Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Neha: "Namaste," I'm Neha, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Series, Lesson 9, Asking Where do you live? in Hindi
Maya:"Namaste," I'm Maya.
Neha: In this lesson you'll learn how to ask and answer the question "Where do you live?" in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place in a bus.
Neha: This conversation is between Emily and Anita who happen to sit next to each other.
Maya: Since they are strangers and do not know each other, they will be using formal Hindi.
Neha: Let's listen to their conversation.

Lesson conversation

एमिली: आप कहाँ रहती हैं?
अनिता: मैं मुंबई में रहती हूँ।
एमिली: आप अकेली रहती हैं?
अनिता: नहीं, मैं अपने माता पिता के साथ रहती हूँ।
Maya: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Emilee: Aap kahaan rahatee hain?
Anitaa: Main mumbai men rahatee hoon.
Emilee: Aap akelee rahatee hain?
Anitaa: Naheen, men aapane maataa pitaa ke saath rahati hoon.
Neha: Let's now listen to the conversation with English translation.
एमिली: आप कहाँ रहती हैं?
Neha: " Where do you live?"
अनिता: मैं मुंबई में रहती हूँ।
Maya: " I live in Mumbai."
एमिली: आप अकेली रहती हैं?
Neha: " Do you live alone?"
अनिता: नहीं, मैं अपने माता पिता के साथ रहती हूँ।
Maya: "No, I live with my mother and father."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Neha: You know Maya, most of the foreigners are always surprised to hear that I also still live with my parents.
Maya: Well, that's because in Western countries kids leave the house as soon as they are able to.
Neha: I guess in a lot of Asian countries you see children still living with their parents even if they are thirty years old, even if they are working and are fully independent.
Maya: Women in India live with their parents until they're married after which they move in with their husband's family while men continue living with their parents and their wife.
Neha: Yes, joint family system is very common in India.
Maya: That's why you know in the early days and.. well, even now in some places, families prize sons over daughters.
Neha: Because they consider daughters to eventually become part of another household whereas sons would remain with them and hopefully look after them in their old age.
Maya: I'm so glad attitudes have changed, or are at least are changing slowly.
Neha: Yes, me too.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: Well, let's move to our vocabulary section and look at the words that were used in the conversation.
Neha: We'll first say the words at natural speed, then a bit slower, and finally we'll give you the meaning.
Maya: Our first word is…
Neha:आप " aap," "aap," "aap…"
Maya: Which is a formal "you."
Neha: Next, we have कहाँ "kahaan," "ka-haanm," "kahaan…"
Maya: Which means "where."
Neha: Then is रहती "rahatee," "ra-ha-tee," "rahatee."
Maya: Which means "live."
Neha: Next is मुंबई "mumbai," "mum-bai," "mumbaiMumbai…"
Maya: Which is the city "Mumbai."
Neha: Then is में "men," "me-n," "men…"
Maya: Which means "in."
Neha: Next is अकेली "akelee," "a-ke-lee," "akelee…"
Maya: Which means "alone."
Neha: Next we have अपने " apne," "ap-ne," "apne…"
Maya: Which is a formal "my own."
Neha: Next is माता " maataa," "maa-taa," "maataa…"
Maya: Which means "mother."
Neha: Then we have पिता "pitaa," "pi-taa," "pitaa…"
Maya: Which means "father."
Neha: And finally we have के साथ "ke saath," "ke-saa-th," "ke saath…"
Maya: Which means "with."
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Neha: Now, let's look at at some of the words that came up in the conversation.
Maya: The word "alone," which in Hindi is…
Neha: अकेली…
Maya: Is used only if you are a female or are talking about a female subject that is either one or many in number.
Neha: And you use अकेला if you are a male or are talking about a male subject,- just a single male subject.
Maya: And you use अकेले if you are a group of males or are talking about many male subjects.
Neha: Let's use them in a sentence.
Maya: Okay, so if you are a girl and you want to say, "I live alone," then you would say…,
Neha: मैं अकेली रहती हूँ।.
Maya: Where मैं means "I,", अकेली means "alone,", रहती means "live," and हूँ means "am."
Neha: So literally you're saying, "I alone live am," but it translates as "I live alone.".
Maya: Okay, next sentence. What would you say if you were a male and wanted to say, "I live alone"?.
Neha: You'd say मैं अकेला रहता हूँ.
Maya: Did you notice that both अकेली and रहती used by a female changed into अकेला and रहता when used by a male?
Neha: And finally if you are a group of boys or a group of mixed gender, you would use अकेले and रहते.
Maya: So the sentence would be…
Neha: हम अकेले रहते हैं.
Maya: Where हम means "we,", अकेले means "alone,", रहते means "live," and हैं means "are.".
Neha: Literally, you're saying "we alone live are," but it translates as "we live alone.".

