Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Maya, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 7,- Asking "How old are you?" in Hindi
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya.
Neha: In this lesson you’ll learn how to ask and answer the question "How old are you?" in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place in a classroom.
Neha: This conversation is between Kawita who is a teacher and Jane who is a student.
Maya: Since the speakers have a student-teacher relationship they will be speaking formal Hindi.
Neha: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

कविता: आपकी उम्र क्या है?
जेन: मैं तीस साल की हूँ।
कविता: आपके कितने बच्चे है?
जेन: मेरे कोई बच्चे नहीं है।
Maya: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Kawitaa: Aapkee umr kyaa hai?
Jen: Main tees saal kee hoon.
Kawitaa: Aapke kitne bachhe hai?
Jen: Mere koi bachhe naheen hai.
Neha: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
कविता: आपकी उम्र क्या है?
Neha: " How old are you?"
जेन: मैं तीस साल की हूँ।
Maya: "I am thirty years old."
कविता: आपके कितने बच्चे है?
Neha: " How many kids do you have?"
जेन: मेरे कोई बच्चे नहीं है।
Maya: "I don't have any kids."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: You know, in this conversation we just heard, Jane is thirty years old so Kawita immediately assumes that she is married and has kids.
Maya: This is natural because women in India are expected to be married and have kids by that age.
Neha: I guess, in a way, social expectations for women are similar in many countries.
Maya: Yes, but in cities, more and more women are educated and they hold jobs, are independent, and are getting married much later.
Neha: You know Indians usually have arranged marriages with others of their own caste.
Maya: This is actually seen even among many Indian families who live abroad.
Neha: In fact, parents still choose for their sons and daughters, a partner of the same caste and similar social standing.
Maya: But I think it's important to point out that arranged marriages aren't necessarily forced marriages. Men and women do have a say, in most cases.
Neha: After all, it is their life partner they are talking about.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: Well, let's move to our vocabulary section and look at the words that were used in the conversation.
Neha: We'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Maya: Our first word is…
Neha: आपकी "aapkee," "aap-kee," "aapkee…"
Maya: Which means "your."
Neha: Next, we have उम्र "umr," "umr," "umr…"
Maya: Which means "age."
Neha: Then is क्या "kyaa," "ky-aa," "kyaa…"
Maya: Which means "what."
Neha: Next is तीस " tees," "te-es," "tees…",
Maya: Which means "thirty."
Neha: Then is, साल "saal," "sa-al," "saal…"
Maya: Which means "years."
Neha: Next is हूँ "hoon," "hoo-n," "hoon…"
Maya: Which is the to-be verb "am."
Neha: Next we have कितने "kitne," "kit-ne," "kitne…"
Maya: Which means "how many."
Neha: Next is बच्चे " bachhe," "bach-he," "bachhe…"
Maya: Which means "children."
Neha: And finally we have नहीं "naheen," "na-heen," "naheen…"
Maya: Which means "no."
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha: Okay, let's talk about some of these words. आपकी…
Maya: Which means "your…"
Neha: Is a possessive pronoun. It is used formally when showing respect to the other person.
Maya: We're going to say this again that all Hindi nouns have gender,- either masculine or feminine.
Neha: And possessive pronouns change according to the gender and the number of the nouns that are being possessed.,
Maya: And not the subject that is doing the possessing.
Neha: S so, we use आपकी when the thing being possessed is fFeminine.
Maya: And we use आपका when the thing being possessed is mMasculine.
Neha: In the phrase आपकी उम्र, which means…
Maya: "Your age."
Neha: Can you tell us what gender the word "age" i,e, उम्र, is?
Maya: Well, since we used आपकी, it's feminine.
Neha: That's right! The easiest way to make this clear is to compare it with a familiar sentence, well, at least we hope that you are familiar with this sentence by now.
Maya: Yes, do you remember how to say "What is your name?" in Hindi? We studied it in the very first lesson.
Neha: आपका नाम क्या है?
Maya: If you notice, "your" in this sentence takes the masculine form आपका.
Neha: That's because नाम, which is "name," is a masculine noun.

