Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 3 - Ordinal Numbers in Hindi.
Udita: "Namaste," I'm Udita. In this lesson you'll learn Ordinal Numbers in Hindi.
Maya: The conversation takes place in an elevator.
Udita: It's between Kate and Kanika who are neighbors, and are meeting in the elevator for the first time.
Maya: Since they are strangers, they’ll be using formal Hindi.
Udita: Let's listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: As we know, neighbours are part of our daily lives in India.
Udita: Right! And one of the most endearing things about having an Indian neighbour is that they are generally very warm, hospitable and friendly.
Maya: You know, gradually they will become as close as family. They meet almost every day, and drop in anytime they feel like it.
Udita: Most Indians live in a joint family. You will often find the parents, children, grandchildren, cousins and others all staying together. So each one of them would have a special bond with the neighbours of their own age.
Maya: It gets difficult for the younger generation when their parents have the neighbours come over almost every day to chitchat over a cup of tea.
Udita: They tend to get overly friendly and discuss the lives of each other’s children.They often compare them with other children when it comes to studies, jobs, and marriages.
Maya: Yes, that’s true. As you can imagine, it sometimes annoys the younger generation!
Udita: And also, this often creates unwanted social pressure on the child to do exceedingly well in their life.
Maya: Okay, onto the vocab.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Maya: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Udita: First we have मंजिल which means “story” or “level of a building”.
Maya: मंजिल can also mean “destination” depending on its usage in the sentence.
Udita: कौनसा/कौनसे/कौनसी means “which? And since मंजिल is a feminine noun, we will use कौनसी .
Maya: What is the Hindi word for “to live”?
Udita: It is रहना, which means the “place of staying”. We add ती tee to the root of the verb when the Subject is Feminine Singular, or Plural. Adding this suffix shows a repetitive action.
Maya: Next we have पड़ोसी which means “neighbor”.
Udita: So I would say मेरा पड़ोसी to refer to my neighbor in singular masculine, मेरे पड़ोसी for “my neighbor” in plural masculine and plural feminine and मेरी पड़ोसन in singular feminine.
Udita: But padosi is also a general term used to refer to neighbors no matter the number and gender of the noun. So the same word can be used for one person or many, for masculine or feminine nouns. It all depends upon its usage in the sentence.
Udita: Right, just like we saw in our conversation.
Maya: What is the word for neighborhood?
Udita: It is pados! You can easily remember it as it is very similar to padosi, which we just learned. Next we have तीसरी, which means “third.”
Maya: पर is a postposition which is used to denote location or position, point of time of an action, sequence of actions, cause or reason, and the object of verbs. For example, “on the table” would be?
Udita: मेज़ पर
Maya: “on time” would be ?
Udita: समय पर
Maya: Similarly, तीसरी मंजिल पर would mean “on the third floor”.
Udita: Okay, let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Maya: In this lesson, you’re going to learn Ordinal Numbers in Hindi.
Udita: Ordinal numbers are the words representing the rank of a number with respect to some order, in a particular order or position.
Maya: Just like we have first, second, third, fourth and so on in English, we have ordinals in Hindi too.
Udita: The first six ordinals are
Maya: पहला pahla, ‘first’
Udita: दूसरा Dusra, ‘second’
Maya: तीसरा Teesra, ‘third’
Udita: चौथा CHautha, ‘fourth’
Maya: पांचवा paanCHva, ‘fifth’
Udita: छठा CHHatha, ‘sixth.’
Maya: The suffix - वा va is added to the Hindi numerals from “seven” onwards to make ordinals - सातवा saTva ‘seventh’
Udita: आठवा athva ,‘eighth’
Maya: नौवा nava ‘ninth’
Udita: दसवा Dasva ‘tenth’
Maya: बीसवा beesva ‘twentieth’
Udita: सौवा sauva ‘hundredth’; etc.
Maya: An important thing to remember is that the ordinal numbers change forms according to the gender of the noun.
Udita: If it’s a feminine noun, then we generally replace the aa with ee. So pehla becomes pehli.
Maya: Similarly, dusra becomes dusri and so on. And if it’s a masculine noun, it stays the same. But keep in mind that this rule doesn't work all the time.
Udita: Let's listen to some examples.
Maya: Okay. “First car" would be?
Udita: पहली गाड़ी. पहली mean “first” and गाड़ी means “car”. So altogether, you can say पहली गाड़ी.
Maya: "fifth shop" would be?
Udita: पांचवी दूकान
Maya: "second house." would be?
Udita: दूसरा घर
Maya: “seventh month” would be?
Udita: सातवा महिना
Maya: Let's see how this grammar point was used in the dialogue.
Udita: Kate says तीसरी मंजिल पर| teesri manzil par, which means "on the third floor".
Maya: Kanika also used an ordinal number. She says - मैं भी तीसरी मंजिल पर हूँ | main bhi Teesri manzil par hoon, which means “I am also on the third floor.”

Outro

Udita: Well, that's all for this lesson.
Maya: Be sure to read the lesson notes for more examples!
Udita: Listeners, can you say “This is my first job” in Hindi? Try to create this sentence and leave it as a comment at HindiPod101.com.
Maya: Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Udita: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

17 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone!

What are your top three things you like the most about India?

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 12:47 PM
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Hi Alaskan Cat,


Thanks for your post!


Yes, the typical Hindi word for "thank you" is "Dhanyavaad". However, "Shukriya" is quite commonly used in spoken language. "Dhanyavaad", on the other hand, is more used in written language. The English "thanks" or "thank you" is still the most commonly used by Hindi speakers.


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Alaskan Cat
Friday at 02:14 AM
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Namaste. I'm a brand new student, and this is the first lesson I listened to. At the end you said "Shukriya", but isn't it Urdu? Since this is a Hindi lesson, shouldn't we use dhanyavaad? Dhanyavaad for your help!

HindiPod101.com
Wednesday at 09:01 PM
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Hi Philippa,


Thanks for your post!


I am afraid your comment in Hindi isn't clear.


Could you please post your question in English, so we could help you?


All the best!

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com


HindiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:02 AM
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Hi Estefania,


Thanks for writing in.


Cheers!

Manali

Team HindiPod101.com

Estefania
Friday at 06:36 AM
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Mera pahla kaam

Philippa
Wednesday at 04:20 AM
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मेरे ख़यल हेै की भारत के बारे में सबसे अच्च्ी चिज़ें खाना, रंग और प्रकृति छवियॉ हैं ।


(मुझे इस पह्ले शब्द के बारे में कुछ दुबधा अ रहा हैै - प्रकृति छवियॉ landscape हैै?)

HindiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:33 AM
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Hello Andrea,


Well done!

Thank you for writing in!


Cheers,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

Andrea
Friday at 11:21 AM
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mera ghar achtvii manzil par hai.


main achtvii manzil par rehati hoon.

HindiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:19 PM
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Hello Gita,


Thank you for writing in! I like those 3 things too! Would you like to try writing them in Hindi?


Let us know if you have questions!


Cheers,

Udita

Team HindiPod101.com

gita
Wednesday at 04:02 AM
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the temples

the friendly people

the villages