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ईद उल-फ़ित्र: Celebrating Eid ul-Fitr in India

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Indian culture is dotted with elements from a number of religions, with the majority of Indians (roughly eighty percent) adhering to Hinduism. The second most-popular religion? Islam. About fourteen percent of the country claims this religion as their own, and this makes Muslim holidays a pretty big deal here!

Eid ul-Fitr is one of the most widely celebrated and festive Muslim holidays, celebrated in numerous countries around the world. In this article, you’ll learn all about Eid ul-Fitr and how it’s celebrated in India!

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Eid ul-Fitr?

An Image of the Quran Lit by a Candle

Eid ul-Fitr, initiated by the Prophet Muhammad, is a public holiday that marks the रमज़ान उपवास का अंत (ramzaan upvaas ka aanT), or “end of Ramadan fasting.”

Traditionally, Eid ul-Fitr was celebrated in Medina after the Prophet Muhammad’s journey out of Mecca. Here, he found people having a massive celebration; he told them that there were two other days on which they should be celebrating instead (this holiday, along with Eid ul-Adha).

2. When is Eid ul-Fitr This Year?

A Woman Worshipping in the Early Morning

Each year, the date of Eid ul-Fitr varies on the Gregorian calendar. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2020: May 24
  • 2021: May 13
  • 2022: May 3
  • 2023: April 22
  • 2024: April 10
  • 2025: March 31
  • 2026: March 20
  • 2027: March 10
  • 2028: February 27
  • 2029: February 15

Note: The holiday actually starts the evening before the dates given here, and lasts until the end of the given dates. Dates can also vary a little based on the moon’s cycle in a given year.

3. Eid ul-Fitr Activities & Traditions

A Table Adorned with a Variety of Sweets

Eid ul-Fitr in India is a time of feasting, family, and worship. The main event for this holiday is the Eid prayer and service, though these are not obligatory to attend. It is obligatory, however, to provide Eid ul-Fitr donations to the poor and other people who are in need.

On Eid ul-Fitr, परिवार और दोस्तों का मेल जोल (parivaar aur DosTon ka mel jol), or “family and friends visit,” each other. They also give each other gifts, which often include money for the children.

In India, Eid ul-Fitr is often referred to as a मिठाई का उत्सव (mithaayi ka uTsav), or “sweet festival.” Many of the dishes prepared and eaten on this day are sweet and sugary; one of the most popular is called Lachcha. Fasting on Eid ul-Fitr is prohibited, as it’s meant to be a day of breaking the Ramadan fast.

4. New Clothes!

On Eid ul-Fitr another popular custom is to नए कपड़े पहनना (naye kapde pahan na), or “wear new clothes.” It’s common for men to wear white clothing (representing purity), and for women and children to wear bright-colored clothing in celebration.

Typically, it’s very important to wear these new clothes while visiting family or attending prayers and services.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Eid ul-Fitr

A Silhouette of a Father Hugging His Son in Front of a Mosque

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this lesson? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for the Eid ul-Fitr holiday in India!

  • ईद उल-फ़ित्र (iiD uL-fiTra) — “Eid ul-Fitr”
  • नए कपड़े पहनना (naye kapde pahan na) — “wear new clothes”
  • मिठाई का उत्सव (mithaayi ka uTsav) — “sweet festival”
  • मीठे की दावत (meethey ki DaavaT) — “sugar feast”
  • मुसलामानों द्वारा मनाया जाता है (musalmaanon dvaara manaaya jaaTa hai) — “observed by Muslims”
  • छोटी ईद (chhoti eed) — “Lesser Eid”
  • ईद मुबारक (iid mubarak) — “Happy Eid”
  • उपहार देना (uphaar Dena) — “give gifts”
  • परिवार और दोस्तों का मेल जोल (parivaar aur DosTon ka mel jol) — “family and friends visit”
  • रमज़ान उपवास का अंत (ramzaan upvaas ka aanT) — “end of Ramadan fasting”

To hear the pronunciation of each word and phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, please be sure to check out our Hindi Eid ul-Fitr vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Eid ul-Fitr in India with us, and that you took away some valuable cultural information!

Do you celebrate Eid ul-Fitr in your country? If so, how are your traditions similar or different from those in India?

If you’re curious to learn more about Indian culture and the Hindi language, HindiPod101.com has many more free learning resources for you:

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We look forward to having you, and we hope you’re still thirsty for knowledge of Indian culture!

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How to Celebrate the Great Night of Lord Shiva in India

How to Celebrate the Great Night of Lord Shiva in India

Maha Shivaratri (The Great Night of Lord Shiva) is one of the most significant holidays in India, observed by devoted Hindus each year. In this article, you’ll learn about the mythology behind this holiday, explore its traditions, and study some new Hindi vocabulary.

Are you ready? Let’s get started!

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1. What is Maha Shivratri?

Maha Shivratri is a major festival and celebration in India. Its name translates to “The Great Night of Lord Shiva,” and this is a full night of worship to this Lord.

While the exact origins of this holiday are unknown, there are several stories and myths associated with it. The most well-known of these stories in India is that of Lord Shiva saving the world. He achieved this by drinking Halahala, a poison created of seawater by two people who hoped to achieve immortality. Upon drinking it, Lord Shiva’s throat turned blue because of the poison’s effect on his body. In a different version of this story, people say that the poison was actually dark matter.

Another popular story is that of Lubdhaka, a poor man who went into the woods to gather firewood. Frightened by the sounds of wild animals at night, he hid in a tree, praying to Shiva and dropping the tree’s leaves, one by one. Once day broke, he realized that the leaves had fallen into a शिवलिंग (shivling), or “lingam,” of Lord Shiva. For this reason, he was able to make it back home safely.

Many Hindus also celebrate Maha Shivratri as a commemoration of Lord Shiva’s marriage to the Goddess Parvati. In the same vein, many people believe that Lord Shiva saved the world due to Parvati’s pleading. Parvati promised that if he saved the world, people would worship him for the rest of time.

The Night of Shivaratri, and the day leading up to it, largely focuses on worshipping Shiva, trying to create admirable virtues within oneself, forgetting sins and wrongdoings of the past, and inviting good luck into the following year. There’s also a great emphasis on marriage, especially for women.

2. Maha Shivratri Date

Full Moon in a Night Sky

The date of Maha Shivratri varies each year on the Gregorian calendar. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years:

  • 2020: February 21
  • 2021: March 11
  • 2022: March 1
  • 2023: February 18
  • 2024: March 8
  • 2025: February 26
  • 2026: February 15
  • 2027: March 6
  • 2028: February 23
  • 2029: February 11

3. How is Maha Shivratri Celebrated?

Hindu Woman Praying to Shiva

There are many traditions on the Night of Shiva. The day leading up to it is largely a day of worship. Hindus take part in उपवास (upvaas), or “fasting,” and पूजा (pooja), or “worship,” of Lord Shiva. In addition, there’s usually lots of music and folk dancing. These Shivaratri celebrations continue into the night, and the most devoted Hindus actually partake in this festival all night long.

As mentioned earlier, a major component of this holiday is that of bettering oneself and showing devotion to Lord Shiva. People visit temples and provide a चढ़ावा (cadhaavaa), or “offering,” of water, milk, and bilva leaves to Lord Shiva. On this night, Lord Shiva’s devotees also light अगरबत्ती (agarbaTTii), or “incense,” in worship.

One of the most important acts of worship on Maha Shivaratri is शिवलिंग पर पानी चढ़ाना (shivling par paani chadhaana), or “bathing the Shiv Linga with water.”

Maha Shivaratri is also a day for women to pray and ask Lord Shiva to either bless their husband (if they’re married) or to grant them a husband as good as Lord Shiva himself (if they’re unmarried). This is because, in addition to having saved the world, Lord Shiva is considered the best possible example of a husband.

In turn, Hindu men observe the rituals and celebrations in hope of having good luck and fortune in the coming year.

4. Thandai

On Maha Shivratri (and during Holi), there’s another common tradition of drinking something called thandai. This is a milk-based drink that’s combined with an array of spices and nuts, usually served cold.

There are many different variations of this drink, including one made with rose petals, another made with a mango puree, and still another that uses cannabis.

If you’re in India during Maha Shivratri, make sure you try thandai!

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Maha Shivratri

Statue of Lord Shiva

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s the essential vocabulary you need to know for Maha Shivratri in India.

  • पानी (paani) — “water”
  • दूध (doodh) — “milk”
  • मंदिर (maNDir) — “temple”
  • महाशिवरात्रि (mahaa shivraatree) — “Night of Lord Shiva”
  • उपवास (upvaas) — “fasting”
  • भक्त (bhakT) — “devotee”
  • चढ़ावा (cadhaavaa) — “offering”
  • अगरबत्ती (agarbaTTii) — “incense”
  • बेल पत्र (bel paTr) — “bilva leaves”
  • शिवलिंग पर पानी चढ़ाना (shivling par paani chadhaana) — “Bathing the Shiv Linga with water”
  • पूजा (pooja) — “worship”
  • रात (raaT) — “night”
  • भगवान शिव (bhagvaan shiv) — “Lord Shiva”
  • शंकर जी की जय (shankarjii ki jai) — “Hail Shiva”
  • शिवलिंग (shivling) — “lingam”

Visit our Hindi Maha Shivratri vocabulary list to hear the pronunciation of each word, and to read them alongside relevant images.

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Maha Shivratri with us, and that you were able to take away something valuable from this lesson. What are the biggest holidays in your country? Tell us about them in the comments section!

One of the largest holidays in India, Maha Shivratri is still only the beginning of India’s colorful and vivid culture. If you’re interested in learning even more about Hindi culture and the language, check out the following pages on HindiPod101.com:

Know that whatever your reasons for developing an interest in Hindi culture or the language, HindiPod101.com is the best way to expand your knowledge and improve your skills. With tons of fun lessons for beginners, intermediate learners, and more advanced students, there’s something for everyone!

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The Sikh Anniversary of Guru Nanak: History & Traditions

The Sikh Anniversary of Guru Nanak

The Guru Nanak Jayanti in India is one of the most important holidays in the country for those of the Sikh religion. Each year, they celebrate the birth of the first Sikh guru, and attend other festivities throughout the celebration.

Learning about this Sikh religious holiday will provide you with a more structured framework for which to continue in your Hindi studies. As any successful language-learner can tell you, understanding a country’s culture is a step you can’t miss!

