Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya, and welcome back to HindiPod101.com’s Beginner Series. This is Season 1, Lesson 12 - An Indian Celebration.
Udita: "Namaste, I’m Udita in Hindi". In this lesson you’ll learn about discussing cultural traditions using the verb “maNaaNaa”, which means ‘to celebrate’.
Maya: The conversation takes place in the office.
Udita: The conversation is between colleagues, who have similar positions in the company.
Maya: Since they know each other well, they’ll be speaking politely but at a higher level of informal Hindi.
Udita: The middle level.
Maya: Yes, amongst Polite, Familiar and Intimate levels of speech, this is the familiar level, which is slightly polite but not too formal.
Udita: Ok, let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
A:ये लो पोंगल की मिठाई. (ye Lo poNgaL kii mithaaii.)
B:शुक्रिया. तुम्हारे घर में पोंगल मनाते हैं? (sukriyaa! Tumhaare ghar mein poNgaL maNaaTe hain?)
A:हाँ हम तामिल है, इस लिए आज घर में रंगोली बनाएंगे और कल सब जमा होकर पोंगल का मीठा चावल भी पकाएंगे. (haan ham TaamiL hai. iS Lie aaj ghar mein raNgoLii baNaaeNge aur kaL Sab jamaa hokar poNgaL kaa miithaa caavaL bhii pakaaeNge.)
B:तो कल छुट्टी पोंगल के लिए है. मीठा चावल किस लिए? (To kaL chuttii poNgaL ke Lie hai. miithaa caaval kiS Lie?)
A:वो पोंगल की रिवाज़ है. (vo poNgaL kii rivaaz hai.)
B:अच्छा? मिठाई बहुत स्वादिष्ट है. धन्यवाद. (acchaa? mithaaii bahuT SwaaDist hai. DHaNyavaaD.)
Maya: Now, let’s listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
A:ये लो पोंगल की मिठाई. (ye Lo poNgaL kii mithaaii.)
B:शुक्रिया. तुम्हारे घर में पोंगल मनाते हैं? (sukriyaa! Tumhaare ghar mein poNgaL maNaaTe hain?)
A:हाँ हम तामिल है, इस लिए आज घर में रंगोली बनाएंगे और कल सब जमा होकर पोंगल का मीठा चावल भी पकाएंगे. (haan ham TaamiL hai. iS Lie aaj ghar mein raNgoLii baNaaeNge aur kaL Sab jamaa hokar poNgaL kaa miithaa caavaL bhii pakaaeNge.)
B:तो कल छुट्टी पोंगल के लिए है. मीठा चावल किस लिए? (To kaL chuttii poNgaL ke Lie hai. miithaa caaval kiS Lie?)
A:वो पोंगल की रिवाज़ है. (vo poNgaL kii rivaaz hai.)
B:अच्छा? मिठाई बहुत स्वादिष्ट है. धन्यवाद. (acchaa? mithaaii bahuT SwaaDist hai. DHaNyavaaD.)
Maya: Let’s now listen to the conversation with the English translation.
A:ये लो पोंगल की मिठाई. (ye Lo poNgaL kii mithaaii.)
A: Here, have some sweets for Pongal.
B:शुक्रिया. तुम्हारे घर में पोंगल मनाते हैं? (sukriyaa! Tumhaare ghar mein poNgaL maNaaTe hain?)
B: Thank you. So you celebrate Pongal at home?
A:हाँ हम तामिल है, इस लिए आज घर में रंगोली बनाएंगे और कल सब जमा होकर पोंगल का मीठा चावल भी पकाएंगे. (haan ham TaamiL hai. iS Lie aaj ghar mein raNgoLii baNaaeNge aur kaL Sab jamaa hokar poNgaL kaa miithaa caavaL bhii pakaaeNge.)
A: Yes, we are Tamil. That's why we're going to make a Rangoli today at home, and tomorrow there'll be a gathering, and we'll cook sweet rice for Pongal.
B:तो कल छुट्टी पोंगल के लिए है. मीठा चावल किस लिए? (To kaL chuttii poNgaL ke Lie hai. miithaa caaval kiS Lie?)
B: Oh, so tomorrow's day off is for Pongal. Why sweet rice?
A:वो पोंगल की रिवाज़ है. (vo poNgaL kii rivaaz hai.)
A: That's a Pongal ritual.
B:अच्छा? मिठाई बहुत स्वादिष्ट है. धन्यवाद. (acchaa? mithaaii bahuT SwaaDist hai. DHaNyavaaD.)
B: Oh really? The sweet is delicious, thank you!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: Now, Pongal - this is a new name for me. India has many festivals, and the bigger ones are quite well known. How about Pongal?
Udita: Yes, Pongal is actually more regional. There is a big Harvest Festival celebrated around India in early January. This is celebrated in a big way in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, and Pongal is the Tamil name of this occasion.
Maya: Okay. Since the main festivals of all the cultures are recognised across India, this is a national holiday as well, right?
Udita: Yes, exactly. The main festivals of all state religions are recognised across the country by public institutions. Pongal is celebrated by Tamils, and also under other names in other regions.
Maya: What are the main rituals of this day?
