uncle” and “aunty” to address the elder ones.

4. Dining Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Dining

Indians are some of the biggest food-lovers in the world. Food is literally worshipped here. And being a foreigner, you wouldn’t want to upset the natives at the table, right!

So, without wasting a moment, let’s explore the must-know rules for table manners and etiquette in India.

1- Do Use Your Right Hand to Eat

Hygiene

Whenever you’re dining with Indians, this should be your forever mantra. Consuming meals with your right hand is considered the proper eating etiquette in India, whereas eating with the left hand in India is viewed as improper and unhygienic.

2- Do Consider the Comforts of Your Vegetarian Companions

For the most part, people in India are vegetarians. So, try to confirm before ordering any non-veg meals at the same table, as many of your vegetarian friends may not be comfortable with that. You can understand the level of discomfort when considering that the majority of restaurants here serve only vegetarian foods.

And even at places where both veg and non-veg dishes are cooked, both are served in different kinds of tableware, to assure the distinction.

It’s always good table etiquette in India to look after the comfort of those you’re dining with.

A Collection of Indian Dishes

Indian Dining Etiquette

3- Don’t Use Forks or Knives for Traditional Indian Food

As for fine dining etiquette in India, be sure not to use forks or knives for traditional food. It’s not only disrespectful, but also inconvenient (and almost impossible!) to cut the Indian flat bread, known as रोटी (rotii) or चपाती (capaaTii) with a knife. So, why not save yourself some time and use your hands instead? This way, you’ll be able to relish the food with more ease.

4- Don’t Start Before the Host

Whether you’re invited to someone’s home or are having meals at a restaurant, there are certain dining etiquette and table manners Indians always follow.

Firstly, proper etiquette in Indian culture demands that you never start eating before the host. At least wait until they request the guests to begin eating. The same rule applies to the elder ones if they’re around at the same party.

Secondly, after you’ve eaten the meals (at a restaurant), don’t leave the table just yet. Instead, wait for the elderly people to finish their food as well.

5. Tourist Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Sightseeing

Thanks

1- Do Remove Your Footwear

When you’re in India, you’ll come across countless religious places, including temples, mosques, and gurudwaras. In addition to that, native people may also invite you to their homes. In all such situations, remember to take off your shoes before entering that place.

2- Do Wear Decent Clothes

Although there’s no strict definition of what decent clothes are, it’s best to put something on that’s loose-fitting and covers the whole body. Indian dresses like salwar kameez, and Kurtas/Kurtis, maintain the conservative dressing styles of the Indian society. Even if you’re opting for something western, make sure it’s not revealing or tight-fitting!

People Visiting a Temple

Visiting a Temple in India

3- Don’t Exhibit PDA

We can’t emphasize enough on the vast traditional nature of the country. In no way should you exhibit public displays of affection, as this could make the common public extremely uncomfortable (and upset them, too). Holding hands is okay, but hugging in Indian culture is only considered acceptable between the same gender.

6. Do’s and Don’ts for Greetings

If you’re a beginner and wish to learn how to greet in India, explore our comprehensive article on Indian greetings. Knowing the etiquette and customs in India for greeting may also help you with learning proper business etiquette in India.

1- Do Use First Names

Greet people and address them by their first names. Last names are hardly popular in the Indian culture. Although using last names is common in government offices, the same is mostly attributed to encouraging the evil of casteism in the country, as every last name is associated with a particular class in the society.

2- Do Add जी (jii) to the Names

Skip this in case of friends and younger ones. But when talking to or about elders or senior colleagues, or in some cases people of the opposite gender, add जी (jii) to their names. According to the culture and etiquette in India, it’s a sign of sheer respect.

Example:

  • मीरा जी दफ़्तर में हैं।
    (miiraa jii DafTar men hain.)
    “Meera jii is in the office.”

3- Don’t Touch the Opposite Gender

Again, this is a needless rule of cultural etiquette in India to mention, but touching the opposite gender is looked down upon. The other person, as well as onlookers, may feel offended by this gesture. So, kindly avoid it at all costs.

