Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha:"Namaste," I'm Neha. and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 17, Days of the Week.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya In this lesson you'll learn how to say the days of the week in Hindi.
Neha:The conversation takes place in a school dorm.
Maya:It is between two friends, Sonal and Caroline.
Neha:They know each other very well so they will be speaking informal Hindi.
Maya:Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

सोनल:आज कौन सा दिन है?
क्यारोलिन:आज मंगलवार है।
सोनल:मैंने सोचा था कि आज बुधवार था।
क्यारोलिन:वह कल है।
Let's listen to the conversation one time slowly.
सोनल:आज कौन सा दिन है?
क्यारोलिन:आज मंगलवार है।
सोनल:मैंने सोचा था कि आज बुधवार था।
क्यारोलिन:वह कल है।
Let's listen to the conversation with English translation.
सोनल:आज कौन सा दिन है?
Maya:What day is today?
क्यारोलिन:आज मंगलवार है।
Maya:Today is Tuesday.
सोनल:मैंने सोचा था कि आज बुधवार था।
Maya:I thought today was Wednesday.
क्यारोलिन:वह कल है।
Maya:That's tomorrow.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya:Listeners, did you know that India has its own calendar?
Neha:That's right! Not only does it have one, but it actually has many regional calendars that are slightly different from one another.
Maya:It must be pretty confusing then.
Neha:I guess in a way it is, but then there is an official calendar that everyone follows, one that is based on the lunar year.
Maya:They also have the international Gregorian calendar right, the one that is used in most of the world today?
Neha:Yes of course. Anyway, the Indian New Year celebration varies from region to region with different forms of rituals.
Maya:But most celebrate spring and good harvest since it falls around March and April.
Neha:And since it follows the lunar year the dates are not always in sync with the Gregorian calendar.
VOCAB LIST
Maya:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
:The first word we shall see is:
Neha:आज [natural native speed]
Maya:today
Neha:आज [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:आज [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:कौनसा [natural native speed]
Maya:which
Neha:कौनसा [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:कौनसा [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:दिन [natural native speed]
Maya:day
Neha:दिन [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:दिन [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:मंगलवार [natural native speed]
Maya:Tuesday
Neha:मंगलवार [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:मंगलवार [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:सोचा था [natural native speed]
Maya:thought
Neha:सोचा था [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:सोचा था [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:कि [natural native speed]
Maya:that
Neha:कि [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:कि [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:बुधवार [natural native speed]
Maya:Wednesday
Neha:बुधवार [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:बुधवार [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:वह [natural native speed]
Maya:that
Neha:वह [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:वह [natural native speed]
:Last we have is:
Neha:कल [natural native speed]
Maya:yesterday
Neha:कल [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:कल [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
MAYA: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Neha:In Hindi, you always have to take notice of the gender, not only of the speaker, which is you, but also of nouns, for example, whether they are masculine or feminine.
Maya:Yes, and in addition you need to take note of the number, for example, whether they are singular or plural.
Neha:You must obviously know this very well by now.
Maya:So this is the case, even for the word "which."
Neha:कौनसा is used for singular masculine nouns, कौनसे for plural masculine nouns, and कौनसी for singular and plural feminine nouns.
Maya:The rule is that you end with a आ for singular masculine nouns, ए for plural masculine nouns, and इ for singular and plural feminine nouns.
Neha:Next we have the verb "to think," or सोच, which comes from the verb सोचना.
Maya:So, irrespective of masculine or feminine, you'd add आ and therefore it becomes…
Neha:सोचा.
Maya:So if you want to say "I thought", you'd say
Neha:मैने सोचा था
Maya:If you are a group of people and you want to say "We thought", you'd say
Neha:हमने सोचा था
Maya:Okay, now let's move onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Maya:Okay, moving on to the main focus of this lesson. Today we’re going to learn about
Neha:सप्ताह के दिन.
Maya:"Days of the week!"
Neha:We'll first say the words in English, then in Hindi, then a bit slower so that you can hear every syllable.
Maya:The first day of the week is "Sunday," which is…
Neha:रविवार, ravivaar, ra-vi-vaar, ravivaar.
Maya:Monday is…
Neha:सोमवार, somvaar, somvaar, somvaar.
Maya:Tuesday is…
Neha:मंगलवार, mangalvaar, man-gal-vaar, mangalvaar.
Maya:Wednesday is…
Neha:बुधवार, budhavaar, bu-dha-vaar, budhavaar.
Maya:Thursday is…
Neha:गुरुवार, guruvaar, gu-ru-vaar, guruvaar.
Maya:Friday is…
Neha:शुक्रवार, shukravaar, shu-kra-vaar, shukravaar.
Maya:And finally "Saturday" is…
Neha:शनिवार, shanivaar, sha-ni-vaar shanivaar.
Maya:Great. Now let's also practice how to say "What day is today?" in Hindi.
Neha:आज कौन सा दिन है?
Maya:Here आज means "today," कौनसा means "which," दिन means "day," and है means "is."
Neha:So you are literally asking, "Today which day is?"
Maya:Listeners, please repeat. What day is today?
Neha:आज कौन सा दिन है? [pause]
Maya:Now to answer this question, for example, if you wanted to say, "Today is Tuesday," you simply say…
Neha:आज मंगलवार है where आज means "today," मंगलवार means "Tuesday," and है means "is."
Maya:All you need to do is replace मंगलवार with other days of the week. So how would you say, "Today is Sunday"?
Neha:आज रविवार है.
Maya:Listeners, now it's your turn to say them. Today is Tuesday.
Neha:आज मंगलवार है [pause]
Maya:Great, now, today is Sunday.
Neha:आज रविवार है. [pause]
Maya:Okay, now before we go, let's review a few more useful words from the lesson notes.
Neha:Sounds good! What should we go over?
Maya:Well, the one that can be quite confusing is the word for "yesterday" and "tomorrow."
Neha:Oh, yes, in Hindi, the same word कल is used for both "yesterday" and "tomorrow."
Maya:And we differentiate it by looking at how the sentence is structured, for example, the context and the tense.
Neha:Remember, we talked about the verb था, which indicates past tense? Well, if you say कल गुरुवार था…
Maya:Then it means "Yesterday was Thursday."
Neha:But if you say कल गुरुवार है, then it means "Tomorrow is Thursday."
Maya:Okay then, that's all for our lesson. Be sure to let us know if you have any questions.
Neha:Thank you for listening everyone!
Maya:Until next time!
Neha:Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!

