Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: Namaste, I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 10 - Enjoying a Delicious Indian Meal.
Udita: Namaste, मैं हूं उदिता। (main Udita hoon). I'm Udita. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to change nouns into adjectives.
Maya: The conversation takes place at Arti’s house.
Udita: It's between Kate and Arti. Arti has invited Kate to her house for dinner.
Maya: Since they are friends, they will be using informal Hindi.
Udita: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
आरती: दाल में नमक ठीक है ? (arTi: Daal mein namak theek hai?)
केट: हाँ बिलकुल ठीक है| (Kaet: haan, bilkul theek hai)
आरती: मैंने नमकीन रायता भी बनाया है | (arTi: mainey namkeen rayTa bhi banaaya hai)
केट: धन्यवाद! भारतीय खाना बहुत स्वादिष्ट होता है | (kaet: DHanyavaaD! bharTiya khaana bahuT swaaDiSHt hoTa hai)
Maya: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
आरती: दाल में नमक ठीक है ? (arTi: Daal mein namak theek hai?)
केट: हाँ बिलकुल ठीक है| (Kaet: haan, bilkul theek hai)
आरती: मैंने नमकीन रायता भी बनाया है | (arTi: mainey namkeen rayTa bhi banaaya hai)
केट: धन्यवाद! भारतीय खाना बहुत स्वादिष्ट होता है | (kaet: DHanyavaaD! bharTiya khaana bahuT swaaDiSHt hoTa hai)
Maya: Now let's hear it with the English translation.
आरती: दाल में नमक ठीक है ? (arTi: Daal mein namak theek hai?)
Arti: Is the salt ok in the Dal?
केट: हाँ बिलकुल ठीक है| (Kaet: haan, bilkul theek hai)
Kate: Yes, it’s absolutely fine.
आरती: मैंने नमकीन रायता भी बनाया है | (arTi: mainey namkeen rayTa bhi banaaya hai)
Arti: I have made salty yogurt, too.
केट: धन्यवाद! भारतीय खाना बहुत स्वादिष्ट होता है | (kaet: DHanyavaaD! bharTiya khaana bahuT swaaDiSHt hoTa hai)
Kate: Thanks! Indian food is very delicious.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: Let’s talk a bit about Indian food here!
Udita: Sure! Indian food has a lot of variety and is considered a very rich cuisine.
Maya: It’s just as diverse as Indian culture. The cuisine contains several ingredients and a wide range of techniques is used in each household.
Maya: The use of herbs and spices has made it a very popular and distinct cuisine across the world. It also breaks the perception that Indian food is just “curry”.
Maya: That’s so true! I think this comes from a lack of awareness about authentic Indian food, as restaurants abroad tend to confine themselves to curry menus because they’re so popular.
Udita: Absolutely! While curry and naan bread are synonymous with Indian food, there is definitely more to it.
Maya: But the generous use of herbs and spices is common to all the varied dishes across India.
Udita: Each herb and spice has a different flavour and aroma to offer, and some are not only nutritious, but also good for medicinal purposes. Ok, and with that, let’s move onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is...
Udita: दाल (Daal) [natural native speed]
Maya: lentils, pulses
Udita: दाल (Daal) [slowly - broken down by syllable] दाल (Daal) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: नमक (namak) [natural native speed]
Maya: salt
Udita: नमक (namak) [slowly - broken down by syllable] नमक (namak) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: ठीक (THeek) [natural native speed]
Maya: ok
Udita: ठीक (THeek) [slowly - broken down by syllable] ठीक (THeek) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: नमकीन (namkeen) [natural native speed]
Maya: salty
Udita: नमकीन (namkeen) [slowly - broken down by syllable] नमकीन (namkeen) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: बनाया (banaya) [natural native speed]
Maya: made
Udita: बनाया (banaya) [slowly - broken down by syllable] बनाया (banaya) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: भारतीय (bharTiya) [natural native speed]
Maya: Indian
Udita: भारतीय (bharTiya) [slowly - broken down by syllable] भारतीय (bharTiya) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: खाना (khana) [natural native speed]
Maya: food
Udita: खाना (khana) [slowly - broken down by syllable] खाना (khana) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: स्वादिष्ट (svaDiSHt) [natural native speed]
Maya: delicious
Udita: स्वादिष्ट (svaDiSHt) [slowly - broken down by syllable] स्वादिष्ट (svaDiSHt) [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Maya: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Udita: First we have बिलकुल. It’s an adverb that means “absolutely”. बिलकुल ठीक means “absolutely ok”.
Maya: बिलकुल is a very useful adverb and can be used with a lot of adjectives to emphasise the degree of an adjective.
Udita: For example, बिलकुल सही can be used to mean “absolutely right”.
Maya: we could say बिलकुल गलत to mean “absolutely wrong”.
Udita: नमकीन means “salty”. It is an adjective that is derived from the noun “salt", which is नमक in Hindi.
Maya: A lot of adjectives can be derived from a noun by simply adding a suffix to the noun.
Udita: What’s next?
Maya: Next is रायता , which is an Indian condiment made with yogurt and eaten as a side dish. The yogurt may be seasoned with coriander, cumin, mint, pepper and other herbs. People prefer to eat rayTa because it makes it easier for them to handle the spicy flavour of their main course dish.
Udita: Last, we have भारतीय खाना which means “Indian food”. We could also say भारत का खाना to mean “Food from India”
Maya: what would you say for “Food from Delhi”.
Udita: दिल्ली का खाना
Maya: What about “Food from Mumbai”?
Udita: मुंबई का खाना
Maya: Okay, now onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Maya: In this lesson we’re going to learn how we can change a noun into an adjective by adding different suffixes.
Udita: A large number of adjectives are derived from nouns by adding the suffixes –Aa, ii, janak , da, may, van, Aanaa, dai, and many more.
Maya: Let’s look at some common adjectives derived by adding a to the noun.
Udita: सच means “truth” and by simply adding ‘aa’ it changes to सच्चा meaning “truthful”.
Maya: Similarly झूट which means “lie” becomes झूठा which means “liar”.
Udita: Can you guess what “भूख ” becomes?
Maya: भूखा.
Udita: That’s so simple. Just by adding a suffix we changed “hunger” to “hungry”!
Maya: Let’s now look at some words that can be changed using the ‘ii’ suffix.
Udita: कीमत means “price”. Adding the suffix ‘ii’ it becomes कीमती which means “expensive .”
Maya: Similarly, sukh means “comfort” and becomes सुखी meaning “happy”.
Udita: Can you guess the next one? पहाड़ meaning “mountain” would become?
Maya: पहाड़ी meaning “mountainous”
Udita: Let’s look at another suffix-‘een’
Udita: रंग meaning “color” becomes रंगीन meaning “colourful.”
Maya: Right! We used this suffix in our conversation to change “salt” into “salty”.
Udita: Another useful suffix is –‘Aanaa’. साल means “year” and it becomes सालाना meaning “yearly”
Maya: And मर्द means “man” and becomes...
Udita: मर्दाना meaning “manly.”
Udita: Ok, let’s try one last suffix ‘dai’
Maya: सुख means “comfort” and becomes?
Udita: सुखदाई meaning “comfortable”. We simply add the suffix dai to change it to an adjective.
Maya: Similarly दुःख means “pain” - this one changes to
Udita: दुखदायी meaning “painful”
Maya: There are many more such suffixes that help change a noun into an adjective. You will find them in our lesson notes.
Udita: So please check the lesson notes for more examples and explanations on this topic.

