Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: Namaste, I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 13 - Do You Speak Hindi?
Udita: Namaste, मैं हूं उदिता। (main Udita hoon). I'm Udita. In this lesson, you'll learn how to ask someone if they speak a language.
Maya: The conversation takes place at the Office.
Udita: The conversation is between Kate and her new colleague Reema.
Maya: They are strangers, so they will be speaking formally with each other.
Udita: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
केट: आप कौनसे राज्य से हैं? (kaet: aap kis raajya se hain?)
रीमा: मैं बंगाल से हूँ| (reema: main bangaal se hoon)
केट: क्या आप बंगाली बोलती हैं? (kaet: kyaa aap bangaali bolTii hain?)
रीमा: हाँ मैं बोलती हूँ | (reema: haan main bolTii hoon)
Maya: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
केट: आप कौनसे राज्य से हैं? (kaet: aap kis raajya se hain?)
रीमा: मैं बंगाल से हूँ| (reema: main bangaal se hoon)
केट: क्या आप बंगाली बोलती हैं? (kaet: kyaa aap bangaali bolTii hain?)
रीमा: हाँ मैं बोलती हूँ | (reema: haan main bolTii hoon)
Maya: Now let's hear it with the English translation.
केट: आप कौनसे राज्य से हैं? (kaet: aap kis raajya se hain?)
Kate: Which state are you from?
रीमा: मैं बंगाल से हूँ| (reema: main bangaal se hoon)
Reema: I am from Bengal.
केट: क्या आप बंगाली बोलती हैं? (kaet: kyaa aap bangaali bolTii hain?)
Kate: Do you speak Bengali?
रीमा: हाँ मैं बोलती हूँ | (reema: haan main bolTii hoon)
Reema: Yes, I do.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: So Udita, I’m sure our listeners already know, but India is a very diverse nation!
Udita: That’s right! It consists of twenty-eight states and seven union territories. Which means that there are many languages, customs, traditions and cultures.
Maya: And as many as 30 different languages are spoken in the many cities of India.
Udita: There are many cities that qualify as the top metropolitan cities in the country, namely Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad and Pune.
Maya: Delhi lies in the North of India. Being the capital of India, it is an interesting blend of diverse people, culture, traditions and cuisine.
Udita: Mumbai lies in the south west of India. It’s the most dynamic, cosmopolitan and crowded city. It’s also the country's financial center, and home to the world's biggest cinema industry, Bollywood.
Maya: The other major cities are Kolkatta which lies in the northeast, Ahmedabad and Pune in the west, Bengaluru in the south west, Hyderabad and Chennai in the south.
Udita: We could talk about this all day, but let’s move onto the vocab now.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is...
Udita: आप (aap) [natural native speed]
Maya: you (formal)
Udita: आप (aap) [slowly - broken down by syllable] आप (aap) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: कौनसे (kaunse) [natural native speed]
Maya: which
Udita: कौनसे (kaunse) [slowly - broken down by syllable] कौनसे (kaunse) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: राज्य (rajya) [natural native speed]
Maya: state
Udita: राज्य (rajya) [slowly - broken down by syllable] राज्य (rajya) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: से (se) [natural native speed]
Maya: from
Udita: से (se) [slowly - broken down by syllable] से (se) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: बंगाल (bangaal) [natural native speed]
Maya: Bengal State
Udita: बंगाल (bangaal) [slowly - broken down by syllable] बंगाल (bangaal) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: बंगाली (bangaali) [natural native speed]
Maya: Bengali
Udita: बंगाली (bangaali) [slowly - broken down by syllable] बंगाली (bangaali) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: हाँ (haan) [natural native speed]
Maya: yes
Udita: हाँ (haan) [slowly - broken down by syllable] हाँ (haan) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: बोलती (bolTii) [natural native speed]
Maya: speak
Udita: बोलती (bolTii) [slowly - broken down by syllable] बोलती (bolTii) [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Maya: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Udita: First we have कौनसे. कौन means “who” and से means “from”. So it becomes “who from” but means “which”.
Maya: It’s an interrogative word which changes forms according to the number and gender of the noun we are asking about. For example, to say “which floor”, we’d say कौनसी मंजिल.
Udita: The postposition se is used to indicate association or mutual dealing.
Maya: It can also be used to indicate a sense of separation, or keeping away from something.
Udita: For example, मैं बंगाल से हूँ| which means “I am from Bengal”.
Maya: If you are from a different state, simply replace “Bengal” with “your state”.
Udita: For example, If I am from “Delhi”, I’d say मैं दिल्ली से हूँ
Maya: If you are from Punjab, you’d say मैं पंजाब से हूँ
Udita: Great, now let’s move onto the grammar!
GRAMMAR POINT
Maya: In this lesson you’re going to learn how to ask someone if they speak a language.
Udita: The question is fairly simple. Just say kya which is a question marker, aap which is the formal “you” , then the name of the language and then bolTii hain if you are asking a female.
Maya: So if you are talking about Hindi, it becomes क्या आप हिंदी बोलती हैं ? kyaa aap hinDii bolTii hain?
Maya: So what do we say if we were to ask this question to a guy?
Udita: Simple replace bolTii hain with bolTe hain. So it becomes, क्या आप हिंदी बोलते हैं ? kyaa aap hinDi bolTe hain?
Udita: Let’s talk about the verb used here a bit.
Maya: बोलती comes from the verb बोलना which means “to speak”.
Udita: We use बोलती for singular and plural feminine nouns, बोलता for singular masculine nouns, and बोलते for plural masculine nouns.
Maya: To say “I speak” we’d say
Udita: मैं बोलती हूँ when said by a female
Maya: and मैं बोलता हूँ when said by a male
Udita: and finally हम बोलते हैं when said by a group of people
Udita: Since language forms the basis of communication, this question is very useful when you meet people for the first time.
Maya: Now, in our first example we asked about the Hindi language. What if I we were to ask someone if they speak any other regional language like Punjabi or let’s say Gujrati?
Udita: Simply replace Hindi with Gujrati or any other language you wish to ask.
Maya: So it becomes क्या आप गुजराती बोलती हैं ? kyaa aap gujraTi bolTi hain.’
Udita: Correct! Isn’t that easy?
Maya: Yes, but is it true that the languages spoken in a particular State are always very similar to the name of the State? Like Punjabi being spoken in Punjab and Gujrati in Gujrat?
Udita: Well, most of the states have languages very similar to their State names. However, there is no fixed rule, but if you add the suffix ii to the name of the State, what you will get is most likely the language spoken in that state.
Maya: For example , the language of Bengal is bengali i, is it?
Udita: Right! But this rule does not hold true for all the States. For example, Marathi is the language spoken in Maharashtra and Telugu is the language spoken in Andhra Pradesh.
Maya: Ok, so how do we ask if someone speaks English?
Udita: क्या आप अंग्रेजी बोलती हैं ? kyaa aap angrezii bolTi hain.’
Maya: Let's see how this grammar point was used in the dialogue.
Udita: In the dialog Kate says: केट: क्या आप बंगाली बोलती हैं? kyaa aap bangalii bolTii hain which means “Do you speak Bengali?”