7. Do’s and Don’ts for Visiting a House

1- Do Bring Some Gifts

When invited to a house, bring along some gifts as a warm gesture. When it comes to gift etiquette in India, your gift could be anything, but fruits and sweets are particularly well-received. Gift giving etiquette in India is quite common and is a sign of your affection toward the host.

Collection of Sweets

Indian Sweets as Gifts

2- Don’t Buy Liquor as a Gift

Unless you’re close friends with the host, strictly avoid bringing along any alcohol or smoking items. And as much as possible, try not to consume alcohol in the presence of children, females, or elderly people around you. This is considered quite rude and condescending.

8. Travel Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for Public Transport

1- Do Prepare for a Huge Crowd

It’s a worldwide-known fact that India is one of the most heavily populated countries in the world. So, naturally, when riding any public transport, be ready for a lot of rush on the local buses and trains. Also, take care of your luggage so that it doesn’t get lost!

2- Do Stay on the Left Side

As part of walking and driving etiquette in India, always stay on the left side of the road. It will save you from minor and major accidents, such as running into other people by mistake.

3- Don’t Sit in Reserved Seats

In every bus, train, and even metro, you’ll find some seats exclusively reserved for the handicapped, elderly, and pregnant women. Don’t occupy these special seats when such people are around; just help them sit there comfortably.

9. Office Etiquette in India: Do’s and Don’ts for the Workplace

In India, business etiquette tips are the perfect way to break the ice and help you gel up with others much faster! For those who are wondering, business etiquette in Hindi is translated as व्यावसायिक शिष्टाचार (vyaavaSaayik sistaacaar).

So, let’s find out the practices that qualify as proper business etiquette and protocol in India.

1- Do Use First Names

We’ve already mentioned this an ample number of times. In India, business culture etiquette involves addressing people by their first names. This holds true in most situations, and also counts as personal and business email etiquette in India.

Even on business cards, you’ll always see the first name first. And while we’re at it, when a colleague or business prospect shares his or her business card with you, take a moment to look at it and show your appreciation for it with a smile. A few simple words of compliment are more than enough when it comes to business card etiquette in India.

People Toasting at a Large Dinner

Business Dining Etiquette

2- Do Wear Proper Dress

Wearing proper formal dress to the office is one of the many unsaid rules of business etiquette in India. You may opt for something traditional or western, while keeping in mind that the dress should in no way be revealing! This is one of the most important tips for business etiquette in India, so do be mindful!

3- Don’t Make Unnecessary Physical Contact

When it comes to workplace etiquette in India, Indians are okay with handshakes and a pat on the back. But anything further isn’t quite welcome in the society. So, restrict physical contact to a minimum, especially with the opposite gender, to avoid any discrepancy in the workplace.

4- Don’t Point Your Finger

When learning about etiquette in India businesses, keep in mind that we all experience conflicts, differences of opinion, and other uncomfortable situations in the office. But during the heat of an argument or a tense moment, it’s still better to keep away from certain things.

For instance, talking about business meeting etiquette in India, don’t point your finger at anyone when in the middle of an argument. Doing so is considered a rude hand gesture in India.

10. Do’s and Don’ts for Celebrations

1- Do Opt for Dress Colors According to the Occasion

Who hasn’t heard of the phrase “Big Fat Indian Wedding!” By default, Indian celebrations and marriages are all about shimmers and show off. So, if you happen to attend an Indian wedding, you can experiment and play with all sorts of colors: bright, pastels, and so on. Be sure to enjoy yourself and don’t worry too much about wedding etiquette in India.

Person Getting Mehndi Art

Mehndi in Indian Weddings

2- Don’t Wear Red to a Funeral

The dress for a funeral is an essential aspect of etiquette in Indian culture. In short, avoid wearing any bright or dark shades to an Indian funeral. This includes black. As much as possible, keep the colors dull, pastel, or white. When attending a funeral, wearing loud and cheerful prints is something that you should avoid completely.

11. Learning Indian Etiquette and Much More with HindiPod101

We hope you’ve enjoyed this article on Indian etiquette. By now, you should have a good grasp of conversational etiquette in India, and other rules for business and social events.

Does your country have similar etiquette rules or cultural standards about manners? Let us know!