31 Comments

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HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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What is your favorite day of the week?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 08:49 PM
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Hi Shannon,


Thanks for your post!


SocaNaa (to think) does follow the same rules.


Masculine - सोचता (SocaTaa)

Feminine - सोचती (SocaTii)

Plural - सोचते (SocaTe)


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Shannon
Friday at 03:48 AM
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Why does the verb "sochna" not follow the same rules when changing it's ending based on masculine, feminine and plural?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 12:46 PM
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Hi Paul,


Thanks for posting!


Did you find these errors in the lessons somewhere? If yes, please let us know specifically where you found these errors and we will take a look and correct it.


In the meanwhile, if you have any questions, feel free to let us know!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Paul Antony
Monday at 01:18 AM
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साेची थी (sochee thee) is used for and by a female (singular and plural), (NO)

साेचा था (sochaa thaa) is used for and by a male (singular), and (NO)

साेचे थे (sochae the) is used for and by a male (plural) " (NO)

...............................................

When speaking in the past tense (here perfect tense) and it is a transitive verb, the subject has ne (ने) and this buffers the subject from the verb/subject agreement. So the verb actually agrees with the direct object (D.O.) or defaults to masculine when there is no specific D.O.


मैंने सोचा...means 'I thought'. It doesn't matter if feminine or masculine subject. It is buffered by ne (ने).

मैंने सोचा है means ' I have thought'.

मैंने सोचा था means 'I had thought'.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:18 PM
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Hi Sri Hari,


Thanks for posting!


I know this can be confusing, but it becomes easier once you keep practicing.


Here are two example sentences to help you:

Example Sentence 1 - Ladake kii biLLii bhaag gayii. (The boy's cat ran away.)

Here, we are talking about the "cat running away", so we use a feminine verb because "cat" in Hindi is considered feminine.


Example Sentence 2 - Ladaka apaNii biLLii ke SaaTH bhaag gayaa. (The boy ran away with his cat.)

Here, we are talking about the "boy running away", so we use a masculine verb.


Regarding differentiating between the genders of the noun, mostly, if you see "ii" at the end of the noun, treat it as feminine. Rest are generally masculine. But this is not a hard and fast rule.


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Sri Hari
Sunday at 12:01 PM
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I have a doubt.

Now, I am a boy. I am the speaker. And the noun I used in my sentence is a feminine noun. Then which form of the verb should I use? Masculine or Feminine?

And how to differentiate between masculine and feminine nouns?

Please answer my question.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 02:26 PM
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Hi Alice,


Thanks for sharing :)


Your sentence is absolutely perfect!


If you have any questions, feel free to let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Alice
Friday at 12:32 AM
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मुझे रविवार पसंद है क्योंकि मैं काम नहीं करती

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:17 PM
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Hi Dhilip,,


Thanks for your question!


"kauN Saa" means "which". In the example above, it is more natural to say "what" in "what day is today" in English. But when you translate this into Hindi, it is more natural to use "which" (कौन सा - kauN Saa) rather than "what" (क्या - kyaa). Please don't use "kauN Saa" for other "what" sentences, like "what is your name" or "what are you doing".


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Dhilip
Tuesday at 08:30 PM
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Hello,

In the previous lesson it was mentioned that "kaunsa" means "which" but here the same word is mentioned as "what". So, which is correct or is it okay to use both?