In this article, you’ll learn Guru Nanak Jayanti facts to gain more insight into the culture of India and Sikh religion, including the Guru Nanak Jayanti history and current celebrations. At HindiPod101.com, we hope to make every aspect of your language-learning journey both fun and informative!

Let’s get started, and delve into this fun and relevant aspect of Indian culture!

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1. What is the Guru Nanak Jayanti?

As we mentioned earlier, the Guru Nanak Jayanti is the largest festival in the Sikh religion. This festival, first and foremost, celebrates the birth of Guru Nanak.

There are ten Gurus in the Sikh religion, and this festival celebrates the birthday of the first Sikh guru: Guru Nanak. As you may have guessed, Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith. He was born in 1469 in a small village in Punjab, and he dedicated his life to spiritual ends. He preached and taught methods to achieve enlightenment, and his teachings form part of the holy book—the Guru Granth Sahib—and are frequently sung in hymnals.

2. Guru Nanak Jayanti Date

Man Wearing Turban

Each year, the Guru Nanak Jayanti takes place on a different date, though it’s usually in November. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2019: November 12
  • 2020: November 30
  • 2021: November 19
  • 2022: November 8
  • 2023: November 27
  • 2024: November 15
  • 2025: November 5
  • 2026: November 24
  • 2027: November 14
  • 2028: December 2

3. Guru Nanak Jayanti Activities & Traditions

Giddha

A few days before Guruparv, all Sikh temples (Gurudwaras) are decorated with lights, and street processions move through cities and towns singing religious hymns. In these processions, five disciples called Panj Pyare lead the way. Panj Pyare are five learned men of the Khalsa Sect who have dedicated their lives to the cause of community service and protection. In these processions, the Sikh flag, called Nishan Sahib, waves proudly as the group walks on singing hymns and displaying the traditional Sikh martial art, Gatka.

The day of the Guru Nanak birthday celebration (Guruparv) starts with hymns and prayers. Throughout the day, people listen to religious sermons and spiritual (Dharmik) speeches. Special community meals called Langar are organized in the temples, and people enthusiastically participate in the celebrations with their families. Guruparv is celebrated in gurudwaras all over India, but these celebrations are most prominent in the states of Punjab and Haryana.

The Guru Granth Sahib has 1,430 pages, and for every Guruparv, the entire text is read without pause. This is called the Akhand Path and takes forty-eight hours to complete. The Akhand Path is considered sanctifying, and many people attend Gurudwaras just to listen to it.

4. What is Langar?

Earlier, we mentioned a special meal called Langar, which is served in Sikh temples every day, and especially on the auspicious day of Guruparv. But what is the meaning of Langar?

Langar means “service” and refers to the kitchen run in Sikh temples where every visitor is offered a free meal. Langar food is vegetarian so that people of any faith or diet may participate. This tradition was started by Guru Nanak.

5. Essential Vocabulary for Guru Nanak Jayanti

Sikhism

Here’s some Hindi vocabulary you should know for the Guru Nanak Jayanti festival!

  • गिद्धा (giddha) — Giddha
  • पंजाब (punjab) — Punjab
  • ननकाना साहिब (nankana sahib) — Nankana Sahib
  • सिख (sikh) — Sikhism
  • पहले सिख गुरु (pehle sikh guru) — First sikh guru
  • गुरुद्वारा (gurudwara) — Gurudwara
  • गोल्डन टेंपल (goldan temple) — Golden Temple
  • अमृतसर (amritsar) — Amritsar
  • पगड़ी (pagdi) — Turban
  • गुरु ग्रंथ साहिब (Giddha) — Guru Granth Sahib
  • भंगरा (Bhangra) — Bhangra

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, and read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Guru Nanak Jayanti vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about how Nanak Jayanti is celebrated, and that you learned something new! How are important figures’ birthdays celebrated in your own country? Similarly, or very different from the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak? Let us know in the comments!

Learning about a country’s culture and history may be the most enriching and fascinating aspects of trying to master its language. If more cultural information is what you’re after, you may find the following pages helpful:

We also provide numerous resources to help you in your Hindi language learning. We know that learning a new language is a monumental task, but you can do it! And HindiPod101.com will be here with practical learning tools and constant support for every step of your journey to language mastery! Create a free lifetime account today, and learn Hindi like never before.

Happy Hindi learning!

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A Tribute to Mahatma Gandhi: The Gandhi Jayanti in India

The Gandhi Jayanti in India

A precious gem born in the land of India helped the country maintain its freedom from the British through truth, nonviolence, and peace. His name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, otherwise known as Mahatma Gandhi.

In this article, you’ll learn about how the Indian people celebrate the Gandhi Jayanti, or Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, each year. We’ll also go into some detail about Gandhi’s beliefs and his lasting effect on the Indian people.

In learning about the Gandhi Jayanti celebration in India, you’re gaining a clearer vision of Indian culture and what sets it apart from much of the world. And, in turn, this will make your Hindi-learning more effective and meaningful!

At HindiPod101.com, we hope to make every aspect of your language-learning journey both fun and informative!

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1. What is the Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti in India?

Gandhi Jayanti is the anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi who is the “Father of the Nation.” This is one of the three official national holidays, and is celebrated in all Indian states and union territories.

Gandhi was one of the numerous influential Indian leaders during the Indian independence movement from Britain. He initiated the use of non-violence as a political tool and inspired other great leaders including Martin Luther King, Jr., Nelson Mandela, Aung San Su Kyi, and Benigno Aquino, Jr. He was a very conscious figure in both India and the West, and his legacy still propels us today.

2. When is Gandhi Jayanti?

Mahatma Gandhi

The Gandhi Jayanti holiday in India takes place on Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday each year, which is October 2.

3. How is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated in India?

Dhoti

As of 2007, the United Nations General Assembly declared that India would celebrate the Gandhi Jayanti as the International Day of Nonviolence. On Gandhi Jayanti, liquor is neither sold nor consumed in India in honor of Gandhi ji, who was an icon of truth and Ahinsa (non-violence).

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated through various events. India’s president, prime minister, and other ministers visit Samadhi, Rajghat to pay homage to him and sing patriotic songs. In schools, children are shown the ideas, values, views, and contributions of Gandhi, and taught how to use them in their lives.

The picture of Gandhi-ji is placed in every police station, government office, school, court, and corporate company, to show people to follow on the path of non-violence, love, and truth.

4. More Interesting Facts About Gandhi

Gandhi always opposed foreign materials and emphasized on vernacular things. He exhorted the people to use charkha (spinning wheels) and to wear the khadi clothes, and keeping the poverty in mind, he promoted small-scale industries.

Gandji-ji respected all religions and the statement Hindu Muslim Sikh Isai, aapas mein hain bhai bhai (Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, or Christian, we are all brothers) was given to all the Indians of the country.

His famous dictum is Ishwar Allah tere naam! Sabko sanmati de bhagwan! (Ishwar and Allah are both Your names! Please give everyone good sense!).

5. Essential Vocabulary for Gandhi Jayanti

Silhouette of Man Holding Flag

Here’s some vocabulary you need to know for the Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti!

  • गाँधी जयंती (gaanDHii jayaNTii) — Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday
  • अस्पृश्यता (ashparshta) — untouchability
  • सत्य (saTya) — truth
  • भारत छोड़ो (bhaaraT chhodo) — quit India
  • विभाजन (vibhaajan) — partition
  • अहिंसा (ahinsa) — non-violence
  • आज़ादी (aazaaDii) — independence
  • स्वतंत्रता-सेनानी (svaTanTraTa senaani) — freedom fighter
  • आज़ादी (aazadi) — freedom
  • धोती (dhoTii) — dhoti
  • चरखा (charkhaa) — charkha
  • बंदी (banDii) — imprisoned

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, visit our Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti vocabulary list. Here, you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio file of its pronunciation, and a relevant image.

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What are your thoughts on the Gandhi Jayanti? Does your country have a holiday commemorating an important historical figure? Let us know in the comments; we always look forward to hearing from you!

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Happy learning!

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Lord Jagannath Chariot Festival: To Dwarka & Beyond

Lord Jagannath Chariot Festival

Every year a massive festival is celebrated in the middle of summer, or in Hindi Grishm Ritu in eastern India, where the Lord Jagannath is taken on a chariot ride to Dwarka and more pilgrimage sites. In this lesson, we’re talking about the special festival of the Chariot Ride, celebrated for nine days during the Hindu month of Aashad, and the significance of Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra.

Since the Jagannath Festival is one of the most celebrated in India, learning about it will allow you to better understand Hindu culture and religion as a whole. And as any successful language-learner can tell you, this is a vital step in mastering any language!

At HindiPod101.com, we hope to make this learning journey both fun and informative, as you delve into the Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri.

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1. What is the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath?

The Chariot Festival involves a journey comprised of three chariots carrying the statues of Lord Jagannath, Subhadra, and Balram, respectively. Lord Jagannath is a human incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

In his life story, when he killed the evil king Kansa and rid the people of his tyranny, the entire city came out to greet Lord Vishnu as he paraded victoriously through town.

This event is commemorated every year with his idol, in Hindi called a Moorti. Each year, three new chariots are made and decorated out of sandalwood for the occasion.

2. When is the Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra?

The date of the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath varies each year on the Gregorian calendar, but always takes place in June or July. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2019: July 4
  • 2020: June 23
  • 2021: July 11
  • 2022: June 30
  • 2023: June 19
  • 2024: July 7
  • 2025: June 26
  • 2026: July 16
  • 2027: July 5
  • 2028: June 24

3. How is the Chariot Festival Celebrated?

Fireworks Going Off

1- The Chariots & The Char Dham

The biggest celebrations are held in Odisha, where this is considered a huge occasion. In the city of Puri, three chariots leave the Jagannath Temple each year, and devotees pull them to the Gundicha Temple two miles away. The chariots are as follows:

  • The first chariot of Lord Balram is called Taldhwaj, and is decorated in red and blue drapes.
  • The second chariot of Subhadra is called Dwarpdalan and is decorated in red and black fabric.
  • The third one, of Lord Jagannath, is forty-four feet high, stands on sixteen wheels, and is called Nandi Ghosha.

After nine days, the chariots are taken back to the Jagannath Temple via the Mausi Ma Temple. At the Mausi Ma Temple, people eat special Poda Pitha sweets. People play conch shells, temple bells, and the flute along the Yatra, and millions of devotees throng the route to view the idols, yelling Jai Jagannath! meaning “Praising Lord Jagannath!” This tradition was started by King Indradyumna of the Kaling Kingdom, who commissioned construction for the three idols and Lord Jagannath’s temple.

