Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha. and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 22, Are you Speaking Hindi or English?
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya In this lesson you’ll learn about the borrowed words from English in Hindi that have become part of the Hindi language.
Neha: The conversation takes place on a beach.
Maya: It's between Mita and Gita.
Neha: They are tourists on the same tour group and since they don't know each other, they will be speaking formal Hindi.
Maya: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

मीता: आपका कैमरा बहुत अच्छा है।
गीता: शुक्रिया। वास्तव में यह मेरा फोन है।
मीता: अरे वाह! क्या यह बहुत महंगा था?
गीता: थोड़ा। यह एक अच्छा वीडियो भी ले सकता है।
Neha: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Meetaa: aapakaa kaimaraa bahuT acchaa hai.
Geetaa: Shukriyaa. Vaastav men yeh meraa fon hai.
Meetaa: are vaah! kyaa yah bahuT mahangaa THaa?
Geetaa: Thoraa. Yeh ek acchaa vidiyo bhi le saktaa hai
Maya: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
मीता: आपका कैमरा बहुत अच्छा है।
Neha: "Your camera is really nice."
गीता: शुक्रिया। वास्तव में यह मेरा फोन है।
Maya: "Thank you. Actually, this is my phone."
मीता: अरे वाह! क्या यह बहुत महंगा था?
Neha: "Wow! Was it very expensive?"
गीता: थोड़ा। यह एक अच्छा वीडियो भी ले सकता है।
Maya: "A little. It can also take a really good video."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: If you look at most of the languages around the world you will find that the English language has infiltrated so many of them.
Maya: Obviously this is a sweeping statement but colonization in the early days and now the media aided by globalization has helped quite a bit in this process.
Neha: In Hindi too, there are quite a few words that are directly taken from English words.
Maya: Yes, all the modern technological inventions have the same English names.
Neha: Even the names of vehicles and sports have their English names.
Maya: But this is not a one-way process.
Neha: And what we mean by that is that although more of Hindi has been influenced by English, we can also find traces of Hindi words that have become part of the English language.
Maya: Perhaps it is more apt to say that most of them have their origins in Persian, Urdu, and Arabic languages.
Neha: But in any case, "jungle" comes from the Hindi word जंगल.
Maya: Or the word "thug" comes from the Hindi word ठग, which means "to rob and steal." Even "loot" in English also comes from लूट in Hindi.
Neha: "Bungalow" is from बंगला, "pajamas" from पैजामा, and "shawl" from शाल. You get the idea.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: Okay then, let's look at some of the words that came up in the conversation.
Neha: We'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Maya: Our first word is…
Neha: कैमरा, "akaimaraa," "kai-ma-raa," "kaimaraa."
Maya: Which means "camera."
Neha: Next, we have वास्तव में, "vaastav men," "vaastav men," "vaastav men."
Maya: Which means "actually."
Neha: Then is फोन, "fon," "fon," "fon."
Maya: Which means "phone."
Neha: Next is अरे वा, "are vaa," "are vaa," "are vaa."
Maya: Which means "wow."
Neha: Then is, महंगा, "mahangaa," "mahangaa," "mahangaa."
Maya: Which means "expensive."
Neha: Next is था, "thaa," "thaa," "thaa."
Maya: Which means "was."
Neha: Then we have थोड़ा, "thoraa," "thoraa," "thoraa."
Maya: Which means "little."
Neha: Next is वीडियो, "veediyo," "veediyo," "veediyo."
Maya: Which means "video."
Neha: then is भी, "bhee," "bhee," "bhee."
Maya: Which means "also."
Neha: And finally, we have सकता, " saktaa," "saktaa," "saktaa."
Maya: Which means "can."
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Maya: Now let's look at some of these words in more detail.
Neha: वास्तव में which means "actually."
Maya: Like in English, it is quite commonly used while speaking.
Neha: वास्तव on its own means "real" and में is a postposition which means "in."
Maya: And postpositions are prepositions except they come after the subject unlike before in English. So, together they literally mean, "real in."
Neha: And translates as "in truth," or "actually," or "indeed."
Maya: Okay, let's listen and practice. We'll first say it at natural speed and then a bit slowly
Neha: वास्तव में, वास्तव में.
Maya: Great! In this lesson, we have introduced a new tense, the past tense, which we'll talk in detail in Lesson 24, but here, we'll give you a brief introduction.
Neha: So था and थी are the verb "was." They are the past tense of the verb "is" which is है.
Maya: Although है, for example, "is," does not change according to the gender, the verb "was" does.
Neha: था is used for singular masculine and थी is used for singular feminine.
Maya: Next let's talk about the verb सकता, which means "can" and comes from the verb सकना.
Neha: This also changes according to the gender and number of the subject.
Maya: So if you are a male speaker and want to say "I can do it" in Hindi, you say…
Neha: मैं कर सकता हूँ.
Maya: If you are a female speaker, you say…
Neha: मैं कर सकती हूँ.
Maya: And finally if you are a group of people, you say…
Neha: हम कर सकते हैं.
Maya: Which means "We can do it."

