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Lesson Transcript

Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 20 - Buying a Gift in India, Part 2.
Udita: "Namaste," I'm Udita. In this lesson you'll learn the postposition par.
Maya: The conversation takes place in a jewelery store
Udita: It’s between Kate and the shopkeeper.
Maya: They are strangers, so they will be using formal Hindi.
Udita: Let's listen to the conversation.
Maya: So in the dialogue, we saw Kate using a credit card.
Udita: Yes, there has been a huge increase in the number of credit card users.
Maya: And it has really stimulated the Indian economy too.
Udita: That’s right. With the increase in malls and online stores, shopping with a credit card has seen a significant increase as well.
Maya: In India, the leading credit card service providers are ICICI, HDFC, HSBC and Standard Chartered, to name a few.
Udita: The best credit cards in India are usually meant for a specific user group, such as professionals, women, students, and small business owners.
Maya: And they come in various types, from Platinum to Gold, depending on the consumer’s spending capability.
Udita: Because of growing competition, credit card companies have started to offer low interest rates and zero to little annual fees on the credit cards in order to sustain themselves.
Maya The credit card market is definitely a booming market in India! Ok, now let’s move on to the vocab.
Maya Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Udita First we have जी which is used to draw the attention of a stranger. We could also use भैया meaning “brother”. It’s used mostly to politely hail a male stranger.
Maya: It’s the Hindi equivalent of “Excuse me, sir”. It is used to address male auto drivers, shop owners, street vendors and any other stranger whose attention you want to attract.
Udita: Next we have चाहियें which means “want”. It comes from the verb चाहना and changes forms according to the number of the noun.
Maya: For singular objects, we use चाहिए. For example, we’d say मुझे गाड़ी चाहिए which means “I need a car”.
Udita: For plural objects, it becomes चाहियें. Can you hear the nasal sound? For example मुझे गाड़ियां चाहियें which means, “I need cars”.
Maya: So Udita, for objects that don’t change forms for singular or plural, how can we know if the speaker is talking about one object or many?
Udita: Well, we can guess by which form of chahna is used in the sentence. If the speaker says mujhe ghar chahiye, it means “I want a house”.
Maya: And if the speaker says mujhe ghar chahiyen it means “I want many houses”.
Udita Next up, जाईये means “please go”. It comes from the verb jaana which means “to go”.
Maya: To make a request, we add iye to the root of the verb. So adding iye to ja becomes jaaiye.
Udita: Similarly “to eat” in Hindi is खाना. The root of the verb is khaa. To make a request to eat, we simply add the suffix iye to the verb root. So it becomes khaaiye .
Maya: But remember, this rule doesn't apply to all the verbs. There are a few exceptions.
Udita: Okay, let’s move onto the grammar!

Lesson focus

Maya: In this lesson we’re going to learn the Postposition par.
Udita: The postposition par is similar to “on” in English, and is used to denote location or position, point of time of an action, a cause or a reason.
Maya: Ok. Let’s look at its usage when expressing ‘location’ first.
Udita: For example, we could say गिलास मेज़ पर है which means “a glass is on the table”. Here gilaas means “glass”, maez means “table”, par means “on”, and hai means “is”.
Maya: So it translates as “glass table on is” and means “a glass is on the table”.
Udita: Similarly, “The picture is on the wall” would be तस्वीर दीवार पर लगी है
Maya: We could also use this postposition to refer to a point of time of an action.
Udita: For example, for “The bus didn’t arrive on time” , we could say बस समय पर नहीं पहुंची
Maya: Another example would be “She didn’t eat on time”.
Udita: That’s right, and that would be उसने समय पर नहीं खाया
Maya: It can be used to express a cause or a reason too.
Udita: For example उसके अव्वल आने पर सबने बधाई दी which means “Everyone congratulated her on coming first”.
Maya: Now it’s time for a quiz. How would you say “The baby is on the bed”?
Udita: बच्चा पलग पर है
Maya Next, “The train will arrive on platform no.2”
Udita: ट्रेन प्लेटफ़ॉर्म नंबर दो पर आएगी
Maya Next “Everyone congratulated him on his birthday”
Udita: उसके जन्मदिन पर सबने बधाई दी
Maya: Let's see how this grammar point was used in the dialogue.
Udita: The shopkeeper tells Kate: जी सामने वाली मेज़ पर जाईये jee saamne vaali maez par jaaiyie which means “please go to the table opposite here”


Maya: Well, that's all for this lesson. Be sure to read the lesson notes for more examples!
Udita: Listeners, can you say “The book is on the table” in Hindi? If you can, please leave us a comment saying it at HindiPod101.com.
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Udita: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"


Please to leave a comment.
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HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi everyone!
Where is your TV located?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:43 PM
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Hi Dhilip,

Thanks for your question!

The sentence means "everyone congratulated him/her on coming first." Basically, "avvaL aaNaa" or अव्वल आना means "to top" or to "come first".

I hope that helps!


Team HindiPod101.com

Monday at 05:08 PM
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Hello, I could not understand this sentence "uske avval aane par sabne badhaayi Di" so I used google translate but I found a different meaning to that mentioned above. Google's translation was -"Congratulated everyone on his topper."

kindly clarify it please.

Thanks in advance

HindiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:36 PM
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Hi Andrea,

Thank you for your comment!

What you wrote means "The book is on the table." Did you mean to write "TV"? If so, you can substitute "kitaab" (meaning: book) for "TV".

Thank you for posting!



Team HindiPod101.com

Wednesday at 12:16 PM
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kitaab mez par hai