Lesson focus

Maya: Let's now turn our focus on how to say "where do you live?" in Hindi.
Neha: This question is a bit tricky because you'd need to adjust the question depending on whether you're asking a male or a female.
Maya: In Hindi, verbs must agree with both the gender and the number of the subjects.
Neha: So in this sentence, the verb "to live," which in Hindi is रहना, changes accordingly.
Maya: For a single female you say…
Neha: रहती.
Maya: And for the rest, which includes single males, as well as a group of males or females, you say…
Neha: रहते.
Maya: So when asking a female, you'd say…
Neha: आप कहाँ रहती हैं?
Maya: Where. आप is a formal "you,", कहाँ means "where,", रहती means "live," and हैं means "are."?
Neha: So literally you would be saying, "You where live are?" which translates as "Where are you living?" or rather, "Where do you live?"
Maya: And to a male you would ask…,
Neha: आप कहाँ रहते हैं?
Maya: Okay, let's practice this one more time. We'll also say it slowly so that you can hear every syllable. Ready? Okay, "Where do you live" asked to a female is…
Neha: आप कहाँ रहती हैं? "aap kahaan rahtee hain," "aap ka-haan ra-h-tee hai-n," "aap kahaan rahtee hain."
Maya: Asked to a male is…
Neha: आप कहाँ रहते हैं? "aap kahaan rahte hain," "aap ka-haan rahte hai-n," "aap kahaan rahte hain."
Maya: Now, you need to be able to answer this.
Neha: As you might have already guessed the answers would be slightly different for a male and a female.
Maya: Let's suppose that we want to say "I live in India.". So, if you are a female, you'd say…
Neha: मैं भारत में रहती हूँ।.
Maya: If you are a male you'd say…
Neha: मैं भारत में रहता हूँ।.
Maya: Here, मैं means "I,", भारत is "India,", में means "in,", रहती means "live" when said by a female, and रहता means "live" when said by a male, and हूँ means "am."
Neha: So literally it means, " I India in live am," which translates as "I live in India."
Maya: So the only difference is between रहता and रहती. रहता for male and रहती for female.
Neha: If you wanted to say "We live in India,", you'd say, हम भारत में रहते हैं।.
Maya: Here हम means "we,", भारत is "India",, में means "in,", रहते means "live"," and हैं means "are.".
Neha: So it literally is "We India in live are."
Maya: Note that the verb "live" for a group of people changed to रहते.
Neha: Okay, let's do one last example.
Maya: Sure, how would you say, "I live in Japan" if you were a guy,
Neha: You'd say, "मैं जापान में रहती हूँ."
Maya: Great! Well, we hope you found this lesson helpful.
Neha: Check out the lesson notes for more examples on this topic.
Maya: Thanks for listening! Until next time.
Neha: "Shukriya aur fir milenge!"

66 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Where do you live?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 11:50 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Heri,


Namaskaar to you too!


Thanks for answering the question. Your sentence is perfect.


If you have any questions, feel free to contact us.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

heri
Saturday at 06:12 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

namaskar..main dar es salaam men rahataa hoon.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:31 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Kakembo,


Thanks for sharing!


A few corrections for your sentence.


मैं दुबई में अपने दोस्तों के साथ रहता हूँ। (main Dubaii men apaNe DoSTon ke SaaTH rahaTaa huun.)


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Kakembo
Tuesday at 03:46 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

मैं दुबाई में और अपने तीन दाेसत के साथ रहता हूँ

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 01:14 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Muthugayathiri,


Thanks for posting!


I think you made a very good attempt there, but are having problems with the "maatraas".


Here is the correct sentence:


मैं तमिल नाडु में रहती हूँ


Just the dot at the top of "मैं" (main) and में (men) and the "maatraa" at the bottom in the word "हूँ" (huun) are missing.


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

muthugayathiri
Tuesday at 11:57 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

how can i write i am live in tamil nadu i am trying but any mistakes plz someone tell me मै तमिल नाडु मे रहती हँ

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:06 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Kakembo,


Thanks for posting!


Did you mean the last sentence in the Dialogue section? A female speaking the sentence says "rahaTii" and a male would use "rahataa". So, the sentence is correct.


But if you are referring to any other sentence in the lesson, please let us know.


Thanks for helping out!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Kakembo
Thursday at 03:26 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I think in the last example there is a

Mistake, that is" रहती", instead of "रहता"‌

Shukriya too..

Okay.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:26 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Kaila,


Thanks for sharing!


Perfect sentence.


If you have any questions, feel free to let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Kaila
Tuesday at 05:02 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Namaste!! Main Amerika men rahTii hoon.