Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: Namaste, I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 22 - What’s the Weather Like Now in India?
Udita: Namaste, मैं हूं उदिता। (main Udita hoon). I'm Udita. In this lesson, you'll learn the postposition mein in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place on the phone.
Udita It’s between Kate and Kate’s mother.
Maya They are family, so they will be using informal Hindi.
Udita: Let's listen to their conversation.
DIALOGUE
केट की माँ : तुम कहाँ हो ? (kaet ki maa: tum kahaan ho?)
केट : मैं दिल्ली में हूँ (kaet: main dilli mein hoon)
केट की माँ : दिल्ली में मौसम कैसा है आजकल? (kaet ki maa: dilli mein mausam kaisa hai aajkal)
केट: बहुत ठण्ड है! (kaet: bahut thand hai)
केट की माँ : और दिल्ली में सबसे अच्छा क्या लगा ? (kaet ki maa: aur dilli mein sabse achha kya laga?)
केट: दिल्ली का खाना बहुत स्वादिष्ट है (kaet: dilli ka khana bahut swadisht hai)
Maya: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
केट की माँ : तुम कहाँ हो ? (kaet ki maa: tum kahaan ho?)
केट : मैं दिल्ली में हूँ (kaet: main dilli mein hoon)
केट की माँ : दिल्ली में मौसम कैसा है आजकल? (kaet ki maa: dilli mein mausam kaisa hai aajkal)
केट: बहुत ठण्ड है! (kaet: bahut thand hai)
केट की माँ : और दिल्ली में सबसे अच्छा क्या लगा ? (kaet ki maa: aur dilli mein sabse achha kya laga?)
केट: दिल्ली का खाना बहुत स्वादिष्ट है (kaet: dilli ka khana bahut swadisht hai)
Maya: Now let's hear it with the English translation.
केट की माँ : तुम कहाँ हो ? (kaet ki maa: tum kahaan ho?)
kate’s mother: Where are you?
केट : मैं दिल्ली में हूँ (kaet: main dilli mein hoon)
kate: I’m in Delhi.
केट की माँ : दिल्ली में मौसम कैसा है आजकल? (kaet ki maa: dilli mein mausam kaisa hai aajkal)
kate’s mother: How’s the weather in Delhi?
केट: बहुत ठण्ड है! (kaet: bahut thand hai)
kate: It’s very cold.
केट की माँ : और दिल्ली में सबसे अच्छा क्या लगा ? (kaet ki maa: aur dilli mein sabse achha kya laga?)
kate’s mother: And what is the best thing in Delhi?
केट: दिल्ली का खाना बहुत स्वादिष्ट है (kaet: dilli ka khana bahut swadisht hai)
kate: Delhi’s food is very tasty!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: So in the dialogue, they were talking about Delhi.
Udita Delhi, the capital of India, is a place full of ancient monuments and great food.
Maya: If we’re talking about monuments in Delhi, the Red Fort, India Gate, Qutub Minar and Jantar Mantar are the most popular attractions.
Udita: Starting from the local street food to the fabulous five star hotels, Delhi offers a wide variety of foods.
Maya: Yes, I especially like the Dilli-ki-Chaat, which is a type of savory snack made of yoghurt, potatoes and spices, chick peas and crispy batter – What else can you tell us about Delhi?
Udita: Delhi is home to people of many different cultural backgrounds, so you’ll hear a mixture of languages spoken, the most common being Hindi, English, Urdu, and Punjabi.
Maya: Also, Delhi is divided into two parts- Old and New. The medieval-style markets of Old Delhi have a culturally significant atmosphere, and serve as the capital of Islamic India.
Udita: And the 'New Delhi' was built by the British, and offers one of most happening places in Delhi.
Maya: Listeners, please let us know in the comments if you have ever been to Delhi!
Udita: If you haven’t, let us know what you’d like to do and see there.
Maya: Okay, now onto the vocab section.
VOCAB LIST
Maya: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is...
Udita: कहाँ (kahaan) [natural native speed]
Maya: where
Udita: कहाँ (kahaan) [slowly - broken down by syllable] कहाँ (kahaan) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: मौसम (mausam) [natural native speed]
Maya: weather
Udita: मौसम (mausam) [slowly - broken down by syllable] मौसम (mausam) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: कैसा (kaisa) [natural native speed]
Maya: how
Udita: कैसा (kaisa) [slowly - broken down by syllable] कैसा (kaisa) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: आजकल (aajkal) [natural native speed]
Maya: nowadays
Udita: आजकल (aajkal) [slowly - broken down by syllable] आजकल (aajkal) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: ठण्ड (thand) [natural native speed]
Maya: cold
Udita: ठण्ड (thand) [slowly - broken down by syllable] ठण्ड (thand) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: सबसे (sabse) [natural native speed]
Maya: the most
Udita: सबसे (sabse) [slowly - broken down by syllable] सबसे (sabse) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: खाना (khaana) [natural native speed]
Maya: food
Udita: खाना (khaana) [slowly - broken down by syllable] खाना (khaana) [natural native speed]
Maya: Next
Udita: स्वादिष्ट (svaaDisht) [natural native speed]
Maya: tasty
Udita: स्वादिष्ट (svaaDisht) [slowly - broken down by syllable] स्वादिष्ट (svaaDisht) [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Maya Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Maya: First let’s look at हूँ which also comes from the verb “to be”, hona. hoon means ‘am’. So whenever you want to say “I am” you’d say मैं हूँ main hoon.
Udita: For example, to say “I am Neha”, I could say main neha hoon. So hoon is always used with first person singular. What’s next?
Maya: Next is मौसम which means “weather” and कैसा which means “how” or “in what manner”.
Udita: kaisa is used for plural singular subjects and changes into kaisi when used for feminine subjects and it becomes kaise when used for masculine plural subjects.
Maya: Since mausam is a masculine subject, we say mausam kaisa hai?
Udita: The possible answers to this question could be dhoop hai which means “it’s sunny”
Maya: Or garmi hai which means “it’s hot”. If the weather is cold, you’d say thand hai.
Udita: If it’s raining, you could say baarish ho rahi hai which means “it’s raining”. If the weather is extreme, simply add bahut before these phrases. So you could say bahut garmi hai to mean “it’s very hot” or bahut thand hai to mean “it’s very cold.”
Maya: Okay, great! Now let’s move onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Maya: In this lesson, you’re going to learn the usage of the postposition mein in Hindi.
Udita: The postposition mein is used to indicate location or presence of something in or within something else; duration; price; comparison referring to two or more things; or difference.
Maya: For example, to express location we'd say, mera ghar mumbai mein hai which means “my home is in Mumbai”.
Udita: Similarly meri beti school mein hai which means “my daughter is in school”.
Maya: We could also express price using mein.
Udita: For example यह अंगूठी 5000 रूपये में मिली which means “I got this ring for 5000 rs”.
Maya: Another example would be यह कमीज़ सिर्फ 1000 रूपये में खरीदी which means “I bought this shirt for only rs 1000”
Udita: mein is also used to compare things or people.
Maya For example, इन सब सेबों में से यह सेब लाल है which means “Of all these apples, this apple is the most red”.
Udita: Another example could be इन सब फूलों में से यह फूल सुन्दर है which means “Of all these flowers, this flower is the most beautiful”.
Maya: mein is also used to express duration.
Udita: For example मैंने यह किताब 5 दिन में पढ़ी which means “I read this book in 5 days”.
Maya: Another example could be ताज महल लगभ ग 21 साल में बना which means “Taj Mahal was built in about 21 years”
Udita: Ok, one last example. उसने 1 घंटे में खाना बना लिया which means “She made food in one hour”.
Maya: Let's see how this grammar point was used in the dialogue.
Udita: Kate tells her mom she’s in Delhi. She says : मैं दिल्ली में हूँ main Dilli mein hoon which means “I’m in Delhi”.

