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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha:"Namaste," I'm Neha. and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 17, Days of the Week.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya In this lesson you'll learn how to say the days of the week in Hindi.
Neha:The conversation takes place in a school dorm.
Maya:It is between two friends, Sonal and Caroline.
Neha:They know each other very well so they will be speaking informal Hindi.
Maya:Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

सोनल:आज कौनसा दिन है?
क्यारोलिन:आज मंगलवार है।
सोनल:मैंने सोचा था कि आज बुधवार था।
क्यारोलिन:वह कल है।
Let's listen to the conversation one time slowly.
सोनल:आज कौनसा दिन है?
क्यारोलिन:आज मंगलवार है।
सोनल:मैंने सोचा था कि आज बुधवार था।
क्यारोलिन:वह कल है।
Let's listen to the conversation with English translation.
सोनल:आज कौनसा दिन है?
Maya:What day is today?
क्यारोलिन:आज मंगलवार है।
Maya:Today is Tuesday.
सोनल:मैंने सोचा था कि आज बुधवार था।
Maya:I thought today was Wednesday.
क्यारोलिन:वह कल है।
Maya:That's tomorrow.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya:Listeners, did you know that India has its own calendar?
Neha:That's right! Not only does it have one, but it actually has many regional calendars that are slightly different from one another.
Maya:It must be pretty confusing then.
Neha:I guess in a way it is, but then there is an official calendar that everyone follows, one that is based on the lunar year.
Maya:They also have the international Gregorian calendar right, the one that is used in most of the world today?
Neha:Yes of course. Anyway, the Indian New Year celebration varies from region to region with different forms of rituals.
Maya:But most celebrate spring and good harvest since it falls around March and April.
Neha:And since it follows the lunar year the dates are not always in sync with the Gregorian calendar.
VOCAB LIST
Maya:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
:The first word we shall see is:
Neha:आज [natural native speed]
Maya:today
Neha:आज [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:आज [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:कौनसा [natural native speed]
Maya:which
Neha:कौनसा [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:कौनसा [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:दिन [natural native speed]
Maya:day
Neha:दिन [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:दिन [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:मंगलवार [natural native speed]
Maya:Tuesday
Neha:मंगलवार [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:मंगलवार [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:सोचा था [natural native speed]
Maya:thought
Neha:सोचा था [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:सोचा था [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:कि [natural native speed]
Maya:that
Neha:कि [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:कि [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:बुधवार [natural native speed]
Maya:Wednesday
Neha:बुधवार [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:बुधवार [natural native speed]
:Next is:
Neha:वह [natural native speed]
Maya:that
Neha:वह [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:वह [natural native speed]
:Last we have is:
Neha:कल [natural native speed]
Maya:yesterday
Neha:कल [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Neha:कल [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
MAYA:
Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Neha:In Hindi, you always have to take notice of the gender, not only of the speaker, which is you, but also of nouns, for example, whether they are masculine or feminine.
Maya:Yes, and in addition you need to take note of the number, for example, whether they are singular or plural.
Neha:You must obviously know this very well by now.
Maya:So this is the case, even for the word "which."
Neha:कौनसा is used for singular masculine nouns, कौनसे for plural masculine nouns, and कौनसी for singular and plural feminine nouns.
Maya:The rule is that you end with a आ for singular masculine nouns, ए for plural masculine nouns, and इ for singular and plural feminine nouns.
Neha:Next we have the verb "to think," or सोच, which comes from the verb सोचना.
Maya:So, irrespective of masculine or feminine, you'd add आ and therefore it becomes…
Neha:सोचा.
Maya:So if you want to say "I thought", you'd say
Neha:मैने सोचा था
Maya:If you are a group of people and you want to say "We thought", you'd say
Neha:हमने सोचा था
Maya:Okay, now let's move onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Maya:Okay, moving on to the main focus of this lesson. Today we’re going to learn about
Neha:सप्ताह के दिन.
Maya:"Days of the week!"
Neha:We'll first say the words in English, then in Hindi, then a bit slower so that you can hear every syllable.
Maya:The first day of the week is "Sunday," which is…
Neha:रविवार, ravivaar, ra-vi-vaar, ravivaar.
Maya:Monday is…
Neha:सोमवार, somvaar, somvaar, somvaar.
Maya:Tuesday is…
Neha:मंगलवार, mangalvaar, man-gal-vaar, mangalvaar.
Maya:Wednesday is…
Neha:बुधवार, budhavaar, bu-dha-vaar, budhavaar.
Maya:Thursday is…
Neha:गुरुवार, guruvaar, gu-ru-vaar, guruvaar.
Maya:Friday is…
Neha:शुक्रवार, shukravaar, shu-kra-vaar, shukravaar.
Maya:And finally "Saturday" is…
Neha:शनिवार, shanivaar, sha-ni-vaar shanivaar.
Maya:Great. Now let's also practice how to say "What day is today?" in Hindi.
Neha:आज कौनसा दिन है?
Maya:Here आज means "today," कौनसा means "which," दिन means "day," and है means "is."
Neha:So you are literally asking, "Today which day is?"
Maya:Listeners, please repeat. What day is today?
Neha:आज कौनसा दिन है? [pause]
Maya:Now to answer this question, for example, if you wanted to say, "Today is Tuesday," you simply say…
Neha:आज मंगलवार है where आज means "today," मंगलवार means "Tuesday," and है means "is."
Maya:All you need to do is replace मंगलवार with other days of the week. So how would you say, "Today is Sunday"?
Neha:आज रविवार है.
Maya:Listeners, now it's your turn to say them. Today is Tuesday.
Neha:आज मंगलवार है [pause]
Maya:Great, now, today is Sunday.
Neha:आज रविवार है. [pause]
Maya:Okay, now before we go, let's review a few more useful words from the lesson notes.
Neha:Sounds good! What should we go over?
Maya:Well, the one that can be quite confusing is the word for "yesterday" and "tomorrow."
Neha:Oh, yes, in Hindi, the same word कल is used for both "yesterday" and "tomorrow."
Maya:And we differentiate it by looking at how the sentence is structured, for example, the context and the tense.
Neha:Remember, we talked about the verb था, which indicates past tense? Well, if you say कल गुरुवार था…
Maya:Then it means "Yesterday was Thursday."
Neha:But if you say कल गुरुवार है, then it means "Tomorrow is Thursday."
Maya:Okay then, that's all for our lesson. Be sure to let us know if you have any questions.
Neha:Thank you for listening everyone!
Maya:Until next time!
Neha:Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!

