Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya and welcome to HindiPod101.com, Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 3, Responding to "How are you?" in Hindi.
Neha: In this lesson you’ll learn the many different ways you can answer the question, "How are you?" or "Aap kaise hain?" in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place at a school.
Neha: It's between Kajol and Rani who are waiting to pick their kids up from school.
Maya: They'll be using formal Hindi in order to be more respectful towards each other.
Neha: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

काजोल: रानी, नमस्ते! आप कैसी हैं?
रानी: नमस्ते, काजोल। मैं अच्छी हूँ, शुक्रिया। अौर आप?
काजोल: मैं थक गई हूँ।
रानी: क्यों? आप बीमार हैं?
काजोल: नहीं, नहीं। मैं आज व्रत कर रही हूँ। इसलिये मैं भूखी भी हूँ।
Neha: Now let's listen to it one time slowly.
Kaajol: Raanee, namaste! Aap kaisee hain?
Raani: NamasTe, kaajol. Main achhee hoon, shukriyaa. Aur aap?
Kaajol: Main thak gaee hoon.
Raani: Kyon? Aap beemaar hain?
Kaajol: Naheen, naheen. Main aaj vrat kar rahee hoon. Isliye main bhookhee bhee hoon.
Maya: Let's now listen to it with English translation.
Kaajol: "Raanee, namaste! Aap kaisee hain?"
Neha: "Rani, hello! How are you?"
Raani: "Namaste, Kaajol. main acchii huun, shukriyaa. Aur aap?"
Maya: "Hello Kajol. I am good, thank you. And you?"
Kaajol: "Main thak gaee hoon."
Neha: "I am tired."
Raani: "Kyon? Aap beemaar hain?"
Maya: "Why? Are you sick?"
Kaajol: "Naheen, naheen. Main aaj vrat kar rahee hoon. Isliye main bhookhee bhee hoon."
Neha: " No, no. I am fasting today. So I am also hungry."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: Maya, did you know that fasting is a common practice among Hindu followers in India, especially among women?
Maya: Really?
Neha: Absolutely. So the above conversation we just heard between Kajol and Rani is very common, in the sense that women often fast ...hoping that their wishes will come true.
Maya: What do they usually wish for?
Neha: Well, any wish is okay. Like getting good grades, making more money, having a healthy family...
Maya: That sounds nice. I have so many things I want to wish for.
Neha: Yeah, but fasting is not that easy, you know. Some people might not allow themselves even a drop of water while others might allow fruits, juice, and water during a fast.
Maya: Wow...seems like you really need a lot of faith and discipline.
Neha: Yes, you do.
Maya: Ok, lest take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: The first we shall see is....
Neha: aap kaisee hain
Maya: How are you?
Neha: aap kaisee hain
Maya: Next is...
Neha: achhee
Maya: good
Neha: achhee
Maya: Next is...
Neha: hoon
Maya: am, infinitive, to be
Neha: hoon
Maya: Next is...
Neha: thak gaee
Maya: tired
Neha: thak gaee
Maya: Next is...
Neha: kyon
Maya: why
Neha: kyon
Maya: Next is...
Neha: beemaar
Maya: sick
Neha: beemaar
Maya: Next is...
Neha: vra
Maya: to fast
Neha: vra
Maya: Next is...
Neha: kar rahee hoon
Maya: am doing
Neha: kar rahee hoon
Maya: Next is...
Neha: isliye
Maya: so, that's why
Neha: isliye
Maya: Last is...
Neha: bhookhee
Maya: hungry
Neha: bhookhee
Maya: Let`s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Maya: The first word we'll look at is...
Neha: अच्छी "(achhee)". It means "good" and is such a diverse word just as its English equivalent.
Maya: Yes, but before we get further into it, we need to tell you a very important thing.
Neha: That`s right. So, you can use अच्छी only if you are a female or are talking about a female.
Maya: Sounds complicated? Not really. It's pretty straight forward. In Hindi, all nouns are either masculine or feminine and a lot of adjectives and verbs change accordingly. So if you are a girl and you want to say, "I am good,", you say...
Neha: मैं अच्छी हूँ ": "main acchii huun" - "mai-n ach-hee ho-on".
Maya: Where, मैं means "I", अच्छी means "good", and हूँ is the verb "am". But if you're a male and you want to say "I am good", you say...,
Neha: मैं अच्छा हूँ "main achhaa hoon" - "ma-in ach-haa ho-on".
Maya: So, there you have it. अच्छा is for male and अच्छी is for female.
Neha: If you want to just say "good" on its own, like if you just want to agree to something or acknowledge something, you can use its masculine form अच्छा.
Maya: In the same way, the adjective "hungry" in Hindi has a feminine and a masculine case.
Neha: That's right. If you are a female or are talking about a female, you'd use भूखी and if you are a male or are talking about a male, you'd use भूखा.
Maya: Great. So, भूखा for male and भूखी for female.OK, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Maya: The focus of this lesson is to learn about the the verb "am," which is "hoon", and also to learn how adjectives change their forms in Hindi.
Neha: Let's get started with the sentence we're already familiar with,- मैं अच्छी हूँ when said by a female.
Maya: This literally means, "I good am.".
Neha: Remember that Hindi is a verb final language and follows the subject, object, verb order.
Maya: And if you want to say how you are feeling, that is, if you want to say something like "I am good, tired, hungry, sweaty, or whatever", that is "I am" plus+ an adjective, then the general rule is...
Neha: Main plus+ adjective plus+ "hoon".
Maya: Where "main" is "I", and "hoon" is "am".
Neha: Sounds easy, right? And it is. The only thing you'd need to remember is to change the adjectives depending on whether you're a male or a female.
Maya: But not for all. Some stay the same.
Neha: That's right. In Hindi, there are two types of adjectives: inflecting and non-inflecting.
Maya: As their names might already suggest, inflecting adjectives change according to the gender and the number of the noun they are describing whereas non-inflecting adjectives remain the same at all times.
Neha: Don't worry. They're pretty easy to spot. Inflecting adjectives always end with आ [aa].
Maya: And they stay the same for a masculine singular but for a feminine singular, आ [aa] changes into ई [ee].
Neha: Do you remember अच्छा and अच्छी?
Maya: अच्छा means "good". It ends with an "aa" and therefore is an inflecting adjective.
Neha: For male, it stays the same and is अच्छा while for female "aa" changes into "ee" and it becomes अच्छी.
Maya: Let's now try to form a sentence.
Neha: Sure. So, how would you say, "I am thirsty" in Hindi if you are a male speaker?
Maya: Well, "thirsty" in Hindi is प्यासा and is an inflecting adjective, but for males it stays the same. So, if we put it in the rule that we laid out earlier, which is "main" plus+ adjective plus "+hoon", it would be "main pyaasaa hoon".
Neha: Well done! Listeners, please repeat: "main pyaasaa hoon". And if you're a female, you'd just change "pyaasaa" to "pyaasee" and you'd say, "main pyaasee hoon". Please repeat: "main pyaasee hoon".
Maya: Now that we're experts at using inflecting adjective for singular cases, non-inflecting adjectives are a piece of cake!
Neha: Yes! So if you want to say, "I am okay" in Hindi and if "okay" is "Theek", how would you phrase it?
Maya: That's very easy. Since "theek" doesn't end with an "aa", it needs no changing. So, I'd say "main theek hoon" regardless of what gender I am.
Neha: Yes, very good. Listeners, please repeat: "main theek hoon".
Maya: In this lesson, we've only covered how to change adjectives according to genders in their singular cases, we still have to study how to change them for plural cases and that will come in later lessons.
Neha: But for now, we hope that you're a bit more comfortable with saying how you're feeling in Hindi.
Maya: In the lesson notes, you can find more examples and explanations for this topic, so be sure to read them! Thank you for listening!
Maya: Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

