Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 2 - Going to the Doctor in India.
Udita: "Namaste," I'm Udita. In this lesson you’ll learn how to express pain to the doctor.
Maya: The conversation takes place at a clinic.
Udita: It's between Kate and the Doctor. Kate has just come from California, and has gotten sick. The conversation takes place at the Doctor’s clinic.
Maya: Since they are strangers, they will be using formal Hindi.
Udita: Let's listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: Talking about ailments and cures, did you know that India has gained worldwide appreciation for its original and extensive Ayurvedic treatments?
Udita: What exactly is Ayurveda?
Maya: Well, Ayurveda is a very old system of healing that originated in ancient India. Ayurvedic physicians claim that their methods and medicines can help in stress-related, metabolic, and chronic conditions.
Udita: The term Ayurveda reminds me of the State of Kerala, because of all its Ayurvedic massage options. Ayurveda has definitely given a boost to tourism in Kerala.
Maya: Yes, and Yoga is also becoming very popular in India, among all sections of the community and ages of people.
Udita: But it’s not just in India! Yoga has now become a very popular activity in the west over the last few decades.
Maya: And why not? This ancient practice of postures, breathing and meditation helps relieve the stress of your day, and also has benefits like increasing your flexibility, and promoting weight loss, increased focus, increased energy and overall wellbeing.
Udita: Definitely. Ok, now it’s time for the vocab!
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Maya: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Udita: The first word we'll look at is डाक्टर, which sounds very similar to the English word “Doctor”.
Maya: This simple word can be used to address the Doctor. But sometimes people add the suffix sahab which is a courteous term just like we have Mr. And Miss in English.
Udita: So it becomes डाक्टर साहब
Maya: दर्द means "pain" in English. We can use this word to express pain in different parts of the body.
Udita: Let’s look at some of the important body parts. पेट in English is
Maya: “stomach”.
Udita: सर means “head”
Maya: पीठ means “back”
Maya: The Hindi word for “eye” is आँख and “ear” is कान
Udita: A very important and useful word to know is दवाई
Maya: which means “medicine”. दवाई is a feminine noun. The plural for dawaii would be?
Udita: दवाईयाँ. We learned in our previous lessons that if a feminine noun ends with ई ee, then we drop the ई ee and add इयाँiyaan to make it plural. So dawaii becomes dawaiiyaan
Maya: “Take” in Hindi is लो. So “take this medicine” becomes यह दवाई लो .
Udita: “Once” in Hindi is ek bar. In Hindi we literally say “one time”. एक means “one” and बार means “time”.
Maya: so “twice” becomes
Udita: दो बार
Maya: “four times” becomes
Udita: चार बार
Maya: Okay, let’s move onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Maya: In this lesson, you’re going to learn how to express pain to the doctor in Hindi.
Udita: The rule is fairly simple. Just say the part of your body, and then the Hindi noun Dard.
Maya: So if you have pain in your stomach you'd say?
Udita: The Hindi word for “stomach” is पेट. So to mean “stomachache”, you can simply add dard at the end. It becomes पेट दर्द.
Maya: Okay then what about “headache”?
Udita: In Hindi, “head” is सर. and “pain” is दर्द. So “headache” becomes सर दर्द
Maya: Now if you notice, these are all singular nouns – “head”, “back”, “stomach”. What is the rule for plural nouns? For example, what will we say if there is pain in our hands, legs, fingers, and so on.?
Udita: Well for plural nouns, it’s very similar to English. Just like we say “pain in the hands”. In Hindi it becomes हाथों में दर्द.
Maya: “Hand” in Hindi is हाथ. The plural for “hand” is also हाथ.
Udita: The postposition में is used to denote the location or presence of something “in” or “within”. So with
the postposition में, हाथ becomes हाथों as the suffix “oon” would be added to the oblique form of the noun.
Maya: And “pain” is दर्द in Hindi. And since the sentence structure in Hindi is Subject - object - verb, so the sentence becomes हाथों में दर्द.
Udita: Similarly “pain in the legs” would be टांगों में दर्द.
Maya: Now, the next phrase “twice a day” can be expanded as “two times in one day”.
Udita: In Hindi it is एक दिन में दो बार.
Maya: एक दिन में means “in one day” and दो बार is “2 times”.
Udita: Similarly, “three times a day” would be एक दिन में तीन बार
Maya: “Every morning” would be
Udita: हर सुबह . “Every” is हर in Hindi and “morning” is सुबह. So it becomes हर सुबह
Maya: Similarly, “every night” in Hindi is
Udita: हर रात
Maya: थोड़ा is an adjective that means “little” or “some” or “slight”. Let’s practice how we can use this word to explain our condition. What would “slight backache” be?
Udita: थोड़ा पीठ दर्द
Maya: “slight stomachache”?
Udita: थोड़ा पेट दर्द
Maya: “severe stomachache”?
Udita: बहुत पेट दर्द
Maya: “severe headache”?
Udita: बहुत सर दर्द
Maya: Let's see how this grammar point was used in the dialogue.
Udita: Kate says to the doctor मुझे पेट में दर्द है| mujhe paet DarD haii, which means "I have a stomachache".
Maya: Kate also has a mild headache, so she says थोड़ा सर दर्दभी है| thoda sar DarD bhi hai, which means “A slight headache too”.