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Learn How to Say Dates in Hindi and the Months in Hindi

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Referring to dates in Hindi is a common aspect of life in India. Booking tickets, making an appointment, confirming the date of an event, remembering birthdays, keeping up with national festivals of India and holidays…almost everything is done using the days and months in Hindi.

Thus, learning the proper methods for saying dates, years, and even weekdays in Hindi becomes so essential. It would be impossible to understand this whole article without first gaining basic knowledge about the common words related to days, months, and weeks in Hindi. Basically, all the information about dates in Hindi you’ll need to get started!

Here at HindiPod101.com, before showing you how to use dates in Hindi, we would like to begin with a quick glossary for these words. On a different note, we’d also like to remind you that almost all the nouns in Hindi are gender-specific. The same rule applies to the words described below.

Table of Contents

  1. A Quick Glossary
  2. Dates in Hindi
  3. Today, Tomorrow, and Yesterday in Hindi
  4. Day in Hindi
  5. Talking about Weeks in Hindi
  6. The Months in Hindi
  7. Talking about Years in Hindi
  8. Fixing the Date of an Appointment in Hindi
  9. Must-Know Phrases to Talk about Dates
  10. Read the Hindi Dates Fluently with HindiPod101.com

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1. A Quick Glossary

Common English Words           Hindi Meanings
Daily           दैनिक (DaiNik); रोज़ाना (rozaaNaa)
Weekly           साप्ताहिक (SaapTaahik)
Weekend           सप्ताहांत (SaapTaahaaNT)
Monthly           मासिक (maaSik)
Yearly/Annually           वार्षिक (vaarsik); सालाना (SaaLaaNaa)

Although we’ll cover all these words in detail later, this is just a quick introduction to some important words. As you can see, “weekend” in Hindi is known as सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) or सप्ताह का अंत (SapTaah kaa aNT), but there are no particular words for “weekdays” in Hindi. Nonetheless, the literal weekday meaning in Hindi could be translated as काम करने के दिन (kaam karaNe ke DiN).

2. Dates in Hindi

Numbers

1- Hindi Words for “Date”

The word “date” in Hindi is considered feminine, so the verb form changes accordingly. But what are dates called in Hindi?

तारीख़ (Taariikh)

The first and most common term for dates in Hindi is तारीख़ (Taariikh). Here’s an example of how to use this word in a sentence:

  • आज क्या तारीख़ है?
    (aaj kyaa Taariikh hai ?)
    “What’s the date today?”
  • कल की तारीख़ में ये काम हो जाना चाहिए।
    (kaL kii Taariikh men ye kaam ho jaaNaa caahiye.)
    “This work should be done by tomorrow’s date.”

दिनांक (DiNaank) and तिथि (TiTHi)

The other two words for dates in Hindi are दिनांक (DiNaank) and तिथि (TiTHi). However, they’re only used in official documents, religious calendars, etc. In order to use them, just replace तारीख़ (Taariikh) with either of these more formal words in the sentence.

Based on the same vocabulary, the due date meaning in Hindi can be expressed as:

अंतिम तिथि (aNTim TiTHi)               “Last Date”
आख़िरी तारीख़ (aakhirii Taariikh)      “Due Date”
     

2- Reading and Writing Dates in Hindi

In India, dates written in Hindi follow the [day] [month] [year] format.

  • महात्मा गाँधी का जन्म 2अक्टूबर 1869 में हुआ था।
  • (mahaaTmaa gaaNDHii kaa jaNm Do aktuubar 1969 men huaa THaa.)
  • “Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1969.”

Reading the Dates in Hindi

1) How to Write Dates in Hindi Using Cardinal Numbers

Most of the time, we use cardinal numbers to mention dates in schools and for other business-related purposes.
For example, if you wish to write the Hindi month & date today, it would be in DD/MM/YYYY format.

2) How to Write Dates in Hindi Using Ordinal Numbers

On the other hand, Indians also opt for the ordinal number date formats in newspapers, other official papers, wedding invitations, etc.
Suppose the date today is February 14, 2019. A Hindi newspaper would mention the same date, and translate it in Hindi as १४ फ़रवरी २०१९.