93 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Let us know if you have any questions.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:26 PM
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नमस्ते (Namaste) Likhith,


You are very welcome. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

लेवेन्टे (Levente)

Team HindiPod101.com

Likhith
Wednesday at 01:31 PM
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It is very useful for begginers thank you for,

Hindi pod101.com

Precious
Monday at 08:49 PM
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Dhanyavaad

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:36 PM
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Hi Angel,


Thanks for your question!


If you are a male asking a female whether they are doing well, you will use "acchii" like this:

आप अच्छी हैं? (aap acchii hain?) ("You are doing well?")


You can also add "kyaa" at the beginning of this sentence.


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Orjichukwu Angel
Thursday at 06:02 AM
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Namaste. Please if it is a male asking a female will it still be achhaa or achhee

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 01:02 PM
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Hi Kakembo,


Thanks for posting!


Very good try! Just remember that "thiik" (fine) is spelled like this - ठीक


Keep learning and let us know if you have any questions.

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 01:00 PM
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Hi Jeremy,


Thanks for your question!


"hai" means "is", "huun" means "am". Here are two example sentences for you:


main thiik huun. (I am fine.)

vah thiik hai. (He/she is fine.)


You can search through the lesson library section of the site and learn more about their usage.


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Kakembo
Saturday at 03:04 PM
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मैं ठिक हूँ..

Alhamudulillah

Jeremy
Sunday at 01:01 AM
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whats the main difference between Hai and Hun and when do i use it?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 10:41 PM
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Hi Claes,


Thanks for posting!


The words you listed are pronouns. I think you may have noticed a different romanization in some of the lessons and got a little confused there. For example, I think voh/veh and woh/weh are the same pronouns, just romanized in a different way. This is probably what you have seen as "veh" and "weh" - वह (vah). It means "he", "she", "it", "that". This is probably what you have seen as "yeh" - यह (yah). It means, "it", "this".


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com