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Your Guide to Hindi Sentence Structure and Word Order


Placing words in the right order is quite similar to weaving pearls beautifully into a string. How would it look if the pearls were put together haphazardly? Technically, they’re still pearls in a string; yet the beauty is ruined.

The same is true for word order in a Hindi sentence structure, or in any other language for that matter. One can not speak correctly without knowing how to put words together in a sentence. Stuffing the words randomly falls under poor grammar.

The sentence structure in one language may not be the same as the word order in another. The placement and sequence of words matter a lot because not following the right pattern often leads to meaningless and confusing conversations.So, in today’s lesson, we’ll focus on Hindi sentence structure and word order.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Understanding the Basic Word Order in Hindi
  2. Basic Word Order with Subject, Verb, and Object
  3. Word Order with Prepositional Phrases
  4. Word Order with Modifiers
  5. Changing the Sentence into a Yes-or-No Question
  6. Translation Exercises
  7. Become Unstoppable with

1. Understanding the Basic Word Order in Hindi

Improve Pronunciation

One thing worth remembering is that in a formal conversation, the sentence structure remains fixed. However, when talking informally, native speakers use more flexible patterns.Okay, enough of the chitter chatter. Let’s ask ourselves the foundational question! What is the structure of a sentence in Hindi?

The basic Hindi sentence structure follows the SOV pattern.

Here, S = Subject, O = Object, and V = Verb. Yes, you heard that right. We have the order subject + object + verb in Hindi sentences.

1 – Subject

The subject is any person or thing which is the primary doer in the sentence, and it usually comes at the beginning of a sentence.

मैं खाता हूँ। (main khaaTaa huun.)I eat.”

Here, “I” or मैं (main) is the subject.

2 – Object

An object is a word on which the action is performed. Usually, it follows immediately after the subject and before the verb.

मैं फल खाता हूँ। (main phaL khaaTaa huun.)“I eat fruits.”

Here, “fruits” or फल (phaL) is the object.

3 – Verb

A verb is the action happening in the sentence. Contrary to the English sentence structure, in Hindi, the verb (along with the helping verb) comes at the end of the sentence.

मैं फल खाता हूँ। (main phaL khaaTaa huun.)“I eat fruits.”

Here, “eat” or खाता हूँ (khaaTaa huun) is the verb.

Word Sequences in Hindi

2. Basic Word Order with Subject, Verb, and Object

To help you understand the concept a little better, take a look at these Hindi sentence structure examples.

1 – Declarative Sentences (Formal / Fixed)

मैं फल खाता हूँ। (main phaL khaaTaa huun.)
(S + O + V)
I eat fruits.”
(S + V + O)
  • This is the simplest and most basic Hindi sentence structure, where the subject occupies the first position and is followed by the object and then the verb. Now, let’s learn the Hindi sentence structure in its flexible or informal state.

2 – Declarative Sentences (Informal / Flexible)

मैं खाता हूँ फल(main khaaTaa huun phaL.)
(S +V+O)
I eat fruits.”
(S + V + O)
  • As you can see, Hindi does show its malleable nature when used in an informal manner. Do mind, however, that the S + V + O pattern in Hindi is never used in the formal context and is frowned upon.

3 – Negative Sentences

मैं फल नहीं खाता हूँ। (main phaL Nahiin khaaTaa huun.)
(S + O + V)
I do not eat fruits.”
(S + V + O)
  • The distinguishable features in Hindi compared to English are that, in Hindi, helping verbs come at the end of the sentence; in English, they’re present in the first part of the sentence.
  • Moreover, when using Hindi word order, we have a separate word for expressing the negative condition. For instance, in the above example, “not” or नहीं (Nahiin) comes right after the object and just before the verb.

4 – Interrogative Sentence

क्या मैं फल खाता हूँ? (kyaa main phaL khaaTaa huun.)
(S + O + V)
“Do I eat fruits?”
(Auxiliary verb + S + V + O)
  • Unlike in English, the auxiliary verbs in Hindi do not come at the beginning of interrogative sentences. Instead, there are separate words for asking questions in Hindi.
Practice Hindi Word Order with Your Friends

3. Word Order with Prepositional Phrases

It’s not always possible to confine oneself to the simple Hindi sentence structure. Not only would that be boring, but we’d also be missing out on loads of other info, and the whole context would be pretty unclear.

That’s where adverbs, adjectives, and other prepositional phrases come into play. Our lesson on word order wouldn’t be complete without including some essential tips and rules on inserting additional words into a Hindi sentence. In Hindi grammar, word order with additional words would look something like this:

1 – Frequency

मैं रोज़ फल खाता हूँ। (main roz phaL khaaTaa huun.)I eat fruits daily.”

Okay, in the example above, we’ve used the adverb “daily,” which is translated as रोज़ (roz) in Hindi. It’s clear to see how the adverb of frequency रोज़ (roz) smoothly takes its place between the subject and the object.

In a similar Hindi sentence structure, you can replace it with other frequency adverbs (e.g. “occasionally” or “rarely”). Wondering about the Hindi words for these adverbs? Check out this quick list of the most popular adverbs in Hindi.

If you were thorough reading our lesson on Hindi adverbs, you’ll know that not all adverbs behave the same way. In short, one would really need to practice a lot to get a grip on this.

2 – Time

मैं शाम को फल खाता हूँ। (main saam ko phaL khaaTaa huun.)I eat fruits in the evening.”

The adverb of time is placed somewhere between the subject and the object. In case there’s no object, the time comes right between the subject and the action in the sentence.

Using the example above as a reference, we can also talk about specific times, such as:

मैं शाम को 4 बजे फल खाता हूँ। (main saam ko caar baje phaL khaaTaa huun.)I eat fruits at four p.m. in the evening.”

3 – Place

मैं रोज़ शाम को दफ़्तर में फल खाता हूँ। (main roz saam ko DafTar men phaL khaaTaa huun.)“Every evening, I eat fruit in the office.”

Again, similar to the time adverb, the words for place also happen to be present between the subject and the object / verb.

4 – Manner

मैं फल काट कर खाता हूँ। (main phaL kaat kar khaaTaa huun.)I eat fruits after cutting them.”

Suppose you want to talk about the manner in which you eat fruits. How do you do that using Hindi language word order? What would be the appropriate place to put that word in the sentence? Well, usually, it’s positioned between the object and the verb.

So, how do you like to eat fruits? Try to practice with these words:

  • धो कर (DHo kar) = “After washing”
  • छील कर (chiiL kar) = “After peeling”

5 – Multiple Objects

It’s quite natural to talk about two different things in a single Hindi sentence. For instance, a person may eat fruit with milk, in salad, or in a smoothie. In such cases, the example below will come in handy.

मैं रोज़ शाम को दूध के साथ फल खाता हूँ। (main roz saam ko DuuDH ke SaaTH phaL khaaTaa huun.)“Every evening, I eat fruits with milk.”

6 – Adjective

Life would be so colorless and flavorless without adjectives! When we’re passionate about something or wish to emphasize a particular quality of that thing, we use adjectives.In Hindi, adjectives are placed just before the object. Check out the adjective examples below and see for yourself.

मैं रोज़ ताज़े फल खाता हूँ। (main roz Taaze phaL khaaTaa huun.)I eat fresh fruits every day.”
मैं हर तरह के फल खाता हूँ। (main har Tarah ke phaL khaaTaa huun.)I eat all types of fruits.”

Are you looking for an accurate adjective meaning in Hindi along with some examples to enhance your Hindi language skills? We’ve got you covered with this amazing list of the Top 100+ Adjectives in Hindi.

4. Word Order with Modifiers

Improve Listening

Modifiers are the words which are used to modify any object or person in the sentence. A modifier could be an adjective, a number, or any determiner.

When modifying an English grammar sentence structure in Hindi, you can find a modifier right before the noun. However, you’ll notice that when there are two modifiers, the noun may come in between both.

Without the right examples, theory has only so much use. And thus, we’ve provided a few examples to give you an idea about the placement of modifiers in Hindi. Let’s have a look!

1 – Number

मेरे पास दो सेब हैं। (mere paaS Do Seb hain.)“I have two apples.”

As you can see, here the modifier is a number. It’s modifying the noun “apple,” or सेब (Seb), and is just before that noun.

2 – Determiners and Possessives

यह सेब मेरा नहीं है। (yah Seb meraa Nahiin hai.)“This apple is not mine.”

Now, this is an example of two modifiers in the same sentence. Here, the noun is “apple,” or सेब (Seb). The first modifier is the determiner “this,” or यह (yah), and the second modifier is the possessive “mine,” or मेरा (meraa).

In English, both modifiers are placed at the beginning and end of the sentence. But as soon as you try to translate this English grammar sentence structure into Hindi, you’ll see how the determiner remains in the original position while the possessive moves just after the object.

3 – Relative

मैंने जो सेब फ़्रिज में रखा था वो ख़राब हो गया है। (mainNe jo Seb frij men rakhaa THaa vo kharaab ho gayaa hai.)“The apple that I had kept in the fridge has gone bad.”

5. Changing the Sentence into a Yes-or-No Question

In this section, we’re going to learn how to change a simple sentence into a question. This section is going to be the easiest one in the article! 

Let us remind you again that, in Hindi, the auxiliary verbs have no special role in interrogative sentences. Instead, Hindi has separate words for asking questions.

A Woman Wondering about Something

Now, a yes-or-no question starts with “what,” or क्या (kyaa). All you need to do is use क्या (kyaa) as the first word in the sentence.In flexible (informal) structures, क्या (kyaa) may come at the end of the sentence instead.

Statement 1मुझे फल खाना पसंद है।
(mujhe phaL khaaNaa paSaND hai.)
“I like to eat fruits.”
क्या मुझे फल खाना पसंद है?
(kyaa mujhe phaL khaaNaa paSaND hai?)
“Do I like to eat fruits?”
मुझे फल खाना पसंद है क्या?
(mujhe phaL khaaNaa paSaND hai kyaa?)
“Do I like to eat fruits?”
Answerहाँ, मुझे फल खाना पसंद है।
(haan, mujhe phaL khaaNaa paSaND hai.)
“Yes, I like to eat fruits.”
Statement 2सेब मेरा सबसे पसंदीदा फल है।
(Seb meraa Sab Se paSaNDiiDaa phaL hai.)
“Apple is my favorite fruit.”
Questionक्या सेब मेरा सबसे पसंदीदा फल है?
(kyaa Seb meraa Sab Se paSaNDiiDaa phaL hai?)
“Is apple my favorite fruit?”
Answerहाँ, सेब मेरा सबसे पसंदीदा फल है।
(haan, Seb meraa Sab Se paSaNDiiDaa phaL hai.)
“Yes, apple is my favorite fruit.”
Statement 3मैं एक दिन में छः सेब नहीं खा सकता हूँ।
(main ek DiN men chah Seb Nahiin khaa SakaTaa huun.)
“I can not eat six apples in a day.”
Questionक्या मैं एक दिन में छः सेब खा सकता हूँ?
(kyaa main ek DiN men chah Seb khaa SakaTaa huun?)
“Can I eat six apples in a day?”
Answerनहीं, मैं एक दिन में छः सेब नहीं खा सकता हूँ।
(Nahiin, main ek DiN men chah Seb Nahiin khaa SakaTaa huun.)
“No, I can not eat six apples in a day.”

6. Translation Exercises

Alright! Now it’s time to pull up your socks and rehearse everything we’ve learned.

Step 1: Simplest Sentence (S+V)

सीमा जाती है। (Siimaa jaaTii hai.)
(S + V)
Seema goes.”
(S + V)

Step 2: Basic Sentence (S+O+V)

सीमा स्कूल जाती है। (Siimaa SkuuL jaaTii hai.)
(S + O + V)
Seema goes to school.”
(S + V + O)

Step 3: Adding an Adverb (Frequency)

सीमा रोज़ स्कूल जाती है। (Siimaa roz SkuuL jaaTii hai.)Seema goes to school daily.”

Step 4: Adding an Adverb Phrase

सीमा रोज़ सुबह स्कूल जाती है। (Siimaa roz Subah SkuuL jaaTii hai.)Seema goes to school every morning.”

Step 5: Adding Time

सीमा रोज़ सुबह 8 बजे स्कूल जाती है। (Siimaa roz Subah aath baje SkuuL jaaTii hai.)Seema goes to school every morning at eight a.m.”

Step 6: Adding Manner

सीमा रोज़ सुबह 8 बजे रिक्शा से स्कूल जाती है। (Siimaa roz Subah aath baje riksaa Se SkuuL jaaTii hai.)Seema goes to school every morning at eight a.m. by rickshaw.”

Step 7: Using the Question Form

क्या सीमा रोज़ सुबह 8 बजे रिक्शा से स्कूल जाती है? (kyaa Siimaa roz Subah aath baje riksaa Se SkuuL jaaTii hai?)“Does Seema go to school every morning at eight a.m. by rickshaw?”

7. Become Unstoppable with

We hope that by now you have a fair idea about the basic Hindi sentence structure and its word order. Feeling stuck because of a word? Don’t let lack of vocab stop you from achieving your true goals.

Sign up at, and our free online dictionary is ready for you! Search for any word and find out its meaning in both English and Hindi. And that’s not all. You’ll also get access to our world-class lesson materials and downloadable PDF sheets!

Before wrapping up, we’d like to know which step in the Hindi sentence structure was easiest for you, and which one confused you from the beginning? Is there any specific thing that’s not clear to you?

Have you tried an English-to-Hindi sentence structure yourself? Oh! We’d love to hear about it in the comment box below.

So, don’t hold yourself back. Pour your heart and mind into your studies, and with your flawless Hindi, let the world know what you’re made of!

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Telling the Time in Hindi: Learn How to Tell Time in Hindi


Time is such an indispensable element of our life. So, if you’re planning to stay in India for a while, learning about time in Hindi and being able to say Hindi phrases such “at what time” will undoubtedly keep you ahead in life.However, living in India gives you breathing space in that regard, and a delay of a few minutes isn’t something to worry about! In other words, India is more of an easy-going place when it comes to being present right on time. Nonetheless, to many, punctuality is just another way of showing respect to others.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Hindi Table of Contents
  1. Importance of Time in Hindi Language-Learning
  2. Learn Hindi Time
  3. General Time Reference of the Day
  4. Learn How to Tell Time in Hindi
  5. Asking for the Time in Hindi
  6. Time Adverbs
  7. Time Proverbs and Sayings
  8. Get Ahead of Time with

1. Importance of Time in Hindi Language-Learning


As we all know, doing things on time brings success in professional life and fulfillment in personal life. Apparently, from tending to the most mundane tasks of daily life to being present for the more significant events, the role of time can’t be underestimated. Hence, it’s essential for you to learn how to tell time in Hindi and become familiar with a variety of Hindi time expressions.

Thus we’ve brought you a complete guide in telling time in Hindi. This guide will teach you how to tell time in Hindi, how to ask “What time is it?” in Hindi, and even about the time zone in India.

Before you dive into this excellent read on telling the time in the Hindi language, we strongly recommend that you follow these engaging learning strategies to get the most out of this article!

2. Learn Hindi Time

Improve Listening

Speaking of the mundane activities in our daily routines—such as waking up on time, catching a flight, going to a movie with friends, or rushing to that important interview—in India, nothing can be done properly if you don’t know how to tell time in Hindi or, further, talk about the time in Hindi.

1- Meaning of Time in Hindi

Let’s begin with the first step and learn how to say “time” in India. The two most common words that native speakers use for “time” are समय (Samay) and वक़्त (vaqT).

For example:

  • समय पर सो जाना। 

Samay par So jaaNaa.

“Go to bed on time.”

  • दवा लेने का वक़्त हो गया है। 

Davaa LeNe kaa vaqT ho gayaa hai.

“It’s time for your medicine.”

2- A.M. and P.M. in Hindi

You must have heard of the Latin terms “a.m.” and “p.m.” A.M. stands for “Ante Meridiem” and P.M. stands for “Post Meridiem,” but do you know that Indians also like to use a different set of words for “a.m.” and “p.m.” in Hindi?

Well, a.m. in Hindi is known as पूर्वाह्न (puurvaahN).

And p.m. in Hindi is known as अपराह्न (apraahN).

3- Time Zones in Hindi

Quite often when people from two different time zones talk to each other online or over the phone, they keep asking “What time is it there?”

When comparing times in two distinct parts of the world, the concept of time zones is the greatest tool for preventing any confusion!


Different Time Zones in the World

In order to learn Hindi time in its entirety, it’s certainly important to know how to talk about time zones in Hindi! 

“Time zone” in Hindi is known as समय क्षेत्र (Samay kseTr).

  • भारत के समय क्षेत्र को भारतीय मानक समय के नाम से जाना जाता है।

bhaaraT ke Samay kseTr ko bhaarTiiy maaNak Samay ke Naam Se jaaNaa jaaTaa hai.

“The time zone in India is known as Indian Standard Time (IST).”

Date and time in Hindi go hand-in-hand. While in the sections below, we’ll keenly discuss and learn Hindi time expressions, you can also check out our comprehensive lesson on How to Read Dates as well.

3. General Time Reference of the Day

Telling the time in Hindi would be so boring if all we did was use digits. Moreover, if you really wish to learn how to tell time in Hindi, using these general time references will make telling time in Hindi like a native speaker a dream come true!In the table below, we’ve hand-picked for you the best time expressions in Hindi.

Hindi PhrasesEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
सुबह तड़के (Subah Tadake)“Early morning”क्या तुम सुबह तड़के सैर पर चलोगी ?
(kyaa Tum Subah Tadake Sair par caLogii?)

“Would you like to go for a walk early in the morning?”
सुबह (Subah)“Morning”सुबह जल्दी उठना स्वास्थ्य के लिए लाभदायक होता है।
(Subah jaLDii uthaNaa SvaaSTHy ke Liye LaabhaDaayak hoTaa hai.)
“Getting up early in the morning is good for health.”
सूर्योदय (SuryoDay)“Sunrise”कल सूर्योदय का समय 4 बजे का है।
(kaL SuuryoDay kaa Samay caar baje kaa hai.)
“The sunrise time for tomorrow is four a.m.”
सूर्यास्त (SuryaaST)“Sunset”सूर्यास्त के बाद फल नहीं खाना चाहिए।
(SuuryaaST ke baaD phaL nahiin khaaNaa caahiye.)
“Fruits should be avoided after sunset.”
दोपहर (Dopahar)“Afternoon”हम सब दोपहर में पिकनिक पर चलेंगे।
(ham Sab Dopahar men piksNik par caLenge.)
“We will all go to the picnic in the afternoon.”
शाम (saam)“Evening”मुझे शाम में चाय पीना पसंद है।
(mujhe saam men caay piiNaa paSanD hai.)
“I like to have tea in the evening.”
रात (raaT)“Night”कल रात मूवी देखने में बहुत मज़ा आया।
(kaL raaT muuvii DekhaNe men bahuT mazaa aayaa.)
“It was a lot of fun watching the movie last night.”
दिन (DiN)“Day”आज का दिन काफ़ी थकान भरा था।
(aaj kaa DiN kaafii THakaaN bharaa THaa.)
“It was a tiring day today.”
गोधूलि (goDHuuLi)“Twilight”गोधूलि बेला में पंछी अपने घरों को लौटने लगते हैं।
(goDHuuLi beLaa men paNchii apaNe gharon ko LautaNe LagaTe hain.)
“At twilight, birds start returning to their homes.”
आधी रात (aaDHii raaT)“Midnight”हम आधी रात तक हवाई अड्डे पर ही थे।
(ham aaDHii raaT Tak havaaii adde par hii THe.)
“We were at the airport until midnight.”

By now, you must understand that just like in English, telling the time in Hindi doesn’t necessarily mean mentioning the clock hours. The phrases listed above are also frequently used by natives to give just a general reference to the time of the day.

What phrase / sentence would you use to describe your day in Hindi?

4. Learn How to Tell Time in Hindi

Clock Overlaid on a Calendar

Reading the Date and Time in Hindi

We’ve finally arrived at the most significant and practical part of this article. Telling time in Hindi isn’t possible without learning the units of time in Hindi. 

In this segment, you’ll learn how to say hours in Hindi, minutes in Hindi, and seconds in Hindi. You’ll also find out the meaning of “o’clock” in Hindi.

1- Hour

“Hour” in Hindi is known as घंटा (ghantaa). The plural form, “hours,” can be translated as घंटे (ghante).

Moreover, for the term “o’clock,” the common Hindi word is बजे (baje).

One important thing to remember is that in Hindi, “hours” and “o’clock” are not interchangeable. They actually mean two different things.

Let’s learn the difference with the help of some example sentences.

  • ट्रेन चार घंटे देर से आएगी। 

treN caar ghante Der Se aayegii.

“The train is four hours late.”

  • ट्रेन चार बजे आएगी। 

treN caar baje aayegii.

“The train will arrive at four o’clock.”

As you can see, the word घंटे (ghante), or “hours,” stands for the duration; the word बजे (baje), or “o’clock,” refers to the time on the clock.

2- The Twelve-Hour Clock

The twelve-hour clock is more common in India than the twenty-four-hour clock. Once you get the drift of it, you’ll realize how easy it is to answer or ask “What time is it?” in Hindi.

Time in EnglishTime in HindiTime in Hindi
1 o’clockएक बजे
(ek baje)
एक बजे हैं। (ek baje hain.)

“It’s 1 o’clock.”
2 o’clockदो बजे
(Do baje)
दो बजे हैं। (Do baje hain.)

“It’s 2 o’clock.”
3 o’clockतीन बजे
(TiiN baje)
तीन बजे हैं। (TiiN baje hain.)

“It’s 3 o’clock.”
4 o’clockचार बजे
(caar baje)
चार बजे हैं। (caar baje hain.)

“It’s 4 o’clock.”
5 o’clockपाँच बजे
(paanc  baje)
पाँच बजे हैं। (paanc baje hain.)

“It’s 5 o’clock.”
6 o’clockछह बजे
(chah  baje)
छह बजे हैं। (chah baje hain.)

“It’s 6 o’clock.”
7 o’clockसात बजे
(SaaT baje)
सात बजे हैं। (SaaT baje hain.)

“It’s 7 o’clock.”
8 o’clockआठ बजे
(aath baje)
आठ बजे हैं। (aath baje hain.)