3. Today, Tomorrow, and Yesterday in Hindi

Before we move on to the next section about the days’ name in Hindi, let’s take a step back for a moment. In the previous section, we mentioned some essential words, but what about “today” and “tomorrow?” Well, here’s how to say these in Hindi.

Words           Hindi Meaning           Verb Form Used
Today           आज (aaj)           (-है / -हूँ / -हैं)
Tomorrow           कल (kaL)           (-गा / -गी / -गें)
Yesterday           कल (kaL)           (-था / -थी / -थे)

Interestingly, we have the same Hindi word for both “tomorrow” and “yesterday.” How do Indians differentiate between both the tenses? They recognize the tenses by the verb form used with them.
But in situations where the tense form isn’t used—for example, when you want to just say “yesterday’s date” or “tomorrow’s date,”—you can differentiate by using these phrases:

बीता हुआ कल (biiTaa huaa kaL)    — Yesterday
आने वाला कल (aaNe vaaLaa kaL) — Tomorrow

Below, we’ve explained the same concept with the help of a few examples. You can also see specific Hindi words and letters in bold to emphasize which tense is used.

  • सीमा आज रात पार्टी में आ रही है
    (SiiMaa aaj raaT paartii men aa rahii hai.)
    “Seema is coming to the party tonight.”
  • मैं आज सोना चाहता हूँ
    (main aaj SoNaa caahaTaa huun.)
    “I want to sleep today.”
  • रोहन कल घर आएगा
    (rohaN kaL ghar aayegaa.)
    “Rohan will come home tomorrow.”
  • प्रिया कल बाज़ार गयी थी
    (priyaa kaL baazaar gayii THii.)
    “Priya went to the market yesterday.”

4. Day in Hindi

Weekdays

1- Hindi Words for “Day”

Here are the common terms for the word “day” in Hindi:
दिन (DiN)                  “Day”
दिवस (DivaS)            “Day”
दैनिक (DaiNik)          “Daily”

Here are some examples to help you better understand how to use the days and dates in Hindi conversations:

  • मैं चार दिन के लिए शहर से बाहर जा रही हूँ।
    (main caar DiN ke Liye sahar Se baahar jaa rahii huun.)
    “I am going out of town for four days.”
  • भारत में स्वतंत्रता दिवस हर साल १५ अगस्त को मनाया जाता है।
    (bhaaraT men SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS har SaaL 15 agaST ko maNaayaa jaaTaa hai.)
    “India celebrates its Independence Day every year on August 15.”

As compared to English, we have a different native pronunciation for August in Hindi. That’s why 15 August in Hindi is written and read as १५ अगस्त (15 agaST).

Here’s how to use the word “daily” in Hindi.

  • ‘हिंदुस्तान टाइम्स’ एक दैनिक समाचार पत्र है।
    (hiNDuSTaaN taaimS ek DaiNik Samaacaar paTr hai.)
    “Hindustan Times is a daily newspaper.”

2- How to Say the Days in Hindi

We’ve already mentioned that there are so many gender-specific words in the Hindustani language. In this case, days are masculine gender nouns. Hence, all the ordinal words for days end with the -aa sound. For example, पहला दिन (pahaLaa DiN). But if we express the ordinal words for dates, the same words would end with the -ii sound as “dates” is a feminine noun. For example, पहली तारीख़ (pahaLii Taariikh). To access the complete list of Hindi cardinal numbers, check out our full-fledged article on Hindi Numbers.