21 Comments

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HindiPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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What is your favorite day of the week?

HindiPod101.com
Saturday at 1:33 pm
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Hi Meghna,


Thanks for your question!


To answer your question, all three will mean the same thing.


All the best!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com



Meghna
Wednesday at 7:35 am
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Hello!

It's mentioned in the lesson notes that "socha tha" means "thought".

Is it correct to say " Maine socha hai" Or "Maine socha"?

If so, What's the difference between "Maine socha" and "Maine socha tha"!?


Thanks!

Ian
Thursday at 8:36 am
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मुझे हिन्दी मे गुरुवार पसंद है। मुझे गुरुवार अच्छा लगता हूँ।


In Hindi, I prefer Thursday: Thursday suits me well.

hindipod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 11:02 am
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Hello Harumi,


Both are correct!


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Harumi
Friday at 10:11 pm
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Could I say: nahiin pasand

or right is: naapasand?

Harumi
Friday at 10:09 pm
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mujhe sanivaar pasand hai (?)

HindiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 12:10 am
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NamasTe Suresh ji,


Thank you for pointing it out. We will correct the explanation so that it matches with the dialog too.

Thank you once again and sorry for the inconvenience.


Regards,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Suresh
Tuesday at 12:58 pm
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Dear Neha ji,


Thanks for the confirmation.


I think that there is a mistake in the lesson notes. It says the following on page 4 & 5:

"In this case,

साेची थी (sochee thee) is used for and by a female (singular and plural),

साेचा था (sochaa thaa) is used for and by a male (singular), and

साेचे थे (sochae the) is used for and by a male (plural) "


But if we are a group of people with at least one male it should be humne socha tha. not humne sochae the as you confirmed.


Please confirm.


Suresh

HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 1:35 pm
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Namaste Suresh ji,


If you were a group of people you'd say 'humne socha tha'


If you have any other questions, please feel free to ask!


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Suresh
Wednesday at 11:52 am
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Hello Neha ji,


I have a question regarding the verbs in past tense.


If I am a male, I would use "Maine socha tha", correct? (Sorry, not sure how to type in Hindi script).


If we are a group of people, can you confirm whether we would use "humne soche the"?


Thanks for your help!


Regards,

Suresh