“It’s 8 o’clock.”
9 o’clockनौ बजे
(Nau baje)
नौ बजे हैं। (Nau baje hain.)

“It’s 9 o’clock.”
10 o’clockदस बजे
(DaS baje)
दस बजे हैं। (DaS baje hain.)

“It’s 10 o’clock.”
11 o’clockग्यारह बजे
(gyaarah baje)
ग्यारह बजे हैं। (gyaarah baje hain.)

“It’s 11 o’clock.”
12 o’clockबारह बजे
(baarah baje)
बारह बजे हैं। (baarah baje hain.)

“It’s 12 o’clock.”

Adding to that, Indians don’t typically use terms like a.m. and p.m. all the time. So, to avoid all the confusion, the hours are usually described depending on the phase of the day.

For instance:

  • 4 p.m. would be expressed as शाम के चार बजे (saam ke caar baje).
  • 7 a.m. would be expressed as सुबह के सात बजे (Subah ke SaaT baje).
  • 2 p.m. would be expressed as दोपहर के दो बजे (Dopahar ke Do baje).
Woman Pointing at a Clock

Telling the Time

3- Minutes and Seconds

The above examples were just about the hours. So how can you give the exact time in Hindi using both hours and minutes?

  • “Minute” in Hindi is pronounced as मिनट (miNat).
  • “Second” in Hindi is pronounced as सेकेंड (Sekend).

We can better understand these concepts with the help of a simple example.

When someone says to you “Tell me the time in Hindi,” how do you respond?

Suppose the current time is 3:18. In Hindi, it would simply be said as 3 बज के 18 मिनट (TiiN bajakar/bajake athaarah miNat).

1. If the time is in the first half of the hour, the rule is:

(hour) + बजकर (bajakar) + (minutes) + मिनट हुए हैं (miNat huye hain).

For example:

  • तीन बज कर अठारह मिनट हुए हैं।

TiiN bajakar athaarah miNat huye hain.

“It is 3:18.”

2. If the time is in the second half of the hour, the rule is:

(the coming hour) + बजने में (bajaNe men) + (minutes remaining until the next hour) + हैं (hain).

For example:

  • चार बजने में दो मिनट हैं।

caar bajaNe men Do miNat hain.

“It is 3:58.”

Does Hindi counting confuse you? Worry not! We also have a blog article on Hindi numbers; time in Hindi really can’t be studied without going through and understanding this important subject!

So, why don’t you check out our lesson on Hindi numbers and flaunt your Hindi counting knowledge in the comment box? Let’s see if you can tell us what 5 o’clock in Hindi is!

4- Hours Divided into Minutes

Hours and MinutesEnglishHindiUsage in a Sentence
1:30*“Half past one”डेढ़ (dedh)विद्यालय की छुट्टी डेढ़ बजे होती है।
(viDyaaLay kii chuttii dedh baje hoTii hai.)

“The school closes at half past one.”
2:30**“Half past two”ढाई (dhaaii)हम लोग ढाई बजे शॉपिंग के लिए चलेंगे।
(ham Log dhaaii baje sauping ke Liye caLenge.)

“We will go shopping at half past two.”
–:15“Quarter past”सवा (Savaa)फ़्लाइट सवा चार बजे की है।
(fLaait Savaa caar baje kii hai.)

“The flight is at a quarter past four.”
–:30“Half past”साढ़े (Saadhe)सुधा सुबह साढ़े छह बजे उठ जाती है।
(SuDHaa Subah Saadhe chah baje uth jaaTii hai.)

“Sudha gets up at half past six in the morning.”
–:45“Quarter to”पौने (pauNe)मैच पौने बारह पर शुरू होगा।
(maic pauNe baarah par suru hogaa.)

“The match will begin at a quarter to twelve.”

As you can see in the table above, there are exceptions for saying the 1:30 and 2:30 time in Hindi.

* डेढ़ (dedh) is used for “1:30.”

** ढाई (dhaaii) is used for “2:30.”

For the rest of the hours and minutes, the pattern is uniform. For instance, 11:45 in Hindi is known as पौने बारह (pauNe baarah).

We hope you’re enjoying our lesson on how to tell the time in the Hindi language.

Allow us to introduce you to these powerful memory-enhancing strategies to help you learn how to tell time in Hindi effectively.

5. Asking for the Time in Hindi

When setting up the time for a plan, it’s pretty common for us to ask each other “at what time.” Translate in Hindi and it becomes कितने बजे (kiTaNe baje).

Needless to say, it’s one of the most frequently used phrases when talking about time.

Man with Many Arms Multitasking

Managing the Day on Time

Do you want to amaze native speakers with your command over Hindi? Of course you do. So, here’s a tip for you! Practice these common phrases used to ask for time.

For instance, the “What time is it there?” meaning in Hindi would be:

  • वहाँ पर कितने बज रहे हैं ? Or वहाँ पर क्या वक़्त हो रहा है ?

(vahaan par kiTaNe baj rahe hain?) or (vahaan par kyaa vaqT ho rahaa hai?)

Both of these sentences qualify as “What time is it there?” in Hindi.

  • कितने बजे हैं ? 

kiTaNe baje hain?

“What’s the time?”

  • टाइम क्या हो रहा है ? 

taaim kyaa ho rahaa hai?

“What time is it?”

  • कितना समय हुआ ? 

kiTaNaa Samay huaa?

“What’s the time?”

  • मूवी / मीटिंग कितने बजे की है ? 

muuvii / miiting kiTaNe baje kii hai?

“What time is the movie/meeting?”

  • क्या आप बता सकते हैं समय कितना हुआ है ? 

kyaa aap baTaa SakaTe hain Samay kiTaNaa huaa hai?

“Do you have the time please?”

In short, if you want to ask “What time is it?”, say कितने बजे हैं ? (kiTaNe baje hain), and if you wish to ask “at what time,” translate in Hindi as कितने बजे (kiTaNe baje) and you’ll be good to go!

6. Time Adverbs

Once you learn how to tell time in Hindi, there’s absolutely no stopping you! In fact, you’ll enjoy it so much and wonder why you didn’t learn this all sooner. 

Let’s look at some time adverbs that Hindi speakers use quite frequently in their day-to-day lives, and practice using them in sentences.

1- Right now

अभी तुरंत (abhii TuranT)

  • मैं अभी तुरंत आपको पैसे वापस करता हूँ। 

main abhii TuranT aapako paiSe vaapaS karaTaa huun.

“I will return you the money right now.”

फ़ौरन (fauraN)

  • इन्हें फ़ौरन अस्पताल ले चलो। 

inhen fauraN aSpaTaaL Le caLo.

“Take her to the hospital right now.”

2- Currently

अभी (abhii)

  • मैं अभी जर्मनी में रह रही हूँ। 

main abhii jarmaNii men rah rahii huun.

“Currently, I’m in Germany.”

इस समय (iS Samay)

  • इस समय शिमला में बर्फ़बारी हो रही है। 

iS Samay simaLaa men barfabaarii ho rahii hai.

“Currently, there’s a snowfall happening in Shimla.”

3- Meanwhile

इस दौरान (iS DauraaN)

  • इस दौरान, बिल्ली गेंद से खेल रही थी। 

iS DauraaN, biLLii genD Se kheL rahii THii.

“Meanwhile, the cat was playing with the ball.”

4- Before

पहले (pahaLe)

  • खाने से पहले हाथ धोने चाहिए। 

khaaNe Se pahaLe haaTH DHoNe caahiye.

“You should wash your hands before eating.”

5- After

बाद में (baaD men)

  • ऋतु अपना काम ख़त्म करने के बाद सोयेगी। 

riTu apaNaa kaam khaTm karaNe ke baaD Soyegii.

“Ritu will sleep after finishing her work.”

6- Soon

जल्द ही (jaLD hii)

  • हम जल्द ही मिलेंगे। 

ham jaLD hii miLenge.

“We will meet soon.”

Woman Checking Her Watch

Meeting Someone on Time

7- Almost

लगभग (Lagabhag)

  • खाना लगभग तैयार हो चुका है। 

khaaNaa Lagabhag Taiyaar ho cukaa hai.

“The food is almost ready.”

8- In a little while

कुछ ही देर में (kuch hii Der men)

  • कुछ ही देर में मूवी शुरू होने वाली है। 

kuch hii Der men muuvii suru hoNe vaaLii hai.

“The movie will begin in a little while.”

थोड़ी देर में (THodii Der men)

  • मैं थोड़ी देर में वापस आ जाऊंगी। 

main THodii Der men vaapaS aa jaauungii.

“I will be back in a little while.”

9- For a long time

कई दिनों तक (kaii DiNon Tak)

  • पुस्तकालय कई दिनों तक बंद रहेगा। 

puSTakaaLay kaii DiNon Tak banD rahegaa.

“The library will remain closed for a long time.” 

लंबे समय तक (Lambe Samay Tak)

  • राजेश लंबे समय तक जापान में था। 

raajes Lambe Samay Tak jaapaaN men THaa.

“Rajesh was in Japan for a long time.”

एक अरसे तक (Ek araSe Tak)

  • एक अरसे तक सीमा भारत नहीं आ पायी। 

ek araSe Tak Siimaa bhaaraT Nahiin aa paayii.

“Seema couldn’t come to India for a long time.”

10- Anytime

कभी भी (kabhii bhii)

  • तुम मेरे घर कभी भी आ सकते हो। 

Tum mere ghar kabhii bhii aa SakaTe ho.

“You can come to my house anytime.”

किसी भी वक़्त (kiSii bhii vaqT)

  • बारिश किसी भी वक़्त हो सकती है। 

baaris kiSii bhii vaqT ho SakTii hai.

“It may start raining anytime now.”

11- As soon as possible

जितनी जल्दी हो सके (jiTaNii jaLDii ho Sake)

  • जितनी जल्दी हो सके वापस आ जाओ। 

jiTaNii jaLDii ho Sake vaapaS aa jaao.

“Come back as soon as possible.”

जल्द से जल्द (jaLD Se jaLD)

  • मुझे जल्द से जल्द ये किताब ख़त्म करनी है। 

mujhe jaLD se jaLD ye kiTaab khaTm karaNii hai.

“I have to finish this book as soon as possible.”

12- Just now

अभी – अभी (abhii – abhii)

  • मुझे  अभी – अभी यह ख़बर मिली है। 

mujhe abhii abhii yah khabar miLii hai.

“I heard the news just now.”

7. Time Proverbs and Sayings

Hindi is a rich language. Knowing Hindi helps you taste the depth and diverse range of so many Hindi proverbs and sayings related to time.

Man in Bed Reaching for an Alarm Clock

Waking Up on Time

So, here’s our bonus section with the most popular proverbs and quotes on time in Hindi.

  • समय ही सबसे बड़ा धन है। 

Samay hii SabaSe badaa DHaN hai.

“Time is money.”

  • समय किसी के लिए नहीं रुकता।

Samay kiSii ke Liye nahiin rukaTaa.

“Time waits for none.”

  • समय बहुत बलवान है।

Samay bahuT baLavaaN hai.

“Time is powerful.”

  • गुज़रा वक़्त कभी वापस नहीं आता।

guzaraa vaqT kabhii vaapaS Nahiin aaTaa.

“Once the time has passed, it never comes back.”

  • समय हर घाव भर देता है।

Samay har ghaav bhar DeTaa hai.

“Time heals every wound.”

What’s your favorite time-related proverb? Try translating it in Hindi and share it with us in the comment box!

8. Get Ahead of Time with

Basic Questions

Whoa! This certainly has been quite a comprehensive lesson, but wasn’t it totally worth it? By now, you should have a much better idea of how to ask and give the time in Hindi. Why not practice giving the current time in Hindi where you are by dropping us a comment? makes learning such a fun thing that learners just can’t get enough of it. So why wait, when all these amazing free Hindi resources are waiting to be explored?

If you haven’t signed up yet, join our platform by clicking here and get instant access to the best Hindi lessons. You can also explore the top 100 Hindi words and try out our Hindi-English online dictionary for free!For more information, don’t hesitate to visit our “MyTeacher” section. Have a happy Hindi learning time!

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Eid al-Adha in India – Sacrifice and Charity


Friends, charity, faith, and tradition come together each year on Eid al-Adha. Indian Muslims gather together for an enjoyable time and live out the values of the Muslim faith. 

In this article, you’ll learn about Eid al-Adha in India, from how it got started to how Indian Muslims celebrate today. 

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Eid al-Adha?

Up-close Image of a Young Goat

Eid al-Adha, often called “The Feast of the Sacrifice” in English, is one of the most important Muslim holidays worldwide. 

It originates from the story of Ibrahim, who was willing to sacrifice his son Ismael. According to the Quran, Ibrahim had asked Allah to give him a son, and Allah did so. But as Ismael grew older, Ibrahim began having recurring dreams of slaughtering his son and realized it was an order from Allah to sacrifice his son. Upon Ibrahim telling his son this, Ismael told his father to do as Allah willed. Ibrahim prepared his son for the sacrifice and was about to slaughter him, but was stopped by a voice. This voice told him that the “vision” had already been completed. Ibrahim was given a lamb to sacrifice in Ismael’s place, and Ismael was revealed to be a righteous prophet.

Today, the Muslim celebration of this holiday focuses on selflessness and serves as a reminder that Allah blesses the faithful. Eid al-Adha is also associated with the willingness to give up cherished possessions to glorify Allah.

    → See our Religion vocabulary list to learn the names of different religions in Hindi! 

2. When is Eid al-Adha in India?

The date of Eid al-Adha varies each year on the Gregorian calendar, as it takes place on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah. The holiday then lasts for roughly three days. 

Here’s a list of this holiday’s tentative start date for the next ten years.

YearStart Date
2020July 31
2021July 20
2022July 10
2023June 29
2024June 17
2025June 7
2026May 27
2027May 17
2028May 6
2029April 24

Note that these dates may not be entirely accurate, and may vary. The date of Eid al-Adha is officially determined each year by professional moon-sighters, and the dates above are only expected estimates.

3. How is Eid al-Adha Celebrated?

A Muslim Family and Friend Gathering for Eid al-Adha

On the Eid al-Adha holiday, Indian Muslims gather together for ईद नमाज़ (iid namaaz), or “Eid prayer,” in mosques and in more open spaces. Many people opt to नए कपड़े पहनना (naye kapde pahan na), or “wear new clothes,” for these gatherings, and to offer each other Eid al-Adha greetings. Due to the large number of Muslims living in India, this Eid al-Adha prayer time in India is known to sometimes cause traffic or otherwise make transportation difficult, so keep this in mind if you plan on visiting! 

One of the most important Eid al-Adha observances is that of sacrificing an animal. In light of Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son—and Allah’s provision of a lamb to sacrifice in Ismael’s place—many Muslims भगवान के नाम पे भेड़,गाय,बकरे,भैंस या ऊट की बलि चढ़ाना (bhagwaan ke naam pe bhed,gaye,bakre,bhains ya oot ki bali chadhaana), or “sacrifice a sheep, cow, goat, buffalo, or camel in the name of God.” 

It’s worth noting that this sacrifice is not used as an atonement for sins, and it’s said that the blood and meat of this animal don’t reach Allah at all. Rather, this sacrifice is more about selflessness and charity, and is a way of showing devotion to Allah (which pleases Him). The sacrificed animal, therefore, is usually divided into three portions: one portion for the poor and needy, one portion to bring home to one’s own family, and one portion to give away to friends and other relatives. 

Eid al-Adha in India is the perfect occasion to prepare and enjoy meat-based meals and other tasty dishes!  

4. Islam & Mosques in India

A Table Full of Food for Eid al-Adha

Did you know that India and the Arab world had trading relations long before the introduction of Islam

Perhaps it’s for this reason that Islam spread fairly quickly in India. The country has many mosques, a couple of which date back to the 600 ADs! 

You can read more about Indian mosques on Wikipedia

5. Must-Know Hindi Eid al-Adha Vocabulary 

A Lamb about to be Sacrificed

Let’s review some of the Hindi vocabulary words and phrases from this article! 

  • भेड़ [n.]



  • बकरीद [n.]

bakri id

Eid al-Adha

  • नए कपड़े पहनना

naye kapde pahan na

Wear new clothes

  • भगवान के नाम पे भेड़,गाय,बकरे,भैंस या ऊट की बलि चढ़ाना

bhagwaan ke naam pe bhed,gaye,bakre,bhains ya oot ki bali chadhaana

Sacrifice a sheep, cow, goat, buffalo, or camel in the name of God

  • बलिदान [n.]



  • मुसलमान [n.]



  • बड़ी ईद [n.]

badii iid

Greater Eid

  • गोश्त का एक तिहाई हिस्सा दोस्तों और पड़ोसियों को देना

goshT ka ek Tihaayi hissa DosTon aur padosiyon ko Dena

Give away one third of the meat to friends and neighbors

  • ईद नमाज़

iid namaaz

Eid prayer

  • परिवार और दोस्तों की महफ़िल

parivaar aur Doston ki mahfil

Family and friend gathering

  • गोश्त का एक तिहाई हिस्सा ज़रूरतमंद को देना

goshT ka ek Tihaayi hissa zaruraTmanD ko Dena

Donate one third or more of the meat to the poor and needy

  • बक्र ईद [n.]

bakr iid


Remember that you can find each of these words with an audio pronunciation on our Hindi Eid al-Adha vocabulary list for pronunciation practice! 

Final Thoughts

The importance of Eid al-Adha for Muslims in India can’t be overstated. This is a holiday of community, charity, and other prominent Muslim values! 

What are your thoughts on this holiday? Is there a similar celebration in your country or faith? Let us know in the comments! 

To continue learning about Indian culture and the Hindi language, check out these free resources from the blog:

Whatever your reasons for wanting to learn about Indian culture or the Hindi language, know that HindiPod101 has your back! Create your free lifetime account today and take advantage of our numerous learning tools: themed vocabulary lists, spaced-repetition flashcards, audio and video lessons, and so much more! 

Stay safe out there, and happy Hindi learning.

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Right & Left in Hindi: Giving Directions in Hindi Language


It’s easy to get lost in an unfamiliar and vast land such as India. In order to survive this hassle, understanding some basics like how to say right and left in Hindi, and polishing your general vocabulary related to directions in Hindi, is really important.

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Table of Contents
  1. Why Learn About Directions in Hindi Language
  2. Benefits of Knowing Hindi Directions
  3. Learning How to Ask Directions in Hindi
  4. On the Map: Basics
  5. On the Map: Combinations
  6. On the Road
  7. Landmarks
  8. Must-Know Phrases for Asking for Directions
  9. Must-Know Phrases for Giving Directions
  10. Quick Summary with an Example Situation
  11. Climbing the Hindi Learning Ladder with

1. Why Learn About Directions in Hindi Language


The heavily populated nation that India is, it also ranks as the seventh-largest country in the world. What might come as a shock to many is that a large chunk of the country still lacks any specific indication on the map.

So, being a non-native, there’s a pretty good chance that you’ll get confused and derail from the right track. That’s why it’s essential to acquaint yourself with the common Hindi words for asking directions in Hindi.

Want to sound like a native? Don’t hesitate to reach out to us and get some amazing pronunciation help for directions in Hindi.

2. Benefits of Knowing Hindi Directions

Knowing how to ask directions in Hindi has more advantages than one might imagine. Here are a few benefits to give you an idea!

  • Almost all the best tourist places in India remain heavily crowded. Getting stuck and losing yourself in there can be quite overwhelming. How about asking for directions in Hindi and finding your way out more easily?

  • In urgent situations when you have to rush to the railway station or catch a flight, knowing basic directions in Hindi can be a life-saver.

  • When living in India, you may also come across a medical emergency. Or in less pressing matters, learning how to ask directions in Hindi may come in handy if you’re trying to reach a local market or looking for a landmark.

  • Moreover, using transportation such as auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws in India can be tricky. The bottom line is that knowing even the most common Hindi travel phrases using directions, such as right-left in Hindi, gives the driver an idea of how well you know the place. And thus, the driver may present you with a greater edge for bargaining, too!

  • In the end, it’s not just about us, right? A lot of people tend to go off the route all the time and desperately need our help. Wouldn’t it be amazing if you knew how to give directions in Hindi and make others feel safer?

Great! Now that you’ve realized how splendid asking and giving directions in the Hindi language can be, let’s check out the simple steps to do that and learn within the comforts of your home!

3. Learning How to Ask Directions in Hindi

Asking directions

The purpose of this lesson is to enhance your relevant Hindi vocab by focusing on significant location words in Hindi, and more particularly, asking for and giving directions in Hindi.

Let’s get ready for another helpful guide which is sure to save you from all language troubles. That means by the end of the article, you’ll not only have mastered simple phrases like right & left in Hindi or East-West in Hindi, but also the basics of how to give directions in Hindi.

4. On the Map: Basics

Although in day-to-day life, it’s more common to hear natives say things like “left” and “right,” it would be better for us to start with formal phrases first.

So, before we move on to practical and informal phrases for giving directions in the Hindi language, let’s thoroughly understand the cardinal directions in Hindi.

Learning the Directions in Hindi

First, the four directions in Hindi:

Hindi WordsEnglish MeaningSentences
पूर्व / पूर्वी
(puurv / puurvii)
East / Easternसूर्य पूर्व दिशा में उगता है। 
Suury puurv Disaa men ugaTaa hai.
The sun rises in the east.
पहाड़ी से पूर्व दिशा में एक मंदिर है, जिसके दाहिनी ओर एक तालाब व पूर्व में घना जंगल है। 
pahaadii Se puurv Disaa men ek maNDir hai, jiSake DaahiNii or ek TaaLaab va puurv men ghaNaa jangaL hai.
There is a temple on the east side of the hill which has a pond on its right side and a dense forest in the east.
पश्चिम / पश्चिमी
(pascim / pascimii)
West / Westernसूर्य पश्चिम में अस्त होता है।
Suury pascim men aST hoTaa hai.
The sun sets in the west.
गुजरात भारत का पश्चिमी प्रदेश है जबकि असम पूर्व दिशा में है।
gujaraaT bhaaraT kaa pascimi praDes hai jabaki aSam poorv Disaa men hai.
Gujarat is a western state of India, whereas Assam is in the east direction.
उत्तर / उत्तरी
(uTTar / uTTarii)
North / Northernहिमालय पर्वत भारत के उत्तरी भाग में है।
himaaLay parvaT bhaaraT ke uTTarii bhaag men hai.
The Himalayan Mountains are in the northern part of India.
भारत का उत्तरी भाग ठंडा है लेकिन दक्षिण में काफ़ी गर्मी पड़ती है।
bhaaraT kaa uTTari bhaag thaNdaa hai LekiN Daksin men kaafii garmii padaTii hai
The northern part of India is cold, but the south remains quite hot.
दक्षिण / दक्षिणी
(Daksin> / Daksinii)
South / Southernहमारे घर का मुख्य द्वार दक्षिण दिशा की ओर है।
hamaare ghar kaa mukhy Dvaar Daksin Disaa kii or hai.
The main entrance of our house faces the south side.
गाँव के दक्षिणी कोने में विद्यालय और पूर्वी भाग में पुलिस चौकी है।
gaanv ke Daksini koNe men viDyaaLay aur puurvii bhaag men puLiS caukii hai.
The village has a school in the southern corner and the police station in the eastern part.

