Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Maya, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 7,- Asking "How old are you?" in Hindi
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya.
Neha: In this lesson you’ll learn how to ask and answer the question "How old are you?" in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place in a classroom.
Neha: This conversation is between Kawita who is a teacher and Jane who is a student.
Maya: Since the speakers have a student-teacher relationship they will be speaking formal Hindi.
Neha: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

कविता: आपकी उम्र क्या है?
जेन: मैं तीस साल की हूँ।
कविता: आपके कितने बच्चे है?
जेन: मेरे कोई बच्चे नहीं है।
Maya: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Kawitaa: Aapkee umr kyaa hai?
Jen: Main tees saal kee hoon.
Kawitaa: Aapke kitne bachhe hai?
Jen: Mere koi bachhe naheen hai.
Neha: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
कविता: आपकी उम्र क्या है?
Neha: " How old are you?"
जेन: मैं तीस साल की हूँ।
Maya: "I am thirty years old."
कविता: आपके कितने बच्चे है?
Neha: " How many kids do you have?"
जेन: मेरे कोई बच्चे नहीं है।
Maya: "I don't have any kids."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: You know, in this conversation we just heard, Jane is thirty years old so Kawita immediately assumes that she is married and has kids.
Maya: This is natural because women in India are expected to be married and have kids by that age.
Neha: I guess, in a way, social expectations for women are similar in many countries.
Maya: Yes, but in cities, more and more women are educated and they hold jobs, are independent, and are getting married much later.
Neha: You know Indians usually have arranged marriages with others of their own caste.
Maya: This is actually seen even among many Indian families who live abroad.
Neha: In fact, parents still choose for their sons and daughters, a partner of the same caste and similar social standing.
Maya: But I think it's important to point out that arranged marriages aren't necessarily forced marriages. Men and women do have a say, in most cases.
Neha: After all, it is their life partner they are talking about.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: Well, let's move to our vocabulary section and look at the words that were used in the conversation.
Neha: We'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Maya: Our first word is…
Neha: आपकी "aapkee," "aap-kee," "aapkee…"
Maya: Which means "your."
Neha: Next, we have उम्र "umr," "umr," "umr…"
Maya: Which means "age."
Neha: Then is क्या "kyaa," "ky-aa," "kyaa…"
Maya: Which means "what."
Neha: Next is तीस " tees," "te-es," "tees…",
Maya: Which means "thirty."
Neha: Then is, साल "saal," "sa-al," "saal…"
Maya: Which means "years."
Neha: Next is हूँ "hoon," "hoo-n," "hoon…"
Maya: Which is the to-be verb "am."
Neha: Next we have कितने "kitne," "kit-ne," "kitne…"
Maya: Which means "how many."
Neha: Next is बच्चे " bachhe," "bach-he," "bachhe…"
Maya: Which means "children."
Neha: And finally we have नहीं "naheen," "na-heen," "naheen…"
Maya: Which means "no."
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha: Okay, let's talk about some of these words. आपकी…
Maya: Which means "your…"
Neha: Is a possessive pronoun. It is used formally when showing respect to the other person.
Maya: We're going to say this again that all Hindi nouns have gender,- either masculine or feminine.
Neha: And possessive pronouns change according to the gender and the number of the nouns that are being possessed.,
Maya: And not the subject that is doing the possessing.
Neha: S so, we use आपकी when the thing being possessed is fFeminine.
Maya: And we use आपका when the thing being possessed is mMasculine.
Neha: In the phrase आपकी उम्र, which means…
Maya: "Your age."
Neha: Can you tell us what gender the word "age" i,e, उम्र, is?
Maya: Well, since we used आपकी, it's feminine.
Neha: That's right! The easiest way to make this clear is to compare it with a familiar sentence, well, at least we hope that you are familiar with this sentence by now.
Maya: Yes, do you remember how to say "What is your name?" in Hindi? We studied it in the very first lesson.
Neha: आपका नाम क्या है?
Maya: If you notice, "your" in this sentence takes the masculine form आपका.
Neha: That's because नाम, which is "name," is a masculine noun.

