Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 5, Hindi Numbers from 0-10.
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya.
Neha: In this lesson you’ll learn how to count numbers from 1 to 10 in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place at a park.
Neha: The conversation is between Aarti and Radha who are walking their dogs at a park.
Maya: The speakers have just sat down on the same bench and since they don't know each other, they will be using formal Hindi.
Neha: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

आरती: आपकी कितनी बिल्लियाँ हैं?
राधा: मेरी एक बिल्ली है।
आरती: अौर कितने कुत्ते हैं?
राधा: दो।
Maya: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Aartee: Aapkee kitnee billiyaan hain?
Raadhaa: Meree ek billee hai.
Aartee: Aur kitne kutte hain?
Raadhaa: Do.
Neha: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
आरती: आपकी कितनी बिल्लियाँ हैं?
Neha: "How many cats do you have?"
राधा: मेरी एक बिल्ली है।
Maya: "I have one cat."
आरती: अौर कितने कुत्ते हैं?
Neha: "And how many dogs?"
राधा: दो।
Maya: "Two."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: Did you all know that India has its own number system?
Maya: It's officially called the Hindu–Arabic numeral system or the Hindu numeral system.
Neha: Besides India, it is still widely used in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
Maya: And these numbers have their own Devanagari script and closely resemble Greek and Latin numbers in their pronunciations.
Neha: Which makes sense because Sanskrit is actually an Indo-European language.
Maya: Many of you might be wondering what the difference is between Sanskrit and Devanagari...well...
Neha: Devanagari is a script whereas Sanskrit is a language. So, Devanagari is the script that is used for writing Hindi, Marathi and, Nepali languages which all have their origins in Sanskrit.
Maya: Anyway, you know that numbers are a must in any language,– while shopping, telling time, calling people...we need to know the numbers. So let's get started!
VOCAB LIST
Neha: Yes, let's first go over the words that were used in the conversation.
Maya: We'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Neha: So, are you ready? Our first word is आपकी "aapkee," "aa-p-kee," "aapkee…"
Maya: Which means "your."
Neha: Next, we have कितनी "kitnee," "kit-nee," kitnee…"
Maya: Which means "how many."
Neha: Then is बिल्लियाँ "billiyaan," "bil-li-yaan," "billiyaan…"
Maya: Which means "cats."
Neha: Next is हैं "hain," "ha-in," "hian…"
Maya: Which is the to-be verb "are."
Neha: Then is, मेरी "meree," "me-ree," "mereemere…"
Maya: Which means "my."
Neha: Next is एक "ek," "ek," "ek…"
Maya: Which is the number "one."
Neha: Next we have बिल्ली "billee," "bil-lee," "billee…"
Maya: Which means "cat."
Neha: Next is कुत्ते "kutte," "kut-te," "kutte…"
Maya: Which means "dog."
Neha: Next we have कितने " kitne," "kit-ne," "kitne…"
Maya: Which means "how many."
Neha: And lastly, we have दो "do," "do," "do…"
Maya: Which is the number "two."
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha: Let's look at some of these words in more detail.
Maya: So, in the conversation…,
Neha: आपकी कितनी बिल्लियाँ हैं?
Maya: "How many cats do you have?"
Neha: आपकी means "your," कितनी means "how many," बिल्लियाँ means "cats," and हैं means "are."?
Maya: So literally it means, "your how many cats are?" which translates as, "How many cats do you have?"
Neha: आपकी, which means "your," is a possessive pronoun that is used for both singular and plural feminine nouns.
Maya: Remember that in Hindi, all nouns have a gender,- masculine and feminine
Neha: And the possessive pronouns always depend on the gender and the number of the thing being possessed.
Maya: And not on who is doing the possessing.
Neha: So here, आपकी, which means "your," depends on the gender of the noun "cats," which in Hindi is feminine.
Maya: What about dogs?
Neha: Well, "dogs" or कुत्ते, are masculine nouns in which case, "your dogs" would be आपके कुत्ते.
Maya: So आपके instead of आपकी.
Neha: And along the same lines, the question "how many" also changes according to the number and gender of the nouns.
Maya: कितनी, which means "how many," is used for asking the number of both singular and plural feminine nouns.
Neha: कितना is used for asking the number of singular masculine nouns.
Maya: And कितने is used for asking the number of plural masculine nouns.
Neha: Since, cats or बिल्लियाँ are plural feminine nouns, we used कितनी
आपकी कितनी बिल्लियाँ हैं?
Maya: "How many cats do you have?"
Neha: How would you ask, "How many dogs do you have?"
Maya: Well, dogs are कुत्ते and they are masculine plural nouns, so we need to use कितने.
Neha: Good. So the sentence is आपके कितने कुत्ते हैं?
Maya: This might sound a bit complicated right now, but don't worry.
Neha: There's a way we can tell apart most masculine nouns from feminine nouns
Maya: But we'll talk about that in another lesson!

