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Lesson Transcript

Hi!
Welcome to Introduction to Hindi.
My name is Alisha and I'm joined by...
Hi everyone! I'm Venus.
In this lesson, we'll focus on teaching you the most useful Hindi words and phrases for absolute beginners!
Make sure you're repeating the words out loud after I say the examples!
Are you ready? Let's get started!
Expressing Thanks and Forgiveness
The best phrase to learn when studying a new language is one that expresses gratitude and appreciation. If you had to learn only a single phrase, this would be it!
We taught you this phrase in the first lesson of this series. Do you remember what it was?
It's...
DhaNyavaaD (धन्यवाद)
Repeat it!
DhaNyavaaD (धन्यवाद)
Once more!
DhaNyavaaD (धन्यवाद)
Okay, but how about if we want to say "Thank you very much"?
Then you would say aapkaa bahuT DhaNyavaaD (आपका बहुत धन्यवाद).
Let me break this down for you:
aapkaa = "Your"
bahuT = "very"
DhaNyavaaD = "thanks"
aapkaa bahuT DhaNyavaaD (आपका बहुत धन्यवाद)
You can even say aapkaa bahuT bahuT DhaNyavaaD (आपका बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद).
The next phrase we'll teach you is perhaps the second most useful phrase of all. It's to apologize or excuse yourself.
Firstly, Indians often use the English word "sorry" in their spoken language.
That's quite a useful bit of information for someone who is traveling to India!
Yes, indeed! So, you can easily use that word too.
But here is the Hindi version of "sorry".
maaf karNaa (माफ़ करना)
maaf karNaa (माफ़ करना)
You can use this phrase to apologize as well as to excuse yourself.
Add the word mujhe (मुझे) and you get "I am sorry".
Repeat after Venus.
mujhe maaf karNaa (मुझे माफ़ करना)
Once more!
mujhe maaf karNaa (मुझे माफ़ करना)
Try again!
mujhe maaf karNaa (मुझे माफ़ करना)
That was quite easy, wasn't it?
Let's try both phrases once more. "Thank you very much."
aapkaa bahuT DhaNyavaaD (आपका बहुत धन्यवाद)
aapkaa bahuT DhaNyavaaD (आपका बहुत धन्यवाद)
Thank you very very much - aapkaa bahuT bahuT DhaNyavaaD (आपका बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद)
aapkaa bahuT bahuT DhaNyavaaD (आपका बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद)
Okay, now let's try "I am sorry".
For "sorry" we use the word maaf karNaa (माफ़ करना)
maaf karNaa (माफ़ करना)
maaf karNaa (माफ़ करना)
mujhe maaf karNaa (मुझे माफ़ करना)
mujhe maaf karNaa (मुझे माफ़ करना)
Now you can say "thank you very much", "excuse me", and "I'm sorry" in Hindi. Let's move on.
Where is...?
Asking where something is is an incredibly important and useful phrase to learn. You're going to need this when asking where the bathroom, the train station, or where the hotel is.
But first, let's find out what the Hindi word for "where" is.
The Hindi word for "where" is kahaan (कहाँ)
kahaan (कहाँ)
How would we say "Where is the bathroom?" in Hindi?
We would say bathroom kahaan hai (बाथरूम कहाँ है).
You used the English word for "bathroom"!
Yes, indeed! That's because Indians often use the English word. But you could also learn the Hindi word for "bathroom", which is SaucaaLy (शौचालय).
Let's try this again!
bathroom kahaan hai (बाथरूम कहाँ है)
bathroom kahaan hai (बाथरूम कहाँ है)
SaucaaLy kahaan hai (शौचालय कहाँ है)
SaucaaLy kahaan hai (शौचालय कहाँ है)
If you notice, the sequence of words here is:
"bathroom" - बाथरूम - bathroom
"where" - कहाँ - kahaan
"is" - है - hai
Does that sequence work with most things? For example, asking for the bus or train station?
Yes, just put what you are looking for first, follow it up with kahaan and then add hai.
Okay, let's try this again.
bathroom kahaan hai (बाथरूम कहाँ है)
bathroom kahaan hai (बाथरूम कहाँ है)
How about we learn some of the common words you may need to ask for while moving around in India?
Well, let me first tell you about the English words you can easily use!
That would be great!
"Hotel"
"Train station"
"Bus stop"
"Taxi"
"Metro station"
"Museum"
How would you say "shop"?
"Shop" is also commonly understood by Indians. But you could ask for DukaaN (दुकान)
For example, if you want to ask for a pharmacy, or more commonly known as a chemist's shop in India, you could say Davaa kii DukaaN kahaan hai (दवा की दुकान कहाँ है).
How about we try that again?
Davaa kii DukaaN kahaan hai (दवा की दुकान कहाँ है)
Once more!
Davaa kii DukaaN kahaan hai (दवा की दुकान कहाँ है)
In this lesson, you learned how to say "thank you", "thank you very much", "sorry", and "I am sorry". You also learned how to ask where something is.
Throughout this Hindi Introduction Guide series, you learned about the alphabets, the script, and the basics of Hindi grammar and pronunciation.
Let's conclude with some parting advice from Venus, and listen to some of her tips on how to learn Hindi from a native Hindi perspective.
Parting Advice - Insider Knowledge
Whenever you learn a new language, the best way to get better at it is to practice and practice. This applies to Hindi too.
One of the best ways to learn spoken Hindi is to watch Hindi movies and TV shows. This helps you learn Hindi words and sentences quickly and easily. Practice pronouncing some of the easier words first and then you can go on to some of the difficult words as well.
Learn to read Hindi by spending time studying some newspapers or magazines written in the language.
If you spend just an hour a day (or even 30 minutes a day) learning Hindi, within a month you can become quite fluent in it.
Good luck as you continue learning Hindi, and we'll see you in another video! Bye~!
DHaNyavaaD and namaSTe!

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HindiPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Where do you go from here? Try our Hindi 3-Minute video series where we teach you beginner vocabulary and even more useful phrases!

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HindiPod101.com
Monday at 10:31 am
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Hi Manji,


aapakaa SvaagaT hai! You are welcome!


Just a few minor corrections to your "Thank you very much"


बहुत धन्यवाद


If you have any questions, please do let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com



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मंजि
Sunday at 1:54 pm
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बहुट धन्यवाद