Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maya: "Namaste," I'm Maya. Welcome back to HindiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 8 - An Unfortunate Indian Incident.
Udita: "Namaste," I'm Udita. In this lesson, you'll learn the common words and phrases that help to express an emotion or a sentiment better.
Maya: The conversation takes place at the Taj Mahal.
Udita: It's between Kate and Arti, who are visiting the Taj Mahal.
Maya: Since they are friends, they will be using informal Hindi.
Udita: Let's listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maya: Okay Udita, let’s talk about the monuments you’ll find in India.
Udita: India has some of the most beautiful monuments in the world!
Maya: These monuments have unique architecture, and tell us a tale of ancient India.
Udita: Yes, they’re usually very elaborate.
Maya: From the mesmerizing Taj Mahal to the timeless temples of Khajuraho.
Udita: Yes, from the illustrious and magnificent temples of South India to the remarkable Ajanta Ellora caves.
Maya: And not to forget the red stone splendor, The Red Fort and the heavenly monuments of Ladakh.
Udita: These sights have brought tourists from all over the world to India, to get a glimpse of them.
Maya: Because these places have attracted so many tourists, they have become international hubs with all types of facilities available, from budget lodges to big five-star hotels.
Udita: Some monuments are famous for their magnificence, some for their beautiful paintings and sculptures, and some because of their historical background.
Maya If you get a chance to visit India, be sure to check out some of these monuments!
Udita: Okay, now onto the vocab.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Maya Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. First we have the word कितना . If you are thinking that in our previous lessons we learned its meaning as “how much?” or “how many?”, you are absolutely right!
Udita: But कितना can also be used as an adverb preceding an adjective to again express our wonder or pleasure. Like we can say- कितना गन्दा है, which means “How dirty”.
Maya: What would you say for “how difficult!”?
Udita: कितना मुश्किल है !
Maya: Let’s try one more. “How expensive!” would be?
Udita: कितना महंगा है !
Maya: Perfect! But remember the adverb कितना must agree with the number and gender of the noun.
Udita: कितना would become कितनी when used to refer to a feminine noun.
Maya: So it will be – कितनी सुन्दर which means “how beautiful!”
Udita: Moving on, we have the adjective सुन्दर. sundar is a non-inflecting adjective
Maya: Which means we can use it with any noun without changing it.
Udita: Right! For example- सुन्दर घर which means “beautiful house”), सुन्दर घड़ी which means “beautiful watch”, and सुन्दर बाल which means “beautiful hair”.
Maya: And lastly, a word we have used very often, which is क्या .
Udita: Kya is a question marker meaning “what is?” English. But sometimes it can also be used to express surprise, just like we use “what” in English.
Maya Simply changing the tone makes a lot of difference. So if I were to show how surprised I am to hear this or see this I would simply say- “what??”
Udita: And the same when translated in Hindi, in the same tone would be – क्या ??
Maya Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Maya In this lesson, you’re going to learn common words and phrases that help to express an emotion or a sentiment.
Udita: There are many useful words that help to express pain, pleasure, anger, surprise, and disgust.
Maya: These words are typically placed at the beginning of a sentence.
Udita: It is sometimes expressed as a single word or a non-sentence phrase, followed by a punctuation mark.
Maya: They are fun and simple to use, as there is no grammatical relation with any other word in the sentence. In Hindi, they are used as independent words, or they can be prefixed to nouns.
Udita: Let’s look at these words in detail:
Maya: Applause, appreciation or praise is expressed by...
Udita: वाह ! खूब ! शाबाश !
Maya: Sorrow or grief is expressed by...
Udita: हाय! अफ़सोस! उफ़! ओह!
Maya: Happiness or Joy is expressed by...
Udita: आहा ! वाह वाह !
Maya: Disgust or disapproval is expressed by...
Udita: छी छी ! थू थू !
Maya: Distress is expressed by...
Udita: हाय रे !
Maya: There are few nouns, pronouns, adjectives and verbs that are sometimes used to express a certain emotion.
Udita: Let’s look at an example.
Maya: Okay. Let’s assume my friend tells me she saw the famous Bollywood actor shahrukh khan, my instant reaction would be अच्छा !
Udita: Yes, अच्छा ! is generally used to express surprise. People also use क्या ! to express surprise
Maya: How can we express surprise or distress?
Udita: बाप रे बाप !
Maya: And to expresses sympathy or disapproval?
Udita: राम राम !
Maya: How about expressing rebuke?
Udita: आय हाय !
Maya: Let’s practice some of these words. Can you guess which expression suits the situation the best?
Udita: Okay, what are the situations?
Maya: कितना गन्दा है ! Which means “It’s so dirty!
Udita: So we can add छी छी and say छी छी ! कितना गन्दा है !
Maya: “Eww, it’s so dirty!”
Maya: Next, तुम रेस में अव्वल आये ! Which means “You came first in the race”
Udita: So we can add शाबाश! and say शाबाश! तुम रेस में अव्वल आये
Maya: “Wonderful! You came first in the race”.
Udita: The words we learned can also be a reply to a question or statement.
Maya: What will be the reply to the statement- मेरा कुत्ता भाग गया , meaning “My dog ran away!”
Udita: ओह
Maya: Which means “Aww!”
Maya: Next - मैं शादी कर रही हूँ “I am getting married!”
Udita: The reply could अच्छा !, or “really?!”
Maya: Let's see how this grammar point was used in the dialogue.
Udita: Kate says वाह! ताज महल कितना सुन्दर है ! vaah! Taj mahal kiTna sunDar hai! which means “Wow! Taj Mahal is so beautiful!
Maya: And to this, Arti replies politely हाँ बहुत सुन्दर है! haan bahuT sunDar hai which means “Yes, very beautiful”

Outro

Maya: Well, that’s all we have for this lesson. Thank you for listening. Until next time!
Udita: "Shukriyaa aur fir milenge!"

7 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone!

Do any of the phrases you've learned fit you right now?

Please share!

HindiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 10:26 PM
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Hi Alice,


Thanks for posting!


You are making great progress!


Keep learning and let us know if you have any questions,

Roohi

Team HindiPod101.com

Alice
Thursday at 09:55 AM
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वाह! मेरा जीवन बहुत सुंदर है!

HindiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 04:51 PM
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Hi Sarah Varcas,


Thank you for posting. 😄

We're glad to hear that you found the lesson useful. ❤️️


Let us know if you have any question.


Best regards,

Lena

Team HindiPod101.com

Sarah Varcas
Wednesday at 12:16 AM
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I love this lesson! It's really useful to understand these expressions of emotion and sentiment. They help us speak more authentic Hindi. And simply being able to naturally express something like sympathy or excitement is very beneficial to connecting with people, even if your other language skills are limited. Thanks so much! 😄

hindipod101.com Verified
Monday at 08:29 AM
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Hello Takane,


I would say shaabaash for saying that:smile::laughing:


Cheers,

Neha

Team HindiPod101.com

Takane
Friday at 06:42 PM
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shabd shaabaash achha hai.

The word shaabaash is a good word.


Takane