Do you know what the four sites of the Char Dham pilgrimage are? They are as follows:

  • Badrinath
  • Dwarka
  • Puri
  • Rameswaram

2- Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra Story

The arms of the three idols are noticeably incomplete, yet an old legend related to King Indradyumna and his sculptor explains why this is so.

Through divine guidance, the King was guided to employ a certain sculptor. However, the sculptor’s only condition for creating the idols was that no one should come to him, or even knock on his door for twenty-one days. The King agreed, but after hearing no noise coming from the room after fourteen days, the King grew restless and opened the door. Inside, he found the three uncompleted idols, but the sculptor was gone. Taking this as the gods’ will, the King installed the idols in their incomplete form.

4. The Puri Jagannath Temple

What is the Puri Jagannath temple, the starting point of the Chariot Festival, famous for?

Lord Vishnu is a major deity in Hinduism. There are four temples in India in the four directions dedicated to four major deities. The Lord Jagannath temple at Puri is the eastern temple of Lord Vishnu. This is the only temple where Lord Jagannath shares space with Balram and Subhadra.

5. Useful Vocabulary for the Chariot Festival

Food for Deity

Here’s some vocabulary you should know for the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath!

  • पर्यटक (paryatak) — tourist
  • मंदिर (maNDir) — temple
  • घोड़ा (ghoDaa) — horse
  • रथ यात्रा (rath yaatraa) — Festival of Lord Jagannath
  • सड़क पर जुलूस निकालना (sadak par juloos nikaalna) — street procession
  • पवित्र स्नान (paviTra snaan) — holy bath
  • देव (Dev) — deity
  • रथ (rath) — chariot
  • लकड़ी (iakdi) — wood
  • चार धाम (Char Dham) — Char Dham
  • पुरी (Puri) — Puri
  • बद्रीनाथ (Badrinath) — Badrinath
  • द्वारका (Dwarka) — Dwarka, India
  • चंदन की लकड़ी (chandan ki lakdi) — sandalwood
  • भगवान ब्रह्मा (Bhagwan Brahma) — Lord Brahma (Lord Brahma sometimes referred to as Vishnu’s “creative aspect”)
  • संसार (sansar) — world
  • त्यौहार (tyohar) — festival
  • ब्रह्माण्ड (brhamaand) — universe
  • यात्रा (yatra) — journey
  • मूर्ति (murti) — idol
  • प्रसाद (prasad) — food offered to a deity

To hear each vocabulary word pronounced, check out our Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath vocabulary list!

Conclusion

We hope you enjoyed learning about the Chariot Festival of Lord Jagannath with us, and that you took away something valuable from this lesson! Do you remember the answer to the question: “Lord Jagannath is a form of which Hindu god?” Let us know in the comments!

To continue learning about Hindi culture and the Hindi language, visit us at HindiPod101.com! We provide an array of fun and practical learning tools for every learner, including free Hindi vocabulary lists, more insightful blog posts like this one, and an online community where you can chat with fellow Hindi learners or ask for help. By upgrading to Premium Plus, you can also take advantage of our MyTeacher program, and learn Hindi one-on-one with your own personal teacher!

Know that your hard work in learning Hindi will pay off, and before you know it, you’ll be speaking, reading, and writing Hindi like a native!

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Watch Bollywood/ Hindi Movies & Learn Hindi in No Time!

If you’re a true cinema lover, chances are you’ve stumbled upon the magical world of Hindi movies or Hindi films (a.k.a. Bollywood movies) at some point. For those who aren’t familiar with the Indian mainstream cinema, below are a few interesting facts about Indian cinema and Hindi box office movies to better your understanding.

Table of Contents

  1. Interesting Facts About Indian Cinema and Bollywood
  2. Learning Hindi with Bollywood Movies!
  3. Improve Your Hindi with Bollywood’s Most Popular and Timeless Movies
  4. Inspirational Movies
  5. Movies on Sensitive Issues
  6. Entertainment with a Message
  7. Romance
  8. Comedy
  9. Hindi Learning Made Easy with HindiPod101

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1. Interesting Facts About Indian Cinema and Bollywood

  • With a rich and remarkable history of Indian cinema, the country produces Indian movies in more than twenty Indian languages.
  • Interestingly, Indian cinema produces the largest number of movies in the world, even surpassing Hollywood in terms of its annual production.
  • There are three main categories of movies in India. These are Masala movies (Commercial cinema), Art movies (Parallel cinema), and Regional movies (Multilingual cinema).
  • Bollywood is mainly associated with making movies in the Hindi language. These Hindi movies possess a Hindi-Urdu dialect known as Hindustani, one of the Top five Hindi dialects in India.
  • Nowadays, Hindustani is often accompanied by many English words, acquiring the name of a Hinglish dialect.
  • We just can’t imagine a Hindi movie not suffused with lots of songs and dance beats. For most commercial Hindi movies, music is the backbone of their success.

2. Learning Hindi with Movies?

But why are we talking about movies at our learning site HindiPod101? Is it really possible to learn Hindi from Bollywood movies? The answer is yes.

Top verbs

So now you must be wondering how to learn Hindi through movies. You can learn Hindi by movies, but that’s not all. Over the past few decades, films have proven their worth in ways that go far beyond linguistic insights.

3. Why You Should Learn Hindi With Bollywood Movies

In this section, we promise to share with you some of the best Bollywood movies to learn Hindi, ranging from the classic films to new Indian movies.

Along with that, for anyone out there wondering cluelessly, our article will also act as your helping hand, going over how to learn Hindi by watching movies.

The list below includes all good Indian movies with impeccable storylines, flawless scripts, and great overall talent.

So, brace yourself to get swept off your feet with these handpicked Hindi movies you must watch.

By the way, if you’re looking for Hindi movies (2018 ) or Hindi movies (2019), you can always check for Hindi movies online or search for Hindi movies on YouTube. When it comes to Hindi movies, streaming is often a great option.

Movie genres

4. Inspirational Movies

When it comes to the language of Hindi’s best movies, Bollywood has made several remarkable inspirational movies, based on both real-life stories and fiction. The great thing about such films is that they carry the power to touch our lives. We all struggle with various challenges, but sometimes it becomes hard to pull yourself together and keep moving. At such moments, a fine cinema (Indians’ best movies) can provide you with much-needed enthusiasm to get you going.

1- Bhaag Milkha Bhaag (2013)

Mhaag MiLkhaa Bhaag

  • Hindi Title: भाग मिल्खा भाग
  • Romanization: bhaag miLkhaa bhaag
  • English Title: Run Milkha Run

Milkha is a kid in Punjab, who has seen his family members being massacred during the partition riots between India and Pakistan. Successfully escaping the horrendous atmosphere in the village, he finds his married sister in the refugee camp.

Confused at first, he soon realizes his passion and strength for running and decides to become an athlete. The road to athletics is not so smooth; however, determined Milkha not only grabs a world champion title, but also becomes a sports icon for many. All while dealing with his own emotional challenges and painful childhood memories.

The movie is inspired by the life of the real Olympian athlete, Milkha Singh. The pristine dialogue delivery, inspiring real-life story, and heart-touching depiction of India’s post-independence struggle makes it the best movie for learning Hindi and taking a peek at the village life in India as well.

Famous Quotes:

  • लोग बुरे नहीं होते, हालात बुरे होते हैं।
    Log bure nahiin hoTe, haaLaaT bure hoTe hain.
    “People are not bad, circumstances are bad.”
  • ऊँचाई पर उड़ने वाले पंछी, छोटे-छोटे पेड़ों से दिल नहीं लगाते।
    uuncaaii par udaNe vaaLe paNchii, chote-chote pedon Se DiL nahiin LagaaTe.
    “Birds which aim to fly high don’t get attached to mere trees.”

Useful Words:

  • दौड़ (Daud) Race
  • भाग (bhaag) Run
  • मिट्टी (mittii) Soil
  • पंछी (paNchii) Birds
  • बहन (bahaN) Sister
  • गाँव (gaanv) Village

2- Mary Kom (2014)

Mary Kom

  • Hindi Title: मैरी कॉम
  • Romanization: mairii kaum
  • English Title: Mary Kom

Born in Manipur, a small state in India, Mary Kom is far from being a traditional girl. Even in school, she refuses to tolerate the mischievous boys and indulges in serious fights with them. Belonging to a poor family, her father is a simple farmer who somehow manages the basic necessities but never compromises on the education of his kids.

Mary knows her mental and physical strength very well but is directionless. It’s only when she gets in touch with her soon-to-be boxing coach that her life takes a huge turn and finally attains a bright path.

This is another biopic that shows us the life of a true gem of India, Mary Kom, who literally needs no introduction. Her career shimmers with gold medals and championship titles. She has been the World Amateur Boxing champion for a record six times.

If you’re inclined to watch a new Hindi movie, then Mary Kom will definitely keep you glued to the screen while filling you with great determination.

Famous Quotes:

  • किसी को इतना मत डराओ कि डर ही ख़त्म हो जाए।

    kiSii ko iTaNaa maT daraao ki dar hii khaTm ho jaaye.
    “Don’t scare someone so much that he/she stops feeling the fear.”

Useful Words:

  • लड़की (Ladakii) Girl
  • डर (dar) Fear
  • जीतना (jiiTaNaa) To win
  • जीत (jiiT) Victory
  • खेलना (kheLaNaa) To play

3- Rang De Basanti (2006)

rang De baSaNTii

  • Hindi Title: रंग दे बसंती
  • Romanization: rang De baSaNTii
  • English Title: Color Me Saffron

We could suggest that you watch many of the latest Indian movies with amazing scripts, but nothing can touch the full entertainment value of the film Rang De Basanti. It will make you a die-hard Bollywood fan.

The story is about five college friends and a British girl whose great grandfather had been in the British army when Britain ruled India. Now, after so many years, Sue discovers her great grandfather’s diary and decides to make a film on the freedom fighters of India.

She meets these five youths, but is disappointed with their reluctance and pessimistic views about their own country. Does her disbelief change their hearts? Do these friends realize something about themselves while trying to help Sue?

Find out for yourself by watching Rang De Basanti and many similar Hindi movies on YouTube.

