Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha. and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 21, Which do you like?
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya In this lesson you'll learn how to ask the "which" questions.
Neha: The conversation takes place in a cafe.
Maya: It's between Manasi and Rita.
Neha: Rita is Manasi's aunt, so Manasi will be talking formally with her.
Maya: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

मनासि: आपको कौनसी फ़िल्म पसंद है?
रीता: मुझे देवदास बहुत पसंद है।
मनासि: मैंने अभी तक नहीं देखी है। कौनसा सिनेमाघर यह दिखा रहा है?
रीता: मैं नहीं जानती।
Neha: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Manaasi: Aapko kaunsee film pasand hai?
Reetaa: Mujhe devdaas bahut pasand hai.
Manaasi: Maine abhee tak naheen dekhee hai. Kaunsaa sinemaaghar yeh dikhaa rahaa hai?
Reetaa: Main naheen jaantee.
Maya: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
मनासि: आपको कौनसी फ़िल्म पसंद है?
Neha: "Which film do you like?"
रीता: मुझे देवदास बहुत पसंद है।
Maya: "I really like Devdas."
मनासि: मैंने अभी तक नहीं देखी है। कौनसा सिनेमाघर यह दिखा रहा है?
Neha: "I haven't watched it yet. Which cinema hall is showing it?"
रीता: मैं नहीं जानती।
Maya: "I don't know."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: You know most people are familiar with Bollywood these days.
Maya: Yes, the Indian movie industry is huge!
Neha: It is. But what most people might not know is that Indian movies are not only those that are spoken in Hindi but also include those that are spoken in other regional languages like Marathi and Tamil as well.
Maya: And out of all these, the one that is popular all over India and nowadays even in the world outside of India is Bollywood, which is the Hindi language-based film industry.
Neha: If you haven't ever watched Bollywood movies before, well you'll be in for a lot of music and dancing.
Maya: And they occur not only during happy and festive moments during the movie, but also during sad moments.
Neha: Usually, the lyrics of the song play an important role in moving the story forward.
Maya: And you also have to set about three hours aside for the movies, that's like the average length of one movie.
Neha: I am a huge fan of those movies!
Maya: Me too!
VOCAB LIST
Neha: Okay then, let's look at some of the words that came up in the conversation.
Maya: We'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Neha: Our first word is आपको, "aapko," "aap-ko," "aapko."
Maya: Which means "to you."
Neha: Next, we have कौनसी, "kaunsee," "kaun-see," "kaunsee."
Maya: Which means "which."
Neha: Then is फ़िल्म, "film," "film," "film."
Maya: Which means "film."
Neha: Next is पसंद, "pasand," "pa-sand," "pasand."
Maya: Which means "like."
Neha: Then is अभी तक नहीं, "abhee tak naheen," "abhee tak naheen," "abhee tak naheen."
Maya: Which means "not yet" or "not till now."
Neha: Next is देखी है, "dekhee hai," "dekhee hai," "dekhee hai."
Maya: Which means "seen" when said by a female or about a female.
Neha: Then we have कौनसा, "kaunsaa," "kaun-saa," "kaunsaa."
Maya: Which means "which."
Neha: Next is दिखा रहा, "dekhaa rahaa," "dekhaa rahaa," "dekhaa rahaa."
Maya: Which means "showing."
Neha: And finally, we have जानती, "jaantee," "jaan-tee," "jaantee."
Maya: Which means "know" when said by a female or about a female.
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha: Let's now look at some of these words in more detail.
Maya: The word for "seen" in Hindi is…
Neha: देखी है. which means ‘seen’
Maya: And it comes from the verb देखना, which means "to see."
Neha: Now you have to be careful with this verb since it changes according to the gender and the number of the subject.
Maya: For example, if you are a female and want to say "I have seen," you say…
Neha: मैंने देखी है.
Maya: On the other hand, if you are a male speaker, then you would say…
Neha: मैंने देखा है. Notice that देखी changed into देखा when used for a male speaker.
Maya: If you are a group of males then you'd say…
Neha: हम्ने देखे हैं.
Maya: Which means "we have seen."
Neha: If you're talking about another female and you want to say "she has seen," you say उसने देखी है.
Maya: Yes, you use the same देखी as you did when you were a female speaker.
Neha: Similarly, if you're talking about another male and you want to say "he has seen," you say उसने देखा है.
Maya: Again, the same देखा that you used when you were a male speaker.
Neha: Now the next word is जानती.
Maya: It means "know" and comes from the verb जानना, which means "to know." So if you are a female speaker and you want to say "I know," you say…
Neha: मैं जानती हूँ.
Maya: If you are a male speaker, you say…
Neha: मैं जानता हूँ.
Maya: And if you are a group of people, you say…
Neha: हम जानते हैं, which means "we know."

