Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha. and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 12, Telling the Time in Hindi, Part 2.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya.
Neha: This lesson is a continuation of our previous lesson and you'll learn how to read more time in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place at a bus station.
Neha: This conversation is between Rita and Beth.
Maya: They are strangers and don't know each other so they will be speaking formal Hindi.
Neha: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

बेथ: कितने बजे बस आती है?
रीता: सवा दो बजे।
बेथ: अभी कितने बजे हैं?
रीता: दो बजकर बीस मिनट हो गए है।
बेथ: थोड़ी देर हो गई है।
Maya: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Beth: Kitne baje bas aatii hai?
Reetaa: Sawaa do baje.
Beth: Abhee litne bahe hain?
Reetaa: Do bajkar bees minat ho gae hai.
Beth: Thoree der ho gaee hai.
Neha: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
बेथ: कितने बजे बस आती है?
Neha: "What time does the bus come?"
रीता: सवा दो बजे।
Maya: "Two fifteen."
बेथ: अभी कितने बजे हैं?
Neha: " What time is it right now?"
रीता: दो बजकर बीस मिनट हो गए है।
Maya: "It is two twenty."
बेथ: थोड़ी देर हो गई है।
Neha: "It's a little late."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: The above conversation is such a stereotype.
Neha: What do you mean?
Maya: Well, I think it plays into that stereotype about South Asian people being loose with time.
Neha: Well, of course one cannot make such generalizations of the entire population, but there are reasons why certain things become stereotyped, you know?
Maya: I guess, in general, Indian people are usually laid back about time.
Neha: Yes, buses do not always come and leave as scheduled, official functions might not start as scheduled since the guest of honor arrives late, friends and acquaintances might make you wait for a long time too.
Maya: Excluding formal business situations, there is a laid back atmosphere about adhering to time which is definitely frustrating at times.
Neha: But at the same time, it can also be refreshing to notice a natural rather than a mechanical rhythm to life.
Maya: That's true.
VOCAB LIST
Neha: Anyway, let's talk about the words that came up in the conversation.
Maya: Okay, we'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Neha: Our first word is कितने " kitne," "kit-ne," "kitne…"
Maya: Which means "how many" or "how much."
Neha: Next, we have बजे "baje," "be-je," "baje…"
Maya: Which means "time" or "o'clock."
Neha: Next is बस "bas," "bas," "bas…"
Maya: Which also means "bus."
Neha: Next is आता "aatii," "aa-tii," "aatii…"
Maya: Which means "come."
Neha: Then is सवा "sawaa," "sa-waa," "sawaa…"
Maya: Which means "quarter past."
Neha: Next is अभी, "abhee," "ab-hee," "abhee…"
Maya: Which means "now."
Neha: Next we have दो बजकर बीस मिनट "do bajkar bees minat," "do baj-kar, bees mi-nat," "do bajkar bees minat…"
Maya: Which means "two twenty."
Neha: Then we have थोड़ी "thoree," "tho-ree," "thoree…"
Maya: Which means "little."
Neha: And finally we have, देर "der," "der," "der…"
Maya: Which means "late."
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha: Let's go over some of the words that were used in the conversation.
Maya: There was the word आती in the phrase बस आती है.
Neha: Well, आती is a word with many meanings and it can be used in many different ways., Here, it means " come" and the phrase बस आती है means "bus comes."
Maya: Actually, आती comes from the root verb आना, which means "to come," and it changes depending on the gender and number of the nouns.
Neha: For Feminine nouns, you say आती है, which implies that in the phrase बस आती है, बस is of feminine gender.
Maya: For feminine nouns, you say आता है.
Neha: And for plural masculine, you say आते हैं.
Maya: Moving on, the next word that came up was…
Neha: थोड़ी .
Maya: Which means "little.". It's a very useful adverb to know.
Neha: The tricky thing about this is that it has to agree with the gender of the adjective or the noun.
Maya: It's masculine case is…
Neha: थोड़ा.
Maya: And its feminine case is…
Neha: थोड़ी.
Maya: So to say "little far," you say…
Neha: थोड़ी देर.
Maya: While to say "a little hot,", you say…
Neha:थोड़ा गर्म.
Maya: Ii guess you'd need to learn the genders as you go.
Neha: Another useful but much easier adverb is its opposite which is "a lot" or "very," and in HiIndi it is बहुत.
Maya: So, "very hot" is…
Neha: बहुत देर.
Maya: And "very far" is…
Neha: बहुत गर्म.