Famous Quotes:

  • कोई भी देश परफ़ेक्ट नहीं होता, उसे बेहतर बनाना पड़ता है।
    koii bhii Des parafekt nahiin hoTaa, uSe behaTar baNaaNaa padaTaa hai.
    “No country is perfect, we ought to make it better.”

Useful Words:

  • देश (Des) Country
  • हम (ham) We
  • आज़ादी (aazaaDii) Freedom
  • लड़ाई (Ladaaii) Fighting

5. Movies on Sensitive Issues

Over the past several years, Bollywood has produced a handful of sensitive Indian movies. 2017 was a prolific year for the audiences craving Indian new movies with rich and meaningful content. Check out some out-of-the-box new Indian movies (2017) and get a taste of sensible entertainment.

But before you get started with a new Hindi movie (2017), we’d also like to throw some light on exceptional Hindi films that are beyond time.

1- Akele Hum Akele Tum (1995)

I am Alone, You are Alone

    Hindi Title: अकेले हम अकेले तुम
    Romanization: akeLe ham akeLe Tum
    English Title: I am Alone, You are Alone.

The 90s era was like a detailed bouquet with all types of flowers tucked into it. Thanks to the internet, it’s possible for us to watch these Indian movies online on various platforms.

Akele Hum Akele Tum revolves around a young couple and their marriage which is falling apart. In the story, the wife (Kiran) leaves her husband (Rohit) and five-year-old son (Sunil). Kiran dreams of becoming a successful singer, but Rohit’s career is going through a low phase. On top of that, he also has to take care of his son.

After a while, Kiran is well-established and files for the custody of her son. By that time, the father and son have already developed a deep bond. The movie portrays the hardships of a desperate father who’s not ready to give up his child at any cost.

The intense emotions genuinely played by all the great actors makes this Hindi movie a must-watch. Enjoy the film Akele Hum Akele Tum and explore the entire world of Indian movies in YouTube.

Famous Quotes:

  • ज़रूरी है क्या कि हमेशा एक माँ अपने बच्चे को उसके बाप से ज़्यादा प्यार करती हो?
    zaruurii hai kyaa ki hamesaa ek maan apaNe bacce ko uSake baap Se zyaaDaa pyaar karaTii ho?
    “Must a mother always love the child more than the father?”

Useful Words:

  • बेटा (betaa) Son
  • संगीत (SangiiT) Music
  • माँ (maa) Mother
  • पिता (piTaa) Father

2- A Wednesday (2008 )

A Wednesday

  • Hindi Title: अ वेडनसडे
  • Romanization: a vedaNaSade
  • English Title: A Wednesday

India is a diverse country where people from all religions try to live in harmony. But there’s another monstrosity growing in the country which nobody wants. It’s the dark and vile religion of terrorism which engulfs innocent lives without a warning.

What happens when the system fails us? When a common man takes things into his own hands? Watch the thriller A Wednesday on Netflix and experience an adrenaline rush with every twist in the plot. Certainly a great option in terms of Hindi action movies.

Famous Quotes:

  • इंसान नाम में मज़हब ढूंढ लेता है।
    iNSaaN Naam men mazahab dhuundh LeTaa hai.
    “A person looks for religion in a person’s name.”

Useful Words:

  • आतंकवादी (aaTankavaaDii) Terrorist
  • आम आदमी (aam aaDamii) Common man
  • मज़हब (mazahab) Religion
  • नाम (Naam) Name
  • मंत्री (maNTrii) Minister
  • ख़ैरियत (khairiyaT) Well-being

Here are some tips to improve your pronunciation while watching movies in Hindi.

Ways to improve pronunciation

3- Taare Zameen par (2007)

Stars on the Land

  • Hindi Title: तारे ज़मीन पर
  • Romanization: Taare zamiiN par
  • English Title: Stars on the Land

A young boy (Ishaan) suffers from dyslexia. But neither he nor his parents know that. His poor performance in class frustrates his father, who instead of finding the real issue, blames Ishaan for lack of interest in studies and sends him away to a boarding school.

Ishaan feels cut off from his family and becomes a rather quiet child who hardly speaks. Then, a new teacher joins the school and realizes that something isn’t right with this child. How his own childhood experiences coincide with that of Ishaan makes this movie so emotionally moving for parents as well as kids.

If the plot has already touched your heart, don’t wait up to watch one of the best Indian movies online (free). And yes, keep the tissues ready, by your side!

Famous Quotes:

  • हर बच्चे की अपनी ख़ूबी होती है, अपनी क़ाबिलियत होती है, अपनी चाहत होती है।
  • har bacce kii apaNii khuubii hoTii hai, apaNii qaabiLiyaT hoTii hai, apaNii caahaT hoTii hai.
  • “Every child has his/her own specialty, own talent, and own desires.”

Useful Words:

  • शिक्षा (siksaa) Education
  • समझना (SamajhaNaa) To understand
  • दिमाग़ (Dimaaġ) Mind

6. Entertainment with a Message

Whether you’re a beginner in Hindi or wish to polish your language knowledge, one of the sure-shot methods to improve is to watch Indian movies online on a regular basis. Here’s the IMDb list of best Hindi movies (2016). You can also refer to the list of best Indian movies (2016) by Huffington Post. Consider each movie as a book. Immerse yourself in it completely and you’ll soon begin talking like a native speaker.

1- Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara (2011)

You Won’t Get this Life Again

  • Hindi Title: ज़िंदगी ना मिलेगी दोबारा
  • Romanization: ziNDagii Naa miLegii Dobaaraa
  • English Title: You Won’t Get this Life Again

Three childhood friends meet up, one of which is soon to be married. All three of them have different lives and different natures, and they are troubled by their own kinds of challenges.

In their journey to adulthood, they’re trying to find the true purpose of life. On one hand, the movie pampers its audience with laughter and fun; on the other, it depicts the loneliness and confusion of today’s seemingly happy youth.

Famous Quotes:

  • इंसान को डिब्बे में सिर्फ़ तब होना चाहिए, जब वो मर चुका हो।
    iNSaaN ko dibbe men Sirf Tab hoNaa caahiye, jab vo mar cukaa ho.
    “A person should only be confined within a box when he/she is dead.”

Useful Words:

  • पैसा (paiSaa) Money
  • दोस्त (DoST) Friend
  • बाप (baap) Father
  • धोखा (DHokhaa) Betrayal

2- Anand (1971)

aaNaND

  • Hindi Title: आनंद
  • Romanization: aaNaND
  • English Title: Joy

Sometimes, those who have few days to live are the ones who know how to live life to its fullest. Such people make each day count. They find happiness in every tiny aspect of life and stop worrying about trivial things.

Anand, which means “joy,” is the name of the main character in the film. Anand is suffering from cancer in its terminal phase. But instead of feeling sad, he smiles all the time, spreading joy to those around him. He refuses to be crushed by the illness and his liveliness inspires others to live better.

If you have a taste for classic movies, this one should be a perfect choice for you!

Famous Quotes:

  • ज़िन्दगी बड़ी होनी चाहिए, लम्बी नहीं।
    ziNDagii badii hoNii caahiye, Lambii Nahiin.
    “Life should be grand, not long.”

Useful Words:

  • ज़िंदगी (ziNDagii) Life
  • मौत (mauT) Death
  • गीत (giiT) Song
  • पल (paL) Moment
  • ख़ुशी (khusii) Happiness
  • ग़म (ġam) Sadness

3- English Vinglish (2012)

Learning English

  • Hindi Title: इंग्लिश विंग्लिश
  • Romanization: ingLis vingLis
  • English Title: Learning English

Out of all the movies we’ve mentioned so far, English Vinglish is a true show-stealer, especially for a language learner. The film depicts the life of a housewife, Shashi, with a passion for cooking. A sincere and responsible woman with only one blot on her personality: She doesn’t know English.

Her family judges her, makes fun of her, and even despises her for this. Things become worse when Shashi has to move abroad and settle there. But deep down, it’s not just the language problem that’s troubling her. She’s searching for her identity as a person.

This is a simple and realistic movie which showcases the pain of women who are made to believe that life ends after marriage. That their whole survival revolves around her husband and kids. That there can be no new beginning for them.

Famous Quotes:

  • मर्द खाना बनाये तो कला है, औरत बनाये तो उसका फ़र्ज़ है।
    marD khaaNaa baNaaye To kaLaa hai, auraT baNaaye To uSakaa farz hai.
    “If a man cooks, it’s an art, but if a woman cooks, it’s her duty.”
  • पहली बार…एक ही बार आता है।
    pahaLii baar…ek hii baar aaTaa hai.
    “The first time…comes only one time.”

Useful Words:

  • घर (ghar) Home
  • इज़्ज़त (izzaT) Respect
  • सीखना (SiikhaNaa) To learn
  • औरत (auraT) Woman
  • मर्द (marD) Man

7. Romance

Now, when we say “romance,” it’s not typical dating we’re going to talk about. The handpicked movies in this category cover the delicate relationships between a man and woman, but with extraordinary circumstances.

But being the dreamy romantic soul, you have every reason to also check out these best romantic movies of the decade. The list contains some of the most popular romantic Indian movies (2016) as well as 2015 Indian movies.

1- Bombay (1995)

Bombay

  • Hindi Title: बॉम्बे
  • Romanization: baumbe
  • English Title: Bombay

A landmark movie of the 90s era, Bombay created a lot of controversy and even some bomb blasts in the heart of Mumbai. The plot narrates an innocent but serious love budding between a Hindu man and Muslim woman. They get married and have kids.

But how viable is the marriage and their own existence when the whole country is burning with Hindu-Muslim riots? For so many reasons, and despite all the controversies, the film succeeded in touching everyone’s hearts. Needless to say, it’s still counted as one of the best masterpieces of Mani Ratnam.

Famous Quotes:

    आप लोगों के सिद्धांतों के कारण आम लोग खामखाँ मर रहे हैं। मुंबई जल रही है। ये क़त्ल-ए-आम कब बंद होगा?
    aap Logon ke SiDDHaaNTon ke kaaran aam log khaamakhaan mar rahe hain. Mumbaii jaL rahii hai. Ye qaTL-e-aam kab banD hogaa?
    “It’s because of your philosophies that innocent people are dying. Mumbai is burning. When will this massacre end?”

