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Lesson Transcript

Maya: Namaste, I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 18 - A Perfect Indian Man!
Udita: Namaste, मैं हूं उदिता। (main Udita hoon). I'm Udita. In this lesson, you'll learn how to use “also” and “too” in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place at a cafe.
Udita: It's between Kate and Arti who are talking about Arti’s fiancee.
Maya: Since they are friends, they will be using informal Hindi.
Udita: Let's listen to their conversation.
केट : क्या अमित लम्बा है? (kaet: kya Amit lamba hai?)
आरती : हाँ वह काफी लम्बा है (arTiii: haan vah kaafi lamba hai)
केट: क्या वह समझदार भी है? (kaet: Kya vah samajhar bhi hai?)
आरती: हाँ वह बहुत समझदार भी है (arTiii: haan vah bahut samajhdar bhi hai)
Maya: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
केट : क्या अमित लम्बा है? (kaet: kya Amit lamba hai?)
आरती : हाँ वह काफी लम्बा है (arTiii: haan vah kaafi lamba hai)
केट: क्या वह समझदार भी है? (kaet: Kya vah samajhar bhi hai?)
आरती: हाँ वह बहुत समझदार भी है (arTiii: haan vah bahut samajhdar bhi hai)
Maya: Now let's hear it with the English translation.
केट : क्या अमित लम्बा है? (kaet: kya Amit lamba hai?)
Kate: Is Amit tall?
आरती : हाँ वह काफी लम्बा है (arTiii: haan vah kaafi lamba hai)
Arti: Yes, he is quite tall.
केट: क्या वह समझदार भी है? (kaet: Kya vah samajhar bhi hai?)
Kate: Is he intelligent too?
आरती: हाँ वह बहुत समझदार भी है (arTiii: haan vah bahut samajhdar bhi hai)
Arti: Yes, he is very intelligent too.
Udita: Okay Maya, let’s talk weddings in India.
Maya: Indian weddings have always been a grand affair and involve a lot of preparation, especially when you are catering for 500-1000 people.
Udita: Yes, it’s a huge gathering!! Every community has its own wedding traditions and ceremony, and it typically lasts three days or more.
Maya It’s very colorful too with different bright colors like red, burgundy, orange and gold, which are typical of Indian weddings. Even the Indian wedding dresses, called Sari or lehenga, have to be bright and vibrant, which is very different from the white wedding gowns worn in the west. The groom’s outfit is usually ornately decorated as well.
Udita It’s so different! Also, the wedding arrangement has to be grand and full of colors, especially in Hindu weddings. Flower decorations, tents, and seating arrangements all have to have bright color schemes.
Maya: Food has a special place in a wedding, with a variety of Indian delicacies being served to the guests.
Udita: All of these things combined make Indian weddings a truly memorable experience.
Maya: Listeners, if you ever get the chance to go to one,
don’t pass it up! Okay, now let’s move onto the vocab.
Maya: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is...
Udita: क्या (kyaa) [natural native speed]
Maya: do
Udita: क्या (kyaa) [slowly - broken down by syllable] क्या (kyaa) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: लम्बा (lambaa) [natural native speed]
Maya: tall
Udita: लम्बा (lambaa) [slowly - broken down by syllable] लम्बा (lambaa) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: है (hai) [natural native speed]
Maya: is
Udita: है (hai) [slowly - broken down by syllable] है (hai) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: वह (vah) [natural native speed]
Maya: he
Udita: वह (vah) [slowly - broken down by syllable] वह (vah) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: काफी (kaafii) [natural native speed]
Maya: quite
Udita: काफी (kaafii) [slowly - broken down by syllable] काफी (kaafii) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: समझदार (samaJHDaar) [natural native speed]
Maya: intelligent
Udita: समझदार (samaJHDaar) [slowly - broken down by syllable] समझदार (samaJHDaar) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: भी (BHii) [natural native speed]
Maya: also, too
Udita: भी (BHii) [slowly - broken down by syllable] भी (BHii) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: बहुत (bahuT) [natural native speed]
Maya: very
Udita: बहुत (bahuT) [slowly - broken down by syllable] बहुत (bahuT) [natural native speed]
Maya Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Udita First we have kaafi. It’s an adverb in Hindi that means "quite," so kaafi lamba means "quite tall."
