Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha. and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 19, Likes and Dislikes.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya In this lesson you'll learn how to talk about your likes and dislikes in Hindi.
Neha: The conversation takes place in an office.
Maya: It's between Emily and Anita who are colleagues deciding on what to eat for lunch.
Neha: Since they are colleagues they will be using formal Hindi.
Maya: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

अनिता:क्या आपको भारतीय करी पसंद है?
एमिली: हाँ, मुझको भारतीय करी पसंद है। और आपको?
अनिता: हाँ बिल्कुल पसंद है! लेकिन मुझको बहुत तीखा खाना पसंद नहीं है।
एमिली: सच में?
Neha: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Anitaa: Kyaa aapko bhaarateea karee pasand hai?
Emilee: Haan, mujhko bhaarateea karee pasand hai. Aur aapko?
Anitaa: Haan, bilkul pasand hai! Lekin mujhko bahut teekhaa khaanaa pasand naheen hain.
Emilee: sac men?
Maya: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
अनिता: क्या आपको भारतीय करी पसंद है?
Neha: "Do you like Indian curries?"
एमिली: हाँ, मुझको भारतीय करी पसंद है। और आपको?
Maya: "Yes, I like Indian curries. And what about you?"
अनिता: हाँ बिल्कुल पसंद है! लेकिन मुझको बहुत तीखा खाना पसंद नहीं है।
Neha: "Yes, I absolutely love them! But I don't like very hot food."
एमिली: सच में?
Maya: "Really?"
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: How about you "B," do you like Indian curries?
Maya: Absolutely. I love that they are filled with spices and herbs and what not. I also am a big fan of "naan."
Neha: Of course! This "oven-baked flat bread" is delicious whether you have it plain, or with some butter, or even with butter and garlic.
Maya: You know "rotis" are also very popular, not only in India but also throughout South Asia, mostly Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
Neha: It makes sense because it's similar to "naan" but much smaller and thinner and so can be easily made at home. But my favorite is "paratha."
Maya: What's that?
Neha: Well, it's almost like a "roti" but usually "filled with vegetable stuffing like potatoes, cauliflowers, and sometimes also cheese and minced meat."
Maya: Sounds delicious!
Neha: They are! If you haven't tried them, you should!
VOCAB LIST
Maya: Well, before getting lost in food talk let's continue with our lesson.
Neha: You're right. Okay, let's look at the words that came up in the conversation.
Maya: We'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Neha: Our first word is आपको, "aapko," "aap-ko," "aapko."
Maya: Which means "to you."
Neha: Next, we have भारतीय करी, "bhaarateeya karee," "bhaa-ra-teeya karee," "bhaaratiya karee."
Maya: Which means "Indian curry."
Neha: Then is पसंद, "pasand," "pa-sand," "pasand."
Maya: Which means "like."
Neha: Next is हाँ, "haan," "ha-an," "haan."
Maya: Which means "yes."
Neha: Then is मुझको, "mujhko," "mujh-ko," "mujhko."
Maya: Which means "to me."
Neha: Next is बिल्कुल "bilkul," "bil-kul," "bilkul."
Maya: Which means "absolutely."
Neha: Then we have लेकिन, "lekin," "le-kin," "lekin."
Maya: Which means "but."
Neha: Next is तीखा खाना, "teekhaa khaanaa," "tee-khaa khaa-naa," "teekhaa khaanaa."
Maya: Which means "spicy" or "hot food."
Neha: And finally, we have सच में, "sac men," "sac- men," "sac men."
Maya: Which means "really."
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha: Let's now look at some of these words in more detail.
Maya: को is a postposition in Hindi and it means "to," so आपको means "to you."
Neha: Actually आपको can be used in so many ways. The most literal use is when giving something to somebody.
Maya: For example, in the sentence "I want to give an apple to you," the "to you" part is आपको.
Neha: Yes, मैं आपको सेब देना चाहती हूँ।.
Maya: You say this only if you are a female speaker. If you are a male speaker, you say…
Neha: मैं आपको सेब देना चाहता हूँ।.
Maya: But besides this literal use, आपको can be used in other ways, like…
Neha: आपको क्या चाहिये?
Maya: Which literally means, "to you what need?" but translates as, "What do you need?"
Neha: In the same way, "to me" in Hindi is मुझको.
Maya: You might be wondering why we don't say मैं को since "I" in Hindi is मैं. Well, that's because whenever pronouns are used with postpositions, some of them turn into their oblique cases.
Neha: To put it simply, they change forms. So, मुझ, "mujh," is the oblique case of मैं.
Maya: And "to me" in Hindi is मुझको.
Neha: "To us" is हमको. In this case, हम remains the same and doesn't change.
Maya: What about "to him" or "to her"?
Neha: Well, "he," "her," "it," and "this" all are denoted by the same word, यह, and in its oblique case, यह changes into इस . So, "to her," "to him," "to it," or "to this" all become इसको.