Outro

Maya: Well, that's all for our lesson. Be sure to read the lesson notes for more examples!
Udita: Listeners, How would you ask someone “Do you speak Assamese?” If you know, please leave us a comment at HindiPod101.com.
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Udita: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

19 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Which languages do you speak?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:44 PM
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Hi Ken,


Thanks for posting!


One correction to your sample question. It should be "hain" (plural, polite) not "hai" since you are using "aap".


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Ken
Saturday at 03:28 AM
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kya aap ____ boltii hai?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:52 PM
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Hi M.A.,


Thanks for posting!


Your sentence in Hindi is quite good actually :) Just one correction, all languages are treated as feminine in Hindi. So, it will be "acchii Nahiin hai" (not "acchaa").


If you have any questions, feel free to let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

m.a
Wednesday at 03:22 PM
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main angrezi aur tamil bolthi hun. Main thodi si hindi bhi bolthi hun, lekin meri hindi acha nahi hai

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:37 PM
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Hi Kakembo,


Thanks for posting!


"Do you speak Assamese?" in Hindi will be क्या आप असमिया बोलते हैं? (kyaa aap aSamiyaa boLaTe hain?) (or "boLaTii" if you are addressing a female)


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Kakembo
Tuesday at 02:58 PM
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Translate" Do you speak Assamese?" to Hindi, please.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 02:00 PM
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Hi Kakembo,


Thanks for posting!


Your sentence isn't clear, but if you share the English, maybe we can help you correctly write this in Hindi.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Kakembo
Tuesday at 02:45 PM
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कया आप असामेसे बुलति हैं

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:19 AM
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Hi Shishir,


Thanks for posting!


Did you mean to say "Assamese"? If yes, try this spelling - असमिया


If you have any questions, just let us know.

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

शिशिर मेघना पनबकम
Sunday at 09:25 PM
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क्या आप आसुमस बोलती हैं?