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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: Hi and welcome back to All About Hindi, lesson 8. Top Five Things You Need to Know About Indian Society. I am Maya.
Manasi: Namaste dosto. Mera naam Manasi hai. Hi everybody, my name is Manasi.
Maya: In this lesson, we are going to tell you more about life in India.
Manasi: There are so many aspects to Indian society. It’s just hard to know where to begin.
Maya: Well since the title of this lesson is top five things you need to know about Indian society, I picked five topics.
Manasi: Which are

Lesson focus

Maya: India’s city life, family life, India’s work culture, politics and general trends.
Manasi: Wow! We are all set then right?
Maya: Right. Why don’t we start with city life?
Manasi: India is divided into 28 states and 7 union territories and New Delhi is the capital city.
Maya: According to the 2004 census of India, there were an estimated 15, 279,000 people living in the city of Delhi. That’s a huge number and it explains why Delhi is so crowded.
Manasi: And Maya, did you know that Delhi’s official name is National Capital Territory of Delhi.
Maya: Oh I see! Because of the migration of people from across the country, Delhi has grown to be a multicultural cosmopolitan metropolis.
Manasi: Yeah that’s true. Delhi has expanded in terms of population very fast due to the success of education, work, infrastructure, services and tourism there.
Maya: Manasi, can you tell us more about the climate in Delhi?
Manasi: Delhi features an atypical version of a humid subtropical climate with long, very hot summers and brief mild winters.
Maya: How about transportation in Delhi?
Manasi: The Delhi Metro is a mass rapid transit system built and operated by Delhi Metro Rail Corporation.
Maya: It serves many parts of Delhi as well as the satellite city of Noida and neighboring Uttar Pradesh right?
Manasi: Yes. In Delhi, Auto Rickshaws are a popular means of public transportation.
Maya: As they charge a lower fare than taxis.
Manasi: India’s next major city is Mumbai.
Maya: Ah it is really famous.
Manasi: Yes. Mumbai is the capital city of the state of Maharashtra and it is also the financial capital of India.
Maya: Also it is the second most populous city in the world.
Manasi: That’s right. Another major city is Bangalore.
Maya: Are you talking about the Silicon Valley of India?
Manasi: Exactly. Numerous public sector industries software, telecommunication and aerospace industries are located in Bangalore.
Maya: Can you tell us more about the family life in a big city like Delhi?
Manasi: Well there are a few interesting things to note. One is that you won’t see as many big families in Delhi as compared to other cities.
Maya: It’s very common for three generations the children, parents and their grandparents to live together in the same household. However, a trend towards nuclear families can be seen in Delhi.
Manasi: Also something that is kind of surprising is how long children live with their parents. Well into their adult years, sometimes even until they get married.
Maya: Wow, that’s quite a big difference I think compared to the US. In the US, there would come a time when most parents would say, okay you’ve been here long enough, time for you to go out and live on your own. I can’t really imagine any Indian parent saying that.
Manasi: Oh no and speaking about marriage, marriage is thought to be for life and the divorce rate is extremely low.
Maya: It used to be like that. You should be married by the time you are 25 or else it’s too late.
Manasi: Well some people think like that however things are changing especially in big cities.
Maya: Why is that?
Manasi: Umm well, there are a lot of different factors that contribute to it. People are less willing to settle and are choosier about their partners. A lot of young women these days value their career and in some cases getting married will hinder advances in their career. So there are a lot of other things too.
Maya: But it looks like parents will still encourage their children to marry once they reach a certain age.
Manasi: That’s true. Some parents might even have a matchmaking service help with a search for a partner.
Maya: Umm that’s interesting. Well let’s now talk about Indian work culture. Is there any unique facets of Indian culture?
Manasi: Yes Indian stretchable time has been known to drive some up the wall.
Maya: Right. A business meeting beginning half an hour after the scheduled time is not uncommon.
Manasi: Exactly. Late coming while not encouraged is not punishable either.
Maya: How about work life balance? Do you have very long working hours?
Manasi: Well luckily for the Indian white collared jobs, work life balance is quite good.
Maya: Well that sounds good.
Manasi: Well one more thing you should keep in mind is that kisses, hugs and familiar touches are very uncommon in Indian culture.
Maya: What about meals at the workplace?
Manasi: We have the Tiffin system where in stay at home moms prepare food, package it and send it to the workplace and it is very popular.
Maya: That’s really great. The system allows you to savor a home cooked meal at a relatively low price.
Manasi: Yes that’s true however multinationals have cafeterias which offer vegetarian and non-vegetarian food at a very subsidized rate.
Maya: Right. Let’s now go into politics for a moment. The president of India is the head of state.
Manasi: That’s correct.
Maya: But what is the role of the prime minister?
Manasi: Well that’s a good question. The prime minister is the head of government and exercises most executive powers.
Maya: I see. How old do people have to be in India to vote?
Manasi: 18 is the age that people can vote.
Maya: So that doesn’t change much from other countries. Finally, let’s talk about general trends in India.
Manasi: There are some generational trends that I want to talk about. Indian society is changing quickly in a lot of ways.
Maya: So a lot of people probably aren’t doing things the way their grandparents or even parents did before them.
Manasi: Yes like the lifelong employment system. The older generation was really loyal to the company they worked for. They would work a lot of overtime most of which was unpaid and just for the good of the company.
Maya: The younger generation on the other hand doesn’t seem to really have the same mindset.
Manasi: And that’s correct. I think the attitudes are changing.
Maya: These days, it doesn’t seem like changing jobs is really a big deal anymore. If there is something that they are not satisfied with, they will find a new company to work for.
Manasi: That’s right. You might be able to say that they have a more of their own interest in mind.
Maya: But members of the older generation might see this as being selfish but it will be interesting to see how the generations continue to change.
Manasi: Well that’s a glimpse into the Indian society of today.
Maya: We hope you’ve learned a lot. We certainly covered a lot of information.
Manasi: That’s right and you will get to learn much more in the next all about Hindi series. Listeners, do you know the powerful secret behind rapid progress?
Maya: Using the entire system…
Manasi: Lesson notes are an important part of this system.
Maya: They include a transcript and translation of the conversation.
Manasi: Key lesson vocabulary
Maya: And detailed grammar explanations.
Manasi: Lesson notes accompany every audio or video lessons
Maya: Use them on the site or mobile device or print them out.
Manasi: Using the lesson notes with audio and video media will rapidly increase your learning speed.