Lesson focus

Maya: Let's now learn how to say "I like" and "I don't like" in Hindi.
Neha: But before that, we'll learn how to ask the question, "Do you like...?"
Maya: Okay, so if you wanted to ask, "Do you like bananas?" you say…
Neha: क्या आपको केले पसंद है?
Maya: Here, आपको means "to you," केले means "bananas," and पसंद means "like," and you're literally asking, "Are bananas liked by you?"
Neha: The क्या in the beginning is just an indication of a question. And you insert any subject after आपको.
Maya: Let's look at another example."Do you like big houses?".Let's listen and repeat.
Neha: क्या आपको बड़े घर पसंद है?
Maya: Now, to say "I like apples," or any other thing, you use the format…
Neha: मुझको सेब पसंद है। where मुझको means "to me," सेब means "apples," पसंद means "like," and है means "is."
Maya: Literally you're saying "to me apples are liked." Let's hear another example. "I like everything" in Hindi is…
Neha: मुझको सबकुछ पसंद है।.
Maya: Now, how do you say, "I don't like."
Neha: Do you remember the word for "not" in Hindi? It's नहीं and you insert it after the word पसंद.
Maya: So the sentence, "I don't like Indian curries" would be…
Neha: मुझको भारतीय करी पसंद नहीं है।.
Maya: And the sentence "I like Indian curries " would be…
Neha: मुझको भारतीय करी पसंद है.
Maya: Final example.
Neha: Okay. आपको भारत पसंद है?
Maya: "Do you like India?"
Neha: हाँ, मुझको भारत बहुत पसंद है।.
Maya: "Yes, I like India very much."
Neha: Okay, that's all we have for this lesson. Please make sure you read the lesson notes for more explanations and examples on this topic!
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

28 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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What Indian dish you like the most? And what dish you dislike?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 02:48 PM
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Hi Prof Mathew Thomas,


Thanks for your question!


In Hindi, "aapakaa" (aapakaa Naam or your name) is used for "masculine singular, "aapakii" (aapakii kurSii or your chair) is used for "feminine singular" and "aapake" (aapake Naam or your names) is used for "plural masculine" and also respectful (aapake bhaaii or your brother). If you just go through the different lessons, you will find further explanations for all these.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 02:35 PM
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Hi Alice,


Thanks for your post!


That sentence is excellent! Just try this spelling for "Dal Makhni" - दाल मक्खनी


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 02:33 PM
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Hi Dasari,


Thanks for your post!


If you have any questions, feel free to let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Prof Mathew Thomas
Friday at 11:41 PM
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The word to be explained is Apko. Is there Apki and Apka?? If there are these words why do we use Apko??. Does Apki indicate feminine gender? Give example. Does Apka indicate masculine singular? Give examples.

Alice
Friday at 07:51 AM
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मुझ बैंगन भरता बहुत पसंद है लेकिन दल मखनि नहीं

Dasari
Sunday at 03:02 PM
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Mighty Lessons!!

HindiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:43 AM
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Hi Ian,

नमस्ते इयन,

बेशक| Certainly.

आपके विचार हमेशा निराले होते हैं| Your points/thoughts are always interesting/unique.

लिखने के लिए शुक्रिया| Thank you for writing.


Best,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Ian
Thursday at 07:43 AM
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नमस्ते उदिता Hello Udita


"अच्छा है लेकिन भारतीय खाने में कोई एक करी नहीं है बल्कि बहुत सारे ऐसे व्यंजन है जो अंग्रेजी में करी कहलाते हैं| आपको कौनसा पसंद है? That’s good, but there isn’t only a single curry in India cuisine, rather there are many dishes which are called ‘curry’ in English. "


वास्तव में, वही प्यार के लिए सच है। Exactly, the same is true for love.


मुझे प्यार के साथ पकाया करीको पसंद है। I like the curry cooked with love.


नमस्ते Bye

इयम Ian

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:31 PM
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Hi Ian,


अच्छा है लेकिन भारतीय खाने में कोई एक करी नहीं है बल्कि बहुत सारे ऐसे व्यंजन है जो अंग्रेजी में करी कहलाते हैं| आपको कौनसा पसंद है? That's good, but there isn't only a single curry in India cuisine, rather there are many dishes which are called 'curry' in English. Which one do you like?


Thank you for sharing :)


Best,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Ian
Wednesday at 09:11 AM
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मुझे भारतीय करी बहुत पसंद है। मुझे गुलाब जामुन नापसंद है। I really like Indian curry. I dislike gulab jamun.