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Lesson Transcript

Maya: Hello everyone, I am Maya and welcome to hindipod101.com, pronunciation series, lesson 5. Hindi Dialects. More Pronunciation Skills.
Manasi: Hello everyone, Namaste. This is Manasi here. So Maya, what are we going to learn in this lesson?
Maya: This time, we will be going over some regional variations of pronunciation.
Manasi: Well up until now, you have learned how to pronounce Hindi consonants and vowels.

Lesson focus

Maya: Right but we also want to alert our listeners that depending on where you go in India, remember, there are more than 22 languages and distinct ethnic groups with their own culture. So people might say things slightly differently.
Manasi: So how are we going to cover this?
Maya: Well we are going to focus on two regions, North India and Mumbai.
Manasi: Why?
Maya: Because these areas are tourist spots. Most of the tourists going to India visit these areas. Don’t forget the world famous Taj Mahal which is also located in North India. Let’s start with that region.
Manasi: Okay so in North India, you will find many forms of Hindi. The most common is [Khadi Boli] which literally means standing language.
Maya: Yes. This is also the common form of Hindi spoken in North India, right?
Manasi: Yeah it is also the oldest dialect and it is spoken in areas such as Delhi and Western Uttar Pradesh.
Maya: Another dialect is Bhojpuri Hindi which is spoken in North Central India and even in Eastern parts of the country.
Manasi: Do you know Bhojpuri has a rich cultural heritage and it has its own separate cinema industry which is very popular among the regional public.
Maya: That’s interesting.
Manasi: One of the common features is adding [wa] at the end of nouns.
Maya: Well, can you give an example?
Manasi: Sure. If your name is Mahesh, it is said as [Maheshwa]
Maya: So my name in Bhojpuri is [Mayawa]
Manasi: Oh yeah. Another noticeable difference is the interchange of the sounds ra and la.
Maya: How so?
Manasi: For example, in Hindi, Tuesday is Mangalwar but in Bhojpuri, it is Mangarwar.
Maya: You notice how the L is pronounced as an R. You can also find D interchanged with an R.
Manasi: Right. For example [Khadi] becomes [Khari].
Maya: That’s interesting. Well, my favorite place in India is Mumbai.
Manasi: Well, about the pronunciation there, let’s talk about [Mumbaiya] Hindi.
Maya: Well, how come it’s called [Mumbaiya] Hindi?
Manasi: Because Mumbai is also known as Bombay. Well Maya, you might be knowing that Mumbai is also known as Bombay and Mumbai is the metropolis with Indian residents from almost all corners of the country.
Maya: Awesome and [Mumbaiya] Hindi is also so popular because of its frequent use by Bollywood movie characters.
Manasi: Yes but [Mumbaiya] Hindi is Hindi mixed with Marathi, Gujarati and also English.
Maya: Oh that’s an interesting thing. Can you give us some example?
Manasi: Sure they add la at the end of the Hindi verb. For example, [Pi raha hai] which means drinking is pronounced as [Pirela hai] and another example would be [Thaka hua] which means tired is pronounced as [Thakela]
Maya: But it’s also considered inappropriate sometimes right?
Manasi: Yeah it is believed to be spoken by lower class people and avoided as official use. In movies, it is spoken by comedian characters to add more humor.
Maya: Can you give us more examples of [Mumbaiya] Hindi?
Manasi: Yeah another example would be [Jh] is pronounced as [J]. For example, [Samjha] which means to understand is pronounced as [Samja] and it could be vice versa too.
Maya: Great. So listeners, be careful when you come across such pronunciation variations.
Manasi: But don’t worry, if you know Hindi, you can understand it all over India and make your traveling comfortable.


Maya: All right. That ends our lesson on regional pronunciations. Make sure to keep practicing. Listen over and over again if you have to.
Manasi: Let us know if you have any questions at hindipod101.com
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Manasi: While you learn to recognize words by sight.
Maya: Go to hindipod101.com now and try my word bank and flashcards today. See you next time.
Manasi: [fir milenge] Goodbye.
Maya: Goodbye.