Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha:"Namaste," I'm Neha. and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 15, Using Hindi to learn Hindi.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya. In this lesson you'll learn how ask for how things are said in Hindi and also to find the meaning of the unknown Hindi words in English.
Neha:The conversation takes place on a bus.
Maya:This conversation is between Liz and Megha.
Neha:They are friends and so they will be speaking informally with each other.
Maya:Let's listen to their conversation.
लिज हिन्दी में "zoo"को कैसे कहते हैं?
मेघा चिड़ियाघर
लिज कृपया एक बार और।
मेघा चिड़ियाघर
लिज कृपया एक बार फिर।
मेघा चिड़ियाघर
लिज शुक्रिया!

Lesson conversation

Let's listen to the conversation one time slowly.
लिज हिन्दी में "zoo"को कैसे कहते हैं?
मेघा चिड़ियाघर
लिज कृपया एक बार और।
मेघा चिड़ियाघर
लिज कृपया एक बार फिर।
मेघा चिड़ियाघर
लिज शुक्रिया!
Let's listen to the conversation with English translation.
लिज हिन्दी में "zoo"को कैसे कहते हैं?
Maya How do you say "zoo" in Hindi?
मेघा चिड़ियाघर
Maya Chidiyaaghar.
लिज कृपया एक बार और।
Maya One more time please.
मेघा चिड़ियाघर
Maya Chidiyaaghar.
लिज कृपया एक बार फिर।
Maya Once again please.
मेघा चिड़ियाघर
Maya Chidiyaaghar.
लिज शुक्रिया!
Maya Thank you!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha:You know, people in India are very impressed when foreigners can speak Hindi!
Maya:Yes, even a little bit will be appreciated because Indians love it when they see people trying to learn their language.
Neha:I think this is the case in many non-English speaking countries. It shows respect towards their culture and language and most people are fascinated and more than willing to help you along if you just show the initiative.
Maya:Sometimes you might even find people eager to practice their English instead.
Neha:But actually, in India, most young people can speak English.
Maya:That's true! They study in English and even mix English words in their daily conversation.
Neha:Sometimes all but a few words in a sentence will be in English.
Maya:It's really fascinating and you will notice this even in Bollywood movies where more and more people use English words in their daily conversations.
VOCAB LIST
Maya Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Neha हिन्दी [natural native speed]
Maya Hindi
Neha हिन्दी [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha हिन्दी [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha में [natural native speed]
Maya in
Neha में [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha में [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha कैसे [natural native speed]
Maya how
Neha कैसे [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha कैसे [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha कहते [natural native speed]
Maya say
Neha कहते [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha कहते [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha चिड़ियाघर [natural native speed]
Maya zoo
Neha चिड़ियाघर [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha चिड़ियाघर [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha कृपया [natural native speed]
Maya please
Neha कृपया [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha कृपया [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha बार [natural native speed]
Maya time
Neha बार [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha बार [natural native speed]
Next is:
Neha और [natural native speed]
Maya and/more
Neha और [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha और [natural native speed]
Lat is:
Neha फिर [natural native speed]
Maya again
Neha फिर [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha फिर [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Maya:Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Neha:Let's now talk about some of these words in more detail. कहते means "to say" in Hindi and it comes from the verb कहना ("kahnaa").
Maya:And like many Hindi verbs, it changes according to the gender and the number of the nouns. So for male singular cases, which means if you are a single male or are talking about a single male, you use…
Neha:कहता.
Maya:Let's use this in a sentence. If you are a male speaker and you want to say, "I say," you'd say…
Neha:मैं कहता हूँ।.
Maya:Great. Now, if you are a group of males or are talking about a group of males, then you'd use…
Neha:कहते. So, "we say" in Hindi would be हम कहते हैं।.
Maya:If you are a female, single or many, it doesn't matter, you use कहती.
Neha:So, "I say," said by a female speaker is मैं कहती हूँ।.
Maya:So, how would you say, "they say," in Hindi?
Neha:Well, "they" is वे and we use the plural for "say," which is कहते।. So the sentence would be वे कहते हैं।.
Maya:Can you all remember?
Neha:कहता, कहते, and कहती.
Maya:Great. In the same way, the word "how" also changes according to the gender and the count of the nouns.
Neha:Yes, so you'd use कैसा, कैसे, and कैसी.
Maya:कैसा for addressing a single male subject.
Neha:While कैसे for addressing plural male subjects, and finally…
Maya:कैसी for addressing both singular and plural female subjects.