Useful Words:

  • धर्म (DHarm) Religion
  • क़त्ल (qaTL) Murder
  • ख़ून (khuuN) Blood
  • बच्चे (bacce) Children

2- Ijaazat (1987)

Permission

  • Hindi Title: इजाज़त
  • Romanization: ijaazaT
  • English Title: Permission

If you’re looking for deeper issues regarding a relationship, this one is a real gem. Ijaazat is a movie way ahead of its time. With all its dignity and sensibility, the film takes you through the complications of an extra-marital affair.

Gulzar casts his magic with the flawless dialogue, intense chemistry between the actors, and timeless song lyrics. The confusions of a couple, their altering love for each other, the jealousy, trauma, misunderstandings, and pain, have all been portrayed so beautifully. Even today, no other director has been able to tackle a similar movie with such maturity.

Famous Quotes:

  • मैं माया से प्यार करता था – ये सच है। और उसे भूलने की कोशिश कर रहा हूँ – ये सही है। लेकिन इसमें तुम मेरी मदद नहीं करोगी तो मेरे लिए बड़ी मुश्किल होगी। क्यूंकि मुझसे ज़्यादा वो तुम्हें याद रहती है।
    main maayaa Se pyaar karaTaa THaa – ye Sac hai. aur uSe bhuuLaNe kii kosis kar raha huun – ye Sahii hai. LekiN iS men Tum merii maDaD Nahiin karogii To mere Liye badi muskiL hogii. Kyunki mujhaSe zyaaDaa vo Tumhen yaaD rahaTii hai.
    “That I loved Maya is true. That I’m trying to forget her is also true. But if you don’t help me in doing so, it will be very, very difficult for me. Because you think of her more often than I do.”

Useful Words:

  • मैं (main) I
  • तुम (Tum) You
  • कोशिश (kosis) Effort
  • इनकार (iNakaar) Refusal
  • याद (yaaD) Memory

3- Qayamat se Qayamat Tak (1988 )

The Lovers’ Doom

  • Hindi Title: क़यामत से क़यामत तक
  • Romanization: qayaamaT Se qayaamaT Tak
  • English Title: The Lovers’ Doom

Another fierce movie that proves the power of cinema and its role in society. India has a dark history of intolerance for the interreligious and inter-caste marriages. The movie Qayamat se Qayamat Tak is about two lovers whose families have a history of enmity with each other.

When the family members come to know about the couple’s relationship, they have no second thoughts about killing the boy and girl. Although it’s not strictly about different castes or religions, the movie does throw light on the evil of honor killing prevalent in Indian society till today.

Famous Quotes:

  • अगर हम किसी के लिए दीवाने हो गए…तो ये कोई ज़रूरी तो नहीं…कि वो भी हमारे लिए दीवाना हो जाए।
    agar ham kiSii ke Liye DiivaaNe ho gaye…To ye koii zaruurii To Nahiin…ke vo bhii hamaare Liye DiivaaNaa ho jaaye.
    “If I go crazy for someone…then it is not necessary that…that person should also go crazy for me.”

Useful Words:

  • मोहब्बत (mohabbaT) Love
  • समझना (SamajhaNaa) To understand
  • इंतज़ार (iNTazaar) Wait
  • दिल (DiL) Heart

8. Comedy

And finally, we’ve arrived to the genre that’s loved by all. Yes, we’re talking about Indian comedy movies.

1- Chhoti si baat (1976)

Just a Little Thing

  • Hindi Title: छोटी सी बात
  • Romanization: chotii Sii baaT
  • English Title: Just a Little Thing

A shy, timid man (Arun) falls in love with a chirpy and vibrant lady (Prabha). The problem is, Arun can’t gather enough courage to express his feelings for her. To make the matter worse, there’s another man, self-confident and well-spoken, trying to woo the same woman.

Tension rises when Arun sees a love triangle building up in his life. Does he get over the shyness and open up his heart to Prabha? Does Arun win the love of his life? Watch Chhoti Si Baat and get to the end of this cute love story to find out.

Famous Quotes:

  • प्यार पाने के लिए कोई भी तरीक़ा नाजायज़ नहीं है।
    pyaar paaNe ke Liye koii bhii Tareeqaa Naajaayaz nahiin hai.
    “No way is illegitimate to achieve love.”

Useful Words:

  • प्यार (pyaar) Love
  • शर्मीला (sarmiiLaa) Shy
  • दफ़्तर (DafTar) Office

2- Chachi 420 (1997)

Aunty with a Twist

  • Hindi Title: चाची ४२०
  • Romanization: caacii 420
  • English Title: Aunty with a Twist

When it comes to staying close to his cute little daughter, a father is ready to go to any extent. In the comedy movie Chachi 420, Jaiprakash and Janki are divorced. Their only daughter, Bharti, lives with her mother.

To audiences’ surprise, Jaiprakash gets made over to look like a trickster aunt and starts working as a maid in Janki’s house. The movie is filled with sweet and sour moments which are bound to make you giggle and keep you glued to the screen the entire time.

Famous Quotes:

  • क़ानून शादी को तोड़ सकता है…प्यार को नहीं।
    qaaNuuN saaDii ko Tod SakaTaa hai…pyaar ko nahiin.
    “The law can end a marriage…but not love.

Useful Words:

  • चाची (caacii) Aunty
  • क़ानून (qaaNuuN) Law
  • तलाक़ (TaLaaq) Divorce
  • बेटी (beTii) Daughter

3- Andaz Apna Apna (1994)

Everybody’s Got Own Style

  • Hindi Title: अंदाज़ अपना अपना
  • Romanization: aNDaaz apaNaa apaNaa
  • English Title: Everybody’s Got Own Style

If you ask us to vouch for just one comedy movie, we’d do so for Andaz Apna Apna. Before you start watching this movie, let us warn you about the fits of laughter and tears of joy that you’re going to experience.

Prem and Amar are eager to become millionaires by marrying a rich girl. Unfortunately (but luckily for us!), they both are after the same girl. In order to get the other person out of the scene, they try every possible trick which ultimately creates a series of hilarious events.

Famous Quotes:

  • भाभी होगी तेरी और शादी होगी मेरी।
    bhaabhii hogii Terii aur saaDii hogii merii.
    “She’ll be your sister-in-law and I will be the one to get married.”
  • ग़लती से मिस्टेक हो गया।
    ġaLTii Se miStek ho gayaa.
    “A mistake by mistake.”

Useful Words:

  • दोस्त (DoST) Friend/Buddy
  • ग़लती (ġaLTii) Mistake
  • शादी (saaDii) Marriage
  • पैसा (paiSaa) Money
  • लड़की (Ladakii) Girl

9. Hindi Learning Made Easy with HindiPod101

Language learning becomes much more effective when you have all the necessary resources in your reach. A brilliantly organized Hindi learning system at HindiPod101 offers you just that. You can simply download our mobile application. Sign up at HindiPod101 and directly access our amazing beginner-level lesson library, PDF notes, Hindi dictionary, and guidance at MyTeacher Messenger.

With easy and world-class learning materials, our online teachers are there to help you with every little problem. Learn more about us at our Home Page and explore a whole new world of Hindi learning!

In the meantime, please let us know which of these Hindi movies you plan on seeing soon and why! And, again, Hindi films (2018 ) and Hindi films (2019) may be available online. Just in case you’re not sure yet, you can also search for these Hindi movies’ official trailers. 😉

Start with a bonus, and download the Must-Know Beginner Vocabulary PDF for FREE! (Logged-In Member Only)

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Watch the Best Hindi TV Shows and Have Fun Learning Hindi

In the 21st century, television is much more than an entertainment device. For anyone out there who wishes to learn spoken Hindi, watching a Hindi TV show is a brilliant way to do that. Regular exposure to quality Hindi TV shows will help make you fluent in the commonly used words in the Hindi language, the tone, and the culture of India as well.

Netflix and YouTube make available several Hindi shows that you can check out and choose from. The easy recaps, optional playback speeds, and free access to Hindi TV shows online make it a great resource for beginners. Hindi TV shows in YouTube really offer so much convenience!

But before setting out for your favorite Hindi show, brush up your basics at HindiPod101. Get one step ahead with your learning by following these Top 10 Strategies while you sit back and watch Hindi shows online. If language learning is an ocean, then get ready for a deep dive with unlimited free Hindi TV shows online.

Having said that, selecting the right serials can be a tricky business! But you need not worry about that. We’ve handpicked the real pearls, the top ten Hindi TV shows, exclusively for you. So, let’s embark on the voyage of Hindi learning with these ten must-watch Hindi shows of 2018.

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Table of Contents

  1. But Why these TV Shows?
  2. Comedy with a Purpose
  3. Literary Classics
  4. Animation Series
  5. Series that Deal with Sensitive Issues
  6. The Infotainment Watches
  7. Series that haven’t been Included and Why
  8. Conclusion

1. Why these TV Shows?

Wondering how we came up with “the list” in the first place? Well, here are our grounds for recommending these most popular Hindi TV shows to you.

  • The Household Language

    The A-listed popular Hindi TV shows mentioned below give you the low-down on the Hindi words spoken in daily life. Simple language and commonly used Hindi phrases make these programs worth watching for any Hindi learner.

  • Crystal Clear Dialogue Delivery

    For a starter, catching up with the conversations in an ordinary show in Hindi language can be exhausting! But these top-class serials not only have pristine dialogue delivery, but also attempt to use simple words spoken at a desirable speed.

  • Captivating and Meaningful Script

    Whether you want to watch a Hindi comedy show or a spicy drama, our list has it all. In the end, what matters most is a compelling story that grabs your attention and keeps you glued to your TV set.

  • The Acting and Direction

    Stellar performances and exquisite direction are more than enough reasons to watch Hindi TV shows online. While the genre for these best Indian Hindi TV shows may be different, the artistic finesse is visible in all of them.

  • Now that we’ve warmed up a bit, why not grab the bull by the horns! Read our reviews about the best Hindi shows and start with your favorite “pick.”

2. Comedy with a Purpose

Giggle with this refreshing Hindi comedy shows list. Curious souls must also explore some interesting facts about India on HindiPod101. Learning has never been such fun before!

1- Zabaan Sambhalke

Zabaan Sambhalke surpasses all the other comedy Hindi shows. Inspired by the famous British sitcom Mind Your Language, it’s our first recommendation. This is mostly because any Hindi beginner can totally relate with the characters in this program.

When Mohan Bharti (the teacher) tries to teach Hindi to his adult students, it turns into a rather rib-tickling series of events. The whole setup of this Hindi comedy show revolves around a classroom, where students are struggling with wrong pronunciations, misspellings, and incorrect word usage.