  • East: As you can see in the above table, “east” in Hindi is known as पूर्व (puurv). But do you know that there’s a colloquial word for it too? Well, local Indians also call “east” in Hindi पूरब (puurab).

  • West: “West” in Hindi is pronounced as पश्चिम (pascim). This is used in both writing and speech.

  • North: “North” is translated as उत्तर (uTTar). Note that the same Hindi term उत्तर (uTTar) is also used for the English word “answer.” Basically, natives can distinguish between the two based on context.

  • South: The grammatically correct translation for “south” is दक्षिण (Daksin), though it’s common to find some people pronounce it as दक्खिन (DakkhiN) which means the same thing.

Finding Various Locations

So far, we’ve covered the basic cardinal directions in Hindi. If asked, would you be able to translate the words “east” and “west” in Hindi? Well, share your answers with us in the comment box and find out how other learners are responding!

5. On the Map: Combinations

Now that you can identify the basic words for cardinal directions in Hindi, it’s time to dig a bit deeper. Because ultimately, just knowing the cardinal directions won’t suffice.

Studying combination phrases such as the northwest direction in Hindi will give you a better grip on giving and asking directions in Hindi.

Hindi WordsEnglish MeaningSentences
Northeastमैं भारत के उत्तर-पूर्वी राज्य की रहने वाली हूँ। मैं मणिपुर से हूँ।
main bhaaraT ke uTTar-puurvii raajy kii rahaNe vaaLii huun. main manipur Se huun.
I am a resident of a northeastern state of India. I am from Manipur.
राजस्थान भारत के उत्तर-पश्चिमी भाग में है।
raajaSTHaaN bhaaraT ke uTTar-pascimi bhaag men hai.
Rajasthan is in the northwestern part of India.
उड़ीसा, आंध्र प्रदेश, व तमिलनाडु दक्षिण-पूर्वी राज्य हैं।
udiiSaa, aanDHr praDes, va TamiLaNaadu Daksin-puurvii raajy hain.
Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamilnadu are the southeastern states of India.
Southwestमहाराष्ट्र, कर्नाटक, और केरल भारत के दक्षिण-पश्चिमी भाग में हैं।
mahaaraastra, karNaatak, aur keraL bhaaraT ke Daksin-pascimii bhaag men hain.
Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Kerala are in the southwestern part of India.

  • As you can see, in the examples above, the “north” direction in Hindi has been divided into two basic directions: “northeast” which is उत्तर-पूर्वी (uTTar-puurvi) and “northwest” which is उत्तर-पश्चिमी (uTTar-pascimii).

  • Similarly, “south” is subdivided into “southeast” which is दक्षिण-पूर्वी (Daksin-puurvii) and “southwest” which is दक्षिण-पश्चिमी (Daksin-pascimii).

6. On the Road

In the section above, we discussed the cardinal directions in Hindi. Now, it’s time to explore how to ask for or how to give directions in Hindi when we’re on the road.

Symbols and Boards

1- Basic Opposites

Below we’ve tried to cover the most common words used for giving directions in the Hindi language. Let’s start with the basic opposites in Hindi.

Hindi WordsEnglish MeaningSentences
ऊपर / पर
(uuper / par)
on / aboveयह किताब ऊपर मेज़ पर रख दो।
yah kiTaab uupar mez par rakh Do.
Put this book on the table above.
ऊपर की मंज़िल पर जाकर फिर दाएं हाथ मुड़ जाना।
uupar kii maNziL par jaakar phir Daayen haaTH mud jaaNaa.
Go to the upper floor and then turn to the right.
below / under / down
बिल्ली बिस्तर के नीचे बैठी है।
biLLii biSTar ke Niice baithii hai.
The cat is sitting under the bed.
पुल से नीचे उतरकर बाएं हाथ पर सिनेमा हॉल मिलेगा।
puL Se Niice uTarakar baayen haath par SiNemaa hauL miLegaa.
You’ll find a cinema hall down the bridge on the left side.
next toमेरा घर इसी गली के आगे है।
meraa ghar iSi gaLii ke aage hai.
My house is right next to this street.
पहले चौराहे के आगे दाहिने हाथ पर एक किताब की दुकान है।
pahLe cauraahe ke aage DaahiNe haaTH par ek kiTaab kii DukaaN hai.
There is a bookshop on the right-hand side after the first intersection.
behind / at the back ofघर के पीछे बहुत सुन्दर बग़ीचा है।
ghar ke piiche bahuT SuNDar baġiicaa hai.
There is a really beautiful garden at the back of the house.
मेरी कार के पीछे जो बस थी वो बाएं हाथ मुड़ गयी।
merii kaar ke piiche jo baS THii wo baayen haaTH mud gayii.
The bus which was following my car turned left.
in front of / at the frontसड़क के सामने शहर का सबसे मशहूर भोजनालय है।
Sadak ke SaamaNe sahar kaa SabaSe mashuur bhojaNaaLay hai.
The most famous restaurant in the town is in front of the road.
चाय की दुकान के सामने एक ब्यूटी पार्लर है जिसके दाहिनी ओर बेकरी है।
caay kii DukaaN ke SaamaNe ek byutii paarLar hai, jiSake DaahiNii or bekarii hai.
In front of the tea shop, there’s a beauty parlor which has a bakery on its right side.
farसब्ज़ी मंडी यहाँ से काफ़ी दूर है। 
Sabzii maNdii yahaan Se kaafii Duur hai.
The vegetable market is quite far from here.
किताब की दुकान दूर है लेकिन एक पुस्तकालय पास में ही  है। 
kiTaab kii DukaaN Duur hai LekiN ek puSTakaaLay paaS men hii hai.
The book shop is far, but the library is nearby.
पास / नज़दीक 
(paaS / NazaDiiq)
near / closeमेरा दोस्त पास में ही रहता है। 
meraa DoST paaS men hii rahTaa hai.
My friend lives nearby.
होटल पार्क के नज़दीक है मगर झील से दूर है।
hotaL paark ke NazaDiiq hai magar jhiiL Se Duur hai.
The hotel is close to the park but away from the lake.
rightकृपया दाएं हाथ मुड़ जाइये।
kripayaa Daayen haaTH mud jaaiye.
Please, turn right.
तुम्हें दाहिने जाकर बाएं मुड़ना होगा।
Tumhen DaahiNe jaakar baayen mudaNaa hogaa.
You would have to go right and then turn left.
leftभारत में सड़क पर बायीं तरफ़ चलने का नियम है।
bhaaraT men Sadak par baayiin Taraf caLaNe kaa Niyam hai.
In India, it’s a rule to walk on the left side of the road.
क्या आप टैक्सी बायीं ओर न लेकर दायीं ओर लेंगे?
kyaa aap taikSii baayiin or Naa Lekar Daayiin or Lenge?
Would you turn the taxi to the right instead of left?

  • As we already know, “left” in Hindi is known as बायें (baayen), whereas “right” is known as दायें (Daayen).

  • “To turn” is मुड़ना (mudaNaa) and “turn” [verb] is मुड़ो / मुड़ जाओ / मुड़ जाइए (mudo / mud jaao / mud jaaiyev). Similarly, “to go” is जाना (jaaNaa) and “go” is जाओ / जाइए (jaao / jaaiye).

So, with these words, you can easily make some simple yet really useful Hindi phrases.

For instance:

    “Turn left” in Hindi is बायें मुड़ जाओ / जाइए (baayen mud jaao / jaaiye).
    “Turn right” in Hindi is दायें मुड़ जाओ / जाइए (Daayen mud jaao / jaaiye).
    “Turn back” in Hindi is पीछे मुड़ जाओ / जाइए (piiche mud jaao / jaaiye).

Adding some more phrases to this list of directions in Hindi:

    “Go down” in Hindi is नीचे जाओ / जाइए (Niice jaao / jaaiye).
    “Go back” in Hindi is पीछे जाओ / जाइए (piiche jaao / jaaiye).
    “Go up” in Hindi is ऊपर जाओ / जाइए (uupar jaao / jaaiye).
    “Go straight” in Hindi is सीधे जाओ / जाइए (SiiDHe jaao/jaaiye).

And lastly, here are some other essential phrases to keep in mind:

    “Near” in Hindi is पास (paaS).
    “Far” in Hindi is दूर (Duur).
    “In front of” in Hindi is के सामने (ke SaamaNe).
    “Beside” in Hindi is के पास (ke paas).
    “Go straight” in Hindi is ठीक सीधे (thiik SiiDHe).

Finding the Routes

2- Direction Phrases with References

Our next step is to talk about the directions with different references. So, let’s have a look at them.

Hindi WordsHindi WordsSentences
किनारे पर
(kiNaare par)
around the cornerगली के किनारे पर एक दर्ज़ी की दुकान है।
gaLii ke kiNaare par ek Darzii kii DukaaN hai.
There’s a tailor’s shop around the corner of the street.
दुकान के आगे
(DukaaN ke aage)
next to the shopदुकान के आगे बहुत बड़ा पार्क है।
DukaaN ke aage bahuT badaa paark hai.
There’s a huge park next to the shop.
चौराहे के पास
(cauraahe ke paaS)
by the intersectionअस्पताल चौराहे के पास ही है।
aSpaTaaL cauraahe ke paaS hii hai.
The hospital is by the intersection.
अगले स्टॉप पर
(agaLe Staup par)
at the next stopमुझे अगले स्टॉप पर उतरना है।
mujhe agaLe Staup par uTaraNaa hai.
I have to get off at the next stop.
सड़क पार
(Sadak paar)
across the roadसड़क पार लैपटॉप का शोरूम है।
Sadak paar Laipataup ka soruum hai.
There’s a laptop showroom across the road.
दो गली छोड़ के
(Do gaLii chod ke)
leaving two streetsदो गली छोड़ के मेरे दोस्त का घर है।
Do gaLii chod ke mere DoST kaa ghar hai.
Leaving two streets is my friend’s house.

So far, we’ve almost covered the complete way of asking for directions in Hindi, and yet there’s so much more to learn and explore!

Below, you’ll read about the different words used for landmarks and how to use them properly.

7. Landmarks

Every town in every country has landmarks. Some are quite famous and others need a little more introduction. Landmarks make it so much easier for us to find places and check if we’re moving on the right path.

What are the famous landmarks in your town? Share the unique statues, buildings, and one-of-its-kind places in your city in the comment box below and check out what others are posting as well!

1- In the City

Hindi WordsEnglish MeaningEnglish Meaning
हवाई अड्डा
(havaaii addaa)
airportहवाई अड्डा कितना दूर है?
havaaii addaa kiTaNaa Duur hai?
How far is the airport?
(Sab ve)
subwayचौराहे के आगे एक सबवे आएगा।
cauraahe ke aage ek Sabave aayegaa.
There will be a subway next to the intersection.
शहर के बीचोंबीच
(sahar ke biiconbiic)
center of the cityयह इमारत शहर के बीचोंबीच में है। 
yah imaaraT sahar ke biiconbiic men hai.
This building is right in the center of the city.
पार्क / बग़ीचा
(paark / baġiicaa)
parkक्या तुम पार्क में बैठना चाहोगे?
kyaa Tum paark men baithaNaa caahoge?
Would you like to sit in the park?
होटल यहाँ से चार किलोमीटर दूर है।
hotaL yahaan Se caar kiLomiitar Duur hai.
The hotel is four kilometers from here.
जलपान गृह / भोजनालय
(jaLapaaN grih / bhojaNaaLay)
यहाँ कहीं शाकाहारी भोजनालय मिलेगा?
yahaan kahiin saakaahaarii bhojaNaaLay miLegaa?
Is there any vegetarian restaurant here?
hospitalमेरी दोस्त एक बड़े अस्पताल में नर्स है।
merii DoST ek bade aSpaTaaL men NarS hai.
My friend works as a nurse at a big hospital.
bankबैंक शाम को ५ बजे बंद हो जाता है। 
baink saam ko paanc baje baND ho jaaTaa hai.
The bank closes at five in the evening.


2- On a Road

Hindi WordsEnglish MeaningEnglish Meaning
intersectionयह इस शहर का सबसे भीड़-भाड़ वाला चौराहा है। 
yah iS sahar kaa SabaSe bhiid-bhaad vaaLaa cauraahaa hai.
This is the busiest intersection in the whole town.
trijunctionअगले मोड़ पर एक तिराहा आएगा, वहां से दाएं घूम जाइये। 
agaLe mod par ek Tiraahaa aayegaa, vahaan Se Daayen ghuum jaaiye.
There’s a trijunction at the next turn. Turn right from there.
लाल बत्ती
(LaaL baTTii)
traffic light / red lightहर किसी को लाल बत्ती के नियम का पालन करना चाहिए। 
har kiSi ko LaaL baTTii ke Niyam kaa paaLaN karaNaa caahiye.
Everyone should follow the traffic rules.
ज़ेब्रा क्रॉसिंग
(zebraa krauSing)
zebra crossingसड़क पार करते वक़्त हमेशा ज़ेब्रा क्रॉसिंग का इस्तेमाल करें। 
Sadak paar karaTe vaqT hamesaa zebraa krauSing kaa iSTemaaL karen.
Always use the zebra crossing while crossing the road.
गोल चक्कर
(goL cakkar)
roundaboutहमें पिछले गोल चक्कर से बाएं घूम जाना चाहिए था। 
hamen pichaLe goL cakkar Se baayen ghuum jaaNaa caahiye THaa.
We should have turned left at the last roundabout.
flyoverइस फ़्लाईओवर से केवल चार पहिया वाहनों को जाने की अनुमति है। 
iS fLaaiiover Se kevaL caar pahiyaa vaahaNon ko jaaNe kii aNumaTi hai.
Only four-wheelers are permitted to go through this flyover.
bridgeपुल पार कर अगला यू -टर्न ले लीजिये। 
puL paar kar agaLaa yuu-tarN Le Lijiye.
Take the U-turn after crossing the bridge.
roadयह सड़क दिल्ली से होते हुए सीधा आगरा तक जाती है। 
yah Sadak DiLLii Se hoTe hue SiiDHaa aagaraa Tak jaaTii hai.
This road goes through Delhi and straight to Agra.

Now that we know how to talk about the landmarks on a road or in the main city, let’s jump to phrases related to the main points in a building or similar structure!

3- In a Structure / Building

Hindi WordsEnglish MeaningSentences
restroom / toiletबायीं तरफ़ वाला शौचालय महिलाओं के लिए है व दाहिनी तरफ़ वाला पुरुषों के लिए है। 
baayiin Taraf vaaLaa saucaaLay mahiLaaon ke Liye hai va DaahiNi Taraf vaaLaa puruson ke Liye hai.
The restroom on the left side is for women and the one on the right side is for men.
waiting roomसभी यात्री प्रतीक्षालय में रेलगाड़ी का इंतज़ार कर रहे थे। 
Sabhii yaaTrii praTiiksaaLay men reLagaadii kaa iNTazaar kar rahe THe.
All the passengers were waiting for the train in the waiting room.
elevator / liftलिफ़्ट से चौथी मंज़िल पर चले जाओ। 
Lift Se cauTHii maNziL par caLe jaao.
Take the elevator to the fourth floor.
parking lotमॉल में पार्किंग की जगह बेसमेंट में है। 
mauL men paarking kii jagah beSameNt men hai.
The parking lot in the mall is in the basement.
अंदर आने का गेट
(aNDar aaNe kaa get)
entry gateइमारत के भीतर आने के लिए अंदर आने का गेट उपयोग करें। 
imaaraT ke bhiiTar aaNe ke Liye aNDar aaNe kaa get upayog karen.
Use the entry gate to get inside the building.
बाहर जाने का गेट
(baahar jaaNe kaa get)
exit gateबाहर जाने का गेट दूसरी तरफ़ है। 
baahar jaaNe kaa get DuuSarii Taraf hai.
The exit gate is on the other side.

8. Must-Know Phrases for Asking for Directions

Basic Questions

Now, how to find directions in Hindi.

In India, the tone and colloquial words play a great role when you’re trying to ask for directions. Subtle manners and proper communication go a long way!

1- Polite Phrases to Start the Question

Obviously, you can’t throw a question on someone just like that. It’s important to seek their attention and start a chit-chat without offending them. Take a look at these polite phrases to get the job done!

  • ज़रा सुनिए / माफ़ कीजियेगा
    zaraa SuNiye / maaf kiijiyegaa
    Excuse me.

  • मुझे कुछ पूछना था
    mujhe kuch puuchaNaa THaa
    May I ask something?

  • मुझे यह जानना था कि… (अगली बस कब आएगी)?
    mujhe yah jaaNaNaa THaa ki… (agaLii baS kab aayegii)?
    I wanted to know… (when would the next bus arrive)?

  • क्या आप बता सकते हैं कि… (पीने का पानी कहाँ मिलेगा?)
    kyaa aap baTaa Sakate hain ki… (piiNe kaa paaNii kahaan miLegaa)?
    Could you please tell me… (where I can get some drinking water)?

How to Ask for Directions in Hindi

2- Asking for Directions

Once you’ve grabbed their attention and the other person is more willing to listen to you, you can now ask them for directions with these useful Hindi phrases!

  • बाथरूम / शौचालय किधर होगा?
    baaTHaruum / saucaaLay kiDHar hogaa?
    Where is the restroom?

  • क्या आस-पास कोई किराने की दुकान मिलेगी?
    kyaa aaS-paaS koii kiraaNe kii DukaaN miLegii?
    How do I get to a nearby convenience store?

  • मैक डॉनल्ड्स यहाँ से कितनी दूर होगा?
    maik DoNaLDS yahaan Se kiTaNii Duur hogaa?
    How far is McDonald’s from here?

3- Courtesy Phrases to Thank People

And what could be a better way to end the conversation than with a token of gratitude? After they’ve briefed you and cleared your confusion, sharing a small thank-you moment will bring smiles to every face. So, the next time somebody helps you, get in their good graces with these courtesy phrases.

  • धन्यवाद
    Thank you.

  • मदद के लिए शुक्रिया
    maDaD ke Liye sukriyaa
    I appreciate your help.

  • मैं समझ गया / गयी
    main Samajh gayaa / gayii
    I’ve got it!

9. Must-Know Phrases for Giving Directions

To give directions to someone, you’ll need to know a few more handy phrases.

Sometimes, just a tiny indication is enough to clear the clouds and have a smooth ride ahead. What are those handy phrases? Below are some useful driving directions in Hindi, and other directions to help someone get around or find their way.

Hindi PhrasesEnglish Meaning
आगे जाएं
(aage jaayen)
Go straight/further.
पीछे मुड़ें
(piiche muden)
Turn back.
यू-टर्न ले लीजिये
(yuu-tarN Le Liijiye)
Take a U-turn.
दायें / बाएं मुड़ें
(Daayen / baayen muden)
Turn right / left.
चौराहे से दाएं / बाएं मुड़ें
(cauraahe Se Daayen / baayen muden)
Take a right / left at the intersection.
दूसरी मंज़िल पर
(DuuSarii maNziL par)
on the second floor
चौथी मंज़िल पर
(cauTHii maNziL par)
on the fourth floor
ऊपर / नीचे  जाएं
(uupar / Niice jaayen)
Go upstairs / downstairs.
चलते रहिये / आगे चलते जाइये
(caLaTe rahiye/ aage caLaTe jaaiye)
Keep going.
रुक जाइये
(ruk jaaiye)
ज़रा जल्दी करिये
(zaraa jaLDii kariye)
Hurry up.
धीरे चलिए
(DHiire caLiye)
Slow down.
आप देख कर जान जायेंगे
(aap Dekh kar jaaN jayenge)
You’ll know it once you see it.
आप पहचान जायेंगे
(aap pahacaaN jayenge)
You won’t miss it.

10. Quick Summary with an Example Situation

Suppose you’re traveling to India and wish to see the Taj Mahal. Your flight lands and you check in at a nice hotel. Naturally, you and the hotel manager begin a conversation, and you ask them in Hindi how to reach the historical monument.

The whole chat between you and the manager may go something like this:

You: मुझे ताज महल देखना है. क्या आप बता सकते हैं कि टैक्सी से कैसे जाना होगा?
    mujhe Taaj mahaL DekhNaa hai. kyaa aap baTaa SakTe hain ki taikSii Se kaiSe jaaNaa hogaa?

    “I wish to go and visit the Taj Mahal. Could you please tell me how to go there by taxi?”

Manager: जी, ज़रूर. टैक्सी स्टैंड होटल से २ किलोमीटर दूर बाईं तरफ़ है. पहले सीधे जाइये, फ़िर पहले चौराहे से बाएं मुड़ जाइये. टैक्सी लेकर आप को सीधे जाना होगा. तिराहे से दाहिनी तरफ़ मुड़ते ही ताज महल दिखेगा. ताज महल का मुख्य द्वार लाल बत्ती वाली सड़क के पीछे है.
    jii zaruur. taikSii StainD hoteL Se Do kiLomiitar Duur baayiin Taraf hai. pehLe SiiDHe jaaiye, fir cauraahe se baayen muṛ jaaiye. taikSii Lekar aap ko SiiDHe jaaNaa hogaa. Tiraahe Se DaahiNii Taraf muṛTe hii Taaj mahaL Dikhegaa. Taaj mahaL kaa mukhya Dvaar LaaL baTTii vaaLii Saṛak ke piiche hai.

