Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste", I'm Neha.
Maya: "Namaste", I'm Maya. Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 2, Simple Greetings in Hindi, Part 2.
Neha: In this lesson you`ll learn how to ask "How are you?" in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place on a street.
Neha: It's between Kamala and Mahima who are neighbors.
Maya: They are formal acquaintances and so they'll be using formal Hindi. Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

महिमा: कमलाजी! आप कैसी हैं?
कमला: अरे महिमाजी! मैं बिल्कुल ठीक हूँ। और आप कैसी हैं?
महिमा: मैं भी ठीक हूँ, धन्यवाद।
कमला: आपका बेटा कैसे है?
महिमा: वह बहुत अच्छा है, धन्यवाद।
Neha: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Mahimaa: Kamalaajii! Aap kaisee hain?
Kamalaa: Are Mahimajii ! Main bilkul theek hoon. Aur aap kaisee hain?
Mahimaa: Main bhee theek hoon, dhanyavaaD.
Kamalaa: Aapkaa betaa kaisa hai?
Mahimaa: Vah bahuT acchaa hai, dhanyavaaD.
Maya: Let's now listen to it with English translation.
Mahimaa: "Kamalaajii! Aap kaisee hain?"
Neha: "Kamala! How are you?"
Kamalaa: "Are Mahimajii ! Main bilkul theek hoon. Aur aap kaisee hain?"
Maya: "Oh Mahima! I am quite well. And how are you?"
Mahimaa: "Main bhee theek hoon, dhanyavaaD."
Neha: "I am also good, thank you."
Kamalaa: "Aapkaa betaa kaisa hai?"
Maya: "How is your son?"
Mahimaa: "Vah bahuT acchaa hai, dhanyavaaD."
Neha: "He is very good, thank you."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: You know, Hindi can be a bit difficult for English speakers since all nouns in Hindi are either masculine or feminine.
Neha: And just like in French and Arabic, the sentence structure changes accordingly.
Maya: Yes, so some verbs and adjectives change according to the gender of their nouns, that is whether they are masculine or feminine and also according to their number, that is whether they are one or many.
Neha: That`s right.
Maya: And possessive pronouns like "my" and "your" change according to the gender and the number of the thing being possessed and not the subject doing the possessing.
Neha: If this went over your head, don't worry about it.
Maya: We'll cover them one by one in our lessons, but for now the only thing you have to keep in mind is that it is very important to know is the gender of the nouns if you want to speak Hindi correctly!
Neha: That`s right.
Maya: OK, let`s move onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: The first we shall see is....
Neha: aap
Maya: you, formal
Neha: aap
Maya: Next is...
Neha: kaisee
Maya: how, female
Neha: kaisee
Maya: Next is...
Neha: hain
Maya: are, infinitive, to be
Neha: hain
Maya: Next is...
Neha: main
Maya: I
Neha: main
Maya: Next is...
Neha: theek
Maya: OK
Neha: theek
Maya: Next is...
Neha: hoon
Maya: am, infinitive, to be
Neha: hoon
Maya: Next is...
Neha: dhanyavaad
Maya: thank you
Neha: dhanyavaad
Maya: Next is...
Neha: betaa
Maya: son
Neha: betaa
Maya: Next is...
Neha: bahut achhaa
Maya: very good
Neha: bahut achhaa
Maya: Last is...
Neha: avoh
Maya: "he", "she", "it", "that".
Neha: voh
Maya: Let`s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Maya: Let's start with the word that's most fresh in our memory. The last word we covered was...
Neha: वह "voh".
Maya: "Voh" is a third person singular pronoun that means "he/she/it or that".
Neha: It is used for people and things that are further away, whereas यह "yeh" is used for people and things that are closer and it means "he/she/it/ or this".
Maya: You're saying that वह "voh" and यह "yeh" are both "he" and "she"?
Neha: Yes.
Maya: Well, that sounds complicated.
Neha: Well, it's not really all that complicated. We'll soon learn how to look at other things like the verb and adjective to figure out whether it's referring to a guy or a girl. But more on that later.
Maya: Okay then, the next word we'll look at is…
Neha: धन्यवाद "dhanyavaad".
Maya: Which is "thank you". It is a very useful word to know.
Neha: Very. And there are other ways you can say "thank you" in Hindi.
Maya: Yes, you can also say शुक्रिया "shukriya".
Neha: Listen and repeat, " shukriyaa".
Maya: You can use "dhanyavaad" and "shurkiyaa" interchangeably. OK, onto the grammar!