Ordinal Numbers in English Ordinal Numbers in Hindi Ordinal Numbers in English Ordinal Numbers in Hindi
First (1st) पहला (pahaLaa) Seventeenth (17th) सत्रहवां (SaTrahavaan)
Second (2nd) दूसरा (DuuSaraa) Eighteenth (18th) अठारवां (athaarahavaan)
Third (3rd) तीसरा (TiiSaraa) Nineteenth (19th) उन्नीसवां (uNNiiSavaan)
Fourth (4th) चौथा (cauTHaa) Twentieth (20th) बीसवां (biiSavaan)
Fifth (5th) पांचवां (paancavaan) Twenty-first (21st) इक्कीसवाँ (ikkiiSavaan)
Sixth (6th) छठा (chathaa) Twenty-second (22nd) बाईसवाँ (baaiiSavaan)
Seventh (7th) सातवां (SaaTavaan) Twenty-third (23rd) तेईसवां (TeiiSsvaan)
Eighth (8th) आठवाँ (aathavaan) Twenty-fourth (24th) चौबीसवाँ (caubiiSavaan)
Ninth (9th) नौवां (Nauvaan) Twenty-fifth (25th) पच्चीसवां (pacciiSavaan)
Tenth (10th) दसवां (DaSavaan) Twenty-sixth (26th) छब्बीसवाँ (chabbiiSavaan)
Eleventh (11th) ग्यारहवां (gyaarahavaan) Twenty-seventh (27th) सत्ताईसवाँ (SaTTaaiiSavaan)
Twelfth (12th) बारहवां (baarahavaan) Twenty-eighth (28th) अठाईसवाँ (athaaiiSavaan)
Thirteenth (13th) तेरहवां (Terahavaan) Twenty-ninth (29th) उन्तीसवां (uNTiiSavaan)
Fourteenth (14th) चौदहवां (cauDahavaan) Thirtieth (30th) तीसवाँ (TiiSavaan)
Fifteenth (15th) पन्द्रहवां (paNDrahavaan) Thirty-first (31st) इक्तीसवाँ (ikTiiSavaan)
Sixteenth (16th) सोलहवां (SoLahavaan)

Translating the Months and Days in Hindi

Example:

  • इस दफ़्तर में आज मेरा चौथा दिन है।
    (iS DafTar men aaj meraa cauTHaa DiN hai.)
    “It’s my fourth day today in this office.”

5. Talking about Weeks in Hindi

Now, we’ll discuss the “week” meaning in Hindi and the days of the week in Hindi.

1- Hindi Words for the Week

The typical terms for saying “week” and related words in Hindi are:

सप्ताह (SapTaah) “Week”
हफ़्ता (hafTaa) “Week”
सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) “Weekend”
साप्ताहिक (SaapTaahik) “Weekly”

As you can see, the weekend in Hindi is known as सप्ताहांत (SapTaahaaNT) or सप्ताह का अंत (SapTaah kaa aNT).

But there are no particular words for weekdays in Hindi. Nonetheless, the literal weekday meaning in Hindi could be translated as काम करने के दिन (kaam karaNe ke DiN).

Coming back to the word “week,” here are some Hindi phrases to help you learn these. For “one week,” the meaning in Hindi is एक हफ़्ता (ek hafTaa). Similarly, in Hindi, “six weeks” would be written as छः हफ़्ते (chaḥ hafTe).

2- How to Say the Days of the Week

Learning about the days of the week in Hindi is really fun! In India, the first day of the week is Sunday. Sunday in Hindi is इतवार (iTavaar). Another popular word for Sunday in Hindi is रविवार (ravivaar).
Have a look at the chart below to learn the names of other days of the week.

Name in English           Name in Hindi
Sunday           इतवार (iTavaar) / रविवार (ravivaar)
Monday           सोमवार (Somavaar)
Tuesday           मंगलवार (mangaLavaar)
Wednesday           बुधवार (buDHavaar)
Thursday           बृहस्पतिवार (brihaSpaTivaar) / गुरुवार (guruvaar)
Friday           शुक्रवार (sukravaar)
Saturday           शनिवार (saNivaar) / शनिचर (saNicar)

6. The Months in Hindi

Months

In this section, you’ll first learn the basic Hindi terms for the word “month.” Then, we’ll teach you the names of the months of the year in the Hindi language (e.g. how to say January to December in Hindi). You’ll also learn the unique Indian months’ name in Hindi.
So, first, we’ll start with the basic Hindi words for “month.”