Lesson focus

Neha: Okay, time to familiarize ourselves with the commonly used English words in Hindi.
Maya: You might be wondering why we have a separate lesson to learn about these English words.
Neha: Well, that's because some of those borrowed words might sound exactly the same but there are some that are pronounced a bit different in Hindi.
Maya: Mostly the "aa” sounds in English are changed to "ai" in Hindi. For example, "badminton" is बैडमिंटन.
Neha: Also, a few of the "a" sounds change into "aa" in Hindi. For example, "dishwasher" is डिश वॉशर.
Maya: Let's look at some more examples.
Neha: Okay, we'll first start with electronic goods.
Maya: Now this part is easy because the words like "TV," "computer," "microwave," and "AC" sound the same in Hindi, टीवी, कंप्यूटर and माइक्रोवेव, and एसी.
Neha: But "tablet" becomes टैबलेट, "laptop" becomes लैपटॉप, "fax" becomes फैक्स, "calculator" becomes कैलकुलेटर, and "camera" becomes कैमरा.
Maya: In all these, the "aa" sounds changed into "ai" sounds.
Neha: Let's continue with sports.
Maya: "Football" is…
Neha: फुटबाल.
Maya: "Hockey" is…
Neha: हाँकी.
Maya: "Volleyball" is…
Neha: वॉलीबॉल.
Maya: While the rest like "tennis," "cricket," and "skating" are the same, टेनिस
क्रिकेट, and स्केटिंग.
Neha: Then there are other words that are neither technology related nor sports related that are part of the Hindi language.
Maya: Some of them have their Hindi equivalents that are rarely used while others are as commonly used as their English equivalents.
Neha: Like फ़िल्म and "film," or बस for "bus."
Maya: "School" in Hindi is also…
Neha: स्कूल. But विद्यालय also means "school" in Hindi and is also commonly used.
Maya: There is also the Hindi word for "number," which is…
Neha: अंक but नम्बर itself is commonly used. We also have टैक्सी for "taxi" and बोतल for "bottle."
Maya: Well, that's all we have for our lesson.
Neha: Also, please don't forget to look at the lesson notes for more examples and explanations on this topic.
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

10 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Hindipod101.com listeners!

Are you a technology fan?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 09:20 PM
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Hi Ryan,


Thanks for posting!


Excellent sentence.


Keep learning!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Ryan
Thursday at 04:43 PM
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हाँ, मैं एक टेक्नोलॉजी प्रशंसक हूँ।

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:01 PM
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Hi Alice,


Thanks for your post!


Excellent sentence. Generally, in Hindi, we write the word "technology" like this - टेक्नोलॉजी


Keep learning!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Alice
Sunday at 09:05 PM
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नहीं। मुझे टैकनोलजी नहीं पसंद है।

HindiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:16 AM
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Hi Ian,


Thank you for posting!


जी बिलकुल, मुझे भी टेक्नोलॉजी पसंद है :)


Cheers,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Ian
Saturday at 08:55 AM
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हाँ। मुझे टैकनोलजी (या प्रौद्योगिकी) बहुत पसंद है। ओर आप? Yes, I like technology (or Hindi word for technology). And (what about) you?

Harumi
Friday at 10:48 PM
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I thought as 'betaa, achaa' end with 'aa', meraa didnt need. =)

bahut shukriya!

hindipod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 08:29 AM
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Hello Harumi,


Since son (betaa) is a masculine noun, it would be achha and not achhii. So it becomes 'meraa betaa achha hai.


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Harumi
Monday at 02:50 AM
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Ji haan.

I have a question

My son is good.

Merii betaa achaa hai[?]