A brilliant star cast, including Pankaj Kapoor and Tom Alter, is there to shake you with laughter. Originally, the serial aired during 1993-1998. However, you can still catch up with the first episode on its YouTube Hindi TV show channel.

Useful Words:

  • zabaaN — Language
  • SambhaaL ke — Minding

2- Office Office

If you want to know the real maneuvers of typical India, watch Office Office, one of the best Hindi comedy shows. For a long time, bribery and corruption have crippled the system of Indian society. Office Office hits just the right chord on these topics with its wit and humor.

The whole series comprises of more than 100 episodes, each one with a unique story. The cast includes big names including Pankaj Kapoor, Asawari Joshi, and Sanjay Mishra, all exceptional theatre artists.

Mussaddi Lal is the main character, who represents every Indian. He goes to different government offices and seeks help for one problem or another. But every time, he’s fooled and robbed by the officials (in a hilarious way, of course).

Curious? See for yourself how this usually goes down! Go ahead and download this Hindi show to get a feel for the story.

Useful Words:

  • Sarakaarii karmacaarii — Government Official
  • risvaT — Bribe
  • bhrastaacaar — Corruption

3. Literary Classics

Welcome to the world of classic shows in Hindi. For you, we recommend these must-watch Hindi shows online for free, which have ruled our childhood for so many years. You can also easily download Hindi shows of your choice from YouTube.

1- Malgudi Days

Malgudi Days

Malgudi Days is based on the classic novel written by imminent story writer, R. K. Narayan. The series showcases the simple lifestyle of South India. When you get to know the little boy Swami and his neighborhood, their innocence will touch your heart.

Each episode is about 20 to 25 minutes long, and the short stories emphasize basic moral values with gentle humor that always has an interesting twist.

Watch this Hindi show online from the beginning.

Useful Words:

  • Somavaar — Monday
  • SaaL — Year
  • DiN — Day

2- Byomkesh Bakshi

Most of the 90s classics were always better than the new Hindi TV shows. Byomkesh Bakshi is one such gemstone. With its gripping storyline, this fictional detective series grows on you.

The fragrance of the typical Bengali culture turns the program into an unforgettable experience. Frankly, watching free online Hindi TV shows like these is the most gratifying way to improve your Hindi language skills.

Useful Words:

  • SabuuT — Evidence
  • Saq — Suspicion/Doubt

4. Animation Series

While talking about Hindi serial/TV shows, it wouldn’t be fair to skip the animation genre. Here are the best kids’ programs that even adults can connect with.

1- The Jungle Book: The Adventures of Mowgli (1989: Hindi Dubbed)

The Adventures of Mowgli

After all, who doesn’t love Rudyard Kipling! Try the Hindi-dubbed Shōnen Mowgli version of Mowgli and you’ll fall in love with it. Just like other Hindi TV shows, online free episodes are available for Mowgli also.

Enjoy the melodious title song before delving into the heart-touching bond between a human baby and the jungle animals. The values and ethics portrayed in the show look familiar and are quite inspiring. Go online to watch this Hindi TV show. Check out the download site for this great show.

Useful Words:

  • jaaNavar — Animal
  • aaDamii — Human
  • sikaar — Hunting

2- Potli Baba Ki (A Puppet Show by Gulzar)

It may not exactly be an animation, but the puppet show Potli Baba Ki by Gulzar easily falls under the category of best Hindi shows/serials for beginners. The dialect used is basically a mixture of Hindi and Urdu.

Similar to other Indian TV shows, Potli Baba Ki promises high entertainment value. You’ll get to explore simple moral lessons with a cuteness overload.

Useful Words:

  • kahaaNii — Story
  • parii — Fairy
  • farisTe — Angels

5. Series that Deal with Sensitive Issues

With TV shows, Hindi learning becomes so enthralling. What’s more! For most of the Hindi TV shows free download is also available on many sites.

1- Astitva…Ek Prem Kahani

Astitva Ek Prem Kahani

Astitva…Ek Prem Kahani is a brilliant Zee TV Hindi show that was way ahead of its time. A successful doctor named Simran falls in love with a guy, Abhimanyu, who’s much younger than her. They share a passionate love bond and get married amidst all the objections and disapproval of the society.

Later, Abhimanyu develops an extramarital affair with another girl, which devastates Simran. In the league of various new Hindi shows, Astitva is like a breath of fresh air due to its realistic plot and storyline.

To catch a glimpse of this Hindi TV show, a free download video is available.

Useful Words:

  • saaDii — Marriage
  • parivaar — Family
  • pyaar — Love

2- Shanti

Shanti is a journalist who meets two high-profile filmmakers, who are also close friends. As she begins to document their success, darker secrets of these men are revealed with time.

But the initial mystery is just the tip of the iceberg. Both of these filmmakers have a gloomy past that they’d successfully buried in their hearts. But life finally brings them face-to-face with their deeds. A story woven with perfect twists!

Useful Words:

  • DHokhaa — Betrayal
  • raaz — Secrets
  • betaa — Son
  • betii — Daughter

6. The Infotainment Watches

If you’re looking for pure news programs, there are plenty of suggestions. And yet, DD News is what we recommend. It’s the best Hindi TV show/news program for staying updated with the most important current events.

1- KBC

KBC

Inspired by the British program Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?, KBC (Kaun Banega Crorepati) is a Hindi reality show. The final contestant is chosen on the basis of a rapid fire round. Four lifelines are there to help contestants take on all sixteen questions.

Not only is this show highly entertaining, but the program’s script is also so flawless and pristine that even a beginner can learn a lot from it.

Learn more about this Hindi TV show and download HD episodes.

Useful Words:

  • SavaaL — Question
  • javaab — Answer
  • Samay — Time
  • SamaapT — Over/Finished

2- Surabhi

An easy way to improve your language is to watch Hindi TV shows online free full episodes and learn. We’ve been telling you about all the top-notch free Hindi shows and here comes another one. Surabhi is not any typical show.

You can learn from this TV show news both Hindi and the cultural diversity of India. The anchors of the program receive various letters from across India and they read them out to the audience. They then answer questions asked by the viewers and respond to their feedback.

If you’re interested, catch a glimpse of its first episode. With the great quality of online TV shows, free Hindi learning becomes possible for many people.

Useful Words:

  • SuprabhaaT — Good Morning
  • SvaagaT — Welcome
  • Darsak — Viewer

7. Series that haven’t been Included and Why

For most of the online Hindi TV shows, free episodes are generally available on YouTube. Here are a few brilliant shows that are highly popular in India but haven’t grabbed a place on our list for a few reasons.

1- Outstanding Mythological and Historical Serials

Mythological and Historical Serials

Indians are crazy about their mythologies and historical shows. These online Hindi TV shows include Mahabharata, Ramayan, Chandrakanta, and Jodha Akbar. The type of Hindi used in these programs is quite ancient and most of the words are heavily inspired by the Sanskrit language.

That’s why, while these stories may feel enchanting, the dialect is too difficult to catch up with for non-Hindi people. Still, if you want to watch these Hindi TV shows, download MP4 videos from any popular website.

2- Daily Soaps

Daily Soaps

Honestly, Hindi television is flooded with a new show every day, but most of them have stale scripts. They are repetitive and lack quality. The overdramatic elements stuffed in these series make them worse. Even in terms of language, there’s not much material for Hindi learners.

8. Conclusion

We’ve shared as much as we could about the best Hindi TV shows, and we hope that we’ve shown you the benefit of watching Indian TV shows to learn English. So scroll through our list again and start watching Hindi TV shows episodes!

Keep in mind that Hindi online free learning is now made easy by HindiPod101. While you’re gorging on these programs, HindiPod101 will help you catch common words and phrases quickly. You can also look up new words on our website and practice in a better way!

So, join us and have an amazing Hindi time with us on HindiPod101!

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How to Find Jobs in India & Top Cities for Job Seekers

Planning to stay in India and want to know how to find work in India? If you know how to talk in Hindi, you’re already halfway there! In a country divided into so many states, their native languages and cultures could prove tricky when you’re looking for jobs in India. With a little effort, you can find promising opportunities if you Google India jobs. Whether you wish to grab government jobs in India or plan to explore IT jobs in India, command over Hindi interaction keeps you ahead of others on many fronts, since your job is just one aspect of your life.

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Finding Jobs in India

These include, but aren’t limited to:

  • Avoiding glitches in early conversation when talking to people and getting to know the neighbors
  • Ease in buying groceries and vegetables, getting a taxi or bus, or asking for directions
  • Understanding Hindi slangs which are commonly used by Hindi people, even when speaking English
  • Knowledge of Hindi will help you blend with your colleagues without missing out on the jokes!

So, if you’re new here but know the basics of Hindi, you’re good to go. However, presuming that you have zero understanding of this language, HindiPod101.com can turn you into a proficient Hindi learner with these amazing strategies.
Simply visit our My Teacher page and check out all the know-how of our versatile and easy teaching process.
Meanwhile, let’s explore the best cities in India, which are blooming with loads of career opportunities.

Table of Contents

  1. Best Cities for Jobs in India
  2. Highest-Paying Jobs in India
  3. Best Jobs for Foreigners
  4. Reputed Portals to Assist You with Job Hunting in India
  5. Health-related Jobs
  6. Handling the Paperwork for an Indian Job
  7. Popular Hindi Key Phrases Used in Interviews
  8. Improve Your Hindi with HindiPod101.com

1. Best Cities for Jobs in India

As India is a vast country, a high economic and social disparity ratio comes as a part and parcel. With significant industrial expansion and global networking, India is on the verge of becoming a developed country. These are the urban areas that offer the highest-paying jobs in India.

Best Cities in India

1- Bengaluru

Bengaluru (the Silicon Valley of India) is the pioneer of the Indian IT sector. The capital of Karnataka, Bengaluru is everyone’s favorite city for numerous reasons. As long as you wish to find a job in India, Bengaluru should be your first choice.

The town welcomes you with its safe and open culture. When compared to the other major cities, Bengaluru has the maximum growth rate and is mostly known for its impressive tech parks.

2- Delhi

Being the capital of India, Delhi needs no introduction. The city offers the best airports and restaurants, and carries a vibrant metropolitan culture. It’s also one of the hottest hubs for job opportunities.

For instance, Google/Amazon jobs India and Delhi will almost always show up among the highest-paying positions in India.