Outro

Maya: Well, that's all for our lesson. Be sure to read the lesson notes for more examples!
Udita: Listeners, can you say “This building was made in 2 years” in Hindi? If you can, please leave us a comment saying it at HindiPod101.com.
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Udita: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

13 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi everyone

Let's do a sentence using this postposition.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:44 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Ryan,


Thanks for posting!


If you are referring to the dialogue section, the text is correct there.


Could you please explain where you noticed this error?


Thanks,

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Ryan
Wednesday at 04:07 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

It looks like there is an error in the text from this dialogue above:


दिल्ली में मौसम कैसा है आजकल?

Aur dilli mein sabse achha kya laga?

"How's the weather in Delhi?"


Surely this is suppose to mean: And what is the best thing in Delhi?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 11:24 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Luisa,


Thanks for posting!


Excellent examples. Just use "Ladakiyon" not "Ladakiyaan" in the second sentence and "miNat" not "miNatS" in the third sentence. I also hope you meant to say "khariiDaa" nor "charida" in the first sentence.


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Luisa
Monday at 05:45 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Maine sabi 150 rupien men charida.

yeh lardki in lardkiyan men se sundar hai

maine khana 40 minats men pakaya.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 11:38 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Maeve,


Thanks for posting!


If you meant to say "I am from America", try this:


मैं अमेरिका से हूँ। (main amerikaa Se huun.)


I hope this helps!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Maeve
Thursday at 12:23 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

मै अमेरिका में है

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:57 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Alice,


Thanks for posting!


Your sentence is perfect. Great job!


Keep learning and let us know if you have any questions.

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

HindiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:56 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Kakembo,


Thanks for posting!


If you have any questions, feel free to let us know.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Alice
Tuesday at 06:07 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

आज इटली में मौसम खराब है

Kakembo
Saturday at 02:52 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

No, l would like to the capital of Islamic Indian