Outro

Udita: Well, that’s all we have for this lesson.
Maya: Listeners, how would you say “I have a stomach ache every night” in Hindi? Tell us in a comment at HindiPod101.com.
Udita: And make sure you read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations.
Maya: Thanks for listening. Until next time!
Udita: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

16 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone!

Let's practice. If you were at the doctor's in India, What would be your pain?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:05 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Parthivi,


"shukirya" has Urdu origins. "dhanyavaad" is the Hindi word for "thank-you". But both can be used in general Hindi language. Hindi has many words from Urdu language.


Cheers!

Manali

Team HindiPod101.com

Parthivi
Friday at 06:34 AM
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Is shukriya thank you in hindi or urdu?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 02:53 AM
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Hello Raj,


You're welcome! Thank you for your comment!


Cheers,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Raj
Wednesday at 02:32 AM
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:thumbsup: Shukriya

HindiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:36 AM
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Hello Jackie,


The letter फ़ fa is usually pronounced exactly like the English f, though some Hindi speakers will pronounce it as फ pha. So, when there is no dot underneath it is pronounced as pha.

Often some speakers pronounce it interchangeably and people do understand the meaning but it's always better to stick to the right pronunciation:thumbsup:


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Jackie
Saturday at 12:47 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Is the फ pronounced like an "F" (fa) or like an aspirated "P" (pha). I've heard it both written and pronounced both ways and it seems pretty 50/50. Could you clarify?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:19 PM
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Namaste Suresh ji,

Both are absolutely correct. The former means "I have a stomachache" and the later means "I have an ache in my stomach". Both are correct when used in Hindi :)


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Suresh
Friday at 11:22 AM
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Hello,


I have a question. Can you confirm that we can say both


Mujhe paet dard hai

and

Mujhe paet mein dard hai?


Are both right?


Thanks!

Suresh

Anthony Karan
Wednesday at 01:51 PM
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Aap kaisii hain?


har raat mujhe paet dard hai.


every night I have a stomach ache


mujhko hindi ka course pasand hai


I like the Hindi course


dhanyavaad

Thank you


ek aur cheez

One more thing

mein voice recorder website me kahaan milta hoon?

Where do I find the voice recorder on the website?


phir dhanyavaad

Thank you again

Anthony

HindiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 02:54 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Karthik,


Have you tried our Voice Recorder tool? With it, you can record your voice, and hear and correct your pronunciation!

You can also find friends in our Forum, and ask us if you have any questions!


I hope it helps!

Paloma

Team HindiPod101.com