    “Yes, of course. The taxi stand is two kilometers away from the hotel to its left. First, you need to go straight, then turn left at the first intersection. When you get into the taxi, go straight again. When you turn to the right, at the trijunction, you can see the Taj Mahal. The main gate of the Taj Mahal is at the back of the traffic light road.”

You: ओह, बताने के लिए बहुत शुक्रिया. क्या आप ताज महल के भीतर जाने का रास्ता बता सकते हैं?
    oh, baTaaNe ke Liye bahauT sukriyaa. Kyaa aap Taaj mahaL ke bhiitar jaaNe kaa raaSTaa baTaa SakTe hain?

    “Oh, right! Could you please explain the way to get inside the Taj Mahal gate?”

Manager: जी, मुख्य द्वार से घुसते ही, आपको एक बग़ीचा दिखेगा. ताज महल की इमारत बगीचे के बिलकुल बीचो-बीच में है. यह यमुना नदी के दक्षिण दिशा में है.
    jii, mukhya Dvaar Se ghuSTe hii, aapko ek bagiicaa Dikhegaa. Taaj mahaL kii imaaraT bagiice ke biLkuL biico-biich men hai. yeh yamuNaa NaDii ke Daksin men hai.

    “Yes, as you enter the main gate, you will see a huge garden. The Taj Mahal building is right at the center of this garden. It is in the south of the Yamuna River.”

You: आपका बहुत धन्यवाद.
    aapkaa bahauT DHaNyavaaD

    “Many, many thanks to you.”

11. Climbing the Hindi Learning Ladder with

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100+ Nouns in Hindi:Learn Hindi Nouns with Examples


If you want to speak fluent Hindi like a native, the best stepping stone is to learn and memorize as many noun example sentences in Hindi as possible. Whether you’re traveling to a Hindi-speaking country, talking to a native friend, sharing about your family, or planning to eat somewhere in India, knowing the most common list of nouns in Hindi is a must.

Below, we’ll share with you the concrete noun definition in Hindi, followed by the types of nouns in Hindi with pictures. Not only that, but our Hindi nouns list also has different categories that consist of more than 100 examples.

After going through this lesson on nouns in Hindi, you’ll be an expert. In addition to that, you’ll also be able to flawlessly use most of these useful nouns in basic Hindi conversations.

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Table of Contents
  1. The Hindi Noun: Definition and Types
  2. List of 100+ Nouns in Hindi
  3. How to Use HindiPod101 for a Better Hindi Learning Experience!

1. The Hindi Noun: Definition and Types

Nouns 1

Now, it’s time to study the main definition of the noun and its types in Hindi. While discussing this, you’ll learn the Hindi noun definition and types, the meaning of nouns in Hindi, and see some noun examples/sentences in Hindi.

Nouns in Hindi vocabulary are an inseparable part of the language. A “noun” in Hindi is known as संज्ञा (Sangyaa).

There can be no better way of learning about Hindi nouns than by introducing ourselves to the most basic Hindi definition of noun, which goes as follows:

  • किसी भी व्यक्ति, वस्तु, अथवा स्थान के नाम को संज्ञा कहते हैं।
    kiSii bhii vyakTi, vaSTu, aTHavaa STHaaN ke NaaM ko Sangyaa kahaTe hain.
    The name of a person, place, or thing is called a noun.

As we move forward in this lesson, you’ll notice that almost all nouns in the Hindi language are divided into masculine and feminine nouns in Hindi, whereas in English, this doesn’t apply.

So, how many types of nouns are there in Hindi? Well, there is a total of five types. In this section, we’ll discuss all five types of nouns in Hindi with examples.

1- Common Nouns in Hindi

A common noun in Hindi is known as जातिवाचक संज्ञा (jaaTivaacak Sangyaa). These are words that are used to name a person or place in a general sense.

Actually, all nouns in Hindi are either common or proper. The rest of the types described below fall under the category of common nouns. Even the uncountable and countable nouns in Hindi are examples of common nouns.

Common noun examples/sentences in Hindi are:

  • बच्चा फल खा रहा है।
    baccaa phaL khaa rahaa hai.
    The kid is eating the fruit.

  • लड़की खेल रही है।
    Ladakii kheL rahii hai.
    The girl is playing.

2- Proper Nouns in Hindi

Next is the proper noun. The word for proper noun in Hindi is व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा (vyakTi vaacak Sangyaa). Proper nouns in Hindi grammar are the words which specify a special name of any person or place.

A few well-known proper nouns are:

  • महात्मा गाँधी (mahaaTmaa gaaNDHii)      Mahatma Gandhi (name of an Indian leader)

  • क़ुतुब मीनार (quTub miiNaar)      Qutub Minar (name of a historical place)

  • दिल्ली (DiLLii)           Delhi (name of capital)

  • गंगा (gangaa)           Ganga (name of river)

3- Abstract Nouns in Hindi

The third type of noun are the abstract nouns.

Abstract nouns in Hindi are known as भाववाचक संज्ञा (bhaav vaacak Sangyaa). As the name suggests, abstract nouns stand for words that depict a particular state, emotion, or condition of any person or thing.

Some of the abstract noun examples are:

  • ख़ुशी (khusii)           Happiness

  • ग़रीबी (ġariibii)           Poverty

  • कोमलता (komaLaTaa)           Softness

  • मिठास (mithaaS)           Sweetness

  • अनुशासन (aNusaaSaN)           Discipline

4- Material Nouns in Hindi

The fourth category is the material noun, which is also one of the most common types of nouns in Hindi.

The translation of material noun in Hindi is वस्तु वाचक (vaSTu vaacak) / द्रव्य वाचक संज्ञा (Dravya vaacak Sangyaa). Some examples of material nouns that are in the Hindi vocabulary are mentioned below.

  • लकड़ी (Lakadii)           Wood

  • लोहा (Lohaa)           Iron

  • ऊन (uuN)           Wool

  • पानी (paaNii)           Water

5- Collective Nouns in Hindi

In Hindi, collective nouns are समूहवाचक संज्ञा (Samuuh vaacak Sangyaa).

They basically refer to any group of people, places, or things. Some of the collective nouns that are in the Hindi vocabulary are given below.

  • गुच्छा (gucchaa)           Bunch

  • सेना (SeNaa)           Army

  • बंडल (baNdaL)           Bundle

  • भीड़ (bhiid)           Crowd

6- Concrete Nouns in Hindi

Concrete nouns are any nouns which can be felt through any of our five sensory organs. These five sensations are touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing.

General examples of concrete nouns used in basic Hindi conversations are:

  • कमरा (kamaraa)           Room

  • मेज़ (mez)           Table

  • सब्ज़ी (Sabzii)           Vegetables

  • घास (ghaaS)           Grass

  • आसमान (aaSamaaN)           Sky

With this, we’ve got you covered with the basic definitions of nouns and their types in Hindi. Now you can confidently identify various proper nouns, abstract nouns, and common nouns in Hindi.

So, after reading this short lesson, you’re officially ready to check out these top 100+ nouns in the Hindi language and learn how to use these words in day-to-day conversations.

  • In the tables below, we’ve included both Hindi nouns and their gender. The gender of each noun has been mentioned in a small bracket alongside the noun. You can see it in the format of (m) or (f). Here, (m) stands for masculine and (f) stands for feminine.

  • For words that qualify as both masculine and feminine, the symbol (m/f) has been used.

  • The second column of every table contains the meaning of Hindi nouns in English. And in the last column, we’ve given examples on how to use the nouns in sentences.

2. List of 100+ Nouns in Hindi

Nouns 2

1- Home Appliances

The first category is that of common home appliances that people use on an everyday basis.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
1.माइक्रोवेव ओवन (m)
Maaikrovev ovaN
Microwave ovenपिज़्ज़ा माइक्रोवेव ओवन में रखा है।
pizzaa maaikrovev ovaN men rakhaa hai.
The pizza is in the microwave oven.
2.रेफ़्रिजरेटर (m)
Refrigeratorरेफ़्रिजरेटर ख़राब हो गया है।
refrijaretar kharaab ho gayaa hai.
The refrigerator is not working.
3.वैक्यूम क्लीनर (m)
Vaikyuum kLiiNar
Vacuum cleanerवैक्यूम क्लीनर दूसरे कमरे में रखा है। 
vaikyuum kLiiNar DuuSare kamre men rakhaa hai.
The vacuum cleaner is kept in the other room.
4.वॉशिंग मशीन (f)
Vausing masiiN
Washing machineयह वॉशिंग मशीन काफ़ी महँगी है।
yeh vausing masiiN kaafii mahangii hai.
This washing machine is quite expensive.
5.डी वी डी प्लेयर (m)
Dii vii dii pLeyar
DVD playerमेरा डीवीडी प्लेयर बहुत पुराना है।
meraa dii vii dii pLeyar bahuT puraaNaa hai.
My DVD player is really old.
6.टेलीविज़न (m)
TVचलो, टेलीविज़न पर कुछ देखा जाये। 
caLo, teLiivizaN par kuch Dekhaa jaaye.
Come on, let’s watch something on the television.
7.पंखा (m)
Fanपंखा धीमे चल रहा है।
pankhaa DHiime caL rahaa hai.
The fan is moving slow.
8.एयर कंडीशनर (m)
Eyar kaNdiisaNar
Air conditionerएयर कंडीशनर काम नहीं कर रहा।
eyar kaNdiisaNar kaam Nahiin kar rahaa.
The air conditioner is not working.
लैपटॉप (m)
Laptopतुमने ये लैपटॉप कितने में ख़रीदा?
TumaNe ye Laipataup kiTaNe men khariiDaa?
How much did you pay for this laptop?
10.स्टोव (m)
Stoveकृपया, स्टोव ऑन कर दो।
kripayaa, Stov auN kar Do.
Please, turn on the stove.

2- Technology

In today’s world, we hardly go a minute without technology. So, it should be obvious why we’re covering the technology category on our list of nouns!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
11.वाई फ़ाई (m)
vaaii faaii
Wi-Fiक्या यहाँ वाई फ़ाई चल रहा है?
kyaa yahan vaaii faaii caL rahaa hai?
Is the Wi-Fi working here?
12.ब्लॉग (m)
Blogतुम्हारा ब्लॉग तो बेहतरीन है!
Tumhaaraa bLaug To behaTriiN hai.
Your blog looks amazing!
13.इंटरनेट (m)
Internetमुझे इंटरनेट इस्तेमाल करना अच्छा लगता है।
mujhe iNtaraNet iSTemaaL karaNaa acchaa LagaTaa hai.
I love browsing on the internet.
14.पासवर्ड (m)
Passwordमैंने अपने अकाउंट का पासवर्ड बदल दिया है।
mainNe apaNe akaauNt kaa paaSavard baDal Diyaa hai.
I have changed the password for my account.
15.फ़ोटो (f)
Photoसारी फ़ोटो अपलोड कर दो।
Saarii foto apaLod kar Do.
Upload all the photos.
16.वेब पेज (m)
veb pej
Webpageयह वेब पेज नए तरीक़े से बनाना पड़ेगा।
yah veb pej Naye Tariiqe Se baNaaNaa padegaa.
This webpage will have to be made in a new style.
17.वेबसाइट (f)
Websiteमेरी वेबसाइट सबको पसंद आयी।
merii vebaSaait Sabako paSaND aayii.
Everybody liked my website.
18.सोशल मीडिया (f)
SosaL miidiyaa
Social mediaसोशल मीडिया पर सिर्फ़ वक़्त बर्बाद होता है।
SosaL miidiyaa par Sirf vaqT barbaaD hoTaa hai.
Social media is just a waste of time.
19.ट्विटर (m)
Twitterमैंने अपना ट्विटर अकाउंट बंद कर दिया है।
mainNe apaNaa tvitar akaauNt baND kar Diyaa hai.
I have closed my Twitter account.
20.इंस्टाग्राम (m)
Instagramक्या तुम इंस्टाग्राम पर हो?
kyaa Tum iNStaagraam par ho?
Are you on Instagram?
21.गूगल (m)
Googleगूगल जानकारियों का ख़ज़ाना है।
guugaL jaaNakaariyon kaa khazaaNaa hai.
Google is a treasure trove of information.
22.लिंक (m)
Linkयह लिंक काम नहीं कर रहा।
yah Link kaam Nahiin kar rahaa.
This link is not working.
23.फेसबुक (m)
Facebookक्या हम दोनों फेसबुक पर दोस्त बन सकते हैं?
kyaa ham DoNon feSabuk par DoST baN SakaTe hain.
Can we be friends on Facebook?

Did you find these tech words in Hindi helpful? Why don’t you share your thoughts in the comment section and we’ll help you out with any questions you have!

3- Transportation

Do you know that India has the largest network of railways in the world? Well, it’s true! Being a heavily populated country, one would be amazed to see all sorts of transportation.

There are cycle rickshaws that native people love to have a ride on. They’re pulled manually and can comfortably carry two people at a time. The cycle rickshaws are more appropriate for shorter distances, and provide an eco-friendly method of traveling in the city.

Public Transport

Check out the table below to find out the other popular transportation methods and related Hindi nouns!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
24.मेट्रो रेल (f)
metro reL
Metro railमेट्रो रेल भारत की बेहतरीन रेलों में से एक है।
metro reL bhaaraT kii behaTriiN reLon men Se ek hai.
Metro rail is one of the most excellent railway systems in India.
25.सीट (f)
Seatबस में केवल चार ही सीट ख़ाली थीं।
baS men kevaL caar hii Siit khaaLii THiin.
There were only four empty seats on the bus.
26.हवाई जहाज़ (m)
havaaii jahaaz
Planeमेरे बेटे को हवाई जहाज़ से यात्रा करना पसंद है।
mere bete ko havaaii jahaaz Se yaaTraa karaNaa paSaND hai.
My son loves to travel by plane.
27.बोर्डिंग गेट (m)
bording get
Boarding gateबोर्डिंग गेट दाईं तरफ़ है।
bording get Daayiin Taraf hai.
The boarding gate is to the right.
28.सामान (m)
Luggageअपना सामान सुरक्षित जगह पर रखें।
apaNaa SaamaaN SuraksiT jagah par rakhen.
Keep your luggage in a safe place.
29.प्रस्थान (m)
Departureरेलगाड़ी का प्रस्थान समय क्या है।
reLagaadii ka praSTHaaN Samay kyaa hai.
What’s the departure time for the train?
30.आगमन (m)
Arrivalयात्रियों के आगमन के लिए अलग द्वार है।
yaaTriyon ke aagamaN ke Liye aLag Dvaar hai.
There is a separate gate for the arrival of the passengers.
31.साईकिल रिक्शा (m)
SaaikiL riksaa
Cycle rickshawसाइकिल रिक्शा में सिर्फ़ दो लोग बैठ सकते हैं।
SaaikiL riksaa men Sirf Do Log baith SakTe hain.
A cycle rickshaw has space for only two people.
32.ऑटो रिक्शा (m)
auto riksaa
Auto rickshawऑटो रिक्शा छोटे शहरों में भी प्रचलित हैं।
auto riksaa chote saharon men bhii pracaLiT hain.
Auto rickshaws are popular in small towns as well.
33.टैक्सी (f)
Taxiटैक्सी बहुत तेज़ी से भाग रही थी।
taikSii bahuT Tezii Se bhaag rahii THii.
The taxi was running at a high speed.
34.बस (f)
हम कल बस से लखनऊ जायेंगे।
ham kaL baS Se LakhaNauu jaayenge.
We will go to Lucknow tomorrow by bus.
35.रेलगाड़ी  (f)
Trainदिल्ली जाने के लिए रेलगाड़ी परसों मिलेगी।
DiLLii jaaNe ke Liye reLagaadii parSon miLegii.
The train to Delhi is available the day after tomorrow.

4- Food and Cutlery

Indian food stands out for its aromatic flavors and spices. Once you taste the Indian curries, Naans, and sweets, it’s hard to get over the taste and sumptuousness.

Cutlery Sets

If you happen to visit India anytime soon, don’t miss out on the finest Indian cuisines. That being said, while dining with your friends and colleagues, how great would it be if you also knew the Hindi names for the common cutlery and cooking utensils?

Here’s a perfect list of Hindi nouns to get you going!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
36.भोजनालय (m)
Restaurantघर के पास में ही एक शुद्ध शाकाहारी भोजनालय है।
ghar ke paaS men hii ek suDDH saakaahaarii bhojaNaaLay hai.
There is a pure vegetarian restaurant near the house.
37.वेटर (m)
Waiterवेटर को कितनी टिप देनी है?
vetar ko kiTaNii tip DeNii hai?
How much tip does the waiter get?
38.वेट्रेस (f) 
Waitressवेट्रेस से कहो बिल ले आये।
vetreS Se kaho biL Le aaye.
Ask the waitress to bring the bill.
39.रात का खाना (m)
raat kaa khaaNaa
Dinnerरात का खाना हमारे ही साथ करियेगा।
raaT kaa khaaNaa  hamaare hii SaaTH kariyegaa.
Please, have dinner with us.
40.अल्पाहार (m)
Snackहम भोजन के बजाय सिर्फ़ अल्पाहार लेंगे।
ham bhojaN ke bajaay Sirf aLpaahaar Lenge.
We’d like to have just some snacks instead of a full meal.
41.नाश्ता (m)
Breakfastमुझे नाश्ते में अंडे और कॉफ़ी पसंद हैं।
mujhe NaasTe men aNde aur kauffii paSaND hain.
I love to have eggs and coffee for breakfast.
42.चाइनीज़ खाना (m)
caaiNiiz khaaNaa
Chinese foodचाइनीज़ खाना बेहद लज़ीज़ होता है।
caaiNiiz khaaNaa behaD Laziiz hoTaa hai.
Chinese food is quite delicious.
43.फ़ास्ट फ़ूड (m)
faaSt  fuud
Fast foodरोज़ाना फ़ास्ट फ़ूड खाना सेहत के लिए हानिकारक है।
rozaaNaa faaSt  fuud khaaNaa SehaT ke Liye haaNikaarak hai.
Consuming fast food every day is harmful to our health.
44.हेड वेटर (m)
hed vetar
Head waiterमुझे हेड वेटर से बात करनी है।
mujhe hed vetar Se baaT karaNii hai.
I would like to talk to the head waiter.
मेनू (m)
यहाँ का मेनू लाजवाब है।
yahaan kaa meNuu Laajavaab hai.
The menu here is amazing.
46.पाश्चात्य भोजन (m)
paaScaaTya bhojaN
Western food
मुझे सभी तरीक़े के पाश्चात्य भोजन खाना अच्छा लगता है।
mujhe Sabhii Tariiqe ke paaScaaTya bhojaN khaaNaa acchaa LagaTaa hai.
I love to eat all kinds of western food.

धूम्रपान (m)
Smokingधूम्रपान फेफड़ों को कमज़ोर बनाता है।
DHuumrapaaN phephadon ko kamzor baNaaTaa hai.
Smoking makes the lungs weak.
48.पानी (m)
Waterपीने के लिए ठंडा पानी मिलेगा क्या?
piiNe ke Liye thaNdaa paaNii miLegaa kyaa?
Can I have some chilled water to drink?
49.क्रेडिट कार्ड (m)
kredit kaard
Credit cardमेरा क्रेडिट कार्ड घर पर छूट गया है।
meraa kredit kaard ghar par chuut gayaa hai.
I’ve left my credit card at home.
50.रसोइया (m)
Chefयह रसोइया भारत के बाहर से बुलाया गया है।
yah raSoiyaa bhaaraT ke baahar Se buLaayaa gayaa hai.
This chef has been invited from outside India.
51.बिल (m)
Billकृपया, बिल ले आइये।
kripayaa, biL Le aaiye.
Please, bring the bill.
52.काँटा (m) 
Forkकाँटा और चम्मच मेज़ पर ही रखे हैं।
kaanta aur cammac mez par hii rakhe hain.
The forks and spoons are on the table.
53.दन्तखुदनी (f) 
Toothpickखाने के बाद मुझे दन्तखुदनी इस्तेमाल करने की आदत है।
khaaNe ke baaD mujhe DaNTakhuDaNii iSTemaaL karaNe kii aaDaT hai.
I have a habit of using the toothpick after meals.
जग (m)
जग में जूस भर कर ले आओ।
jag men juuS bhar kar Le aao.
Please, bring some juice in the jug.
55.कलछी (f) 
Ladleदाल और सूप परोसने के लिए हम कलछी का उपयोग करते हैं।
DaaL aur Suup paroSaNe ke Liye ham kaLachii kaa upayog karaTe hain.
We use the ladle for serving the lentils and soups.
56.चम्मच (m) 
Spoonयह चम्मच साफ़ नहीं है।
yah cammac Saaf Nahiin hai.
This spoon is not clean.
57.चाय का प्याला (m)
Caay kaa pyaaLaa
Teacupसारे चाय के प्याले अलमारी में रखे हैं।
Saare caay ke pyaaLe aLamaarii men rakhe hain.
All the teacups are stored in the cupboard.
58.चाय की केतली (f)
caay kii keTaLii
Teapotचाय की केतली अभी गरम है।
caay kii keTaLii abhii garam hai.
The teapot is still hot.
59.चाकू (m)
Knifeमुझे सेब काटने के लिए चाकू चाहिए।
mujhe Seb kaataNe ke Liye caakuu caahiye.
I need a knife to cut the apple.
60.थाली (f)
Plateमेरी थाली में और सब्ज़ी दे दो।
merii THaaLii men aur Sabzii De Do.
Please, give me some more vegetables on my plate.

61.पीने का गिलास (m)
piiNe kaa giLaaS
Drinking glassहमारे पास वाइन पीने का गिलास भी है।
hamaare paaS vaaiN piiNe kaa giLaaS bhii hai.
We also have wine drinking glasses.
62.बर्तन (m)
Utensilखाना पकाने के बर्तन रसोई में हैं।
khaaNaa pakaaNe ke barTaN raSoii men hain.
The cooking utensils are in the kitchen.

5- School Essentials

Nouns 3

Who doesn’t remember their school days? And once you gather with your old friends, it’s hard to resist the conversations that bring back the sweet and sour memories of our childhood.