Lesson focus

Maya: Okay, let's now focus on how to ask the question "How old are you?" in Hindi.
Neha: आपकी उम्र क्या है?
Maya: Here, आपकी means "your.",
Neha: उम्र means "age.",
Maya: क्या means "what," and…
Neha: है means "is.".
Maya: So you're literally asking "your age what is?" which translates as, "What is your age?" or rather, "How old are you?"
Neha: Here, उम्र, or "age," is a feminine noun.
Maya: Yes, we just went over this a few minutes ago.
Neha: And the possessive pronoun "your," i.e. आपकी, is in its feminine form because age, i.e. उम्र, is feminine.
Maya: Okay, now that we understand the question structure and why things are the way they are, let's listen to it one more time. We'll also say it slowly so that you can hear it clearly.
Neha: आपकी उम्र क्या है? " aapkee umr kyaa hai," " aapkee umr kyaa hai."
Maya: Okay, now we need to be able to answer this question.
Neha: The tricky thing about the answer is that you would say it a bit differently depending on whether you're a male or a female.
Maya: So If you are a female, you'd say…
Neha: मैं तीस साल की हूँ।
Maya: "I am thirty years old," where मैं is "I,i", तीस is "thirty,", साल की is "of age," and हूँ is "am."
Neha: So literally you're saying, "I thirty of age am" which translates as, "I am thirty years old."
Maya: Then if you're a male, you'd say…
Neha: मैं तीस साल का हूँ।
Maya: "I am thirty years old," where मैं is "I,i", तीस is "thirty,", साल का is "of age," and, हूँ is "am."
Maya: Did you spot the difference between a female's response and a male's response? Llet's hear them side by side,
Neha: मैं तीस साल की हूँ। मैं तीस साल का हूँ।.
Maya: Yes, the difference is in साल की and साल का.
Neha: साल की for a female and साल का for a male.
Maya: Imagine that you are a twenty year old girl. How would you say "I am twenty years old" in Hindi? By the way, "twenty" in Hindi is बीस.
Neha: You'd say मैं बीस साल की हूँ.
Maya: Now imagine that you are a nineteen year old boy and "nineteen" in Hindi is उन्नीस.
Neha: Then you'd say, मैं उन्नीस साल का हूँ.
Maya: Easy, right? Well, that's all for our lesson.
Neha: Don't forget to read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations!
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

88 Comments

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HindiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Hello listeners!

आपकी उम्र क्या है? How old are you?

HindiPod101.com
Sunday at 12:25 pm
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Hi Brandon,


Thanks for answering the question!


Don't forget to add the nasalization at the end of "mai", that is, "main".


If you have any questions, do let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com


Brendon
Saturday at 1:04 pm
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Mai paintālīs salka hoon. Danyavaad.

HindiPod101.com
Saturday at 1:03 pm
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Hi Kaitlin,


Thanks for your post!


If you meant to say "thirty one" here is what you need to use in Hindi:

इकत्तीस - ikaTTiiS


If you have any questions, do let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com


Kaitlin
Thursday at 2:32 am
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Main ek tees saal kee hoon

HindiPod101.com
Saturday at 8:44 pm
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Hi Ena,


Thanks for answering the question!


29 will be "uNaTiiS" in Hindi.


The sentence will be "main uNaTiiS SaaL kaa/kii hoon."


All the best!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com


Ena
Sunday at 3:32 am
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Main 29 (???) saal kee hoon. ❤️️👍

HindiPod101.com
Sunday at 11:49 am
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Hi Shema,


Thanks for your question!


"aapake" is basically plural for "aapakaa" and "aapakii". It is also respectful address for "aapakaa". That is, when you say "aapake kiTaNe bacce hain?", "bacce" here is plural, so it becomes "aapake". We never say "aapakaa kiTaNaa baccaa hai" ("child" is never singular here).


Similarly, generally people would say "aapake paTi kahaan hain" ("Where is your husband?" Respectful with reference to the husband) and not "aapakaa paTii kahaan hai."


Let us know if you need further clarifications.


All the best!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com


Shema
Tuesday at 8:30 pm
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Hi,


I'm a little confused about the use of 'aapke' such as in the sentence "Aapke kitne bachhe hai?"


Aapkee is feminine as in "Aapkee umr kyaa hai?"

Aapkaa is masculine as in "Aapkaa naam kyaa hai?"


So, what is this 'aapke'? A different spelling for the same meaning or something else? I thought it also sounded like it was pronounced differently than Aapka.


Thanks!


HindiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 10:30 am
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Hi Ecaterina,


aapako bhii NamaSTe! NamaSTe to you too!


That was quite good. Just remember there is no "na" in the Hindi for 34. It is cau-biiS.


All the best!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101

Ecaterina Podut
Sunday at 3:09 am
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Namaste, Main chaunbiis saal kee hoon.