Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya and welcome to HindiPod101.com, Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 3, Responding to "How are you?" in Hindi.
Neha: In this lesson you’ll learn the many different ways you can answer the question, "How are you?" or "Aap kaise hain?" in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place at a school.
Neha: It's between Kajol and Rani who are waiting to pick their kids up from school.
Maya: They'll be using formal Hindi in order to be more respectful towards each other.
Neha: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

काजोल: रानी, नमस्ते! आप कैसी हैं?
रानी: नमस्ते, काजोल। मैं अच्छी हूँ, शुक्रिया। अौर आप?
काजोल: मैं थक गई हूँ।
रानी: क्यों? आप बीमार हैं?
काजोल: नहीं, नहीं। मैं आज व्रत कर रही हूँ। इसलिये मैं भूखी भी हूँ।
Neha: Now let's listen to it one time slowly.
Kaajol: Raanee, namaste! Aap kaisee hain?
Raani: NamasTe, kaajol. Main achhee hoon, shukriyaa. Aur aap?
Kaajol: Main thak gaee hoon.
Raani: Kyon? Aap beemaar hain?
Kaajol: Naheen, naheen. Main aaj vrat kar rahee hoon. Isliye main bhookhee bhee hoon.
Maya: Let's now listen to it with English translation.
Kaajol: "Raanee, namaste! Aap kaisee hain?"
Neha: "Rani, hello! How are you?"
Raani: "Namaste, Kaajol. Main achhee hoon, shukriyaa. Aur aap?"
Maya: "Hello Kajol. I am good, thank you. And you?"
Kaajol: "Main thak gaee hoon."
Neha: "I am tired."
Raani: "Kyon? Aap beemaar hain?"
Maya: "Why? Are you sick?"
Kaajol: "Naheen, naheen. Main aaj vrat kar rahee hoon. Isliye main bhookhee bhee hoon."
Neha: " No, no. I am fasting today. So I am also hungry."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: Maya, did you know that fasting is a common practice among Hindu followers in India, especially among women?
Maya: Really?
Neha: Absolutely. So the above conversation we just heard between Kajol and Rani is very common, in the sense that women often fast ...hoping that their wishes will come true.
Maya: What do they usually wish for?
Neha: Well, any wish is okay. Like getting good grades, making more money, having a healthy family...
Maya: That sounds nice. I have so many things I want to wish for.
Neha: Yeah, but fasting is not that easy, you know. Some people might not allow themselves even a drop of water while others might allow fruits, juice, and water during a fast.
Maya: Wow...seems like you really need a lot of faith and discipline.
Neha: Yes, you do.
Maya: Ok, lest take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: The first we shall see is....
Neha: aap kaisee hain
Maya: How are you?
Neha: aap kaisee hain
Maya: Next is...
Neha: achhee
Maya: good
Neha: achhee
Maya: Next is...
Neha: hoon
Maya: am, infinitive, to be
Neha: hoon
Maya: Next is...
Neha: thak gaee
Maya: tired
Neha: thak gaee
Maya: Next is...
Neha: kyon
Maya: why
Neha: kyon
Maya: Next is...
Neha: beemaar
Maya: sick
Neha: beemaar
Maya: Next is...
Neha: vra
Maya: to fast
Neha: vra
Maya: Next is...
Neha: kar rahee hoon
Maya: am doing
Neha: kar rahee hoon
Maya: Next is...
Neha: isliye
Maya: so, that's why
Neha: isliye
Maya: Last is...
Neha: bhookhee
Maya: hungry
Neha: bhookhee
Maya: Let`s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Maya: The first word we'll look at is...
Neha: अच्छी "(achhee)". It means "good" and is such a diverse word just as its English equivalent.
Maya: Yes, but before we get further into it, we need to tell you a very important thing.
Neha: That`s right. So, you can use अच्छी only if you are a female or are talking about a female.
Maya: Sounds complicated? Not really. It's pretty straight forward. In Hindi, all nouns are either masculine or feminine and a lot of adjectives and verbs change accordingly. So if you are a girl and you want to say, "I am good,", you say...
Neha: मैं अच्छी हूँ ": "main achhee hoon" - "mai-n ach-hee ho-on".
Maya: Where, मैं means "I", अच्छी means "good", and हूँ is the verb "am". But if you're a male and you want to say "I am good", you say...,
Neha: मैं अच्छा हूँ "main achhaa hoon" - "ma-in ach-haa ho-on".
Maya: So, there you have it. अच्छा is for male and अच्छी is for female.
Neha: If you want to just say "good" on its own, like if you just want to agree to something or acknowledge something, you can use its masculine form अच्छा.
Maya: In the same way, the adjective "hungry" in Hindi has a feminine and a masculine case.
Neha: That's right. If you are a female or are talking about a female, you'd use भूखी and if you are a male or are talking about a male, you'd use भूखा.
Maya: Great. So, भूखा for male and भूखी for female.OK, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Maya: The focus of this lesson is to learn about the the verb "am," which is "hoon", and also to learn how adjectives change their forms in Hindi.
Neha: Let's get started with the sentence we're already familiar with,- मैं अच्छी हूँ when said by a female.
Maya: This literally means, "I good am.".
Neha: Remember that Hindi is a verb final language and follows the subject, object, verb order.
Maya: And if you want to say how you are feeling, that is, if you want to say something like "I am good, tired, hungry, sweaty, or whatever", that is "I am" plus+ an adjective, then the general rule is...
Neha: Main plus+ adjective plus+ "hoon".
Maya: Where "main" is "I", and "hoon" is "am".
Neha: Sounds easy, right? And it is. The only thing you'd need to remember is to change the adjectives depending on whether you're a male or a female.
Maya: But not for all. Some stay the same.
Neha: That's right. In Hindi, there are two types of adjectives: inflecting and non-inflecting.
Maya: As their names might already suggest, inflecting adjectives change according to the gender and the number of the noun they are describing whereas non-inflecting adjectives remain the same at all times.
Neha: Don't worry. They're pretty easy to spot. Inflecting adjectives always end with आ [aa].
Maya: And they stay the same for a masculine singular but for a feminine singular, आ [aa] changes into ई [ee].
Neha: Do you remember अच्छा and अच्छी?
Maya: अच्छा means "good". It ends with an "aa" and therefore is an inflecting adjective.
Neha: For male, it stays the same and is अच्छा while for female "aa" changes into "ee" and it becomes अच्छी.
Maya: Let's now try to form a sentence.
Neha: Sure. So, how would you say, "I am thirsty" in Hindi if you are a male speaker?
Maya: Well, "thirsty" in Hindi is प्यासा and is an inflecting adjective, but for males it stays the same. So, if we put it in the rule that we laid out earlier, which is "main" plus+ adjective plus "+hoon", it would be "main pyaasaa hoon".
Neha: Well done! Listeners, please repeat: "main pyaasaa hoon". And if you're a female, you'd just change "pyaasaa" to "pyaasee" and you'd say, "main pyaasee hoon". Please repeat: "main pyaasee hoon".
Maya: Now that we're experts at using inflecting adjective for singular cases, non-inflecting adjectives are a piece of cake!
Neha: Yes! So if you want to say, "I am okay" in Hindi and if "okay" is "Theek", how would you phrase it?
Maya: That's very easy. Since "theek" doesn't end with an "aa", it needs no changing. So, I'd say "main theek hoon" regardless of what gender I am.
Neha: Yes, very good. Listeners, please repeat: "main theek hoon".
Maya: In this lesson, we've only covered how to change adjectives according to genders in their singular cases, we still have to study how to change them for plural cases and that will come in later lessons.
Neha: But for now, we hope that you're a bit more comfortable with saying how you're feeling in Hindi.
Maya: In the lesson notes, you can find more examples and explanations for this topic, so be sure to read them! Thank you for listening!
Maya: Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