Lesson focus

Neha: Yes. Let's now focus on learning how to count numbers.
Maya: Okay, we'll first say the number in English and then in Hindi, - first at natural speed and then a bit slower.
Neha: Listeners, remember to repeat after me.
Maya: Let's get t started. First is - "zero."
Neha: शून्य "shunya," "shun-ya," "shunya."
Maya: "One."
Neha: एक" ek," "ek," "ek."
Maya: "Two."
Neha: दो "do," "do," " do."
Maya: "Three."
Neha: तीन "teen," "te-en," "teen."
Maya: "Four."
Neha: चार "caar," "ca-ar," "caar."
Maya: "Five."
Neha: पाँच " paanc," "pa-anc," "paanc."
Maya: "Six."
Neha: छः "chah," "ch-ah," "chah."
Maya: "Seven."
Neha: सात "saat," "sa-at," "saat."
Maya: "Eight."
Neha: आठ " aath," "aa-th," "aath."
Maya: "Nine."
Neha: नौ "nau," "na-u," "nau."
Maya: "Ten."
Neha: दस" das," "das," "das."
Maya: Okay, that's all the numbers we're going to cover in this lesson. Should we go over it one more time?
Neha: Sure,
शून्य एक दो तीन चार पाँच छः सात आठ नौ दस
Maya: Let's listen to some examples.
Neha: Okay. तीन लड़कियाँ
teen arkiyaan
…
Maya: Means "“three girls.""
Neha: दस घोड़े das ghore
…
Maya: Means "ten horses."
Neha: एक लड़का…
Maya: Means "one girl."
Neha: Well, that's all for our lesson. Be sure to read the lesson notes for more examples!
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

44 Comments

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HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Hindipod101.com listeners!

Let's practice the numbers! How many siblings do you have?

Try to answer in Hindi!

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 10:48 PM
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नमस्ते (Namaste) Harsha,


बहुत शुक्रिया (bahut shukriyaa) for taking the time to leave us a comment. 😇

Please let us know if you have any questions 😉


Kind regards,

लेवेन्टे (Levente)

Team HindiPod101.com

Harsha
Friday at 12:17 PM
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Every easy to learn this so good and thank you for hindi pod 101 com..

HindiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:08 PM
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Hi K.P.,


Thanks for posting!


Keep learning and if you have any questions, feel free to let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

k.p.kumar
Tuesday at 03:56 PM
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HindiPod101.com

Dear sir/madam thank you for your hindipod progammes. Now only I am slowly picking up, amd also interesting in learning hindi very much, starting I had little bit struggle how to go about it. If video is there well and good to catch up hindi words easily.

Now I am in the 5th lesson.

thank you,

regards,

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 08:20 PM
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Hi Irmi,


Thanks for answering the question!


Quick correction:

mere (not "merii) paanc bhaaii hain (not "hai")


If you have any questions, just contact us.

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 08:18 PM
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Hi Kajal,


Thanks for your post!


"huun" is used for "am" and "hai/hain" is used for "is/are". Here are a few examples that may help:


"I am fine." - main thiik huun (used for "am")

"I have one cat." - merii ek biLLii hai

"How is your brother?" - aapakaa bhaaii kaiSaa hai?


I hope that helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Irmi
Wednesday at 04:40 AM
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Meree paanch bhaee hai.

Kajal
Wednesday at 02:15 AM
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When do you use hain, and when do you use hoon?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 02:21 PM
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Hi Julie,


Thanks for your question!


"mere" is used for plural, "meraa" is used for male singular, and "merii" is used for female.


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Julie
Monday at 07:15 AM
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Hello!

So I wanted to ask you what is the difference between mera, meri, and mere?

Thank you!