1- Hindi Words for “Month”

माह (maah)                     “Month”
मास (maaS)                     “Month”
महीना (mahiiNaa)             “Month”
मासिक (maaSik)              “Monthly”
अधिवर्ष (aDHivars)          “Leap year”
अधिमास (aDHimaaS)      “Leap month”

Examples:

  • दिसंबर साल का आख़िरी महीना होता है।
    (DiSambar SaaL kaa aakhirii mahiiNaa hoTaa hai.)
    “December is the last month of the year.”
  • यह एक मासिक पत्रिका है।
    (yah ek maaSik paTrikaa hai.)
    “This is a monthly magazine.”

Learning the Months and Dates

2- How to Say the Months in Hindi

Now it’s time to learn the names of the 12 months in Hindi, from January to December in Hindi.

English Months           Hindi Pronunciation of English Months
January           जनवरी (jaNavarii)
February           फ़रवरी (faravarii)
March           मार्च (maarc)
April           अप्रैल (apraiL)
May           मई (maii)
June           जून (juuN)
July           जुलाई (juLaaii)
August           अगस्त (agaST)
September           सितम्बर (SiTambar)
October           अक्टूबर (aktuubar)
November           नवंबर (Navambar)
December           दिसंबर (DiSambar)

Many non-native speakers may wonder how to say months like January/February in Hindi. Well, learning the name of any month is quite easy. There’s only a difference in sounds; but you may have noticed that overall, even the Hindi names sound very similar to how they’re spoken in English.

3- Hindi Month Name List

That was about speaking the English months’ name in an Indian accent. But do you know even today, each month in Hindi calendars follows a completely different pattern and has a different name in India? As surprising as it seems, Hindus still follow an ancient style of creating their religious calendar, with quite contrasting Hindi month names.

Months in English           Indian Months in Hindu Calendar
March – April           चैत्र (caiTra)
April – May           वैशाख (vaisaakh)
May – June           ज्येष्ठ (jyesth)
June – July           आषाढ़ (aasaadh)
July- August           श्रावण (sraavan)
August – September           भाद्रपद (bhaaDrapaD)
September – October           आश्विन (aasviN)
October – November           कार्तिक (kaarTik)
November – December           मार्गशीर्ष (maargasiirs)
December – January           पौष (paus)
January – February           माघ (maagh)
February – March           फाल्गुन (phaaLguN)

Names of Hindu Months

Example:

  • होली फाल्गुन माह में आती है।
    (hoLii phaaLguN maah men aaTii hai.)
    “Holi falls in the month of March.”

By the way, if you want to learn even more about dates in Hindi, particularly the most important ones, be sure to check out our relevant lesson.

7. Talking about Years in Hindi

Finally, it’s time to learn everything about different Hindi words for “year,” and how to read them in Hindi.

1- Hindi Words for “Year”

The typical Hindi terms for “year” and other related words are:

साल (SaaL)      “Year”
वर्ष (vars)      “Year”
सालाना (SaaLaaNaa)      “Yearly/Annual”
वार्षिक (vaarsik)      “Yearly/Annual”

Examples:

  • मैं २० वर्ष का हूँ।
    (main biiS vars kaa huun.)
    “I am twenty years old.”
  • मेरी सालाना आय ४ लाख है।
    (merii SaaLaaNaa aay caar Laakh hai.)
    “My annual income is INR 4 lakhs.”

2- How to Say the Years

Of course, learning the Hindi numbers is an important prerequisite to being able to read the years. But once you get the drift of it, reading years in Hindi becomes easy as pie.
We’ll teach you how to do so with a few examples.

  • 1990 – When talking about the 17th, 18th, 19th, or 20th century, we break the four digits into pairs of two. For instance, in 1990, we break it into 19 & 90. So, technically in Hindi, it would sound similar to saying 19-hundred 90, except the words would be in Hindi. Hence, 1990 becomes उन्नीस सौ नब्बे (uNNiiS Sau Nabbe).
  • 1850 – Break it into 18-hundred 50. In Hindi, we would say, अठारह सौ पचास (athaarah Sau pacaaS).
  • 2008 – But the rule changes for the 21st century. In this example, we would break it into 2-thousand 8. In Hindi, we say it as 2 हज़ार 8 or दो हज़ार आठ (Do hazaar aath).
  • 2019 – It would be called 2-thousand 19. In Hindi: 2 हज़ार 19 (दो हज़ार उन्नीस) (Do hazaar uNNiiS).
  • 2212 – And yet, as soon as we have digits in all four places, we go back to the same pattern. In this case, it would be 22-hundred 12. 22 सौ 12 (बाइस सौ बारह) (baaiS Sau baarah).
  • 2109 – 21-hundred 9. 21 सौ 9. (इक्कीस सौ नौ) (ikkiiS Sau Nau).