3- Pune

The Green Pune

For job seekers who wish to find a new job in India but would prefer a quieter and greener location, the serene city of Pune is your answer. Pune stands as the second-biggest city in the state of Maharashtra.
The living standards are affordable and the weather remains pleasant most of the year. In case you hold an impressive experience in the IT or education sector, there are plenty of jobs for you.

4- Hyderabad

All the big IT companies, like Microsoft, Google, and Facebook, have their offices in the royal city of Hyderabad. Given that you already know how to find IT jobs in India, this town is nothing less than a heaven.

From the mouth-watering popular Indian foods to rich cultural heritage, impressive growth rate, and great salary packages, Hyderabad is a bliss for job searchers.

5- Gurgaon

Gurgaon is the industrial nerve center of India. Its close location to Delhi makes it even more popular amongst the freshers. The top sites for jobs in India quite often present jobs located in Gurgaon.
Maruti Suzuki, General Electric, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, BMW, you name the brand and its headquarter is there in the city. With additional effort, this town can even offer you some of the best online jobs in India.

6- Mumbai

Gateway of India in Mumbai

The Capital of Maharashtra, Mumbai is the nucleus of bank jobs in India as well as government jobs in India. The largest financial banks such as RBI, SBI, and financial organizations like LIC, SEBI, NSE, and BSE are all present here.

It also has immense scope in blue collar jobs, IT, healthcare, and engineering. However, the standard of living is quite high in Mumbai and local trains are the preferred mode of conveyance.

7- Ahmedabad

Living in the industrial city Ahmedabad would be significantly easier on your pocket as the house rents are low. The city is well-known for its textile industries and many FMCG Indian brands have offices here. Further, TCS has expanded job opportunities in the IT sector.

8- Chennai

Assuming that you can deal with the hot and humid climate of the south Indian city Chennai, the metropolitan area won’t disappoint you careerwise. Surrounded by the Bay of Bengal, it’s one of the safest cities in India. Chennai shelters the grandest automobile industry players. It’s also famous for health tourism and the Tamil film industry.

2. Highest-Paying Jobs in India

Before we delve into the question of how to find a job in India, let’s explore which jobs are the most handsomely paying in the country. This will help you get a better grasp of the job market in India.

1- Chartered Accountant

This is one of the most reputed and high-paying jobs. A CA career is for anyone interested in the maintenance of balance sheets, financial reports, and documents while reviewing potential financial risks. Get more details on the Official CA website.

The CAs get a package anywhere between INR 10-25 lakhs, depending on their experience. If you have qualified on the final CA exam in one attempt, chances are you will find a job in Indian cities with an excellent salary package. Why not check out some job postings?

2- Management Professional

Every company needs a management professional. It’s one of the most versatile jobs that requires Indian companies to look for global talents. Being an MBA from abroad makes you more favorable for this position.

Freshers from reputed colleges often get paid handsomely. As you cross this painstaking level and go up, the salary package becomes even more lucrative, ranging between INR 5 lakhs to INR 1.5 crores.

3- Business Analyst

This position involves making contingency plans for the company and excelling in logical and mathematical skills. A business analyst job description in India requires you to show up with a relevant MBA degree in the related specialization.

If you have that, you’ll be sure to get a salary between INR 3 lakhs to INR 2 crores.

Finding a Business Analyst Job

4- Investment Banker

An investment banker loves playing with numbers and can give sound advice regarding money matters. Every organization and company needs an investment banker. No wonder it also qualifies as one of the top ten government jobs in India.

A degree in accounting/finances/math is a must for this position. The minimum and maximum package for an investment banker are INR 6 lakhs to INR 35 lakhs or above.

5- Software Engineer

There are lots of responsibilities for a software engineer. From designing an app to its development, testing, and maintenance. You can start the career once you get a bachelor degree in IT or computer science.

The annual salary starts at INR 2 lakhs and reaches up to INR 1 crore.

6- Government Jobs in India

While government jobs in India require an Indian citizenship, more flexible policies are being formed when it comes to non-Indians. Keeping that issue aside, one really needs guidance on how to find government jobs in India.

Most of the public sector jobs are ideally posted on some of the most reputed websites in India. Some of the best government jobs include those in the oil and natural gas sector, all agriculture jobs in India, jobs in wildlife in India, jobs in environmental science in India, or in medical fields such as neuroscience jobs in India.

The package is quite generous for higher posts and lots of securities and other perks are provided to the government officials.

Before moving on to the next section, here are the ten most difficult Hindi words we thought you’d like to practice with us! And with HindiPod101.com by your side, you may start with learning how to say “find a job” in the Indian language.

3. Best Jobs for Foreigners

As a foreigner, thinking to yourself, “I will find a job in an Indian metropolitan,” isn’t enough. Maybe you know how to find a job in India, but there are limited career options that you can pull off easily since you don’t speak Hindi or any other local language. Let’s glance through some of your best options on how to get jobs in India as a foreigner, one by one.

The Highest Paying Jobs in India

1- Commercial Pilot

To begin with, you get to travel a lot and it pays huge. Isn’t that great? You visit all kinds of places around the world, not stuck in one country. Here’s everything you need to know about what a commercial pilot job is like! Being good at English adds to your communication skills for this job. However, with us, you can also master the Hindi language and learn how to get this fun job in India.

2- Foreign Language Expert

“I need to find a job in an Indian city but don’t know which one!” Does this sound like you? Well, here’s a tip. Why not start by applying as a spoken English teacher or teach other foreign languages that you know? In India, these kinds of jobs pay well and you also get some time to learn the local dialect. You should either take a course and pass the language teaching exam or follow these steps.

Become a Language Expert

3- Medical Jobs

This is a booming sector with an infinite number of possibilities. Whether you have the qualifications of a surgeon or general physician, the lavish annual packages start at around INR 9 lakhs and there’s no upper limit to how much you can earn!

4- Software Development

Want to work abroad but don’t know how to find IT jobs in Dubai from India? The web is full of answers to your questions!

4. Part-time Jobs

Did you find a job in India but weren’t satisfied with it? No problem. Our part-time job suggestions can keep you on the run until you get a proper full-time job of your choice.

1- Freelancing

Whatever skills and qualifications you possess, based on that you can make a strong profile on the top freelancing websites. Initially, this may not provide you with a dream monthly income, but you can surely keep growing with time. Check out some of the best freelancing sites in India.

2- Volunteering or NGO

Did you find a new job in India? If not, stop wasting your time and start volunteering. There are plenty of NGOs in India. Working with them adds to your experience and also helps you make some money for your monthly expenditures.

Volunteer Work for Gaining Experience

3- Travel Blogging

We all fantasize about dreamy and majestic locations in a foreign country. To get accurate information about its beauty and other real-life experiences, people generally turn to travelogues. And who could be a better travel blogger than a native of that country like you?

So, what are you waiting for? Borrow some ideas with these top travel blogs and get started.

4- Dance Teacher

Whether you’re from France, England, Spain, or Russia, every land has its own unique dance style. If you know tango, salsa, samba, or ballet, join as a dance teacher and spread your culture in India.

5- Sports and Fitness Trainer

Academic education is not the only way to get a job. Being good at sports or fitness training opens a wide range of income sources. All you need to know is how to get a job in India, or even open your own business.

Work as a Sports Trainer

5. Reputed Portals to Assist You with Job Hunting in India

We know you’ve been waiting for this section, and the wait is over! Below, we’ll share the most popular ways to find a job in India. Let’s have a look at job portals in India!

1- Online Portals

When it comes to finding jobs that are worthwhile, you may wish to pay attention to these online sources. You can also look specifically for foreign national jobs. These are some of the best ways to find jobs in India.

The top ten online job sites in India include naukri.com, times jobs.com, monsterindia.com, indeed.com, shine.com, instahyre.com, freshersworld.com, jobsarkari.com, glassdoor.co.in, and freelancer.com.

Search Jobs Through Online Portals

2- Offline Portals

Those who are more into the conventional methods of job hunting should find the appropriate job advertisements in newspapers in India. The suggested newspapers are Employment Newspaper, The Hindu, The Times of India, and many other relevant national newspapers. Word-of-mouth and networking with the right people still stands as an effective way to hunt jobs as well.

6. Handling the Paperwork for an Indian Job

Applying for a Visa

To work in India, every foreigner needs a visa. To avoid any kind of trouble or confusion at the last moment, do a thorough research and apply for an Indian visa on time. Visit the official website of India to understand every step properly. You can also find out what documents you need and the minimum time for applying before the visiting date, but keep in mind that there’s also a place to submit urgent applications.

7. Popular Hindi Key Phrases Used in Interviews

But what about the job interview in India? There are some basic questions that are asked in all job interviews, regardless of the job description or field of work. Curious what they look like in Hindi?

Cracking Interviews in Hindi

Let’s explore a handful of them.

1- प्रश्न: आप का शुभ नाम क्या है?

  • (aap kaa subh Naam kyaa hai?)
  • Q: What’s your good name?
  • उत्तर: जी, मेरा नाम डेविड है।

  • (jii, meraa Naam David hai.)
  • A: My name is David.

2- प्रश्न: आप कहाँ के रहने वाले हैं?

  • (aap kahā̃ ke rehNe vaaLe haī̃?)
  • Q: Where are you from?
  • उत्तर: मैं जापान का रहने वाला हूँ।

  • (maī̃ Japan kaa rehNe vaaLaa hū̃.)
  • A: I am from Japan.

3- प्रश्न: आप को इस कार्य-क्षेत्र में कितने सालों का अनुभव है?

  • (aap ko iS kaarya-kseTra meĩ kiTNe SaaLõ kaa aNubhav hai?)
  • Q: How many years of experience do you have in this field?
  • उत्तर: मुझे इस कार्य-क्षेत्र में पाँच सालों का अनुभव है।

  • (mujhe iS kaarya-kseTra meĩ pā̃c SaaLõ kaa aNubhav hai.)
  • A: I have five years of experience in this field.

4- प्रश्न: क्या आप अगले हफ़्ते से हमारे साथ काम करना शुरू कर सकते हैं?

  • (kyaa aap agLe hafTe Se hamaare SaaTH kaam karNaa suru kar SakTe haī̃?)
  • Q: Would you be able to join us from the next week?
  • उत्तर: जी, हाँ। मैं अगले हफ़्ते से ही काम शुरू कर सकता हूँ।

  • (jii, hā̃. Maī̃ agLe hafTe Se hii kaam suru kar SakTaa hū̃.)
  • A: Yes. I would be able to join here from the next week itself.