So you don’t feel left out when sitting with your Indian friends, enjoy these nouns about school essentials.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
63.परीक्षा (f) 
Examinationपरीक्षा में ५०० विद्यार्थी आये थे।
pariiksaa men paanc Sau viDyaarTHii aaye THe.
There were 500 students appearing for the examination.
64.नोटबुक (f)
Notebookमुझे बाज़ार से तीन नोटबुक ख़रीदनी है।
mujhe baazaar Se TiiN Notabuk khariiDaNii hai.
I have to buy three notebooks from the market.
65.सहपाठी (m)


तुम्हारे सभी सहपाठी बहुत अच्छे हैं।
Tumhaare Sabhii Sahapaathii bahuT acche hain.
All your classmates are really good.
66.विश्वविद्यालय (m) visvaviDyaaLayUniversityजून के महीने में दिल्ली विश्विद्यालय में प्रवेश प्रारंभ हो जायेगा।
juuN ke mahiiNe men DiLLii visvaviDyaaLay men praves praarambh ho jaayegaa.
The admissions in Delhi University will begin in the month of June.
67.बैकपैक (m)
Backpackराजू का बैकपैक बहुत भारी है।
raajuu kaa baikapaik bahuT bhaarii hai.
Raju’s backpack is quite heavy.
68.पेंसिल (f) 
Pencilप्रश्न पत्र में सिर्फ़ पेंसिल से ही लिखना है।
prasN paTr men Sirf peNSiL Se hii LikhaNaa hai.
Only pencils can be used to write on the question paper.
69.पेन (m)
Penक्या तुम्हारे पास नीले रंग का पेन है?
kyaa Tumhaare paaS NiiLe rang kaa peN hai?
Do you have a blue pen?
70.गणित (m) 
Mathगणित विषय मुझे पसंद है।
ganiT visay mujhe paSaND hai.
I like math subjects.
71.छात्र (m)
Studentसभी छात्र असेंबली में प्रार्थना कर रहे थे।
Sabhii chaaTr aSembaLii men praarTHaNaa kar rahe THe.
All the students were praying during the assembly.
72.गर्मी की छुट्टी (f)
garmii kii chuttii
Summer breakसीमा इस गर्मी की छुट्टी में जापान घूमने जाएगी।
Siimaa iS garmii kii chuttii men jaapaaN ghuumaNe jaayegii.
Seema will go to Japan during this summer break.
73.किताब (f)
Bookकिताब पढ़ना एक अच्छी आदत है।
kiTaab padhaNaa ek acchii aaDaT hai.
Reading books is a great habit.
74.विज्ञान (f) 
Scienceविज्ञान ने बहुत तरक़्क़ी कर ली है।
vigyaaN Ne bahuT Taraqqii kar Lii hai.
Science has made tremendous progress.
75.विद्यालय (m)
Schoolक्या तुम कल विद्यालय जाओगे?
kyaa Tum kaL viDyaaLay jaaoge?
Will you go to school tomorrow?
76.गृहकार्य (m)
Homeworkगृहकार्य में सबको चार सवाल करने हैं।
grihakaarya men Sabako caar SavaaL karaNe hain.
Everybody has to do four questions as homework.

6- Occupation

Are you looking for a job in India? We understand how mind-wrenching a task it can be to find a dream career in a foreign land. But worry not! With our amazing blog post on the top ways to quickly find a job in India, your task will become easy as pie.

Names of Various Professions

Furthermore, help yourself with these common professions in the land of India and learn their Hindi meanings, too!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
77.नर्स (f)
Nurseनर्स ने मरीज़ को सुई लगा दी है।
NarS Ne mariiz ko Suii Lagaa Di hai.
The nurse has given an injection to the patient.
78.पुलिस अधिकारी (m/f)पुलिस अधिकारी (m/f)
puLiS aDHikaarii
Police officerमुझे बड़े होकर पुलिस अधिकारी बनना है।
mujhe bade hokar puLiS aDHikaarii baNaNaa hai.
I want to become a police officer when I grow up.
79.कर्मचारी (m)
Employeeबैंक के कर्मचारी छुट्टी पर गए हैं।
baink ke karmacaarii chuttii par gaye hain.
The bank employees are on leave.
80.इंजीनियर (m/f)
Engineerऋचा एक कंपनी में इंजीनियर के पद पर है।
ricaa ek kampaNii men iNjiiNiyar ke paD par hai.
Richa is working as an engineer in a company.
81.डॉक्टर (m/f)
Doctorडॉक्टर ने सुरेश को एक हफ़्ते बाद बुलाया है।
dauktar Ne Sures ko ek hafTe baaD buLaayaa hai.
The doctor has asked Suresh to come back after a week.
82.मैनेजर (m/f)
Managerमेरे ऑफ़िस के मैनेजर बहुत दयालु हैं।
mere aufiS ke maiNejar bahuT DayaaLu hain.
My office manager is very kind.
83.शिक्षिका (f)
Female teacherशिक्षिका ने कक्षा में भूगोल का पाठ पढ़ाया।
siksikaa Ne kaksaa men bhuugoL kaa paath padhaayaa.
The teacher taught a geography lesson to the class.
84.व्यापारी (m)
Businessmanमेरे पिता व्यापारी हैं।
mere piTaa vyaapaarii hain.
My father is a businessman.
85.दुकानदार (m)
Shopkeeperवह दुकानदार बहुत ईमानदार है।
vah DukaaNaDaar bahuT iimaaNaDaar hai.
That shopkeeper is quite honest.
86.प्रोग्रामर (m/f)
Programmerक्या तुम किसी अच्छे प्रोग्रामर को जानते हो?
kyaa Tum kiSii acche prograamar ko jaaNaTe ho?
Do you know any good programmers?
87.Seller / DealerSeller / Dealer मेरी एक थोक विक्रेता से बात हुई है।
merii ek THok vikreTaa Se baaT huii hai.
I have had a conversation with a wholesale dealer.

7- Family Members

Our life begins with our family. To have loving parents and siblings around us is a bliss that can’t be compared with any other thing in the world.

Do you know what phrases people in India use to call their parents, elders, and other loved ones? Well, we’ve got it all for you in the table below! However, the list of relatives in India is almost endless, and so covering them all here would be really difficult.

Family Members

But we don’t want you to miss out on anything, so we’ve prepared a collection of more family words in Hindi for you. Check out our blog post about family members, as well!

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
88.परिवार (m) 
Familyपरिवार के सभी सदस्य शादी में शामिल होने गए हैं।
parivaar ke Sabhii SaDaSya saaDii men saamiL hoNe gaye hain.
All the family members have gone to attend a wedding.
89.माँ (f)
Motherमेरी माँ एक अभिनेत्री हैं।
merii maan ek abhiNeTrii hain.
My mother is an actress.
90.पिता (m) 
Fatherपिताजी बाज़ार से सब्ज़ी लेने गए हैं।
piTaajii baazaar Se Sabzii Lene gaye hain.
Father has gone to the market to buy some vegetables.
91.पत्नी (f) 
Wifeमेरी पत्नी खाना बना रही थी।
merii paTNii khaaNaa baNaa rahii THii.
My wife was cooking the food.
92.पति (m) 
Husbandउसके पति पायलट हैं।
uSake paTi paayaLat hain.
Her husband is a pilot.
93.माता-पिता (m)
Parentsआपके माता-पिता का क्या नाम है?
aapake maaTaa-piTaa kaa kyaa Naam hai?
What are your parents’ names?
94.बहन (f) 
Sisterसुमन की एक बहन है।
SumaN kii ek bahaN hai.
Suman has one sister.
95.भाई (m) 
Brotherमेरा छोटा भाई १० साल का है।
meraa chotaa bhaaii DaS SaaL kaa hai.
My younger brother is ten years old.

8- Body Parts

Learning about body parts takes us back to a time when we were just children! Rekindle those innocent moments while empowering your Hindi vocabulary on various body parts.

Body Parts in Hindi

It will also help you to better express physical conditions in case of any trouble.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
96.पैर (m) 
Legदादी के पैर में दर्द है।
DaaDii ke pair men DarD hai.
Grandmother has pain in her legs.
97.सर (m) 
Headधूप में सर ढक कर रखो।
DHuup men Sar dhak kar rakho.
Cover your head in the sun.
98.हाथ (m) 
Handतुम्हारे हाथ में क्या हुआ है?
Tumhaare haaTH men kyaa huaa hai?
What has happened to your hand?
99.उंगली (f) 
Fingerशिशिर की उंगली में चोट लग गयी है।
sisir kii ungaLii men cot Lag gayii hai.
Shishir has a bruise on his finger.
100.शरीर (m) 
Bodyलक्षित का शरीर बहुत मज़बूत है।
LaksiT kaa sarir bahuT mazabuuT hai.
Lakshit has a robust body.
101.पेट (m) 
Stomachमेरा पेट दुख रहा है।
meraa pet Dukh rahaa hai.
My stomach hurts.
102.पीठ (f) 
Backयह बस्ता अपनी पीठ पर टांग लो।
yah baSTaa apaNii piith par taang Lo.
Hang this bag on your back.
103.सीना (m) 
Chestबच्चे के सीने में जकड़न है।
bacce ke SiiNe men jakadaN hai.
The child has congestion in the chest.

9- Time

You must have heard the phrase, “Time and tide wait for none.” But, here on, you can take all the time you need to absorb and practice these splendid Hindi nouns.

Time and Days

Talking about time is inevitable. In fact, in this competitive world, every minute has become precious. So, don’t lose a minute. Start learning these useful words related to time and improve your Hindi vocabulary.

S. No.Hindi NounEnglish MeaningUsage in a Sentence
104.हफ़्ता (m) 
Weekविद्यालय खुलने में सिर्फ़ एक हफ़्ता बचा है।
viDyaaLay khuLane men Sirf ek hafTaa bacaa hai.
The school will reopen in one week.
105.साल (m) 
Yearतुम कितने साल के हो?
Tum kiTaNe SaaL ke ho?
How old are you?
106.दिन (m)
Dayबुधवार के दिन सब लखनऊ जायेंगे।
buDHavaar ke DiN Sab LakhaNauu jaayenge.
We will all go to Lucknow on Wednesday.


गुरुवार, शुक्रवार , शनिवार, और रविवार के दिन, ऋतु राजस्थान में  थी। 
guruvaar, sukravaar, saNivaar, aur ravivaar ke DiN, riTu rajaSTHaaN men THii.
On Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, Ritu was in Rajasthan.
107.महीना (m)
Monthमंगलवार से अगला महीना शुरू हो जायेगा।
mangaLavaar Se agaLaa mahiiNaa suru ho jaayegaa.
The next month will begin on Tuesday.
108.आज (m) 
Todayमुझे आज मूवी देखने जाना है।
mujhe aaj muuvii DekhaNe jaaNaa hai.
I have to go to a movie today.
109.कल (m) 
क्रिकेट मैच कल सोमवार को होगा।
kriket maic kaL Somavaar ko hogaa.
The cricket match will be tomorrow, on Monday.
क्रिकेट मैच कल सोमवार को होगा।
kriket maic kaL Somavaar ko hogaa.
The cricket match will be tomorrow, on Monday.
110.कल (m) 
Yesterdayशीला कल दफ़्तर नहीं आयी थी।
siiLaa kaL DafTar nahiin aayii THii.
Sheela didn’t come to the office yesterday.
111.कैलेंडर (m) 
Calendarयह पिछले वर्ष का कैलेंडर है।
yah pichaLe vars kaa kaiLeNdar hai.
This is last year’s calendar.
112.सेकंड (m) 
Secondएक मिनट में ६० सेकंड होते हैं।
ek miNat men Saath SekaNd hoTe hain.
There are sixty seconds in a minute.
113.घंटा (m) 
Hour४ बजने में दो घंटा बाक़ी है।
caar baajNe men Do ghaNtaa baaqii hai.
It’s two hours to four o’clock.
114.MinuteMinuteयह गाना ३ मिनट का है।
yah gaaNaa TiiN miNat kaa hai.
This song plays for three minutes.
115.घड़ी (f) 
Clockघड़ी दीवार पर टंगी है।
ghadii Diivaar par tangii hai.
The clock hangs on the wall.
116.एक घंटे (m) 
ek ghaNte
One hourक्या हम एक घंटे में मुंबई पहुँच जायेंगे?
kyaa ham ek ghaNte men mumbaii pahunc jaayenge?
Shall we reach Mumbai in one hour?

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Nouns 4

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Before you go, let us know if you learned any new Hindi nouns today! We look forward to hearing from you!

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The 20+ Best Compliments in Hindi with Basic Do’s & Don’ts


The best gift you can give someone is to make them smile. And in India, Hindi compliments are the sure-shot way to do that. So brace yourself and get ready to wow your friends! Today you’ll learn how to praise someone in Hindi as well as the do’s and don’ts in the context of Indian culture.

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Table of Contents

  1. The Do’s and Don’ts of Giving Compliments in Indian Culture
  2. General Compliments
  3. On Someone’s Looks
  4. On Someone’s Work
  5. On Someone’s Skills
  6. How to Make Your Compliments Sound More Sincere
  7. How Do Indians Respond to a Compliment?
  8. Conclusion

1. The Do’s and Don’ts of Giving Compliments in Indian Culture


1 – Praising Someone of the Same Age Group

When it comes to friends and colleagues of the same age group, Indians mostly keep the best compliments in Hindi for people who are also the same gender. Complimenting someone of the opposite gender is seen as romantic interest or flirting (especially when complimenting on looks!).

For instance, an Indian male would be frank in complimenting his male friend’s dressing sense, fitness, or even hairstyle, but wouldn’t do the same for a female friend. Why? Because that would be seen as flirting or romantic interest.

That being said, things aren’t too strict when praising someone (of the same or opposite gender) on their skills, hard work, or achievements. In fact, it’s normal to compliment people on things like this. So, if you want to learn how to praise someone in Hindi, always be mindful of these cultural points in India.

2 – Being More Vocal on Social Media

In the age of the internet, we see a peculiar trend in the social behavior of Indians: It looks like they’re pretty open and frank while complimenting each other on social media. Whether it’s a picture, selfie, or whatever else, native Indians don’t really hold back on the compliments. Nonetheless, choosing a respectful tone and following social etiquette in India is highly recommended!

3 – Don’t Compliment During the First Meeting. It’s Awkward.

In other cultures, people may find it alluring. But here, in India, we wouldn’t advise you to use Hindi compliments for a girl you’ve just met—or anyone you’ve just met, really—during the first meeting. There are several reasons to back up this suggestion.

First of all, you may come off as someone who wants to familiarize yourself rather quickly. Indians like to take it slow and maintain a formal space until they get to know each other well. Thus, save the praises for the second or third meeting.

2. General Compliments

Now that you’ve learned a great deal about the rules Indians follow to praise someone in Hindi, let’s check out the day-to-day Hindi compliment words for general situations.




“Wow!” You can say this in any ordinary situation, such as having a delicious meal, listening to great poetry, etc.




“Superb!” The word itself is synonymous with the word for “praise” in Hindi. If a friend asks you how his / her outfit looks, you can use this phrase without a worry!


क्या बात है!

(kyaa baaT hai!)

“Fantastic!” Suppose you see someone’s picture on social media and want to compliment them in a simple way; this is your go-to formula.

3. On Someone’s Looks


तुम बहुत अच्छे / अच्छी लग रहे हो / रही हो!

(Tum bahuT acche / acchiii Lag rahe ho / rahii ho!)

“You look amazing!” Although it’s only a simple gesture of letting someone know they look nice, please only say this to friends who are the same gender as you.

If you’re a male, say this to a female only if you wish to express your romantic inclination toward her. In that case, it’s one of the most regular Hindi compliments for a girl.

A Woman Taking a Selfie

Cool Look!


आज तो बहुत जम रहे हो / रही हो!

(aaj To bahuT jam rahe ho / rahii ho!)

“You’re killing it today!” Here’s another light-hearted way of complimenting someone’s appearance.


ये शर्ट / साड़ी तो तुम पर बहुत अच्छी लग रही है।

(ye sart / saadii To Tum par bahuT acchii Lag rahii hai.)

“This shirt / saree looks so beautiful on you.” Impressed by a person’s dressing sense? Don’t hold back, and flatter your friends with this popular Hindi phrase.


तुम जब मुस्कुराती हो तो कितनी ख़ूबसूरत लगती हो।

(Tum jab muSkuraaTii ho To kiTaNii khuubaSuuraT LagaTii ho.)

“You look so pretty when you smile.” A smile tells a lot about you. It brings out the innocence within us, and such beautiful compliments in Hindi never go out of style.


आपकी आँखें कितनी सुंदर हैं।

(aapakii aankhen kiTaNii SunDar hain.)

“You have such beautiful eyes.” Eyes are the window to the soul. Mesmerized with those deep eyes and don’t know how to say so? Use this phrase and see the person blush in the blink of an eye.


तुम दुनिया की सबसे हंसीन औरत हो।

(Tum DuNiyaa kii SabaSe hanSiiN auraT ho.)

“You’re the most beautiful woman I’ve ever seen.” Well, trust me, no matter what part of the world you live in, this phrase is sure to melt any woman’s heart. So, why not charm your dream girl in Hindi?

A Girl with a Pretty Smile


आप वाक़ई बेहद ख़ूबसूरत हैं।

(aap vaaqaii behaD khuubaSuuraT hain.)

“You are really extremely gorgeous.” Another simple yet elegant way of praising a man or woman in a romantic way. Honestly, it’s still considered one of the best compliments in Hindi.

4. On Someone’s Work


बहुत बढ़िया!

(bahuT badhiyaa!)

“Well done!” This is a popular phrase that can be used in any situation.


शाबाश, बहुत अच्छा काम किया!

(saabaas! bahuT acchaa kaam kiyaa!)

“Bravo! You did great!” People who have completed their tasks perfectly would love to hear this from others.


ये काफ़ी अच्छा आईडिया है।

(ye kaafii acchaa aaiidiyaa hai.)

“That’s an amazing idea.” This is generally said when a person gives us a great idea to tackle a tricky situation.


तुमने वाक़ई बहुत अच्छी स्पीच दी।

(TumaNe vaaqaii bahuT achhii Spiic Dii.)

“It was a really good speech.” Maybe you have a friend saying a few words onstage to motivate the whole team. Boost their confidence with this compliment in Hindi.


वाह, आपने तो मीटिंग में कमाल कर दिया!

(vaah, aapaNe To miiting men kamaaL kar Diyaa!)

“You literally stole the show at the meeting!” This is a great way to acknowledge your colleague’s efforts and skills during an office meeting or conference.

A Bunch of People Applauding a Speech

Praising Someone’s Efforts


तुम हर रोज़ दफ़्तर वक़्त पर कैसे पहुंच जाती हो!

(Tum har roz DafTar vaqT par kaiSe pahunc jaaTii ho!)

“How do you manage to reach the office right on time every day?” We always have that one person in our office who, no matter what, arrives on time. Well, this and similar Hindi compliments can make the other person feel good about themselves and deepen your friendship.


मैंने तुम्हें कभी देर से आते नहीं देखा।

(main Ne Tumhen kabhii Der Se aaTe Nahiin Dekhaa)

“I’ve never seen you coming late to work.” Here’s a different way of appreciating someone’s punctuality. Go for it and see the magic for yourself.

5. On Someone’s Skills

A Man Slicing a Tomato while a Woman Watches Lovingly

He is an Excellent Cook


तुम तो ज़बरदस्त खाना बनाते हो!

(Tum To zabaraDaST khaaNaa baNaaTe ho!)

“Your cooking is mindblowing!” At a colleague’s house for dinner? Well, make their day by appreciating their efforts and cooking skills with this phrase. Traditionally, what would’ve been considered the best compliment for a woman in Hindi is now widely used for men, too.


आपकी लिखावट का जवाब नहीं।

(aapakii Likhaavat kaa javaab Nahiiin.)

“Your handwriting is remarkable.” In today’s era of typing and chat rooms, good handwriting is becoming a rarity. This phrase is a simple and beautiful way to express your appreciation for someone’s good handwriting.


आपने इतनी अच्छी पेंटिंग बनाना कहाँ से सीखा?

(aapaNe iTaNii achhii peNting baNaaNaa kahaan Se Siikhaa?)

“Where did you learn to paint so well?” What might look like a question is merely an expression of wonderment. It’s just a way of saying how speechless you are!


तुम कितना सुरीला गाती हो।

(Tum kiTaNaa SuriiLaa gaaTii ho.)

“You sing so melodiously.” You’re at a party with your friends and one of them happens to sing there. In that case, you can pamper him / her with this compliment in Hindi.


तुम फ़ोटोज़ बहुत अच्छी खींचती हो।

(Tum fotoz bahuT acchii khiincaTii ho.)

“You’re really good at taking pictures.” We all have that one friend taking amazing pictures for us at small gatherings, ceremonies, picnics, and office parties. It’s time to return the favor and spoil them with Hindi compliments.


तुम तो एकदम बढ़िया हिंदी बोल लेते हो।

(Tum To ekaDam badhiyaa hiNDii boL LeTe ho.)

“You speak Hindi so fluently!” In India, Hindi is spoken only in a few states. So, if you catch a non-Hindi native speaking like a pro, then this would be a well-deserved compliment for them.

6. How to Make Your Compliments Sound More Sincere

Genuine praise can give anyone butterflies in the stomach, while a fake compliment does just the opposite. It wrecks the whole mood. And believe us, people can easily sense if you really mean it or not!

Compliments open the doors to those tender corners of the heart, but learning the best Hindi compliments isn’t enough. Thus, it becomes quite important to make your praises sound authentic and heartfelt. After all, you don’t want to leave any stone unturned, do you?

To be honest, the best compliments in Hindi, or any language for that matter, are those which are felt from within. So, what are the things that instantly add life to a compliment and make someone blush and giggle?

Amazing Voice and Singing

Let’s check out these simple yet magical tips to take the game up a notch with the best compliment lines in Hindi.

1 – Confidence

Great dressing sense and looks are all in vain if your tone, body language, and conviction aren’t doing you justice. Now that you’ve learned the best Hindi compliments, make sure that whenever you’re initiating a conversation or complimenting someone, you’re giving off an energetic vibe full of confidence.

2 – Eye Contact

Avoiding eye contact not only makes us look timid, but it can also make a person question our honesty. As much as possible, maintain a healthy amount of eye contact and infuse your praises with that self-confidence.

3 – Keep it Simple

Simplicity is the key to winning someone’s heart, so putting too much effort into a compliment isn’t necessary. When feelings are pure, words are just a means to communicate those feelings.

