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Lesson Transcript

namasTe meraa naam preranaa hai. aap se milkar khushi hui.
Hi, My name is Prerana. Nice to meet you.
Welcome to HindiPod101.com’s HindiPod101.com’s “Hindi in 3 Minutes.” The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hindi.
In the last lesson, we learned how to ask "Where" questions in Hindi.
This time, we are going to ask questions with the word "When?"
Let’s start! chaliye shuru karen!
Imagine you want to ask friend when is he coming home. You will ask him Tum ghar kab aa rahe ho?
[slowly] Tum ghar kab aa rahe ho?
So let’s break down this answer:
First we had:
Tum which is the informal “you”
ghar means “home”
kab, which is the basic translation of "When" in Hindi.
Then, aa rahe is the verb "to come", rahe in Hindi is the 2nd person of present indicative.
And finally ho is the to-be verb “are” which is always used with the informal you tum.
So, all together it is Tum ghar kab aa rahe ho?
"When will you come home?"
So in Hindi, "When" is generally translated as the word kab. For example, if you want to ask "When did you go?" Tum kab gaye?
The question word is placed in the 2nd position, and the verb comes at the end of the sentence.
So let’s have a look at another example:
How can you say "When did you arrive?"
It is really simple since it is exactly the same pattern: Tum kab aaye?
First we have Tum which is the informal “you”.
Then is kab, which is "When"
And finally aaye which is “arrived”.
Have you noticed a difference between the sentences Tum ghar kab aa rahe ho? and Tum kab aaye?
The first one is talking about a future action – "When are you coming home?" Whereas the 2nd one is referring to the past "When did you arrive?"
The point is that you can use the question word kab to talk about any moment, whether past or present.
If you want to ask a question about duration as in "Since when have you been teaching?" Then you will simply have to add the word se after kab.
So you’d say Tum kab se padhaa rahe ho?
Here too, it’s exactly the same as in English, because "since" is se. So kab se means "Since when?"
Let’s see how to ask "Until when?" in Hindi. It is very easy as you simply say Tak after kab. It becomes: kab Tak?
So for example, if you want to ask a friend "Until when are you going to stay?" It will be tum kab Tak rukoge?
But of course there are other ways to ask about time. You can even be more specific by asking about the year, the date or the hour.
For example, you can ask:
- "Which year did you start studying?" will be
Tumne kaunse saal se padhna shuru kiya tha?
- "Which day is better for you?" will be Tumhare liye kaunsa Din achha hai?
- "What time can we meet?" hum kaunse samay mil sakTe hain?
Now it’s time for Prerana’s Points.
Question-words are doubled when expecting multiple answers.
For example, Tum kab jaaTe ho? and Tum kab kab jaaTe ho? both mean “When do you go?” But if you ask Tum kab kab jaaTe ho?, you are expecting multiple days or times as an answer.
Ok, so in this lesson, we learned how to correctly use the question word for "When", kab, but also its different variations.
Next lesson we’ll learn more about asking questions with "Who" in Hindi.
I'll be waiting for you with the answer in the next lesson of Hindi in 3 Minutes lesson.
Phir milenge. See you then!

25 Comments

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HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Hi listeners! When did you come back home today?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 03:58 PM
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Hi Dev and Shawn,


Shawn, thank you for responding! That's quite right, though we refer to the form you referred to as "informal" as "familiar", because there is more level of informality, as you must know.

Dev, does that answer your question?


Thank you for your comments!


Cheers,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Shawn
Friday at 10:06 PM
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Namaste Dev-jee


The informal use would be something like this:

tum ghar kab aa rahe ho? (When are you coming home? - informal)


The formal use would change the pronoun and conjugated form of "hona" (to be) like this:

aap ghar kab aa rahee hain? (When are you coming home? - formal to a female in this case "rahee")


I hope that answers your question.

dev
Friday at 08:08 PM
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whn for formal sentence pl

HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:06 PM
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Hello Anthony,


Its great to see you and Shawn interact with each other in Hindi:)

About new Hindi series, we will update you shortly!


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 11:49 AM
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Hello Shawn,


Thats a nice movie!

small correction-

मैं ये जवानि है दीवानि पसंद आया, यह बहुत अच्छा था |

Correct- mujhe ye jawaani hai diwaani bahuT pasanD aayi, vah bahuT achhi thi


मैं चेन्नई एक्सप्रेस बहुत पसंद है | मैं बहुत हँसे | नेहा जि की पसंदीदा शहरुख खन यह में था |

Correct- mujhe chennai express bahuT pasanD hai. main bahuT hassa. usmein Neha ji ka pasanDeeDa shahrukh khan bhi tha


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Shawn
Tuesday at 10:57 AM
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एंथोनी जि

Anthony


मैं ये जवानि है दीवानि पसंद आया, यह बहुत अच्छा था |

main Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani pasand aayaa, yah bahut achchaa tha

I liked Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani, it was very good. :thumbsup:


मैं चेन्नई एक्सप्रेस बहुत पसंद है | मैं बहुत हँसे | नेहा जि की पसंदीदा शहरुख खन यह में था |

main Chennaii Eksapres bahut pasand hai. Main bahut hase.

Neha-ji kee pasandeeda Shahrukh Khan yah mein tha

I really like Chennai Express. I laughed a lot. Neha's favorite Shahrukh Khan was in it. :laughing:

Anthony
Monday at 07:38 PM
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नेहा जी,

Neha ji,


कब हम नये पाठ मिलेंगे?

When will we get the new lessons?


मैं अगस्त से उपर बेगिंनर सीरीज़ के लिये इंतेज़ार कर रहा हूँ।

I have been waiting since August for the Upper Beginner Series.


इस से क्या हो रहा है?

What is happening with it?


हम कैसा हिंदी से अच्छा हो जाएँगे जब बेगिंनर अद्वांस्द के बीच में बड़ा गड्ढा है?

How are we going to improve when there is a large gap between beginners and advanced?

Anthony
Monday at 07:19 PM
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नमस्ते शौन,

Hi Shawn,


आप कैसे हैं?

How are you?


अच्छा तो है कि आपको भारितय अभिनेते पसंद हैं।

It is good that you like Indian actors.


कितनी सुन्दर दीपिका पादुकोण है!

Deepika Padukone is so beautiful!


मैं यह दवानी है जीवानी देख रहा हूँ।

I am watching Yeh Devaani hai Jeevani.


और दो हफ्ते पिछले में मैं ने राजा हिंदुस्तानी देखा।

and two weeks ago I watched Raja Hindustani.


जब मैं ये शब्द लिख रहा हूँ तो मेरे मन में एक गाना राजा हिंदुस्तानी से जा रहा है......

As I write these words, a song from the film is going through my mind...


परदेसी, परदेसी, जाना नहीं

Outsider, outsider, don't go.


मुझे छोड़के, मुझे छोड़के.........

Let me go, let me go....

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 10:57 PM
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Hello zaidi 1300,


Great to know you want to visit India some day! Enjoy your stay in Pakistan:smile:


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 10:55 PM
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Hello Shawn,


I also love Hindi films! My favorite actors are shah rukh khan and Kareena kapoor.


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com