Lesson focus

Maya: The focus of this lesson is to learn about..
Neha: हैं "hain"
Maya: which means "are".
Neha: And also to learn how to ask "How are you?" in Hindi. We'll cover only the formal way of asking.
Maya: Which is..
Neha: "Aap kaisee hain..."
Maya: If you're asking a female.
Neha:' "Aap kaisaa hain..."
Maya: If you're asking a male, and finally...
Neha: "Aap sab kaise hain..."
Maya: If you're asking many people at once.
Neha: Let's break it down a bit. Here, "Aap" is a formal "you", "kaisee" or "kaise" means "how" and "hain" means "are".
Maya: So literally, what we're saying is "You how are?" and that translates as "How are you?".
Neha: You can see that Hindi is a verb final language and follows the subject, object, verb order. Let's go over it one more time.
Maya: Sure, so what would you say if you wanted to ask Emily "How are you?"?
Neha: Since Emily is a girl, we'd use the feminine case for "how", which is kaisee...so we'd say, "Aap kaisee hain?".
Maya: Listen and repeat.
Neha: "Aap kaisee hain".
Maya: What would you say if you wanted to ask Tom, "How are you?".
Neha: So Tom is a guy, which means we'd have to use the masculine case for "how", which is "kaise"...so we'd say: "aap kaise hain?"
Maya: "Aap kaise hain."
Neha: Yes, very good.
Maya: The verb "hain", which means "are", sounds a lot like the verb " hai", which means "is". The difference between them is that "hain", or "are", is nasalized while "hai", or "is", is not nasalized.
Neha: Yes. Let's do one more example. So, listeners, how would you say, "How is she?" in Hindi?
Maya: Well, first of all you'd need to know what "she" is in Hindi. We've gone over this in the beginning of this lesson. It is वह "voh.".
Neha: Next, you need to know the feminine case for "how", which is............"kaisee".
Maya: Finally, all you need is the verb "is," which is "hai".....not nasalized.
Neha: So so we have, "voh kaisee hai?"
Maya: "How is she?"
Neha: The general rule is subject plus "+ kaisaa" or "kaisee" plus+ "hai" or "hain".
Maya: With the formal "you", that is "aap", it's always " aap" plus+ "kaisaa" or "kaisee" plus+ "hain".
Neha: With he or she, that is "voh", it's always " voh" plus "+kaisaa", or "kaisee" plus+ "hai".
Maya: If you want to use a person's name instead just use that for the subject. So to ask, "How is Tom?", you'd say..,
Neha: "Tom kaisaa hai?"
Maya: So listeners, can you now ask anybody how they are doing in Hindi?
Neha: Yes, you can! That's all for this lesson. In the lesson notes, you can find more examples and explanations for this topic, so be sure to read them!
Maya: Yes. Among other things, we also cover how to ask the same thing in casual and intimate forms in Hindi.
Neha: Thank you for listening,
Maya: Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

107 Comments

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HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Hello HindiPod101.com listeners!

How are you today?

HindiPod101.com
Saturday at 11:33 pm
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Hi Nivani,


Thanks for your posts!


To answer your question, in Hindi, teacher is "Shikshak" (male teacher) or "Shikshika" (female teacher).


If you have any other questions, feel free to post it here in English, and we will be happy to help you with the Hindi.


All the best!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Nivani Sadhai
Wednesday at 4:33 am
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Danyavad per tere PDF notes, they helped me understand a lot more.

Nivani Sadhai
Tuesday at 8:37 pm
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Namaste Rekha. Me boorte atcha hain. Hain you don't pronounce the n you say he. I think you got the message out by greeting the person, but it's spelt aap kaiSe hain? Actually Nivani., Aur, ha aap keisii hain tum? That's how you say it to a female formally.

Nivani Sadhai
Tuesday at 8:26 pm
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Me boorte atche hain. Aur aap, aap kaisii hain, Roohi mam. How do you say teacher again in Hindi. And I'm an early childhood development practioner for nursery and pre school.

Nivani Sadhai
Tuesday at 8:15 pm
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Hi ayanfetmilehin, when you think about it, understand that we use the ee sound for females, eg Ye larkee, mere bête hain. This girls, my daughter. Ha lekken, ye larka mera larka hain. (The/that girl is my daughter. Yes but, the boys my son. Hope this helps you as I am a Hindu, also when we say Kushro beta/ betee. It means long live son/ daughter. As a blessing as children are our future.

Nivani Sadhai
Tuesday at 8:03 pm
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Namaste, ayanfetmilehin,... Mere naam Nivani hain, or ye boorte simple. Beta masculin hain, / per son angriese hain. Angrise matlip in English aur, ha, betee maatlip daughter feminine. Que? Maatlip- / means, to mean, que:why.

Nivani Sadhai
Tuesday at 7:51 pm
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Aap kaisii hain? Me bilko teek hain. Dhannyavad per tere lessons. Ye boorte atche hai.

HindiPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 10:19 pm
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Hi ayanfetimilehin,


You are always welcome!


Roohi


Team HindiPod101.com

ayanfetimilehin
Friday at 12:11 am
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dhanyawaad

HindiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 11:07 am
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Hi ayanfetimilehin,


1. betaa is singular and bete is plural. People may also use bete in a singular form when they want to be more loving towards their child. This means that in spoken Hindi, people may use bete to refer to both son and daughter.


2. voh is used in spoken Hindi for he/she/they. vah is used for the same in written Hindi, may also be used in spoken Hindi. wah is a different Romanization of vah. No difference. ham means we. The Romanization may also be written as hum, but they mean the same thing.


3. larkee and larkii refers to a girl. Larka refers to a boy.


All the best!


Roohi


Team HindiPod101.com