4 – The Little Things Matter

Stating the obvious has worked for no one. Do you really wanna make them feel the magic of your words? Pay attention to the details. Bring up something that maybe no one else has noticed, and put it in the most beautiful way possible.

5 – Say it as You Mean it!

You know what? Vibes and senses can’t be measured, but they never lie to us. So, if your words are empty, it’s better to save your time and drop the idea of going forward. A compliment can only work wonders when it comes right from the bottom of your heart!

This is just one aspect to learn about giving compliments in Hindi culture. Now, we’ll see what to expect after offering your praise in Hindi.

7. How Do Indians Respond to a Compliment?

Before we begin, how many of you remember the word for “compliment” in Hindi? Try to think! Okay, okay, it’s not that easy, we agree. It’s तारीफ़ (Taariif) or प्रशंसा (prasaNSaa).

Well, there are all kinds of reactions. Some people will blush, some will be quite thrilled, and some may just respond with a simple “Thank you.” To save you the time and all the confusion (thanks to the cultural differences!), we’ll show you what you can expect in response after giving compliments in India.

1 – Blush, Blush, Blush!

Sometimes, words can’t do justice to our emotions. That being said, from aunties to the pretty girls, and not to forget the uncles and little kiddos, the first and most natural response to a compliment will definitely show on their cheeks! 🙂

That’s right. That pink glow and blushing all over their face is enough to tell you how pleased they are.

2 – They Feel it!

Did you see the person shying away and trying to hide their smile? Pat yourself on the back and know that you’ve done your job well. Remember, Indians may not be quite vocal about it, but compliments do make them happy. To top it off, if a non-native goes to the length of praising them in Hindi, they’ll be over the moon. Really.

3 – Be Ready to Get a Compliment Back!

Have you just been praised right after giving a compliment? You might wonder if it was real or out of sheer courtesy! Well, there’s a 50-50 chance that either scenario is true. Moreover, it’s not so black-and-white, either. Sometimes, people don’t know how to respond and they compliment you back. Often, they really have been impressed and didn’t know when to say it until you took the lead. All in all, it’s not that big a deal.

4 – What if Nothing Happens?

In India, people may shy away and blush. It’s just a gesture that happens in response to feeling appreciated. Some may even be frank and say “Thank you.” While lots of folks will clearly express their joy, don’t be disheartened if things don’t turn out as you imagined.

8. Conclusion

That was all from our side on how to compliment people in Hindi. For more content and better access, sign up for an account on

Did you enjoy this lesson? Which complimenting phrase is your favorite? If you feel stuck because you can’t remember a word, you can jump in and use our free online dictionary.

Cultural differences play a vital role in the way we interact with each other. Indian culture is unique in its own way. Which of the Indian do’s and don’ts look appealing to you? Let us know in the comment box below.

If there’s anything else that you’d like us to cover, don’t hesitate to get in touch, because we love to hear from you!

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Top Hindi Gender List & Complete Guide to Hindi Gender Rules


Since our childhood, the natives in India learn to associate Hindi nouns with gender. It comes as no surprise that being a widely spoken and versatile language, gender in Hindi grammar plays a significant role and is reflected in almost every aspect of the Indian culture.

It might blow your mind, but there are only two grammatical genders in Hindi. Yes, you read that right. Drop all the other grammatical gender types that you’ve been taught when learning other languages! As far as the Hindi language is concerned, from the tiniest thing to the biggest possible noun, we’ve got everything covered with just two main categories of gender in Hindi grammar. But what are they?

Read on and find out for yourself!

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Table of Contents

  1. “Gender” in Hindi
  2. Masculine & Feminine Grammatical Gender in Hindi
  3. Application of Gender in Speech
  4. Characteristics of Masculine and Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi
  5. List of Masculine and Derived Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi
  6. Exceptions to Gender Rules in Hindi
  7. How to Memorize the Gender of a Word
  8. Gender Variations for Verbs and Adjectives
  9. Quiz
  10. Takeaway from

1. “Gender” in Hindi

So, are you ready to start?

The first question that pops into our mind is “What is the meaning of gender in Hindi?”

“Gender” in grammar is that which helps us recognize and differentiate between various nouns on the basis of their gender. Do you know how to say “gender” in Hindi?

Gender in Hindi grammar is known as लिंग (Ling).

To the fierce, passionate fighters for gender equality, the Hindi gender rules and the gender of nouns in Hindi vocabulary may be a tad bit disappointing!

Gender Inequality in Workplace

Unfortunately, for a large portion of the Hindi gender list, the male gender in Hindi takes precedence. All in all, gender equality in the Hindi language still has a long way to go. And this also explains the rising presence of gender equality speech in Hindi in all the social institutions, such as schools and offices.

As we move forward in this lesson, you’ll be able to see how this bias affects the various genders of nouns in the Hindi language.

Do keep in mind, though, that while we use the word “gender” here, this has little to do with the actual sex of the noun in most cases. In a grammatical sense, the “gender” is simply a category under which a given noun falls.

2. Masculine & Feminine Grammatical Gender in Hindi

There are two main kinds of gender in Hindi: masculine and feminine.

The “masculine” gender of nouns in the Hindi language is known as पुल्लिंग (puLLing), whereas the “feminine” gender in Hindi is known as स्त्रीलिंग (STriiLing).

Unlike in English and other languages, there’s no neuter, or common, gender in Hindi.

3. Application of Gender in Speech

In Hindi, gender rules are quite peculiar. However, once you learn to recognize the gender of nouns in the Hindi language, the rest of the grammar application will come naturally to you.

We’ve already shared above that there’s no neuter or common gender in Hindi. For this reason, the articles we use remain the same regardless of the noun’s gender.

You may experiment with this while going through a Hindi vocabulary list. Another great way to practice and get used to this is to follow or listen to any gender equality speech in Hindi and look for hints there!

When you do that, a unique pattern becomes visible. What is this pattern, you ask?

Well, basically, it’s the verb ending that you should be focusing on. From the ancient to the most modern gender words in Hindi, following the subtle thread of a verb ending qualifies as one of the golden Hindi gender rules for any learner.

If you find yourself a little lost, we have some quick and highly valuable tips to help you crack the code. Just follow us to the end of this lesson!

4. Characteristics of Masculine and Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi

You must be wondering why we combined the two genders together in one sub-section? The thing is that most of the feminine words are derived from masculine words in Hindi. It’s just a minor change of adding some suffixes, and viola! You’ve got the feminine version of that masculine word.

Talk about distorted gender equality in the Hindi language!

Vaguely, the characteristic of masculine words in Hindi is that they mostly end with an –a sound, as in कमल (kamaL).

If we break it down:

  • कमल = क् + अ + म् + अ + ल् + अ      “Lotus”

Similar words include मोर (mor) meaning “peacock” and बादल (baaDaL) meaning “clouds.”

So, basically, any word that usually ends with an -a sound is masculine. But it would be unfair to say that this is the only case. Exceptions prevail in every language, and we’ll be dealing with them later.

And what about the patterns in feminine gender nouns? Well, as they’re derived from masculine nouns, there are a handful of patterns that change sharply.

Breaking Stereotypes and Changing Gender Roles

5. List of Masculine and Derived Feminine Gender Nouns in Hindi

  • One important thing we would like to mention here is that we’ve shared the English meaning of only the masculine gender in the charts below. This has been done to keep things simple.
  • However, we’ve used a variety of example sentences for both of them to give you an idea of the separate verb forms used for both genders.
  • For now, you can simply skip the concept of verb forms as we’ll be dealing with this in a separate reading guide.

It’s best to start with our main list of nouns and see for yourself how Hindi grammar gender rules work.

1- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -ी (-ii) to the End

For beginners, jumping directly to the masculine-to-feminine conversion may be a bit confusing. So why don’t we warm up a bit with some simple examples?

Example sentences for singular nouns:

  • एक आदमी पेड़ के नीचे बैठा है.
    ek aaDmii per ke Niice baithaa hai
    “A man is sitting under the tree.”
  • एक औरत पेड़ के नीचे बैठी है.
    ek auraT per ke Niice baithii hai
    “A woman is sitting under the tree.”

As you can see, we’ve replaced the masculine noun with a feminine one. We can do the same with plural nouns as shown in the example sentences below.

Example sentences for plural nouns:

  • दो आदमी पेड़ के नीचे बैठे हैं.
    Do aaDmii per ke Niice baithe hain
    “Two men are sitting under the tree.”
  • दो औरतें पेड़ के नीचे बैठी हैं.
    Do auraTen per ke Niice baithii hain
    “Two women are sitting under the tree.”
Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word Sentences
लड़का (Ladakaa)
लड़की (Ladakii)
लड़का खेल रहा है। (Ladakaa kheL rahaa hai.)
“The boy is playing.”
बच्चा (baccaa)
“Baby boy”
बच्ची (baccii)
“Baby girl”
बच्ची सो रही है।. (baccii So rahii hai.)
“The baby girl is sleeping.”
नाना (NaaNaa)
“Maternal grandpa”
नानी (NaaNii)
“Maternal grandma”
मेरे नाना कल आएंगे। (mere NaaNaa kaL aayenge.)
“My grandpa will come tomorrow.”
मामा (maamaa)
“Maternal uncle”
मामी (maamii)
“Maternal aunt”
मामी मुझे प्यार करती हैं। (maamii mujhe pyaar karaTii hain.)
“My aunt loves me.”
चाचा (caacaa)
“Paternal uncle”
चाची (caacii)
“Paternal aunt”
सूरज के चाचा बाज़ार गए हैं। (Suuraj ke caacaa baazaar gaye hain.)
“Suraj’s uncle has gone to the market.”
पुत्र (puTra)
पुत्री (puTrii)
सीमा की पुत्री 6 साल की है। (Siimaa kii puTrii chah SaaL kii hai.)
“Seema’s daughter is six years old.”
पोता (poTaa)
पोती (poTii)
मेरा पोता दिल्ली में रहता है। (meraa poTaa DiLLii men rahaTaa hai.)
“My grandson lives in Delhi.”
मुर्गा (murgaa)
“Cock / Rooster”
मुर्गी (murgii)
मुर्गा बांग दे रहा है। (murgaa baang De rahaa hai.)
“The rooster is crowing.”
बकरा (bakaraa)
बकरी (bakarii)
यह बकरा बूढ़ा हो गया है। (yah bakaraa buudhaa ho gayaa hai.)
“This goat has grown old.”

2- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -ा (-aa) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
छात्र (chaaTr) छात्रा (chaaTraa) “Student” दो छात्र आज कक्षा में नहीं आये हैं।
(Do chaaTra aaj kaksaa men nahiin aaye hain.)
“Two students didn’t come to class today.”
महोदय (mahoDay) महोदया (mahoDayaa) “Sir” महोदया सबकी मदद कर रही हैं। (mahoDayaa Sabakii maDaD kar rahii hain.)
“Ma’m is helping everyone.”
प्रधानाचार्य (praDHaaNaacaary) प्रधानाचार्या
“Principal” प्रधानाचार्य बच्चों को समझा रहे थे। (praDHaaNaacaary baccon ko Samajhaa rahe THe.)
“The principal was explaining to the children.”
शिष्य (sisya) शिष्या (sisyaa) “Pupil” ये सभी मेरे शिष्य हैं। (ye Sabhii mere sisy hain.)
“All of them are my pupils.”
सदस्य (SaDaSy) सदस्या (SaDaSyaa) “Member” क्या तुम यहाँ की सदस्या हो? (kyaa Tum yahaan kii SaDaSyaa ho?)
“Are you a member here?”

3- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -नी (-Nii) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning (For Male) Sentences
मोर (mor) मोरनी (moraNii) “Peacock” मोर नाच रहा है। (mor Naac rahaa hai.)
“The peacock is dancing.”
शेर (ser) शेरनी (seraNii) “Lion” शेरनी अब शिकार पर जाएगी। (seraNii ab sikaar par jaayegii.)
“The lioness will now go hunting.”
ऊँट (uunt) ऊँटनी (uuntaNii) “Camel” ऊँट बुरी तरह से प्यासा है। (uunt burii Tarah Se pyaaSaa hai.)
“The camel is terribly thirsty.”

4- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -िन (-iN) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
माली (maaLii) मालिन (maaLiN) “Gardener” माली बग़ीचे में पौधे लगा रहा है। (maaLii bagiice men pauDHe Lagaa rahaa hai.)
“The gardener is planting the saplings in the garden.”
नाती (NaaTii) नातिन (NaaTiN) “Daughter’s son” मेरा नाती जापान में रहता है। (meraa NaaTii jaapaaN men rahaTaa hai.)
“My grandson lives in Japan.”
पड़ोसी (padoSii) पड़ोसिन (padoSiN) “Neighbor” ईशा की पड़ोसिन हमेशा उसकी मदद करती है। (iisaa kii padoSiN hamesaa uSakii maDaD karaTii hai.)
“Eishaa’s neighbor always helps her out.”
धोबी (DHobii) धोबिन (DHobiN) “Washerman” धोबी आज फिर नहीं आया। (DHobii aaj phir Nahiin aayaa.)
“The washerman has again not come today.”

5- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -िया (-iyaa) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
बंदर (baNDar) बंदरिया (baNDariyaa) “Monkey” बंदर पेड़ पर झूल रहा है। (baNDar ped par jhuuL rahaa hai.)
“The monkey is swinging in the tree.”
बूढ़ा (buudhaa) बुढ़िया (budhiyaa) “Old man” पार्क में एक बुढ़िया बैठी है। (paark men ek budhiyaa baithii hai.)
“There is an old woman sitting in the park.”
बेटा (betaa) बिटिया (bitiyaa) “Son” मेरे दोस्त का बेटा मुझसे मिलने आ रहा है। (mere DoST kaa betaa mujh Se miLaNe aa rahaa hai.)
“My friend’s son is coming to meet me.”

6- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -िका (-ikaa) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning (For Male) Sentences
गायक (gaayak) गायिका (gaayikaa) “Singer” मैं गायिका बनना चाहती हूँ। (main gaayikaa baNaNaa caahaTii huun.)
“I want to become a singer.”
लेखक (Lekhak) लेखिका (Lekhikaa) “Writer” क्या आपके दादाजी लेखक हैं ? (kyaa aapake DaaDaajii Lekhak hain?)
“Is your grandfather a writer?”
शिक्षक (siksak) शिक्षिका (siksikaa) “Teacher” हमारी शिक्षिका हमें प्यार करती हैं। (hamaarii siksikaa hamen pyaar karaTii hain.)
“Our teacher loves us.”
सहायक (Sahaayak) सहायिका (Sahaayikaa) “Assistant” सुमन सहायिका के तौर पर काम करना चाहती है। (SumaN Sahaayikaa ke Taur par kaam karaNaa caahaTii hai.)
“Suman wants to work as an assistant.”

7- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Adding -आनी (-aaNii) to the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
देवर (Devar) देवरानी (DevaraaNii) “Husband’s younger brother’s wife”
“Husband’s younger brother”
मेरा देवर मुझसे दो साल छोटा है। (meraa Devar mujh Se Do SaaL chotaa hai.)
“My brother-in-law is two years younger than me.”
जेठ (jeth) जेठानी (jethaaNii)
“Husband’s elder brother’s wife”
“Husband’s elder brother” कविता की जेठानी खाना बना चुकी हैं। (kaviTaa kii jethaaNii khaaNaa baNaa cukii hain.)
“Kavita’s sister-in-law has prepared the meal.”
नौकर (Naukar) नौकरानी (NaukaraaNii)
“Servant” आपका नौकर कितने बजे आता है? (aapakaa Naukar kiTaNe baje aaTaa hai.)
“At what time does your servant come?”

8- Changing Masculine to Feminine by Replacing -वान (-vaaN) with -वती (-vaTii) at the End

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
गुणवान (gunavaaN) गुणवती (gunavaTii) “Talented” तुम्हारी बहू कितनी गुणवती है ! (Tumhaarii bahuu kiTaNii gunavaTii hai!)
“Your daughter-in-law is so talented!”
दयावान (DayaavaaN) दयावती (DayaavaTii) “Kind” मेरे बॉस दयावान हैं। (mere bauS DayaavaaN hain.)
“My boss is kind.”
भाग्यवान (bhaagyavaaN) भाग्यवती (bhaagyavaTii) “Lucky” सुनील बड़ा ही भाग्यवान है। (SuNiiL badaa hii bhaagyavaaN hai.)
“Sunil is really lucky.”

6. Exceptions to Gender Rules in Hindi

In some cases, the words for the masculine and feminine forms of nouns are completely unrelated and sound totally different. For words like this, there’s no regular pattern for prefixes or suffixes.

Brother and Sister

Let’s find out which words these are!

Hindi Masculine Word Hindi Feminine Word English Meaning
(For Male)
राजा (raajaa) रानी (raaNii) “King” इस राज्य का राजा बहुत उदार था। (iS raajya kaa raajaa bahuT uDaar THaa.)
“The king of this state was quite generous.”
भाई (bhaaii) बहन (bahaN) “Brother” तुम्हारी बहन कहाँ गयी ? (Tumhaari bahaN kahaan gayii?)
“Where did your sister go?”
ससुर (SaSur) सास (SaaS) “Father-in-law” मेरी सास बहुत अच्छी हैं। (merii SaaS bahuT acchii hain.)
“My mother-in-law is really nice.”
दूल्हा (DuLhaa) दुल्हन (DuLhaN) “Bridegroom” शादी में दूल्हा देर से आया। (saaDii men DuLhaa Der Se aayaa.)
“The groom arrived late at the wedding.”
आदमी (aaDamii) औरत (auraT) “Man” एक औरत सब्ज़ी ख़रीद रही थी. (ek auraT Sabzii khariiD rahii THii.)
“A woman was buying some vegetables.”
पिता (piTaa) माता (maaTaa) “Father” मेरे पिताजी दो दिन के लिए शहर से बाहर गए हैं। (mere piTaajii Do DiN ke Liye sahar Se baahar gaye hain.)
“My father is away for two days.”
पुरुष (purus) स्त्री (STrii) “Male” पुरुष का व्यवहार स्त्री से अलग होता है। (purus kaa vyavahaar STrii Se alag hoTaa hai.)
“The nature of a man is different from that of a woman.”

Whoa! That was a lot to take in, wasn’t it? Don’t worry. You don’t have to mug up everything at once. There are plenty of ways to study in a smart way, and this is what the next section is about.

7. How to Memorize the Gender of a Word

Well, let’s be honest here. Even though certain rules and tricks that we discussed above can help us guess the gender of nouns in Hindi grammar, exceptions come as part and parcel anyway.

Although the best foolproof method to memorize the gender of a word is studying the vocabulary often and using the nouns abundantly in everyday life, one needs to understand that the nature of the Hindi language and its vocabulary is so comprehensive that it’s hard to chunk everything together into fixed groups.

Nonetheless, we’ve tried our best to collect some of the most commonly used nouns, the gender of which can be guessed based on their classification.

Let’s decode the above sentence with the help of these example categories. It’s important to mention here that these categories have been created loosely, just to ease the process for our readers.

1- Common Categories for the Masculine Gender in Hindi

1) Days’ Names

Without exception, all of the days’ names are masculine. “Day” in Hindi means दिन (DiN).


  • सोमवार का दिन बहुत व्यस्त था। (Somavaar kaa DiN bahuT vyaST THaa.)
    “Monday was really busy.”
  • पिछला शनिवार एकदम बेकार गया। (pichaLaa saNivaar ekaDam bekaar gayaa.)
    “Last Saturday was just terrible.”

In this way, you can replace the day’s name while following the same gender rules in the sentence.

Interested in learning the names of all the days? You’ll be delighted to check out our lesson on days and months of the year in Hindi.

2) Month Names

Just like days, all the calendar months also fall under the masculine gender. “Month” in Hindi is महीना (mahiiNaa) or माह (maah).

Below are some examples to give you a better idea.

  • जनवरी साल का पहला महीना होता हैv (jaNavarii SaaL kaa pahaLaa mahiiNaa hoTaa hai.)
    “January is the first month of the year.”
  • इस बार जून का महीना सबसे गरम थाv (iS baar juuN kaa mahiiNaa SabaSe garam THaa.)
    “This time June was the hottest month.”

Similarly, you can treat any month or day name as masculine and apply the rules accordingly.

Genders in Nature

3) Names of Mountains

Almost all the mountains are treated as masculine nouns in the Hindi language. “Mountains” in Hindi are called पहाड़ (pahaad) or पर्वत (parvaT).

Let’s check out some examples:

  • माउंट एवरेस्ट धरती का सबसे ऊँचा पहाड़ है। (maaunt evareSt DHaraTii kaa SabaSe uuncaa pahaad hai.)
    “Mount Everest is the highest mountain on earth.”
  • माउंट फुजी जापान का पवित्र पर्वत माना जाता हैv (maaunt fuujii jaapaaN kaa paviTra parvaT maaNaa jaaTaa hai.)
    “Mountain Fuji is considered a sacred mountain in Japan.”


Take note here that we’re not talking about “mountain ranges” but only “mountains.” Mountain ranges are considered feminine in Hindi.

Masculine Gender

4) Names of Trees, Flowers, and Fruits

Another masculine noun category in this Hindi gender chart is that of trees, flowers, and fruits. All of the trees and flowers are always referred to as masculine nouns.

However, when it comes to fruits, the two exceptions are the litchi and pear. Both “litchi” लीची (Liicii) and “pear” नाशपाती (NaasapaaTii) are feminine nouns, while the rest of the fruit names are masculine.

“Tree” in Hindi is known as पेड़ (ped).

“Flower” in Hindi is known as फूल (phuuL).

“Fruit” in Hindi is known as फल (phaL).


  • यह बरगद का पेड़ लगभग सौ साल पुराना है। (yah baragaD kaa ped Lagabhag Sau SaaL puraaNaa hai.)
    “This banyan tree is almost a hundred years old.”
  • सभी फूलों में लाल गुलाब सबसे ख़ास होता है। (Sabhii phuuLon men LaaL guLaab SabaSe khaaS hoTaa hai.)
    “Of all the flowers, the red rose is the most special one.”
  • आम सभी फलों का राजा है। (aam Sabhii phaLon kaa raajaa hai.)
    “Mango is the king of all fruits.”