Outro

Maya: Go to hindipod101.com and download the lesson notes for this lesson right now. See you next time.
Manasi: Phir milenge. Goodbye.

13 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone! What is the best thing about India? I would say FOOD! Dont you agree with me?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 08:57 PM
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Hi Anezka,


Thanks for your question!


If necessary, we will try to include details in our future lessons.


In the meanwhile, if you have any questions about learning Hindi, please let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Anezka Sebek
Sunday at 11:36 PM
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Can you tell me more about the Caste System in India?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 02:34 AM
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Hi Dora,


You are quite right. All these things are few of the best things about India.


Cheers!

Manali

Team HindiPod101.com

Dora
Thursday at 04:31 PM
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sari、henna、taj mahal & food

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:11 PM
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Hello Serena,


Indeed, the food is delicious! :heart:


If you have any doubts, please let us know :wink:


Cristiane

Team HindiPod101.com

serena
Friday at 07:04 PM
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The best thing about india is definitely the food!

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 11:08 PM
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Hello Harumi,


Yes and that makes a beautiful Indian goddess look:innocent:


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Harumi
Monday at 07:09 AM
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bridal make up, jewel and saari o.o/ :laughing:

hindipod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 04:12 PM
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Hi,


Putting on a Sari needs a lot of practice:grin: But I think it looks very graceful on Indian women!:oops: Nowadays there are stitched saris available in the market which you can put by yourself :wink:


Yes, Salwar kameez is always very comfortable and easy to carry:smile:


Regards,

Neha

Sandy
Thursday at 08:35 PM
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Yes, I've worn Indian clothes. I can't put on a sari by myself, so I am more comfortable in the salwar khameez.