Udita: Well, it is a family occasion, like most celebrations. One ritual is of boiling sweet rice in earthen pots over the fire. When the rice boils over, people shout with joy. The rice is served later as dessert.
Maya: That sounds like an interesting ritual! The rice symbolises the end of the harvest season, doesn’t it?
Udita: Yes. People offer prayers to the Sun, and decorate their houses with banana leaves as well.
Maya: I’d love to see that! Ok, now let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Udita: घर (ghar) [natural native speed]
Maya: home, house
Udita: घर (ghar) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: घर (ghar) [natural native speed]
Udita: स्वादिष्ट (swaaDisht) [natural native speed]
Maya: delicious
Udita: स्वादिष्ट (swaaDisht) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: स्वादिष्ट (swaaDisht) [natural native speed]
Udita: छुट्टी (chhutti) [natural native speed]
Maya: holiday, break
Udita: छुट्टी (chhutti) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: छुट्टी (chhutti) [natural native speed]
Udita: चावल (caavaL) [natural native speed]
Maya: rice
Udita: चावल (caavaL) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: चावल (caavaL) [natural native speed]
Udita: रिवाज़ (rivaaz) [natural native speed]
Maya: tradition, ritual
Udita: रिवाज़ (rivaaz) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: रिवाज़ (rivaaz) [natural native speed]
Udita: रंगोली (raNgoLii) [natural native speed]
Maya: large colorful design, made on the floor with flower petals or colored powders
Udita: रंगोली (raNgoLii) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: रंगोली (raNgoLii) [natural native speed]
Udita: मीठा (meetha) [natural native speed]
Maya: sweet
Udita: मीठा (meetha) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: मीठा (meetha) [natural native speed]
Udita: तामिल (TaamiL) [natural native speed]
Maya: Tamil, people and culture from Tamil Nadu in southern India
Udita: तामिल (TaamiL) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: तामिल (TaamiL) [natural native speed]
Udita: पकाना (pakaaNaa) [natural native speed]
Maya: to cook
Udita: पकाना (pakaaNaa) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Udita: पकाना (pakaaNaa) [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Maya: Now let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Udita: The first is “raNgoLii”.
Maya: रंगोली ‘raNgoLii’ is a colourful design made on a large flat surface on festive occasions. It’s made on the floor, on a table, at the entrance of a building or house, or in front of a religious shrine inside a home.
Udita: The rangoli is a symbol of the festivities, and welcomes guests on a joyous occasion. It is made with coloured powders called guLaal and abiir, or with flower petals and leaves of various colours.
Maya: It’s an important part of the Pongal decorations, and many other festivals, but also in big celebrations at institutions.
Udita: The next word is “pakaaNaa” which means “to cook”.
Maya: It’s important to note that in the Indian context, cooking requires heating over a long time, and usually boiling to some extent. So this verb is used for cooking generally, but not if there’s no boiling involved.
Udita: Right, so for foods cooked dry, like ‘Chapati’ (capaaTii चपाती), salads, and others, we cannot use “pakaaNaa”. It’s better to use बनाना ‘baNaaNaa’ which means “to make”.
Maya: Also for liquids that you simply boil, like milk or water, ‘to boil’ is उबालना ‘ubaaLNaa’.
Udita: Other than those exceptions, generally ‘to cook food’ is “khaaNaa pakaaNaa” in Hindi. In the conversation, the speaker said “pakaaenge”, meaning “will cook”.
Maya: The next word is “SwaaDist”.
Udita: स्वादिष्ट ‘SwaaDist’ means “full of flavour” or “delicious”. This is used for foods that are eaten, and not drinks.
Maya: There are others words used for complimenting food such as बढ़िया ‘barhiyaa’ meaning “excellent” or अच्छा ‘acchaa’ meaning “good” or “great”.
Udita: “SwaaDist” only applies to food though.
Maya: Ok, let’s move on to the grammar now.