Maya You may know by now that lamba meaning “tall” is an inflecting adjective and when used for a male, it would be kaafi lamba. If you are a female speaker, you say…
Maya: kaafi lambi
Udita Learning how to use Hindi adverbs is very important, because this structure is used in everyday conversation. The more you master it, the more you get closer to mastering the Hindi language.
Maya Ok, we used another adverb in our conversation. Listeners, can you guess it ?
Udita: It was bahut which means “very”
Maya: So bahut samajhdar means “very intelligent”. Did you know that samajhdar is a non-inflecting adjective, so it doesn’t change no matter what the noun?
Udita That means it can be used to refer to both males and females. So if I want to say Ram is very intelligent, that’s Ram bahut samajhdar hai.
Maya How would you say “Udita is very intelligent”?
Udita (laughs) Simply replace Ram with Udita, so the sentence would be Udita bahut samajhdar hai. Listeners, can you guess a few other non-inflecting adjectives in Hindi? Remember, they’re the ones that don’t change with the gender or number of the noun.
Udita The general rule is that if the adjective doesn’t end in अ, it will not inflect. For example सुन्दर is a non-inflecting adjective.
Maya: Another example is the adjective साफ़. So it can be used for both masculine and feminine objects.
Udita: That’s easy, isn’t it!
Maya: Okay, now onto the grammar.
Maya: In this lesson you’re going to learn the usage of “also” and “too” in Hindi.
Udita: Let's start with learning how to say "me too" in Hindi. “me” is mai and “too” is bhii, so it becomes mai bhii
May So if you wanted to say, "This apple is red" you’d say…
Udita: yah seb lal hai. Here yah means “this”, seb means “apple”, lal means “red”, and hai means “is”, which altogether translates as “this apple red”
Maya: We just learned how to use bhii, now try to say in Hindi “This flower is red too”.
Udita: यह फूल भी लाल है . Here yah means “this”, phool means “flower,” bhii , means “too”, laal means “red” and hai means “is”. So it literally translates as “this flower too red is” but means “This flower is red too”.
Maya: In the above example, we are comparing two nouns - “apple” and “flower”. In such cases, we place the bhii immediately after the second noun, so it sounds like yah phool bhi lal hai. Let’s try another example. How would you say “Sita is dancing.”
Udita: It would be सीता नाच रही है .
Maya: And how about “Rita is ALSO dancing”?
Udita: रीटा भी नाच रही है|
Maya: Great. Now how would you say “This house is big. It is beautiful too.”
Udita: In this case, we are talking about one subject only, “House”. Here, the placement of bhii is a bit different. Bhii must be placed close to the second adjective, just like it is in English. So we would say, yah ghar bada hai. Yah sundar bhee hai. Yah means “this”, ghar means “house”, bada means “big”, sundar means “ beautiful”, bhee means “too” hai means “is”.
Maya Here’s a final example. “This car is new. It is big too.”
Udita: yeh gaadi nayi hai. Yah badi bhee hai.
Maya That’s not so hard, is it listeners? You just need to practice it to get the hang of it. Let's once again see how this grammar point was used in the dialogue.
Udita: Kate asks Arti :क्या अमित लम्बा है? kya amiT lambaa hai? which means “Is Amit tall?”
Maya: Kate asks if he is intelligent too. She says क्या वह समझदार भी है?kya vah samajhDaar bhi hai? which means “Is he intelligent too?”


Udita: Listeners, can you say “This table is big and strong too” in Hindi? If you can, please leave us a comment saying it at HindiPod101.com.
Maya: Okay, that's all we have for this lesson. Please make sure you read the lesson notes for more explanations and examples on this topic.
Udita: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Maya: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"