Outro

Maya: Okay. That’s it for this lesson. Thanks for listening. Until next time!
Udita: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

22 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone!

What's your favorite Indian food?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:29 PM
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Hi Daryl,


Thanks for your question!


स्वादिष्ट is Svaa+Di+st ("s" here is similar to the sound "sh" in English "ship").


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Daryl Tickles Jr.
Friday at 02:01 AM
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स्वादिष्ट swaaDisht

to be delicious


' ष्ट ', what is the sound if that character?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:41 PM
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Hi Lakshmi Kanth,


Thanks for answering the question!


If you have any questions, feel free to let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Lakshmi Kanth Gupta
Friday at 04:18 PM
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Andhra ka Khana

HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 02:00 PM
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Hi M.A.,


Thanks for sharing!


Excellent sentence. Just add "hai" to complete it.


Keep learning and let us know if you have any questions!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

m.a
Wednesday at 03:15 PM
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mujhko roti bahut pasandh

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:31 PM
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Hi Maeve,


Thanks for sharing!


Samosa is one of my favorites too :)


Keep learning and let us know if you have any questions!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Maeve
Thursday at 03:47 AM
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Samosa aur daal

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 01:26 PM
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Hi Alice,


Thanks for your post!


Your sentence is perfect.


Keep learning!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

alice
Friday at 05:08 PM
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जब मुझे भूख लगती है तो मैं कुछ रंगीन भारतीय पकवान बनाती हूं, उदाहरण के लिए नमकीन रायता