Lesson focus

Maya: Let's learn how to tell time in Hindi.
Neha: For your benefit, we'll recap what we already learned in the previous lesson.
Maya: So, numbers from 1 to 12 in Hindi are…
Neha: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12.
Maya: "What time is it?" in Hindi is…
Neha: कितने बजे हैं?
Maya: We also learned how to tell time to the hour, where the only difference is between one1 o'clock and the rest.
Neha: So "It is one o'clock" in Hindi is एक बजा है।. It is two o'clock is दो बजे हैं.
Maya: And we also learned how to tell time to the half hour where the only exceptions are half past one and half past two.
Neha: So "It is half past one" in Hindi is डेढ बजा है।, "It is half past two" in Hindi is ढाई बजे हैं।, whereas for any other times you use the word साढ़े. For example, "It is half past four" in Hindi is साढ़े चार बजे हैं।.
Maya: That was quite a lot. And now we have more! So let's learn how to say time to the quarter of an hour.
Neha: "Quarter past" in Hindi is सवा and "quarter to" is पौने.
Maya: And the rule is to add सवा or पौने before the number, just as in English.
Neha: Let's listen to some examples.
Maya: "It is quarter past ten" in Hindi is…
Neha: सवा दस बजे हैं।.
Maya: "It is quarter to eleven." in Hindi is…
Neha: पौने ग्यारह बजे हैं।.
Maya: The only exception to the above rule is when telling times related to one. "It is quarter past one." in Hindi is…
Neha: सवा एक बजा है।।.
Maya: And "It is quarter to one." in Hindi is…
Neha: पौने एक बजा है।.
Maya: Did you all spot the difference?
Neha: Well, the difference is the use of बजा है for those related to one1 and the use of बजे हैं for the rest.
Maya: Before we end this lesson, we'll leave you with one more example. How would you say, ""It is quarter past ten."?
Neha: सवा दस बजे हैं।.
Maya: Okay, well, that's all for our lesson today.
Neha: We hope that you found it helpful.
Maya: Be sure to read the lesson notes for more examples and explanation on this topic.
Neha: Thanks for listening!
Maya: "Shukriya aur fir milenge!"

11 Comments

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HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Are the buses always late in your country too?

Ian
Thursday at 10:39 am
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हमेशा नहीं लेकिन अक्सर ... (not always but often)

HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 4:18 pm
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Hello Thorsten,


I can explain it here if you want. When it comes to time, we always say 'x baj gaye hain'.

For example, 'Teen baj gaye hain', 'Das baj gaye hain' etc. For one o clock we generally say 'ek baj gaya hai' though some people might still say 'ek baj gaye hain'. Now if you want to say 'Its already 'so and so hour' and 'so and so minutes' you'd say '4 bajkar 10 minat ho gaye hain' meaning 'its already 4:10'.


Whereas 'ho gaya hai' means 'it has happened/passed'. Now to say 'a lot of time has passed (its late)', you would say 'daer ho gayi hai' since 'daer' meaning late is feminine so ' ho gaya hai' becomes 'ho gayi hai'.


Hope its clear now!


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Thorsten
Wednesday at 3:45 am
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Instead of explaining the quite simple word "bus" for the n-th time it would have been a better idea to mention the meaning of ho gaye / ho ho gaee.

hindipod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 4:37 pm
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Hello Harumi,


'paune aath baje hain' would be 'its 7:45'.


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Harumi
Thursday at 8:52 am
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Paune aath baje hain? 7:50

HindiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 11:58 pm
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Namaste Monika ji,


The Hindi seems right! However the romanization would be - Das baje hain.


Cheers ,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Monika
Sunday at 5:08 am
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दस बजे हैं

Monika
Sunday at 5:04 am
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Das bajke hain

Hindipod101.comVerified
Thursday at 3:13 pm
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Hi K,


Namaste. I'm from HindiPod101.com


Thank you for the comment.


It’s great to have you here, and we’d love to help. Please let us know if you have any questions about Hindi.



Thank you,

धन्यवाद


HindiPod101.com

K
Wednesday at 9:41 am
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Thank you so much for fixing the pdfs! Much better now.