8. Fixing the Date of an Appointment in Hindi

If you wish to make some simple inquiries or book an appointment, here are some simple Hindi phrases to do it with ease and confidence.

How to Book an Appointment in Hindi

Q. तुम्हारा स्कूल कब से खुल रहा है?
(Tumhaaraa SkuuL kab Se khuL rahaa hai?)
“When does your school reopen?”

A. मेरा स्कूल १० जुलाई से खुल रहा है।
(meraa SkuuL DaS juLaaii Se khuL rahaa hai.)
“My school reopens on July 10.”

Q. दफ़्तर किस दिन बंद रहेगा?
(DafTar kiS DiN baND rahegaa?)
“On which day would the offices be closed?”

A. दफ़्तर शनिवार और रविवार को बंद रहेगा।
(DafTar saNivaar aur ravivaar ko baND rahegaa.)
“The office would remain closed on Saturday and Sunday.”

Q. दिवाली की छुट्टियाँ कब ख़त्म होंगी?
(DivaaLii kii chuttiyaan kab khaTm hongii?)
“When would the Diwali vacations be over?”

A. दिवाली की छुट्टियाँ ३० अक्टूबर को ख़त्म होंगी।
(DivaaLii kii chuttiyaan TiiS aktuubar ko khaTm hongii.)
“The Diwali vacations would be over on October 30.”

Q. क्या 14 फ़रवरी के लिए आपका कोई प्लान है?
(kyaa cauDah faravarii ke Liye aapakaa koii pLaaN hai?)
“Do you have any plans for February 14?”

A. हाँ, १४ फ़रवरी को मुझे बाहर जाना है।
(Haan, cauDah faravarii ko mujhe baahar jaaNaa hai.)
“Yes, I have to go out on the 14th of February.”

Q. आप का जन्मदिन कब होता है?
(aap kaa jaNmaDiN kab hoTaa hai?)
“When is your birthday?”

A. मेरा जन्मदिन २३ अगस्त को होता है।
(meraa jaNmaDiN TeiiS agaST ko hoTaa hai.)
“My birthday is on August 23.”

9. Must-Know Phrases to Talk about Dates

Below are some more helpful phrases to ask about dates and days in Hindi.

Q. कल कौन सा दिन है ?
(kaL kauN Saa DiN hai?)
“Tomorrow is which day?”

A. कल सोमवार है।
(kaL Somavaar hai.)
“Tomorrow is Monday.”

Q. बुधवार को क्या तारीख़ है ?
(buDHavaar ko kyaa Taariikh hai?)
“What’s the date on Wednesday?”

A. बुधवार को १२ तारीख़ है.
(buDHavaar ko baarah Taariikh hai.)
“It’s the 12th on Wednesday.”

Q. 10 मार्च को कौन सा दिन है ?
(DaS maarc ko kauN Saa DiN hai?)
“Which day is March 10?”

A. १० मार्च को गुरुवार है।
(DaS maarc ko guruvaar hai.)
“March 10 is on Thursday.”

Q. क्या आप इस हफ़्ते कहीं घूमने चलेंगे ?
(kyaa aap iS hafTe kahiin ghuumaNe caLenge?)
“Would you like to go on a trip this week?”

A. नहीं, इस हफ़्ते मैं व्यस्त हूँ।
(Nahiin, iS hafTe main vyaST huun.)
“No, I am busy this week.”

10. Read the Hindi Dates Fluently with HindiPod101.com

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We hope you’ll let HindiPod101 be your guide on your language-learning journey!

Before you go, let us know in the comments if you now have a better idea of how to say dates in Hindi, or if there’s still something about dates in Hindi you’re struggling with. To practice, be sure to include today’s date in Hindi with your comment. 😉 We look forward to hearing from you!

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