Lesson focus

Maya: Okay, let's now focus on how to ask the question "How old are you?" in Hindi.
Neha: आपकी उम्र क्या है?
Maya: Here, आपकी means "your.",
Neha: उम्र means "age.",
Maya: क्या means "what," and…
Neha: है means "is.".
Maya: So you're literally asking "your age what is?" which translates as, "What is your age?" or rather, "How old are you?"
Neha: Here, उम्र, or "age," is a feminine noun.
Maya: Yes, we just went over this a few minutes ago.
Neha: And the possessive pronoun "your," i.e. आपकी, is in its feminine form because age, i.e. उम्र, is feminine.
Maya: Okay, now that we understand the question structure and why things are the way they are, let's listen to it one more time. We'll also say it slowly so that you can hear it clearly.
Neha: आपकी उम्र क्या है? " aapkee umr kyaa hai," " aapkee umr kyaa hai."
Maya: Okay, now we need to be able to answer this question.
Neha: The tricky thing about the answer is that you would say it a bit differently depending on whether you're a male or a female.
Maya: So If you are a female, you'd say…
Neha: मैं तीस साल की हूँ।
Maya: "I am thirty years old," where मैं is "I,i", तीस is "thirty,", साल की is "of age," and हूँ is "am."
Neha: So literally you're saying, "I thirty of age am" which translates as, "I am thirty years old."
Maya: Then if you're a male, you'd say…
Neha: मैं तीस साल का हूँ।
Maya: "I am thirty years old," where मैं is "I,i", तीस is "thirty,", साल का is "of age," and, हूँ is "am."
Maya: Did you spot the difference between a female's response and a male's response? Llet's hear them side by side,
Neha: मैं तीस साल की हूँ। मैं तीस साल का हूँ।.
Maya: Yes, the difference is in साल की and साल का.
Neha: साल की for a female and साल का for a male.
Maya: Imagine that you are a twenty year old girl. How would you say "I am twenty years old" in Hindi? By the way, "twenty" in Hindi is बीस.
Neha: You'd say मैं बीस साल की हूँ.
Maya: Now imagine that you are a nineteen year old boy and "nineteen" in Hindi is उन्नीस.
Neha: Then you'd say, मैं उन्नीस साल का हूँ.
Maya: Easy, right? Well, that's all for our lesson.
Neha: Don't forget to read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations!
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Neha: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

121 Comments

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HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Hello listeners!

आपकी उम्र क्या है? How old are you?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:41 PM
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Hi Lisa,


Thanks for posting!


Excellent sentence. Just watch out for the spelling of "huun" (हूँ)


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:40 PM
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Hi Ryan,


Thanks for posting!


If your name is pronounced as "ra-yaan" then your spelling is correct.


But if it is "raa-yan", the spelling would be रायन


If there is any confusion, just let us know!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Lisa
Thursday at 09:31 PM
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नमस्ते,

मेरा नाम लिसा है।

मैं चौबीस साल की हॅं।

Ryan
Tuesday at 03:20 PM
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नमस्कार, मेरा नाम रयान है और मैं दस साल का हूँ।

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:02 PM
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Hi Shreyaa,


Thanks for answering the question!


Your sentence is perfect.


If you have any questions, feel free to contact us.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Shreyaa
Sunday at 10:02 PM
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मैं पन्द्रह साल की हूं ।

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 08:42 PM
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Hi Max,


Thanks for your post! Namaskar to you too!


That's an excellent try! Just one quick correction:


It will be '"main" Tees SaaL kaa huun' not "mere".


Keep learning!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 08:40 PM
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Hi Alice,


Thanks for your post!


Your sentence is absolutely perfect!


If you have any questions, feel free to contact us.


Keep learning!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Max
Saturday at 05:56 AM
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Namasker, mere naam Max hai aur mere tees saal kaa hoon.

Alice
Thursday at 08:36 AM
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मैं तैंतीस साल की हूं और मेरे कोई बच्चे नहीं हैं।