Lesson focus

Maya: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about celebrations in Hindi, using the verb “maNaaNaa”.
Udita: The word मनाना "maNaaNaa" means 'to celebrate'.
Maya: Interestingly, when talking about rituals, usually the indirect and passive forms of verbs are used. We saw this in the conversation we heard as well.
Udita: The speaker said तुम्हारे घर में पोंगल मनाते हैं? "Tumhaare ghar me poNgaL maNaaTe hai?"
Maya: What this really means is ‘Do [they] celebrate Pongal in your house?’ but it just means “Is Pongal celebrated in your family?”
Udita: A more direct form would be "Kya Tum Pongal maNaaTe ho?" which means “Do you celebrate Pongal?”
Maya: Right. It’s just more polite to ask about traditions indirectly. Often the intransitive form is used.
Udita: For any verb in the infinitive form, such as “maNaaNaa” - you remove the “-Naa” from the end, and add “-yaa”. This is combined with “jaaTaa hai” which means “is done”.
Maya: So you get "maNaayaa jaaTaa hai" which means 'is celebrated'. This is used a lot.
Udita: For example, to ask about the rituals you could say पोंगल कैसे मनाया जाता है? "Pongal kaiSe maNaayaa jaaTaa hai?"
Maya: This means “How is Pongal celebrated?”
Udita: Rituals are usually discussed in this way, without identifying people. So we might say “Taamil Naadu me poNgaL maNaayaa jaaTaa hai”.
Maya: This means “Pongal is celebrated in the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India.”
Udita: Right, and you could use this for other rituals. “hoLi raNgon ke SaaTH maNaayaa jaaTaa hai.” This means the festival of Holi in India, is celebrated with colours.
Maya: This form affects other verbs the same way. A common verb like “karNaa” which means “to do”, becomes “kiyaa jaaTaa hai”, meaning “is done”.
Udita: So if you were to say “The marketing work is done in this office” you would use “kiyaa jaaTaa hai” as well.
Maya: Yes, that would be “iS office mein, marketing ka kaam kiyaa jaaTaa hai”.

Outro

Udita: Well that’s all for this lesson. Be sure to look at the lesson notes for more examples!
Maya: And here’s something you can try saying in Hindi - ‘Christmas is celebrated in the month of December.’ Let us know what it is in a comment at HindiPod101.com. Bye everyone!
Udita: Thanks for listening! Until next time! Sukriyaa aur phir miLenge!

18 Comments

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HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Listeners! Have you ever been in any Indian Festival?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 07:58 PM
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Hi Arpine,


Thanks for your post!


Here are a few suggestions to correct your sentences:


Correct Hindi will be: क्रिसमस दिसंबर महीने में मनाया जाता है।

मैं दीवाली के वक़्त भारत में थी। हमारे घर के सामने एक रंगोली बनी थी। पांच दिनों के लिए सारे शहर में संगीत, ढोल और आतिशबाज़ी चलती रही। हमारे दोस्त ने हमें अपने घर दीवाली की पूजा के लिए आमंत्रित किया। पूजा बहुत अच्छी रही। यह बहुत ही शानदार अनुभव था!


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Arpine
Sunday at 11:32 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Christmas is celebrated in the month of December.

क्रिसमस दिसंबर महीने में माना जाता है।


I have been in India during Diwali festival. There was a rangoli in front of our house. For five days there was music, drums and firework in the whole city. It was very impressive.

मैं दीवाली की वक्त भारत में होती थी। हमारे घर के सामने एक रंगोली थी। पांच दिनों के लिए सारे शहर में संगीत, drums aur fireworks होते हैं। हमारा दोस्त हमको अपनी घर दीवाली की पूजा के लिए निमंत्रित किया। ये बहुत impressive भा। It was such a wonderful experience!

HindiPod101.com
Saturday at 08:46 PM
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Hi Yeña,


You are welcome!


If you have any other questions, feel free to get in touch with us. Our team is always here to help you out.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Yeña
Tuesday at 09:12 PM
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नमस्ते Roohi जी। सही करने के लिए बहुत शुक्रिया। मैं याद करने की कोशिश करूँगी। Enjoy your day!


फिर मिलेंगे।



HindiPod101.com
Sunday at 12:11 PM
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Hi Yeña,


Thanks for sharing your experience!


Your Hindi sentences were quite well written. Just a few corrections to minor errors.


नमस्ते। मैं कभी किसी भारतीय त्यौहार में शामिल नहीं हुआ हूं (हुई हूं)। लेकिन, पिछले साल मैं यहोवा के साक्षियों के एक हिंदी-भाषी अधिवेशन में गया था (गई थी)। मेरे लिए यह बहुत ख़ास था!


फिर मिलेंगे।


Keep practicing your Hindi and let us know if you need any help.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Yeña
Wednesday at 12:34 AM
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नमस्ते। मैंने Indian Festival नहीं गया है। लेकिन, पिछला साल मैंने एक हिंदी-भाषा यहोवा के साक्षियों के अधिवेशन गया। मेरे लिए यह बहुत खास था!


फिर मिलेंगे।

HindiPod101.com
Wednesday at 06:31 PM
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Hi Ian,


Nicely done. Just a few corrections.


एक रंगोली का डिजाइन कैसे बनाया जाता है?


It needs to be "kaa" and not "kii".


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com
Wednesday at 06:28 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Raj,


Thanks for sharing.


मैंने दस साल पहले बिहार में रिश्तेदारों के साथ दीवाली मनाया था।


If you meant to say something else, please do share and also let us know if you have any questions.


All the best!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com




HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 08:59 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi E,


Thanks for sharing. Please do also share if you have ever been to an Indian festival!


If you have any questions, please feel free to post here.


All the best!


Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com



E
Sunday at 07:04 AM
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क्रिसमस दिसंबर के महीने में मनाया जाता है.