Lesson focus

Maya:In this lesson, we'll learn to ask for how things are said in Hindi or in English
Neha:Let's start with this useful question.
Maya:Neha, how do we say "How do you say [blank] in Hindi?"
Neha:हिन्दी में [blank] को कैसे कहते हैं? Here, हिन्दी is "Hindi," में is a post position which means "in," कैसे means "how," कहते means "say," and हैं means "are."
Maya:So you're literally asking, "Hindi in [blank] how say is?" which translates as, "How do you say [blank] in Hindi?"
Neha:Let's hear an example.
Maya:Sure. How would you say, "How do you say "market" in Hindi?"
Neha:You'd say, हिन्दी में "market" को कैसे कहते हैं?
Maya:All you need to do is put in the word that you want to ask after the preposition में. Okay, repeat after Neha.
Neha:हिन्दी में "market" को कैसे कहते हैं? [pause]
Maya:Okay, another example, "How do you say "mountain" in Hindi?"
Neha:हिन्दी में "mountain" को कैसे कहते हैं?
Maya:Great! Listeners, please repeat.
Neha:हिन्दी में "mountain" को कैसे कहते हैं? [pause]
Maya:By the way, just so you know, "market" in Hindi is बाजार and "mountain" is पहाड.
Neha:Now if you want to ask, "How do you say [blank] in English?" you just have to replace the word हिन्दी with "English," which is अंग्रेज़ी.
Maya:So, how would you ask, "How do you say फूल in English?"
Neha:You'd say, अंग्रेज़ी में "फूल" को कैसे कहते हैं?
Maya:By the way, फूल means "flower." Anyway, moving on. Let's look at some more useful phrases.
Neha:Often times, even if you ask what something is in Hindi, you might not catch the Hindi pronunciations and you might have to ask them to repeat it. In such cases you need to say, कृपया एक बार और.
Maya:Which just means, "One more time please?" where, कृपया means "please" and एक बार और means "One more time." Please repeat after Neha.
Neha:कृपया एक बार और [pause]
Neha:Now, they repeat it but you still want to hear it again and you don't want to say "One more time please" in the same way you did before.
Maya:Then you can say, "Once again please?" which is…
Neha:कृपया एक बार फिर where, कृपया means "please" and एक बार फिर means "once more."
Maya:कृपया एक बार और?
Neha:कृपया एक बार फिर where, कृपया means "please" and एक बार फिर means "once more."
Maya:Now you can use all these new phrases to ask for how things are said in Hindi.
Neha:It's actually fun too because you'll be interacting with others.
Maya:And often times you will find that things you learn in conversations stick to your memory easily.
Neha:That's all we have for our lesson today. Don't forget to read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations!
Maya:Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha:"Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

22 Comments

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HindiPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Hello HindiPod101.com listeners!

How do you say dog in Hindi?

HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 11:05 pm
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Hi Ian,


माफ़ कीजिए, मैंने आपके दुसरे सवाल को पहले देखा नहीं| I'm sorry I did not see your other question earlier.

We don't have a Hindi word for "typo" really, since a lot of Hindi users use the internet in English. 'Mistake' is 'गलती' (galTii).


मेरे ख़याल में हर भाषा ही प्रेम की भाषा हो सकती है| I think every language could be the language of love.

यह अच्छा है अगर आपको हिंदी में यह गुण दिखता है| It's good if you find that quality in Hindi.


लिखने के लिए धन्यवाद| Thank you for writing in!


Best,

Udita उदिता

Team HindiPod101.com

Ian
Thursday at 1:01 am
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नमस्ते उदित (Hi Udita)


अपने बहत अधूरा जवाब के लिए धन्यवाद। Thank you for your rather incomplete answer:-)

हिंदी प्रेम की भाषा है ना? Hindi is the language of love, isn't it?

कृपया अधिक शब्दों को लिखें Be so kind as to write more words, please.

शुक्रिया Thank you


नमस्ते (Namaste)

इयन Ian

HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 2:08 am
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Hi Ian,


'Love' in Hindi are "प्रेम" (prem) and "प्यार" (pyaar).

Thank you for your question :)


Best,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Ian
Thursday at 7:21 am
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माफ़ कीजिये! Excuse me.

है = हैं is= are (in the target expression)

हिन्दी में ‘mistake/typo’ को कैसे कहते हैं। How do you say 'mistake' in Hindi?

Ian
Wednesday at 7:19 am
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अंग्रेज़ी में 'कुत्ता, नीच, शूर , पाजी, बदमाश , लौंडा , छोकड़ा /छोकरा ' को कैसे कहते है।


How do you say 'neech, shur, paajee, badamaash, laura? chokara' in English? (one word answer beginning with D and ending with G.)


हिन्दी में 'love' को कैसे कहते है।

How do you say 'love' in Hindi? (95 words?)

Hindipod101.comVerified
Saturday at 3:20 pm
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Hello Savannah,


Yes, this can be used for phrases as well. :)


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Savannah
Saturday at 1:40 pm
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Namaste!


Can this same format be used not only to ask how to say a word in Hindi, but also a phrase?


For instance, if I wanted to ask how to say "I am nervous", would I use the form "Hindi mein [I am nervous] ko kahete hain?"


Thank you!

hindipod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 11:14 am
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Hello Harumi,


All the best:wink:


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Harumi
Friday at 5:05 am
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Bahut shukriya!!


Today I will cook samosa. well... i´ll try :grin:

hindipod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 4:56 pm
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Hello Harumi,


Cat male and female singular - billi

Cat male and female plural - billiyaan


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com