Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha. and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 21, Which do you like?
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya In this lesson you'll learn how to ask the "which" questions.
Neha: The conversation takes place in a cafe.
Maya: It's between Manasi and Rita.
Neha: Rita is Manasi's aunt, so Manasi will be talking formally with her.
Maya: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

मनासि: आपको कौन सी फ़िल्म पसंद है?
रीता: मुझे देवदास बहुत पसंद है।
मनासि: मैंने अभी तक नहीं देखी है। कौनसा सिनेमाघर यह दिखा रहा है?
रीता: मैं नहीं जानती।
Neha: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Manaasi: Aapko kaunsee film pasand hai?
Reetaa: Mujhe devdaas bahut pasand hai.
Manaasi: Maine abhee tak naheen dekhee hai. Kaunsaa sinemaaghar yeh dikhaa rahaa hai?
Reetaa: Main naheen jaantee.
Maya: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
मनासि: आपको कौन सी फ़िल्म पसंद है?
Neha: "Which film do you like?"
रीता: मुझे देवदास बहुत पसंद है।
Maya: "I really like Devdas."
मनासि: मैंने अभी तक नहीं देखी है। कौनसा सिनेमाघर यह दिखा रहा है?
Neha: "I haven't watched it yet. Which cinema hall is showing it?"
रीता: मैं नहीं जानती।
Maya: "I don't know."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: You know most people are familiar with Bollywood these days.
Maya: Yes, the Indian movie industry is huge!
Neha: It is. But what most people might not know is that Indian movies are not only those that are spoken in Hindi but also include those that are spoken in other regional languages like Marathi and Tamil as well.
Maya: And out of all these, the one that is popular all over India and nowadays even in the world outside of India is Bollywood, which is the Hindi language-based film industry.
Neha: If you haven't ever watched Bollywood movies before, well you'll be in for a lot of music and dancing.
Maya: And they occur not only during happy and festive moments during the movie, but also during sad moments.
Neha: Usually, the lyrics of the song play an important role in moving the story forward.
Maya: And you also have to set about three hours aside for the movies, that's like the average length of one movie.
Neha: I am a huge fan of those movies!
Maya: Me too!
VOCAB LIST
Neha: Okay then, let's look at some of the words that came up in the conversation.
Maya: We'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Neha: Our first word is आपको, "aapko," "aap-ko," "aapko."
Maya: Which means "to you."
Neha: Next, we have कौनसी, "kaunsee," "kaun-see," "kaunsee."
Maya: Which means "which."
Neha: Then is फ़िल्म, "film," "film," "film."
Maya: Which means "film."
Neha: Next is पसंद, "pasand," "pa-sand," "pasand."
Maya: Which means "like."
Neha: Then is अभी तक नहीं, "abhee tak naheen," "abhee tak naheen," "abhee tak naheen."
Maya: Which means "not yet" or "not till now."
Neha: Next is देखी है, "dekhee hai," "dekhee hai," "dekhee hai."
Maya: Which means "seen" when said by a female or about a female.
Neha: Then we have कौनसा, "kaunsaa," "kaun-saa," "kaunsaa."
Maya: Which means "which."
Neha: Next is दिखा रहा, "dekhaa rahaa," "dekhaa rahaa," "dekhaa rahaa."
Maya: Which means "showing."
Neha: And finally, we have जानती, "jaantee," "jaan-tee," "jaantee."
Maya: Which means "know" when said by a female or about a female.
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha: Let's now look at some of these words in more detail.
Maya: The word for "seen" in Hindi is…
Neha: देखी है. which means ‘seen’
Maya: And it comes from the verb देखना, which means "to see."
Neha: Now you have to be careful with this verb since it changes according to the gender and the number of the subject.
Maya: For example, if you are a female and want to say "I have seen," you say…
Neha: मैंने देखी है.
Maya: On the other hand, if you are a male speaker, then you would say…
Neha: मैंने देखा है. Notice that देखी changed into देखा when used for a male speaker.
Maya: If you are a group of males then you'd say…
Neha: हम्ने देखे हैं.
Maya: Which means "we have seen."
Neha: If you're talking about another female and you want to say "she has seen," you say उसने देखी है.
Maya: Yes, you use the same देखी as you did when you were a female speaker.
Neha: Similarly, if you're talking about another male and you want to say "he has seen," you say उसने देखा है.
Maya: Again, the same देखा that you used when you were a male speaker.
Neha: Now the next word is जानती.
Maya: It means "know" and comes from the verb जानना, which means "to know." So if you are a female speaker and you want to say "I know," you say…
Neha: मैं जानती हूँ.
Maya: If you are a male speaker, you say…
Neha: मैं जानता हूँ.
Maya: And if you are a group of people, you say…
Neha: हम जानते हैं, which means "we know."