However, if we wish to talk about a litchi or pear, the sentence would be in the feminine gender.

Such as:

  • लीची काफ़ी मीठी है। (Liicii kaafii miithii hai.)
    “Litchi is quite sweet.”

5) Names of Countries and Continents

This is the last category of nouns which you can be sure are masculine. In Hindi, the names of all the countries and continents are used as masculine nouns.

“Country” is called देश (Des) in Hindi, whereas “continent” is known as महाद्वीप (mahaaDviip).


  • भारत देश बहुत बड़ा है। (bhaaraT Des bahuT badaa hai.)
    “India is a huge country.”
  • ऑस्ट्रेलिया दुनिया का सबसे छोटा महाद्वीप है। (auStreLiyaa DuNiyaa kaa SabaSe chotaa mahaaDviip hai.)
    “Australia is the smallest continent in the world.”

6) Names of All the Metals

By now, you’re familiar with the concept that there’s no common gender in Hindi. Henceforth, browsing through any Hindi gender list will present words in either masculine or feminine gender.

Continuing with our sub-category of metals in Hindi, all the metal names are in masculine forms.

Here are some sentences to help you understand better:

  • आजकल सोना बहुत महँगा चल रहा है। (aajakaL SoNaa bahuT mahangaa caL rahaa hai.)
    “Nowadays, gold is really expensive.”
    “Nowadays, gold prices are soaring high.”
  • लोहा पीतल से मज़बूत होता है। (Lohaa piiTaL Se mazabuuT hoTaa hai.)
    “Iron is stronger than bronze.”


You must remember that “silver” चाँदी (caanDii) is an exception here. It’s the only metal that’s considered a feminine noun.

  • चाँदी पायल बनाने में इस्तेमाल की जाती है। (caanDii paayaL baNaaNe men iSTemaaL kii jaaTii hai.)
    “Silver is used in making anklets.”

7) Names of All the Planets

Most of the planet names are treated as masculine nouns. “Planets” are known as ग्रह (grah) in Hindi.

  • बृहस्पति सबसे बड़ा ग्रह है। (brihaSpaTi SabaSe badaa grah hai.)
    “Jupiter is the largest planet.”


Our planet, “Earth,” is the one and only exception in the list of planets. Culturally, “earth” in India is worshipped as “mother,” without which the origin of life wouldn’t have been possible. Thus, planet Earth is a feminine noun in Hindi.

  • पृथ्वी सूरज के चारों ओर चक्कर लगाती है. (priTHavii Suuraj ke caaron or cakkar LagaaTii hai.)
    “The earth revolves around the sun.”

With this, we come to the end of all possible major categories which contain the masculine nouns. Now, let’s explore the feminine nouns.

2- Common Categories for the Feminine Gender in Hindi

The names of rivers, languages, scripts, and dates, are mostly feminine. So, if you hear the words from the categories below, more often than not, they’re feminine words.

1) Dates

The most popular word for “dates” in Hindi is तारीख़ (Taariikh). However, it can also be translated as तिथि (TiTHii). The important point is that both words should be treated as feminine.

Let’s see how we can use them in our daily conversations.

  • क्या इस काम के लिए कल की तारीख़ ठीक रहेगी? (kyaa iS kaam ke Liye kaL kii Taariikh thiik rahegi?)
    “Would tomorrow’s date be okay for this task?”
  • हमारी शादी की तिथि शुभ होनी चाहिए। (hamaarii saaDii kii TiTHii subh hoNii caahiye.)
    “The date of our wedding should be auspicious.”

2) Names of Rivers

It’s interesting to notice that all the rivers in India, and all over the world, fall into the category of feminine nouns. The same rule applies to “lakes.”

“River” in Hindi is called नदी (NaDii) and “lake” is known as झील (jhiiL).

  • भारत में गंगा नदी बहुत पवित्र मानी जाती है। (bhaaraT men gangaa NaDii bahuT paviTra maaNii jaaTii hai.)
    “Ganga is considered the most sacred river in India.”
  • नाइल नदी अफ़्रीका की सबसे लंबी नदी है। (NaaiL NaDii afriikaa kii SabaSe Lambii NaDii hai.)
    “The Nile is the longest river in Africa.”

3) Names of Languages and Scripts

This is the last sub-category of feminine words in Hindi. Another great tip you should save for yourself is that all languages and scripts are treated as feminine in Hindi.

Here are some examples.

  • हिंदी भाषा भारत के कई हिस्सों में बोली जाती है। (hiNDii bhaasaa bhaaraT ke kaii hiSSon men boLii jaaTii hai.)
    “Hindi is spoken in many parts of India.”
  • तुम्हारी अंग्रेज़ी वाक़ई बहुत अच्छी है। (Tumhaarii angrezii vaaqaii bahuT acchii hai.)
    “Your English is really impressive.”

4) Names with Certain Suffixes

If you find words that end with the following suffixes—-आहट (aahat), -आवट (aavat), -इया (iyaa), -आस (aaS)—they’re most likely feminine nouns in Hindi. But do be careful and allow the possibility for some exceptions, too.

Here are some of the feminine words that contain the suffixes we just mentioned:

Suffix Hindi Word English Meaning Sentences
-आहट (aahat) घबराहट
“Nervousness” उसे घबराहट हो रही थी।
(uSe ghabaraahat ho rahii THii.)

“There was an atmosphere of nervousness.”

-आवट (aavat) लिखावट
“Handwriting” जॉन की लिखावट बहुत सुन्दर है.
(jauN kii Likhaavat bahuT SuNDar hai.)

“John has such beautiful handwriting.”

-इया (iyaa) बंदरिया
“Female monkey” आम के पेड़ पर एक बंदरिया बैठी है।
(aam ke ped par ek baNDariyaa baithii hai.)

“There is a female monkey sitting on the mango tree.”

-आस (aaS) मिठास
“Sweetness” तुम्हारी आवाज़ में कितनी मिठास है !
(Tumhaarii aavaaz men kiTaNii mithaaS hai.)

“There is so much sweetness in your voice.”

Feminine Gender

Looking at such a short list of feminine categories, when compared to the endless masculine gender categories, easily gives an idea of the disbalance in gender equality in the Hindi language.

8. Gender Variations for Verbs and Adjectives

The gender variations for adjectives and verbs is such a vast topic that it deserves to be addressed as an article of its own, rather than being reduced to just a teeny-tiny sub-section here.

That’s why we’ve decided to explain it in a thorough and comprehensive way just for you! Shortly, we’ll present you with a brand-new article on conjugation. All you need to do is brace yourself and stay tuned!

But don’t be disappointed! For a sneak peak, check out some essential and handy tips for you from HindiPod101.

To summarize meaningfully, here are the two golden rules we can swear by when it comes to gender variations for verbs and adjectives.

For masculine gender, the verbs and adjectives end with:

  • -aa (ा ) sound or diacritic for singular nouns, and with -e (े) for plural nouns.

For the feminine gender in Hindi, the verbs and adjectives end with:

  • -ii ( ी) sound or diacritic for singular nouns, and with -iin (ीं) for plural nouns.

9. Quiz

Even the most thorough study habits yield fruit only when they’re put to test. In this Hindi grammar gender guide, we’ve shared so many popular Hindi words and their gender with you. However, it’s inevitable to miss out on some.

So, we came up with this wonderful idea. Why don’t we throw some lesser-known words at you, and based on the concepts (such as word endings) explained in the earlier sections of this lesson, you have to guess the gender of these words! Sound fun?

Here are the less-common Hindi words with their English meaning:

  • क्षण (ksan) “Moment”
  • चारपाई (caarapaaii) “Cot”
  • कुटिया (kutiyaa) “A small cottage or hut”
  • वन (vaN) “Jungle”
  • समृद्धि (SamriDDHii) “Prosperity”
  • उजाला (ujaaLaa) “Light”
  • ख़ामोशी (khaamosii) “Silence”

Well, give us your best shot. We’d love to hear you out in the comment box below!

10. Takeaway from

This was all from our side on the topic of gender words in Hindi. We hope you’re feeling far more confident in using the correct gender forms in your day-to-day conversations. But be sure to let us know in the comments section if you have any questions!

As always, practice is the ultimate key to your success. So, as much as possible, try to listen to various talks about gender’s role in Hindi, go through a gender equality speech in Hindi, or find some other good listening media like the podcasts and videos on our website.

With the help of your native friends, make it a habit to practice and guess the gender of a range of new words. You can also use our free online dictionary and expand your Hindi vocabulary.

We also have a bunch of lessons on Hindi pronunciation if that’s what’s keeping you behind. You’ll be surprised to see the mindblowing command you’ll be able to gain over your Hindi language skills. Nonetheless, if you wish to be an unstoppable achiever in this Hindi course, sign up on!

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ईद उल-फ़ित्र: Celebrating Eid ul-Fitr in India


Indian culture is dotted with elements from a number of religions, with the majority of Indians (roughly eighty percent) adhering to Hinduism. The second most-popular religion? Islam. About fourteen percent of the country claims this religion as their own, and this makes Muslim holidays a pretty big deal here!

Eid ul-Fitr is one of the most widely celebrated and festive Muslim holidays, celebrated in numerous countries around the world. In this article, you’ll learn all about Eid ul-Fitr and how it’s celebrated in India!

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Eid ul-Fitr?

An Image of the Quran Lit by a Candle

Eid ul-Fitr, initiated by the Prophet Muhammad, is a public holiday that marks the रमज़ान उपवास का अंत (ramzaan upvaas ka aanT), or “end of Ramadan fasting.”

Traditionally, Eid ul-Fitr was celebrated in Medina after the Prophet Muhammad’s journey out of Mecca. Here, he found people having a massive celebration; he told them that there were two other days on which they should be celebrating instead (this holiday, along with Eid ul-Adha).

2. When is Eid ul-Fitr This Year?

A Woman Worshipping in the Early Morning

Each year, the date of Eid ul-Fitr varies on the Gregorian calendar. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2020: May 24
  • 2021: May 13
  • 2022: May 3
  • 2023: April 22
  • 2024: April 10
  • 2025: March 31
  • 2026: March 20
  • 2027: March 10
  • 2028: February 27
  • 2029: February 15

Note: The holiday actually starts the evening before the dates given here, and lasts until the end of the given dates. Dates can also vary a little based on the moon’s cycle in a given year.

3. Eid ul-Fitr Activities & Traditions

A Table Adorned with a Variety of Sweets

Eid ul-Fitr in India is a time of feasting, family, and worship. The main event for this holiday is the Eid prayer and service, though these are not obligatory to attend. It is obligatory, however, to provide Eid ul-Fitr donations to the poor and other people who are in need.

On Eid ul-Fitr, परिवार और दोस्तों का मेल जोल (parivaar aur DosTon ka mel jol), or “family and friends visit,” each other. They also give each other gifts, which often include money for the children.

In India, Eid ul-Fitr is often referred to as a मिठाई का उत्सव (mithaayi ka uTsav), or “sweet festival.” Many of the dishes prepared and eaten on this day are sweet and sugary; one of the most popular is called Lachcha. Fasting on Eid ul-Fitr is prohibited, as it’s meant to be a day of breaking the Ramadan fast.

4. New Clothes!

On Eid ul-Fitr another popular custom is to नए कपड़े पहनना (naye kapde pahan na), or “wear new clothes.” It’s common for men to wear white clothing (representing purity), and for women and children to wear bright-colored clothing in celebration.

Typically, it’s very important to wear these new clothes while visiting family or attending prayers and services.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Eid ul-Fitr

A Silhouette of a Father Hugging His Son in Front of a Mosque

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this lesson? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for the Eid ul-Fitr holiday in India!

  • ईद उल-फ़ित्र (iiD uL-fiTra) — “Eid ul-Fitr”
  • नए कपड़े पहनना (naye kapde pahan na) — “wear new clothes”
  • मिठाई का उत्सव (mithaayi ka uTsav) — “sweet festival”
  • मीठे की दावत (meethey ki DaavaT) — “sugar feast”
  • मुसलामानों द्वारा मनाया जाता है (musalmaanon dvaara manaaya jaaTa hai) — “observed by Muslims”
  • छोटी ईद (chhoti eed) — “Lesser Eid”
  • ईद मुबारक (iid mubarak) — “Happy Eid”
  • उपहार देना (uphaar Dena) — “give gifts”
  • परिवार और दोस्तों का मेल जोल (parivaar aur DosTon ka mel jol) — “family and friends visit”
  • रमज़ान उपवास का अंत (ramzaan upvaas ka aanT) — “end of Ramadan fasting”

To hear the pronunciation of each word and phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, please be sure to check out our Hindi Eid ul-Fitr vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Eid ul-Fitr in India with us, and that you took away some valuable cultural information!

Do you celebrate Eid ul-Fitr in your country? If so, how are your traditions similar or different from those in India?

If you’re curious to learn more about Indian culture and the Hindi language, has many more free learning resources for you:

This only scratches the surface of everything can offer you, though! To get the most out of your Hindi-learning time, create your free lifetime account today. Better still, upgrade to our Premium or Premium PLUS plans, which will give you access to exclusive lessons and features, such as our MyTeacher program.

We look forward to having you, and we hope you’re still thirsty for knowledge of Indian culture!

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The Top 20+ Phrases to Help You Express Anger in Hindi


Life comes up with all sorts of surprises. Sometimes, things may not go as planned, and that’s bound to upset you. But no matter what, we must always refrain from using offensive curse words in Hindi.

Having said that, there are plenty of ways to vent your frustration and anger in Hindi, and you can do so without hurting someone’s feelings.

We’ll show you how to share your emotions in Hindi in a manner that’s appropriate and acceptable even in public places.

So, what are the common angry phrases in Hindi that native people use to let others know they’re angry? Keep reading to find out.

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Table of Contents

  1. Hindi Words for Anger
  2. Simple Ways to Express Anger
  3. Angry Warnings
  4. Angry Blames
  5. Bonus: Calming Tips to Cool Off Your Anger
  6. Bonus: Calming Tips to Cool Off Your Anger
  7. Speak Like a Native with

1. Hindi Words for Anger


When someone tests your patience, the first natural response to express anger in Hindi is often to slay them with your fuming words.

Let’s begin with a few common negative words in Hindi that are harmless and still quite effective in dealing with undesirable situations. Here’s how to say “angry” in Hindi a few different ways:

  • ग़ुस्सा (ġuSSaa) or नाराज़गी (Naaraazagii) — “Anger” — [Noun]
  • ग़ुस्सा होना (ġuSSaa hoNaa) or नाराज़ होना (Naaraaz hoNaa) — “Angry” — [Verb]
  • ग़ुस्सैल (ġuSSaiL) — “Angry” — [Adjective]

Here’s an example for each Hindi translation of “angry”:

  • इतना ग़ुस्सा अच्छा नहीं होता।
    iTaNaa ġuSSaa acchaa Nahiin hoTaa.
    “Too much anger is not good.”
  • अब तुम नाराज़ मत होना।
    ab Tum Naaraaz maT hoNaa.
    “Please, don’t get angry now.”
  • मेरा बॉस बहुत ग़ुस्सैल इंसान है।
    meraa baauS bahuT ġuSSaiL iNSaaN hai.
    “My boss is a really angry person.”

There’s a whole list of Hindi phrases natives say to each other when they’re upset, including some typical angry expressions in Hindi that can be used anywhere and by people of any age group. These sentences can be used both in serious situations and in less-serious situations, like during an innocent mood swing.

Little Girl Pouting

A great example is the phrase “I am angry” in Hindi, which translates as मैं ग़ुस्सा हूँ (main guSSaa huun) or मैं नाराज़ हूँ (main Naaraaz huun).

If somebody wants to be a little more specific with their phrases, like in “I am angry with you,” the translation in Hindi would be मैं तुमसे नाराज़ हूँ (main Tum Se Naaraaz huun).

Now that we’ve covered the basics, we present to you a huge list of angry Hindi messages and phrases that you can use when you’re angry.

2. Simple Ways to Express Anger

Oh! So, you have young ones who just won’t keep their mouths shut? Or friends nagging you and making you uncomfortable with their not-so-funny remarks? Maybe you happen to be a teacher and you just can’t take the nonsense of your quarreling students anymore!

Woman Holding Out Hand for Someone to Stop

Well, whatever it is that’s bringing you to the edge of exploding, here are a few ways to instantly show that you’re angry in Hindi!

1. “Shut up.” चुप हो जाओ।
(cup ho jaao.)
Example Situation
Someone is lying to your face, but you already know the truth; you ask them to just keep quiet.

2. “Stop it.” बंद करो ये सब।
(banD karo ye Sab.)
Example Situation
When kids are fighting and don’t look like they’re going to stop, a loud warning may do the job.

3. “Cut it out.” बकवास बंद करो।
(bakavaaS banD karo.)
Example Situation
A friend is making excuses or exaggerating the situation in order to get away from his own actions.

4. “Leave me alone.” मुझे अकेला छोड़ दो।
(mujhe akeLaa chod Do.)
Example Situation
You’re in a lot of emotional pain or frustration and just want to be alone for a while.

5. “Get lost.” दफ़ा हो जाओ।
(Dafaa ho jaao.)
Example Situation
This phrase is occasionally said between friends in a mild way. However, people do use it when situations get really tense and serious.

6. “Get out of here.” चले जाओ यहाँ से।
(caLe jaao yahaan Se.)
Example Situation
Like the previous phrase, this one is occasionally said between friends in a mild way. However, people do use it when situations get really tense and serious.

7. “Don’t eat my head.” मेरा दिमाग़ मत खाओ।
(meraa Dimaag maT khaao.)
Example Situation
This is a common phrase people use when somebody is irritating them or asking them something stupid.

3. Angry Warnings

Negative Verbs

Showing anger in Hindi may, at times, involve a bit of warning! In the charts below, you’ll learn a handful of phrases that say “I am getting angry” in Hindi.

8. “Don’t mess with me.” मुझसे भिड़ो मत।
(mujh Se bhido maT.)
Example Situation
It’s a warning you can use when someone is badly provoking you.

9. “Don’t mess with me.” मुझसे पंगे मत लो।
(mujh Se pange maT Lo.)
Example Situation
It’s a warning you can use when someone is badly provoking you.

Actually, phrases eight and nine above are the same. There’s just a small difference between them. While मुझसे भिड़ो मत (mujh Se bhido maT) means something more like “Don’t irritate me,” the phrase मुझसे पंगे मत लो (mujh Se pange maT Lo) contains a local Mumbaiya slang word, which is पंगे लेना (pange LeNaa).

10. “You’re asking for trouble.” तुम बहुत बुरा फंसोगे।
(Tum bahuT buraa phanSoge.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used for threatening someone due to their actions and the implications of those actions. It’s commonly used during street fights.

11. “Don’t make me say it again.” मुझे दुबारा ना कहना पड़े।
(mujhe Dubaaraa Naa kahaNaa pade.)
Example Situation
This is usually said by a person who has more authority over the other, like a boss to an employee.

12. “I’m warning you for the last time.” मैं तुम्हें आख़िरी बार समझा रहा हूँ।
(main Tumhen aakhirii baar Samajhaa rahaa huun.)
Example Situation
This is usually said by a person who has more authority over the other, like a parent to a child.

13. “This is my last warning.” ये मेरी तुम्हें आख़िरी चेतावनी है।
(ye merii Tumhen aakhirii ceTaavaNii hai.)
Example Situation
This is usually said by a person who has more authority over the other. For example, a person who has a strong network and connections to someone with comparatively lower power.

Sometimes, trying to let someone know that you’re feeling angry in Hindi can lead to even stronger, and more varied, negative emotions. This can cause you to use stronger language or a sharper tone.

14. “I don’t want to see your face again.” मुझे तुम्हारी शक़्ल भी नहीं देखनी।
(mujhe Tumhaarii saqL bhii Nahiin DekhaNii.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used when anger is accompanied by loathing and hatred. These feelings may be short-lived or permanent.

15. “I will not tolerate that.” मैं ये बर्दाश्त नहीं करूँगा।
(main ye barDaasT Nahiin karuungaa.)
Example Situation
When a student or employee has broken the rules, the principal or employer may say this.

4. Angry Blames

People tend to indulge in the blame game when showing their anger in Hindi, especially when someone else is the reason for failure.

A Conflict Situation

Imagine you’re about to win the badminton match, but your partner lost that one point. Maybe you were about to grab that project, but a tiny careless comment from your colleague ruined your chances?

What kind of vibes and thoughts do these scenarios generate within you? Well, let’s give the right words to your fuming emotions in Hindi.

16. “What were you thinking?”

तुम सोच क्या रहे थे?
(Tum Soc kyaa rahe THe?)

Example Situation
Usually, this is said when someone has done something really stupid, like forgetting their wallet somewhere.

17. “What were you thinking?” तुम्हारा ध्यान कहाँ था?
(Tumhaaraa DHyaaN kahaan THaa?)
Example Situation
This phrase is used when a person has acted irresponsibly. For instance, not driving carefully or losing the car keys.

18. “Who do you think you are?” तुम ख़ुद को समझते क्या हो?
(Tum khuD ko SamajhaTe kyaa ho?)
Example Situation
This phrase is used when a person has crossed someone’s line too many times. For instance, breaking office rules and not caring about it.

19. “Are you out of your mind?” तुम्हारा दिमाग ख़राब है क्या?
(Tumhaaraa Dimaag kharaab hai kyaa?)
Example Situation
This one is said in situations where someone is ready to take, or has already taken, some reckless steps with negative or dangerous implications. For example, getting into a fight with older students.

20. “What’s wrong with you?”
“What’s your problem?”
तुम्हारी दिक्कत क्या है?
(Tumhaarii DikkaT kyaa hai?)
Example Situation
This is said in situations where someone is ready to take, or has already taken, some reckless steps with negative or dangerous implications. For example, getting into a fight with a colleague or a person with authority.

Some synonyms of “angry” in Hindi could also hint toward disappointment, regret, unwanted interference, or irritation.

Couple After an Argument

Check out the charts below and learn about anger in Hindi phrases.

21. “You never listen to me.” तुम कभी मेरी बात नहीं सुनते।
(Tum kabhii merii baaT Nahiin SuNaTe.)
Example Situation
People sometimes say this in a lighthearted way, though it can be serious.
A parent or sibling may say this when you haven’t listened to their instructions, and as a result burned the food or messed up an electronic appliance.