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HindiPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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HindiPod101.com
Sunday at 11:43 am
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Hi Claire,


Thanks for your positive feedback!


If you have any questions, feel free to contact us.


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Claire
Thursday at 10:14 pm
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Incredible helpful and well-thought out lesson.

Many thanks :)

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HindiPod101.com
Tuesday at 1:44 am
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Hi Maddy,


Hindi is a gender specific language. So if you are a boy, you would say: 'karTaa hoon', 'khaTaa hoon', 'jaTaa hoon', 'khaaoongaa' etc.

For your sentence, you would say: "Main thak gayaa hoon".

Let me know, if you have any other query.


Cheers!

Manali

Team HindiPod101.com

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Maddy
Wednesday at 12:27 am
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namaste!

I have a queston!

"I'm tired". I'm a girl, i will say "Main thak gaee hoon".

So, If i'm a boy, how will i say? ?

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HindiPod101.com
Thursday at 6:28 am
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Hi Bhava,


Thanks for writing in. You can reply that he/she can have some fruits or food that can be consumed during a fast. That would help the person.


Cheers!

Manali

Team HindiPod101.com

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Bhava
Sunday at 12:11 pm
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namaste! have one question...when someone says that he/she is fasting, and is hungry, what should my reply be?

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HindiPod101.com
Wednesday at 11:29 pm
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Hi Paola,


Thank you for your question.

"तुम" (Familiar 'you') corresponds with "हो" (are), for both singular and plural. You would use "हैं" (is/are) with "आप" (you - Formal), not with "तुम".


Cheers,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

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Paola Flores
Friday at 6:28 am
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Hello, I have a question, in the Lesson Materials there's this sentence " तुम उदास क्यों हो?" it ends with "ho", but it says "Why are you sad?", shouldn't it end with hain instead? , or is it plural "you" ?

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HindiPod101.com
Wednesday at 2:56 pm
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Hi Yilan,


Yes that is generally true. If you are not already discussing food and hunger, it's best to say "भूख लगी है bhuukh lagii hai" or "भूख लग रही है bhuukh lag rahii hai" for 'I am hungry'.


In this conversation because the speaker already mentioned being on a fast, and they were discussing the speaker's health and condition, it is okay to say "भूखी भी हूँ bhuukhii bhii huun" (am hungry too). But as your friend said, in general it is better to say "मुझे भूख लगी है mujhe bhuukh lagii hai" (I am hungry).


Best,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

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HindiPod101.com
Thursday at 12:53 am
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Dear Sa,


Thank you so much for your post.


I'm glad that you found our website so useful, and that it is helping you to learn Hindi so you can enjoy Hindi movies and feel happy! It's truly wonderful to hear, and I am sure you will be able to learn a lot quickly!


As an Indian myself, it warms my heart to know that you love Hindi movies so much, but especially that they are helping you through difficult times. I deeply appreciate that as a Bollywood movie fan too :thumbsup:


Thank you for sharing this with us. We wish you all the best in learning more and more Hindi, and getting past the bad times!


Best,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com