Lesson focus

Maya: Let's learn how to ask questions using "which."
Neha: "Which" in Hindi is not as straight forward as in English. It changes according to the gender and the number of the nouns.
Maya: For singular masculine nouns, it is…
Neha: कौनसा.
Maya: For plural masculine nouns, it is…
Neha: कौनसे.
Maya: And for both singular and plural feminine nouns, it is…
Neha: कौनसी.
Maya: By now, you know that all Hindi nouns are either masculine or feminine. Let's look at the general rule once again.
Neha: Words that end with आ ("-aa") are usually masculine.
Maya: And words that end with ई ("-ee") are usually feminine.
Neha: And you also know that this is not always the case, so the best way to learn is to memorize the new ones if they don't fit the rule.
Maya: Now in lesson 19 on likes and dislikes, we learned how to say "I like this" and "I don't like this" in Hindi. We'll now learn how to ask "Which ____ do you like?” type of questions in Hindi.
Neha: The format you have to remember is आपको कौनसा/कौनसे/ or कौनसी ____ पसंद है? and you insert the subject after कौनसा/कौनसे/ or कौनसी.
Maya: Here, आपको means "to you," कौनसा/कौनसे/ or कौनसी is "which," and पसंद means "like."
Neha: Let's listen to some examples.
Maya: Okay, how do you say "Which hero do you like?" in Hindi?
Neha: Well, the word for "hero" in Hindi is also हीरो and it is a masculine singular noun so you have to use कौनसा for "which." The sentence then is आपको कौनसा हीरो पसंद है.
Maya: This is a formal way of asking the question. Next, let's ask "Which flowers do you like?" in Hindi.
Neha: "Flowers" in Hindi is फूल and it is a masculine plural noun. So you need to use कौनसे for "which." The sentence then is अापको कौनसे फूल पसंद है?
Maya: How about one final example. "Which book do you like?"
Neha: Okay, so here, "book" in Hindi is पुस्तक and it is a feminine singular noun. So you have to use कौनसी for "which."
Our sentence is आपको कौनसी पुस्तक पसंद है?
Maya: Well, that's all we have for our lesson.
Neha: Also, please don't forget to look at the lesson notes for more examples and explanations on this topic.
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

29 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Do you like Hindi cinema?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 01:20 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Mercy,


Thanks for posting!


Please take a look at this lesson. It will help you learn more about oblique forms of pronouns:

https://www.hindipod101.com/lesson/lower-beginner-14-learning-the-oblique-forms-of-hindi-pronouns/


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Mercy
Sunday at 10:28 PM
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Please how do I know when to use oblique case?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 01:27 PM
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Hi Shyam,


Thanks for your post!


If you can take a look at these lessons, it might help:

https://www.hindipod101.com/lesson/absolute-beginner-14-a-shopping-trip-in-india/

https://www.hindipod101.com/lesson/beginner-9-is-this-indian-postcard-yours/


For further help, just search the lesson library and you may be able to find the answer to your question.


If you still have any questions, just feel free to let us know.


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Shyam Sriram
Monday at 09:36 AM
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Hello,

I am confused on the different ways of saying "me" or "my". When are you supposed to use "meraa" or "maine" for me and when do you use "mujhe" or "mujhko" for me/my. Thanks!

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 01:17 PM
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Hi Shreyaa,


Thanks for your post!


Excellent sentence, just use "mujhe" instead of "mainNe" and your sentence will be perfect. Like this:

मुझे हिंदी सिनेमा पसंद है।


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Shreyaa
Sunday at 02:18 AM
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मैंने हिंदी cinema पसंद है।

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 09:03 PM
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Hi Ryan,


Thanks for your post!


That's an excellent sentence in Hindi. Just keep in mind that "film" in Hindi is feminine. Therefore, in your 2nd sentence, it should be "merii" not "meraa". Also, "made" will be transliterated like this: मेड :)


Keep learning!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Ryan
Thursday at 04:20 PM
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हाँ मुझे हिंदी सिनेमा पसंद है। मेरा पसंदीदा सुई धागा: मैड इन इंडिया है

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:55 PM
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Hi Alice,


Thanks for your posts!


Your sentences are excellent and I love that movie too!


मैंने is main + ne. You can learn about the postposition "ne" here:

https://www.hindipod101.com/lesson/lower-beginner-19-buying-a-gift-in-india-part-1/?lp=124


I hope that helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:40 PM
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Hi Ragavi,


Thanks for your question!


I know it is a little difficult to know which is feminine and which is masculine. It is something that you generally pick as you go on learning the language. But mostly the rule is that if a noun has an "ii" at the end, it is considered to be female. Rest are generally male. But as I said, there are exceptions to this rule. For example, in the above lesson, "film" doesn't have an "ii" at the end and yet it is considered as feminine.


I hope that helps, at least a little!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com