5- यहाँ आने के लिए धन्यवाद।

  • (yahā̃ aaNe ke Liye DHaNyavaaD.)
  • Thank you for coming here.
  • जी, शुक्रिया।

  • (jii, sukriyaa.)
  • It’s a pleasure.

8. Improve Your Hindi with HindiPod101.com

Visit Us at HindiPod101

We hope this article helped you learn about finding jobs in India, and that you’re better equipped to get your dream job there. We wish you good luck with your job search and your stay in India. We would again like to remind you that knowing Hindi—one of the most popular languages in India—can certainly make things easier for you in your new job and in your daily life as well. Visit HindiPod101.com and get started with your first key phrases.

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Saraswati Puja: How to Celebrate Vasant Panchami in India

How to Celebrate Saraswati Puja in India

Vasant Panchami, or Saraswati Puja, is the Hindu celebration of the Goddess Saraswati—the Goddess of Arts and Wisdom. Celebrated each year, Hindus take seriously the importance of Vasant Panchami and the worship of the Goddess Saraswati.

Vasant Panchami’s significance to the Hindus can’t be overstated. By learning about Vasant Panchami, you’re gaining wisdom and knowledge regarding the Hindu religion as well as the country of India as a whole.

In this article, we at HindiPod101.com hope to answer the question, “Why is Vasant Panchami celebrated?” along with more information on Vasant Panchami. We’ll even give you some insight into Vasant Panchami in the Hindi language through our vocabulary section.

Let’s get started!

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1. What is Vasant Panchami?

Vasant Panchami, also commonly referred to as Saraswati Puja, is the Festival of the Goddess of Arts and Wisdom.

Basant Panchami takes place at the beginning of spring. In eastern India, especially Bengal, this day marks the occasion of Saraswati Puja. Depicted holding a musical instrument called the Veena in her arms, Saraswati is the goddess of “education,” or Vidya, “music,” or Sangeet, “arts,” or Kala, and “knowledge,” or Gyan. Essentially, the Goddess Saraswati is the deity of music, dance, and every other form of learning and science.

On Vasant Panchami, Hindus worship Saraswati and celebrate these gifts to mankind.

2. When is Vasant Panchami?

Green Field in Spring

Vasant Panchami takes place each year, though its date varies. It’s usually celebrated the last week in January or the first week in February.

For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years:

  • 2019: February 10
  • 2020: January 29
  • 2021: February 16
  • 2022: February 5
  • 2023: January 26
  • 2024: February 14
  • 2025: February 2
  • 2026: January 23
  • 2027: February 11
  • 2028: January 31

3. How is it Celebrated?

Woman Bowing Head in Worship

1- Worship of the Goddess

Learning is worshipped in this divine form in Hinduism.

Homes are decorated with art and several art competitions are organised for the occasion. Religious rites are conducted in schools and homes, and Prasad, meaning “food offerings,” of spring fruits are offered to the Goddess.

During this time, students pray for excellence in the arts and in learning by touching flowers to the feet of idols of the Goddess and preserving those flowers in their books for blessings. Then they visit each household and distribute blessed food.

2- The Color Yellow

The verdant and colorful spring, along with the Puja of the Goddess Saraswati, create a festive atmosphere. The color yellow has especially great significance in the festival, and “yellow flowers of mustard,” or Sarson, are used in decorations. In Bengal, girls of all ages wear yellow sarees.

It’s interesting to note that while yellow is a vitally significant color during Vasant Panchami, it’s not the only color that Hindus find deep meaning in. In fact, India is known for its colorful nature and its people are known to attach great value and various meanings to colors in general.

3- Northern Indian Celebrations

In the northern Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, and in Punjab, this festival is also celebrated as the festival of spring, called Basant.

People wear yellow clothes and cook yellow dishes, such as saffron rice, and a kite flying competition is organized in the Ferozepur district during this time. Don’t be surprised to find music and dancing during this festival, either—this is, after all, the celebration of arts!

In northern India, there’s a tradition among Sufi saints in which special floral wreaths are placed on the graves of passed saints in celebration of the Basant festival.

On this day, people may also give cards to others with good Vasant Panchami wishes on them!

4. Additional Information

In the Hindu religion, the gods and goddesses have “vehicles” or Vahanas, on which they travel to various places (including to receive offerings and sacrifices). These vehicles are essentially spiritual animals, creatures in animal form which possess power and wisdom. It’s also thought that these magical creatures are used in wars.

The vehicle used by the Goddess Saraswati is a white swan. This bird is a symbol of purity and beauty. Considering the purity, delicacy, and importance of the arts and sciences this Goddess is associated with, this should come as no surprise.

5. Must-know Vocab

Vasant Panchami

Check out this list of must-know vocabulary for Vasant Panchami so that you can celebrate this holiday to its full extent! Study this list as much as you need to, and gain more knowledge about Vasant Panchami in Hindi.

  • खेत (kheT) — field
  • विद्यार्थी (viDyaarTHii) — student
  • मोर (mor) — peacock
  • केसर (Kesar) — saffron
  • वसंत पंचमी (Vasant Panchami) — Vasant Panchami
  • माँ सरस्वती (Maa Saraswati) — Maa Saraswati
  • हलवा (Halwa) — halva
  • गैंदा (Gainda) — marigold
  • पूजा करना (pooja karna) — worship
  • पीले कपड़े (Peele kapde) — yellow dress
  • वसंत ऋतु (vasant ritu) — spring season
  • देवी देवता (devi devta) — gods and goddesses

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, be sure to check out our Vasant Panchami vocabulary list page. Here, you’ll find an audio alongside each word with its pronunciation.

Conclusion

Now you know more about Vasant Panchami in India. What do you think of this holiday? Is there a holiday celebrating the arts or sciences in your own country? Let us know in the comments!

To learn even more about Indian culture and the language, visit us at HindiPod101.com. We offer an array of insightful blog posts, free vocabulary lists, and an online community to chat with fellow Hindi learners about lessons. For a one-on-one learning experience, you can also download our MyTeacher app and gain your very own personal Hindi teacher!

Until next time, we wish you well in your Hindi-learning endeavors. Keep up the good work and continue practicing, and you’ll be a Hindi-speaking master in no time!

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How to Celebrate India Republic Day – Hindi Holiday Guide

Of all the Indian holidays, the India Republic Day holiday may just be the most significant. This is a national holiday in India, and is a day for great celebration over the adoption of its new constitution in 1950—making it a republic at last!

Find out all about India Republic Day with HindiPod101.com, from the India Republic Day parade to this Hindu holiday’s origins.

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1. What is Republic Day in India?

In India, गणतंत्र-दिवस (ganTaNTra-DivaS) or “Republic Day” is the celebration of January 26, 1950 when its constitution (or Samvidhaan) was implemented at last. This allowed India to officially become a republic (or gantantra) at last.

Prior to this, up until 1947, much of India was under British rule. While India technically gained its independence in 1947, it wasn’t until the constitution was adopted that it actually became a republic.

At the time, it was a state with fifteen official languages, twenty-six accepted languages, and a conglomeration of five religious communities and myriad cultural communities. The celebration of Republic Day is also a celebration of India’s huge cultural diversity.

2. India Republic Day Date

India celebrates its Republic Day each year on January 26.

3. How is it Celebrated?

Rose Petals

As far as India holidays and celebrations go, Republic Day is one of the most significant.

The celebrations begin each year with the President saluting the Amar Jawan Jyoti, meaning “The flame of the immortal soldier,” which is below the ramparts of the India Gate located in the capital.

Amar Jawan Jyoti, as its name indicates, is an eternal flame burning in memory of the soldiers who gave all in order to help establish a sovereign India. The President salutes these sacrifices, and then awards those people who have made outstanding contributions in their respective fields of work. The Bharat Ratna award is the nation’s highest civilian honor.

This is followed by a festive parade on New Delhi’s famous Raj Path, which means “Royal Road.” The first showcase of the parade is a magnificent display by the regiments of the Indian army, navy, and air force.

This is followed by tableaus of all the states of the union. Each tableau offers a display of the state’s wealth of people, music, culture, dance, and dress as it proceeds down the parade route. Thousands of people gather at the Royal Road to witness this ornate display, also called the India Republic Day parade, while millions of others catch it on television in Hindi.

Sometimes, there are also India Republic Day guests. For example, U.S. President Barack Obama visited India for Republic Day in 2015 as an honored guest.

4. Additional Information

India’s Constitution is longer than that of any other state in the world. It has 448 articles and 118 amendments. The constitution declares India to be an independent, democratic, secular, and socialist republic.

Today, this new constitution is still seen as the strongest word of law in India; even the Indian Parliament is unable to supercede it.

5. Must-Know Vocab for India’s Republic Day

Medal of Honor

  • हेलिकोप्टर (helikoptar) — helicopter
  • नई दिल्ली (Naii DiLLii) — New Delhi
  • गणतंत्र-दिवस (ganTaNTra-DivaS) — Republic Day
  • परेड (pared) — parade
  • राष्ट्रीय छुट्टी (raastriya chuttii) — national holiday
  • राष्ट्रगान (raashtragaan) — national anthem
  • बहादुरी के पदक और पुरस्कार (bahaaDuri ke paDak aur puraskaar) — awards and medals of bravery
  • भारगुलाब की पंखुड़ियांत का संविधान (bhaaraT ka sanvidhaan) — Constitution of India
  • राष्ट्रीय झंडा (raashtriya jhandaa) — national flag
  • गुलाब की पंखुड़ियां (gulaab ki pankhudiyaan) — rose petal

If you want to hear each word pronounced, be sure to check out our Republic Day vocabulary list, which includes an audio with each word.

Conclusion

Representation of Republic Day

Now that you’ve learned about India’s Republic Day, you’ve gained another layer of knowledge regarding India’s culture and its people. What do you think of this important national holiday? Is there a similar holiday in your country?

To learn even more about India and its culture, be sure to visit us at HindiPod101.com! Alongside insightful blog posts and a variety of vocabulary lists, we also host an online community so that you can discuss your lessons with fellow students. And if you prefer a one-on-one learning approach, you can even download our MyTeacher app.

We wish you success in learning Hindi and discovering the depth of India’s history. You’ll be speaking Hindi like a native before you know it!

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