22. “It’s all your fault.” ये सारी ग़लती तुम्हारी है।
(ye Saarii gaLaTii Tumhaarii hai.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used to put the entire blame on just one person. For instance, if a project was unsuccessful or a meeting failed.

23. “You messed it up.” तुमने सब गड़बड़ कर दिया।
(TumaNe Sab gadabad kar Diyaa.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used to put the entire blame on just one person. For instance, if you missed the train because your brother couldn’t finish his packing on time.

24. “You’re impossible.”
“There is no point in saying anything to you.”
तुमसे तो कुछ भी कहना बेकार है।
(Tum Se To kuch bhii kahaNaa bekaar hai.)
Example Situation
Use this when someone acts stubborn and doesn’t pay heed to your advice, or if they try to cover up their mistakes with petty excuses.

25. “You’re weird.” तुम एकदम अजीब हो।
(Tum ekaDam ajiib ho.)
Example Situation
Use this when someone’s behavior is really weird. For example, if your friend greets your sibling, and your sibling doesn’t respond.

26. “It’s none of your business.” इस बात से तुम्हारा कोई लेना-देना नहीं है।
(iS baaT Se Tumhaaraa koii LeNaa DeNaa Nahiin hai.)
Example Situation
This is another way of asking someone to back off and not interfere in your matters.

27. “Keep your nose out of it.”
“Stay out of it.”
तुम इसमें अपनी नाक मत घुसाओ।
(Tum iS men apaNii Naak maT ghuSaao.)
Example Situation
This is another way to ask someone to back off and not interfere in your matters.

5. Phrases to Describe How You Feel

It’s essential to use and learn about angry idioms in Hindi. But you know what? The thought process of the human mind is so complex and subtle.

More often than not, it may seem like anger on the surface level, but deep down it’s something entirely different.

For instance, when someone says “I am angry” in Hindi, it may be just a part of what they’re feeling. It may be the result of boredom, feeling stuck in life, disappointment, or really any number of things.

Feeling Low and Disappointed

Why don’t you look at these various angry Hindi lines and see what scenarios to use them in!

28. “I’m very upset.” मेरा दिमाग अभी बहुत ख़राब हो रहा है।
(meraa Dimaag abhi bahuT kharaab ho rahaa hai.)
Example Situation
Use this phrase when you’re trying to warn someone about your bad mood.

29. “I’m fed up with it.” मैं तंग आ गया हूं।
(main Tang aa gayaa huun.)
Example Situation
Say this when something has tested your patience and your will, making it difficult to adjust to that situation or person.

30. “I just can’t stand it.” ये मेरे बर्दाश्त के बाहर है।
(ye mere barDaasT ke baahar hai.)
Example Situation
You can say this when you dislike something very strongly, such as lies, another person’s company, etc.

31. “I hate it.”
“I don’t like it at all.”
मुझे ये बिल्कुल पसंद नहीं है।
(mujhe ye biLkuL paSaND Nahiin hai.)
Example Situation
Say this phrase when you dislike something very strongly, such as lies, another person’s company, etc.

32. “I have never been so disappointed.”
“I have never felt so bad.”
मुझे इतना बुरा पहले कभी नहीं लगा।
(mujhe iTaNaa buraa pahaLe kabhii Nahiin Lagaa.)
Example Situation
This phrase is used in extreme situations, such as during public humiliation or betrayal by a close friend.

33. “I’m not feeling okay.” मेरा मन ठीक नहीं है।
(meraa maN thiik Nahiin hai.)
Example Situation
You can use this phrase when you’re sad and want to avoid any kind of conversation about it.

34. “I don’t feel good.” मुझे अच्छा नहीं लग रहा।
(mujhe acchaa Nahiin Lag rahaa.)
Example Situation
It may be your gut instinct, mood, or some strange feeling that says you’re not feeling alright.

Whoa! That was a pretty extensive look at all those temper-testing types of emotions in Hindi. Need something positive and calming to infuse your mind with?

If so, you’ll be delighted to read our next section, which carries some pretty simple but effective tips and techniques to soothe yourself and feel better again!

6. Bonus: Calming Tips to Cool Off Your Anger

As long as you’re not getting out of control, it’s actually a healthy thing to express anger once in a while. Doing so gives that toxic emotional build-up a release and prevents us from turning into a volcano! However, make sure to not become a victim of that anger.

Luckily, there are some things you can do to quickly lift your mood and overcome stress rather easily.

Music Makes Us Feel Better

So, the next time you or your pal lose your temper, put some of these ideas to practice and wait for the magic to happen!

  • “Take a deep breath.”
    गहरी साँस लो। (gaharii SaanS Lo.)
  • “Take a walk or run.”
    खुली हवा में टहलो या दौड़ लगाओ। (khuLii havaa men tahaLo yaa Daud Lagaao.)
  • “Listen to soothing music.”
    अच्छे गाने सुन लो। (acche gaaNe SuN Lo.)
  • “Write it down.”
    अपने मन की बात को लिखकर ज़ाहिर करो। (apaNe maN kii baaT ko Likhakar zaahir karo.)
  • “Reframe your thinking, change your point of view.”
    अपने सोचने का तरीक़ा बदलो। (apaNe SocaNe kaa Tariiqaa baDaLo.)
  • “Look at the positive things in life.”
    अच्छी बातों पर ध्यान दो। (acchii baaTon par DHyaaN Do.)

7. Speak Like a Native with

With that, we come to the end of this lesson. By now, you must have learned how to say “anger” in Hindi and how to express that emotion effectively! Do you know any other phrases that we forgot to share?

To practice what you’ve learned today, why not write out some different anger-related words and phrases in Hindi? We’d love to see them in the comment box below.

Journaling Negative Emotions

Meanwhile, you can also sign up on and get a free lifetime account by downloading our InnovativeLanguage101 mobile app. Not only does it sound cool, but the membership plan also gives you free access to PDF cheat sheets, a brand-new vocabulary list, and a free online dictionary.

So, don’t stay behind. Pull your socks up and experience a completely advanced way of learning Hindi at your own pace. Our Help Center is ready to help you with any issues, anytime.

Happy Hindi learning!

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Master Best Wishes in Hindi: Happy Birthday in Hindi & More


Life would be so dull without celebrations. This is why people in India never miss a chance to cherish every opportunity and share their warm wishes and heartfelt messages. It’s fairly common to see everyone wishing Happy Birthday in Hindi and sending other popular life event messages in Hindi to one another.

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Table of Contents

  1. Importance of Life Event Messages in Hindi
  2. Wishing a Happy Birthday in Hindi
  3. Holiday Wishes in Hindi
  4. Baby Shower Messages in Hindi & Baby Birth Wishes
  5. Getting a Graduation Degree
  6. On Grabbing a New Job / Promotion
  7. For the Retirement Party
  8. The Occasion of Marriage
  9. Condolences in Hindi: Someone’s Death / Funeral
  10. Dealing with Bad News
  11. On an Injury / Illness
  12. Experience an Endless Journey of Learning with Us

1. Importance of Life Event Messages in Hindi

Whether it’s a pleasant occasion or a sad moment, the little yet meaningful words of Hindi congratulations messages or condolences allow people to express their solidarity with each other. Expressing best wishes in Hindi and passing along your condolences in Hindi are just some simple ways of saying “We’ll be together in everything, come rain or shine.”

Isn’t it amazing to realize that when shared with others, happiness increases manifold, and sadness diminishes like a dream! At some point, you too will become a part of someone’s crucial moment. In those times, knowing how to speak or write Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi and other holiday messages in Hindi really brings two people closer.

Moreover, special moments in the form of significant life events in India offers us a great chance to improve Hindi language skills and discover a warm way of communicating with native Hindi speakers. You can grab these opportunities to share expressions like “Wish you a very happy birthday,” in Hindi or “Happy anniversary,” and win people’s hearts with your best wishes in Hindi.

Engagement Ceremony

Apart from these cheerful holiday greetings in Hindi, learning the Hindi language also enables you to send sad life event messages, such as funeral messages. That’s why it’s essential to read about these special situations and learn what to say on such occasions.

2. Wishing a Happy Birthday in Hindi

Happy Birthday

There’s nothing more precious than the day you were born. So, we’ll begin our lesson with Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi. In India, milestones such as the first birthday of a child, or the fiftieth birthday of an adult, are celebrated in a grand way.

But those instances are rare. More often than not, birthdays are either a private event with just family members and close friends, though they can be quite large and impressive.

Indians are emotional and sensitive when it comes to their birthdays. And honestly, who isn’t! If you have a few native friends and know how to wish them Happy Birthday in Hindi, it would mean a lot to them.

There are various ways to say “Wish you a happy birthday,” in Hindi. If we want to break it down, “birthday” is जन्मदिन (jaNmaDiN) and “anniversary” is सालगिरह (SaaLagirah). The English words “happy” and “best wishes” are interchangeable phrases with the same meaning in Hindi: शुभ कामनाएं (subh kaamaNaayen).

Below, we’ve covered the most common styles of sharing Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi.

  • जन्मदिन की बहुत सारी बधाई। (jaNmaDiN kii bahuT Saarii baDHaaii.)
    “Many many happy returns of the day.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • सालगिरह मुबारक हो। (SaaLagirah mubaarak ho.)
    “Happy birthday.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

There may be some instances when personal engagements keep you busy and you forget to wish the person on time. In such cases, here’s a way to send your good wishes:

  • देर से बधाई के लिए माफ़ करना। जन्मदिन मुबारक हो। (Der Se baDHaaii ke Liye maaf karaNaa. jaNmaDiN mubaarak ho.)
    “Sorry for the late congratulations. Belated happy birthday.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

3. Holiday Wishes in Hindi

Basic Questions

Every country has its own unique set of festivals and local celebrations. These may be religious, social, or national occasions. Being in a country like India, you’ll hardly have a dull moment because there are several kinds of Indian festivities happening all year long.

Now that you’ve already mastered how to send Happy Birthday wishes in Hindi, we’ll help you explore the traditional holiday greetings in Hindi.

1- Happy New Year Greetings in Hindi

The culture of wishing a happy new year to your loved ones is as popular in India as anywhere else in the world. To quench your curiosity, let’s begin this chunk about holiday greetings in Hindi with learning how to wish a Happy New Year in Hindi.

Happy New Year Wishes

Sending Happy New Year best wishes in Hindi is quite simple. And honestly, there’s no single way to say it.

  • The most widespread fashion to wish a Happy New Year in Hindi is नया साल मुबारक हो (Nayaa SaaL mubaarak ho), which translates to “Wish you a happy new year.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • People also send Happy New Year greetings by saying and writing नए साल की शुभ कामनाएँ (Naye SaaL kii subh kaamaNaayen), which translates to “Best wishes on the new year!”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • Many folks prefer to send happy New Year wishes by saying नवीन हिन्दू वर्ष की बधाई (NaviiN hiNDuu vars kii baDHaaii), or “Greetings of the Hindu New Year.”
    Written in a formal manner.

2- How to Say Merry Christmas in Hindi

Christmas is called बड़ा दिन (badaa DiN) in Hindi, though it’s also known by its English name, that is क्रिसमस (kriSamaS). There are two common ways to say Merry Christmas in Hindi.

  • क्रिसमस की ढेर सारी बधाई। (kriSamaS kii dher Saarii baDHaaii.)
    “Merry Christmas”.
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

This is also one of the most popular and simplest styles of sending Merry Christmas wishes in Hindi SMS.

Christmas Celebrations

  • बड़ा दिन मुबारक हो। (badaa DiN mubaarak ho.)
    “Merry Christmas.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

Now that you’ve learned how to say Merry Christmas in Hindi, let’s switch to some other special occasions.

3- Happy Valentine’s Day in Hindi

Before we explore the Hindi phrase for Valentine’s Day, do you know about Friendship Day?

The term “friendship” can be translated into many forms in the language. Some of the appropriate words are दोस्ती (DoSTii) and मित्रता (miTraTaa).

And to say Happy Friendship Day in Hindi, that would be मित्रता दिवस (miTraTaa DivaS).

For writing in a formal manner, the phrase would be:

  • मित्रता दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं। (miTraTaa DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    “Happy Friendship Day.”

As far as Valentine’s Day is concerned, there’s no colloquial word for that. Even in Hindi, the name is written and spoken as वैलेंटाइन्स डे (vaiLeNtaaiNS de).

4- Happy Independence Day in Hindi

India got its independence from British rule on August 15, 1947. Thus, this date is known as Independence Day. The national holiday is celebrated every year on August 15, and all schools, colleges, and offices remain closed on this day.

Indians pay their tribute to freedom fighters and remind each other of their sacrifices by generously sharing Happy Independence Day messages in Hindi.

The literal translation of “Independence Day” is स्वतंत्रता दिवस (SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS), while “independence” or “freedom” is colloquially known as आज़ादी (aazaaDii).

So, if you’re in India and wish to be a part of this patriotic feeling that Indians share, there’s no better way to do it than by sending them Happy Independence Day messages in Hindi.

India's Independence Day

Here’s a great one you can use:

  • आप सभी को स्वतंत्रता दिवस की हार्दिक शुभ कामनाएं। (aap Sabhii ko SvaTaNTraTaa DivaS kii haarDik subh kaamNaayen.)
    “Wish you all a Happy Independence Day.”
    Spoken and written formally.

So, next time you’re in India, how would you like to share the Happy Independence messages in Hindi?

It’s time to check out some other major festival messages in Hindi!

5- Mother’s and Father’s Day in Hindi

The closest people in your family are your mother and father. And this is a deep enough reason to celebrate Mother’s Day and Father’s Day once a year.

  • “Happy Mother’s Day” in Hindi is मातृ दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं (maaTri DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    Written in a formal manner.
  • “Happy Father’s Day” in Hindi is पितृ दिवस की शुभ कामनाएं (piTri DivaS kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    Written in a formal manner.

6- Indian Festival Holiday Wishes in Hindi

As we mentioned above, in this cultural land of countless festivities, a heavy exchange of holiday messages in Hindi is bound to happen. There are many local festivals that you just can’t miss!

Below, you’ll find a few examples of how to share best wishes during festivals like Eid, Holi, and Diwali. Let’s check these top holiday wishes in Hindi.

Eid Wishes

  • ईद मुबारक! (iiD mubaarak)
    “Happy Eid”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

Eid is a religious festival of Muslims which is celebrated after following a strict month-long fast known as Ramzan.

  • बुरा न मानो होली है! (buraa Na maaNo hoLii hai!)
    “Don’t mind, it’s Holi!”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

Holi is a festival of colors. Although it’s mainly a Hindu festival, on this day, people of all religions come together and throw colors on each other.

  • शुभ दीपावली (subh DiipaavaLii)
    “Happy Diwali”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

Another Hindu festival, Diwali is better known as the Festival of Lights. Lighting diyaa, candles, and fire crackers is the most prominent characteristic of the celebration.

4. Baby Shower Messages in Hindi & Baby Birth Wishes

Pregnancy and birth are not only considered magical, but are also auspicious events in India. By this, one can only imagine the extent of excitement and countless rituals to welcome the baby while appreciating the whole experience of motherhood.

Mother Holding a Baby

You, too, may have colleagues and friends who are about to start their family and have a baby. Don’t fall behind in sending the couple your baby shower messages and other apt best wishes in Hindi.

  • हमारे बीच एक नन्हा मेहमान आने वाला है। (hamaare biic ek NaNhaa mehamaaN aaNe vaaLaa hai.)
    “We’re going to have a baby soon.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • गोद भराई की ख़ूब सारी बधाइयां। (goD bharaaii kii khuub Saarii baDHaaiyaan.)
    “Congratulations on the baby shower ceremony.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • नयी संतान को ढेर सारा प्यार और आशीर्वाद। (Nayii SaNTaaN ko dher Saaraa pyaar aur aasirvaaD.)
    “Lots of love and blessings to the newborn baby.”
    Spoken in a formal manner; usually used by elders.

What’s more? Once the loved ones become parents, you can also wish them “Happy Mother’s Day” in Hindi as described in the above section!

5. Getting a Graduation Degree

Talking about Age

Everyone knows the ups and downs one must go through to finally hold that graduation degree in their hands. Undoubtedly, it’s one of the most crucial phases in a student’s life. A simple congratulations message in Hindi can go a long way toward showing the graduate how proud you are!

Whether it’s your friend, neighbor, or a friend’s kid, take pleasure and pride in their achievements while encouraging them with your best graduation messages in Hindi.

  • ख़ूब मेहनत करो और ऐसे ही उन्नति करो। (khuub mehaNaT karo aur aiSe hii uNNaTi karo.)
    “Work hard and keep accomplishing in life.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • सफलता तुम्हारे क़दम चूमे। (SaphaLTaa Tumhaare qaDam cuume.)
    “May success always be on your side.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • भगवान करे तुम ख़ूब नाम कमाओ। (bhagavaaN kare Tum khuub Naam kamaao.)
    “May God help you achieve success and fame.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.

6. On Grabbing a New Job / Promotion

In this age of cut-throat competition, finding a job or getting a promotion are not light events. Pamper your loved ones and colleagues with these amazing messages on their career milestones.

Congratulating on a New Job

  • आपकी सफलता पर हम सब को नाज़ है। (aapakii SaphaLTaa par ham Sab ko Naaz hai.)
    “We’re all so proud of your success.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • नयी नौकरी पर हमारी तहे-दिल से मुबारकबाद। (Nayii Naukrii par hamaarii Tahe-DiL Se mubaarakabaaD.)
    “Our best wishes on your new job.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • आपको उज्जवल भविष्य की शुभ कामनाएं। (aapko ujjavaL bhavisya kii subh kaamaNaayen)
    “We wish you the best for a bright future.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

7. For the Retirement Party

Retirement doesn’t go down well with all of us. It’s a turn of events that seems relieving at the surface, but somehow can make people feel helpless and depressed.

In these moments, a beautiful message, powerful words filled with love and empathy, can transform someone’s transition phase into something less painful and more exciting.

So, next time you come across a friend, or their parents, who are retiring soon, boost their morale with these simple yet rejuvenating phrases!

  • आपके जीवन की दूसरी पारी की धमाकेदार शुरुआत हो! (aapake jiivaN kii DuuSarii paarii kii DHamaakeDaar suruaaT ho!)
    “Have a blasting second inning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
    *Here the phrase “blasting second inning” means the second fresh phase of life after retirement. In this case, the first inning refers to the professional work life of the person.
  • अब ज़िन्दगी को और खुल के जियें। (ab ziNDagii ko aur khuL ke jiyen.)
    “May you have an even fuller and better life now.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • आनंदमयी और चिंतामुक्त जीवन मुबारक हो। (aaNaNDamayii aur ciNTaamukT jiivaN mubaarak ho.)
    “Congratulations on a pleasant and carefree beginning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.

8. The Occasion of Marriage

Marriage Proposal

Enough has already been said about the grand event marriage is. But Indians take it to a higher level. To them, it’s a bonding of souls, a pious relationship that just can’t be defied.

Whenever you’re invited to an Indian wedding ceremony or marriage anniversary, sweep the couple off their feet with your heartfelt and lovely Hindi wedding congratulations!

  • आपके दांपत्य जीवन में खुशियां बनी रहें। (aapake DaampaTya jiivaN men khusiyaan baNii rahen.)
    “Wish you a happy married life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • शुभ विवाह। आपकी जोड़ी सलामत रहे। (subh vivaah. aapakii jodii SaLaamaT rahe.)
    “Happy wedding. May you always be together.”
    Written in a formal manner.

There are many other ways to wish the couple well, such as the one below.

  • आपके शादीशुदा जीवन की शुरुआत पर हमारी शुभ कामनाएं। (aapake saaDii-suDaa jiivaN kii suruaaT par hamaarii subh kaamaNaayen.)
    “Our best wishes on the new beginning of your life.”
    Spoken and written in a formal manner.
  • आप दोनों का प्यार सदा ऐसे ही बना रहे। (aap DoNon kaa pyaar SaDaa aiSe hii baNaa rahe.)
    “May you forever remain in love with each other.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

This is another cute and subtle style of passing on your Happy Wedding Anniversary message in Hindi.

9. Condolences in Hindi: Someone’s Death / Funeral

Just like any other part of the world, India too has its own share of rituals and rites performed on the death of a person. If you happen to be present at any such tragic occasion, show your empathy and support for someone’s loss with these kind Hindi condolence messages.

  • भगवान उनकी आत्मा को शांति दे। (bhagavaaN uNakii aaTmaa ko saaNTi De.)
    “May God rest his soul.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.
  • तुम्हारी याद हमेशा हमारे दिल में रहेगी। (Tumhaarii yaaD hamesaa hamaare DiL men rahegii.)
    “You’ll always be in our hearts.”
    Written in a formal manner.

Death Rituals

  • हम सब की तरफ़ से अश्रुपूरित श्रद्धांजलि। (ham Sab kii Taraf Se asru-puuriT sraDDHaaNjaLi.)
    “A heartfelt tribute from our side.”
    Written in a formal manner.

10. Dealing with Bad News

Life is so unpredictable. We never know what’s gonna happen tomorrow. Thus, going through any kind of emotional or physical loss is unavoidable. Here are a few phrases to help you express your grief when someone you know is going through a bad phase in life.

  • मुझे अफ़सोस है। (mujhe afaSoS hai.)
    “I’m sorry.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • सुनकर बहुत दुख हुआ। (SuNakar bahuT dukh huaa.)
    “So sorry to hear this.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.
  • यह तो बहुत बुरा हुआ। (yah To bahuT buraa huaa.)
    “That’s really sad.”
    Spoken in an informal manner.

11. On an Injury / Illness

When we fall sick, or have an accident that leaves us with an injury, all we want is a bit of care and affection. Whether it’s our colleague or a friend, every person deserves to hear something positive and feel cared for. A small gesture of concern can deepen your bond with the person and make him/her feel instantly better.

  • अपना ख़्याल रखना। (apaNaa khayaaL rakhaNaa.)
    “Take care.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • तबियत का ध्यान रखना। (TabiyaT kaa DHyaaN rakhaNaa.)
    “Take care of yourself / your health.”
    Spoken and written in an informal manner.
  • जल्दी से ठीक हो जाओ। (jaLDii Se thiik ho jaao.)
    “Get well soon.”
    Spoken and written both formally and informally.

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