Lesson focus

Maya: Let's learn how to ask questions using "which."
Neha: "Which" in Hindi is not as straight forward as in English. It changes according to the gender and the number of the nouns.
Maya: For singular masculine nouns, it is…
Neha: कौनसा.
Maya: For plural masculine nouns, it is…
Neha: कौनसे.
Maya: And for both singular and plural feminine nouns, it is…
Neha: कौनसी.
Maya: By now, you know that all Hindi nouns are either masculine or feminine. Let's look at the general rule once again.
Neha: Words that end with आ ("-aa") are usually masculine.
Maya: And words that end with ई ("-ee") are usually feminine.
Neha: And you also know that this is not always the case, so the best way to learn is to memorize the new ones if they don't fit the rule.
Maya: Now in lesson 19 on likes and dislikes, we learned how to say "I like this" and "I don't like this" in Hindi. We'll now learn how to ask "Which ____ do you like?” type of questions in Hindi.
Neha: The format you have to remember is आपको कौनसा/कौनसे/ or कौनसी ____ पसंद है? and you insert the subject after कौनसा/कौनसे/ or कौनसी.
Maya: Here, आपको means "to you," कौनसा/कौनसे/ or कौनसी is "which," and पसंद means "like."
Neha: Let's listen to some examples.
Maya: Okay, how do you say "Which hero do you like?" in Hindi?
Neha: Well, the word for "hero" in Hindi is also हीरो and it is a masculine singular noun so you have to use कौनसा for "which." The sentence then is आपको कौनसा हीरो पसंद है.
Maya: This is a formal way of asking the question. Next, let's ask "Which flowers do you like?" in Hindi.
Neha: "Flowers" in Hindi is फूल and it is a masculine plural noun. So you need to use कौनसे for "which." The sentence then is अापको कौनसे फूल पसंद है?
Maya: How about one final example. "Which book do you like?"
Neha: Okay, so here, "book" in Hindi is पुस्तक and it is a feminine singular noun. So you have to use कौनसी for "which."
Our sentence is आपको कौनसी पुस्तक पसंद है?
Maya: Well, that's all we have for our lesson.
Neha: Also, please don't forget to look at the lesson notes for more examples and explanations on this topic.
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

14 Comments

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HindiPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Do you like Hindi cinema?

HindiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 2:17 am
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Hi Parthivi,


Yes, you are correct. The Hindi word for a hero is indeed "Naayak".


Cheers!

Manali

Team HindiPod101.com

Parthivi
Monday at 4:37 am
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Isn't the word for hero in hindi naayak?

HindiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 12:12 am
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Hi Ian,


बहुत तरह के हिंदी फिल्म होते हैं| There are many kinds of Hindi movies actually.

खासकर हाल ही में बहुत अलग किस्मों के हिंदी फिल्म बन रहे हैं - न सिर्फ प्रेम या हँसी के| Especially in recent times, many different kinds of Hindi movies are being made - not just romantic or comedic ones.

प्रेम के गीतों में दोनों हिंदी और उर्दू शब्दों का प्रयोग बहुत होता है| In romantic ballads, both Hindu and Urdu vocabulary tend to be used.


Thank you for sharing your thoughts!


Best,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Ian
Friday at 9:44 am
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मैं कम हिन्दी फिल्में जानता हूँ। I know few Hindi films.

वे हँसमुख और मनमोहक लेकिन जी-तोड़ और शरारत-भरा। They are cheerful and heart-captivating, but soul-destroying and full of mischief.

इसलिए प्रणय के लिए शब्द बहुत हैं। ना? For this reason, there are a lot of words for romantic love, aren't there?

HindiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 11:32 pm
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Hello Catherine,


You're welcome! Please let us know if you have any questions!


Cheers,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Catherine
Monday at 8:30 pm
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:thumbsup: bahut dhanyavaad. Mujhe hindi ki film bahut pasand hain

hindipod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:06 pm
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Hello Harumi,


I liked aashiqui2 a lot, very romantic and great songs.:thumbsup:


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Harumi
Tuesday at 5:48 am
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mujhko bollywood, tollywood aor pollywood pasand hai :sunglasses:

Aashiqui 2

HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 1:47 pm
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Namaste vanitha ji,


“अच्ही” is achhii. Also achha is an adjective which changes form depending upon the gender or number of the noun.

For example if I am a male, I'd say ...mai achha hoon. If I am a female I'd say...mai achhii hoon. If we are a group of people we'd say ...hum achhe hain.


Hope this helps!


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

vanitha kannan
Wednesday at 12:45 am
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hi neha

"अच्ही" is aachi or acchi? aacha became aachi or acchi. pls help me, really confused